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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 7

May 27, 1913 - NO. 10

TAKOMA PARK STATION, WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 27, 1913

Published by
The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
DAILY EXCEPT SATURDAY
50 CENTS FOR THE SESSION, MAY 16 TO JUNE 9, 1913

Editorial committee: W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson. Office editors: C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler. Copy editor: Mrs. C. M. Snow.

Application made for entry as second-class matter at the post-office at Washington, D. C., under the act of Congress of March 3, 1879.

DAILY PROGRAM (Except Sabbath)

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

A. M.
Devotional Meetings (in
sections)6:00—6:45
Breakfast7:00
Bible Study8:30—9:30
Conference10:00—12:00
P. M.
Dinner12:15
Conference2:30—4:00
Departmental Meetings
(in sections)
Missionary Talks and Other
Services (in big tent).4:30—5:30
Lunch6:00
Public Service7:30—9:00

Conference Proceedings. EIGHTEENTH MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 26, 10 A. M.

L. R. CONRADI in the chair.

H. R. Salisbury offered prayer.

W. A. Spicer (following the roll-call of new arrivals): Brother Chairman, there are only three delegates in the whole list who are not present,—J. B. Clymer of the Lake Union, M. L. Andreasen, of the Northern Union, and D. H. Aymes, of the Australasian Union. It is really a remarkable list. Four years ago the total delegate list was 328. This year the total list is 375, and all present but three.

L. R. Conradi: We will now hear from committees.

W. T. Knox: I crave the privilege of presenting first a memorial we have prepared. In behalf of the committee, H. R. Salisbury will present it if there is no objection.

PHOTO-MEMBERS OF THE EUROPEAN DELEGATION

H. R. Salisbury (reading): “In harmony with the plans for perfecting the organization of our world-wide work, the union conference presidents of the United States and Canada respectfully petition the General Conference assembled to authorize the organization of a division conference to be known as the North American Division Conference.” Mr. Chairman, I move the acceptance of this.

Frederick Griggs: I second that.

L. R. Conradi: Are there any remarks?

W. T. Knox: When this plan of organization was first suggested in the memorial that came to us from our brethren in Europe in the fall of 1912, the matter then received considerable attention by the brethren in attendance at the autumn council, and at the special council in California last January. To most of the brethren the plan of dividing the world into division conferences seemed reasonable. It was thought best not to attempt this work at once further than the creation of the European Division Conference. But as we have had time to counsel together, it has seemed, inasmuch as a change in our organization would be inevitable sooner or later, that this was the opportune time to create a North American Division Conference. There will be without doubt, an Enabling Act introduced which will give opportunity for fully enlarging upon the benefits that appear to be within our reach in this step. But I would simply state that the advantages to be gained as a result of immediate action so far outweight the difficulties that confront us, that we feel constrained to bring this memorial before you at this time. From counsels we have had with the different union conference presidents, and also a number of leading brethren intimately concerned with our work in America, I feel free to say that we are united in presenting this request before you.

Question was called, and the motion to accept the memorial was carried.

L. R. Conradi: Are we now ready to have this Enabling Act read?

Guy Dail: The further report of the committee on plans has one other resolution before that of the Enabling Act. This report is as follows:—

14. Resolved, That in consequence of the request of its executive committee, the name of the Canadian Union Conference be changed to that of the Eastern Canadian Union Conference.

In response to the request of the North American Union Conference presidents for the organization of a North American Division of the General Conference,—

15. Resolved, That we hereby authorize the delegates from North America, of the following union conferences now present in this General Conference, namely, the Atlantic, the Central, the Columbia, the Lake, the Northern, the North Pacific, the Pacific, the Southeastern, the Southern, the Southwestern, the Eastern Canadian, and the Western Canadian Union,—to meet and organize the North American Division Conference; and we recommend that in organizing said conference they adopt and act upon the following constitution and by-laws [This reprint is according to the form adopted, after several minor changes in the consideration of it.]:—

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE NORTH AMERICAN DIVISION CONFERENCE OF SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTISTS

Article I—Name

This organization shall be known as the North American Division Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.

Article II - Territory

The territory of this conference shall be the continent of North America,

excepting Mexico and the states of Central America.

Article III—Object

The object of this conference is to teach the everlasting gospel of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ.

Article IV—Membership

Section 1. The membership of this conference shall consist of:—

(a) Such union conferences as have been or shall be properly organized and accepted by vote.

(b) Such union mission fields as have been or shall be properly organized and accepted by vote.

(c) Such local conferences outside of any union as have been or shall be properly organized and accepted by vote.

(d) Missions, properly organized, and not included in any union.

Sec. 2. The voters of this conference shall be designated as follows:—

(a) Delegates at large.

(b) Regular delegates.

Sec. 3. Delegates at large shall be:—

(a) The division conference executive committee and the General Conference Executive Committee.

(b) Such representatives of organized missions in the division as may be recommended by the executive committee, and accepted by the delegates in session.

Sec. 4. Regular delegates shall be such persons as are duly accredited by union conferences and by local conferences not included in any union.

Sec. 5. Each union conference shall be entitled to one delegate, without regard to numbers, an additional delegate for each conference in its territory, and an additional delegate for each five hundred of its membership. Each local conference, not included in any union conference, shall be entitled to one delegate without regard to numbers, and to one additional delegate for each five hundred members.

Sec. 6. (a) Each union mission shall be represented in conference sessions by delegates chosen on the basis of one for the union mission, one for each organized mission within its territory, and one for each five hundred of its members.

(b) Each organized mission field outside of any union, shall be entitled to one delegate.

(c) The delegates of union and local mission fields shall be appointed by the executive committee of the conference.

Article V—Executive Committee

Section 1. At each session, the conference shall elect an executive committee for carrying on its work between sessions.

Sec. 2. The executive committee shall consist of the president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer, the presidents of the union conferences, the superintendents of organized union missions, and the secretary of each department of the conference; namely, the Publishing, Medical, Educational, Young People’s, Sabbath School, Religious Liberty, General, Foreign, German, Danish-Norwegian, Swedish, and Negro,—and five additional persons.

Article VI—Officers and Their Duties

Section 1. The regular officers of this conference shall be a president, a vice-president, a secretary, and a treasurer, who shall be elected by the conference. One or more auditors shall also be elected by the conference.

Sec. 2. President: The president shall act as chairman of the executive committee, and labor in the general interests of the conference, as the executive committee may advise.

Sec. 3. Vice-president: It shall be the duty of the vice-president to assist the president in his work, as the executive committee may advise, and, in the absence of the president, to preside at the councils of the members of the executive committee.

Sec. 4. Secretary: It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep the minutes of the conference sessions, and of the meetings of the executive committee, and to collect such data from union and local conferences and missions as may be desired by the conference or by the executive committee, and to perform such other duties as usually pertain to such office.

Sec. 5. Treasurer: It shall be the duty of the treasurer to receive all funds, and disburse them by order of the president, and to render such financial statements at regular intervals as may be desired by the conference or by the executive committee.

Sec. 6. Election of officers: All officers of the conference and members of the executive committee except such members as are presidents of union conferences or superintendents of union mission fields, shall be chosen by the delegates at the regular session of the North American Division Conference, and shall hold their offices for the period of four years, or until their successors are elected and appear to enter upon their duties.

Article VII—Incorporations, Departments, and Agents

Section 1. Such incorporations and departments may be created as the development of the work requires.

Sec. 2. At each regular session of this conference, the delegates shall elect such trustees of all corporate bodies connected with this organization as may be provided in the statutory laws governing each.

Sec. 3. The conference shall employ such committees, secretaries, treasurers, agents, ministers, missionaries, and other persons, and shall make such distribution of its laborers, as may be necessary to execute its work effectively. It shall also grant credentials or licenses to its ministers and missionaries.

Article VIII—Sessions

Section 1. This conference shall hold its first regular session in 1915, and shall thereafter hold quadrennial sessions at such date and place as the executive committee shall designate by a notice published in the Advent Review and Sabbath Herald at least six weeks before the date of the session.

Sec. 2. The executive committee may call special sessions at such time and place as it deems proper, by a like notice, and the transactions of such special sessions shall have the same force as those of the regular sessions.

Article IX—By Laws

The voters of this conference may enact by-laws and amend or repeal them at any session thereof, and such by-laws may embrace any provision not inconsistent with this constitution.

Article X—Amendments

This constitution or its by-laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote of the voters present at any session, such amendments to be not inconsistent with the constitution of the General Conference, and provided, further, that if it is purposed to amend the constitution at a special session, notice of such purpose shall be given in the call for such special session.

BY-LAWS

Article I—Executive Committee

Section 1. During the intervals between sessions of the conference, the executive committee shall have full administrative power, with authority to grant and withdraw credentials and licenses, and to fill for the current term any vacancies that may occur in its offices, boards, committees, or agents—by death, resignation, or otherwise—except in cases where other provision for filling such vacancies shall be made by vote of the conference. The withdrawal of credentials or filling of vacancies on the executive committee shall require the consent of two thirds of the members of the executive committee.

Sec. 2. Any five members of the executive committee, including the president or vice-president, shall be empowered to transact such executive business as is in harmony with the general plans outlined by the committee, but the concurrence of all five members shall be necessary to pass any measure.

Sec. 3. Meetings of the executive committee may be called at any time or place by the president or vice-president; or such meeting may be called by the secretary, upon the written request of any five members of the executive committee.

Sec. 4. Previous to each session of the conference, the executive committee shall provide such temporary committees as may be necessary to conduct the preliminary work of the conference.

Article II—Departments

The work of the departments of this organization shall be in charge of the secretaries elected by the conference, associated with the committees selected by the executive committee, when not otherwise provided for by the conference.

Article III—Finance

Section 1. The division conference shall receive a tithe from all its union conferences, and from local conferences outside of any union, and the tithe of the union missions and local mission fields outside of any union.

Sec. 2. This conference shall pay a tithe of its regular tithe to the General Conference.

Sec. 3. The executive committee shall be authorized to call for such special donations as may be necessary to properly prosecute the work of the conference.

Sec. 4. The conference shall receive any percentage of tithes, or any surplus tithes, that may be turned over to it by any field.

Sec. 5. The conference shall receive offerings devoted to missions.

Sec. 6. All funds received for mission work to be used outside of this conference shall be passed on each month to the General Conference treasury.

Article IV—Audits

Section 1. The executive officers shall have the accounts of the conference audited at least once each calendar year,

and shall report upon the same to the executive committee of the conference at the annual sessions of the committee, and to the conference at its quadrennial sessions.

Sec. 2. The executive committee shall appoint annually six persons not in its employ, who, with the president, the vice-president, the secretary, the treasurer, and not less than five presidents of union conferences or superintendents of union mission fields, shall constitute a committee for auditing and settling all accounts against the conference.

G. Dail: I move the adoption of the report.

On this motion the question was called on recommendation 14.

Recommendation 15 was discussed.

W. T. Knox: It would appear to me that there is no argument necessary to make it seem that this measure is the consistent measure to take, following on our action of some two or three days ago. It gives to us a symmetrical organization. One of the first objections I heard raised to our previous action in creating the European Division Conference, was that it gave us an unbalanced condition; that it seemed to place the General Conference in a position where it ceased to be a world-wide conference. One of the principal objections that I have heard expressed at different times to the work of the General Conference officers has been the time that was required at their hands in giving attention to the affairs of North America, thus depriving the other great fields to which God is sending this message, of that attention and care that seemed to be demanded of them.

This measure proposes to give to North America an organization of its own, becoming one of the great divisions composing the General Conference, and a full official organization,—with a president, vice-president, secretary, and treasurer. There is in mind, also, although not brought out in the Enabling Act, that they shall have a full complement of departments necessary for the successful execution of their work. This will leave the General Conference officers free to give their attention to the great fields composing the world,—not that they are to turn now from North America, and to give it no attention, to drop its problems and difficulties, but to give to this division the attention called for, and at the same time to give the same fostering care and development to the other fields.

As treasurer of the General Conference, there was one possibility in connection with this measure that especially commended itself to me, and that is the funds. As I have visited among the conferences of America, and appealed to our brethren for their assistance in furnishing funds for the carrying of this message to the world, one of the ever-present questions presented to me is that of the use of General Conference funds in portions of North America. Some of you may recall the statements in the report of the treasurer, showing that there was raised in this field independent of the mission funds, sufficient money to meet the expenditures in America, independent of the mission offerings. Now, however, you will see that provision is made so that it will be possible for all, absolutely all our general funds to be used in the work of the General Conference. By the division of the tithe from conferences, it will be possible by this measure to care for all the work in North America, and leave all that we designate the Fifteen-cent-a-week mission Fund to be used in the work outside of North America.

Now that, to me, is a very desirable feature. It will be a satisfaction to be able to say to our brethren everywhere that this work that pertains to the North American Division, the assistance to the cities of the Atlantic and Columbia unions, the work in the South, the care of the Negro work, the care of the North American Foreign Department, which call for thousands of our dollars, will be cared for independent of our mission funds, separated completely from the General Conference funds. The tithe that now comes from local conferences to the General Conference, will constitute the funds of the North American Division Conference. The funds that will belong to the General Conference, for its work, will be the tithe that it receives from all division and union fields throughout the world, and the mission offerings of our people.

Now I believe that this measure will appeal to the delegates. In fact, it is the sentiment that was found existing in this field that has given inspiration to the action now brought before you this morning.

C. F. McVagh: What is the meaning of “union missions” in this constitution? There might be organized missions in this territory, but I see no great possibility of union mission fields.

L. R. Conradi: There might be the possibility of some far parts of Canada or of Alaska being organized some day that way. It leaves the matter open to have such organizations, if necessary. Is there any other question?

W. W. Prescott: I would like to make a final appeal in behalf of the name of this division. This long name, to be used constantly in so many ways, in writing and in printing and in speaking, to call it “The North American Division Conference of Seventh-day Adventists,” seems almost discouraging. (Laughter.) Now, why not call it “The American Division,” the same as across the water they call theirs “The European Division”? In the provision for the territory, they take in not only Europe, but parts of Africa and Asia. Why did not they call it “The Europe-Asia-Africa Division Conference”? (Laughter.) Because they did not want such a long name attached to it. I think we should do the same thing, and call this “The American Division Conference,” and thus save a great deal of time and breath and ink. I therefore move that the word “north” be struck out.

J. W. Westphal: I make an appeal for the name to remain as it is. There are two Americas,—there is a North America and a South America. If this was a question that came up only in the United States, then it would probably be appropriate; but these names are names that go throughout the whole world. We have to deal with them in South America. The people in South America consider that they are Americans just as much as the people here. The full name of “North American Division” is the only way to describe fully where it is and what it is. Consequently, I am in favor of the name remaining as it is. The little extra breath required in speaking the word “north” will be more than saved by not having to make lengthy explanations to the South Americans. (Laughter.)

W. A. Spicer: It is not only in South America that we would have to take more time for explaining than it would require to give the full name. Somehow throughout the world the United States has preempted the name “American.” People from the United States are known as Americans everywhere. I like the words “North American;” for Canada will be a very large part of this new division conference. [H. S. Shaw (of Canada): Hear! Hear!] We must remember the saying that if the nineteenth century belonged to the United States, the twentieth century belongs to Canada.

W. J. Fitzgerald: I simply rise to state that we would be everlastingly having to explain in England that the “American Conference” embraced it all. Over there we always speak of the United States as America.

M. C. Wilcox: I wish, Brother Chairman, and brethren, that we could have a different name than “division.” How would it do to call our conferences “local,” “union,” “general,” and “world”?

L. R. Conradi: We are on the motion whether it should be American or North American.

H. S. Shaw: I can not see the force of this argument about his long name. We have the “North Pacific Union Conference,” and we have the “Southwestern Union Conference,” and the “Southeastern Union Conference,” and I do not know as this is any longer than some of those.

Voice: And the “Western Canadian Union Conference.”

H. S. Shaw: Yes, and we have the Eastern Canadian Union Conference. I hope you will leave it as it really seems to me it should be,—“The North American Division Conference.”

The question was then called, and the motion to change the name was defeated, the mover also voting against it.

E. L. Maxwell: From the discussion this morning it seems to be evident that it is the plan to have the European Division administer its own mission funds and pay only a tithe to the General Conference; whereas, it is proposed that the North American Division shall not only pay a tithe to the General Conference, but it shall also pay fifteen cents a week a member for foreign missions. Now we who have to raise this money in the local conferences will have to explain to the people this seeming discrepancy. This is what I do not understand.

R. C. Porter: It is a very natural plan; in the European Division they have been carrying their regular work into European dependencies adjoining. But in the North American Division we have not been doing so. We simply go on with the plan we have been following all the time. There will be no explanation needed that you did not need to make all the time. Then at any time in the future when Providence and circumstances may direct, we can make such changes as may seem wise.

W. T. Knox: Might I add that when you look at the European Division you find it there with a defined territory, including within its borders the mission fields to which it is furnishing a surplus tithe, while it has 600,000,000 people within its own territory. The territory of the North American Division includes all the union conferences of the United States and Canada, and no more. In that territory, however, there are some union conferences that have mission territory; as, for example, the Pacific Union Conference. It appropriates a portion of its tithe to the support of those mission territories. Now, however, when we look out beyond, we see South Africa, South America, the Far East, the East and West Indies,—territory entirely outside of either the European or North American Division. This territory must be supplied with men and money. Now it would not be a natural thing for the North American Division to attempt to care for mission work throughout the great fields of the world. It is the natural burden and responsibility belonging to the General Conference.

PHOTO-AT AN AUSTRALIAN MEETING

No new condition has been created by the organization of this division conference, but we find ourselves in North America related to the mission fields in the same manner as before.

B. F. Kneeland: In reference to this proposed constitution and the organization of the North American Union Conference, I would like to know what effect it will have upon the handling of the Sustentation Fund.

W. T. Knox: I understand that that, with other matters of similar nature, will have to be determined upon by the organizers of the division conference.

B. G. Wilkinson: The memorial sent over from Europe last fall called for triennial sessions for the division, quintennial for the General Conference, biennial sessions for the union, and annual for the local. I would like to ask if the drafters of the constitution at this time have taken this into consideration, or if they are yet to take it into consideration.

W. J. Fitzgerald: I would like, for the matter of discussion, to move to substitute the word triennial for quadrennial.

The motion was not seconded.

R. W. Parmele: The delegates in this section do not seem to know definitely what provision will be made for the support of our colored work and the relief of the institutions in this division. They may be covered in the organization.

L. R. Conradi: That will be brought out in the organization. Now are we ready to vote on the constitution as a whole?

Question was called, and the report was unanimously adopted.

The meeting then adjourned.

L. R. CONRADI, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

NINETEENTH MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 26, 2:30 P. M.

L. R. CONRADI in the chair.

Prayer by F. H. DeVinney.

L. R. Conradi: This afternoon we are to hear from the Australasian Union Conference. Brother J. E. Fulton, the union president, will lead out.

J. E. Fulton: Before presenting my report, I would like to read a communication from one of the conferences farthest away which has just come to hand:—

To the brethren in General Conference assembled: Greeting!

“DEAR AND BELOVED BRETHREN: We, the Seventh-day Adventist Conference of West Australia, unite in forwarding to you our most heartfelt greeting on this important occasion. We desire to express our steadfast confidence in the message, our loyalty to the General Conference, and our determination to standy by the great principles of the truth that God has revealed. That divine guidance and understanding may be given in all your deliberations and decisions, will ever be our prayer.

“W. L. H. BAKER, President.
“R. H. CONSTANDT, Secretary.”

J. E. Fulton (reading):—

REPORT OF THE AUSTRALASIAN UNION CONFERENCE

The Australasian Union Conference comprises the Australian Commonwealth, the Dominion of New Zealand, and the numerous islands of the Southern Pacific, with a population of about six million, and with about five thousand Sabbath-keepers. This union conference territory is much to one side from the great thoroughfares of travel, being so far separated from other countries and continents by great bodies of water.

Constituency

But once the Australasian field is reached, it is found to be a most interesting one. Australia and New Zealand are settled by a most progressive and intelligent people, chiefly English, or of English extraction. The aboriginal inhabitants rank from a rather low type of man in the blacks of Australia to one of the finest races of the world—the Maoris of New Zealand—who have so nearly approached the whites in intelligence and prosperity that race distinction is practically unknown in the dominion.

But not only is the Australasian field an interesting one from the standpoint of the peoples to be found in its home field, but also because the numberless islands in the many groups of the South Pacific, which are inhabited by intelligent tribes, present to us a grand sphere of missionary opportunity.

Within this union conference are the conferences of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria-Tasmania, South Australia, West Australia, and New Zealand; and twelve missions; namely, Tahiti, Pitcairn, Rarotonga, Tonga, Samoa, Fiji, Lord Howe, Norfolk, New Hebrides, New Guinea, the Maoris of New Zealand, and the Queensland mission for the aborigines.

Institutions

Besides the local conferences and tract societies and church-schools there are eighteen distinct institutions under union conference control. Of these institutions there are six cafes, in the following-named cities: Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Wellington, and Auckland. There are five sanitariums, situated at Wahroonga, New South Wales; Avondale, New South Wales; Warburton, Victoria; Adelaide, South Australia; and Christchurch, New Zealand. We have four educational institutions; namely, the Australasian Missionary College, New Zealand Training-school, the Darling Range School, West Australia, and the Fiji Native Training-school. (This does not include the nurses’ training-school, which is connected with the Wahroonga Sanitarium, already mentioned). There are two publishing houses, the main one at Warburton, Victoria, and the other at Cooranbong, in connection with the college. The food factory, located at Cooranbong, should also be mentioned.

Progress of the Work

With so many institutions, there must of necessity be some perplexity in a field with such a small constituency, but we are glad to report that God has blessed our institutions generally. Not that they are doing what we had hoped for, or are making large gains, but, taking the work as a whole, it is, we believe, moving steadily forward.

Referring more in detail to our educational institutions, it is very encouraging to note that our training-college has had quite a full attendance. We have been glad for the good help of Professor Machlan, and are very sorry to lose him. Each year this institution supplies new recruits for our field. Many who in former years were students in this school are now doing successful work both in our home and foreign fields. In the New Zealand Conference alone we counted ten of the

laborers who were trained at the Australasian Missionary College, three of these being ordained ministers, God has blessed this school in the past, and it has opened again this last year with the largest attendance in its history.

PHOTO-CHURCH IN NORFOLK ISLAND

During the past few years the New Zealand school has struggled with financial difficulties, and the attendance has been small. Recently the farm and buildings have been sold at a fair price, and we are now starting in a new place under new conditions. We have a smaller farm and smaller buildings, and a smaller staff will operate the school, so we are confident that the future of the institution will be brighter. As we passed through New Zealand to this meeting, the school buildings were being finished, the farm was already sending produce to the market, and, best of all, the principal thought the school would be full of students at its opening. This is an intermediate school.

The intermediate training-school at Darling Range, West Australia, has had a very successful time during its entire history. The Fijian school is still doing excellent work training laborers for the islands. Its representatives are found in a number of islands of the group, and also in New Guinea, where two of its students are now laboring.

At Wahroonga Sanitarium the number of patients has been larger during the last two years than for some time, and excellent work is being done by our medical workers in advancing the gospel of health. the nurses’ training-school is being carried forward successfully It is encouraging to note that several of the graduates have gone into the field as evangelical workers, some to far-away island fields.

Australia, we believe, leads in the number of cafes under conference direction. Our cafes have all been busy and have done good work for the Lord. We are glad to report substantial gains in almost every case. Our food company has been busy, and has made good gains.

The publishing house at Warburton has turned out more work than ever before, and we are glad that it has shown the largest credit balance in its history. We are thankful, indeed, that God has blessed the work there, and also in the field, where our noble canvassing bands have distributed so many of our books containing the message for this time. Years ago it was thought by some that the field was worn out, but some of our successful bookmen say they have been training the people to buy—establishing the “book habit.” Their success proves this to be true.

Our camp-meetings have been seasons of refreshing, and have been more largely attended by God’s people than ever before. these annual gatherings have resulted in great good to our conferences. The outside interest in some instances has been most excellent. Our tent-meetings also in many places have won new adherents to the cause. An increasing number of young men are entering the field as evangelists. This gives good promise for future days.

Work in the Islands

PHOTO-OUR FIRST CHURCH BUILDING ERECTED IN AUSTRALASIA, IN TASMANIA

The work in the islands moves onward. The work of translating tracts, papers, and books goes steadily forward, and these are being widely scattered. Our missionaries are advancing to new posts in the different groups already occupied, and during the past year our work has opened up in Lord Howe and the New Hebrides. New recruits have been sent to Lord Howe, New Hebrides, Fiji, Rarotonga, and the Society Islands; work has been commenced in Aitutaki, and a worker and his wife are waiting to enter Savage Island.

Finances

Looking back over the period since the last General Conference, we make the following observations relating to the progress of the work, so far as figures tell them:—

The tithe during the quadrennial period ending 1908 was $223,702.14; during the last four years, $327,836.84, or an increase of $104,134.70.

I think the Australasian Union Conference can claim the honor of being the first union conference whose Sabbath-school offerings were wholly donated to missions. The offerings in our Sabbath-schools from 1904-08 were $23,140.45, and from 1908-12 they were $41,553.29, showing an increase of $18,412.84. The total offerings to missions apart from Sabbath-school and young people’s donations during the last four years were $45,734.36, or an increase of $20,144.04. Our offerings to home missions have not thereby been lessened, for there has been an increase from $8,796.76 in 1905-08 to $40,487.11 in the last four years, or an increase of $31,690.35.

Young People’s Societies

The number of our young people’s societies has increased from sixty-six to eighty-eight societies, and we can report great progress and efficiency along all lines. We look upon the young people’s society as an important factor in our work. During the past four years our young people, in addition to what they are doing in other departments, have given $17,084.09, chiefly to missions.

Book Sales

Although we have been repeatedly told that no more subscription books can be sold in Australasia, still they sell. In passing through New Zealand on my way to this conference, Pastor Cole, the president of that conference, informed me of the wonderful interest to hear the truth in those districts where thousands of “Great Controversy” have lately been sold. During the quadrennial period of 1905-08, books to the value of $314,334.69 were sold. This is a very good showing, but during the past four years the value of books sold was $380,317.85, showing an increase of $65,983.16.

Workers

At the beginning of this quadrennial period, we had twenty-eight ordained

ministers, and, notwithstanding the exodus of workers to the United States, we had at the close of the above-mentioned period thirty-seven ordained ministers, or an increase of nine. There is also an increase of nineteen licensed missionaries.

Other brethren of our delegation who render departmental reports will give interesting facts only touched on in this general report.

PHOTO-IN NEW GUINEA

While deeply grateful for the blessings of God upon his work in Australasia during the past four years, we are at the same time conscious of many failures, and that the work of God should have made greater progress in our field than it has. But, resolutely turning to the God of all grace for forgiveness of the past, and for help for the future, we are determined to press the battle of our God in Australasia to the gates, till, with the representatives from many lands gathered here to-day, we can, with the remnants of nations and tribes we help to garner in, stand at last triumphant on the sea of glass, to sing the song of Moses and the Lamb. God grant it, for Jesus sake.

F. E. FULTON, President.

L. R. Conradi: After this good report, we will hear from Brother A. H. Piper concerning the progress of the work in the South Pacific islands.

A. H. Piper (reading):—

AUSTRALASIAN UNION CONFERENCE MISSION FIELD

In the South Pacific is found the mission field attached to the Australasian Union Conference. At the present time, operations are being carried on in fourteen missions.

Pitcairn

Pitcairn, on the eastern fringe of the field, has a population of 153; the membership of the church there is 60. Word has reached us since we have been in Washington, that there has been quite a revival of late on the island. At the present time, a young married couple, nurses trained at the Wahroonga Sanitarium, New South Wales, are on their way to this lone island, to replace the worker who has lately returned to Australia.

Society Islands

The Society group, with 30,500 inhabitants, has two organized, churches and a company or two of Sabbath-keepers. At the present time there are four laborers in the field.

Cook Islands

Traveling west, the next group in which our work is established is the Cook Islands. With a population of 12,000, found on about twelve islands, we have but four workers.

Savage Island

PHOTO-SCENE ON RAROTONGA, COOK ISLANDS

Niue, or Savage Island stands alone. It long withstood the efforts of the early missionaries in the South Sea to evangelize it. When the fact that our workers were about to enter the field became known on the island, quite a spirit of opposition was awakened. It was thought best to delay sending the workers until the matter quieted. On this becoming known among our native brethren on Rarotonga, the chief island of the Cook Island group, the native deacon of the church there, himself a native of Niue, decided to go and do what he could. Without asking one penny of the conference, he paid his passage to the island, visited and worked among his people, and as a result we learned, just before we left Sydney, that the natives in Niue were waiting to receive favorably the workers who were under appointment to that field.

Samoan Islands

To the north of Niue is the Samoan group. Among a population of forty thousand, we have three workers. At present there are but eight Sabbath-keepers there.

Friendly Islands

West of the Samoan are the Tongan, or Friendly Islands. These are occupied by twenty-three thousand inhabitants, who are perhaps the proudest people of the Pacific. We have four workers in the group, and twenty Sabbath-keepers.

Fiji Islands

The Fiji Islands are the central group of the Southern Pacific. Here we have a training-school for native workers. There are twenty workers in the field, fourteen of whom are Fijians, and one of them an ordained minister. Among the eighty-five thousand Fijians we have two hundred forty-three Sabbath-keepers. In this group are forty-five thousand Indians of the coolie caste. We have one worker devoting all her time to work among them.

New Zealand

South of Fiji is New Zealand, with its forty-four thousand Maoris. The work among them goes very slowly.

New Hebrides

North of New Zealand are the New Hebrides Islands. This field has only lately been opened by a party of four workers, consisting of an ordained minister and his wife, and a brother and his wife who are nurses. The population is estimated at fifty thousand, many of them being cannibals.

Norfolk Island

Between the New Hebrides and Sydney are found Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands. A brother and his wife have charge of the work on the formed. Among a population of one thousand we have a church of sixty members. It is on this island that Sister Belden

widow of our late Brother Stephen Belden, lives. She has been an active worker. During the past two years, a company of Sabbath-keepers has been raised up on Lord Howe Island.

New Guinea

PHOTO-GENERAL MEETING IN THE FIJI ISLANDS

North of Australia is British New Guinea, or Papua, as it is officially known. The work is still in its infancy in this interesting field. We have four white workers and a young Fijian couple, doing what they can to master the language and win souls from among the three hundred fifty thousand heathen of this land. One night, some time ago, a number of warriors from an inland tribe of cannibals raided the mission station, with the intent of murdering all the natives working there. Their plans were frustrated by a sick boy, who, being awake, gave the alarm, at which the marauders made off through the bush. We feel very thankful to God for this signal deliverance. A Papuan, Vaori by name, embraced the Sabbath while working for the mission. Later he returned to his cannibalistic tribe in the interior. After some months, Bennie, our Fijian worker in the field, went inland to see Vaori, and to learn how he was prospering. He found that Vaori was keeping a record of the days of the week, a thing the Papuan knows nothing about, and he told Bennie that that day was Friday, and that the morrow was Sabbath. Not only was he faithful in keeping it, but was also preaching the truth to his tribe.

Australia

In Australia itself are found one hundred thousand aborigines, sixty thousand of whom, in West Australia, have never come in contact with white people, and it is said that they practise cannibalism. In Queensland some work has been done for them by a brother and his wife, who are giving all their time in an endeavor to teach them the message. Negotiations are at present being carried on with the Queensland government for a permanent mission station, in order that a more thorough work can be done in that state for them.

Literature for most of these island fields is printed by the Avondale Press at Cooranbong, New South Wales. In the Society, Cook, Samoan, Tongan, and Fijian groups, and for the Maoris of New Zealand, we have monthly papers circulating. These are edited in Australia, and in order that all in connection with these papers may be done as perfectly as possible, several young natives from the islands mentioned who are in attendance at the Australasian Missionary College, assist in the work of publishing them. All the papers are printed at Avondale.

Our field is a large one. From its eastern fringe to its western border, it stretches one third of the distance around the world, and one sixth of the distance from north to south. We have many important islands and groups yet to be entered. But it is with courage that we face the future. Our training-schools are full of young people, many of whom have their eyes upon the mission field. Our people in Australasia are loyal and hearty in their support of the work, for they believe the statement of the Spirit of the Lord, that “upon the Australasian Union Conference rests the burden of carrying the third angel’s message to the islands of the Pacific.” May God help us to do it.

A. H. PIPER,
Sec. Australasian Union Conference.

L. R. Conradi: We hear next from Brother Geo. S. Fisher, concerning the sanitarium and health work in the Australasian Union.

G. S. Fisher (reading):—

REPORT OF MEDICAL WORK IN AUSTRALASIA

The medical department of the Australasian Union Conference was established over fifteen years ago in the state of New South Wales. From a small beginning, the work has grown, and today we have five sanitariums, four in Australia, and one in New Zealand.

We have a large field, sparsely populated. We hope in the future to have the help of several eminent city practitioners. In reference to finance, we have experienced the same difficulties that many of our medical institutions have. The cost of training so many young people, combined with the general maintenance and up-keep, is very heavy, and for several years we have run behind. Last year the tide turned, and after depreciating our stock and buildings to the extent of $5,000, and doing charitable work to the extent of $1,700, the balance sheet revealed a gain of $220 net. For this we praise the Lord.

We endeavor to maintain a high spiritual standard in these institutions, and the people are much impressed with the deportment of the staff. We believe it is God’s design that these institutions should rightly represent the third angel’s message in every respect. It is the religious influence that pervades such places that inspires the guests with confidence. The total earnings for the past

Sydney Sanitarium year amounted to $30,000.

A little over ten years ago the institution known as the Sydney Sanitarium, situated about twelve miles from the city, was built at a cost of about $30,000, on an estate of 77 acres valued at about $18,000. This institution is well furnished and equipped with up-to-date medical and bath-room appliances, which brings the net value up to $70,000, and will accommodate 77 patients.

The Sydney Sanitarium is our medical training-school for the Australasian Union. Of the many bright young people trained here, some are today doing acceptable work both in the home field and in the islands of the Pacific, thus fulfilling the instruction given by the Spirit of the Lord: “God designs that all our institutions shall become instrumentalities for educating and developing workers of whom he will not be ashamed, workers who can be sent out as well-qualified missionaries, to do service for the Master.” The course consists of three years. We have an average of thirty-five nurses all the time in training, besides sixteen outside workers. At present there are nine men nurses and twenty-eight ladies.

Drs. I. A. Sherwin and M. M. Freeman, both graduates of the Sydney (Australia) University, are in charge of the medical work, and the Lord is blessing their labors very much. Sister Elsie M. Shannon, of America, who has been in Australia many years, is our medical matron, and is giving her whole soul to the training of workers. Our patronage fluctuates, but, taking all the year round, it averages about forty patients.

Warburton Sanitarium

The Warburton Sanitarium, situated about fifty miles from Melbourne, is built on a much smaller scale, and represents an investment of about $12,000. It is under the care of Dr. W. H. James, of Victoria, Australia. This institution enjoys a good patronage, especially during the summer months. It is situated close to our publishing house, and draws its water and electric supply from there. Last year it was run at a small loss, but the institution is still in its infancy, and we feel certain that when it becomes

more widely known, the result will be different. Warburton is a great health resort, and thousands visit there. Carloads of visitors are carried at excursion fares every week.

Adelaide Sanitarium

The South Australian Sanitarium, located in Adelaide, and built on the cottage plan, is capable of caring for about fifteen or twenty patients. Some good work has been done there, souls having been won to the truth through its instrumentality.

Christchurch (New Zealand) Sanitarium

The work in Christchurch (New Zealand) Sanitarium, under the care of Brother G. A. Brandstater, has made steady progress, the institution, including real estate, buildings, and equipment, representing an investment of about $20,000. Last year, after all expenses were paid, there was a net gain of $450. The railway company has lately acquired some of the property, and built a freight siding thereon, so probably it will be necessary in the near future for us to seek another location.

We would not forget to mention the good work being done by Drs. P. M. and Florence Keller, who are in private practise in Auckland, New Zealand; also the Drs. Richards, in Australia.

Health Food Work

Our health food work, another branch of the medical work, has also been greatly blessed of God during the last few years. The factory is built on the Avondale School estate, but is operated separately. The students are engaged mainly in the manufacture of health foods, of which we list about twenty-five or thirty kinds. At the time of the last General Conference, the indebtedness of this department exceeded $20,000, but we have reduced that now about one half. Taking into consideration that our present worth is over $18,000, the work is in a good financial condition. Last year’s balance-sheet showed a net profit of $5,020.

We have our own branch stores and restaurants. The latter are established in every state of Australia, except one, and also in New Zealand. They are greatly appreciated by the general public, and are a means of drawing attention to the truth. Only those who have a love for the message, and who believe in health-reform principles, are engaged in this work. We have been counseled that we should have such places in the large cities, and that, if properly conducted, they will be the means of calling the attention of busy city folks to the Sabbath of the Lord.

Cafe Work

Last year our cafe patronage increased by nearly 20,000. The total earnings for the year were $28,000. A few years ago there was great prejudice against vegetarianism on the part of the women of Australia, but it is quite different now. They attend our cooking demonstrations regularly, and are intensely interested in them. We praise God for all he is doing in the medical work. Our sole object is to educate the people by showing them how to prepare the most wholesome food, and how they can cooperate with God in restoring his moral image in themselves.

Temperance Work

The temperance work has received considerable attention, and today we are as a people in the front ranks of temperance reform. As opportunities have offered, we have united with the great temperance bodies in fighting the drink evil, and our representatives are called to take part in the alliance council meetings. Special temperance literature is prepared and scattered like the leaves of autumn. Whenever the local-option question comes before the country, we see much fruit from this literature.

PHOTO-MISSIONARY STATION IN TAHITI, SOCIETY ISLANDS

Many of the towns in New Zealand are enjoying prohibition. There has been a great reduction in licenses both in that country and in Australia. Our Australasian health magazine finds its way into twenty thousand homes, and is recognized to be the leading health journal in Australasia. It has been enlarged to sixty-four pages, and sells readily at sixpence (12 cents) a copy.

Although much has been done to bring our health reform principles before the people, we realize the fact that there yet lies a great work before us. Disease and sorrow are to be seen on every hand. So we feel grateful that today our young people are consecrating themselves for future responsibility in the organized work.

GEORGE S. FISHER.

L. R. Conradi: Brother L. D. A. Lemke will now report concerning the book work in this union.

L. D. A. Lemke (reading):—

SALES OF LITERATURE IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND

July 1, 1908, to June 30, 1913

In rendering our report, we desire first of all to express our gratitude and praise to God for the great love that he has manifested toward us in that he has blessed our work with good success. We are glad to be able to report progress. The sales of subscription books, helps, trade books, and tracts for the four years ending June 30, 1912, are as follows: 1909, $64,037; 1910, $65,968; 1911, $79,834; 1912, $87,673.

In 1908, Western Australia had only three canvassers at work; Tasmania had none; and New Zealand and Queensland were also very much in need of trained agents; so that only New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia were left to depend upon for reports. However, by the blessing of God and the hearty cooperation of union and state conference workers in selecting and training good, consecrated men and women for the canvassing field, the work has been growing, until it has reached its present standing.

Australia is in many ways a very difficult field to work, and it requires a great deal of faith and courage and planning on the part of all those connected with the book work, to meet with success. The area of Australia and New Zealand is 3,079,052 square miles, a little larger than the United States. It is more than one fourth of the whole of the British empire, and nearly three fourths of the whole area of Europe. Yet its population is only about six million. In some parts of Australia our canvassers have to travel seven or eight hundred miles away from home in order to reach the outlying sheep stations and gold fields, their books afterward being delivered by post, as the expenses incurred by traveling over the ground again would be too great.

The increase in book sales for the year 1911 as compared with 1910 is encouraging, it being $13,866. As we compare the last two years, we are able to report an increase of $6,839 above the $13,866 of the previous year. The total increase on the four years’ work is $23,636.

City Canvassing

In harmony with the instruction given by the spirit of prophecy in regard to city work, we have endeavored to work our large cities and towns with our religious books, and have met with good success. We have almost finished a recanvass with “Great Controversy” throughout the whole of New Zealand, and have placed during the last three years over eight thousand copies of that book in the homes of the people. In the towns of Australia we have been working chiefly with “Great Controversy,” “Heralds of the Morning,” “Seer of Patmos,” and “Desire of Ages,” with good success, and we are now planning to canvass the cities of Melbourne and Sydney with our new book, “Prophetic Waymarks,” by Brother Haskell.

We are glad that, while we are able to report advance in book sales, we are also able to say that our canvassers in Australia are men and women who are in the work to win souls for the Master, and that they are successful. It has been a pleasure to visit the camp-meetings in the different states, and to listen to the reports, especially the last year. Not only did these reports tell of good success in the sale of literature, but of some small companies of believers raised up during the year. This is the work we want to see done.

During the last four years we have visited all the conferences in the Australian Union Conference, and have held institutes with our churches and companies. In addition to this, the union conference has started a permanent canvassers’ institute, in harmony with a recommendation to that effect passed at our last union conference, held at Warburton, in 1910. The object of the institute is twofold: First, to educate men and women of mature years to become permanent canvassers, and thus form a strong basis for the work; second, to instruct young people who desire to attend our Avondale college, but have not the means, in the sale of “Christ’s Object Lessons” so that they may thus earn their scholarship. We have in connection with this institute about ten acres of good garden land, with an abundant water supply throughout the whole year, and are thus able to grow our own vegetables and fruits. We have already seen good results of the work done by this institute, and believe that it will prove a strong factor in educating and training a band of permanent canvassers.

The General Conference Publishing Department has announced as the aim for this year a total sale of $2,000,000 worth of subscription books. The Australasian field has already sold an average number of books a month during the current year sufficient to indicate that we shall sell our quota in attaining this excellent result.

L. D. A. LEMKE, General Agent.

L. R. Conradi: For the periodical work of the Australasian Union, Brother A. W. Anderson will now report.

A. W. Anderson (reading):—

PERIODICAL WORK IN AUSTRALASIA

As so much has been written and said concerning the scanty population of the Australian continent, it will be unnecessary for me to do more than merely mention the fact that the territory operated by the Australasian Union Conference is the most sparsely populated in all the world. Not only are there but a mere handful of people within our territory compared with the population of most of the other union conferences, but as our centers of population are scattered about at immense distances from each other, the cost of operating the field is materially increased.

With a view of setting before you in a lucid and comprehensive manner the actual conditions under which publishing work is carried on in the antipodes, I will say that whilst our population in Australia is about equal to that of New York City, our geographical area is a little larger than that of the United States. Yet, with that small population to operate, a population approximately that of one American city, there are two publishing houses, five sanitariums, seven cafes, two health food factories, one college, two academies, and numerous church-schools. In that small population our canvassers are now selling about one hundred thousand dollars’ worth of subscription books per annum, and in addition to that we are circulating two weekly journals, the Australasian Signs of the Times and the Australasian Record, also a sixty-four-page health magazine, and a sixty-four-page religious magazine.

As nearly forty per cent of the entire population live in the state capitals, and the remaining sixty per cent are scattered about in small cities and towns, or on great sheep and cattle stations, remote from each other, it will readily be understood that our periodical work is restricted to a rather small area, and a still smaller population, for outside of the metropolitan cities there are but few parts of Australia where a periodical worker might successfully travel from town to town upon a self-supporting basis. Thus, while practically the whole of the settled portions of Australia have been well canvassed by our subscription-book agents, it has been difficult to carry on an extensive work with our periodicals.

You may question why we say so much about the immensity of our territorial area, and the meagerness of our population; but unless these facts are brougth forcibly before the mind, it is difficult for any one to appreciate the problem that faces a union conference which undertakes to publish a weekly missionary paper, a health journal, and a religious magazine for circulation in a population equivalent to New York City, and about half of these people so remote from the centers of population as to be beyond the reach of the periodical worker.

There are other difficulties, however, which confront us in the publishing work in that field. While there are paper-mills in Australia that manufacture the cheaper kinds of printing paper, they do not cater to our requirements. We are, therefore, compelled to import almost the whole of our raw material. This means that we have to pay steamer freight of twelve thousand miles together with a customs duty on our raw materials. Our factory costs are also higher because the editorial and type-room costs must be distributed over a smaller number of copies of each issue than is the case in more populous countries. Is it any wonder that, under these conditions, the profits of our Australasian publishing house are low? Nevertheless, we rejoice in God for the progress which has attended the work in that distant land, despite the obstacles which have had to be overcome. It must surely be a source of great joy to the faithful laborers who pioneered that field, and who resolutely faced all these difficulties and planted institutions in this country, to know that they have become strong, and are now proclaiming the truth with no uncertain sound.

The “Signs of the Times”

We are somewhat disappointed that we cannot report a greater circulation than eight thousand five hundred for our weekly missionary paper, the Australasian Signs of the Times. For the last few years we have labored hard to bring the figure up to ten thousand, but so far we have not succeeded. We are not discouraged in this, however, for our letter files contain many interesting communications from people in all parts of Australasia whose interest has been awakened through reading the Signs of the Times; and we know of numbers of Sabbath-keepers who have learned the truth and been led to unite with God’s people through reading this humble medium.

Now and again we publish large editions to meet special issues. Every little while a great stir is made over the Bible-in-schools question. This gives us an opportunity to set before the people the true principles of the relationship which should be sustained between church and state. Our church-members take hold of the circulation of these special issues with much enthusiasm. We believe that our missionary paper has exercised no small amount of influence hitherto in preventing the council of churches from accomplishing its design to teach religion in the state schools of the three states which are still free from this encroachment of the church upon the sphere of the state. The temperance question is another live issue in Australia, and offers good scope for successful work with our weekly paper. We have printed as many as one hundred eighty thousand copies of one issue on the question of prohibition, in the circulation of which we have not only had the aid of our own good brethren and sisters, but the various temperance organizations have also assisted us by distributing thousands of copies of these special issues.

“Life and Health”

This magazine is finding favor among a very good class of people, and through its influence we are making good friends, particularly in the large cities. Formerly this magazine was a twenty-four-page monthly, but a little over two years ago it was decided by the union conference to publish the magazine bimonthly, to change its name from the Good Health to Life and Health, and to increase its size from twenty-four pages to sixty-four pages. It was a big venture for us to make, but the Lord has responded to our faith, and has given us much encouragement, for, whereas we were able to print only thirty-five hundred copies of the Good Health, we now print twenty thousand copies of Life and Health.

“The Outlook”

Last year we conceived the idea that it would be a good thing for our field if we could produce a magazine of sixty-four pages which would deal with our great doctrinal subjects. We determined to publish it without a date, so it could never be considered a back number. In the first issue we presented the subject of the second advent of Christ. The new magazine met with a warm reception by our church-members. Undoubtedly the main factor in securing a good circulation for our literature, is to make it so potent for the truth that our own people are convinced that the public must have it Thus the literature will sell, not because the public want it, but because our people think that the public should and must have it.

A. W. ANDERSON.

The Australasian field has been sown thickly with literature. We pray that God will water this seed, that an abundant harvest may be gathered in.

L. R. Conradi: Now we will hear from Miss Edith Graham about the Sabbath-school and Young People’s departments in this union.

Miss Edith Graham (reading):—

SABBATH-SCHOOL AND YOUNG PEOPLE’S WORK

In the Australasian field, which includes Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Pacific islands, there are 194 Sabbath-schools, 29 of these being in the islands. The membership is 5,643. The offerings for the four years ending December, 1912, amounted to $41,553, an average of $7.36 a member, including the native members in the islands, many of whom are able to give little or nothing. It is gratifying to know, however, that they do give as far as they are able in most cases, and often they sacrifice more to give than their white brethren do.

These offerings have been for the support of the work in the Pacific islands, and to provide needed facilities for the mission work.

In each state there is a state home department, whereby the isolated members are encouraged to study the lessons and give of their means. A regular correspondence is kept up with all of these, and many letters of appreciation of this are received, telling what a blessing the lessons have been. Many of these isolated ones are far from others of the same faith, some in divided homes, some aged and infirm. But to all of them the Sabbath-school is a help and comfort.

The interest in the study of the lessons seems to be increasing. The lessons recently studied, on practical Christianity, were especially helpful, and an effort was made all through the conference to get all to study them so as to be able to teach or recite without use of lesson pamphlet or Bible. Many responded, and the Sabbath-schools decidedly improved in interest where members came week by week with their minds full of the lesson. This increased the attendance, too; for when the people had well-studied lessons they wanted to recite them.

Much still remains to be done to bring the standard of Bible study to what it should be, but the response already received encourages us to press forward.

The Sabbath-school is truly a blessed institution, and one which every Sabbath-keeper should support both by example and precept.

The Australasian Missionary Volunteer Department

The Missionary Volunteer societies of Australasia number 88, and (including the state department, have a membership of 2,099. The contributions for home and foreign work during the four years were $17,084, of which over $14,000 was for foreign missions.

With the foreign offerings a man and wife are supported in the Cook Islands, a man and wife in Samoa, a man and wife in New Hebrides, a man and wife in Tonga Islands, three native workers in Fiji, a native worker in New Guinea; and some needed facilities for the workers are also supplied. Thus the young people are quite a factor in the spread of the gospel message in the Pacific islands.

Most of the money is earned by the young people and children. Sometimes a little help is received from the older people. The money is earned in various ways, in contributions from regular wages, profits from sale of books and periodicals, collections with missionary tins, missionary gardens, missionary hens, calves, sheep, lambs, vines, fruit-trees, etc., and earnings by work of various sorts. Many of the young people and children have shown considerable ingenuity in devising ways and means of earning money for the support of their missionary. This work has been a blessing to all who have taken part in it, giving them an active interest in the cause of God, and so binding their hearts to it, and occupying their time, that harmful things were crowded out, and a capacity for carrying responsibility developed.

Programs have been prepared and printed by the Australasian Missionary Volunteer department, and are used by most of the societies. Some societies which are rich in talent and experience prepare their own programs. Most of the societies hold weekly meetings.

The work has been a blessing to the young people. Many who were formerly indifferent, have become consecrated, converted workers. Many have been led to give their hearts to God. A large number of young people have been baptized during the four years covered by this report. The spiritual gain has been the most encouraging feature of the work, and, while there are yet great things to be done, the Missionary Volunteer work in Australasia is onward.

L. R. Conradi: B. F. Machlan, former principal of the Australasian Training College, though now principal of South Lancaster Academy, has been asked to report for the training college.

B. F. Machlan (reading):—

THE AUSTRALASIAN MISSIONARY COLLEGE

The college is a busy little city, with its green grocer, general store, bakery, and draper shop; its sawmill, blacksmith shop, plumber shop, carpentry shop, press, factory, electric-light plant, and telephone exchange; together with its fleet of boats for the transportation of passengers and freight; the whole operated by teachers and students.

In the year 1894, an estate was purchased near Cooranbong, New South Wales, Australia, on which to erect a Christian school. This estate was subsequently called the Avondale estate, and the school was denominated the Avondale School for Christian Workers. To meet the condition brought about by the Compulsory Military Training Act, the name was changed, in June, 1911, to that of Australasian Missionary College. However, the name to the people will ever remain the Avondale School. In harmony with the instruction of the spirit of prophecy, the school was located in the country, where the beauties of nature are more elevating than the works of man; where the tilling of the soil is better for muscle, brain, and heart, than the amusements, sports, and holidays; where God’s pure air is sweeter than in the city streets; and where true manhood and womanhood, and the love of Christ, may develop in the hearts of our youth under the best possible conditions.

The nearest city is twenty-five miles away, and Sydney, the capital of New South Wales, is seventy-five miles distant.

At present the estate consists of about eleven hundred acres, of which nearly two hundred acres are under cultivation. Oranges, mandarins, and lemons are the citrus fruits grown on the tilled land, while summer fruits, such as apples, pears, plums, peaches, persimmons, and blackberries are grown in abundance. Agricultural products necessary for the supply of the school are also grown.

The farm affords work for a large number of students, some of whom pay their entire way in labor.

The domestic science department opens the way for the young ladies to be trained in the art of housekeeping. The college press has been running more than ten years, and is a growing enterprise. As a missionary and educational factor, the printing department is proving to be of great importance. It is self-supporting, and employs about twenty-five students. Several others are members of the industrial class. Literature has been produced by the press up to the present time in Fijian, Tongan, Tahitian, Rarotongan, Maori, Singapore-Malay, Java-Malay, Niue, Samoan, and English. Six monthly publications and one weekly journal are issued. The Sabbath-school Quarterlies, and the various readings used throughout the churches, are also produced by the press, and all lines of paper boxes, bags, and advertising matter for the health foods are successfully produced. A stereotyping plant is in operation, and a new Payne’s perfecting press was installed last year.

The carpentry and blacksmithing departments are well equipped and prove a great blessing to the school.

The school having outgrown its capacity to accommodate young men, the carpentry department last year built an addition to the young men’s home. The dormitory now offers room for seventy-five boys. During last year this department also built a church-school building for the use of the normal department.

The industrial feature of the college is a most interesting as well as a most valuable one. Last year fifty-five per cent of the students paid their entire expenses in labor, thirty-five per cent paid one half their school fees, while only ten per cent were full-paying students.

The literary work of the school has not been neglected, and the college offers to its constituency a Biblical, advanced normal, missionary, music, and commercial and shorthand course.

The spiritual interests of the school have been well guarded, and when the school closed last year it was found that only one student had failed to acknowledge Christ as his Saviour. The graduating class of 1912 was composed of four students from the ministerial course, six from the missionary course, and one from the music course.

The value of the Australasian Missionary College to the great union conference which has fostered it from the beginning, and the value to the cause of God, only the judgment will reveal. You have here at this General Conference delegates from the island fields as well as the continental mission fields, who have been trained within its walls. In the home land, and in the mission field, are to be found its faithful representatives working out the principles taught them by their alma mater.

B. F. MACHLAN.

Following these interesting reports,

the Conference adjourned, the benediction being pronounced by Elder J. O. Corliss, who was one of those sent to Australia by the General Conference twenty-eight years ago, when there was not a Seventh-day Adventist in that field. Elder Corliss led the Conference in thanks to God for the great work that has followed the planting of the standard of truth in Australia.

L. R. CONRADI, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

The Sermon - FREEDOM IN CHRIST

A. G. DANIELLS

Sabbath, May 24, 11 A. M.

When I was asked by the brethren Thursday to take this service, I did not contemplate the great blow that would come to us [the sudden death of Elder Irwin]. I have been exceedingly busy all the morning, and I feel very greatly the need of your earnest, united prayers at this hour. I am sure that the circumstances which surround us, and all that we face at this hour, will cause us to humble our hearts, and lead us to recognize God, and to avail ourselves with all our hearts of the provision that is made for our present victory and for our triumph and salvation at last.

PHOTO-ONE OF THE DORMITORIES, AUSTRALASIAN MISSIONARY COLLEGE, COORANBONG, NEW SOUTH WALES

The text that has been impressed upon my mind is this: “For the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.” Romans 8:2. And this is the message I want to bring to every soul here this morning,—deliverance from the law of sin and death. I believe the apostle Paul tells us of his triumph in his own personal experience. I do not think he was writing alone for some one else; I believe that he stated just what he himself had found, that the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made him free from the law of sin and death. I believe that what the apostle experienced and gave to us is a revelation of what we ourselves may experience in our struggles with sin. So we have this for our encouragement and our hope today, and I am sure this must be a welcome word to many hearts here this morning. It does not make any difference what our names are, what our nationality is; it makes no difference what our advantages or disadvantages have been; we are all in the same position the apostle Paul was in naturally. We are all struggling with the same great problem, we are all in need of the same glorious victory here today. We feel it; and surely it must cheer our hearts this morning to learn from the Word of God that there is a way to be made free from the law of sin and death.

I do not know, dear friends, that I ever sensed the glorious value and meaning and help of this statement more than I did yesterday. And I think I may be free to tell you why. While Dr. Fox was speaking yesterday morning, I was called out to the telephone, and was told that a gentleman down in the city wished me to ring him up; I did so. He told me that he very much wanted to see me.

Well I arranged to see him at his hotel. He is a man of standing and influence. But he felt the same great need that many of us, or all of us have felt. He said to me, “You are a Christian. I want to be one. I am having a great struggle because I lack the will power to do what I know to be right, and to refuse what I know to be wrong. I must have help. I must have power to do that which my own conscience approves. I believe in God, and that he hears prayer, and I have felt so anxious about this, that I thought you would come down here and pray with me and ask God to give me victory.”

Well, I tried to show him from the Bible what it taught, and it was there, brethren! As I looked into the earnest, solicitous face of that man, and I thought of the gaiety and the sin and the vanity of this great city—and that this man locked himself in his room until I got there—then to have him earnestly ask a Christian to pray to God for victory touched my heart. O, how I prized this statement of the apostle! and how I wished that it might be borne to all struggling men and women! And so, after going over the provision God has made to redeem lost humanity and to give weak men strength, we knelt down together, side by side, and I besought the Lord with all my heart to give him new power, to give him will power, to convert his heart, to make him a Christian and obedient. When we arose, he was bathed in perspiration, and was very pale; he could not speak, and I could say no more than to tell him I would continue to pray. He pressed my hand, but did not speak, and we parted.

I have thought of this experience ever since as much as I have had time to think of what men want and need, and I feel, brethren, that there are many of us here on this ground who want the same blessing. We want power from God to overcome our sins. We may be seeking for gain, or for honor and fame. We may have evil tempers; wicked thoughts may crowd into our minds. We may have difficulties in our homes, with our companions, in our churches, with our brethren and sisters. It does not make any difference what our besetting sins are, brethren, we want the power of the Almighty to overcome them. We want victory in the struggle at home, in the church, on the street, among the people, and in all walks of life. Everywhere, every day, we want to know personally the power of God that frees from the law of sin and death. And, brethren, that blessing, that personal victory over sin, will be one of the greatest assets the denomination can have for the triumph of this work in this day; for it is a victorious, triumphant, overcoming church that can bear powerful testimony to a sinful world. O, may God teach us our need of victory, and show us the way, so that in all the vicissitudes of life, in these powerful temptations that come to us when we grapple with them,—no one, perhaps, knowing of our efforts to become free but our own poor, struggling hearts,—O, that we may know the experience set forth by the apostle Paul in his trimphant testimony of personal victory!

We must study the preceding verses in order fully to understand the verse I have read. In these we find that the law of God, the law of the ten commandments, enters into this great argument that the apostle carries on. Let us read a verse or two. In the seventh chapter, verse 7, the apostle inquires: “What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.”

What law is here referred to?—The commandments of God. In verse 22 we read, “I delight in the law of God, after the inward man.” The apostle is bringing to our minds the law of righteousness,—that law the transgression of which is sin. He also calls attention specifically to sin. “For sin,” he declares, “taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me.” The apostle is dealing not only with the law of God, which is the standard of righteousness, but with sin itself; and he tells us his relation to sin, his attitude toward it; he says that it deceived and slew him, and he was under its dominion and power.

Then Paul calls our attention to himself; and in this he brings each one of us into touch with the question with which he is dealing. He says, “We know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not, but what I hate, that I do.” Verses 14, 15. He is dealing with himself, personally, and in relating his experience, he relates yours and mine, does he not?

Voices: Yes, Yes!

Precisely. Paul could not have spoken more truly of us, and if we were to be as frank and as open and true, we would speak of ourselves exactly as Paul did of himself.

“If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good.

Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.” The apostle reveals his relation to sin, just how he and sin stand,—and how is it? Why, he said, sin dwells in me. The wicked thing itself is in me, and that is what makes me do the things I do not want to do, and keeps me from doing the things I desire to do. That is it. “For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh), dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.”

That is just what many who come to us today say, “I will, but I have not power to carry out my will; I promise, but I have not the power to keep my promise; and what I want is that prayer shall be offered that God will give me the power.” That is just what Paul is talking about; and, brethren, that is just what we are struggling with. O, you people that have come here to this gathering from your homes, I do not believe that you came here primarily to visit the city of Washington!

Many voices: No, No!

I do not believe that you came here chiefly to visit one another. I believe that back of every other reason, deep down in your hearts, you came here for the blessing of God.

Voices: Amen!

Did you not brothers, sisters? Did you not come here to get new help?

Voices: I did!

Did you not come here to get a little more power to resist temptation? Did you not come here hoping that somehow you would be given the secret and the power of a victorious life in your homes, in your associations, and in your service for God? Is not that it? I should be very sorry if that were not the real purpose of our gathering here. That is it!

Now let us go on with Paul’s experience. The twenty-second verse: “I delight in the law of God after the inward man: but I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind,”—against my conscience, against my knowledge, against my sense of things. There is another thing in me besides a conscience, besides enlightenment, besides understanding, that has power over my conscience, over my understanding, and over my desires. I see another thing in me that is ruining me, that is taking me down to perdition, as much as I desire to be delivered. “O, wretched man that I am!” That is what Paul exclaimed. I am sure that many here have sent up that cry to God more than once. Then the apostle asks, “Who shall deliver me from the body of this death?” Who shall deliver me from this law in my members, that is successfully and triumphantly warring against the law of my mind? Why, that is a fearful situation to be in! One may be in physical danger, he may be surrounded with perplexities, or facing dreadful calamities; and he may work himself out by a terrible exertion. He may throw himself into the battle and win out. But not so with this. The thing is in him, and it is beyond his power; struggle as he may, he cannot conquer. So Paul surrenders. He throws up his hands, and exclaims, “O, wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me” from this terrible thing? I cannot deliver myself. Who can and who will?

Now, after speaking plainly of his experience and placing before us those facts that are well known to ourselves, personally, he makes the triumphant statement I have chosen for our text: “The law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.” The law of the spirit of life had come in and wrought for him the deliverance for which he longed.

But how did this marvelous change come about? How is it that Paul steps from a state of condemnation and sin, a state of bondage and groaning servitude, to the place where he can say, “There is therefore now no condemnation”? He tells us that the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus had come into his body—among his members—and had made him free from the law of sin and death. Brethren, there is the way of victory; there is the way of conquest. Paul found the way, and he has shown it to us. Now, brethren, this may be argument, but I want it to be more than argument today. I want it to come to every heart as a blessed experience. But we must know the way, and I do not believe there is any other way than the way laid down here in this Word.

Now just a few words more about this law of sin and death. In Galatians 5:19 we read: “The works of the flesh are manifest, which are these”—we get now the features of this rule of sin and death, this power of evil that rules in the human heart, and that enslaves the whole human race. These features are traced in all their ugliness and meanness, and we can hardly read the horrible things without blushing. First the apostle mentions “adultery, fornication, uncleaness, lasciviousness”—that terrible, vile, and awful thing that has fastened itself in every heart of the human family. It has come to us in its various insidious manifestations and operations. O, brethren and sisters, we want the power of the living God to blot this thing out of the heart! We want the cleansing blood to wash us clean of this evil thing. Perhaps that is all I can or dare say here, but you know what is meant, we all know what is meant, and know that we want the cleansing blood, and we want the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus, to set us free.

Here is another thing, “idolatry”. Idolatry is not all confined to India, China, Japan, and the heart of Africa. I will tell you, my friends, that thing has residence in the human heart; it resides wherever the heart is not cleansed and made free by the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus.

And the list goes on, “witchcraft, hatred.” O, yes, you say, I can forgive, but I cannot forget! This is hatred. In how many forms does it manifest itself! Hatred is the cause of trouble in the churches, trouble in the family, in the neighborhood, and in the world. In the epistle to Titus we are told something about this, in the third chapter and the third verse: “For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.” That is one of the manifestations of the law of sin and death; that is one of the parts of that law that runs in the heart and rules the very life; and that must be broken, and eradicated from the heart. It is a strange thing to me to have a brother or a sister take offense in the church. I have seen it right along. Perhaps some one has wronged a brother or a sister, either intentionally or unintentionally; perhaps the person has not been wronged at all, but only thinks so. The next time they meet, the person that thinks he has been wronged, will not look at the one he thinks has wronged him, but looks the other way. The one he thinks has wronged him may try to get his eye and perhaps may now and then succeed in getting an icicle sort of nod, but if he shakes hands with him, it is like shaking a pump handle. There is no life, no brotherly sympathy and love, manifest. And then this person goes into the church and “worships the Lord”! Brethren, this is all wrong. It is a manifestation of the law of sin and death. It is one of the works of the flesh, which is of the devil. Now do you think brethren, that we are going through to the city of God feeling that way toward some one who has wronged us, either intentionally or unintentionally?

Voices. No.

I heard of a brother who had unintentionally wronged a brother, or at least a brother supposed he had been wronged, and when this brother met the other he would not speak to him. It went on and on, until finally the brother who was supposed to have injured the other brother became so agitated over the matter that he could not endure it. One day he met the other brother in the road, and he fell down on his knees before him, and said: “My brother, I cannot live with your hatred toward me. I want to be a brother to you, and I want you to be a brother.” And there he had to plead in the dust for that brother to smile upon him. And when they came to talk it all over, it, proved to be nothing but a misunderstanding.

I will tell you, brethren, a great many of the troubles that come to us, that cause us sleepless nights and anxiety, are caused by just such misunderstandings and misjudgments. And unless we get hold of God enough to take that evil thing out of our hearts, and make us forbearing, and long-suffering, and kind to people who actually mistreat and wrong us, how can we go out and talk the gospel of peace and good-will to our fellow men? O, we must experience this thing in our own hearts. We must know it.

Now the apostle tells us that we were sometimes disobedient, hateful, and hating one another, but he says, “after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.”

The apostle pictures a marvelous change that came over the church of God, and made them new creatures in Christ Jesus, so that they had victory over the law of sin and death.

Now let us go back to the law of sin and death, as presented to us by the apostle Paul: “Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders, drunkenness, revelings, and such like: of which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.”

Our salvation depends upon our

deliverance from this law of sin and death. We cannot get to heaven with this law reigning in our hearts and controlling us. There is no use. We may hide a thing from our brethren and from the world, but it is known to God, and we must be fair and honest with him, and take that thing to him, and ask him to slay it, and deliver us. And do you know what real pleasure there is in going alone, where not a human ear can hear a word said, and bow down in the presence of a holy God, and say, “Lord, look on this wicked thing in me. Look on this thing I am struggling with. You know its power. You know how I have struggled with it. Lord, slay that thing. Crucify it; deliver me from it, whatever it may be.” If it is a desire for gain, leading you to withhold from God his tithe,—O brother, if you are tempted to grip the tithe, and not let it get back to God, where it should go, that is an evil thing! Take it to the Lord, and say, “Lord, look down at this room in my heart where commerce has its seat; look at this selfish thing that reigns here; look at my covetousness, which is idolatry, which exalts money and gain above my God; look at this evil thing, and, O Lord, deliver me from it.

If it is desire for place, to be the elder of the church, or the chief singer, or the ruler in the conference, or anything else, we can say, “Lord, look at this thing that sin has planted in my heart; look at it, and deliver me, O Lord! Give me a humble mind. Make me enjoy service for others. Help me to be willing to be the servant of others. Lord, deliver me from this thing.”

Do you know how much joy and pleasure there is in an hour of such communion with God? I will tell you, brethren, it is not only joy, but it is victory, and you can come from the secret chamber with a new flush upon your cheek, with a new feeling in your heart, and with the honor of all your brethren and your neighbors cherished. It is for us. I do not know of a single evil in the whole category of sin, but what can be dealt with in that way, and can be put down and slain, and the grace of God be put in its place.

Now perhaps I have said all I can at this hour on this law of sin; but I will tell you it is a terrible law, an awful thing. It is that which binds the nations of the world today; it is that which rules throughout the world; it is that which causes the bloodshed, the sorrow, the suffering; it is that which has broken and held millions of hearts; it is that with which Paul is dealing, and from which he is telling us how to get free. O, I rejoice that God placed me where I could see the light of this glorious gospel sent into the world, to deliver men, to deliver sinners!

Now let us spend a few minutes in considering the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus. That is the grand, the glorious, the beautiful side of this whole question. The law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus is here contrasted with the law of sin and death. “But the fruit of the Spirit is love.” How much better this is than hatred! How much better it is to love a human being than to hate him! How much better to feel an unspeakable desire to help a poor man than to crush him!

Love is the fruit of the spirit. I can tell you once, brethren, when that love flooded my heart, and gave me a new revelation of what love meant. It was a simple thing, but that does not make any difference. Our experiences come to us many times in little things. I was traveling on the train in Australia from Sydney to Melbourne. We came to a place where we had to change cars.

I got my satchel placed on the train, and as I turned around, I saw a group of men and women looking at a poor man who was intoxicated. He had dropped his satchel, and it had opened. His things were scattered about, and the ladies were passing around so as not to come near him. Some of the men were looking on with disgust, and some were making fun of the poor fellow. Somehow it touched my heart greatly. I noticed that his face was intelligent. There was a drunken man who could not help himself. Before, I had always steered clear of an intoxicated man. But in this instance I went forward and stooped down and picked up his things and put them in his satchel. Then I said to him, “My man, where do you want to go?” He said, “I want to go to—,” naming the town we were then in; so I said, “Well, we are here.” But he said he must get on that train. I said, “No.”

All the time these people looked on, thinking, I suppose, I was his brother. It was a little embarrasing, but I worked with him. I finally got him by the arm and helped him to stagger along to a cab. I said to the cabman: “Here is a man. This is his town, but he cannot manage himself. You take him to his home, and if you want your pay beforehand I will pay the bill.” As we were going toward the cab, the drunken man turned to me, and said, “Who are you?” I said, “Never mind.” But he said, “Who are you?” I said, “I am a friend.” He said, “Well, I bet you are.” Then he began to fumble in his pocket, and got out a sixpence. He said, “I must pay you.” “No,” I said, “put that back in your pocket, and hurry along, because I must get my train.” So he staggered along. He said, “I bet you will find that sixpence.” I did not know what he meant, but I got him in the cab and all fixed up, and then said, “Good-by.” Although intoxicated, this poor man was profuse in thanking me for my kindness. He appreciated what I had done for him.

I went back and sat down in my seat. I thought of that poor soul. I thought of his lost condition. I thought of his landing at last in perdition, and O, how my heart yearned to save him! And somehow, just then, a flood of Christ’s love came into my heart as I never had felt love before for men. I put my hand in my pocket for my handkerchief, and there I found that sixpence. I looked at it, and I kept it a long time, because it renewed a very precious experience. I felt that I had tasted the love of God for a helpless creature. I felt some as Brother Farnsworth pictured that father who went out to meet his wayward, sinful, sinning boy—so glad, so kind. Brethren, I must say to you that from that night—it was midnight when we changed cars—from that hour there came to me a new feeling and a new longing to work for lost men. I had tasted some of the joys of such service.

Now the Bible says that one of the fruits of the Spirit is love,—the love of our Heavenly Father; the love of our Saviour, Jesus Christ, who died on the cross for us. Brethren, it is that love we need to give us power in soul-winning work. We all need it, brethren, in our homes, in our communities, in our churches, everywhere. We need it in missionary endeavor; we need it in the schools as teachers. O, how you teachers need this love of God to make you patient, forbearing, helpful! How you need it to make you kind with the erring, with the wayward, with naughty children! O, it is love that will conquer! But without love we can do nothing.

We could spend all the time this morning on this one fruit of the Spirit—love. It is love that must be manifest in the life if we have power to win to Christ. But, brethren, love comes only through the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus.

Brethren, there is indeed “no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus;” for the law of the spirit of life does free all from the law of sin and death. This experience comes to every man who surrenders himself fully to God. We may have such an experience on this camp ground, and we ought to have it. This people ought to know this experience, this abounding love. We are commissioned to go into all the world and preach this love to a lost world, and how can we fulfil our trust without this love abiding and abounding in our hearts? O, we must have victory; we must know it! You have come to this meeting, I trust, for it. Do you want to win you wayward boys to Jesus? Make them know the love of God. Do you want to win that worldly husband to Christ before it is too late? Somehow reveal to him the love of God.

Brethren, we must be winning these victories. This people ought not to be weak in soul-winning endeavor. We ought to be mighty in the world, and people ought to know that they can send to us for prayer. And, O, when we go in response to such calls, we ought to know how to lay hold of God for victory! We ought to.

I must close. Brethren, I want to ask, though, how many there are here whose hearts yearn for this change. Of course in the great congregation I am sure all do, but are these some here who especially desire this victory that comes through the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus? First of all, I want to ask those who especially desire this, who long for it, and feel that they must know more about this before leaving this conference, to stand up. [Many arose.] I do not call for a general manifestation, but you—whether you are a minister or a teacher or an elder—do you feel that somehow a new hold must be obtained, a new experience that will enable you to be victorious in your personal struggles and in your endeavors for the lost? I am sure it must be so. We all feel it.

We do not want any one to leave this Conference sorely disappointed. The message has come to us that we must not repeat the mistake of 1909—going away with the showers of blessing just hanging over our heads, but not falling. They must fall upon us. Who, then, will join in the congregation, and in the effort on our part necessary to bring this great blessing? [Others joined those already standing, and here the service closed.]

From Former Sessions

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

THE REPORT OF OUR WORK IN BRITISH EAST AFRICA

Read by Elder Carscallen during seventeenth meeting of Conference session, May 25, 10 A. M.

I started from England to British East Africa, by way of Germany, Oct. 22, 1906. There accompanied me a native African boy named Peter Nyambo. We went directly to Tanga, German East Africa, to visit our missions in the Pare Mountains, where our work had been started some three years before. On returning from there Brother A. C. Enns accompanied us to British East Africa. After spending a few days looking over the country and inquiring about the natives, from those who had spent some years there, we decided to go to the southern Kavirondo district, and proceeded up the Uganda Railway to Kisumu, where we made further inquiry concerning the country. In Kisumu we chartered a small steam launch, with which we crossed the gulf, and pitched our tent in South Kavirondo on Nov. 27, 1906. We immediately began to look about for a favorable site on which to build our mission, and after a few days time we chose a site on the top of a hill, about a mile and one half from the lake.

PHOTO-KIDZU STATION, BRITISH EAST CENTRAL AFRICA

Our first house in this part of the Dark Continent was of poles, grass, and papyrus reeds, but we did not occupy this very long, as we commenced work on a good stone house almost at once.

In May, 1907, Brother Enns left me, and I was alone from that time until the end of July. July 27, Brother and Sister Baker and Mrs. Carscallen arrived in the country, and we all lived for some time in the one station. During this time we worked to get the buildings completed, and also studied the language. A little more than a year later, Elder Conradi visited us, in November, 1908. At that time we marched with him over a good deal of our territory there, and it was decided that we should start another mission at once. As a result of this decision, an application was sent to the government for a site some eleven miles southeast of Gendia. After very little delay, the site was granted. Work was commenced immediately, and before the heavy rains of March we had a very good house built, and brother and Sister Baker went to conduct the work there. This is our Wire Hill Mission. Thus, after two and one-half years’ work, we had two mission stations running, and four workers in the field. A few weeks later Brother Morse arrived to help with the work at Gendia, and in November of that year, 1909, Brother and Sister Brooks and Sister Morse joined us, raising our number of workers to eight.

We then wanted more stations, but because of impressions that had been made some years ago, the government was not in favor of granting us sites, and in the matter of securing new stations we were at a standstill. We tried to purchase from the government their old abandoned station at Karungu, but they refused at that time to sell, as they thought of using it again themselves. We, however, worked up good schools in the two stations we had, and did all we could to strengthen the native boys we had under instruction. We traveled about the country visiting the natives, and tried in every way to win their favor and friendship. We got boys for many miles around to come in to our schools, and they in turn begged us to go to their districts and start schools.

In the spring of 1911 we were weakened, because Brethren Baker and Brooks were both taken ill at the same time. Brother Brooks had to return home several months later on account of his illness, but Brother Baker recovered, and is still at work in the field.

In the spring of 1912, Brother H. Sparks came to British East Africa, and a few months later Brother L. Lane followed, and in October last Brother E. Phillips arrived. The total number of workers who have gone to that field is eleven. Brother and Sister Brooks returned, and my wife and I are now home on furlough, leaving seven in the field at present. On the sixteenth of this month Brother Evenson, from Dakota, and Brother Watson, of Ireland, sailed from Southampton to join our little band on the shores of the great Victoria Nyanza. Plans are being made for several other young people to go to that needy field before the end of 1913. We are very grateful to God for his mercy, shown in sparing all our workers. During the six and one-half years of our work in that field, we have not lost a worker through death.

During the last few months our work in British Africa has been wonderfully blessed of God. The government officials have become most friendly to us, and are now trying to help us. They also decided to sell their old station at Karungu, and gave us the first chance; consequently, it is now a Seventh-day Adventist mission station. We have been granted two new sites, and two others have passed the local officials, and we expect to hear at any time that they have been granted. This gives us five sites secured and two others that we expect have been granted by this time.

PHOTO-A RAILWAY STATION ON THE UGANDA RAILWAY

One of the new stations already granted is in the Kisii country, among a different people, and now our workers will have to learn a new language.

The Language

When we went to the Kavirondo six and a half years ago, their language was not yet reduced to writing, and the natives knew nothing about what reading and writing are. They had seen Europeans write, but thought it was only some witchery that helped them to remember things. We had to start with the alphabet, and teach them their

letters. We adapted the English alphabet to the language, and used the Arabic numerals, in order that they might write down the numbers. We had no books whatever, not even a vocabulary of the language. We had no hymn-books, no Bible, no primer, nor any helps in that line at all. In our Sabbath services we, at first, had no hymns to sing, so we read from the English Bible, and then explained it. Later, when we got one hymn, we were very proud of it indeed, and used to sing it at the opening of the service, then sing it after the prayer, then sing it over again to close with.

Now we have a fine little hymn-book, containing seventy-nine hymns, the Lord’s Prayer, and the ten commandments. This is the first book that we have written and had printed in this language, and we are now as proud of it as we were of the one hymn we had a few years ago. The Gospels of Mark, Luke, and John are now in print. The other day in London I took the translation of Matthew down to the Bible house, and it will be printed as soon as possible. We have written a nice primer, which is now being printed in Watford, England. A copy-book is also in the hands of our printers there, and a small arithmetic will be ready for the press soon. We have good English-Kavirondo and Kavirondo-English dictionaries, and a very good grammar. Thus we are not only prepared with helps for teaching the natives, but we are able to put into the hands of our new workers a good supply of information that will help them in learning the language.

PHOTO-OUR MISSIONARY BOAT, “KAVIRONDO,” ON THE VICTORIA NYANZA

Permit me to add that nearly all of the above books were written, once at least, on the little typewriter that the students and teachers of our school and sanitarium here so kindly donated to us. It was a most useful gift.

The other day we heard of the Bible or parts of it being printed in eight new languages during the last year. Three of the languages were named, and one is a British East African language. The Nilotic Kavirondo is another that came out last year. It was taken in hand by the Bible House the year before. We now hope that it will not be long before the Kisii language will be counted as a new language at the Bible House. We have not done all the translation of these four Gospels, but all the other books that I have mentioned are ours, and every Seventh-day Adventist should rejoice with us over these books; for they are marks of the progress of the third angel’s message.

Our School Work

At first the school work went very slowly, for three reasons: First, we did not know the language; second, we had no text-books to put into the hands of the boys; third, the young saw no value in learning, as they did not understand it. These things are reversed today, however. We know the language; our books are about ready; and the natives are becoming interested in learning.

We now have, in British East Africa, three stations built and thirteen out-schools, with over six hundred boys and girls as students. We have about twenty-six native teachers, including both boys and girls, who have had some experience, and have shown themselves capable of teaching the primary lessons. Many more are now being prepared for that work. Several of the advanced boys and girls at Gendia can sit down and write a good letter on the typewriter. In our schools the students are taught reading, writing, singing, spelling, arithmetic, geography, grammar, and Bible.

To illustrate how the natives are taking an interest in school work, I might say that it is nothing for a native to come thirty, forty, sixty, or one hundred miles to one of our missions, and beg us to go to his district and start a school. If we do not go at once, he will come back that one hundred miles to see us again, and urge us to go. They come to us from all parts, as we are becoming known as the people who teach the Word of God.

Our Converts

For some time we found it difficult to persuade the boys to give up their customs and accept the Word of God. They are taught to believe that they will die if they leave the native customs and superstitions. Secondly, we were in no hurry to baptize the boys, and worked for nearly five years before we received any natives whatever into church fellowship. In May, 1911, we baptized sixteen boys, the first-fruits of our work among the Kavirondo people. In May, 1912, we held another baptismal service, when twenty-four were buried with their Lord in the watery grave. At our last quarterly meeting, at the end of 1912, sixteen more followed in baptism, making in all fifty-six boys, girls, and women, baptized among this tribe, in the heart of Africa, who but a few years ago were running wild and naked, without hope and without God in the world. Of these, fifty-six only one has apostatized and one died of sleeping-sickness. We have organized two churches, with a total native membership of fifty-four, many of whom are now scattered throughout the district teaching, or helping to teach. These young men and women are full of courage and enthusiasm, and when I left them the other day, they requested me to bring their greetings to our people in Europe and America. Their message was: “Greet our brethren and sisters in Europe and America for us, and thank them for sending the missionaries down here. Tell them that we are their brethren and sisters in this message, and that we love the same truth, accept the same Jesus, and live in the same hope that they do. Also tell them to send us more workers to help take the Word of God to others.”

PHOTO-WHERE FLOWS THE ZAMBEZI—ABOVE VICTORIA FALLS, AFRICA

Though our Kavirondo members number less than one twentieth of one per cent of our world’s membership, we are glad to report that they help to make the grand total what it is; they help to swell the large increase reported for the last four years; and may God grant that they may help to sing the song of victory when Jesus comes.

Brethren and sisters, our motto down there is, “This message to Africa’s teeming millions in this generation.” I believe we can do it; yea, we must do it.

His name shall endure forever; his name shall be continued as long as the sun; and men shall be blessed in him; all nations shall call him blessed. Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things; and blessed be his glorious name forever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glory. Amen, and amen.

WOMAN’S WORK IN CHINA

May 26

At the 4:30 hour in the big tent a large audience gathered to hear Sisters W. C. Hankins and J. P. Anderson tell of experiences in working among the women and children of southern China. Incidents were related showing how

hearts in Chinese homes respond to kindly attentions and efforts.

The school work is one of unbounded interest. The Chinese child has a remarkable power of memory. Some of the girls in our schools can begin at the first word of Mark’s gospel, and repeat the whole book by memory, with very few errors indeed. The descriptions of these hearts and homes in China make us long more than ever to send help to our sisters over the Pacific.

WORDS FROM FAR FIELDS

The thoughts of all the mission workers, we know, turn much toward the General Conference these days. Here are words from some who have had occasion to be writing the Mission Board office:—

Elder W. H. Meredith (North England): “While I cannot be there myself, I am continually remembering you all at the throne of grace.”

Elder W. M. Adams (Philippines): “I pray that the Lord will give his Spirit in large measure as the brethren meet in General Conference. We want more help over here. Now is the time to work these islands.”

Elder H. H. Votaw (Burma): “You must remember that we who stay in the field are the ‘India delegation’ no less than those who are with you in person; for from every family altar, and every secret place of individual prayer those petitions will ascend that cause us to forget the miles between us, and in our hearts we will be with you every day of the Conference. Bear the message to the delegates that Burma gives evidence that the Lord’s return is near.”

Elder F. A. Stahl (Bolivia): “Dear brethren at the Conference, greetings from us workers in Bolivia, and blessings from the Lord to you.”

Elder Geo. F. Enoch (India): “Somehow it seems to me that the brethren at this Conference will face the problems of the finishing of the work more definitely than at any time in our history. May the Lord give the greatest outpouring of his Spirit that we have ever received.”

Elder W. C. Walston (Rhodesia, Africa): “I hope the blessing of God may rest upon this important meeting.”

Departmental Meetings

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

PUBLISHING DEPARTMENT

Eighth Meeting

Brother H. Boex, who has general charge of the territory supplied by the International Tract Society of Hamburg, gave a most enthusiastic description of methods and progress of the book work in his territory. Among the points emphasized were the following: For many years they confined their sales to pamphlets and small books, the colporteurs believing these were the only publications that could be successfully sold. Brother Boex and a few associates became convinced that larger books could be sold, and went into the field and demonstrated their belief to be a correct one. Their sales have greatly increased since, and now they have 128 men devoting their entire time to these larger publications.

Another point made prominent was the advantage of handling but one large book and one or two helps, rather than a large variety. One of the most remarkable facts presented was the number of colporteurs who are constantly employed in the field. They have 513 who are putting in more than one hundred hours a month, and 452 who put in less than that time, and who are called home workers. This makes a total of 965 colporteurs, and he expects this number will reach a thousand by the time he returns.

FOREIGN DEPARTMENT

Third Meeting

[The first two meetings have not been reported.]

The third meeting of the Foreign Department was called to order by G. F. Haffner.

O. A. Olsen urged the necessity of doing more for the foreign population of the United States and Canada. We have millions of Italians, Poles, Slavs, and other nationalities in this country. The Lord is raising up believers among these people in many places. Earnest pleas for help are being received continually. This work will never prosper until leaders are selected to lead out, in training workers, and to assist those already in the field.

D. P. Boersma gave a report of the Holland work in New Jersey. Of the Holland population in Northern New Jersey about 70 per cent are adherents of Calvinism, which was taught them by the clergy of the Dutch Reformed and Christian Reformed Churches. They have their own private schools, in which their children are instructed in the doctrines of John Calvin. About 18 per cent are infidels, and the remaining 12 per cent are Romanists. While the work among these people is attended with perplexing problems, progress is being made, and in this we rejoice, and take courage.

SABBATH SCHOOL DEPARTMENT

Eighth Meeting

“How to Draw” was ably presented by Mrs. H. M. J. Richards, of Philadelphia. She spoke earnestly of the value of simple drawings in illustrating the Sabbath-school lesson, rather than elaborate, carefully drawn pictures. A short line sufficiently represents a person, a number of lines a group or an army. The imagination of the child supplies the details. Mrs. Richards showed how mountains, trees, rivers, cities, and even figures of persons may be quickly drawn by using the side of the crayon, thus making broad strokes.

Topic: “The Training Course.” Mrs. Carrie R. Moon, of South Bend, Ind., said in part: “In every line of undertaking skilled workmen are needed. No one wishes to employ men or women who have not been trained for the line of work which they undertake to do. We have been told by the spirit of prophecy that every teacher should feel that he must be ‘better acquainted with the best methods of teaching.’ The Sabbath-School Teachers’ Training Course is planned to help us directly in this. The very best books that could be found on methods of teaching have been selected. Ought we not to appreciate such help? Some have objected to this course because books not written by our own people have been sometimes selected. This objection does not seem well founded. In ‘Testimonies on Sabbath School Work,’ page 9, we are told that ‘the modes of teaching which have been adopted with such success in the public schools could be employed with similar results in the Sabbath-schools.’ This shows that we are not to reject instruction because it has been written by those who have not a knowledge of all the truths which have been revealed to us. We can learn much concerning methods of teaching by what is written by teachers of experiences both in the public schools and in the Sunday-school rejecting that which is not in harmony with our work.”

Topic: “Camp-Meeting Sabbath-School Work.” Mrs. Flora V. Dorcas, of Iowa, set forth strongly the valuable opportunity which the camp-meeting affords the conference Sabbath-school secretary to advance the interests of the Sabbath-school work. The paper presented many details of the work to be done, and the desire to have copies of this paper immediately so as to use the suggestions in the coming camp-meeting season, was so great that it was decided to get out the paper in circular form at once, for the benefit of the secretaries.

Miss Bessie Acton, of Mt. Vernon Ohio, urged the secretaries to improve the opportunity afforded by the camp-meeting to become personally acquainted with the Sabbath-school workers from all parts of the conference. For weeks plans and prayers have been centered upon the camp-meeting, and when the people arrive, they have laid aside the cares of life for a few days, and the hearts are ready to respond to plans for progress and spiritual advancement which the leaders have to offer. The camp-meeting affords a chance for the personal touch that will make all our work more effective.

Question Box: “What do you consider the best time of the day to hold the camp-meeting Sabbath-school, forenoon or afternoon?”

Mrs. Plummer thought the forenoon was unquestionably the preferable time. The Sabbath-school forms a most appropriate introduction to the Sabbath services.

Elder Thompson said that he had seen the camp-meeting Sabbath-school held in the afternoon, but every time he had thought it almost a failure.

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