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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 7

May 25, 1913 - NO. 8

TAKOMA PARK STATION, WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY, MAY 25, 1913

Published by
The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
DAILY EXCEPT SATURDAY
50 CENTS FOR THE SESSION, MAY 16 TO JUNE 9, 1913

Editorial committee: W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson. Office editors: C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler. Copy editor: Mrs. C. M. Snow.

Application made for entry as second-class matter at the post-office at Washington, D. C., under the act of Congress of March 3, 1879.

DAILY PROGRAM (Except Sabbath)

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

A. M.
Devotional Meetings (in
sections)6:00—6:45
Breakfast7:00
Bible Study8:30—9:30
Conference10:00—12:00
P. M.
Dinner12:15
Conference2:30—4:00
Departmental Meetings
(in sections)
Missionary Talks and Other
Services (in big tent).4:30—5:30
Lunch6:00
Public Service7:30—9:00

Bible Study Hour - THE BIBLE IN ALL LANDS

JOHN FOX

May 23, 8:30 A. M.

[It was by invitation that Dr. Fox, secretary of the American Bible Society, addressed the Conference on the work of the Bible Society.]

I am very happy, indeed, to be here. I have just come over from Atlanta, where three Presbyterian general assemblies are in session. I am connected with one of them, but I come here not as a Presbyterian, but as a Christian, to meet with you, whom we recognize in the Bible house in New York as a part of our constituency, and to whom it is a great privilege for me to speak. It is an inspiration to me to speak to you, and if I can bring you any added inspiration, it will be a very great satisfaction to me.

I always like to have a text. This is a very familiar one: “And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understandest thou what thou readest?” readest?” Acts 8:30. You know it was in the providence of God that the Ethiopian eunuch should meet with Philip the evangelist, and learn to understand the Scriptures. What book was the Ethiopian eunuch reading?—Isaiah, the prophet. Now, this man might have had the whole of the Old Testament, but it is quite likely he had only the roll of parchment containing Isaiah’s writings.

In what language was he reading? I do not think that I ever was introduced to so many people from different lands all at once as I have been during the last five minutes, and I confess that it is a great delight to me. I have a child’s love for people who come from far off, who speak a language different from our own. Our English language is a delight, but I wish I could speak Zulu. Now, this man was in North Africa. What was his language? It is altogether likely that he spoke Greek, and that the Bible he was reading was Greek. You know that 250 years before Christ came into the world, God sent his angel, or his Spirit, in some way, to insure that his Book, the Old Testament, as it was called, that had always existed in Hebrew, should be translated into Greek, and when I talk about the Bible Society I always like to have that for a baseline. The translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek was one of the great events in the history of the human race, and yet how few people realize that! We do not know just how it happened, but it is probable that the old tradition is true, that Alexander the Great, when he made the great library at Alexandria, wanted to have a copy of the Jewish sacred books, and asked their rabbis to procure him one, and that they translated a copy for that purpose into the Greek. So, if you choose to believe the tradition, by a stretch of fancy you might say that Alexander the Great was the first promoter of the Bible Society.

PHOTO-The Foreign Mission Seminar, Washington, Takoma Park, D. C.

But my business here is to touch upon how the Bible is being translated from Hebrew into Greek, from Hebrew into English, and from Greek into French, German, Spanish, and Zulu, and all those wonderful languages, some of which we hardly know the names of. There are the versions for the Indians in South America, for example. Our society has issued the gospel in the Arawak. From my experience since coming here, I would not be surprised to find as many languages represented as there are people here.

E. C. Boger: Dr. Fox, I am from a field which includes work in the Arawak.

Dr. Fox: “According to your faith, be it unto you.” Does anybody here speak Mosquito? I have no doubt you have heard mosquitoes sing, but there is a Mosquito Bible. [After the talk Dr. Fox met Elder H. C. Goodrich, who has Mosquito Indian brethren in his field.] Now, I am not going on. Why, I could spend the whole time just reading names of the languages all over the world; and is it not wonderful to see how God uses the diversities of tongues as an inestimable blessing to his church? It is a victory for Christ.

Some one has said that the Bible Society is intended to “cancel the curse of Babel and prolong the blessing of Pentecost,” and I would not wish a more admirable definition of what its aim is.

But let me speak of Africa. One of the most noted of the scholars connected with the Bible house in London estimated eight hundred different languages in Africa. Of course that includes dialects.

The Ethiopian eunuch, we may suppose, spoke Greek; certainly, he read Greek; maybe he was a bilingual, who read one language and spoke another, as our Saviour himself, very likely, and certainly as his apostles undoubtedly did. They spoke Aramaic, which was the common language, and they probably spoke and certainly read Greek, which was the lingua franca, sustaining the same relation to the peoples that lived about the Mediterranean Sea that French has done in Europe, and as English is

getting to do in the world generally, in place of French. The Japanese are not content unless they know it, and even the Chinese are beginning to learn it. I was at a Shanghai missionary congress six years ago, and one of the things that struck me most was this, that there was a request from the missionary women that the Bible Society would furnish more Bibles in the English alphabet [spelling the sounds of Chinese words], because they thought the women of China, most of whom can not read the Chinese characters, would more readily learn to read in our English alphabet.

There are many nations that not only had no literature, but they had no alphabet, and the missionaries have constructed one, or else they have taught the English alphabet. I know I could call upon your friends here from Zulu-land to tell you about the Zulu language that is written in the English alphabet. One of the main things I had to do just before leaving New York was to look over the proof of the new Zulu Revised Bible. Just think what that means!—a nation that had no alphabet, no literature, and not many of what we call civilized customs, either. And they did not have words for what we esteem almost essential. For instance, certain articles of clothing were not very abundant. The Zulu maidens do not have as many changes of apparel as some of the ladies described in the Old Testament. And when they came to the translation, for example, of the wardrobe of Aaron and his sons, the linen breeches, there was no synonym in Zulu for that, and they had to make one. That illustrates the difficulty of translation. Of course it did not make much difference in that particular case, but the same poverty of word and thought exists as to the things that it does make a difference about. How are you going to teach a Zulu, until he has learned the gospel, what justification, as distinguished from sanctification, is? You can see that these simple things illustrate greater ones.

You are a people—I know you are, for I see it in your faces—who believe in the Bible to the world. You have your advanced line all over the earth. I am a member, in fact one of the oldest members, of our Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions, and I shall tell them that they must look to their laurels. Here are two or three thousand people interested in Africa, interested in Asia, and the isles of the sea, and especially interested in the translation, the circulation, and the distribution of the Scriptures everywhere.

[Many voices: Amen, Amen!]

Now, in order to do this work, one must be interested in it; and with you are all the Presbyterians, and the Methodists, and the Episcopalians, and all the rest, or most of them. I am speaking of denominations. I am speaking of all the believers, the saints called in Christ Jesus. They must be interested in it, although there are some who are not.

We have had the rare honor as a society, along with our British friends, of having been twice officially cursed by the Pope. But we pray that God may turn his curse into a blessing. There are, however, countries where the Roman Catholic Church appears to have learned the value of Bible translation and Bible circulation. That is not the rule, however.

I had this pleasant experience some time ago: The manuscript of an article intended for publication in the Roman Catholic Encyclopedia, which treats of all religious matters, and is a very learned publication, was submitted to me at our Bible Society office for correction. It was an article on Bible societies. I felt highly honored at being considered a more infallible authority than the Pope himself, but they gave me to understand that they did not want me to revise and Protestantize the article, but to see that no mistakes were made in reference to the statement concerning our Bible Society. The article was published, and in it was the statement concerning the anathema of the Pope pronounced upon us. Now I regard that article as a sign that God is opening blind eyes all over the world.

Now we must remember that the Bible Society is a Protestant institution. It is the corollary of the Protestant Reformation, and is distinctly Protestant in its methods. Our work must depend upon Protestant support. I come here today not only because I am a Christian, but because I am a Protestant Christian, and we need all Protestants who are truly one with us in Christ Jesus to cooperate with us in this work. I am here to appeal to you as followers of Christ, and children of those men of old who broke loose from the tyranny of “no Bible for the people.” We are meeting before God and angels to prosecute this great propaganda of circulating the truth of God, and to see that this great enterprise is adequately financed, adequately prayed for, until every child of Adam that can read or can be taught to read, shall have a copy of the Scriptures in his possession. That is our platform. We are elected of God on that platform, and we do not propose to repudiate its pledges [amens]. Now that involves more than “amen.” It involves sacrifice and self-denial. It involves cash. It involves that we recognize that this is not a missionary luxury, but it is something that is obligatory on us to prosecute. It is part of the missionary curriculum we have been studying.

The Bible Society managers sometimes feel that the people forget the necessities of the institution they have themselves constructed for the purpose of doing this work, and consequently the societies are hampered. I am ashamed to say that this is so with our American societies. However, there has been much more help rendered lately by our American people, and now the British Bible Societies are coming to look on us and our work very differently from what they used to. They regard us as coming to the front in this missionary work. The British Bible Society is doing a great work in the circulation of the Bible. We have no envy toward them for the work they are doing, and we would be glad if they had the honor of doing it all, but we want to do our share.

Now here is a thing I am ashamed to tell, but it is a fact. We have had to refuse, for reasons of financial prudence, any larger appropriations to China. God has opened China, as Robert Morrison and his prophetic-souled colleagues never dared to believe it could be. And we have not yet collected the money we need to Bibleize China. That is an ambition in itself that might fill the mind of a statesman, or any other large-souled man. Just make you own calculations. There are 400,000,000 people in China. If you give a book worth four cents to every one of them, that is a book bill of $16,000,000. Of course a great many of them are children and many are illiterate; but the children are going to learn to read. The women are going to learn to read.

Heathen eyes are this moment turning toward the light. O, in how many a home, how many a heart, the first dawning of the Sun of Righteousness is now rising in China! I saw some things there that moved me greatly.

The boats on the rivers near Canton are large enough to contain the family, and they are run by women. The husband may be working at his trade and the women manage their boat. I shall never forget one Chinese boatwoman whom I saw. She stood on the edge of the boat, with an oar like an old raft oar. There was no binding of her feet, or arms, or person. Wearing her Chinese women’s trousers, and with her little baby strapped on her back, and a little girl sitting on a very narrow place right by her, that woman was rowing the boat in and out among the river craft, steering it in the swirling currents at the mouth of that great river.

How can any one look upon such a spectacle and not ache to speak Chinese, and tell her about Christ, the Redeemer of her body as well as of her soul? I asked the missionary to let me talk to her, through him, and he did. I said, “Tell me the names of your children.” She said the oldest girl, about twelve, was named Flowery Princess, and the second girl was named Little Heifer, and the third—they had run out of names—was simply Number Three. How can anybody look on such a scene and not long to give them the blessed gospel of Christ! There were thousands of interesting cases like this.

Floating in the river hard by was a little girl ten or twelve years of age; a dead, drowned child. No one paid any more attention to that child than if it had been a dog or a log. That is another side of Chinese life. We may look upon them sometimes as having a strange callousness. But they need the whole Bible. O, how it vexes me to hear people say, “They do not need all the Bible”! Why not? Was all the Bible made for proud, boastful Anglo-Saxons only?

One of our colporteurs told me of a Chinaman who was convicted by reading the genealogies. “Why,” he said, “a man that has such a pedigree as that must have been a great man.” And you can easily see, if you stay in China a few weeks, how true that is. They do not despise their ancestors. “Honor thy father and thy mother” is a commandment that hardly needs to be taught in China. It is much more needful to teach it here than it is in China. We must have the whole Bible there, and we must have it adequately translated. It must not be an apprentice attempt, it must be the finished product of the best Chinese scholars. I suppose that it will finally have to be made by Chinese people themselves. [The speaker told of the various languages and dialects to be dealt with in China.]

I would like you to know how cheap we make Bibles. A single small book

costs one cash, that is, one seventeenth of a cent. I am almost afraid to say that, because Satan is so cunning that he might make Christian people feel that that was a measure of benevolence; but I think the penny is as low as we ought to go, and perhaps it will work in the reverse way, that if we can make Bibles so cheap, we ought to have the funds to make a great many of them. The single books of the Bible are the larger part of the circulation there. I am not here to lecture on translation, except to show that to do the work we must have time and money. We must put down our best translators, and keep them at it until it is done. We must be patient, until all the tribes of the earth, every nation, kindred, tongue, and people, are reached with the divine oracles. May God bless you, dear brethren, and fill your hearts with a wise and understanding spirit, that you may have the manifest tokens of the Spirit of God in your own affairs and in the affairs in which you measure with the universal church of believers.

[At the close of this address an offering was taken for the Bible Society amounting to $132, and a vote of $500 from general funds was made, the Conference desiring to share more largely in the work which is carrying the light of God’s Word into every dark land. Dr. Fox expressed deepest appreciation. He said it was an unusual, in fact, a new experience to him, and that this action by the Conference would be appreciated at the Bible Society headquarters in New York.]

Conference Proceedings. FIFTEENTH MEETING

I. H. EVANS

May 23, 10 A. M.

I. H. EVANS in the chair.

Prayer by Elder George I. Butler.

Among the delegates answering for the first time to the roll-call, we were glad to greet Elder Geo. I. Butler.

The chairman called for reports from committees. The committee on plans presented the following further partial report, through Brother Dail, its secretary:—

Report of Committee on Plans

5. For manifold mercies and blessings that have preserved this great threefold message in its integrity, and maintained unity among its adherents; for the wonderful prosperity that has attended the advent movement as revealed in its rapidly growing membership, and its increasingly liberal financial support; for its remarkable development and extension into new fields; for liberty of conscience still vouchsafed; for the new life and energy taking possession of the believers,—for these and all other blessings and favors bestowed by a compassionate and merciful Heavenly Father, we render sincere praise and heartfelt thanksgiving.

6. Whereas, The efforts of the past four years in supplying needy fields with trained leaders in the colporteur work have proved so eminently helpful and satisfactory; therefore,—

Resolved, That this policy be continued until every important field is supplied with qualified leaders.

7. Whereas, The life of the church depends largely upon the missionary activities of its members; and,—

Whereas, Such activity can be greatly stimulated and aided by live and well-instructed church tract society officers; therefore,—

Resolved, That advanced steps be taken by officers of each conference and mission field in the thorough training of librarians and missionary leaders for their duties, by—

(a) Personal and private instruction in the home and local churches.

(b) Gathering these officers together from a group of churches and conducting institutes with them.

(c) Bringing them together at general meetings for instruction and counsel.

The adoption of the report was moved and seconded, and it was then left over to be voted upon after it appears in the Bulletin.

CANADIAN UNION CONFERENCE QUADRENNIAL REPORT

I. H. Evans: It has been arranged this morning for the unions in the United States and Canada to finish their reports. We will now call upon Brother M. N. Campbell, of the Canadian Union Conference.

M. N. Campbell (reading):—

It is with pleasure that I submit to this body of delegates the third quadrennial report of the Canadian Union Conference. This organization includes within its territory the eastern half of the Dominion of Canada, and consists of the Ontario, Quebec, and Maritime Conferences, and the Newfoundland Mission Field, embracing a population of 5,000,000. For convenience I will present the work of the union under the various department headings, considering first—

The Evangelical Department

The evangelical work of the Canadian Union Conference is carried forward by 16 ordained and 8 licensed ministers, besides 18 workers holding missionary credentials.

The work which for years has moved along so slowly is gathering momentum, and the seed-sowing of former years is now bearing fruit. During the last twelve months alone 5 new churches have been organized, and the membership of one old church raised from 18 to nearly one hundred members, thus adding 150 to our membership alone, aside from all other work.

The introduction of the third angel’s message has met with determined opposition from pulpit and pew, being looked upon as an unwelcome innovation. However, our literature has been faithfully distributed for the last twenty years, and during the same period the living preacher has proclaimed the message by word of mouth, and now the flinty rock of conservatism is breaking down under the heavy blows of the hammer of truth. The heaviest ingatherings are still before us in Canada, and the time has evidently arrived when the reapers may look for large returns from their labors, for the harvest is fully ripe.

The most serious problem confronting the union at the present time is the evangelization of the great French-speaking population of the Province of Quebec. That province, except for a narrow fringe of territory along the border of Vermont, New Hampshire, and New York, is solidly French Catholic. No Catholic nation of Europe is more intensely Catholic than is Quebec. Great Catholic cathedrals, monasteries, convents, and schools abound in all parts of the province, while long-robed priests and monks are to be met with at every turn. The people are held in absolute subjection to the man of sin, who, on the banks of the Tiber, “sitteth in the temple of God showing himself that he is God.”

The General Conference has made a special appropriation this year for the employment of French colporteurs to carry our literature and visit among the French people of that province. These workers have already been secured. We think that the printed page can enter and work where the living preacher would be rigorously excluded. Elder Vuilleumier is now stationed in Montreal, and is gaining a foothold in that city.

Another problem of no small magnitude is the matter of carrying the message to the numerous fishing villages that line the coast of the great island of Newfoundland. These villages are accessible only by sailing vessels, and then only during the limited period of open navigation. We have four laborers on the island at present, one ordained minister, a licentiate and his wife, and a church-school teacher. A start has been made in some of the larger towns, and souls are accepting the truth.

The believers in this union are organized into forty-three churches and six companies. Definite plans are being carried into execution to set every believer at work at something, especially with our tracts and magazines. At Montreal a license fee of one hundred dollars is exacted from canvassers. This for a time seemed to be an insuperable barrier to our book and magazine work in that city. One of our workers who attempted to sell magazines without a license was confined in jail several days. The church at that place made the matter a subject of special prayer, asking the Lord to remove this restriction to the work, which was proving such a hindrance. These prayers were heard in heaven, and since that time our workers have been entirely unmolested, and the magazine work is being carried on extensively in that city. Thus are the high walls being thrown down before the advance of the message in Canada.

Institutions

There is but one union institution in eastern Canada,—the Canadian Publishing Association. Though carrying quite a ponderous name, its equipment is of a very modest order, consisting of a small press of sufficient size to print the union paper, and a few small pieces of machinery suitable to the simplest kind of work. Nevertheless, this press is kept on the move, turning out literature for this field. We find that some of the most important tracts are so strongly tinctured with Americanism that they are quite unpalatable to the average Canadian reader, and it is necessary to revise and reprint them for that field.

For some years in the past the handling of the literature in the Canadian Union field has been under the exclusive control of the Canadian Publishing Association, but this year tract societies are being established and canvassing agents are being placed in the field. We believe that this move will strengthen the book

work materially, and give an impetus to the work generally.

About thirty miles east of Toronto, at Oshawa, Ontario, is located the Buena Vista Academy, which was transferred from Lorndale to its present location last year. A farm of 237 acres has been secured, on which have been erected buildings suitable to the needs of the institution.

It has come to be quite well recognized that educational work higher than the twelfth grade must be furnished for our young people within the Canadian field itself, as experience has demonstrated that few of those who go to the States for their advanced training ever return to labor in the home field. This has seriously depleted our ranks, for when the young people settled down in the States, their parents frequently followed them. Aside from this, the native Canadian worker has a very great advantage in laboring among his own people, and steps must be taken to train the young people in the field.

The new institution at Oshawa has a capacity for 75 boarding students, and is in many respects admirably adapted to the work suggested for it. We are sure that the guiding hand of the Lord was manifest in the location of this school, and we look forward to seeing it develop into an important factor in the work of proclaiming the third angel’s message in the Canadian provinces.

At Williamsdale, Nova Scotia, is located the Maritime Conference Academy, a school that has served that section of the Canadian Union for nine years. Situated about twelve miles from town, among the Cobiquid Mountains, it is safe from the allurements of city life. Its capacity has been tested to the limit the present year, and several had to be refused admittance for lack of space to properly care for them. This academy closes the year with a splendid record for both spiritual and scholastic work accomplished, and has the additional satisfaction of having all its accounts and expenses paid, and one thousand dollars cash in the bank.

One of the oldest, if not the oldest, intermediate schools in the denomination is located at Fitch Bay, in the province of Quebec. There, amid the most beautiful surroundings of mountains and lakes, for nearly twenty years, a school has been maintained that has given a training in Christian education to from twenty to forty students each year.

At St. Johns, Newfoundland, a school is maintained which is rapidly outgrowing its present quarters. The attendance ranges from forty to fifty. Quite a proportion of the students are children of those not of our faith.

Medical Work

There is no sanitarium work carried on under conference supervision in this union. Two small sanitariums under private management and an equal number of treatment-rooms comprise the work in that line. The membership of the union should be at least doubled before any countenance is given to the establishment of a sanitarium.

Financial

We are glad to be able to report that the believers of the Canadian Union are determined to keep abreast of their American brethren in the matter of giving to the support of the message. In 1912 the Canadian Union went two hundred dollars above the quota of fifteen cents a week per member for foreign missions. They have no notion of dropping below that mark the present year. The per capita of tithe is on the up grade.

In concluding this report, I am glad to assure you that the courage and faith of the workers and the people of the Canadian Union is bright, and we look forward to the coming quadrennial period as the time when our growth will be commensurate with the means and labor that have been expended on the field.

M. N. CAMPBELL, President.

WESTERN CANADIAN UNION CONFERENCE

I. H. Evans: We will now hear from the Western Canadian Union Conference. H. S. Shaw will present the report.

H. S. Shaw (reading):—

Quadrennial Report

The Western Canadian Union was organized in October, 1907, and was admitted to the General Conference at its quadrennial session in 1909. Its territory embraces the four western conferences of Canada,—British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba,—having in addition all that portion of Ontario lying west of Port Arthur. The entire area covers a little more than a million square miles.

Population

The population is about one million seven hundred thousand, composed of English, German, French, Scandinavian, Russian, Polish, Roumanian, Bohemian, Galician, Chinese, Japanese, native Indians, and many other nationalities. The area being one million square miles and the population one million seven hundred thousand, it will be observed that the average is a little less than two persons to the square mile.

Industries

The chief industries within the union territory are farming, stock-raising, dairying, fruit-raising, mining, and lumbering.

Since the message entered this field, our brethren have been struggling to place the work on a permanent basis as rapidly as possible. The first year the union was organized we received seventy-five hundred dollars appropriations from the General Conference, there not being a local conference within our territory that was self-supporting. The Lord blessed the efforts of our brethren, however, and year by year they were able to diminish the appropriation. One conference after another declared itself self-supporting, until at the beginning of 1913 we were able to inform the General Conference that we would not ask for further appropriations.

Last year the total number of laborers in our field was 15 ordained ministers, 10 licentiates, 33 missionary licentiates, and 48 book and periodical colporteurs, making a total of 104 laborers.

We have 48 churches and 2 companies, with a total membership of 1,304 and 497 isolated Sabbath-keepers. making a total of 1,801 Sabbath-keepers. There are 68 Sabbath-schools, with a total of membership of 1,659. Our Sabbath-school contributions for 1912 were $5,914.02.

Educational

We have two academies within our union. One is located at Pitt Meadows, British Columbia, and is known as the Manson Academy. It had an enrolment this year of about 50. The other is known as the Alberta Industrial Academy, and is located at Lacombe, Alberta. The enrolment of this school this year reached 160. These academies are doing splendid work, and good results of each are already being seen in our field. Besides these we have 14 church and family schools in operation. The total enrolment last year of all our schools was 446.

Perhaps the following comparison may better express the real pulse of the work in our field for the period of the four years just passed. Comparing the reports at the close of 1908 with those at the close of 1912, the following will be observed:—

Jan. 1, 1909, our total membership was 839; Jan. 1, 1913, it was 1,304.

Our total Sabbath-keepers then numbered 1,159; now the number is 1,801.

At that time our annual tithe receipts were $15,005.01, while for 1912 our tithe amounted to $36,044.23.

Our tithe per capita at that time was $12.95; now the tithe per capita is $20.02.

For the year 1908, our book, tract, and periodical sales were $19,421.58; in 1912 our book, tract, and periodical sales were $34,044.23.

Our offerings to missions for 1908 were $3,984.14; 1912 our offerings to missions were $14,125.05. This does not include the percentage of tithe paid in regularly for foreign missions by each of our local conferences.

Union Paper

About a year ago we began the publication of a union paper, which we call the Western Canadian Tidings. This is proving a great blessing to the field. It is an eight-page periodical, published biweekly, and now has a circulation of nine hundred.

There are many things we would like to tell you about our work in this interesting field, but this report must be brief. In closing, it is my duty as well as my great pleasure to tell you the message sent from our people in western Canada, that they purpose by the grace of God to remain true to the cause.

H. S. SHAW, President.

REPORT OF NORTH PACIFIC UNION CONFERENCE

I. H. Evans: The next report will be from the Northern Pacific Union Conference.

C. W. Flaiz (reading):—

The North Pacific Union Conference is located in the extreme northwest portion of the United States, and comprises the States of Montana, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and the mission field of Alaska. It is divided into six conferences, viz; Montana, Upper Columbia, Western Oregon, Southern Oregon, Southern Idaho, and Western Washington. It was organized in the year 1906, with 136 churches, comprising a membership of 4,500. The growth of the conference can perhaps best be shown by a comparative statement showing gains in churches and membership during the quadrennial period just past.

The number of churches in 1909 was 147; the number of churches in 1912 is 166, showing a gain of 19. The membership in 1909 was 5,700; in 1912, 6,942, showing a gain of 1,240. In addition to this we have 10 unorganized companies, with a membership of 422, making our total gain in Sabbath-keepers for four years 1,663.

Our members are paying annually $17 tithe per capita. We receive an annual tithe of about one hundred fifteen thousand dollars. Our union has raised during the past four years, in tithes and offerings, a total of nearly seven hundred thousand dollars. All our conferences have adopted and are carrying out the recommendation of the General Conference in the matter of the division of the tithe with the General Conference. This amounts to an average of fifteen per cent for the union. This, with the five per cent paid on the Sustentation Fund, makes fully twenty per cent of our tithes turned over to the General Conference.

Sabbath-Schools

We have 259 Sabbath-schools, with a membership of 7,852. There has been a constantly increasing interest in our Sabbath-school work, as indicated by the increase in donations, amounting the past year to $20,288. The total Sabbath-school offerings for the four years amount to $58,866, making an annual average of $14,715. Many of our schools are making an earnest effort to increase their donations during the year 1913.

Educational

Our educational work is carried forward by Walla Walla College, 8 intermediate and 58 church-schools. We have an enrolment of 652 students above the eighth grade, and 1,258 in the lower grades, making a total enrolment of 1,910. We are employing a total of 126 teachers. The esteem in which Walla Walla College is held by the people of this union is shown by the fact that the attendance the past year has been the largest in its history, its total enrolment being over four hundred.

Several of our intermediate schools are to be especially commended for the excellent work done. A large number of our young men and women at present in these schools are planning to continue their work in the college, with a view of fitting themselves for service in some branch of the Master’s work.

Book Sales

We have employed on an average about eighty salesmen. We have met with some success in our efforts to secure permanent workers who will give their entire time, summer and winter, to this work.

During this quadrennial period we have sold subscription books to the wholesale value of $131,328. The wholesale value of trade books, tracts, and other literature sold was $104,330, making our total sales for the four years $235,658. During 1912 the North Pacific led the union conferences in Pacific Press territory, with sales amounting to nearly fifty thousand dollars. The prospects for the present year are most encouraging.

Young People’s Work

We have 37 young people’s societies, with a membership of 887. These are composed of earnest, devoted young people, actively engaged in the various lines of young people’s work. During the year 1912 the sum of $1,139 was contributed to missions. Much more could be done in this union in the way of organizing our young people for effective service.

Medical Missionary Work

The Portland and Walla Walla Sanitariums, together with a number of institutions under private management, have done excellent service in medical missionary lines. The Portland Sanitarium has been especially prosperous. Besides greatly improving their equipment, they have been able to do something toward reducing their indebtedness. The influence of this institution is felt in the better circles of society. Prejudice is being allayed, and many are inquiring concerning principles advocated. Thirty-eight young people have been graduated from the nurses course, and are finding their places in the organized work.

Religious Liberty Work

Early last year it was announced that the second session of the World’s Citizenship Conference would be held in Portland, Oregon, June 29 to July 6, 1913. Our committee regarded this as an opportunity to call the attention of the people to the true principles of Christian citizenship in contrast to the pernicious principles that will be advocated in this gathering. It was thought that an educational campaign should be carried on throughout the union. Arrangements were accordingly made to hold a series of meetings in the principal cities in the early part of the year. The best halls were secured, and careful attention given to advertising. This resulted in bringing out large audiences of the most influential people, and space was accorded us in the leading dailies. Large quantities of religious liberty literature were distributed. It was planned to make a personal visit to each of the nearly one thousand ministers located in the cities on the Coast, calling their attention to the Christian Citizenship number of the magazine Liberty. This specially prepared number of the magazine will be furnished to all ministers, attorneys, physicians, educators, and merchants residing in these cities.

Many of our churches have become thoroughly aroused to the importance of this work, and are flooding their neighborhoods with selected religious liberty literature. They are also giving of their means to help continue this campaign as the way may open before us. There are many evidences that this systematic effort has made a deep impression on the public mind.

Help for Foreign Fields

Our conference has been drawn upon quite heavily for workers in the various lines for other fields. We have supplied one union president, three local presidents, three mission superintendents, two general field agents, two mission treasurers, and several ordained ministers, besides Bible workers and canvassers. Eleven workers were furnished during the year 1912. Workers from this union are to be found in some of the cities of the East, in Australia, New Zealand, East Indies, India, China, Japan, Korea, South America, and Persia. It has been a real sacrifice to part with these tried workers, and in some instances impossible to fill their places, and as a result, some of our conferences have not shown the gain that we should be glad to report. However, we are glad that we can share our blessing with these needy fields.

Briefly to Recapitulate

This union has raised in tithes and offerings during this quadrennial period a total of nearly seven hundred thousand dollars.

We have turned over to the General Conference on the Sustentation Fund $13,422.

The per cent of the tithe to the General Conference amounted to $41,342.

Sabbath-school offerings, $58,860.

Harvest Ingathering, $19,972.

All other offerings, $110,994.

Making a total of $244,590.

The amount raised for the General Conference during the year 1912 was $74,704.

We have 38 ordained and 25 licensed ministers.

The increase in the number of churches was 19.

The increase in Sabbath-keepers, 1,663.

We are thankful to God for the degree of prosperity that has attended our efforts, and pledge ourselves to renewed consecration and devotion to his closing work.

C. W. FLAIZ, President.

REPORT OF THE PACIFIC UNION CONFERENCE

I. H. Evans: The Pacific Union will now report through its president, E. E. Andross.

E. E. Andross (reading):—

The quadrennial period closing with December, 1912, was one of prosperity for the Pacific Union Conference. I may be permitted to speak more freely regarding this matter, since my official connection with the conference as president has covered less than one year of this time. The conference had formerly been blessed with experienced, aggressive leaders, and all departments of the work had moved steadily forward. The Lord has dealt very kindly with his people, and with deep gratitude of heart we acknowledge his blessings, both temporal and spiritual.

This union conference embraces the States of California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona, and these are divided into six local conferences. Within its territory many and varied interests center, and I am very glad to be able to report progress in each. The progress has not been so much as it should have been, considering the times in which we are living, and we have no disposition to boast over what has been accomplished; but God in his great mercy has wrought for us, and of this we gladly speak.

We have endeavored to keep our force of workers constantly employed in aggressive evangelistic work, largely in new territory, and, with but very few exceptions, some visible success has attended every effort. We now have 143 churches, with a membership of 8,777, showing a net gain of 26 churches and 1,337 members. Twelve companies, with a membership of 94, and 123 isolated Sabbath-keepers are reported, giving a total of 8,994. Thirty-five church buildings have been added, making 113 in all, an increase of about forty-five per cent. The seating capacity of our church buildings has been increased 5,800, or from 15,370 to 21,170, and the estimated value has increased $50,866, or from $220,775 to $271,641.

We have an efficient and devoted corps of laborers, which is continually being strengthened by the addition of recruits from our schools. We now have 63 ordained ministers, 27 licensed ministers, and 67 licensed missionaries, with 47, book and periodical canvassers; a total of 204 laborers.

Finances

There has been a steady increase in our tithe receipts during this period, as follows:—

1909$117,731.47
1910135,731.01
1911160,575.30
1912179,772.45
Total$593,810.23

This shows an increase over the former quadrennial period of $199,681.46. The average yearly per capita tithe has been $19.99. A total of $82,909.44 has been appropriated from our tithe to fields outside of our conference.

PHOTO-At the Loma Linda Medical College, California

The offerings to missions amounted to $213,155.46, or about twelve and one-half cents per member per week. This shows an increase over the previous period of $123,612, or 138 per cent. Including the tithe appropriated to fields outside of our conference, we have a total offering of $296,064.90, with a total increase of $192,608.84, or one hundred eighty-six per cent. Including the entire amount raised for the work at home and abroad, we have the sum of $1,081,518.69, or an average of $129.35 for each Sabbath-keeper. This does not include that which has been raised in cash for our institutions, or in the construction of church and school buildings, which, if added, would materially increase this amount.

Sabbath-School Work

Our Sabbath-school work has made commendable progress. There are at present 19 schools, with a membership of 8,294, showing a gain of 30 schools and 1,596 in membership. The total offerings were $67,336.40, a gain of $35,338.40, or 110 per cent over the previous quadrennial period.

Educational Work

This feature of our work is also encouraging. Sixty-three church-schools have been conducted the past year, with 88 teachers. The enrolment has reached 1,656, an increase of 20 schools, 32 teachers, and 476 pupils. The estimated value of church-school buildings and equipment increased from $38,000 in 1908 to $41,326 in 1912.

We have three academies, located as follows: San Fernando, Souther California; Lodi, Northern California; and Armona, Central California. These have an enrolment of about five hundred eighty students, and a capacity of about seven hundred. A good missionary spirit has prevailed in each of these schools, and quite a number who received part or all of their training at these institutions, are now occupying responsible places in the work. Within the past four years the Fernando Academy has sent forth nineteen students, who are now laboring in the following fields: one in Spain, two in the Philippines, one in China, two in Chile, five in India, six in Africa, and two in the Hawaiian Islands. Two are at present under appointment for India. There are two licensed and two ordained ministers, about twenty church-school teachers, besides canvassers, bookkeepers, and stenographers from this school, working in the home land. About forty of the former students of the Lodi Academy are now working as church-school teachers, canvassers, etc. The Armona Academy students have been quite successful in the canvassing field.

The Pacific Union College will soon complete its fourth year, having opened its doors in September, 1909, with an enrolment of 85 students. Its present enrolment is 167. Since the opening of the college a large ladies’ dormitory, one half of our new college building, and several cottages have been erected wholly by teachers and students. A sawmill has been installed, and these buildings have been constructed from the lumber taken from the trees growing on the property. Not having seasoned lumber, it was necessary to purchase some finishing lumber for part of the work. The school has a well-equipped farm of 1,653 acres, and is endeavoring to make the industrial as well as the spiritual and intellectual features as strong as possible, thus giving a symmetrical education. During the four years of its operation, about $35,000 has been credited to student labor, thus enabling many young people to attend the college who could not otherwise have attended.

Owing to peculiar conditions existing in our union, there seemed to be a lack of system in our educational work; and, in order to secure closer cooperation, to raise the standard of efficiency, and to reduce the operating expense to a minimum, a council consisting of the heads of our schools and the members of the union conference committee was convened for a brief period in June, 1912, when we could have the assistance of Prof. H. R. Salisbury. Again in December last we called another and larger council, consisting of the members of the union conference committee and of the local conference committees in the four California conferences, the members of the boards of our advanced schools, the educational secretary, and church-school superintendents. About a week was spent in earnest, prayerful consideration of the various interests of our local and union conference educational work. We feel confident that the results of these councils will be seen in increased efficiency in our school work, and in the reduction of our operating expenses.

I take pleasure in reporting substantial and encouraging progress in the work of the College of Medical Evangelists of Loma Linda. It was chartered as a medical college in the latter part of the year 1909, and has four classes enrolled. Seventeen students are in the first year, seventeen in the second,

twenty in the third, and seven in the fourth year. There are also two taking the medical evangelistic course.

From the human viewpoint, it seemed that as a denomination we were quite unprepared to undertake such a large enterprise; but our great need of a school for the training of medical missionaries, and the direct counsel of the Lord urged us forward; and, as we have endeavored to supply this need, and to walk in this counsel, we have been greatly surprised to see how wonderfully the Lord has led, and how he has enabled us to accomplish apparent impossibilities. The difficulties are not yet all removed, but our courage and faith in God have grown with the experiences of the past few years, so that we no longer question the possibility of realizing all that God is calling for in this important department of our work. With the present equipment, and that which is now being supplied, we feel confident that the college will be able to graduate students with a scientific preparation equal to that which may be obtained in any of the medical institutions of the world; and when we consider the spiritual advantages offered, our college is placed beyond comparison with other medical institutions. We trust that our young people who are seeking a preparation to engage in the work as physicians or as medical missionaries will not fail to take advantage of this splendid opportunity God is now providing for such training.

Medical Work

We have at present four conference sanitariums in our union, besides several private institutions. These are located at St. Helena, Loma Linda, Glendale, and Paradise Valley near San Diego, all in California. The first is the oldest sanitarium under denominational control. The past four years it has enjoyed marked prosperity. For many years it struggled under a heavy load of indebtedness, but, through the blessing of God, this load has been lifted. From its net earnings the St. Helena Sanitarium has appropriated to medical missionary work in the needy mission fields the sum of $22,992.49. Its family of helpers at present numbers 155, including 5 physicians and 74 nurses in training. The food factory has been passing through deep waters, but the sanitarium has come to its relief. At the recent annual meeting the business was purchased by the California Medical Missionary and Benevolent Association.

The Glendale and Paradise Valley Sanitariums have passed through trying times, but the situation with each institution has greatly improved. The Glendale Sanitarium sustained a loss in 1908 of $5,469.59. In 1911 the tide was turned, and we were able to report a net gain of $3,496.36. In 1912 the gain was $7,516.01, and including donations, it was $9,702.47. With the Paradise Valley Sanitarium the change has not been quite so marked, but during the biennial period its former losses have been converted into substantial net gains. It has recently been purchased by the Sanitarium Association of Seventh-day Adventists of Southern California, and is now under the same management as the Glendale Sanitarium. Each of these institutions is enjoying a splendid patronage. They are carrying heavy liabilities, but we believe it will be possible year by year to materially decrease these from the earnings of the institutions. The former has a family of helpers numbering 100, including 5 physicians, 76 nurses, and 19 other workers, while the latter has 55 helpers in all, including 3 physicians, 25 nurses in training, and 27 other workers.

The Loma Linda Sanitarium has been prospered materially during the past four years. Its income from patients has increased from $39,786.99 in 1908 to $72,619.33 in 1912, while its present worth has increased from $11,262.65 in 1908 to $67,519.38 in 1912. With the removal of its liabilities, and the release for the use of patients of all of its cottages, now occupied by medical students and employed as a clinical hospital, we believe it will be possible for the sanitarium to very largely, if not wholly, carry the inevitable financial loss in the operation of the medical college.

Each of these institutions is successfully conducting large nurses’ training classes. St. Helena Sanitarium has a class of 75, Glendale 61, Loma Linda 51, and Paradise Valley 25, or a total of 212. Many of our young people are in this way being prepared for efficient service in this great work. While we rejoice over what has been accomplished in this line, we are anxious to make our nurses’ training-schools still more effective in the preparation of workers to carry the third angel’s message to the world, which we believe should be the ultimate object of every nurse receiving a diploma from our sanitariums.

These institutions are coming to be a positive force for the extension of the message. From the human viewpoint, it seemed for a time that we were weighted down with an oversupply of such institutions, especially considering the heavy obligations we were carrying, and the strenuous effort required to place them on vantage-ground. We can now see, however, that the Lord, who sees the end from the beginning, guided in their acquisition; and we are assured that if we follow his guidance in the future, we shall soon see every word he has spoken through his servant concerning them verified. Besides the above, we have several private sanitarium and treatment rooms that are doing good work.

Publishing

Our book and periodical sales for the quadrennial period, closing with 1908, were $160,992, while for the one closing with 1912, they were $284,370.45, showing an increase of $128,378.45, or 79 per cent. One very encouraging feature of this growth has been the large increase in the sale of tracts and small books, especially at our camp-meetings, for use in missionary work in our churches and in evangelistic efforts.

The Pacific Press Publishing Association has enjoyed, during this period, steadily increasing prosperity, its net gain the past year being $33,343.78. From its net earnings the institution has invested $9,720.78 in mission work, chiefly in the Orient. Its business is wholly confined to our denominational work, and its capacity is almost continuously taxed to its utmost. We rejoice that such splended facilities have been provided for lighting the earth with the glory of this message.

The Missionary Volunteer Department

The number of Missionary Volunteer societies has grown during the past four years form 47 to 74, while the membership has increased from 937 in 1908 to 1,754 in 1912. While much has been accomplished in the department, it is yet in its infancy, and we expect much larger results in the future.

The Religious Liberty Work

The past four years have been strenuous ones in this line of our work, especially in California. Much has been done to enlighten the people on the true principles of religious liberty, chiefly by the generous distribution of literature on this subject. The names of more than sixty-eight thousand voters were secured in the autumn of 1910 and in January of 1911 to a petition addressed to the legislature of California in opposition to any form of religious legislation. It did not become necessary to present this petition to the legislature in 1911, hence it was preserved and presented to the legislature this year. Although very strenuous efforts have been made repeatedly to swing this State into line with all in the Union, save Arizona, on the question of Sunday laws, each succeeding effort has failed, and California still stands uncommitted to the evil principle of religious legislation.

There is a strong desire on the part of our people throughout the union conference to see this message speedily carried to the darkest corners of the earth, and with the passing of the years, and the increasingly numerous tokens of the approaching end, this desire is being greatly strengthened. There is nothing that thrills the hearts of our people like the old simple truths of the advent message as they were originally proclaimed by the pioneers of this great movement; and they are ready to join in a grand united forward movement all along the line. With undying faith in the triumph of the message, and the coming of the Lord in this generation, we pledge our property, our children, and our lives, to the blessed work of hastening this glorious consummation.

E. E. ANDROSS, President.

REPORT OF THE SOUTHEASTERN UNION CONFERENCE

I. H. Evans: We will next call upon the Southeastern Union, Brother C. B. Stephenson.

C. B. Stephenson (reading):—

The Southeastern Union Conference was organized in January, 1908, being formerly a part of the Southern Union Conference. The conferences comprising this union are the Cumberland (located in east Tennessee), Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Florida. The membership, which at the beginning of the quadrennial period, was 1,778, increased to 2,556 during the four years, making a gain of 778. The total population of this territory is 7,800,000, about forty per cent of whom are colored.

Ministry

There are 27 ordained ministers, of whom 4 are colored, 18 licentiates, and 32 licensed missionaries, 8 of whom are colored, and 66 evangelistic colporteurs, making a total of 143 field workers. The spirit of prophecy has said that the Southern field is one of the most

difficult in the world. The Lord has blessed in giving fruit in every effort to promulgate the last message of warning. Representative efforts have been conducted in Atlanta, Ga.; Jacksonville, Fla.; Savannah, Ga.; and Wilmington, N. C., with very satisfactory and encouraging results. The Press Bureau did effectual work in giving publicity to the message in the Atlanta and Jacksonville efforts, as has been referred to by the secretary of that department in his report.

PHOTO-PARADISE VALLEY SANITARIUM, NATIONAL CITY, CAL.

Finance

The tithe is as follows:—

1909$22,558.27
191031,174.90
191136,721.16
191233,570.01
Making a total of$124,014.34.

Trust funds remitted to the General Conference are as follows:—

In 1909, $8,325.50; per capita, $4.68.

In 1910, $14,898.04; per capita, $7.85.

In 1911, $16,382.02; per capita, $8.57.

In 1912, $19,933.86; per capita, $9.03.

Making a total of $59,539.42. (These figures include the Negro Mission Department.) In addition to this amount $22,949.63 has been raised for home missionary and local work, making a grand total of tithes and offerings from all sources of $206,503.39.

Negro Department

I wish to call your attention to what God is doing for the colored people in this field. The spirit of prophecy has said much about these long-neglected people, urging that special efforts be put forth for them. While we have not been able to do all that we should have liked to do, a beginning has been made, and we believe that in the near future we shall see a great outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon them. God is raising up men and women from the common walks of life, filling them with his Spirit, and sending them forth in power to win souls.

I will refer to at least two city efforts that have been conducted by them. These efforts were conducted at Savannah, Ga., a strong Catholic city, and at Wilmington, N. C. In less than one year after the work was opened in Savannah, about 225 Sabbath-keepers had been gathered. A church building is in process of erection, which when finished will cost about four thousand dollars. It is located in a representative section of the city. Work will be continued during the present year, and we fully expect a large increase of members. Donations sufficient to cover the entire expense of the effort were given by the people. They are paying into the treasury every month about $100 tithe, and are giving liberally to missions, at the same time financing their church enterprise. A church-school, with an enrolment of over fifty, is being conducted. We are endeavoring to educate them to be self-supporting, so far as is possible.

At Wilmington, N. C., over one hundred Sabbath-keepers are the result of less than a year’s work. There is an abiding interest at this place, with constant additions to their number. They have leased a commodious hall for worship. I understand that this effort will be continued, and doubtless a very strong church will be developed. We believe God is beginning to do a mighty work for the colored people. Our experience is that the Negro should be trained to work for the Negro. To this end the Oakwood Training School is doing a most excellent work. The most successful method of evangelizing the Negro race is by the living preacher.

The membership of this department in 1909 was 276; in 1912, 777, making a gain of 501, with only 4 ordained ministers and 8 licentiates. Tithe in 1909, $1,796.47; in 1912, $5,201.44, a gain of $3,404.97. Donations, 1909, $615.76; in 1912, $2,204.01, making a gain of $1,588.25.

Educational

There is 1 academy and 34 church-schools in the union, with an enrolment of 810, and employing 38 teachers. Our academy, at Graysville, Tenn., is doing most excellent work in training young men and young women for service in the world-wide work.

Medical

The medical department has had its blessings and its discouragements. There are three institutions in this field, located at Graysville, Tenn.; Atlanta, Ga.; and Orlando, Fla. The Graysville Sanitarium has not, for a number of years, made the progress that we should have liked to see, with the result that it is heavily involved in debt. A careful study of conditions is necessary. The Atlanta Sanitarium, situated in one of the largest cities in the union, has been making some progress, and has a very encouraging outlook. The patronage is steadily increasing.

The Orlando Sanitarium property was purchased about five years ago. The institution has received a liberal patronage from the first, and promises to become a strong factor in the promulgation of our medical missionary work in the South.

PHOTO-GLENDALE SANITARIUM, NEAR LOS ANGELES, CAL.

Canvassing Work

Perhaps the book-and-periodical work will show the most encouraging growth of any of the departments, as the following comparative figures will indicate: Sales of 1909, $27,000.82; 1910, $35,123.10; 1911, $46,478.10; 1912, $54,-one hundred thousand, so far as we know has not a single Seventh-day Adventist in it; and nothing has been done there.

We have in this union eighteen white ordained and six licensed ministers, and 118.71; making a total for the quadrennial period of $162,720.73. Twenty-six canvassers were added during the four years, making a total of 66. Much has been done to encourage the colored people to sell our books and periodicals. Institutes have been held for them, with the result that it has been demonstrated they can make a success of the work.

Conclusion

As above stated, the population of the territory embraced in this union is about 8,000,000. To warn this large number of people in the time allotted by prophecy will fearing workers,—men and women who are willing, for the love of souls, to undergo self-denial, and to persevere under all conditions. While it is true that in the South there are many perplexing matters, yet God is leading, and giving success. The people are responding to the gospel, and are loyal to the message. The field is white to harvest, but laborers are few. Our prayer is that God will, by this Holy Spirit, lay the burden of this field upon the hearts of those whom he can use to “come over and help us.” Our workers are all of good courage.

In closing, I am sure I voice the sentiment of th entire constituency in expressing appreciation for the liberality shown by the General Conference in providing for needy field.

C. B. STPEHENSON, President.

[Amens at conclusion of reading.]

SOUTHERN UNION CONFERENCE QUADRENNIAL REPORT

I. H. Evans: We will now all for a report from the Southern Union Conference.

S. E. Wight (reading):—

The Southren Union Conference is composed of the States of Kentucky, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and that portion of Florida lying west of the Appalachicola River, and about two thirds of the State of Tennessee. Its population numbers 9,307,713, about forty per cent of which is colored.

PHOTO-Atlanta (Georgia) Sanitarium

The South is an interesting field. For upwards of thirt years the work has been carried on here. For some reason it has not seemed to prosper until recently. It seems now to be taking shape for theady onward march of the progressive work of Seventy-day Adventists. The workers, though few in number, have set themselves for the accomplishment of the task. The work of the past years has not borne fruit as some may have wished, but the field is now yielding to the efforts put forth, and the seed sowers of the past may be encouraged by the present-day results of their faithful labors.

It takes effort to get people into this truth anywhere, and the South is no exception to the rule. By persistent, faithful effort the workers during the past four years have managed to increase the membership a little, there being an addition of 285. At the time of the last General Conference the constituency of the Southern Union was 1,918, and to-day it is 2,203; 590 colored and 1,613 white.

The Lord certainly has subjects for his kingdom in this field, and they are being sought out. In some conferences fully one third of the constituency are spending a part of their time in missionary work. It is certainly gratifying to see the people engaged in the work which means a call for ministers to organize and complete the interest created by local missionary effort. All through the union there is activity, and people are sowing the seed, which it seems must bring, in the very near future, a bountiful harvest.

Colporteur Work

One hundred seventy-three thousand nine hundred twenty-six dollars and forty-two cents’ worth of books have been placed in the hands of the people during this quadrennial period by our faithful colporteurs, and already churches have been raised up as the result of their labors. Many interests have been created where today people are calling for ministerial help. Too much can not be said in praise of the good accomplished by our books and magazines. There are approximately seventy-six colporteurs now engaged in selling books. The prospect for the future development of this line of the work is good.

Academy

We have in our territory one academy, located at Hazel, Ky. It is managed by the Tennessee River Conference, but all students in the union are welcome to this school. There is no demand for an advenced school in this territory, and probably will not be for some time to come, or at least until the Southern Training School, located at Graysville, Tenn., is so crowded as to be obliged to refuse our students.

Nashville Sanitarium Food Factory

The Nashville Sanitanirium Food Factory is supervised by the Southern Union Conference, and is located at Madisan, Tenn. This institution is of special benefit, in that it furnishes good food products, and also work for several of our people.

Nashville Sanitarium

We regret to report the closing of the Nashville Sanitarium. Owing to its failure from the first pay expenses, running behind from two to five thousand dollars each year, we were obliged to discontinue operating the institution. It was closed by the full consent of the union conference committee and the local sanitarium board, after receiving advise from the Genaral Conference Finance Committee, which committee had carefully investigated the finances of the institution. It is, however, our determination to still carry on medical missionary work as best we can. What we have failed to do with an institution we will now endeavor to do without an institution.

Miscellaneous Institutions

The Southern Publishing Association, Oakward Manual Training School, Madison Sanitarium and School, Hillcrest School, and others are located within our territory. These institutions are conducted in the interests of the whole South, being of a general character, and for this reason are not to be reported by me.

Missions and Tithes

The people of this field, with all their heavy burdens of building churches and doing active missionary work, and in the face of devastating floods and failure of crops in some localities, ahve given to missions $24,225.29; and #10,716.86 of this amount was given during last year; the tithes amounted to $118,849.74.

Evangelistic Work

Evangelistic work is being carried on actively in the cities of New Orleans, Birmingham, Jackson (Miss.), Memphis, Nashville, and Louisville. All these places have a small constituency, both white and colored. Efforts in these places are being made, with results that assure us that if the labor of the men now in the field can be supplemented by some additional help, these cities will soon be made strong centers of influence, and the Southern Union soon be self-supporting. There are many places in the South yet untouched. The city of Conington, just across from Cincinnati, in Kentucky, numbering about

seven colored ordained and three licensed ministers.

The people of the South are today probably in a better condition to receive the truth than they have ever been before. It is time to strike, and to strike hard, and we wish to take this opportunity ti thank the General Conference, which has so kindly assisted with money and men to work this important field.

PHOTO-OFFICE OF SOUTHERN PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION, NASHVILLE, TENN.

Our courage is good, and we are looking forward and working to the end of carrying this message speedily to the South, that we will all other faithful Seventh-day Adventists throughout the world, may see the day for which we have been looking and waiting,—the day of final triumph.

S. E. WIGHT,President

REPORT OF SOUTHWESTERN UNION CONFERENCE

I. H. Evans: Brother G. F. Watson will now render the report for the Southwestern Union Conference.

G. F. Watson (reading):—

The territory of the Southwestern Union Conference comprises the States od Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas. The Southwestern Union Conference was organized in 1902, with for conferences, but in 1909 the West Texas Conference was organized, and in 1911 the South Texas Conference was organized, thus dividing the State of Texas into three conferences; thus giving us six conferences in our union. We are not able to give the growth in membership, but at the present time our membership is 4,331. Ordained ministers, 25; licentiates, 18; missionary licentiates, 41.

Finances

Our finaces have steadily increased during these years, as the following will show:—

The tithe for the years 1905-08 was $152,354.93; for the last four years, 1909-12, $208,961.58; a gain of $56,606.65, or $15.27 per capita.

A comparative statement of our offerings to missions and institutions outside of our union also show a good increase. From 1905-08 we gave $11,055.66; from 1909-12, $113,258,58; a gain of $102,202.92.

Literature Sales

Our faithful colporteurs and tract society secretaries have caused this branch of the work to climb to hill, along with the rest. When Brother R. L. Pierce, who is at the head of our branch house in Forth Worth, Tex., began to inquire about rates on car-load lots of book, not only the railroad men opened their eyes, but we as workers began to think that something was going to happen, and it did. The next year Brother Pieece ordered two car-loads of books shipped into our field. We would like to give you, year by year and conference by conference, how this branch of the work has climbed the hill, but time will not permit. Suffice it to say that during the years 1095-08 we sold $161,543.96 worth of literature, and from 1909-12, $309,580.28; a gain of $148,036.32, or an average gain per tear for eight years of $18,504.54.

Educational Work

This branch of the great whole is receiving no little care and attention by those in charge, and the 1,347 students attending smoe one of the 46 schools in our union are being led our corps of God-fearing teachers and secretaries to look upon the giving of this message as the greatest thing in all the world. Thus a goodly number enter some branch of the cause of God yearly. Much attention is paid to the training of our older students to enter the field during the vacation as colpoteurs, and in this way many make their own way through school. Fifty bright young men and women left our Keene school to enter the field with our books this year, others taking up Bible work and tent work. The same spirit prevails in the intermediate schools throughout the uion.

Some reverses have overtaken us during the past year in our school work. Early id February our broom shop was burned, which threw many of our young men out of employment, besides entailing a loss of $2,5000: But we erected in its stead a splendid modern broom factory, at a cost of two thousand dollars. We also erected a neat normal building, at a cost of five thousand dollars. Our water-supply had never been sufficient, but during the summer of 1912 we supplied this long-felt need, at a cost of two thousand dollars. We raised during the past year for these expenditures about fourteen thousand dollars.

The Volunteer Work

The Missionary Volunteer work in our union is onward. The membership numbers 859. Our faithful secretaries are getting the work well in hand, and many of our young people are following up the Reading Courses outlined by the General Conference. One of our secretaries during the last nine months sold over $800 worth of the Reading Course books, and has delivered 103 certificates to those finishing the courses.

This company of young people held, during the year 1912, 2,204 Bible readings and cottage meetings. They sold 20,628 papers, and gave away 60,165. They sold 1,250 of our deniminational books and 52,027 pages of tracts, and give away 131,769. They took 475 subscriptures for our periodicals. Books loaned and given away, 2,067.

Offerings to goreign fields for the years 1909-12 amounted to $498.96; for home mission work, $258.22; for local work, $461; total, $1,218.18. Best of all, there were 180 conversions from the ranks of our young people.

Work for the Colored

The work of this last message is not making rapid strided among the colored people of our union, but we hope that we are finding our bearings, and that same stakes are being driven “as a nail in a sure place.” One of these i our industrial school at Devalls Bluff, Ark. Here we have a forty-acre farm meagerly equipped for the training of workers to carry the glad news of the sooncoming Lord to their own people. The Oklahoma Conference has lately purchased a movable chapel, which serves a good purpose. The North Texas Conference has two new churches in process of erection. We hope for better days among the colored people our union.

Sabbath-School Work

We thank God for the Sabbath-schools. We have 215 in our union, which not only afford Bible instruction for the more mature minds, but for the prattling child as well. The revenue from our Sabbath-schools reaches every Seventh-day Adventist mission in the world; and some of this comes from the Southwestern Union. From 1905-08 our schools gave $6,201 and from 1909-12, we gave $37,587, a gain of $31,286.

There are mant points of interests to us in our field that might have been brought in, but our reports are so tame after hearing reports from other lands that silences is eloquence.

G. F. WATSON, President

CENTRAL UNION CONFERENCE

I. H. Evans: The Central Union Conference will now report. Brother E. T. Russell.

E. T. Russell (reading):—

Our territory is Nebraska, Missouri, Kansa, Colorado, Wyoming, and a small portion of the Black Hills of South Dakota, and it comprises the conferences of NEbraska, North and South Missouri, East and West Kansas, Volorado, West Colorado, and Wyoming. It has a total membership of about 8,400, with 247 churches and 30 companies. There are 62 ordained ministers, 30 licentiates, and 93 holding missionary licenses. In this class are included Bible workers, physicians, etc. It is safe that from 2,000 to 2,500 conversions have been reported during the four-year period.

The total amount of trust or mission funds passed from the local conferences through the Central Union treasury during the past quadrennial period amounted to $265,623, and the total tithe receipts was $515,422. The total value of books sold and delivered was $375,000.

This we consider a fairly good showing when we take into account that many of our field agents have been frequently changed, and at different times

conferences have been without any one to take charge of the book work. The present outlook for the canvassing work in the Central Union is most excellent, as our sales thus far this year are about 138 per cent better than for the same period of 1912.

Educational Work

There are 53 church-schools, with a total enrolment of 870 pupils, and 5 intermediate schools, with 399 pupils enrolled. The general character of the instruction is excellent. While there are many children who, on account of being scattered, do not have church-school privileges, the general interest in educational matters is increasing, and teachers of experience and professional training are much needed.

There are also two training-schools, Union College and the Clinton German Seminary. This year Union College had an enrolment of 309 college students and 120 in the normal department, making a total of 429. The German Seminary had an enrolment of 130, exclusive of the church-school or normal department, which had an enrolment of about 25.

Union College has closed one of the most successful years of its history. Just before leaving for this Conference, I had the pleasure, as chairman of the board of management, of signing fifty-three diplomas. Of this number there were twenty for those who had completed the full college course. This is more than have ever before been graduated from this institution at one time.

The German Seminary was purchased in 1909, and has had three successful years of operation, with a gradually growing attendance. When the building was bought, it was thought by some to be too large, but it is now evident that it will soon be too small to accommodate the gradually increasing number of students. Nearly all in attendance have a fixed purpose to prepare themselves for some place in the work of the Master. Fully fifty per cent of those in attendance this year will engage in some line of missionary effort during the vacation period. The past few months the seminary has enjoyed special blessings, both spiritual and financial, for which we are very thankful.

Missionary Volunteer Work

The Missionary Volunteer work has been fostered by an excellent corps of State secretaries. The gathering of funds for missions has been a prominent factor in the work of the societies. The actual membership is not so great as it is possible to attain. The Volunteer institutes that have been held annually have stimulated the young people to make greater efforts to become active Christian workers.

Sanitariums

We have four sanitariums under denominational management, and two private institutions. Our denominational institutions are as follows: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, and Hastings.

The Colorado Sanitarium is located at Boulder, Colo., and is under the management of the Central Union Conference. This institution is doing a good work in the training of laborers and also in treating the afflicted.

PHOTO-The Colorado Sanitarium, Boulder, Colo.

The Kansas Sanitarium is located at Wichita, Kans., and is under the management of the Kansas Conferences. This institution is also enjoying fair prosperity.

The Nebraska Sanitarium is located at College View, Nebr., a suburb of Lincoln, and the Hastings Sanitarium is located at Hastings, Nebr. Both of these institutions are enjoying a splendid patronage and are practically free from debt.

Publishing Work

The International Publishing Association, at College View, Nebr., is doing a good, steady work, in the circulation of foreign literature in this country. Ten regular periodicals are issued, five being in German, three in Danish-Norwegian, and two in Spanish, all of which have increased steadily in circulation. Ten-cent magazines have been furnished in these languages for the past three years, with marked success. Books, Bibles, and tracts are handled in thirty-two languages. The total sales of all literature during the past four years have amounted to $141,590, or about thirty-five thousand dollars each year. About thirty employees are engaged in the work of this institution, and a good Christian spirit prevails among them.

Work for the Blind

After the great fire at Battle Creek, the publication of the Christian Record, our paper for the blind, was transferred to College View, Nebr., and, while controlled by the General Conference, is under the supervision of the Central Union. It now has a circulation of about twenty-three hundred copies, and is issued monthly. It seems to be accomplishing a good work in enlightening the physically blind. Though sightless, many see the glorious message of the coming Saviour. Last year they purchased a building for their office, and are at present comfortably located in it. Aside from the paper, they are publishing many tracts treating on the message. I would recommend that the committee on plans take under advisement the bringing in of a recommendation looking towards the incorporation of the Christian Record, as many benevolently disposed people might feel desirous of assisting this branch of the work by deeds and legacies.

Suffice it to say that nearly all lines of work are being carried forward in the Central Union in a strong way, except the religious liberty work, which has been somewhat neglected, as we have been without a secretary for some time. The past four years have been a period of deep anxiety to those in charge of the work, but it has also been a period marked with evidences of the special favor and blessing of God. And suffice it to say that at present we are of good courage in the final triumph of the advent message.

E. T. RUSSELL, President.

The meeting adjourned.

I. H. EVANS, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

SIXTEENTH MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 23, 2:30 P. M.

I. H. EVANS in the chair.

J. O. Corliss offered prayer.

I. H. Evans: We have a few committees who have not yet reported. We should like to have any of the standing committees pass in reports, that they may get into the BULLETIN.

Guy Dail: I would present a further partial report from the committee on plans and resolutions:—

8. In loving remembrance of our faithful and devoted fellow believers who have fallen at their posts of service for the Lord of the harvest in this and distant lands during the past quadrennial period, we hereby offer to the bereaved our deep sympathy, with a prayer to the Father of mercies that they may be sustained in their sorrow by the assurance that only a “little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.”

Whereas, It is desirable that the General Conference treasury reports should show the receipts and disbursements from the entire world, we therefore—

9. Recommend, That all mission receipts and disbursements be reported quarterly to the General Conference treasury department through the regular channels.

Whereas, The present agitation to secure religious legislation, and the aggressive movements upon the part of both Protestant and Roman Catholic organizations, which threaten to subvert religious freedom, demand the most earnest efforts to teach and maintain true principles of liberty; therefore,—

10. Resolved, That each union conference in the United States appoint a religious liberty secretary who can give his whole time to department work.

11. Resolved, That during the winter of 1913-14 a lecture campaign be conducted in each union conference under the direction of its religious liberty secretary, and that addresses be delivered on the principles of religious liberty and upon the fundamental truths of Protestantism from the standpoint of the threefold message; that this work be under the general direction of the several union conference committees, who shall secure such help, local or general, as they deem necessary.

12. Resolved, That an institute for the

benefit of union conference secretaries and such others as may be especially invited, be held at such time and place as the General Conference committee may determine. That the purpose of this institute be to prepare a general outline of addresses upon the subjects to be presented in the lecture campaign, and to furnish the special material for such a campaign.

Whereas, The magazine Liberty has done efficient work among State legislators, molding sentiment against Sunday legislation; we therefore,—

13. Recommend, That local conferences supply this magazine to all State legislators, court and municipal officials, public-school teachers, and other persons of influence.

On motion to adopt, the partial report was ordered printed in the BULLETIN.

I. H. Evans: We have some very sad news to impart to the delegates and to our visiting friends. Since this conference convened this afternoon, we have the announcement of the death of our beloved brother, Elder G. A. Irwin, at the Sanitarium. I am sure this will be a great surprise to all of you, as it is to us. And out of respect to his memory and his long service in this cause, it would seem proper that we adjourn this meeting.

Allen Moon: I move that out of respect to the memory of Elder G. A. Irwin, that this Conference do now adjourn.

O. A. Olsen: I second the motion.

The meeting adjourned, Elder Haskell pronouncing the benediction in a prayer that God might comfort and sustain Sister Irwin and the family.

I. H. EVANS, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

THE EVENING SERVICE

May 22, 7:30 P. M.

The theme of the discourse by Elder Andross Thursday night was “The Sanctuary and Its Services.” According to Hebrews 6:13-20, the certainty of the Christian hope is made secure by the oath and the promise of God. As an anchor that holds the great vessel in times of storm, so this hope, as an anchor entering into that within the veil—Christ himself—holds the Christian, linking the believer and Christ. The sanctuary is the center of all our hopes, because Jesus is there in majesty as is seen in Hebrews 8:1.

The speaker declared that the early church must have known fully the truth set forth in this Hebrew letter. But this truth, along with other gospel light, went into eclipse until the time of the end. He then dwelt on the circumstances and experiences of the “1844 movement,” which carried with it a bitter disappointment, but issued in the discovering of the great truth of the heavenly sanctuary ministry.

Next the speaker briefly explained in detail the typical earthly sanctuary—a divinely ordained object-lesson, pointing in all its appointments to Christ and the heavenly sanctuary, the true, the real, the eternal tabernacle.

This, he said, is of great interest, but the supreme interest centers not in the structure itself, but in the service carried on therein. As in the old covenant the earthly sanctuary was set apart by the sprinkling of blood, so in like manner the heavenly sanctuary was dedicated by the blood of Christ. The speaker read scriptures showing that the earthly sanctuary was first anointed; and hence he held that thus it was in the case of the heavenly sanctuary, as seen in the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. The tongues as of fire at Pentecost were typified in the fire of the God of Israel in the first initial opening of the sanctuary, showing that the way of access to heaven was open. And, further, he said that the close of Christ’s ministry in heaven must surely end with a great demonstration of the Spirit.

Departmental Meetings

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

MISSIONARY VOLUNTEER DEPARTMENT

Fifth Meeting

Isaiah 53 was read by Elder L. R. Conradi for the devotional exercises. Earnest prayer was offered. The time of the meeting was given to the study of the principles and problems of organization. W. W. Ruble’s excellent paper laid down four fundamental principles of the organization of our Missionary Volunteer work:—

“1. Salvation of young people who are church-members.
“2. Salvation of young people who are not church-members.
“3. Training these young people for service.
“4. Organizing their efforts to finish the work in this generation, and directing these efforts in harmony with the plans of the great movement that God has instituted in the earth for the finishing of the work.”

Next came a paper by Miss Jennie R. Bates, on “The Work of the Conference Secretary.” It was a strong appeal for thorough, systematic work in every conference. The following extract is of general interest:—

“The work of the secretary is to save the youth, to save them to the cause of God, and to help train them for the kingdom. It means that we must go after them, we must keep going after them, and never stop going after them until we get them. It means work and prayer each day, and all the days; prayer that will take no denial, work that knows no thought of hours. It means such close connection with God that we are simply his mouthpiece, and that the youth will turn as naturally to us for help and counsel as the daisy to the sun; a work that knows nothing short of the souls given to our keeping, shining in the kingdom of God. The greatest duty a secretary owes her young people is to walk where it will be safe for them to follow—in habit, in dress, in conversation, even in her personality. She must have a heart of love, warm and tender, but strong and swift to duty.”

Mrs. Katie M. Pogue’s paper, on “The Conference Secretary,” was brimful of splendid suggestions for work among our isolated youth. She appealed to the conference secretary in these words:—

“The work for this isolated class means that upon the shoulders of the State secretary there rests the heavy burden of bringing help and encouragement to these lonely ones, and making them feel the necessity of doing something for Jesus wherever they may be. Leading them to work for those around them is one of the best ways of brightening their faith and giving them strength and courage. We find, in reaching these isolated ones, that, aside from what personal visits can be made them, a letter of encouragement each month, with enclosed report blank, is the best-known means of keeping in touch with them.”

A paper on “Reporting,” read by Miss Case, emphasized the importance of coming in personal touch with the workers in the local societies and giving them careful instruction.

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT

Seventh Meeting

The meeting opened with prayer, in which a number joined. Dr. Kress read a lengthy paper on “The Relationship of the Unorganized or Self-Supporting Medical Work to the Organized Work.” He said his views had changed very materially of late with reference to this question, and that in his opinion the self-supporting worker was as much a part of the organized work as was the worker in the conference. This called forth very earnest discussion.

W. J. Stone said he regretted the postponement of the consideration of W.B White’s paper of the previous day, and called attention to the close union that all admitted should exist between the evangelical and medical work.

Dr. Miller said he did not think we were turning out too many nurses, judging from the need of such workers in foreign fields. Foreign fields are calling for medical workers to connect with the evangelical workers, and we cannot separate the two without doing violence to the message.

Elder Burden thought the encouraging of independent medical workers was destructive of organization, and that while the present conditions make it necessary for some to work independently of the organization, yet it is not God’s plan, and we should work to correct the condition and meet the mind of God.

Dr. Fattebert said that Mexico is a very good field for medical workers. The nurses there are worked beyond endurance, and many, because of a desire to make money, have forgotten the great work of saving souls. He thought all branches of the message should be under the supervision of the conference.

Dr. Sadler said that we are discussing conditions that prevail, and stated that, for some reason independent workers are increasing. He could not locate the cause, but suggested that it is the duty of all concerned to use every endeavor to effect harmony and cooperation.

Dr. Fulmer was much interested in the question from the standpoint of a self-supporting worker. There is a difference between an independent worker and a self-supporting worker. He did not like the term “independent worker.” The true, loyal, self-supporting worker is just as much a part of the organization as the worker on the conference pay-roll. Thousands of people never will hear the message from the organized conference worker, and must be reached by those who are working without conference support.

Elder W. C. White: All who love God are a part of the organized church, but there is a vast difference between the church and a department of church

work. The medical work is a department of the organized work, and to be connected with it we cannot be independent of it. We should study the use and meaning of terms, and we should study the relation of each department of the organized work to the whole, and God will give wisdom. The great question is, Are we right with God? do we love God? and are we a part of the great organized work of God in the earth.

RELIGIOUS LIBERTY DEPARTMENT

Fifth Meeting

Prayer by W. A. McCutcheon.

S. B. Horton moved that a committee of five, including the chairman, be appointed to consider the advisability of sending a delegation, representing the General Conference assembled, to wait upon the President of the United States. The motion was supported and unanimously carried. Committee named, W. W. Prescott, C. S. Longacre, K. C. Russell, S. B. Horton, J. E. Jayne.

A paper was read by C. M. Snow, on “The Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America.” This paper dealt in a straightforward way with the principles underlying the organization and workings of the Federal Council. Mr. Snow said, “The Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America is urging the government to do what the government has denied itself the right to do; and more than that, the Federal Council is organized for the specific purpose of compelling the government to do what the Constitution denies it the right to do.”

K. C. Russell said that in the past eight years the Federal Council has not accomplished the great work which its plans contemplated. Nevertheless, it is steadily working toward that peculiarly destined goal to which its principles must ultimately lead,—rejection of the Bible, and a Saviourless teaching, culminating in an image to the beast. He quoted Dean Mathews, the present president, as sayings that their present platform sounds more like a political platform than it really is. Reference was also made to the significant action at their last meeting in Chicago, when the word Protestant was forever removed from the constitution.

L. A. Smith spoke briefly, emphasizing the thoughts already presented.

In the discussion which followed, participated in by A. J. Clark, F. W. Paap, C. H. Edwards, W. A. Colcord, H. A. Weaver, J. E. Jayne, V. Watts, H. C. Clemen, W. F. Martin, C. M. Snow, and K. C. Russell, the prevailing sentiment was that among the Federal Council of Churches and its allied organizations there are some honest, conscientious, though misguided men, and that in speaking of the organizations, we, as workers in the last message, should be guarded in our expressions. We should deal with principles rather than men, and in a kindly, Christian manner, yet be as firm as possible in pointing out error.

Sixth Meeting

The principal speakers were L. R. Conradi, of Hamburg, Germany; W. T. Bartlett, of Watford, England; F. Prieser, of Basel, Switzerland; and H. F. Schuberth, of Berlin, Germany.

They all told of conditions prevailing in European countries where church and state are united. It appears that in the United Kingdom and its colonies the greatest freedom exists for the propagating of denominational doctrines. Freedom to worship according to the dictates of conscience is so generally understood as to be axiomatic.

In certain European countries it appears that the individual has a better chance in appealing for religious liberty, than a religious organization has in securing recognized freedom for a denominational propaganda.

Elder Prieser, of Basel, stated that many hundreds of young men have been exempt from military service on religious grounds, but that the present war pressure under which European countries are now all resting, has changed this condition. The latest edict is to the effect that all religious bodies must teach their sons the importance of military service, or suffer under the penalty of an imperial act.

A thrilling narrative was related by Elder Conradi:—

“A young man doing military service in the army was put in prison because of his refusal to break the Sabbath. While in prison a former minister of our church who had apostatized, visited him. He did his best to confuse our brother, and told him our people were not taking care of his aged mother, from whom he had been separated through the imprisonment. The misrepresentations affected the young man to the extent that he yielded. He was given his freedom, and left the prison. He soon learned that all that had been told him was false, and that the church had been faithful in taking good care of his mother. He at once returned to the prison officials, and said: ‘Here I am again. I refuse to recant from my former position relative to the keeping of the Sabbath.’ He was again incarcerated, but was later released by official decree.”

In regard to the operation of Sunday laws in Germany a peculiar contradiction seems to exist between the operation of these laws in the cities and in the country. In the cities all kinds of labor must cease under penalty. Business of all kinds must be closed. But as soon as one passes the city limits, he sees everywhere men and women at work on their farms and engaged in all manner of employment. Indeed, officers who look upon their work, commend them for doing it well, and converse with them concerning the nature of their crops, or the quality of their tools. This resembles the original Sunday law enacted by Constantine in A. D. 321.

SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT

Sixth Meeting

First topic: “Sabbath-School Membership, Attendance, Punctuality.” Miss Eunice Crawford, of Kansas, in the opening paper deplored the irregularity and tardiness of our people in attending the Sabbath-school. Two rules were given which would insure a poor Sabbath-school. 1. Do not attend. 2. If you do attend, be tardy. A number of helpful suggestions were given which, if followed, will do much to bring about improvement in this matter.

Mrs. G. F. Jones, of Singapore, and Mrs. M. C. Sturdevant, of Rhodesia, South Africa, both spoke of the eagerness of the natives in their respective fields, to arrive at Sabbath-school in good time. It is quite common for them to assemble at the meeting-place as early as seven o’clock.

A number took part in the discussion, Elder Thompson closing with the pointed remark, “The best way to get anywhere on time is to start on time.”

Second topic: “The General Review, Length of Time, Methods.” A. F. Haines, of Jamaica, defined the purposes of the review, as follows: 1. To test the pupils learning. 2. To fix securely in their minds what is understood. 3. To give a comprehensive survey of past lessons. 4. To stimulate home study. 5. To prove the teachers’ own work. The readiness of a class in review will be the test of its teacher’s efficiency. It is a severe test, but a just one.

Miss Alice Teeple continued the subject, presenting a valuable paper. She urged that every school make provisions for reviewing each division separately. In passing over a new road, the directions are followed with anxiety. The second time the road is traversed, the company of a friend is welcomed, and many points of interest noted. The last trip, made with one who is still more familiar with the path is full of interest in observing many beautiful scenes hitherto unnoticed. In this way the student passes over the lesson route, first alone, then with his teacher, and lastly with the reviewer.

Brother J. E. Fulton, of Australia, emphasized the value of maps, by relating the experience of a native islander who, upon seeing a map of Bible lands, remarked that he did not know that Palestine was on earth, but thought it was in heaven. Another had thought that Egypt was “off on one side,” not on the earth.

Seventh Meeting

“Some New Things” was the attractive title of the first topic. L. H. Wood, of Union College, related the way in which the Union College Sabbath-school attained a record of 100 percent in attendance for an entire quarter, a record never before attained, so far as we know. The interest in the offerings was also greatly increased by setting before the school the definite goal of sending a missionary from Union College to China, at the rate of two cents a mile. The missionary was sent well inland in China by the offerings in one quarter. The students sacrificed in various ways to earn money for their gifts.

“The Power of Home Influence” was the special theme of the hour. Mrs. C. M. Snow, of Takoma Park, read a very helpful paper setting forth strongly the truth that the days of childhood are character-making days. The world is not so wide nor the span of life so long that the influences of home lose their power. Many a ruined life can be traced directly to the influence of the home. Short measures, prevarications, a little criticism of neighbors, ministers, Sabbath-school teachers, a little slighting of the Word of God, do a work that tears and prayers may not undo.

Mrs. Flora V. Dorcas, of Iowa, referred to the instruction given by the spirit of prophecy concerning the home, its location, surroundings, and the spirit that should prevail. Definite instruction has been given parents to study the lesson daily with their children. The

promise is that if parents will do their part, “God will do his.” On the other hand, we have the statement, “Parents who neglect their children will be weighed in the balance and found wanting..

Miss Edith McClelland, of Springfield, Ill., called attention to Moses, Timothy, and Joseph as examples of the permanent effect of right parental training. Two hundred years ago Susanah Wesley, living in the midst of deepest poverty, in Epworth, England, trained her children for the Lord. Her sons stood as light-bearers for God in a time of great religious declension. God calls for homes in these last days where the youth will be taught reverence and devotion.

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT

Third Meeting

At the third meeting of the educational council, Miss Peck, normal director of Union College, read a stirring paper on the pressing need of more and better-trained teachers for our elementary schools. This denomination owes to every child in Israel an education in our own schools. The purpose of the church-school is to gather the children out of the world; to given them an education that is not only free from error, but that is based on the Word of God; to give them an experimental knowledge of the message for this time; and to fit them to act their part in the proclamation of the truth in the last days. That this work may be accomplished, teachers must be trained, and be trained in accordance with the principles, methods, and aims in education that called these schools into being. Our field workers, college presidents, academy principals, may greatly aid the work of normal training by encouraging those who have natural ability to teach to consecrate their lives to this work for our children. The preparation of educational bulletins and teachers’ manuals on subjects taught for normal directors and critic teachers, is as indispensable to success in the development of teachers as are institutes for canvassers, ministers, Bible teachers, church-school teachers, and others to their work.

Professor Van Kirk read the report of the standing committee on normal standards, which the chairman promised to have duplicated and distributed for study in detail.

Mrs. Osborne’s discussion of the report was postponed, at her request, till this report is in the hands of the assembly.

Miss Kellogg, normal director of Emmanuel Missionary College, read a paper on “The Relative Importance of Academic and Professional Studies.” Aside from spiritual and moral qualifications, scholarship of the highest type is fundamental to success in any grade of school work. No amount of science of education, methods, and psychological principles can take the place of a well-built foundation in Bible, science, language, mathematics, etc. On the other hand, no amount of expert knowledge will guarantee success to a teacher who is striving to fashion a character without a thorough understanding of the mental processes, the inter-dependence of motives and ideals, and the stimuli that arouse the inner life of the pupil. Academic training should not all be given with reference to the teacher’s future work, since he should have a broad outlook, not only in definite knowledge of his subject, but also as to methods of teaching.

The preparation needed by secondary teachers should be general, with special training in that subject, or group of closely-related subjects, which he expects to teach, besides enough professional training to show him the responsibilities of his work, and give him principles to direct him in that work. The aim of our normal course of study is a balanced education, including strong academic training, governed by the best methods of developing the nature of the child for Christian service.

FAITHFUL STUDY OF THE SABBATH-SCHOOL LESSON

A Paper Read in the Sabbath School Department Meetings

The Sabbath-school is the one universal educational institution of this denomination. Its teachers not only outnumber ten to one those in our church schools, academies, and colleges; but they are the only teachers who meet the same little group of people, week after week the year round, and instruct them in the mysteries of the kingdom. The Sabbath-school lesson, moreover, represents the only systematic study of God’s Word in which our people everywhere can and do have a part.

This is the more meaningful and significant because the Seventh-day Adventist denomination is in a special sense the outgrowth of Bible study. We have separated from the world and from other professed Christian bodies in order to render implicit obedience to God’s Word. We exist today for the one purpose of witnessing in word and in deed to the cleansing, sanctifying power of the Holy Scriptures. As we therefore come together week by week in the capacity of a Sabbath-school for the purpose of enlarging and deepening our knowledge of the Word; we are performing what may be called a fundamental duty—we are conserving and strengthening that which is most unique and precious among us.

Obviously the officers and teachers who lead out in such a work carry a very heavy responsibility for the welfare of God’s people. If we fail to make the most of our unique opportunities, if we fail to study the lessons deeply ourselves, or fail to inspire in our pupils the spirit of prayerful study, who can estimate the loss? But if, on the other hand, our work is well and faithfully done, what an uplift, intellectual and spiritual, to the entire denomination!

And now, in taking up more directly the need of thorough lesson preparation let us first consider the question in its intellectual aspect. The Bible is a whole library of books replete with knowledge, and abounding in the deepest wisdom. But it must be studied to be understood. Its contents must be mastered; and not till this is done can we feel that we are truly established in the faith. It is one thing to give a sort of assent to the truths of the message as presented from the pulpit; it is quite another thing to be able to take the Bible and with its sole aid explain these truths ourselves. Yet this is an experience we all must have.

It is an intellectual age we live in, and we must be wide awake intellectually to meet its needs. Our memories and our reasoning powers need to be taxed to the full in order to keep them at “concert pitch.” We need the hard lessons especially, the ones that at first baffle and perplex us, in order that by manfully struggling with and overcoming the difficulties they present, we may develop a high degree of intellectual strength and efficiency.

But if we need the intellectual stimulus of the Sabbath-school lessons, how much more do we need the spiritual food they contain. The first requirement of life, physical or spiritual, is food. Peter admonishes us to “desire the sincere milk of the Word” that we may grow thereby, and Jeremiah writes: “Thy Word was found and I did eat it, and thy Word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of my heart.” But let it be noted that feeding upon the Word means appropriating it, making it a part of ourselves. This is not accomplished by nonchalantly reading a chapter or dreamily musing over the contents of some verse. The Word is to be conveyed into the mind as food into the body. It is to be firmly lodged in the memory, and then it is to be diligently meditated upon, one scripture being compared with another, till the full force of each, as well as its bearing upon the others, is apprehended. Then it is to be considered in relation to the daily life. What new duties and privileges does it bring to view? What new crosses to be borne? What victories to be won? What new glimpse does it give of the sufferings of the Redeemer? Of the glories of the world beyond?

We have but begun the appropriation of the lesson when we have fixed the main points of it in mind; but, let the point be emphasized, the spiritual benefit which is to be derived from it is largely dependent on this initial intellectual mastery of the text.

Such a study of the Sabbath-school lesson will require some time; but is it not meet that we should give liberally of our time to study the Word which is to make us wise unto salvation? Is there any occupation at all that will bring richer returns in abiding joy and deep soul-satisfaction? It requires time to eat the meals that support our physical system, yet we manage to take them regularly, and mostly with some degree of leisure. Shall we do less for the support of the spiritual nature.

Is there not a danger that we as officers and teachers are not fully alive to the need on the part of our pupils of this daily feeding on the Word? If we knew that these same pupils were suffering for want of physical food—that they would often go days without getting a good meal, would it not draw upon our heart strings? Ought we to feel less concern that they shall be spiritually fed?

The Duke of Wellington was once twitted by a friend who had been looking over some of his published despatches. He said he saw very little there about fighting and sieges and victories, but the despatches were mostly taken up with orders for beef and corn and other supplies for the army. The Iron Duke replied: “Very true, and properly so: the feeding of an army is the most important thing a commander has to see to; for it is the well-fed army that wins victories.

Is it not possible that the lack of strength to withstand temptations, the

listlessness, the spiritual anemia which we are sorry to see in the lives of many believers, is chiefly due to lack of regular daily feeding on the Word? to a lack, in other words, of the full appropriation of the blessings which the Sabbath-school offers us.

So much for the need of faithful lesson study. Let us now consider methods of bringing it about. How can we as teachers induce or pupils to prepare their lessons thoroughly? How can we help them to make room in their lives for the daily systematic study of God’s Word? First, we must become enthusiastic over the lessons ourselves. We must study them more deeply, see more clearly their relation to the experiences of our everyday life, and in general enjoy a more vital experience in feeding on the living Word. We must not only be filled with the lesson, we must overflow with it. But to continue the figure: we must not overflow in the unwise manner of those enthusiastic teachers whose flood of oratory carries all before it, and works ruin and devastation among the budding thoughts and ideas of the pupils, which should have been encouraged to blossom and yield fruit in intelligent questions and answers. In other words, the overflow is not to be like the uncontrolled outbreaks of our own Mississippi, which carries away whole villages, and spreads ruin over smiling fields and valleys. Rather let it be like the overflow of the River Nile, its waters controlled and diverted into hundreds of little channels which distribute it over the whole face of the country, so as to make what would otherwise be a desert to blossom as the rose. Thus the enthusiasm of the wise Sabbath-school teacher will flow into many hidden channels; it will come from the teacher, but it will manifest itself chiefly in the pupils, whose alert, interested, wide-awake faces and prompt answers are the best evidence that the teacher is imparting his own life to them.

Among the special devices for encouraging thorough lesson preparation, is that of making definite assignments to individual pupils. It has worked well, so far as the writer has observed, wherever it has been adopted.

The definite assignment puts a pupil on his mettle. He knows exactly what is wanted of him and does it. Moreover the definite assignment fosters the idea of the Sabbath-school being a real school, where lessons previously learned are to be recited.

Naturally the assignments will be of various kinds. Sometimes they may be in the nature of side-lights upon the lesson, having to do with customs and traditions of early times, which help to a clear understanding of the text. Sometimes a Bible doctrine, only indirectly stated in the lesson, may be assigned to a pupil for further development. At other times a pupil may be asked to look up a passage bearing on the lesson in the works of the spirit of prophecy. Not infrequently the assignments will be a definite portion of the lesson itself. A teacher in some instances may divide the entire lesson into as many parts as there are pupils in the class, and assign one to each, with the understanding, of course, that each pupil will also study the lesson as a whole. The writing of a short essay on some phase of the lesson is another form of special assignment that has worked well. The preparation of material for such writing, and the act of composition itself both give the pupil valuable practise in the use of his mental powers. Map-drawing can be made a very practical and interesting feature of home work. Outlining the lesson is especially suitable in some cases. Many other modes of making assignments will suggest themselves to the thoughtful teacher. Pains should of course be taken to adapt the various assignments to the abilities of the several students, and there should be a constant variety.

Much tact will be needed in dealing with these assignments in the recitation period. The pupil must have an opportunity to read what he has written, or to tell what he has learned, and the teacher must let him feel that his effort is appreciated, that good work receives its due recognition.

Now, a few words with reference to another phase of the question. Sooner or later a Sabbath-school teacher discovers that whether his pupils are children or adults, the home conditions have a great deal to do with the weekly preparation of the lesson, so if he is a wide-awake teacher he will study the homes of his pupils, and will form in his own mind, and endeavor judiciously to have carried into execution, a plan for the study of the lesson, which will take in the whole family. He will be wise not to expect too much to begin with; but anything less than some daily study of the lesson, however short, will not be found satisfactory.

Let us take a typical instance. Here is a family of, let us say five—father, mother and three children. The two younger children study the lessons on creation; the parents and eldest son those on the sanctuary. It is a very busy family, and the present plan is to study the lesson Friday evening, when everybody is more or less tired and sleepy. What would be the more excellent way for this family?—Obviously a lesson-study begun on Sunday and continued daily during the week. Let us suggest that the study be taken up at family worship in the evening. Sunday and Monday could be devoted to the children’s lesson. Tuesday and Wednesday to the lesson for the adults, Thursday to a review of the children’s lesson, and Friday to review questions on both lessons, and to a special consideration of its practical application. Of course, this program is only suggestive. It would need to be adapted to the situation in each home. The evening hour is suggested because the members of the family are likely then to be less hurried than in the morning; but it might be well occasionally to read two or three of the texts also at morning worship. The Sabbath-school lessons taken up in this way instead of the usual somewhat conventional reading of a chapter of the Bible, would afford subject-matter for thought, and some of the outstanding facts of the lesson would be pretty sure to come up at the dinner table, where much helpful discourse might be had. Moreover the texts containing spiritual comfort would be sure to be in the mind of the mother as she would go about her work, and the children, whether at work or at play, would be revolving the facts of the lesson, and preparing to gratify the teacher next Sabbath with a vital knowledge of the subject. But best of all, the home atmosphere would benefit greatly by the hallowing influence of God’s Word, and every member of the family would gather from it overcoming strength.

Is the program I have suggested an impossible one? I hope not. Would it be anything more than God himself requires? Would it not come short even of carrying out to the full the solemn instruction given to his people of old: “These words which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: and thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates.” Deuteronomy 6:6, 7, 9. But you ask: How can it be brought about? The answer is: By hard work and prayer; but first of all we must aim for this thing, we must want it very much. We must take for one of our mottoes: “The Sabbath-school lesson seven days in the week,” and then bind our whole energies to its accomplishment. We must seek to make the Sabbath-school a much larger factor in the daily lives of our pupils. We must feel a holy jealousy for the Word of God so that it must grieve us to see our pupils spending so much time over the daily newspaper and so little on the life-giving Word. We must feel that, in allowing temporal matters to occupy the attention, largely to exclusion of the Sabbath-school lesson, our pupils are crowding their Savious out of their lives. We must feel that it is a life and death matter, and when we do this, we shall pray as we have not prayed before, and work as we have not worked before, for a Sabbath-school class composed of members spiritually alive and keenly interested in God’s Word, not only on the Sabbath, but on every day of the week.

As Sabbath-school teachers we are not alone in our work; we have a mighty helper, the God of heaven. Trusting in his strong arm, be the difficulties we have to surmount ever so great, we shall not suffer defeat, but ever go forth conquering and to conquer.

SABBATH DAY AT THE CAMP

The Sabbath-School

A full report of the various divisions of the Sabbath-school will appear in a later issue. Those who went from tent to tent during the study-hour found many bright faces in the kindergarten division, attentive boys and girls in the intermediate classes, and much animation among the various groups of adults in the tent assigned to those who preferred to recite in some foreign language. Although the Sabbath-school was necessarily divided into many sections, yet all seemed united in an effort to make the hour one of profit and inspiration.

The Sermon

The eleven o’clock hour was given to Elder A. G. Daniells, who chose as his text the triumphant testimony of the apostle Paul, “The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.” Elder Daniells was specially blessed with freedom. As he traced the tendencies and the struggles of the human heart, and contrasted the works of the flesh with the fruits of the Spirit, his hearers were led to close self-examination and to a personal application of the truths set forth. The key-note of the discourse, and, in fact, of all the services of the day, was freedom in Christ—an assurance of sins forgiven, of acceptance with God, and of power in personal soul-winning service.

It is hoped we shall find space in an early number of the BULLETIN to publish the sermon in full.

Afternoon Services

When we penned the lines published in Friday’s BULLETIN, announcing the usual order of services for Sabbath afternoon, little did we think that we should be called upon so soon to mourn the loss of one whom we have long loved as a dear personal friend and revered as a father in Israel. Yet such is the case; and now it becomes our sad duty to announce to our readers the death of Elder Geo. A. Irwin.

Though delayed by serious heart difficulty while en route to the Conference, Elder Irwin was enabled by God’s blessing to resume his journey early last week and to reach the encampment in time for a few days of service before his sudden death from heart-failure at about half past one o’clock Friday afternoon. At the time of his decease he was in the Washington Sanitarium, an institution he had helped to bring into existence, and to the interests of which he had given some of the best days of his life. Providentially, Mrs. Irwin was with him, and also his only son, Prof. C. W. Irwin, and wife, all from California. Everything that loving hands and skilled medical aid could do was done, in his behalf, but all to no avail, and he quietly fell asleep in Jesus.

The funeral was held at two o’clock Sabbath afternoon, in the main pavilion. The service was a simple one, yet deeply impressive withal. As a number of those with whom he had been intimately associated in official capacity and as a brother in gospel ministry, paid their last brief tribute of respect, the congregation of over three thousand united with them in mourning the loss of a prince in Israel, and in renewing their determination to exalt the principles of truth and righteousness that our fallen brother so untiringly upheld during his lifetime.

Elder Irwin’s associates on the General Conference Committee, of which he had long been an honored member, were among the mourners who accompanied the body to the beautiful Rock Creek Cemetery, his resting-place for a season. “Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord from henceforth: yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them.”

To the companion who has shared the labors of this fallen leader, and to his children and loved ones, we extend our deepest sympathy.

A full report of the funeral service will appear in the Review.

The remaining hours of the day were spent in seeking God, and in renewing vows of consecration and obedience. A large number desired special prayer for deliverance from sin, and these gathered in smaller tents, where many found freedom and peace. Some who yielded gave themselves to God for the first time. The work carried on in the various sections was a quiet one, yet signally blessed of Heaven to the conversion of precious souls.

A CORRECTION

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

In the editorial, “Half a Century Ago,” on page 104 of the BULLETIN, for “Monterey” read “Battle Creek.” We thank Elder Loughborough for calling our attention to this matter.

PHOTO-The Capitol

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