Ellen G. White Writings

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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 4

April 2, 1901 - NO. 1


The Seventh-day Adventist General Conference

PRICE: For the DAILY BULLETIN during General Conference session 50c. For the biennial term including daily and quarterly issues 75c. Subscription at the 75-cent rate, for the next volume, will include all issues during 1901 and 1902.

Entered at the post office in Battle Creek, Michigan, FIRST QUARTER, 1901.


5:30-6:30A. M., Social-meeting.
7:00A. M., Breakfast.
9:00-10:00A. M., Bible Study.
10:30-12:20A. M., Business Proceedings.
1:00P. M., Dinner.
3:00-5:00P. M., General Business.
6:00-6:50P. M., Divisional Prayer-meeting.
7:00-8:15P. M., Preaching.


1. On Credentials and the Seating of Delegates: N. W. Kauble, H. W. Decker, H. C. Basney.
2. Pastoral Committee, or Religious Exercises.
3. Committee on Plans and Resolutions. Meet in room over northwest vestibule of Tabernacle.
4. Committee on Nominations. Meet in General Conference Association office.
5. Committee on Distribution of Labor. Meet in General Conference Committee room.
6. Committee on Credentials and Licenses. Meet in Elder Irwin’s room.
7. Committee on Education. Meet in west end of south vestry of Tabernacles.
8. Foreign Mission Board. Meet in room west of President’s office.
9. Woman’s Gospel Work. Meet in office, West Building.
10. International Sabbath-school Association headquarters. East end of south vestry of Tabernacle.
11. International Religious Liberty Association headquarters. Center of east vestry of Tabernacle.
12. International Tract Society headquarters. South end east vestry.
13. Canvassers’ headquarters, Review Office chapel and adjoining room.
14. Directory of delegates, post office, and general writing-room. Southwest room. West Building of Review and Herald.



All who have railroad certificates will please hand them to the secretary of the General Conference. This refers to those who paid full fare coming, and took a certificate for reduced rates returning at one-third fare. It will be necessary to have these, so that they may be viewed by the joint agent at this place. All others who have come on the round-trip iron-clad signature tickets, will present their tickets to the agent in due time, before returning, to be signed the day they depart. Final return limit is April 25. All in the Western Passenger Association will have to deposit their tickets with the agent before April 10, if they wish to remain longer than that date.

Trans. Agent Gen. Conf.

My experience of life makes me sure of one thing which I do not try to explain, - the sweetest happiness ever known comes from sacrifice - from the effort to make others happy. - O’ Reilly.


The committees of the Publishers’ Convention were:-

1. On Attendance and Reporting: W. C. White, P. T. Magan, W. T. Knox.
2. On Plans: C. H. Jones, W. D. Salisbury, W. D. Sisley, W. W. Prescott, W. C. White, L. R. Conradi, O. A. Olsen, I. H. Evans, W. A. Spicer.
The plans recommended will appear in a later number of the Bulletin.


The first meeting of the Publishers’ Convention was called at 9 A. M., March 25, 1901, in the Review and Herald chapel, Battle Creek, Mich., and during the week preceding the General Conference sessions the topics briefly outlined in this issue of the BULLETIN were considered by representative men from nearly every home and foreign publishing house and Conference in the Seventh-day Adventist denomination, several hours daily being devoted to prayer and social meetings, besides the topical studies.


Elder U. Smith introduced his historical sketch as follows:—

“This subject is one of great importance and far-reaching influence. The most vital interest are involved in it. We are all familiar with the importance assigned to the publishing work, in the literary world at large. In any enterprise that is set on foot, in any reform that is being agitated, almost the first inquiry is, What is its literature? What uses is it making of the press? Any organization which makes no use of the press is set down at once as something of no consequence or no character;

something which seeks to conceal itself from the presence of men, instead of coming to their knowledge; something that seeks darkness rather than light, with the suspicion which always attaches to such a course, in reference to the character of their deeds. Whereas any cause which gives evidence that it courts publicity; that it is willing to avail itself of every means to make itself acquainted with the people, and the people acquainted with it; that spreads before the public a record of its doings, a statement of its purposes, and its plans, its means, and its methods, and keeps these things, by means of the publishing facilities of these times, ever before the eyes of the people, in public ways, and in the bypaths of individual life, shows that it has nothing to cover up, to conceal or keep back; and in pursuing such a course, that cause is sure to gain the attention of the people, and to some extent their confidence, and perhaps sympathy, and possibly adherence.

“That an organ, or paper, issued at periods more or less frequent, was necessary, was an idea accepted at once, as a matter of course. But the issuing of tracts, pamphlets, and books, and prosecuting a publishing work in the general and ordinary sense, was thought to be an idea so remote as not to be worthy of consideration at all. And when the idea was suggested that such things must be, and would appear in this cause, it was met with utter incredulity by some, as if anything of the kind could never be necessary in this work, and as if the very thought was tantamount to saying, My Lord delayeth His coming.’ But the necessity existed. Discerning minds foresaw it. A publishing work, beyond the issuing of periodicals, must be started. Publications must be had. And so, under trial, and hardship, and sacrifices, the work was begun, in a limited and feeble way. But every achievement was regarded as a victory, and hailed with delight.

“Elder James White was a man of discerning spirit, to see what would be needed, and a man of large faith to believe that what was necessary would be provided. He was for prosecuting the work on a broad and liberal scale. He believed that whatever was of interest to some of the friends of the cause, was of interest to the whole. Nothing in his plans was to be merely individual or local. With this spirit he went on with his work. A regular office of publication was established, an office building erected, and a press was bought. The question of organization was agitated. He advocated its adoption, on the very ground that nothing should be governed by individual caprice or emotion, or by local interests. He talked freely of his feeling and plans with his friends, and one had no difficulty in understanding his spirit. His feeling was, that in any moves of general interest, all should have a share, and all have a voice.

“On the ground of failing health, and the feeling that it was not the proper or consistent plan for one person to bear all the burden and responsibility of having the entire publishing work in his hands, he suggested the formation of an Association, to own the property, and manage the interest of the publishing work. Such an Association was formed, and incorporated May 3, 1861. The design was that all the friends of the cause should have an interest in it, and a share in it, and a vote in it; each member to take from one share to as many as he was able, or felt disposed to take. Thus all the people according to their interests in the Association, were to be connected with it, and have a voice in its management. It was therefore designed to be a representative body.”

Elder Smith then outlined the history of the organization and reorganization of the Publishing Association at Battle Creek, with which all are familiar, concluding with these words: -

“To form some idea of the value of the publishing work, as an instrumentality for the proclamation of the message, we have but to think a moment of what would have been the condition of the work, had this agency never been used. But this is too hard a problem to propound for solution; for we can form no conception of it. How many thousands have been made acquainted with the truth, who never would have heard it but for the publishing work? The books never tire in their message. They never grow angry. They speak the same truth again and again. They never answer back. How many have they thus won to the truth who would have seen something in the living preacher, in tone, or manner, or expression, to offend, or repel, or weary. This is an instrumentality that can not be dispensed with, or allowed to fall into disuse. The query is, and the problem to be solved is, how to make it more efficient, and work it more successfully.

“That there have been some mistakes made in the prosecution of the work, is no more than might have been expected; and it will be strange if others are not added to the list. As the work spreads out, it will require more means, more men, and more agencies, to carry it forward; and the tendency will be to increase the machinery faster than it can be advantageously used in the work. To some extent a miscalculation in this respect may have already occurred. But it will certainly tend to impair the efficiency of the work, if it ever reaches that condition in which it requires more men, more money, and more study, to turn the various cranks, and keep the machine in motion, than it takes to do the work itself. The more direct and simple the working of the business can be made, the better.”



(Extracts from paper by W. C. Sisley.)

What is meant by the term “A Training School for Missionaries”?

One says there is no better missionary work than to labor earnestly, unselfishly, and efficiently in one of our publishing houses.

Another says the field is the world, and not a printing office; and that a missionary is one who is sent, not one who is kept at home working all the time in an office.

A third says we should in some way unite the two plans. We must have in each of our publishing houses, a good, well-trained corps of experienced workmen who will stay by the institution, and we ought to have in each publishing house a regular training school, where the proper persons can receive a thorough training in canvassing, colportage, and Bible reading, and general missionary work.

While the first plan will secure a corps of experienced, well-trained workmen, needed in all our publishing houses. There would be danger of these workmen becoming narrow and selfish in their views.

In the second plan we can see how easy it would be to reduce our working force of printers for a company of mere inexperienced persons, good at heart, but without experience and ability successfully to manage and operate the publishing business.

As the third plan aims to embody the first two, we believe it will most readily

meet our requirements. There are, of course, some serious difficulties in the way of carrying out this plan, but none, we think, that can not be overcome.

Take whatever view we may of this question, all of us can clearly see that there is need of some decided changes in the management of our publishing houses before they can do the most efficient work in training employees to become missionaries.

The managers of the Review and Herald have been greatly troubled to find the proper kind of help. Many people are anxious to get their children into the office, that they may be reformed or saved. While this, to a certain extent, may be right, it does not tend to increase the spirituality of the institution, or to build up a strong corps of efficient, self-sacrificing workmen. Many persons thus employed will stay with us only until they learn enough of the trade to command good wages, and then, without even thanking us for the trouble and expense of training them, leave for the world. Others, not so bright, will stay with us, because they can not do so well elsewhere.

There should be a growing sentiment throughout all our ranks against employing permanently, or retaining in our publishing houses, any who do not give evidence of an earnest Christian purpose, and a thorough devotion to the cause of God.

The leading men in all our different Conferences could render the most favorable conditions.

As an aid to strengthening the missionary spirit in the workers, we believe each publishing house should have outside its own regular work, some line of missionary work to support and care for—something that all the regular employees can become interested in, and work for.

We hope that this question will not be dropped, until our publishing houses are put in the best possible condition for the training of missionaries, and are actually engaged in the business.



(Extracts from remarks of A. G. Daniells.)

“Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.” In our dealings with employees, with Conferences, with persons of the world, if we take this attitude, we shall have the blessing of the Lord, we shall have prosperity in our work, and we shall not miss the object for which the publishing work has been established. There is another scripture that I wish to read,—Jeremiah 22:13 and onward: “Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbor’s service without wages, and giveth him not for his work; that saith, I will build me a wide house and large chambers, and cutteth him out windows; and it is ceiled with cedar, and painted with vermilion. Shalt thou reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him? He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? saith the Lord.”

The truth set forth in that scripture, it seems to me is this: God teaches us to deal justly, to deal uprightly, to do to others as we would have others do to us, and that is to know God; and the man who does not deal with his employees or with those with whom he has business, in an upright, fair manner, does not know God. No matter what the provocation may be, if there is not always perfect honesty in the thing, if that is not the ruling spirit in the business, God is not in it.

Regarding the selection and training of employees there is a statement on page 193, of “Testimonies for the Church,” Vol. III: “There should be a careful selection of help in the office. The young, untried, and unconsecrated should not be placed there; for they are exposed to temptations, and have not fixed characters. Those who have formed their characters, who have fixed principles, and who have the truth of God in the heart, will not be a constant source of care and anxiety, but rather helps and blessings. The office of publication is amply able to make arrangements to secure good helpers, those who have ability and principle.”

It is the privilege of the publishing houses to begin with the selection of employees. If we make a good selection, we shall prevent many difficulties. And when the employee is selected, it is the duty of the publishing house to give attention to him at the very beginning, make every provision for his education, look after him from the day he enters the office, and exercise a fatherly and brotherly care from the start.

Complaint is made by young people that they do not make advancement, and many of them feel they are not instructed, are not pushed along. The responsibility rests as much upon the management as it does upon the employee himself. See Testimonies for the Church 5:415. The word to us is that the watchword to the management of our publishing houses should be “Progress.” The youth should be taught to aim at perfection.

“The want of religious influence is largely felt in the office. There should be greater devotion, more spirituality, more practical religion. Missionary work done here by God-fearing men and women would be attended with the very best of results.”

No one knows how much wrong is committed, how many young souls are sent to destruction or led to destruction by the improper associates they form when they come to our institutions, and have no home of their own to live in.

One point that I feel like impressing is that of personal touch between the management or foreman and the boys and girls in all the departments. I will read a statement. Vol. V, page 420:—

“I have been shown that Jesus loves us, but he is grieved to see such a want of wise discrimination, of adaptability to the work, and of wisdom to reach human hearts and to enter into the feelings of others.”

In my ministerial work in the offices, that is the thing that has impressed itself on my mind,—the need of the managers’ coming into close contact with the employees, and of becoming personally acquainted with them, and making them know that they are their best friends, and that they are not there as a lot of servants, but that they are there as God’s own servants.

If I can get boys and girls to feel that way, I can do almost anything in the world with them. That is how it is that we can get our young men and women to tramp over this great, dark world with our publications.

We do not want any gulf between the management or the foreman in the offices and the young people. “Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.”

In connection with this, here is a short statement in Vol. III, page 194: “Hearts yearn for sympathy and love, and are as much refreshed and strengthened by them as flowers are by showers and sunshine.” That is in the chapter on our dealings with the employees of the office, and I think it sets forth a very beautiful truth. The investments are not large financially, but I tell you, brethren, it will pay big returns to take time to be sociable, to take time to speak a friendly word, to take time to inquire of the employees’ talents, to take time to take them by the hand when they are slipping.

These things help a great deal. They are first steps to proper discipline in the office. I do not believe that true discipline begins by dealing in a harsh manner.

There are very few boys I have ever met that could stand against one or two seasons of prayer. I have seen the hardest hearts melt under it.

When those means have been taken that the Testimonies state ought to be taken, then—

“If any are employed whose influence is of a character to lead away from God and the truth, there should not be a moment’s question as to the disposal of their cases.”

“Those who occupy responsible positions in the office are accountable for the prevailing influence there; and if they are indifferent to the course of the insubordinate and impenitent in their employ, they become partakers of their sin. The youth who are connected with this work should be select, those who will be improved, refined, and ennobled. We should constantly be at the post of duty, guarding our youth. Like sleepless sentinels, those who profess the truth should guard the interests of the offices.”

How to be kept in perfect peace—to be quiet, and fearless, and courageous, and at the same time to be of a sound mind and a sweet disposition—is a secret that comes from Him; for the secret of the Lord is with them that fear him. Fret and worry do no good, but do much harm. Getting excited over anything unfits for the battle. Be still and know!—King’s Messenger.


(Paragraphs from paper by W. D. Salisbury, Manager Echo Pub. Co., Melbourne, Australia.)

If the managers of our institutions will consider this work as a “help,” and will treat it thus, there need be no evil results. If a canvasser gives all his attention to “helps,” but few large books will be sold. Thus it may be in our publishing offices. If we give first attention to commercial work, it will result in its being made the most prominent. The question therefore arises, How shall we relate ourselves to it and to the world in consequence? This is best set forth in the following words:—

“God would have his people use all their powers in his service, and if the world choose to give their work to the office, let it come; for this is one means of keeping in touch with the world.”

“When business men seek the office with work to be done, tell them that you will do it for them if it can be done without neglecting the work of giving the truth to the world by publishing tracts and pamphlets and small and large books. But nothing should be introduced into the office that will lower its dignity, and place the work done on a level with cheap, fictitious literature. The Lord would have every one connected with the office an earnest, eager candidate for the treasures that are enduring.”

“The Lord is our instructor. Should the office divorce the commercial business from its work, and give itself wholly to the publication of our own literature, the atmosphere pervading the office would not be any more spiritual than it is now. Continuing or discontinuing the publication of proper business matters will not make any difference religiously.”

“Daniel was a statesman in Babylon. He was engaged in a work that kept idolatrous literature and practices constantly before the people. Yet he did not lose his knowledge of God and his interest in the religion of the Bible. By his faithful service he taught those in Babylon that his God was a living God, not an image such as they worshiped.”

“In like manner the Lord means that Seventh-day Adventists shall witness for him. They are not to be hidden away from the world. They are to be in the world, but not of the world. They are to stand distinct from the world in their manner of dealing. They are to show that they have purity of character, that the world may see that the truth which they conscientiously believe makes them honest in their dealings; that those with whom they are connected may see that believers of truth are sanctified through the truth, and that the truth received and obeyed makes the receivers as sons and daughters of God, children of the heavenly king, members of the royal family, faithful, true, honest, and upright, in the small as well as the great acts of life.”

“The Lord means that his people shall perfect a Christian character. If they have any connection with the world, it is that they may leaven the world by correct principles, not be leavened by the evil in the world. God does not require us as a people to seclude ourselves from the world.

“In all business transactions, we are to let the light shine decidedly. There is to be no sharp practice. Everything is to be done with the strictest integrity. Better consent to lose something financially than to gain by sharp practice. We shall lose nothing in the end by fair dealing. We are to live the law of God in the world, and perfect a character after the divine similitude. All business, with those in the faith and those not in the faith, is to be transacted on square, righteous principles. Everything is to be seen in the light of God’s law, everything done without fraud, without duplicity, without one tinge of guile. A great work is to be done in our world, and every talent is to be used in accordance with righteous principles.

“The Lord would have the office stand as a living witness for the truth; this is why the commercial work should not be cut away. It would be a mistake for the office to build up a barrier to exclude all work from the outside; for this would close the door against the rays of light and knowledge that should be given to the world.”

Our business relations with Lord Brassey, governor of the colony, brought some points of truth prominently before him and before his household. He first sent his manuscript to us on the Sabbath. His aid-de-camp found us at church. He learned that in the future it would be necessary to come on some other day.

When the head of one of the departments of his household began to keep the Sabbath, she went to Lady Brassey to see if she could keep her place. After consulting with His Excellency. Lady Brassey told her she could hold her place as before. When they took a trip to England, they gave her six-months’ leave of absence on full pay. Lord Brassey and his household have now returned to England. Who can tell the result of our business acquaintance with him during his six-years’ residence in Australia?

The Lord will guide us if we put our trust in him. He will give us wisdom to meet the difficulties that beset our path. Let us trust him.


(Extracts from paper by A. T. Jones.)

Effective is producing an effect, and if we had the whole body of Seventh-day Adventists here, and I should ask them the question, How many were made what they are by the literature? is it too much to say that the majority of them would say they were?

But the literature must be kept efficient, and this requires attention. A literature, to be efficient, must always be up-to-date. Therefore it is necessary that we watch our literature, keeping it fresh as it continually grows in the progress of the message. As fast as it is read, new books will have to be written touching the issues that are before us.

In every age those men who were a power in gospel work were the men who studied the Bible, and applied it to the issues of their time. They studied the Bible from Daniel to Revelation. Wycliffe of course put the whole Bible before the people; but between him and Luther, the Reformers were students of Daniel and the Revelation, particularly of Daniel. And the man to-day who studies Daniel and the Revelation, and gives his knowledge to the world, stands out just as clearly as a Reformer, and his work will stand forever.

But there is another thing that we must watch. When literature is produced that is efficient, all must work, body, soul, and spirit, to give it a chance to deliver its message to the world. However efficient, however valuable, however full of present truth a piece of literature may be; and however well printed and gotten up,—on the shelf it is not good. Every minister in the field, all presidents of Conferences, the president of the General Conference, the tract society secretaries, the managers of our publishing houses, each one of them, ought to be a professional reader of our literature. How can the literature be gotten out if the people are not told about it? and what better work, if I am in the field, can I do than to read every book, or tract, or pamphlet, or whatever it may be that is printed, and thus become acquainted with its efficiency, tell it to others, and get them to spread it still farther?

Of all things the tract society secretary should have that for his special work. What is he appointed for? Isn’t it to get our literature before the people? It is not enough for the tract society secretary to sit down and wait for somebody to order a tract or a pamphlet, but his duty is to let the people know that the tracts and books are ready, and to call their attention to them.

I am not objecting to tract societies. I believe there is a place for them, but I want them to work.

Therefore these three things—the efficient literature, how to keep it efficient by keeping it up-to-date, and then the machinery with which we put it in circulation—are needed to make our literature efficient.

Our schools also have a part to act in disposing of our literature. Teachers in our schools have put their classes on heathen literature instead of our own. “Great Controversy” is one of the greatest histories in the world. Our schools must use our literature, and must let the students have it; not only must they let them have it, but they must bring it before them.

The best moral philosophy in the world, outside the Bible, has been left out of our schools, and heathen philosophy brought in and made the study. This is one of the secrets of the dearth of young men in the ministry. There is no dearth of young men among us, but we in the ministry have not cultivated them. Let us use the literature that God has given us, because it is the truth, and the truth is efficient.

To-day is, for all that we know, the opportunity and occasion of our lives. On what we do or say to-day may depend the success and completeness of our entire life-struggle. It is for us therefore to use every moment of to-day as if our very eternity were dependent on its words and deeds.—Trumbull.

Present opportunities, if rightly used, are as great as the soul need ask.—Anna Robertson Brown.



That we may understand the wonderful opportunities and responsibilities committed to the publishing houses, we must first study the field, and the history and progress of the work.

Of all the people in the world who have a literature, and who can be reached with the message by publications, the English-speaking and reading peoples form less than one fifth. Among the English-speaking people, less than one fifth of the literature is distributed to the people by subscription-book agents. In our united labors for the circulation of literature, we are doing more than two thirds of our entire work by subscription-book canvassers, among the English-speaking people. Thus we give over sixty per cent of our efforts to four per cent of our field. And it is not half worked.

At the present time, more than three fourths of the literature of the denomination is issued in the English language only; and in the number of books sold, the proportion is still greater in favor of the English-speaking people. This, you will say, is natural, considering the place and manner of the rise of the message. But it can not be right or possible for the work to continue this way. The coming of the Lord is near, and it is plainly our duty to carry the last warning message of the gospel to every nation, kindred, tribe, and people quickly, so that all may be warned and a people prepared for his coming.

Why does the work move so slowly? Why are our Conferences content to use nine tenths of their resources in fields where the message has been presented, while millions in other lands have never heard it, nor have they been offered the literature from which to read it. Why do our leading publishing houses take so little burden of providing a literature in the various languages and dialects of the people? What burden is the General Conference Committee and the Foreign Mission Board bearing in this vast, blessed work? What special care have they been giving it, and what special agencies have they provided for the development and furtherance of this most, efficient branch of our work? In our efforts to understand the present chaotic

condition of the publishing work in the languages of Europe, Asia, Africa, Polynesia, and South America, let us take a hasty view of its rise and progress.


The first publications issued by the Review and Herald in the European languages were some tracts and pamphlets issued between the years 1860 and 1870 in the French and German. Later some small tracts were brought out in the Scandinavian languages, and small monthly journals were published in the Danish and Swedish tongues.

The circumstances attending the bringing out of these publications in the various languages were much the same. Some minister laboring among European people in the United States and bringing a goodly number to the knowledge of the truth, felt the necessity of tracts, pamphlets, and other literature to use in connection with his labors. He would then write or translate that which he felt was needed most, and send or carry it to Battle Creek, and besiege the managers of the publishing house earnestly and persistently to make provision for bringing out a work which he felt was so much needed.

When these tracts were printed, there were few persons to take an interest in their circulation, and often the greater part of the editions printed would lie idle upon the shelves until the managers of the publishing house were weary of having anything to do with translated books.

The energy and wisdom with which Elder J. G. Matteson set about the work of translating, editing, and circulating our Scandinavian journals marked a new era in the work; and his talented authorship of popular publications while he was in Europe and after his return, put the Scandinavian publishing work on quite a successful footing. But little was done in the publication of bound books and large pamphlets until the years 1882 and onward, when the European work in all its phases was receiving the best attention of the General Conference.

By this time Elder O. A. Olsen had been given the general supervision of the Scandinavian work in the Northwest. Elders Haskell and Butler visited Europe, and preparations were being made for the establishment of printing houses in Basel and Christiana, and Elder Conradi was entering upon his energetic and successful labors among the Germans of Dakota and Kansas.

I well remember the earnestness and anxiety manifested by Elder O. A. Olsen in the autumn and winter of 1882 in bringing to the attention of the General Conference Committee and the managers of the Review and Herald Publishing Company the great need of literature among the Scandinavian people in the United States. He presented in a concise and convincing manner facts regarding the important part which the English literature sustained to our general work, the power for good which was wrought by the circulation of the Danish and Swedish journals, the large number of Scandinavians in America, and the rapidly increasing numbers in Europe whose education in the truth and future usefulness as missionary workers was dependent largely upon the literature which we placed in their hands. He presented estimates as to the number which could be sold of certain books which he desired to see translated and printed, and asked that the Publishing Association and the General Conference take immediate steps for the bringing out of those books. If they hesitated because of the old-time objection that books in the European languages did not sell, he was prepared to guarantee the sale of a sufficient number to insure the printing house against loss.

These matters were discussed during the meeting of the General Conference at Rome, N. Y., and the Publishing Association was requested to bring out in the Danish-Norwegian language a book containing selections from the writings of Sister White. This was done with fair success from the standpoint of the publishers, and with such good results in the field that at the next General Conference broader plans were laid, and the Association was asked to enter upon this work on a broader scale. The General Conference resolutions relating to this were as follows:—

“7. Whereas, The progress of the cause indicates that our leading denominational books will soon be needed in the languages of the countries where we have successful missions; therefore,—

Resolved, That we prepare for the more rapid advancement of the message in the nations by having these works immediately translated, that they may be published as soon as called for.

Whereas, The book lately published in the Danish-Norwegian language, containing a sketch of the life of Sister White, and various extracts from her writings, is being received among the Scandinavian people, and is meeting a want long felt; and,—

Whereas, That people call for other of Sister White’s writings in their language; therefore,—

Resolved, That we recommend that the request above referred to be granted, and that immediate steps be taken to publish Sister White’s ‘Life of Christ’ in the Danish-Norwegian language.

“9. Resolved, That we recommend that such works of Sister White as are alluded to in the foregoing resolution, be published also in the French, German, and Swedish languages.

“10. Resolved, That we recommend that the work, ‘Thoughts on Daniel and the Revelation,’ be issued in the German, Danish, and Swedish languages.”—Year Book, 1884, pages 36 and 37.

This request from the General Conference was duly considered by the stockholders of the Publishing Association in their meetings, and was answered by the following resolution:—

Whereas, The General Conference has recommended the publication of certain works in the foreign languages, and the translation of others, that they may be ready for publication as soon as called for; therefore.—

Resolved, That this Association shall carry out these recommendations, and we request the trustees to put these plans into immediate execution.”—Year Book, 1884, p. 53.

This resolution adopted unanimously by the stockholders, recognizes the responsibility of the Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association to prepare and publish literature in the European languages, and it distinctly expresses the willingness of the Association to assume the responsibility of this work and go forward with it. In the discussions of this resolution the fact was brought out by the leading men of the denomination, who were leading stockholders in the Association, that the original design of this association was to meet the demands of the denomination in publishing and circulating whatever literature was most needed for carrying the third angel’s message to the world; and in view of the fact that the objects and aims of the Association were to serve the interests and necessities of the denomination, and that God was blessing

the Association so that there was a good profit on some portions of its work, it was legitimate and right that it should enter heartily into this branch of the work, which was so much needed, notwithstanding the fact that some features of the work might never pay, and that other parts would require many years to bring back the original expenditure.

In the adoption of this resolution, the Publishing Association committed itself to a policy, which, if it had been adhered to through succeeding years, would have kept this Association in the forefront as the leading missionary agency of the denomination. This, no doubt, would have brought to it the blessings which God has pronounced upon the liberal soul, and would have saved it from the centralizing policy which has manifested itself in many ways, but especially in the erection of large buildings, which, according to the messages sent us from time to time, ought never to have been built, because in God’s plan the message to the world would have gone much more rapidly if the money invested in these buildings had been devoted to aggressive missionary work, or to the building up of many smaller enterprises in various centers of population in different countries, which would have been lights to the world, and would have greatly hastened the work of the third angel’s message.

Some of those who had been connected with the Review and Herald for many years, and who were acquainted with the necessities of the field through their travels and labors in many parts of the United States, felt that a great victory had been gained when the stockholders expressed their wish so unanimously that the Association should go forward with this foreign publishing work and it was a cause of sorrow to some of them when we were told a few days afterward that in private conversation between members of the board, one expressed the following sentiments: “Well, let them pass their little resolutions about the Association’s translating and printing foreign books. The directors will manage the business according to the best interests of the Association.” Here was a distinct pronunciation of that intention which has been worked out in the succeeding years, to the effect that the men chosen by the stockholders to carry forward the work of the Association would conduct the business to meet their personal views and ambitions regarding the work. The work specified went forward slowly, and much good was done, but only a small part of the work needed was undertaken.


During the years 1885 to 1888, most of the work of translating and publishing books in the European languages was transferred to the European printing houses. Large sums of money had been raised by the Mission Board for the establishment of these European printing houses, and considerable sums were voted year by year for the translation and publication of new works. In the appropriations of the Mission Board for this use such items as the following will be found: “For the translation and publication of new works in the German and French at the Basel printing house, $3,000; for translation and publication of new works at the Christiania office, $2,000.”

As time advanced, and laborers in the European field rapidly increased, the Mission Board found that it had a heavy burden to carry in supporting the ministers, and in advancing from four to six thousand dollars a year for the improvement of the literature. The Mission Board also observed that there was much perplexity and disagreement between the managers of the European publishing houses and the managers of the American publishing houses regarding the sale and purchase of sets of plates to be used in bringing out American editions of new books.

A little later it was observed that the publication and sale in America of the German and Scandinavian books were quite profitable to the publishers, whereas the publication and sale of the European editions of the same works would barely meet expenses.

Some time in 1889 or 1890, plans were perfected which, it was thought, would simplify the management of the foreign book business, and lift the heavy burden off the Foreign Mission Board by taking the profits from the best part of the field, and applying them to the translation and bringing out of new editions.

The plan proposed was about as follows: The General Conference Association will employ translators and editors to prepare for the printers those books which are most needed and which give best promise of a successful sale. It will employ the Review and Herald or one of the European houses to set the type, and make as many sets of plates as may be required in the publications of the work for both Europe and America. It will arrange with the Review and Herald to print the books, and deliver them to the tract societies, to collect pay for the same, and to charge the General Conference Association a small percentage for doing the business, thus giving the General Conference Association all the publishers’ profits from the American editions. Sets of plates will then be furnished to the European offices as needed, upon favorable conditions in accordance with their strength.

As soon as this plan of work was established, a very heavy burden was lifted from the Mission Board, and everything seemed to go forward prosperously for a time. Several popular books were brought out in rapid succession, large numbers of agents were sent into the field, and many thousands of books were sold in the United States.

But in its efforts to make money for the missionary cause, the General Conference Association overreached its proper bounds. It became a competitor with the publishing houses in the publication and sale of English books, and in other ways took to itself responsibilities which brought condemnation and reproof. This led to a distribution of its book business among the leading denominational publishing houses.

It is exceedingly to be regretted that on account of the perplexity and confusion existing at that time, the distribution of business was made without a clear understanding and acknowledgment on the part of the publishing houses of their duty and obligation to take up and carry forward the work which the General Conference Association laid down, namely, translating, printing, and promoting the sale in conjunction with our foreign offices, of our denominational and health books in the European languages.

As a result of neglect, we have seen the rapid decline of the sale in the United States, of our books in the German, Danish, Swedish, and other European languages. Only about one tenth as much was done in this line in 1900 as in 1892.

When I was last in America, in 1897, I endeavored to learn where the responsibility of this work rested, but could not find anyone who had any clear views to express regarding it. Since then I have carefully watched the movements of the Review and Herald, the Pacific Press, the International Tract Society, and the Foreign Mission Board,

and I have not discerned that any of these felt that the matter rested with them, and were grappling with the situation in an energetic way.

The question will at once be raised as to how the General Conference could undertake this work without committing the same errors, and bringing itself into the same position as did the General Conference Association. It can avoid the errors of the General Conference Association, first, by recognizing the publishing houses established in Battle Creek, Oakland, Basel, Hamburg, and Christiana as agencies appointed of God for the execution of the work and for the carrying of a large share of the financial responsibility; second, by co-operating with these houses as an advisory body; third, by sharing the financial burden of the work in such a way as to encourage and help the publishing houses while in no way interfering with them in the sale of the books or in other details of the work; fourth, by arousing our people everywhere to rally to the support of this work by donations, and by their labors in circulating the books; fifth, by bearing the burden of adaptation, translation, and publication of books in languages where the sales are very limited or unremunerative.

The General Conference, through some agency appointed for this work, can first appeal to the Review and Herald and Pacific Press to take a large share of the burden and responsibility of translating and publishing works which are needed. In all such cases it should secure the co-operation of the most experienced laborers in the European fields in the translation and adaptation of these books, so that two sets of plates could be made, one for use in America and one for Europe. It could then share the expense of bringing out the work by purchasing a set of plates for use in Europe, which it could permit the European house to use by the payment of a reasonable royalty.

When the American houses have gone as far as they are willing in this matter, the General Conference should take the work in hand, securing the very best men to adapt and translate the books, and the best house for the typesetting and plate-making. When two sets of plates are made, one might be furnished to the Review and Herald, and one to the European office best fitted to handle the work in that language, with permission to print, bind, and sell, and pay a certain percentage on the wholesale price of all books sold.

By this plan there would be no interference with the business of the established publishing houses, and no care of details by the General Conference. If the percentage was properly adjusted, the General Conference would not only receive back what it invests in many books, but it would also receive an additional sum, which would go toward the publication of books in those languages where there is a limited circulation. Thus it would be free from those features of the business which brought the General Conference Association into disrepute, and with the smallest amount of capital it could virtually control the issue of literature, and at the same time encourage the publishing houses already established to do a work which they might not be able to do without this assistance. This plan takes away all bartering between the several printing houses, and while assisting all, it encroaches upon the rights of none.

When the General Conference bears this relation to the publishing business, it will very naturally come about that many authors will dedicate the royalties on their translated works to certain missionary enterprises. Some authors, like mother, would wish to control the appropriation of this royalty. Others will prefer to leave the appropriation with some board, and many might wish to allow all their rights to be the property of the General Conference in case of their death.


For the bringing out of tracts, leaflets, pamphlets, and small periodicals in the various European languages for circulation in America, the General Conference will be able to secure efficient help from our larger schools.

Suppose we should modify our present plan of trying to have everybody in every part of the United States equally and uniformly interested in every missionary enterprise throughout the world. Suppose we should say to the Healdsburg College, and the Keene (Texas) school, you are brought in contact with the Mexicans and Spanish. We would encourage you to make Spanish a specialty in your school and in your printing office. We will furnish you with paper, and with good translations of Spanish works, which you may print and sell or give away, as seems best. For what you sell, pay us back the cost of the paper; what you give away we will share the sacrifice with you.

Suppose you say to the managers and students of the Walla Walla College. Make a study of the languages of the American Indians, and bring out a literature for them in your printing office, and we will furnish the paper.

Suppose you say to the Union College, Make a study of the German, Danish, and Swedish, and make your printing office a missionary printing office to bring out tracts and leaflets in these languages.

South Lancaster, which is so near the great Canadian field, might make a specialty of the French; Battle Creek of the Dutch, Polish, and Italian. Graysville and Mount Vernon might be encouraged to produce literature for the colored people.

The above outline is a very rough one, but it embodies the idea of a system which, we believe, would more than double the influence of our schools in developing missionary zeal by directing the attention of each school to two or three fields for their special study. This would naturally lead them to correspond with workers in those fields, and by establishing a direct correspondence, work up an interest that is quite impossible when trying to think of the whole world at once. It seems to me that this plan would give a definite purpose to our school printing offices, that would make them very useful as educational and missionary agencies, and result in the training of students for work in the foreign fields.


Although the English-speaking peoples in the world are about equally divided in number between those residing in the United States and Canada, and those residing in Great Britain, the Colonies, on the Continent of Europe, in Asia, Africa, South America, and Polynesia; and although the third angel’s message must go to all parts of the world so as to warn and prepare a people for the coming of the Lord, yet up to the present time about nine tenths of the energies of our people have been devoted to proclaiming the message to the people of the United States. In the book business a larger proportion of effort has been made outside of the United States than in other lines, and yet as we study the book sales in all parts of the world, we shall find nearly the same proportion.

The time is not far distant when we ought, in justice to the millions of English-speaking people outside of the United States, so to plan and execute our book business as to sell in this vast field one half as many books in the English language as are sold in the United States and Canada; and it seems to me to be a matter of the greatest importance that we carefully study ways and means by which we can quickly develop the business to these proportions.

One of the greatest obstacles to the rapid sale of a large number of our religious books in the British territory is the fact that in these books appear so many characteristics and marks indicating that they are written by American authors for American readers, and are published by American printing houses for American buyers. The disagreeable feelings aroused in the mind of a British reader when he meets with the references to dollars and cents, is naturally much greater than that of the American reader when he meets with references to pounds, shillings, and pence. The disagreeable feeling of a British student when he finds the fulfillment of prophecy delineated by a record of American history is greatly different from the feelings of an American reader who finds prophecy proved by references to British or continental history. This is not only natural but excusable from the fact that America is a young country, whose history is but little known to the European, whereas Great Britain and Europe are old countries from which the forefathers of all the Americans have come.

Experience has fully demonstrated the advisability, and in many cases the necessity, of having our books carefully and thoroughly revised and adapted for use in British countries. There may be a few works upon health, and some religious works, which require little or no change, but in a much larger number of our books changes are a necessity, and upon the skill and thoroughness with which the adaptation is done depends largely the usefulness of the British editions.

The time, labor, and expense necessary to prepare and adapt our books to the use of the British people will be no small burden to the publishing houses to which we look to supply reading-matter for the British public; and as matters now stand, it is a doubtful question whether the London publishing house or the Echo Publishing Company, single-handed will be able to do this work as it ought to be done without incurring serious losses.

This work of adaptation takes time, and our people are often impatient to have a book put upon the market as soon as they see it advertised in the American papers. Therefore, if the managers of the London publishing house undertake to do faithful and thorough work in revising and adapting a new book, and there is no understanding or agreement between it and the Echo Company, and between both of these companies and their general agents, the probabilities are that those managing the subscription book business in Australia, New Zealand, Africa, India, and South America will import considerable quantities of the American edition, and not only supply our own people, but introduce it into the canvassing field. Then when the revised and adapted edition comes out from the London office, the first and best demand for the book has been supplied, and the canvassing field has been marred and scarred by a premature and unsuccessful effort to introduce a book which was not perfectly suited to the market. The result will be that the sales of the carefully prepared book will be so small that both publishers and author will be discouraged, and say that the British book business does not amount to much, and is not worth the bother.


Would it not be best for us to arrange for a union of effort between the managers of the London publishing house and the managers of the Bible Echo which shall secure the co-operation of authors and tract societies, so that whenever a new book comes out from the American houses, there will be someone responsible to give it a thorough examination with reference to its usefulness in the British field, and to correspond with tract societies, and inform them as to the advisability of using the American edition, or of waiting for a British edition?

There could be an agreement between the London and Melbourne publishers that the burden of adapting and issuing such works shall be divided between the two houses, and that both houses unite their efforts to make a successful sale of the British editions of books that are brought out by either one.

Could we not secure such a system of co-operation between the London and Melbourne publishers and the tract societies that authors would feel it worth their while to meet the expense of having books adapted to the British field, and thus by furnishing manuscripts ready for use, place the British publishers upon as good a footing as the American houses which have a territory that is much more easily worked, and which at present will quickly absorb twice as many books?

May we not arrange with the Review and Herald, the Pacific Press, and the London and Melbourne publishers such agreements regarding territory as will protect the British publishers against loss through the premature importation of books from America which, a little later on, might be secured from the British houses? ...

It is perfectly plain that we must not take any step nor make any rule that will prevent our people from obtaining the books on present truth as quickly as possible after their publication, but it seems to be equally plain that definite arrangements should be made by which the purchaser of plates and rights to territory will be protected on two points,—first, the canvassing field must not be entered until the party responsible for the territory consents; second, whatever books are shipped into the territory, that have been sold by publishing houses outside of that territory, should be subject to an adequate percentage, that should be paid to the party that has incurred expense in its behalf.


The Echo Publishing Company, after successfully bringing out “The Coming King,” felt warranted in undertaking a larger subscription book, and began to inquire about “The Desire of Ages.” Mother said, “I believe that book will do great good in Great Britain, Australia, and the other colonies. I believe that a greater number will be circulated and read if it is published in London and in Melbourne than if it is imported from America. I will share the burden of the risk of its publication in these countries. “She bought a set of plates from the Pacific Press, with rights to all territory in Great Britain and the Colonies, and she has sold the same to the Echo Company, upon the condition that they deal in a friendly and liberal way with the International Tract Society of London. Now if our brethren in Great Britain, India, and South Africa, will

join with us in planning for the sale of this work, and in pushing it, we shall make that book a blessing to thousands, and shall bring back to the author and to the publisher what they have invested in it, so that there will be funds with which to issue other good books.

In Great Britain and the Colonies we ought to enter into the publication of our health work. This we must do on the plan of co-operation, so that from each venture we shall get our money back, and be able to go on with something else.


As regards the old-time question of territorial responsibilities and territorial rights, I believe we should go back to the principles and plans adopted in the Conference of 1886. It was then recognized that the book business is one of the most successful missionary enterprises of the denomination; that it is the one missionary enterprise most nearly self-supporting. It was then recognized that it was right for our Conferences to share the financial burden of supporting the general field agents.

It was then agreed that wherever our State tract societies, assisted by the Conference when necessary, should maintain a State agent in the field, that society should have entire control of the sale of subscription books in its territory. But times have changed.

Our district book agents are now supported and directed by the offices of publication, and our State societies have economized, sometimes by dismissing their field agent, sometimes by employing a portion of his time in the office, and our subscription book business has steadily declined. In some States only a small portion of the territory is being worked, and that for only a few books, and yet the society claims exclusive rights in its territory, not only for subscription books, but in some cases for trade books also. This is absurd. This is wrong.

The true principle regarding the occupation and control of territory is given us in the Lord’s instruction to Joshua, “Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you.”

If Israel had gone forward in faith, overrunning and occupying all the territory which afterward comprised the kingdom of David, it would have been theirs as long as they occupied it. But they were indolent and easily satisfied, and settled down in a small portion of this territory, and the heathen nations came in and settled around them.

Some time ago one of our State tract societies proposed to concentrate its whole energies on the sale of “Steps to Christ.” I was asked by the publishers, “What shall we do?” The answer was plain, “Give them complete control of their State on ‘Steps to Christ,’ and send your agents into the territory to sell the other books.” On the same principle, if the State society can work only one fourth of its territory, it should open the same for someone else to work the other three fourths.

It is important that we build up the trade-book business. Our State societies are not in a position to do this. The publishers must undertake it, and our tract societies must not stand in the way. I believe God will bless us in making plans at this meeting for the opening up of this important field to those who can work it. The frown of God will rest upon us as individuals, as churches, as tract societies, or as publishing associations if we allow ourselves to drift into a selfish policy, or endeavor to control territory which we do not work.


We all firmly believe that the third angel’s message, the last gospel message, is to be proclaimed to every kindred, tongue, and people, and this includes the Chinese, Japanese, and other Asiatic races: also the Malaysian, Polynesian, African, and South American tribes.

Some of these peoples have a rich and extensive literature, and there are some whose literature is very scanty and limited. There are hundreds of millions among the Chinese, Japanese, and the peoples in India who must some day have the third angel’s message in their own language, and we shall expect soon to see printing-houses established in these great countries.

For the Polynesians, Malaysians, and the native tribes of Africa and South America, we shall need to plan the work differently than for the Asiatic races, which number several millions.

As a means of supplying literature to the native races of Africa, South America, and Polynesia, we shall find it greatly to our advantage to encourage and stimulate teachers and students in our various colleges to enter into this work. For the benefit of their local work we find that printing offices of some sort have been established at Battle Creek, South Lancaster, Healdsburg, College View, and some other of our schools. These offices are accomplishing less than one half of what they might do as an educational agency, and less than one tenth of what they might do as a missionary agency if they were properly encouraged, guided, and assisted by the General Conference.

Some systematic planning on the part of the General Conference might place upon the printing department of each school the responsibility of securing translations, and of bringing out religious tracts and pamphlets, in one or more of the languages where literature is needed in small quantities and at small expense.

That which may be worked out with varied degrees of success in our several training schools may be illustrated by an account of what we have begun to do at Cooranbong, New South Wales. We have often been told that the Avondale School was to be a sample school. A sample is usually a small piece of something that we expect to get more of. Let us study the sample.

Avondale has been chosen as a place where evangelistic workers are to be trained for missionary fields near by and far away. It is written that at “this school, students should be taught agriculture, carpenter work, and masons’ work, and that soon a printing office should be established in which students may be taught typesetting, press work, and binding.”

At a meeting held in the Avondale church the last Sabbath of the Union Conference, it was stated by Sister White that if we would move forward in harmony with God’s providence, Avondale would be a center where persons would be gathered, not only from all parts of Australasia to be trained for workers, but that students would come from the Polynesian Islands and from the mission fields to the north and west of Australia, and even from the native tribes of Africa, to receive a portion of their training that would fit them to be efficient missionaries. She also stated that our printing office should be established soon, and that workers should be trained in it to bring out publications for the various missionary peoples whom they represent.

After due consideration it was arranged that this should be a missionary printing office, owned by the Union Conference, and managed by a committee appointed by it. The superintendent of the Polynesian Mission Field was the first chairman of this committee.

For some time our councils and correspondence with the brethren connected with the missions in Fiji, Samoa, Raratonga, and Tonga have led us to the conclusion that it would be greatly for the advancement of the work in Polynesia if the missionaries in those fields could be supplied with suitable literature to accompany their oral instruction. The missionaries feel deeply their need of tracts and pamphlets. They see that a greater part of the literature prepared by the older missionary societies is almost valueless, because in most cases the subject selected is above and beyond the comprehension of the people of these fields.

Our missionaries are unanimous in the opinion that if we would be successful in teaching the natives of the islands, we must give them books that are freely illustrated with a class of pictures that they will understand. Wherever such books as “Christ Our Saviour.” “Gospel Primer,” and other works of this class have been introduced, the natives have been delighted, and have repeatedly asked why they can not have more books like these.

It was agreed that it would be for the best interests of the work in all the islands if we could adopt Avondale as the place for the building up of a polyglot missionary printing establishment from which we should issue tracts, pamphlets, and books for the various missions in Raratonga, Samoa, Fiji, and Tonga; also for the New Zealand Maoris, and later on for other missionary places. By centralizing this work it was hoped that competent translators, revisers, and printers could be brought together and connected with the Avondale school in such a way as to accomplish very important results. Among these results we might name the following:—

First, the existence of such a printing office would enable persons well advanced in Christian experience and knowledge of the truth to be brought from various island groups to complete their education at Avondale. Here they would get broader views of the work of the missionary than could be gained in schools established in the island groups. They could learn the printing work, and while setting type would become familiar with the English language, and with the best way to express the same thoughts in their own language.

Second, by centralizing the work one set of electrotype blocks of the illustrations required could serve for all the different languages, and thus a great saving of expenses would be effected.

Third, the employment of young Australians who are students, to work along with the students from the islands, would naturally result (a) in their learning the languages of the islands; (b) in their becoming interested in the people whose language they are handling; (c) in their offering themselves to be missionaries in the various groups; and (d) in their carrying to the missionaries in these islands willing hands and courageous hearts, with well-trained minds, fitted to take an active part in the educational work in the islands.

The working out of these plans has fully met our expectations. We have issued a good line of religious and health tracts in the Raratongan language, a few in the Tongan, several in the Fijian, and shall soon get out a line for the New Zealand Maoris.

This work has helped us bring students from all these peoples to the school. It has acted an important part in their education and training, and has encouraged Australasians to study these languages. Last August David Holland, a cousin to old King George of Tonga, was teaching his language to a class of seven.

We earnestly hope and pray that this good work will go on until a corps of well-trained workers, partly natives from the many peoples needing the gospel, and partly Australasians who have devoted their lives to Christ, shall go forth from the Avondale school to be helpers in the various mission fields as teachers, printers, Bible workers, and preachers. And may the Lord hasten the day.


There are new fields of labor constantly developing in the oldest and best worked territories. How shall these be treated? The advance movements in our educational work, call for a new educational literature. How shall it be provided? Who will write it? Who will print it? And how shall it be sold?

A successful educational literature will be prepared by men of experience in teaching work, whose hearts are moved to write, and who will work with persevering confidence that the effort may prove a blessing to themselves and to others. The assignment of this responsibility by committee or conventions is valueless. If our school-book writers will get out their lessons, and after use in their classes revise them, and then secure the publication on college presses of small editions for the use of others, they may secure criticism and counsel that will lead to improvement for future use in larger editions.

Let our college presses print the first editions in inexpensive form. This will usually be done at the author’s risk. Broader plans may be laid for subsequent editions.

Our schoolbooks should be issued in modest, inexpensive form, and sold at moderate prices. They need not pass through the hands of district or State depositories, but should pass direct from the publisher to the schools using the books, and the schools should be willing to retail to its students at a very small profit.

In all the questions regarding territory and territorial rights, we must seek to discern correct principles, and adhere to them as the compass to the pole. May the Lord of Israel help us to abandon selfish policy.


(Extracts from paper by C. H. Jones, Manager Pacific Press.)

The Seventh-day Adventist denomination is one of the youngest religious organizations now engaged in carrying the gospel message to the world, yet no other denomination can boast of the wealth of literature which we possess.

We have of English tracts alone, about two hundred and fifty different titles, covering a wide range of subjects; over one hundred trade books, exclusive of foreign editions; and nearly fifty regular subscription books. Besides these we have scores of weekly and monthly papers published in various languages.

From a recent Testimony we quote the following:—

“Our power and efficiency as Seventh-day Adventists is largely dependent on the literature which comes from our presses.” What responsibility this places upon authors, contributors, and publishers, and with what care manuscripts should be prepared!

And again: “The proper circulation and distribution of our publications is one of the most important branches of the present work.”

Our literature is naturally divided into four general classes: 1 Periodicals, 2 Pamphlets and tracts; 3 Trade books; and 4 Subscription books. These classes are again subdivided, so that nearly every phase of the message is covered, and every line of work is being provided for.


1. Pioneer Papers. Prominent among those printed in the English language are the following: The Signs of the Times, published at Oakland, Cal.; the Present Truth, published in London, England; and the Bible Echo, published at Melbourne, Australia.

We quote the following from Special Testimonies on Missionary Work by Correspondence:—

“Our missionary paper, the Signs of the Times, is doing its work everywhere, and is opening the way for the truth to be more fully presented. This paper has been made a blessing to very many souls. All should feel the deepest interest to have it a spiritual messenger, full of life and plain, practical truth. In the Christian world there are many starving for the bread of life. The Signs of the Times, laden with rich food, is a feast to many who are not of our faith.

“Our brethren do not all see and realize the importance of this paper; if they did, they would feel greater personal interest to make it intensely interesting, and then to circulate it everywhere. All who have a part to act in the preparation of matter for this pioneer sheet are engaged in a sacred work, and they should be connected with God: they should be pure in heart and life.”

2. Our Church Papers. The Review and Herald is our leading church paper in this country, and should have a place in every Seventh-day Adventist family.

On this point let me call attention to what is said in Testimonies for the Church 4:598, 599:—

“The Review is a valuable paper: it contains matters of great interest to the church, and should be placed in every family of believers. If any are too poor to take it, the church should, by subscription, raise the amount of the full price of the paper, and supply the destitute families. How much better would this plan be than throwing the poor upon the mercies of the publishing house or the tract and missionary society.

3. Periodicals and journals devoted to special lines of work, such as Health and Temperance, Religious Liberty, Missions, etc., etc., each occupying an important field, and worthy of liberal patronage.

4. The Youth’s Instructor and the Little Friend are papers highly prized by the youth and children.

5. Within the last few years many of our Conferences have started little local papers, for the purpose of communicating more directly with their workers. It is to be hoped that they will be confined to purely local matter; otherwise they may interfere seriously with the circulation of our regular publications, and not be the means of accomplishing nearly so much good.

We are confident that but few of our people realize the value of our periodicals as an evangelizing agency. The following statement has come to us through the servant of the Lord: “It is a fact that the circulation of our papers is doing even a greater work than the living preacher can do.”

He then outlined some of the plans that have been adopted for the circulation of our pioneer papers and tracts. These will be found in booklets issued by the Pacific Press, under the titles, “The Use of our Periodicals in Missionary Work,” and “How to Use Tracts.”

He then spoke of trade books, subscription books, health books, and educational books under these headings, to the effect that more trade books should be prepared, and systematic efforts made to introduce them into bookstores, and that we should beware of devoting time to books that contain but little present truth. It is not a question of how many books can be sold, or how much money raised, but how much truth can be placed in the hands of the people.

He recommended conference and tract society officers, ministers, etc., to take our books and go out and sell them occasionally, in order to keep in sympathy with the canvasser.

Relative to health books, he believes they “should receive the same consideration and the same effort that is placed upon our religious works.”

In closing, he called attention to several statements found in Testimonies for the Church 4:389 and onward: among which are the following:—

“Other publishers have regular systems of introducing into the market books of no vital interest. ‘The children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.’ Golden opportunities occur almost daily where the silent messengers of truth might be introduced into families and to individuals; but no advantage is taken of these opportunities by the indolent, thoughtless ones. Living preachers are few. There is only one where there should be a hundred. Many are making a great mistake in not putting their talents to use in seeking to save the souls of their fellow men. Hundreds of men should be engaged in carrying the light all through our cities, villages, and towns. The public mind must be agitated. God says, Let light be sent out into all parts of the field. He designs that men shall be channels of light, bearing it to those who are in darkness....

“Many are going directly contrary to the light which God has given to his people, because they do not read the books which contain the light and knowledge in cautions, reproofs, and warnings. The cares of the world, the love of fashion, and lack of religion, have turned the attention from the light God has so graciously given, while books and periodicals containing error are traveling all over the country. Skepticism and infidelity are increasing everywhere. Light so precious, coming from the throne of God, is hid under a bushel. God will make his people responsible for this neglect. An account must be rendered to him for every ray of light he has let shine upon our pathway, whether it has been improved to our advancement in divine things, or rejected because it was more agreeable to follow inclination.

“We now have great facilities for spreading the truth: but our people are not coming up to the privileges given them. They do not in every church see and feel the necessity of using their abilities in saving souls. They do not realize their duty to obtain subscribers for our periodicals, including our health journal, and to introduce our books and pamphlets. Men should be at work who are willing to be taught as to the best way of approaching individuals and families....

“The wider the circulation of our publications, the greater will be the demand for books that make plain the Scriptures of truth. Many are becoming disgusted with the inconsistencies, the errors, and the apostasy of the churches, and with the festivals, fairs, lotteries, and numerous inventions to extort money for church purposes. There are

many who are seeking for light in the darkness. If our papers, tracts, and books, expressing the truth in plain Bible language, could be widely circulated, many would find that they are just what they want. But many of our brethren act as though the people were to come to them, or send to our offices to obtain publications, when thousands do not know that they exist.

“God calls upon his people to act like living men, and not to be indolent, sluggish, and indifferent. We must carry the publications to the people, and urge them to accept, showing them that they will receive much more than their money’s worth. Exalt the value of the books you offer. You can not regard them too highly.

“My soul was agonized as I saw the indifference of our people who make so high a profession. I was shown that the blood of souls will be on the garments of many who now feel at ease and irresponsible for souls that are perishing around them for want of light and knowledge. They have come in contact with them, but have never warned them, never prayed with or for them, and never made earnest efforts to present the truth to them. I was shown that there has been a wonderful negligence on this point. Ministers are not doing one half what they might do to educate the people for whom they labor upon all points of truth and duty, and, as a consequence, the people are spiritless and inactive. The stake and scaffold are not appointed for this time to test the people of God, and for this very reason the love of many has waxed cold. When trials arise, grace is proportioned for the emergency. We must individually consecrate ourselves on the very spot where God has said he would meet us.”

W. D. SALISBURY (Australia) said that the average number of papers sold there each week is three and a half copies for each member in the Union Conference. They issue seven thousand copies a week, and there are two thousand Sabbath-keepers.

The total sale of religious books in the eleven and one-half years since the organization of their company, to June 30, 1900, has been a little over 75,000 copies, and of health books, a little over 38,000 copies; or sixty-six and one-fourth per cent religious books, and thirty-three and three-fourths per cent health books,—about half as many health books as religious books. At the present time the sales are running quite largely on health books. He said: “We aim to give the same attention to our health work as we do to our religious work, and carry these hand in hand together. The societies take equal interest in each.”

W. C. White said: “The circulation of our missionary journal is considered by our Conferences to be legitimate Conference work, and one of the most profitable parts of it. Our Conferences do not begrudge a ‘subsidy’ to good, faithful workers to sell our periodicals. That has to vary from $2.50 to $5 a week, according to the field they are in.

“We have tried the plan of holding general meetings of short duration—two or three days. A general rally is called. The people who have been reading these periodicals, come to hear, and they become interested, and feel impressed that the Spirit and power of God are with these brethren. These short meetings do more good in Australasia than a six-weeks’ course of lectures on the prophecies. Every time such meetings are held, a number of conversions follow, and some baptisms.

“I have just received a letter from Sister Farnsworth, now working in Dunedin, South Australia. She speaks of a faithful sister there who is selling four hundred copies of Bible Echo each week, and one hundred copies of Herald of Health each month, besides health foods. Some people have been buying the Echo of this sister for four or five years. The health paper has been offered with all health books, for twenty-five cents extra.”



(Extracts from remarks by O. A. Olsen.)

The foreign book field is an immense one, and it has only been touched, as it were by the tip of the finger. In Europe alone we have a population of nearly four hundred million souls. Among these we have some one hundred different nationalities to which the truth is to go. At present we have publications in thirty-six languages and dialects, but in several of these we have only a tract or two. In the Scandinavian we have upward of fifty different publications, small and large, but these countries are the smallest in Europe. Scandinavia, containing three countries, has hardly ten million people. We have been able, through the different lines of publications in certain parts of Europe, to reach hundreds of thousands who would never have the opportunity of seeing the living preacher. I have held, and still hold, that the canvasser is just as much the servant of the Lord as the ordained minister.

As to the production of this literature, there are two ways,—writing and translating. But a fact not fully appreciated is that it is almost as difficult to translate a book freely as it is to produce one. You may be a scholar in foreign language, and yet not be able to produce a book for the people, because the literary language and the language of the common people sometimes differ. To be a good translator you need to live among the people and become acquainted with them from the home standpoint, in order to bring the truth into the proper translation for their comprehension.

When I was in Africa, I met a Kaffir minister of the Congregational Church who had translated “Steps to Christ” into the Kaffir, or Zulu, language. In talking with him, I asked him, “In what school did you get hold of the principles of the Kaffir language?”

He answered, “We have no schools; there are no schools that give that instruction.”

“How do you get it then?” I asked.

He answered, “We go out into the interior, among the natives, and stay among them, and talk with them at their firesides in their own country. That is where we get the language.”

In Sweden alone we have circulated forty thousand copies of “Bible Readings,” and about forty thousand copies of “Great Controversy.” “Patriarchs and Prophets” has also been gotten out in Swedish. Sweden has a population as large as Norway and Denmark together. During the past year in Sweden we have sold over twenty-five thousand dollars’ worth of literature.

We find that in some places we can do well with the large books, but many can not buy them, and therefore we are anxious to take books costing four or five kroner. (A kroner is twenty-seven cents.)

In Finland, we have had canvassers working the past year, and they have sold from seven to eight thousand dollars’ worth of books. “Steps to Christ” has been a standard book since it was first gotten out, and we are selling it continually. We have it in the Finnish, but we have gone over the ground so thoroughly that the canvasser can not

make a living on that alone. The early part of last spring the canvassers began to call for “Great Controversy.” That was a book we had not put out for two reasons: first, we did not have the money with which to produce the book in one volume; second, we feared that so large a book could not be sold in that country. So we asked the privilege to divide the books into two parts. The first part was ready in July. The canvassers did well in taking orders and also in delivering their books. The second part was to be ready by the holidays. The canvassers wanted “Great Controversy” because it had sold well in Sweden, and also because it bore the same authorship as “Steps to Christ.”

By Elder Matteson’s death we have lost our author, and it is a much larger loss than any of you appreciate; for no one has been able to step in, and continue the work he was doing. The large books are all right, but smaller publications are needed, and I have for a long time hoped the way would open that this deficiency might be supplied.

We need God-fearing young men, who will go into a new country to learn the language, and become acquainted with the people, adapting themselves to the situation. We have young people among us who could do this.

The foreign book field is an immense one, and it needs publications adapted to the circumstances and habits and prejudices of the people, written or translated right where they are to be sold.


(Paragraphs from papers by L. R. Conradi.)

While one hundred and twenty millions of the earth’s inhabitants understand the English, yet over fourteen hundred and fifty millions more are to be supplied by what we term from the English standpoint, “foreign literature.” To every twelve who read foreign literature, one reads English, yet our table in the BULLETIN shows that it takes all the “foreign literature” in thirty-nine languages combined to equal our English literature in one volume. While one hundred and twenty millions may be reached with one language, the rest of the world has hundreds of languages. Thus far we have publications in forty languages; but in quite a number of these, the publications are simply a few little tracts.

The following comparison will best illustrate the true condition: In seven languages, comprising three hundred million souls, we have over one thousand pages of literature. In twenty-four, comprising one hundred and seventy-two millions, we have from one to five hundred pages. In nine languages, comprising five hundred and eighty millions, we have less than one hundred pages.

Hundreds of languages and dialects, comprising five hundred and ten millions, still wait to be supplied,—thirty-three per cent.

Thus, nineteen per cent of the world’s population is tolerably supplied; eleven per cent scarce; thirty-seven per cent hardly at all; and thirty-three per cent not at all. Our periodicals appearing in eight languages reach but three hundred and two millions, or nineteen per cent.

Great as the foregoing difference is, it does not express the real facts. We have only compared page to page, without reference to its manifolding. Yet one page of English reading-matter is being manifolded in scores of large editions, and circulated, while the page in a foreign tongue, on account of lack of means, appears only in a small edition.

While we as a people and our houses are undoubtedly the best agencies to publish our literature, yet it is a question whether we are always the best agencies to print it. Our experience in this line has varied according to a number of circumstances. While the Hamburg house publishes in fourteen languages, it prints in less than half of them. We have our printing done in Russia, Bohemia, Bulgaria, at Leipsic, Memel, etc., and this will naturally increase as the work gains more foothold in the different countries. When we once build up churches in these various countries, secure able ministers who know not only the truth, but also the respective languages, the next thing is to have their printing done in the land where they are.

While we print at Hamburg, we often find it better to have the printing done in the respective countries. In some countries we are really forced to have it done there to a certain extent. Thus, for example, we print now in Russia in three tongues, the Russian, Esthonian, and Littonian,—on account of the censorship.

Books gotten out in Russia with the censor’s seal can be more freely handled. It took, however, a long time and much study before we got on the inside track. After trying various ways we finally made the acquaintance of a Baptist publisher and prominent minister, who took sufficient interest in our literature to offer us the help of his long experience to get out literature, well translated, also to pass it by the censor. Through him we secured the same favorable rates by the printer and binder as he enjoyed, and he aided us in the sale of our publications. Our main stock we store with the binder, and he furnishes the publisher and us with lots of from five hundred to one thousand, according to our orders. The publisher, to aid in the circulation, put a large advertisement of our books in his almanac, which goes to from fifteen to twenty thousand families.

It is quite customary in Germany for even very large publishers not to do their own printing or binding. Leipsic is the great center for printing on the Continent; and as one firm makes a specialty of printing, another of binding, another of stereotyping, they can work cheaply, rapidly, and also keep their houses up-to-date with the best machinery. Everything is carried forward on a large scale, and with old, tried hands. Thus they can easily compete, and book firms even from Holland, Austria-Hungary, and the Balkan States, have their work done at Leipsic. This led us to adopt the same plan, and to print and bind all our books there. So doing, our capital remains free to invest in stock direct, much storeroom is saved, and our publishing work is easier managed. Our binder at Leipsic stores all our sheets free of charge, and binds them at short notice in lots as we may need them, while our printer stores the plates. Our periodicals, tracts, and pamphlets we print, however, at own office. This plan has worked best in Europe in all our experience thus far. We get along with a small plant, we secure better work, do not tie up so much talent, and we get our work done at short notice.

What aids us greatly in the German field to do the work from one center, is the express service. We can ship ten pounds of literature by express to any part of the German and also the Austro-Hungarian empire for twelve and one-half cents, making it really cheaper than freight. For the same amount we mail to within a few minutes’ walk from

our Basel house. To Switzerland, Holland, etc., we pay twenty cents.

In some countries, however, we have to print right there all publications in the native tongue; otherwise we have difficulty in securing the necessary permit to sell them.

As far as we have tried, no agency works so well as persevering canvassers, filled with the spirit of their Master, and sensing the blessedness of their task. Realizing this, our house has endeavored to care for the training of canvassers, and to aid them in hard fields. We have many obstacles to meet, which are unknown here and elsewhere. High government licenses must be secured, rating from five to fifty dollars a year, and much time must often be spent to secure them. The house supplies these where the worker proves faithful and aids the canvasser to visit the annual meetings and to attend its institutes. We also allow all who are recommended, a certain credit to get a start. While the canvassing work is on a self-supporting basis in Germany proper, we are obliged to aid our canvassers in Russia, Holland, Hungary, etc. Other publishers who get out our publications for us have done something in the way of disposing of them, and we are making efforts to sell more through the book stores direct, but thus far our success has been limited.

Our work on the Continent is but fairly begun; each country has its peculiar difficulties, and needs to be studied and tried separately. There is Austria, for example, where, in spite of all endeavors, we have not been able to secure the necessary permission to push the work.

Our agency for selling I must mention in this connection,—one which is very far behind its privileges. While in many countries in the Old World it often takes years ere we secure the right to print and sell, there is perfect liberty in America. Millions of all these different nationalities have flocked to these shores, and still they come. Oh, what might not be done in supplying them from the very hour of their arrival, or in their respective settlements, be it in cities or in the country! What vast good might be done to them, and, through their instrumentality, to their friends in the Old World.

Our houses at Hamburg and Basel have printed the truth in twenty languages. Thus far the only language which pays, financially, is the German. In the other tongues the production of publications is generally more costly, and yet the people are less able to pay for them, and harder to be reached. It is entirely a missionary work, and our publishing houses there are really missionary enterprises. Our Hamburg house has used its annual gains, not to increase means nor to enlarge, but to help freely, and thereby enlarge our facilities to sell. Certain sums have been every year set aside to get out new publications, to secure the motor boat in the Hamburg Harbor, to help our industrial schools, etc.

We have not lost by helping others. On the contrary, God has constantly blessed us, and thus enabled us to do more from year to year. But should not all take stock in this enterprise, and could not means be placed at our disposal to push this work as never before? Calls come from Russia, Palestine, Austria, for literature in the Croatian, Slavonian, Albanian, and other languages. The few publications in other languages should be multiplied.

May we at this council realize fully our responsibility to supply the precious truth to all nations and tongues, and improve our present blessed opportunities all around us. While we are enriched with the treasures out of God’s storehouse, let us remember our neighbors far and near, who, even from the crumbs of our tables, would secure a rich feast for their soul, yea, life eternal.


(Condensed from the talk of Elder W. A. Spicer.)

Brother Spicer urged that the needs in each field were such as to make it essential to recognize the principle of individualism in selection. Only those in the field can feel and see many conditions that influence the decision in choice of literature. As to adaptation, the best literature published in the home field requires little adaptation. If the principles of the truth are set forth from the point of view of the kingdom of heaven, and not from any merely national standpoint, little adaptation is required.

In illustrating, forethought is necessary to arrange for foreign rights to engravings if we are to avoid delays in publishing abroad.

Translations can be arranged only by the greatest care in the field itself. Much missionary literature put out by various societies misses the mark because not translated for the common people. Each field must work cautiously, and not undertake too large works at the first.

Without any large or expensive plant, small literature may be produced in the vernaculars, and scattered broadcast.


For the Two Years Ending March, 1901.


Battle Creek College is a training school for Christian workers. As the teachers in the schools of the prophets educated missionaries for all nations; as Paul, in the school of Tyrannus, in Ephesus of Asia Minor, prepared workers to carry the gospel to the world; as Luther, in the University of Wittenberg, broke the strength of the papacy, so Battle Creek College has as its sole object the training of missionaries who, imbued with the spirit of the Master, shall carry to all the world the message of a soon-coming Saviour.


The spiritual health of the church depends upon its adherence to true educational principles, as surely as national prosperity lies in the hands of the nation’s schools. Surrounded by colleges and universities whose aim is to prepare men and women to become law-abiding citizens, Battle Creek College has been obliged to separate from the methods of these institutions, and to substitute for their long courses of worldly studies, a simple line of work fitted to prepare workers for the kingdom of God. This has led to lines of work which meet the needs of these various classes of individuals, and instead of the classical and scientific courses of the institutions of the world, Battle Creek College offers studies which prepare students to become ministers, canvassers, Bible workers, teachers, medical missionaries, Christian business men, and all-round gospel workers. It is an interesting fact that a greater number of our students have entered the work during the past four years than at any other period of equal length in the history of the college.


The call for an educated ministry has been urgent. Forty years ago the

denomination was proud of its strong workers, its pioneer ministers, rooted and grounded in the doctrines of the church, but the youth have grown up with a most defective knowledge of vital truths, owing to the lack of proper home training and the absence of Christian schools. The cause is suffering, and nothing can remedy the condition except a thorough course in the neglected subjects. In order to make the work of the most practical nature, much of the instruction for ministers in Battle Creek College during the past two years has been given by our ministering brethren, whose experience in the field enabled them to teach those things which are most needed by the pastor and the evangelist.

The Lord has said that in the canvassing work the young ministers may get their first and most valuable training. Special classes in canvassing have been conducted by Brother Boggs, and during the summer months those students who are preparing for the ministry are organized into canvassing and colporteur companies.


If in the beginning of the third angel’s message, the children had been properly taught, and we had been loyal to the principles of Christian education, the world’s history would have ended long before this. For the educational system which is to take the child from the home to his entrance upon a missionary career,—the church school, the industrial school, and the training-school,—the truest, best teachers in the world are needed; and to prepare these, Battle Creek College has made a special effort. During the entire school year there is offered a course of instruction arranged for that purpose, pedagogy, the sciences, mathematics, and English being taught, with the Bible as the foundation of each. Besides this, there is held a special summer school of ten weeks’ duration, for instruction of teachers in the principles of Christian education, as well as in all necessary branches in which they may be defective.


In July, 1900, there was held in Battle Creek the first Conference of Seventh-day Adventist church-school teachers. For three weeks these teachers met in council and for instruction with some of our leading workers. The “Teachers’ Conference Bulletin,” a two-hundred-and-thirty-page pamphlet containing the proceedings of the Conference, was a result of the Institute. This has been read with interest by many, and is doubtless one of the best single contributions to the literature on Christian education which has yet been placed in the hands of the people.


In District 3, there are at present 65 church and home schools, having an enrollment of about 1,100 children.

Number of church schools outside this district, but under the jurisdiction, so far as we know, of no other school, 104; teachers of these schools, 115; number pupils attending these schools, about 1,500; total number church schools, 184; total number church-school teachers, 195; total number pupils enrolled, 2,600. Three industrial schools are now in operation, one at Bethel, Wis., one at Sheridan, Ill., and a third at Cedar Lake, Mich.


The effects of following the present policy in the school work have been manifold. While the attendance of Battle Creek College as a training-school has been necessarily reduced, the-enrollment for the present year being 365, only such students as are prepared for a training being admitted, the establishment of industrial schools has increased very materially the total number of students who are receiving Christian training. Wisconsin, for instance, formerly sent less than fifty students to the college, but she sends nearly one hundred and fifty to the industrial school, besides having two hundred and fifty children in her church schools.

The ultimate result of the church and industrial schools will be a large number of college students whose early education has laid a firm foundation, and who, with a brief training, will become efficient workers. The work of these schools is most essential at this time. There are but two sources from which we may gain workers in the future: either the children born into the church must be educated, or we must depend entirely upon the world at large to furnish the material for the laborers who will carry the closing message.


Manual training is one of the distinctive features of the training-school. We have at present a tailor shop, a broom shop, a printing office, and the farm, the work in each department being done by students, under the direction of competent workmen. In view of the superior advantages of any school situated in the country, away from the artificial life of the city, the managers of Battle Creek College are looking forward to an opportune time to change the location of the school. When situated as the Testimonies tell us that all our schools should be, it is hoped so to improve the industrial departments that the school can afford an opportunity for a large class to work their way through school, as well as to solve some of the educational problems which to-day confront the world.


The church schools, differing as they do from the public schools, have created a keen demand for schoolbooks adapted to the children of Christian parents. Two thousand six hundred children taken from the public schools to be educated in Bible truths, without a book adapted to their needs, was a sad sight. During the past year a series of text-books has been started, those so far published being “Bible Reader No. 1,” “The Mental Arithmetic,” and Professor Gardner’s system of bookkeeping. These will be followed by others of their series as fast as is possible.



So nobly have our people responded to the call for the relief of the schools. That the matter is well-known throughout our ranks. Sister White donated the proceeds of her latest book, “Christ’s Object Lessons,” and our two publishing houses, the Review and Herald and the Pacific Press, came forward with a liberal offer, donating all the work on the books. Then the people arose to sell, and from ocean to ocean the money has been coming in to relieve the school debts. God’s hand was in the movement. What was begun in faith, but in weakness, has grown beyond the most sanguine hopes of man. District 3 has already disposed of 12,000 copies of “Christ’s Object Lessons”, its quota of books being about 80,000, because of a debt of $84,000.

Nothing in all the history of the message has so bound the hearts of Seventh-day Adventists to the educational work as this effort to raise the debt. To God belongs the praise. This is the beginning of the end. E. A. SUTHERLAND.

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