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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 5

March 31, 1903 - NO. 2

OAKLAND, CAL., MARCH 31, 1903.
THE GENERAL CONFERENCE BULLETIN
PUBLISHED BY
THE SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST GENERAL CONFERENCE
Daily, except Sabbath
PRICE FOR THE SESSION, 50 CENTS
Application made to enter as Second-Class Matter

DAILY PROGRAM

8-9 A. M., Social meeting or instruction.
9:30-11:30 A. M., Conference meeting.
3 -5 P. M., Conference meeting.
7:30 P. M., Preaching service.

GENERAL CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS. Second Meeting

A. G. Daniells

Monday, March 30, 1903, 9:30 A. M.

A. G. Daniells in the chair.

Hymn 684 was sung, after which H. W. Cottrell offered prayer.

Then followed the roll-call of the delegates. The following is a complete session of the Conference, one hundred and nineteen of whom are now present:—

Complete List of Delegates to the General Conference

Atlantic Union Conference—H. W. Cottrell, P. F. Bicknell, J. W. Watt, A. E. Place, Geo. B. Thompson, R. A. Underwood, J. E. Jayne, O. O. Farnsworth, S. M. Cobb, S. N. Curtiss, Mrs. Mary B. Nicola, E. E. Franke.

Canadian Union Conference—W. H. Thurston, J. W. Collie, G. E. Langdon.

Southern Union Conference—Smith Sharp, R. M. Kilgore, W. J. Stone, C. P. Bollman, J. E. White, J. O. Johnston, O. C. Godsmark, A. F. Harrison, W. L. McNeeley, S. B. Horton.

Lake Union Conference—W. H. Edwards, E. K. Slade, H. A. Washburn, R. T. Dowsett, C. H. Bliss, S. H. Lane, R. R. Kennedy, J. D. Gowell, M. B. Miller, H. R. Johnson. Wm. Covert, H. H. Burkholder, C. J. Herrmann, S. E. Wight, P. T. Magan, W. C. Hebner, Allen Moon, S. M. Butler, A. G. Haughey, N. P. Neilsen, D. E. Lindsey, I. J. Hankins, E. R. Williams, A. R. Sandborn, H. W. Miller, S. Mortenson.

Northern Union Conference—N. W. Allee, C. W. Flaiz, C. M. Everest, Andrew Nelson, C. A. Burman, John Walker, Fred Johnson, Lars Neilsen, F. A. Detamore, H. J. Dirksen.

Central Union Conference—E. T. Russell, N. P. Nelson, J. M. Rees, C. A. Beeson, G. F. Watson, L. F. Starr, L. A. Hoopes, J. J. Graf, L. W. Terry, C. McReynolds, Watson Ziegler, E. G. Olson, Lewis Johnson, J. H. Wheeler, R. C. Porter, I. A. Crane, G. W. Anglebarger, C. H. Parsons, J. H. Kraft.

Southwestern Union Conference—G. G. Rupert, T. W. Field, M. H. Gregory, W. A. McCutchen, A. E. Field, C. N. Woodward, G. F. Haffner.

Pacific Union Conference—W. B. White, J. L. Wilson, W. R. Simmons, H. G. Thurston, C. Santee, W. A. Alway, H. H. Hall, A. J. Breed, S. W. Nellis, M. E. Cady, A. S. Kellogg, W. M. Healey, M. C. Wilcox, W. F. Martin, F. M. Burg, J. S. Osborne, D. T. Fero, E. W. Webster, C. H. Jones.

Australasian Union Conference—G. A. Irwin, W. D. Salisbury, A. T. Robinson, E. H. Gates, Miss Edith M. Graham, M. G. Kellogg.

European General Conference—L. R. Conradi.

British Union Conference—E. J. Waggoner, A. D. Gilbert.

Delegates at Large—A. G. Daniells, Geo. I. Butler, J. N. Loughborough, I. H. Evans, J. H. Kellogg, A. T. Jones, S. N. Haskell, W. T. Knox, W. C. White, W. W. Prescott, U. Smith (deceased), H. Shultz, W. A. Spicer, E. R. Palmer, H. F. Osborne, Mrs. L. Flora Plummer, David Paulson, H. F. Rand, A. J. Read, S. P. S. Edwards, Frederick Griggs, E. A. Sutherland, G. W. Caviness, H. M. Mitchell.

Total, 139.

Of the foregoing list, all were present except the following-named persons:—

Mrs. Mary B. Nicola, E. E. Franke, G. W. Anglebarger, H. R. Johnson, E. R. Williams, H. W. Miller, S. Mortenson, Andrew Nelson, Lars Neilsen, J. E. White, J. O. Johnston, G. I. Butler, I. H. Evans, Frederick Griggs, S. N. Haskell, H. F. Rand, A. J. Read, H. Shultz, H. M. Mitchell, U. Smith (deceased).

Minutes of the opening meeting were then read by the secretary.

The chair asked what the pleasure of the delegates was with reference to the form in which the minutes of the Conference proceedings should be prepared and presented before the Conference. Upon motion of N. P. Nelson, it was decided that the secretary prepare a brief record of the business transacted, to be read at each meeting, this to be called the minutes of the Conference: and that any inaccuracies which might appear in the more extended report of the proceedings appearing in the daily “Bulletin,” be subject to correction.

The chairman of the General Conference Committee then presented his report as follows:—

THE CHAIRMAN’S ADDRESS

It is right that we should, at the opening of this Conference, acknowledge the great love God has shown us since we last met in General Conference. He has been good, and merciful, and long-suffering. May His goodness lead to repentance and to greater devotion to Him.

While we have gladly welcomed new recruits to the ranks of our workers, we have been made exceedingly sad

to have some of our comrades fall at their posts of duty. During the two years that have so quickly passed since we were last assembled in General Conference, fifteen ordained ministers, besides six missionaries in the field, and a few who had returned, have been taken from us. Of this number it may be proper to mention Elders H. P. Holser, F. L. Mead, Dan. T. Jones, L. M. Crowther, H. D. Day, W. H. Falconer, C. Grin, O. S. Ferren, John F. Hansen, J. P. Henderson, F. J. Hutchins, H. M. Kenyon, Wm. Sanders, and G. W. Colcord. It has been but a few days since our esteemed and greatly beloved brother, Elder Uriah Smith, was suddenly removed from our ranks. May I venture to suggest that at some time during this session of the Conference, suitable reference be made to this loss by some of Brother Smith’s fellow-workers?

Besides the ministers named, some faithful missionaries have fallen. Among them are Dr. John Eccles, in Central America; Brother A. M. Fischer, in Puerto Rico; Mrs. J. E. Caldwell, in New Zealand; Mrs. D. C. Babcock, in British Guiana; Donna Humphrey, in India; and Mrs. E. R. Palmer, in America. Of these dear fellow-workers it is written, “Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, ... that they may rest from their labors, and their works do follow them.”

REORGANIZATION

In reviewing the work of the last two years, only brief mention can here be made of the most important features that have received attention. Others in charge of organizations and departments will report more fully later. Two years ago a very definite message came to this people to make important changes in their administrative arrangements. We were instructed to so arrange our conference organizations as to distribute the responsibilities of this great cause to all to whom they rightly belong. The first step taken was to increase the number of members of the General Conference Committee from thirteen to twenty-five. Care was taken to place on the committee, ministers, physicians, teachers, printers, and business men. The reasons for this are plain,—that the affairs of the Conference might be dealt with by many minds, and that all of the most important phases of our great work might be definitely represented in the committee. The ultimate point to be gained is that every department of the cause shall receive the fairest and most efficient administration possible.

Another important feature of the plan of reorganization has been to organize Union Conferences and local mission boards in all parts of the field. During the last two years twelve Union Conferences and three Union Mission Fields have been formed. Largely as a result of these changes, some twenty local conferences and several local mission boards have been organized. Seven Union Conferences have been organized in the United States, one in Canada, three in Europe, and one in Africa. Two Union Mission Fields have been organized in Europe, and one in South America.

The plan of organization is precisely the same from the local church up to the General Conference. In every case it provides that the work of God shall be placed in the hands of those to whom it belongs. It distributes responsibilities so that the details of the work in all parts of the world are to be dealt with by men who are on the ground where these details are to be worked out. In short, the plan recognizes one message, one body of people, and one general organization.

Everywhere throughout the field our people have responded most heartily to this move, and the changes effected have been greater and much more rapid than any of us foresaw two years ago.

In addition to the efforts to organize the work more completely in all parts of the field, with the view of placing the management of the work more fully in the hands of all the people, we have endeavored to simplify the machinery as much as possible. What seemed to be unnecessary wheels have been removed. Separate organizations, such as the International Tract Society, Religious Liberty Association, and Sabbath-school Association, have been dropped, with the view of making them departments of the one organization,—the Conference.

It would be too much to expect all these changes to be made in the short space of a year or so, without causing some confusion and apparent loss. But the next two years will reveal more clearly and definitely the advantages of these changes.

No one will presume to claim that the work done has been perfect. But many can testify that the blessing of God has attended the efforts that have been made to distribute responsibilities, and thus transfer the care, perplexity, and management that once centered in. Battle Creek to all parts of the world, where they belong. Scores of men are now getting the experience of burden-bearing that was previously confined to comparatively few.

This work has not been destructive and disintegrating. A careful study of the plan of reorganization, as worked out, will show that it does not attack or set aside any of the vital features of organization adopted by the pioneers in this message. It is a consistent and harmonious adjustment of these features to meet the necessities of a growing cause.

ROLLING AWAY DEBTS

Another phase of reform to which this people were called was to arise and roll away the reproach of debt that rested so heavily upon them. And we were faithfully warned not to repeat the mistakes of the past in making debts. After all that our brethren had done for a number of years to free this cause from crushing debts, they were very heavy two years ago, and they are still a serious evil to be reckoned with. A little more than two years ago we had $66,000 to raise on the debts of the Christiania publishing house. All but $6,600 of this amount has been raised in cash. The last payment is to be made next July. The money is all provided, and is in the hands of the European Committee.

But after paying this $66,000 to the banks and business houses of Christiania, there are still two mortgages on the building, covering its entire value. So we have nothing but the honor of being honest in return for this great sum. How much $66,000 would have helped the cause in mission fields, if it could have been used for fresh work instead of being used to pay debts, for which we have not a dollar’s worth of property in return! But during the two years our people have given of their hard-earned means, loyally, liberally, and patiently, because they have understood from the “Testimonies,” articles in the “Review,” and the general talk of the preachers, that we were from now on to roll away this “

heaven-dishonoring” reproach, and to hereafter shun debt as we should “shun the leprosy.”

Two years ago our schools were groaning under a debt aggregating about $350,000. During this time our people have donated $52,000 in cash for the material for “Christ’s Object Lessons,” our printing houses have donated about $30,000 in labor, Sister White has donated $15,000 in royalty, and the conferences and people have donated not less than $218,000 in expenses and time in selling the book. Here is a total contribution of about $263,000 to be applied on our school debts. As nearly as we can tell, about $200,000 has been paid on these debts. There are books enough unsold to pay of $100,000 more, with but little expense in addition to what has been already made.

Two years ago our General Conference Association was owing $288,000. Nearly every dollar of this liability was on notes given for borrowed money. It had only $100,000 worth of property that could possibly be turned into money. The trustees have worked hard to place the finances on a sound basis. Eighty-three thousand dollars of the debts have been cut off, and $100,000 of good, valuable assets, in the shape of good notes and accounts, have been added. This has improved the financial condition of the association $183,000. The total liabilities Dec. 31, 1902, were $205,408.95; the assets were $197,974.11, leaving a deficit of $7,434.84. No man nor committee could have effected this change, had it not been that God mercifully moved upon the hearts of His people to help us in this hour of need and effort. A more detailed statement will be presented by the chairman.

Two years ago the General Conference was $41,589 overdrawn on its account. We have not made any special effort to pay off this debt. We have had so many items of finance to handle that it seemed impossible to give this debt any attention. It has taken very strenuous efforts to keep from increasing it. But we are glad to be able to report that it has been reduced $7,500. I had not dared to hope for this until within a few days.

FACING SQUARELY ABOUT

Perhaps I ought to say, in referring to these items, that I wish it distinctly understood that there is not the slightest desire to cast any reflection upon any man living with reference to the responsibility for any of these obligations. None of us can stand up and throw stones. My only object in calling attention to them is to place before you what is to me a glorious fact, and that is that we have faced about. I do not pose as one who has never made a debt; but I do claim that, since the last General Conference, my eyes have been opened to the evil of this thing, and that I have changed my policy altogether and absolutely, and not only I, but many of the members of the General Conference Committee, and many of our ministers, and many of our people who twenty years ago were in a large measure thoughtless about the evil of creating debts, have been aroused to the thing, and have changed their policy.

In referring to this, we make no reflections upon any one. If we were to do so, we would have to strike straight home, many of us, if not all; therefore let it be understood that no hand is raised in condemnation against any man; but let it be understood, brethren, that our hand is raised against this evil thing, and that it is brought to an end; that the era of debt-making is past, with us as a people; that hereafter we will let God work through us to pay His own bills as He goes along.

In addition to the work and sacrifice of our people in unloading these debts, they have done nobly in supporting new, progressive missionary enterprises. During the two years they have given to missions $271,000, including what was sent to Christiana. This is by far the largest amount ever contributed by this denomination in the same period. The largest yearly offering before 1901 was $110,000. In 1901 our people gave to missions $127,000, and in 1902, $144,000.

Our people have certainly responded nobly to the call to roll away the reproach of debt. But they have done it with the full understanding from all of the leaders that we would not create new debts for them to pay. We have tried to be true to the instruction God has given us, to our promises to the people, and to the loyal, self-sacrificing people themselves. Under all the circumstances, it would have been a cruel breach of trust for us to have created new debts and bound upon their backs while they were working so hard to wipe out those that had previously been made. Neither the General Conference, the General Conference Association, nor the Mission Board has, during the two years, created a single debt. They have all done a cash business, and have helped to reduce the debts of the denomination $250,000, and improved the financial condition of the General Conference Association $100,000 above that.

The vigorous efforts it has been necessary to make to meet the obligations of the Christiania publishing house, and to wipe out the debts on our educational institutions, together with the “Testimonies,” and the addresses and articles of preachers, have aroused a general sentiment throughout the denomination against the debt-making policy. There is a general feeling that a decided change of financial administration should be made, and that the General Conference should adopt a definite, clean-cut policy for the guidance of committees and boards in charge of the affairs of the cause. During the past year the General Conference Committee expressed its position by the following resolutions:—

Whereas, The work of carrying on the third angel’s message is rapidly enlarging and extending into new fields; and,—

Whereas, Unless careful management be given to the operations in extending the message, large debts will be contracted; therefore,—

1. We recommend, That all evangelical and missionary enterprises carried on in the name of the denomination, or under the denomination’s support, be conducted on a strictly cash basis.

Whereas, Most of our corporations and institutions are carrying large liabilities; therefore,—

2. We recommend, That said corporations and institutions be requested to give special attention to the rapid liquidation of their obligations.

3. We further recommend,—

(a) That the General Conference or Mission Board from this day shall not be held financially responsible for any obligations which they have not assumed by their own action.

(b) That the foregoing be the general policy of the Union and State Conferences and other organizations and institutions of the denomination.

(c) That all parties undertaking local enterprises, such as institutions, church buildings, and other

undertakings in this country, secure their means in their respective local territories, and not by general call for means, unless previously arranged.”

These recommendations were passed by the General Conference Committee at its sitting last November, and it appears to me that the time has come for the General Conference in session to make a clear announcement regarding its financial policy.

You will recognize that a great deal more might be said regarding the various features of our work during the past two years, but, so far as the General Conference is concerned, I have felt that I must be as brief as possible, and refer only to general features.

The past two years have been very interesting for the Mission Board. We have had many perplexing questions to deal with; but we have enjoyed many rich blessings in our efforts to rightly and broadly deal with these great, world-wide mission problems.

As you know, two years ago it was clearly understood that the field of the Mission Board hereafter would include what we call the home as well as the foreign field; that the Mission Board would, as far as consistent and possible, foster the work in needy parts of the United States of North America, as well as the needy fields across the sea. We have seen that we could very easily take on financial burdens in this country large enough to swallow up all our means, and have nothing left to send abroad. Of course, we have seen, too, that it would be very easy to keep up a sentiment that would take too large a share of the gifts the people were able to make out of the country into other lands. We all know that neither extreme should be allowed to prevail. There are places, there are enterprises, in the United States that must have assistance. They are not able to do the work that ought to be done by them without assistance. So we must secure help from some source, and I believe that it devolves upon the Mission Board to inquire carefully into these enterprises, and then, as far as in their judgment they can do so, render assistance from the general funds.

This is true regarding the populous parts of the United States, where not so much has been done, and where means are not so plentiful as in some other places. In the Atlantic Coast there are larger cities, a poorer people, fewer laborers, and weaker conferences than in the central states.

The Southern field, that we have heard so much about, is in a condition of things that calls for assistance from our more favored conferences in the North. I am satisfied that we have not done all for the Southern field that should have been done, and all that we can do. I do not refer alone in this statement to money. From the study I have given the field, I am satisfied that the Southern field needs more than money. It has received a good deal of money during the last few years. Our books show that during the last eight years over $300,000 has been applied to the work in what is now the Southern Union Conference. During the last four years, $183,000, that we can trace in our accounts, has been used in the work there.

I do not believe that the solution of the difficulty in the Southern field lies in pouring more money into that field. I do not say that we should not continue to send money there, and send more, perhaps, than we have; but that is not the real solution of the problem. The Southern field wants something more than money. It wants the intelligent, thoughtful, and studious cooperation of our people in the North. The Southern field wants more contact with our men in the North. The Southern field wants more of our bright, earnest, and cultured young men and women from our schools to connect with their work; and I believe that, at the close of this Conference, arrangements should be made by the General Conference Committee, or the Mission Board, or whoever has charge of it, to come into closer touch with the men in the Southern field, who are struggling with the difficulties of that difficult piece of territory, and unite more intelligently for cooperation; and let there be an interchange of men more freely than there has been, at least during the last two years.

During this time our camp-meetings in the North have been visited by our General Conference and Mission Board men; but I do not know that any of them have attended a camp-meeting in the Southern field. That is just one point to illustrate what I mean by bringing our men in the North and our men in the South into closer touch. Let those who are in the North, and who have the heavy responsibilities in administration, go South, and join the brethren in facing the situation exactly as it is. Let them study the field, and let them together unite on plans, and then all go to work to carry them out together.

I say again that the problem of rightly relating the Mission Board to the home fields is a difficult one, but I believe it can be mastered, if the Board shall take a little more time to study it, and thus the right relationship can be established between the Board and these various fields in America that will need the fostering care of the Board.

As you know, we have made some effort during the past two years to become more intelligent regarding some of the fields abroad. A delegation of brethren attended the European General Conference held in London about a year ago. These brethren visited different parts of Europe. They attended general meetings in Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, and Switzerland. They visited France and Italy, and some of them visited Austria. They spend about three months in that country, visiting those fields, associating with the brethren, and studying with them the problems they were dealing with. We attended the camp-meetings and the annual conferences, and joined the brethren in their business proceedings. We sat down with them, and studied their finances, the needs of their great, populous countries, and their poverty, and united with them in working out something like a definite policy for the coming year. We greatly enjoyed this work. We became so much better acquainted with the details of the fields that we are much better prepared to cooperate with our brethren than we were before this visit. And the result of this visit has been quite an awakening on the part of our people regarding those fields. A real interest has sprung up all over this country, and the Mission Board has received many new offers from workers to go to those fields. Some conferences have sent in the names of quite a large number of their ministers and laborers, who are glad to have their names put on the list as volunteers for foreign fields.

WORKERS SENT FORTH

During the two years the Board has sent out 183 persons from this country to other lands. Not all of these were absolutely new workers, who had not

been in the field before, but I think a large majority of them are. Of course, what has been done is but a small beginning of what must be done as we take hold of this work to finish it in this generation.

Another thing: The conference have come forward during the last six months in a very hearty and encouraging way to support the Mission Board in carrying forward its work. Michigan, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas responded nobly to the first appeals after the return of the European delegation. When we came to the Fresno, California, camp-meeting, we found that a strong tide had already set in toward the mission field, and before the camp-meeting closed a large number of workers had volunteered to go abroad, their offers had been accepted, and the California Conference had taken its stand to send them and support them in the fields. I think the total amount of this appropriation and this gift to the fields outside of California is 23 or 24 workers, and something like $23,000 a year, which, with the $5,000 in cash given, and a percentage besides, makes about $36,000 for the coming year.

Now I feel free to say here that this step has thrilled this denomination from one end of this land to the other. It has started a new line of thought; it has placed before us new plans and methods: it has opened to us new ideas with reference to the support of our mission work. Before this Conference closes, I think we ought to take up the question of the basis of support of our ministers who go into mission fields.

The General Conference Committee, at its sitting in November, passed these recommendations:—

“Whereas, The one great work of this people is to carry the third angel’s message in this generation to every nation, kindred, tongue, and people; and,—

“Whereas, out four-fifths of the laborers, and the means with which to support them, are now gathered in the United States, where there is only about one-twentieth of the world’s population; therefore,—

“1. We recommend, That a systematic and thorough campaign be entered upon and kept up to turn the attention of conference committees, ministers, and people to the needs of the fields outside of their respective conferences and outside of the United States; and that all conference resources of ministers and money be held open by the conference management to the needs and calls of the regions beyond, the same as within the bounds of local conferences.

“2. We recommend, That conferences urge their laborers to move out into needy fields, especially into fields outside of the United States, and pledge to support them there, as their own laborers, until they have raised up a sufficient constituency to give them their support.

“3. We recommend, That, in all cases where laborers are sent into another field, as above suggested, they work under the direction of the conference into whose fields they are sent; that the committee under whose direction they labor audit their accounts; and that all appropriations for their support be sent to the treasury of the Mission Board.

“4. We recommend, That the General, Union, and State Conferences, give their internal workings and the expenses of administration careful study, to the end that all unnecessary expenses be eliminated, and the work put upon a sound basis.

“5. We recommend, That we encourage the states that are able to do so, to set aside a definite per cent of the regular tithe as an appropriation to the general work of the Mission Board.

“6. We recommend, That this forward movement in behalf of missions be placed clearly before our people, and that their responsibility to pay a full tithe into the Lord’s treasury be emphasized.

“7. We recommend, That, in addition to this devotion of conference resources to destitute fields, we urge all our laborers and people to agitate the matter of the regular weekly offerings to missions, known as the ten-cent-a-week plan, by which a large treasure may easily be turned to the evangelization of the world.”

These resolutions can be brought before the Conference at the proper time.

I sincerely trust that, while we are together, we shall be able to give our time and our attention to the study of these world-wide mission problems that are pressing upon us so heavily, and with which it appears to me the General Conference should deal.

The Chair: What is your pleasure with reference to further business?

SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON INSTITUTIONS

C. H. Parsons: If there is no other business for the moment, I have a motion I would like to introduce at this time. It is this:—

That Elder A. G. Daniells, chairman of the General Conference Committee, be, and is hereby, instructed to appoint a committee of five to examine into the financial standing of all our various institutions, and to investigate their relationship to the Seventh-day Adventist denomination, and to devise and recommend some plan to this Conference whereby all institutions, as far as possible under existing corporation laws, be placed under the direct ownership, control, and management of our people.

I take the opportunity of introducing this resolution thus early in the Conference, owing to the fact that, to my mind, this is one of the problems that the common people of this denomination are wanting solved to-day, and it seems to me that a large amount of time will be needed by the committee in which to study and consider this matter.

Watson Ziegler: I second the motion.

The Chair: You have heard this motion. What is your pleasure regarding it?

It was moved and seconded that this motion be referred to the Committee on Plans and Resolutions, in order that the recommendation might come through the regular channel.

E. R. Palmer suggested that since a large body of men had been chosen for the purpose of appointing standing committees, it would be best for the Committee of Counsel to appoint the committee called for in this resolution, rather than for the chairman to appoint it. To this amendment of the resolution the mover of the motion assented, whereupon the motion to refer was withdrawn, and the resolution, as amended, was carried unanimously.

Upon motion of R. A. Underwood, the Conference adjourned to 3 P. M., even date.

A. G. DANIELLS, Chairman.
H. E. OSBORNE, Secretary.

OUR TIME, OUR WORK, AND OPENING PROVIDENCES

A. G. Daniells

Evening after Sabbath, March 28.

It will be remembered that we are now studying the message we have to give, the field we are to occupy, and the special providences of God by which we are to do the work. The points I wish to emphasize to-night are the time, the movement, and the providences.

OUR TIME

The Scriptures very clearly guide us in our study with reference to the time in which we live, and the great movement with which we are connected. We find in Paul’s letter to the Thessalonians two different warnings: “But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you. For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape. But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief. Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness. Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober. For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night. But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation. For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him.” 1 Thessalonians 5:1-10.

Now it appears that the Thessalonians obtained a wrong view regarding their time as related to the second coming of Christ; so, in his second letter to them, Paul warns them, and gives them further instruction: “Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto Him, that ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. Let no man deceive you by any means; for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshiped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God. Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things? And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work; only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way.”

It is clear from this that it has not always been proper for men to look for Christ to come in their day. It has always been clearly taught by the church that Christ would come. Enoch taught this; Abraham taught it; all the patriarchs, prophets, and apostles taught it most clearly and emphatically; but none of them taught that Christ was to come and establish His everlasting kingdom of glory in their generation. And when the Thessalonian church obtained the idea that they were to see Christ come in glory, Paul promptly corrected them. But a generation will come upon the stage of action that will see Christ come in His glory. That generation will be justified in looking for Him. The church living at that time will be commissioned of God to give the world warning regarding that event.

We as a people believe that the hour has come for Christ to close His work and return to the earth for His church. We believe that the evidence is abundant, and clear, and unmistakable, and we believe that we are commissioned by God to take up this evidence and herald it to all the world. Are we right in this claim? (Voices, “Yes, sir.”) Is this the truth? or have we followed cunningly devised fables? That is the question we are to face here as we have never faced it before. Are we on solid ground? Have we the truth? Has the hour struck for the church of God to arise and proclaim to the world that her King is coming?

I wish to spend a little time to-night on the time phase of the question. The Scriptures tell us about a period called “the time of the end.” They tell us about a day called “the day of His preparation.” They tell us about an hour called “the hour of His judgment.” They tell us about a work called “the finishing of the gospel.” Do all these mean the same thing? Do all these periods and features apply to the same time? Do they focus on the same spot?—They do. It can be demonstrated as clearly as a sunbeam that all these references apply to one and the same thing, to the same period, to the same generation, to the same movement. It can be clearly demonstrated that this is the generation to which they apply, and that the third angel’s message is the precise movement to which they refer.

Now the apostle says that Christ can not come except there come a falling away first, and the man of sin be revealed. The apostle here refers to the prophecy of Daniel. The man of sin is the same as the little horn of the seventh chapter of Daniel. The facts concerning that man of sin are these: The church will turn away from God, and put a man in the place of God. It will usurp the place, the authority, and the prerogatives of God in the world, among men. It will become a supreme power; and it will hold that supremacy for twelve hundred and sixty years. At the termination of that period its supremacy will be broken, and this will mark the beginning of the time of the end.

The beginning of the supremacy of the Papacy was in 538 A. D. Its supremacy was broken in 1798 A. D. At that time the prophetic period came to an end. The year 1798 marks the beginning of the definite, specific period called “the time of the end.” Notice the meaning of the expression “the time of the end.” It is not “the end of time,” but “the time of the end,”—the time leading up to the end; the time of preparation for the end; the time that will usher in the end. This is the meaning of this expression which is used to designate the period just preceding the second advent. Thus we understand that, beginning with 1798, the world and the church entered upon a period during which every preparation would be made for the end of all things, a period when God would take charge of affairs, and marshal them after His own divine will, guiding His church, restoring His gifts, and taking command of affairs on the earth to such an extent that He shall finish His work, and cut it short in righteousness, thus consummating the great plan and purpose that He has been working out for so many centuries. There is abundant evidence that in 1798 God very

definitely took charge of the affairs of men, to prepare the way for His closing work.

In this period known as the time of the end, we have the termination, the focal point, of a number of other important prophetic periods. I will refer to one or two that were mentioned in the discourse last evening. First, in the period known as the time of the end, we have the termination of the sixth trumpet of the book of Revelation. That came on the 11th of August, 1840.

‘We have in this period, also, the opening of the seventh trumpet, which came in 1844. This event marked the beginning of the hour called “the hour of His judgment.” The opening of the seventh trumpet marked also the beginning of that work called “the finishing of the mystery of God.” This was about a half a century after the time of the end began, and about a half a century ago,—about midway between the beginning of the time of the end and the present hour.

By these prophecies we are brought to that definite time. No one can gainsay these lines of prophecy. I have preached them many times, in many parts of the world, to many different congregations, and I have never had a man come forward to seriously question or disprove the position that we take regarding the termination of the sixth trumpet on the 11th day of August, 1840. I have never had a man seriously question our position regarding the opening of the seventh trumpet in 1844. Have you? (Voices, “No.”)

Once, at the close of a talk on the seventh trumpet, its meaning, and the events that were to take place under it, a gentleman came to me, and said: “Mr. Daniells, I am very deeply stirred by the facts that have been brought out regarding this prophecy and this time. While sitting here to-night, I said to myself, If this is true; if it is a fact that the seventh trumpet began to sound in 1844: if, under its sounding, the gospel of Jesus Christ is to be finished, and the Kingdom is to be given to the saints of the Most High, this is the most thrilling period the world has ever seen, and there is given to the church the most solemn message ever committed to men.’ You people,” said he, “who understand this, and who believe it, and claim to be called out by this message, ought to be the most tremendously earnest people on the face of the earth.” (Congregation, “Amen.”)

I have never had a man stand up and seriously question our position on these prophecies; but I have seen many men surrender to the facts set forth in these prophecies. But many of us have gone over them, and have treated them indifferently and as common things, until they have lost, to a large extent, their thrilling and mighty power upon our hearts.

O my brothers, is it true that the seventh trumpet has begun to sound? and that under its sounding, and in the very beginning of its sounding, the gospel of Jesus Christ is to be finished? Is it true? (Many voices, “Yes.”) Have we not a message, then, to bear to men? Ought we not to be a serious people, an earnest people, weighted with the grave and solemn responsibilities resting upon us? (Congregation, “Yes.”) May God show us the meaning of our position and our work at this time. This is not the time to trifle with mighty problems such as we have. This is not the time to go light-loaded. This is the time, in view of the message we have, that should weigh us down, and make us mightily in earnest, and very sincere and upright in our living.

OUR WORK

I desire now to notice the movement for this time. What is it? It is brought to view in Revelation, chapters ten, fourteen, and eighteen; also in Daniel, Ezekiel, Habakkuk, and in many other places. The threefold message of Revelation is more than a theory. It is a great system of truth, and a great body of believers, and a great gospel missionary movement. The system of truth is God’s message to the world, the body of people are those whom the truth saves, and the great missionary movement is the proclamation of the truth to the world by those whom it saves.

You can not think of this message without seeing its truth stirring men and women to action. You see them tremendously in earnest. You see them commissioned to go from place to place. Their movement is represented by an angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto every nation, kindred, tongue, and people. Study the map of the world; look upon all the countries of the earth,—America, Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, Russia, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Africa, Persia, India, China, Japan, Australasia, all the islands of the sea,—look upon all these countries, and all the places where men dwell, and there you see God’s messengers earnestly proclaiming to the people in all these places the message God has given to them.

You can not think of this message without seeing that picture. The message if a great message of truth to the world. It is a loyal church, proclaiming that truth. It is a people that goes forth throughout the length and breadth of the land to the uttermost parts of the earth, to take possession of the kingdom of Jesus Christ. The saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom forever and ever. And they will take it under the sounding of the seventh angel.

Now let us look at the movement. When did the time for this great movement arrive?—1844. What about the movement itself? Did it begin then?—It certainly did. It is truly gratifying to the earnest student of God’s Word, as he traces his way through the prophecies to this hour, and finds the work beginning at that very time that fulfills that prophecy. Brethren, our fathers started that movement when the hour came for it to start. There was no such movement in the world when the hour came. But God gave His Spirit to humble men, to guide them. They found their way. Without precedent, or predecessors, they began a new movement. They began to proclaim a new message. No one had been giving it before, for the time for it to be given had not come. But in 1844 the hour struck for an entirely new truth to be given to the world,—“The hour of His judgment is come!” And our fathers began to give it. We have come along fifty-eight years, and now we see what we can really call a world-wide movement, in perfect fulfillment of these lines of prophecy. We see it before our eyes. What more do we want to give us assurance? We have the Word of the living God. We have the lines of prophecy laid out as clearly as so many sunbeams. We have the movement on foot. We have sixty or seventy thousand believers in the message. What more do we want? Our hearts ought to fill with courage; they ought to thrill with enthusiasm.

We ought to make a new consecration to-night of our lives regarding the finishing of this work.

OPENING PROVIDENCES

Now a word with reference to the providences of God for this work. Any one who will study the condition of the world must see that a group of remarkable providences clusters around the period of time called “the time of the end.” I shall read a few statements which I have gathered from persons who have studied the meaning of these providences. I remember reading from ex-President Harrison a very impressive statement that he made at the Ecumenical Council of the missionary conference in New York, about three years ago. Speaking of the wonderful inventions and the discoveries of this age, he inquired what they were for. Were they to serve only the purposes of men, merely for the benefit of commerce, and politics, and science? After surveying the vast field, he said. “No; all these are facilities that God Himself has brought into existence to harness into His chariot, that He may drive gloriously through the length and breadth of the world.” That was the view he took of it. There are godly men in the churches doing missionary work, who are deeply impressed that all these things are so many providences of God, designed for a mighty gospel work at this time.

Believing as we do regarding the time in which we are living, and the work that has been given us to do, what shall we say regarding these remarkable providences?

Exploration,—The achievements of the last century in the discovery and exploration of the unknown countries of the world are truly wonderful. At the present time ‘there are not less than 83 geographical societies, with a membership of 50,000, and 153 geographical journals. A hundred years ago nearly one-third of the globe was absolutely unknown. At the beginning of Queen Victoria’s reign, practically nothing was known of the interior of China and Japan, Central Asia, Tibet, and Afghanistan. As late as 1880, the interior of Africa was almost a blank.’ ‘To-day practically all of the inhabited portions of the earth are known to civilization.’”

Why has God, during the last century, thus brought the whole world into clear view? Is it not that His church may go to the whole world with the message He has given them for the whole world?—Most certainly. All this has been done in the time of the end.

Open Doors.—“At the beginning of the last century, the doors of nearly all of the heathen nations were closed to Christian missionaries.” But it is not so to-day. “For the first time in the history of the church, practically the whole world is open. The marvelous orderings of Providence during the nineteenth century, and notably during the past fifty years, have set before the church the open doors for which Christians for generations have been praying.”

When I was in Mexico recently, a certain missionary represented it thus: “It is not merely an open door; the whole side of the house is knocked out,” he said. That is the attitude and the position of heathen lands to the church of God to-day. Why is this?—Plainly that this church may rise up and enter in. We ought to look into these open doors, and gaze on the needs of these nations, until it will be absolutely impossible for us longer to refrain from entering these open doors in such numbers and masses that we can do the work committed to our hands.

Means to Travel.—In order to carry on this world-wide movement, and finish the work in a single generation, facilities for transportation must be specially prepared. Who can take account of the vast possibilities of the railway and steamship facilities of to-day without being impressed with the thought that these are special providences for this time? “Of the 454,730 miles of railway in the world, a considerable mileage is already to be found in non-Christian lands. It is possible, for example, to go by rail to many parts of India, Japan, and South America. The greatest railway enterprises of the time are those now building or projected in non-Christian lands. The Siberian Railway has brought hundreds of millions of people of the Far East a month nearer to the Christian nations of Western Europe. The Cape-Cairo Railway and the lines being stretched from the east coast of Africa will afford easy access to the peoples in the interior of that continent.”

“The extension and improvement of the steamship service have benefited the church as well as secular enterprises. Europe is twenty days nearer America now than sixty years ago, five days nearer than twenty years ago, and two days nearer than ten years ago. Sixty years ago it required sixty days for the mails to go from Bombay to London; now it requires considerably less than one-third that time. It took Carey nearly five months to go from Dover to Calcutta in 1793. One can make the trip now in three weeks. Judson’s trip from Salem to Calcutta, in 1812, consumed eleven months; and as late as 1859, it took Bishop Thoburn four months to go from Lynn to Calcutta. Now one can go from New York to Calcutta in a month. Moffat was three months, in 1817, on the way from Gravesend to Cape Town; now the voyage lasts less than two weeks. These developments mean an immense saving of time to the missionary force.”

The Transmission of Knowledge.—In the loud cry of the third angel’s message, when the earth is to be lightened with the glory of God, and when the great controversy has reached the climax of all time, and one long, loud, last appeal is to be given to all the world, there will be required some means by which knowledge can be quickly transmitted to the uttermost parts of the earth. Who can not see that this means has been provided in the electric telegraph and cable systems, which are being used constantly by the missionary societies, and which are of great service? ‘There are 170,000 miles of submarine cables, which have cost at least $250,000,000. All the grand divisions of the earth are connected by them. They skirt the South American continent, save the southern extremity. They unite the islands of the West Indies and the Central American States. Three lines stretch from Europe and Africa to South America. Cables completely encircle Africa. Four lines connect Europe with the Far East. Along the eastern coast of Asia the lines loop from port to port, and reach on to Japan, to the Philippines, the East Indies, Australia, and New Zealand. The benighted nations of Asia and Africa are in constant communication with enlightened Europe and America. Over 6,000,000 cable messages are transmitted annually. Any important event which takes place at the antipodes in the morning we hear of in the afternoon. The land telegraphs are far more extensive. These and the cable system serve the church, not only by promoting general intelligence, but

also in facilitating the financial transactions and administrative work of the missionary societies.

“Printing.—No modern-day invention has done more to disseminate a knowledge of present truth than the printing press. ‘One of the marvels of the success of the church of the first generation is that so much was accomplished without printed books.... The method of spreading a knowledge of the Word of God was almost exclusively by oral instruction.... For centuries after the time of the early Christians, “to own a ‘Bible was the privilege of princes, churches, and monasteries.” It required years to write out a complete Bible. Even sixty years ago printing was done on hand presses, and only from one to two hundred impressions could be taken in an hour. Now there are presses which print, bind, and fold 96,000 papers in an hour. The invention of the lino-type enables one operator to produce several fold as much composed matter as any regular typesetter. This and the many other improvements in the art of printing have, to a remarkable degree, reduced the price of books. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Bibles were very expensive, and consequently were very scarce. Carey’s first Bengali Bible sold at about $20. A Bengali Bible can now be purchased for a few cents. The price lists of the various Bible societies show that in hundreds of languages the New Testament can be obtained for a mere pittance. No mechanical or serious financial difficulty, therefore, stands in the way of giving the Bible at once to every family under heaven.’

“Bible Societies.—‘There are no less than 80 separate Bible societies, besides many auxiliaries. A majority of them are interdenominational. Preeminently the largest and most fruitful among them is the British and Foreign Bible Society. It issues annually, exclusive of British and Continental circulation, nearly 4,500,000 Bibles and portions of the Scriptures, and employs over 1,200 colporters and Bible women. Its yearly expenditures are over $1,100,000. It is estimated that, since 1804, all the Bible societies combined have issued over ?? Bibles, Testaments, and portions of the Scriptures. They have accomplished an immense amount of preliminary work. In 1800 the Bible existed in only 66 languages and dialects, or those of but one-fifth of the population of the earth. Dr. Cust states that there are “at least 2,000 mutually unintelligible [languages] spoken,” and adds that, though the Scriptures have been translated into only 330 out of 2,000 languages, “yet all the conquering languages, and a great many of the second-class, or permanent languages, have been dealt with.”

“‘A still later authoritative statement is that of Mr. J. Gordon Watt, secretary of the British and Foreign Bible Society, who reported, early in 1899, that the Bible or some part of it had been translated into 406 languages and dialects. It is significant that these translations are in the languages which are spoken by 1,200,000,000 people, and that the remaining 1,600 languages are spoken by less than 300,000,000. In view of this fact, the Earl of Harrowby does not exaggerate when he says: “The past fifty years have almost seen a repetition of the gift of tongues, because we have produced translations of the Bible in something like 140 tongues.... [It] is almost miraculous.”’”

When we look at the time as viewed from the lines of prophecy; when we look at the work as being carried on by this denomination to-day; when we look at the providences of God clustering about this time, and shaped for this work, some of which I have referred to what must our conclusions be? They can not be anything else than that the last generation has come upon the stage of action, that the hour of God’s judgment has arrived, that the last great movement of the church has been started, and that now God calls upon His people to arise, lay hold of all these facilities that His providence has brought into existence, and go forth with His Holy Spirit resting upon them, and finish His work in the earth.

My earnest prayer is that during this Conference we shall get such great views of this that our hearts shall be so thrilled, and so thoroughly burned with these facts, that this will mark the beginning of a new era; that the church will arise now, and take hold of this specific work as it has never dealt with it before.

Let us lay aside every weight: let us lay aside every hindrance: let us bury everything that operates against the consummation of this work: let us address ourselves to this solemn work with all our hearts. Let the Holy Spirit of the living God speak to us to-night. Oh. may that Spirit be given here in large measure! May it paralyze every hand that is raised against this great and solemn and blessed work; may it uphold and strengthen and thrill every hand that is raised in behalf of it. May it break every band that holds this church in the dust, and set it free. May it enable the church to arise, shake itself from the dust, and yoke up with Christ, to do, with Him, the work that is to be done in this closing hour. No generation was ever called to do the work this generation is called to do. No such thrilling hour was ever before experienced by any people. How can we touch this work without being thrilled from head to foot? Do you think that we can be too earnest in this work? We may be too ignorant of it, and we may show a zeal without knowledge; but no man can be too intelligently zealous in this work of God. We can be too tame, too lifeless, too spiritless. We are told that the very tameness of our work has turned people away from the message in unbelief. Oh, may the Spirit of God give us the zeal, the devotion, the earnestness that will lead us to conquer in this mighty work!

GOD’S HAND IN THE WORK

L. R. Conradi

Sunday, March 29, 10:30 A. M.

We have listened during the past days to the straight truths of our message for to-day. We have listened to the wonderful prophecies pointing so clearly to the time of the end, showing that this generation shall see the coming of our Lord. We also listened last night to the wonderful providences of God in opening the way: but while this is so plain to us all, it does not exhaust the truth of its treasures, but as we take up these prophecies we see in the very beginning how this work shall be accomplished, by what power it shall be done, and in what way the prophecies will be carried out. I read to this effect in Revelation 1:20: “The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in My right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.”

JESUS HIMSELF THE REVEALER

The very beginning of the book of Revelation reveals to us a mystery and

if we understand that mystery fully, we shall know how all these prophecies will be carried out, and that they will be carried out exactly at the time and in the manner in which God has foretold. The book of Revelation is the revelation of Jesus Christ; He who has died for us on the cross is the author and finisher of this work. The very first words say: “The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto Him, to show unto His servants things which must shortly come to pass; and He sent and signified it by His angel unto His servant John.” But before the Lord portrays before our minds these chains of prophecies, before He reveals to us the seals, the trumpets, and the messages, He has something in the very first chapter for us to understand, and that is a mystery. And what is the mystery? Let us see. John heard a great voice, as of a trumpet, “Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia.” As he turns about, he beholds a person. Who was it? We do not need to question long as to who it was. “And He laid His right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am He that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive forevermore, Amen; and have the keys of hades and of death.”

He who comes as the very first part of the Revelation is the Revealer Himself, Jesus Christ. He appears to John on the lonely island of Patmos, and gives to him the assurance that what the book contains will indeed be carried out.

It was my privilege two years ago, while on a journey to Jerusalem on the steamer, to see the island of Patmos from a distance, away off in the sent away from the main land, away from the places and provinces where John had labored and had raised up, undoubtedly, a number of these churches mentioned in the first chapter of Revelation. There he is away from them in exile. Humanly speaking, the future seems dark to him. But while he is in exile away from his churches, who appears?—Christ Himself appears to him, and lays His right hand on His servant, and inspires confidence in Him. He shows unto him a mystery, not simply that John may be assured that Christ is with him, but that we may be assured that Christ is with us that we may know who is to carry out these prophecies; that we may understand that it depends not simply upon poor, weak man to do it, but that there is One who wants to be the power in man to do it, and carry it out; and that is the mystery.

“The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in My right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches.” Let us look for a moment at the mystery. Who holds the stars in His hands?—Christ Himself. Who are the stars which He holds in His hands?—The angels, or messengers, of the churches. And who holds in His hands the messengers who are to carry out this work?—Christ Himself. And if Christ holds the messengers in His hand who are to carry th

But it is not simply that Christ holds the messengers in His hands; He not only holds the workers who may go forth into foreign, distant lands, but He is in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks. What are they?—The church of Christ. Not only are the messengers to carry the truth to distant fields, but the church itself is to be the golden candlesticks which light up the world. Christ wants us to wake up and be the light of this world. And, brethren and sisters, if we know and realize this at this meeting, every question will easily be solved. You may be assured that He who has set His hand to the work will carry it through to the end, at the appointed time and hour. And that is the very first thing, the first principle, that we must realize.—Christ in our midst. He has sent forth His messengers with the assurance, “Lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.”

THE PROPHECY OF JAPHETH FULFILLED

Last night we heard of some of the providences of God in opening up the mission fields in the last century. We might go back a little farther than that I think there are other providence connected with the proclamation of God’s truth for this time. We can go back even as far as the book of Genesis, to the time when the inhabitants of the antediluvian world were destroyed by the flood, and a second world came forth, to be destroyed finally by fire. At that time God, in His almighty wisdom, laid out the plan as to how the work should be done. I have often read this prophecy,—the words given to Noah at this time,—when God said to him: “Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.”

Who appears first?—Canaan. Who next?—Shem. Who comes finally?—Japheth. Is Japheth the power that is to carry the work in the last days? Has this prophecy been fulfilled?

Last November I was down in Egypt, in the land of Ham; and I noticed there the mighty temples, the wonderful monuments of the Pharaohs; and as I saw these mighty works, I said to myself, “No wonder the Israelites ‘quaked’ when that mighty king forbade them to go.” When we take into consideration the cruel power with which he oppressed them, it is no wonder that they feared him. Not simply Egypt was at that time in the power of Ham, but the land of Canaan itself, where the Philistines ruled. But God, in His wisdom, had said that this power should be broken. Did He break it?—Yes. After that power had ruled for a time, Israel, in God’s providence, was led forth to the Red Sea. God delivered them out of Egypt, and brought them into the promised land at the appointed time.

The next power having the supremacy was Shem,—the children of Israel. God said He was the God of Israel; that He was with Israel as a nation.

But Japheth was to come. We see, from the historical record, that after the children of Asia had ruled the world for a time, the rulership was transferred to Europe. Alexander came upon the stage of action; the Grecian power went forth into Asia and Africa, and became the master of those peoples. The Old Testament

was translated into the Greek language. Greek became the leading language of the world. It is the language of the New Testament to-day, in the original.

The Romans, another European power, followed. They took possession of the world, and prepared the way for the first advent of Christ. Thus Japheth gained the ascendancy. It is true, Rome did not rule all the world; but when we look at the map of the world, and see Europe, Asia, and Africa, whom do we see ruling the world? Do the Asiatics or the Africans?—No; it is the Europeans.

Why did God bring all this about?—It was simply His providence. In these last days the European powers, including America (for the people living in America came from Europe), hold Africa, Asia, Australia, and the islands of the sea. Is it in order that they may show forth their power?—No, my friends; it is that they may prepare the world for the second coming of the Master. This is why Africa, the islands of the sea, India, and China are open to-day. This is why when I go to Egypt, I can speak there just as freely as I can here. This is why there are granted to us in Egypt and in many other countries even more favors than in America. To-day when I go to Egypt. I can go from Alexandria to the farthest point in Upper Egypt for half fare, because I am a missionary. They recognize us as missionaries there, and grant us special favors. This is more than is sometimes done even in America. So it is in many other countries, and so it will be, more or less, to the end of time. All the facilities for rapid transit from place to place are provided, in God’s providence, simply for the one purpose of hastening the proclamation of the third angel’s message.

A LESSON FROM THE CROSS

We may go still farther, and look at God’s providences from another point of view. When our Saviour was crucified, you remember that on the cross there was an inscription written in three different languages.—Greeks, Latin, and Hebrew. These were the three principal languages of that time. There is a meaning in all this. At the downfall of Jerusalem, the Jews were scattered into all the world,—into Greece, Rome, and every other country. The Greek and the Latin languages were spoken all over the world. As Paul went forth, sent of God, he could go over to Asia Minor, and preach the gospel there. He could go to Athens, and preach in the Greek language, for he was familiar with that language. True, the Spirit of God had descended upon the disciples, imparting to them the gift of tongues; but the way for the rapid spread of the message had also been prepared by the distribution of the Jews everywhere in countries the language of which was familiar to them. In Athens and Rome alike, Paul could preach in Greek, as well as in Hebrew. Thus it was made possible for the gospel to be proclaimed everywhere during the first century.

THE CHURCH IN THE WILDERNESS

Although the main body of the early Christian church apostatized, the church of God did not cease to exist. God’s providence was still manifested toward His faithful children. But, as prophesied in the twelth of Revelation, we find this church in the wilderness. “The woman [God’s church] fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.... To the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.”

No longer is the church to be found in Jerusalem, in Rome, in Corinth, but away in the wilderness,—in the fastnesses of the rocks and the mountains, in the dwelling-places of the eagles, so to speak, in the caves and caverns and almost inaccessible valleys of the mountains in Italy, in France, in the Orient, in Bulgaria, in Moravia. In these places the church was kept; in these places the Lord provided for it as He did for Israel of old, whom He carried on eagles’ wings, and hid in a safe place.

The church in the wilderness, during the dark ages, understood the prophecies. When I read, sometimes, the modern expositions of the prophecy of the little horn; when I find, even in our own ranks, those whose faith in our application of this prophecy wavers, who are doubtful as to whether this refers to the Papacy or not, I wish I could show to them a document that I have in my possession, written in the year 1100 by the Waldenses. In this ancient writing it is set forth that antichrist is not only come, but that he has grown old and gray-haired; that he is the man in Rome. The Waldenses understood Daniel’s prophecy. They did not question this exposition of its meaning. Although they had to flee from the power of antichrist, they preached the true explanation of this prophecy, and believed it. God cared for this church, and they gave the truth for that time, the time of “the patience of the saints.”

THE REFORMATION

Just about the time when the Papacy thought that she could crush out the life of the remnant church, we see springing forth, not in Rome, not in the mountains, but in a new section.—in Germany, in Switzerland, in England, in Scandinavia,—the Reformation of the sixteenth century. The Papacy did not expect the Reformation. It came upon them suddenly. God had provided a land for His church. The woman no longer remained in the wilderness, hidden amidst the rocks and mountains, but appeared in Northern Europe, a land prepared for her. God’s providence had prepared the way for His church to prosper. The Reformation arose with power. The true principles of the gospel, including separation of church and state, were recognized and taught at that time.

But were these principles carried out? Instead of having one state church, and one pope, we have state churches in every country, and popes in every church. This is the only real difference between the condition at present and before the Reformation. And why?—The Reformation petrified. The Protestant church went back into infidelity. This is the condition in which we find it in the seventeenth century,—a condition in harmony with the message given to the Sardis church: “Thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.” This church revealed no missionary spirit. No missionaries were sent out; no aggressive work was done.

AMERICA A LAND OF PROMISE0

About the time the Reformation began, God, in His wisdom, looked forward to the period when the church would lose its missionary zeal; and He prepared another land in which there might arise a movement for the

consummation of His work in the earth. Of the discovery of America, Luther wrote: “We hear the news that a new country has been discovered, in the providence of God, across the waters.”

Brethren, why was this new world discovered? Was it that a mighty nation might arise, to become the greatest nation of the world?—Ah, no; this country was discovered in God’s providence, in order that there might be prepared a center from which might go forth the message for these last days. When Roger Williams came over here, the first city he founded was named “Providence.” The early settlers of this country believed that they were being led by God’s providence. The motive prompting them to come to this land was altogether different from the motive of the Spanish, who settled the Southern portions of the continent to rule and to enrich themselves. As the “Mayflower” reached the shores of New England, the first sound made after their landing was the voice of prayer and thanksgiving to God for His providential care in bringing them safely to this land of liberty.

Bancroft, the historian, says: “Truly America is the child of the Reformation.” Only in the light of this statement can we fully understand the history of America. In America the Reformation crystallized. Here the truths proclaimed by the Reformers actually took shape, giving us a country of freedom of conscience.

Although I have spent the past seventeen years in Europe, I can still see that this is the land of Providence. I admire this country, not because of the high sky-scrapers of New York City or the gold and the fruit of California. But because God has chosen this land as the land from which, in His providence, the light of the Reformation is to go to the ends of the earth.

(Concluded in next number)

“O Zion, that bringest good tidings get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah. Behold your God! Behold, the Lord God will come with strong hand, and His arm shall rule for Him: behold. His reward is with Him, and His work before Him.”

THE GENERAL CONFERENCE BULLETIN. TUESDAY, MARCH 31, 1903

The newspapers of Oakland and San Francisco have been giving liberal space to notices of the Conference.

Some interesting points of information are given in Elder Daniell’s Sunday evening address, which appears in this issue.

The subscriptions are still coming in for the “Bulletin.” We are printing several hundred extra copies, to meet these orders.

The Conference has settled down to hard work, and it is evident that very careful attention will be given to the various questions to be considered by this body.

The number of delegates present at the Conference is 119. Of these, three are from Europe and six from the Australasian field. The home field is well represented.

The Conference hour yesterday afternoon was occupied by Sister White. A report will appear in a future number. The address was a counsel to submission to God, a putting away of self, and to a humiliation of heart before Him.

Vases of flowers and potted palms upon the platform and tables at the Oakland church are a constant reminder to the Conference that we are in “the land of sunshine and flowers.” It is hard to imagine a more beautiful country than California in April.

The one voice that was heard throughout the social meeting yesterday morning was that the coming of the Lord is near. The intensity that is taking hold of every earthly element is indicative that we have reached the time when the Lord must come to redeem His people. Consecration and earnestness must characterize our work now as never before. The sisters expressed themselves that it was time that they were buckling on the armor, as well as the men.

Elder George I. Butler’s many friends, especially those who were associated with him in the work years ago, will be glad to know that he is now on his way to the coast, and will doubtless be in his place in the Conference in a few days.

While delegates are together seeking for God’s blessing upon the Conference, we are sure brethren and sisters in the churches will join in special prayer that God’s grace may be so received that a great work may be wrought in the Conference and in the hearts of believers everywhere.

The following was inadvertently omitted from the recommendations of the first Conference meeting (page 2 of the “Bulletin”):—

“That Brethren W. T. Knox. G. A. Irwin, L. R. Conrad: and H. W. Cottrell act as a committee on the daily program of the Conference.”

The president’s report, read before the Conference Monday morning, is full of most interesting and instructive facts and figures. On the whole, the financial outlook is encouraging. The report should be studied carefully, especially by those who are in positions of financial responsibility in connection with the various departments of our work.

The laborers in the Southern field will hail with joy the suggestion made by Brother Daniells that closer attention should be given to the work there by the members of the General Conference Committee. Money is needed for the support of the work in the South, but it can never take the place of warm Christian sympathy and heart-to-heart counsel and cooperation.

The Lord God of heaven is constantly at work for us. His angels minister to all who will receive their guardianship. Human impulse will try to make us believe that it is God who is guiding us, when we are following our own way. But if we watch carefully, and counsel with our brethren we shall understand: for the promise is, “The meek will He guide in judgement: and the meek will He teach His way.” Psalm 25:9. We must never allow human ideas and natural inclinations to gain the supremacy—Testimony.

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