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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 4

April 23, 1901 - EXTRA NO. 18

GENERAL CONFERENCE BULLETIN,
PUBLISHED QUARTERLY BY
The Seventh-day Adventist General Conference
PRICE: For the DAILY BULLETIN during General Conference session 50c. For the biennial term including daily and quarterly issues 75c. Subscription at the 75-cent rate, for the next volume, will include all issues during 1901 and 1902.
Entered at the post office in Battle Creek, Michigan, FIRST QUARTER, 1901.

SPECIAL ORDER

Proposed Constitution for the General Conference, Page 378.

ORGANIZATION OF GENERAL CONFERENCE COMMITTEE

At a meeting of the General Conference Committee held April 22, further organization of the Committee was effected, as noted below:—

Finance Committee: J. H. Kellogg, I. H. Evans, P. T. Magan, W. C. White, S. H. Lane.

Sabbath-school Department: W. A. Spicer (chairman), W. T. Knox, E. J. Waggoner, M. C. Wilcox, A. J. Bead, Mrs. L. Flora Plummer, F. Griggs.

Educational Department: A. T. Jones, P. T. Magan, David Paulson, W. W. Prescott, J. H. Kellogg, E. A. Sutherland, F. Griggs.

Religious Liberty Department: A. T. Jones (chairman), E. A. Sutherland, David Paulson, A. Moon, S. H. Lane.

ORGANIZATION OF SOUTHWESTERN UNION CONFERENCE.

District 5 has organized under the name of Southwestern Union Conference, and the following officers have been appointed:—

President, C. McReynolds; Vice-President, H. Shultz; Secretary, R. W. Parmele; Treasurer, Manager of Pacific Press Publishing Company, Kansas City; Auditor, C. T. Caviness; Executive Committee, C. McReynolds: President of each local Conference: President of Keene Academy: Manager Pacific Press Publishing Company, Kansas City; President Boulder Sanitarium; General Canvassing agent.

GENERAL CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS.

Twenty-seventh Meeting, April 21, 3 P. M.

ELDER O. A. OLSEN in the chair. Prayer by J. W. Collie.

The Chair: It was announced this forenoon that the afternoon would be given to a consideration of the situation in Scandinavia, especially the financial situation. This Conference should receive a statement of the condition of things there, regarding the publishing house and its present needs and circumstances. We will call upon Brother Evans, who, as a representative of the General Conference and the Foreign Mission Board, has been in Europe and investigated the situation, and obtained a full understanding of the status of the whole case.

I. H. Evans: I will make a brief statement in regard to our obligations there, so that the Conference may be familiar with the situation. It will be remembered that a year ago last fall our publishing house became embarrassed with its outstanding bills. It had been obliged to borrow quite largely from the banks in order to carry on its work, and meet an accumulation of obligations it had been carrying for many years. Two years ago this spring there began to be a financial depression in Christiania; money became less free in circulation than before. There had been a boom in the city. They had builded very extensively; many capitalists had put thousands of dollars into putting up large flats for rental, and the increase of population was not sufficient to fill up these buildings. It was a great boom for an old Eastern city. When there was not a sufficient population to fill up the new houses, these men, who had borrowed the capital with which to build them, were unable to meet their obligations in the banks. The building operators began to fail. That caused a shortage of money, and the banks became more cautious to whom they advanced loans. Finally it reached out to other important branches that were doing business quite largely on borrowed capital.

Our own house, unfortunately, had been operated upon borrowed money, and as this depression became more and more intense in the city, it was not able to borrow money at the banks, as it formerly had been doing, to carry the business, to pay interest, and other obligations. When money could no longer be borrowed at the banks, our publishing house became greatly embarrassed, and appealed to this country, asking that we send money at once. The Foreign Mission Board sent 85,000, to help the necessity. This money was used in carrying the business over from spring until about August. In August the situation became still more intense; the bankers became more cautious, demanding additional security. And as fast as our paper became due, they would not accept a renewal of our paper with the old security. Our men could not secure new security, and

consequently became greatly embarrassed. They then wrote over and asked for more money. The Foreign Mission Board sent them $3,000, and told them that was all that we felt warranted in sending. Before they received the money, however, they had suspended payment. They had become so greatly embarrassed that they asked for a moratorium of six months, in which to reshape their finances, get out a balance-sheet, and decide whether they were able to meet their obligations or be obliged to go into bankruptcy. They hoped in this moratorium to get help from America, so that they could meet their obligations, and not be forced.

When their appeal came to the General Conference a year ago last fall, our brethren decided that they would send a committee over there to investigate matters, and see why our house was in such a straightened condition. Brother J. N. Nelson and I went and looked the matter over, and made our report to the General Conference. It decided that it was unable to produce so much money, and consequently that the house must go into bankruptcy, and the creditors take possession.

We made the proposition, according to instructions, and arranged to transfer all our assets in favor of our creditors. That matter ran along until in August of last year, about that time, we received word from Australia that it was wrong for us to allow our creditors to take the property; that the house should be rescued; that its failure would be a great depression upon our people, and a source of great discouragement. The General Conference Committee was called together, with the presidents of the State Conferences, and the Foreign Mission Board, to advise means by which we could rescue the house, and pay our creditors in full.

A new proposition was then submitted to our creditors. We offered, in lieu of the former proposition, which they had already accepted, to pay them in full, in six semi-annual installments, the amount of our obligations to them, providing they were willing to grant us time.

On the 15th of January they cabled us that they would accept our propositions, and that we might pay these obligations according to our own propositions. In the statement we received from our business manager, Mr. Christiansen, he presented a balance-sheet showing that we were obligated to outside parties, and to our depositories in Christiania, $81,084. This does not include an obligation of $9,000 which is owing the Foreign Mission Board. The amount that we have to raise is $22,000 per annum, for three years, making $11,000 in semi-annual payments, having to pay $11,000 on the first day of January and the first day of July until the whole amount is canceled. We have paid the first obligation, due last January, and the second obligation falls due the first day of the coming July, so that we are really bound by our own word of honor to redeem the property, and pay our creditors in full. They have accepted it cheerfully. When they received notification that we would do better than our original propositions, they said that we were an honest people; that that was the first time in the history of their business that they ever knew people who could get out of their obligations to be willing voluntarily to pledge themselves that they would pay the whole amount. They said that we had reinstated ourselves in their estimation, and they believed that we were a devout, Christian people.

We were glad for this, and we hope we shall be able to be as good as their expectations from our promises. It means a large amount of money—$81,000; but, brethren, we are surely able to pay it, much more able to pay it than we are able not to pay it. The saddest thing I ever did in my life was to submit a proposition to the creditors that we could not pay them in full for value received; and my heart was made glad last fall when we pledged ourselves as brethren that we would pay that amount, every dollar of it, and produce it just as fast as we could. I have not been informed of a single soul in this denomination whose heart was not cheered by the knowledge that we intended to redeem that property. I know of no Seventh-day Adventist that believes in repudiation. I believe if there is one thing that we have always prided ourselves in, it is to be an honest people, to pay everything we owe, and you know we have always taught it to our people. So the only way I know of for us to raise this money is to take right hold of it individually and practically, and each one of us do our part.

I am ready to answer any questions in regard to these obligations that you may ask if I can, so that you will understand it, and it will be plain and simple.

Voice: Is this money that is due, money that has been received by our publishing house, or is it securities that have gone for outside parties?

I. H. Evans: It is a part of both. We have endorsed paper for others, but a large part of it is our own obligations.

F. D. Starr: Is the $81,000 now owing exclusive of the $11,000 that was paid in January?

I. H. Evans: No; inclusive.

F. D. Starr: That reduces it to $70,000?

I. H. Evans: Yes, sir.

A. G. Daniells: This is not the time for long speeches, and as we do not want to talk to no purpose, we must come right to the point, and get at the heart of the question. I feel for one that however great burdens is, it is the duty of this people to lift it in the name and strength of our God. I believe that the Lord, whose resources are unlimited. will help us lift the burden.

It was my privilege a few months ago to visit the publishing house at Christiania and the sanitarium at Skodsborg. From my experience in Australia for fourteen years, I was quite prepared to sympathize with those brethren in their troubles. I felt in my soul, while there, that we would never stand clear, and we could never feel right if we did not take hold of those burdens, and help our brethren lift them. Now Jesus says, “Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.” That is the religion of Jesus Christ: that is the gospel of God. And anything short of that is not the gospel that God has taught us in this word. Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them.

That teaches us that the man who deserves, and who must have our loving ministry, is the man who is in need. It is the sick man who must have the physician: it is the man in darkness who calls most loudly for the light; it is the man who is down and helpless, who needs a hand stretched out to lift him up.

In New Zealand one of our church-members went down to the boat to see some friends off to Sidney. The boat was nearly ready to sail. A cab was driven upon the wharf beside the boat, when something frightened the horses, and they rushed over the wharf, and dropped into the sea. This sister was shut into the cab, the doors were shut, and the handles, or locks, turned. One of the sailors standing on the deck

looking over, saw the situation, and as quick as a flash, took a header into the sea. He got hold of that cab, wrenched open the door, got hold of the sister, pulled her out of the door of the cab, while the horses were struggling and kicking in every direction, and by main force, lifted her to the surface, swam to the wire trestle of the wharf, put his arm around it, and held her up until the boatman could bring a little boat around and take her. When he had gotten upon the wharf, he was completely exhausted. It was the perilous condition of the woman that demanded that prompt, energetic, perilous effort on the part of this sailor.

There is a certain principle that God has made everybody recognize. We all sense the fact that when one is in peril or in darkness,—when one is in need,—then God pities him, and calls upon his people to go to his help. Extreme need appeals more loudly to our sympathies than anything else can.

There is a story told of Dr. Bernardo, the great founder of orphanages in England. One day while standing in his office door, a little ragged urchin came up to him, covered with dirt and rags, and asked the doctor if he might be taken into the home. He said he had no father, no mother, no brother, no sister, no home, no friends, no place to sleep, no food to eat, a most pitiful story. Dr. Bernardo, to test the little fellow, looked down upon him, and said: “My little man, how do I know that you are telling me the truth? You go and get some friends to come and speak for you, and then I will know what to do.” The little fellow hesitated a minute, and then he lifted his dirty arms, covered with a ragged sort of jacket, and he said; “Friends! I ain’t got no friends to speak for me. If these here rags won’t speak for me, then nothing will.” Tears rolled from the doctor’s eyes, and putting his arms around the little fellow, he said, “I have a home here for you.”

If I understand anything about the spirit of the gospel of Jesus, it is the great need of the lost, perishing world that appeals to heaven and to God, and I believe that spirit ought to be the dominant one among Seventh-day Adventists. I believe that the distant, needy, and neglected fields in the world are the ones that ought to appeal to this people with language that we can not resist. Now I know something about what it is to be a long way off from a center, a long way off from everybody, to have nothing, and to be crippled, and to remain without anything simply because we had nothing with which to do. I was alone in New Zealand, a country a thousand miles in length, with a population of almost a million, and for two years not a single minister walked by my side or counseled with, or to give help in prosecuting the work. But scores of young men and women came into the truth. Then they wanted to help me. They could not preach, but I sent them out to canvass. Well, it went on until they felt that they must go to school, and we began to send them across the sea to attend the school over here in this country. During about five years we sent thirty young men and women over here. Do you know what it cost us in cash, to pay their expenses? -ten thousand dollars-simply to pay the traveling expenses, to say nothing of tuition, etc. That was not all. When they got away from us, into this country, we were without our young people, and we needed their services in New Zealand.

This made us feel our need of a school, but we had no money, we had no constituency, we had no friends; like this little fellow, we had nothing on earth to speak for us but our pressing needs, and those needs could not speak over here in this country. So we went on year after year without any educational institution, until God in mercy sent his servant across there; and when she saw the situation, she lifted up her hand and her voice, and spoke to the people in this country, and told them that they ought to do something for the regions afar off; and after that voice was raised, something began to come, and we finally got a school. Now we have a school in which we are training one hundred and fifty young men and women every year to work in this cause. If we had not had that help, I do not believe that we would have had an institution to-day, so little have our people in this country been able to take in the situation. While you were piling up great structures here, multiplying them on every hand, our poor, weak fields, afar off, with scores of young men and women needing training, would have been left with nothing, and simply because they have nothing. It is the place with everything that can get all it wants. It is the field with nothing that is deprived of getting anything that is commendable, or that is creditable to the work.

After that experience, I went to Scandinavia and saw the need of a sanitarium to help the poor people, and to give them the light needed, and I saw our publishing house in its pitiful condition, and when I saw that, I said in my soul, This people will never be clear before God until they render substantial help to those institutions. When I came over here, I intended to say something courageously, in behalf of those places; but when I saw how little those fields over there were understood, my heart sunk, and I could not say a thing worth mentioning. The matter ran on for some weeks, and finally it was brought before Sister White. She gave it consideration, and wrote a couple of stirring appeals in behalf of those institutions. Any one who has read those appeals knows well the position that she has taken, and the counsel that has been given to us. It is that we are not the sovereigns of our circumstances, our funds, our possibilities. That is to say, We are not lords of these, and it is not left with us to say how these shall be disposed of. We are not left free to use all the means and all the laborers who may be within our territorial limits for the advancement of the work in those limits. The whole field is God’s, and the means belongs to him. The people are his, the laborers are his, and God calls for an impartial distribution of the funds and workers. God calls upon the people who have an abundance to share with the needy fields, that they may have something to do with.

For myself, I have to settle for myself the question as to whether it is right to lift these institutions or not. If it is right, is it not my duty to throw my soul, my life, and my influence into this thing, and get every other man among us to take hold and do what he can?

But I must not take more time. There are others who want to speak. Dr. Kellogg and others have something to say.

J. H. Kellogg: Four years ago, when Dr. Ottosen came to the General Conference, he told us at College View about the work in Scandinavia, and we all felt deeply interested. At that time there was no sanitarium in that great country. There are three great countries that are among the finest in the world, though not the largest, but certainly most beautiful countries. I visited every European country, and every part of the United States and Canada and Mexico, and I am bound to say that I never saw any country finer or more

beautiful than the three Scandinavian countries. In walking the streets of Stockholm, I saw more fine-looking men on the streets of that city than I ever saw in any other city. You may have seen some Scandinavian peasants come over here, and have seen them get off the dock in New York or San Francisco, and you think all the Scandinavians are a cheap lot of folks. But I want to tell you that when you go over to Scandinavia, and get acquainted with the people of that country and sit down with them at the dinner table, you will find them a cultivated people. The Scandinavians are, I believe, the most thoroughly civilized people in the world, except the Germans. The Germans are the most civilized, and the Scandinavians the next most civilized, and the English people the next.

That country needed a sanitarium. They did not have money. Although they are a cultivated people, they are not a very wealthy people. They all live at the far north, where they have long winters and short summers, and have no such opportunities for money-making as we have in this country. The story got out that that sanitarium was bankrupt. It was not bankrupt, and has not been bankrupt. The institution started without capital, and has been carried on without capital. It has been paying interest on its debt all the time, and did it on borrowed money. It takes some courage, perseverance, and faith to do that. The brethren there had faith and confidence.

They have no capital, and nothing but a debt; still they have gone on in faith. We should take hold and help them in that country to hold up the principles.

You may say, We have so many calls. But we are a wealthy people. We do not know anything about what it is to live cheaply and economically. The average family in Scandinavia does not get so good a dinner once a year, as the average man of this country gets every single day. I mean, there is not so large a variety of food, or so costly. It is a better dinner, because it is simple. The people are economical and do not throw away a penny. If we in this country would only save what we waste, it would build a sanitarium over there in one year. If we would save what it costs for superfluous clothing, that we do not need, and in the fixings about our homes, it would build a sanitarium in Scandinavia in one year.

We at the Sanitarium have $200,000 of Seventh-day Adventists’ money, and we are paying five to six per cent interest on the whole of it. So I know there are some of our people who are not poor. The Review and Herald Office has about $250,000 of Seventh-day Adventists’ money. The Pacific Press has about $200,000, mostly Seventh-day Adventists’ money. The General Conference has about the same amount, and I might go on and tell you of our different institutions that have on deposit hundreds of thousands of dollars of Seventh-day Adventists’ money, and I could figure it up and show you that the Seventh-day Adventist people have a million and a half dollars on deposit in our institutions, on interest nearly all of it. Our people have also a great deal of money in banks. I do not think that it is overestimating it to say that there is at least as much money in banks as in these institutions. That would make $3,009,000 that Seventh-day Adventists have to-day on deposit in banks and in our institutions.

I suppose our people are worth, on an average, a thousand dollars each. Sixty thousand Adventists in this country, and they are worth a thousand dollars each. That makes sixty million dollars. There are many people, to be sure, who are not worth five hundred dollars each, but there are those worth five thousand, and these would make up for ten worth five hundred. Those who are worth ten thousand would make up for twenty who are worth five hundred.

Let us get rid of that idea that we are so poor. We are worth millions, and a great deal more than I have told you anything about. Are we willing to do the right thing, and be liberal, charitable, consecrated, and self-denying? If we are, we have a right to put our hand into God’s bank and get what we need. We can get it. Dr. Ottosen has been praying about this thing, and the Lord has sent him over here in person to appeal to us, and I hope that he will not be disappointed.

I have found out that God has all the money we can make any use of, and we will get it when we are ready to use it. In Scandinavia they are ready to use it. I find that the best way to get money for ourselves, is to give freely of what we have to others. So I want to move that there be taken up a special collection for Skodsborg among all our churches at a proper time, and at such a time as the General Conference Committee shall recommend. I wish to add to this motion the suggestion that the same thing shall be done for the Australia Sanitarium, where the very same condition exists as in Skodsborg, and where the need is just as great. If you get up a collection at one time for two things, you will not get more than for one thing. We should have two special collections, one for Skodsborg, and one for Australia. This work is to be set before our people a sufficient length of time beforehand, so that they shall all understand to what they are giving. The money should be sent to the Treasurer of the General Conference Committee, and from there straight to the destination.

The motion was seconded, and carried.

The Chair: Dr. Ottosen will follow with a few remarks.

J. C. Ottosen: I would have been glad, had it been possible for all of you to have been present at an occasion a few months ago in our work at Skodsborg. If you could have witnessed the feast of joy, although many tears flowed, your hearts would have been touched, and it would have been a feast of joy to you also. It was when our brethren in America came to our help, and sent over money for us. It came just about New Years. Dr. Kellogg wrote me a letter, and said he wanted us to take it as a New Year’s gift.

I want to make a few remarks about our financial condition, and how we came into this crisis. It is true that we made a very unwise move in starting such an institution without any capital. We were very enthusiastic about our principles, and we thought that we were going to do a great work, and so the circumstances in the beginning seemed very favorable. That was the reason we took courage and went on, and undertook the work we have in hand.

When we began this work, money over there seemed very abundant. For twenty-five or thirty years, there had not been so much money among the people as at that time. But soon after, the Spanish-American war came on, and that brought finances in Europe into trouble. Shortly afterward came the English-African war. This made money very scarce, the men of capital in Europe withdrew their money from the banks, and there was a financial crisis nearly all over Europe. That was also really at the bottom of the Christiania crisis. Then we had a great labor strike, and after that followed a great lockout. It was the largest lockout, compared

with the number of inhabitants in the country, that has ever occurred. That hindered us in many ways. First, people did not have any money with which to come to our institution. Second, our bath-rooms and treatment-rooms which were just being prepared, could not be finished because the contractors who had agreed to put them up could not do so on account of the lockout and strike.

While we needed to enlarge our work and go ahead, there were two things when we started that were very discouraging. There were people around who would beg to be taken in, and when we told them that we had no room, they would cry, and hardly go out of the room. Our hearts were stirred when we saw the hundreds of such people, and we could not do what we wanted to do for them. Another was that I received many letters stating that they wanted to get an education. I wrote in return that we were not able to take them, and they replied, saying, “Why, you can, too. I believe the Lord has put it into my heart to get a preparation for his cause, and I want to enter the work. Why can’t you do it?” Considering these circumstances, we took many of them. We have since learned that it was unwise, but I hope the Lord will help us to make it a profitable one.

Another thing that has added to our financial embarrassment at Skodsborg is the property of the Frederikshavn school. A few years ago there was started a central Scandinavian school at that place. Take it all in all it took about eighteen thousand dollars to rent the building and to secure the property. For some time we had a prosperous school. Since coming to this country, I have had opportunity to look a little into the grand work you are doing toward relieving the American schools, and from this I can see that you, too, have trouble to keep the schools going, and you will understand that under our financial circumstances, it was a hard thing for us to keep that institution going.

When the school was erected, it cost us about eighteen thousand dollars; and of this, seven or eight thousand dollars were paid in cash, so there was on the institution when it began its operations, about ten thousand dollars indebtedness. But during the years that the school was kept in operation, that indebtedness was increased by about four thousand dollars, and then partly because of financial pressure, and after the Swedish Conference withdrew from the school to have their own school, it was harder than before to keep our school out of debt. So it was decided, when the brethren did not see any other way, to turn it into a sanitarium, and from that time we have tried to operate it as a branch institution, with Skodsborg sanitarium as the head. This was very difficult for us to do, as you will understand from our financial condition, and the fact is that we have tried to run that institution notwithstanding our own financial failure, and we have become security for about eight thousand dollars. That has added to our financial burden. At Skodsborg itself last year we did our very best to try to have our work succeed, and the Lord blessed us wonderfully. Had I the time, I could read to you some striking testimonials that we have from guests who have been at our sanitarium.

When I came away, the brethren were assembled, and wanted me to extend to the American brethren their thanks for your kindness, for your interest in the work in Scandinavia. In our crisis we appreciate not only what the American brethren have done for us, but also for what the German and English brethren did for us. Germany has done a great deal for us. They have sent us money several times, and we have paid part of it back. Great Britain, when they themselves were in great need of money, in fact I understand they were near a crisis too, sent us all the money they had to help us, and I wanted to mention that, I want also to say that many prayers have gone up in Scandinavia, for the presence of God to rest upon our American, German, and English brethren, who have taken so much interest, and shown so much interest in the work in Scandinavia.

O. A. Olsen Elder A. G. Daniells taking the chair: I want to bring our heartfelt greeting from all Scandinavia to this General Conference, which we were charged to bring you, and also express their exceeding thankfulness to you for the interest that our brethren here in America have shown in this time of our distress. It is sad to me that our people in Scandinavia need to appeal to your liberality in this way, but so it is, and our need is our greatest eloquence. It is something wonderful, and yet it is so that in this way the the real principles of the gospel are brought out. The first and greatest failure took place long ago, and it was so complete that everything was lost, and the failure could not restore even the very smallest person, yet the great God of heaven in his infinite love for poor, lost, dying humanity, came forward and gave his Son as a ransom for the lost. Oh, what a wonderful thought that is, my brethren!

When this trouble came up, we feared and trembled, and we turned to seek the Lord. We proclaimed a fast; we appointed a week of self-denial; in seeking God and bringing in our contributions to help the work, and I want to tell you, that the Lord blessed us in that. When we had our period of fasting and prayer and seeking the Lord for help, we felt that the Spirit of the Lord witnessed with the work: “The battle is not yours but mine.” We took courage. We went forward. We trusted God, and we can not refrain from stating the fact that the very day we united in Norway in a season of seeking the Lord, the Lord wrought over here in Battle Creek. The report came back to us that the situation was terribly perplexing, and it seemed as if nothing could be done, but on that day Dr. Kellogg had a meeting of the leading brethren here, and the letter stated to us that Brother Haskell had received the Scandinavia spirit, and that the Lord had worked upon his mind in a most wonderful manner in behalf of the situation. The peculiar thing was that that took place here in Battle Creek, the very day we were humbling our hearts before God, and seeking his help.

So the Lord has taken his work into his own hands. We have passed through trying experiences, but the Lord has been greater than all our force. We can not express to you the gladness of our souls, when the word came to us from the leading brethren assembled here stating, “We will pay our obligations in full.” It brought light and joy and gladness to every heart, and when our creditors heard of it, they expressed themselves with all confidence; and when finally the word came, some of them said, “That is what we expected they would do.” Yet they waited nearly a year and a half before they received the word, though they had seen in print every word that had been in the public papers regarding our failure. Brethren, God has held his hand over his own institution. God has cared for his people in their situation here, and therefore my soul feels encouraged to-day.

I. H. EVANS: In view of the situation, and the necessity of having some funds with which to meet our July obligations, I would submit the following:—

“We recommend that June 1 be a day of prayer for our work in Scandinavia, and that a special donation be taken on that day for our Christiania Publishing House.” I move the adoption of this resolution.

Allen Moon: I second the motion.

A. G. Daniells: I believe that this is right. There are different times when we must turn over money to Scandinavia, and this date is very near that time. I believe that the needs of these three institutions—the Skodsborg Sanitarium, the Christiania Publishing House, and the Swedish Sanitarium—ought to be placed fully before our people throughout America during the coming summer of the present year.

The Chair: This motion is before you. Are you ready for the question?

The question was called.

The vote was called, and carried affirmatively.

The Chair: Now we will at once put into active operation the plans that we have just adopted, and a collection will be taken for this purpose. Envelopes have been handed out at the entrance, and in these is a slip of paper. You will put in the envelope the cash or pledge which you wish to make to this Christiania enterprise. While you are doing this, let us realize that all heaven is looking down upon us with interest, watching our movements here, and watching the spirit and the motive that are actuating us; and let us act in this matter as we would like to have done when we meet and answer before God for our stewardship. Now while the collection is being taken, Elder Loughborough has something he wishes to say.

J. N. Loughborough: I am deeply interested in this movement. It was my privilege to be at the yearly meeting in Norway last spring, and to see our brethren come together there right at the point when it seemed they were going to lose their institution. Brother Olsen said he expected they would have a small gathering. But we had a much larger gathering than we expected. But it was a people with sad hearts. One thing gave me great confidence in the work of that people, and that was to see that as that meeting progressed, although it looked as if they would lose their institution, they rallied, and believed that God would help them, if they began at the very bottom of the question. They began with cheerful hearts to make collections. When the report was brought in, what astonished me under the circumstances, was that right in the midst of that hard time to get money, they had paid nearly $500 more in tithes and offerings than they had paid the year before. Some have said to me, “Why don’t they take hold over there?” Bless your hearts, they did take hold; and their average tithes that very year were $5.36,—better average than it is in some of our Conferences in America.

Voice: What assurance have we that if we take hold and pay these debts that they will keep out of debt?

W. C. White: I have met that question many times, and also another question. The question comes to me, “Isn’t it generally understood by our people that those people over there are largely to blame for the trouble they are in?” That usually comes first. Yes. Well, what of it? Aren’t you largely to blame for the trouble you are in that led Christ to give his life for you that you might be saved from your trouble?—Yes. And if he forgives your sins, and lifts you out of a horrible pit, and puts your feet on a rock, what assurance has he that you will not get into that pit again? Brethren, are we Christians? Is this a matter of business, or is it a matter of Christianity? [Voices: Both.] Worldly men say that if one gets into trouble, and loses something, let him save himself. Christ says, I will suffer to save the sinner from the results of his mistakes. If we are Christians, will we not be ready to suffer to save other people from the results of their mistakes? God has permitted this to come to us for a test to see how much the principles of Christianity have taken hold of our hearts. I am glad when my brethren ask me such questions. I am glad for the opportunity to tell them that God has permitted this to come to us, that we may see how much of Christianity dwells in our hearts.

S. H. Lane: I want to state that a few days ago, we received at the office a letter containing several dollars. The man hardly knew at first whether to send it or not; he was afraid the brethren might return into debt again, but he said at last it had occurred to him that when the walls of Jerusalem were down, and God sent men up there to rebuild those walls, they builded and fought, and fought and builded, and they were not the men that were responsible for the walls being thrown down. But they were responsible for the building of them up again; so they went to work. So he thought, although he was not responsible, God has made a call for the institution to be built up again, and he was going to help build them up; and I said, with others, Thank God for such a spirit as that.

The Chair: Are there any further remarks? What is the pleasure of the Conference now?

At this point it was moved by Allen Moon, seconded by A. G. Daniells, that the Conference do now adjourn. The motion was put, and carried.

On the return of the envelopes for the collection for the Scandinavian Publishing House, it was found that $460.36 was collected, and that pledges to the amount of $416.95 were made.

Benediction was pronounced by I. H. Evans.

O. A. Olsen, Chairman.
L. A. Hoopes, Secretary.

Twenty-eighth Meeting, April 22, 10:30 A. M

A. G. DANIELLS

A. G. DANIELLS in the chair. Prayer by C. P. Bollman.

The Chair: We have some unfinished business to attend to. The first item will be the completion of the report of the Committee on Distribution of Laborers, found on page 390 of the BULLETIN. We will ask the Secretary to read the recommendations.

Here the Secretary read the entire report, as found on the page referred to.

The Chair: What is your pleasure concerning this report?

It was here moved and seconded that the report be adopted.

The Secretary read No. 70.

W. C. White: There is much involved in Recommendations 71, 72, and 73, and the movements involved in these recommendations affect several publishing associations, and it is desired on the part of some that there be a little more consultation; therefore I request that action be deferred on 71, 72, and 73.

The Chair: Are there any objections to this? If not, we will pass them, and take up No. 74.

The Secretary read Nos. 74 and 75.

A. J. Breed: I understand this is not entirely satisfactory, but I don’t know why. I have talked with Brother

McLay several times. He desires to go to some place for the sole purpose of the health of his wife. I know these persons well, and I would like to see them have a place where it would be better for them than Illinois.

J. W. Westphal: The reason it was not entirely satisfactory to Kansas is that arrangements were being made to take about seven ordained ministers out of the Kansas Conference, and in view of this Kansas felt that it ought to have some more ordained ministers. The brother in question is not an ordained minister, and I went to the committee with this in view.

W. C. White: Our time is exceedingly precious this morning. There are two or three enterprises of international interest that would naturally occupy the whole time, and they are waiting for a little part of it. I move that action be deferred upon this; and if there be any other doubtful cases, I think we will act more wisely to ask that it be deferred, and then let the committee wrestle with it than for us to go into the discussion of details.

The Chair: If there are no objections, we will defer this and call for the next item.

The Secretary then read Nos. 76-80 inclusive.

Delegate: I ask that No. 80 be deferred.

The Secretary then read No. 81.

Delegate: I would like to ask if Brother Adams of Iowa has been corresponded with, or consulted in regard to this in any way.

The Chair: I can not tell you; his father is here.

J. W. Adams: We have not been conferred with in regard to the matter. No one from Iowa has been consulted. I thought it would be well if we might have a better understanding before his name should come before the Conference.

The Chair: If there is no objection, this will be deferred. Perhaps I ought to say just one word. It is unfortunate that cases come into the Conference in this way, without a full consultation on the part of all who are interested. But I want to tell you that it is by some mistake that it is done, and not by any policy that we have adopted. It was unanimously agreed on the committee that we would consult with three parties in every instance as far as we could,—the individual who is to be moved or changed, the persons with whom that individual is now associated, and the persons with whom he is to be associated. If there could be formed a general agreement among these, then the case would come before the Conference. It has been our purpose to do that, but in some instances it has been overlooked, or somehow slipped in. The policy is to consult with all hands, and I hope the delegates will recognize the sincerity of the Committee on Distribution of Laborers in this thing. Will you do that? [Voices in congregation: Yes! Yes!] All right; so that in future, let the distributing committee be a little more careful and hunt up every case, so that there will not be any misunderstanding.

Delegate: I did not speak because we had any objection, but we had not heard heard anything about it, or been consulted.

The Chair: Quite right to speak. On page 390, some items have been passed,—Nos: 70, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79; and 80 and 81 have been deferred. Now are you ready for the question on the items that have been passed?

Voices: Question!

The Chair: Those who favor say, Aye; contrary, No. Carried. What is your pleasure regarding the Memorial and Constitution submitted by the Committee for European Organization?

Delegate: I move that it be adopted.

Delegate: I second the motion.

The Chair: Do you wish to have it reread?

Voices: No!

The Chair: The entire Memorial and Constitution. Is it necessary to take a vote on this? If all are agreed that it be waived, we will do so by consent. Then those who favor the acceptance of this Memorial and Constitution, as far as it affects us, please manifest it by lifting the hand; contrary, by same sign. Carried.

We have one more item,—the General Conference Constitution, found on page 378. What will you do with this report?

Delegate: I move its adoption.

The Chair: Moved and seconded that the Constitution be adopted. Will you proceed to examine the Constitution? If so, the Secretary will read the report.

The Secretary here read Article I of the Constitution.

W. C. White: I was wondering if there was any way to save this time, to save this reading. If our brethren have not read it carefully, perhaps there is not.

A Delegate: Inasmuch as this has been printed and distributed to all the delegates, it seems to me that we might save time by voting on it. I think every one knows what it is. If any person wishes to call attention to any point, he can do it; if not, take a vote.

W. C. White: Inasmuch as there is much urgent business of a general character this morning, and as the discussion of constitutions often leads to the consumption of much time, and inasmuch as in its present form it has been printed and placed in our hands, I move deferred until to-morrow, and that in the meantime we study this carefully, and that amendments and proposed changes be passed in to the Committee on Organization, if there be any such. If there are any propositions, we will hold an open committee meeting. We find this a profitable way. All that have suggestions, bring them in. At our last meeting there were present those who were framing the constitutions of the Union Conferences, and all took part. I would ask that this be deferred until to-morrow.

Delegate: I second the motion.

The Chair: Moved and seconded that consideration of the Constitution be deferred until to-morrow. Any remarks? All in favor say, Aye; contrary, No. Carried.

Another item of business is the report of the committee on Canvassing and Colporteur Work, on page 378. What will you do with this report?

C. Santee: I move its adoption.

The Chair: Moved and seconded that this report be adopted. The Secretary will read the first item. We will adopt as we read, so as not to read twice.

The Secretary here read Recommendations 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

C. H. Jones: I am sorry more time can not be given to the consideration of these recommendations. I feel that they are very important. But I know that our time is limited this morning, and I do not suppose we ought to discuss them at length. But this matter of circulating or using the Signs of the Times and the other periodicals mentioned, in pioneer missionary work, can not be regarded too highly. There are some here who have been engaged in this work, and I hope that at some time before the close of this Conference, they will be allowed to speak a little of their

experiences in this matter. There are those who are circulating 400 to 500 copies of the Signs weekly, and they report that very soon after they commence to work in a city it develops interested parties, and they have more calls for Bible readings than they can possibly fill. I hope a little time can be given to the consideration of this question before the close of the Conference.

M. C. Wilcox: I wish that there were two men present this morning who are not here, who have had experience in canvassing with the Signs of the Times. One is Brother W. D. Curtis, who has been working in Peoria, Ill., and that among the very wealthiest people of that town,—a town where effectual work has not been done before. He wrote me just a short time before I came to this Conference, that he and the six sisters who were helping him, were circulating over 500 Signs of the Times weekly. These were being sold among the wealthiest class in the city of Peoria, and they had more than they could possibly do in the Bible readings. There was also developing a wonderful interest in that city. I wish that Brother C. T. Shaffer who is laboring in the city of Washington, could be here this morning. Brother Shaffer felt a year ago, that one of the very best means of pioneer work in a city was with the Signs of the Times. So he selected one of the hardest cities in the United States to demonstrate that, the city of Washington. He went there and took the very hardest part of the city—the wealthier class. Brother S. N. Curtis told me that he saw Brother Shaffer just a short time before he came here, and that during the time he has been there, he has had 1,300 names on his list. He still has 150 of the original names to which he is delivering the Signs of the Times. He is having a very widespread interest among those, and twelve different persons are now observing the Sabbath, as the result of his work.

I know that there are many in this congregation and among these delegates, who have used the Signs of the Times, and have developed interest where they could get no interest at all. I wish we had time to hear from them, but we have not. But I tell you, brethren, one of the cheapest ways, one of the most effectual ways that the Testimonies have told us, of reaching a very large class, is by our periodical pioneer work. It is one of the least expensive ways, and I hope that there will be very much more done in this way. We ought to take our experienced laborers, and send them out to the foreign field, and bid them Godspeed, and to encourage our churches in doing work of this kind at home with our periodicals.

Voices: Question!

The Chair: The question is called. The next item, the 6th.

Here the Secretary read Recommendation 6.

The Chair: All that has been said for the Signs applies to these papers; does it not?

W. C. White: One item that pertains to the Herald of Health, is not in the recommendation. May I mention it?

The Chair: Yes.

W. C. White: The Herald of Health has been adopted by the workers in several cases as a companion for each health book sold. They say, “Here is a little journal treating on the same subject,” to help keep the interest alive in the matter of the book. “You can have this for a few pence more.” In that way the books that are placed in families are followed by the Herald of Health, and thus the interest is continually kept alive by the journal. Brethren, it is a good plan. Think of it. Study it in connection with other journals.

E. J. Waggoner: I notice in the last recommendation that, so far as one part of it is concerned, the Present Truth be used in the same way in city work in its field. You have heard something of what has been said, and you know it is being done. I take it that this recommendation is not to the people in England, for they do not need it, they are doing that work already. And inasmuch as that is being done, I thought that if this recommendation is passed, it is a recommendation to the brethren here that they assist what they can in that, that means may be provided by which this may be done to a greater extent than it has been done in the past. Is that the idea of the recommendation?

J. E. White: I present one other line that has been undertaken, but has not come before your body at all, though having been considered by our Southern Union Conference. I would say that it has been voted to publish the Gospel Herald as a pioneer weekly paper, and use it in just exactly the same way as has been advised in these resolutions. Of course we all understand that the South is a great field by itself, and requires a literature by itself, which should be prepared in the South, edited in the South, and bear the Southern imprint. I hope to have the opportunity of placing in the hands of every one of you a copy of the paper. As we have it now, it is a monthly, but it will be printed weekly, in a little larger form. The price will be fifty cents a year, eight-page, larger than at present, and fifty numbers in a year.

W. C. White: I move to amend this recommendation, by including the name of the Gospel Herald.

E. J. Waggoner: I second the motion.

The Chair: Those who favor, say Aye; opposed, No. Carried.

The Secretary read Recommendations 7 and 8.

S. N. Curtiss: In Recommendation 8, the word “colleges” should be substituted for “churches,” making it read: “We commend the practice of our colleges, academies,” etc.

The Chair: That correction will be made.

The Secretary read Recommendations 9 and 10.

E. E. Miles: I would be very glad to speak to any or all of these recommendations, but will only speak on No. 3.

I think our experiences with “Christ’s Object Lessons” is teaching us that the rank and file of our people are capable of circulating our literature. We would do well to continue to encourage them in this work. When the church takes an interest in the selection of one or more from their number for canvassers, they will follow them with their sympathy, their prayers, and substantial aid if need be. Thus the church will become connected with the canvassing work as never before and prosperity will result to the cause.

The recommendations were voted upon and carried.

The Chair: We have some recommendations accepted by the German brethren. Are these to be passed by this house? What is the intention, Brother Shultz?

H. Shultz: I must say that I was looking them over here in the BULLETIN. This is the first time I have ever seen them, although I had heard of them. Any one would naturally do the very thing that is here recommended.

The Chair: Are you willing to have these suggestions printed in this form?

H. Shultz: I have no objection to

their being printed; for they recommend themselves.

J. O. Corliss: They were presented to the editors of the BULLETIN to be printed, without any action from this house.

The Chair: We have an item of business which ought to be attended to:—

“The General Conference Committee hereby places in nomination the following-named persons to constitute the trustees of the legal corporation known as ‘The Foreign Mission Board of the Seventh-day Adventists:’ A. G. Daniells, J. H. Kellogg, David Paulson, A. J. Read, E. A. Sutherland, I. H. Evans, H. F. Rand, A. T. Jones, W. W. Prescott.”

What will you do with this report?

C. H. Jones: I move we adopt it.

O. A. Olsen: I second the motion.

I. H. Evans: Perhaps a word of explanation will suffice. The Foreign Mission Board is a corporation. In the State of New York there were two kinds of corporations, either one of which we might have formed. One was a stock company intending to pay dividends. The other was a membership corporation, by which religious societies could operate. In making the choice, the Foreign Mission Board chose the membership corporation, as it only wished to hold property, and would have no dividends to pay. We organized with the distinct understanding that the membership should constitute the board. We could have put a hundred, or a thousand, or nine as the membership; so they selected just nine, with the understanding that those nine would be selected by the General Conference, and these would elect themselves trustees, to constitute the operating department of the foreign mission work. We have asked the General Conference Committee to nominate nine men that we might elect, or have our choice of electing, to constitute this corporation. Then this membership of nine will elect a board of trustees, which will preserve our corporate life, and allow us to continue in business.

The Chair: The names will be read.

The Secretary read each name separately, the question being called on each.

J. O. Corliss: There are two names printed on page 377 of the BULLETIN, which are omitted.

The Chair: Yes: the board itself is composed of eleven; but, as Brother Evans has said, we are to nominate but nine for the legal corporation trustees, as they are compelled by law to elect themselves, and there must be only nine in the legal corporation.

The question was put and carried.

The Chair: The Committee on Distribution of Laborers have a partial report. Shall we hear that, and then proceed to school matters? The Secretary will kindly read the report.

J. E. Jayne [reading]: “The Committee on Distribution of Laborers suggest the following additional recommendations:—

“82. That A. F. Ballenger and wife, of the Chesapeake Conference, be invited to make England their field of labor.

“83. That Professor J. L. Shaw and wife, of South Africa, be invited to make England their field of labor.

“84. That Mrs. Laura Whitgrove, of the Cumberland Conference, be invited to make England her field of labor.

“85. That U. T. Cady and wife, of Wisconsin, be invited to make the Society Islands their field of labor.

“86. That George Beckner, of Texas be invited to make Raiatea his field of labor.

“87. That Magdalina Morris of Oregon, be invited to make the Society Islands her field of labor.

“88. That L. R. Conradi and Dr. P. A. DeForest select a French teacher for the industrial school on Raiatea.

“89. That Luke Roth and wife, of California, be invited to make Tahiti their field of labor, to assist in the French work.

“90. That E. S. Butz and wife be invited to make Tonga their field of labor.

“91. That Geo. F. Enoch and wife, of Jamaica, be invited to make the Central America (South) mission field their field of labor.

“92. That J. B. Beckner and wife, of Texas, be invited to make Jamaica their field of labor.

“93. That L. A. Spring and wife, of Colorado, be invited to make the island of St. Kitts, West Indies, their field of labor.

“94. That W. A. Sweaney and wife, of Minnesota, be invited to make the island of Barbadoes, West Indies, their field of labor.

“95. That we accept the offer of Mrs. M. H. Honeywell, of Minnesota, to go to the island of Barbadoes at her own expense as a self-supporting missionary.

“96. That S. A. Wellman and wife, of Jamaica, be invited to make the Lesser Antilles their field of labor, under the direction of the local mission committee.

“97. That W. G. Kneeland and wife, of Dakota, be invited to make Trinidad their field of labor, with special reference to opening up the work in Tobago.

“98. That R. G. Patterson and wife, of the Atlantic Conference, be invited to make West Virginia their field of labor.

“99. That L. A. Hoopes, of Battle Creek, Mich., be invited to take the presidency of the Iowa Conference.

“100. That Jessie B. Sweet, of Ohio, be invited to make the Tennessee River Conference her field of labor, in the Bible work, under the pay of the Ohio Conference.

“101. That A. O. Burrill and wife, of New York, be invited to make Kansas their field of labor.

“102. That Prof. S. S. Edwards and wife, of Battle Creek, Mich., be invited to connect with the Southern Industrial School, Graysville, Tenn., he to act as principal.

“103. That O. C. Godsmark and wife, of Wisconsin, be invited to make the Cumberland Conference their field of labor.

“104. That we grant the request of the Dakota Conference, that N. W. Allee, of Graysville, Tenn., make Dakota his field of labor.”

A. O. Wilson: I would like to speak of a little matter that it seems to me would be in harmony with the report that we have passed on Canvassing and Colporteur Work. Our pioneer missionary paper for blind people has had no consideration in this Conference. If other people need pioneer missionary literature to help them to get the truth, I believe the blind people, whom the Lord says are in greater need than anybody else because of the loss of their sight, need a pioneer missionary paper; therefore I would move that we in our Conferences be encouraged to support this paper by placing two or more copies in each State institution for blind people.

The Chair: We have closed the unfinished business and the reports as far, perhaps, as we can attend to them this morning. What is the next item of business?

W. J. Stone: There was a Memorial read here last Friday. We have here

something that we would like to present in regard to it:—

“On Friday last the attention of this body was called to the Reunion of Confederate Veterans to be held in the city of Memphis, Tenn., May 28 to June 1, 1901.

“At a meeting of the Southern delegation held the same afternoon, this matter was considered, and the Tennessee delegation was asked to suggest some plan of action to be presented to this body. Subsequently a smaller committee was appointed to formulate recommendations, and we submit the following points:—

“1. That the Gospel Herald issue a special eight-page daily edition during the Reunion for free circulation among the delegates and visitors; four pages to be devoted to our literature, and four pages to a daily program, general news notes, locals, and carefully selected advertisements.

“2. That the Medical Missionary Association, the Review and Herald Publishing Company, and the Pacific Press Publishing Company be invited to donate appropriate literature for free circulation at this Reunion.

“3. That the General Conference be asked to appoint C. P. Bollman as editor of this special edition, and D. W. Reavis as manager of circulation.

“4. As neither the Southern Missionary Society nor the Southern Conferences are in a condition to do this work, it is recommended that the General Conference provide the necessary funds.”

I will say that we received a telegram this morning stating that there are about seventy-five thousand people expected to be present at this reunion.

The Chair: What will you do with this memorial?

S. B. Horton: I move its adoption. William Woodford: I second the motion.

The Chair: It has been moved and seconded that we adopt this memorial. Are there any remarks?

J. E. White: I will say in regard to the telegram, that I sent one yesterday asking for information regarding that reunion. We did not know how many days it would hold nor what the preparations were. The reply is that it will hold May 28 to the 30th, giving three days. They are expecting seventy-five thousand soldiers and visitors. The city of Memphis has contributed one hundred thousand dollars for the entertainment of them, and the plan has been that if this were carried out that the Herald Publishing Company at Nashville would print the inside pages of ten thousand papers, giving opportunity of getting the truth in as we want it, illustrating it in nice attractive style. We can furnish them at Nashville, and send them down and so have the news of the day. We will have our own artists go down and get pictures of such persons here as are leading in it, and we can make that part attractive, so that they will want to take it home and preserve it. From fifty to seventy-five thousand people of the South will be there. If we can make these papers attractive, and can scatter them all through the South, then when the papers come to them afterward with the truth, they will read it.

W. C. White: It is said that an ounce of experience is worth a pound of theory. In Basel, Switzerland, when we were struggling along with our publishing work, and finding it difficult to sell papers, and even difficult in some places to give them away, there was appointed an international fete of athletes, gathered from Switzerland, Germany, and the countries around. They spent three days in Basel, and the people went to work and published a special paper for them. We printed two papers for them, and distributed seven thousand of one, and five thousand of the other. They were received with great appreciation. Not only that, but we found that a favorable impression was made upon business men by that little effort which sweetened the feelings of the people, and opened doors for us everywhere. My observations of this enterprise, and its results have led me to feel that it was a grand success. Now you can see that a gathering of veterans would naturally be a more encouraging field for such an enterprise than a gathering of athletes, and while the enterprise may strike us as something new, I believe the time has come for us to be able to strike while the iron is hot.

The Chair: Are you ready for the adoption of this Memorial?

The question was called and carried unanimously.

C. C. Lewis: I would like to call attention to a final recommendation of the Committee on Education that it may be printed in to-morrow’s BULLETIN. The report is as follows:—

“The Committee on Education beg leave to report, as their final recommendation, the following preamble and resolution:—

Whereas, We were told many years ago that the cause of God needed more ministers and Bible workers; that there was a dearth of well-qualified laborers in these departments of the word; that cultivated intellect was even then needed in the cause, for novices could not do the work acceptably; that God had devised the only college we then had as an instrumentality for developing workers of whom he would not be ashamed; and that if the latent talents then in the church could have been developed and brought into use we would have had twenty ministers where we had one; and—

Whereas, This instruction is applicable, with even greater force, to our own present conditions, and men whom God has called seem to be turning away from the sacred work of the ministry to engage in other pursuits; therefore—

“20. Resolved, That this General Conference do hereby encourage the development of these classes of laborers.—

(a) By requesting the church to pray the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into his harvest:

(b) By recommending ministers to preach upon the sacred calling and work of the ministry;

(c) By asking our editors to write upon the same noble theme;

(d) By instructing our schools to keep this subject before their students, and to provide such instructors and such courses of study as will help those whom God has called to become workmen that need not be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth; and,—

(e) By recommending the establishment of a fund in each school district, from which loans may be made to assist worthy students preparing for the ministry and the Bible work.

“C. C. LEWIS, Chairman.
“C. W. IRWIN, Secretary.”

A. T. Jones: Brother Magan was to have been here at this hour to state further the different educational interests which we have in hand just now, especially in Battle Creek College, buy he is sick, and so far as anything else is concerned, we shall know more after we have heard what Sister White has to present to us.

E. A. Sutherland: For some time during the last two or three years there has been an effort made to have some changes in the school work, and at the present time, especially in this country,

we have reached the point where we can carry out some of the plans that we have been making an effort for. It has been thought that probably one of the best ways of bringing our educational work together, was to make the reformation so prominent that there would be unity of interest in the educational work. It is expected that the General Conference will take a very active part in the new school to be started. Plans are therefore being made to start this school so that the General Conference will have immediate control of it. In this way we hope to have a model school, so that all the schools can watch the work being done. In this way the schools all over the country can accept the light that is worked out, and reject all the failures. Sister White has something to say this morning that will help to start this school in a right manner. She has a deep interest in this work, and she told us the other day that she had some more things that she wanted to tell us.

[At this point Sister White gave an address, which will appear in a later number of the BULLETIN.]

The Chair: Brother Jones has an item of business to present before we close.

A. T. Jones: This is a matter of legal form in connection with the Battle Creek College. In the reorganization plans, the new association is directed by its character that the General Conference assembled shall appoint thirty men who shall elect the managing board. This is the first General Conference held since these steps have been taken; and since there will be no other one for at least two years, it is essential to make our action perfectly safe, whichever way we go now, that there shall be this legal form recognized, and those thirty were elected, so that they can do what is necessary, whether we go forward or whether we go back.

The Battle Creek College is now in the course of reconstruction; it is in the courts. Under this new plan that we have undertaken, to sell the property direct, and move out of Battle Creek, we do not know certainly yet whether it will be the easiest way to go forward, or to turn slightly back and go another way. We can do either way, as shall prove to be best. To make it perfectly certain, whichever way we go, it is necessary that these thirty men shall be named, to elect a new board, if necessary; and since our time is so short in every way, I have thought that the best way for the Conference to get at that—and I suggest it to you for your consideration—would be to name the twenty-five men who are the General Conference Committee, with five additional men, who will make the thirty, and I think they are all men that we can all trust to carry that work safely forward.

These thirty men are electors to choose a board of twelve to conduct affairs. These thirty men can do their work in half an hour when they get together. They can all do this in a few minutes before they go to the different fields in the world. So if you, as a General Conference, approve this proposition, you can make the motion from the floor, so it will be the Conference doing it.

Delegate: Who are the five additional men that you would name, aside from the General Conference Committee?

A. T. Jones: W. T. Bland, J. E. Tenney, L. Johnson, W. O. Worth (a business man of Chicago, who is very much interested in educational work), and C. C. Lewis. These five men in addition to the members of the General Conference Committee.

W. W. Prescott: You must make it six if you have thirty men, for there are but twenty-four members elected thus far on the General Conference Committee.

A. T. Jones: Who will you name as the sixth man?

The Chair: G. B. Thompson.

M. C. Wilcox: I move that these thirty men who have been named be elected by this Conference.

Delegate: I second the motion.

A. T. Jones: It has been moved and seconded that these thirty men who have been named shall be elected by this General Conference as electors, to elect a board for the management of Battle Creek College affairs. All in favor of this will signify it by raising the right hand. Any opposed? It is unanimous.

A. T. Jones: I would ask Judge Arthur to make a statement in regard to this matter, so that all may understand it.

Jesse Arthur: I think you have stated the matter clearly.

Adjournment was here taken, the benediction being pronounced by Elder Moon.

A. G. DANIELLS, Chairman.
L. A. HOOPES, Secretary.

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“Blessed are the pure in heart.”

REGARDING THE LATE MOVEMENT IN INDIANA

Article Read by Mrs. E. G. White before the Ministers, April 17, 1901.

Instruction has been given me in regard to the late experience of brethren in Indiana and the teaching they have given to the churches. Through this experience and teaching the enemy has been working to lead souls astray.

The teaching given in regard to what is termed “holy flesh” is an error. All may now obtain holy hearts, but it is not correct to claim in this life to have holy flesh. The apostle Paul declares, “I know that in me [that is, in my flesh] dwelleth no good thing.” Romans 7:17. To those who have tried so hard to obtain by faith so-called holy flesh, I would say, You can not obtain it. Not a soul of you has holy flesh now. No human being on the earth has holy flesh. It is an impossibility.

If those who speak so freely of perfection in the flesh, could see things in the true light, they would recoil with horror from their presumptuous ideas. In showing the fallacy of their assumptions in regard to holy flesh, the Lord is seeking to prevent men and women from putting on his words a construction which leads to pollution of body, soul, and spirit. Let this phase of doctrine be carried a little further, and it will lead to the claim that its advocates can not sin; that since they have holy flesh, their actions are all holy. What a door of temptation would thus be opened!

The Scriptures teach us to seek for the sanctification to God of body, soul, and spirit. In this work we are to be laborers together with God. Much may be done to restore the moral image of God in man, to improve the physical, mental, and moral capabilities. Great changes can be made in the physical system by obeying the laws of God and bringing into the body nothing that defiles. And while we can not claim perfection of the flesh, we may have Christian perfection of the soul. Through the sacrifice made in our behalf, sins may be perfectly forgiven. Our dependence is not in what man can do; it is in what God can do for man through Christ. When we surrender ourselves wholly to God, and fully believe, the blood of Christ cleanses from all sin. The conscience can be freed from condemnation. Through faith in

his blood, all may be made perfect in Christ Jesus. Thank God that we are not dealing with impossibilities. We may claim sanctification. We may enjoy the favor of God. We are not to be anxious about what Christ and God think of us, but about what God thinks of Christ, our Substitute. Ye are accepted in the Beloved. The Lord shows, to the repenting, believing one, that Christ accepts the surrender of the soul, to be molded and fashioned after his own likeness.

In his life on earth, Christ could have made disclosures which would have eclipsed and assigned to oblivion all human discoveries. He could have opened door after door to mysterious things, and many revelations of eternal realities would have been the sure result. He could have uttered words which would have been as a key - to unlock mysteries that would have captivated the minds of generations to the close of time. But Christ does not open the numerous doors at which human curiosity has been striving to obtain entrance. He does not spread for men a feast that would prove deleterious to their highest interests. He came to plant for men, not the tree of knowledge, but the tree of life.

Adam’s transgression of God’s law involved the entire future of the human family. All nature is confused; for God forbade the earth to carry out the purpose he had originally designed for it. Let there be no peace to the wicked, saith the Lord. The curse of God is upon all creation. Every year it makes itself more decidedly felt. But God is moving slowly in his great purpose, for the benefit of the righteous. Soon the vials of his wrath will be poured out. If but ten righteous persons had been found in Sodom, God would not have devoted the city to destruction. Let us see that our hearts are right with God, and he will be our defense in the time of trouble.

“Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh, and having an high priest over the house of God: let us draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering (for he is faithful that promised): and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works; not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another; and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.” Hebrews 10:19-25.

I have been instructed to say to those in Indiana who are advocating strange doctrines. You are giving a wrong mold to the precious and important work of God. Keep within the bounds of the Bible. Take Christ’s lessons, and repeat them over and over again. Remember that “the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruit, without partiality, and without hypocrisy. And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.” James 3:17, 18.

When human beings receive holy flesh, they will not remain on the earth, but will be taken to heaven. While sin is forgiven in this life, its results are not now wholly removed. It is at his coming that Christ is to “change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body.” Philippians 3:21. When Christ shall come with a great sound of a trumpet, and shall call the dead from their prison house, then the saints will receive holy flesh. Then this mortal shall put on immortality, and this corruptible shall put on incorruption. Then Christ will be admired in all them that believe. He will see of the travail of his soul, and will be satisfied. Then will break forth from immortal beings the song of triumph, “Worthy, worthy is the Lamb.”

“Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which can not be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear; for our God is a consuming fire.” Hebrews 12:28, 29.

Those who meet Christ in peace at his coming must in this life walk before him in humility, meekness, and lowliness of mind. It becomes every human being to walk modestly and circumspectly before God, in harmony with the great testing truths he has given to the world. But the late experience of brethren in Indiana has not been in accordance with the Lord’s instruction. I have not during this Conference held conversation with any one in regard to this matter, but the Lord has given me a definite testimony that a strange work is being done in Indiana, the results of which are not after his order. This phase of religious enthusiasm is a dangerous delusion. The sentiments and exercises are not prompted by the Holy Spirit. They have led to very sad results.

Again and again in the progress of our work, fanatical movements have arisen, and when the matter was presented before me, I have had to bear a message similar to the message I am bearing to my brethren from Indiana. I have been instructed by the Lord that this movement in Indiana is of the same character as have been the movements in years past. In your religious meetings there have been exercises similar to those I have witnessed in connection with those movements in the past.

In the period of disappointment after the passing of the time in 1844, fanaticism in various forms arose. Some held that the resurrection of the righteous dead had already taken place. I was sent to bear a message to those believing this, as I am now bearing a message to you. They declared that they were perfected, that body, soul, and spirit were holy. They made demonstrations similar to those you have made, and confused their own minds and the minds of others by their wonderful suppositions. Yet these persons were our beloved brethren, and we were longing to help them. I went into their meetings. There was much excitement, with noise and confusion. One could not tell what was piped or what was harped. Some appeared to be in vision, and fell to the floor. Others were jumping, dancing, and shouting. They declared that as their flesh was purified, they were ready for translation. This they repeated again and again. I bore my testimony in the name of the Lord, placing his rebuke upon these manifestations.

Some who had engaged in these movements were brought to their right mind, and saw their delusion. Some had been excellent, honest people, but they thought that sanctified flesh could not sin, and thus they had been taken in Satan’s trap. They had carried their strong ideas so far that they became a reproach to the precious cause of God. These sorely repented, and some were afterward among our most reliable men and women. But there were others who ever after walked in sadness. We could not at any time make them feel that they were worthy to work for the Master, whose precious cause they had so greatly dishonored.

As the result of fanatical movements such as I have described, persons in no way responsible for them have in some cases lost their reason. They could not harmonize the scenes of excitement and tumult with their own past precious experience; they were pressed beyond measure to receive the message of error; it was represented to them that unless they did this they would be lost; and as the result their mind was unbalanced, and some became insane. These things bring a reproach upon the cause of truth, and hinder the proclamation of the last message of mercy to the world.

The manner in which the meetings in Indiana have been carried on, with noise and confusion, does not commend them the thoughtful, intelligent minds. There is nothing in these demonstrations which will convince the world that we have the truth. Mere noise and shouting are no evidence of sanctification, or of the descent of the Holy Spirit. Your wild demonstrations create only disgust in the minds of unbelievers. The fewer of such demonstrations there are, the better it will be for the actors and for the people in general. Fanaticism, once started and left unchecked, is as hard to quench as a fire which has obtained hold of a building. Those who have entered into and sustained this fanaticism, might far better be engaged in secular labor; for by their inconsistent course of action they are dishonoring the Lord and imperiling his people. Many such movements will arise at this time, when the Lord’s work should stand elevated, pure, unadulterated with superstition and fables. We need to be on our guard, to maintain a close connection with Christ, that we be not deceived by Satan’s devices.

The Lord desires to have in his service order and discipline, not excitement and confusion. We are not now able to describe with accuracy the scenes to be enacted in our world in the future; but this we do know, that this is a time when we must watch unto prayer; for the great day of the Lord is at hand. Satan is rallying his forces. We need to be thoughtful and still, and to contemplate the truths of revelation. Excitement is not favorable to growth in grace, to true purity and sanctification of the spirit.

God wants us to deal with sacred truth. This alone will convince the gainsayer. Calm, sensible labor must be put forth, to convince souls of their condition, to show them the character-building which must be carried on if a beautiful structure is raised for the Lord. Minds that are awakened must be patiently instructed if they rightly understand and duly appreciate the truths of the word.

God calls upon his people to walk with sobriety and holy consistency. They should be very careful not to misrepresent and dishonor the holy doctrines of truth by strange performances, by confusion and tumult. By this, unbelievers are led to think that Seventh-day Adventists are a set of fanatics. Thus prejudice is created that prevents souls from receiving the message for this time. When believers speak the truth as it is in Jesus, they reveal a holy, sensible calm, not a storm of confusion.

At our camp-meetings we are to preach the word, defending the reasons of our faith. God will give us the rich endowments of his grace in proportion to our knowledge and practice of the truth as it is in Jesus.

There are few who really taste the sweetness of communion with the risen Saviour. All are too largely occupied with the things of this earth. Worldly things are too much thought of and talked of. We are too well satisfied with breathing the atmosphere of earth. Self is too often consulted, and it sways the perception and judgment into wrong channels. There must be more beholding of our Saviour and more talking of heavenly things. Our secular work must be done, but every business transaction needs the closest criticism, else we shall find interwoven with it threads of selfishness, and it will become a snare to our feet. The Lord will not serve with our sins. There is no virtue in judging others. Our time and work are too important for this. “Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, now that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates.” 2 Corinthians 13:5.

“Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: for the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass; for he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the word, this man shall be blessed in his deed. If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man’s religion is vain. Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.” James 1:19-27.

Brethren from Indiana, the word of the Lord to you and to all who are misled by your influence is: “Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace.” “Let not then your good be evil spoken of; for the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost: for he that in these things serveth Christ, is acceptable to God and approved of men. Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things where-with one may edify another.” Hebrews 13:9; Romans 14:16-19.

“I would that ye knew what great conflict I have for you and for them at. Laodicea, and for as many as have not seen my face in the flesh; that their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgment of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ; in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words. For though I be absent in the flesh, yet am I with you in the spirit, joying and beholding your order, and the steadfastness of your faith in Christ. As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye in him; rooted and built up in him, and established in the faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving. Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. For in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily. And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principalities and powers.” Colossians 2:1-10.

“Speak thou the things which

become sound doctrine: that the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.... Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded. In all things showing thyself a pattern of good works; in doctrine showing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity, sound speech that can not be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.” Titus 2:1-8.

The work of self-examination must go forward. When Christ is enshrined in our hearts, we have reached the position which God desires us to occupy. The example and lessons of Christ are to be our study; for in Christ dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily. In him are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. Looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, we are to move onward and upward. And who can describe the benefits of appreciating Him who is invisible? “We all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory,—from character to character,—even as by the Spirit of the Lord.” 2 Corinthians 3:18.

We need to contemplate Christ and become assimilated to his image through the transforming power of the Holy Spirit. This is our only safeguard against being entangled in Satan’s delusive snares.

CONFESSION OF ELDER R. S. DONNELL

I feel unworthy to stand before this large assembly of my brethren this morning. Very early in life I was taught to reverence and to love the Word of God; and when reading in it how God used to talk to his people, correcting their wrongs, and guiding them in all their ways, when a mere boy I used to say: “Why don’t we have a prophet? Why doesn’t God talk to us now as he used to do?”

When I found this people, I was more than glad to know that there was a prophet among them, and from the first I have been a firm believer in, and a warm advocate of, the Testimonies and the Spirit of prophecy. It has been suggested to me at times in the past, that the test on this point of faith comes when the Testimony comes directly to us. As nearly all of you know, in the Testimony of yesterday morning the test came to me. But, brethren, I can thank God this morning that my faith in the Spirit of prophecy remains unshaken. God has spoken. He says I was wrong, and I answer, God is right, and I am wrong. Yea, let God be true, and every man a liar. I am very, very sorry that I have done that which would mar the cause of God, and lead any one in the wrong way. I have asked God to forgive me, and I know that he has done it. As delegates and representatives of the cause of God in the earth, I now ask you to forgive me my sins, and I ask your prayers for strength and wisdom to walk aright in the future. It is my determination by the help of God, to join glad hands with you in the kingdom of God.

HIS WONDERFUL LOVE

Mrs. E. G. White, Sabbath, April 20.

“Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God; therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. Beloved, now are we the sons of God; and it doth not yet appear what we shall be; but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure. Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law; for sin is the transgression of the law. And we know that he was manifested to take away our sins, and in him is no sin. Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not; whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. Little children, let no man deceive you; he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous.”

I desire to call your attention to the first verse of the scripture I have read. “Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God; therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.”

John tried to describe the love of God, but language failed. He could only call on us to behold it. We must behold this love for ourselves. We must strive to understand as far as possible the love the Father has bestowed on us. Let no one feel that he is stepping down in becoming a child of God. It was the only begotten Son of God who stepped down. He gave himself for us. Leaving his splendor, his majesty, his high command, and clothing his divinity with humanity, that humanity might touch humanity, and divinity lay hold upon divinity, he came to this earth, and in our behalf suffered the death of the cross.

In the words I have read, our possibilities and probabilities are opened before us. It is possible for every son and daughter of Adam, through belief in Christ, to be cleansed from sin. “As many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.” Our part is to receive and believe on Jesus Christ. Of him on whom we are asked to believe, it is written, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of man.... That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.”

It is our privilege to walk in the light as Christ is in the light. We need not groan and murmur because the path heavenward is not a smooth one. Our part is to believe, to try to understand the words, “Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed on us, that we might be called the sons of God.” The assurance is, “As many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.” Do we believe on his name?

Christ has made an infinite sacrifice. He gave his own life for us. He took upon his divine soul the result of the transgression of God’s law. Laying aside his royal crown, he condescended to step down, step by step, to the level of fallen humanity. He hung upon Calvary’s cross, dying in our behalf, that we might have eternal life. Why is it that we are so indifferent to this great sacrifice. Does it seem a small thing that he should endure all this, that we might be called the sons of God. Does it seem a small thing to you to become members of the royal family, children of the heavenly King, partakers of an immortal inheritance? Is it a small matter to become heirs of God, and joint heirs with Jesus Christ? What sacrifice have we made in response to this infinite sacrifice?

Would you grasp the things of the world? The world knoweth not God.

Give yourselves to the world, and you will not know God; you can not know him. We need to behold him. We need to purify our souls by obeying the truth.

“It doth not yet appear what we shall be; but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.” And we shall be among that number who can say, “Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us.” That salvation is worth striving for. Will we accept the privilege of becoming co-laborers with Jesus Christ, co-operating with him in building a pure and holy character, separating from us all that will make us impure and unclean in his sight? Will we accept immortal life?

Do you feel that you are taking a step down, that it is humiliating to be a follower of Jesus? Ever since I was eleven years old, I have felt that the greatest thing I could think of, and that I could strive to obtain, was the forgiveness of my sins. I believed that I would receive pardon from the One who promised it to me. And he is ready to pardon every one of you. Christ has promised to take away our sins, if we will come to him in faith. His pardon is for us.

No one can serve God by proxy. There are so many who seem to think that there is some one in this world stronger than Christ, upon whom they can lean. And instead of coming right to Christ, just as they are, giving themselves unreservedly to him, they reach out for human help. God wants us to have an individual experience, to form characters after the divine similitude. I can not work out a character for you, and you can not work out a character for me. We are to stand before God in our individuality, and know for ourselves what it means to have the light and comfort and love of God in our hearts. The Lord wants us to take him at his word. He desires every one of us to reveal his character to the world. If all would accept the righteousness of Christ, we would not see so much sickness in our world. Everyone would strive to take care of the house he inhabits. He would purify his soul by obeying the truth.

Consider Jesus Christ, our Sacrifice. He came into this world of sorrow, seared and marred with the curse. He lifted from us the curse that came upon the world because of the transgression of God’s law. I am glad that it is our privilege to receive the truth; it is our privilege to receive Jesus Christ, and to trust in him at every step.

Have we a right hold upon our Redeemer? Have you a right hold from above? If you have a happy feeling here, this is no proof that you are in connection with God. “Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” Have we that living faith that takes God at his word? He has told us that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. Are we striving for that life? Are we putting away everything that will weaken our mental powers, that will confuse our idea of what Christ is to us, and what we may be to Christ?

God has a people upon this earth. Who are they? They are those who will purify their souls by obeying the truth as it is in Jesus. Those who have the hope of everlasting life, will purify and cleanse the soul temple, that it may be a place where God can dwell. Then they can reveal to the world what great things he is willing to do for his children. He has told us of his matchless love. He has told us that if we receive his strength, we shall make peace with him. Shall we take hold of the strength of the infinite One?

God tells us that he wants our joy to be full. John writes, “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled of the word of life; ...that which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us; and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son, Jesus Christ. And these things write we unto you, that our joy may be full.”

God wants us to lead those with whom we are associated, to trust in him, not in human beings. He wants us to be joyful in him. Why is it, I ask, that the song of praise and triumph does not arise from our lips, as we think of what God has done for us?

“It doth not yet appear what we shall be,” but by rightly representing what the truth has done for us, by showing that we have been born again, we can make this appear tenfold more than we do. There will always be those who will present in the worst light, those who are trying to serve God, and to purify their souls through obedience to the truth. Thus Satan seeks to discourage and hinder. God’s people are to stand where they will know who are of God and who are not of God. They are to stand in his strength, believing in him, and revealing to the world the power of his grace.

We read in Zechariah, “He showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. And the Lord said unto him, The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan, even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee. Is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel.”

Joshua represents the people of God. When Satan accused him, the Lord rebuked him, and spoke to those that stood before him, saying, “Take away the filthy garment from him, and unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with a change of raiment. And I said, Let them set a fair miter upon his head. So they set a fair miter upon his head, and clothed him with garments, and the angel of the Lord stood by.” Satan tries to bring reproach against those who are trying to serve and honor God. He presents them in a questionable light, as those who are clothed with filthy garments. God says, “Take away the filthy garments. You have no right to put them upon them. Take them away. My people may have imperfections of character. They may fail in their endeavors, but if they repent. I will forgive them.”

This word of assurance is given to all who have faith in God. Receive this wonderful promise. It is not a human being who is speaking. “Thus saith the Lord of hosts, If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt judge my house, and shalt also keep my courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by.”

Among these that stand by.-the hosts of the enemy, who are trying to bring God’s people into disrepute, and the hosts of heaven, ten thousand times ten thousand angels, who watch over and guard the tempted people of God. uplifting and strengthening them. These are they who stand by. And God says to his believing ones. You shall walk among them. You shall not be overcome by the powers of darkness. You shall

stand before me in the sight of the holy angels, who are sent forth to minister to those who shall be heirs of salvation.

Let us think of the great sacrifice Christ has made in our behalf. For us he endured insult and mockery. He was tempted in all points like as we are, that he might be able to succor those that are tempted. There is joy for the believer in the promises of God. Let us make these promises the foundation of our faith. If we receive Christ as a personal Saviour, his power will keep us from falling. Here is the word of the Lord in our behalf. “Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him; and he can not sin; because he is born of God. In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil; whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother. For this is the message that ye have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.”

God wants us to be a help and strength to one another. He wants us to speak words of hope and courage. He is light. Open the windows of the soul toward heaven, and let the sunlight of God enter. The threshold of God is flooded with his glory, glory which is for every one who will receive the light.

Temptations and trials may come, but that is not an evidence that you are not a child of God. He wants you to pray. Take hold of him for strength and comfort. When we are in trial, when we are opposed and in difficulty, when reports are made in regard to us, as they were in regard to Christ, when it was said, “He hath a devil.” we should stand where we shall not retaliate, but reveal Christ.

When Christ was leaving his disciples, he said. “Let not your heart be troubled, ye believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you. I will come again and receive you unto myself, that where I am, there ye may be also. And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.”

Now there is a promise. Do you believe it? I do. I believe in a soon-coming Saviour. Let us prepare ourselves for his coming. Let us take fast hold upon the power that God gives us, and in his strength keep his commandments.

God will help every one who will take hold to co-operate with him. How shall we do it? Shall we sit here in the great congregation that generally assembles in Battle Creek, expecting the Lord to pour his grace and light upon us. “Ye are God’s husbandry, ye are God’s building.” He calls upon you to bring to the foundation stone gold and silver and precious stones. What is more precious in the sight of God and the whole heavenly host than his church on this earth? What can be more precious?

There is a great work to be done. How shall we reveal Christ? I know of no better way to reveal him than to go forth as missionaries to our world. I know of no better way than to take hold of the medical missionary work in connection with the ministry. Wherever you go, there begin to work. Take an interest in those around you who need help and light. You may stand and preach to those here who know the truth, you may preach sermon after sermon to them, but they do not appreciate it. Why? - Because they are inactive. Every one who is able to go out and work should bring to the foundation stone, not hay, wood, or stubble, but gold, silver, and precious stones.

We ought to be at work in the dark corners of the earth. We have tried this in Australia. The Lord has revealed himself, and we have built meeting-house after meeting-house, as we have gone to places where the people have never heard anything about the truth. I have frequently stood in the open air to speak to companies gathered to hear me. I have seen women with children in their arms standing for an hour to listen to me. There were men and women all around me. I have asked them, “How many of you have an intelligent faith in Jesus Christ? How many are Christians? Those who are, hold up your hands.” Not a hand would be raised. Did they not need Christ? Did they not need a knowledge of the truth? Did they not need to learn lessons of temperance? Indeed they did.

God wants us to stand where we can warn the people. He desires us to take up the temperance question. By wrong habits of eating and drinking men are destroying what power they have for thought and intelligence. We do not need to take an ax and break into their saloons. We have a stronger weapon than this. - the word of the living God. That will cleave its way through the hellish shadow which Satan seeks to east athwart their pathway. God is mighty and powerful. He will speak to their hearts. We have seen him doing this. We have seen souls brought to the truth.

In Australia, I met a man considered free from everything like intemperance, except for one habit. He used tobacco. He came to hear us at the tent, and one night after he went home, as he afterward told us, he wrestled against the habit of tobacco-using, and obtained the victory. Some of his relatives had told him that they would give him fifty pounds if he would throw away his tobacco. He would not do it. “But,” he said, “when you present the principles of temperance before us as you have done, I can not resist them. You present before us the self-denial of One who gave his life for us. I do not know him now, but I desire to know him. I have never offered a prayer in my house. I have cast away my tobacco, but that is as far as I have gone.” ‘

We prayed with him, and after we left him, we wrote to him and later visited him again. He finally reached the point where he gave himself to God, and he is becoming the very pillar of the church in the place where he lives. He is working with all his soul to bring his relatives to a knowledge of the truth.

The Lord wants plants made in the dark places of the earth. There are many, many souls in our world who are hungry for the truth. Let us seek to understand how to reach the people. There is no better way to do this than to be compassionate and sympathetic. If you know of those who are sick and in need of assistance, help them, try to relieve them in their distress. As you do this work, the power of the Lord will speak through it to the soul.

God has given us talents to use for him. To one he gives five talents, to another two, and to another one. Let not him who has but one talent think to hide it from God. The Lord knows where it is hidden. He knows that it is doing nothing for him. When the Lord comes, he will ask his servants. What have you done with the talents I entrusted to you? And as he who received five and he who received two tell him that by trading they have doubled their talents, he will say to them. “Well done, good and faithful servant. Thou, hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things... Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.” Thus he will say also to him

who has improved the one talent lent him. But to him who has hidden his talent, failing to improve it, he will say, “Thou wicked and slothful servant, thou knewest that I reaped where I sowed not, and gathered where I have not straw ed. Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury.”

Many to-day are hiding their talents. To him who has but one talent I would say, Do you know that one talent, rightly used and improved, will bring to the Lord one hundred talents? How? you ask. Use your gift in the conversion of one man of intellect, who sees what God is to him, and what he should be to God. Let him place himself on the side of the Lord, and as he imparts the light to others, he will be the means of bringing many souls to the Saviour. Through the right use of one talent, one hundred souls may receive the truth. It is not to those who have the greatest number of talents to whom the “Well done” is spoken, but to those who in sincerity and faithfulness have used their gifts for the Master.

We understand the truth as it is in Jesus. Do we not want others to understand this truth? There is a great work to be done in our world, and we are accountable for every ray of light that shines upon our pathway. Impart that light, and you will receive more light to impart. Great blessing will come to those who use their talents aright.

There is a world to be warned. What are we doing for the men and women who are in the darkness of error? Are we putting on the armor of God? Are we standing where we can resist the temptations of the enemy? “Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God.” Will you show your appreciation of this love? Will you try to be a blessing to those who are out of Christ? You can no longer find time to spend in criticism and fault-finding. We do not believe that you will do this after the light you have received at this meeting.

The Lord is not pleased with his people when they neglect to criticize their own soul, criticizing others instead. This is Satan’s work. When you do this work, remember that the enemy is using you as a means of tempting others, in order that those who should be united in harmony and joy, building up one another in the most holy faith, shall warring and complaining because some one else is sinning. Christ has not made you a sin-bearer. You can not even bear your own sin. Therefore be very careful not to take up any reproach against your neighbor. God wants his people to be free. He has been binding them together at this Conference, for which I feel very grateful. Shall we not let praise flow forth from our lips? Shall we not remember that by the words we speak we may either wound or heal? Shall we not remember that as we judge, so we shall be judged, we who perhaps have had many more opportunities than those whom we judge.

Our hearts must be melted into tenderness and love for one another. We may criticize ourselves just as severely as we please. The one who criticizes another gives evidence that he is the very one who needs to criticize himself. Pray to God to show you what you must remove from yourselves in order that you may see the kingdom of God, I want to see Jesus. I love him, and I want to behold his matchless charms. So do you. Let us show to the world that there is joy in believing in Christ that his joy is in us, and our joy is full. When we consider Jesus, the propitiation for our sins, shall we let him plead with us in vain? Shall we refuse to deny self. We should preserve every power of mind and body, to work to his name’s glory. There is a crown for the overcomer. Do you want it? Do you want to run the race with patience? Then do not seek to find something to condemn in your neighbor, but look right to Jesus Christ. Behold his purity, and you will be charmed and will reflect his likeness. That is what God wants us to do.

Will you lay hold of the hope set before you in the gospel? God wants you to have eternal life. He does not mean to east you aside. Why are you so doubtful? Come to Christ in your weakness and infirmity, saying, Dear Lord, there is no physician like thee. I want you to heal me, soul and body. Is there any one here who will not come to him just as he is?

So many are weighed down with the cares and disappointments and troubles of his life. Carry these troubles to Jesus. He says, “Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” Rest,—this is what you want. It is found only in Jesus. “Take my yoke upon you.” One says. “I should not think there is much rest in that. But there is, because it is heaven’s plan, and there is rest in carrying out this plan. “Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart, and ye shall find rest unto your souls. He says, “I will give you rest;” but there is something more for us. We have a lesson to learn. “Learn of me,” how to find rest. It is in our meekness and lowliness, it is in denying self and following Christ, that we find rest. Do you think it is a terrible burden to follow Christ? He says, “My yoke is easy and my burden is light.” What makes the burden light?—Because you are yoked up with Christ. What makes the yoke easy?—Because he lifts with you, and you are co-operating with him.

“We are laborers together with God.” “Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Then do not go to human beings for relief.

Letters have come to me across the broad waters of the Pacific, asking for our prayers. Christ was close by the writer, and they did not recognize him. Why can not they recognize the One who gave his life for them? Will he readily give you up to perish? Will he cast you off, after what he has endured for you? He hung upon the cross, and his last words were addressed to his Father, “Why hast thou forsaken me?” Why did God forsake him? Because every sinner is to be forsaken by God unless his sins are forgiven by Jesus Christ, who took the sin of the world upon himself. He bore it that sinners might have the very probation you have to-day.

God wants every one of you to take steps in advance. He wants you to come out from the world and be separate. If you will give your life to him, he will make it a life of happiness, that his joy—and his joy is worth something—may be in you, and your joy may be full. This is the privilege of every one of us.

As you work for others, as you tell them the story of Jesus, words will be given you. Words are a power. Speech is a wonderful talent, but it is a very dangerous use of this talent to speak discouraging words, or to be cross and fretful in the home. Just what you are in the home you are in the church, and just what you are in the church you are before God. God wants us to speak words of hope to those who need comfort

and strength. He desires us to go out into the fields which are everywhere opening to the truth.

When Christ comes, he will say, What have you done with the talents I gave you. Did you hide them in the earth? He is represented in the parable as calling the one who buried his talent, a wicked and slothful servant. Are there slothful ones here, who have not worked for the Master? God help us to save ourselves from the sloth that is eating out the very vitals of godliness. At the last great day, if our characters are in harmony with the character of God, we shall be caught up to heaven to see the King in his beauty, there to sing the praise of our Creator through the ceaseless ages of eternity.

A TESTIMONY Given to the Ministers at General Conference, April 17

I Want to say a few words. God has left a few of the old pioneers who know something of the fanaticism which existed in the early days of this message. Here is Brother Prescott; he knows something about it. He is acquainted with phase after phase of the fanaticism which has taken place. Here is Brother Haskell. He knows something about it, and there are various ones of our older brethren who have passed over the ground, and they understand something of what we have had to meet and contend with. Then there is Brother Corliss; I speak of him because he knows something about fanaticism, not only in the early days, but in our later experience.

Let every one of us remember the men of gray hairs. Do not set them back in corner, and say, We do not need you, because you are too old to be active workers. If on only one occasion these men of experience can stand and tell you what the right way is, it is worth to the cause of God more than you would pay a dozen laborers who have had little or no experience in this work. God wants us to come to our senses. I thank God that there are a few who know what we have passed through in the beginning of the history of this work; God wants you to cherish them, and I want you to cherish them. God wants you to feel that it is a sacred duty to look after them, and not to ignore them or put them out of eight.

You may think that they have made mistakes. Have you made any? May God let his melting Spirit come into our hearts. May God come to us with his comforting power. What we want is not hearts of steel, but hearts of flesh. I hope that not a soul will go away from this meeting until he can say for himself, I know that I am Christ’s in God.

When persons are in our midst who are moved by the Spirit of God, through whom the great treasures of his word are unfolded to us, increasing in every phase, let us not take the position that we know all that is worth knowing, and what we do not know is not worth knowing, hindering the very ones who are digging for the truth as for hidden treasure. The word of God is opening more and more to us. Just as long as we live on the earth, we shall be able to find a whole treasure house of beautiful things. Some will see beauty in one truth, some in another, and some will look at it in another way. We are not all constituted alike. But some think that what they have is all there is to acquire. They say of others, Do not let him come into our meetings; we do not want him here. He does not believe as we do. I wish to say, Hands off. Let God work through human instrumentalities according to his will.

Read the seventeenth chapter of John, and you will see that God has given us the privilege of being united in Christian love, brethren with brethren, all being bound together by the golden chain of love which has been led down from heaven to unite the believers. God wants you to be like himself. He wants to keep you unspotted from the world, to forgive your sins, and to draw you to himself, that you may step off the ladder into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

I wish to say to you to-day, The Lord wants you to be converted. At great expense to myself, in sickness and feebleness. I have come a long way to bear this testimony before the congregation which was presented to me before I left Cooranbong. If this had not been presented to me. I should not have been here today. But I am here, in obedience to the word of the Lord, and I thank him that he has given me strength beyond my expectations to speak to the people. I want you all, for Christ’s sake, to heed his injunction to love one another. Thus you will bear witness to the world that God sent his Son to save sinners. Let not the enemy come in to break up the unity which should exist between brethren and sisters. Christ wants his people to be one. Why?—That the world may see that God loves his people even as he loves his Son.

Let us at this meeting humble our hearts before God. Night after night since coming here, I have been unable to sleep past one o’clock. I have pleaded with God to enter among us and work mightily upon hearts and minds. He is willing to do this. He declares, “Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if any man hear my voice and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.” If he does not enter, it is because the door is closed against him. Shall we not let him in, that we may enjoy a heavenly feast with a heavenly Guest? God grant that at this meeting you may so consecrate yourselves to his service that you may go forth as did the disciples, bearing the message with such power from on high that thousands will be converted.

“Get ready,” is the word sounded in my ears. “Get ready, get ready. He that is to come, will come and will not tarry. Tell my people that unless they improve the sacred opportunities given them, unless they do the work I have given them, Satan will come upon them with the stealthy tread of a thief, to deceive and allure them.” God wants us to be wide awake, that when he shall come, we shall be ready to say, “Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us.” He is coming to us by his Holy Spirit to-day. Let us recognize him now; then we shall recognize him when he comes in the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory. God calls upon you to get ready to meet him in peace.

I leave this message with you, asking you, in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, to love one another as he has loved you. Thus the world will see and recognize the amazing power of redeeming grace.

THE ECHO PUBLISHING COMPANY

Like all the institutions connected with our work, the Echo Company had a very humble beginning. One of the missionaries who went to Australia in June of 1885 was a printer. He began work in his own bedroom, setting type on the Bible Echo. After the type was set and the form made up, it was taken in a handcart to a neighboring printer, and a small edition of the paper run off.

The work continued under this arrangement for a short time. It was not only found to be a very inconvenient way to publish a paper, but the work was beginning to assume such a shape that the brethren felt encouraged to arrange for a more convenient place to carry on their work, and for a press to do their own printing.

At the beginning of the year 1886 a building was taken at the corner of Rae and Scotchmer streets, North Fitzroy. This was a new building, which had been built for a store. At the rear of the building, was a stable and coach house. The press, also a small gas engine, that had been purchased, were set up and operated in this place as it was more convenient than in the store. Several persons who had accepted the truth connected with the office. A small amount of job work was taken in, and a paper called the Advertiser was started for the purpose of earning money to pay the workmen. This place was also the headquarters of the Australian Branch of the International Tract Society. A small stock of publications which had been imported from America were kept on sale.

The work continued in this building until 1889. It had at this time outgrown those premises, and the workers thought it should be placed on a more permanent basis, so in January, 1889, a meeting of our brethren was called in Temperance Hall, where they were then meeting for religious services, and the situation was placed before them. In less than half an hour, $3,500 was subscribed. In addition to this, loans were negotiated with a few of the brethren, which enabled them to perfect their plans.

In April of that year a company was incorporated under the laws of the Colony of Victoria. It was called the Echo Publishing Co., Ltd. Land was purchased in Best Street, North Fitzroy, and the erection of a building immediately begun. While this building was being erected, an iron building at the rear on the same lot was occupied in carrying on their printing work. The building erected was built of brick and was thirty feet wide by sixty feet deep.

A little later arrangements were made for a stereotype plant, and a small iron building was erected for this purpose. The work of the company continued gradually to increase until in 1892 when it was found necessary to ask the church, that had occupied a portion of the building for meeting purposes, to look for another place. A small binding plant was then put in; thus another branch of the business was added. In about two years’ time the bindery work had outgrown its quarters, and it became necessary to make changes, in order to give that department more room. This was done by rearranging the departments, but the work of the company was increasing so rapidly that it was found necessary to make frequent changes in our building, in order to accommodate our work.

During the time of bank failures it was necessary to economize very carefully, in order for us to carry on our work without a loss. But as the country began to rally from these financial failures, our work began to grow rapidly in volume and strength, until in the year 1897 we found it impossible to cope with the work in the building and plant we then had. The directors gave much time to the study of the question. It was finally decided to erect another building. Arrangements were made and the building was begun the first of February, 1898. In two months’ time this brick three-story building was completed and occupied. The new building was built over the iron one, which had been occupied up to that time as a press-room. After the roof was on the new building, the iron one was taken away, and our presses were left in a fine room twenty-five by eighty feet and fifteen feet high. During the month of April we received from America one of C. B. Cottrell and Sons’ presses, and a month or two later we received from the Basel house the backing machine, embossing press, self-clamp cutting-machine, and dynamo, which they had up to the time of turning their publishing house into a sanitarium. We were also fortunate in obtaining, very cheap, a portion of an electrotype plant, which had been idle for some years in Melbourne. Later we found it necessary to add two more Cottrell presses to our plant, which make five cylinder, and three platen presses at the present time.

In February of 1897 it was decided to open an office in the city of Melbourne, to enable us to obtain more commercial work and also to have a center where the light would shine before many of the business people with whom we might come in contact. From that time to the present our work has gone more rapidly than at any time before, as will be seen by comparison of the number of employees we have had at various times. In 1885 there was one person employed; in 1890 twenty; 1897 twenty-eight; at the beginning of 1899 eighty-three; at the beginning of 1990 there were ninety.

At the present time we have a very good connection with large business houses in the city of Melbourne, and we receive our share of the commercial work that is done in the city. The company has maintained the best of credit from the beginning of its work. Its account stands at the bank and with business firms as A1. We have no difficulty in getting goods to any value we require. We have always been careful to contract only such bills as we were sure we could pay when due.

At the beginning of our work the publishing of the Bible Echo was the main feature. Tracts were printed only to a limited extent, but in the year 1891 arrangements were made for the printing of our smaller books. “Steps to Christ” was the first book issued by the company. Then followed “Coming King,” “Christ Our Saviour,” and other works. Of the small books printed by us, those having the largest sale have been “Gospel Primer” and “A Friend in the Kitchen.” About 50,000 of each of these have been printed and sold up to the present time.

At a meeting of the Australasian Union Conference held in July, 1899, the following resolutions relating to our work were adopted:—

Whereas, The Echo Publishing Co., Ltd., have been favored during the last two years with abundance of work, and have been enabled to erect a large and convenient building, and equip it with the most improved book-printing presses and other printing and binding machinery, thus doubling the Company’s capacity for general work, and enabling it to print and bind both trade and subscription books: therefore—

Resolved. That we acknowledge with gratitude the providences that have led in this work, and that we encourage the directors of the Company to go steadily forward in their efforts:—

(a) To fully equip the office for the printing and binding of large editions of subscription books.

(b) To arrange with authors and publishers for the acquisition of book plates and rights to territory, so that Australasian editions may be published successfully and to profit.

(c) To arrange with the managers of the London publishing house, plans for co-operation in the great work of adapting, publishing, and supplying our most important religious and health works for the successful sale among the people of Great Britain and the Colonies.”

This question was considered at a meeting of the stockholders of the Company held in September of the same year, and the directors were instructed to carry out the resolutions recommended by the Union Conference. The board have added to their plant just as fast as circumstances would warrant.

Already arrangements have been made for the publishing of some of our large subscription books. We obtained a set of plates for “Desire of Ages,” and “House We Live In,” and editions of these books have been printed.

Success has attended the work of our tract societies and canvassing agents during the past two years. Subscription books to the value of $147,191 have been sold. Since the organization of the Company about 125,000 subscription books have been sold in Australasia. Our work has been organized so as thoroughly to work all the territory with each book we have handled. We have also cast our eyes about us to see what we can do for our neighbors. The isles of the sea have appealed to us and we have been able to help them to some extent. Tracts have been translated and printed. “Christ Our Saviour” has been translated into the Tongan, and already 1,000 books have been printed and sent to that field. We have made several shipments of medical books to India and to the Straits Settlements north of Australia. The needs of South Africa have appealed to us, and we have been able to help them in several ways. Donations have been received from different parts of Australasia for the purpose of sending the Bible Echo to the soldiers of South Africa. The Echo company have supplied the papers at the cost of paper and ink. Many thousands of the Bible Echo have been sent into that country.

While the manager of the Company was in South Africa, a request was made for us to help them to get started in their printing work. We were glad to comply with this request. Besides helping them to obtain paper and type at a very small cost and making a cash donation toward a small cylinder press, we sent them one of the best men from our composing room to assist in their work. Thus has the Company endeavored to advance the work in that part of the harvest field.

The Lord has gone before us in all our work, and we have endeavored to follow in his opening providences. Difficulties beset us all the way, but we trust in the Lord to guide and help us over the difficult places. W. D. SALISBURY.

THE WORK IN CANADA

Sunday, April 21, 9 A. M.

J. O. CORLISS: It seems singular that the center of the work of the third angel’s message has been so long in Battle Creek, within 125 miles of the borders of Canada, and yet at this late day Canada must be presented as a needy field; and yet it is so. While the United States has had abundance of labor, and we have had so many men in some places that they have been treading upon the heels of others, as in Michigan and California, yet right across the border there is a crying need for men to enter the destitute places. It is not my place this morning to take your time. There are as many as six persons here who want time to talk in this meeting. That does not mean very much time for each, so I will cease, and let others speak. We call on Brother Starr, President of the Ontario Conference.

F. D. Starr: It was stated here the other day by a representative from Mexico that that country was our nearest neighbor. I think that is according to the way you are looking. If you will face about, you will find a neighbor a little nearer by. We are glad to have such a neighbor as that on the South; but after looking that way, turn and look the other way, and you discover that three or four hours’ ride on the railroad would bring you to a still nearer neighbor.

The Dominion of Canada is vast in extent of territory. It about equals the United States. Of course territory does not amount to so much as the people. The population of Canada is something about 5,000,000; and while others will speak of other portions of the Dominion. I wish to say a few words in regard to Ontario.

Ontario is one part of the Dominion. There is a federation that embraces all the nine or ten different provinces except Newfoundland, which is not in the federation. So the Provinces and their relation to the Dominion, or the Federation, is something similar to the relationship of the various States of the Union to the United States.

Now as to Ontario: I fear that the most of us who have been all the time outside have very little conception of what that field is. I remember a good brother who asked me something like a year ago where I was laboring. I told him in Ontario. Said he, “Is that in Michigan?” When I informed him that it was not, and endeavored to tell him something of where it was, another brother said. “It is not very far from Buffalo, is it?” Well, part of it is not very far from Buffalo. As to the extent of Ontario, I will say that it is four times the extent of the territory of Michigan. The southern portion is the most thickly settled.

As to the population: It about equals that of the State of Michigan; it has a little larger population than Wisconsin, and not quite the population of Michigan.

Two years ago the matter of organization there was being agitated. It seemed then that it would be unfortunate to organize, because Ontario furnished such a field as the large Michigan Conference needed, into which to send its young workers to get an experience. But it was considered best to organize, and doubtless it was for the best. But the condition still remains the same. If the Michigan field, which has so many workers, would continue to send out its workers into that field, it would doubtless find more room to work on this side of the line. The plan of supporting work in foreign fields by Conferences that are stronger has been quite a little agitated here, and I am very glad it has. That plan would work most admirably in having this Conference as well as other Conferences that are doing that work for some destitute fields, to send workers into that field, and support them from their own treasury.

The membership of the Ontario Conference is not quite 500. There are 14 or 15 churches. We have five church buildings. The canvassing work has been quite thoroughly carried on in that field, and at the present time is in a more encouraging condition than it has been. We feel quite well encouraged in regard to the prosperity of the canvassing work. Also within recent months our laborers have met with a better degree of success than formerly.

We have quite a mixed representation there. Of course the population is largely English speaking. In the eastern portions there are many French, however. But Ontario has mainly an English-Protestant population.

We have there quite a good many Indians. There are no less than three different reservations, where we have Sabbath-keepers, and in two of them organized churches.

While I am speaking of the field in general, I would like to relate a little incident that has interested me very much. In one place in the Province a canvasser had disposed of some literature which fell into the hands of an Indian lady. The Montreal Star had offered a prize for the best composition on a certain subject, and this young woman won the prize: so you can see something of the degree of intelligence. It was a competition of all races. This lady, receiving our literature, began to keep the Sabbath. She soon induced her husband to do the same. They, associating with another man and wife, who are relatives, persuaded them to keep the Sabbath; so there were four of them. I went there a few months ago, and it was indeed refreshing to associate with these Indians. So far as adopting the health principles, these aborigines are in advance of many of our old Sabbath-keepers. I was very glad to see how the Spirit of the Lord had worked upon the hearts of these individuals.

We have also a German population in one section of the Province. The country of Waterloo is nearly all German. There would be opportunity for a German laborer, who might be supported by some Conference, willing to do so.

There has been much agitation in Canada regarding Sunday legislation. In Ontario some of our brethren have been imprisoned for violation of the Sunday law, the same as has been done in some of the Southern States. That question is a live one there at present, and the way the matter is being handled shows that the Lord is holding the winds of strife and commotion until his work can be accomplished in the earth.

J. F. Ballenger: There is one special line that I wish to urge upon this body, and that is the medical missionary work. You may ask why we did not present this before the Medical Missionary Association. The General Conference and the Medical Missionary Association are now one. We think this united body is the one before which to present our plea. There has been almost nothing done in Canada in the medical missionary line: that is in Ontario. Three years ago this spring, however, we established a health-food plant in the city of London. Four brethren united, and raised a capital of five thousand dollars to put into that institution; but before doing this, we came here and consulted with the Health Food Board, which gave us encouragement in that work. Dr. Kellogg told us that if we made it pay expenses for the first two years, we might be well satisfied. We found it very difficult for us to get our foods before the people of Canada. It is harder for the Canadian people to change habits and customs, than for the people of the United States. It is therefore difficult to introduce the foods among the people, and especially so, where we have had no medical missionary work to help us to do so. If there is not something done in this line, I am fearful, brethren, that we shall sink the money that we have in that institution. It requires a good deal of capital to advertise, and we have spent considerable money in that way. In fact, all that we can spend; and so we want to ask of this body, or the Medical Missionary Association, that they shall help us by sending some medical missionary workers there to enlighten the people in regard to the value of these foods. When we established our factory we signed a contract with the Medical Missionary Board, that not one dollar of the proceeds of that plant should ever go to enrich any individual. It was to be a charitable institution, and we also agreed that no percentage should be charged on the money until the plant should be established on a thorough paying basis. We have never received any compensation for the use of the capital, and neither do we want to receive any. We want the plant to succeed, however, not for our benefit, financially, but for the good of the cause.

Brother T. H. Robinson, who is the manager of the institution, authorized me to say to this body, if an opportunity was given me, that he would donate the capital he has invested, if the Medical Missionary Association will take the plant and run it. He has upward of two thousand dollars invested, but is willing to donate it to the Association if they will take it and look after it.

I believe that a medical mission established there, would be an excellent thing for the work. Two years ago, Dr. Wilson, who was then the mayor of the city of London, was deeply interested in having a medical missionary, or a sanitarium established in the city of London, and he said that the city would donate liberally, if something of that kind could be established there.

J. O. Corliss: Brother Watson, who has charge of the book work in Canada, wants a few minutes at this juncture.

J. H. Watson: I would like to correct a statement that was just made in introducing me, and that is that I asked for any time. I did not. I never spoke to such a large audience as this in my life before.

So far as the book work in the Dominion of Canada is concerned, I would not do it the injustice to try to bring it before you in a few minutes. I had an opportunity about three and a half years ago, to go there and spy out that land, and it has been my privilege to travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It is a good land, and we are well able to go up and possess it.

I would like to emphasize the idea that when a man has a burden to go to Ontario, which is the place most spoken of, I suggest that he first sit down and count the cost of building a bridge, over which he expects to travel in going there and so build it large enough, and strong enough, to take his wife and little ones. Then having gone across, let him burn the bridge, so that he can not return.

When I started out in the canvassing work, I started in too near home, and a temptation came along every week to go home. It proved disastrous to the work and to myself; so when there was an opportunity offered me to get as far from home as possible. I went. I have not succeeded in getting back yet. But if I have anything to say in regard to the book work, it is this: -

The things the book work is most suffering from in the Dominion of Canada, in all its provinces, is the reaction resulting from booms that have occurred from time to time in that Dominion. There have been times in the last ten years, when the book work was booming in Canada. But just as it was in the Klondike boom, there was a great rush over the place where the boom was most apparent, and of course it did not materialize in the minds of a good many. When it was over, naturally those who went there in the excitement, made calculations to get out as soon as it was over. Native workers concluded that if the experts who had come over to do business in such a large way could not succeed, it would be a practical impossibility for them to succeed. In consequence, the local workers, canvassers, and those who would be willing to enter

into the ministry, were suffering the result of these reactions.

So I would not undertake to try to get up an enthusiasm, to get canvassers or other workers to go there in a time when the needs of the field are being graphically represented before you. I do not believe that kind of missionary work amounts to anything. But if there are those who want a place to work, and a place where they will have enough work to do until the Lord comes, why, I would say Canada is a great land.

The idea to some extent has obtained that the canvassing work there has been pretty nearly completed, as far as it is possible to do so; but I believe that this difficulty I have spoken of is what has caused that idea to become prevalent. I do not want to laud that country more than is really true, but I do not believe that you have any territory better for the canvassing work, especially for our large books. I do not believe there is any better territory in which to sell the large books than that which you will find within three hundred miles of where you are sitting to-day. (D. T. Bourdeau: True!) Yes, Brother Bourdeau knows that, and he is probably in the place where, of all places in the Dominion, it would be hardest to sell books.

I wish to speak of the importance of workers being raised up there, or going there who can do city work. The principal part of the population of Ontario is in Toronto. That city stands in the same relation to Canada, that Boston does to this country. There has been practically no work done in that city, either canvassing or ministerial work. There is a little church there, but it is very weak; and unless some of our strong men, who are fitted to meet the people that make up the population of such cities, shall go there, I know not how the problem will be solved.

So if you should ask me to state in a few words - and I suppose that is all that I have opportunity to say - what is the greatest need in Canada at the present time, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. I would say that the greatest need is for men who have experience in working in large cities, and among influential people, to go there, and take the truth in all its phases. While it is pretty well understood by those who have visited Canada, that the people are very conservative, it is also true that they are cosmopolitan. They are represented in the city of Toronto, Americans, English, Scotch, and Irish. So that while it is conservative, yet anyone who is qualified to meet these classes of people in any city in the United States or in England, will be qualified to meet that class in Toronto.

J. O. Corliss: I think it is very evident, after listening to Brother Watson, that he wanted to speak, although he did not ask for the privilege. We are glad to have heard from him. We would like to hear next from Brother Nelson, from Manitoba and the Northwest.

Andrew Nelson: Manitoba, in the Northwest, includes Assiniboie, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. Alberta reaches almost to the North Pole; and because it is so near the North Pole, people think it is a very poor country to live in, because of intense cold. But, having been there two winters, I find that the climate there is superior to the climate of Michigan. When I have seen the calls in the Review for our brethren here in Michigan, and especially in Battle Creek, to move into new countries, my heart has felt like saying, Amen; and I wish that some of our good brethren in the States would come into the far Northwest, where there is good land and a healthful climate, and where there are lots of people who are anxious to hear the third angel’s message.

Our mission field, which has been under the supervision of the General Conference, is about fifteen hundred miles long, and the population is about 300, 000. Most of our work has been done in Manitoba, which is a very prosperous province. Quite a number of railroads run through there, and there are a number of very prosperous towns. We have in this mission field two ordained ministers, three licentiates, and I think four Bible workers. For the German work we have one ordained minister in Manitoba and one worker in Alberta. And I am glad that this mission field has not been forgotten at this General Conference, but that we have already appointed to this field two more workers, - one for Alberta and one to work in Manitoba among the Germans. But we need very much one English-speaking minister, as we would like to put into the field, tents with English workers, and one with a German worker.

We have three church buildings. Two of them were built last fall, and the other was secured on the last day of the old year; we purchased that in Winnipeg, which is a city of about 54,000 inhabitants. We would also like to have it so the minister you would send to us could labor a portion of his time in the great city of Winnipeg, as the people in Manitoba, and especially in Winnipeg, are a church-going people. They do not desecrate Sunday in that city. You will see people with their Bibles and hymn-books in hand, walking to church. The people are all church-goers, and are very much interested in religion.

We have quite a population of Icelanders in Winnipeg, who have two large churches there. I met two Icelandic sisters, who are nurses working at the Sanitarium, and I was glad to know that they have a burden for the work among their people in Winnipeg and in the other cities of Manitoba. Then we have the Doukhabours, who have been imported by the British government. There are between 6,000 and 7,000 of these people. They are a very conscientious class; they will not go to war, and do not believe in killing. They are strict vegetarians, eating no meat at all; and when they are out laboring among the people, if there is any danger of there being the least bit of pork grease in any of the food, they will not touch it. When I was up to Saskatchewan last year. I saw their women plaster houses and working in the field, and sometimes they are hitched to the plow. They are a healthy, robust, and strong people.

Then we have the Polanders. We need literature in these different languages, - the Icelandic, the Polish, and the Doukhabour. The Poles are very industrious and religiously inclined, and they like to read. But, so far, there has been no effort made to supply them with the literature with which we would like to supply them. The mission among the Germans is doing well. We have several large German churches throughout the mission field, and I am glad to know that the prospect before us is good. One thing very encouraging to us at the present time, is that the Northwest Union Conference, as I understand, is going to take our mission field, and they are going to help us all they can, as soon as this new organization shall be completed.

The canvassing work in our field, as Brother Watson said, has had a hard time, on account of the great drought; and you who have had experience in drought in the States, know that such a time is very hard. I went to Manitoba a year ago last December, and we did not have a drop of rain from that time

until July, the time of our camp-meeting, and as a result of that, it was very dry, and the wheat produced but a meager crop. Then the rainy season set in, and as a result of that we shall have a hard time in Manitoba. But we are expecting copious rains this year, so the crops will be good, and the canvassing work will prosper.

J. O. Corliss: We are glad to hear this account of the great Northwest. I confess that I have had my mind enlightened this morning regarding that country that I had supposed was almost uninhabitable because of the inclemency of the weather. I hope there may be young men sitting within this body this morning who will feel a burden to go to the Northwest. Here is one English minister called for, and I presume there are those who could respond to this. To go there might give one a richer and greater blessing from heaven than to remain where he is. The time is passing, and there are several who would like to speak. Brother Langdon is next on the list.

Geo. E. Langdon: I did not know that I was to speak in behalf of the Maritime Provinces until Brother Corliss just called me. I have been up there six years, and some have asked me if we had to hibernate during the winter. Well, we had five days’ sleighing last winter, and this winter we had three weeks’ sleighing; so you see we are able to get around, as far as snow is concerned.

The Maritime Provinces include the most eastern portion of the Dominion of Canada, extending to the eastward and northward from Maine. The population is about 1,500,000, the most of whom are English, there being a few Scotch, Irish, and French. The climate of the country is very healthful. We do not have such cold weather as you do here in Michigan: the coldest morning this winter, the thermometer registered only eight degrees below zero. In northern New Brunswick there is considerable snow during the winter, which remains from late in December until early in April, but the people get around in sleighs without difficulty.

People in the United States usually have crude conceptions of the conditions existing across the border. But that country is quite similar to this. The principal industries of the Maritime Provinces are lumbering and fishing. Agriculture is carried on, although not so extensively as in the Western States. The country is not so very rocky and hilly, the soil is good, and the vegetation is abundant. All small fruits and apples are plentiful and yield abundantly. The apple crop is in excess of the home demand, so apples are shipped to England in large quantities. Vegetables grow there just as well as anywhere.

Some have the idea that it takes about three years to learn how to adapt one’s self to the Canadian customs. Some persons do have to be there that long to learn how to labor right, if they take over with them the United States or some other country, and keep holding that up. When one goes there, he must go to work for the Lord, and not for the United States, and then he will never have any trouble in adapting himself to the people. People often ask me if I am a Canadian. I never draw any line. I am not working for the United States. It makes no difference to me whether I am a citizen of the United States or of Canada; for I am working for the Lord, and not for some country. Their manner of speech is almost identical with ours. The Loyalists of New England went over there at the time of the Revolution. But when a man comes there, and begins to tell about Johnny Bull’s first child that was rebellious and whipped his father, and all that, he will have plenty of trouble. If a man will come there, and leave his nationality behind, he will not have any trouble.

There is not a better people on the face of the earth than those found in the Maritime Provinces. They are liberal and kind-hearted. Baptists prevail in these Provinces. Nearly all our Sabbath-keepers are from the Baptists. We have about three hundred. Some may think that it is difficult to start the work because the people move slowly. I labored for a year in one section, and at the end of that time there had come out and united with our people seventy-six persons within a radius of five miles. I have been asked. “Are they not conservative?”—Yes, somewhat. You can not stir them all up in two days; but if you go into a community, and the people find that you are really in earnest, and that you have a message for them, they become interested. While they are a conservative people, they are also a preservative people. They stay by the truth, and not many of them give it up.

There is a Sunday law in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick. The maximum fine is eight dollars or four days’ imprisonment. They never have imprisoned any of our brethren. It has been decided in Nova Scotia that it is not a Provincial matter, but that it belongs to the Dominion. They are not so strict in the Maritime Provinces as in Ontario. Street-cars and some trains run on Sunday, and the people are quite pleasure-loving, and like to get out on that day.

’the people are liberal, not only on the point of religious liberty, but also in their attitude toward the United States. You can see by their actions that they are not bigoted in reference to the United States. They often say to me, “If England had treated the United States as liberally as she has us, probably the United States would be a part of England now.” I answer, “Yes.” When somebody begins to talk about the Rebellion, I say, “Well, if England had dealt with the United States as liberally as she has with Canada, we would be one great nation to-day.” This is true, and it seems to allay any prejudice, and create a bond of sympathy with us.

We need help there. We have no schools of our own, no medical missionary work started, nothing of this kind. Consequently all our young people come over to the States and many of them never return. They become interested, and find some work in some way, and then remain in the States. If we had a school that would hold our young people there, I believe we would never have to call workers from this country.

We need persons who will go over there with the love of God in their hearts; who will work for the Master; who have a message from the Lord. These will never have any trouble about adapting themselves to the people. I never found a people who were so liberal. I went to hold meetings in one place, and they voluntarily gave me forty-five dollars in cash. They came to get acquainted with us. At another place they gave me thirty dollars, and in another place where I was they raised forty dollars. So you can see what they will do out of love for the truth.

J. O. Corliss: We have ten minutes remaining, and there are two others who were to speak—D. T. Bourdeau, of Montreal, and I. N. Williams, of the Quebec Conference. I have also just

received a note asking that Dr. Hill, of the Six Nation Indians, be given time for a short talk concerning the work among his people. [Calls for Dr. Hill.] Doctor, they are calling for you.

Dr. Hill: I came from an Indian reservation. There are four thousand people in it, so, of course, there is a field for considerable to be done. I am glad to say there has been a little work done there to bring them the truth, and every two or three months our president calls. We are glad to see him, and have him help us what he can; but still we need more help than that. I will tell you the reason why: In this Indian settlement they have more Indians than in any other place in Ontario. The people in this reservation are quite well educated. They only need to get started, so that they themselves can go out to help others. We want to start from the bottom there, and have good work done in our settlement, and then I believe others can be reached.

I am sure that if you have feeling for our Indians, you will send a good man there. Of course there are such things as dreams. Some people do not believe in anything like that, but about three months before I came here, I had a dream. I saw Sister White, and talked with her, and she wanted to know what I wanted; I told her that I wanted a preacher there. She asked her that I wanted either Elder Ostrander or Elder Simpson. We are praying for something to come to our help, and our Indians look to me to do something for them. I am the only chief now in that settlement. I would like to see something done for my people; and, as I have said, a minister comes to see us once in a while, but what we need is for one to stay there a while. When Brother Simpson was there, quite a few families around just began to hang on. They used to come from ten and twenty miles to hear him, white people and Indians, and they were just beginning to take hold, when he was sent away. Now, we do not know what to do, but still our Indians are not weak. They are just strong enough to stand on their feet and not fall. I am glad to see that they are not going backward. We have got one or two since then, instead of going backward. So far there is nothing being done, but I would like to have it done so that we can help other Indians. We can reach them better than the white people can. That is the aim of it.

These people all look to me to build a little church for them, and a school, so I tried to start one about two years ago, and they helped by littles, each giving fifteen or twenty cents, and it came to about eighty dollars. We had stone drawn with timber, and sand, but the money was then gone. I am glad some good Christian people are seeing our needs. I have a little money in my pocket, about forty or fifty dollars again; so when I get home, I will go on again, and if no one else will do it, I will do it myself. I will finish it. That is my calculation, so that we can finish it and get ourselves started there and help the work in that country.

J. O. Corliss: When the doctor was talking, I was wonderfully struck with the oneness that is seen among all people who receive the third angel’s message. If you will notice, the whole burden of his talk was to be able to do something to reach other Indians. Is not that just the way you and I feel? If there was no other evidence in the world that the third angel’s message was of God, that would be evidence enough in my mind to show that it is the truth. It gives us a burden for others, and I am glad the third angel’s message operates this way among all nations, kindreds, tongues, and people. They want others of their own tongue to have the message.

THE WORK IN INDIA

W. A. SPICER

April 22, 9 A. M.

It would be impossible to consider in one talk the many sides of the Indian question. It is a million-sided question,—such a large subject that one might spend a lifetime in India, and still get acquainted with only a few of the features of Indian life. The most that I can hope to do this morning is to talk about our work in India, the little that has been done, the open doors calling for us to enter.

Very often, in thinking of India, people have in mind rather an uncivilized country, a rough and a rude people; but we must remember that India had a civilization that was ancient when our fathers were roaming the wilds of Europe. The East prides itself on the antiquity of its civilization. The heathenism of such countries as India and China is not altogether the rough, heathenism of the wilds of Africa.

The Indians have a complicated philosophy, founded upon principles that they call scientific. That need not trouble us at all, for we can give the third angel’s message to India without having more than the remotest idea of all of their philosophic discussions and questions. In fact, it is the study of a lifetime to find out what the Hindu religion is, and any one who goes there to work will find that he has very little time to study darkness.

The work in India is simply to let the light shine, that is all; and it seems to me the most cheering message I can bring from such great heathen fields as this is concerning the simplicity of the work—that all that is needed is to tell the simple, saving truth of the third angel’s message.

In studying the Russian field one may see how, through the medium of the German colonists, the truth has made its way into the Russian Empire. So in South America the brethren have reported that a great part of the work has been done among the German Colonists, and from these the light is to be carried out to the masses round about them. Just so, as we remark the distribution of the English-speaking people over the earth, we can not fail to notice that the Lord has set the English tongue in all the world in the far corners of the earth, and that is what makes it so much easier for us to get a footing in various distant parts. It makes a vast difference in planning the work in India that the Lord in his providence has distributed through India the English-speaking people. We might just as well have had workers in the cities of India twenty years ago. But of course we did not look so far away; the truth had to gather strength in America. It has slowly pressed its way out into the great field, and we have been slow to follow the opening providences of God.

You may have thought, possibly, that we should have gone first to the native people. What was the principle the Lord gave to his apostles as he sent them into the field?—“Beginning at Jerusalem.” First of all the Lord evangelized his own people, those that had light; then when they rejected the light, later on, they turned to the Gentiles. Well, on that same principle, what shall we do in these fields first of all? Shall we not first of all tell the message to the people who believe the Lord? We shall find among

them many who may join us in taking up the greater work, and pressing the lines of truth out into heathen darkness.

When Brother Robinson first went to India, with a few workers, I know their thought was for the native work, and they began with meetings in the native quarter, for the English-speaking natives; but the Lord’s providence turned the work into a broader line. An earthquake came, damaging the mission house where these local meetings were being held, to such an extent that the meetings were transferred, first, I believe to a neighboring church, by invitation; and then, as this stir of the earthquake was upon the people, the minds of the brethren were led to start public meetings in a great theater down in the heart of the city of Calcutta. The earthquake had stirred things so that the people were ready to come out in crowds to hear about the coming of the Lord.

The result of that work was to bring out a company of believers, and additions have been made, until we have the present little company in Calcutta. The work is interesting. It is among the Europeans and the Eurasians principally, although the work done for these classes has a direct influence upon the great masses of the Hindus, many of whom see that our work is a new thing in missions.

Many Hindus have been struck with the difference between preaching the word of God and preaching about the word of God. And they appreciate the word of God, and it appeals to their hearts. I am glad that we need not feel, in working for the heathen, that we must give them some argument of our own about the word of God, in order to impress them with the fact that the word is God’s, but we have only to open the word to them, and let God’s voice speak to their hearts; and there is a power in God’s voice to speak to the hearts of the heathen. The heathen man is not so different from ourselves. I have been a heathen myself, and the Lord saved me by his grace. And in heathenism you can see manifested your own disposition, the natural man: you can see in heathenism just what you would be yourself, did not the grace of God save you from your own ways, for heathenism is nothing more nor less than a religion of having your own way.

I must say that the influence of many missionary systems has been such as to lower the spiritual tone of the people. The thought is to get converts to the society. And so we have to explain that what we want is to see men joined to Jesus Christ; and then we know that if they are joined to Jesus Christ, and we are walking in the light, they will be joined with us.

You will often hear thoughtful missionaries, of various denominations, speaking out against the demands of the home boards that the missionary shall report figures and statistics; for the great cry is that good reports will bring money. And one will find, as one looks over missionary operations, that much work in the field is done with the thought that something great must be reported to get the people at home to give their money.

We do not have to work that way, because our brethren are Seventh-day Adventists, and they have the third angel’s message, and they know that the call of God is to give that message as a witness to all the world. And so we have to put the word of God in among the people, and let God bring forth the fruits. We know, then, that whether the statistics grow so rapidly or not among the heathen. God’s word is at work among the people, and in the end we shall see greater results, greater manifestations of the power of God in the conversation of the multitudes.

In our little company in Calcutta, you will find men and women as true to the third angel’s message as any of us, I believe. In a country where the white man does not do the hard work, where he is absolutely prohibited by the situation from competing with native labor, it means no little thing for the European or the Eurasian to decide that, come what may, he will follow the Lord in Sabbath-keeping. In a land where there are no European carpenters or blacksmiths or peasantry, in a land where you can get a farmer for four cents a day, where you can get a carpenter for fifteen cents a day, and in a land, too, where for the European living expenses are higher than in Europe or America, you can readily understand that to many a man this testing truth comes bringing him face to face with the fact that only by the help of God can he hope to obey and live.

The mingling of European and Asiatic, or Indian, blood has formed a large Eurasian community. In education and life and language the Eurasian is as the European. He enters the government service or various business lines; so that all through India we have the English and the Eurasian, and our church in Calcutta is made up of those two classes with a little sprinkling of native converts.

If you should enter into the company of our people in Calcutta on a Sabbath you would perhaps hear an Irish lady expressing her thanks to God for the truth, a lady of means, by the way, who has been liberal in the work of the Lord. You would hear a German brother, one of the best photographers in Calcutta, thanking God for the third angel’s message and for the truth. You would find here an Eurasian brother, clerk in the High Court, doing the same thing and telling how God had saved him from the tobacco habit. You would hear just such experiences as you hear of in the churches at home. You would find there a native brother, a descendant, by the way, of Carey’s first convert. And so, as you look over the company, you would find many a heart beating firm and true for the truth of God just as we understand it. (Voices: Amen!) And among these people we shall find workers. If we can get a framework of experienced workers to locate in various parts of India, to be used in raising up communities of believers, I am sure we shall see the salvation of God in the multiplying of workers in these vast Eastern fields.

We know that this truth and this message are something that the world needs. Without in any way belittling the work that others have done in these fields, without in any way belittling the tremendous influence that the circulation of the Bible has had in these great heathen fields, we know this, that, as at home God has given us a message that is to call even the most enlightened Christians onto a higher platform, even so in these Eastern lands, where formalism seems to reign supreme, this blessed truth will lift the people up, and accomplish a work for them which has not yet been seen.

And it is doing it, too. They are beginning to recognize the fact that those native believer who have been raised up there, and are associated with our work in Calcutta, are different men and women; that the truth has done something for them that was not done for them in their old associations. So it is most interesting to work for the people. I can see their faces now mentally-good brethren and sisters whose hearts kindle with joy at report of every advance step, who watch with the deepest interest for

help to came to the field, who are ready within their means to contribute to the support of the work.

In the East, God has set a little light, and it is to grow brighter and brighter. Other lights are to be kindled in various parts of India, and the message is to go in these Eastern lands, I know, with a loud cry one of these days; for we can see how easily God can do the work. We need not think because there are vast populations unevangelized, that it will take God a long time to do the work. Never have I felt the imminence of the coming of the Lord so keenly, never has it seemed to me so clear that the Lord was even at the door, as out there in India, with the millions of heathen round about.

God will do the work: for he sends the light of the sun every day, he sends the breath of life every day, to every soul in these vast fields. How easy, then, for the Lord in his own time to send the light of his salvation to every soul, and for his Spirit to move upon hearts! The Spirit of God is working beyond our observation.

You remember, perhaps, how Brainerd, the apostle to the North American Indians in the early Colonial days, found, out in the wilderness, an Indian who had given his heart to God. The Indian had seen no missionary, but he said the Great Spirit had revealed himself to him in the forest, and had changed his heart. He would go to the men in their drunken brawls, and beseech them to stop, and to let the Great Spirit put his love in their hearts: and then when his friends would repulse him, he would go off into the forest, and weep and pray to the Great Spirit to help his brethren. God had spoken to him.

Just so in the wilderness of South America, in the olden days, the Moravians found a man who had been led out step by step from heathenism into the revelation of the light of the gospel of Jesus Christ, so that the moment he heard the name of Jesus, he recognized that this was the gospel the Lord had revealed to him.

God’s Spirit is working upon heathen hearts. God is touching the heathen world. When Jesus saw the multitude, you remember, he had compassion upon them. O, how the compassionate heart of Christ must be stirred as he looks down upon these darkened fields upon the map. He has compassion upon them. I do not speak for India alone. Here are China and India together-one half the population of the world, one half of the human family, and at this point we have only just touched the fringe of the field. It is strange, is it not? Here is the gospel for the world. “God so loved the world”-not half of it, but the whole of it. The whole of his savings gospel is for this half of the world now in darkness.

The Lord has lighted the lamp of present truth not simply in Calcutta, but in other places. There is Karmatar, 168 miles from Calcutta. This station is always associated in your minds with the death of Brethren Robinson and Brown. There we have a little orphanage school -only fifteen children there at present, and that is amply sufficient to begin the work with; for we do feel that it is a most delicate thing to take the children, to endeavor to become responsible for their training and their future. Orphanage work is not the simple thing in India that some perhaps might think, when they read of great societies taking thousands of orphans. The thing we look at is how they come out of the training-schools. It is a fact that the mission-trained orphan is not always wanted in India business circles. It is a solemn and serious fact that business men generally prefer the heathen to the Christian convert in business.

We do not want to do that kind of work-not for our souls’ sake would we spend our lives in India doing the work ourselves, and having it the work of man. God must do the work. But the blessed truth is that God will do the work, if we will let him do it. So in this rescue work we must begin, just as God enables us to begin, so that we may throw around every child that we take the responsibility for influences just such as we would want thrown around our own; for there is no royal road of bringing children in heathen India into a life of usefulness. So in the little work at Karmatar, just at present we have our hands full. Brother and Sister Quantock are there looking after the school interests.

At the present time in Calcutta. Brother Ellery Robinson is looking after the office work and the work generally in the field. Formerly he has been in Bombay, across on the other side of India. Brother Ellery Robinson has been putting in the publications in Bombay for somewhat over a year. Several people there are professedly, at least, keeping the Sabbath. Very little has been done for them. More must be done to establish them, to teach them other phases of the truth.

Calcutta has a population of about 1,000,000; Bombay of about 800,000. Bombay is a fine city; noble buildings, beautiful structures, fine streets, immense population, and thousands of people who speak English, of European, Eurasian, Armenian, and native blood. Thousands of people speaking English are also found in Madras, in Colombo, on the island of Ceylon, Rangoon, in Burma, and other populous cities in northern India. Why should we not go into the field and occupy it? Why should we not make every one of these great centers a place from which the light should be sent out into regions round about?

Of course the climate is warm in India; but why speak of that? Thousands of Europeans live there for business. So many people have asked me if I liked India. I did not go there because I thought I would like it. It is none of my business whether I like it or not. I like the work of God in India. I like working for God anywhere, and I do not know of any more interesting place in this world to work in than India. I do not know of any place where one can get more courage and more joy in the service of God, more satisfaction in meeting people, than in the needy fields of the East.

The simplicity of the work is so encouraging-to talk to men about the simple truth that stirs our hearts. That is what I like to do, and I have been glad to find, in talking with these heathen, that the thing that touches their heart is not, as might be supposed, arguments about the philosophy of religion. But the things that the intelligent heathen are interested in are these historical prophecies, the signs of the Lord’s coming, in fact, the third angel’s message. That is what they are waiting to hear. It cuts the ground, so to speak, out from under their feet; and if they have thought that you were prepared to “split hairs” with them in philosophy, they are quite disillusioned when you begin to talk to them about history, about the coming of the Lord, about the signs of his coming.

When you want to preach here about the signs of the coming of the Lord, and tell about pestilences and earthquakes and famines, you refer to India, do you not? God is calling attention to India. God’s voice in his judgments abroad in the earth, is calling the attention of the

world to that great “sore” of the world. You will find that nearly all the plague that spreads over the earth rises in India. India is a sea of trouble; it is never at rest; and yet we know that where sin abounds, grace doth much more abound. God wants us to carry the knowledge of his saving grace now to these lands.

Talk about “keeping up your courage” in dark fields. You do not want to keep your courage up at all. You want to get your courage down. It comes down from heaven. A man who tries to keep his courage up is in a poor way; but we can get our courage down from heaven day by day, and we shall feel of good courage all the time. I do not see how any one who believes this third angel’s message can become discouraged about the truth and the work of God. There is nothing discouraging about it; for God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. That truth holds good in heathen India, just as well as in Battle Creek.

The man that finds salvation and gets out in face-to-face work in the great world abroad will find joy and courage and strength coming down from heaven continually.

I know one heathen to whom I paid a sum of money on behalf of a European who owed him. The debt had been owing him for seven or eight years, but the Lord had worked upon the heart of the European, who gave me the money to pay the debt. I passed it over to the Hindu, and with quivering lips he told me that he had felt if he ever got that money he would like to put it into our work. We had just been having tremendous floods in Calcutta, and I know that he needed the money, that his house was failing to pieces, and that that sum represented much to him; so I persuaded him that he had better keep it for his own house and for his family, for they needed it sorely. But his eyes were filled with tears at the thought that he might do something to help the work. I feel assured that that man is not far from the kingdom of God.

In the women of India, in their homes, or zenanas, we have a tremendous field. I will read a few lines from a letter just received from Sister Burrus. After having worked several years in a suburb of Calcutta, we lately transferred our zenana work from Calcutta to the city of Chandernagore. That place is a political curiosity. It is a French town, a few miles from Calcutta, surrounded by British territory. The Catholics are strong there, and no settled Protestant mission has work in the place that I know of, so we arranged for Miss Burrus and Sister Flemming, who is working with her in the Bengali language, to go to that city and engage in the zenana work. Miss Burrus writes: “Our house is right in the midst of the Hindu neighborhood. We do not have the least difficulty in getting in among them. The first day I went out I just walked a little ways down our own street, and found entrance into enough places to keep me busy two days in the week. No work of this kind has been done here, as the strength of the Catholics lies in school work rather than going into the homes of the people. If we had twenty zenana workers in this station, there would be plenty of work for all. I have one appointment at a bathing ghat, where a number of women assemble. The ghat is on the public road, and I hope in this way to reach many. When I first came out to India, a native Christian asked me if I had come out to preach. I said, ‘Oh, no, only to teach the women in their homes.’ ‘But that is what we call preaching,’ she said, and I began to think if some of our friends at home saw me standing there in that crowd, singing and talking to them, they might think I was trying to preach. However, if some poor soul may only get hold of a ray of light that will lead him to the Lord. I am willing to be called a padre mem.

“I have been to some of the neighboring stations. The population is something immense all along the river.

“I never felt more enthusiastic about any work in my life than I do about scattering literature on present truth among these people. We can go out every morning to the villages and come in and work in Chandernagore in the zenanas during the middle of the day and afternoon. Then, by having a conveyance we can always carry appliances for giving treatment, which we could not do on wheels.”

That is only a sample of what may be done in a little city only eighteen miles out of Calcutta. Thousands upon thousands of people round about need help. We do want Bible workers, and nursing zenana workers. We need all kinds, in fact. There are so many places where we can go to work for the people. We have three native preachers, converts from the Christian community. At this time they are busy on the work of distributing thousands of tracts in Calcutta and the districts round about. A little way from Karmartar is a station called Simultala, where a Brother Barlow, an English missionary, has a mission, in which he works for the heathen Santali villages, being acquainted with that tongue. He believes the truth and is doing much tract work as he travels in the interests of his mission. Just before I left India he called for ten thousand tracts. He writes that the Lord is blessing him in his work. He says that he hopes we will bring the Santali work up at the General Conference, for he needs some assistance in developing his work.

We have in Bengal a lady missionary, speaking one or two vernaculars, who has been doing self-supporting missionary work and who has accepted the truth. I have suggested to her that if she would come in among us we would give her plenty to do, but she believes the Lord leads her in the line in which she has been at work. Sometimes she engages as teacher or governess in a family or other work, spreading literature and speaking the truth, and we are glad to have her go in circles where perhaps she could not go if directly associated with us.

As to the medical work, we have a little institution just a few minutes walk from our meeting hall. The medical work was begun there some four or five years ago. We have had Dr. Place and the Drs. Ingersoll and several nurses, and while the medical work has had to meet all the prejudices that our general work has met, it is a fact that the medical work has been used of God in breaking down many prejudices. So far as institution work is concerned it may not be that we can have many sanitariums in India. But so far as medical work itself is concerned, hand-to-hand work with the people, I need not suggest what a tremendous field there is in the three hundred millions of people in India.

It is true that just now the multitude can not leave the work in other lands and go in there. I have seen the burden of the Lord here—we have all seen it—to develop home forces, the Southern field, the European field, the Australian field. That does not mean that we are not immediately to press on into these Eastern fields. But I believe it does mean that God sends all in these “home” fields to begin an educational work, to educate the people to look beyond, to educate the home brethren to stand alone, to educate them

to give of their means, and of their workers, so that we may, in a very short time, flood these eastern lands with workers, who will go in the power of the Spirit of God; and then we shall see God doing his final work.

But we have waited, waited so long that it seems awful to think what might have been done if twenty years ago we had been there. In these great cities there is just as good a field for English work as in our cities here at home; and yet we have waited these many years to begin the work. I believe God wants us to see a half dozen tried laborers at this very time sent out to India to occupy these great cities.

It is a fact that God is coming. All Asia is troubled; it is broken up, it is in the painful groanings of the latter day. It seems impossible for the world to go on much longer. The very dead weight of sin and misery would break it down if the Lord did not come. But he is coming. We can see signs of it in the East.

We know this, that God’s Spirit is not daunted by any multitude of numbers. I thought of that while coming up through the Red Sea. Sabbath morning, as I looked out of the cabin window, I found we were then within sight of Sinai, the mount of God. All day Sabbath I was watching its sides, so plain in the clear atmosphere, graven by the storms of centuries; and yet there the mount of God stood, a memorial of the fact that God is coming again; that as he stood one day upon that mount, proclaimed his law with a voice that shook the world, yet once more will he shake not the earth only, but the heavens also.

And then we came up to the place where the children of Israel crossed. No one knows the exact point; but I sat up until about midnight watching every feature of the geography of the sides of the canal, and there, somewhere, evidently about where geographers have located it, the Lord opened the sea and let Israel through. How long would it have taken Israel to have planned a way to get over that sea, had God left it to their planning, had they appointed a committee on bridge building, for instance? They could not do it; there was no way; but God made a way in the depths of the sea for the ransomed to pass over.

And when God looks down upon the blinded East, we must remember his word, that he will lead the blind by a way which they knew not. We can see in the East the gleams of the golden morning. We know that the coming of the Lord is at the door. We do plead in behalf of one half of the world, located in this dark corner of this map, that we may send the glorious third angel’s message to the people.

It is a blessed thing to carry this message; it is a blessed thing to go to people, who, through fear, are subject to bondage, and bring them light. I remember of meeting once a little way from Karmatar, a poor heathen woman without a home. The villagers told her she might live in the house of the goddess of the village; but she was afraid to do it. I do not blame her. The goddess of the village has a lolling tongue, red lips, a knife in one hand, and a man’s head in the other; and I did not blame the old woman for not wanting to sleep by the side of the chief deity of the village. What a blessed work it was to tell that woman that the day-spring from on high hath visited us, that we might be delivered from fear, and serve God without fear all the days of our lives. Oh, millions of souls are waiting to hear. Many, many of them God is calling, and they will yet come to sit with us in the marriage supper. But the Lord calls upon us now to let his Holy Spirit press the burning needs of these great fields close against the hearts of the brethren at home, that we may respond, and do the work to which God calls us.

There is one thing you can work to: for every five dollars that you will give us for India, we will circulate over 5,000 of these leaflets [showing tracts in native language]. We can get printing done cheaply in the East. And Oh, I do enjoy the thought of flooding India with little leaflets in every one of which is the thought of the coming of the Lord, and the preparation to meet him. I would like to see these thousands upon thousands of leaflets scattered throughout the villages and towns of India. If you want to help, send us money to the Foreign Mission Board office.

“THEN shall men stand up with no sickness in the body, and no taint of sin in the soul.”

“SOME people would say more if they did not talk so much.”

SILENCE is organized knowledge.”—Herbert Spencer.

AFTERNOON MEETING, APRIL 20, 3 P. M., SANITARIUM CHAPEL

W. W. PRESCOTT in the chair: There are several here who expect to present before you considerations from the Scriptures upon the subject of divine healing, I will ask Dr. Kellogg to lead out at this point.

J. H. Kellogg: Mr. Chairman, what I have to say I will say rather from the physician’s standpoint than from the standpoint of a theologian. It happens in my experience that I am called upon every little while to deal with patients who come to me saying, “Doctor, I am sick,” and I find on examination a paralysis, or internal tumor, or a cancer, or some similar trouble; and I learn in talking with this patient that the case is the very same case that had been announced as having been healed in answer to prayer, and there are so many cases of that sort going that it has seemed to me that it would be a good thing for us doctors and preachers to sit down and talk upon what it means to be healed, because when a man has been prayed for and healed, and then has straightway to go to a doctor to have something done for him, it looks as if there was a misunderstanding as to what it means to be healed.

A patient came here to the Sanitarium one time, who, I found on examination, had a tumor, and I said the case was so bad that I did not think an operation would be of any use. Well, this patient was prayed for by friends, and she went home. It was announced in the city papers at home that this patient had been to Battle Creek with this great tumor and had been healed. A week afterward I had a letter from a doctor in the town, saying, “You remember Mrs.—came to your place, and was prayed for, and published to the world as healed. I performed a post-mortem examination yesterday, and removed a very large cancer of the kidney.” Another doctor wrote me from the West, and said, “A patient went from here to your place about a month ago, and came back again, a couple of weeks ago, and it was announced through all the papers, that this patient who had an enormous cancer on the breast, had been healed in answer to prayer at your Sanitarium. And she has come home. Now,” he said, “I think you are an honest man, and I thought I would write to get the facts about it.” The

facts were these: I examined the patient, and told her that she ought to have an operation performed, and she said “I will think about it.” Two days afterward it was announced in the institution that she had been prayed for and healed. I asked her to come to my office, and I examined her, and this cancer was there just the same as before. And I had to write to the doctor about it. She went home. Three months after, she was dead and buried. It seems to me that the Lord does not get any glory in this way of doing things. That Christianity and the question of religion is not in the slightest degree glorified in the eyes of the world by such doings as this, and we ought to have some sort of an understanding as to what it means when a man is healed. When God does a thing for a man, it seems to me he will do something recognizable. When he heals a man, the people will be able to know it, and so that after a man has been healed, you can find out that he is healed.

Suppose, after Christ had touched Bartimeus’s eyes, and he was able to see, he should have gone down the street with somebody leading him by the arm, or with a cane, feeling his way, saying, “I have been healed,” it would not give anybody any faith. It is no use for us to go on in this kind of child’s play. It seems to me we are temporizing, and are acting in a very childish way, and abusing a very sacred thing, and we ought to have more respect for God, and for ourselves, and for the religion which we profess, and more respect for true, genuine gospel faith, than to be giving out to the world, without any consideration or thought, that great miracles have been done, if nothing at all has been done, or any change brought about except, perhaps, that the man has been blessed in his soul. Perhaps that was all that needed to be done.

I want to say, in the first place, that I don’t think there is anybody in all the universe that can heal but God. There is just one God and one Creator, and restoring to health means exactly what creating means. It take the very same power to heal as it does to create. When a man has a cancer, what has to to be done? That cancer has to be removed, in the first place, and then new tissue made in its place; so it is a creative work. There is no such thing as healing by any human power. There is no man that has the power to heal. Even Christ did not pretend to be able to heal anybody himself; but he was an instrument. God was working through him. I believe there are some who entertain the notion that doctors have one sort of healing and preachers another. And that there is a sort of competition between them. That doctors have the long, tedious way, and the preachers the short way. It does not seem fair that there should be this discrimination between the doctors and the preachers. And it seems to me that if there is a better way than we doctors have, we will aspire to it, and will lay hold of it, if we can get it.

If our way of healing is long, round-about, tedious, and clumsy, and we have to use water and electricity when it is not necessary, I am sure we would be very glad to cut loose from all those things and would like to get a shorter way. I think some people think a man can take the longer or shorter way as he chooses. A lady said to me a short time ago, who had pneumonia, and whose lung was solid, “I am going to be prayed for, so that I can go home.” I said, “Why do you want to go? You are getting better every day?” And she said, “Well, William is getting real lonesome, and I must go and cheer him up. Besides, I know I would be well enough to go home in two or three weeks, but I can save that two weeks, and it costs me $15 a week. The Lord says, ‘Ask and ye shall receive.’ So I have made arrangements to be prayed for. I want you to come along.” I said. “I can’t come along. The Lord is healing you now: ought you not to be thankful and be satisfied? Why do you want him to do something more for you, when he is doing now for you all you can ask. You ask the Lord to work a miracle to save you $30, and cheer William up. And he can cheer William up well enough without you going home to do it.” Well, this lady was prayed for, and came back in a couple of hours, and said she was healed. I examined her lung, and she was just the same as before. But she went, and reported all over the country that she was healed.

A lady came here with a tumor. She said. “I don’t believe in doctors. They don’t have faith. I have faith.” So she was prayed for: wrote an article announcing that she was healed of this tumor. Dr. Lindsay examined her, and the tumor was there just the same as before. Some years afterward this lady reported again that she was healed, from another tumor. We knew it was the same tumor. By and by she came here with an enormous tumor, and wanted me to remove it. I said, “You have come too late. You are looking right into the grave. Your pulse is so feeble you can hardly sit up. Your heart is enlarged, dilated, and there is not hope of your going through the operation. You would die on the operating table. Even the anesthetic would kill you. It is no use to try.” In a month she was buried. There was a time when, if this lady had possessed real sensible faith, there was an opportunity for her to be cured of that internal tumor. But she went into the grave.

I don’t say God can’t do such a thing. I know he can do whatever is best, whatever is right, and whatever is consistent to do. But I believe that God heals everybody who ever gets well. And I want to go a little further than that, and to say that God is healing all the time. And he heals people even when they don’t ask him to heal them. That all healing that is done, God does. Here is a man has a sore on his skin. How does that get well? You come to a doctor, and say, “Give me some healing salve.” There is no salve that can heal. You rub a little healing salve on a table, and see if it can produce any skin. There is no salve that can heal up a sore. What do salves, and lotions, and applications do? They simply keep the sore clean, and keep the germs off. They are simply for protection. They are purely inert. God creates the new skin.

And you can see it going on day by day. Doctors and preachers can’t heal anybody or anything, but God can heal. What persuades God to heal? Is it because we pray? No; for God is working all the time for us. He is healing us all the time; but when we pray, we put ourselves in such an attitude that God can work more readily, and more successfully for us. God answers our prayer, because of our need, and because our attitude is such that he can. God puts it into our hearts to pray, so that we may be ready for it. You get it because God had it for you, and he put it into your heart to pray so that you would recognize it was from him it came. God invites the prayer in your heart. He is more willing to give than we are to receive. And when he has the things all ready for us, he gives us an intimation that he has them ready.

He advertises the fact so to speak, by putting into our hearts a disposition to pray. So we get ready to receive the thing that God has for us, and we receive it from him. It seems to me that is the true philosophy of prayer. As long as I prayed with the idea that I had to persuade God to do something he didn’t want to do, or was neglectful about, or was likely to overlook, I didn’t have any faith in my prayers at all. I prayed because I felt so bad I had to pray. And I hoped the Lord answered my prayers, too, because he put it into my heart to pray. Nevertheless, I did not have much confidence in my praying. I often wished I could get somebody to pray who had more confidence in God than I.

Hagar left her child in the bush, and went off so that she could not see the child die. And we read that the Lord heard the voice of the lad. Not Hagar’s prayers, but the voice of the lad. So it was that poor, thirsty boy that appealed to God. It was his need that led God to open Hagar’s eyes that she could see the well secreted there where she could not see it. He answers our prayers and has the answer ready even before we pray. We see very often that we pray for something and we get the answer so quickly that when we look into the thing we see that the answer had been a week coming, when we only prayed five minutes ago. God started the answer to your prayer before you prayed. Then what was the prayer? What is the good of praying?—It is worth everything. Because when man prays, he lays down his will, and opens his mind and heart; he receives an intimation of what he may do to help himself; and prayer is the very best tonic. Cold water is a tonic, but I don’t know of any tonic so good as prayer. The man puts himself into such a relation with God that he feels the Spirit of God in his soul, so that he will be lifted up above his disease and weakness.

It seems to me that what we want is to have a larger faith instead of a smaller faith. I am not content with the idea that doctors can heal a few ordinary cases, but that the bad cases are to be turned over to the Lord. My idea is that we have to turn all our cases over to the Lord. That there is no one who can heal except God, and all we can do is to co-operate with God. Shall we co-operate with God in the fever cases, in the little cases, and then when we come to the big cases, do nothing at all? Shall we say, “Here is a man who has fever, and I use cold water for him; but when he gets real sick, we will stop doing everything, and turn him over to the Lord?” Is that a consistent thing to do? No. If God blesses the man who is sick, in a mild way, will he not bless the remedies also when the man is very sick? Hezekiah was so sick he was likely to die, and he believed he was going to die. He prayed, and the Lord put it into the heart of Isaiah to go to him and tell him to put on a fig poultice. He was suffering from blood-poisoning. There was a carbuncle, and that is worse than any ordinary boil. He was likely to die of it; he had a severe chill, for he says, “Like a crane I chatter,” etc. Hezekiah didn’t know that a poultice was the thing he required. He had to have a prophet of the Lord tell him to put on a poultice. He could have touched him with a finger if that had been the Lord’s will. But he put on a poultice, and in about three days Hezekiah was able to go into the Lord’s house. The poultice softened it up, and drew it to a head, as we say, and it opened and discharged. Then he was able to get up and walk.

There are other cases in which we know something was done. When Christ healed the blind man’s eyes, he took some earth, and spat on it, and made some clay, and anointed the man’s eyes with that. That represents the means we must use. Naaman was instructed to go and dip in Jordan. There was the anointing with oil, that perhaps was also intended to indicate practical means. We must recognize God as a God of love, seeking to do the best he can for man all the time. There are some things he can’t do. If I should sit down in my room, and pray to the Lord, and ask him to bring in some wood to build a fire for me, he could not do it, because it would be an inconsistent thing to do. God is infinitely consistent, and he could not do an inconsistent thing. He is infinitely good, and therefore he can’t do a wrong thing. He is infinitely wise, and he can’t do an unwise thing. He is infinitely merciful, and so he can’t do anything but what is best to do for us. Nobody can get between us and God. God deals with man directly, and he does not need any man to act as mediator. He does not forget us, and have to be hurried up. He knows all about it all the time, and the only thing that is necessary is to put ourselves in the right attitude toward God. God being the most perfect being in the universe, he is the most restricted being in the universe.

There is uniformity in the world, because the first time God did anything, it could not be done better, so it is the same thing every time. So if we ask God to do for us the things that are not best for us, he can not do it; and no matter how many brethren were called in, it would do no good, because he can’t do anything for us that is inconsistent. What about healing, then? There are many people suffering from maladies of their mind. They are melancholy, depressed in spirit, and that is what keeps them sick. They could be healed in an instant. All that has to be done is to change their mind. A man has lost $50,000, and he goes into a decline right away. He is so depressed he almost loses his mind. He loses flesh, his appetite, and his ability to do business. It breaks him up. He is all gone to pieces. Suppose that this man should inherit a million dollars. It would cure him in about an instant.

I knew a man who came here as a patient, who had met with a railroad accident, and it jarred him considerably. He had cold sweats, and he could hardly stand on his feet and walk. A railroad adjuster came here to adjust his claim And he asked me about his case. I said, “He is pretty sick.” He said: “I believe that a couple of thousand dollars would cure him in about a week.” And he said, “I want you to explain that to me. Half these people who have been in a railroad accident, as soon as they are paid off, get well right away. They are awfully sick, but as soon as we settle their claims, they go about their business in a week or so.” I said, “That is a plain case. Here is a man who is sick, poor, and penniless. His children are threatened with starvation, and he is in such distress of mind that it depresses him so that he keeps himself sick.” He said, “That is probably a good explanation.” Well, he left eighteen hundred dollars for this man, and I watched this case. In less than a week he didn’t have to take any treatment. And in less than a month he was well. The lawyer made a perfectly correct diagnosis of that case.

Suppose that God had blessed that man, and he just felt his whole soul thrilled with the Spirit of the Lord and his body filled with God’s blessing, and he had such faith that he could just

hold on to the Almighty Father, why that would be a great deal better than a couple of thousand dollars; better than a million dollars. It would have lifted that man so out of himself and above himself; it would have been the best medicine in the world for him.

I remember a young lady here we had treated for six months. None of us seemed to be able to do her any good. Then it occurred to me that if that lady would lay hold by faith and was prayed for, it might do her good. We did so, and in one single moment she was made well. She walked off, and in a couple of months could do her work. She might have stayed here years and years, and got worse every minute. That was the sort of case I think needed to be healed in that sort of way.

I saw a man who had lost his leg. It was cut off; nevertheless I didn’t see anybody who wanted to pray for him, that the leg should be grown on. It was very inconvenient for him to go about with a wooden leg. Nobody seemed to want to pray for that leg to be grown on. I knew another brother who had a large hole in his chest. He was prayed for, blessed, and pronounced whole. But in three months that man was in his grave. There was not any glory to the Lord from that case at all. I have seen people with consumption get well. I don’t say the Lord can’t cure consumption. He is doing all he can for every consumptive, but I believe we must use some common sense, and that the right way to pray is to ask God to do his will in those cases, and to do for this man all that is the best to do for him, and to teach us what we can do for him, rather than to say God has healed a man when we know he has not. If we take a consistent course about this thing, we give the Lord all the glory in every case, of every man who gets well and doctors won’t claim that they cured anybody, but will give all the glory to God.

Here comes a man who has a dilated stomach because he eats abominable things that are improper and unwholesome. He wants to be prayed for, and says he is healed. And he goes on eating griddle cakes, fried cakes, and other dietetic abominations as he did before. We must follow all light as God gives it to us, so that the healing process that is within the man all the time will be promoted and will be accelerated.

Here is a man who smokes. He is poisoned by the smoke. Why doesn’t he die?—Because God heals him. If it was not for the power of God in that man’s liver and kidneys when he smokes, the nicotine would kill him. He says, “You have made me to serve with your sins, and have wearied me with your iniquities.” One way God serves with our sins is healing us of the effects of our wrong-doing.

What would become of us if, when we were in trouble we had to send off to get some people to pray for us, and we could not be helped at any other time? Where would we be to-day? What about the man who is clinging to a mast in mid-ocean? Can’t he look up to God and believe that he is going to save him if it is the best thing for him? Of course he can. God saved a man from delirium tremens, but six months afterward that man died from Bright’s disease of the kidneys. It was the result of the seeds he had been sowing for forty years, and he had to die of Bright’s disease. He was healed of his delirium tremens, but he had been sowing the seeds of disease and had to reap the harvest. God couldn’t consistently save that man’s life from Bright’s disease, because the kidneys had been destroyed utterly; and if God had saved that man from Bright’s disease and made him as sound and well as when he was a boy, there would be an inconsistency about that thing. If he did that thing, it would be to say that it didn’t do any harm to drink liquor. But can’t God heal Bright’s disease? Yes. But if there is no limit to that thing, if the law of consistency doesn’t come in here, why do Christians ever die?

Here is a man who has been smoking. God has healed him of the immediate consequences of smoking; but by and by the man comes to the point where his liver capacity and his kidney capacity have been so destroyed by the nicotine in his body, that his heart is paralyzed, and he has got tobacco heart. That man says, I had better pray, and he asks God to heal his tobacco heart, and God can’t do it. Why?—Because he had been doing for him all he could under the circumstances. He healed him the first day, and he healed him the second day, as far as he could. Suppose I pull off a piece of skin from my hand, would not God heal that?—Yes. Suppose I pull that off again, and keep on pulling it off—don’t you see that my hand would never be healed? God could never heal it. It would not be consistent to heal it. As long as I keep pulling off the skin, it could not be made well. Now this man has been smoking till his heart is paralyzed. God has every day saved that man’s life. He has done all he could for him. What can God do for the man?—He can put into his heart a disposition to stop smoking, and he can give him the power to stop smoking; and when he has got a disposition to stop and the power to stop, then God will keep right on doing what he has been doing all the time and the man’s changed attitude will make it possible for God to do for him now what he could not do before; for God can’t approve of or put his stamp of approval on smoking. Can God heal our brothers and sisters of the consequences of their evil habits in dress and diet and other things while they are going right along in those evil habits?

I believe that there are cases of extraordinary healing. When Moses’ rod was held out, the Red Sea opened, and the children of Israel went through, that was an extraordinary thing. Moses had authority, not that he could do it himself, but he lived so near to God that God could use him as an instrument. When Moses struck the rock, the water flowed out. That was because he had got to the place where Adam was when he had dominion over everything. I believe the time will come when men and women will get so near to God that you will see that thing happen again. Man must have the image of God so restored in him that God’s power can be manifested through him with the original dominion that God gave to man, and that he manifested through man as a humble instrument. But is there a man or woman in this audience to-day, or any one else that you know of, who could be safely entrusted with such power as that to-day? [Voices: No]. It means creative power. The man who has the power to touch a paralyzed limb, and restore it instantly to health, has the power to touch a piece of clay, and make a live man out of it. The very same thing must happen. The man who has the power to touch a blind eye and make it see, can make one loaf feed five thousand.

When there are men who have such nearness to God that God can work in them in such a way as to create parts of the body instantly, as to restore an enlarged liver to its normal proportions, then we shall see a person that has risen

above all frailties of humanity that lives so near to God that the elements will obey his will, that he can hold out a rod, and a way will open through the sea, that he can do just what Christ was doing when he was here on earth. I don’t say the time won’t come when that will be done, and I don’t know anybody on earth to-day whom I think could be safely trusted with such power as that.

When a man has such a faith as to ask God in response to his touch and his prayer, to heal a part that is gone; to restore a part that is gone within the body, that man will be just as willing to restore parts that are gone outside of the body. The man who has faith to lay hold of the Lord, to ask him to heal a cancer of the stomach, that man will not hesitate to ask the Lord to make a new hand, and you will see a new hand as quickly as you will see a new stomach. Of course to a physician it doesn’t matter much whether it is on the inside or outside of the body; for a doctor can look inside the body; but it is easier to say that the thing has been done with reference to the part that is out of sight.

I think there are three classes of cases we can recognize: a class in which there is mental disease, and may be healed instantly, and God does it, too; another class in which parts have been destroyed, and are gone. Such cases can not be cured without a new creation. The first class of cases may be cured by a change of mental state. God can change our mental state in a second. Sometimes the doctor can change the mental state. I visited a patient last night who said when I came out that my visit had done him so much good. I had simply given him a few cheering words. That man looked melancholy when I went in; and when I went out, he looked very happy. That change was instantaneous. Well, now, if I can do that,—a poor, feeble instrument,—why just think what God can do. He can touch the brain and control the nervous system of the body, and infuse the whole body with a new life, a new strength, and a new vigor, and that can be done instantly.

We are not discussing what God can do; it is a question of what he does do. Here is another class of cases, in which there is some organic change, like diseased stomach, prolapsed stomach, or consumptive lungs, or weak heart and depressed nerves. In that case the mental state may be such as to re-act on the body, if the mental state is improved. There is a creative process going on in the body more or less all the time. A child down in Chicago had one of his leg bones gone, and the doctor took a rib out of that child’s chest, and put it down in his leg, and fixed it in such a way that it grew in, and made a leg bone. Curious things are done nowadays, and bones are sometimes partially reproduced.

A scientist at one time cut out half of a rabbit’s liver, and in a short time it grew again. Then he cut off the other half, and that likewise grew again, so that after a while that rabbit had a brand new liver. Take an earthworm, and cut it in two, and one-half will grow on a head, and the other half a tail, so that you will have two worms where you had one before. It is because parts have the power to reproduce themselves. If the mental state is made right, and if a man’s attitude toward God is right, he will eat right, he will think right, and he will behave himself in all his relations in life, and the consequences will be that he will be able to so minister to the needs of his bodily functions, that they will be so perfectly performed, that diseased conditions may be wiped away, and yet all coming from the improved mental state. It is just as reasonable for a man who has a diseased stomach which will require six months to get well,—it is just as reasonable to ask God to do that in a minute, as to plant some corn in a field, and ask God to give you a crop in a minute. You sow some corn in the field, and do you ask God to give you some husking ears to-morrow?—No. It would not be reasonable. In due time, as a result of our husbandry and our cultivation, we would get the fruit of our harvest.

Don’t you see that health is the very same thing? We sow for disease, and we get disease; if we want health, it is as much our duty to sow for health, and to wait for that harvest of health, as to wait for a harvest of corn. Can you give any reason why we should insist that God must heal us instantly of any disease, while we must wait weeks and months for our crops of corn? Let us be consistent and reasonable.

Here is a person who has some organic trouble of the stomach. We will suppose this edge of the table here represents the line that divides between disease and health. Up here is high health, and down there is the grave. When a man is well, he is away up here, and bad habits bring him down. He says he is well all the time. Smoking doesn’t hurt me; griddle cakes don’t hurt me; pepper and mustard don’t do me any harm; tea and coffee don’t do me any harm; three meals a day don’t hurt me. One day he gets sick. Then he says, “I guess that glass of milk I took doesn’t agree with me. That vegetarian dinner was not the best thing for me. He attributes it to some small thing. He says I overworked and exhausted my nerves canvassing; I overworked in Bible reading.

A person gets down here, and the last thing he did he thinks is the thing that made him sick. But that was not so. People never get sick while they are well. You have to get ill before you are sick. That may sound paradoxical, but that is truth. By and by you get down here, and the last thing you do is simply the straw that breaks the camel’s back. Then you get down below this line, and then you say, “I am sick.” Here is a man who is down here somewhere. He is prayed for. He gets his head above the water. He says “I am well.” But he is not well. His feet are under the water still. He can breathe, but he is not well. It only takes a little to get him down again. So he goes on with his old habits. Then he says the Lord didn’t heal him, but the Lord did; and what he ought to have done was to go on praying, and have reformed his habits of life, and then by and by he would have gotten up way above the disease altogether. But so many people live right on the line here. Their heads are bobbing up, and one minute they are well, and the next they are sick.

We doctors that are trying to practice principles which we believe God has given us, and our faith is big enough to believe that God does all the healing, and that we don’t do any of it; that every case of healing is divine healing, and all that we can do is to co-operate with God who is ready to do everything that our attitude will let him do; and when God can consistently do such things as to grow new eyes, that have disappeared, and make new bones for people, I think the evidence will be so plain that doctors and other people can see and know it. Then certainly will be the time for us to proclaim to the world that the Lord is doing these things.

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