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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 7

May 20, 1913 - NO. 4


Published by
The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists

Editorial committee: W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson. Office editors: C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler. Copy editor: Mrs. C. M. Snow.

Application made for entry as second-class matter at the post-office at Washington, D. C., under the act of Congress of March 3, 1879.

DAILY PROGRAM (Except Sabbath)

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

A. M.
Devotional Meetings (in
Bible Study8:30—9:30
P. M.
Departmental Meetings
(in sections)
Missionary Talks and Other
Services (in big tent).4:30—5:30
Public Service7:30—9:00



May 19, 8:30 A. M.

In view of the overwhelming evidence that has been brought before us of the near approach of the Lord, it has seemed to me we can study no subject more profitably this morning than that of our preparation to meet the impending events. I found my remarks upon the words, “Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.” 1 John 3:1.

The world did not reach that point of spiritual elevation where Christ stood, and they could not know him, because there was something that prompted him and led him that the world did not comprehend. I wish that every Seventh-day Adventist were prompted and led as he was.

“Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is,”—not as he was nineteen hundred years ago, but we shall see him as he is in all his glory, and to see him in his glory, there must be an absolute change in us in every respect. In our very faces there will be a radical change, because the motives, the promptings of the mind, will alter the countenance. To be brought to that point where we can see the Lord as he is, means perfection. I know some think that to preach perfection is fanaticism; but I am glad that the Bible teaches this as the aim of the Christian life. Brethren, the time has come for us to cut loose from all these things that have chained us down in the past.

Paul wrote: “Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus.” Colossians 1:28. When our cases come up in the great assize, any defect will be noticed; for God cannot take one into heaven with a defect upon him. One transgression cast Adam and Eve out of the garden in the beginning. It was just one defect, and it all grew out of a doubt, a single doubt, of God’s word. There are some of us who have gone even beyond that in iniquity. But the Lord Jesus Christ has provided fully for all these needs: “the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.” Isaiah 53:6. He bore it all to set us free. Though he was rich, yet for our sakes he became poor, that we through his poverty might be made rich. I hear the words, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.” That was what he endured for your salvation and mine.


Now take the language of the text: “We shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.” Surely if we are like him then, we shall have to become like him here on earth. We must be cleansed from everything that would befoul the mind or mislead us in any way. “And you that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled in the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblamable and unreprovable in his sight.” Colossians 1:21, 22.

Why did he reconcile us?—Because there was a work to be done. It is a great attainment to be brought to the place where, when the penetrating eye of Jehovah shall examine our characters, we shall be found “unblamable and unreprovable in his sight.” Every day most of us find things in our lives for which we reprove ourselves, and we say, “O God, forgive my sin!” O, that we could realize what a fitting up means, that divine fitting up, so that we may be “unblamable and unreprovable in his sight”! This is what the apostle labored for in behalf of the children of men, that he might present every man perfect in Christ Jesus.

Some will say that this perfection is an impossibility. Yes, as the Saviour said to one man, “With men it is impossible, but with God all things are possible.” When an individual lays himself upon the altar, when he divests himself of self, and falls into the hands of God, we cannot tell what God can do for that individual, because the human mind has never penetrated the possibilities of eternal, infinite power. And yet we know that there is a possibility of God’s enabling a man to attain perfection.

Some one may think that when the judgment comes, it will so fix up his case that he will be counted perfect at that time. My friends, the judgment is to take your case and mine and judge it

according to the standard in the books above. The very record that you and I have made will come up there, and if those things rest upon us that are not right in his sight, we shall be judged according to the record. The Lord will not overlook sin and fix up our cases at that time. The time for us to have our cases made ready is now, while the blood of Jesus Christ avails.

The apostle says: “I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord.” Now, in order that we may know the excellency of the knowledge of Jesus Christ, we must count everything in this world loss. And it is a great exchange, a wonderful exchange to make.

We must lay everything down in order to win Christ. We cannot win Christ if we do not. I read again what the Master says: “No man can serve two masters.” Why?—“For either he will love the one and hate the other, or he will hold to the one and despise the other.” Now if we hold to Christ, we are bound to despise the things of this world. We shall not desire to speculate and to make money when souls are perishing at the rate of one hundred thousand each day. And yet sometimes we have a bank account and a large farm or ranch, and are receiving hundreds and thousands of dollars a year income beyond what we need for our own family requirements.

What did the apostle want to find in Christ?—“That I may know him.” This word “know” means much more than a theoretical knowledge. It is a positive and absolute knowledge, an experience with the Lord, not simply knowing what is said about him. There is a great difference between preaching Christ and preaching about Christ. When we preach Jesus Christ it must come from the knowledge that is in us. “That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death.” When you and I are as we should be,—made to know the fellowship of his sufferings,—then we shall find ourselves cut loose from the world.

“Not as though I had already attained,” he says, “either were already perfect; but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.” That word “apprehend” means “to receive thoroughly.” This is the meaning of the original word. “That I may receive thoroughly that which I have also thoroughly received of Christ Jesus.” The Lord receives us thoroughly when we come to him, even with all our sins.

The apostle goes on further: “I count not myself to have received thoroughly; but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.” I want to read a little further: “Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded.” He regards a certain condition as being perfect. I understand from the Word of God that there is a present perfection, and a perfection by and by; and that is what Christ meant when he said, “Be ye perfect, even as your Father in heaven is perfect.” He is perfect in all his operations, and we should be perfect in all our operations. But you may say that this is not possible. It is possible. The apostle said: “As many as be perfect,” let them “be thus minded.” To be perfect means to give up everything for the Lord. Do you say you will have to starve? God does not let his honest, faithful children starve.

The apostle says in Colossians, the first chapter: “In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins; who is the image of the invisible God.” I wish that word “image” could be understand more literally than the English presents it. When we find its meaning in the language that underlies the English, we find it is this, “Who is the pressed-forth one;” that is, pressed forth as features are pressed in wax. Then to be in the image of Jesus Christ is to be pressed forth, and his features are to be our features, as if they were pressed in wax. That is the way we are to be.

So we find that we shall be able to comprehend “what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye may be filled with all the fullness of God.” Now the fulness of God is his completeness. Brethren, the nearer we come to the Lords return to the earth, the greater is the necessity for our being in this condition. God calls for holy living. He expects us to be filled with all the fullness of God.

In 2 Corinthians 4:6 we find this expression: “For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts.” The same God that created the world, and said, “Let there be light,” hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. But how are we to enter into this experience? Read in the third chapter, eighteenth verse: “We all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.” This is what the apostle meant when he said, “I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.”

It is time for us to awake from the dead, to awake from our sleep; for the Lord’s coming is nearer than when we first believed.

I once saw a large, beautiful picture. A fine-looking man stood in the foreground, with a large bundle of crosses. On his right were people in a dense wood. They were looking at him. One man in the picture was reaching out his hand to take a cross, but a woman standing behind him would not let him take it. Another had just taken a cross, and carried it about half way up the hill, where, on a big rock, he was sawing it in two. Another came up with a cross, his body bent, but his face lighted up with the glory of God. Brethren and sisters, what you and I need is to take the cross and carry it that we may know the fellowship of Christ’s sufferings. The apostle tells what he was going to do with that fellowship; he says that he was called to “preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ; and to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery.”

Brethren, in our neighborhoods are we so living that men shall see what is the fellowship of Christ’s sufferings? He says. “It doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him.” Thank God. As I have studied his life, as I have seen his suffering in the midst of his enemies, as I have followed him in his wanderings for the three years and a half he was in the world, I have said, “O my Lord, give me that spirit; fill me with the fullness of God; let me stand where I can know Christ in his fullness, that I may be made conformable unto his death, so that when he appears he may recognize me as one that belongs to him. May God grant that we may “press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.”

J. N. Loughborough: I should like to say a few words. Did you know that today is the birthday of the advent doctrine? I thought of it when I first awoke—the nineteenth of May. Did you ever hear of anything that took place on the nineteenth of May?

Voices: The darkening of the sun.

J. N. Loughborough: Did you know that it occurred right on this ground? New England then took in all these colonies. It extended from Maine to the Carolinas. That dark day was seen here.

Now I thought these brethren from abroad would be glad to know that they had been on the spot where this took place. My grandfather, who lived in Trenton, N. J., described that night. He said some people were made sick. The whale-oil lamps looked like blue globes. Two feet from one you could not see anything. I thought you would not think of this fulfillment of prophecy, but it fits on to this sermon. “When these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.” It is now 133 years nearer than on that dark day.

Conference Proceedings. SEVENTH MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 19, 10 A. M.

I. H. Evans in the chair.

F. M. Wilcox offered prayer.

The following-named persons were seated as delegates by vote of the conference: C. L. Stone, L. D. Randall, C. M. Snow.

The Western Canadian Union Committee reported that P. P. Adams had been added to the regular delegation of that union, and the Central Union Committee reported the substitution of the name of L. C. Christofferson for that of Dr. J. D. Shively.

By error the name of S. E. Wight was omitted from the committee on finance in yesterday’s minutes.

The secretary read a memorial from Europe regarding the further organization of the European Division, addressed last autumn to the General Conference Committee, also the response of the General Conference Committee Council at Mountain View. The memorial and the response follow:—

Memorial From Europe

To the brethren Assembled in the Autumn Council of the General Conference Committee (1912): Greeting!

The European members of the General Conference Committee have had under consideration for some time a fuller organization of the European field and at the spring meeting held in Skodsborg, 1912, unanimously voted to ask the General Conference Committee at its autumn session to take the following proposition into consideration:—

Any one who studies the divine plan of organization will find that it is one of natural growth, and that it must keep pace with the steady development of the world-wide work.

Seventh-day Adventists existed nearly twenty years ere the first conferences were organized. Then, as there came to be several conferences, the need was seen, as early as 1863, of the General Conference organization. Thirty-one years passed before it was felt necessary to introduce a new factor of organization, the union conference, between the General Conference and the local conferences. Today there are twenty-three union conferences. Beginning with January, 1913, there will be twenty-five union conferences and four union missions. Nearly thirty union organizations have been created in the short period of eleven years.

Another want, however, has made itself felt, and different solutions have been tried to remedy it. In North America, where the General Conference has its headquarters, and where the General Conference can deal directly with the union and local conferences, this want is not felt so keenly as in Europe. Councils of European workers were held as early as 1884. As the fields were far apart, however, and the difference of languages raised natural obstructions, it was soon found that even the union system was not fully adequate to the needs of the field. The European General Conference was the first suggestion, but the term chosen caused just misapprehension. In 1902 the General Conference at Oakland created as a remedy the vice-presidents in Europe and North America, with the right to meet with their respective union presidents, and thus as a committee supervise the division. In 1909 the Asiatic Division was added, and thus ninety-five thousand members, in fields having about one thousand million of population, are already comprised in the divisional arrangement. But this new factor was only in name, as far as the constitutional basis for action by the people of a division is concerned.

To give the European workers more generally the possibility of meeting in a council to consider the immediate and the peculiar needs of this great division, the General Conference Committee held its biennial session in 1907 at Gland, and in 1911 at Friedensau. But the last meeting especially only demonstrated that, while these meetings were a great factor in binding the workers together and in bringing spiritual blessing to thousands of our people who could not attend the General Conference session in the United States, yet one apparent lack was manifest—a proper organization of the division as such. All could see the need of such a divisional meeting, but the representative and constitutional basis for it was lacking. Feeling this, the European members, as above stated, in their last session, decided to kindly ask the General Conference Committee at its autumn session to take into consideration such a divisional organization, and, if favorably reported, to appoint a committee which could do the necessary preliminary work, and introduce a well-considered plan by the time of the next General Conference session.

Europe’s needs today will be the needs of South America, Asia, and other parts of the world tomorrow. It can be only a matter of time until the world, as such, will have to be comprised fully in this divisional organization. As we have conferences and organized mission fields, union conferences and union mission fields, there would naturally be a difference between regular, fully organized, self-supporting divisions and missionary divisions. North America and Europe are today not only self-supporting divisions, but supporting factors for large mission fields, while the Asiatic Division depends upon help from without.

If the world gradually were divided into five or six divisions, and then given, for example, their regular meeting every third year, the General Conference every fifth year, the president of the General Conference could, during his term of office, easily make the round of these great divisions, and become fully acquainted with the world’s great needs. While today every mission field has its director, and each conference or union conference, as well as the General Conference, it own president, the division has no real head, only a so-called vice-president. But if the divisions had their regular constituency sessions, elected their own officers, and considered their own peculiar wants, as all other minor organizations, then the workers and people could have the advantage of attending more generally such meetings, and the head of each division would not be the vice-president of a division, but be its president, and could be at the same time the vice-president of the General Conference, by virtue of his office as president of a division.

As long as our membership was entirely or mostly in North America, the General Conference sessions were easy of access to most of our people, but where now forty per cent of our membership is outside of the United States, and is even growing faster than in the States, these divisional meetings become a real necessity. The General Conference representation would naturally be more and more restricted, while the divisional meetings would give the needed opportunity for more general local attendance. Again, the General Conference session would then be left to deal more with great general, worldwide plans, and the divisional session with the more local matters.

If this divisional system were perfected throughout the world, the General Conference president would have freer hands to be fully the president of the world’s General Conference, and by his presence at these divisional meetings catch his inspiration for the worldwide message, see the world-wide needs, and lay plans accordingly.

Our difficulty today in Europe will be perhaps best explained if we call attention to the fact that by the next General Conference we shall have in Europe eight union conferences, two union mission fields, forty organized conferences, and over forty organized mission fields. Altogether there are some ninety-five organizations, with nearly thirty thousand members. Our delegation would come up to one hundred ten delegates, and yet this number would take in only one fifth of our gospel workers without considering the vast body of lay members.

Another matter which will necessitate these divisional meetings will be the fact that, as other tongues besides the English become spoken by vast majorities of our people, provisions will have to be made to supply this lack, and to carry on our deliberations and service accordingly.

Another matter which ought to be considered is the fact that our mission work today is done under the name of the American Mission Board; but, as large fields outside the United States, such as the European Division, and others, are carrying on mission operations in different parts of the world, it would be no more than just that either our board should become an international board, and have its branches, or else there be an American and European board, or whatever board is needed to meet the emergency. The Moravians, for example, who have constituencies in Germany, Great Britain, and America, and have great mission operations carried on by the three sections, do their work as an international board, with branches in the three different countries.

Hoping sincerely that the appeal of the European members of the General Conference Committee, will receive a due hearing at this fall council, we would humbly submit this memorial to the members present.

Response to the Memorial

In response to the memorial from Europe regarding further organization of the European Division, the Mountain View council of the General Conference Committee, held in January, 1913, took action, making recommendation to this General Conference in session as follows:—

We recommend,—

“1. That at the next session of the General Conference the constitution be so changed as to provide for the creation of a conference to be known as the European Division of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.

“2. That the territory be Europe, Asiatic Russia, Asiatic Turkey, Persia, Arabia, Africa, and the adjacent islands.

“3. This conference shall connect the General Conference and the denominational organizations and departments of work in the designated territory.

“4. That it shall have full administrative power for the carrying forward of its work, it being understood that this conference shall furnish the means for the support of the work throughout its field.

“5. That the president of this division conference shall be one of the vice-presidents of the General Conference.

“6. That in its conference sessions the membership shall have delegated representation through local and union conferences and union missions and the division conference.

“7. That the division conference shall be represented in the General conference by a suitable delegation.

“8. That for the present no attempt be made to modify the organization now existing in North America.”

W. J. Fitzgerald: It seems to me that this question in all its details and bearing is a question that should be considered by a very representative committee. I therefore would move that this report be referred to a committee, to be composed of the General Conference Committee and the standing committees of the Conference, and that this representative

committee to instruct the committee on plans as to what to submit to the Conference.

The motion was seconded, and carried.

The chairman called for the report of an action by the General Conference Committee (in Mountain View, Cal., January, 1913) relating to mission and institutional finance, which was read, as follows:—


Recommendations to the General Conference in Session

Whereas, It is more clearly revealed, with each passing year, that schools, sanitariums, and publishing houses are most helpful and necessary facilities for the rapid and efficient carrying forward of the work of God throughout the world; and—

Whereas, These institutions can accomplish their purpose only to the extent that they are understood, appreciated, and supported by our people; and—

Realizing, That in the establishment and maintenance of the institutions we now have, there has not been given the

careful study, the efficient management, and the proper financial support they should have had; therefore, be it—

Resolved, That we take these institutions, with their workers and their great interests and needs, more fully upon our hearts and into our plans and fostering care than heretofore; and, further,—

That we commend to the study, the interest, and the support of our people everywhere, the schools, sanitariums, and publishing houses among us.

Resolved, That we adopt the following arrangement for removing the present liabilities of these institutions, and for maintaining them without creating further indebtedness:—

The standard of offerings to missions to be raised from fifteen to twenty cents a week per member in the United States and Canada, and that twenty-five per cent of the total amount thus raised be devoted to the liquidation of the liabilities of all training-schools, and those academies, intermediate schools, and sanitariums whose liabilities equal or exceed twenty-five per cent of their assets.

We further—

Recommend, That the carrying out of this plan be governed by the following provisions:—

1. That the entire amount received on the Twenty-cent-a-week Fund be kept intact, and remitted to the General Conference treasury.

2. That the twenty-five per cent to be devoted to the liquidation of the liabilities of the schools and sanitariums be divided annually, by the General Conference Committee, among the institutions, on the pro rata basis of their indebtedness.

3. That in the apportionment, due consideration be given to the conditions prevailing in each institution as to its financial situation, earnings, available assets that can be realized upon without detriment to the work, annuity contracts, etc., a complete report and financial statement being rendered each year to the General Conference by the institutions.

4. In case the total amount raised falls short of the twenty cents per member, so as to interfere with the operations of our foreign-mission enterprises, the shortage shall be deducted from the relief fund rather than the foreign funds.

5. That each institution receiving appropriations from this fund shall apply the full amount it shall receive to the liquidation of its liabilities.

6. That an institution sharing the benefits of this fund shall not by any means add to its present indebtedness either by buildings, equipment, or in its operations.

7. That for the enlargement, repairs, equipment, or loss in operating, the needed funds shall be raised by direct gifts from the people.

8. Where it is demonstrated that an institution cannot maintain itself without increasing its liabilities or encroaching upon the proposed relief fund, such institution shall, upon the advice of the General Conference Committee, and the union conference in which it is located, be closed, and its assets be disposed of to the best advantage, or diverted to other denominational use.

9. That failure on the part of any institution to comply with these provisions shall debar it from receiving the benefits of this plan.

10. That there be appointed a finance commission of three members, men having experience that will enable them to give counsel regarding training-schools, sanitariums, and publishing house enterprises, to counsel with the management of each institution regarding its affairs, and to make recommendations as to plans of operation, this commission to report to the General Conference Committee, and to take the place of the recently appointed committee on institutional finance, its members to devote their whole time to the work, and their salary and expense to be met with the twenty-five per cent institutional fund before its distribution.

11. That this plan go into effect July 1, 1913.

Voted to refer to committee on finance.


The chairman then called for reports from the North American Foreign Department. The secretary of the department, O. A. Olsen, presented the general survey, as follows:—

This department was first launched at the General Conference in 1905. The work among the foreigners in this country, especially among the Germans and Scandinavians, had taken on such large proportions that in order to further prosecute the work successfully, and to provide for its continued growth and development, a Foreign Department organization seemed necessary. The General Conference could thus be in closer touch with the work, not only among the Germans and Scandinavians, but also all the other foreign nationalities, and render it such assistance and supervision as the needs of the work might indicate.

Elder G. A. Irwin was appointed its first secretary, and, in connection with his many other duties, did much to get the department organized and the work started. Four divisions were formed, with a superintendent in charge of each; namely, The German West division, comprising the country west of the Mississippi River, with Elder G. F. Haffner as superintendent; the German East division, comprising the territory east of the Mississippi River, with Elder O. E. Reinke as superintendent; the Swedish division, with Elder S. Mortenson as superintendent; the Danish-Norwegian division, with Elder L. H. Christian as superintendent.

This arrangement has proved very satisfactory, and a great blessing to the work, systematizing and unifying the interests, and advancing the message among these various nationalities. Thus a good foundation was laid for further growth and development.

At the General Conference of 1909 a further advance step was taken in the appointment of a department secretary who could give his entire time and attention to the extension and development of the message among these many foreign nationalities in our land.

Our Foreign Population

From government statistics we learn that the foreign-born, together with their immediate descendants, number at the present time from thirty-five to forty million in the United States alone. This foreign element is estimated at forty-six per cent of our country’s population. The number of languages and dialects spoken here is about sixty or more. When the foreign population of Canada, which is several millions more, is added, it will readily be seen what a large and important field this is.

To get a more correct view of this immigration problem, you must understand that it is not only foreigners who have come in past years, but those who still continue to come in enormous numbers year after year. In 1905 for the first time more than a million immigrants landed on our shores. In 1907 the tide rose to 1,285,349,—a larger number than the entire population of Nebraska at its last census, and more than the single population of over twenty of the States in the Union.

The immigration fluctuates, of course, but during the past ten years the number of foreigners coming to this country has averaged nearly a million a year. It is impossible for the casual observer to form any correct idea of the vastness, and, consequently, the importance of this foreign population in our midst. This foreign element has already become so large and general that one writer says: “New England is foreign today. The Middle States are foreign today. Not only the great cities, but the smaller towns as well; not only the small towns, but the hillsides; not only the hillsides, but the valley farms, are peopled with men and women who have strange faces and strange ways.” He might also have included the broad prairies of the West, for the foreigners are everywhere.

A Glance at Our Cities

One writer has described our large cities as follows: “New York is a city in America, but it is hardly an American city. Boston is an Irish city; Chicago is a German-Scandinavian-Polish city; St. Louis is a German city; and New York is a Hebrew-German-Irish-Italian-Bohemian-Hungarian city, a cosmopolitan race conglomeration. Eighteen languages are spoken in a single block. In public school No. 29 no less than twenty-six nationalities are represented.

“Nor is this true of New York alone. In thirty-three of our largest cities the foreign population is larger than the native. In Milwaukee and Fall River the foreign percentage rises as high as

eighty-five per cent. In all these cities the foreign colonies are as distinct and practically as isolated socially as though they were in Russia or Poland, Italy or Hungaria. Foreign in language, customs, habits, and institutions, these colonies are separated from one another as well as from the American population by race, customs, and religion.”—“Aliens or Americans.”

Such is the situation and peculiar condition of our country—here we find every nation and tongue on earth. It presents a condition different from anything we have in any other part of the world. While the field is difficult and complicated, it is, nevertheless, a field of great possibilities from the missionary standpoint.


A Great Mission Field

One writer says: “‘Save America and you save the world.’ Through immigration the United States is in a unique sense the most foreign country and the greatest mission field on the globe. All people that on the earth do dwell have their representatives there, gathered by a divine ordering within easy reach of the gospel. Through them the world may be reached in turn. Every foreigner converted in America becomes directly or indirectly a missionary agent abroad, spreading the knowledge of the truth among his kindred and tribe. The greatness of the opportunity is the measure of obligation.” Yes, a marvelous mission field indeed!

The Present Status of the Work

As the several superintendents will each present a full report of their respective divisions, I shall confine myself merely to a brief summary as follows:—

The work among the Germans and Scandinavians is making good progress. The French work is being revived. At the last General Conference there was not a single active worker among the millions of French in either the United States or Canada. Now we have three ministers and one Bible worker, and several prospective laborers in preparation. This presents an encouraging advance in the French division.

During the past four years a splendid work has been begun among the Russians of North Dakota. At the present time we have seven organized churches there, with a membership of over two hundred. Very urgent calls for Russian laborers are being received from North Dakota and other parts of the country.

Another encouraging feature is the increasing interest among the Jews. The earnest work of Elder F. C. Gilbert, and the literature that has been circulated garians, with a membership of forty-among them, are beginning to bear fruit, and the outlook is very promising.

Since the last General Conference two divisions, each with a superintendent, have been added to the Foreign Department; namely, the Jewish, with Elder Gilbert as superintendent, and the French, with Elder G. G. Roth superintendent. This now makes six divisions in the North American Foreign Department.

From summarized reports from the Germans and Scandinavians we have gathered the following statistics: Ordained ministers, 73; licentiates, 24; Bible workers, 38; number organized churches, 226, with a membership of 7,405; baptized during the quadrennial period, 2,453; added to the church, 2,429; number new churches organized, 42.

We are glad to report that in New York City we have a church for Hunone; another for Italians, with twenty-eight members; and one for Bohemians, with eight members. In Newark, N. J., we have a Slovak-Bohemian-Polish church, with a present membership of thirty-three. During 1912 they built a nice chapel, costing five thousand dollars, which will prove a great blessing to the work.

It might be interesting to mention here that recently we have had the joy of ordaining to the ministry Brother John Sivak, who is the first Hungarian Seventh-day Adventist minister in this country.

At Rouleau, Saskatchewan, Canada, we have a very active church, with thirty-nine members, composed of Roumanians, Bohemians, and Servians. A small beginning has been made among the Finns in Brooklyn, N. Y.; among the Roumanians in Cleveland, Ohio; and the Italians in Chicago. Thus the truth is reaching out and gathering in precious jewels from among these foreign nationalities. In every place where earnest work is done the results are encouraging.

We have a few isolated believers among the many hundreds of thousands of other nationalities, but not a single worker. They present a very large and important but unworked mission field. Chicago is the third largest Bohemian center in the world, yet we have not a single laborer there. Chicago is also a great Polish center, but no effort is made to carry them the message. The same may be said of scores of other foreign nationalities in our midst.


The beginning of the educational work among foreigners dates back to the winter of 1885-86, when the first Scandinavian Bible school was held in Chicago, Ill., by Elder J. F. Hansen. During attended 1886 a similar school was conducted by Elder Conradi among the Germans in Milwaukee, Wis. In 1889, we had Scandinavian and German departments in connection with Battle Creek College. These beginnings were more fully crystallized and developed when the regular German, Swedish, and Danish-Norwegian departments took on a permanent form with the opening of Union College, in 1891. The opening of these foreign departments at that time was a very important step, and has proved a great blessing to the work.

The next important advance move was taken when the General Conference Committee in council at College View, Nebr., in October, 1909, decided to close out the foreign departments at Union College and establish in their place three separate schools—one for the Germans, another for the Swedes, and a third for the Danish-Norwegians.


The first to locate were the Danish-Norwegians, who found a very providential opening at Hutchinson, Minn.,—a vacant college building in good repair which had been erected by the Lutherans. This, together with a farm of one hundred sixty acres, was purchased at the nominal price of $22,250. The present value of the entire property, including all the improvements that have since been made, is estimated at $48,885. The whole is free from debt. We rejoice in the financial condition of this school.

The second to locate were the Swedes, who selected a farm of seventy-eight acres, with good buildings, at Broadview, Ill., thirteen miles west of Chicago. For this they paid $20,000. The improvements made have increased this to $37,670, of which about half has been paid, and good pledges are on hand with which to meet the whole cost.

The German division found a providential opening at Clinton, Mo., where a large college building, in good repair, with 112 acres of land, was secured for $27,600. The improvements that have been made have raised the value of the property to $95,887. There is still some debt on the property, but this is covered by good pledges, which, when paid, will place the school free from debt.

These three seminaries opened school on Sept. 27, 1910—less than one year after the action was taken by the General Conference to establish them. The undertaking was large, and still more important, and means much to the success of the work among these nationalities. There were many difficulties to be mastered, but the blessing of the Lord has attended our efforts in a most marked manner.

The first school year was a decided success; the attendance at each seminary was larger than was looked for. The second year was better, and the third, now just closed, has been still better in every way. During the last year more than three hundred students have been enrolled in these three foreign seminaries.

Mention must also be made of our Russian department at the Sheyenne River Academy, North Dakota, and the French department at the South Lancaster Academy. These two are small beginnings, but, nevertheless, of much importance to the work, for the great need among these foreign nationalities is workers to bear the message to their own people.


During the quadrennial period our department has put forth earnest efforts in the matter of circulating our literature in foreign tongues. In January, 1910, the International Publishing Association at College View, Nebr., began to issue three thirty-two-page quarterly magazines, one each in the German, Swedish, and Danish-Norwegian. This was something of an experiment, but we are glad to say that it has proved a real success. We have also had two issues of a thirty-two-page French magazine printed, and the prospect is that this may soon become a permanent quarterly like the others.

In addition to the German, Scandinavian, and French, we are also distributing literature printed in the Hungarian, Roumanian, Italian, Polish, Lithuanian, and Finnish languages, as well as the Chinese Signs of the Times, from China. These papers are taken in clubs, and we are glad to furnish these and others as we can get people to circulate them. We have also distributed smaller literature in many foreign tongues in this country, but not nearly as much as we ought to have done. We need a decided awakening in the matter of the circulation of our literature in foreign tongues.

There is a call for more small tracts and leaflets on various subjects for general distribution, as well as for books costing from twenty-five to seventy-five cents. Much can be done to bring the message to all these foreigners in our midst by the liberal use of literature.

A Mission Field of Great Possibilities

This foreign population of North America presents a mission field of great possibilities, the importance of which has not been appreciated. As a people we have shown great interest in foreign missions and have exerted ourselves to the utmost to bring the message to the nations and peoples of far-away lands. All that is good, and no one will say that we have done too much. But it is a fact that while we have done this we have greatly neglected the same class of people that a divine providence has brought to our own shores, yes, to our very doors.

We may think that because they are in America no special effort need to be made to bring them the gospel. That is a great mistake. Are not the Hungarians, Italians, Poles, Bohemians, Slavs, Roumanians, and a score of others that have come to this country, as needy of the gospel as are these same people in their homeland?—Most certainly. As a people we shall be sorely negligent of duty if this home mission field is left unworked.

The foreigner is by no means barren soil, as wherever earnest work has been put forth among any class of these foreigners, the results have been just as satisfactory as anywhere else. The beginning may be small and somewhat slow, but the final outcome compares well with the best. Look at the results from the efforts among the many nations and peoples of Europe—they are all so gratifying; study the results of the efforts among the same nationalities here in the States,—the Germans, Scandinavians, French, Hungarians, Slovaks, Roumanians, Italians, Spanish, Dutch, and others,—and they are equally encouraging.

But this home foreign field, with the exception of Germans and Scandinavians, has been greatly neglected. That it presents difficulties we admit, but they are not insurmountable, by any means. All that is needed in this home foreign field is to adopt these same plans which have proved successful among the foreign tongues of other lands.

What Shall We Do About It?

The foreign field abroad is directly under the supervision of the General Conference. The best of laborers who have spent much time and money in preparation, are selected from the home field and sent abroad, and funds are provided for their support.

The foreigners at home come under the supervision of the State or local conference. The course that the General Conference has pursued toward the fields abroad is what

the local conference should have taken toward the foreign field at home. Wherever this has been done, the results have been as favorable here as there.

Workers of proper experience and adaptability, persons with a passion for souls, whether American or European, must be set apart to lead out among the Italians, Hungarians, Roumanians, Portuguese, Slovaks, Poles, Bohemians, Servians, and many others, not in a desultory manner, but in real earnest just as they would were they in a foreign land. Then, as individuals from these various nations and tongues accept the truth, this home foreign missionary should assist and instruct them to labor for their own people. Under such leadership, they would be successful; but left to themselves, they would utterly fail.

While this foreign home field properly belongs under the supervision of

the local conferences, we find that some of them, though appreciating their responsibility to the foreigner, after contributing their part in men and funds to the general work, are unable to meet the calls from the foreign field at home because of a lack of laborers and means. Especially is this the case with the conferences within whose borders are found our largest and most populous cities. This situation calls for special consideration.

During the past two years we have been favored with a small appropriation from the General Conference, which we appreciate very much. With the aid of this we have been able to help out the needs in many places and set a few people to work, which could not have been done otherwise. But what has been done must be increased from time to time. Not only funds but workers must be selected to lead out among these various nationalities, especially in our largest cities.


The North American Foreign Department has no independent organization or executive power, but does its work under the direction of the General Conference, as advisory, through the regular organized union and local conferences. We greatly appreciate the hearty cooperation that we have met during the past quadrennial period in our efforts to promote and advance the message among the various foreign nationalities. Our department will continue to follow this plan in its work to the fullest extent, and we hope that we may continue to have the confidence and recognition so necessary to the accomplishment of the greatest possible good.

Our greatest difficulty is the supplying and adjustment of workers. The home foreign field is large, its needs great, and the calls many, but the laborers are so few when compared with the demands. We study the field and its needs, not only in one or two conferences, but in all of them, and in our efforts to meet the demands satisfactorily in the various places, we especially need the cooperation of our local conference officers.

Our Needs

The Foreign Department of our General Conference is now fairly under way. Four years ago we had only the most limited ideas of the largeness of this foreign population and its needs. Since then we have made a careful study of this immigration problem. However, so far we have hardly more than laid a foundation for the work among them.

Now we stand at a point where aggressive efforts must rapidly be put forth to raise the structure. The conditions will never be more favorable. But we need a new and fresh baptism of the Holy Spirit, giving power and efficiency to the work. We need the continued and hearty cooperation of our local and union conferences in whose territory these foreigners live. We need workers filled with the love of God and a passion for souls to go into highways and hedges to labor for these people of many tongues. We need proper literature for liberal distribution. We need funds with which to meet expenses.

Our courage is good; the outlook is promising; and the harvest is certain, for God will give the increase.

O. A. OLSEN, Secretary.


At the conclusion of Brother Olsen’s report, the chairman called upon G. F. Haffner, superintendent of the German work in the western division of the United States, for his report.

G. F. Haffner (reading):—

It must be remembered that the whole German field was under one superintendent the first two years of the quadrennial period. Thus it is difficult to give a full report of the four years, especially of the first two. The field was large, and it was impossible to do it justice. We put forth earnest effort to advance the work in the East, where the majority of the German people live. We sent some of our best men to the East, and they have labored with success, so that the work there has come up. This is especially the case since Elder Schilling has taken hold of this work and is giving it his careful attention. On the arrival of Elder Schilling two years ago, I was relieved of the Eastern Division, and since then gave my whole attention to the Western Division, which is the territory west of the Mississippi River, including Western Canada.

The large cities are mostly in the Eastern Division. St. Louis is the largest city we have in the West; it has a German population of between two and three hundred thousand, mostly Catholics. Considerable work has been done there in the past, but the success has not been very great. However, we have a church there of twenty members, and at present we have a minister and a Bible worker engaged in the work in that city.

We have a small company of German believers in the city of St. Joseph, who hold their membership in the English church. Elder Kunkel is working in that city. We have also a good church at Portland, Oregon; one in Spokane, Wash.; and another in Los Angeles, Cal. This is about all the city work we have done. Our work in the West is more in the country among the farmers. Here is where the German work has taken its strongest hold. Of the ninety-two churches only about ten are in cities and towns.


The work has made some progress in the Western Division. As near as we could learn from the workers’ reports, 408 have been baptized, and 490 added to the churches during the last year; 7 new churches have been organized. So far as we know, about a thousand were added during the four years. At the close of 1912 we had 92 churches, 3,300 members, about three hundred scattered Sabbath-keepers, 95 Sabbath-schools, and 3,846 Sabbath-school members.

The amount of tithe paid by our German churches in the West amounts to fifty thousand dollars or more; Sabbath-school donations, to $7,025; for missionary work, $11,890.80; or a total for the foreign-mission work of $18,915.80. These figures are only for the year 1912.

It is impossible to get a complete report of the work all over the Western Division, as that would require full reports from every church, which we have not been able to obtain, and because many are scattered and connected with English-speaking churches. But we are glad to say that the work is encouragingly onward, and every year we see good improvement.


Our force of workers is composed of twenty-seven ordained ministers, five licensed ministers, two Bible workers, and thirty-two other workers. The total expense of the conference workers is about twenty-two thousand dollars. This includes their salaries and traveling expenses. Taking this from the fifty thousand dollars which is paid in by the German churches in the Western Division, twenty-eight thousand dollars is left to be used among other nationalities. The tithe paid per capita, as far as is reported, amounts to $14.67; the offerings to missions, per capita, $5.93. This amounts to eleven cents per week. We should also remember that our churches have paid to the German Seminary about twenty thousand dollars during the last year or so. Adding this to the weekly offering, would make more than twenty cents per week per member.

Educational Work

Educational work among the German people has made considerable progress during the past quadrennial period. With the opening of Union College at College View, Nebr., in 1901, the German department was established, and did good service. A goodly number of workers were trained and entered the field. But the time came when the General Conference saw fit to take further steps, so plans were laid for the establishment of three separate foreign seminaries, and the foreign departments at College View were dissolved.

Locating committees were appointed, and immediately went to work looking for sites. After much careful consideration, and visiting numerous places where offers were made, the German Seminary locating committee decided on Clinton, Mo., as the most favorable place. Here they found a large brick college building which was offered at a very nominal price, and this, together with 112 acres of land, was purchased for $27,600. The first term of school was opened on Sept. 27, 1910.

After the property was taken over by the Central Union Conference and the seminary board, many improvements were made; some buildings, such as power house and barn, were added; and these, together with personal property that has been acquired, and the donations of the citizens of Clinton, have considerably increased the value of the property, so that at a conservative estimate it is now worth about seventy-five thousand dollars.

Our German people have taken a real interest in the establishment of the school, which is shown by their liberal donations. Up to the present time more than half of the value of our property has been paid for. About thirty thousand still remains to be raised. But we are glad to say that we have good, reliable pledges that will cover the whole amount; and if the Lord favors us with a good crop this season, we expect to have our school free from debt within a year.

The failure of the crops in North Dakota and other places for two years was a great set-back in our calculations, for the liberal pledges that had been made were based on the success of the crops, and our brethren were not able to pay

those pledges. This caused a perplexing financial difficulty. But in our trouble we sought the Lord earnestly, and relief came in the good crops of last year. Now everything is moving very prosperously, and the outlook is most encouraging.

During the past fall and winter, Professor Grauer and I visited a large number of our churches, held meetings, and visited the members in their homes. We had good revival services, and numbers were converted and added to the church. All through the results were excellent, and our people most encouraged.

During these visits we also presented the needs of our seminary, and our brethren responded very liberally. In North Dakota they not only made good their former pledges, which were about twelve thousand dollars, but added eight thousand dollars more, making it twenty thousand dollars in all. Of this amount twelve thousand dollars was paid in cash. The same spirit of liberality was also experienced in other places.

Besides the Clinton German Seminary we have five German departments carried on in various English schools. The largest of these is at Walla Walla College, with two teachers and from twenty to thirty students. The other four departments are connected with the following schools: Harvey, N. Dak.; Redfield, S. Dak.; Lacombe, Alberta; and Lodi, Cal.; with a total of one hundred twenty-five students. We also have 14 church-schools, with 16 teachers and 400 pupils. These, together with the 160 who attend the seminary, make nearly seven hundred of our young people and children attending our own schools.


The prospects for the future are good all over the field. The Canadian field is a fruitful one; the doors are open everywhere. Our workers have their hands more than full, and many calls for help are coming in. Now is the time for us to push the work as never before. In North Dakota the Lord has blessed the work greatly in the past year, and many doors are open where people are interested and call for a minister. The same is true in other parts of the field. So in all we can say that the outlook for the future is good.

Publishing Work

The Christlicher Hausfreund, a semimonthly, 16-page paper, has at present a subscription list of 4,870. Der Deutsches Arbeiter, our church paper, also a semimonthly, eight and sixteen pages—when it contains the missionary reading it has sixteen—has a list of 1,809 paid subscribers.

Der Zeichen der Zeit (Signs of the Times), our quarterly magazine, has a subscription list of 3,522; but each time we print from nine thousand to fourteen thousand copies, and they are usually all sold. The paper is doing a good work.

Der Jugendbote has a subscription list of only 804, and is not yet self-supporting. The other papers all show some profit.

We have also improved some of the German tracts, and have issued a number of new ones. We are striving to push the work in every line, and the Lord has blessed us in doing so. Our workers are all of good courage, and aim to press on.

Our Needs

We need to push the German work in those conferences where little or no work has been done. We need more church-schools. The greatest reason why we do not have more church-schools at present is the scarcity of teachers, but we soon expect to fill these calls with able teachers from our seminary.

A greater missionary spirit is needed among our churches. Most of our people are satisfied with supporting the cause with their means, but neglect the missionary work with our papers and tracts, and house-to-house work. Years ago our church-members came together from time to time to send out papers and tracts, with earnest prayers accompanying this literature. This missionary spirit needs to be revived. Most of all, we need the power of the Holy Spirit to finish the work that the Lord has entrusted to us. “Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith the Lord.”

G. F. HAFFNER,Superintendent.


The report of J. H. Schilling, having charge of the German work in the eastern section of the United States, being called for, he rendered his report, as follows:—

J. H. Schilling (reading):—

To the Delegates of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists: Greeting!

We are glad to bring you a report of the progress and the prospect of the work of God among the German people of the East. First of all, we will give you a little history.


Our German work in the East is comparatively very young yet. Our oldest church was organized in Brooklyn, February, 1899, with a membership of sixteen. Nine of these were from Brooklyn, and seven from Jersey City. The next one was organized January, 1902, in Jersey City, with six of the members who had been taken into the Brooklyn church three years before. The next was organized in Milwaukee in 1906, with seventy-two members, who were taken from the Milwaukee English-German church, organized 1887. Then came the church in Philadelphia with eighteen, and Manhattan, N. Y., with twelve members, in 1907; then the Cleveland church, with eight members, in 1908. The youngest of our churches is the South Chicago church, organized last December with ten members. Since their organization these churches have grown steadily, so that two of them have now reached a membership of nearly a hundred.

There were, however, two German churches organized by Elder Conradi in 1888 in eastern Pennsylvania, which constituted the real beginning of the German work in the East. One of these was since united with another church, and thus ceased to exist, while the second became more and more Anglicized, so we do not now carry it on our list as a German church. It is for this reason that we call the Brooklyn church our oldest.

In 1887, just before coming to Pennsylvania, Elder Conradi held the first German school for workers, in Milwaukee, where quite a number of our pioneers in the German work in the States received their first training. Some of these are still hard at work, while others are gradually retiring on account of old age. The next school of this kind was held in New York by Elder Reinke and others, where a number of workers, now so earnestly engaged in the work, and who have helped to raise up good churches in the East, received their training.

The pioneer German worker in the East is therefore Elder Conradi. After him came Elders Joseph and Samuel Shrock. After these, Elder Reinke came to New York City, and, with others associated with him, continued and developed the work partially begun by Brother F. F. Stoll, who worked partly as a local elder and partly as a licentiate. Brother Stoll also started the work in Jersey City, which has been continued and developed by Elder J. G. Hanhardt. Elder Meyer, now in South America, started the work in Philadelphia; Elder H. Pannkoke started it in Boston; Elder G. P. Gaede in Baltimore, and, if I am not mistaken, Elder H. F. Graf in Cleveland. Since Elder Reinke left Greater New York, Elder B. E. Miller, formerly from Texas, has taken up the work in Brooklyn, with more than ordinary success, while Elder D. N. Wall, from South Dakota, has taken it up in the Bronx and Manhattan, and with good success too. In Chicago the work has also gone steadily forward. Through the untiring efforts of Elder C. W. Weber, the brethren succeeded in securing a nice church building, which tends toward solidifying the cause very firmly in that large city.


Our present corps of workers is twenty-four in number, twelve ordained ministers, one licentiate, and four men and seven lady Bible workers. These are located in Greater New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Jersey City, Paterson, Boston, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Chicago, Milwaukee, and the State of Wisconsin. The result of the evangelistic and missionary activity of our workers during the year 1912 is: Sermons delivered, 2,270; Bible readings given, 6,454; other meetings conducted, 3,654; missionary visits made, 16,353; number of new Sabbath-keepers gained, 232; number baptized, 148; number added to the church, 222; number churches organized, 4; and 3 tract societies organized.

We are glad to report this most excellent effort and success on the part of our German workers. Concerning the 222 members added to the church, we might say that they are hardly enough, compared with the effort put forth, nor are we by any means satisfied with this number. By God’s grace we expect to do better this year, and so from year to year. We might mention, however, that our workers have to work harder for what they reap than those who speak the language of the country. The latter can conduct services most anywhere, and have a clear and uncircumscribed sweep of language and territory, while the former are greatly hindered in every way. They have to go from house to house and from door to door to hunt out

the people who speak German, which is indeed very trying and difficult.


We are glad to report that our work in 1912 did not cost all the conferences much more than the tithe paid in by our people. The entire cost of the work among the Germans in all the Eastern conferences where work was done among the Germans, amounts to $15,149.02, with a tithe of $13,615.93, leaving a deficit of $1,533.09. With God’s help we will try to work up the tithe among our people, so another year we may cover all the cost except new work.


We have now 17 well-organized churches, with a membership of 601, together with 107 scattered members, making our total membership, at the end of 1912, 708.

Tithes and Offerings

These 17 churches, including the 107 scattered members, have paid in 1912 in tithe $13,615.93; in offerings to foreign missions, $3,313.57; in Sabbath-school offerings, $2,241.57, making a total in tithes and offerings of $19,170.09. The per capita in tithes and offerings amounts to $27.08.

The Fifteen-Cent-a-Week Fund

Our seventeen churches, not including the scattered members, whose offerings we estimated very low, have paid on the Fifteen-cent-a-week Fund nearly eighteen cents. Eight of the churches have paid over twenty cents; three, over twenty-five cents; two, over forty cents; and one paid over forty-two and one-half cents.

Missionary Activity

We are glad to report that over half of our church-members are active in the local church missionary work. They made 6,784 visits, gave 2,054 Bible readings, wrote 467 letters, and received 185 letters.


The only comparison that I can make to show an approximate growth is between the last quarter of 1911 and the last quarter of 1912. It is interesting to note that the tithe has increased from $2,942.05 the last quarter of 1911 to $3,600.38 the last quarter of 1912; the offerings to foreign missions, from $1,425.36 to $1,971.62; and the Sabbath-school offerings, from $295.45 to $685.27. This growth is not very large, but still encouraging. It is at least a step forward.


The prospect for the German work in the future is good. The German population is large enough to warrant an excellent growth. Counting the first generation to the foreign born, we can reckon on at least twenty million Germans in this country. In some States there are counties after counties solid German, without a single worker in them. We hope that the dear General Conference will take cognizance of this large German population, and appropriate of their means to the work among these people accordingly.

Hearty Cooperation

I am pleased to make mention of the hearty cooperation of the part of the various conference presidents, and the interest they take in the advancement of our work in their fields, and we have reason to believe that this pleasant feeling and confidence will continue undisturbed. At least we, as a German Department, will do our utmost to nurture it, and to create confidence wherever we can. By God’s grace we will do what we can. What the Lord has done for us in the past, he will do for us in the future. The many victories gained are an index to those we have still to gain, and will gain in the name of Jehovah.

J. H. SCHILLING, Superintendent.


The chairman next called upon S. Mortensen, in charge of the Swedish work in the home field, for his report, which follows—

S. Mortenson (reading) :—

God, who has made of one blood all nations of men, has in past ages directed great movements among the nations. In some of these the ancestors of the Swedes took a lively part. And in our days, when the Lord is giving the message of salvation to all nations, we are indeed glad to have a part in this great movement.

General Information About the Swedish Field

In the seventeenth century the Swedes planted their first colony in this country in the State of Delaware. Since that time the immigration from Sweden has kept on, and while many of the immigrants and their descendants have been so thoroughly Americanized that they prefer to be called Americans, there are still, according to the census of 1910, 1,364,215 persons in the United States who profess to be of Swedish nationality. As far as we have been able to obtain information, there are about one hundred fifty thousand of the same nationality in Canada.

The Swedes in North America are mostly settled in the Northern States and in Canada. They belong to different denominations, like the Lutheran, Methodist, Baptist, Mission Covenant, Salvation Army. Some do not care for any religion. It is very hard to find a Swedish Catholic among them. While there is a good deal of opposition among them toward the special message for our time, there are also many honest persons among them awake to the situation and searching for the truth.

The Workers

In the year 1890, when the writer took his stand for the truth, we had only two ordained ministers and one licentiate in this country. One of the ordained ministers died the following year, to the great sorrow of the brethren. But God heard their prayers, and as the years have rolled by has raised up more laborers, so that at the present time we have 18 ordained ministers, two of them acting as teachers at the seminary, 4 licentiates, 11 Bible workers, and 7 others, 1 acting as editor, 1 as secretary, 4 as teachers, and 1 as visiting nurse, making a total of 40 Swedish workers in this country, whom God has called to carry the precious message of salvation to the Swedish population. Besides these, some of the Swedish workers have gone to other fields; we find them represented in Sweden, China, Japan, and Cuba.

The Churches

In the United States we have 37 Swedish churches where the members are nearly all Swedes, and 9 churches where the members are Danes, Norwegians, and Swedes. Such are the churches at St. Paul, Minneapolis, Artichoke, and Duluth, Minn.; College View and Omaha, Nebr.; Ruthven, Iowa; Tacoma and Ferndale, Wash.; and Portland, Oregon. There are also some Swedish members scattered among the Danish-Norwegian and American churches, and a good many isolated brethren. So far as we have been able to obtain information, there are 884 of the Swedish brethren belonging to Scandinavian churches, 356 belonging to American churches, and 367 isolated brethren, making a total of 1,607 Swedish brethren in North America.

Four years ago we reported fifteen hundred Swedish brethren in North America, but that report was based on the subscription list of our paper, and was quite unreliable.

During the last four years our laborers have reported 613 who have taken their stand for the truth; 384 have been added to our churches, and 10 new churches have been organized. Some of the new brethren were Danes, some Norwegians, and some Americans.

The Financial Standing

The last two years our reporting system has been in pretty good order. In the year 1911 we received reports from 649 Swedish brethren, who had paid $12,475.33 in tithes, making $19.22 per capita; $1,009.19 in Sabbath-school donations; $1,252.09 to foreign missions, and $1,018.05 to home missions, making $5.05 per capita for all offerings.

The year 1912 we received reports from 793 Swedish brethren, who had paid $19,314.47 in tithes, making $24.35 per capita; to foreign missions, $3,113.52; to home missions, $4,065.08; in Sabbath-school donations, $2,345.75, making $12.01 per capita for all free-will offerings.

The Literature

Tidens Tecken, the pioneer paper in the Swedish field, was established in 1874, and has now about twenty-five hundred subscribers; it is an excellent medium by which to communicate the truth to the Swedes. We have also a little church paper with about eight hundred subscribers. Both papers are by special care self-supporting.

We have also thirty-nine different kinds of books, eighteen pamphlets, and fifty-three tracts in the Swedish language containing the last warning message. These are scattered by the thousands every year. The last four years the International Publishing Association has sold this kind of literature to the value of $11,023.38.

The Seminary

The Broadview Swedish Seminary has been in operation for three years, and is

doing good work. It is located on a seventy-eight-acre farm, about five miles west of the city limits of Chicago, Ill. The purchase price of the farm was twenty thousand dollars, and after we altered some buildings, built some new ones, and equipped the school, the value has increased, so that on Jan. 1, 1913, the resources amounted to $36,386.28, with $17,649.75 in liabilities, leaving a present worth of $18,736.53. We have tried hard to wipe out all the liabilities, but have been delayed in our effort. We are, however, glad to state that we have good pledges by which to pay off the debt as soon as the cash comes in. Our brethren are much interested in the seminary, and are liberal toward it. So we expect soon to have a strong institution free from debt.

We feel very grateful to God for this school, because we know that he has planted and protected it; he will care for it in the future, and we trust that from it many true missionaries will go out with the message of salvation to the Swedes as well as to foreign nations.

We have only good tidings to bring from the Swedish field. While there are some difficulties to meet, as in other mission fields, we are not in the work to be discouraged or to be conquered by the enemy. No, never! Christ, our mighty Captain, has never lost a battle; and, closely united with him, we are more than conquerors, and expect to win many souls for his kingdom.

S. MORTENSON, Superintendent.


Lewis Christian was next called upon to report for the Danish-Norwegian Department of the foreign work in the home land.

L. H. Christian (reading):—

The Field

The Danish-Norwegian population in America is larger to-day than four years ago. Prejudice against the truth is decreasing; the people are more willing to attend our meetings, and to read our literature. Quite an unexpected movement has been begun the last few years to conserve the Danish-Norwegian language and culture in this country. With this end in view, several strong brotherhoods and societies have been organized. The Danish-Norwegian language has been introduced in scores of high schools and colleges. The Minnesota University, a large per cent of whose teachers and students are Scandinavians, has been recognized as the center of Scandinavian art and literature in America. Wealthy Scandinavians are giving large gifts to endow schools and societies that will endeavor to cherish and keep the language and traditions of their home land. One man alone gave six hundred thousand dollars. The youth, though American born, are taught to take special pride in their Scandinavian ancestry. Many even of the fourth generation born in this country speak their mother tongue in their daily life. While there is no antipathy to things American, there is a very strong love nourished for things Scandinavian.

The influence of this trend of thought upon our work is not difficult to discern If we would bring the one million eight hundred thousand Danes and Norwegians in America the third angel’s message, we must cling to the Danish-Norwegian language. We must never allow ourselves nor our work to become Americanized. This is even more apparent when we consider the many thousand immigrants that come to our shores from Europe every year.

Our Work and Workers

We have 64 Danish-Norwegian churches and over 2,400 members in America. We have 12 ordained ministers, 14 licentiates, and 12 Bible workers. This number of laborers does not include those who are sick, or for any other reason unable to do active work, nor are the ministers that labor mostly in the English included. There are indeed at the present time more ordained Danish-Norwegian ministers that labor in the American work than there are preaching in the Danish-Norwegian language.

Results of the Work

It is impossible to give an absolutely accurate report of the number that have come to the truth in these four years. Our work is so intermingled with the American work that our Danish-Norwegian converts are often baptized by an American minister, and of them we seldom get any report. We know, in fact, that we have a larger membership and more new converts than this paper shows. During the past four years we have organized 11 new churches, won 690 new Sabbath-keepers, baptized many, and added 667 to our churches. This does not include a few, 15 or 30, that have come to us from Europe. One of our churches in Chicago has been united with another one, so that we really have ten more churches than four years ago.

Publishing Work

Three years ago we began a quarterly health and temperance journal, called Light Over the Land. This has met with a very encouraging reception among the Scandinavians in America. We have printed from six to eight thousand of each issue. These have all been sold, and the paper has given the publishing house a small gain. Our other papers have prospered. Several new tracts and pamphlets have been printed, and two larger books, one of these a good hymn-book. Our literature is very kindly received, and it brings many to the truth.

Educational Work

In the fall of 1909 the General Conference decided that three foreign schools should be established in America. By the good providence of God, we secured a building and a farm near Hutchinson, Minn., at a very low price, for the Danish-Norwegian Seminary. Our American brethren in the Northern Union gave eight thousand dollars cash to the school. This was a help and encouragement to us all. Thus far the Danish-Norwegian brethren have paid in $39,500 on their pledges to the school. We greatly need to have the remaining pledges paid during the coming summer and fall. The seminary is fairly well equipped and the teachers are doing faithful work. We have a good class of students, the attendance this third year being 104. The first year there was a deficit of $550 in the running expenses of the school; last year there was a gain of $370; this year there is a gain.

Other Enterprises

Two years ago it was planned to erect a Danish-Norwegian mission building in Brooklyn. Our brethren in the West agreed to raise six thousand dollars toward that enterprise. This has all been secured in cash and pledges. The General Conference Committee has assigned Manchuria to us as a Danish-Norwegian mission field. Four young people are now at the Seminary in Washington, preparing for work in that country, and will leave for Manchuria in July. One Danish sister gave us $960 the other day to this mission. A Norwegian brother has pledged fifteen hundred dollars, and many small gifts have been made. Our Danish-Norwegian brethren have showed a deep interest in this new mission.

Our needs in this department of the work are many and pressing. There are hundreds of Scandinavian towns and counties that have never even seen an Adventist minister. In several States with a large population of Danes and Norwegians we have not a single laborer. We need the help of the American brethren in getting ministers into these conferences. We also need their help in scattering our literature among their Scandinavian friends. Above everything else, we greatly need more of the blessing of Heaven in our lives and labors.

L. H. CHRISTIAN, Superintendent.

At the conclusion of Brother Christian’s report, meeting adjourned.

I. H. EVANS, Chairman, W. A. SPICER, Secretary.


W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 19, 2:30 P. M.

L. R. CONRADI in the chair.

Elder J. E. Jayne offered prayer.

L. R. Conradi: We will continue the reports of the Foreign Department of the General Conference begun this morning. The next report is the Jewish work. This will be led by Brother F. C. Gilbert. The speakers will have ten minutes each.

F. C. Gilbert (reading):—


In the year 1911, at the spring council of the General Conference Committee, the work for the Jewish people was taken under the care of the Foreign Department of the General Conference, and became one of the departments of the foreign work. To those who have studied the problem among the Jewish people, and their relation and attitude toward the Christian religion, the work among these sons of Abraham is a very difficult one. Nevertheless, we believe yes, we are certain, that many from among these people will be gathered out for the Scripture says that this message must go to every nation, kindred, tongue and people.

According to the last Jewish Year-Book published by the Jewish Publication Society of the United States, there are about two and a half millions of Jewish people in the country. These Jews for decades have been located

mostly in the cities; therefore the problem among them is a city problem. They have been coming to our shores by the tens of thousands for many years, because they felt that they could have a greater degree of freedom than they have been accustomed to enjoy in European countries.

For centuries the Jewish people have been very bitter toward the Christian religion, and no doubt there have been honest reasons for their feeling thus. Many facts along this line will be introduced by the superintendent of the Jewish Department. But we are glad to say that a change is coming over the Jewish people, and a radical one. From what we glean, there has never been a time when there was a greater revolution among the Hebrew people than is going on at the present time. True, it is a bloodless one, but nevertheless a real revolution. In this country the masses of the Jewish people are breaking away from the traditions and customs of their ancestors. As a result of having come in contact with Christian influences and with Christian civilization, the Jews have had their eyes opened, and they see wherein their teachers have led them astray. Having been taught that their religion was the true religion, because founded upon the Word of God, when they cast aside the Jewish religion they really threw away all religion. As a result, there is a large infidel and atheistic element among the Jewish people.

Still it has been found that this condition is not altogether hopeless; for while the Jew says he does not believe, he cannot be separated from belief. When the Jew learns about our people and this denomination, it immediately arouses his interest, and he usually is anxious to learn about us and our work. It was found, therefore, that one feature in the work among the Jews must be to create a publicity campaign, and to bring prominently before them the people and work of Seventh-day Adventists. Those who have been in this work have done this for several years past, more especially since the General Conference has created this Jewish Department. Many of our people in different parts of the land have cooperated in this plan. As a result, thousands of Jews in this country who knew very little about our people a few years ago, today know a great deal about us. This has meant much for our work, and this educational work has had a strong tendency to break down some of the prejudice which has existed in the minds of the Jews. Our literature has been called for by them, and from all parts of the land have come requests from the Jews to learn more about the people known as Seventh-day Adventists.

One feature worthy of interest in this report also means a great deal for our work among the Jews. There is a great movement spreading among them in bringing thousands of their countrymen to the Southland, by way of Galveston, Tex. There is a society among them which is buying up thousands of acres of land in the South, Southeast, and Southwest, and they are planning to bring these sons of Abraham from Russia and from other countries as fast as they can, and to give them an opportunity to till the soil.

When our people learn better methods of reaching the Jews in all parts of the land, they will find many opportunities and open doors to bring the message to the Hebrew people in every union conference.

The believers among the Jews are few; still, a beginning has been made, and today there are believers in several of the States of America.

F. C. GILBERT, Superintendent.


L. R. Conradi: We are grateful to learn of the progress of the work among the people of Israel. We shall now hear from Brother Gustave G. Roth concerning the French work.

G. G. Roth (reading):—

North America has about four million French-speaking people spread all over the country, of whom two million are in Canada, one million in New England, and one million in various States, as Louisiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Pennsylvania. The city of New Orleans has 120,000 French people; New York City, 100,000; Fall River, Mass., 50,000; New Bedford, Mass., 33,000; Woonsocket, R. I., 20,000; Holyoke, 20,000; Worcester, Mass., 30,000; Boston, Mass., 23,000; Lowell, Mass., 30,000; Manchester, N. H., 40,000; Montreal, 300,000; Quebec, 75,000; etc.

Forty years ago some French Belgians, Canadians, and Alsatians who settled in Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan, had occasion to hear of the Sabbath reform, first through tracts and papers and afterwards through the work of the Brethren Bourdeau and others. Unfortunately, the work among this people has never been carried on steadily. Nevertheless, in spite of discouragements, we have nearly two hundred fifty French Sabbath-keepers in North America who stand loyal to the truth and pay faithful tithes and offerings. The amount paid in the year 1912 was about five thousand dollars—twenty dollars per capita.

In July, 1910, I, with my family, responded to the call of the General Conference to come from Europe to America to take charge of the so-long-neglected French work. I visited the brethren in Canada four times, and last spring I visited the various churches and companies in Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Three tent efforts have been conducted,—in Woonsocket, R. I., Manchester, N. H., and Worcester, Mass. During that time, twenty-one have been baptized and twenty-four added to the church. Five in Worcester await such an occasion.

Since last year we have had four French workers besides myself in this field. Elder Jean Vuilleumier has been laboring in Montreal, Canada; Elder L. Passevois, in Manchester, N. H.; Brother E. P. Auger, in New Orleans, La; and Brother Arthur Jean, in Worcester, Mass. It is very important that they be entirely released from all English work. This seems imperative, if the French work in America is to succeed.


Until we have our own French school we have a French department in the South Lancaster Academy. Few students have been able to attend from Canada, the West, or the South, because we are at present unable to help them in their transportation from such great distances.


We have issued two numbers of the magazine La Sentinelle, prepared especially for the work among the Catholics. The first number is exhausted, and the second is more than half gone. Five thousand copies were printed in each edition. We also have a little church paper, Le Visiteur, which our brethren appreciate very much.

Our Needs

Our needs are very great. First, we need a large measure of the grace of God in order to be fitted for such a work, as we have to stand just before the mouth of the Roman beast. We need the prayers of our brethren, and their hearty cooperation.

Second, we really ought to have twenty workers, located as follows: Louisiana, 2; New York City, 2; New York State, 1; Connecticut, 1; Rhode Island, 1; Massachusetts, 2; New Hampshire, 1; Maine, 1; Vermont, 1; Pennsylvania, 1; Illinois, 1; Wisconsin, 1; Michigan, 1; Canada, 4. As we shall have to train and educate these workers, the needs of the French Educational Fund, voted by the General Conference at Friedensau, should be presented to our people in North America. We trust that some action may be taken at this Conference regarding this.

Third, we are in need of French leaflets for free distribution among the Catholics. They will cost many dollars, and we should have a certain appropriation for this.

Fourth, Canada asks for a tent, with a complete outfit, and we hope that it will be provided.

G. G. ROTH, Superintendent.


L. R. Conradi: After this good report, we shall listen to a report from the Danish-Norwegian Seminary, to be read by Prof. M. S. Reppe. This report is written by the president of the Seminary, M. L. Andreasen.

M. S. Reppe (reading):—

At the meeting of the fall council of the General Conference Committee held in College View, Nebr., in the month of October, 1909, the first step was taken toward establishing the Danish-Norwegian Seminary. At that council a committee of twenty was appointed to select a suitable location for the school and to erect or purchase the necessary buildings.

This committee, after visiting several places, decided to purchase a school property that was for sale in Hutchinson, Minn. It had formerly been owned by a Danish-Lutheran society, but because of financial difficulties had been placed on the market.

The property consists of a large four-story structure, built of pressed brick, with rock foundation. It contains, besides the recitation-rooms, 46 rooms for students, a pleasant dining hall, a chapel that seats about four hundred, and a good gymnasium. It is steam-heated, has electric lights, and city water. Belonging to the school is also a farm of 160 acres, all within the limits of the city of Hutchinson.

Sept. 28, 1910, the seminary began its first school year. Formerly the work had been carried on in connection with Union College, in Nebraska, and it was feared by some that a sufficient number of students could not be gathered among the Danes and Norwegians in this country to support a separate institution. All were therefore agreeably surprised to learn that the total enrollment the first year reached 82. The second year of the school showed decided improvement over the first year; the total enrollment was 102. This year the enrollment was 105.

The faculty consists of seven men teachers, besides several assistants. The spiritual interest has been good from the start. The weeks of prayer have especially been blessed seasons.

Financially the school has prospered. It stands today without debts of any kind. Also in the running expenses it is making its way. So there is abundant reason to be thankful to the Lord. Our aim and hope is to make this school a blessing to the many hundreds of thousands of Danes and Norwegians in this country and beyond.



L. R. Conradi: We shall now listen to another report, by Brother G. E. Nord, of the Swedish Seminary.

G. E. Nord (reading):—

Educational work among Scandinavian Seventh-day Adventists in America began with a mission school in Chicago, Ill., in 1885. In 1891 a department was started in Union College, College View, Nebr., and many who are now in the work received their training there. But for years it had been evident that plans must be laid and facilities provided for a more thorough training in the Swedish language. This led to the steps taken at the fall council of the General Conference in College View, Nebr., in October, 1909, when it was decided to move the foreign departments out from Union College and establish separate schools.

Location of Seminary

April 25, 1910, a committee, composed of the Lake Union Conference Committee and several Swedish brethren, met in Chicago, Ill., to decide on a location. After investigating a number of places and carefully weighing the advantages of each, they finally decided to locate the seminary on a farm about thirteen miles west of Chicago, near Broadview Station on the Illinois Central Railway. Broadview is a decidedly country place with no city attractions. The seminary is located in a beautiful grove of elm trees with an adjoining orchard, about fifteen minutes’ walk from the station. So the location is in every way suitable.

Formerly there were on the place a dwelling-house, barn, and granary. In taking over the farm for the school, the former dwelling-house, which is a fine brick building, has been used as ladies’ dormitory, dining-room, kitchen, and laundry. The barn has been remodeled, and is now called North Hall. This serves as chapel, class-rooms, principal’s office, and men’s dormitory. The former granary has also been remodeled, and has furnished two good class-rooms, also dormitory room for ten lady students. A fourteen-room duplex house has been built for the teachers, and part of it is occupied by students.

The Swedish Seminary has many advantages because of its location: First, because Chicago is a great mission field within easy reach of the seminary, and affords the students an opportunity to get practical training in missionary work while here at school. Second, through its many libraries, museums, zoological gardens, and conservatories, a student of history, science, or art finds a vast field for research. Third, with the seventy-eight acres of land connected with the school, and Chicago within thirteen miles’ reach, and with the many little towns surrounding the school, truck-gardening can be made a very practical asset to the school. Many of the students can be employed during the summer months to work in the garden, and thus earn their own way through school, as well as helping to dig out of the soil means for some of the much-needed improvements on the place.



The beginning was small, but there has been a steady and healthy growth. The first school year began Sept. 27, 1910, with an enrollment of twenty-two. The second year the enrollment reached thirty-two; and this past year forty-four were enrolled. Thus we see that the number has doubled since the first year, and the outlook for the coming year is very encouraging. We have every reason to believe that the number of students next year will be more than tripled.

In looking back over the past three years, we can only say that the Lord has done far above our hopes and expectations, and we feel that his hand has led in the establishment of this school.


A small carpenter shop has been built and a blacksmith shop outfit provided. So far all the work, such as repairing, building, and remodeling houses, as well as farm and domestic work, has been done by the students. We have no organized industrial classes, but practical instruction has been given along these lines. However, to do justice to these departments, further facilities must be provided.

A canning outfit has been purchased, and during the last year enough vegetables, such as sweet corn, tomatoes, beans, peas, and also fruit, were put up to supply all the needs of the school family, as well as some for the market. A sewing department has been planned for the next school year.


The financial statement of the school has been given in another report, by Elder Mortenson, the superintendent of the Swedish work, but his report did not include the operating expenses; so it may be of interest to state here that the first school year closed with a deficit of only $305.95. This, however, included the seeding of the farm, buying fodder for the horses, cows, and chickens, putting in a large garden, planting several thousand raspberry and strawberry plants and grape-vines, the cost of printing the catalogue, etc. If these initial expenses had been met from other sources, the school would have shown a gain instead of a loss. The second school year closed with a gain of $413.74. The present year we have had some extra

expenses to meet, but still we expect to come out about even.

Urgent Needs

We feel greatly encouraged by what the Lord has done, and can say, “Hitherto the Lord has helped us.” But we cannot conclude this report without mentioning some of our most pressing needs. The greatest is that of adding to our buildings. We have outgrown our chapel and our dining-room and kitchen; more class room must be provided, also more dormitory room; we need a larger business office and library, as well as a laboratory. These must be provided for the next school year. We need more books for our library; and a physical laboratory must be furnished. These are only a few of our most urgent needs, and we must appeal to our people for help.

Mission of the Seminary

The Swedish Seminary has an important mission, and a promising future before it. While we started with small quarters and lack of equipment so necessary for a successful school, and while we have been greatly handicapped for lack of proper facilities, the school has been blessed, and much good accomplished, for which we are grateful. But the time has come when better facilities and equipment must be provided in order to meet the demands that are made upon this school by our Swedish young people throughout this country.

The religious interest during the past year has been most encouraging. Every student in the school has confessed Christ and consecrated himself to the Lord and his service.

Several earned their scholarship the first year by canvassing; nearly all were out the second year, and this year all are planning to return to the school, except a few who remain in the work permanently as ministers and Bible workers. All are going out this summer as canvassers, helpers in tent-meetings, etc., except a few who remain to work on the farm.

Undoubtedly, many mistakes have been made, but the Lord has graciously held his hand over the work, and has guided us through perils seen and unseen. Teachers and students all have pledged themselves to do all that can be done on their part to make this enterprise successful, and to this end we solicit the prayers of all God’s people.

G. E. NORD, Principal.


L. R. Conradi: Brother J. F. Simon will now give his report of the work in the German Seminary at Clinton, Mo.

J. F. Simon (reading):—

Four years ago, at the meeting of the fall council of the General Conference Committee, held in College View, Nebr., the first definite step was taken toward the establishment of the German Seminary. The reasons given were these:—

There is a large and increasing German population in this country. The burden of carrying to them this message rests largely with those speaking that tongue. Germans can be reached best by Germans. While many make use of English in their business affairs, they pray and read their Bibles in German. The German’s religion is German.

There was no other provision for the educating of German workers save the departments maintained for that purpose in connection with Union College, Walla Walla College, and Sheyenne River Academy. While these did efficient work, they did not provide enough advanced training in German. Consequently our young people were obliged to get most of their education in the English language. This, together with the tendency here in America among our young people to forsake the German, is the reason why the majority preferred the English to the German field of labor. It was realized that in order to hold the German young people for the German work, they must have a separate school, providing advanced training, where they hear the German language used, not only in classes, but in the daily conversation, for a sufficient length of time to create in them an admiration for their mother tongue, and to acquire fluency in the use of it.

There were already sufficient young people in the churches and schools to fill a separate school.

The rapid development of the German work was calling for a larger number of educated laborers than was possible to train without increased facilities.

For the accomplishment of these ends, a resolution was passed authorizing the establishing of the German Seminary. The committee appointed for the purpose selected and purchased the Baird College, located in Clinton, Mo. This building was remodeled and adapted to our needs.

The German Seminary has now been in operation three years. The first year we had 99 enrolled; the second year, 114; and this year, 141.

Providential Care

We have evidence that this is a school of God’s planting. The hand of providence was recognized in the securing of the property. The Lord put it in the hearts of the brethren to give the institution their moral and financial support. Then there were nearly one hundred young men and women ready to enter the school. At the close of the third year, we find an increasing interest in the seminary throughout the field. The heavy sacrifices made by the brethren have bound their hearts to this school, and they are sending their sons and daughters, to give value to the financial sacrifices made. We have prospects for two hundred students the coming year.

Visible Results

Already twenty-three of our students have permanently entered the work. One is in the ministry over in Roumania. Another is a teacher in Spanish Central America. A minister and his wife and a colporteur sailed for Brazil in February. Six have entered the ministry in this country, two are doing Bible work, and twelve are engaged in teaching. During each vacation we have had from twenty-five to forty canvassers in the field, besides some Bible workers and tent workers. The interest in foreign missions is also good. In our bands the past year there were thirty-seven volunteers for South America, thirty-one for Africa, and a few for Persia, India, and China.

From the beginning of this school a high spiritual standard has been maintained. The close of each school year has found but three or four unconverted students on the roll. Most of the conversions have taken place as a result of student efforts in a very quiet way.

Courses Offered

The seminary offers the following courses: Theological, College, Academic, Normal, Commercial, Music, and Art. Special attention is given the Theological and Normal courses. A prominent feature of the Theological course is the work offered in the ancient languages, giving the student a clear grasp of the inspired Word in its original form. The Normal course is designed to give the student not only a theoretical knowledge of teaching but to combine practical experience with it. For this purpose a church-school is conducted by this department.

The faculty has been increased from nine to eleven since the first year.


Our library consists of six hundred volumes. Our laboratory and scientific apparatus is rather limited. We have one good microscope and about one hundred fifty dollars’ worth of laboratory appliances. We shall equip the school with appliances as fast as they are needed in the work.

We have made a good beginning in the industries. There is in connection with the seminary a laundry, a farm of one hundred acres, and an orchard and garden of six acres. Much attention has been given to the development of these, and for the time and labor expended the results have been very gratifying. We are planning to add carpentry, blacksmithing, and dressmaking in the near future.


In the running expenses our hopes have not been realized. Our books show a deficit of $1,529 the first year, $2,517 the second year, and $1,478 this year. With very careful management we hope to wipe out this deficit. We believe conditions are such now that we can do this by another year. We are not increasing our faculty this year, and we have prospects that the increase in attendance will be such as to make ends meet.

With our finances properly adjusted, we will be able to give greater attention to the development of the educational work in the field. The future of this school demands the carrying on of an educational campaign in our German churches. The seminary has a capacity of only 225 students. As fast as consistent, the German church-schools should be developed to such an extent that the seminary can be relieved of the preparatory classes. While it will no doubt always be necessary to offer this preparatory work in the seminary, too, these classes should be very small. We should receive our students prepared to take up the academic work; and we can accomplish this only by establishing church-schools where the young people will have opportunity to get the needed preparatory work.

Class of Students Desired

For the rapid development of the work we should encourage the very best German young people to come to the seminary. We want to educate them all, of course, but we should immediately have scores of the most talented and promising. The work is very much in need of them. Then, too, we need to encourage the young people to secure a thorough training. The two- or three-year standard in the minds of some is not sufficient for the majority of the students. We must encourage them to complete the

longer courses. The parents must be educated to see this. We all recognize that this message now demands the best educated and the most consecrated talent. This is the standard the seminary is designed to maintain.

Above all, there stands the most vital of all needs,—a baptism of the Holy Spirit in such a measure that God can direct and guide, to the effect that his own plan for this school may be met in its development.

J. F. SIMON, President.


L. R. Conradi: We shall listen to a short statement of Brother Olsen concerning the Russian work in the North American Foreign Department.

O. A. Olsen: I received a letter from Brother S. G. Burley, the teacher of the Russian Department of the Sheyenne (North Dakota) Academy, and I have taken out some of it to give to the General Conference. If Brother Burley were here, he would read it. I thought the congregation would be glad to hear of the Russian work that is being done in North America.

O. A. Olsen (reading):—

About fourteen years ago, Russian Baptists commenced to leave their mother country for America, because of the oppression there. Most of them settled in North Dakota, New York, Los Angeles, and different parts of Canada. When our people in Velva, N. Dak., held their camp-meeting about seven years ago, some of these Russians came to the camp-meeting, and the truth was sown among them in that way. I believe one or two started to keep the Sabbath. When they went home, they commenced to work among their own people, and a great stir came up among the Baptists concerning the day they should keep. Our brethren took notice of this, so Elder Wagner and Brother Schwartz visited them, also Elder Leer.

It was very hard at first, for the Russian people are slow to accept new religions from other nationalities. But in 1908 a few Russian people came to the North Dakota Conference at Harvey. They were discussing among themselves and studying, but did not come out to join our conference.

Early Believers

In 1910 a revival began among them. They were visited by Elder Leer, and the committee of the North Dakota Conference asked Elder Olsen to find a worker for them. He asked me to take up the work. I was then at College View.

That year many Russian people went to the camp-meeting at Jamestown, and the organization of the Russian churches followed. Elders Leer and Wagner, Brother Litwinenco, and I went among the churches, and that summer thirty-six were baptized and three companies were organized.

Sheyenne River Academy

In the fall of 1910 another era took place in the Russian work. The Russian Department of the Sheyenne River Academy, at Harvey, N. Dak., was opened, with an attendance of twenty-seven. This department is organized to prepare Russian workers for the thousands of Russian people in North and South America, and also in their home country. Although the work at first was very difficult, yet we gained success year by year, if not in quantity, in the quality of the students.

The classes the first year conducted in Russian were as follows: Reading, writing, first and second year Russian grammar, Russian-English grammar, Old Testament history, New Testament history. Other studies were conducted in the English language. Because of the drought in North Dakota the enrollment the second year was only eighteen. The classes were conducted as mentioned above, with the addition of Bible doctrines, Russian Grammar No. 3, and other studies in the English language. The enrollment this year is eighteen, the same as last.

Last summer two Russian students canvassed; one of them took nine hundred dollars’ worth of orders, and is doing splendid work in school, too. Nine attended the canvassers’ institute just held here in the school, expecting to enter the field this summer. We have two students who ought to be in the missionary field this summer, and I hope they will be sent either to New York or to other places where there are many Russian people.

Work Among the Russians

Some of the brethren have moved to Canada, and it seems they have a good company in Alberta at the present time. Some of them live in Saskatchewan, and elsewhere, so our churches in North Dakota were drained a little, but the truth is spreading among the Russians just the same. Last year we accepted two Russian churches into our conference. At the present time we have six in North Dakota, besides another company who are inviting us to visit them, as there are six members that belong to our faith.

Last year Brother Litwinenco, Elder Leer, and I visited Russian churches, and I spent some time in the East. I found that there are thousands who would listen to the truth if there was some one working among them. The Russian people of the Baptist Church, the Disciples of Christ or Christian Church, and Methodist Church, also other Slavonic people, received me favorably to preach in their churches. I hope that this year our brethren of the metropolis will commence the work among the Russian people. At the present time there are two hundred twenty Russian people who belong to Seventh-day Adventist churches in North and South Dakota and Canada.

The most encouraging feature of the Russian work is that they are eager to gain an education, and most of the students who are here are desirous of returning to Russia to work for their own people, or to have a place in this country; it makes no difference to them which. I can recommend the students because of their faithfulness to the principles of this truth. The greatest desire of the teacher at Sheyenne River Academy is to instil in them this truth, and to work in harmony with our organization.

We are encouraged this year over the possibility of having “Great Controversy” translated into the Russian language.


L. R. Conradi: We are all glad to listen to this report. We will now have the report of the secretary of the General Conference Educational Department, Prof. H. R. Salisbury.

(Owing to lack of space in this number, Professor Salisbury’s report will appear in a later issue of the BULLETIN.)

At the conclusion of Professor Salisbury’s excellent report (hearty amens being heard from the congregation), conference adjourned.

L. R. CONRADI, Chairman,
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

Department Meetings

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson


First Meeting

The Educational Department held its opening meeting Friday, May 16, at 4:30 P. M. H. R. Salisbury, the chairman, invited all educators present to take part in the council, and vote. He extended a hearty welcome to representatives from abroad. Brief remarks were then made by the heads of some of our leading educational institutions. W. E. Howell was elected secretary.

The following committees were appointed:—

Plans: C. L. Benson, M. E. Olsen, B. F. Machlan, M. E. Cady, C. W. Stone. Certificates: H. G. Lucas, J. A. L. Derby, W. W. Ruble, H. M. Hiatt, Sarah Peck. The Reading Course: C. C. Lewis, H. E. Osborne, Myrta Kellogg, Almetta Garrett, Florence Howell, Minnie Hart. Life Certificates: To act with the secretary, C. W. Irwin, J. Morrison.

The chairman then made a brief address. He expressed his satisfaction over the arrangement made by the General Conference Committee calling upon Professor and Mrs. C. C. Lewis, of the Pacific Union College, to take charge of the Fireside Correspondence School, in order that W. E. Howell might be able to give his whole time to editing the educational journal and attending to other work of the department. He said that he had not felt free to urge a large attendance of teachers at the present meeting, as the time was not opportune; but he hoped that the General Conference would take action at its present session permitting the holding next year of a national, or perhaps an international, educational convention, something like the one held three years ago in Berrien Springs.

The present council, he said, should have for its key-note thoroughness and constructive work in the fear of God. The past four years have been years of rapid growth. State schools have grown more rapidly than they could be equipped or manned. Church-schools have sprung up rapidly.

It may be necessary to do some reconstruction; but while we try to set in order what is wanting, we must still

forward. Educational leaders of

world are awaking to the need of combining moral with intellectual training and are calling upon the denominational schools to come to the rescue of the boys and girls of this country. Roman Catholics are hard at work to bring their educational institutions up to such a high standard that the Protestant youth of this country will be attracted by them. Surely it is possible for us to have the work done in our schools

thoroughly in all intellectual essential as well as so true to the principles

Christian education, that they will be credit to us in every way. The steady growth of our schools, both at home and in foreign fields, ought to be a sour

of great encouragement. The increasing attendance has much more than kept pace with the increase of the denomination, and the prospects for still greater growth in the future are most excellent.


First Meeting

The first Sabbath-school departmental meeting was held at 4:30 P. M., on Thursday, May 15, the first day of the General Conference. The walls of the assembly-room were lined with star-decked maps representing the location of the Sabbath-schools in the home and foreign fields. Prominent among the decorations was the new Sabbath-school chart, showing the amount of the offerings to missions year by year from the first $700 given previous to 1887 to the $228,029.24 given during the year 1912. A display scroll bearing the three mottoes for which all Sabbath-school workers are striving,—“Daily Study of the Sabbath-School Lesson,” “Personal Work for Every Pupil,” “A Million Dollars for Missions in Four Years,” was conspicuously displayed.

The attendance of the secretaries and those especially interested in the Sabbath-school work was excellent, the seating capacity of the room being taxed to the utmost.

After prayer by Elder E. W. Farnsworth and a few words of greeting by Elder G. B. Thompson, the entire roll of secretaries was called, those present giving a one-minute response, mentioning encouraging items of progress in their respective fields. Forty-eight Sabbath-school secretaries are in attendance at the Conference. As they spoke of the advancement of the work, and their personal experience in it, the Spirit of God melted hearts, and a marked feeling of unity, sympathy, and love was plainly manifest. All are of good courage in this blessed work.


Second Meeting

Those who came late to the second meeting were compelled to turn away disappointed, for even before the time of the meeting the Seminary chapel was packed to its utmost capacity.

Of Elder Daniells’s stirring address on “The Place of the Missionary Volunteer Movement in Our Denominational Work,” we can give only the following extracts:—

“There is no subject upon which I speak that appeals to my heart so strongly as that relating to our youth. First of all, I wish to say that the Missionary Volunteer department has a place in this denomination, a rightful and a legitimate place. It is demanded.

“The great object of this department is to lay hold of every child in the denomination, old and young. Every family that has a boy has an object for which this department exists. Every girl, old or young, in every family of Seventh-day Adventists, is an object at which this department aims, and which this department desires and designs to take hold of. That is the scope of it. And we must never rest satisfied until the influence of this department is being brought to bear upon every child in the denomination. It does not matter how much the Sabbath-school is doing to get them to study the Sabbath-school lesson, and to recite it on the Sabbath day; it does not matter how much the schools may do to draw them into those institutions when they reach the right age; it does not matter what these other departments do; here is a work by itself to be done by this department, that must lay hold of these children while they are small, and keep a grip upon them until they are landed in the work of God somewhere in the world. That is what we must do. And our educational work, and our evangelical work, and our canvassing work, and all branches, will reap the results of this service rendered these children.”

The paper on “Leadership” presented by Elder MacGuire emphasized personal work for others as the supreme qualification of leaders, and stated that personal work was largely the Great Leader’s method.

Elder J. W. Christian, who led in the discussion of the paper on “Efficient Leadership,” appealed for it in these words:—

“Upon our local conferences must rest the responsibility of giving their best to the work among our young people. We say to Elder Spicer, and to Elder Daniells, and others, when they come to our conferences, ‘Choose the men you want for foreign fields,’ and we send these men abroad with our prayers and sympathy, and oftentimes with our means. I want to tell you that when we come to our home laborers, I believe it is right before God that we take the best we have to wait upon our young men and women.”

The closing remarks by Prof. M. E. Kern left with all this all-important truth: “Our Missionary Volunteer work to be successful must reach the home.”


Third Meeting

The interest in the medical meetings is growing wonderfully. A paper read by Elder W. J. Stone, entitled “How Can We Secure the Cooperation of All Our Workers in the Interests of the Medical Work?” was listened to by a full room, with many on the outside unable to gain an entrance.

Years of endeavor have been put forth in the effort to bring about a union between the workers in different lines, but without the desired result. We are living in the last days. The end of all things is at hand. The gospel message must be given in this generation, and the work is delayed so long as there is a lack of interest in any phase of the work.

There must be a combination of evangelical and medical work. This combination was manifested in the life of Jesus Christ, and must be in the lives of his representatives. A union of interests must be seen and felt before the work can be finished. Dr. D. H. Kress and Elder G. B. Starr in their remarks emphasized the importance of this unity.

A paper read by Dr. Belle Wood Comstock, of Glendale, Cal., on “The Status of Health Reform in Our Sanitariums,” called attention to the fact that some in responsibility in our sanitariums are not always faithful in living out the principles of health reform—that at times when outside the sanitariums they indulge in the use of that which is objectionable. This is inconsistent, and brings into disrepute the gospel message. Those who do this are liable to fall away, and not only fail to enter into the kingdom of God, but hinder also those who are entering in.

It has been said that the world is catching up with us. Why is this so? It can only be because we disregard the light that God has given us—the greatest light ever given to the world—and we fail to receive a love of the truth. Health reform is of God, and should be cherished as a precious gift from him. The rule given concerning it should not be considered restrictive but as counsel from God, which, if followed, will bring life and blessing.


Third Meeting

In addition to the Publishing Department representatives, including managers of publishing houses in this and other countries, union conference and local agents, there were present at the third meeting of the Publishing Department, 17 canvassers who have each sold $1,000 worth of books during the year 1913.

Brother C. H. Jones, chairman, in opening the meeting, referred to the appeals that have been presented from foreign countries for workers, and the strong recommendations every foreign leader has made concerning the continuous use of the printed page.

The leading topic considered in this meeting was presented in a paper by E. R. Palmer, entitled, “Our Publishing System.” He brought out the following points:—

1. The importance of the publishing work as an evangelizing agency; its use during the Reformation; its use in connection with the work of the pioneers in foreign fields, as Robert Morrison, William Carey, Judson, and others; and the part it has taken in the rise and growth of the work of the third angel’s message.

2. This work, while worthy of the same support that other lines of gospel work receive, has, in the providence of God, been made to a large extent self-supporting. Hence the volume of work which can be done is limited only by the number of workers who can be enlisted and trained. In foreign fields, however, where at first it cannot be made self-supporting, investments should be made so that the circulating, printing, and distributing of gospel literature may accompany the preaching of the word.

3. Universal success is dependent largely upon thorough system. While in some details this may vary in different parts of the world, comparatively uniform methods can be adopted. The advantage of such system has not only been proved in the book work, but we have beautiful examples of it in our thorough tithing system, the development of regular mission donations, and Sabbath-school offerings.

4. This system must be independent, and carried on by Seventh-day Adventists. Dependence on the world’s agencies will fail.

5. Each part of our organization is a factor in making this system a success; namely, the General Conference Publishing Department, the publishing

committee of the union, the conference tract society, the publishing houses and their branches, together with every single canvasser and church missionary society.

6. An efficient system and organization cannot be carried on without expense. Our work must be aggressive, and different from the ordinary commercial work, because we are carrying to the world books with an unpopular doctrine, for which demand must be created.

7. The necessity of educating our people as to what enters into the expense of our books. (Brother Palmer went carefully into this expense, showing that seventy per cent of the retail price of a book must needs be spent in its sale.)

8. Let us recognize how wonderfully God is building up our publishing work, and look upon the success that has thus far been made as only the beginning of what may be done if we press together, improve our methods, and depend upon God.


W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 18

By the time the hour for service had arrived the large pavilion was filled to overflowing—probably the largest assembly since the Conference opened.

The evening had been given to Elder Spicer who spoke in his usual forceful manner on the them, “The Certainties of the Advent Message.” He based his discourse on Proverbs 22:20, 21, linking this passage with Peter’s utterance, “We have also a more sure word of prophecy.” By means of prophecy, in which God makes known his power and knowledge, the most skeptical mind finds indubitable proof of the certainty of divine revelation. Referring to the challenge of Isaiah to the false gods he said the supreme testimony of God to the world is his prophecy of events ages before they happen.

Two crises in human history are outstanding illustrations of this truth. The first was the experience of ancient Israel in the exodus from Egypt. And this is but a type (Isaiah 11:11) of the final deliverance of God’s people out of this world in the advent movement (cf. Romans 15:4).

The exodus was a time prophecy. God’s word to Abraham was, after four hundred years he would visit his people and deliver them out of bondage according to his word. God was ready and had his agencies prepared against the time of bringing Israel out of Egypt. Moses, God’s appointed leader, was born about that time, and full deliverance came in the right hour. So it is in our time. God is active in fulfilling his promise and prophecy as is plainly set forth in Revelation 14. In the heavens God in judgment is making ready to finish his mighty work in the earth. The hour of this last crisis began in 1844, both in heaven and in earth, exactly according to his foreknowledge and foreword. Witness the astounding mechanical inventions of our day that God may bring his sons and daughters from all lands, in accordance with Isaiah’s prophecy. (cf. Isaiah 49). The vote of the mission board passed this morning, appropriating money for the school in Shanghai, was carried in a few hours over the broad Pacific. Thus is our God mightily working for the accomplishment of his promise.

In view of all these compelling evidences we lay all on the altar of God; we surrender our souls to a full, unreserved consecration. And may all here, the speaker appealed, give themselves to this conquering cause.


W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

Monday, May 19

Elder W. W. Prescott occupied the pulpit and read as a Scripture lesson the song of Moses recorded in Exodus 15. After the opening song and prayer, the speaker began his discourse by setting forth the truth that history is a unit, that God’s purpose runs unbroken through the ages. Our age is to witness the culmination of all history and the final decision as to whether God’s will shall be done on earth as it is in heaven. Beneath and throughout this human crisis is the controversy between Christianity and the Papacy strikingly illustrated by Israel’s deliverance out of Egypt.

This mighty controversy is clearly set forth in Daniel and the Revelation, and as such it constitutes the outstanding prophecy of all revelation. And in this prophecy the “little horn,” the Papacy is central.

The prophetic picture in Revelation follows closely the one given in Daniel, but with this exception—the prophecy in the Revelation adds with great vividness the last chapter of papal activity in the world—that enacted in our time in America. This is a special decisive feature, being the culmination of the entire prophecy. This is the final phase of the world struggle, and means the final crisis in human history. Hence the prophet Daniel could say, Blessed is he that cometh to the end of the 1335 days. At this point the speaker showed from leading Catholic writers that the hope of Rome in our day is that her strength may be rejuvenated in the Anglo-Saxon world, and especially in the United States.

In view of this, we face a most thrilling situation. The long controversy is drawing to a close. One has well said we must Americanize Rome or she will Romanize America. Rome is forcing the battle, especially in the United States, while Protestantism is weak and apologetic. The speaker instanced the surrender of Protestant principles in the Edinburgh World’s Missionary Conference, where all Roman Catholic countries were counted out of the foreign missionary class.

The protest against Rome must be made all over the world, and the one trumpet voice against the rising power of the Papacy is that found in the three-fold message. As in the sixteenth century, the standard must be raised on the power of God’s all-conquering Word. The final issue is clouded with no uncertainty. The mighty power of the Babe of Bethlehem will bring full and decisive victory.

The call is to us—we have the light. We must arouse and see our duty. Our eyes seem holden, but we must awaken and labor faithfully in this the time of the world’s crisis.


W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 17, 9 A. M.

The large General Conference Sabbath-school met promptly at 9 o’clock, convening in five divisions; namely, the English-speaking division in the large pavilion, the foreign nationalities in the Foreign Department tent, and the youth and children in three convenient locations.

In the Foreign Department tent, there were five German classes, two Scandinavian, one French, and one Spanish.

Number present in large pavilion, 1,613; offerings, $327.05.

Number present in Foreign Department, 174; offerings, $39.67.

Number present in youth’s and children’s divisions, 251; offerings, $9.88.

Total present, 2,038; total offerings, $376.60.

This was an average of twenty and one-fourth cents for the Senior division, and an average of about eighteen and one-half cents a member for the entire school.


W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

The early morning hour is given to prayer and praise. The meetings are held in sections, some of those in attendance gathering in the big tent, while others meet in the Seminary chapel, the Sanitarium basement, and in departmental tents. It is not planned to give detailed reports of these meetings. Those already held have been excellent.

At the seventeenth annual session of the General Conference, held in 1878, according to an official report in the Review, “Canada was taken under the watchcare of the General Conference, as a missionary field.”

There are none in our ranks more loyal, more willing to sacrifice, and to serve, than our brethren and sisters across the border; and to-day they count themselves as a part of the home field of North America, and share fully in the privileges and the responsibilities of those who have pledged themselves to support the workers in less favored lands. The Canadian field, a quarter of a century ago the ward of the General Conference, now sends to us a strong delegation from its two self-supporting unions.

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