Ellen G. White Writings

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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 7

May 28, 1913 - NO. 11

TAKOMA PARK STATION, WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1913

Published by
The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
DAILY EXCEPT SATURDAY
50 CENTS FOR THE SESSION, MAY 16 TO JUNE 9, 1913

Editorial committee: W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson. Office editors: C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler. Copy editor: Mrs. C. M. Snow.

Application made for entry as second-class matter at the post-office at Washington, D. C., under the act of Congress of March 3, 1879.

DAILY PROGRAM (Except Sabbath)

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

A. M.
Devotional Meetings (in
sections)6:00—6:45
Breakfast7:00
Bible Study8:30—9:30
Conference10:00—12:00
P. M.
Dinner12:15
Conference2:30—4:00
Departmental Meetings
(in sections)
Missionary Talks and Other
Services (in big tent).4:30—5:30
Lunch6:00
Public Service7:30—9:00

Bible Study Hour - GOD’S MESSENGERS

GEO. I. BUTLER

May 26, 8:30 A. M.

“The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain: and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field: the grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the Spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass. The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand forever.” Isaiah 40:3-8.

This prophetic passage, recorded seven centuries or more before the first advent of Christ, was doubtless read with wonder by many who were tracing the Scriptures relating to the coming Messiah. What could this prophecy mean? Nothing very definite could be learned from the wording of the text. And yet it was a part of the Word of God, and was sure of fulfilment. It is a source of great gratification to me that the word of God abideth forever, and is fulfilled to the very letter. And as we go over the various prophecies that are so familiar to us as a people, it is a great comfort to know that they will surely be fulfilled.

Some may say, “How can we tell when this was fulfilled?” Turn to the first chapter of the gospel of John. In the fifteenth verse and onward we read: “John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me. And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace. For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. No man hath seen God at any time; the only-begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou? And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ. And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not. Art thou that prophet? And he answered, No. Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself? He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.” Verses 15-23.

PHOTO-Representatives of the India Union Mission in attendance at the General Conference

John the Baptist made very clear to those who came to him, that he was not “that prophet” foretold by Moses in the eighteenth chapter of Deuteronomy, nor was he Elijah returned to earth. He simply said, “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord.” The Jewish people had been without a prophet for four or five hundred years. Malachi was the last.

When John appeared with his message, the Pharisees and rulers were disturbed. They were in spiritual darkness themselves, and they did not understand the prophetic significance of his message, and so they sent a deputation to see what John was about,—to see what he meant by stirring up the whole nation. They asked him, What is your authority for doing this? He answered them with the words of Scripture, “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.” He referred directly to the passage we have chosen as our text, for his authority to speak to the people. He was a God-appointed man, sent beforehand to bring to the attention of the Jewish nation the great fact that their expected Messiah was coming, and to do all he could to bring about a spiritual reformation, thus preparing the way for the advent of the promised One.

The circumstances surrounding the birth and early training of John the Baptist, the prophecies given his parents concerning his mission, and his long sojourn in the desert,—all these facts are familiar to students of the Word. “The child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his showing unto Israel”. Luke 1:80.

John appeared at the time predicted, “preaching in the wilderness of Judea, and saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.... Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all the region round about Jordan, and were baptized of him in Jordan confessing their sins.” Matthew 3:1-6.

The preaching of John was accompanied by a power that arrested attention and created a mighty stir. Many began to humble themselves before God, to repent of their sins, and to seek the way of salvation. Even the scribes and Pharisees were there, and to these who still claimed to be spiritual leaders, but who had failed to fulfill their sacred trust, John addressed words of stern rebuke. “Who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?” he inquired.

As John the Baptist proclaimed his message from day to day, many were converted, and baptized of him in Jordan. In the midst of this remarkable spiritual awakening the promised Messiah suddenly appeared at the time appointed.

“Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him. But John forbade him.” How do you suppose he knew who that was? Why should he forbid him more than others? O, John was taught of God, he knew he was standing in the presence of the Holy One of Israel, and he felt unworthy to baptize him. And so we hear him saying, “I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me?” But Jesus, answering, said unto him, “Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he suffered him. And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water; and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: and lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” Matthew 3:13-17.

That was a most interesting occasion. There is something grand about it, something that melts my heart when I think of how my blessed Saviour, so mild, so meek, so humble, came to be baptized by John, so as to set an example for all that should follow. Blessed Jesus!

John’s work went on. But after the Messiah appeared, it began to be seen that John’s work was beginning to attract less attention than before. John himself recognized this. Later, when he “was baptizing in Enon near to Salim,” prior to his imprisonment, “there arose a question between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about purifying. And they came unto John, and said unto him, Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to whom thou barest witness, behold, the same baptizeth, and all men come to him.” They thought perhaps that would stir up John’s feelings, as the crowd coming to him was dwindling and the crowd thronging Jesus was increasing; but John was a man with a noble spirit, and his answer was, “A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven. Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am sent before him. He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled. He must increase, but I must decrease.” John 3:23-30.

In these words, dear friends, John stated a great principle that is not always easy to learn. I see one of my dear brethren at the front smiling. Perhaps he has tried it. I hope so, but maybe he has not tried it so much as some of us old heads have. It is right that those who are chosen by their brethren should, under God, fill exalted positions in connection with the cause of present truth; yet we know it is possible for such men to get the feeling that perhaps they can run matters about as well as any one else could. The time may come when old age or something else makes it advisable for them to step down from positions of responsibility, and let younger men come in. It is at such times, brethren, that the principle to which John referred, applies, even in our times—” He must increase, but I must decrease.” It is a good thing to learn how to do that gracefully. I want you to learn that lesson so that you will be fully reconciled to all that may come to you in connection with the laying off of burdens you are no longer able to bear.

John must have passed through an exceedingly trying experience; but the record left us reveals that he triumphed over every temptation to doubt, even after having been imprisoned. In Matthew 11 we read: “When John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples, and said unto him, Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?” The Saviour knew of the trial of mind through which John was passing, and he answered his messengers kindly. He cast no reproaches because of the query, “Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another?” “Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and show John again those things which ye do hear and see: the blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.” Verses 2-6.

Doubtless those disciples went back and told their master just what he told them to, and no doubt it was a source of great courage and blessing to John. He had not known the condition of affairs, and now when he was assured by him whom he had himself said was the Messiah, that a mighty work was in progress,—the gospel was being preached to the poor and needy, the sick were being healed, and the dead were being raised,—I suppose John accepted that word with joy, and his heart was filled with solace and comfort.

As the messengers sent by John departed, “Jesus began to say unto the multitudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken with the wind?” You have seen reeds shaken by the wind, have you not? You have, if you have been observing people. The reed is influenced by every changing current. Was that the kind of man the Jews went out into the wilderness to see when they went out to see John baptizing? I think not. That man was as firm as a rock.

Some may ask, Was it proper for John to ask those questions, under the peculiar conditions he was facing at the time? In reply I would say, He had not given up his faith at all, but he did not know how to understand some providences. Did you ever come into such a place, brethren? I dare say you have. I have, a good many times. Did you doubt and give up and go into despair? If you did, you made a mistake. You should have said, The Lord knows best. I am nothing but a poor mortal man, but I know that what God has said will stand.

Christ continued: “But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and more than a prophet. For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen, a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.... And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come.” Verses 9-14.

The messenger who was to come in the spirit and power of Elijah, to prepare the way for the advent of the Messiah; was prophesied of by Malachi. Through the last of the Old Testament prophets the Lord said: “I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts. But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap: and he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness. Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the Lord, as in the days of old, and as in former years. And I will come near to you to judgment, and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the Lord of hosts.” Malachi 3:1-5.

This prophecy was written about four hundred years before Christ. When in the fullness of time the Messiah appeared, he said that John was his messenger, and that there was no prophet that had excelled him; and it seems to me that he plainly taught that a messenger of the Lord is greater than an ordinary prophet of the Lord. That is interesting to me; I have thought of it considerably.

And I cannot help believing with all my heart that in the closing work of the gospel, preparatory to the second advent of Christ, the spirit of prophecy will ever play a prominent part.

There are others who have been connected with the Seventh-day Adventist denomination longer than I have. There are two here [pointing to Elders Loughborough and Haskell] on the platform. But the Lord has given me many opportunities for observation, and as I have mingled with our dear brethren and sisters, during the years that have been passing. I have been impressed that a grave danger confronts this people. It is that, as the work develops, and tens of thousands are added to our numbers, they will never conceive or understand the difficulties that confronted the pioneers; and they may lose sight of some of the fundamentals that have to do with the foundation principles of our message. O, how I wish some of you could

have a glimpse of how the Lord wrought in those early days! And how I wish you might know more of how that blessed servant of the Lord, Sister White, worked many times—how she corrected this error, and that error; how she counseled in times of perplexity and discouragement. If you could know some of the facts we older ones know regarding these matters, I am sure you would love and appreciate this blessed truth more than ever. You would cherish everything that had to do with the beginnings of things, when foundations were being laid by the pioneers of this message.

I have heard about a meeting in New York where they came together after the disappointment of 1844, and everything was in disorder. But God had a servant who helped them step by step all the way along.

As I look back, there have been crises when great men, intelligent men, have gone astray. But the testimony always came plainly in regard to these matters. A good many of us can remember that when pantheistic teaching was introduced, a few years ago, light came from God about it. The Lord bade his messenger “meet it,” as in a vision she saw a ship meet an iceberg and shatter it to fragments. A good many chunks of ice were broken off then.

I must not stop to expatiate on this topic of the place God’s messenger occupies in the church, but I am very much interested in it, my friends. Of course I am getting very old, and may pass away soon; but I am not worrying about that. What I do worry about is how I stand in God’s sight. I have come to the point where I do not care so very much about what my brethren think, though of course it is pleasant to know that the leading men are glad to see me, and that they still think a little of Brother Butler; but, brethren, the great thing is to know, day by day, what the Lord thinks about us.

I did not expect to come to this Conference; but my attendance was urged, and so I just dropped everything, and arranged to come. I did not know whether the brethren would want me to preach, but I decided that if they did, I would say just exactly what I thought; so you must pardon me, for I shall say what I think just as well as I can.

I greatly fear, brethren, that there are multitudes of our people who have not half learned the value of the instruction that comes to us from the messenger of God. Brethren, if you fail to make much of the counsels of God’s chosen messenger, you will suffer great loss. When I review the life of that dear, precious woman, whom I honor more than any other person, I think what a tremendous responsibility she has carried. I have been in high offices myself. For nearly a dozen years I was president of the General Conference; and during that time I knew there was only one thing that would make my administration a safe one, and that was to follow closely what the servant of the Lord had for me. I always corresponded with her in regard to important problems, and she kindly admonished me. Sometimes the counsel came pretty close and set pretty snug; but I am glad I prayed over it a great deal, and trusted God to make matters plain; and I am glad to say that everything finally came out just had said it would.

That dear woman has lived for more than fourscore years, and she, of course, feels the effects of age. I think the Lord is taking off from her some of the heavy burden of responsibility that she has previously carried. She is not so strong as she once was,—how could she expect to be, when she is eighty-five years old,—and yet she is able to look after her writings and to give us good counsel. She is not here with us this year, though she was four years ago, and really risked her life in coming, too. But, O, what a flood of light she has left for us! Those precious volumes,—what could we do as a denomination without them? And now the question is, Will we, as a people, give proper attention to these counsels? As I advance in years, I find developing in my heart an increasing desire that our people, our leading brethren, carefully study what these Testimonies say, and live up to their teachings. I am watching this point pretty closely, and I want to say a warning word here, because I am one of the old wheel horses of this denomination, or have been, at least,—I want to say that if we do not follow these things very closely, we shall fall into serious difficulties.

In later years, after being called to the presidency of the Southern field, I corresponded with Sister White a great deal concerning my work in that district. Elder Daniells and Sister White had urged me to serve, in spite of my protests. I worked there six years, as hard as I ever worked in my life, and I believe God blessed me, too, during that administration.

Voices: Amen!

Now, in regard to the sanitarium work, I wish to say that some three or four sanitariums were built in the South, in harmony, as we understood, with counsels received through the spirit of prophecy. Sister White and I were in constant correspondence, and I cannot tell you of the interest she manifested in building up those institutions in the Southern field. And I cannot tell you, my friends, how sad I feel when I see that some of them are likely to be dropped out. One of them, I understand, has already been closed. This is not because Sister White counseled thus, for she advised that it be permitted to live, if possible. “Why,” said a brother, “it was running in debt!” But I wish I could tell of the hard experiences many of our greatest sanitariums have had to go through. I remember when they started that sanitarium in Battle Creek, the first one, that has done so much good in the past. They hardly even had a doctor when they began, and they had to begin in a private dwelling-house. There came a time when it appeared as if everything was going to smash, entirely demoralized, and they had to gather all the men together and plead with them to lend a hand in helping to relieve a difficult situation.

Then, too, there is the sanitarium at St. Helena, Cal.; I am under the impression that there was a time when they were one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars or more in debt there; and at the same time their water supply was inadequate, and they seemed to be going right on deeper into debt. Would it not have been sadly unfortunate if they had given up that institution then? That institution has been prospered by the hand of God, and it has come up to a high standard of efficiency, and is doing a noble work. The debt has been paid by the earnings.

And so it is, my friends, with our sanitarium over in Colorado. I have made up my mind, though I am not much of a sanitarium man, that the devil does not like our sanitariums very well, and he will throw every influence possible in the way of stopping them. I believe those institutions might be made to prosper if we could get the right kind men to manage them.

Brethren, we are getting to be a great people, and we shall have to watch our schools, our educational work, and our sanitarium work. I am so thankful that our educational work has developed, and that our children can attend our own schools. We must be careful to live close to the Lord, and pray him to guide us in all these matters, and to keep us walking in the light. O, I see dangers coming to us! I see that we are letting down the lines somewhat. I believe we are making a great mistake in our music. I believe we ought to make more use than we do of our standard hymnbook, “Hymns and Tunes.” I told you that four years ago, and now I tell it to you again.

We must be guarded on all points; we must keep up the standard; we must not permit ourselves to drift like the world. Every important religious movement in the world has started encouragingly, but by and by wordliness has been allowed to prevail. The Catholic Church went into apostasy, Protestantism today is drifting in the same direction. The greatest danger we as a people have to meet, as we become numerous and prosperous, is wordliness. Let us guard against this. Let us ever cherish the high spiritual standard upheld by the pioneers of this message. May God help us, is my prayer.

THE EVENING SERVICE

May 25, 7:30 P. M.

K. C. RUSSELL spoke on “The Second Coming of Christ,” using as his text Joel 2:1.

He dwelt on the solemnity of the second coming of Christ. The very call of the prophet Joel to prepare for this event, which would take place many hundred years after his time, is one of great solemnity. In the same spirit and in much the same language the apostle Peter emphasizes the same great truth.

Elder Russell spoke of the fatal mistake made by the people of our time in not giving attention to this momentous subject. This very neglect on their part lays the greater burden of proclaiming this truth upon us, the professed people of God. Though we as a people preach the near coming of our Lord, we do not set any time. There is no Bible warrant for the preaching of a definite time. But, while we do not teach a set time for Jesus’ return, we do hold that in the many signs in the world all about us the nearness of his blessed revelation in the clouds of heaven is clearly shown. Witness the mighty military activity in our day; the vast accumulation of wealth, the social unrest; the rapid increase of crime; the moral drift away from God. And in the face of all this is sounded

the cry of peace and safety, in direct fulfillment of Paul’s prophetic word.

The one only solution to all this is the coming of Christ; and this glorious consummation we ardently desire.

Conference Proceedings. TWENTIETH MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 27, 10 A. M.

W. T. KNOX in the chair.

Prayer by E. W. Farnsworth.

Elder Daniells read to the Conference a message of greeting and counsel from Sister E. G. White. The message follows:—

COURAGE IN THE LORD

Recently in the night season, my mind was impressed by the Holy Spirit with the thought that if the Lord is coming as soon as we believe he is, we ought to be even more active than we have been in years past in getting the truth before the people.

In this connection, my mind reverted to the activity of the advent believers in 1843 and 1844. At that time there was much house-to-house visitation, and untiring efforts were made to warn the people of the things that are spoken of in God’s Word. We should be putting forth even greater effort than was put forth by those who proclaimed the first angel’s message so faithfully. We are rapidly approaching the end of this earth’s history; and as we realize that Jesus is indeed coming soon, we shall be aroused to labor as never before. We are bidden to sound an alarm to the people. And in our own lives we are to show forth the power of truth and righteousness. The world is soon to meet the great Lawgiver over his broken law. Those only who turn from transgression to obedience, can hope for pardon and peace.

We are to raise the banner on which is inscribed, “The commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” Obedience to God’s law is the great issue. Let it not be put out of sight. We must strive to arouse church-members, and those who make no profession, to see and obey the claims of the law of Heaven. We are to magnify this law and make it honorable.

Christ has commissioned us to sow the seeds of truth, and to urge upon our people the importance of the work to be done by those who are living amidst the closing scenes of this earth’s history. As the words of truth are proclaimed in the highways and the byways, there is to be a revelation of the working of the Spirit of God on human hearts.

O, how much good might be accomplished if all who have the truth, the Word of life, would labor for the enlightenment of those who have it not. When the Samaritans came to Christ at the call of the Samaritan woman, Christ spoke of them to his disciples as a field of grain ready for harvesting. “Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest,” he said. “Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.” Christ abode, with the Samaritans for two days; for they were hungry to hear the truth. And what busy days they were! As a result of those days of labor, “many more believed on him because of his own word.” This was their testimony: “We have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.”

Who among God’s professing people will take up this sacred work, and labor for the souls who are perishing for lack of knowledge? The world must be warned. Many places are pointed out to me as in need of consecrated, faithful, untiring effort. Christ is opening the hearts and minds of many in our large cities. These need the truths of God’s Word; and if we will come into a sacred nearness with Christ, and will seek to draw near to these people, impressions for good will be made. We need to wake up, and enter into sympathy with Christ and with our fellow men. The large and small cities, and places nigh and afar off, are to be worked, and worked intelligently. Never draw back. The Lord will make the right impressions upon hearts, if we will work in unison with his Spirit.

I have words of encouragement for you, my brethren. We are to move forward in faith and hope, expecting large things from God. The enemy will seek in every way to hinder the efforts that are being made to advance the truth, but in the strength of the Lord you may gain success. Let no discouraging words be spoken, but only such words as will tend to strengthen and sustain your fellow workers.

I long to be personally engaged in earnest work in the field, and I should most assuredly be engaged in more public labor did I not believe that at my age it is not wise to presume on one’s physical strength. I have a work to do in communicating to the church and to the world the light that has been entrusted to me from time to time all through the years during which the third angel’s message has been proclaimed. My heart is filled with a most earnest desire to place the truth before all who can be reached. And I am still acting a part in preparing matter for publication. But I have to move very carefully, lest I place myself where I cannot write at all. I know not how long I may live, but I am not suffering as much healthwise as I might expect.

Following the General Conference of 1909, I spent several weeks attending camp-meetings and other general gatherings, and visiting various institutions, in New England, the Central States, and the Middle West.

Upon returning to my home in California, I took up anew the work of preparing matter for the press. During the past four years I have written comparatively few letters. What strength I have had has been given mostly to the completion of important book work.

Occasionally I have attended meetings, and have visited institutions in California, but the greater portion of the time since the last General Conference has been spent in manuscript work at my country home, “Elmshaven,” near St. Helena.

I am thankful that the Lord is sparing my life to work a little longer on my books. O, that I had strength to do all that I see ought to be done! I pray that he may impart to me wisdom, that the truths our people so much need may be presented clearly and acceptably. I am encouraged to believe that God will enable me to do this.

My interest in the general work is still as deep as ever, and I greatly desire that the cause of present truth shall steadily advance in all parts of the world. But I find it advisable not to attempt much public work while my book work demands my supervision. I have some of the best of workers—those who in the providence of God connected with me in Australia, with others who have united with me since my return to America. I thank the Lord for these helpers. We are all very busy, doing our best to prepare matter for publication. I want the light of truth to go to every place, that it may enlighten those now ignorant of the reasons of our faith. On some days my eyes trouble me, and I suffer considerable pain in them. But I praise the Lord that he preserves my sight. It would not be strange if at my age I could not use my eyes at all.

I am more thankful than I can express for the uplifting of the Spirit of the Lord, for the comfort and grace that he continues to give me, and that he grants me strength and opportunity to impart courage and help to his people. As long as the Lord spares my life, I will be faithful and true to him, seeking to do his will and to glorify his name. May the Lord increase my faith, that I may follow on to know him, and to do his will more perfectly. Good is the Lord, and greatly to be praised.

I greatly desire that the old soldiers of the cross, those grown gray in the Master’s service, shall continue to bear their testimony right to the point, in order that those younger in the faith may understand that the messages which the Lord gave us in the past, are very important at this stage of the earth’s history. Our past experience has not lost one jot of its force.

Let all be careful not to discourage the pioneers, or cause them to feel that there is little they can do. Their influence may still be mightily exerted in the work of the Lord. The testimony of the aged ministers will ever be a help and a blessing to the church. God will watch over his tried and faithful standard-bearers, night and day, until the time comes for them to lay off their armor. Let them be assured that they are under the protecting care of Him who never slumbers or sleeps; that they are watched over by unwearied sentinels. Knowing this, and realizing that they are abiding in Christ, they may rest trustfully in the providences of God.

I pray earnestly that the work we do at this time shall impress itself deeply on heart and mind and soul. Perplexities will increase; but let us, as believers in God, encourage one another. Let us not lower the standard, but keep it lifted high, looking to him who is the author and finisher of our faith. When in the night season I am unable to sleep, I lift my heart in prayer to God, and he strengthens me, and gives me the assurance that he is with his ministering servants in the home field and in distant lands. I am encouraged and blessed as I realize that the God of Israel is still guiding his people, and that he will continue to be with them, even to the end.

I am instructed to say to our ministering brethren, Let the messages that come from your lips be charged with the power of the Spirit of God. If ever there was a time when we needed the

special guidance of the Holy Spirit, it is now. We need a thorough consecration. It is fully time that we gave to the world a demonstration of the power of God in our own lives and in our ministry.

The Lord desires to see the work of proclaiming the third angel’s message carried forward with increasing efficiency. As he has worked in all ages to give victories to his people, so in this age he longs to carry to a triumphant fulfillment his purposes for his church. He bids his believing saints to advance unitedly, going from strength to greater strength, from faith to increased assurance and confidence in the truth and righteousness of his cause.

We are to stand firm as a rock to the principles of the Word of God, remembering that God is with us to give us strength to meet each new experience. Let us ever maintain in our lives the principles of righteousness, that we may go forward from strength to strength in the name of the Lord. We are to hold as very sacred the faith that has been substantiated by the instruction and approval of the Spirit of God from our earliest experience until the present time. We are to cherish as very precious the work that the Lord has been carrying forward through his commandment-keeping people, and which, through the power of his grace, will grow stronger and more efficient as time advances. The enemy is seeking to becloud the discernment of God’s people, and to weaken their efficiency, but if they will labor as the Spirit of God shall direct, he will open doors of opportunity before them for the work of building up the old waste places. Their experience will be one of constant growth, until the Lord shall descend from heaven with power and great glory to set his seal of final triumph upon his faithful ones.

The work that lies before us is one that will put to the stretch every power of the human being. It will call for the exercise of strong faith and constant vigilance. At times the difficulties that we shall meet will be most disheartening. The very greatness of the task will appal us. And yet, with God’s help, his servants will finally triumph. “Wherefore,” my brethren, “I desire that ye faint not” because of the trying experiences that are before you. Jesus will be with you; he will go before you by his Holy Spirit, preparing the way; and he will be your helper in every emergency.

“For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, that he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man; that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fullness of God.”

“Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us, unto him be glory in the church by Jesus Christ throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.”

ELLEN G. WHITE.

W. T. Knox: Now we will give opportunity, if it is desired, for any one to express himself in connection with this communication.

J. N. Loughborough: I can say that this communication has shed a ray of encouragement through my mind, and killed one of the lies that the devil has been trying to tell me for a number of years. That lie was that the brethren did not want to hear from me. He would say, “You keep still; they do not want to hear you.” A brother who came to me this morning said he thought I had grown so old that the devil does not bother me any more. But I thought I was like a man who said he thought the devil must let everybody else alone, he spent so much time on him. The devil tells me I have got old and had better keep still. He has told me that a thousand times, I suppose, and I guess fifty times since I have been in this meeting. But if I understand that testimony, I can say something once in a while that will encourage the people.

Many voices: Amen!

J. N. Loughborough: And when that testimony spoke “courage in the Lord,” I wanted to say, “Courage in the Lord.” The Lord is talking to us yet!

S. N. Haskell: I repeat one thing that Elder Loughborough said. Of course the devil is not dead, and I have my temptations the same as he has. I have made up my mind that I will not believe him. As long as I am around, I propose to be around. And if there is anything I can say, I hope that I shall always be near enough to the Lord to say it, and not to feel as though I ought not to say anything. I know people think I am getting to be old, and I suppose I am, according to years; but I was thinking the other morning, when I felt unusually well and clear,—about as I used to feel twenty-five or thirty years ago,—I feel as though I can not live unless I am doing something to advance this work. And I know Brother Loughborough feels the same way.

I am very much encouraged by this testimony. I thank the Lord that we have the Lord’s voice among us still. May the Lord help us to heed that voice, and be prepared for his coming.

G. I. Butler: I feel greatly blessed and edified with this last communication we have received from God’s servant. It should encourage us all. It has the oldfashioned ring in it that is in all her earlier writings. Some thought that as she grew old her writings would be less powerful, but it seems to me that her later writings are the best. God is with that dear woman. I feel thankful for this communication. I believe it ought to encourage us all in the work of God, and especially is it encouraging to some of us who are growing old. May the Lord bless us all and save us in his kingdom.

J. O. Corliss: May I say a word? I have been feeling somewhat as has been expressed by these other brethren. I presume that the experience of the past ten months, which has depressed me, has had the tendency to bring this feeling upon me. I know it is not right. But I am very thankful for one thing, and that is that I have received from my brethren such encouraging letters. I was especially encouraged by a letter from Brother Daniells. It did my heart more good than I can express. It came to me at a time when these temptations were very strong upon me. I am glad that there is yet sympathy for one another among our brethren. But I do not want to talk particularly upon that point.

I feel encouraged by the exhortation we have received in this communication, to do all that is within our power to help others see the truth. That is the point that appeals to me more than anything else. I feel as though my greatest desire is to give this message, and my prayer is that God will give me the strength and power of mind to go forth with this message as in days of old. When I hear the reports of the progress of God’s work throughout the field, it seems that there is something that rises up within my heart and says, “Go!” I feel as though I can hardly keep still. I know it is thought that my best days are behind me, but I do believe that God still has a work for some of us older ones in his cause. I want to so live that I may know the triumphs of his Holy Spirit all the time, and be ready either to die or to do. (Amens.)

A. G. Daniells: I read the communication, but said nothing as to my own appreciation of it. So I wish to say that I feel grateful to our Heavenly Father, who looks down upon us in all our weakness and all our frailty, and pities us, and speaks words of encouragement and good cheer. I am greatly encouraged by the note of cheer it sounds, and which it admonishes us always to sound. And, too, brethren, let us be admonished by it always to speak words of courage and cheer to uplift and strengthen one another in the work and in the battle.

Temptations are not peculiar to men who are gray or white with years. They come to some of us in middle life, and they come to young people. Trials, discouragements, and temptations of all sorts come to us, and we must take courage, even when temptations are pressing us hard, if we are to win victories. So this morning I praise God for this good word that has come to us, and I am sure that as we read it and study it, it will be a help and a strength to us. (Amens.)

A. C. Bourdeau: I thank the Lord for this testimony that came to us this morning. It applies to each one of us. It is a word of encouragement to God’s people, to this servants, and even to the aged like me, who have felt as though they should lay down the armor and be quiet, I feel full of courage, and am determined by the grace of God to go through with this people. Brethren, be of good courage in the Lord.

D. T. Shireman: I am glad to hear this testimony of encouragement that has come to us this morning. I am of good courage, and am glad I have a part in this work. I want to buckle on the armor anew, and press on.

Wm. Covert: I am very thankful to be with you. I have been in this work a good many years. I have felt the presence of God with me all these years. I thank the Lord because I am associated with a class of workers who love the Lord and love one another, and I am glad that I love them with all the fervor of my heart. I still hope to live to see Jesus come. By the grace of God, I will strive to keep my place, and work with all the strength God gives me.

O. A. Olsen: I cannot be denied the privilege of expressing my gratitude for the blessings of this message. I am glad

that all my life, from a child, so to speak, has been lived in connection with this work. And I am so thankful for what that blessed gift has been to me in the various experiences of my life. I thank God today for the courage he has given us, and for the admonitions that have come to us. I want to be faithful to the end.

W. T. Knox: I am sure we all appreciate this message of courage that has come to us from Sister White, and that all pray that God may continue to bless her, and be very near to her. It is gratifying to know that while she is not here, still her heart is with us, and through her God has sent this message to us.

PHOTO-AT THE FIRST TENT-MEETING IN JAPAN

J. W. Watt: I have now been in the ministry for thirty-two years, have grown old in this cause. I am glad this morning for the world that has come to us. God has a place still for those who grow gray in his cause. My courage is good in the Lord.

W. T. Knox: It is suggested that we give all the privilege of voting their appreciation of this message that has been received by us, by rising. (All the congregation arose.)

C. P. Bollman: I move the president and secretary of the General Conference be asked, in behalf of this body, to convey to Sister White an expression of appreciation of the counsels given in this message, and of assurance of our Christian love and regard.

O. A. Olsen: I second the motion.

The motion prevailed.

W. T. Knox: We have as yet received no report from Japan. We will therefore take advantage of this occasion to call upon Brother De Vinney and others to report.

GREETING FROM JAPAN

F. H. De Vinney: We bear a letter of greeting from the believers in Japan, and, thinking that you would like to hear it read in the Japanese, I have asked Elder T. H. Okohira, one of the pioneer workers in Japan, to read it for you.

T. H. Okohira (dressed in Japanese costume): It is my great joy and privilege to present our hearty greetings to you, which I brought from Japan. I hope you may understand it. If you do not understand it, please listen how it sounds to you, and afterward Elder De Vinney will translate to you. In Japanese manner, when we present such a greeting, we always bow down this way [making the bow], and then we step back three steps, and read for the president and to you. (The letter was then read in Japanese.)

F. H. De Vinney: I will read the translation (reading):—

“The members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Japan feel greatly honored to be accorded the privilege of extending their most hearty greetings to the brethren assembled in conference at Washington.

“The believers in the Land of the Rising Sun, by fasting and prayer, are pleading with the Heavenly Father that his Spirit may be poured out, as in the day of Pentecost, upon the General Conference Committee, the delegates, and the brethren from all the world gathered at this council.

“We are praying that all the actions taken at this conference may be in accord with the will of God, that they may help extend the work in the whole world, and hasten the setting up of God’s glorious kingdom upon the earth.

“Especially are we hoping, with a longing that counts one day as a thousand autumns, that the brethren who have been accorded the privilege of representing the work in the Japanese field may receive Heaven’s blessing, and be able to faithfully perform their duties, and quickly return, bringing an excellent report of the Conference.

“Finally, O Lord, bless all our assembled brethren. We thank thee for what thou hast done for Japan through thy faithful children; but, Lord, grant that thy children may quickly answer the Macedonian cry of the Far East. Amen.

“From all the believers of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Japan.”

This greeting was received with amens.

F. H. De Vinney (reading further):—

REPORT OF THE JAPAN MISSION

The work of the third angel’s message had its beginning in Japan in November, 1896, when Elder W. C. Grainger and T. H. Okohira, a young Japanese from California, reached Yokohama, as our first misionaries, under the support of the California Conference. Elder Grainger had formerly served the cause as the principal of Healdsburg College, and Brother Okohira had accepted the truth four years before, at a tent effort in Southern California, and had connected with the college as a student. From an acquaintance thus formed, Elder Grainger was inspired to give himself to the work in Japan. They began work in Tokyo. A little later Brother Okohira opened the work in Kobe, and among the first converts there was a young lady, who later became his wife, and a young man, who developed into an effective public laborer and was ordained to the ministry a few years later, and who will be remembered by those attending the last General Conference as Elder H. Kuniya, one of the delegates from Japan.

The development of the work was of necessity slow. We were of the very last of the Christian denominations to enter the field, and had to encounter all the opposition found at home from the established churches, and the self-satisfied indifference of a heathen people. Elder Grainger, who was well along in years, and other foreign laborers who followed, did not acquire the language, which, by the way, is admitted by the best authorities to be one of the most difficult to learn in the world. But step by step the message has advanced against all opposition, young workers have been developed and trained, earnest efforts have been made to acquire the language, and by experience workers are learning to avoid many of the early difficulties, and how to reach the honest-hearted; for there are many honest souls in Japan who hear and receive the truth gladly.

The distance between the outposts of the mision is now more than twelve hundred miles by rail. This makes it both difficult and expensive to administer our affairs. This development is not the result of any planning, but came through the calls for help which resulted from the canvassing work. All our laborers, when necessary to travel by cars, use the second and third class. Most of the other foreigners use the first class. Wherever a company is established, we encourage resident canvassing; but when necessary to go from place to place, whenever possible the canvasers walk, thus saving the car fare and distributing the tracts and papers by the way.

While nearly all other denominational literature is given away, ours is all sold. To give it away makes it of less value in the minds of the people, and is not a good training for them. Though the price is very small, yet it entails some sacrifice upon the purchaser, and is much better for them; besides helping to give the truth to somebody else, by producing more literature. The people of the middle class are poor, by American standards, very poor; they have very little money left after the most common, meager essentials of life are procured. Those who have come in contact with the ordinary mission work have been trained to receive rather than to give anything to the support of the gospel. In this way they fail to receive the blessings, and to make the development

in Christian character, which come from making a sacrifice to the Lord by giving; but we are raising another standard. Our tithes and offerings are yet small; but are increasing each year, and even the poorest are encouraged to give of their slender means as they receive the additional blessings from the Lord by so doing.

We have seven organized churches, with two good church buildings, and one in course of construction, also money on hand for the fourth. Total membership, 281; tithe for the year 1912, $1,493; offerings, $322. Foreign laborers, 7; Japanese laborers, 40. There are, besides, those counted as carvassers who receive a certain amount of books, tracts, or papers free each month, making 56 laborers supported entirely or in part.

All our Sabbath-school donations are given to missions, and Japan is joining with her sister schools of the world in the thirteenth-Sabbath offerings, and will try to do her part toward the mark set before us of a million dollars for missions during the next four years.

Our mission training-school work was first opened as a three months’ workers’ institute in the fall of 1908, in Tokyo. Our great need of more trained workers made imperative the continuation of the school. The following winter, again the school was opened in Tokyo. A portion of a foreign dwelling-house was used for the schoolrooms, and three Japanese houses were rented for dormitories. Since that time the school has continued each year, with an average attendance of about twenty-five. At pres-out we have few workers. When the school can be properly housed, and sufficient competent teachers can be secured, we know that a better school can be conducted.

It was thought best to discontinue our mission sanitarium in Kobe during the year 1909, and since that time the conditions have led us to confine our medical work to local treatment-rooms and personal medical missionary work. Dr. W. C. Dunscombe was with us in 1910 and 1911, prior to his call to Cape Town. In Kobe, Dr. Noma, a Japanese lady and a sister in the truth, a Japanese-trained physician, have built up an institution, popularly known as the Eise-In, which is doing a splendid work among the Japanese, a work that any foreign managed institution could not hope to do.

Since the closing of the mission sanitarium, Brother J. N. Herboltzheimer, our trained nurse, has been connected with the Eisei-In as a teacher of nurses, and general adviser; but with the beginning of the present year, he has opened medical missionary work in Yokohama, one of the principal ports of the empire. In the spring of 1911 the mission lost the services of Elder F. W. Field, who had long and faithfully served as superintendent and principal of the training-school, and who had been called home to take up work on the Pacific Coast. All parted with him with regret, as he had endeared himself to both old and young by his kindly traits and Christian character.

Prior to 1899 the mission had had printed about one dozen different leaflets containing short Bible readings; but in July of that year our missionary paper, the Owari No Fukuin, first made its appearance, as a monthly. From its first issue, its influence was seen in the inquiries and calls for help which came from different places. Faith and courage in large measure were required in those days; for the needed funds for the continuance and upbuilding of the publishing work were meager. Small contributions from friends on the Pacific Coast, and some profits from the sale of health foods, constituted the sole source of support. About the time mentioned, Brother W. D. Burden connected with the mission, and though he was not a printer, he arranged for enough type and necessary equipment to do the most of our own printing.

During our period of development, a number of different tracts and pamphlets, and two books have been published. We have just begun the publication of a monthly church paper. We trust that this will be to our Japanese people what the Review and Herald is to our English-speaking believers.

In the summer of 1911, Brother Chas. N. Lake, of the Pacific Press, and a practical printer, joined our force of workers. This released Brother Burden, who has since led in the canvassing work, and last summer went into the field with a class of young people, instructing and directing their work.

In the year 1905 a tent, which had been secured by gift from the States, was pitches, and has been in constant use for meetings. The tent has been found to be the best means for reaching the people. In 1910 the second tent, and in 1911 the third tent, and this present year the fourth tent was procured. Our tent experiences are remarkable for nothing except for the number of children who gather. We always have to hold a children’s meeting in the hour previous to the regular meeting, and then dismiss them from the tent, or we would not have room for any adults. After a couple of evenings the little children will sing our good Christian hymns as though they had been acquainted with them all their lives.

PHOTO-KOBE CHURCH, JAPAN

The greatest need of the mission work in Japan, second only to that which Heavenly help and blessings affords, is men and women filled with the love of souls. For the work of the message to be made a success in our field, more native laborers must be trained and sent out, and those already in the field must be given additional training to become effective laborers. They must be associated with the foreigner who has been educated and trained under Christian influences, and who has the spirit of the message. There is that something that the Japanese language cannot readily convey to them from the teacher, but which they must observe and absorb from him. We must have enough young people of this stamp who can get the language, win the love and confidence of the workers, and be to them the confidant and friend from whom they are willing to receive counsel and advice. Much, very much, has been lost in effort and money in the past from not having such associate work, and this condition must not continue longer.

We are laboring for success, endeavoring to be just as little a charge upon the loyal, devoted, and liberal friends here as possible; and we are hoping and trusting that we may in time become not only self-supporting, but may bear a share of the burden of spreading the great warning message to the regions beyond, until every nation shall know of the salvation of God, and the power of his Christ. And in the great consummation, just at hand, as the result of the devotion and loyalty of those who have loved righteousness more than convenience or pleasure, loved souls more than life or ease, the truth more than houses and lands, may there stand in that great blood-washed throng a mighty tribute from the “Land of the Rising Sun” from among the sons of Nippon, who shall join in the everlasting song of praise, and honor, and glory to him that sitteth on the throne.

W. T. Knox: We shall be glad to hear further from Brother Okohira.

T. H. Okohira (whose words will be better appreciated with little change in editing): I am very timid to stand here

because Japanese cannot speak English, but I must say something for God. I am so thankful for what God has done for Japan in past through you brethren and sisters in this country. Especially I am very thankful that you have given your beloved sons and daughters to the cause of God and sent them over to the heathen land. I know it is a great trial to you to separate from your children,—your beloved sons and daughters. I realize more so in this time. The day I was starting to this Conference, I took my children to the steamer. When the steamer began to move, my daughter of thirteen could not stand to see me, and my boy of ten cried out. So I realize it is a very hard trial to you to separate your children; but that time I thought, I have a Father in heaven who loves me more than I love my children. And the word came to me at that time, “So God loveth the world that he gave his only-begotten Son.” These words comfort you.

Now we need sure more help in Japan. I am very thankful for what you have done in the past, but we need more young men, young women, to help our work in Japan. I was glad because you sent Elder DeVinney—you sent a man and a woman needed here. Don’t you think that we children in heathen lands need a good father, good mother more than you need here? Don’t you think that? I thank God because you also sent good young men, good women in the past. Just as I was leaving home they [B. F. Hoffman and Fred DeVinney, in Tokyo language school] had examination. I saw their report card. Every lesson they got excellent. There were many students from other denominations. There were graduates of the university. But our young men got ahead over the class. So you young men, young women, do not be afraid that you have not enough education to go to heathen land. You don’t need to be afraid. If you have the knowledge from on high, that is enough. If you have a spirit of consecration, that is enough. Those young men had such a good report in examination just like Daniel and the three Hebrews in Babylon. So I hope you may decide to come to Japan this fall. Now I wish to say more, but the time is limited. If I have time more I will say another time. I am thankful to you.

PHOTO-JAPANESE EVANGELISTS

W. T. Knox: We would be glad to hear from Brother H. F. Benson, head of the school in Japan.

H. F. Benson: I had not expected to speak this morning, as I made my report and handed it over to Elder De Vinney, and you heard it with his. However, we have a fine class of young men and young women. They are able to present the truth clearly, and with as much force as graduates from our schools in the States. We have one exceptional young man. We found him in Hiroshima, when he was a small boy, undersized, and of poor physical development. That was about four years ago. At the present time he is out in the tent work. He was with me last year for a short time, and this year he as one of the main speakers in our tent efforts. He is doing excellent work. The Lord has helped him spiritually, mentally, and physically. We have others who are doing as well. Our chief trouble is getting more matrons or preceptresses to work in the school. The foreigner cannot do that work nearly as well as a consecrated Japanese sister. At present we need such help.

We do have a difficult language. There is not a foreigner, perhaps, who has ever really mastered the Japanese language. We have three languages to deal with—the ordinary colloquial, the original language, and the public speaking language. The language used in public speaking is about half way between the literary language and the colloquial. We must learn all the Chinese characters, and quite a bit of Chinese, to be able to read the Japanese. It is difficult; it is no easy work learning the language. But all our students who have been to the language school in Tokyo, have done well, and have got good grades. What the other missionaries can do, we can do, and they have been able to get enough of the language so that they can do acceptable work. We can do work in preaching and teaching.

PHOTO-COLPORTEURS IN JAPAN

As some one has expressed it, “If Japan is ever converted, it will be over the hibachi”—a small charcoal burner that they have in their houses practically all the year round. When you are talking with a man, you are generally on one side of the hibachi and he on the other—“around the fireside.” That is the only way that Japan—and I think it is just about as true of other countries—can be converted, going to the people in their homes. We must have the same amount of supervision of those who have been raised up in this message as we have in all other countries. We cannot get along any better in Japan than they can in other countries without having young men to push the work. So when you are sending your sons and your daughters to China and India and Africa, remember there is along the east coast of Asia an empire needing your help. We are hoping that while we are here in the States, we can get in touch with a large number of young men to come over and help in the work in Japan.

Following reports from Japan, the Conference adjourned.

W. T. KNOX, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

TWENTY-FIRST MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 27, 2:30 P. M.

W. T. Knox in the chair.

Prayer by J. O. Corliss.

W. T. Knox: This meeting will be devoted to hearing reports from India. Brother J. L. Shaw will now present his report.

J. L. Shaw (reading):—

THE INDIA UNION MISSION

The India Union Mission field includes within its boundaries India, Burma, and Ceylon, which comprises a territory of 1,766,597 square miles, equal to that portion of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. With the impassable Himalayas in the north, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal to the east and south, India is set apart as a world of its own. Though it comprises only one thirty-fifth of the world’s area, when we take the population into consideration India is a continent in itself. According to the very carefully tabulated census of 1911, British India has a population of 315,132,537. Adding to this the population of Ceylon, which is 3,600,000, we have the enormous total of 318,732,537. This is equal to the whole population of Europe, without Russia, and is nearly four times the population of the United States in a little over half the territory. One person out of every five in the world lives in the Indian Empire.

India is like Europe in the number of nationalities and languages, and for that reason, among others, the work has been

compelled in its beginning to move slowly. There are said to be no less than 147 distinct languages in use, over 23 of which are spoken by over a million people. India is a difficult field, but we are glad that a beginning has been made in eight different tongues, not including English. To place workers in each of these languages, to keep them there until they become proficient in its use, to start small centers, to provide literature and circulate it as we are doing in these tongues, and to train workers for different lines of work, is a very great undertaking, and we must necessarily take these conditions into consideration in our survey of the field.

We must also recognize the fact that India is the very Gibraltar of heathenism. The caste system divides the people into thousands of castes. The zenana systems shuts up in prison 40,000,000 women, keeping them in ignorance and superstition, while the early child marriage stands at the very springs of the life of the Indian people, hindering the normal development of which they are capable. These are conditions met nowhere else in the world, which we, with you, must realize and face in our program of mission work in India.

The little force of foreign workers has been increased, until now, counting the wives of workers, there are seventy-two in the field. The health of our missionaries on the whole has been exceptionally good. Death, however, has entered our ranks, and claimed two workers, Elder G. K. Owen, the oldest minister, and Elder J. C. Little, who died of cholera.

At the biennial conference held at Lucknow in October, 1910, India, including Burma and Ceylon, was organized into what is known as the India Union Mission of Seventh-day Adventists. The field was divided into five local missions, as follows: Bengal, comprising the Bengali, Oriya, Santali, and Assamese language areas; North India, covering the Hindi, Bihari, Rajasthani, Punjabi, and Sindhi language areas; West India, comprising the language areas of Marathi and Gujerati; South India, including the island of Ceylon, and comprising the language areas of Tamil, Kanarese, Malaylam, and Singhalese; and Burma, including the country of Burma.

Mission Headquarters

Lucknow, a large city in North India, was chosen as the headquarters of the India Union Mission. It is located in one of the most beautiful provinces, has excellent postal, telegraph, and railway facilities, and is only one night’s ride from Delhi, the new capital of the Indian empire. It is in the very heart of the Hindustani world, which comprises fully a fourth of the population of the empire, and is in close proximity to the Himalaya Mountains. One night’s ride on the train in the hot season takes our workers from the fiery heat of the plains to the cooling breezes which blow from the snow-capped mountains.

The International Tract Society, with its printing department, is also located at Lucknow. A year ago land in the best part of the city, on Abbott Road, one of the principal streets, was purchased. The land had upon it a well-built building, to which has been added a substantial addition, and this now provides offices for the India Union Mission and the International Tract Society. Thanks to the $300,000 Fund.

Burma

We shall now give you a survey of our work in the different local mission fields, beginning with Burma. Burma has a population of 12,000,000. Brother H. H. Votaw, who is superintendent of the field, is located at Rangoon, the chief city, where a thriving little church has been raised up, most of the members being English-speaking people. Recently ten souls were baptized and united with the church. Of the members of this church, several have become active and successful workers in different lines of work.

Shortly after the last General Conference, Brother R. B. Thurber went to Burma for the purpose of opening up an industrial school at Meiktila, in upper Burma. Thirty acres of land have been acquired. A neat building, which serves as a dormitory, has been erected, and also a dwelling for Brother Thurber. A building for industrial work is now in process of construction. More than half of the funds for these buildings has been raised in Burma. The enrolment is 141. One or two thriving industries are affording instruction and work for Burmese youth. A letter from Brother Thurber reads as follows:—

“I send this to tell you the good news that I baptized nine persons in the lake, March 22. They are all of the earnest, hard-working, substantial class. Twelve more wanted baptism, but they were asked to wait. I believe we have reached the beginning of the harvest, and that a great work is just before us.”

We are looking forward to the time when trained workers from the Meiktila school will help to finish the work in Burma.

A year ago a Burmese quarterly magazine was started. It has met with even a better circulation than we expected. It now has a subscription list of over three thousand, and six thousand copies of the last issue were published. Brother Robert Beckner, is at this meeting, and will tell you of his work.

The call for opening up work among the Karens has been answered. Miss Mary Gibbs began the study of Karen two years ago, and Brother G. A. Hamilton and wife, lately of California, are now giving as much time as possible to the study of the language, with a view to opening up mission work among the Karen people.

Dr. Oberholtzer-Tornblad, who was previously at Moulmein, in southern Burma, has opened up our first mission station in the Shan states. Brother and Sister Tornblad are supporting and operating this station. The church membership of the Burma mission is eighty-five. MAP-TERRITROY AND POPULATION, INDIA UNION MISSION

A few of the 147 Languages
x Hindi71,270,000
x Bengali44,624,000
  Bihari33,077,000
  Telugu20,697,000
x Marathi18,238,000
x Punjabi17,071,000
x Tamil16,525,000
  Kanarese10,365,000
  Gujerati10,000,000
  Oriya9,700,000
x Burmese7,500,000
  Malayalam6,029,000
  Sindhi3,006,000
  Assamese1,351,000
x Santhali2,000,000
  Karenni750,000

Brother H. H. Votaw, the superintendent, sends the following statement of the needs of the field:—

“There is a splendid opening in the city of Rangoon for treatment-rooms. A consecrated man and wife could be of great help to our work. They could find a large field for their ministry in visiting in the homes, in distributing literature, in assisting in the services of the local church; and I feel sure that they would be able to make their work entirely self-supporting in a short time.

“We ought to have a young school man to connect with Brother Thurber. At present he is carrying very heavy duties, and if he should suddenly become ill, our work would suffer almost irreparable loss. At the present we are before the public more conspicuously in our work in Meiktila than in any other branch of our missionary effort in Burma. Ours is the first industrial school to be successfully operated in this province.”

Bengal

Bengal is one of our largest mission fields, having a population of 78,000,000. It was in Calcutta, the capital of Bengal, the largest city, and for over a hundred years the capital of India, that the message began to take root in Hindustan.

In Bengal there are four mission stations, Calcutta, Karmartar, Gopalgunje, and Babulmohal. Pastor W. R. French is local superintendent of the field. The church membership of this division is 153.

Calcutta has an English church and a Bengali church. For several years the English work has languished because of a lack of suitable evangelistic help to carry it forward. But the call for help for English work in the cities of India has not been in vain. Brethren J. M. Comer and W. R. French, assisted by Brother Baasch and Sister Rachel Jones, are now carrying forward a growing work. Souls are accepting the truth. At a recent service the Sabbath question was presented, and in response to the call of the Holy Spirit, thirty-five arose one after the other, signifying their intention to obey the commandments of God. Some of these are very substantial people, and should be a strength to the cause. Twelve have recently been baptized.

PHOTO-BIENNIAL WORKERS’ CONFERENCE, CALCUTTA, INDIA, 1912

A monthly magazine in the Bengali language has been circulating in Bengal the past four years, with a varying circulation of from two to six thousand. Brother L. G. Mookerji, who has acted as pastor of the Bengali Calcutta church until recently, is the editor, and Brother A. G. Watson acts as agent in circulating the paper. He has associated with him a number of Bengali canvassers, some of whom have become quite proficient in selling papers. The outlook for an increased circulation of the Bengali Signs, which has recently been changed to a quarterly, is encouraging.

There is also located in Calcutta a well-equipped set of treatment rooms, and a small health food factory. The treatment-rooms have been continued since the sanitarium was closed five years ago. Since then they have liquidated a small indebtedness, added to their equipment, and paid their running expenses, including rent, which in Calcutta is quite excessive. Brother J. H. Reagan is in charge of the treatment-rooms, and Brother J. W. Asprey manages the health food business.

Gopalgunje and the many surrounding villages present a large and needy field. Many are favorable to Christianity. A strong, intelligent, well-trained couple of missionaries are urgently required to connect with the work. We have but one lone worker, who is bravely holding the fort until help arrives. We must either strengthen the work at this strategic point, or abandon the station.

Our work at Karmartar, which grew slowly for several years, has been making more rapid growth the past two years. A mission bungalow has been built. Sister Burroway will tell you of the work at this station.

We have one more mission station in the Bengal section, located at Babumohal, among the Santals, forty miles from Karmartar. Brother W. A. Barlow, who speaks both Santali and Hindi, is in charge of this station. A boarding-school of about twenty boys has been conducted the past two years. One or two village schools are also attached to the station. Brother and Sister Leech, who have been studying Santhali, are now looking for a suitable location for another mission station among the Santali.

At the biennial conference held in Calcutta last November, it was voted to ask for two families for mission work in Bengal, one family for Gopalgunje, and the other to open a training-school for Bengali workers. This call for workers for Bengal seemed to take precedence of every other need in the field. A training-school for Bengal is an urgent necessity. The work will never go in Bengal as it should until a place of training is provided. Our Bengali young men will never be prepared to work for their own people until such a school is provided for them. We have bright, keen, intelligent young Bengalis, whom we wish to place in such a school, and if a school can be provided with a capable consecrated teacher in charge, it will mean progress for the work in that great field. Concerning this need, and the work in Bengal, Brother W. R. French sends the following message to this Conference:—

“The third angel’s message has made progress in Bengal; in fact, the proclamation of the message in the India Union Mission had its beginning in Bengal, and today the work in Bengal forms no insignificant part of the India Union Mission. But the established work in this section of the field is suffering at present for the lack of men to bear responsibility in the operation of two of our main stations. It is not money or equipment that is most needed, but men to use the equipment which we have, and to bring into action the resources available at these stations.

“Our most imperative need is two men and their wives to provide for our established work, and then, just as soon as men and means are provided, we would like to open up work in these two above-mentioned fields, and thus remove them as hindrances to the second coming of our Saviour.

“Our great need is for Spirit-filled men, and the outpouring of the Spirit.”

North India

Brother and Sister L. J. Burgess, who have been pioneering the way among the Hindustani people in North India for the past seven and one-half years, are at this Conference.

North India comprises the largest mission field in India, having a population of 130,000,000. Considerable work has been done in preparing and circulating literature in Hindustani. The tenets of our faith have been made plain to many Hindustani Christians through the printed page.

Nearly three years ago an industrial school was started by Brother and Sister Burgess in the mountains of Garhwal. A beautiful location was obtained among the lofty Himalaya Mountains. A schoolhouse, mission house, two dormitories, and other small buildings, have been erected. The funds for these buildings, have come through the earnest efforts of Elder and Mrs. S. N. Haskell. The enrolment of the school last year was about one hundred. The boys bring their food from their villages, and work for their tuition.

Mission work was begun at Najibabad, at the foot of the mountains, about forty miles from the Garhwal station, about three years ago. Sisters Kurts and Shyrock began dispensary work for women, and Sister O’Connor opened up a school for girls. The dispensary has met with a growing patronage from the first. As many as ninety patients a day have been treated. Many homes have been thrown open for Bible study, and the workers have more of this kind of work than they can do. One great drawback to the work at Najibabad has been the unsuitable place for workers to live.

But better days are ahead for the work at Najibabad. Land has been purchased out of the city. When we passed through Najibabad on the way to this Conference, the brick walls of a mission house were above the tops of the windows. Dr. V. L. Mann expects soon to open up at this station a training class for dispensary workers, and there will be carried on with this a dispensary for men.

Nearly seven years ago property was purchased in Mussoorie to serve as a rest home for workers, and a training-school. The whole of the estate is now used for school purposes, as it affords a very suitable place for carrying on an English school for the children of missionaries and English-speaking believers. Having an elevation of nearly seven thousand feet, Mussoorie affords a very agreeable climate even in the hottest season. It is a great blessing to our missionaries to have a school for their children in a good climate. Plans are now on foot to erect a dormitory for boys and a school building. We are very thankful indeed to be able to say to missionaries coming to India that we have a school in a bracing climate where they can send their children. The teachers now consist of Mrs. Bruce, Brother and Sister M. M. Mattison, and Sister Wilson.

Since the sanitarium closed in Musoorie, nearly three years ago, treatment-room work has been continued. Each year the patronage has increased. Last year about eleven hundred dollars was cleared, above all operating expenses. With improved equipment installed this year, the outlook for the Mussoorie treatment-rooms is very encouraging. Brother William Lake and Sister Nellie Wagner are carrying on the work in the Mussoorie treatment-rooms.

At Lucknow, outside of office work, Sister Bera Chilton is working for purdah women. As is well known, women of the higher classes live in most cases lives of seclusion. They do not appear on the streets or in places of public resort, but remain in their own homes behind the curtain, seen only by women and their own husbands. The only way they can be reached is through the efforts of lady missionaries who can visit their homes, and tell them in their own tongue the gospel of Christ.

West India

Elder G. F. Enoch, the superintendent of the work in West India, began work in that section of the field a little more than five years ago. The first two years were spent mostly in language study.

Nearly three years ago mission work was opened up at Lanovla and Panvel. Lanovla is a semi-hill station in the Western Ghats, a few hours’ ride by train from Bombay. As the result of work done by Brother Enoch, several English-speaking people have accepted the truth. Our last Sabbath prior to coming to this Conference was spent at Lanovla, and we had the privilege of seeing seventeen souls sign the covenant to keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus. Brother A.G. Kelsay has recently been stationed at Panvel, a Marathi village of ten thousand people, in a densely populated district close to the city of Bombay. Two schools have been started, and some of the people seem favorable to Christianity.

Elder M. D. Wood and wife, who have recently joined the work in West India, are located at Kalyan, a junction station between Lanovla and Bombay. Work was started in Kalyan about a year ago. Nine acres of land very suitable for a mission station were purchased in January of this year, and our first mission bungalow in West India is now being built. Some of Brother Wood’s former converts have come to him, and are learning the truth. Preliminary steps are being taken to the organization of a church at Kalyan. Two village schools are being conducted. Sister Wood has opened up a neat and well-arranged dispensary, and has associated with her two Indian assistants. The patronage is growing, and from thirty to forty patients are treated daily.

PHOTO-S. D. A. MISSION GIRLS’ SCHOOL, NAJIBABAD, NORTH INDIA

At the biennial conference last November, it was decided to open up English evangelistic work in the city of Bombay, and Brother G. W. Pettit has located in that great city. Some souls are already becoming interested in the truth, and preparations are now being made to begin a public effort at the close of the present hot season.

The work in West India appears more encouraging than at any time previous. Pastor G. F. Enoch, the superintendent, sends this word to the Conference:—

“Our needs as we lay them before our brethren in conference assembled are:—

“1. The baptism of the Holy Spirit.

“2. The beginning made in the Marathi work must be strengthened, as follows: (a) By opening a strong evangelistic center in the great city of Bombay; (b) by opening a training-school for native workers; (c) by the establishment of a boarding-school for our native children; (d) by planning for a strong mission center in the Deccan, the high table-land beyond the mountains, where lies a good portion of the Marathi area wholly out of touch with our present stations in the Komkan, that strip of land between the mountains and the sea.

“3. The opening of a strong evangelistic campaign in the city of Bombay This city has about five hundred thousand Hindus, two hundred thousand Mohammedans, seventy thousand Parsees, twenty thousand English-speaking people, and Jews and Jains. This is one of the great seaports of the Orient, people from many lands meeting in its busy marts. With such a population as we face in Bombay, we should have the medical arm of the work properly represented. We repeat this appeal, brethren, because we do not want to see the finishing of the work delayed in this corner of the vineyard.

South India

In South India work is being carried on at Nazareth and Trichinopoly. In addition to the mission house at Nazareth, which was in course of construction at the time of the last General Conference, a neat church and school building has been added, and two more acres of land have been purchased. Brother J. S. James, who has been connected with the work in South India from its beginning, will give a report of this field.

The International Tract Society, which represents the publishing work in India, has made some progress. Brother S. A. Wellman, Brother W. R. Perrin, Mrs. M. M. Quantock, and Sister Marion Belchambers, together with about fifteen Indians as assistants, are connected with the publishing work at Lucknow. Brother C. E. Weaks has charge of the field work, having associated with him in the sale of English literature, Brethren Raymond and Poley, Brother and Sister P. A. Rick, and Brother W. Carrott. In the distribution of vernacular literature there are about twenty Indian canvassers. Two English monthly journals, and five quarterly magazines, each in a different language, are published. These magazines vary in circulation from three to six thousand an issue. For some time it was thought that vernacular literature could not be sold, but Indian canvassers are

being developed who are having good success in selling our literature among their own people. The Oriental Watchman and the Herald of Health have increased their size and about trebled their circulation the past two years.

Six mission homes, several school buildings, a mission headquarters, and printing-office have been provided through funds sent to India from the $300,000 Fund. These have brought encouragement to the workers, provided comfortable homes in more healthful location, and necessary facilities with which to work. They have given us prestige among the people even more than we expected, for which we are profoundly thankful.

PHOTO-GOPALGUNJE MISSION HOUSE, EAST BENGAL

Your loyal support, and that of the General Conference Committee and its two representatives, Professor Prescott and Professor Salisbury, who have visited the India mission field during the past quadrennium, has been a great inspiration to the missionaries in the field. They feel that you are whole-heartedly supporting them in their work, and that you are becoming more intelligent concerning the conditions in which they labor, the stupendous problems facing them in that land, and the great needs and opportunities of the present hour. With this assurance and faith in God, your missionaries in India are going courageously forward, and God is blessing their efforts. During the first four months of the present year, fifty-one were baptized. Some of these are Europeans, while others are men reclaimed from the clutches of heathenism. The work in the India mission field as a whole shows a larger measure of prosperity than ever before.

The biennial conference of last November asked for nineteen new missionaries, including wives of missionaries. While requesting that provision be made for strengthening the work already undertaken the afore-mentioned help will allow us to place two families among the Telegues and two families among the Punjabiis. There are great nations perhaps more favorable to Christianity than any among whom we have labored, yet among whom our message is as yet silent.

Our workers in India are eagerly looking toward this Conference for help. Shall these new workers be sent? Some of those already in the field are bearing two or three men’s burdens. What word shall be sent on to them is an important question for this Conference to answer.

In conclusion, let me state that a greater question than that of men or means is ever before us in the mission field. We are in the midst of multitudes in the dense darkness of heathenism. They are dying more rapidly than converts are being added to Christianity by means of every missionary agency. Upon a superhuman force, a power greater in its measure and more mighty in its operation than this movement has yet experienced, depends the possibility of our program in India. We are facing a mountain greater than Zerubbabel. Our hope in heathen lands cannot be met by mere men. It is “not by an army, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith the Lord of hosts.” For the finishing of God’s work in India, we ask your continued support, and sacrifice and earnest prayers.

W. T. Knox: We will now call upon Brother J. S. James.

J. S. James (reading):—

THE SOUTH INDIA MISSION

The members of the South India Mission of Seventh-day Adventists send their Christian greetings to the General Conference assembled.

The South India Mission includes that portion of British India and Ceylon in which the following languages are spoken: Telugu, Tamil, Kanarese, Malayalam, and Sinhalese. It has a population of about sixty million people, which is more than half that of the United States of America, and an area greater than that of the Atlantic Union Conference plus the States of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Within this area we have forty-five million Hindus, four million Mohammedans, two million Christians, and the remaining nine million comprise minor other religions. The people of this field speak five cultivated languages, besides numerous uncultivated tongues and dialects. The main languages and the number of people speaking each are as follows: Telugu, 20,700,000; Tamil, 16,500,000; Kanarese, 10,300,000; Malayalam, 6,000,000; and Sinhalese, 2,000,000.

Thus far we have begun work in but one of these languages,—the Tamil, a race who have shown themselves more susceptible to Christian influence than any other people of the empire. In the Tinnevelly District, a small division of our field corresponding to a large county in this country, are to be found more Christians than there are in all the rest of India put together. They have a constituency which maintains their own bishop and clergy, and trains their own men to send to other parts of the country. The tenets of the Christian religion have been preached and known within the borders of our field by scores of Protestant societies since the days of the Dutch East India Company, in 1652, more than two hundred sixty years ago. Viewing our territory in the light of the commonly accepted rules of present-day mission comity, we have no unoccupied fields within our boundaries.

In 1908 we began work in the Tinnevelly District among a semi-heathen community known to us as the Tamil Sabbath-keepers. The fact that this sect of people had been taught certain ideas concerning the Sabbath, created a common ground of meeting between us, and opened the way for the final establishment of our work in those parts.

They came forward with a generous offer of two acres of land adjoining their village on the north, where we could erect buildings for carrying on our work. In March, 1908, I located with my family in the midst of the chief village occupied by these people, and began the task of establishing our work among them. This was not the easy task that it might have seemed from a distance, considering the fact that the religious ideas of this sect consisted of a grotesque mixture of Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and Christianity.

Finding it impossible to carry forward work in our chosen locality without a proper house, which would remove our residence from the midst of great danger of disease in congested, unsanitary, and plague-infected quarters, we built a mission bungalow in the summer of 1909, at a cost of about thirteen hundred dollars, for which we owe our deepest gratitude to the loyal believers in the home land, who furnished us with the means to build. We now own three acres of land, on which has been constructed a brick building 50 x 36 feet, so arranged as to give us the equivalent of four large rooms and two verandas. With this house we have about an acre of land which can be used for garden purposes, in which is a good well of fresh water.

During our five years’ labor in this field we have held five baptisms, four in the Tinnevelly District, and one in Trichinopoly, an important center two hundred miles farther north. The total number who have united with us by baptism is sixty-eight. In addition to these we have as many, or more, who come regularly to our church, pay their offerings to us, send their children to

our school, and take pride in calling themselves Seventh-day Adventists. We have not seen our way clear to baptize them, because they have not come into proper harmony with the teachings of God’s Word.

We have carried on medical work in connection with our mission from the very first. Our first dispensary was on the back stoop of the building we were occupying in the midst of the native village, and our only equipment was a few basins, bottles, and pans donated from Mrs. James’s culinary department, and that highly useful piece of furniture so much prized by missionaries, a good box, which I managed to donate. To these we added a few simple medicines for treating sores and wounds, diseases of the skin, eyes, ears, mouth, etc.

Our first patient was a man whom we persuaded to come in from the street and and let us try to heal an ugly ulcer on his leg. We had no difficulty in finding patients to treat when he went away fully healed in a few weeks. We were so thronged with the sick and suffering that it became necessary for us to rent a building, employ more help, and equip ourselves for more thorough work. We are now treating an average of one thousand cases every month, besides doing considerable work in the near-by villages. Through the kind and sympathetic treatment of all classes, this work has figured largely in minimizing opposition and establishing our work in the confidences of the people. [Replying to questions, Elder James said that the cost of this dispensary outfit was about forty dollars.]

Our school work was started one year after the medical work, and has had a similar growth. We began by selecting seven children at our station in Tinnevelly, and placing them under the instruction of an Indian widow in her own house, paying her salary and the expenses of the children from our personal money. But the school rapidly grew beyond our personal care, until today we have in attendance over one hundred children, taught by six trained teachers, in a commodious building erected on our mission property. This is a further evidence that the Lord’s people stand ready to supply the needs of a growing work.

At first our teachers were not believers in this message, but we diligently taught them and prayed for their conversion, with the result that all are now baptized, and the fruit which has already appeared in their work proves that this message has taken a deep hold in their lives. Fifteen of the boys and girls in the school have been baptized, and are looking forward to an active part in the work as soon as they are prepared. A high spiritual tone pervades all the school work. Were you to step into this school today, you would see the same order, system, and thoroughness that characterizes our best church-schools in this country.

Nearly three years ago, work was begun at Trichinopoly, a city of 150,000 inhabitants, the chief center of Roman Catholicism and Hinduism in South India. The work began in this place through a Tamil brother, who first heard of the truth in Singapore. Brother G. G. Lowry and wife were stationed there to develop the work, and as a result several intelligent Indians became very much interested in the truth. Unfortunately, owing to illness, Brother and Sister Lowry were obliged to return to America just as their knowledge of the language and the people made them of increased value. But the interest has continued, and Brother and Sister Peugh, recently of the Foreign Mission Seminary, have located there and are now studying Tamil.

At about the same time we opened up work in Trichinopoly, an out-station was established near our work in the Tinnevelly District, manned by two of our Indian workers who had been in training some time previously. this was scarcely launched before the leader was taken with cholera and died, thus making it necessary for us to abandon the enterprise for the time being. But our evangelist, while being cut down suddenly at the beginning of his work, left an influence which later resulted in bringing three splendid men to the knowledge of this truth, who have recently been baptized and are in training now as evangelista and colporteurs.

It has been said that our literature has figured largely in pioneering the work of this message in all lands. Our field is no exception to this rule. Almost the first work attempted after reaching the field was to have four of our tracts translated into Tamil. These were “Heralds of His Coming,” “New Testament Sabbath,” “Is the End Near?” and Which Day Do You Keep, and Why?” But it was not until January of 1912 that we were able to give the circulation of literature the attention that it should have. At that time we had two colporteurs devoting their entire time to the sale of our tracts. In July we felt that the time had come for us to enlarge the scope of our literature in Tamil, and our working force. A colporteurs’ institute of three weeks’ duration was arranged for in the city of Trichinopoly, to which we summoned every available man in our field. We were able to count nine men in our class who were ready for service.

PHOTO-NAZARETH SCHOOL AND CHURCH, TINNEVELLY, SOUTH INDIA

While this institute was in progress, a Hindu printer, with the religious marks of his god, Krishna, painted on his forehead, was engaged in getting out the first issue of our Tamil quarterly, The Present Truth, which was finished and delivered to us the last day of the institute. After the men had been assigned their territory, we knelt around this pile of papers, three thousand in all, and asked God to bless those who were to carry them to the people, and those who should read them. Since the first issue of our paper, nine months ago, our workers have gathered over twelve hundred fifty subscriptions among a most excellent class of Indian readers, altogether disposing of 9,525 copies. Since the appearance of our paper, we have had many calls from various quarters asking us to come or send some one who would teach them the Word of God. We are confident that the time is near when we may look for a large gathering of souls from among the millions of South India. We now have “Steps to Christ” in the hands of our colporteurs, which is meeting with a ready sale. “Bible Readings” is now in the hands of the printer, as is also the tract “Fundamental Principles of Seventh-day Adventists,” and a series of Sabbath-school lessons covering an entire year. A health booklet is now being prepared in manuscript, and will soon be ready for printing.

At the present time we have employed in our mission the following Indian workers: Two evangelists, six teachers, nine colporteurs, two medical workers, one assistant editor and translator, and one tract society worker. These have all been baptized, and are a body of earnest, consecrated workers. In addition, there are in training under our Indian evangelist, Brother E. D. Thomas, in Tinnevelly, a fine class of young men, who will soon be ready to place in the field. Our workers all pay a faithful tithe, and also give liberally in offerings. In 1910, tithes and offerings for our mission amounted to four hundred rupees; in 1911, six hundred rupees; and in 1912, one thousand rupees.

We are grateful for the protecting hand of God, which has been over us, and for the degree of success that has attended our labors the past five years. For all our vast and needy field we have but two European families, one of which is now on furlough in this country. We should have workers at once to commence the study of other important languages in our territory, prepare literature, and train a working force to carry this message to the people. It means two and sometimes three years of hard study and work before new workers can qualify to use the languages of South India readily, and do much effective work. We heartily thank our dear brethren in the home lands for their loyal support in the past, and we shall continue to press the battle forward in the strength of our divine Leader, praying that you

who stand at the base of supplies may be blessed with largeness of heart, and the means to meet the growing demands of a victorious work in the uttermost parts of the earth.

JUDSON S. JAMES.

W. T. Knox: We will now call upon Miss Burroway to render her report, regarding the Karmartar mission.

Miss Della Burroway: Four years ago Elder Shaw characterized our station an experimental station, for the reason that we have carried on so many kinds of work there. Started first as an orphan home, we have continued with school work, as well as other kinds of work. The last four or five years we work. The last four or five years we have given our time wholly to work for the Bengali people. Within one mile of our station there are five languages spoken. In our home Sabbath-school we have classes in four different languages, the Hindi, Bengali, Santali, and English. I do not have any trouble, however, with the language I have learned, because if some one speaks in another language, I tell them I cannot understand, and to speak in Bengali, and I find they can generally do this.

PHOTO-NEW PUBLISHING AND MISSION HEADQUARTERS, LUCKNOW, INDIA

During the past year we have opened the sixth school in Karmartar. Five are located in villages, and the sixth is located in the mission compound. This school corresponds to our grammar schools here in the United States.

When there is a call for a village school, we state the terms to the villagers: They must give the house to the teacher, and buy the supplies, and we furnish the teachers. There are many of these calls we cannot fill. One has been standing four years. In these schools we begin in a very simple way. The house donated is always a little mud house. There are many holes in the walls to let in the light. The children learn their letters by writing on the mud floors. I try to visit the schools every week, with my Bible worker.

A little while ago I overhead a conversation between one of the students and his father. The father wanted his son to take part in a Hindu festival. The boy replied: “I cannot do it. There is no good in killing goats.” But the father said, “We and our fathers and their fathers have always done it.” “Yes,” the child said, “There was a time when God commanded us to kill the goats, but not since his Son came. He was the lamb himself.” The father came to me and reproved me for teaching the child thus. One little boy came to me and wanted to go into the mission home, to leave his home. I went to his father and asked if we might have the child. The father wanted to know what we would do with the boy. I told him we would make a teacher out of him. After a time he decided that he would give us the boy, and would make out the papers the next day. But during the twenty-four hours, the mother, who had not been consulted in regard to the matter, went to the head man of the village, and told him the circumstances, and they took the boy out of the school. This boy and we prayed together, and he was again placed as a day student.

Every Sabbath morning, with our horse and cart and three teachers, I visit each one of these schools. We hold Sabbath-school in every one of our village schools. We leave the house in the morning at six o’clock, go four and one-half miles to our first school, where the school children and the villagers are gathered together. By a picture and a chart hung up before them, we teach the children to pray, and to sing songs. We go on two and one-half miles farther to the next school. We go from there to the bungalow, where I rest, and then again we go to another village school. Coming in from that we have our own Sabbath-school at four o’clock. In our home school we have four different languages taught. We have teachers and a Bible worker working with me in Karmartar.

PHOTO-AT THE NAJIBABAD DISPENSARY, NORTH INDIA

I want you to know that India workers love their Lord. I took these teachers for two weeks etinerating in the jungle. We left our carts at six o’clock in the morning and went through the rice fields, expecting to go back at nine o’clock to get our breakfast. At nine o’clock I suggested that we go back, and one of the teachers said, “This is our last day; why cannot we work on?” At eleven o’clock I suggested that we go again. He said, “Let us do without eating today, and work.” We stayed until three o’clock, when our Bible worker became so weak that for her sake we gave up and went back. This Bible worker is from the second caste in Bengal. There are three native castes, some authorities say, in India, and she comes from the second highest caste. She stands with the teachers, and gives her testimony, in the villages. She can sell literature as well or better than I can. When we stop to realize that her Hindu sisters are in purdah, we see how God has worked for our Christians.

Very few people realize what a stronghold Bengal is in caste. A Hindu had consumption for three years. He had sacrificed to devils—he was a devil worshiper—to be healed of this disease. When we found him he was wholly discouraged. He said if there was nothing better in the Hindu religion, he did not want it. We told him there was a God who could help him, and we knew that he would find rest in the Christian religion. We taught him regularly for eight or nine months. At the end of this time he asked for baptism. In the meantime we had studied with his wife. She was not converted, but she thought she would take her stand. The day he was to be baptized his wife, for fear of her caste, backed down. He did not want to take the stand alone, so he said, “Let us put it off.” I invited her to a little dinner, given in the home of one of our teachers. She and her husband attended, did not eat the food. Their caste people did not know but that they

eaten the food, and the entire village was put out of caste because of this. A village is usually composed of a family—the father, grandfather, grandmother, nieces, nephews, uncles, aunties etc. This entire relationship was

out of caste. They could get back

caste by giving a feast, which

cost them quite a little. They gave the feast, and told our missionary that if he entered the village again, they would stone him to death. For six months we could not go there. At the end of six months this man sent for our worker and told him that before he died he wanted to be baptized. This was on Tuesday. We set the time for Sabbath, as we had to send for Elder French. On Thursday the worker was called again, and there, with our Christian worker, the man passed away. We believe he was saved.

We have been doing very little work for Christians in Karmartar. All our work has been for Hindus and Mohammedans. However, just before our conference a delegation of Christians came from about seven miles away. Just then I had not much time to study with them. I gave them three subjects, “The Sabbath,” “The First Day of the Week,” and “The Two Laws.” I went to the conference; they went home. When I returned, these men came back and told me the entire village was keeping the Sabbath,—a large family.

Another village of the shoemaker caste came over to know why we kept the Sabbath. I said to them, “Why do you want to know?” They told me that one from their mission had joined our mission, and they wanted to know why he had changed, and was keeping the Sabbath. I taught these men, and sent them back to their village. Every Sabbath regularly these people came twenty-two miles to worship with us. I said to the men: “Why do you not go to your own mission? Your own mission is only half a mile from you.” They said, “Do you suppose we would walk twenty-two miles when we could go half a mile, if we did not believe this truth?” We have four of their children in the school now. When I wrote to the missionary, I asked him for transfers, and told him why we wanted to take the children. He wrote back and said he would not give certificates. I wrote back and told him that their parents wanted to keep the Sabbath, and I must take their children without the certificates.

Every Hindu owns his own little home in Karmartar. It may be only a little mud building, but it is his own little home. When we were living in rented property in Karmartar, they hardly knew whether we were going to stay, or not. The only renters are the wealthy people, who come up and rent a house, and then go back again. When the Mission Board sent over the money for a mission home, the people saw we had come to stay, and it has given altogether a different character to our work in Karmartar.

I want to speak a little about the dispensary, of how it was given to us. We went out and solicited funds for it. This took a long time. We went into the poorer homes, and the better homes. Many gave us only four cents. It only amounted to fifty dollars, when we had finished. Some of you may say it did not pay to collect the few cents that we were able to get. It did pay, because the dispensary now belongs to the people, and they believe it is theirs. They come there expecting to get help, because it is “our dispensary,” and “our doctor.” And in this way they have greater faith in us. They will call our doctors first, because of the help they have given.

H. R. Salisbury: Tell about the Mohammedan that gave his house to the school.

Miss Burroway: At one of our oldest schools there is a cripple who owns a house, which he gives us for a school, and he sits there all the time in our school. We believe this is good for him, because he hears the Bible every day. He has a Bible of his own, and he reads it and studies it and believes much that is written there. He has not yet taken his stand, but we hope that in time he will. One day the pastor of another mission came to him, and said, “You people are wrong; you ought to be keeping the first day of the week.” This cripple replied: “Miss Sahib, you do not know your own Bible. You ought not to be keeping the first day. Your Bible teaches you to keep the seventh day. These people are keeping the right day, but you are not.”

PHOTO-A GROUP OF CANVASSERS IN INDIA

When we canvass, we try not to let the people think that this is a Christian book or a “Christ” book. If we do, and the priests hear of it, they will tear the book to pieces before our eyes. We sell the book from the standpoint of the signs of the times. We canvass it from the standpoint of events that are transpiring in the world today. We do not tell them that this is a Christian paper. If they happen to see the name Christ on the first page, they will not have it at all. It makes no difference as far as different castes are concerned; all castes are against Christianity. But if you simply tell them of the events that are transpiring in the world today as signs of the end of the world, not as signs of Christ’s coming, the paper is bought and oftentimes read.

One caste can never eat with another; it would break caste. Even if the little children come to our bungalow in famine time, they will not accept cooked rice; they will die first.

Voice: What will the canvasser do then? How will he eat?

Miss Burroway: The canvasser must buy his food from the native bazaar always. We can go into their homes and ask them to cook us rice. They will not eat with us, but will cook for the Christian. We have been invited into Hindu homes, and the food we eat is placed on banana leaves, but these banana leaves we must ourselves carry out; they will not touch them at all.

Following Miss Burroway’s talk, Conference adjourned.

W. T. KNOX, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

THE EVENING SERVICE

May 26 7:30 P. M.

F. M. Wilcox preached from Matthew 23:23. He referred to the very encouraging features of the present great meeting—the many reports and evidences of progress in the cause in all parts of the world—and warned against the danger of spiritual declension because of a consciousness of success and prosperity. This he said is illustrated in the case of the church of the Reformation and the church raised up by the Wesleys. First there was spirituality, but soon there came worldliness and a spiritual fall. Their danger is our danger. We have great institutions, a great system of organization, great denominational activity and achievement, yet this, good as it all is, will not save us. Let us beware lest we trust to these for our salvation.

He said that his faith is unwavering in the ultimate triumph of this church and this message, but he called attention to the fact that only a personal faith in Christ, made real and vital by the Spirit of God, can save us as individuals. “The ground for this warning,” said Elder Wilcox, “is the presence of subtle tendencies among us. There is in our midst grave turning to the world. There is a serious departure from the Sabbath in the matter of laxity among us.”

He referred to a recent issue of the

Sabbath Recorder in which one of the leading ministers of that denomination calls his people to task for increasing laxity in Sabbath observance throughout that body. Elder Wilcox still further warned against our danger of drifting away into the world in the matter of neglect to study the Testimonies. “Let us return,” he said, “to the old-time faithfulness in all our daily experiences.”

At this point he pointed out very forcibly that we can be saved only by faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. All our doing, all our giving, is vain, as a means of salvation. But once linked to Christ by living faith, we will do and give, not by compulsion, but spontaneously. This is the will of God concerning us. Let us then attend to the weightier matters of the law—love, faith, and judgment. May God make it so.

Departmental Meetings

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

RELIGIOUS LIBERTY DEPARTMENT

Seventh Meeting

L. S. Wheeler, of New York City, presented an interesting paper upon the subject of “The Testimony of History to the Fulfillment of the Prophecy of Daniel 7:25.”

He used numerous reliable quotations from Roman Catholic authorities showing that during those centuries covered by the prophetic word, in which such a power, should arise to persecute the church, the Papacy had recourse to force, corporal punishment, and torture, inciting bloody wars in her attempt to crush heretics.

The period of 1,260 years covered by this power, or from 538 A. D. to 1798, was proved by numerous citations to be correct, as held by the Seventh-day Adventists.

Eighth Meeting

Under the topic, “On the Use of Quotations,” W. W. Prescott, secretary of the Religious Liberty Association, led our in a discussion, in which he laid bare many facts touching the use of certain quotations by our workers and writers purporting to be authentic, but which, when traced up, have been found to have had no certain reliable origin.

He recited the case of some of our workers in Canada who were holding meetings, and who made public use of certain quotations relative to the change of the Sabbath. These quotations were supposed to have originated in Roman Catholic sources. They had been handed down from one writer to another until their origin was difficult to trace. A Roman Catholic priest attended the meetings and openly challenged our workers to produce the authorities from which the quotations were supposed to have been taken. He branded them as lies, and used the public press in denunciation of those who made use of them. The brethren at once began a search after reliable authority by which they hoped to justify their use of the quotations. They enlisted the assistance of those at the General Conference headquarters. But their efforts also were futile. Traced back from one writer to another, the quotations finally vanished into obscurity. They found absolutely no ground for their use, and the result was a near defeat in that particular locality. Their experience, however, was valuable, Professor Prescott pointed out, in that it served to bring forcibly to the attention of our workers everywhere the important fact that when dealing with the principles of Roman Catholicism in public, great caution should be exercised. Only such quotations should be employed as can be traced to reliable sources. He stated there is no dearth of such statements as will serve the purposes of our workers in their public speeches and writings that can be authenticated.

A very animated discussion followed, and those present strongly endorsed the chairman’s position on the timely topic.

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT

Eighth Meeting

Prayer by F. M. Wilcox. L. A. Hansen gave a summary of points in W. B. White’s paper, read at a previous meeting, urging greater effort to utilized the services of our nurses directly in the work of our conferences. F. M. Wilcox spoke of the need of close counsel in this work. The medical missionary who does not at once find a place directly in the conference work, may be loyal and true, and such will ever seek to uphold and advance the interests of the organized work.

Chas. Thompson said that every converted man and woman owes all his time, talent, and ability to the work of saving souls. Dr. A. B. Olsen thought he could discern among his brethren representing the medical work a desire to come together in a spirit of loyalty and devotion to the work. The desire of his heart was to see all classes of medical workers united under one common banner for the advancement of the cause of God. W. B. White admonished every one, whether minister, doctor, or nurse, to hold himself in readiness to answer the call of God, whatever that call to service may be.

Geo A. Williams read a paper emphasizing the importance of establishing a nurses’ bureau, in order to conserve for direct service the force of nurses coming from our sanitariums year by year. Our consecrated nurses do not wish to become mere professional nurses in the world, but to have their work count in every way possible for the building up of the cause of this message. G. B. Starr urged the uniting in service of all our forces, both evangelical and medical. The work of God calls for every converted man and woman.

PUBLISHING DEPARTMENT

Ninth Meeting

“If I had one hundred thousand dollars, and ten years in which to give the message to Mexico, I would use ninety thousand dollars and nine years in filling the country with literature. Then I would use the good canvassers who scattered the literature, to follow up the work with Bible readings and preaching, using the last year and ten thousand dollars for this purpose.” This striking statement, made by G. W. Caviness, on the subject “The Place Our Literature Should Occupy in Giving the Message in Spanish-Catholic Fields,” shows his high appreciation of the printed page. From his paper and experiences it would seem that our tracts, papers, and books have been almost entirely responsible for the companies of believers raised up in Mexico. Calls have come from persons getting a part of a paper or a tract. During the past six months Professor Caviness has baptized eighty-five persons.

Recently, a man attended meetings in Pochutla a few evenings. When the speaker made his acquaintance, the man showed him a tract he had carried for eleven years. It proved to be one of the first tracts printed on the little press in Tacubaya. As a result of this and the meetings, he was baptized. In spite of revolution and other difficulties, eight colporteurs have, during the past two years, sold fifteen thousand dollars’ worth of books, tracts, and papers in Mexico.

J. W. Westphal, in outlining some of the needs in South America, stated that be believes only a slight beginning has been made in our literature in that country. In addition to health literature, he feels the need of something simple on practical Christian living. These, he believes, can be followed successfully with books treating upon the different points of truth.

Elder Westphal’s paper was strongly seconded by a paper sent by Max Trummer, who has charge of the colporteur work in Argentina. Our bookmen are familiar with the kind of man Brother Trummer is, and with some of the difficulties he has had to face, and of the victories he has gained in that country. Elder Westphal spoke particularly in his paper of the preparation for, and successful methods in, pioneer colporteur work, enlarging upon the following outline:—

1. Qualities and consecration of the worker.
(a) A thorough conversion.
(b) Passion for souls.
(c) Given to faith and prayer.
(d) Industrious and persevering.
2. The course of instruction.
(a) Bible examples and testimonies.
(b) Salesmanship and the laws of success.
(c) General instruction.
(d) Study of the literature to be sold.

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