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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 4

April 15, 1901 - EXTRA NO. 11

GENERAL CONFERENCE BULLETIN,
PUBLISHED QUARTERLY BY
The Seventh-day Adventist General Conference
PRICE: For the DAILY BULLETIN during General Conference session 50c. For the biennial term including daily and quarterly issues 75c. Subscription at the 75-cent rate, for the next volume, will include all issues during 1901 and 1902.
Entered at the post office in Battle Creek, Michigan, FIRST QUARTER, 1901.

SABBATH SERVICES

As Sabbath, April 13, drew on, many visitors from surrounding towns put in an appearance at the Conference. It was necessary to hold five meetings Sabbath morning for the accommodation of the crowd. Elder A. T. Jones occupied the Tabernacle desk, and gave a very timely discourse on the necessity of Abraham’s children following in the steps of their father: namely, to get out from their country, and kindred, into a country which the Lord would show them.

Elder Haskell spoke in the Review Office chapel, giving an interesting view of the providence of God, which has attended his people from the beginning.

Elder Waggoner gave an instructive discourse in the College chapel on the power of Christ’s life, by which the Christian lives and overcomes.

Elder Sheafe conducted service in the Sanitarium chapel, presenting a very entertaining view of the life of Esther, and the history of the Jews of that time.

A German service was held in the College library, conducted by Elder Schubert. This was said by the Germans present, to be an uplifting presentation of the word of power.

In the afternoon the Tabernacle was well filled to listen to a symposium on the needs of mission fields. The fifteen-minute addresses of that occasion will appear later in the BULLETIN.

A VERY PLEASANT OCCASION

The entire General Conference delegation, many of them accompanied by their wives, were entertained at dinner, by invitation of Dr. J. H. Kellogg, Sunday, April 14, at the Sanitarium. Fully three hundred persons sat down to a dinner of the most toothsome delicacies, consisting of grains and vegetables exquisitely served, followed by delicious fruits and assorted nuts. Everybody seemed to engage in the task before him, as if he enjoyed it. And why should it not be so? It was a dinner fit for any potentate of earth. One remarked that he did not see why anyone, with such food in abundance, should desire to gorge himself with the flesh of a dead animal. All in hearing agreed that such a menu was far preferable to the old system of meat diet. It was indeed a pleasant occasion, and one to which many will doubtless look back to as an excellent demonstration of what a proper diet should consist.

“Of all responsibilities resting on man, fellowship with Christ is the weightiest trust and the greatest honor.”

The gate of human opportunity is turning on its hinges, and the light is breaking through its chinks: possibilities are opening, and human nature is pushing forward toward them.—Emerson.

GENERAL CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

G. A. IRWIN

Sixteenth Meeting, April 12, 3 P. M.

ELDER G. A. IRWIN in the chair. After the opening hymn, No. 628, Elder W. T. Knox offered prayer.

The Chair: When the Conference adjourned this morning, the Committee on Organization had just read the report that was submitted in printed form and was passed out. Now, we have a report from the Committee on Education printed in the BULLETIN; and if we took things in regular order, it would have precedence over this. But as some members will be absent to-morrow, and expect to leave before the Conference meeting closes this afternoon, it was requested that we take up the matter that was presented to us just at the close of the forenoon meeting. What is your pleasure regarding this?

W. T. Knox: I move that the recommendations submitted this morning be made the order of business this afternoon.

Delegate: I second the motion.

The question was called and carried.

The Chair: What is your pleasure in regard to the recommendations?

E. E. Miles: I move the adoption of the recommendations.

A. G. Daniells: I second the motion.

The Chair: It has been moved and seconded that the recommendations be adopted. The question is now open for remarks.

A. G. Daniells: Read the recommendations, please.

The Chair: The Secretary will read the recommendations.

Secretary: You will notice on the little slip, that they are numbered, “1,” “2,” and “3.” They should be “11,” “12,” and “13.” [Reading]:—

“11. That the General Conference Committee of twenty-five, as soon as elected, nominate the members to

constitute the corporate membership of the Foreign Mission Board. Said members to be elected by the Conference.”

Delegate: Is that all of the recommendations?

The Chair: I think the whole thing is connected, and should perhaps be considered together. They are really one. The Secretary will read.

Secretary [reading]: Recommendations 12 and 13 in connection:—

“12. That the administration of the foreign mission work be under the supervision of the General Conference Executive Committee.

“13. That it be left to the General Conference Committee to decide how long the corporate life of the Foreign Mission Board be continued.”

The Chair: It is open for remarks.

I. H. Evans: I have been asked by the committee to offer a word of explanation to this, so that all suspicions may be allayed, and we may all look at it as it is. It is evident, as we read these recommendations, that the desire of the committee is to change the administration of the foreign mission work, from a separate and distinct board, to the supervision of the General Conference Committee. This may be liable to arouse our fears and suspicions, unless we have confidence: so we will consider just the bearings and relations of this.

We anticipate having a large committee, who will have general supervision of all our work everywhere. The design is to group under the management of this larger committee the various departments of our work.

This committee of twenty-five will have a general supervision of the work everywhere throughout the world. But it would have no specific work; no locality to operate in, unless the Foreign Mission Board should give it its territory. We have organized all the territory in the United States and Canada; we have already organized the work in Australasia; we have also organized the Union Conference on the European field.

If the Foreign Mission Board holds all unorganized territory, and we have Union Conference in all organized territory, what has our large committee of twenty-five to do for territory? You see they really would be without a specific field.

Then, besides, if we group all other branches of the work under the management and direction of this large committee, it would be rather lonesome business for the Foreign Mission Board to stand all alone and endeavor to operate. The General Conference Committee would have supervision of all other lines, while this one board would be trying to secure funds in organized territory, and would perhaps never have the hearty co-operation of this general committee, as it would have if the work were directly under their supervision.

Having studied the situation from all standpoints, your Committee on Reorganization thought it advisable to recommend that the foreign mission work become a department of the General Conference Committee. They would then organize it as they thought best, making it a department of the General Conference work, appointing one or more secretaries, as to them seemed best, appointing from this number as many of the committee as they thought advisable, to advise and counsel and study this work in connection with their department secretaries; and yet the whole work, in all its various phases and every advance move, would come under the general committee of twenty-five for advice and counsel.

I think as long as we have started out on this plan of placing the whole work on this large committee, it would hardly be proper that the Foreign Mission Board should endeavor to operate independently; not independently without sympathy, but I mean to give it a continued existence. The Foreign Mission Board is what is known as a “membership corporation.” The General Conference elects its members. That membership forms a constituency, and the members become electors. These members, or electors, elect a board. That board is an operating, or managing, board, and in the constitution the members are called trustees. The reason why this resolution was framed to ask that the committee of twenty-five name the membership of this board, was that there might not be any friction engendered, by getting on men who would be independent, and desire to continue their work as an operating board. I think you can see the wisdom of that provision. It would be folly for us to say that the General Conference Committee is to have the management of the foreign mission work, and then go to work and elect a board who would make it hard for them to operate. The board would be a legal body, and they would legally have the power to do what they pleased. It was therefore thought best that as soon as the General Conference Committee were elected, they should nominate nine men (I suppose they will generally be of their own number), who shall constitute the membership of the board. Then these nine members in conjunction with the other members of the Conference Committee, will elect themselves as the board, and become the legal holders of the property. The only reason why we continue the corporate feature of the board is that we have property, and must be responsible for it until the responsibility can be shifted to the General Conference Association, or some other disposition is made of it.

J. H. Morrison: Do we understand that you are compelled to stay inside of the limits of your own number, twenty-five?

I. H. Evans: No, we are not compelled to, but we thought it would be the safest and wisest thing to do.

F. M. Wilcox: Several years ago it was found necessary to organize several legal organizations outside of the General Conference Association to hold denominational property, because the General Conference Association had in possession as much property as its charter would permit it to carry. What would be done with the property now held by the Foreign Mission Board, in case the legal corporation died? Would it revert again to the General Conference Association? If so, is the General Conference Association in a position to carry it?

I. H. Evans: So far as the Foreign Mission Board charter is concerned, they are in a good condition to hold it. Whether it would be wise for them to do that or not, is left for this committee to consider. I think probably we will find that the future management will prefer to delegate to the Union Conferences and foreign mission fields the supervision of all property in their territory, as soon as they become organized so that they can hold it, and in that way they will place the responsibility of the management of these institutions upon those who are in the field and on the ground, which will be a much wiser policy than to try to hold them by a corporation many thousands of miles away.

W. H. Thurston: At what time does the membership of this corporate board expire?

I. H. Evans: The constitution provides that we elect these members at each session of our General Conference.

G. B. Thompson: With your knowledge of the foreign field, do you believe this is for the best interests of the foreign work?

I. H. Evans: I do not see how we can continue our work successfully under any other regime than this. When we start out on a system, we generally have to follow it. We have now a great committee that is to superintend the work, and we have specified that they shall have supervision in all parts of the field, and there is no reason why they can not carry the work, so far as I know, as well as a specific board.

J. W. Westphal: A few years ago the General Conference had a deficit of several thousand dollars each year; and during the past two years it has been about fifteen thousand dollars. When we organize Union Conferences, it naturally seems as if that would increase expenses in all parts of the field. A few days ago we voted that our Conferences pay a second tithe. At the time, at least, I received the impression that that second tithe was to go to support the work in foreign fields. With the Foreign Mission Board in existence, it would go into their hands, but with the blotting out of that board and the foreign work given into the hands of this proposed Committee, the means would go into the hands of the General Conference Committee. Does this mean that the second tithe is to be employed in the home field in making up these deficits, and thus our efforts to extend the work in the foreign fields prove of no avail? This question comes to my mind. I would like to understand it.

W. W. Prescott: As I understand the whole drift and sentiment of this Conference, it is that we shall recognize that the only thing this body exists for is to give this message to all the world just as quickly as possible, and that therefore we can not tolerate the idea of treading around in this same ring, and spending our means within a limited circle, but that we are expecting to break, and are now breaking these bands, in the idea that there is only one field, and that field is the world. If that idea is held and acted upon, as it must be, it will wipe out this question as to whether we are going to hold any of the money in the home field. We are going to have just one field, and have our eyes especially on destitute and barren fields, which are to have the preference. Instead of narrowing down in any way the work of extending this message to all the world, this whole idea is to organize in reference to one thing, and that is to do mission work in all fields. Therefore if we are to word it in any way, it seems to me instead of saying that we are going to absorb the Foreign Mission Board into the home field, it is that we are just turning the whole home field into one mission field, so that this work may be prosecuted with vigor in every part of the world.

C. P. Bollman: This may be the very best plan that could possibly be adopted, but there are certain limitations placed upon human beings by their very nature. It seems to me that we have run up against one of them. Until four years ago, it was supposed that the foreign mission work was not getting its due proportion of the funds. This was simply because the General Conference Committee knew more about the work that lay right close to them than they did about work off in distant fields, and so put more money into home work than was its proportional part. The brethren said that in order to obviate that difficulty, and give more funds to the foreign mission work, we must have a board that would be interested in far-away fields, so that the funds might go to their proper destiny. We are now creating a great committee, the greater number of whom will be in the home field, the United States. They will be presidents of Union Conferences; they are situated here, and will be interested in the work that is right close to them. Seeing the necessities of that, more funds will probably be devoted to the things that some under the eyes of those men than will go into the needy fields. The theory is all right, but I fear it will not work out in practice.

M. C. Wilcox: I would like to ask a question, because I am sure it will help to rectify the wrong impression that is in the mind of the last speaker. The idea was conveyed that the majority of the proposed new committee will be in the home field, and therefore will not have the time to give the thought that ought to be given to foreign mission work. How many of the Foreign Mission Board now existing gave their whole attention to foreign mission work? And how many of them were wholly engaged in working for the field which really demanded all their energies? I think the information will help us materially in this respect.

The Chair: I think there were only three of the nine who devoted their entire time to the foreign work.

A. G. Daniells: May I supplement that question with another: How many of the Foreign Mission Board were located in foreign fields, or spent any considerable time working in what we call foreign fields outside of the United States?

The Chair: I think only one of them.

O. A. Olsen: There seems to be a misapprehension in some measure with reference to this. It was stated by one speaker that the reason for the change four years ago was that so few had been sent abroad, and so much attention had been given to the home field. The facts are these. If you look up the records, you will find that more were sent abroad the years before than the records show since that time. During the years 1895-97, quite a large number, one hundred and forty, if I remember correctly, were sent abroad to foreign missions.

The Chair: One hundred and fifty-three.

O. A. Olsen: The facts do not show that they were doing less than they have since done. If your look up the records, and find when there was the greatest activity in entering new fields, you will learn that it was before this change came in. As has been referred to, we have been much stirred by the earnest appeals with reference to the foreign missionary work, as we call it, in this Conference. The fact is that each Seventh-day Adventist has but one field [Cries of “Amen!”], and that field is the world. Our business is to send the truth where it has not yet been proclaimed, and to send workers where they have not yet set their feet. With a united effort on the part of those who represent the various branches of the work the greatest success can be attained; and this is the purpose and burden of the Conference, and the committee that has this matter under consideration.

W. W. Prescott: Four years ago we were dividing up the responsibilities; now we are centralizing responsibilities. Four years ago we divided the responsibilities in such a way as to disintegrate the work. Now we are trying to divide the responsibilities in such a way as to unite the work.

J. W. Westphal: My question has not yet been answered to my mind. It was said that during the last four years there had not been so many missionaries

sent out as in the previous years. I think this is true, but there is something in this fact that I wish to call attention to. I believe that during the last four years the Foreign Mission Board had to pay the indebtedness that was incurred before, and because of that it was unable to do as much as it would otherwise have done. The General Conference has recommended the States to pay a certain tithe, yet during the last two years it has run behind $15,200. With the organization of these districts there may be more expense attached to the work in the home fields. Does this mean that this extra tithe which has been voted shall now be taken to pay the General Conference debts, and in that way the work again be hindered, as it seems to me it has been before?

G. A. Irwin: The reason the tithe of the General Conference has run behind is because of returned foreign missionaries. The present mode of operation requires the co-operation of the State Conferences, the General Conference, and the Foreign Mission Board. When calls are made for individuals to go to foreign fields, they are usually taken out of some State Conference. When any of these return to the United States, the Foreign Mission Board has no territory distinctively its own in the United States. The State Conference from which the laborer was called in the first place, has filled the place of that individual, and thinks it has about all the laborers it can carry. Consequently when a person returns from a foreign field, the General Conference has to assign him to some place of labor. Thus this organization has taken on more laborers than its tithes would warrant. I can see that his would be averted in the proposed plan, because the General Conference will be operating all over the world, and when a person returns from a distant field, he is simply returning to the board that sent him out.

F. M. Wilcox: These were the difficulties four years ago; I do not know how it is now. The Foreign Mission Board had to work through the General Conference Association. This committee, in turn, had to go to the General Conference Committee, and then work through the Medical Missionary Board, in order to get a physician or a nurse to fill a place in a foreign field. The Foreign Mission Board had really to work through these three organizations in order to do its work. It complicated things greatly, and added to the expense, and caused delay. I can readily see that when the committee of twenty-five is organized, it will be able to handle the work in foreign fields much better than it has ever been handled before, and it seems to me they will be brought into closer and more direct touch with the foreign work than any previous board has ever been able to be. I believe, too, that they will be in a position to carry forward the work with less expense and less friction than any committee which has ever had charge of the work in the past.

The Chair: The question is called for. The motion is on all three of these that have been discussed here. The motion was to adopt the recommendation.

C. W. Flaiz: If this recommendation is passed, will the medical missionary work, the tract society, etc., all be emerged together in the General Conference Committee, and be under the direction of the General Conference Committee, and the whole be taken out of the hands of the people, and placed in the hands of the General Conference Committee, and they elect all the officers?

A. G. Daniells: The plan of organization of the General Conference is simply an enlargement of the plan for the organization of State Conference and the Union Conference. We ought to simplify our machinery for transacting our business. It seems to many that we have multiplied organizations and boards and institutions until the talent of this denomination is to a large extent withdrawn from the field, and placed over the machinery to keep it running. Multiplying boards of two or three or four men to run the particular lines of work does not necessarily or naturally increase the efficiency of our management. The desire of the committee has been to have as few wheels in the machinery as possible. We must have as many laborers of this denomination in the field in personal contact with the masses, preaching the gospel to them, as we possibly can. In Australasia we cut out the State and Union Sabbath-school associations, tract society organizations, and religious liberty associations, so that we have but one organization, and that is the Conference. The Conference did not do away with the work of those different lines, but appointed secretaries to look after those lines of work and to report their work to the State Conference Committee and to the Conference at its annual meeting. That plan has worked splendidly and given good satisfaction. One board, has been able to do the work in all those lines, by the aid of committees and secretaries, that three or four boards had done before.

Heretofore there have been three boards,—the General Conference Committee, the Foreign Mission Board, and the Medical Mission Board,—all working on missionary lines. It seemed to observers that this was unfortunate. It appeared that instead of having three boards in the territory going here and there for workers and money to do nearly the same work, there should be but one general board. If it should be the General Conference Committee, let them take the field, and have a free hand. I hope the time will come when the Medical Missionary Association, operating on missionary lines, will drop into this, and let the one board do for the entire field. I believe the day is near when only one grand, evangelical missionary board will occupy the field.

When we formed our Union Conference, we carried the same plan into that, but simply expanded it, making the same organization cover all Australasia. The Union Conference Committee selected its Sabbath-school secretary, its missionary secretary, and its religious liberty secretaries. And, further, it appointed its medical missionary secretary and superintendent, so that we have but the one organization in Australasia. One board with the aid of these secretaries, carries on the entire work. And I want to tell you that after our experiences, we would not go back and multiply boards to do that gospel work under any consideration. We had instruction from Sister White all the way along, at every step we took, to form that simple organization that made us believe that we were on right lines, and the experience that we have had has fully justified our confidence in the source of instruction that came to us. Your committee during this meeting have sought counsel, and have endeavored to follow instruction, and we have tried to step from the Union Conference to the General Conference, and expand the plan. We endeavored to step up from the Union Conference to the General Conference, or the World’s Conference.

We talk about the General Conference, but we have never had a General Conference. We have had a North American General Conference, or a North American Union Conference, but we have not had a world’s General

Conference. In this new arrangement, it appears to me that we have the broadest, the most efficient, and the most workable General Conference Committee that this denomination has ever had. Somebody spoke about this Conference being here in America and being wrapped up in the affairs of America. If Union Conferences are organized, a thousand details will be taken from the General Conference Committee, and placed in the hands of the local men, where they belong. They do not belong to the General Conference. I trust that the day is past when the General Conference will have its eyes centered upon the affairs of the United States. The day has come for the General Conference Committee to turn its eyes outward, and look at the great, wide world, and to study it, plan for it, and work for its evangelization.

I would not for one single minute, Brother Westphal, ever favor the idea that the second tithe of which you spoke should be swallowed up in the affairs of America. No! No!! Why, my friends, unless God helps us break up this condition and work as we never have before, it will take a millennium to carry this message to the world. We have not begun yet with the greater nations of the world.

My idea is that the General Conference Committee should leave the details of the affairs of America in the hands of the Union Conferences. They should only deal with the questions that are general and that refer to the whole world. Of course America is a part of it, a little bit of it, and must have a little attention from this General Conference, but the world must have the attention of this Conference Committee. And so it seems to me that this Committee of twenty-five, representing all the districts or the Union Conferences of the world, the medical missionary work, the publishing and educational interests that cover all the lines of this denomination that are being carried on to-day, should be permitted to appoint its secretaries. It might not be best for the secretary that this Conference would elect here to-day should hold the office for two or four years. The Conference Committee may see best to change its secretaries and the treasurer as well, and so it seemed that it would be best for so large a representative board, taking in the interests of the world, to do what the Union Conference is permitted to do—make these line of work departments, select the secretaries, and then work to the very best possible advantage. With this arrangement there will be no friction, and no one will be hampered. The General Conference Committee should throw its whole weight into this matter, to get hold of men and money, as never before, to send abroad to nations that are in darkness.

I have no confidence in plans that leave the main decisions regarding the work in distant lands with a board in this country, the members of whom have never been on the ground. These men can not gather in an upper room here in Battle Creek, and intelligently plan the affairs of people in distant fields. It is not natural; it is not sensible. It must not be done.

That is the way I feel regarding this question, and if I thought there was anything wrong in these recommendations that would hurt the foreign fields, I would smite it as hard as possible. For I tell you, brethren, these foreign fields must have our attention, or the curse of God will be upon us. And it is upon us; for God has told us that the prosperity of our work at home will be in proportion to the degree with which we prosecute the work abroad. Our policy abroad has been feeble; it has been weak; it has not been in harmony with the great profession we have made. And we are having that reflex influence all through the United States. Who can not see it? We are in some respects a weaker people than we were fifteen years ago. What is the reason? One reason is because of our weak, inefficient policy regarding the distant, neglected lands. I hope the term “foreign lands” will be dropped. It does not belong to us as a people: The field is the world. I hope we will drop out of our vocabulary the word “foreign” when we talk about missions. It is missionary work. God occupies the center. All places are equally distant to him,—ah all places are equally near to him!

I suppose that there will be men on this committee who will be in foreign fields. I believe that our general men who attempt to deal with the affairs in foreign fields ought to visit those fields, and spend a reasonable portion of their time in them. The General Conference Committee should send a man to South America as a representative, authorizing him to meet all the workers, study the needs of the field, outline a policy, and agree on it with those workers. Then the Committee should stand by the decisions come to, and furnish both men and means required in the field. The same ought to be done for the West Indies, South Africa, and Japan. I do not believe that we should trot the globe, simply to run about and spend a few weeks in a country. We should select the best men we can get—men full of the Holy Ghost and good sense. These should go to these distant fields and join the workers in studying the situation on the ground, and outlining the plans to be followed; and the General Conference Committee ought to stand by the decisions that are made.

The question was called at this point.

The Chair: The question is called. As many as favor the adoption of the report will say, Aye; opposed, No.

Carried.

The Chair: I understand that the matter on the larger slip is simply suggestive, and all it will need is a little explanation by the committee that presented it, because yesterday you voted that the General Conference Committee be empowered to organize itself, and to appoint all necessary agents and committees for the conduct of the work. This is simply suggestive as to how this may be done. These suggestions do not require any action of the Conference, as I understand it, but a little explanation.

W. W. Prescott: It seems to me that very little explanation is required after what has been stated in a general way, as these matters have been before us; and I merely wish to say, unless there be some special question, that the Committee on Organization thought it might be of general interest to the delegation to receive information upon this matter, so that they may fully understand the general drift and purpose of the plan. Therefore, while it is not within the province of the Committee on Organization to direct this large Executive Committee as to what it shall do, they did make these suggestions, in order that the Executive Committee might understand the general purpose of this whole plan. In order that the delegation might have the same information, they thought it desirable to have these suggestions printed in the BULLETIN, and given into the hands of the delegates. I hardly think anything further is necessary to be said, unless there are some questions. The committee did not ask this body to act upon these suggestions, as they did not wish directly to instruct the Conference

Committee, but simply to make such suggestions as would be in harmony with the general plan which the committee has brought before the Conference.

C. W. Flaiz: I would like to inquire what is to be the scope of the Finance Committee, and what their field of operations?

W. W. Prescott: I suppose this committee would be, as stated, a committee of advice in reference to such financial affairs as come under the general advice of the General Conference.

Eugene Leland: Will this Finance Committee be composed of members of the Conference Committee?

W. W. Prescott: If I understand the feeling of the Committee on Organization, it has been that this Executive Committee should be left free to invite in other helpers in special lines, if it so desires.

A. G. Daniells: The first committee named is the pastoral committee, and you can readily see what its work is. Just the opposite from that, the spiritual work would be the business and finances. It is evident that some men whose minds are specially good and strong in business should give special attention to the finances, so that they will be kept as they should for the general body.

C. W. Flaiz: That is the reason I raised the question. The Pastoral Committee provides for, and takes charge of, furnishing the laborers to the local Conferences; that is, to the camp-meetings and other such work. Inasmuch as they take charge of that work, and this other committee immediately follows, does it follow that this financial committee takes charge of affairs in, for instance, a Union Conference or local Conference, where enterprises are started, and that there is no appeal from their decision?

W. W. Prescott: It is expected that all these committees will act under the advice and counsel of the large committee, and that no absolute power will be delegated to any committee to direct a special department; but that it will be in counsel, and according to the policy established by the large committee.

The Chair: Are there any further questions on these suggestions? What is the further pleasure of the Conference?

W. T. Knox: May I ask for a word of explanation in regard to No. 4?

W. W. Prescott: Those who were in the Publishers’ Convention, held a week previously to the assembling of the Conference, will remember that this matter was very fully considered then. The need of some means of unifying our publishing interests in all parts of the world was fully considered. The Publishers’ Convention appointed a committee representing the publishing houses in the different parts of the world to consider some of these matters, and report. It was probably the mind of the committee that suggested that the committee mentioned in No. 4 should be a permanent one.

The Chair: What is the further pleasure of the Conference? Do you wish now to take up the report of the Committee on Education?

C. W. Flaiz: The latter part of Recommendation 4 says: “Missionary lines, and for the education and training of evangelist canvassers.” Are these to take charge of the canvassers’ schools held in local Conferences? or is it simply a recommendation in connection with the educational work? Some of the States have schools for canvassers, and keep them up three months each year. Does this provide that the provision of this recommendation has to do with these?

W. W. Prescott: Mr. Chairman, I do not understand that it has at any time been the province of any general board or committee to do what we might call meddling, but rather, if anybody anywhere is doing anything for the furtherance of this work, to encourage, strengthen, and help all they can. I understand that the idea in this is not to meddle, or to interfere with anybody, but to develop, encourage, and strengthen the hands of every individual, and every working organization, and to open up work in fields where nothing is being done.

The Chair: What is your pleasure? Do not let the time run to waste. Shall we take up the consideration of the report of the Committee on Education?

M. C. Wilcox: Has the report been printed?

The Chair: Yes; it is found on page 207 of the BULLETIN. I understand that there has been no motion to adopt the report of the Committee on Education. What is your pleasure?

R. D. Hottel: I move the adoption of the report.

Wm. Woodford: I second the motion.

C. C. Lewis: The Committee on Education desire to avoid any unnecessary discussion; and hence, after the remarks that were made yesterday, they revised their report, and it has been rewritten almost entirely. The revision appears as a part of the minutes in the BULLETIN.

We have taken pains to inquire concerning the objections that were offered to the wording of the resolutions yesterday, and there were four criticisms offered: 1 In these resolutions it was not desired that there should be any reference to the word of the Lord; 2 the resolutions should contain no exhortation: 3 they should contain no argument: 4 and no setting forth, or enjoining upon us, of specific duties.

With these criticisms in mind, we have tried to change the resolutions, or word them in harmony with these suggestions. We got along very well with reference to the first three points, thinking that the exhortation and the argument might more properly be introduced in the discussion of the resolutions: but we did not succeed quite so well in trying to eliminate all reference to duty from the resolutions. It seemed to us as if a very large part of that which has been done by this Conference, or which shall be done, pertains to our duty. Duty is that which ought to be done, and it does seem as if we had been deciding here from day to day, and shall continue to decide, what we ought to do. We have not succeeded, perhaps, in eliminating the element of duty from the resolutions, but having done the best we could we present them as printed here in the BULLETIN.

Professor Lewis then read the recommendations as found on page 207 of the BULLETIN.

The Chair: The matter is before you. Are there any remarks upon No. 1?

At the request of the Chair, the Secretary read Recommendations 1, 2, and 3, the question being called, without any discussion, on each one as read. Recommendation No. 3 elicited some remarks, as follows:—

F. D. Starr: Does the word “or” in the third line indicate that if the Union Conference has such a superintendent the State Conference does not need one, or vice versa?

C. C. Lewis: It was designed that this would be optional. It was thought that perhaps some of the Union Conferences would want a church school superintendent. Some of the State Conferences would not need a special superintendent. It is designed to leave it so that either the Union or State Conferences could have one or not, just as they choose.

The question was then called on No. 3.

The Secretary proceeded to read No. 4.

F. M. Wilcox: It strikes me that no matter is of more importance than church schools, and it has seemed to me that there has been a tendency during the last few months for the interest of our people to lag upon the church schools. Perhaps this has come about from the fact that their minds have been directed so emphatically to the sale of “Christ’s Object Lessons.” But even though they give their force to that work, I do not believe they should relax their efforts in the matter of establishing church schools. We ask the people to leave their church organizations, and come into a separate organization; but it does not seem to me that we are out of Babylon, even though we have drawn ourselves apart from the church organizations, until we have taken our children out of the public schools, where State influences surround them as they do in the public schools. I believe an earnest effort ought to be put forth on the part of our people generally for the establishment of church schools.

Luther Warren: Since coming to this Conference, people have been writing to me, and this is one of the special points that they are watching, and about which they desire information. I am sure that unless some special attention is given to this, many of our people will be disappointed as they read the reports from this Conference. Those who have had experience in trying to establish church schools have met many questions that some of us, at least, feel ought to be settled, so that we may act in harmony. I would not like to take the time now when so many are weary, to ask these questions, but will just give a sample of them:

Some of our laborers, ministers, and Conference officers are advising our people to leave their children in the public schools until some settled plan can be arranged for taking them out and establishing proper church schools. Others are urging that children be taken from the public schools at once. To some, it seems as if the messages coming to us demand that. I am sure that unless some information shall come from this Conference which will help us, many of our brethren will be disappointed.

F. D. Starr: It says, “Those who are appointed on these school boards shall be persons who can efficiently represent the various lines of work taught in these schools.” Does that mean that such persons must be well educated themselves, and that they must thoroughly understand grammar and the other studies that will be taught in the school?

C. C. Lewis: Not necessarily. I don’t think the resolution had reference to particular subjects that are taught in the school, such as arithmetic, grammar, and geography; but broader lines of work. The recommendation is general in its nature, and not designed to be specific. It is simply to emphasize the importance of taking all the pains possible to select men for school boards who will do efficient work.

E. E. Gardner: Does this refer to school boards in local churches, or simply to the larger central training-schools?

C. C. Lewis: I think it had reference especially to the boards of our larger schools; but the principle would apply to the boards of the smaller schools.

R. C. Porter: I believe these church schools ought to be worked according to the recommendations we have before us for them, from the fact that unless we make advance moves along these lines, our smaller churches will be largely broken up by those who are interested in such schools, moving to a place where they are established. I find the query coming from all over our Conference:

“Are you going to have a church school established in our church? If not, can you tell me where they are going to have one?” I believe the people are ready for church schools all over our Conferences where it is at all practical. We are a little behind the times because we have not yet prepared teachers for these, so that we may respond favorably to these calls. Perhaps we are not prepared to meet the issue at once: but I am sure the people are ready for the schools.

C. McReynolds: I would like to inquire if this is to be considered a final report of the committee? or is it simply a partial one?

C. C. Lewis: It is but a partial report of the committee.

C. McReynolds: I am very anxious the Committee on Education may bring in some suggestions or recommendations concerning the best method of procuring church-school teachers.

S. M. Butler: It seems to me this is too important a question to pass by lightly, and I am sure we can not give it full attention this afternoon: so I would move that we adjourn.

Wm. Covert: I second the motion.

G. A. Irwin: It has been moved and seconded that we now adjourn. I think perhaps it is wise to do so, as it is getting along toward the Sabbath. This educational question is one that so vitally affects the future life of our people, and the destiny of our children, that I should dislike to see it passed lightly over by this Conference. I think the people are looking to this Conference to speak quite definitely upon this subject.

The motion to adjourn carried unanimously.

After singing the Doxology, the benediction was pronounced by R. M. Kilgore.

G. A. IRWIN, Chairman.
L. A. HOOPES, Secretary.

Seventeenth Meeting

O. A. OLSEN

April 14, 10:30 A. M.

ELDER O. A. OLSEN in the chair.

Prayer by Elder M. G. Huffman.

The Chair: In the early morning meeting something of the present situation of the Conference was presented, and I think we all felt deeply over the situation. Especially is the Committee on Distribution of Labor burdened over their work. Here are all these urgent calls to be filled, and here are those present who to a large extent should be prepared to enter these places. It was requested that this matter be made a subject of earnest prayer and study by each individual. It is also necessary that we shall have as full an understanding as possible of the situation and the needs of these different fields, so that different individuals, as they are praying and considering this matter, may be led by the Spirit of the Lord in their own mind. As the Conference has but very little business prepared for this hour, it was thought that it might be well, if the Conference so decided, to take up the consideration of Africa, Elder Haskell leading out, and others making brief statements concerning this large and important field.

When we closed the Conference on Friday, we were considering the report from the Educational Committee. As this is unfinished business, it is the first to be disposed of. What is the pleasure of the Conference?

Wm. Covert: I move that we defer the discussion of the educational question until some future meeting.

W. C. White: I second this, with the

understanding that it be the special order of business Wednesday morning. Some especially interested in this educational work can not be here to-morrow.

Carried.

The Chair: I think the Committee on Organization would like to present a report, not for action, but that it may be before you for study and future action.

W. C. White: Your Committee on Organization present a further report, recommending:—

“14. That the responsibility heretofore carried by the General Conference in appointing boards of management for the Southern Industrial School (Graysville, Tenn.), and the Oakwood Industrial School (Huntsville, Ala.), be transferred to the Southern Union Conference.

“15. That the General Conference Executive Committee be authorized to make such transfers of the responsibility of appointing the boards of management of other educational institutions, and the transfers of titles of properties and obligations for debts, as the organization of the Union Conferences may indicate to be advisable.”

The Chair: This report will receive consideration at the next meeting. Brother Haskell will now lead out in the presentation of the needs of Africa.

S. N. Haskell: God has some fields that are ripe for the truth sooner than others. It is like the harvest on a man’s farm—there are some fields which get ripe sooner than others. Finally all the fields become ripe ready for harvest. There are two ways in the Bible by which God especially reveals the condition of the fields. One is by the light of prophecy, and the other by indications of providence. The two will work together. I repeat, there are two ways in which God reveals that a field is ripe. One is by a direct testimony from heaven, and the other is by circumstances, which are God’s providences.

Both ways are recognized in the Scriptures. When the Saviour was here, just before he ascended up on high at the close of the forty days, he told the disciples where to begin work. They were to extend their work from Jerusalem to Judea, thence to Samaria, going from there with the gospel to all parts of the world. That was a direct testimony from heaven as to where to labor. When the Saviour went through Samaria, he stopped at the well near the city of Sychar. The disciples went over to buy bread in the city. While they were gone, there came a woman to draw water from the well. She had a conversation with the Saviour, and as the result was converted, and hastened back into the city, and brought out a large multitude of people to hear the words of Christ. The Saviour said: “Say not ye. There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest behold. I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields: for they are white already to harvest.”

What local field was there represented before Christ?—The city of Sychar. The whole country of Samaria was not ready for the gospel, but the city of Sychar was: and it was in the providence of God that Christ met that woman, and was the means of her conversion, as this showed that field, the city of Sychar, to be ripe for work. I suppose it was four months before the time of natural harvest of the grain; but the Saviour directed the minds of his disciples to the providence of God as manifested in what had occurred; which showed that the field was “white already to harvest.”

These two ways of indicating the ripeness of fields for the harvest are taught all through the Bible, in both the Old and New Testaments. I think of scores of instances illustrating these. Now, judging from circumstances, a portion of Africa is ripe, ready for the harvest. There have been indications to show this. There are fields in America that are ripe, ready to be entered; there are cities around us that are ripe. New York City is ripe, ready for harvest; the Testimony which came here a few mornings ago shows this. Besides, the circumstances in New York City show this to be so.

Africa, as you will notice, is surrounded. That is the way a wise general takes an army. He surrounds the enemy, and then takes them. The Lord has nearly surrounded Africa. There are believers scattered in different portions of Africa. In the southern portion is Cape Colony, where the truth has gone, and a beginning has been made, but this, as you can see by the map, is small. Near Cape Colony is Natal. North of this is the Orange Free State and also the Transvaal. Then north of this is our mission and Bechuanaland. That is about as far as we have done anything. This portion of Africa is that of which I will speak, because it is the only portion about which I know anything by experience. We spent about two years in that portion, and so know something about it from experience, and we think it is ripe for labor. Natal, especially, is ripe. There are tribes among the natives that are ripe for this. God’s providence has indicated that the work should be established among these natives. You may say, “How do you know?”—By the providence of God. I think it was in 1874 when Sister White, in the old meeting-house that stood on this spot, thought that the time had come for us to extend our operations to other nations. She said: “I saw nations that God was working with, and that there would be papers published in other countries of the world on present truth.” Publishing houses, etc., were to be established, and more than that, she said that we should fill the openings of the providence of God, and extend our work to other nations that were then calling for the truth. She had seen in those lands people who had gone away from their homes in retired places until paths had been made by their traveling to and fro to pray for light. Then she further said that she had seen these papers published, and the angle of God had made known to her the nations, and I never shall forget the time, because of the circumstances that were connected with it. Brother James White and myself were sitting right by the side of the rostrum, and it was a time when we had heard something about Sweden by Brother Parmalee down in Indiana. Sister White told what he had told me, and what I had told Brother White so clearly, that I said to him, “You have told Sister White what I told you.” And with that he stopped her right in her speaking. He asked her if she were telling what somebody had told her, or what she had seen. She said, “I am telling what I have seen, and I have seen that there are fields all ready for the truth that we have not entered, and that have not been thought of, and that there will be papers published in those fields. If we do not do our duty, God will raise up people to do the very thing that we ought to do. Again Brother White interrupted her. He said, “To what fields do you refer?” She said she could remember but one, that the angel had mentioned, which was Australia. We did not know anything about Australia, and I remember when we where talking of going there, the president of the Conference said to

me, “Do you want to go down there and convert those kangaroos?” We did not think of the English cities there, with nearly a half million of English-speaking people in each.

So we talked about Australia; for you know in those days our missionary work was what we would almost call “booming” through the country, and we talked about it at church, and at about every meeting we began talking about Australia, for we thought that if Australia was mentioned by the Spirit of the Lord, there must be evidences that Australia was open, and our brethren began to send the Signs of the Times over to Australia. I do not know whether they sent any from Battle Creek or not; but they sent them from other parts of the country.

At that time there was a man of immense wealth converted to the truth on the Coast of Africa through the influence of Sister Hannah Moore. This man told me that he went back to Australia because his missionary associates had excommunicated him, and that he was ready to lay down his fortune at the feet of Christ. If we had known enough then to go to Australia, we would have found that God had prepared the way for the truth. Finally I found him in San Francisco. We were talking about Australia in the San Francisco church, and I told the people about a man by the name of Dickinson who had embraced the Sabbath in Africa, and had written to this country to have some tracts published; but we did not know enough to publish them for him,—or we did not know enough to believe God and to publish these tracts,—and he went back to Australia. While I was telling this story to the San Francisco church, I saw a sister get up and talk to some brethren near by, and at the close of what I said, one of the brethren said, “I think we know that Dickinson; he is in San Francisco.” We finally found the man, after searching two days. Then he told us the story. He referred back to the very time when Sister White had given that Testimony and he said, “I had a fortune that I was ready to lay down at the feet of God.”

I mention this to illustrate the principle that when we do not see the providence of God in the field, but God speaks directly on the point, we should say that is the field. We did not go to Australia for more than ten years afterward. We were ten years behind, and in the long time intervening Satan had been rallying his forces so that we had a battle to fight that we would not have had to fight if we had entered the field at the time God said we should go. There would have been battles to fight, as far as that is concerned; but some of the battles we had to fight would not have been necessary if we had believed God.

When I was in Africa about five years ago with Elder A. T. Robinson, we held meetings in Kimberley, where there was a Brother Moko. He was not a brother then, but he came where we were holding meetings one Saturday afternoon. He was a native teacher, understanding several languages. He came into our meeting, and strange as it may seem, he was converted right there at the first meeting. He was taken home to some of our brethren who could talk in the Dutch with him, and they had a prayer season with him. He came back later, and found the whole truth.

Since that time the devil has done everything he could to drive him out of the truth, but he has clung to it. He has been offered large salaries if he would only connect with others and preach their doctrines, and give up the Sabbath, but he has stuck to the truth and passed through the bitterest kinds of persecution, always carrying a great burden to get among his own people. To me there is a great providence in this. What caused it to look like the providence of God was his immediate conversion, and then he was converted so strongly that the devil has not been able to get him out of the truth. His wife turned against him and every influence was brought to bear against him, until finally God gave him his wife, and she was converted. That is only one circumstance. To-day he is in the truth and is anxious to get among his own people and work with them.

While we were in Africa we visited Basutoland. We went through the country, and were introduced to several men there by Brother Moko. But we found afterward that his man was not in good standing with the missionaries in Basutoland. They said that he had been disfellowshipped. So the introduction that I had was not very good for me. I was introduced to some of the chiefs, and to Brother Kalaka. Brother Kalaka was a man that had been educated by the first missionaries who went there, that he might assist in translating the Bible into the native language. But because I was not introduced to the missionaries in the regular way, they looked on me with great suspicion. Brother Kalaka, however, assisted me in getting through the country, and we were together several weeks. I was careful not to say the word “Sabbath” to him, and not to say anything to him to try to proselyte him over to our faith. But we read the Bible together every day; and as I selected some portions where the truth stood out prominently, I simply emphasized the words we read.

For instance, we took the subject of baptism at one time, reading from that chapter in Acts about Phillip’s baptizing the eunuch. I wondered how he felt about it, but did not say a word to proselyte him. Finally we came to one mission; and as soon as we arrived, he introduced me as an Adventist. I did not know that he knew that I kept the Sabbath. The man who stood at the head of the mission, a Frenchman, said, “Oh, yes, I know all about your people. One of your papers was sent to me for some time. We are very much interested in your people and your work.” That is the first time that Kalaka knew I was a seventh-day man. We had a very interesting time there. He told me he had a theological class, and he said, “I wish you would stop, and teach them the book of Revelation. They are inquiring about this book, and I know your people make a great deal of the books of Daniel and Revelation. I do not know anything about them.”

I thought I could not stop very well then; but I could if I had half faith enough. I have regretted ever since that I did not stop, and teach them the book of Revelation. That is one little circumstance showing the providence of God.

When we came back with Kalaka, we came to a little stream of water, and Brother Kalaka wanted to be baptized: but there was not water enough in the stream. We made arrangements for him to translate “Steps to Christ,” and to come over to Cape Colony to be with our brethren. He said he would come; but we were not there a great while. Brother Olsen was there afterward, when Kalaka came to an institute that they were holding, and baptized him. He is now with Brother Freeman, where they have started a mission in Basutoland. Do you think there is anything in the providence of God connected with those circumstances? I

think there is. God had a hand in the whole thing, and he was calling us to go among the natives in South Africa. They now have a mission started, but it is not fully known by our people.

I will mention another little circumstance that will show how God’s providence was over this work. The laws of Basutoland are very peculiar. The English have a governor in these colonies, and they take out of the hands of the natives the right of criminal cases, deciding on cases where life is to be taken; and yet they give them perfect freedom to make laws according to their own customs, where life is not involved. They never sell any land, and no one can come upon the land until the paramount chief, with his council, decides he can come. If the chiefs decide that one can not come, the English help to keep him out. So if one comes, he must come on the conditions that the natives give them. I went up with this Brother Kalaka, and visited the paramount chief. He had a long story to tell of how his councilors did not agree with him, and how bad it was when they met together that they did not agree. He said he saw how the thing ought to go, “but my council do not agree with me.”

Brother Kalaka translated for me. I pointed the chief to a tree, and said, “Do you see that tree? There are no two limbs on that tree just alike. Then can you expect that men will be alike in their opinion?” Somehow it struck the man a little favorably, as being something new to him; and before we got away, he said to us, “I wish you could come here, and start a mission in our country.” The paramount chief, of course, was the one who invited us to come. Afterward, when Brother Freeman went over there to establish a mission, he went to this paramount chief; and his councilors, his under chiefs, in different parts of the country, heard that Brother Freeman had come to establish a mission. They had been influenced not to let him come in there at all; so when they came before this paramount chief, the council decided that he could not come into the country to establish a mission. But the paramount chief said, “When that missionary was over here, he told me we were like a tree, that no two limbs were alike.” It was in his power to reverse any decision that the councilors made, and so he decided that we could have the land. Thus the mission was opened. Brother Freeman is now there at work, entirely alone, living in a little room 13 by 14, and after moving out all the furniture, they can not seat the interested natives.

At Aliwal North there is a large educational mission. I went there, taking with me a letter of introduction to a native preacher and teacher. He spoke in Dutch, Kaffir, and Basuto. He had three services on Sunday in these three different tongues. He wanted me to speak to one of his congregations, and I did so. His people afterward were as friendly as could be; and when Brother J. C. Rogers was there afterward canvassing for the paper published in South Africa, they said to him, “Are you in harmony with that missionary who came down here and preached?” He said he was; and they told him that several of them were converted that night. More than that, I found that the minister with whom I stopped, had several tracts already translated into the Kaffir and Basuto tongues, and was waiting for the opportunity to print them. It seems to me that God has gone out before us, and prepared the way for hearts to receive the truth just as soon as we take our stand and go there to give them truth. The people are all ready for the truth.

We have reached a time when the very outward circumstances themselves indicate that something more should be done in Africa than we have done in the past. And when we labor for the people in that great country in God’s line, and in God’s opportune time, we shall see the prosperity of heaven attending our work.

O. A. Olsen: There is one incident in connection with this work among the natives that Brother Haskell has not brought out, that I think ought to be mentioned in this connection. He referred to an Institute that we had at Kimberley, where Brother Kalaka, with others, was present. At the close, that brother, with three other natives, were baptized, and it was one of the best baptisms I was ever connected with. At the close of this Institute, Brother Moko was looking around for another place to which he might move his family. While doing that, as he and Brother Kalaka were together, they came into a native house, and there he met a prominent chief from another part of the country. This man had a slight acquaintance with Brother Moko. The chief said, “What are you doing?”

“I am teaching the Bible, and scattering religious publications,” he replied.

“Yes, and what is this man doing?” pointing to Kalaka.

“O, he is from Basutoland, and he has come over here to be present in a Bible school.”

“What!” said the chief, “come all the way from Basutoland over here to be in a Bible school?”

“Yes.”

“Well,” said he, “what have you been studying in that Bible school?” Then they just commenced, and told him of the coming of the Lord, the prophecies, the Sabbath, and these other truths, and closed up with the ordinance of humiliation, for that was a new thing to them. The chief with the men who were with him, sat and listened with tears streaming down their faces. Said he, at the close. “What do you stay here for? I have never heard such things before, and none of my people know anything about it. I want you to come again to-morrow, and I want you to write out those scriptures that you have been quoting, and let me have them, so that I can study them. More than that, I want you at once to begin to make arrangements to go all through our country. In my district I have several churches, and I will open every one of them to you, and assure you of hundreds of hearers, for we are all anxious to hear just what you have been telling me today.”

I. J. Hankins: There is a feeling of unrest and dissatisfaction among the native people of South Africa. They have nothing upon which to rest their hope, and so seem to be holding out their hands for something they do not have. It is not difficult to convince them of the truths that we hold, but they are so bound up in their employment that it is difficult for them to come out and take a stand for the truth. But the seed has been sown among the intelligent Kaffirs, and different natives of South Africa have read our publications over and over, and have an intelligent knowledge of the truth. We hope that the time will come before very long, when their bands will be broken, and that some of these will become missionaries to their people. In the providence of God, there has been some literature provided in the Kaffir language, also in the Basuto. They have “Steps to Christ,” and a tract on the second coming of Christ, and some other smaller

publications. These have been scattered to some extent among the native peoples in the Colony and in Natal. The result is that there is a decided interest among the native people. If some of these natives could be gathered in, properly educated, and enthused with the missionary spirit, they would accomplish more in one year as missionaries to their own people than we have yet accomplished in all our missionary work in Matabeleland and Basutoland.

There is probably no country that has been more prominently before the world during the past year and a half than South Africa. Not only has the war helped do this, but the pestilence which has swept over the country, and now the plague that is entering the city of Cape Town have added their quota to the cause. We have had our publications in circulation there for the past fourteen years, and perhaps more attention has been given to the distribution of our literature than any other one feature of our work. South Africa has proved a very successful field in which to sell our publications. The work of canvassing has been somewhat difficult, however, because of the sparsely settled condition of the country. Our population in South Africa is perhaps not more than about one million white people scattered through a large area, as you know, while the native population numbers about five millions. With a population of this size scattered through such a large territory, you can readily understand that it would be with some difficulty that the canvassing work could be carried forward. We can not support a very large number of canvassers in that field. Some of our leading books are translated into the Dutch language. These include “Bible Readings,” “Thoughts on Daniel and the Revelation,” “Patriarchs and Prophets,” “Great Controversy,” “Steps to Christ.” “Christ Our Saviour,” and many smaller publications. All of these have been sold extensively to the Dutch-speaking people. We have not seen the results of this work that we have desired to see, and to some who have labored in that field, this has been somewhat discouraging: but we confidently believe the word of God, that in due time we shall reap.

At first we had some difficulty in selling our publications. We were required to take out a license in every district that the canvasser entered. The Colony is divided up into districts, something as the several States here are divided up into counties; and every canvasser was required to take out a license, which cost him fifteen dollars, when he passed from one district into another. This made it very expensive, and took largely from the profits of the poor canvasser: but the Lord helped us overcome this difficulty. We presented the nature of our work before the authorities, and in due time we obtained exemption from this requirement, so that now we have liberty to sell our publications throughout South Africa, without this tax.

The South African Sentinel has been published for the past six years in English and another edition has been published in the Dutch language. These papers have had a circulation of about twenty-five hundred every month. At the time the war broke out, we felt as if we ought to get out a special issue of our paper, presenting before the people our position with reference to the war. A paper was accordingly prepared, presenting the Bible principles with reference to this great question. We got out an issue of eight thousand copies. These were freely sold among all classes, in all parts of the country. They were circulated quite largely among soldiers.

A gentleman in Uitenhage, in the southeast part of Cape Colony, received a copy of this paper. He was a refugee from Johannesburg. He had about made up his mind to join the army, and to go into the war. About that time a copy of the war issue of the Sentinel fell into his hands. He read it carefully, and it changed his mind completely. He did not go to the war, because he felt that it would not be right. The paper awakened an interest in him to know more of the truth, and he wrote a letter to me in Cape Town, asking me with reference to the Sabbath especially. He wanted to know whether the seventh day was really the Sabbath. I wrote him a letter, referring him to Brother Edmed, who was laboring in his vicinity, and at the same time wrote to Brother Edmed, calling his attention to this man. They met soon after this. Brother Edmed gave him a few readings, and he fully accepted the truth. So instead of going to war for his country, he began a warfare against sin and wickedness, and he has been a faithful, earnest man from that time.

You have doubtless heard about the Benevolent Home in Kimberley. At the present time Brother Willson is connected with it. The Conference has purchased the Home since I left South Africa and it is devoted more especially to medical missionary work. Some of the better class of people in the town are coming to the Home and receiving treatment with great benefit. Brother and Sister Willson are very much encouraged with the outlook in Kimberley.

During the past few months Brother Edmed and myself have conducted tent meetings in Uitenhage, and these have been, on the whole, quite successful. We felt for a time that we could not conduct meetings in the tent in South Africa, as it such a windy country and so dusty; but we ventured to try again and succeeded in holding quite a successful meeting during the winter season. As the result of this, there were about twenty who accepted the message.

There is one incident that I might relate in connection with that meeting, that shows the effect of our scattering the publications. A young man came into the service, and listened very attentively. After the meeting I spoke to him, and learned that he was a missionary who had been working among the farming community, doing what he could to lead people to study the Bible and to a higher life in Christ. He had read “Bible Readings,” and became very much interested in the study of the Scriptures. He went to Port Elizabeth, to see if he could obtain some of our literature. He doubtless had seen it advertised in the book, and so went to the book-store in Port Elizabeth, and inquired if they had any of our publications, but could find nothing. He came up to Uitenhage, and the first thing he saw when he came into the town, was an advertisement of our meeting for that evening. He thought. “that sounds like subjects in the book that I have been studying.” We advertised to speak on the subject of the seven seals, and the seal of God. He came to the tent. The next Sabbath he attended our meeting, and the second Sabbath following he observed.

We were having meetings only three times a week, and he thought he was not getting as much as he ought. He asked us if we could give him Bible studies other days when we had no meetings, and so we arranged for a Bible study every day. We were astonished at the knowledge that this young man

had of present truth which, he had gotten by his study of “Bible Readings.” And though he was not able to put things together, and get a systematic theory of the truth, he had a general knowledge of the message, and when he came to hear these things, and have them put together, he rejoiced in the knowledge of that which he could carry among the farmers as a definite message of truth. As he started out, he said, “I am sure that there is a family fifty miles away that are just ready to accept the Sabbath message, and I want to go up and visit that family.” We encouraged him, although we were a little amused at his credulity. But he went, and in a few days he came back and reported his success. Sure enough, the family had accepted the truth, and had kept the Sabbath with him.

This was the result of placing “Bible Readings” in the hands of this young man. There are different families who stand int he same position, and he is only waiting to visit different places throughout the country to carry to them the knowledge of the truth. How best to reach the country districts has been a perplexing question in South Africa. I pray that the Lord will lay the burden upon some here to go to Africa, and learn some of the native languages, and carry the truth to those who are still without the light of the message.

J. L. Shaw: Elder Champness was saying yesterday that he wished he might take all the people here for a short time to visit London. I wish he might. I believe that is a very needy place. All England is calling after people to come and present to them the truth. But I wish after they made a visit to London, I could take them a little farther,—to Africa, that vast country with two hundred millions of people who know not the truth. This large number of people must have the gospel carried to them, and some must be willing to dedicate their lives for this very purpose.

The work with which I have been connected in South Africa is at Cape Town. We get some very erroneous ideas about different countries, in one way and another. Cape Town is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world, I presume, of its size and population. Every class of people are there,—Dutch, English, French, German, Indians, Malays, and various other nationalities. You would be surprised to find the many different classes of people in that city. They all must have the truth and the light.

As you perhaps know, we have a school established near Cape Town, about seven or eight miles from the city. When we went to Africa, we found that the people were much different from what they are in America, and their ideas of education were somewhat different. But we have endeavored to follow the Lord’s plan of education as far as possible, and the Lord has blessed us in the effort. Manual training has been introduced, and several industries have been established in connection with the school work, among which are the carpenter shop and the printing department. We have an excellent carpenter shop. I do not believe you would find so good a shop in any of our schools in America. I was very much pleased, after coming here, to receive a letter from a young man who had gone to Australia to attend the school at Avondale. He had gone as far in our school as he could. While there, he had been working in the carpenter shop, and become quite proficient. He told me in his letter that when he had arrived in Australia, they asked him to take charge of the carpentry work in Avondale. Our students have taken a great deal of interest in the printing department. Our South African paper was about to go down; for it was not receiving sufficient support; but the school took hold of it, and by connecting it with the school we were able to carry it on, and it is doing a good work at the present time.

Our educational work thus far has largely been carried on among the white, or European people. The work that lies before us now is to carry on the educational work among the colored people of South Africa. There is a great work to be done in this line. The number of Europeans in Africa is very few, and the numbers—millions and millions—of colored people are astonishing. Something must be done to teach them the principles of education. It is very difficult to carry on education in Cape Town, and accommodate those who are colored, because of the great amount of prejudice that exists there. We have had some precious experiences in connection with this question, however, which go to prove that our brethren in South Africa recognize the principle that God hath made of one blood all nations.

In Natal there is a needy field. Recently when Elder Hyatt was there, one of the missionaries who is occupying a school, and who had so many students that he did not know what to do, said “Have you not a missionary of your denominations a school-teacher, who will come and teach in our school?” Elder Hyatt answered, “Perhaps he will teach some of our principles.” “That does not make any difference: if we only had some one to teach the gospel to these people, and who was willing to yoke right up with us, and go forward in the work, we should be so thankful.”

Other denominations are getting ahead of us in Natal. For the last sixty years the missionaries have been working there. If the truth could only be taken to these people, what an instrument they would be in the hands of God to go through all Africa and carry the truth! We have overlooked this matter. We have been working quite largely with a class in Africa whose minds are not so highly developed as are those of some other classes of Kaffirs in that country. I believe that in carrying the work to the Kaffirs, we must start with those who are the most influential first: and then when they get an education in our principles, they will be the very best agents to go all through the country to convert their own people to the knowledge of the truth.

I believe God is calling for means and talent for work in Africa. May God place the conviction of heart upon some one here to take up the interests of that work. If ever we needed a general for any place in our work, it is in Africa. Those who have been there, and worked in that field, know it. There is no place that the work needs greater generalship than in Africa; and if you have one man who is better than any other, send him to Africa, and may your prayers and God’s blessing go with him. [Voices: Amen!]

H. M. J. Richards: Is there anything in South Africa corresponding to what we call the “color line” in the United States?

J. L. Shaw: Yes, sir; decidedly. In the Transvaal at the present time a Kaffir can not walk on the sidewalk, but has to take the street. The English have a more friendly feeling toward these Kaffirs than some other nationalities have.

The Chair: There are several who desire very much to hear from Sister Druillard, who spent some time in Africa. We must soon close, but we

want to hear a few words from Sister Druillard.

Mrs. N. H. Druillard: You have heard our brethren tell you of what the Lord has done in opening the work in Africa, and of how it has been carried on there. Now I know what you are thinking about. I can see it in your faces. You say, “If the Lord has done all this, and you have had such openings, why have you not more to show for it?” I know you are thinking of that.

But we have been sowing the seed in Africa. While it has been a hard field in many respects, we have diligently sowed the seed; and to us many and many a time has the same thing come, until it almost discouraged us; but when we would remember that our labor of love was not to be in vain, we took heart, and kept on with the work.

I think you have seen that the time has come when God is having the seed that has been sown, begin to bear fruit. We must put it off no longer. If there is one field in the world that calls to our people to-day, it is Africa. While I have been away from there for four years, I have tried to keep in touch with that field, and I am sure that in studying the world, I can see no field where God is calling for his people to arise and work as never before, as the field of Africa. If we will enter into these doors that are now standing open, we shall see much fruit from the seed that has been planted.

If we stop to think that as soon as the war closes, many nationalities will rush to that field, it would be seen that it is now time to enter and begin to work. I do hope that God will put into the hearts of those whom he wants to go to that field to go, and that workers be sent. They should be sent there now. There should be no delay, because if there is a delay now, the work that we could do if we entered immediately, will be twice as hard to do six months from now. I am able to tell you of only a very small part of the work that has been done: and from what you have read and studied for yourselves, you must see that the time has come for us to arise and work in that field. We must send the very best workers we have to that field: and when they go, let the body of Seventh-day Adventists in this country follow them with their prayers, that God will work through them.

The Chair: I know that you all have been very deeply interested in the presentation of these subjects. May the Lord stir up every soul to sense the situation, and may there be such a consecration as we have never experienced before, that we may be fitted to come forth and answer these earnest calls for help.

F. I. Richardson: There is one thought that has not been broached. For many years the surplus of Europe’s millions has been coming to America. America is quite well filled. Many, too, have been going to Australia. Now the attention of these millions is turned to Africa. As soon as the war is over, they will doubtless turn their attention to Africa by the hundreds and thousands.

It was moved and seconded that an adjournment be had till 3 P.M. Carried unanimously.

S. H. Lane pronounced the benediction.

O. A. OLSEN, Chairman.
L. A. HOOPES, Secretary.

SERMON

L. C. SHEAFE

Thursday, April II, 7, P.M.

(Concluded.)

heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine: Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother’s sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee.”

The savory dish was partaken of the father’s parting blessing was bestowed, Jacob had kissed his father in thanks, and moved-out of the apartment. The curtain had hardly fallen behind Jacob as he went out, when Esau came in, hope and joy beaming in his countenance, with the savory dish all prepared. Notice the record: “And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. And he also had made savory meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father. Let my father arise, and eat of his son’s venison, that thy soul may bless me.”

It sounded strange to Isaac; and he spoke in words like these: “Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, thy first-born, Esau. And Isaac trembled very exceedingly.”

Yes; that old patriarch realized now that a deception had been practiced upon him, and he trembled exceedingly. He then told Esau that Jacob had been there, and had obtained his blessing. That strong man, Esau, who did not fear the beasts of the field, nor the fierce, marauding bands that roved over the plains and across the mountains, trembled here in the presence of his father. He trembled because his father’s blessing, for which he had hoped, had been bestowed upon another. He forgot, though, that he sold his birthright back yonder; and when the time came to receive it, he still wanted it.

A good many of us have sold out our birthright and privileges. Then when the emergency comes, we wonder why we can not have access to the throne, and why we can not get hold on God. David reminds us of this in the forty-ninth psalm, fifth verse: “The iniquity of my heels shall compass me about?” or, “the iniquity of my heels have taken hold upon me.” The sins of the past came up around him, and surrounded him on every hand. There is many a man who, when he is along in years, looks back upon his past sins, and the iniquities of his heels compass him about. He finds his way hedged in, and he can not see his way out. Esau met just that condition in his experience. Thus he pleaded with his father for the blessing. Esau said that Jacob had been rightly named, for he had supplanted him twice. Then he pleaded before his father, and said, O my father, have you not one more blessing? Have you not another blessing that you can bestow on me? His father said. I have made you your brother’s servant; and what more can I do for you? Here is the blessing that the father bestowed upon Esau in answer to his earnest plea: “And Isaac his father answered, and said unto him. Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the due of heaven from above; and by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother: and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.”

This was the blessing that Isaac bestowed upon Esau. The wronged brother began to think, and, with clenched fist and closely shut teeth, he said, when “the days of mourning for my father are at hand: then will I slay my brother Jacob.” The mother overheard the

expression, and said to Jacob, You will have to leave; your brother is determined, when the days of mourning for your father are past, to slay you. The mother came to the front again, and formulated another plan. She went in before Isaac. She said she did not want Jacob to take a wife of the people of that country, and asked Isaac’s consent to send their son off to Laban, that he might take a wife from her people. So Isaac called in Jacob, and blessed him, and sent him away.

Esau meant to take the thing in his own hands, and so wreak vengeance on Jacob. Brethren, would it not be well to let God square the account? But Esau was determined to square these accounts himself; and so Jacob fled for his life. You remember as you read here in the Word the account with which you are all familiar, that on a certain night he heaped up stones for a pillow. These were a hard pillow for a tired man to rest upon. But Jacob was skirting the back country, keeping off the principal thoroughfares for fear his brother would overtake and slay him by the way. He had the blessing of his father, he had the promise of God; and he who has the blessing of the Lord need not hurry; he can afford to wait. Yes, he can “wait on the Lord.” And Jacob, hard as his lot was, piled up the stones here, and laid down there to rest upon that hard pillow. The word of the Lord says, too, that he slept; so he must have found rest.

The lot of the majority of mankind is hard. Have we faith enough in God to rest in the hard lot? Get the rest, the soul-rest, that God alone can give. Jacob found it. There on the cold ground, with only stones for a pillow, he had a dream, and saw the heavens open, with a ladder reaching from the earth to heaven, upon which angels ascended and descended. At the head of that ladder the Lord himself stood; and Jacob heard the voice of the Lord his God at the head of the ladder: and here is what the Lord said: “And, behold, the Lord stood above it, and said, I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed: and thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad, to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.”

He also said. “Behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land, for I will not leave thee until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.” A wonderful blessing, surely! This man resting upon the ground,—this man who was yet in his sins, yet in his rebellion, God loved for what he might become,—loved him even in that condition; and in his promises, reaching away down past that time, was intimated what God would make of that man. I am glad to-night to know that that is true, and that God sees that which he can produce in us when he is through with us. He saw that in Peter, you remember. But those who knew Peter best could see in him nothing but shifting sands. Jesus Christ saw through that shifting sand, and saw that which caused him to call Peter a rock. People wondered why. But Jesus saw what men could not see. So God saw that which he would finally make of Jacob. Jacob remembered the words of God, and in the morning he said: This is the house of God, and the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not. Until then he had failed to recognize that truth. Circumstances into which we are thrown at times seem hard. To us they are too stern, and we look up into the face of God to ask why these must be so. We keep on asking why; but if we would only look up, and rest, and believe, we should see, as Jacob saw, the Lord standing at the head of the ladder, and the blessing of God descending, and we should be able to say, The Lord is in this place, and I knew it not.

The best lessons of life are learned in hard experiences, and this is the school through which all humanity must pass. Under these we get our best glimpses of God’s love, and see the matchlessness of his own power. In such times we see God is nearer to us, and are able to realize our own helplessness and nothingness, and the almightiness of our God.

The Lord promised to be with Jacob whithersoever he went, and to bring him back in prosperity. The individual who has these promises of God is safe from harm until his work is done. None of the powers of earth, among men or demons, can ever thwart the tide of onward progress of the individual who has rightly related himself to God, and is anchored on the promises of Jehovah. He can wait on the tide and be of good courage. Oftentimes when God would bring a man up to this point, he starts him down that way. When he would bring Joseph to the throne, he started him toward the prison. God was with Joseph all the way, and in his own time, Joseph reached the throne. That man who puts his faith and confidence in God need not hurry; he can wait on the Lord and be of good courage, for victory is surely his.

Before Jacob left that place, he made a bargain with the Lord. He was famous at driving a bargain. Now, said he, if you bring me back here in peace and prosperity, I will give you the tenth of all you give me. Then he called the place Bethel,—” the house of God.”

Have you ever found a Bethel? Have you ever found a hard place, where you saw God as you never saw him at any other time? Have there been dark experiences through which you have passed, and through which you have had a clear view of heaven? The Lord in his infinite power and matchless splendor is trying to clear the way for you, and so a bright view of the living God is put into every fiber of your being. Jacob started on his journey with new strength, new hope, and new aspirations. He went down to Padan-aram and connected himself with his uncle, Laban. He there agreed to labor with him for seven years for Rachel, and the seven years seemed as but one day because he loved her so much. But at the end of the seven years, Laban gave him Leah, and so he labored seven years more for Rachel, making fourteen years. Then he labored six years more with Laban, twenty years in all.

But the Lord promised Jacob at Bethel that he would bring him back home again; and Jacob grew rich down there with Laban. He was a shrewd man, was Jacob,—you remember how he dealt with the cattle, and the pains he took to bring it around so that the strong were his, and the weak were Laban’s. He is the type of the average shrewd man of to-day. He was looking out for number one all the time; that was the one who was constantly before him.

But the Lord said to Jacob. Now it is time to be going home. Jacob realized now that Laban was not as friendly to him as he used to be, and Laban’s sons were a little envious of Jacob, because his herds were so increased.

So Jacob called his family together, and told them it was time for him to be going home,—that God had spoken to him, and he must go. They agreed to go with him. So he got together all his

flocks, and herds, his family, and servants, and goods, and prepared to leave that country. Laban was off on a three-days’ journey shearing his sheep when word was brought to him that Jacob had fled. As Laban pursued his son-in-law, but before he overtook him, the angel of God said to Laban, “See that thou speak not to Jacob either good or ill.” Laban accused Jacob of stealing his gods. Search was made, but they were not found. Then Jacob arraigned Laban before his brethren and friends. Finally they came to an agreement, and raised up a heap of stones, which they named Mizpah. One was not to pass over that heap of stones to the other to do him harm, and so Laban left Jacob to go on his journey.

One trouble was passed, but Jacob saw another. He was rid of Laban, but Esau was before him. True twenty years had rolled away since he left his angry brother. But that sin was still remembered. Length of time does not remove sin from the record books of God. There was and is only one way to get rid of sin. Sometimes men think that because the sin was committed so long ago, it does not matter now. Most people have forgotten. Yes, that may be true; people may have forgotten it; but there are two who have not forgotten it. God and your own conscience tell you of it. Jacob knew this, and so feared Esau. He was therefore moved to make some preparation by which to appease the offended Esau. So he sent out presents, and instructed his servants to say, when they met Esau, that his servant Jacob had sent these to his lord Esau. Jacob remembered the deception which he had practiced, and remembered the feeling Esau had toward him. He remembered clearly and distinctly why he had gone away. The vision that he had at Bethel was clear and plain to him; the promise he had made to God there was clear. God had prospered him; he was on his way home. But could he meet Esau in peace, and how? All preparation was made that Jacob might appease the wrath of Esau, and then he sent his family, and servants all across the brook Jabbok, and was left alone. Then “there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.” He knew that, being in the condition in which he was, he was at variance with God. He knew he had lost his hold on Jehovah: and he wanted to be reconciled with God; he wanted God’s peace in his heart.

I can see that strong man pacing to and fro under the shadow of those trees by the brook, a great tempest in his soul. He did not see anything about him, did not notice any of the sounds around him; but just paced to and fro, while the awful struggle went on in his soul. He felt that every man’s hand was against him, and as he walked to and fro in that wilderness, there was a great hand laid on Jacob’s shoulder. Jacob turned and grappled with what he supposed to be his adversary, and the Word of the Lord tells us here that all that night a man wrestled with Jacob. Sometimes he was down, sometimes up, sometimes here, and sometimes there; but the struggle went on, and not a word was spoken. Jacob struggled as for life. The whole strength and power of his being was up. He realized that his life was at stake. Something must be done. He had wrestled with his brother Esau and conquered; he had wrestled with Laban, and overcome him, but who now was this? So he put forth all his power to overcome and throw the one whom he supposed was his adversary. All that night that struggle went on. As the gray streak of the dawn began to come, the angel said to Jacob, “Let me go.” Jacob declared that he would not let him go. The angel put forth his hand and touched his thigh, and the thigh of Jacob was out of joint. You remember what Job said. Fear me, fear me. O my friends; for the hand of God has touched me! So the hand of God touched Jacob. He could not longer wrestle, because his thigh was out of joint. The angel still said, “Let me go.” Jacob said, “I will not let thee go,” and he just tightened his grip on the angel, for now he realized that his adversary was the angel of the Lord, his friend. So he asked for a parting blessing. He could not get the blessing from God by his own might, or his own power, any more than you and I can. But he learned to cling; just got hold and held on, that was all. “Simply to thy cross I cling.” Jacob got hold of God’s promises. Have you got hold of them? Do not let them slip, hold hard, just hold; that is all God wants.

Beloved, God is well pleased with that faith that lays hold on him, and will not let go until the blessing comes. It is your privilege and mine to get the blessing that way. It is not by might nor power, nor by the strength of your arm, the brawn of your muscle, or the sharpness of your brain or of your wit, but it is simply by the faith and love and power of your heart that lay hold upon the eternal God and waits. One of the hardest lessons humanity has to learn is to wait. It is so hard to wait; but he who waits on God will not be disappointed. May God help us to wait. May God help us to get hold; and when we get hold, let us cling.

The Lord tells us how Jacob prevailed. You remember in Hosea the Lord makes it clear, so we can see just how he gained the victory. I will read a verse or two in this twelfth chapter: “He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God: yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed.” How?—“He wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us.” How did he get it?—O, he laid hold on God, he wept and made supplication.

This was the time and place where Jacob came face to face with his sins. God knows, if no human soul does; and there is a good deal of truth in the old adage, “Be sure your sin will find you out.” You will remember Jacob came face to face with his sin. He had seen it in the distance before; but now the only way to get peace, and to be reconciled with God was to meet this sin face to face, and confess it before God with a broken and contrite heart, and accept from God the pardon and the cleansing from sin that God alone can give. Jacob confessed his sin, and the floodlight of God’s glory came into his soul to give him peace. I can see Jacob when that struggle was over, and witness the sweet peace of God as it came into his very being, bringing the radiance of light from his countenance to light up the whole place. It had been a dark night, but the glory of the Lord was then round about.

The angel of God said to Jacob, “What is thy name?” He answered, Jacob. He was ashamed of his name. What does the name “Jacob” mean?—A supplanter. Now that angel said, I will change your name; “thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.”

O beloved! to-night is not that what we need? Don’t we need power with God? Sometimes we start to get power at the other end,—power with men; but if we get power with God, we shall have the power with men. Let us get it. So the Lord changed his name.

Now, said he, you are a prince, “for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men.” As we look out on the broad field, and see humanity crying under the awful weight of sin, with condemnation resting down upon the whole human family, and so little being done to bring the light of the glorious gospel of the truth of Jesus Christ to the hearts and mind of the people, we wonder at times whether or not this truth that we believe is real. May the Lord help us, beloved, to come up to the help of the Lord against the mighty! May he so fill our hearts with a longing desire to take hold by a living faith on the power of God, that the blessing may rest upon us.

Jacob came up that morning from that struggle by the brookside, and his face was radiant with glory, because he had seen the Lord face to face, as it were. But the family, the friends, and the servants on yon side of the brook notice, as Jacob comes up, that he is limping. Ever after that night, says the word of the Lord, Jacob limped as he walked, and he carried the mark of that night’s struggle with him all the rest of his life’s journey.

So the loved ones and friends and servants gathered around him, and asked where he had been, and what was the matter. “You look so different from what you have for the last few days and weeks! Why, you seem to be another man!” Beloved, he was another man. I can see them as they gather in his tent, when he unfolds his heart to them. He tells them all the past, and how deep down in sin he had been, and I can hear him say, “I have been keeping this in my heart and life, burdensome though it was: and last night deliverance came! Yes, I met the Lord face to face, and all night long I struggled there with this rebellious heart of mine, and God gained the victory. I yielded myself, and now the peace of God has come into my soul, and I am free. I can meet Esau now.” Yes, he did not care now. He could meet Esau. Let Esau do what he would, it would make no difference to Jacob. It is sin, beloved, that makes cowards of us all. The man whose heart is clear and clean before God fears nothing or nobody.

So now Jacob was free. I suppose he must have thought how foolish he had been all these years to carry that thing. “Why did I not have this freedom, why did I not have this light, why did I not have this joy before this?” Why is it, friends, that some of us here in this audience have not that same freedom? Why is it that we have lost the joy of our salvation? Why is it that the spiritual thermometer registers away below zero with many of us? Why is it that we are not coming up to the help of the Lord against the mighty? O, why is it that our cup of joy is not running over with the praises of God, welling up from our hearts and lives? There is something back there that we have yet to meet. Some could say, “The iniquity of my heels shall compass me about.” You can not make progress with these. Let us meet and face them as Jacob faced his, and get the victory through Jesus Christ.

The Lord tells us that “men ought always to pray, and not to faint.” Then he gives us that example of the importunate widow, who came before the judge of a certain city, saying, “Avenge me of my adversary. And he would not for a while;” but she held on, and kept pleading, and finally the judge said he did not fear God or man, but because that widow had continually come until she had wearied him, he would adjust her cause and avenge her.

You remember, too, the Syro-Phenician woman who came out pleading with Jesus, and “besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.” The disciples said, “Send her away; for she crieth after us;” but Jesus said, “I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” Finally she came and fell down and worshiped him, saying, Lord, help me. But Jesus said, It is not meet to take the children’s bread, and cast it unto the dogs. And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat of the children’s crumbs. If she could not get a loaf, she would take a slice; and if she could not get a slice, she would pick up the crumbs that fell from the master’s table. Praise the Lord! Beloved, if the Lord would enable us by grace divine to pick up the crumbs of his grace and love, it would lead us up to a slice, and then a loaf, and then into the fullness of God’s love and grace.

Then he admonishes us here in the Word, beloved, that we are to be “steadfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord.” Then the Lord tells us, you remember, here in the thirtieth chapter of Jeremiah, that there is a time coming, in the experience of the people who are living in the closing hours of this world’s history, like unto the time of Jacob’s trouble. You know how Jacob gained the victory. You know what he had to go through before he gained that victory. He met God alone. Let me tell you to-night, beloved, that sometimes men get it into their minds that because they are identified with a certain people, or a certain denomination, or a certain church, that that guarantees them heaven. But it does not. This matter has to be a personal, individual affair. We must each meet God for ourselves. Jacob wrestled alone. It is not how we have stood as a whole, or as a Conference, or as a denomination but, how do we stand as individuals? God does not save men in crowds. He deals with the individual heart; and so let us make this an individual affair. If everybody else is wrong, let us each personally make up our minds that as individuals we shall be right with God. If somebody goes that way, or this way, that is not a criterion for us. But let us get founded on the firm rock. God’s word, that we may know what God would have us do.

I want you to see by a study of the Word of the Lord, that there has never been a night so dark, but what there has been a dawn, a daybreak. It was a long night that Jacob wrestled with the angel: but that night had a daybreak. There may be dark experiences through which some of us are passing. There may be clouds resting down over our lives; there may be clouds in our home, or in our family relation. There may be things in existence that seem to hamper and hinder us; and there may come times when darkness seems to gather about our pathway, and as we look up, the sky seems to be black over our head. But let me tell you, the day will break. Yes, there is always a daybreak. Just wait for it, and hold on until the day does break. While we are in the darkness, do not let go; do not let go when you are in the darkness, but hold on to God by living faith, and be assured of his promise that the light will come.

Then I would have you remember this truth from the life of Jacob and his struggle. What is our need, and what the source of our supply?—God is the source of our supply. Know the way to him. Know his courts, and then enter in, and plead in God’s appointed way for the blessing that you see you need. Then in this matter of life’s struggle, with its difficulties, with its obstacles,

with its temptations, with its allurements, with the constant changes that are coming along our pathway, we need the character and the real, divine truths of God constantly set before us, that we may know the way, that they may be as guide-boards and sign-posts directing our steps on life’s pathway as we make our onward march.

While Jacob struggled with the difficulties that confronted him, he had the promise of God that he should come again to his father’s house in peace and prosperity. This promise of God stood before him all through his struggle. And I would say to you tonight, beloved, let us remember God’s promise. When difficulties confront us, remember God has made this promise to us. He said to Jacob that he would bring him back in prosperity and peace to his father’s house. He sent his presents on to Esau, and the servants returned. Jacob asked them: “Did you meet him?” They said, “Yes.” “What did he say?” “He did not say anything.” “Well, what did you see?” said Jacob. “We saw Esau coming, and he has four hundred armed men with him.”

That looked like war, but Jacob did not run. Jacob was canopied with the Spirit and power of God, and he could go up and meet four hundred armed men, lame, cripple as he was, without an armed man in his company, without a sword and without a single spear, without a trained host of men. He could go up with his family and his flocks and herds and meet Esau, even though he had a band of four hundred armed men. The man who puts his confidence in God can meet all the powers of sin that may confront him, if he envelops himself with the shield of protection that God has provided for those who trust him.

And it was an affecting meeting, too, of these two brothers.—Jacob coming with his company, and Esau with his. They stopped, and out from each company came the men.—Jacob from his side, and Esau from his. Jacob limped as he went across the plain, and yet he started off as fast as he could to meet his brother. They ran and bowed down seven times, as they came toward one another, and when they met, fell on one another’s neck, and kissed each other. Jacob was first reconciled with God, and then he could be reconciled with his brother. Let us get straight with the Lord, brethren. Then these things that seem so crooked and tangled straighten out very easily. Instead of Jacob having to come in conflict with these four hundred armed men, after he had become reconciled with God, he met his brother in peace, they embraced each other, and recognized that they were brothers.

Do you know to-night, beloved, that that is one of the great lessons that God is trying to teach to the people in the work to-day,—that he is the common Father of all, and we are all brethren? But we are slow to learn the lesson, and the Lord has to put us over the road, time and time again.

But I am glad the Lord is so patient and kind and tender with us. I am glad he is longsuffering; glad that he waits; glad that he gives us another chance. May the Lord help us. Oh, may we get hold by living faith, and wrestle with the angel of God until this blessing that Jacob obtained is the portion of every one of us. When we reach the high-water mark in this Conference, may the tide not be permitted to recede. When the tide is at its height, it is time to push out. Have you yet launched your craft on the crest of the spiritual wave?

I would say, in closing, that the Lord is gracious to his people, longsuffering, and tender, and that he permits us to pass through severe and trying experiences that he might teach us a lesson. Jacob found that it was just as far from Laban’s house back to the old home as it was from his old home to Laban’s house. It is just as far to God’s house as the way we came from there, and that is the distance you have to travel in going back. There are no short cuts. You can not cross lots. We have to go back over that same road we came down over. And when the Lord wants us to go home, let us get all our effects together and go.

Shall we let little difficulties deter us?—By no means. It is time now that we were standing near to the Lord. You remember that on one occasion it was said that the Spirit of the Lord was present to heal, but no one was healed. Let us then, to-night, take the promises of God by living faith, and remember that He says that it is not by might nor by power but by his Spirit. If the Spirit of the Lord is in each of our hearts, we can go forth from this General Conference to our work with our hearts imbued with his Spirit. Men and women will be converted and we shall be perfected as instruments in the hands of the Lord, to point them to the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the world. May the Lord enable us, brethren, to do that same thing.

SERMON

J. O CORLISS

April 12, 7 P.M.

I READ my text from the eighth chapter of the book of Romans, the eighteenth verse particularly: “For I reckon that the sufferings of these present times are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.” There are two principal thoughts here introduced. The first one relates to present suffering and the other to future glory. The apostle remarks that in reckoning up, in summing up the whole matter, he believes that the sufferings of this time are not worthy to be compared with that future glory. Indeed, there is no comparison whatever between suffering and glory, because they are directly opposite to each other, and we can not compare things that have no likeness to each other. There may be a contrast between them, but no comparison.

There is a reason why the apostle has uttered these words, as stated in preceding verses. Speaking of divine gifts bestowed he says: “For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear: but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.” We are not naturally the children of God; but through an adoption introduced by God himself, all of us may look up and call him Father, just the same as the Lord Jesus Christ. “The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God;” “And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ.” I apprehend that a joint heir is the same relation as an equal heir, indeed, a joint heir is an equal heir, just as a joint partner in business is an equal partner. We are “joint heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.” The condition of our being joint heirs with Christ is, therefore, that we suffer with him; suffer as he suffered when here upon the earth. That is, we are to pass through all the temptations that he did, and shall I say, meet them as successfully? I am certain of one thing—that he had no more power with which to

overcome than is accorded to us. He had the power of heaven, the power of glory from God, and all this has been given to us through the Lord Jesus Christ; and he has shared all this power with us. Then is it too much to say that we are not only to suffer with him, but to suffer as he did? Suffer as innocently as he did, and overcome? There is no plan revealed by which the Lord will save people who do not overcome; for I read concerning those who will be found at last prepared to meet the Lord, that they are “without fault before the throne of God.” To be without fault is to be just as pure and holy as were the first pair when they came from the hands of their Maker. In other words, it is redemption in its entirety; it is that we are to be brought back into the very condition in which man was first created. Nothing short of this can hope to enter heaven, for God will never receive into heaven an element of weakness or of sin that will jeopardize the souls of those who are there. Sin has once alienated the affections of God’s subjects, but there will never be in that eternal world anything permitted to alienate the subjects of God from his righteous reign. So, then, this is included in the condition named: “If so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.”

This means a great deal more, perhaps, than our sin-beclouded minds are able to comprehend. But there is one blessed thing about it, and that is, the nearer we live to God, the more the effect of sin is removed from our minds, the better will be our minds to understand the things which God would have us see. The reason we stumble along here and there, is because we have not power to see the things in our path which are placed to trip our feet. Our beclouded minds therefore need the anointing of the Holy Spirit, that we may see and avoid the things that Christ saw and overcame. We may thus suffer with Christ, and not fear to enter the contest, or step into that which promises to bring suffering to us.

In order that we may do so with courage, the Lord presents before us the glory of the future, saying that the suffering to be met here is not to be compared with that.

No, it can not be, because the suffering will be of short duration; the glory will be eternal. Then there is no comparison on that ground. Suffering here is not enjoyed because it causes pain, loss of friends and property, and inconvenience on every hand. But when we enter into glory, there will be no loss to endure. All then will be joy and happiness, and we shall be permitted to bask in the sunshine of God’s eternal glory. So there is no comparison whatever between suffering and glory. Why, then, should we take into consideration the suffering? Why should we let this weigh anything in the balances as we consider whether we will give ourselves to the service of the Lord or not? Does he call to distant lands, to serve in hardships? If we can only get one glimpse of the future; if we can only see the glory that radiates from the throne, then we never would turn our eyes to behold the things that are called sufferings, because the beautiful things to be seen by faith would eclipse all these, even though we were passing through the direst of them. But we are apt to look upon these things as hindrances; we are apt to look upon them as clogs to our spiritual life, when in reality, they should be stimulants that would add to our desires, and our works in the service of God.

It is not necessary to describe the sorrows or the sufferings that we have to endure here. There is no one who has come to the years of maturity who could not tell a terrible tale of woe if need be. All are well acquainted with the things that we meet in our daily lives. It will therefore be necessary to leave these with you, and pass on to bring before you the future prospects, with which the suffering is not worth to be compared.

What is glory? Is there anything in the lexicons that will define it? I do not believe it can be defined outside of the word of God. But in that word we are told that the throne of God is one of glory. Matthew 25:31; Revelation 3:21. Why it is a throne of glory is not wholly because it shines with a radiance that would dazzle with deadly effect the eyes of mortals, but because it is a throne where holiness and stability reign. What some people call splendor,—that which dazzles the eyes of many is not glory. Much in this world that attracts people’s minds is not worthy to be called glory in any sense of the word. Some have had the idea that the monarchs of earth have glory attached to their reign, but while there are some things which may seem desirable in the positions they occupy, there are perplexities, cares, and anxieties, that we know nothing about, and it is well that we do not know them. Probably not many of us would be able to bear up under the trials that the pettiest king of earth has to endure. There is no glory in earthly thrones, but of suffering in plenty. We may have a taste of the glory of God here, and yet, you say, we suffer: but so sure as we have glory here, it will eclipse the suffering. So then, with an enjoyment of glory here, suffering would never be mentioned. They are not to be compared: hence they can not coalesce.

I call attention now to a scripture that reveals something of what the glory of God is like, and which he permits people on earth to behold the shadow of. This is in the closing part of Ezekiel’s description of the throne of God, found in the first chapter, twenty-sixth verse, and forward: “And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it. And I saw as the color of amber, as the appearance of fire around about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about.”

Notice what that brightness was like. “As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain.” Can anyone portray the beautiful colors of the rainbow? These are blended so beautifully that no one can distinguish where one ends and the other begins. So delicately, indeed, do these colors intermingle with each other that we behold the glorious whole with the deepest admiration.

The glory that surrounds the throne of God is then not only like the bow in the clouds, but this last is made to all new, the bow of promise, even as it was to Noah after the flood swept the earth.

But that bow in the cloud in the day of rain is but the faintest shadow of that bow of glory which surrounds the throne of the universe. So God lets fallen men see the shadow of the glory with which God is surrounded. It is all poor, fallen humanity can bear now. But if we should see the reality, there must of necessity, be a wondrous change in us, or else we would be stricken down by it.

Even Jehovah himself could not have such brightness of glory surrounding him were he tainted in the least with

sin. The glory here described is simply the light of life shining out from God himself; and that life is the light that we prize as much here while moving about in our daily avocations.

You will remember that when Moses was required to go out of Egypt to the promised land with the people of Israel, the following is recorded in Exodus 33:18: “And he said, I beseech thee, show me thy glory. [God did not reprove him for the request, but instead, gave a promise which included the very thing asked for.] And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee, and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy.”

That was the answer to Moses’ request. By this it is seen that the goodness of God is his glory. The character of Jehovah is glory. Do you not see, then, that if there shall be glory revealed in us, as our text says, there will be, through some plan that has been conceived, a character revealed in men which will be similar to the character of God himself. There must be a restoration from the paths of sin, and all the elements of naughtiness and wickedness be eliminated.

In connection with the promise that God made Moses at this time, he said, “To-morrow, come up into the mount, and be there, and I will reveal myself to you.” In what way?—“There is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock: and it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a cleft of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by.” The sequel shows that when Moses went up there, the Lord descended and stood with him, and proclaimed to him the name of the Lord. But what did he announce as his name?—Simply his character: “The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin,” etc. Every element of goodness is therefore contained in the name of Jehovah.

Turning again to another statement found in the sixth chapter of Numbers, we find the commission that God gave to his priests in dealing with the people. Speaking of what should be done for the people, he said to Aaron, as recorded in verses 23-27: “On this wise ye shall bless the children of Israel, saying unto them, The Lord bless thee, and keep thee: the Lord make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: the Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace. And they shall put my name upon the children of Israel.” What name?—“Merciful, gracious, long-suffering, abundant in goodness,” etc. And the priest was to bless the people by putting the name of God upon them, which is his glory.

Does the same privilege obtain in the promises of the New Testament?—Certainly. Turning to the twenty-eighth chapter of Matthew, nineteenth verse, I read as it is given in the Revised Version: “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” The same commission has really been given to a gospel minister as was committed to the priests of olden time.

I would that persons who take upon themselves baptismal vows understood that in this they consent to take upon them the name of God. Baptism therefore means that when an individual walks down into the water, and the minister—the priest of the Lord—baptizes him into the name of the Father, into the name of the Son, and into the name of the Holy Ghost; that in that the name of the person is changed as fully as was Jacob’s of old, when God gave him the name of Israel. His name had been Supplanter, but when this conversion took place, his name became “Prince of God.” So every individual who now becomes a Christian receives a change of name, because he has become a son of God, and is to represent God, and Christ, and the Holy Ghost in the earth.

That is God’s plan of adoption, by which men come into the family of God, so as to be able to say, Father, Father. Thus they become joint heirs with the Lord Jesus Christ.

“For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.” Before the glory of God in its effulgence can shine upon men and women, this glory must first be revealed in them. Man was first made in the image of God; and as God is glory, man had glory given him. Every element of the character of God was bestowed upon man.

Had he not been created with enough power of mind to comprehend what God would do for him, and say to him, it would not have been so great a fault in him had he made the mistake he did in sinning. God placed him where he would comprehend the glory of God. God wants man to have that glory revealed in him again. Speaking of man’s creation, the apostle says: “Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honor.” He was elevated to the high position of being crowned with the glory of God, and so perfect was that glory that it shielded man from any possible lustful sight. It was indeed man’s original clothing. As the first pair associated together, nothing could be seen which could induce a wrong thought. But when sin came, the glory departed. Then God clothed the first pair, and made earthly garments with which to cover their nakedness. That glory must sometime be restored, but not while we live in connection with sin. So long as we are in contact with sin, God’s glory to the fullest extent can not dwell in us. Our bodies never can have that crown of glory restored to them until sin has not only been eliminated from the body itself, but from the world entirely. There will, however, be a time when these bodies will stand out in the fullness in which God created them, but that will be when the Lord Jesus Christ comes, and we appear with him in glory. Then there will be bodies given to all the saints that will be just as pure, and just as holy, and just as full of glory as the bodies of Adam and Eve were when they came from the hand of a faultless Creator.

But sin has done a terrible work in the earth. There are things now that we can never attain to, so long as we are in contact with sin, any more than the feet of our Lord Jesus could rest upon this earth again while it is blasted by sin. When he was glorified, he could not return here to walk the earth as he did nineteen hundred years ago. When he does come again, his feet will not touch this sin-cursed earth, but he will sit in mid-heaven, and angels will be sent to “catch up” the saints to meet him there. Holiness can never unite with sin. And I want to tell you, friends, that God has placed within our reach the power to say, “I will be his fully; I will have the mind of Christ,” but, like the apostle, we shall find still another law within us, warring against the powers of the minds. Until the Lord comes and changes these vile bodies, and makes them in the likeness of his glorious body, there will always

be something for us to regret because of our connection with the things of the world. There will always be a longing for that better day. If we could come to the point here where we would be entirely free from these things that sin has brought, we would never long for the coming of our Lord Jesus. We would be perfectly satisfied where we are; but the condition of things is such that we long every day and every hour, and I may say every minute, for that bright day to dawn when Jesus Christ will come in his glory, and change our vile bodies, and make them like his glorious body. Romans 8:19-22; Philippians 3:21. This was the design of our Lord Jesus Christ in coming into the world.

I read in the second chapter of Hebrews another verse; “For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.” So, you see, the sufferings came to the Lord Jesus first, and it must come to us first, in order that we may be brought to glory as sons of Jesus Christ. As long as we are here in the flesh, we shall have but the hope of glory. Colossians 1:27. Hope looks to the future for the fulfillment of desire. It is not the full realization of the perfect thing; but while Christ is in us here, he is in us as the hope of glory, by the Holy Ghost dwelling in us. Glory is perfection of character. The Lord will prepare his people for that state, so that when he appears in mid-heaven, men may be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye to meet him. Then our bodies will be changed from corruptible to incorruptible bodies. The dead in their graves will be changed also as quickly as the living, and they will be made immortal in the act of coming out of their graves, so that when they see the glory of Jesus Christ they can stand before him; for no one can do that unless they are like him. I read this from a statement that has been given us (1 John 3:2): “Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him.” Why?—Because we shall see him as he is, not as he was nineteen hundred years ago when here in flesh, as he is. Mortal flesh can not stand before the immortal glory of Jesus Christ. So, the last preparation is that finishing touch of holy immortality, which Christ will put upon us when he comes. That glory will seal men and women so that they may be prepared to receive him. Otherwise, we would be like the soldiers who stood at the tomb of Christ, when the angel came down to raise the Saviour of mankind.

But what is this glory? I have not time to read all the scriptures upon that point, but we will find that the Lord Jesus Christ revealed this to three of his disciples, those who formed the innermost circle of his acquaintance.—Peter, James, and John. These were alone permitted to go in with the Saviour when he raised the maiden to life. They were the only ones, too, who were permitted to stand upon the Mount of Transfiguration with him, and also to witness his sufferings in the garden. Yet he showed them what that glory would be.

In the seventeenth chapter of the gospel according to Matthew, we find the description of that glory. There is a description of the transfiguration. “He was transfigured before them.” To transfigure a thing is to change its figure, just as to transport a thing is to change it from one port to another. Christ had before that looked as any other person looked, but in a moment, as the glory of God came down upon him, he was transfigured, and the result was that his face did shine as the sun. Have you ever tried to look into the face of the sun at noonday? You know very well that your eyes are not strong enough to endure it for any length of time. I have gone out under apple trees in a Michigan summer, and found apples lying there with the tops all baked by the heat that came from the sun ninety-five millions of miles away. What would become of us were we to come into the presence of the glory of Jesus Christ if it came down into the very presence of mortals? Would anyone be able to endure it? “His face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as light.

I call attention to the description of an angel. The brightness of his glory is such that you and I are not capable of comprehending it. “Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold, of Uphaz: his body was like beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in color to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude.” That is the description Daniel gives of the angel which he saw in vision.

This is similar to the description of an angel in every part of the Bible. The symbol of the tenth chapter of Revelation was not drawn from fancy, when the Revelator says that he “saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire.” No, it was simply a description of an angel clothed with the glory of God. True, it was a symbol, but that symbol was drawn from the likeness of the reality itself. So the faces of the Lord Jesus and his angels all have the brightness of the sun.

So we have them before us the thought of what glory is. Are men and women here to be transfigured by the same glory that shines in the face of our Lord Jesus Christ? Remember, we are to be joint heirs with him, and whatever he inherits, the children of men will inherit. Are we to inherit glory?—Yes, that glory is to be given us. Through Jesus Christ we inherit it. It is nothing that we posses naturally: nothing that we can by any means secure by our own efforts. But when we become sons of God, heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ, we are heirs of glory, and so must inherit glory. You will find that stated in the thirty-fifth verse of the third chapter of Proverbs: “The wise shall inherit glory.” Describing the scenes of the last days, and of the closing events of this world’s history, the Saviour tells us that “the Son of man shall send his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; and shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father.” Matthew 13:41-43.

Thank the Lord! This is the glory which is not only to be revealed in us, but the glory that is to be reflected from us, the glory that we are to inherit from being connected with the family of heaven. “Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father.”

I call attention to one more text. The apostle Paul seems to have caught the inspiration of this thought of the Saviour when he says, in 2 Corinthians 4:17: “Our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory.” Not only will men shine as the sun

in the kingdom of their Father, but there is an eternity of ages in which they will shine. They will then be restored to the image of God, and while it is not in the province of man to describe what that is, yet we can, by the stretch of our minds, see something of what man will have, and these things are given to encourage us as we pass through the tribulations of earthly life. It is to give us courage so that we may not faint by the way, I am glad that the Lord has given us these things for our encouragement. But one thing more from this text: He says, “For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory; while we look not at the things which are seen, but which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal: but the things which are not seen are eternal.”

I almost wish it were in the province of man’s mind to comprehend eternity. I heard once of a skeptic who, in undertaking to ridicule the religion of the Bible, referred to the verse of that hymn that was sung so much when I was a boy,—

“When we’ve been there ten thousand years,
Bright, shining as the sun,
We’ve no less days to sing God’s praise,
Than when we first begun.”

“There,” said the skeptic, “that’s about all the logic there is in Christianity. It needs but a child to see that if we have been there ten thousand years, we have just that much less time to be there.”

But is that correct?—No, indeed. If we were to write down upon a blackboard the word “eternity,” and subtract ten thousand years from it, what is the result?—Eternity. Subtract ten thousand years more, or a million, if you please, and what result do you have?—Eternity. Paul says “our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory.”

And then the thought that throughout all that eternity of ages, our faces may glow as the sun! I is any wonder that the apostle said what he did when he wrote the words of the text. “For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us?” O, that we may get glimpses of the glory of God to that extent that our eyes may not look upon our sufferings, or upon what we have been pleased to call hardships and trials, but that we may, by keeping our eyes fixed upon the glory, pass by these things that we have called troubles, and realize that there is nothing in them worth our notice. May God help us to press toward the goal that has been placed before us by the Lord Jesus Christ. May the blessing of the Lord be with us, to help us all and be together, throughout the ceaseless rounds of eternal glory for Christ’s sake.

THE ARGENTINE MISSION FIELD

F. H. WESTPHAL

THIS field is composed of the Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentine Republic. Its entire area is 1,376,680 square miles. The population, which is composed of Argentineans, Spaniards. Italians, French, Russians, Brazilians, Austrians, Germans, Swiss, Norwegians, Americans, Paraguayans, Uruguayans, and Indians, numbers 5,294,791. The soil is rich and productive. The climate varies somewhat in different places, but is generally mild, healthful, and agreeable. The country is in the main level, but having some rolling and mountainous parts. The larger portion is prairie, yet some timber land exists. The chief industries are cattle, sheep, fruit raising, and farming. The governments are federal republics. The laws are liberal, the people friendly and courteous to strangers. Much of the land is yet uncultivated, and is waiting for the enterprising farmer to make it blossom like the rose.

The past year was rather an eventful one, and in some respects an injury and drawback to business enterprises. The extraordinary heat in January, in which people died by the hundreds through sunstroke, brought on bubonic plague, which resulted in a quarantine between Argentine, Uruguay, Paraguay, and other nations, and even between cities in the same countries. The heavy rains that followed the heat made it very disagreeable for the cattle, as they had to dip their mouths into the water in order to eat the grass, and the mud in connection therewith brought on foot-and-mouth disease among the cattle, to such an extent that Argentine meat was excluded from European markets. Since cattle-raising is one of the principal industries of the Argentine Republic, this paralyzed business to an enormous extent. It may lead the people to develop the farming enterprise more, which is very much desired in order to build up the country.

Through the American and British Bible Societies the Bible has been circulated quite extensively in most of the South American Republics. To some extent Argentineans have accepted the Protestant faith. The Welsh, English, and German Protestants coming from Europe have erected Protestant churches in various parts of the Argentine mission field. These missions have, nevertheless, not been self-supporting so far.

In 1884 copies of the French Signs of the Times were sent to that country from Switzerland among the French Waldenses, and five families near Esperanza in the province of Santa Fe’ accepted the truth as far as they understood it, and some of these are faithful to-day. In 1890 the canvassing work was opened, and in the same year four German-Russian families keeping the Sabbath moved there from Kansas, and opened work among the German-Russians in the Province of Entre Rios. In 1894 ministerial work was begun, churches were organized, and the work was extended until we now have a total church membership of 386. We have eleven organized churches and four companies. There are now thirty-one Sabbath-schools, with a membership of 524.

Tithes paid in the field during

1900$1,712.97
Donations from the
Sabbath-schools
304.55
Donations through laborers30.48
General donations142.86
Weekly offerings64.19
  Total$2,255.05

This does not include the donation to the Entre Rios school, which amounts to about $1,250 more, making a total of $3,505.05.

A school building has been partly completed, which we desire to be a means of educating and training workers for the field. We have long felt the need of developing native talent, and the Lord has thrown into our midst young persons of moral worth and talent, who might, with the proper training, become useful workers. Already this work has been blessed of the Lord, and several young persons have been engaged during the past year in teaching church schools. The large number of children growing up among our people, and the

necessity of a Christian education for them, demand the establishment of church schools. The house we now have is largely unfurnished, and means should be supplied at once to assist us in equipping the school for greater usefulness. If only five hundred dollars were furnished, it would help the school materially.

There are forty acres of land connected with the school, and the whole is deeded to the Foreign Mission Board of Seventh-day Adventists. We need for the school work also a trained school man to take a special interest in the educational line. In addition, a family is needed to take the oversight of the industrial department. These persons should understand German, and be capable of learning Spanish.

We desire the privilege of employing native talent to sell our books, and take orders for our periodicals and preach the message as the way opens before them. At times these workers will need financial aid, and therefore we desire the privilege of helping such faithful workers with means as we shall see that they may need. By assisting native workers in this way, we shall not only have canvassers, but ministers to present the truth to the people acceptably.

We believe that the larger part of those who will preach the truth in the Argentine mission field, will have to be developed there on the ground. The Lord is opening the way for this very thing, and we look for blessed success. We have seen the blessings of circulating our literature in advance of the minister, to prepare the way before him.

Since Argentine is a cosmopolitan country, we need ministers, to be able especially to preach in German, Spanish, French, English, and Italian. We may not find many persons who will be able to preach in all these languages, but we may find representative persons, so that the needs can eventually be supplied. At present the larger number of our Sabbath-keepers are of the German tongue.

At present there is nothing being done in medical work, only as our gospel workers are doing what they can in connection with their other work. The Lord has called this branch of work into life for a great and good purpose, and as it is so valuable in correcting the wrong habits of the people, we earnestly plead that something may be done to start this work in that far-away land. We plead for a doctor and several nurses, who are capable of learning the language, to take hold of the work and do what is so necessary to be done. In all the South American country we have no Sanitarium. This line of work has been sadly neglected in Argentina.

We are at present publishing a monthly paper in the Spanish language called El Faro (The Lighthouse). It is a twelve-page paper devoted to advocating the third angel’s message in a plain, simple way. Already some souls have accepted the truth through reading its pages, and the paper is generally received with thankfulness. In addition to El Faro, we are publishing a monthly letter for the benefit of our churches both in Spanish and German. In this way we are able to reach all our church members with information from time to time.

In conclusion I will say that we are thankful to the Lord for the degree of prosperity and blessing which has attended the work. We are thankful to the Foreign Mission Board for their hearty co-operation with us in our work. We have no complaints to offer, and expect to see the work move forward in the future much more rapidly than in the past, as the importance of the work demands, and we earnestly plead for a hearty co-operation and the prayers of all our brethren.

F. H. WESTPHAL, Supt.

MISSIONARY SERVICE

Missionary Talks Given in the Tabernacle, April 13, 3 P.M.

Opening hymn, “From Greenland’s Icy Mountains.” Prayer by Elder J. N. Loughborough. Duet, “On the Cross,” by E. J. Waggoner and Harry Champness. Elder A. G. Daniells in the chair.

The Chair: Jesus says; “Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.” “The harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few; pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest.” “Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.”

I would that God would burn the great truth expressed in these commands deeply into our hearts! During the past two weeks we have been talking about our work in distant lands, in what the Bible calls the “regions beyond,” the neglected fields, and it occurred to us that many of our dear friends in Battle Creek, who have been unable to attend the services, would be glad to get a few crumbs, at least, of that which has fallen from the lips of our laborers in different parts of the field; so we have arranged to have five or six short addresses this afternoon upon missionary topics. We have asked men who have been out in the field, and who have met the issues on the ground, to talk to us. We have selected those who represent different parts of the great harvest field, and who come to us from different parts of the world. We feel sure that what they will have to say regarding the openings, and the needs of the fields where they have worked will be of deep interest and instruction to us all.

Elder Conradi, who comes to us from Germany, and has traveled over vast tracts of country, will talk for a short time regarding what he has seen in his part of the field.

L. R. Conradi: In 1 Corinthians 16:9 we read: “For a great door and effectual is opened unto me, and there are many adversaries.” What was true in the time when Paul wrote is surely true today. There is a great door open in the field where I have been during the last sixteen years. I well remember when I went to Europe, and found Sister White there, how little had been done in that great country, with over 400,000.000 people. Whole empires, like the German, the Russian, the Austrian, with two or three times the population of this country, had hardly been touched. The laborers were few, and we had scarcely any books, and no canvassers, no medical missionaries. But at that time Sister White said to us that she had seen persons in different parts of Europe praying to the Lord for the light of this very truth. I have never forgotten her words, and in my experience in that field have many times seen her words confirmed. I have found persons in Russia, in Holland, in Poland, and in other parts, who told us the story of how they had prayed for years to the Lord for light. They knew there must be further light; for they had been studying the word of God, and could see that they did not have all the truth. When the light of this glorious truth beamed upon their minds, they said, “This is the very thing for which we prayed;” and with their eyes streaming with tears, they would thank the Lord

that the light of the truth had been brought to them.

I am thankful to the Lord to see how his providence has opened a way for us in the great “regions beyond.” In some of these large countries sixteen years ago, there was not a Sabbath-keeper that I know of, not a church established, and to-day there are hundreds, scattered over a large territory, holding out their hand, and asking for laborers and help, that the truth may still be carried on farther. Russia is a field full of open doors. True, there are difficulties to be met; but there are difficulties and perplexities to be met in every other country, too.

From Russia I glance over to Turkey. We have many faithful souls there. Brother Baharian can not work outside of the city in which he is at present located. I visited that field a few months ago, travelling five days continuously from where we held our general meeting in Russia, reaching Constantinople Sabbath morning, in time to have a morning meeting. We asked the Lord for help and strength, and had blessed experiences together in studying the Word of God, and encouraging one another to be faithful.

Some in Asia Minor had been waiting for sixteen months for a minister to come to baptize them. Brother Baharian could not go, as he has been forbidden by the government to leave his present place of work. Through the special interposition of Providence, I was able to reach these dear brethren and sisters in Asia Minor, to hold meetings with, and baptize them. Our brethren live some ten miles above on the hills, from the part of the coast where we landed. They came down and met us with rejoicing, and we went up together to their homes in the mountains, and commenced our meetings. I could stop there only four days, but from early morning till late at night we were together. I can not tell how many meetings we held. I know we had but short intervals for eating. More than that, I did not see one soul sleeping in the meetings during the four days. They had waited sixteen months for a minister to come, and wanted to make the most of the privileges they were enjoying during this short meeting. They had been faithful during this long time of waiting, as evidenced by the fact that the treasurer of the company had been placed in prison for four long months because he collected the tithe. I asked him, “What about your office of treasurer? Will you continue to act in that? He said, “I thought once that the office of treasurer did not amount to very much; but since I have been punished with four months’ imprisonment, I see that it does amount to something. I can see that the devil does not want our money to go to the support of the cause, and,” he added, “I shall be more faithful than ever in asking people to pay their tithes.”

But we did not know the providences of the Lord until I had returned to Constantinople. A few days after I left the country, I received a letter from Brother Baharian, in which he wrote me that it was in the providence of God that I left the place, because after I left, he was called up by the police again, and learned that the government had instructed the officers not to let me go; but the officers has overlooked the matter until I had gone. Said he, “How we thank the Lord that you have been permitted to be here;” and I praise the Lord for the privilege I had of feeding the flock with the word of God.

I look back on our experience a little further up in Macedonia and Rumania; how brethren came from Macedonia, demanding that some one go out there to preach the truth. A brother who is now on the way there told me his experience. He had been selling Bibles there for ten years. He said that one night he awoke, and it seemed as if somebody called his name. He was to leave in the morning at four o’clock with some merchants, to go out and sell Bibles. He listened again, and his name was called. As he thought about it, some fear came over him, as some one seemed to say, “Don’t go.” He said to his wife, “I can not go. There is something wrong.” He had partly paid for his passage; but he did not go. At eight o’clock in the morning the team which took away the merchants, came back with driver wounded, and when he was asked where the two merchants were, he said. “They have been killed by robbers.” He told me at the time how thankful to the Lord he was for his providence over him. I know an angel of God warned him not to go.

As we came to this brother’s house before he began to keep the Sabbath, how quickly he received the truth! Today he is on his way to Macedonia to proclaim the truth there. These are the men that the Lord has in different countries, prepared to present the truth to the people. What we need is persons of experience to go there and help them.

Again: Some time ago we had a meeting in southern France, and the brethren there took me, during the Sabbath, up to a high mountain, and there showed me the caves where, two hundred years ago, the Protestants had their meetings. They were forbidden to come together to hold meetings under penalty of death. But what did they do?—At midnight little groups would go out into the woods, and into the rocks, and there they held their meetings. Oftentimes the soldiers would come upon them, and many were killed; but still the truth made progress and advancement. These very people in France are calling for ministers to-day; and what have we done there? There are four millions of people in France, and only one minister a part of the time. Four millions of people, and one minister there only a part of the time! There are now two ministers in that country.

Before closing I wish to read a few lines from one of our workers in Jerusalem. We all like to hear from that place. This is a letter that I received a few days ago. Brother Krumm writes of his experience in opening bath-rooms there. He says:—

“We have had the pasha of Jerusalem and many other high officials as patients here, besides missionaries belonging to many denominations. We can also say that two lame persons now walk, one deaf girl now hears, sick of all descriptions are being healed; besides, I have more openings for Bible work than formerly. Many are beginning to inquire about our faith.”

So from Siberia to Jerusalem, from Jerusalem to France, and all over Germany and Hungaria, the call is coming, Send laborers. The doors are open. There are adversaries, but the God of Israel is with his people, and souls are converted.

J. E. White: The psalmist said, “Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God.” We have seen that manifested many times in our work in the South. Wherever we go, in whatever place we enter, we find there earnest souls who have been praying for light. They know they are in darkness, they know there are things in God’s Word that are not taught to them, and they are stretching out their hands unto God for light and instruction.

Seven years ago last January, Brother Palmer and I went to a meeting that was being held at Atlanta, Ga. We went because we had made up our minds that we were going to have missionaries among the colored people in the South. We had been able to find that first Testimony that had been sent in regard to the work in the South. We had read it, and we had talked with Dr. Caldwell, who had been working down there; and we made up our minds that the Lord could use us in that kind of work.

We went to a meeting at Atlanta, and began to inquire about how the work was to be done. I was anxious to hear what instruction was to be given in regard to the work. Elder Kilgore spoke to the brethren, and said, “Here is Brother White, who has something to say you in regard to the work among the colored people in the South.” You can imagine how I felt, when I myself had come there for instruction. I found that the brethren there had not been in the work. The people had not been working for the colored people, and they had no instruction to give. Well, we talked it over with them, and learned all we could. We walked up and down the streets of Atlanta, and saw the colored people as they lived, and gained all the ideas we could. And yet when we went to the South, we knew practically nothing in regard to the situation of the South, or the work that we should have down there.

In the South there is a great work to be done for both white and colored. In regard to the colored people, it was told me that they were very ignorant, that many of them could not read: but when we come to the poorer white people, I was astonished to see the situation.

In regard to the condition of the colored people of the South, I can only touch on just a few points. We find the South not only a world of its own, but the colored population is a world within a world. It is rather more so than before the Civil War, because in those times the colored people were grouped around the “great house,” as it was called. In the country, there was the great house of the owner of the plantation; and around this great house were settled the colored people who worked the plantation. The people who owned or superintended them, were more or less associated with them. Before the war, the colored people in many instances, so far as I can learn, went to the same churches that the white people attended, having seats set apart for them in the gallery, or at the rear. Here they were privileged to listen to the same teaching that the white people listened to. But since the war, they have had churches and pastors of their own. Then what kind of preaching did they get? There are scores and scores, and hundreds of colored preachers in the South who can not read a word from the Bible.

The colored people are intensely religious and must have some kind of service and some kind of a preacher. So they picked out certain men who had a peculiar gift in prayer, or in exhortation, and engaged them as preachers. Around Vicksburg, Miss., a great many sermons are preached from the “Gospel Primer.” They take those simple stories into the desk and those who can, read enough to get the point of the stories before their audiences.

In the South there are between seven and eight millions of these colored people who have no refining influence over them, because they have no associations with those who have had the opportunity of education, culture, and refinement. For that reason they are an entirely separate people from the white population. They are a superstitious people. You could not expect anything else. When we began holding meetings on the boat, the people who came once would always come again, and a story was started that the people who came onto the boat were hoodooed; so it was said to them, You must not go into that boat; for if you do, they will hoodoo you, and you will have to go again, because you can not stay away from it. But the truth they heard there won them. It was the gospel of Jesus Christ in its purity that had a controlling power to bring them back again.

We need schools in the South, not only to teach these people to read, but to teach them how to work, to teach them trades, the uses of implements, and how to farm. We need a literature for them. Their Sunday-school lessons are printed in fine type, and written away above their heads, so that they can not understand them. They read from the lesson that this or that thing should be done, and they follow it to the letter. They have no intelligent idea about it. We also need a paper, and I hope the Gospel Herald will fill the field, as it was voted at our convention at Nashville to make it our weekly pioneer paper for the South. I believe the Lord will bless us in making it just exactly what it should be; and I hope we shall have a literature for that people,—books, papers, leaflets, and such things as they need.

A. G. Daniells: We can all thank God that a voice has been raised in this Conference in behalf of the work in the South, and that steps have been taken to advance the cause there with far greater rapidly than has ever been done before. We thank God for that. Now we will ask Brother Spicer, who has been in India for some time, to talk to us regarding his field.

W. A. Spicer: The Lord, in his goodness, sends the Sabbath day first of all to the needy East. Before this Sabbath day dawned upon us in Battle Creek, it has passed over India, leaving its blessing and benediction upon three companies of scattered Sabbath-keepers, who represent the light of this message in that darkland: and if you could see them,—mostly Europeans and Eurasians, with some natives,—you would find that they all speak the language of the third angel’s message. If you have gone into Calcutta, upon this Sabbath day as it passed through that region, you would have found in our meeting-hall there, a company of between fifty and sixty, gathered for Sabbath-school and meeting. You would have found in the meeting-hall, in front, four adult classes,—Europeans, Eurasians, and natives. In the rear of the hall you would have seen a large class of youth on one side, and on the other quite a large class of Bengali youth, who wish to study in their own language. Back of the main hall, in our tract society office, you would have found a large class of little children, studying the Sabbath-school lessons: and they enjoy the truth. They are thankful and glad to God for the light upon his holy Sabbath day; for in the East, where sin and the curse rests so heavily, we need, above all places, that blessed relic from Eden upon which the curse has never rested, to bring light, and blessing, and the refreshing rest of God to the hearts of the people.

Since coming here, I have heard of four European adults of good position who have come into the company and accepted the Sabbath. In the cities throughout India, millions of the Euro-

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