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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 7

May 21, 1913 - NO. 5

TAKOMA PARK STATION, WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 21, 1913

Published by
The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
DAILY EXCEPT SATURDAY
50 CENTS FOR THE SESSION, MAY 16 TO JUNE 9, 1913

Editorial committee: W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson. Office editors: C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler. Copy editor: Mrs. C. M. Snow.

Application made for entry as second-class matter at the post-office at Washington, D. C., under the act of Congress of March 3, 1879.

DAILY PROGRAM (Except Sabbath)

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

A. M.
Devotional Meetings (in
sections)6:00—6:45
Breakfast7:00
Bible Study8:30—9:30
Conference10:00—12:00
P. M.
Dinner12:15
Conference2:30—4:00
Departmental Meetings
(in sections)
Missionary Talks and Other
Services (in big tent).4:30—5:30
Lunch6:00
Public Service7:30—9:00

From Former Sessions

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE PUBLISHING DEPARTMENT

(Read during fourth meeting of Conference session, May 16, 2:30 P. M.)

The Ministry of the Press

The story of the advent movement is largely a story of the preparation and circulation of literature wherever the message has been proclaimed. The leaders in this movement have recognized in the ministry of the press not merely an auxiliary to which they could look to supplement their gospel labors, but an evangelizing agency in itself, which often could penetrate farther and deliver a more effective message than they could in person.

A Success From the First

After the disappointment in 1844, when the Sabbath truth first came to the Adventists, they at once began to print and publish it, the first treatise on the Sabbath appearing in February, 1845. In November, 1848, Elder James White received the following testimony:—

“I have a message for you. You must begin to print a little paper and send it out to the people. Let it be small at first; but as the people read, they will send you means with which to print, and it will be a success from the first. From this small beginning it was shown to me to be like streams of light that went clear round the world.”—“The Great Second Advent Movement,” page 274.

At that time, although there were less than one hundred Adventist Sabbath-keepers, all of whom were practically penniless, their faith in the message was strong, and with the assurance that the publishing work would be a success from the first, they soon launched the little paper, a four-page sheet, five inches by seven. From that small beginning, the publishing work has grown and spread until the rays of light that began to shine back there in 1849 are now penetrating even to the darkest portions of the earth.

The Press the Pioneer

The place that the printing-press has occupied in this movement is indicated by the following statement from Elder O. A. Olsen:—

PHOTO-Representatives from the Asiatic Division

“So far as I know, our literature has pioneered the way into every country where the third angel’s message has gone.”

Evidences of Prosperity

Since the last General Conference each succeeding year has been the best in this department. Especially in the mission fields, encouraging progress has been made. In 1909 we were issuing literature in sixty-five languages. In 1912 this number had grown to seventy-one. In 1909, of the 1,660 colporteurs engaged in the circulation of our literature, 752, or 45%, were outside of the United States. At the close of 1912, out of a total of 2,194, there were 1,243, or 56%, in fields abroad.

The total value of literature circulated in this period was $6,425,000, a gain of $2,716,000 over the previous quadrennial period. 1912 was our banner year, the total value of sales reaching $1,836,500. This is an increase in four years of $434,000, an amount greater than the total sales of the denomination in 1902.

A Retrospect

As this is the jubilee year of the General Conference organization, it may be of interest to take a brief glance at the progress that the publishing work has made during these fifty years.

The figures we give represent the sales, first, during the eighteen years from 1845, when the publishing work began, to 1863 when the General Conference was organized, and then for each decade since that time. The figures are as follows:—

1845-1862$13,500
1863-187256,000
1873-1882278,000
1883-18923,350,000
1893-19022,950,000
Totalfor58years$ 6,647,500
1903-191211,036,000
Grand Total$17,683,500

From these figures we are able to make the following interesting comparisons:—

1. The Last Decade. The value of literature circulated during this decade is,—

a. Nearly double that of the previous fifty-eight years.

b. About four times greater than during the decade known as the “good old times,” from 1883 to 1892.

c. One hundred ninety-six times greater than during the first decade after the organization of the General Conference.

2. The Last Four Years. The amount of literature circulated during the last four years is,—

a. Nearly equal to that circulated during the previous fifty-eight years.

b. More than one third of the total for the sixty-eight years since our work began.

While giving a report of the progress of the publishing work in 1874, Elder S. N. Haskell said:—

“To obtain a correct view of the remarkable progress of this work, we only need to go back twenty-five years, when the whole edition of our works printed in two weeks was carried to the post-office in a carpet-bag; whereas, now in one week seven cart-loads of reading-matter, allowing thirty bushels to the cart-load, are sent from the office of publication to the different parts of the world. Do you ask for evidence of prosperity? Here it is.”

At the present time our publishing house managers are obliged to use a phraseology different from that used by Elder Haskell. Instead of reporting bushels and cart-loads, they tell of tons and car-loads. Some time ago the manager of one of our branch houses wrote as follows:—

“Recently we made inquiry of the railroad company as to their car-load rate on books. Finally, with no little amusement, we were told that there was no such rate, and that they never heard of books being shipped in car-load lots. However, the matter was taken up with the State railway commissioner, who granted a car-load rate, and last week we received a car-load shipment. This car contained 80 cases, weighing nearly 13 tons, and yet it lacked 4,380 books of filling our orders. So far as we have been able to ascertain, this is the first car-load of books ever shipped into this State.”

This branch house sent the home office at one time a $20,000 check in payment for books.

Since the last General Conference, one of our publishing houses has shipped from its factory over 1,400 tons of literature. Another reports a shipment of over 6 tons in one day.

This splendid progress has not been confined to North America. The sales of the Australian house during 1912 amounted to $112,000, a gain over 1909 of $37,000. The sales from Hamburg, Germany, during 1912 were $261,000, an increase in four years of $96,000. The British Publishing House has circulated over $413,000 worth of literature during the four years. In 1909 the South American Union Conference sold $4,850 worth of literature. During the next three years their total sales amounted to more than $80,000.

Magazines and Periodicals

Our missionary magazines and periodicals are very important factors in our colporteur work. They make up about one third of the total value of literature circulated by our publishing houses. This part of the work is being signally blessed. The two papers published in England had an average monthly circulation during 1912 of over 150,000 copies. Herold der Wahrheit, a semimonthly, published in Hamburg, takes the lead among our missionary papers. Its total circulation for the year 1912 was 2,280,000 copies, nearly as many as the total number of all the ten-cent magazines circulated in the United States combined. Its average circulation each issue was over 95,000.

PHOTO-First office of Review and Herald Battle Creek, Mich, 1855

In 1911 an advance step was taken in the organization of the magazine work in the United States, combining this work with the book work under the same leaders. This plan has proved successful in Europe since the beginning of their colporteur work, and it is now working well in this country where it has been adopted. In 1912 the magazine sales in North America increased from 1,400,000, in 1909, to 2,300,000.

In India three new magazines have recently been started in as many native languages, and their circulation has increased from 3,000 to 20,000 a month. The Chinese paper has grown until it has a circulation of over 60,000 monthly.

A Forward Move

The most inspiring experiences in this department since the last Conference have been in connection with the organization and development of the colporteur work in the mission fields, with experienced leaders in charge. The following is a list of the fields that have been partially manned with leaders in this time:—

ArgentinaMexico
BoliviaPanama
BrazilPeru
ChilePhilippine Islands
CubaPorto Rico
IndiaSpain
JapanSouth Africa
Korea

The enthusiastic discussion and passing of the following recommendation at the last General Conference, has formed the basis for the activity and inspiration in this forward move to the mission fields:—

“We recommend that we move forward with all possible haste in the work that has been begun of selecting and training general agents and field missionary agents, and of placing them where they are most needed, until all the great fields of the world are manned for the circulation of our literature.”

Since 1909 this call in behalf of the regions beyond has been repeated many times to the union and local conferences in the home land by the secretaries of the department. The ready responses have brought cheer to your secretaries, but more especially to the fields where the men have gone. Before the close of 1909, ten experienced young men had responded to the call and had turned their faces to the mission fields. Eight more followed in 1910, and seven each year during 1911 and 1912.

Among those sent out who are doing successful work either as managers of mission printing plants or as pioneers and leaders in the field, might be mentioned: W. E. Perrin, C. E. Weaks, Milton Mattison, and Peter Rick and their wives, in India; Charles Lake and his wife, in Japan; H. A. Oberg and Frank Mills, in Korea; G. H. Clark, in Africa; Max Trummer, G. D. Lorenz and his wife, R. B. Stauffer and his wife, William Kirstein and his wife, Otto Schulz, and Henry Tonjes, in South America; John L. Brown and his wife, in old Spain; Floyd Ashbaugh, in the Philippine Islands; J. A. P. Green and W. P. Martin, in Mexico; H. A. Robinson, W. H. Spicer, and the two Shidler brothers, in Cuba.

Words of Cheer

From the following words of cheer received from some of these workers, we get a glimpse of the joy they are experiencing in service in the mission fields. Here is a word from Brother Mattison, of India:—

“I cannot express to you how I enjoy the work here. India is my home and my heart is in the work for these people. The work here certainly has attractions which the work in the home land has not. I enjoyed my work at home, but here I enjoy it much more.”

After telling of how one of the colporteurs in Spain was unable to deliver his books on account of opposition, and of how he was escorted out of the town in a cart by the police authorities, Brother John L. Brown writes:—

“However, in spite of these things, the boys are of good courage. They want to press on till the end. Notwithstanding the difficulties, we see that God is for us, and that no man can stop the good work. While Satan is at work in one part of the country, we attack his forces in another part.”

Brother Trummer, in Argentina, says:—

“I am so encouraged over our success from the very beginning that I feel like praising the Lord out loud. I believe there is a bright future before the book work here in Argentina and in other South American countries.”

The following expression of cheer from Turkey shows that the progress of this work is not dependent upon favorable circumstances. Brother Voigt writes:—

“1912 was the most successful year that we have ever had in our canvassing work. It was also the most difficult year that our canvassers have had. Wars and revolutions, epidemics, famines, earthquakes, and difficulties in communication do not serve to make canvassing an easy work. It took all the faith and courage of our canvassers to continue their work. They sold 27,350 piasters’ worth of books and tracts, about 2,000 more than in 1911. On an average each canvasser sold every hour 3 1/2 piasters’ worth. This is much better than in 1911, when each canvasser sold 2 piasters’ worth an hour. Since 1909 our canvassers have sold in the Levant 70,835 piasters’ worth of our books and tracts. Praise the Lord for this, and never cease to pray for our canvassing brethren and sisters.”

Brother C. E. Weaks, of India, writes:—

“We have much to encourage us in this field. Two years ago the combined circulation of our English and vernacular journals was about 3,000. Prospects are that the combined circulation by this fall will be upward of 20,000. We are glad for what the Lord has done for us, and we want to push on and accomplish far more in the future than we have in the past. Where there is such a mixture of languages, religions, castes, etc., the problems confronting us in organizing this work are tremendous, but the Lord is back of this work and success is assured.”

Spanish Work

At the time of our last General Conference, Spanish was a new language in our colporteur work. The success of our colporteurs in Spanish-speaking fields since that time has been, in many instances, phenomenal. During these four years the Pacific Press printed 108,000 Spanish books, 92,000 of which were shipped to the fields. From 1909 to 1910 their Spanish business increased from $11,000 to $58,000. Some of the largest reports of orders taken that have ever come to the department office have been received from Spanish-speaking countries. One young man in Uruguay, South America, took $322 worth of orders in one week. Another in Cuba took $311 worth. Others in Mexico have done nearly as well. Recently a man in New Mexico took $415 worth of orders in one week among the Mexicans, and $900 worth in three weeks. Three young men in Cuba each have taken over $90 worth in one day. The workers in these fields have also been able to make very successful deliveries.

Best of all, many souls are being brought to the truth among the Spanish-speaking people as a result of the work of the colporteurs. During the past few months Elder G. W. Caviness has baptized eighty persons in Mexico, all of whom accepted the truth principally through the reading-matter supplied to them by the colporteurs. Two companies are also keeping the Sabbath in Cuba as a result of the colporteur work during the past year.

New Books in Spanish

Encouraging progress has been made in the translation and preparation of books in the Spanish language. “Home and Health” was completed in 1909, and has already had a sale of over 36,000 copies. “Daniel and the Revelation,” by L. R. Conradi, has been translated and published in Barcelona, Spain, and is being successfully sold. The type is now being set for “Practical Guide,” in Spanish, in Barcelona. The Pacific Press has just finished setting the type for Spanish “Great Controversy.” We feel very grateful for the signal blessing of God that has attended the work among the Spanish-speaking people.

In Many Tongues

During the last four years the Hamburg House has issued one hundred twenty-eight new publications in seventeen languages. Among these was the Gospel of Matthew in the Chassu language, the first portion of the Bible to be published in that language. The missionary printing plant in Constantinople, Turkey, also added four new languages during the year.

At the bookmen’s convention held in Mountain View, Cal., in January of this year, the following recommendation was passed:—

PHOTO- CANVASSERS’ INSTITUTE, INDIA, 1912

We recommend, That steps be taken at once to publish ‘Patriarchs and Prophets’ in Portuguese, Italian, and Polish, and ‘Great Controversy’ in Finnish and Russian, and that as soon as possible subscription books be published in the other predominant foreign languages in the United States and Canada.”

Already the Pacific Press is planning with the Brazilian mission field to publish “Patriarchs and Prophets” in Portuguese, and steps are being taken to secure a translation of “Great Controversy” into Russian and of “Coming King” into Italian. Investigation is also being made in regard to the needs of, and the possibilities of book sales among, the Bohemians and Finns in North America.

The Future

While we feel grateful for what the Lord has enabled us to accomplish, we desire to see even greater things done during the four years upon which we are now entering. In order that this may be done, we would recommend:—

1. Leaders for Needy Fields. That the same policy which has been followed in furnishing leaders for needy fields be continued. It seems impossible for such great fields as China and India to conduct their literature work in an aggressive manner with only the one or two experienced leaders for whom they have modestly been asking. We believe the work in these fields should be strengthened with several strong, experienced men.

In Spain, Brother John L. Brown, with only native help, is making an effort to build up the work. Now that they have published two large subscription books in that field, we believe it would be wise if one or two experienced men, perhaps from Germany or England, could be sent to Spain during the present year to help establish the work in that field. Then there are many fields where there is as yet no representative of this cause. In Latin America, from Mexico to Peru there is not a single colporteur engaged in circulating literature among the Spanish-speaking people.

2. Development of Leaders. In order that men be developed for leaders in the mission fields, we believe that the good work which has been begun in giving instruction to colporteurs in our schools during the year should be strengthened, and that special attention should be given by conference officials to the selecting and training of young men for this branch of the work.

3. Plan of Support for Disabled Colporteurs. Urgent requests have come to the secretary of the department that some plan be devised whereby colporteurs who have given long years of service to this branch of the work may receive financial help when they are disabled. As the present Sustentation Fund does not include colporteurs, we believe that some action should be taken at this Conference to provide such a fund for this class of workers.

4. Cheap Literature for Free Distribution. From time to time our publishing houses have been urged to prepare for free distribution a series of small tracts and leaflets on the cardinal points of our message. We hope that steps may be taken to print such a series of leaflets.

5. Circulation of Literature by Lay Members. A good beginning has been made in some conferences in enlisting lay members in our churches to circulate our smaller books and periodicals. We sincerely hope that definite plans may be laid for developing and strengthening this branch of the work during the present session of this Conference.

6. Home Missionary Department. That an active campaign in missionary endeavor with our literature may be inaugurated and continued in all our churches, we recommend the organization of a home missionary department, with a live secretary in charge.

As we look out upon the fields and see the loyal company of leaders in charge of this branch of the work in the home land; the earnest, enthusiastic band of generals who are organizing and developing the work in other countries; the magazine work being well organized; and above all the spirit of devotion and consecration of the two thousand loyal men and women who are carrying the printed page from door to door throughout the world, we thank God and take courage for the future.

N. Z. TOWN, Secretary.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE RELIGIOUS LIBERTY DEPARTMENT

(Read during fourth meeting of Conference session, May 16, 2:30 P. M.)

This report covers a period of one year, the time during which the present secretary has been in charge of the work of the department.

In view of the intimate relation between the work of the Roman Catholic Church in carrying out its announced purpose “to make America Catholic,” and the general purpose for which this department was created, it was deemed advisable one year ago to broaden the field of work of this association so that it would include the Roman Catholic question, in both its religious and political phases. It was also decided that the Protestant Magazine and Liberty should be edited in this department. Both of these magazines were then published quarterly, but commencing with October, 1912, the Protestant Magazine has been issued monthly. The work of editing these two magazines has occupied a large proportion of the secretary’s time, and has kept him quite closely confined to the home office.

On assuming his duties the first of May, 1912, the present secretary found that there was pending in Congress a proviso attached to the Post-office Appropriation Bill, forbidding the opening of first- and second-class post-offices on Sundays “for the purpose of delivering mail to the general public.” The Appropriation Bill with this proviso attached had already passed the House, and in the Senate had been referred to the Committee on Post-offices and Post-roads. Repeated efforts were made, both by personal interviews and by correspondence, to secure a hearing before this committee, but no such privilege was granted. At the request of the chairman, Hon. Jonathan Bourne, Jr., your secretary submitted a statement setting forth the grounds on which this association was opposed to this proviso, and at the suggestion of your secretary letters of a similar import were written by many of the religious liberty secretaries of the various conferences throughout the country. In the face of these protests, the committee in its report to the Senate called special attention to this Sunday-closing proviso, and recommended its adoption.

PHOTO-HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT, LONDON

As soon as this report was laid before the Senate, a communication was addressed to each senator, in which reasons for opposition to this legislation were again set forth. All efforts to prevent the passage of this Sunday-closing proviso were, however, unavailing, and the new regulation went into effect soon after the Appropriation Bill became a law.

At the biennial session of the Columbia Union Conference, held in Pittsburgh, Pa., in April, 1912, action was taken recommending that a religious liberty institute for the religious liberty secretaries of that conference be held as soon as possible, and that the religious liberty secretaries in the Atlantic Union Conference be invited to attend this institute. In harmony with this recommendation, and under the counsel of the General Conference Committee, this institute was held at Takoma Park, May 14-16, in connection with a convention for the benefit of evangelists and city workers. There was a good attendance of religious liberty secretaries, topics of practical value were considered, and the result seemed to be helpful.

At the opening of the camp-meeting season of 1912, an eight-page leaflet was prepared, entitled “Seventh-day Adventists and the Roman Peril: Some information concerning the plans and purpose of the Roman Catholic Church in America; what these things mean to those who are giving the final message.” Copies of this leaflet, together with a supplementary sheet containing further information upon this subject, were furnished for distribution at almost every camp-meeting in this country, and an accompanying letter urged that a canvass be made of the camp to obtain subscriptions for the Protestant Magazine and Liberty. As a result of this campaign a large number of names were added to the list of each magazine.

Toward the close of 1912 the negotiations which had been in progress for five or six months to secure the services of Prof. C. S. Longacre, principal of South Lancaster Academy, as assistant secretary of this department, were brought to a successful conclusion, and immediately upon being released from his duties at the academy, Professor Longacre went to the Pacific Coast, where arrangements had already been made with the executive committee of the North Pacific Union Conference for conducting a religious liberty campaign. Elder W. F. Martin, the religious liberty secretary of the union conference, had already done the necessary preliminary work in cooperation with local conference committees, and public meetings were held at which addresses upon the various phases of religious liberty were given in the leading cities of the Northwest, including Walla Walla, Spokane, Seattle, Tacoma, Wash.; Portland, Salem, Roseburg, and other cities in Oregon. Elder J. O. Corliss, of California, assisted at the opening of this campaign.

Later, on invitation of the Pacific Union Conference Committee, Brother Longacre delivered similar addresses in some of the leading cities of California, including Oakland, Berkeley, St. Helena, Lodi, Mountain View, Glendale, and Los Angeles. The attendance at these meetings was generally good, and in some instances especially large and enthusiastic. The satisfactory results of this campaign have emphasized the desirability of similar efforts throughout the whole country.

In the early days of the Sixty-second Congress three Sunday bills were introduced, two in the House and one in the Senate. The latter was the Johnston bill, which in one form or another has been before Congress for over five years. The two House bills were referred to the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, who reported adversely upon both of them, and the House Committee on the District of Columbia seemed to give them no further consideration.

The Johnston bill, which was introduced into the Senate April 6, 1911, was considered at various times in May, June, and July of that year, and on July 18 it was placed under Rule IX, sometimes called the morgue rule, which requires a notice to all opposing senators before a bill can be brought up for a vote. From that time until January, 1913, no effort was made to pass this measure, and there was no public agitation of the question. About the beginning of the year, however, announcement was made that the friends of this bill would attempt to secure its passage before the adjournment of Congress in the following March. The secretary of the Lord’s Day Alliance of the United States, Dr. George W. Grannis, interested himself in this matter, and attempted to substitute in place of the Johnston bill a bill drafted by the legislative committee of that association, and printed in his annual report for 1912. A mass-meeting was also held in the New York Avenue Presbyterian church in this city, Sunday evening, January 12, addressed by Dr. Grannis, and by Dr. W. W. Davis, the secretary of the Lord’s Day Alliance for Maryland, who earnestly advocated a Sunday law for the District of Columbia.

In opposition to the passage of the Johnston Sunday Bill your secretary entered upon an active campaign. An effective interview was published in the Washington Post of January 9; a remonstrance was prepared and sent out to be adopted in all our churches and forwarded to individual senators; two leaflets, one dealing with the Standard Bill for One Day of Rest in Seven, urged by the Commission on the Church and Social Service, a department of the Federal Council of the Churches, and the other dealing with Dr. Grannis’s bill, were prepared and sent out; blank petitions against the Johnston bill were sent to the elders of all our churches and to all religious liberty secretaries, with the request that signatures be

secured and the petitions sent in to individual senators; at three different times a letter was sent from this office to each senator, drawing his attention to the pending legislation, and presenting reasons why it should not be enacted. This active campaign was kept up until Congress adjourned, March 4, without taking any action upon the measure.

It is fitting that mention should be made of the hearty cooperation on the part of religious liberty secretaries, the church elders, and others, to which we attribute in a large degree the defeat of this bill. Many personal letters received from the field testified to the interest taken in this work, and to the desire to render all possible assistance in opposing any kind of religious legislation.

The fourth Sabbath in February was set apart as Religious Liberty day, and for use on that occasion readings were prepared and sent out from this office.

On Sunday, March 16, the secretary united with Elder C. H. Edwards, the religious liberty secretary of the Southern New England Conference, and Elder J. E. Jayne, the religious liberty secretary of the Atlantic Union Conference, in a religious liberty institute for the benefit of the New Haven church and other believers in that vicinity.

On invitation of Elder K. C. Russell, religious liberty secretary of the Northern Illinois Conference, seconded by the conference committee, the secretary spent four days in Chicago, April 11-14. Addresses upon the general subject of Protestantism and Romanism were delivered before large and appreciative audiences in the church in which Elder Russell had been conducting evangelistic services.

The first session of the Sixty-third Congress commenced on Monday, April 7, and on April 12, less than a week after the opening of the session, Senator Johnston introduced a bill (S. 752) “for the proper observance of Sunday as a day of rest in the District of Columbia.” This is an entirely different measure from the one which Senator Johnston has been urging for the past five years, and was, in all probability, introduced at the request of the secretary of the Lord’s Day Alliance, as it is word for word the bill that he sought to substitute for Senator Johnston’s bill in the last Congress, with the exception of the penalties prescribed. This bill makes it “unlawful in the District of Columbia for any person to labor or to employ any person to labor, or to pursue any trade or wordly business on the first day of the week, commonly called Sunday, except in works of necessity or charity, and except also newspaper publishers and their employees, and except also public service corporations and their employees in the necessary supplying of service to the people of the District.” No exemption is made in favor of those who observe another day of the week than Sunday as the Sabbath. This bill also makes it “unlawful for any person, partnership, firm, corporation, or municipality, or any of their agents, directors, or officers, to require or permit any employees to work on the said day, excepting in household service, unless within the next succeeding six days, during a period of twenty-four consecutive hours he or it shall neither require nor permit such employee to work in his or its employ.” If this bill should become a law, it would, with a few exceptions, make all individual Sunday labor in the District of Columbia unlawful, and would require one day of rest in seven for all employees of firms, corporations, etc.

As soon as this bill was introduced, application was made to the chairman of the Senate Committee on the District of Columbia, Senator Smith of Maryland, for a hearing where opportunity would be given for presenting reasons against the enactment of this measure. The chairman of this committee has given assurance that in case any hearing is held opportunity will be given for representatives of this association to appear, but up to the present time no definite appointment for a hearing has been made.

With the change of administration a new District Committee has been appointed, and it will be no longer necessary to argue with the introducer of a bill against the passage of his own measure.

By a recent decision of Judge Pugh of the Washington Police Court, an old ordinance requiring the closing of barber shops within the limits of the old city of Washington was declared void, and since that time there has been no legal hindrance to the opening of barber shops in the District of Columbia on Sunday. Soon after this decision was announced a petition, signed by two hundred ten barbers, was presented to the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, asking that they prepare and introduce into Congress a bill closing all barber shops in the District of Columbia on Sunday. As soon as he learned that such a request had been made, your secretary arranged with the president of the board of commissioners for a hearing upon this petition, and the hearing was held on Tuesday, April 29. Elder G. B. Thompson, Prof. C. S. Longacre, and your secretary represented the association at that hearing, and others, including the proprietors of the leading barber shops of the city, joined them in presenting reasons why the petition should not be granted. Reports of the hearing were printed in the city papers. Up to the present time the decision of the commissioners has not been announced.

The friends of Sunday legislation have been especially active in many States during the last winter. Bills of various kinds designed to regulate the conduct of citizens on Sunday have been introduced and urged. As many as fifty-three measures of this character were presented in the State legislatures in New York and New England alone. Of special interest has been the campaign in California, where there is already a law providing for one day of rest for working men. Not content with this, however, the Sunday-law advocates have made a most earnest effort to secure the passage of some kind of law which would distinguish Sunday from other days of the week. The religious liberty secretary of the Pacific Union Conference, Brother J. F. Blunt, assisted by other brethren, has conducted a strong campaign, not only in California, but also in Arizona, Nevada, and Utah. Letters have been written to the various members of the legislatures, documents bearing upon the question have been prepared and furnished to them, and hearings have been held. The defeat of all proposed Sunday legislation in these States is doubtless due in a large degree to these efforts.

The religious liberty secretary of the Atlantic Union Conference, Elder J. E. Jayne, in cooperation with various State secretaries, has done a similar work in his territory. In some other union conferences religious liberty secretaries have been appointed, but they have been unable to give attention to the duties of this position on account of other work assigned to them. The State secretaries have, therefore, been obliged to do their work with little, if any, outside help. This situation ought to receive attention at this Conference.

Acting in harmony with a resolution adopted at the second quadrennial meeting of the Federal Council of the Churches, held in Chicago last December, the Commission on the Church and Social Service, a department of that organization, is urging in every State the passage of what it terms the “Standard Bill for One Day of Rest in Seven.” While purporting in its title to be an act for the promotion of the public health, this bill mentions Sunday five times, and the secretary of the commission has frankly admitted that it “means the strengthening of Sunday.” This bill has already been introduced in quite a number of States, and its religious features are so successfully concealed that it seems to meet with general favor. This movement on the part of the Federal Council of the Churches calls for a nation-wide campaign in opposition to this and all similar legislation.

A most significant feature of the present religious situation is what has been designated as “the invasion of Protestant lands by Rome in a spirit of fierce aggressiveness, resolute determination, infinite craft, rigid exclusiveness, and uncompromising intolerance.” The program “to make America Catholic,” as announced by the Roman hierarchy, has been followed with much earnestness, and has aroused strong opposition on the part of those who are opposed to the triumph of Roman Catholicism in this country. Many of the religious papers have joined in this opposition, and some publications have been established for the express purpose of furnishing anti-Catholic reading-matter to the public. In response to many suggestions from the field, and from a sense of duty on our own part to make the most of this opportunity to present the principles of the threefold message, the Protestant Magazine, which was started four years ago as a quarterly, was changed to a monthly last October, and the price was raised from twenty-five cents to one dollar a year. There was, of course, a temporary reduction in the list as the result of so radical a change, but the number of subscribers has steadily increased from month to month until, at present, the same number is printed each month as was formerly printed each quarter. On the subscription list are found the names of a very large number of clergymen of various denominations, who, as teachers of the people, make use of the material thus furnished, and in this way the influence of the magazine is widely extended. As the struggle for religious liberty will finally turn, in a large degree, upon the action of the Roman Catholic Church, it seems eminently proper that this phase of religious liberty effort should receive increasing attention.

Your secretary submits for the consideration of the Conference the following recommendations:—

1. That each union conference appoint a religious liberty secretary who can give his whole time to the department work.

2. That suitable persons be selected from various parts of the field who, in cooperation with the union conference secretaries, shall conduct lecture campaigns during the winter of 1913-14, in which special attention shall be given to the fundamental truths of Protestantism from the standpoint of the threefold message, and to the fulfilment of prophecy by the Papacy.

3. That an institute be held for the benefit of such speakers as soon after the close of this Conference as can be arranged.

4. That special literature, consisting of leaflets and pamphlets of various sizes, be prepared for use in such a campaign and for general sale and distribution.

5. That the magazine Liberty be sent to the legislators in every State.

6. That a continuous campaign be conducted throughout the whole country in order to prepare the people to meet intelligently the crisis which is evidently so near at hand.

In the limited time allotted to this report, it is impossible to deal with all the features of the work, and a mere outline has been presented. God’s care over his work has been very manifest, and those forces which, if unhindered, would be employed to delay, if possible, the progress of the truth have been held in check. For this every believer in the truth should be thankful, and should give himself with renewed earnestness to the proclamation of the closing message.

W. W. PRESCOTT, Secretary.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

(Read during eighth meeting of Conference session, May 19, 2:30 P. M.)

The past four years have been a period of growth in attendance and of increase in the efficiency of our schools both at home and abroad. Chief among the results of this advance are: (1) Reflex influence of the rapid missionary extension, especially in foreign countries. This has acted as a strong stimulus to our educators and young people to do their best to qualify for better and wider service. A constant need and demand for helpers has made its impression upon those whose business it is to recruit the gospel forces of this denomination. (2) The help it has been to the work of the department to have for the first time its own organ, in the form of an educational journal. Through this medium we have been able to set before our less experienced teachers some better standards, and provide some very definite means of helping qualify to meet them; such as the Teacher’s Reading Course, the Round Table, and serial outlines and articles on the most needy features of the normal work. (3) Another productive cause of progress is the perfecting of the educational organization throughout the field, especially that part which pertains to the work of union educational secretaries, educational superintendents, the issuing of certificates to teachers of church-schools, and the management of summer schools and institutes. This has resulted in uniformity practically in all sections of the country, so that both teachers and students, in moving from one place to another, avoid the confusion and loss they have often suffered in the past.

Conventions and Councils

Each year an educational convention or council has been held. The council which met at the time of the last General Conference was followed, in the summer of 1910, by a general convention at Berrien Springs, Mich., for ten days. There were over one hundred delegates present, representing every one of our training-schools in America and a larger number of our academies. Special attention was given to the problems of our advanced schools.

In 1911 a council of educational secretaries was called at College View, Nebr. It is doubtful if we had ever before held a meeting of educators where so much was accomplished in behalf of church-schools. Every union secretary was present, and the entire time was given to working out those details which mean better church-schools and more efficient elementary teachers. Much study was given to the question of the reorganization of our church-school work, with a view to bringing about closer and more efficient supervision. Plans were laid for a uniform system of examinations of students and the certification of elementary teachers throughout America.

A year ago, at Loma Linda, Cal., there was held a council of the heads of our training-schools in this country. All but three of these institutions were represented. The time was given to the consideration of matters looking toward the upbuilding and strengthening of our advanced work, and six commissioners were appointed, which were to prepare reports to be presented at this General Conference. The purposes of these appointments were: (1) “To formulate a plan for increasing the efficiency of our Bible teaching.” (2) “To consider the present arrangement of our Bible courses, with a view to their improvement.” (3) “To define the standard of a Seventh-day Adventist college.” (4) “To recommend a list of books that would make a suitable library for our academies and colleges.” (5) To specify “the proper equipment for science teaching in our colleges.” These commissions have been working during the year, and at our departmental meetings which are being held in connection with this General Conference, their reports are being given.

These councils and institutes have helped greatly to unify our work, bringing about closer and more sympathetic relations between general, union, and State organizations, and between our various schools, and have raised the standard of our educational work in all its branches.

PHOTO-TEACHERS AND STUDENTS, LEVANT SCHOOL, CONSTANTINOPLE, TURKEY

Summer Schools and Institutes

During the past four years summer schools have been held annually in the stronger unions, and in most cases they have been permanently established. These gatherings are proving a great help to the church-school teachers, for they receive practical instruction in the subjects especially required of them. At the close of these sessions examinations are given, and teachers’ certificates granted.

Elementary Schools

Twelve years ago, when church-schools were just beginning to be established in America, I was told that if educators advocated the starting of these schools throughout this country, the money required for the buildings, equipment, and teachers’ salaries, would greatly reduce our mission offerings, and retard our work in foreign fields. At that time the amount necessary for the annual maintenance of our church-schools was little more than $3,000, and our offerings to missions were $135,000. Last year our church-schools required $138,320 for their support, an increase of more than 4,000 per cent; and $472,000 was sent to foreign missions, an increase of 350 per cent. This proves that the success of any department which is a rightful part of this organization will in no way retard the work of any other department, when each is doing its own appointed work.

Four years ago there were 10,487 students in our church-schools. The present enrolment is 17,796, an increase of 7,309. However, it should be stated in this connection that this includes the mission schools and out-schools as well, and the increase in these has been greater than the increase in the church-schools in the home land. At the beginning of the quadrennial period $101,371 was required for the maintenance of our

primary schools; the last year, $138,320, an increase of $36,949.

As the number of our church-school teachers has not increased in proportion, it shows that our church-schools are being better equipped, and our teachers paid larger salaries, which means that we shall be able to secure better teachers. It is only fair to say in this connection, however, that elementary teachers have left positions paying much larger salaries, with much easier work, because of their interest in our denominational schools.

It has been reported to the department from some States that government inspection of our church-schools will soon be made. This ought to cause no alarm, except to stir us up to do our best to so increase the efficiency of our work, especially through our normal schools, that a corps of teachers of such recognized ability will be developed that we shall welcome rather than fear inspection, making it the means of bringing the value of Christian education to the attention of those who are deploring the lack of moral training in State schools.

Secretaries and Superintendents

We have never been better provided with union educational secretaries than at the present time, most of these being men of experience and resourcefulness. But our educational organization is suffering greatly from a lack of a sufficient number of conference educational superintendents to look after the schools properly. In some conferences we have superintendents who are normal graduates or experienced teachers, and, as a result, the work is developing and improving, because they are able to give their teachers practical assistance and instruction. In other conferences, however, superintendents have been appointed who are nowise fitted for their duties, not being able, either by education or experience, to give advice to the teachers or to the church-school boards. The conferences doubtless have done the best they could; but it would have been better to let the union educational secretary carry the work until a properly qualified superintendent could be found; in fact, in conferences with a very small constituency and few church-schools, the work could better be carried on by a competent union educational secretary, and so allow the tithe to be used for evangelical work, rather than for the multiplying of officers. We are making earnest effort to educate, through our normal schools, a sufficient number of experienced teachers so that our conferences will not suffer from this present serious difficulty.

Academies and Colleges

During the past quadrennial term the enrolment of our academies has increased from 6,521 to 8,205, an advance of 1,684. In the same period our colleges and academies have increased their resources from $1,339,421 to $2,081,208, or 53 per cent, which is highly gratifying. However, in increasing the resources, they have increased their indebtedness $7.46 on every one hundred dollars of assets. It is to be hoped that during the next four years the aggressive policy will be not an increasing of the number of our advanced institutions, especially in this country, or in the buying of land or adding of buildings to those already purchased, except where actual growth makes it a necessity, but, rather, the hearty joining of the schools in the movement which is being set on foot by the denomination for the reduction of institutional indebtedness, and letting more be used for the betterment of the scientific equipment, libraries, and general appearance. And, while we hope that the attendance in our church-schools will greatly increase during the four years, so as to gather into our own schools a larger per cent of our boys and girls, yet great care should be taken not to increase these schools more rapidly than efficient teachers can be found to operate them, or than money can be procured to guarantee, a proper salary. It would be well, perhaps, in this matter, for us to heed the time-worn motto, “Not how much, but how well.”

Mission Schools

The past term has seen the rapid increase of our mission schools in foreign lands. Four years ago we had 2,779 students. The number has increased to 8,630. When it is understood that in many countries our schools are the most effective means of reaching the people, and that those who have accepted Christ while in attendance have been among the most loyal adherents to the faith, it will be seen that the mission schools have been, and will continue to the end to be, one of the great factors in mission fields in bringing souls to a saving knowledge of the truth. While the evangelist gathers about him an audience which is continually changing, the Christian teacher has before him day after day, and in some cases, year after year, the same persons, so that he can continue to impress upon them, by example, by lesson, and by sacred song, the story of Christ and the blessed news of the soon-coming Saviour.

There is no land so dark but that the Word of God, when heard day after day, especially by young and receptive minds, can win souls for the kingdom. In some mission fields, such as Africa, the greater number of our baptisms during recent years have been among students. In some fields the only baptisms have been of students from our mission schools.

It has been my special and greatly appreciated privilege, within the past three years, to visit all our schools in Europe except the one recently begun at Constantinople; the mission schools in India and Burma, and the training-schools in China, Korea, and Japan. What I saw and heard on these visits impels me to bring to the home land the demand for more and better trained teachers, whose qualifications are, first, a deep Christian experience and a thorough knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, and, second, a careful preparation for the work to be required of them. The total enrolment of all our schools in all lands—elementary, mission, and advanced—is twenty-six thousand.

New Enterprises

Besides the growth in church- and mission schools, the past four years have seen three foreign training-schools started in the United States, for the Danish-Norwegian, German, and Swedish nationalities. All three were established in the year 1910. There is no doubt that in the providence of God they were led to the right location, where they found suitable, well-built educational institutions, which they purchased at a great reduction from the original cost. This was not true in regard to the Swedish Seminary, but they were able to remodel buildings, and have been very comfortable to the present time. Their continued growth, however, will soon demand a main school building. The attendance at each of these schools has increased from the opening.

At the time of the last General Conference the Pacific Union purchased 1,784 acres of land near St. Helena, on which were buildings which could be used for beginning school work. The school has had a healthy growth from the first, and now, besides the buildings already on the property, there have been completed a large dormintory for ladies, containing a dining-room, and also the main school building. The lumber was cut from the forest on the estate, teachers and students felling the trees, sawing the lumber, and erecting the buildings.

The year 1910 also saw the establishment of a training-school in Constantinople, where a favorable beginning has been made to educate the young men and women converts of the Levant, so that they may help to extend the message in that difficult but interesting field.

The same year, the Chinese training-school was started at Nanking, and at the present time land has been purchased, and steps taken for the erection of a permanent building. This, we trust, will result in establishing a strong training-school in the world’s largest mission field. In Korea a successful school has been in operation for the past three years, and a very desirable site has been procured by the purchase of land in Soonan, on a hill overlooking the city. Plans are being drawn and work is about to commence on buildings for both the men’s and women’s schools, and for the dispensary which has been operated in connection with them. While in Japan we have been unable, up to the present time, to purchase land, and to erect buildings, yet in rented quarters a small but encouraging school is being conducted.

Correspondence School

By a vote of the General Conference at its last session, a Correspondence School was started. This has been successfully conducted, 576 having been benefited by its service. The present enrolment is 311.

The patronage of the school represents a wide range of ages and occupations, and leads us to look for much wider usefulness during the future. Its enrolment is drawn from every continent, and the islands of the sea. Its course of study ranges from the grammar school to the college. The possibilities of the school are just beginning to show themselves, and when its usefulness is better known, more advantage will be taken of its opportunities.

The Educational Journal

The educational journal, Christian Education, also established by a vote of the last General Conference, was first issued as a bimonthly; but, because of the demands of its readers in the field, it was changed last September to a monthly journal, and, as a result, the subscription list has shown an encouraging increase since that time. While it is for all grades, it has been especially useful to the elementary teachers and the parents. It is the purpose, in the coming term, to deal more largely with

advanced education than in the past, and to strengthen the department of Home Education. This introduces the important subject of-.

Home Schools

There is a growing demand from mothers whose children do not have access to a Christian school, for definite help in the instruction of their children at home. Some such home schools are already being carried on, and action has been taken by the department to prepare and conduct a Mother’s Normal Course, through the Correspondence School. And it is the intention of the educational journal to make more efficient its department of Home Education.

Scholarships

At the last General Conference the scholarship plan was just coming into operation. Since then it has grown steadily each year, and has become one of the most practical agencies for assisting young men and women in gaining their education. Its success has been threefold: First, by enabling the students, during the summer months, to earn their full tuition for the school year; second, it brings into the school a class of students with a missionary spirit and a purpose to labor; third, it assists the publishing houses by increasing their sales, and by creating a healthy sentiment for the canvassing work. It has become a regular part of the school work to have the canvassing agent hold an institute with the students toward the close of the year, sending out from our advanced schools a large number of well-trained and enthusiastic young people. God has wonderfully blessed this plan; may it claim a larger number each year.

Normal Work

It has been evident that if our church-schools are to have trained teachers to carry out methods of Christian education, we must strengthen our normal departments and greatly increase the enrolment. Perhaps no branch of our work the past four years has received more attention or shown more real, substantial progress than our normal work. New normal buildings have been constructed at Walla Walla College, at South Lancaster Academy, and at Keene Academy, and steps are being taken for one at Union College.

A reading course for teachers has been put into operation by the department, and is compulsory for those receiving certificates.

Recommendations

In view of the great benefit that comes to our educational work through conventions, I would recommend that a general convention, to represent all parts of our educational work, be held in the summer of 1914.

I would further recommend a higher standard of education and preparation by the teachers in our academies, and a closer cooperation with the union educational secretary.

That, as far as possible, conference superintendents be only those who are normal graduates, or elementary teachers of tested experience.

That fewer colleges attempt to carry students to the completion of a degree course, but, rather, give themselves to building up more thorough work to the fourteenth grade, and that those colleges which attempt degree work strengthen their faculties by employing only qualified teachers of mature experience, and by bettering their facilities.

Improvement of the Ministry

The ministerial institutes which have been conducted by the members of the General Conference Committee the past two years have been attended with remarkable success. We are profoundly thankful that so large a number of ministers have been permitted to receive this uplift. This department is now working out a plan which it hopes will result in much good in the building up of the ministry. It was recently voted by the General Conference Committee “that we approve of the plan of bringing together in institute the Bible teachers in our training-schools, at such time as may be arranged by the educational secretary.” This gathering of our Bible teachers this summer now seems assured, and I feel sure the result will be a more efficient ministry.

The General Conference Committee, at its last autumn council, requested the Department of Education to prepare a reading course each for licensed and ordained ministers, which will be presented at this meeting. No more important work lies before this denomination than the training of an efficient gospel ministry. We have required a standard of our bookkeepers, teachers, nurses, and physicians, but not of our preachers, and we are reaping the results of our short-sightedness. The strongest and most inviting course in our colleges should be the ministerial, and its teachers should be men of strong spiritual leadership, who have a clear conception of the “faith once delivered to the saints.” Then there will be attracted to these classes in large numbers our young men of promise. Let them be held there until the training of head, heart, and hand fits them to go forth to preach the word with force and conviction, which will bring again to the church that apostolic power which caused sinners to cry out, “What must I do to be saved?”

Conclusion

While this report shows that steady growth has been made in the educational work in our denomination, yet we ought not to be content until a far greater number of our children and youth have found a place in our own schools—schools better organized, better disciplined, and better equipped. We need these schools so that our children may be surrounded in their daily work by a Christian atmosphere. In the years of childhood, impressions are easily made, but not easily effaced; the clay is pliable in the hands of the potter, and, by painstaking effort and constant prayer, can be molded into vessels for the Master’s use.

We need to strengthen our academies, refusing to employ as teachers the untried, unskilled, and uncouth; for into these institutions come our youth at that age when thorough work and firm discipline attract, when laxness and shallowness disgust, and discourage, and turn them away from us for all time. We have left too much to the training-schools, forgetting that it is in youth we win or lose our boys and girls; that it is during this time that seventy-five per cent of the converts to Christ are made, the time when boys and girls are changing to men and women; when they are leaving trifling play for thoughtful work; when they stand at the parting of the ways, hesitating in their decision whether to join the multitude in its pursuit after wealth, wanton pleasure, and vanity of the world, or to turn to the nobler and enduring things of life which give promise of a life beyond. As our academies increase in spiritual and intellectual excellency, they will be able to pass on a far larger per cent of their pupils to our training-schools.

PHOTO-Santali teachers, India

In these training-schools lies our hope; for from them are coming and will come the men and women who are to be God’s colaborers in finishing the work in our own day. These schools must be strong—but strength must come from the power given to men who do God’s bidding. The scholarship must be excellent, but that excellency must be measured by the Word of God, and not by “rationalistic instruction or secularized education,” to which men are bowing down to-day.

Our educational work is ever in danger, on the one hand, from those who would substitute ill-guided religious fervor for hard work; on the other hand, from those who insist that the efficiency of our training-schools must be measured by worldly criterions. We need the help of the all-wise God, that we may profit by the grand principles of Christian education which he has graciously given us in this our day through the spirit of prophecy, that we do not circumscribe it by our narrow interpretation, but be broadened and sanctified by its instruction. This department needs your help and counsel, that in all our plans for the educational work of this denomination we may reach a standard of excellency which will satisfy men because it is thorough, and which will please God because it is wrought out in the fear of the Lord.

H. R. SALISBURY,Educational Secretary.

“And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also. Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.”

Conference Proceedings. NINTH MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 20, 10 A. M.

A. G. DANIELLS in the chair.

Prayer by G. B. Thompson.

A. G. Daniells: We have the following recommendation from the brethren in the Bermuda Island Mission:—

“Dear Brethren: Greeting.

“As loyal believers of the Seventh-day Adventist body, we would cordially ask you to receive our brother, Thomas MacKay Doe, as delegate to represent the Bermuda Mission Field.

“In behalf of the members of the Seventh-day Adventist Bermuda Mission.

“(Signed)

“M. ENOCH,
“L. O. MACHLAN,
“OWEN AIRTH FIRTH.”

It was voted that this request be granted.

A. G. Daniells: The first of our reports this morning will be from the secretary of the Sabbath School Department.

REPORT OF THE SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT

G. B. Thompson (reading):—

Were we to trace the beginning of our Sabbath-school work, it would be necessary to go back only a little more than sixty years. It was then but a tiny stream. There was then no organization, no lessons, no helps of any kind, no systematic plan of reporting. But the stream has widened into a great river,—a river of blessing. Today we have a thorough organization, reaching to the most remote and obscure parts of the world. The local schools are, for the most part, quite well equipped, and a regular course of Bible study is provided each Sabbath for all divisions, which is studied in all of the leading languages of the world.

The importance of the Sabbath-school work is beyond estimate. It pioneers the way into all lands, and lays the foundation for an organization which establishes our work everywhere. It is a school with considerably more than one hundred thousand pupils, of all ages, degrees of education and training, and gathered from scores of tribes, tongues, and dialects. The entire denomination comes under its influence. Every Sabbath parents and children in all parts of the world gather to study the Scriptures, and have their minds directed to the great truths of the message. The aged are cheered, and the children won to Christ. To prepare lessons for all these, and to so mold this work that it will meet the mind of God in the salvation of souls, and publish the truth in every land, is an important work, and withal a very great responsibility.

The Last Quadrennial Period

In the time set apart for this report I can do but little more than refer to the progress of the Sabbath-school work since the last General Conference, and make a few suggestions for the future.

The last quadrennial period has been one of much blessing. I think it is true that the progress in all lines has been the greatest and most encouraging in the history of the work of the department. During the past four years correspondence has been carried forward by the corresponding secretary with secretaries and workers in all parts of the world, and reports have been received from every land where the message has taken root, and, without exception, the word that has come to us has told of progress and cooperation in the work, and breathed a spirit of courage for the future. The outlook was never brighter. We should like here to express to all conference workers, secretaries, and local Sabbath-school officers in all parts of the globe, our appreciation of their loyal support, most hearty cooperation and helpful suggestions, without which no progress could have been made.

Growth

At the close of 1908 we had 3,747 Sabbath-schools. Of this number 1,269 were in foreign fields, and 2,478 in the home field. At the close of 1912 there were 4,457 schools. Of this number 1,843 were in foreign lands, and 2,614 in the home field. There has been an increase of 574 Sabbath-schools in foreign fields, and 136 in the home field, since the last conference. In 1908 we had a total membership of 88,843, of which 22,011 were in the foreign field. During the quadrennial period there has been an increase in membership of 25,170, of which 23,678 have been in foreign lands, and 1,492 in the home field. Our membership in foreign fields has more than doubled in the past four years. Of the total membership of our schools, 5,786 are members of the Home department. This department has increased in membership 1,286 during the quadrennial period. By means of this department, the Sabbath-school is brought into the homes of the isolated, aged, and infirm, so that all can be members of the Sabbath-school. Quite liberal donations come from this source for the support of our work in mission fields.

The Lessons

The department committee has worked hard during the past four years to provide suitable and helpful lessons for all divisions. The best lesson writers possible have been secured, and changes calculated to improve the lessons have been made. We have been encouraged by the favorable and commendatory letters received from all parts of the world as to benefit received from their study. The Lesson Quarterly, printed by the Pacific Press at the present time, has a circulation of fifty-three thousand five hundred copies. These lessons are translated into most of the leading languages of Europe, and published by the Hamburg House. In some of the languages many thousands of copies are printed. Lessons are now furnished to China, Korea, and Japan for translation into the language of these countries. The work has increased in some of the Spanish-speaking countries to that extent that calls are now being made for the lessons to be published in pamphlet form in all divisions.

PHOTO-A section of the General Conference camp; Washington Sanitarium in the background

During the quadrennial period the lessons have covered a study of the life of Christ, the book of Acts, some doctrinal topics on the message, and some practical subjects, and have been uniform in all divisions during most of the period. God alone can measure the infinite value to a hundred thousand people of an earnest, prayerful study of lessons on such subjects. We sometimes greatly fear that the lessons are not studied as they should be.

Conversions

During the past period special efforts have been put forth to make our Sabbath-schools strong agencies in the salvation of souls, and to have each teacher feel the responsibility of bringing all his class to Christ. These efforts have met with a most hearty and encouraging response from all parts of the field. During the past years the quarterly report blank has asked for the record of Sabbath-school pupils converted. The total number reported for the year is 3,542, most of whom have been baptized. We realize the difficulty of obtaining accurate statistics upon this point, as other departments of the work, closely associated with the Sabbath-school teachers are making earnest efforts to bring their pupils to a decision in the matter of serving the Lord. Consecration services are held in many schools, and these result in many of the youth and children giving their hearts to the Lord.

The “Sabbath School Worker”

The only periodical published by the department is the Sabbath School Worker. Much of the success of the

work in various lines is due to the influence of this excellent paper. Since the last General Conference it has been enlarged from 16 to 20 pages, and the subscription list has increased from 6,906 to 9,705, or an increase of more than 40 per cent. This is quite encouraging, when we remember that it is intended to cover only a special field. We feel that this journal is indispensable to the success of the Sabbath-school work, and that it will be an even more potent factor in the work in the future.

We would not forget to mention also the valuable help of the Little Friend and Youth’s Instructor, which contain lessons, and other excellent matter, each week for our schools.

Memory Verse Cards

As a help to teachers, and to assist the children to learn the memory verses, and thus fix some precious words of Scripture in their minds, the department has encouraged the use of memory verse cards, where the scripture is associated with a picture. Four years ago only one thousand sets of these cards were used each quarter. It now takes ten thousand sets to supply the demand.

Finances

While we believe that the primary object of the Sabbath-school is to save souls, yet we feel sure that studying the mission fields, where unwarned millions still sit shackled in pagan darkness, and making offerings to carry the message to these lost millions, is a most blessed inspiration to all our Sabbath-schools. We can not serve God and mammon, but we can serve God with mammon. Sabbath-schools, like armies, grow by conquest. The Sabbath-school is working out a program outlined by the Lord of the harvest. As our consecration deepens, our service to man will correspondingly increase.

Our Sabbath-schools have now reached the place where they are depended upon to raise a large percentage of the funds required to carry the message to the world. Since 1887, when the first deposit for missions was made by our Sabbath-schools in the bank of heaven, they have donated $1,313,580.78 for this purpose. The constant annual increase in offerings to missions has been very gratifying indeed. Four years ago there were only ten conferences in the home land giving all to missions; now there are 71. The plan of having our schools give all their regular offerings to missions has been practically accomplished.

During the previous quadrennial period, from 1905-08, our Sabbath-schools gave $273,141.36 to missions. During the past four years, from 1909-1912, they gave $632,778.30, an increase of $359,636.94 over the previous period. During the past four years our Sabbath-schools have given $3,521.68 more to missions than was given in the previous eighteen years, from 1891-1908. Surely this is gratifying progress.

The record of offerings for 1912 is especially encouraging. During the year $228,029.24 was given to missions. This is an increase of $71,540.87 over 1911. This increase alone is nearly as much as the total offering in 1907. Four years ago the Sabbath-schools were giving less than two thousand dollars a week for missions. Now they are giving almost five thousand dollars a week. Four years ago our goal was “One Hundred Thousand Dollars to Missions in a Year.” Now it is “One Million Dollars to Missions in Four Years.” It seems each year that we have about reached the limit of gifts to missions from our schools, but evidently we have not, and the future will no doubt show even larger offerings annually from this source for the advancement of the message.

A. G. Daniells: A few years ago at a meeting some of us said we must increase our foreign-mission enterprises until we were spending a thousand dollars a day in foreign fields. There were some good old brethren on the front seat who fairly gasped at this proposal, and said: “Do not get excited, Brother Daniells; just keep steady.” And now our Sabbath-schools are giving almost a thousand dollars a day themselves.

S. N. Haskell: Some years ago I attended a conference that led out in giving their Sabbath-school offerings to foreign missions. When I returned East, I reported this to a brother. He reproved me about it, and said: “You folks are making a big mistake in getting the people to give so much to foreign missions at this time. Next year there will come a reaction.” I see it has kept on reacting ever since.

G. B. Thompson: A brother took me to task the other day here. “You are making a mistake,” he said, “in talking of a million for missions in four years. You ought to make it a million or a million and a half in two years.” [Amens.] How many believe we could do it? [A forest of hands was the response.]

G. B. Thompson (continuing his report):—

The Thirteenth Sabbath Offering

During the past year the plan has been adopted of setting apart for a special offering the thirteenth Sabbath in each quarter for a specific purpose. The General Conference Committee has designated some needy and worthy object each quarter. This plan has met with general approval from the field, and has proved very helpful to our mission work. The offerings on the thirteenth Sabbath of the four quarters of 1912 are as follows:—

Cities of India, $7,674.33; Selukwe Reserve, Africa, $12,680.64; mission homes in China, $12,379.82; schools in South America, $10,854.42; or a total on these four Sabbaths of $43,589.21. The plan has worked very successfully in Australia for some years, and we recommend that it be adopted in other parts of the world,—some especially needy mission enterprise being set apart by the proper committee, to which the schools in that field can contribute.

Suggestions for the Future

The importance of this work calls for the most progressive plans, for constant growth, and the highest efficiency possible in dealing with human souls. The standard must be continually placed higher. We are dealing with a growing cause, and need to make continual advancement. To this end we make a few suggestions for the future:—

1. That we turn our attention as never before to making our schools a greater power in saving souls. That special efforts be made by the officers and teachers in every school, as well as conference officers, to lift the Sabbath-schools up to a higher plane spiritually, and to deepen the consecration of every member. That prayerful efforts be put forth for the conversion of all who come within reach of the Sabbath-school. Why should we not labor personally for every pupil in the school?

2. That some plan be devised at this Conference which will result in an increased study of the lessons. Bible study in our Sabbath-schools is our greatest need. We plead for this. This will help our schools as nothing else will. Whatever else we do to build up and strengthen the work, if the study of the lesson is omitted, all is a failure. When the lessons are studied as they should be, spirituality will increase, our own souls will be watered, and other souls will be won to Christ. It will also be a safeguard against heresies and dangerous delusions which come in to plunder and destroy souls.

3. That the Sabbath School Worker’s Training Course be continued. The demands of the work call for the most skillful and trained officers and teachers possible, that no haphazard, shoddy work may be done.

4. After careful study, and correspondence with secretaries and others in the field, we suggest that the officers in our Sabbath-schools be elected, the same as other church officers, to serve for one year, instead of six months, as at present.

5. That secretaries in the various conferences be chosen who can give their entire time to the Sabbath-school work, holding conventions, corresponding with the isolated members, working for larger offerings, and building up the work along spiritual lines throughout the Conference.

Conclusion

In conclusion we thank God for the Sabbath-school work, and the great blessing and help it is to us as a people. While there are perplexities and some problems to be solved, we are of good courage, believing that God, who has helped us hitherto, will help us in the future. The Sabbath-school is the child of the church, and as such needs the love and fostering care of all the people. We most earnestly ask for this, and for the prayers of all God’s people that this work may prove to be all that the Lord designed that it should be.

G. B. THOMPSON, Secretary,

A. G. Daniells: We will now call upon Brother L. A. Hansen, the assistant secretary, to render a report for the Medical Department.

REPORT OF MEDICAL DEPARTMENT

A quadrennial report of our medical department at this time cannot be a representative one. It cannot fully state what has been accomplished the past four years, nor can it be a correct indication of what could be done under normal conditions. Since our last General Conference session, circumstances have necessitated changes, and three different men who have acted as medical secretaries in that time have been called to fill other positions. For much of the time no one has been in full charge of the department, and this is the situation at the opening of this Conference.

While this department is one of the last to be organized as such, the development of its work, with its apparent

possibilities, gives evidence that it has its place in the organization. Strong emphasis may even now be made of the importance of giving careful thought to its needs and to making its work all that it should be.

We will come at once to the statistical side of our medical work. Whether the figures be regarded as indicative of healthy growth or of overdevelopment, they assume proportions that should at least make them interesting. We cannot give them close study without recognizing that in our health work we have either a great problem of doubtful solution or a work of evident and certain growth. It may mean to this cause great perplexity, and perhaps, even serious trouble, or it may be the means of great blessing to us and immense good in the world. Without question, this branch of our work has tremendous possibilities. God grant that it shall be all that any of us have hoped, and more.

It is an easy matter to make the statement that we have sixty-nine sanitariums, but the fact that we can say this is cause for serious thought. As we think of what it would mean to any denomination, and what it meant to ours at first, to establish one sanitarium it is difficult to comprehend all that is involved in this great increase of these institutions. Forty of them are operated by conferences, and twenty-nine are under private management. Besides this, there are thirty-five city treatment establishments, some of which do a volume of work equal to that of a fair-sized sanitarium. These hundred or more institutions represent a large investment of money, the employment of many people, the use of much talent, and the expenditure of a great deal of energy. What should we not expect from all this?

The present investment in sanitarium property is $4,141,316.23, nearly a quarter of a million dollars more than the combined value of all our publishing houses, intermediate schools, academies, and colleges, counting conference and private institutions in both instances. It may be said by some that this is an overinvestment in sanitariums; but, be it as it may, it indicates the interest that has been shown by our people in this phase of work, and what we have been able to do in its establishment. It also suggests the importance of our safeguarding this large investment by judicious management and by an attitude that will encourage and strengthen this work.

There are now connected with our sanitariums 117 physicians, 1,135 nurses, and 945 other workers, making a total of 2,197 employees. These workers are our own people, engaged in work that is more or less in the interest of the advancement of our cause, including public lectures and sermons, Bible readings, circulation of literature, personal missionary work, and so forth. This work does not appear in conference reports, nor it is done at conference expense. It should be regarded as a wonderful advantage that such a large branch of our cause can be a true missionary work and at the same time a self-supporting one.

PHOTO-THE NEW ENGLAND SANITARIUM, MELROSE, MASS.

With a conservative estimate, we note that our sanitarium workers are receiving in wages over one million dollars a year, the whole of which is received by the patronage of the institutions. This gives a tithe of one hundred thousand dollars, to which may be added gifts and offerings, coming into our denominational treasuries, helping to support the cause. Thus our medical work gives self-supporting employment to a large number of Sabbath-keeping people, who may engage in a definite missionary work and help to advance other interests of the cause. These figures take no account of many physicians and nurses engaged in private field work, who are more or less the product of our sanitariums, and whose labors and means help to advance the message.

The number of people reached by our sanitariums makes one of the most important features of this work. Here are figures showing the number of sanitarium patients for the past four years:—

190923,737
191033,127
191126,359
191228,960
Total112,183

Let us not give these figures a mere passing thought; for they indicate in a measure what is being done through our system of sanitariums. We have an average of over twenty-eight thousand people a year visiting these institutions, staying an average of five weeks each. Their association with our work and workers gives opportunity of securing considerable information concerning our message and its progress. They attend services, read our literature, and engage in personal conversation with helpers, and some of them are led to a full acceptance of the truth. Many others are at least favorably impressed, and, after leaving the institution, help to spread its influence. Some of our patients are persons of high prominence, in position to give substantial assistance to our cause. Many legislators are reported as patients, and a number of them have given assurance of support when needed in meeting religious legislation.

It would be an interesting thing to know how much effort and expense would be required to reach twenty-eight thousand people for a period of five weeks through our tent and hall meetings. We well know that this number includes many persons who otherwise would probably never come in contact with our work in so favorable a manner. Thus, our sanitarium work is really an evangelical factor. If we ask. Why are not more definite results in actual Sabbath-keepers seen? let us remember that sanitariums are not designed to be proselyting in their work. They have a distinct sphere, which, while it may not be directly that of making religious converts, is strong in spiritual influence. Other agencies may have the privilege of helping to finish the work they begin. Probably one of our most important problems is that of making our sanitarium work more effective as a means of real reform in both physical and spiritual living. We have a wonderful opportunity of coming in close and sympathetic touch with an excellent class of people interested in the better things of life and susceptible to good influences. Our field is a wide one for human welfare and philanthropy, but we should not stop with this. Surely God has not given us this great medical missionary movement merely for its physical and temporal blessings.

The charity work done by our sanitariums the past four years, as expressed in dollars, is a follows:—

1909$76,811.00
191074,532.00
191183,421.00
191278,615.54
$313,379.54

While we all should be glad to see this item considerably larger, we no doubt understand that, with no endowment funds, donations, or other help for this purpose, and with only their earnings for a support, our sanitariums are compelled to observe some restrictions in their gratuities. One of our most pressing needs is provision for caring for our sick poor.

The nurses’ training-school feature of our sanitarium work deserves special mention. Most of the 1,135 nurses employed are students in training. They are being educated as workers for field or institutional service. Careful study leads many of our sanitarium leaders to the conclusion that this feature is a heavy expense to the institution, rather than a financial advantage. Nurses receive board, room, laundry work, and tuition; and, in the second and third years, and in some instances in the first year, they receive a cash allowance. One sanitarium reports about $325 paid for the second and third years’ work, besides the items of expense mentioned. Nurses give in return their services, which are not always such as fully to compensate

the institution for its outlay. It is estimated that the total value of this educational work is now over $160,000 a year. Whatever loss is sustained, which is thought by some to be half of this amount, is a loss to the sanitariums. While this is entirely a denominational work, it is done without cost to the denomination, either as conferences or as individuals.

It may not be out of place to suggest that, if we take into account the value of the evangelical influence and work of our sanitariums, the amount of their charity work, and the cost of the education they are giving our young people, we have figures that go far toward giving us compensation for our investments. These are items that have values, and their worth is to the benefit of the denomination. The money invested does not represent denominational appropriations to any great extent, but is largely the result of growth and expansion of this work itself.

PHOTO-LOMA LINDA SANITARIUM, CALIFORNIA

If the work of these institutions may be regarded as principally missionary effort, it is proper that we give them due credit for what they are doing, when we consider their relation to financial questions. With this consideration, we may see propriety in including them in our plans for relief.

Thus far our statistics deal principally with sanitariums. There is another feature of our medical work that demands more than a passing notice. The number of treatment-rooms is yearly increasing. These are owned and operated almost wholly by private individuals. They are most generally successful from a financial standpoint; and, when properly conducted, exert an excellent influence. Some of them are of most substantial help to local conference work. Some work in close affiliation with near-by sanitariums, to the mutual help of all concerned. Those conducting these enterprises deserve commendation for their well-spent energies in self-supporting work. Those of our brethren who are in position to do so should show an interest in their work, and, by proper moral support, fostering care, and good counsel, add strength to it. This is probably one of the most practicable ways of doing medical work in our cities, both as to financial support and good results. A wide field with favorable inducement is here offered to those who are seeking openings of this kind and who can properly fill them.

Our figures for treatment-rooms are not complete. There are 27 in this country and 8 in foreign countries, with a total value of $113,184.10. They have a daily capacity of 880 patients. Last year they gave 20,415 treatments, doing $6,659.60 worth of charity work. There are 162 persons employed in these treatment-rooms.

Thus far we have spoken only of institutional work. The work of our medical missionaries in the field service must be remembered, representing, as it does, one of the most important phases of our entire medical work. We have no statistics, however, to present, and no report to make. Doubtless this matter will appear in the reports from various fields.

The report of our medical college at Loma Linda, Cal., will be given by others, as will no doubt also that of our postgraduate course for nurses connected with the Foreign Mission Seminary and Washington Sanitarium Dispensary. These two additional forces to our medical educational work should mark an epoch of much meaning for advanced medical missionary endeavor. Let us not view our special advantages with matter-of-fact vision, but see in their increased opportunity an added responsibility to make the wisest use of the same.

Much of the work of our department recently has been to give assistance in securing suitable workers to meet various calls and to put persons wanting employment in touch with openings. Careful inquiry has been made to ascertain the fitness and qualifications of individuals, and action taken accordingly. We have reason to believe that considerable satisfactory service has been rendered in this way. This feature may be further developed and be of much value.

This department has also had charge of the “Ministry of Healing” campaign. A full report of the results of this work cannot now be given. It may be needless to say that we have been disappointed in our realizations as compared with the hopes entertained when the campaign was launched. Some most encouraging reports have been received, and probably, on the whole, the results have justified our effort. We believe that there should yet be some plan devised for giving a wide circulation to “Ministry of Healing.” The need of practical relief measures for certain of our sanitariums is still urgent, and something aside from the sale of relief books must evidently be done, or else other methods followed than those we have used in our last campaign.

Among the things that should be given attention in connection with this department is, first and most urgently, the appointment of a capable and permanent medical secretary. The reasons for this are too numerous to mention, and too obvious to need mentioning.

A more complete organization of our medical work will, of course, help to develop its efficiency. Some important questions arise for consideration and attention. We should develop further plans and methods for reaching the public effectively. The possibilities of our engaging more in temperance campaigns might well be considered. Better education of our own people in rational and intelligent health principles is needed. Better provision should be made for safeguarding the health of those who go to foreign fields by proper instruction. Our training-schools for nurses need consideration, with a view to strengthening their work, possibly setting a standard of what shall constitute a recognized course of training, and then confining this work to such institutions as can properly give it. The development of real medical missionaries, both physicians and nurses, is a most important matter, and should have careful study soon. Considerable demand is expressed for workers who are trained in practical household economy, who can go into homes and teach such things as are most needed. The demand for educated cooks is greater than the supply. Plans for the development and wider circulation of our health literature are needed. We still need to learn how to make the best use of our medical facilities and advantages in connection with other lines of our work. The relation we should sustain to private medical work requires careful attention.

It is highly important that the immense business interests involved in the operation of our sanitariums be carefully studied, in order to reach the most economical management consistent with good service. This phase of the work is of such magnitude as to demand special consideration. Our system of sanitariums should have careful organization for closer cooperation and more uniform administration. Some effort should be made to secure uniformity in rates, service, remuneration of workers, etc. Possibly central purchasing agencies can be established to mutual advantage.

These questions and many others offer a wide field of usefulness to our medical department. It should be one of the most useful departments of our administrative work. May God grant it shall fill its place.

L. A. HANSEN, Assistant Secretary.

At the close of the report Elder Loughborough made the following remarks: “I was very much interested this morning in the report of the Medical Department. I saw this health work start. They put me in as president of the first sanitarium, and I declare that if the President of the United States did not have more to attend to than I did, he would sleep well nights. We had two doctors, two helpers, and one patient; but before two weeks had passed, we had our institution full, and had to get room for helpers outside. One of the first men who came as a patient was Brother G. H. Bell. He soon accepted the truth, and later led out in our educational work.”

A. G. Daniells: These interests suggested by the report will be taken up in due time, brought under the consideration of our physicians who are here, and of the Committee on Plans, and brought before the delegation.

NORTH AMERICAN NEGRO DEPARTMENT

We must now pass to another department, the North American Negro Department, A. J. Haysmer, secretary.

A. J. Haysmer then presented his report of the North American Negro Department, as follows:—

For this assembly to get a clear understanding of the work of this department, I shall first endeavor, in the few moments allotted me, to compare the conditions of the colored race fifty years ago, the time when they were liberated from the galling yoke of slavery, with what they are today.

On the first day of January, 1863, President Lincoln issued one of the most important documents of modern times, the Emancipation Proclamation. Thus, after an existence of 244 years, the institution of African slavery in the United States was swept away. That was fifty years ago. The progress that these freedmen have made is remarkable.

Population

In 1863 there were 4,500,000 colored people in the United States. There are now 10,000,000. This is a population of 3,000,000 more than the population of Belgium. It is greater than that of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, and one ninth of the total population of the United States. It is equal to the white population of the States of California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Alaska, and the Hawaiian Islands.

Over 7,500,000 of these are in the Southern, Southeastern, and Southwestern Union Conferences. The colored population in some of the union conferences is as follows: Southern, 3,208,664; Southeastern, 3,177,055; Columbia, 1,488,256; Southwestern, 1,270,523; Central, 230,500; Lake, 160,939; Atlantic, 158,327.

You will notice that the colored population alone, in each of the Southern and Southeastern Unions, is more than the entire population of the Pacific Union, and that the Columbia and Southwestern Unions each have about the same as the entire population of the West Canadian Union. We have more colored people in this country than the entire population of either the Australasian or South African Union.

Occupation

Fifty years ago practically all the colored people in the South had but one occupation,—tilling the soil. There were no physicians, surgeons, pharmacists, graduate nurses, lawyers, teachers, dentists, architects, electricians, photographers, wholesale merchants, insurance agents, editors, undertakers, real estate dealers; no owners of mines, cotton-mills, dry-goods stores, newspapers, publishing houses, etc. At the present time there are more than 300,000 working at trades and other occupations requiring skill. There are more than 2,400 physicians, 20,000 graduate nurses, 21,000 teachers, 15,000 clergymen, 14,000 masons, 24,000 dressmakers, 10,000 engineers and firemen, 10,000 blacksmiths, 21,000 carpenters, and they edit 400 newspapers and periodicals.

PHOTO-OAKWOOD SCHOOL, HUNTSVILLE.

A few years ago it was unlawful for a colored person to hold any United States government position. At present there are 22,400 employed, of which 3,950 are in the different branches of the postal service.

Over 1,000 patents have been granted them, such as telephone registers; hydraulic scrubbing-brush, motor for running machinery, aeroplanes, automatic car switch, automatic feed attachment for adding machines, and many other useful articles.

Property

Fifty years ago the colored people in the South were without lands, money, stock, or homes. Today they not only have money in the bank, but own 20,000,000 acres of land, which if placed in a body would be about 31,000 square miles, or equal to the combined area of Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. They cultivate 890,140 farms, or 100,000,000 acres, and own domestic animals to the value of $177,273,975; poultry, $5,113,756; implements and machinery, $36,861,418 land and buildings, $273,501,665. They now own 300 drug stores, and more than 20,000 grocery and other stores, 400 newspapers and periodicals, 100 insurance companies, 64 banks capitalized at $1,600,000, and do an annual business of $20,000,000. Their total wealth is over $700,000,000.

Education

Fifty years ago the education of the colored people in this country had just begun; 95 per cent could neither read nor write. However, a great change has taken place. In 1900 the illiteracy had been reduced to 44.5 per cent. There were only four States, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, and Louisiana, with an illiteracy of over 50 per cent. In 1910, only one State, Louisiana, with 48.2, remained above 40 per cent, and the average for the United States had been reduced to 30.4 per cent, a decrease of 14 per cent in the last ten years.

There are now 50 colleges, 13 institutions for the higher education of women, 26 theological schools and departments, 3 schools of law, 5 of medicine, 4 of pharmacy, 17 State agricultural and normal colleges, and more than 400 normal and industrial schools. The value of school property is now estimated at $17,000,000. In 1912 over $4,400,000 were expended for higher and industrial training, and $8,600,000 in their public schools.

They have taken a deep interest in the education of their own children. From 1866-70 they raised $700,000 for school buildings and the support of teachers. They are now raising annually $1,000,000 for educational purposes, and they own $17,000,000 worth of school buildings.

Although there has been great progress, the equipment and facilities in their schools are, on a whole, far below those in white schools. The majority of the rural schools in the South are still without adequate buildings, and the average length of terms is from three to five months.

The colored people constitute about 11 per cent of the total population of the United States. A little less than 2 per cent of the $7,000,000,000 expended for education annually, is spent upon them. Of more than $600,000,000 spent for public schools, the colored people receive about 15 per cent.

National Organizations

Fifty years ago there were no national organizations among the colored people. There are now, for their educational advancement, the American Negro Academy, National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools, and the Negro National Educational Congress.

For their economic advancement, they have the National Negro Business League, the National Bankers’ Association, and the National Association of Funeral Directors.

For their professional advancement there are the National Medical Association, the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, the National Bar Association, the National Negro Press Association, and the National Association of Colored Music and Art Clubs.

PHOTO-HUNSTVILLE (ALABAMA) SANITARIUM.

In the interest of colored women there are the National Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs.

Religion

Fifty years ago colored religious denominations were just beginning to be organized in the South. In a few places, as Savannah and Augusta, Ga., they owned plain church buildings. In most cases they met for worship in very rude places, which were often nothing more than bush arbors. After they were freed, they put forth a great effort to replace these by more substantial and respectable ones. No other people, to my knowledge, have given a larger percentage of their earnings for religious work. Eight per cent of their total wealth, about $57,000,000, is in church property.

For some time after their freedom it was difficult for the colored ministers to obtain the training they so much needed, as there were no training-schools in the South. Some went to the Lutheran Seminary at Gettysburg, Pa.; some to Oberlin, Ohio; and some to the Oneida Institute in New York. Now there are scattered throughout the South 26 theological schools and departments for the training of colored ministers. In the early days of their freedom about all that was required of the minister was that he should have good lung power and be able to arouse a great excitement. Now there is a growing demand everywhere for a trained ministry.

A missionary spirit has characterized the colored people ever since their freedom. Nearly all the denominations maintain home and foreign missions. They are contributing annually more than $100,000 for home and $50,000 for foreign missions.

In the Sunday-schools, which began to be organized about 1863, they had to be taught to read, so these schools were not much different from day-schools. Now there are about 35,000 quite well-organized Sunday-schools, with over 1,750,000 pupils. They have their own literature and song-books written by colored people.

There are four large publishing houses, which devote all their output to supplying the demand for colored church literature. The National Baptist Publishing House, located at Nashville, Tenn., is one of the largest business concerns established by colored people. It is valued at $350,000, and employs about one hundred fifty people and has a payroll of $200,000.

There is no question, in my mind, but that the Lord interposed, and freedom was granted the colored people at the time it was, so they might be in a condition to accept this gospel message. However, it was a long time before we, as a people, began to realize the responsibility that rested upon us. Many years passed before any effort was put forth for them. For years the Lord kept sending us message after message through the spirit of prophecy, urging us to enter and work this field.

PHOTO-NURSES’ CLASS, HUNSTSVILLE SANITARIUM.

Elder J. E. White, having a burden to do something for this people, went to Mississippi with a few workers. While the prejudice and trials were great, they toiled on, and thus a beginning was made, under the name of the Southern Missionary Society. Mission schools were started, and much good was accomplished. Later the work was placed, for a time, under the council of the Southern Union Conference, and the work extended to other States. The Lord blessed the self-sacrificing efforts of those who labored for the education and evangelization of the colored people during those years.

In 1894 there were only about fifty colored Seventh-day Adventists in this country. As the result of the earnest efforts for the next fifteen years, or until 1909, the number was augmented to about 900.

As the great work of getting the message before them was carefully considered by the leading workers in the South, it was the general opinion that, in order for the work to be carried on as it should be, it ought to become a part of the regular organized work of the General Conference. Accordingly, at the session held in Washington, D. C., in 1909 the work for the colored people in this country was organized into the North American Negro Department. The work formerly carried on by the Southern Missionary Society was taken over. Elder J. W. Christian was elected department secretary. However, it was some months before he could arrange his other duties so that he could take up the work; then he remained in the South only a short

time, as the climate did not agree his health. Upon his resignation, in the latter part of the year, I was asked to take the work. The work really suffered during the delay, as those who had been conducting it laid off their responsibility when the department was organized.

My first work was to study the field and its needs. The more I became acquainted with the situation, the more I realized the greatness of the work that the department had taken upon itself. Only a few sections of the great South had been touched, and the 3,500,000 in the Northern cities were as yet unwarned. Some of the first great needs that confronted us were the scarcity of efficient workers and lack of means and facilities. We found a scarcity of tents or anything to work with. Many of the workers, and especially the mission-school teachers, had entered the field before receiving sufficient training.

We felt that the matter of better equipping our training-school at Huntsville, Ala., should receive immediate attention. We visited some of the Northern camp-meetings and raised money to erect some new and much-needed buildings and put in other improvements, also to put in more industries, so we could better train the students and furnish work for those who could not otherwise attend.

The Lord has blessed these efforts, and today, while there are many more things we should have to make the school what it should be, as it is the only training-school for the United States and the West Indian Union Conference, we are prepared to do good work and accommodate about one hundred students. The attendance this year has reached over ninety, the largest in the history of the school. These are principally from the Southern States and the West Indian Union. We have graduates this year in the ministerial, normal, business, and nursing courses,—fourteen in all.

It has been necessary to close some of the mission schools that were accomplishing the least, and encourage the teachers to attend the Oakwood school, and get a preparation to do better work. As far as possible Bible workers have been put in the cities to carry on the work started by the mission schools. While there have been many perplexing problems to meet in the development of the organization, we believe the Lord has been guiding, and while there are many chances for improvement, we believe that the work is in the best condition it has ever been. With few exceptions, the colored people are pleased with the organization, and have settled down to do hard, active work.

The Lord has blessed the efforts put forth to place workers in different States and localities where the work has never been started, and many persons are now rejoicing in the truth. The evangelical efforts in tents, halls, etc., have been especially blessed. Tent efforts have been held in nearly every State where there are large numbers of colored people. As the result, several good, substantial companies have been raised up and others strengthened.

The membership has more than doubled in the last four years. The Southern Union has 588 Sabbath-keepers; the Southeastern, 794; Southwestern, 205; Columbia, 275; Atlantic, 219; Lake, 131; Central, 111; and scattered, 91; making the total number of Sabbath-keepers 2,414. We have 24 ordained ministers, 11 licentiates, 29 teachers, 55 canvassers, and 23 other workers. The offerings for 1912 amounted to $3,702.50, and the tithe was $16,323.02.

Our Needs

With one ninth of the population of this country neglected for many years, and now only touched with the tips of our fingers, there is surely a great work to do before we have accomplished what the Lord expects of us. Our needs are the same as any mission field,—good workers, and means to support them. We need more consecrated ministers, Bible workers, and mission-school teachers, as there should be many more mission schools scattered through the rural districts where they do not have educational advantages.

PHOTO-THE ENTRANCE TO THE CAMP AT TAKOMA PARK

We need more industries at the Oakwood Training-school. We need tents, and assistance in the erection of church buildings in some of our large cities. Our brethren are sacrificing and doing what they can, but they must have help.

Conclusion

We feel that the Lord is making bare his arm to do a mighty work in the South land. Much work remains to be done. The Lord has told us that special efforts should be made in the large cities. “The great work before us all, as Christians, is to extend Christ’s kingdom as rapidly as possible, in accordance with the divine commission.” “Thousands of colored people in the South may now be uplifted, and become human agents to help their own race, if they can receive the help God is calling upon us to give them.” A. J. HAYSMER, Secretary.

A. G. Daniells: This is the first report we have had rendered for this department. It was organized, you remember, four years ago, and the sails are up, they are stiffened, and the Lord is blessing this part of the work. At another time we shall give our colored brethren who are leading out in different parts of the United States, an opportunity to tell us some of their experiences and their successes in their difficult labors.

THE PRESS BUREAU

Now we have another new department. It was not organized four years ago. It is not in the fullest sense a department, but it is a specific line of work being carried forward. The secretary of the Press Bureau, Brother Walter L. Burgan, will report.

W. L. Burgan (reading):—

Report of First Year’s Work

The Press Bureau is the most recent department in the General Conference, having been started Jan. 1, 1912. I was called from Baltimore, where I had spent several years in active newspaper work, to lead out in a campaign for the securing of wider publicity of our doctrines and the progress of the denomination in various ways through the secular press of this and other countries. I am very glad to report that the efforts thus far put forth along this line have met with success. No more important year could have been chosen in which to begin such a campaign. It was what is known as presidential year, and the newspapers in this country devoted considerable space each day to political happenings. But we see from what has been accomplished by different brethren who wrote for the press, that the political conditions did not prevent the publication of numerous good write-ups on different subjects.

Starting with the biennial meeting of the Atlantic Union Conference, which was held in Brooklyn, N. Y., the early part of January, your secretary visited similar sessions held by the Central and Northern Union Conferences in College View, Nebr.; the Southwestern Union Conference in Keene, Tex.; the Pacific Union Conference in Los Angeles, Cal.; the Columbia Union Conference in Pittsburgh, Pa.; and the Lake Union Conference in Battle Creek, Mich. Another brother who had become proficient in writing for the newspapers was sent on a similar mission to the meetings of the Southeastern Union Conference in Graysville, Tenn., and the Southern Union Conference in Nashville. At all these places the editors of the newspapers received us courteously and allotted considerable space for daily reports of the meetings.

It was proved in Brooklyn, Los Angeles, and Pittsburgh that newspapers in the very large cities will publish articles from us just as willingly as will editors in smaller places. It is interesting to state that notwithstanding the fact that the newspapers in Pittsburgh were devoting pages each day for the best part of the time during the Columbia Union meeting to the relation of incidents connected with the sinking of the “Titanic,” yet we secured notices each day through one paper or another.

Not only were reports of these various conventions furnished the newspapers, but instruction on reporting was given to the delegates and others in attendance. The brethren and sisters at each of these meetings responded very

enthusiastically as the plan of writing for the secular press and the possibility or reaching the multitudes in this way were unfolded to them, with the result that workers in various States are now using the newspapers for the advancement of gospel truth.

No visit was made to the North Pacific Union Conference, as it was held before the Press Bureau was opened; but the majority of workers in that union have been supplied with sets of instructions, and reports from various parts of that territory state that the newspapers are being utilized. Between fifteen hundred and two thousand sets of lessons on writing for the press have been distributed in this and other countries.

It is not an exaggeration to say that several million persons have had the opportunity to read of what Seventh-day Adventists are doing. An active campaign has been carried on from the General Conference Office, with workers in every State in the union cooperating. A study of the clipping book, which has become a valuable part of the Press Bureau, and which is now on exhibition in the Press Bureau headquarters, shows that articles dealing with our work have been printed in every one of the forty-eight States.

During the past fall and winter we took advantage of the many opportunities offered to send out articles on various subjects. Among the subjects that furnished articles for wide publicity in this country were the statistical report of the entire denomination, the Eastern Question, several reports from the Sabbath School Department, the purchase of the famous mountain peak, Spion Kop, in South Africa, which is now operated as a mission farm, the proposed Sunday law for the District of Columbia, a twenty-five-hundred-word letter from Brother R. S. Greaves which dealt with religious conditions in Turkey and Greece, an article on Capital and Labor, and several others.

Our greatest effort was in connection with the proposed Sunday law for the District of Columbia. An article in which were incorporated the full text of the resolutions against Sunday legislation, and the reasons why Adventists opposed such legislation, was sent out to about two thousand elders, along with copies of the remonstrance which the Religious Liberty Department asked the churches to pass and forward to Congress. The elders in these many places were requested to hand these reports to the editors of their home papers for publication. Responses show that this article was published in thirty-three States.

Two articles on the Eastern Question were sent out while the war between Turkey and the Balkan States was at its height, and editors gladly published them. Brethren in different places also wrote on this subject, and the doctrines held by our people concerning the fall of the Turkish Empire as viewed from the light of prophecy, were given extensive publicity. Copies of the letter sent by Brother Greaves about Turkey and Greece were published in fifteen or twenty States.

I am glad to say that our leaders in different parts of the United States and Canada are realizing more and more each day the importance of using the secular press in connection with this movement. Four of the union conferences—the Atlantic Union, the Pacific, the Southern, and Southeastern—and one State conference, Ohio, are conducting press efforts in a systematic way, brethren having been appointed to look after this feature, and also to encourage others to write for this medium.

Many of the camp-meetings held in the United States last year were advertised. Announcements of the majority of the meetings held were sent out from the General Conference Bureau, and brethren in the different conferences furnished reports to the newspapers where these meetings were held. Eight camp-meetings were visited by your secretary, and reports furnished to the local newspapers, and also to papers in various parts of the States interested.

Workers in the Southeastern Union Conference have been active in their efforts to give the denomination publicity in their territory. During the last camp-meeting season announcements about a column and a half in length were sent out to every paper in the different States in the Union, a great number of which published the notices in full. The daily papers which could be reached by mail from each camp-ground were supplied with reports. There has been unfailing courtesy on the part of editors in the treatment accorded to those bringing in the reports.

During the city effort held by the union conference evangelist in Jacksonville, Fla., every subject presented was given at least a column and a quarter of space in the Times-Union, some of them receiving more than two columns. Hundreds of people throughout the city and State became interested in the truths preached as the result of reading these articles, and many of them wrote for further instruction and tracts. This publicity also resulted in advertising the meetings so well that large crowds were always in attendance at them. As to the results attained through these efforts, one brother in that union says: “It is safe to say that tens of thousands of people in this territory have had their attention called to the truths of the third angel’s message in this way during the past year who might not have been reached in any other way for years to come. The ministers, officials, and brethren of this union are enthusiastically in favor of the newspaper work.”

Elder Allen Moon, president of the Lake Union Conference, in a recent letter had this to say about using newspapers: “Knowing your interest in the use of the public press in calling attention to revealed truth and the principles of righteousness, I will forward a few facts which seem to bear testimony in favor of making use of this means in reaching the sincere seeker after truth. In our little city (South Bend, Ind., which has a population of about fifty-three thousand) we have two daily papers. Both of these have, during the past winter, published articles treating on the peculiar views held by Seventh-day Adventists, notably an article on the Eastern Question, showing the unfolding of the prophecies of Daniel 2 in the events transpiring in the land of the Turk. It was stated that this prophecy contained an outline in advance of history now being made by the events of the Balkan war. The article was printed in full, and attention called to it in the editorial. The result of the publication of the various articles in these two dailies has been to bring our people into prominence, and to set in motion a train of inquiry regarding other points of faith. The editor of one of the papers regarded these questions of such importance and interest to his readers that he looked up some Adventist people, and by telephone asked for further articles on special subjects.

“We intend to continue to use the press judiciously as the spirit of inquiry grows in this community. Some have become convinced of the truth of the Adventists’ position during the past few months, and have identified themselves with this people. Others will, no doubt, do so. The use of the public press is by no means a small factor in aiding in the dissemination of light and truth.”

Says a brother in the Southwestern Union Conference: “I have met with a great willingness on the part of editors of secular papers to publish articles from me. While assisting in a meeting at Las Vegas, N. M., I made arrangements to have an article run through a certain paper there each day. One morning I failed to get my report out in time, and did not go to the paper office until the next morning. When I handed in the article to the editor for that day’s paper, he said: ‘We missed your article yesterday. We held the space as long as we could, and then filled it with something else. We appreciate your articles, for they are good and to the point.’” This brother further says: “We have a young lady in our city who was led to one of our churches through reading an article in her home newspaper of our last biennial meeting held in Keene, Tex. She accepted the truth, and is now a Bible worker for the Oklahoma Conference. Only a short while ago I had the pleasure of seeing her bring four of her readers to the church for baptism, and the four followed their Lord in this step the same afternoon.” The writer of this encouraging letter concludes: “I am sure that this is the way to get the truth before the people, many of whom would not read it from a book or the Bible.”

A brother in Ohio says: “I know that wherever proper means have been used, and the necessary efforts expended in getting published in the daily press important facts dealing with our message, splendid results have been obtained. I find our brethren in different churches throughout this conference quite enthusiastic over placing articles about our work in the hands of editors. It would be impossible to determine the amount of good these newspaper accounts have done. Many, many thousands of persons have read in newspapers good reports of sermons which our ministers preached the night before. Who can tell how many souls have had their attention called to the message, and who will later take their stand with the Lord’s people? By all means press the press work.”

Considerable is being done toward enlightening the people on the Pacific Coast. Brethren J. R. Ferren and J. F. Blunt, of the Pacific Union Conference and Brother Frank Coffin, of the California Conference, have met with excellent success in their efforts to have articles printed. Brother Ferren has written for papers in various parts of the union, Brother Blunt has sent out letters on religious liberty, and Brother Coffin has centered his efforts on supplying news to the papers in San Francisco

and Oakland. Before going to Oakland, Brother Coffin had numerous articles published in the Portland, Oregon, papers, where he was employed as a reporter for one of the large dailies.

“The attendance at our meetings is better when I report the sermons in the newspapers,” says a brother in California. “While it is too early yet to give special incidents of people brought to the meetings through reading the newspapers and afterward brought into the truth, we believe there will be some such as a result of the work done here. Not less than a dozen articles have appeared during the last two months, some of them telling of Sunday night meetings at the Oakland church, one telling of the Mountain View Bookmen’s Convention, one speaking of the dedication of our Berkeley church, and others giving the truth as held by us regarding religious liberty. If I could put a tract on religious liberty into the hands of every man and woman in San Francisco and Oakland, I would feel that a good work had been done. If I could be assured they would all read it, I would think a better work had been done. Why is not a tract just as good after it is set up in newspaper type and printed with a good big head on the front page or elsewhere in a metropolitan paper? I believe it is better, and will be read more quickly. We in California are using this medium, and intend to use it more and more as there is opportunity.”

PHOTO-At a meeting in Hungary

A brother in Delaware, in writing on the power of the press, says: “I found that good timely articles, such as the Eastern Question during the Balkan war, not only drew people to the meetings, but also led them to where they finally accepted the truth. Only recently I visited a fine young man who is keeping the Sabbath and desires to be baptized at our next baptism, as a result of this work.”

Many others have written in an encouraging way on the success they have had with the newspapers. Brethren in various places are contributing series of articles on civil and ecclesiastical government, and many other points of interest. Others have given accounts of debates, and other meetings in their churches and other places. A number have been resorting to the advertising columns of aid them in attracting attention to their meetings. Not only are these advertisements worth while to attract people to the meetings, but they also give the workers a better chance of getting notices printed in the news column. When a paper is given a small sum for the advertisement that a minister wants printed, he can secure a very liberal amount of space in which to print his doctrines, and this space is many times more valuable than the price paid for such advertisements. In other words, it is not a bad idea to give a small advertisement if it will guarantee considerable space for reading-matter.

Not only is the secular press being used in this country, but brethren in foreign lands are also writing for it. Brethren in various parts of India are using this medium, and one brother writing from Calcutta tells of how a newspaper in that city published a large account from our brethren concerning the war in Turkey. He says: “On the streets of Calcutta one evening recently newsboys were conspicuously holding up their bills, on which were the following words: ‘Armageddon, Seventh-day Adventists, and the Balkan Crisis.’ Curious to know what this meant, I bought a copy of the paper, and learned that it was the result of an interview with Elders Pettit and Comer by a newspaper reporter.” He further said: “Is not this another evidence that God will do a quick work in the earth? He is surely giving the people of this great city an opportunity to know present truth.”

Brother W. A. Sweany, who is stationed in the Bahamas, but is at present attending this Conference, is a believer in the use of the papers. In a recent communication he says: “It may be of interest for me to say that one of our daily papers here is very friendly, and prints everything I offer it, and when I do not write anything it prints whole articles from certain of our magazines. In fact, frequent issues of the paper contain something from different ones of our periodicals. All this has been a great service to us, and we greatly appreciate it.”

Brethren in South Africa are also using this medium for the spread of the message, as are our workers in Europe.

Notwithstanding all the success here referred to a number of our brethren have met with set-backs in their efforts to secure recognition from the newspapers. I hope these will not lose courage, as I believe that by persistent efforts a way will eventually be opened for the publication of articles in papers that are now opposed to us. Although we have had remarkable success, much more ought to be done along this line. I believe that opportunities for using the press will become more frequent as time draws to a close, and that the Lord will bless our efforts to give this precious message of salvation to the world through this, the most powerful medium we have at our command.

W. L. BURGAN, Secretary.

At the close of his report, Brother Burgan showed the Conference an immense scrap-book, containing thousands of clippings from the newspapers, reporting features of our work. He stated that already reports had come in from thirty-three States in which newspapers had given notices of this Conference session. At this point Conference adjourned.

A. G. DANIELLS, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

TENTH MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 20, 2:30 P. M.

A. G. DANIELLS in the chair.

J. E. Fulton offered prayer.

By vote of the Conference, the following-named brethren were seated as delegates: T. H. Branch, J. M. Campbell, U. S. Willis, W. D. Ford, and Sydney Scott.

A. G. Daniells: This afternoon we are to have a treat, I am sure. Our brethren in the European Division, including Germany, Great Britain, Scandinavia, and Russia are to report to us. Most of these brethren, I presume, will be able to report during the afternoon session. H. F. Schuberth will first report from the East German Union.

REPORT OF THE EAST GERMAN UNION CONFERENCE

As we look at that which the Lord has done for us in our field during the past four years, then we must exclaim with the psalmist, “The works of the Lord are great.” Psalm 3:2.

Organization

Jan. 1, 1909, the German Union consisted of all Germany, Holland, Belgium, Austria-Hungary, and the Balkans, with a population of 150,000,000. Our membership was 8,521. During that year 217 workers were able, by the help of the Lord, to win 2,114 souls to the message, and our net gain was 1,245, so that Jan. 1, 1910, the German Union had a membership of 9,766. At that date the division of the German Union into the East and West German Unions, which had been decided upon at the previous summer meeting at Friedensau, went into effect, giving to the East German Union 74,000,000 people, and 5,005 members.

In 1910, 1,339 were added by baptism and vote, giving us a net gain of 1,007. We had 131 workers. In 1911 there were 133, workers, and our increase was 1,754, with a net gain of 1,164. Last year there were 132 workers, who were able to win 1,728 to the truth, giving us a net gain of 1,141. Thus, during the three years’ existence of the East German Union, an average of 132 workers has been able through God to win 4,821 souls, and securing a net gain of 3,312. As the Middle German Conference, with a membership of 606, was turned over to the West German Union, Jan. 1, 1912, the total membership of the union at the close of 1912 was 7,711.

Finances

We are able to show a good increase in tithes as well as in offerings to missions. In the year 1908 the entire German Union before its division had a tithe of $92,711; while in the year 1912 the East German Union alone had a tithe of $103,764. The offerings during 1908 for the entire German Union amounted to $16,873; for 1912 the East German Union had offerings amounting to $24,046.

PHOTO-BIENNIEAL COUNCIL MEETING, FRIEDENSAU, GERMANY, JULY, 1911

Further Division

Jan. 1, 1913, the East German Union was again divided, and the Danube Union was organized out of its territory. The latter union had 56 workers, the support of whom had cost the East German Union during the three years of its history, $43,401. At the present time the East German Union consists of six conferences, the Union District, in Germany, and the East and West Galician fields, in Austria, with a population of 34,000,000, and a membership of 6,029, of whom 106 are laborers.

Conditions in Our Field

There are some special difficulties confronting our laborers on account of oppressive laws in some of our fields, and at another time I hope to have an opportunity to speak of these.

The various peoples and customs found here also help to make the work difficult. We are laboring in ten languages: German, Hungarian, Roumanian, Polish, Servian, Ruthenian, Italian, Bulgarian, Slovacian, and Croatian. For example, it is not out of the usual order of things that at a conference in Hungary, the address must be translated into five languages at once,—a thing that much disturbs the ear of one not accustomed to it.

Montenegro, within the territory embraced by our union, is the smallest of European kingdoms, with only 250,000 inhabitants. The Montenegrins are a rough, mountain people, among whom the most of the work is done by the women. According to their understanding of affairs, it is man’s work to carry on war, but not to do any other kind of labor. This is the only land in which we have as yet been unable to get a foothold; although we have visited the field.

Experiences

We are able to report encouraging experiences in our labor. The Lord has often wonderfully opened the way for us. Two brethren, one a Roumanian and the other a Servian, came from Canada, where they accepted the truth, to Hungary, that they might bring the message to their relatives. On the border they were taken for American land agents, and without further ceremony, were thrust into prison. But these brethren had learned that all things work together for good to those that love God, and so they said that the Lord must have something for them to do in prison. It was not long before a number of the prisoners were interested and some were converted, and wanted to keep the Sabbath in the prison. The jailer thought to dispose of the matter by scattering these molesting prisoners into various parts of the country in other prisons, but this simply carried the seed of truth into still other prisons.

Accompanied by Brother Huenergardt, it was my privilege to visit one of these prisoners who had secured the Sabbath free, and had been granted the right not to eat swine’s flesh. He had been a higher police officer. After his conversion, he was pardoned, and could then be baptized. The jailer spoke highly in praise of this man, and wanted to know more of our message, desiring that we should supply him with literature. At the place where our brethren were first cast into prison, there was a good church raised up.

PHOTO-“RAY OF LIGHT” SOCIETY, GALICIA, AUSTRIA

In Bucharest, the capital of Roumania, the message has gone forward with power for years. But we have had great trouble to secure a suitable place for meetings there. There are few large halls, and the dwellings are very expensive, and we could not raise the rent for anything large. We attempted to execute certain plans to help the situation, but difficulty with the government hindered us each time we thought we were about to solve the question. When I was in the city one day, a friend of the message invited me to visit him, and he took me into a neat hall which he had just finished. He said, “I have had this hall built for you, and you can have it two years, rent free.” This hall was in another part of the city from where our first place of meeting was, and gave us the opportunity of organizing a second church in that place, which has developed well.

In Bulgaria we have worked for sixteen years, with rather meager results. About a year ago two Bulgarians came into the truth in Bucharest, Roumania. They commenced missionary work, and, because this is not permitted in Roumania, were sent out of the country. These brethren went to two different places in Bulgaria, and in a short time there was a good church organized at the home of one of them. The other, who settled in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, has been able to greatly assist us by appealing to the government at times when our workers have been molested and hindered by the priests, so that now we have perfect freedom to work.

Through the special blessing of God, the work in the Berlin Union District has proved a great financial strength to the whole union. We conduct public lectures in sixteen halls and in our rented chapel, where we have our baptism and special meetings. During 1912 13 workers were enabled to win 288 to the message, or an average of 22 to a worker, so that our membership has risen to 1,000 in Greater Berlin. After an audit of the accounts of the workers, we had a surplus in the district of $13,868, which we could use in covering the deficits of our union mission fields.

We are also glad that gradually light is breaking in the very hard fields of East and West Galicia.

There are 54 young people’s societies in the union at present, with a membership of 1,289. They gave about $500 to the work, and we know of some 14 who were won to the message as the direct result of the work of the young people.

May the Lord continue to bless this

field, that among the 34,000,000 inhabitants of the East German Union a large number shall be saved when our Lord comes. H. F. SCHUBERTH.

WEST GERMAN UNION CONFERENCE

A. G. Daniells: Now, Brother Schuberth has reported for one division of what was the German Union Conference. Brother J. G. Oblander, as president of the West division, will report for that.

J. G. Oblander (reading):—

If we look back at the experiences and blessings of the past three years, we are involuntarily filled with feelings of thankfulness to our Heavenly Father, which is best expressed in the words of the Psalmist: “The Lord hath done great things for us; whereof we are glad.” Psalm 126:3. Look where we will, everywhere we see evidences of the workings of the mighty hand of God.

Organization

This union was organized at the summer meeting held in Friedensau, 1909, and contained 6 conferences, I union district, 3 mission fields, 187 churches and companies, with a membership of 4,719. The organization went into full power Jan. 1, 1910.

Territory

The territory of this field stretches from the southern boundary of Denmark in the north to the Adriatic Sea on the south, and takes in all of western and southern Germany, German Switzerland, Holland, Belgium, and Austria, with a population of about seventy-four millions. Although there are sixteen languages used in this territory, yet the people have no difficulty in understanding the language of the Bible and of the third angel’s message. All those dear ones who have accepted the message rejoice in the hope of the soon-coming Saviour, and are preparing themselves to meet him.

Progress

Since the union began its separate existence, there have been three other conferences, two mission fields, and seventy-five new churches and companies organized within its boundaries. That the West German Union might be strong enough for the organization of the Central European Union by Jan. 1, 1913, the East German Union turned over to the West German Union one conference, with a membership of 600, Jan. 1, 1912.

During the three years of the union’s existence, there have been received, by baptism and vote, 4,028 new members, of whom 1,677 were received during 1912 alone. The net gain for these three years is 2,488, of whom 1,073 should be credited to 1912. If the strong Catholic population of one conference and four mission fields of the union be taken into consideration, and the difficulties often encountered among them, we must heartily thank God for these results. It has not been human power or wisdom that hath wrought such an increase, but the infinite power of the Word of God, which is able to do all things, has been our confidence and strength in the work. It was not by might, nor by power, but by the Spirit of the Lord. We are also fully aware that if we would more fully consecrate ourselves upon the altar of God, the Lord could accomplish very much more through weak human instrumentalities.

Losses

That which especially causes us sorrow is the number of souls who are lost to the message by turning their backs upon the Lord and returning to the beggarly elements of the world. In 1911, forty-two per cent of our increase was lost, but in 1912 the percentage was only twenty-eight, so that last year stood fourteen per cent better than the one preceding it in this respect—a cause of great gratitude to God on our part. We earnestly hope that this year the percentage of loss may be still much less than in 1912. Of course, not all of our losses can be accounted for by those who have back-slidden, but many move from one field to another outside of our union, and frequently those who move away are more than those who move into the union. During the last two years, we lost seventy-four by death. We expect to greet them at the first resurrection, when our Lord shall return for his own. Thus at the close of 1912 we had a membership of 7,825. Each soul won to the truth during 1910 cost $47.68; 1911, $54.78; 1912, $47.64. But if we take the net gain for those years, each soul won cost us $78.34, and $69.13 for 1911 and 1912 respectively. This is no comparison to that which the Lord paid for the souls of men—his own precious blood, which the world could not pay for, with all of its boasted wealth of gold and silver.

PHOTO-FRIEDENSAU SCHOOL AND SANITARIUM (GERMANY)

Finances

If we look at the finances, we have special reasons to thank the Lord for his blessings. The tithe rose from $63,451 in 1910 to $110,511 in 1912, or nearly twice that of 1910. The total for the three years is $252,937. The average tithe rose from $12.62 to $15.02 in 1912. If we consider the financial conditions of our brethren in this field, we must acknowledge that this is a good tithe. And, although the average tithe rose from year to year, yet we hear no complaints from our brethren. Our brethren are ever ready to support the cause of God. In the testimony meetings we hold at the general meetings, our brethren testify that the Lord has richly blessed them for having been true in giving him that which belongs to him. This causes much joy to the workers. The missionary gifts rose from $11,996 in 1910 to $30,734 in 1912, and the total of these since our organization three years ago was $58,552. The average of our gifts rose from $2.49 in 1910 to $4.41 in 1912.

Our churches are also busy at work in the circulation of our good literature. The sales of the missionary societies rose from $8,785 in 1910 to $41,390 in 1912. The total sales of our societies for these three years was $62,051. It is certainly encouraging to see that the sales have increased to more than four times what they were in 1910.

Some of our fields reached the five dollar standard in gifts, and some have exceeded it, while others have not yet attained this amount. But we are determined by the help of God to reach that standard in all our fields.

The work in our missions has also been progressing very favorably. In Holland and in Belgium ninety-five new members were added during 1912, thus again showing the hand of the Lord in the work. The funds are also rising, so that we hope these fields will soon become self-supporting.

Austria for many years seemed to be a very hard and difficult field, but since the Lord has shown us the right way to do the work by organizing a society by the name of “Mehr Licht” (more light), the work is growing very rapidly. With the beginning of 1912 we organized two new missions, the Moravian-Silesian and the Bohemian mission fields, for which we are very thankful. In the Moravian-Silesian mission, although we do not have the same religious liberty that there is in Germany, 120 souls were won by only four workers during the year 1912. The tithe has increased to such an extent that the field can support itself and even have a surplus at

the end of the year. The Bohemian mission has also made great progress, in spite of the fact that it is a hard field. Fifty-one were added to the church by four workers, and by the help of God, during the year 1912. The finances have developed so that this field can also do without appropriations from the union. One of our workers was called in to the military service on account of the threatening war, and, as far as I know, has not yet been liberated.

PHOTO-Group of believers in Vienna, Austria

In the Austrian Mission the difficulties are increasing. The Catholic clergy are doing all they can to drive us out of the country, but the Lord has always helped us to gain the victory. One day an official told one of our workers, “We do not want you here in our city, and we will do all we can to keep you out;” but the brother said to him: “You can’t keep us out, sir, because we are already in your city.” Some of our workers have been driven out of certain communities, and are not permitted to return. But, in the face of all these difficulties, 82 souls were added during the year 1912. At the close of 1912 we had a membership in these three Austrian mission fields of over 600. The prospects for the future are very promising in these fields, and we hope that in the very near future we will have thousands of believers in this country. In the year 1911 the work was also started in the city of Triest, situated on the Adriatic Sea, and a company of five dear souls was gathered. It was my privilege to visit these Austrian mission fields twice last summer, and I was glad to see the interest the people showed when the truths were preached in the meetings, although I had to speak by an interpreter. In Dalmatia, where Titus was sent by the apostle Paul to preach the gospel, we have begun the work in the city of Spalato, where a small beginning was made. I visited this place last summer, and in the house of our worker, who was there at the time, I held a meeting. This place has only about thirty thousand inhabitants, 58 Catholic churches, 600 Catholic priests, and only one Seventh-day Adventist minister. You can easily imagine how difficult it was for our worker to labor in this place, when every fifty people have a priest to watch over them.

Workers

The workers increased from 1910 to 1912 from 107 to 146, of which 41 are ordained ministers, 38 licentiates, 63 Bible workers, and 4 other workers.

At the end of 1912 we had in this union ten organized conferences, one union district, and five organized mission fields.

As the work of the West German Union developed so well, it was found necessary at our Friedensau meeting last summer, to again divide the field. The South German, Wurtemburg, Bavarian, and the German-Swiss Conference, with the mission fields of Moravia and Bohemia and Austria, 123 churches and companies, and with a membership of 2,928, were organized into the Central European Union, beginning with Jan. 1, 1913, so that at the end of the year 1912, there were 4,897 members, 6 conferences, and 1 union district, with two mission fields, and 174 churches and companies remaining in the West German Union.

During the first quarter of 1913 we have already received 346 souls in the present territory of the West German Union; the net gain is 240. So we now have 5,137 church members in our portion of the field. During no quarter of the first two years of the existence of the West German Union (it was organized three years ago), have we received so many additions as during the first quarter of 1913, notwithstanding our having cut off the whole Central European territory. The tithe of the first quarter was twenty-one thousand dollars.

We are of good cheer in our work, and are fully persuaded that when the work of God is finished on earth, we of the West German Union will join you in heaven above, where we shall ever praise and honor the Lord for his grace toward us, his unworthy children.

J. G. OBLAENDER.

REPORT OF THE CENTRAL EUROPEAN CONFERENCE

A. G. Daniells: We will next have a report from O. E. Reinke, president of the Central European Union. That, you know, was the name of the first organization we had over there, which took in all Europe nearly. Now we have these branches and divisions, so that the Central European Union is only one out of these three at least that have given us such splendid reports, or two of which have given us such splendid reports. Now Brother Reinke will give us his report.

O. E. Reinke (reading):—

The Central European Conference was organized in July, 1912, being previously a part of the West German Union.

The territory of the union is composed of Bavaria, Wurtemberg, and Hohenzollern lands. Baden, Alsace-Lorraine, the provinces of Rhenish-Hessen and Starkenburg, Austria (excepting Galicia and Bukowine), and German Switzerland, with the cantons of Grisons and Ticino.

The population of this union is 37,649,547; the area, 381,025 square miles.

The membership at the time the organization went into effect, Dec. 31, 1912, was: 4 organized conferences and 3 mission fields, with 130 churches and companies, and 2,928 members.

Twenty-one ministers, eleven licentiates, and thirty-four Bible workers compose the staff of workers, making a total of sixty-six in all.

Since this union is really only three months old, this report can only cover this limited period. During the first quarter 182 members were added to the churches, making a total of 3,031. The tithe amounted to 52,230.02 marks; the Sabbath-school offerings, all of which are given to foreign missions, amounted to 4,530.21 marks; weekly offerings, 2,702.41 marks; annual offerings, 452.88 marks; foreign missions, 5,675.20 marks, or a total of 13,360.70 marks to foreign missions in one quarter.

Our work must be carried on in nine languages; namely, German, Polish, Bohemian, Italian, Roman Croatian, Slovenian, Ruthenian, and Rumanian.

Our workers have varied experiences in our field. In Bavaria, with a population of about six millions, our work started eighteen years ago, in 1895. Being a Catholic country, meetings and gatherings of any kind to study and read the Bible were forbidden. If any such gatherings were discovered, each partaker was imprisoned or fined from twenty to fifty marks. This made our work rather hard. But God had better days for us. In 1907, through special efforts by Elder J. T. Boettcher and others, we secured the right of being called a private church society. This gave us liberty to conduct meetings and hold lectures, but in these public gatherings we are not allowed to sing or pray, or to take up a collection. We are allowed, however, to charge admission fee, which works very well, and usually secures a good attendance. Tent-meetings are not allowed. Missionary work has its hindrances. In twelve cases, our people had to appear before the court, but every time freedom was secured, for which we praise God. A permit for canvassers to sell our publications can be secured for thirty to forty dollars, but the priests and pastors do all they can to warn against us.

Notwithstanding the hindrances during the past three years, 348 souls were added to the church. In Austria our work is still hampered in many ways. By far the larger portion of the thirty millions are Catholics, although the Mohammedan, Greek, and Protestant religions are also represented. Our work began here in 1901. The work is carried on by the forming of societies. In Austria proper the society by which this message is carried on is called “The More Light Society;” for that is our aim, to bring more light to the Austrians. In Bohemia our society is called “Christian Men and Women.” The societies have the right to hold public meetings, and their aim is, as brought out in their constitution, to advance Christian life. These public meetings can only be held when the police grant us permission. No hymns can be sung, no prayer offered, not even the word “amen” at the close of the lecture. Otherwise it would be counted a church service, and such services are not permitted. Although we meet with many hindrances, yet thus far God’s merciful hand has been over the work. Brother Wolfgarten, the director, is acting cautiously, so as to keep the work moving. An instance or two may illustrate the condition.

In Bohemia one of our Bible workers had gathered his interested Bible readers, as our manner is, in a private home. They were just commencing the study, when the policeman entered and arrested our brother, took him to the station, and locked him up. The next morning, he was escorted by two policemen to his room, where they gathered up every book, blank, and even plain writing-paper, and took these with them to the station. Later he obtained his freedom, and finally got his Bible back. Though these interested people became frightened, the Lord brought victory to their souls, for which we praise his name. All of them, five in number, were shortly afterward baptized.

Another instance: The local superintendent conducted a series of lectures, and changed the meetings, as usually his plan is, in order to have his interested hearers attend the closed meetings. In these meetings he spoke on the Papacy, illustrating the subject by stereopticon views. Somehow spies got into the meeting, and the next day two newspapers brought out lengthy articles under the heading, “The Doings of a False Prophet,” exposing our brother in the extreme. The articles revealed the intolerant spirit of the Dark Ages. At the close of the article, the editor called upon the city government to at once stop this kind of work. He said that if they failed to do so, steps would be taken by the people themselves to prohibit such a nuisance. The result was that our brother received a notice forbidding him to conduct any further open or closed meetings. In consequence, the proprietor of the hall refused to let him occupy it any longer. The Lord helped in a marked manner, and the church secured another place of worship, where meetings are held at present.

In Moravia the Lord is especially blessing among the Poles, who are coming into the truth more rapidly than our union can properly take care of them.

In Austria one can find many people who cannot read or write. Thus the work is hampered in this direction.

PHOTO-Our first church building in St. Petersburg

The South German, Wurtemberg, and Swiss Conferences have enjoyed their freedom, that is to say, toleration. Our canvassers, especially in Austria, had to pass through severe trials; in a number of instances, they were imprisoned, and all their books taken; but as soon as released, they went forward to canvass with even greater courage. In Switzerland, we have no freedom in canvassing. A foreigner cannot sell books outright, he can only take orders, and his yearly permit costs him $30. The total number of canvassers in the Central European is 114; their total sales, $40,391.30.

Our workers though are of good courage, and, with a greater determination than ever, we set our hands and hearts to work for the Master, and pray the dear Lord to fully endue us with his Holy Spirit, to quickly finish his work. Pray for this new union, its work, and its workers. O. E. REINKE.

REPORT OF THE DANUBE UNION CONFERENCE

A. G. Daniells: We now call for the report of the newest union conference, whose territory is along the Danube. We will hear from Elder J. F. Huenergardt, president of this new union.

J. H. Huenergardt (reading):—

The Danube Union Conference was organized during the summer of 1912, in Budapest, Hungary, the organization going into effect Jan. 1, 1913. Up to this time it had been a part of the East German Union Conference. After the first quarter of our existence, the result of our labors were as follows:—

Membership and Languages

Net gain of membership during the first month, about seventy. The tithe, even considering the war in the Balkans, which greatly paralyzed all business enterprises in our entire field, reached a much higher average per capita than last year.

In our field there are eleven different languages spoken,—the Hungarian, German, Rumanian, Servian, Croatian, Italian, Slavonian, Ruthenian, Wend, and Russian. Our workers are able to speak in all these languages except the Ruthenian and Russian. The number of our regular workers at present is fifty-five. We also have about sixty colporteurs, who are distributing the printed page in all the languages spoken in our territory.

Progress

Most of our work has been done in Hungary proper. We now have 81 churches and companies in the union, with a membership of 1,680. In spite of religious persecution in Rumania, the work has grown most encouragingly. In October, of last year we appointed a general meeting for the Rumanian mission field, in the city of Ploesti. In connection with our regular meeting, for the first time in our work, we arranged for several public evening lectures in a large hall. The mayor of the city was willing to give us permission, but informed us that he would first be obliged to counsel with the priests of that city. They met to discuss the question. When the priests saw that the mayor was favoring us, they at once gathered their forces to hinder the meeting. They declared that the people opposed our gathering, and feared a riot, and, therefore, would counsel us to discontinue our plans. We, however, insisted on our rights, which were insured us by the law.

On the evening, just before the public meeting, a mob of several hundred assembled, armed with clubs and led by a number of priests. They passed up and down the streets, and surrounded the building where the meeting was to take place. When the people arrived, some of the priests took their position at the entrance, and dared the people to enter, telling them to go home at once. A priest even went so far as to smite a lady in the face, because she insisted upon the right to enter the hall. The day following, on Sabbath morning, our brethren assembled quietly in their own meeting place. After the meeting, toward noon, a crowd of about one hundred, led by some of the janitors of the Greek Oriental church, attacked us when we left the place. In the rush that followed, about five of our brethren were beaten with clubs, and even wounded. This experience, however, only served to further the cause in that country. The leading people took our side, and many fair minds had an opportunity to study our work, and the truths we proclaim.

A short time after this occurred, we began a public meeting in a new hall of that city. On one occasion, several weeks ago, one of the leading priests in the former riot, again came in our meeting, and denounced the Word of God. His own people led him out with the apology that we should not be angry, as the priest had probably been drinking a little too much, and therefore did not know what he was about. We now have two Rumanian churches in Bucharest, and also a German company; in all, about two hundred members.

Servia and Bulgaria

Last month, I had the privilege of visiting Servia and Bulgaria. In Belgrade, the capital city of Servia, where they have had much difficulty in the past in holding our gatherings, we now, since the war, enjoy perfect religious liberty. The few colporteurs we have there are selling thousands of pages of our literature from town to town. The people greatly appreciate the truth. In Bulgaria, the government not only grant to our native workers the permission to canvass, but our foreign workers also, for a small sum of money, secure permits for canvassing the whole country. We have met with opposition from the authorities in some localities in Bulgaria, but in such cases when we reported the facts to the government in Sofia, the capital, we at once received full permission to continue our work. There are now many open doors in these countries of the Balkans, which should at once be taken advantage of. Especially is this the case among the Mohammedan element.

PHOTO-A PRISON IN ST. PETERSBURG

Balkan War Experiences

Many instances could be related showing the protecting care of the Lord over his people during the present bloody war in the Balkan country, and especially over our brethren who were called to the front. In Bulgaria, about nine of our brethren were called to do military service. I had the privilege of meeting them in Ruschuk before they were sent to the frontier. Since then, the principal battles of the Balkan war have taken place. During my last visit to that country, in April, I inquired about the brethren who had entered the army, and found that the lives of all had been spared. Only one of them was wounded in the siege of Kir-Kilissa.

I met this wounded brother in a hospital in Sofia, and found him almost recovered. He was very thankful that his life has been spared, and told me that when he fully regains his health, he expects to devote his whole time to canvassing among his people. These brethren serving in the army were always fortunate enough to be engaged in work where they were not obliged to enter the firing line.

One of our Bible workers, a young man of twenty-one years, who was called to the army, afterwards wrote that he on several occasions had opportunity to hold Bible readings before his officers and his company of over six hundred men. He talked about the subject of Turkey in prophecy, showing that the time is here when the Turk must leave Europe. This question interested the officers, and they favored our brethren in many ways. So we see the prophecy is not only a light to our feet in these last days, but it also tends to favor and protect the people of God in the many dangers approaching. Josephus relates that during the conquests of Alexander the Great, when he was preparing to besiege Jerusalem, the high priest came out before him with his escorts, and showed him the prophecy in Daniel which named him as conqueror of the world. This caused Alexander the Great to let them depart to their city in peace.

In conclusion, we would like to say that this war has opened many doors in the Balkans, and we pray the Lord of the harvest to move the hearts of his people, and give them eyes of understanding, that they may detect and improve all the opportunities that present themselves. Our workers are all of good cheer, and, together with all the brethren of our Danube Union, ask God’s people in this assembly to remember them in their prayers.

J. F. HUENERGARDT, President.

RUSSIAN UNION CONFERENCE

A. G. Daniells: Now we are to hear from Elder J. T. Boettcher, of Russia.

J. T. Boettcher (reading):—

This union has sixty-two governments, or states, as we would call them, each having its own governor. Some of these governments have more than three and one-half million people. It would not be saying too much, were we to say that we should have a conference in each one of these states; but as it is at present, we only have twelve organized fields—five conferences, six mission fields, and one union district. The population of the Russian Union is one hundred sixteen million. Each organization would thus have nine and one-half million people. Among these millions there are a great many different languages spoken, because Russia is a mixture of the Orient and the Occident. Their conquests at various times have caused this confusion of tongues. It would be still harder to work this territory if it were not united under one empire. As it is now, we can travel from end of the country to the other, without having to pass custom boundaries.

Finances

Up to Dec. 31, 1910, we were united with the Siberian Union Mission, and numbered at that time, in all Russia, 3,952 members. After Siberia was cut off, we had 3,094 members left. It had always been said that it would be hard to work up the finances, because the people were so very poor that they could not even pay tithe, not to mention offerings. At the close of 1908, we had 19,216.83 rubles tithe; in 1909 it rose to 25,758.34 rubles or a gain of 6,541.51 rubles. The offerings increased in like manner. In order to get a true picture of the work, I will give you some statistics regarding gains during the quadrennial period ending Dec. 31, 1912:—

The Russian Union has gained 1,091 in membership. Of these, 725 were by baptism, 138 by vote. The tithe gain is 95,940.52 rubles (nearly $48,000); weekly offerings, 2,855.53 rubles gain; annual offerings, 10,241.87 rubles; Sabbath-school offerings, 9,005.29 rubles. Our ministerial force has increased by 6; and we now have 33 more workers of all classes than we had four years ago.

On an average it cost 110.20 rubles during this period of four years for each member gained.

The gifts per member during the past four years amounted to 10.07 rubles, whereas in the previous quadrennial session, they only amounted to 5.19, or a gain of 4.88 rubles.

Progress

It will be noticed that our gifts have not increased in proportion to the membership. This is because we are not permitted to take up collections nor speak about offerings of any description. We can only say, “Praise the Lord, O my soul,” when we see that under the most stringent laws, God has given us 2,741 converts, since 1909.

Interesting Experiences

Some of the workers have been in prison more or less during the past three years.

We have not had a general meeting with the workers for a long time, because the laws do not favor such gatherings. In some places we have called the laborers and the church officers together, and instructed them in their respective duties. We can see how God is working in our behalf.

Our publishing house has been closed by the authorities, on the ground that our former society did not have its rights from the minister of the interior. For the time we were much perplexed what to do. We did not believe that the Lord would allow this branch of his work to stop, so our people fasted and prayed, asking God to show us the way out. Finally we saw a solution to this problem by opening up a book store under a new name. This worked very well for about a year. This winter it was again closed, and at the present time we are awaiting the decision of the governor.

The truth has even reached the emperor’s house. A wealthy and influential lady accepted the truth last fall, and the Lord put it into her heart to send the book, “Christ’s Object Lessons,” in English to her majesty, the empress. We bound it in white morocco, with the presentation text printed in silver letters. It was on the occasion of the recovery of the crown prince from a serious illness.

It was necessary to go through considerable form and ceremony to present the book. It had to be accompanied by a long telegram, explaining all about it. After weeks had passed, our sister was visited by an officer, making inquiry as to the reason of her presenting the book to the empress, and asking if she desired any special favors. She was not at home at the time, but her son, also an influential government architect—not an Adventist—replied that she did not want any favors and did not need any, and this report went back to the empress’s house. After a short time, a special note was received from the court, acknowledging the receipt of the book, and stating that the empress herself was reading it.

Russian Official Report on Adventism

The government in 1910 sent a special man around to our meetings, with the object of studying our methods of work, and the organization of the General Conference in all its details, down to the church offices. After a time, the government published a book on Seventh-day Adventists and their work, and sent a copy to all the leading men in Russia. Whereas a few years ago we were practically unknown, we are now spoken of in all official circles. This book is a splendid recommendation to the cause of God. Those who have read it can hardly find a sentence in it against us. It might really be termed an “Official History of Seventh-day Adventists.” Since that time, other books have been written, and the first one has been referred to as a standard.

Recently a deputation of our brethren met the minister of the interior, because in many places our people have been persecuted. We were received very kindly, and were asked what our complaints were. The official promised to look into the affair, and to see if our cause was a just one. Two days later we sent another deputation to the superintendent of the department of religious affairs for the sects in Russia. The director of the department heard us for one hour and a half, asking many questions with reference to our belief.

We were very glad to have Elder Daniells visit the Russian Union. It was a great treat to our people; for they had never seen one of the leading men from the States.

The prospects of Russia are not very bright, if we look at it from a human standpoint; for everything is against us. We are not doing this work, however, and all are aware that God is at the head of it.

Our brethren send most hearty greetings to the General Conference in session, praying that God may be with you in all the deliberations.

J. T. BOETTCHER, President.

During his report, Brother Boettcher said: “I might say here that we are not allowed in Russia to baptize young people under twenty-one years of age. One of the last baptisms that I had was a young lady who came to me and said: “Now, Brother Boettcher, you have put me off a whole year for baptism, and I must be baptized. I cannot wait any longer.”

“But,” said I, “I am not allowed to do it.”

“Well,” was her reply, “if you do not baptize me, I will baptize myself. I will go into the same water where you baptize, and baptize myself.”

What would you do under such circumstances? Well, we found a way whereby we could even baptize such people, and I will tell you how we did it. In Russia everything must be testified to by witnesses, according to the law. So we take such persons alone, where there is only God as a witness. There is no one present except the candidate and the one who administers the rite. We baptize them alone. Then we are sure that God will protect us. If the person should apostatize, and inform the authorities, we would ask him to prove his case, and of course he would be unable to do it, as there was no witness.

Concerning the book published by the Russian Government, Brother Boettcher said:—

I have a typewritten copy of this book in my possession. I had it translated into the German, and have it with me. It is one of the finest documents that ever was published on the work of Seventh-day Adventists by an outsider. It gives our history from the very beginning of the message to the year 1910. It tells when the work began in America, Switzerland, Scandinavia, Russia, France, etc., and throughout the entire world. I will read a few statements from it:—

“The Seventh-day Adventists’ doctrine is very rational. Adventists do not believe in traditions, nor the sacraments of the church, nor the church hierarchy. They throw away fasting and the monastic life and all church ceremonies. They do not worship the mother Mary. They do not believe in the immortality of the soul, nor the conscious state of the dead, nor do they worship the saints; nor do they honor the cross or the relics of the saints; nor do they pray to the dead. According to the doctrine of the Seventh-day Adventists, the Old and New Testaments are the only fountain of knowledge. It is the doctrine for the rule of life. According to the doctrine of Seventh-day Adventists, the redemption of Christ has redeemed the world. Christ is the only mediator between God and man. He has redeemed the world by his blood; and in order to be redeemed, it is necessary to repent, to believe on Christ, and be regenerated. Then it is necessary to show forth fruits of righteousness. The faith must be a living faith, through obedience, and the keeping of the commandments of God. The regeneration takes place through the Holy Spirit. This is done by a change of the old man, the person becoming a new one. The regenerated man will become a new creature, and keep the law of God, which is a light unto his feet. Only in this case is a person cleansed from his sin.”

They give other phases of our belief, the prophecies as we believe them in the book of Daniel. They devote several short paragraphs to our church organization, the officers, etc.

What we could not do to bring the truth to this people, the priests, and the editors, God has done in his own way. There is hardly a sentence in the whole book that misrepresents us.

Question: How did the authorities get this information?

J. T. Boettcher: They got this information from our Year Book. The government statistical man who followed us around speaks eight different languages. He had long interviews with me, although I did not know at the time what he was after. I was afraid of him. One day he came with a whole stack of manuscript and read it to me, and had me correct it. He did not tell me what he wanted this information for, but we were surprised to find it in this book, which came out a little later. We can call this a standard document.

E. W. Farnsworth: Did you know at the time that he was a government spy?

J. T. Boettcher: I knew he was a government official, but I did not know his purpose.

Question: What was the purpose of this book?

J. T. Boettcher: It was to show up what Seventh-day Adventists are; to put them in their true light; to present these facts for the information of all priests and editors.

A. G. Daniells: I am sure this report of Brother Boettcher’s has been very interesting to you all; but from a trip I made through Russia I can say that the relation of it here does not compare with the vividness of the thing right on the ground. Brother Boettcher has not overdone the matter at all in his report.

Here Conference adjourned.

A. G. DANIELLS, Chairman,
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

Departmental Meetings

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

RELIGIOUS LIBERTY

First Meeting

The first meetings of the Religious Liberty Department was held in the Religious Liberty tent, on Flower Avenue, Friday afternoon, May 16, at 4:30.

W. W. Prescott, secretary of the department, occupied the chair.

Opposition to the principles and work of the National Reform Association Federal Council of Churches, and the coming World’s Christian Citizenship Conference, to be held in Portland, Ore., June 29 to July 6, characterized the speeches and discussion. K. C. Russell, of Chicago, former secretary of the department, and W. F. Martin, of College Place, Wash., were the principal speakers.

Concerning the work and principles of the Christian Citizenship Conference, Brother Russell said:—

“The terms ‘Christian citizenship’ and ‘civil righteousness’ are comparatively modern terms that the promoters of the National Reform and other affiliated movements are employing to give great currency to their so-called reformatory activities.

“It is significant to observe that the more unchristian a movement is in these times, the more men seek to label it Christian.

“That which is Christian, and Christian indeed, does not require labeling, for it is proof in itself that it is genuine in character. The true Christian citizen is one who manifests in his character those noble and elevating Christian virtues which are seen in his relations with his fellow men. The idea of genuine Christian citizenship was clearly expressed by Justice Welch in his opinion in the Supreme Court of Ohio concerning the question of religious instruction in the public schools, as follows: ‘Is not the very fact that those laws (laws made by a Christian people) do not attempt to enforce Christianity, or to place

it upon exceptional or vantage ground, itself a strong evidence that they are the laws of a Christian people? It is strong evidence that their religion is indeed a religion “without partiality,” and therefore a religion “without hypocrisy.” The true Christian asks no aid from the sword of civil authority. It began without the sword, and wherever it has taken the sword it has perished by the sword. To depend on civil authority for its enforcement is to acknowledge its own weakness, which it can never afford to do. Its weapons are moral and spiritual, not carnal. Armed with these, and these alone, it is not afraid nor ashamed, and the very reason why it is not so afraid or ashamed is that it is not the power of man but the power of God, on which it depends.’ From these statements it is very plain that true Christian citizenship is seen in the fact that it does not attempt to enforce Christianity or seek in any way to take advantage in matters of religion. This idea, however, is contrary to the ideas of those who constitute what is denominated as the Christian Citizenship Movement..

Second Meeting

The second meeting of the Religious Liberty Association was held Sunday afternoon. The subject under consideration was: “Religious Liberty Institutes and Campaigns: Their Importance, and the Best Methods of Conducting Them.”

The speakers leading out in the meeting were: J. O. Corliss, of California; W. F. Martin, religious liberty secretary of the North Pacific Union Conference; and H. A. Weaver, religious liberty secretary of the Ohio Conference. J. O. Corliss and W. F. Martin discussed principally the matter of conducting campaigns in opposition to Sunday legislation. The mass-meeting feature was strongly recommended, and extensive advertising of the meetings was urged.

H. A. Weaver spoke on the subject of institutes among our own people in our own churches, and urged that a larger, clearer view be taken of the importance of the Religious Liberty Department as a vital element in our organized work. He recommended that the secretaries of the association henceforth be more active in conducting institutes in churches.

In the discussion which followed, participated in by J. E. Jayne, W. A. Colcord, K. C. Russell, A. J. Clark, A. J. S. Bourdeau, F. H. Robbins, H. W. Cottrell, H. C. Clemen, and others, the united sentiment was that hereafter union and local conference religious liberty secretaries ought to spend all their time in the work of organizing and pushing the interests of this department.

SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT

Second Meeting

The Sabbath-school workers enjoyed a treat in hearing Elder Wm. Covert, a veteran Sabbath-school worker, reminiscently describe how we used to study the Sabbath-school lesson. No regular lessons were prepared in those early days, each teacher providing his own. The class of which Elder Covert was teacher studied verse by verse the books of Daniel and the Revelation. His sense of responsibility was so great that many times after working hard on the farm all day, he studied until midnight, to make sure that he had his lesson sufficiently well to teach it.

“Faithful Study of the Sabbath-school Lessons—The Need—How to Secure It,” was the special topic for the day. Prof. M. E. Olsen, of Takoma Park, read a valuable paper setting forth the importance of this topic in an especially helpful way. He stated that the Sabbath-school is the one universal educational institution of this denomination. Its teachers outnumber ten to one those in our church-schools, academies, and colleges. The Sabbath-school lesson, moreover, represents the only systematic study of God’s Word in which our people everywhere can and do have a part.

The speaker gave a number of suggestions to teachers concerning the assignment of special subjects to pupils, to encourage greater lesson study and research of the Bible. The suggestions were practical and greatly appreciated by all present. In closing he said, “We must take for one of our mottoes, ‘The Sabbath-school lesson seven days in the week,’ and then lend our energies to its accomplishment.”

Mrs. H. F. Taylor, of Utica, N. Y., emphasized the thought that a hurried study of the lesson leaves so faint an impression on the mind that it soon fades away. To parents comes the call, “Parents, set apart a little time each day for the study of the Sabbath-school lesson with your children.”

Mrs. R. G. Stringer, of Florida, made a very striking comparison between the nurseryman caring for the orange orchard and the Sabbath-school teacher caring for the tender plants assigned to her in the vineyard of the Lord.

Mrs. E. C. Boger, of British Guiana, had found it helpful to allow the pupils to teach occasionally, with the teacher sitting in the class.

W. A. Sweany of the Bahama Islands, urged that the Sabbath-school lesson be studied for twenty minutes or half an hour each day.

Third Meeting

“Some Do’s and Don’t’s” was the topic of a spicy paper read by Dr. G. H. Heald. A few of the suggestions to superintendents were:—

Plan ahead; be always cheerful and hopeful; be more ready to praise than censure; don’t depend upon machinery; don’t get into a rut.

Teachers were admonished thus:—

Take your commission from God; be an example of what you wish your pupils to be; study the members of your class, as well as the lessons; carry cheer into the class; don’t let any ordinary excuse keep you away from your place Sabbath morning; don’t fail to follow up the indifferent, the absent, and the troublesome members; don’t think you know all there is to be learned about the lesson, or the art of teaching.

Topic: “Plans for Increasing the Interest in Lesson Study.” Miss Edith Graham, of New Zealand, spoke of her experience in studying the lesson until she could recite it without reference to the Quarterly or the Bible. Others were influenced to do this, with most excellent results. She found that even new Sabbath-keepers were able to do this after a few months effort. The more the lesson is studied, the greater the interest in it.

Mrs. R. D. Quinn, of New York City, spoke of the necessity of choosing teachers for the children with great discretion. The memory verse cards are proving a blessing in increasing the interest of the children in memorizing verses. She said: “At the close of the quarter we write questions on slips of paper, fold them neatly, and each child draws one and proceeds to answer it. They enjoy this very much.”

Mrs. Mettie Lenker, of Tennessee, had noticed in teaching in day-schools that the subjects she liked best to teach were most enjoyed by her pupils, while the interest in subjects that were not her favorites, was not so good. The application to Sabbath-school teaching was very apparent.

Question Box

“What are the advantages gained in electing Sabbath-school officers for one year instead of six months?”

Mrs. L. F. Plummer: I will tell you some of the disadvantages of electing them for six months. Very much of the work of the conference Sabbath-school secretary is done by correspondence. In pushing new plans, there is only about time to write a couple of letters and get tardy responses before the term of office expires and the local officers are changed. Then the work with that school must begin over again. We should train workers, but we cannot give them a training of value in six months, and much better results would be obtained if changes were not so frequently made.

THE EVENING SERVICE

Tuesday, May 20

The hour this evening was occupied by Elder Evans, who gave an interesting description of China and our work in that republic. He first presented a series of slides showing Chinese life, manners, and conditions, both public and private; and then by means of another well-chosen series he set before the congregation our work in all the seven provinces into which our mission workers have penetrated. Each slide was briefly but well explained by Elder Evans, who displayed careful and detailed knowledge of the field and all of our mission interests. The lesson of the hour was both inspiring and instructive, and the impression that God is doing a great work in that field was made on the minds of all present.

According to appointment, the early morning devotional services were held in various portions of the camp. The leaders in the large pavilion, Elders Quinn, Burg, Christiansen, McCord, and Starr, report an attendance of six or seven hundred in their section, and a profitable season of seeking God.

The 8:30 A. M. Bible Study Hour was occupied Tuesday, May 20, by Elder Allum, of China. The tent was filled, and those who came rejoiced in the tidings given of progress in the Far East. A stenographic report of Brother Allum’s talk is already in type, and will appear in a later issue.

The reports of the Publishing, Religious Liberty, and Educational Departments, which have been held over from former sessions for lack of space, appear in this issue, on pages 73-80. These are replete with facts regarding progress during the past few years, and will be read with more than ordinary interest.

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