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General Conference Bulletin, vol. 7

May 29, 1913 - NO. 12


Published by
The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists

Editorial committee: W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson. Office editors: C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler. Copy editor: Mrs. C. M. Snow.

Application made for entry as second-class matter at the post-office at Washington, D. C., under the act of Congress of March 3, 1879.

DAILY PROGRAM (Except Sabbath)

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

A. M.
Devotional Meetings (in
Bible Study8:30—9:30
P. M.
Departmental Meetings
(in sections)
Missionary Talks and Other
Services (in big tent).4:30—5:30
Public Service7:30—9:00



May 27, 8:30 A. M.

I will call your attention for a few moments to the importance of studying the Word of God. The Bible should be our constant companion. It is our strength, and the strength of the third angel’s message; and when we become negligent in the study of the Word, we are losing that strength.

We talk about the Holy Spirit; but the Holy Spirit is in the Word. So, when we get the Word, we get the Holy Spirit. When the Word seems to us the most precious, the Holy Spirit is speaking to us. It comes with the Word, it is in the Word, and the Word represents the Spirit. It is the Spirit’s voice.

I will read a few expressions from “Testimonies for the Church,” Vol. V, regarding the Word of God:—

“In the Scriptures thousands of gems of truth lie hidden from the surface-seeker. The mine of truth is never exhausted. The more you search the Scriptures with humble hearts, the greater will be your interest, and the more you will feel like exclaiming with Paul, ‘O, the depth of the riches, both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!’ Every day you should learn something new from the Scriptures. Search them as for hid treasures, for they contain the words of eternal life. Pray for wisdom and understanding to comprehend these holy writings. If you would do this, you would find new glories in the Word of God; you would feel that you had received new and precious light on subjects connected with the truth, and the Scriptures would be constantly receiving a new value in your estimation.”—Page 266.

Brethren, I believe this. It would be well for every one of us to believe it. We should take as our companion continually the Word of God.


I will now read another passage, found on page 533 of this same volume: “We must place a higher value than we have upon the Scriptures, for therein is the revealed will of God to men. It is not enough merely to assent to the truthfulness of God’s Word, but we must search the Scriptures, to learn what they contain. Do we receive the Bible as the ‘oracle of God’? It is as really a divine communication as though its words came to us in an audible voice. We do not know its preciousness, because we do not obey its instructions.”

According to this, the Word should be to us as precious as would be a personal interview with the God of heaven. Well, my friends, if we knew God was speaking to us from heaven every morning, we would be ready and eager to hear him. We would not let one morning pass without a study of the Word, if we knew it was God’s audible voice to us.

I will read from page 703 another statement: “God intends that, even in this life, truth shall be ever unfolding to his people. There is only one way in which this knowledge can be obtained. We can attain to an understanding of God’s Word only through the illumination of that Spirit by which the Word was given.”

Further: “God desires man to exercise his reasoning powers.” Notice what follows: “The study of the Bible will strengthen and elevate the mind as no other study can do.” There is no study that will elevate the mind, that will purify the character, like the Word of God. It is the best mental as well as spiritual exercise for the human mind. We can trace this thought all through the spirit of prophecy,—the exaltation of God’s Word as revealed to us in the Scriptures.

We do not always study the Bible as we should; but, my friends, the highest education that we can ever obtain in this world is to learn to believe the Bible,—not simply to take it as a theory, but to accept it as a message from God direct to us.

Do you remember how Paul tells us to study the Bible?—To compare spiritual things with spiritual. When the Saviour went with the disciples who were on their way to Emmaus, and they were sorrowing over the death of the Saviour, what did he say to them?

Voices: “O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken.”

Where did he begin to explain to them about himself?

Voices: At Moses.

How many prophets did he quote from?—All the prophets. And what else?—He began at Moses, and went through all the prophets and the Psalms. Then all the Bible has that truth; and he compared spiritual things with spiritual.

He traced the teaching of all the prophets on that topic, and compared them, that they might know of a surety that he was the Messiah.

The early disciples were earnest students of the Word. The strength of their teaching was in the preaching of the Word. And they fulfilled their mission gloriously. In their generation, every creature under heaven heard the gospel. This is made plain in Colossians 1:23: “If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister.” How many people heard the gospel?—Every creature under heaven, in thirty years. The Bible says so; then it is so. Can we limit one expression God ever used? If God should talk to us from heaven direct, and say those words, would there be any question as to how we should take the words of Scripture? You may say there must have been some tribe or country somewhere that did not hear the Word of God. The Scripture tells us that every creature in all the world heard the Word of God. What does he call the Word of God?—The gospel. We should take every expression in the Bible as if God spoke it audibly; and he says that every creature, every man, woman, and child, heard the gospel.

Now read verses 25-27; “Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God, which is given to me for you, to fulfill the word of God; even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints: to whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.”

If you get the Word, you get the gospel; and you get Christ in you. Now, if you knew positively that you could have Christ in you, the hope of glory, and have your judgment enlightened and sanctified by his Holy Spirit, would you not read your Bible every day?

Here is another thought: The Scriptures contain the creative power of God. Power is in the Word. The Bible contains not only that which leads to Christ and to forgiveness of sins, but it contains the power of making one a new creature in Christ. I could tell instances of infidels being converted by simply reading the Word of God. I never attempt to explain the Bible to such persons; I simply read it with them, and let the Word of God talk to them, and thus give the Holy Spirit a chance to convert them. I will tell of one instance in my experience. Does any one here know of Kalaka, in Basutoland? Yes, here is Brother A. T. Robinson. Kalaka was a man who had been educated by the French Evangelization Missionary Society to translate the Bible. I became acquainted with him in Kimberley. The missionaries there were much prejudiced against me when they learned I was a Seventh-day Adventist. I went around with Kalaka for six weeks in that part of the country, but we never discussed a question of present truth during that time. I simply read the Bible with him every morning. We read portions of the Bible containing our doctrines, such as the nature of man and the coming of Christ. I did not argue, but when I came to a passage in which the doctrine was prominent, I reread it. Then I watched his countenance to see what effect the Word of God had upon him. I could not get a single expression to tell me what he thought.

Six weeks later, when we were coming back, we stopped by a brook. He said, “Here is water; what doth hinder me from being baptized?” I was as happy as you can imagine. I then had the first intimation that the Word of God had taken effect with him, and I answered him right back in the language of Philip, and he replied in the language of the eunuch. If there had been sufficient water to baptize him, I would have done so, and not said another word.

Some time afterward this brother came over to Cape Colony and was baptized, and his son is now teaching in the mission. Power is in the Word, and you convey that power to the heart in proportion as you believe it. If you take it as a mere theory, and present it thus, the person to whom you present it will accept it as a mere theory; but if you believe it as the Word of God, God will do the converting.

Let us read another text which shows the power of the Word: “For the Word of God is quick, and powerful.” Hebrews 4:12.

Then the life of God is in the Word. There is tremendous power in sin; but God has more power than has the devil. There is all the power of the devil in sin, but it is paralyzed by the blood of Christ. Sin will live, and the devil will watch it, and when circumstances are favorable to his evil purposes, you will have to meet that sin face to face.

There is nothing but the Word of God and the power of the Spirit that can paralyze the influence of sin. All Adam did was to take the forbidden fruit; it was not much, you know, just a little bit of a thing. But I want to tell you it has ruined this world. But the Word of God has power in it to paralyze sin. I am thankful that God has power to paralyze the devil.

Let us again read from the fourth of Hebrews: “For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.”

Then the Word is quick and powerful,—living and powerful,—and is intelligent. There is intelligence in the Word. I have often thought of that expression which Paul uses, “dividing asunder of soul and spirit.” I have often thought of what Paul must have alluded to. He was a Pharisee of the highest order; and when he brought his offering for sin, fat was in it, and that fat represented sin. And so he separated all the fat from it. The Word divides asunder now, just as in the day of types and shadows the fat was separated from the flesh-meat.

Next verse: “Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.”

Do you notice how the pronoun changes? What is he speaking of first?—The Word. What does he say now?—Creature in his sight. The word “his” synchronizes with God. It is the same as God; the pronoun has changed from the Word to God. The creative power of God is in the Word. So there is sufficient power in it to paralyze sin.

My brethren and sisters, if you knew the power there is in the Word, you who are tried and tempted every day, could get some promise in the Bible, and throw it back in the devil’s face every time he tempted you, and it would paralyze him. I know this because I have tried it. When I am tempted day after day, and night after night, I get some text of Scripture, and when the devil begins to tempt me, I quote it. This is what we are told to do by the spirit of prophecy. The Saviour did this. He told the devil, “It is written.” His defense was the Word of God.

Now we read on, and notice if the pronoun is changed again: “Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.” “Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace.” What is your medium?—The Word, Christ and God.

Read another verse. Take the first chapter of John, first verse. I want you to see that your shield in this shaking time is God’s Word. That Word is a shield and a buckler; and the weakest saint on earth, the most feeble person in this world that can quote a text of Scripture, and throw it back in the devil’s face, is more than a match for him. The reason so many people go through the world grumbling is that they do not hide behind the Word. If they would do this, the Lord would take care of them.

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” Then the Word becomes my safety, and my only safety. Now read the fourteenth verse: “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth.” Christ was the Word clothed in humanity. You have God in the Word; you have Christ in the Word. Now another text (John 6:63): “It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.” God is in the Word; Christ is in the Word; and the Holy Spirit is in the Word.

In “Early Writings” we read: “There are many precious truths contained in the Word of God, but it is ‘present truth’ that the flock needs now. I have seen the danger of the messengers running off from the important points of present truth, to dwell upon subjects that are not calculated to unite the flock and sanctify the soul. Satan will here take every possible advantage to injure the cause.

“But such subjects as the sanctuary, in connection with the 2300 days, the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus, are perfectly calculated to explain the past advent movement and show what our present position is, establish the faith of the doubting, and give certainty to the glorious future. These, I

have frequently seen, were the principal subjects on which the messengers should dwell..

I have no comment to make on this, other than that I think it is well for us to believe it. The principal subjects are those that point out our particular position at the present time in the history of this world. With this quotation let us link another passage, found in the latter portion of this book, on page 117, under the title, “The Third Angel’s Message:” “The third angel closes his message thus: ‘Here is the patience of the saints; here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.’ As he repeated these words, he pointed to the heavenly sanctuary. The minds of all who embrace this message are directed to the most holy place, where Jesus stands before the ark, making his final intercession for all those for whom mercy still lingers, and for those who have ignorantly broken the law of God. This atonement is made for the righteous dead as well as for the righteous living.”

Then where will the minds of the Lord’s people in the last days be pointed?—To the sanctuary. We read further: “Many who embraced the third message had not had an experience in the two former messages. Satan understood this, and his evil eye was upon them to overthrow them; but the third angel was pointing them to the most holy place, and those who had had an experience in the past messages were pointing them the way to the heavenly sanctuary. Many saw the perfect chain of truth in the angels’ messages, and gladly received them in their order, and followed Jesus by faith into the heavenly sanctuary. These messages were represented to me as an anchor to the people of God. Those who understand and receive them, will be kept from being swept away by the many delusions of Satan.”

One more text (Revelation 11:19): “The temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.” There was seen the temple, and, within, the ten commandments. Take the ten commandments out of the third angel’s message, and you take the heart out.

The three messages are not new truth; for they are in reality the everlasting gospel. Then, what makes us separate from the world?—It is a resetting of the truths of the everlasting gospel in a framework of truth. The Methodists, the Roman Catholics, and the Baptists have truth; every denomination has some truth, but the trouble is that often truth is set in a framework of error. But God places every truth in its proper setting. The truths of the Bible are everlasting. The truths connected with the last gospel message now being proclaimed seem new only because they have been taken from a framework of error, and placed in a new setting.

I want to say, brethren, in closing, that the Bible should be appreciated more and more by us, and we should hear in it the voice of God speaking to our souls; and you may know that that Word can deliver people, no matter what their condition or circumstances may be. That Word can heal the sick; that Word can do anything that God can do, because the power of God is in it.

Conference Proceedings. TWENTY-SECOND MEETING

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson

May 28, 10 A. M.

W. T. KNOX in the chair.

J. T. Boettcher offered prayer.

It was voted, that we invite the European and North American Division Conferences to supply their secretaries’ minutes of division conference meetings for publication in the BULLETIN.

The following communication was presented to the Conference:—


“We desire to express our heartfelt thanks to the members of the General Conference Committee and all the many friends who so kindly sympathized with us in our bereavement, as expressed in their kind words of comfort, their eager willingness to help in anything that loving hands could do, and their beautiful floral tributes. We wish to assure all the friends that their many acts of kindness were greatly appreciated by us, and contributed much to the amelioration of our grief.


It was voted that we accept this expression with thanks, and that the communication be incorporated into the minutes.

W. T. Knox: Are any of the committees ready to report? If not, we will call for a report from Brother L. V. Finster, on the work in the Philippines.

L. V. Finster: On behalf of the believers in the Philippines, I am glad this morning to bring to you words of greeting. At the last General Conference there were no Sabbath-keepers in the Philippine islands.



This mission field consists of the Philippine Islands, the Sulu Archipelago, and the Bataan Islands. The population numbers about nine million. The people are divided into two classes,—the aboriginals, called the Negritos, Igorotes, Tinquin people, and a few minor tribes, and the invaders, who are known as the Tagalogs, Visayans, Ilocanos, Pampangas, etc., according to the province from which they come. They are of Malay origin, and constitute the real Filipino people. Since the conquest by Spain, three hundred years ago, the Filipinos have been members of the Catholic Church, with the exception of the oboriginals above mentioned, and the people on the island of Mindanao, called Moros, and those of the Sulu Archipelago, who are Mohammedans.

Although professedly Christian for three hundred years, it was not until the American occupation that the Bible was permitted an entrance into the country. The church did but little more than call their heathen customs by Christian names.

Our Work

Our work was first started in the islands by Elder J. L. McElhany and wife, six years ago. He was successful in reaching several Americans, who soon, however, returned to the United States. After two years of faithful labor, they were called to take up work in New Zealand. Brother Caldwell and wife, from Australia, were the next workers, Brother Caldwell representing our book work there.

Four years ago last December Mrs. Finster and I arrived in Manila, from the Australasian field. We were asked to work especially for the Filipinos. The needs of the nine million souls who had never heard of the third angel’s message gave us one of the greatest welcomes we have ever received in any field.

The people are divided into thirty-four different languages and dialects; and it is estimated that about ten per cent understand the Spanish language. The younger generation are learning the English language through the agency of the schools. We now have over nine thousand native teachers, more or less perfectly teaching the English language in the public schools.

Our first year was devoted to

language study, and getting out some tracts in the Tagalog language. The second year we started some cottage meetings, speaking through an interpreter. Soon there were more calls than I could fill. Later I had a Bible school, which included many of the native pastors of Manila.

Tent Efforts

Two years ago Brother I. H. Evans visited us, and we organized our first church, with eighteen members. Our hearts were very glad as we saw another tongue joined to that host who are to sing the song of Moses and the Lamb when Jesus returns.

Soon after this we pitched our first tent in Manila. Our attendance was good from the start. In fact, it was packed, with crowds standing outside all around the tent. Our trouble has not been how to get a congregation, but how to care for those who come. They continued to come every night for ten weeks at a time. We pitched our tent in three different places, with the same results. We have many urgent calls from other cities to teach them the truth, but are unable to respond, because we have no one to send. One of the hardest experiences of our mission work is our inability to answer the many calls for help. One year later our membership had grown to one hundred, with many others keeping the Sabbath. Since then it has grown to something over one hundred seventy-five members.

A year ago last January we were glad to welcome Elder Elbridge M. Adams and wife and Brother Floyd Ashbaugh to the field. Since we left on our furlough, Brother Adams is the only minister in the field.

Our Literature

In the Tagalog language we now have ten tracts, also the book “Thoughts on Daniel,” and a small Bible-reading book, called “Suliranang ng Kapahunahan.” We also publish a monthly paper, called Patnubay ng Katabusan. We have two tracts published in the Ilocano language.

Our two canvassers have had excellent success. Brother R. A. Caldwell has sold eighteen hundred “Patriarchs and Prophets” in Spanish, one thousand “Coming King” in Spanish, and about one thousand copies each of the Tagalog books, “Thoughts on Daniel” and “Suliranang ng Kapahunahan,” on the island of Luzon.

Brother Floyd Ashbaugh has had splendid success this past year in the island of Panay, selling the Spanish “Patriarchs and Prophets.”

Brother Caldwell and wife have just returned to Australia on furlough, and Brother Floyd Ashbaugh expects to return to the United States at the beginning of the school year to finish his education. So we are in need of other canvassers. Several of the richest islands are as yet unentered.

Our Filipino Laborers

We have carried on a training class for several of our young men in the class-room and by taking them with me in the active field work. Four or five have developed into quite acceptable workers. The Lord is using them in reaching their own people. It matters not what the race may be, if the third angel’s message gets hold of the people, they want to tell others of the message for this time.

Our Needs

We have started work in only one of the thirty-four languages of the islands Some one must go to learn those other languages, and gather around him the young people to instruct them so they can carry the truths to their own people. Nine million people are too many for one minister.

We need better facilities for the training of our young people. They are our hope for the carrying of this message and the finishing of the work in this generation.

We need to have the medical missionary work started. We should have a doctor and some nurses to instruct our own people and to assist in the evangelistic work. We need canvassers to take the place of those that are leaving.

But, above all, we need your prayers for the guidance of the Holy Spirit, that the work may be carried forward in harmony with the Lord’s mind.

In closing, we wish to thank our Sabbath-schools for the assistance they have given us in the erection of our first church in Manila, and for a mission home; also the many friends who have helped us buy our printing-press and equipment, and the young people’s society in Maine for our stereopticon lantern.

We are thankful to the Lord for his blessings, and to him we give all the praise.

On leaving the islands our Filipino brethren asked me to convey Christian greetings to our brethren assembled here in Conference, and to thank you for the light of the message you have sent them.

L. V. FINSTER, Director.

L. V. Finster (speaking): I want to read a few words from a letter I have from a young Ilocano Sabbath-keeper, who has been attending the high school in Manila. As one of the examinations came on the Sabbath, he had to miss getting his diploma. He says: “By passing, I could have pursued university studies. But I passed in all except the examination that came on the Sabbath. That subject spoiled my all, and my teachers were disappointed, but I have peace from God. Now, Elder Finster, the work is progressing wonderfully in the Tagalog provinces, and reports from the Visayas are very encouraging. Malolos has about fifty believers. Kawit is receiving the gospel message. But I remember the Ilocano people, my people, Mr. Finster. Not one among them is keeping the Sabbath. We lack workers for the fertile Tagalog provinces, but not one worker has been sent to the not less fertile Ilocano provinces. Twenty more workers from America will not be too many. I wish you to make an eloquent appeal for my people in the General Conference.”

At the close of this letter, in compliance with a request, Elder Finster related the following:—

We have one old brother seventy-two years old with us. His hair is almost as white as that of these men here. Often he would come to me and ask that he might do something to help the work, because the Lord had been so good to him in calling him out of darkness, and he wanted to do something for the Lord before he died. And so I sent him out as a canvasser, and he went down to Cavite province. When he came to deliver his books, he did not just simply deliver them, but he told the people that he would not let them go until he explained the books to them; and so he started in with the second chapter of Daniel, and explained that, then the seventh, and then explained about baptism, and the coming of the Lord. He would spend a day with one man, and another day with another.

When he returned, he told me he had eight. Sabbath-keepers down there. These persons sent up by him an earnest call that I should come down and teach them the truth; for they had just come out of the Catholic Church. The doctor had ordered my wife to leave the islands at once, and we had our tent-meeting, with some eight hundred people there every night. Brother Adams had just arrived, and had to have an interpreter with him, so I told this man that we were all needed there, and no one could be spared to go. The tears began to roll down the old man’s cheeks, and he asked what would become of those poor people, if no one should go to tell them the truth. Finally, the only satisfaction I could give him was that I would send the native evangelist down for two days, and that at the close of the tent-meeting, we would try to send some workers down, that the people might know that we were willing to help them. This satisfied the old man.

When the brother went down, he called a meeting, and there gathered around him five or six hundred. When he started to pray, they fell down and began to cry. He never had such an experience before in all his life. He said that the Spirit of God could fall upon these darkened people the same as it did in olden times. They kept him preaching the whole day long, and in fact, the two days he was there. When he returned, he said they were different; they were really keeping the Sabbath, and trying their best to find out the truths we hold so dear. But the sad part of it is that we have not yet been able to send anybody to them, and that was a year ago. Our workers have been so engaged in their work that we could not spare them. I only wish we could secure some young people to come over and assist us in answering such calls.

W. T. Knox: We will now call upon Brother R. A. Beckner, for a report from Burma.

R. A. Beckner (reading):—


During the past four years our force of foreign workers has varied, but most of the time we have had three men with their wives, one single worker, and one self-supporting worker. Elder H. H. Votaw, besides having the general oversight of the work in Burma, has with his faithful wife been carrying on a strong, aggressive work in Rangoon, which is the local mission headquarters. Prof. R. B. Thurber, with his wife and family, is located at Meiktila, where he is doing the work of three men in our industrial school. Dr. Tornblad is doing self-supporting medical work in the southern Shan states. Miss Mary Gibbs has been studying the Karen language, at the same time carrying on medical missionary work in Rangoon. Our location is Mandalay, but on account of giving a great deal of time to the literature work the past year, we have spent only about three months of the time there.

These workers, with Elder and Mrs. G. A. Hamilton, who have come in answer to that oft-repeated call for a man and wife for the Karen work, give us ten workers among a heathen population of close to twelve millions. Suppose we say a million for each worker, this leaves a few odd millions for any one who wishes an unoccupied field of labor. Notwithstanding the great numbers before us, we can say with Jonathan, “There is no restraint with God to save by many or by few.” Our greatest need now is a strong force of workers from among the Burmese. We thank God for the loyal men we do have, and we believe that our school will soon be supplying the most essential feature of missionary propaganda,—trained workers from among the native people.


Forty-five have been added to the church by baptism during the past four years. Some have been taken in on profession of faith, and some by letter, so that the present membership is ninety-five. Counting the children, we have over one hundred in Burma who are keeping the commandments of God and are looking for the speedy return of the Lord. Of the new members, five are devoting all their time to active mission work under the supervision of the mission. Of these, India has taken three, one is teaching in the Meiktila school, while Brother Williams will in a few weeks, return from England, where he is taking a change, and getting some training along medical lines. He passed the first examination in Burmese while still in private business, and will be able to do active work in the vernacular very soon.


The people of Burma are noted for their liberality. You cannot go to a Burman’s house without being asked to eat. The fact that you have had a full meal less than an hour before, in no way lessens your obligation to partake of their hospitality. This has its disadvantages when one has several calls to make in an afternoon. We are glad to say that this spirit of liberality is manifested in behalf of the work as well. The total amount given by our people in Burma to the work during 1912 was 7,952 rupees or 94 rupees ($30.67) per member. This does not include money raised for the Meiktila school, which is about 11,000 rupees.

Meiktila Industrial School

The Meiktila Industrial School occupies a unique position among our denominational schools, in that it has practically no Seventh-day Adventist constituency to draw from, and the money for its start and maintenance, except the book teachers’ salaries, has been raised from those not of our faith, and for the most part heathen. Four years ago, in response to a call from the Buddhist people themselves, R. B. Thurber and family were sent to open a school at Meiktila. At once they began the study of the language, but the calls for the opening became so loud and frequent that school was begun, with no facilities, in a rented building. Application had been made for a certain piece of government land. After nearly a year’s delay, it was refused. At first this seemed to be a discouraging feature; but now we can see God had a much better location for us. We have twenty-five acres of “freehold land” on high ground about a mile and a half from the town, overlooking the lake, where the breezes come from all sides. It is, in fact, the most ideal location in the whole place.

On this land there has been erected one large school building 38x78, with tile roof, cement floor, brick nogging up three feet, and double mat walling; house for one teacher; house and stable for cartman and bullocks; a temporary work shed with living quarters for the teachers of carpentry and cane work. When we left, the foundation was being laid for a workshop the same size as the school building. This is now used as a dormitory, workshop, class room, storehouse, study room, church, and office. This has all been done with money raised largely in Burma and from those not of our faith.

In the morning the boys are taught Burmese and English; in the afternoon they work at the trades or outdoor unskilled labor. At present we have equipment to teach only three trades. The carpentry class are making chairs, tables, clothes-presses, working on the buildings, and have made new and repaired old furniture for the government offices. The officials were well pleased, and gave the school a good recommendation. The cane department is making cane chairs of various patterns, soiled-linen boxes, stools, waste-paper baskets, and the like. The shoe department has been so crowded with orders for new shoes and repair work, that they have been compelled to hire four extra men who understand the work to help. Even then I had to wait four weeks for a pair of shoes. There is a great demand for European shoes, especially those made on American lasts, which the school has on hand. They make these, as well as the Burmese sandals and slippers.

Thus far anything along the line of agriculture has had to contend against all the stray horses, cows, and goats in the station. This has now been remedied, or will be soon, as a few weeks ago, when Brother Votaw and I were in the oil fields getting money from the Burmese oil-well owners, one of the American drillers who had given to the school, suggested that we ask the oil companies for old sand lines and discarded cables, which, unstranded, make fine fencing. We acted upon the suggestion, and were promised enough to make a ten-wire fence around the whole twenty-five acres. We expect to receive from the Burma railways, free, or at a very low cost, enough old rails to furnish the posts, as any wood except teak would be eaten by the white ants. This will save over three hundred dollars.

The school opened last year with thirty-five boys; the last word before starting for Conference gave an enrolment of 141. For some time we have been turning boys away, asking them to wait until there is more accommodation. Most of the boys are Burmese, but there are some Indians, Chinese, Karens, and Eurasians. Nearly all the boys do some work. They are paid from the start, beginning at one pice (one-half cent) per hour. As they become more skilled, the wage is increased until some are receiving five cents per hour. Some of the parents are able to pay the school fees, and the boys have what they earn. All have the money placed in their hands. Thus we try to give them a financial training. A few are able to earn all or practically all their expenses, but usually it takes about $15 a year more than the average boy can earn. Several scholarships have been sent from America, and several have been donated by individuals in Burma. It is certainly a very little outlay to give a boy an education of his mind, train his hands, and bring his heart to a knowledge of the true and living God.

This industrial school is the only trades school in Burma. The only other school for boys to learn a trade is in jail. So we in Burma feel to say in no uncertain tones that the Meiktila School is a success, and I am sure that could you have been with me as I met with them in their prayer-meeting and heard those boys sing the songs of Zion, seen those young men, who six months before might have been seen at pagodas bowing down to an image of stone, stand up and thank God that they were at the school, and ask their teachers and fellow students to pray that they may learn quickly, so that they may be ready to meet Jesus when he comes, you too would say that it is a success. Could you have seen Ngwe Zin, who about three years ago was “only a Buddhist boy,” as he stands before his class of boys in the Sabbath-school, you would be glad to give of your means that Burma’s boys may become mercy’s messengers to Buddhist Burma.

In behalf of Brother Thurber and family, I wish to thank the liberal-hearted brethren and sisters who gave to the $300,000 Fund; as from money received from it they were able to move into a nice new house on school land, from a house of bamboo with a foot or more of water under it. In such a house it was no wonder that he was down with

the fever before the new house on the hill was finished enough to move into it.


From time to time we have had canvassers come to Burma to sell English books and papers. In fact, the first work was done in that way; but the record of work done is not very definite, so we shall confine this report largely to the year 1912, as showing what could be done with systematic work. One canvasser devoted all his time to English books and papers for about nine months; three others sold some as their time permitted. The total value of these sales was $3,132. The English-speaking community is comparatively small, but often we can place English literature in the hands of Buddhists, Mohammedans, Hindus, etc., because they wish to improve in English. There is a great field here for two or three regular canvassers. Brother Carott averaged sales of more than two hundred fifty dollars per month, and reached over three hundred dollars when he reported full time.

Vernacular Literature

The Burmese people are a reading people. All the boys must enter the monastery before they can become men, and here they are taught the three “R’s,” so that now the percentage of those able to read and write is greater than that of Italy. The Baptists are this year celebrating the one-hundredth year of their entrance into Burma. Other missions have been there almost as long, but to the best of my knowledge none have ever made it a practise to sell Christian literature to the Buddhists. Because of the indifference and self-satisfaction of the people, they seem to have trouble in giving it away. It has remained for Seventh-day Adventists to demonstrate that literature can be sold, and sold for a price that more than covers the cost of printing. Our first real attempt to sell reading matter was made about two years ago, with a thirty-two-page and-cover booklet on the “Signs of the Times and End of the World.” We really began by giving these away and selling gospels at a half-cent each. After the first day, I adopted the plan of selling the two for a half-cent. This plan seemed to be good, so we tried selling them for a half-cent each. For the past eighteen months we have been selling the “End Near” booklet for a cent, which covers the cost. In four years, fourteen thousand of these heralds of the Lord’s coming have been placed in the hands of the people.

An eight-page tract on “The True Mode of Worship,” for free distribution, was printed, and an edition of ten thousand was almost exhausted when I left. Fifteen hundred copies of an eighty-page health booklet, several thousand copies of the Gospel Luke, besides a large number of tracts on the Sabbath and other subjects, have been sold. Encouraged by this success, but determined to launch out still farther, we issued, a year ago, the first number of a twenty-two-page quarterly magazine, selling for fifteen cents a year, or three cents a copy. The first three issues were 5,000 each; the fourth, 5,500; and the issue for last month was 6,000 copies. These were all sold as they came out, either as single copies or mailed to subscribers.

No one has given his entire time to the circulation of these magazines, and as yet we have no Burmese workers who can be spared for this work. From January to March I took 1,065 subscriptions for Kin Soung; 71 for the Chinese magazine, and 16 for the Tamil quarterly. Although I had no Bengali, Hindi, or Urdu papers with me, I secured 14 cash subscriptions for these. I cannot speak all these languages, but the people can usually speak Burmese or English, and the Lord helped me to get the orders. We are glad to be able to help in the circulation of the papers from the other fields.

I believe that in a short time we will be able to take boys from the school and train them to sell these papers. They may never be able to equal the work of a foreigner, for a white face naturally gives one a certain advantage, but ten native workers would easily give the paper a circulation of from ten to fifteen thousand.

From a small people of seven hundred fifty thousand (the Karens), the Baptists claim forty thousand converts, while from the eight or nine million Burmese, they have about ten thousand. They get a small per cent of those educated in their schools, but adult converts from direct evangelization are rare and exceptional. Yet I believe the Lord has solved the problem of breaking down that barrier of indifference for us. Our industrial training-school will furnish us with workers, trained and tested; and the vernacular papers will be the means of reaching the people. As I have gone from house to house, I have found the old copies of the papers nearly worn out with reading. I believe that each paper is read three or four times; and they generally read aloud, and are heard by from one to half a dozen each time. If one paper reaches so many people, Burma’s millions may soon be warned.

Scarcely a mail comes that does not bring to us letters of appreciation for the paper, and asking that all the papers and books we print in Burmese be sent, value payable. Some of the other missionaries have used large quantities of our literature. Men often come to us as a result of reading our paper. The thugyi (head man) of a village about fifteen miles from Mandalay, came to our house because he did not get his paper. The Baptists had just been to his village with a magic lantern; but he wanted to know why we kept “Oo-botenai” on Saturday instead of Sunday, like the other “sons of Christ.” He stayed about two hours talking, and went away with the promise that we would come to his village and preach as soon as we return from America. Daily these calls for more light come from one end of Burma to the other. Everywhere we go we meet those who know of our work and belief. I have often had fellow travelers, taking me for an American Baptist, begin an argument against Sunday and in favor of the observance of the Sabbath.

In Burma we need the power of God. And the workers and believers there are looking to this conference to be the beginning of a movement that will reach even to “bagoda land,” to gather from the “sons of Buddha” a goodly company to stand on the sea of glass.


W. T. Knox: We have not yet had reports from our brethren in South America. We will give Brother J. W. Westphal an opportunity to present a report from his field.

J. W. Westphal: When we were coming across the Atlantic, I had a conversation with a man apparently of more than average intellect and education and avoirdupois. On learning that I was from Argentina, he asked me where it was—whether it was south of Panama. I told him it was at the southern extremity of the South American continent. He expressed surprise, and said he supposed it was some place in the United States. As we neared the shore, an official asked the passengers for much information in regard to their place of birth, their nationality, their business, where they were going, and what they were going to do. There was with us a young lady from Uruguay. He asked her what her nationality was. I replied for her that she was from Uruguay. He said, “What is that? Where in the United States is Uruguay?” I said it was not in the United States. I told him it was an independent republic in South America, as independent as the United States. He laughed, shook his head incredulously, and said he wondered what the customs officials in New York City would think or make of it.

These facts made me think that a little lesson on South American geography might not be out of place this morning. Our South American field is not in the United States. [Laughter.] It is not in any territory that belongs to the United States. It is south of the United States—south of Panama. It embraces all of South America excepting the little republic of Panama. It has a population of something over twenty million. So much as regards where it is. As I am allotted fifteen minutes to read my report, I have put these general remarks into the preface.

J. W. Westphal (reading):—


It is twenty years since the opening of our work in South America, twelve years since the formation of the South American Union Mission, and seven years since the South American Union Conference was organized. Now, 1,762 Seventh-day Adventists from this field send greetings to the General Conference assembled in Takoma Park, Washington, D. C., in 1913. I do not have the membership of the present South American Union territory at the close of 1908, but three years ago, it was 1,242. There has been a gain of 522 in three years.


Our work in the South American Union territory is represented as follows: Argentina, 14 churches; membership, 760; Chile, 17 churches; membership, 500; Upper Parana Mission, embracing the republic of Paraguay and a portion of northern Argentina, 7 churches and 2 companies, with a membership of 208; Bolivia, 1 company, with a membership of 7; Ecuador, 1 church, with a membership of 12; Peru, 4 churches; membership, 177; Uruguay, 3 churches and 1 company, with a membership of 98.

As an indication of their love for and interest in this work, I refer to the fact that the tithe for 1912 amounted to $20,689.06, practically the amount of the appropriation from the General Conference, while the donations for local and

general work amounted to more than five thousand dollars. The average tithe per member was $11.74, and the average tithe and donation for evangelistic work per member was $14.78. Offerings for other enterprises and local work will amount to several thousand dollars more. The tithe for the quadrennial period is $67,026.07; donations for evangelistic work, $17,181.49; total for evangelistic work, $84,207.56.

The total number of ordained ministers is fifteen; licentiates, eight; licensed missionaries, twenty-five; book and periodical canvassers, thirty-five; a total of eighty-three. They are distributed as follows: Argentina, twenty-six; Chile, thirty; Upper Parana Mission, five; Bolivia, four; Ecuador, two; Peru, eleven; Uruguay, five.


Since the last session of the General Conference, the union has been favored by the visits of two General Conference representatives, L. R. Conradi, of Europe, and W. A. Spicer, of Washington, D. C. We were disappointed in not being permitted to welcome A. G. Daniells in 1910, as had been planned. However, Brother Conradi ably filled his place, and did us good service during his short stay. His limited time enabled him to make only a brief visit to Chile, on the West Coast, and attend two meetings in Argentina and one in Brazil.

Union Organization

Up to 1901, the South American Union field was operated as three separate and independent mission field, namely, Brazil, River Plate, and West Coast Mission. In that year they were organized into the South American Union Mission. But because of its immense extent of territory, and the consequent difficulties in economical and advantageous administration, it was considered advisable to divide it into two union conferences. This was done at the time of Brother Conradi’s visit, when the Brazil Union Conference was organized. This arrangement became operative Jan. 1, 1911. The territory of the South American Union Conference is therefore reduced to the republics mentioned in the first paragraph of this report, and the Falkland Islands. But a glance at the map will show that it is still a large field, having a total length of about four thousand miles. Peru and Ecuador especially are very distant from our center, or from any acceptable center that could be chosen. A further division should be made in the near future.

Medical Work

Our sanitarium has done an excellent work. It began in the school buildings, Nov. 15, 1908. With the opening of school early the following March, it moved to its own quarters, in a dwelling house purchased from Dr. R. H. Habenicht. In the meantime a sanitarium building was begun, and as fast as a room was ready, it was occupied by patients. For a short time its work was stopped by the medical authorities on the ground that it had no recognized physician, the doctor having only a license to practise. Once since, a similar effort has been made against it, but each time its many friends came to the rescue, and its popularity has since continued. The past year has been a very successful one. It had a net gain in 1912 of $6,191.24. This is enabling the institution to reduce its indebtedness, and make some of the most needful improvements, especially in the surgical department. The total investment is $35,159.56; the net present worth, $22,450.54. Of the assets, over five thousand dollars are accounts. From thirty to thirty-five patients can be accommodated. In the accommodations and furnishings, there is still much to be desired, and the building is still incomplete.

Last October, the sanitarium graduated its first nurses’ class, seven in number. Two of these are still in connection with the institution, while the remainder are all in the field under conference employ—two in the Upper Parana Mission, two in Argentina, and one among the Indians in Peru. As this work becomes more appreciated, and our young people are becoming better educated, a better-prepared class are taking it up. What is greatly needed is a physician who will enter a medical school in our field for the purpose of securing a diploma and thus obviating further legal difficulties.

Educational Work

The River Plate Academy has done a good work. Under the direction of Prof. W. C. John, it has been fully organized, and a course of ten years planned. Previously most of the students came only for a few months. Under the present plan, this has been greatly improved. It is expected that the first class will be graduated this year. The attendance of students and children of all ages has been about one hundred each year. Much of the success in the sale of our literature is due to the work of this and the Chile school. One student has just entered the work of the gospel ministry. As our students nearly all come to us without any education, a two or three years’ course does not render the help necessary. We hope for greater results when the students we now have are able to enter the missionary field.

Necessarily the change in the school plan has increased the expense, but we are confident that this will be amply compensated for by better results. We are employing six teachers. They are endeavoring to develop a missionary spirit in the school, and are holding before those in attendance the one object of our school, that of preparing students to carry the message to the people of our great field. We are grateful for the help given in the sending of Professor and Mrs. H. U. Stevens, of Union College, to take charge of the school.

All are anxiously waiting to hear the result of the thirteenth Sabbath-school offering, which the General Conference Committee so kindly voted to give to the schools in Argentina and Chile. Thus far these schools have been able to keep free from debt; but the facilities must be increased, some most necessary things provided, and in Argentina, a new dormitory must be built. The investment of the school is $18,000.92, and the present worth, $16,023.51. When the good accounts are collected, all debts will be wiped out.

Publishing Work

For several years, up to 1910, there had been two printing plants in the Spanish part of the South American Union Conference territory; namely, in Argentina and Chile. At the union session of the year 1910, it was recommended that they be united at Florida, in Argentina. By the close of the year, an additional and larger building was erected, larger and better printing machinery procured, and the whole printing work taken over. About $2,500 from the $300,000 Fund was a great help in making these necessary changes. The total investment in the South American Union Publishing House is $22,554.60; the net present worth, $16,117.57. Since the real estate and first building were purchased at very low rates, when property was cheap, they would readily sell now for double the amount they cost, which was $4,796.85. The net gain for 1912 was $2,426.07, which, however, will be materially cut down by salaries that have since been apportioned.

The house publishes three periodicals: Salud y Vida, our health paper; El Atalaya, our missionary paper; and La Revista Adventista, our church paper. Thus far the other publications issued by the house have been tracts and pamphlets, as we prefer to use books from

other houses for the present. All the literature sold in the field has not passed through the house, nor do we have complete returns from all the fields for the year 1909. The approximate value of literature sold during the four years is $78,896. Up to the last year, when there was a small decrease, there has been a rapid rise in sales from about $4,850 in 1909, to $19,651 in 1910, and $31,811 in 1911. The sales for 1912 were $29,684. The increase is due to more books and the excellent help the General Conference gave us in such experienced bookmen as E. M. Trummer, R. B. Stauffer, and J. D. Lorenz. A large amount of seed has thus been sown in many homes, some of which must surely spring up and bear fruit.

As these institutions are all properties of the union, and under its direct control, it has been decided, with the hearty approval of those in charge, to give a tithe of the net earnings to the union.

Work Among the Indians

One of the interesting features of our union is the work among the Indians on the shores of Lake Titicaca. On my way to the last General Conference, I was permitted to converse with several Indians who had begun to keep the Sabbath. There were less than a dozen in number, and they knew but little about the truth. At that time, Brother F. A. Stahl was sent to labor in Bolivia. But the interest among the Indians, and the demand for help, were such that he soon found it advisable to dedicate most of his time to this work, and it has rapidly grown, until now we have a church of over sixty members, and many others are keeping the Sabbath or are deeply interested. This is the more interesting from the fact that it is practically the first fruit from Protestant effort among the descendants of the Indians of the famous Inca empire. A property has been secured, and a mission home and schoolhouse have been erected. Brother Bartholomew Rojas, of the Upper Parana Mission, a graduate nurse from the River Plate Sanitarium, has, with his wife, gone to take up work among these Indians by teaching a school and laboring in other ways.

There seems to be opening before our brethren an unlimited field among this people. La Paz, the capital of Bolivia, is an Indian center, where work should be opened. Steps have been taken to this end, but thus far we have lacked the necessary help.

An Expensive Field to Operate

Necessarily, the South American field is an expensive one to operate. Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, La Paz, and other places are noted for the high cost of living. Rents are exceedingly high for very inferior and limited accommodations. As nearly all manufactured articles are imported under heavy duty, prices are high. In most places there are no cheap and economical methods of handling home products. Traveling is expensive, for the twofold reason that rates are high and distances great. This is equally true of freight expenses. It is difficult to secure meeting-places. Frequently only a large living-room can be obtained, and that by renting a house complete and always at a very high rate.

While the professional man receives a large salary, the common people, those from whom the cause receives its principal support, receive a much smaller one. The farmer has heavy farm expenses, and many of our people are really poor. This materially affects the tithe, which largely governs the manning of our field.


Owing to the difficulty in getting places for meeting, and the high rents, the brethren have seriously considered the advisability of procuring churches of our own in a few of the large cities, such as Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Santiago, etc. But because of the scarcity of funds, and the fear of debt, nothing has yet been done except in Montevideo, where a building has been secured, at a cost of about six thousand dollars. The necessary additional expense of remodeling it for our use; and adding two or three rooms for living purposes, will make the complete amount not less than eight thousand dollars. The brethren in Uruguay have done nobly in donating toward this, but the larger portion will remain unpaid. The property is very desirable, in a good location, and was secured at a low price. We should have similar places in other large cities. The fact is that, with the above exception, we do not have a place in any large city in South America where we could have a general meeting. If procurable at all, it would be with great difficulty, and at very great expense.

General Spiritual Condition

The number of Sabbath-keepers, and the tithes and donations, show some of the good results of the work done. This represents many years of seed-sowing and earnest labor. Of all the effects of the work and distribution of literature, we cannot judge. We only know that the truth has found its way into many thousands of homes, and that it will not return void, but accomplish that whereunto it is sent. But, at best, only a small portion of the work that must be accomplished has been done. Millions have not yet heard the glad news that Jesus is soon coming, nor of Jesus as a loving, sin-pardoning Saviour.

Either infidelity or the grossest superstition reigns everywhere. There are a multitude who, by self-chastisement and other severe penances, are trying to appease God’s anger. A large number are indifferent, and are living only for the satisfying of the carnal desires. A host are slaves, both spiritually and physically, wholly ignorant of their spiritual slavery, and just awaking to the fact of their physical slavery. Some of the blackest crimes against humanity in history have been perpetuated against thousands during the last few years in our territory, and against which the sufferer dare not cry. While the sufferings of myriads are calling to God for vengeance, they are calling equally loud for help from us. With us the Lord has deposited the only certain means of help. The great threefold message must be brought to their doors and hearts if they are saved. The Lord has provided no other means for their deliverance; he is counting on us.


A little fruit is seen from the efforts put forth. From every class some are accepting the message. The artisan, the farmer, the servant, and the Indian in his lowly hut, are alike rejoicing in a Saviour’s love and a soon-coming Redeemer. However, they are but the first-fruits of what is to be, the promise of a much more abundant harvest. The prospects were never brighter than they are today. From plane and forest, from mountain and valley, from mansion, cottage, and hut, a host will yet come to meet their returning Lord.

Conditions are developing that bid us hasten our work. We who are laboring in Roman Catholic countries must look with grave concern on the purposes of Rome in the United States, the growth of her power, and the boldness of her claims. Her success there will surely react on our South American fields. The doors the Lord has so graciously opened will again be closed. Difficulties will increase, and the work must be done under bitter persecution, and amid war and revolution. These facts urge us on to do our best now.


Some of the most urgent needs of our field are the following:—

1. The further division of the South American Union field, organizing a union mission, composed of the republics of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. This is a special request of the South American Union committee.

2. A General Conference representative to attend the South American Union meetings in 1914.

3. An ordained minister for Argentina.

4. A minister for Peru.

5. A physician to enter some River Plate medical college, and as soon as possible take a complete medical examination and secure a diploma.

6. Missionary nurses for Bolivia, Chile, and Peru.

7. A missionary canvasser for Ecuador.

8. The strengthening of our Indian work by additional help, so that this work may be opened up in the city of La Paz. In this, the desirability of a young man of good education who should study the native languages with a view of translating portions of the Bible into them, should be considered.

9. A missionary canvasser for the Straits of Magellan and the Falkland Islands.

10. Ownership of suitable places of worship in several of our large cities.

11. A general strengthening of our work along all lines in all fields.

J. W. WESTPHAL, President.

W. T. Knox: Julio Ernst, of the same field, is called for to report.

Julio Ernst (reading):—


The Upper Parana Mission includes the republic of Paraguay and the northern part of the province of Corrientes, the territories of Formosa, Chaco, and Missiones, which belong to the Argentine Republic, having altogether a population of about eight hundred thousand.

Early History

As the name Missiones indicates, these places have been Jesuit missions during the Spanish colonial period, where, under the pretext of civilizing and converting the Indians, they put them under the bonds of slavery, obliging them to work, building their temples and towns, and carrying out their industrial and agricultural plans, whose proceeds eventually enriched the church.

To obtain their object, the Indians were made to believe that by making these sacrifices, they would gain heaven. Those who rebelled, received corporal punishment.

Finally the government suspected the Jesuits of taking part in a conspiracy against the proper authorities, and the Spanish government expelled them, in 1967, leaving their towns in ruins. Nevertheless, the Catholic Church continued as the religion of the state, and sowed superstition, idolatry, ignorance, and a very lamentable social state amongst the white people, as well as the Indians.

Conditions Today

Such is the condition even today in Paraguay, as it is the policy of Rome to hold them subject to its yoke. Nevertheless, the government has made efforts during past decades to educate the masses, and there exists a fair number of schools in the cities, although they are few and deficient in the country.

In Argentina it is much better, as the federal government maintains a goodly number of excellent schools, both in the country and in the towns.


The inhabitants of these republics are very hospitable and generous; the natives are especially so. The traveler in the country will find hospitality wherever he goes. In my canvassing tours in the interior, I have seldom found it necessary to make a request; for favors were extended without asking; and if pay was offered, they were frequently offended.

Beginning of our Work

The beginning of our work in Paraguay was by means of tracts and papers, which were sent by a brother in Uruguay to his relatives. They soon became interested, and requested help, which was responded to by sending Brother Snyder, twelve years ago. The work grew slowly at the beginning, but soon it extended more rapidly in the Argentine territory of Missiones. In order to work with the people, we have to be careful not to offend them in respect to their idols and saints. They are very superstitious in this respect. In spite of the fact that I was reared in a Catholic country, I have been greatly surprised at their superstition. It is quite easy, however, to talk to them of the love of God, and salvation through Christ, and of his second coming, and finally, the change made by the church in the law of God. Those who accept the Bible generally have little difficulty in accepting the gospel in all its fullness. Once their confidence is gained, they can be easily guided into the truth.

With all this, a year or more is necessary for them to truly understand Adventism, and be baptized. After they accept the gospel, it is necessary to free them from their vicious custom of drinking mate, or Paraguayan tea and from the use of tobacco, which they use very much, the women even more than the men. After that we have to get rid of the idols, which in some homes furnish a good museum as to their variety and aspect. At last we have to oblige them to get married, as a rule. This may seem strange, nor does it mean that we do not baptize old maids and bachelors. The fact is that scarcely thirty or forty per cent of the parents of children are married. This illustrates some of the fruits of Catholicism.


However, the power of the gospel of Christ is the same in all parts. We have faithful brethren. We are told that one who is forgiven much, love much. So we find that these brethren have a live interest in sending the good news to others, and many of them with success. Thus we see the fulfillment of Isaiah 55:10, 11, which says: “For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater: so shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.”

At a general meeting, much disturbance was made about the tent, the throwing of stones, bones, etc. A number of soldiers off duty maltreated a brother, took his Bible from him, and took it to the barracks. Here a sergeant became interested in reading it, notwithstanding the jeers of his companions. He took it home, and showed it to his wife, who changed her conception of Adventists, and becoming interested, came to our Sabbath-school. Eventually, both accepted the truth and were baptized. Another was baptized later, and others were interested, on account of that Bible.

In another case we see how the Lord goes before us in the work. A sister went out to work in another town. She had a sick daughter, who was attended by a quack doctor. Meanwhile the lady received a letter from my wife, addressed, “My dear sister in Christ,” which heading was read by the doctor. He inquired what that religion was, and asked explanations. As this man knew of the gospel and of the Sabbath, having previously read the Bible, he wrote to us. I answered, promising to visit him on my coming tour to the churches. When I arrived, he had invited a number of neighbors, who heard for the first time the gospel of Christ. We had two meetings during the two days’ visit. The result was that both the doctor and his wife accepted the truth, and others were favorably impressed. As I could not remain longer, I sent for a Bible worker to follow up the interest, and the last I heard before leaving, it is still increasing.

At the same time I had a letter from Pastor Luis Rojas, who went to visit a place where Brother Taborda and other brethren have labored, and where there are twenty who have accepted the Sabbath. And now among these there are eight intelligent persons who will soon be ready for baptism.

Only a short time past, we commenced work in the city of Corrientes, the capital of the province of the same name. This has always been a fortress of the clergy, whose bishop some years ago caused one of our canvassers to be imprisoned. When taken before the judge he had a discussion with the bishop, who demanded that his books be burned and that he be banished from the town. Those who listened were inclined to favor our brother, and a lawyer made it known that such an act was unconstitutional. At once the canvasser was liberated, and proceeded to sell his books with more success than ever.

According to reports of Biblical colporteurs, the clergy has obliged them to retire in Corrientes. It is gratifying to note, however, that the more educated classes are rapidly becoming emancipated from the clerical yoke, following the example of the more southern cities, where the priests are more the objects of ridicule than anything else. We have gone to this city to raise the standard of truth. Our canvassers have sold many “Home and Health,” besides religious books.

Already, we have a family which has accepted the truth, and I was impressed when the brother used the language of the Bible without ever having read or seen one. Truly I see that he has come into the light. One of our canvassers obtained admittance to the president of Paraguay to present “Patriarchs and Prophets.” He subscribed, and gave permission to present the book to the remaining government employees. Thus many orders were taken. One of these, on receiving the book, said, “I am glad

to have this good book, with which I make war against the priests.” Many are undeceived, as well as tired of Romish doctrines, and it seems to me that this is the opportune moment for carrying them the good news, while they have religious feelings; for if they stand still without help, they finally go to the extremes of unbelief and atheism, which is most difficult and dangerous.

The workers of our mission are all converts of the mission, excepting me, and we are all South Americans. There are two ordained ministers, one Bible worker, two canvassers, and two graduate nurses, who have just arrived.

One who was graduated at the same time was sent to Peru, and two other youth of intelligence and consecration will finish their course this year, and hope to enter the work. These belong to our field. Thus we soon will have produced several earnest workers.

Although Satan works with great wrath here, as in other places, the future of the work looks hopeful. Last year, twenty-five were baptized. We have in all about two hundred ten members, some of whom are from Brazil and Switzerland.


Our financial entry for 1912 was $1,512.94 tithe; Sabbath-school collection, $274.16; other offerings, $143; total, $1,930.10. This gives $7.20 tithe per capita, or $9.19 total contribution. This may seem small, but those who know the poverty of the greater portion of our church, will consider it quite satisfactory. Still there are many places that no worker has yet entered. The work seems greater than we can accomplish, and we lack laborers. But when we think that there are other missions near by that have fewer workers in comparison, we do not feel like asking for more. We only ask earnestly that we may have your prayers, that we may be filled with the Holy Spirit, and united in the love of Christ, and that we may feel debtors to our fellow men to carry quickly the triple message to all the world, so that Christ may come and take us to the mansions which he has prepared.

J. ERNST, President.

W. T. Knox: It is so near the hour of adjourning, it hardly seems wise to undertake another report. We have yet three other laborers from South America to report to us. A motion to adjourn would be in order.

A. G. Daniells: Before we adjourn, I should like to say that we will not have a conference session this afternoon. Quite a number have expressed the desire to meet personally the missionaries who are here, all our representatives from different lands. So the pastoral committee has arranged for this, and at 2:30 this afternoon we will gather here and have a reception for our foreign people. We would like to have our brethren and sisters have the opportunity to meet these brethren and sisters, and shake hands with them, and express their good wishes. Some have been working here in this land for the laborers in different mission fields, and have been rallying the young people, in providing offerings, and many of the missionaries’ names have been used in connection with these efforts. It will be a pleasure for our home workers to meet with our missionaries and representatives from abroad. We will ask all the delegates and friends from abroad to gather on the platform at the opening of the meeting; then after the opening exercises, we can meet one another and become acquainted. Here Conference adjourned.

W. T. KNOX, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.


According to appointment the missionaries present from lands outside North America, assembled on the platform at 2:30 P. M., for a general reception. Following are some of the good things enjoyed on this occasion. Seated in front with our missionaries were Elders Butler, Haskell, and Loughborough.

A. G. Daniells: Now I know that our brethren and sisters will be glad of this sort of meeting. We have intended all the time to somehow give you a better opportunity than you have had to see and to meet our brethren and sisters who have come to us from over the seas; and, while this will be something of a social hour this afternoon, yet I am sure that it will be an hour of blessing—that it will revive in our minds many very precious memories. It has begun already. As we began to collect here, my mind ran back to 1874. I was only a lad then, but I remember the profound impression made upon my mind and our people when we learned that Elder J. N. Andrews was to go across the great ocean to Europe. In those days Europe had a far-off sound to the most of us. Across the Atlantic seemed a great trip to take. What joy would fill his heart if that faithful and conscientious missionary could be here this afternoon and look on this group of foreign workers! Then I thought, too, that Brother Butler must have some feelings of gladness, because, if I remember rightly, Elder Butler was then the president of the General Conference and joined in the movement of that day and that hour to inaugurate this foreign mission enterprise that has grown until it now encircles the world.

This afternoon we cannot have a word from every one here. We think best, therefore, to follow this plan, to call the list of workers from abroad and have each one stand and give the date of going abroad, or coming into the truth when abroad. Our brethren here in this country read of these people who are at work in other lands. They know something about you [turning to the delegates], and they want to see you, and after the meeting have a word with you if possible.

Geo. I. Butler: I shall never forget the event that our brother has spoken of. Elder J. N. Andrews was a very dear and precious friend of mine, and a man to whom I owe more than any one else; he did more to get me out of infidelity than any other. There are some here—Brother Haskell especially—who were associated with me in the General Conference at that time. We considered this matter very carefully. It was a great epoch, as you might say, in the history of our denomination, this starting of the foreign missionary work. We had abundance to do in our own country, but to send a man out to Europe, far away in the foreign fields, was a very perplexing matter. I remember when he went. I was over there myself after a few years, under the auspices of the General Conference, to assist in building the house at Basel and the house at Christiania, and visited several countries. I wish, dear friends, to express the great gratitude of my heart at this moment, to behold the faces of these dear workers who have been laboring in distant fields. May God’s blessing rest upon you.

A. G. Daniells: One of the first titles I remember distinctly of Elder Haskell was, “The Apostle to the Gentiles;” for he traveled perhaps more than any other man among us in the early days among peoples of other lands in behalf of our missionary work. Brother Haskell, a word.

S. N. Haskell: I am a very poor hand on an occasion like this, but I remember very well when I went to Australia, and Brother Butler remembers it well. It came up in the General Conference, and I opposed going, and so the question was withdrawn. We went back into the committee meeting, and it came up again, and finally I said I would go. Brother Butler reached out his hand, and we shook hands together over it. It was decided the next day, and the first party sailed for Australia in 1885. I came back in less than a year from the time that I left. Then we had a printing-press established, a large number of subscribers for the Melbourne Bible Echo, and the work well launched. I found an old report the other day—a summary of the report that was given of that trip. If I remember right, about four thousand dollars was invested in it, and over two thousand dollars was raised in Australia. I think I had gone to Europe before then.

A. G. Daniells: O, long before!

S. N. Haskell: Then, afterward, we were prevailed on to go around the world; and if I remember rightly, I baptized our first man in Japan, but he was not a Japanese, he was an Englishman; I baptized our first man in China, but he was not a Chinaman, he was a Scandinavian; and I baptized a company in New Zealand. They were all Englishmen. One of the first things that I learned when I became connected with Seventh-day Adventists was that in a view given to Sister White in 1848, rays of light were seen going out from this people to every portion of this world. We see it fulfilled today. Much more might be said, but this is sufficient to let you know that I am interested in foreign mission work, and I feel thankful to God for what we hear here at this meeting.

A. G. Daniells: Elder Loughborough, you all know him, among our early foreign missionaries.

J. N. Loughborough: Well, I did not go to those speaking a foreign language. I went to England and landed in South-hampton the last day of December, 1878. We worked there a while. We had few facilities. I thank the Lord that those who have been working since have made some headway. A positive testimony came that I should go, and how I should work. We had no canvassing work, we had no Bible-reading work. Brother Haskell told us that the Lord would lead us, and the Lord guided us. We got a tent and pitched it on a corner and went to work.

S. N. Haskell: I received a letter a few days ago from one of the first converts

in Southhampton, where Elder Loughborough raised up a church.

A. G. Daniells: Is there any one here who went out with Elder Andrews, or in that year, 1874?—No one. That was the first year of our foreign missionary undertakings. Any one who went out in ‘75? ‘76? ‘77?

Voice: Yes.

A. G. Daniells: Sister Boyd. She went to Europe in 1877. Sister Boyd, then, is the oldest missionary in the tent, from our standpoint, - not in years, but in service,-and has only recently returned from abroad, having been for years in Australia.

Sister Bourdeau (rising in the congregation, her words being repeated by the chairman for all to hear): She says she would like to have the congregation see the remnant of the first company that went out to what they then called a mission field. Elder Loughborough and Sister Bourdeau’s husband and she went over to California in 1868. There was no railway across the continent, so they took the boat at New York and went to Panama, and crossed the isthmus, and took a boat there and went up to San Francisco.

A. G. Daniells: That was in 1868, and opened the foreign mission movement. But see what has grown up on the Pacific Coast since that time-fourteen thousand believers, with institutions and organizations and a strong work. We have but two of the missionary party left. These are the remnant. We thank God that they had the heart to go; that the Lord blessed their labors; and that they are here believing in this message still and rejoicing in it; and may God bless their hearts here today. Now the request is sent in that we call the roll of the countries. We have asked our Russian brother, Elder Boettcher, to read the list.


At this point the roll-call of the various foreign union conferences and mission fields was taken up. The representatives (husband and wife standing together) responded, and in a brief word told the date of acceptance of this message, and the year of going to the field of service; also with what religious body affiliated prior to connection with this body. In the hour allotted to this service over one hundred thirty-five missionaries spoke briefly as indicated, and many on the list were not present, owing to other work in hand at the same hour. It was helpful and inspiring to hear the ringing notes of courage borne by those from far-off lands, and their almost universal words to the effect that they were eager to be on their way back to their fields. More than one said, “I have my return ticket, and expect to go back immediately.”

Mrs. L. J. Burgess spoke regarding a native daughter of India (who was called to the platform, Miss Nonibala Burrus, of Bengal), and said, “She is the first convert in India from heathenism to our faith. She is in medical work in this country, preparing to go back to work for her own people. She embraced the truth in 1897.”

E. W. Farnsworth: I wish to add a little to this interesting meeting. I am very glad that those who stay at home may have a part in foreign missions, as well as those who go. The Lord so arranged the matter, so ordained it, that everybody can have a part in foreign missions. I was impressed with this this afternoon. Just as this meeting was beginning, as I was passing down one of the aisles, a lady attracted my attention, and stopped me, and told me that she was not a member of our people. She is a stranger visiting the camp. I did not learn how many days she has been here; but she felt impressed to help in foreign mission work; and so, in her quiet way, she handed me a check to assist our foreign missions,-and it is for one thousand dollars. She is not a Sabbath-keeper, but I am sure she will be.

The congregation at once began singing, “Praise God, from whom all blessings flow.”

E. W. Farnsworth: I ought to remark, perhaps, of Mrs. Cleland, the lady who gives the check, that her heart has been moved very much by what she saw here, the gathering of foreign missionaries, and by what she has felt as she has been here upon the ground with us. She is in the audience, and I assured her that she receives the gratitude and appreciation of this whole congregation for her kindness, and for her sacrifice in behalf of the truth.

A. G. Daniells: I know that what you have sung expresses to this sister the gratitude of your hearts.

J. N. Loughborough: Perhaps none in this congregation can appreciate my feelings, when there stands before you the last relic of the organization of this conference. I was one of the three that signed the call for coming together to organize a General Conference in 1863. I was one of the twenty delegates at that meeting; I was one of eight on the committee that drafted the constitution of the General Conference; I was one of the five on the committee that drafted the constitution for State conferences. Where are they?-Four apostatized; the rest are all dead, but the one who stands before you. I thank God I am here to see the extent and growth of this work, and to see here these representatives from so many lands. And I am glad to see you start out in these new forms of organization. God will bless the work, for he has already spoken good words concerning it. Let us be of good courage in the Lord.

The service closed with a song by a male quartet, “Answer the Call, Ye Brave Men,” and with benediction by Elder G. I. Butler. Following the meeting, the missionaries mingled with the congregation in informal greetings and hand shaking.


W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson


(Read during seventeenth meeting of Conference session, May 25, 10 A. M.)

During the last quadrennial period, Providence has truly smiled upon the people of the Lake Union Conference. God has indeed blessed them in basket and in store. The Lord is full of compassion and gracious, slow to anger and plenteous in mercy. Eternity will reveal how fully we manifested our gratitude to God for his bountiful gifts.

As is well known, perhaps, the Lake Union Conference, as its name indicates, is situated in the Great Lake region. It has a population of something more than 13,000,000. Within its boundary is located the second city in size in North America, with a population approximating 2,500,000, comprising almost every nationality under heaven.

Work has been done for comparatively few of the nationalities, and there is a vast field yet to be opened up among the mixed population found in this great city. For some years past very little has been done in the city of Chicago in the way of opening up new centers, although there were large areas that had never been entered. The cause for this seeming neglect was the utter want of efficient laborers, and means for carrying on the work. During the year 1912 a beginning was made in a section of the city where little had been done in the past.

K. C. Russell came to the assistance of the local conference, and during the summer conducted a tent effort, which was in every way a success. Not a very large number of people were brought to a decision, but those who did accept present truth were of a very substantial class. This effort awakened inquiry over a large unentered area, and during the winter a large church was rented in an adjoining locality to that in which the tent work was conducted; and a considerable number were added to those already in the faith. The influence was widened, and the interest deepened, and the way is now open for an extended work to be carried on. We are hopeful that men and means will be provided to follow up the splendid interest created

in the large and growing section on the west side of the city of Chicago, which, in the near future, may extend from that locality to others, until the city is completely warned. The growth of the city of Chicago exceeds one hundred thousand annually, so that this in itself is a vast mission field in which individuals of all nations may have an opportunity to learn of the last message to the world.

Of the membership of the union, the major portion may be reckoned as true, loyal, faithful souls ready for every good work. Although hundreds have embraced the truth in four years, yet the union, as a whole, has not maintained its past record as to membership, owing to death, apostasy, and removals, especially the latter.


The tithe receipts have steadily increased throughout the union, until at present they amount to $15.75 per capita. The offerings to missions have not correspondingly increased, although some advancement has been recorded. The total sum sent to the General Conference treasury during the period since the last General Conference, in tithes, and offerings for mission purposes, is $256,562.91, besides $18,500.95 to the Sustentation Fund. Also during the first two years of the quadrennial period, the churches of our union contributed several thousand dollars toward the support of work among the colored people, and to the religious liberty and other funds not then recorded as mission funds.

There has been a gradual increase in the receipts from the sale of our literature in the union, although the receipts have not been large at any time. In 1909 the receipts were $44,735.61; in 1910, $49,387.15; in 1911, $64,628.07; and in 1912, $65,654.78; a total of $224,405.61, which represents literature placed in thousands of homes of the people of the union.

The schools of the Lake Union have been fairly prosperous, and in most cases have had a growing patronage. The enrollment the past year was 229 at Emmanuel Missionary College, 555 in the academies and the intermediate schools, and 1,150 in the church-schools; making a total enrollment of 1,934 in the schools of the union. Our schools have not increased their liabilities to any great extent, with one exception. In the main, they are not carrying very heavy liabilities. Some are practically free from debt. Emmanuel Missionary College has expended several thousand dollars in much-needed improvement, but at the same time has decreased its liabilities to some extent.


A word further regarding Emmanuel Missionary College financially. During the last four years the plant has been put in a good state of repair. Much in the way of improvement has been done, but at the same time the financial condition of the college has also improved. Each year of the last period has shown a substantial gain in receipts over expenditures in operating, as follows: in 1909, $1,500; in 1910, $2,700; in 1911, $500; in 1912, $5,400, after allowing for $700 depreciation that year. Two years or more ago, the managing board became convinced that insufficient depreciation of the plant had been recorded in the early years. Arrangements were made for a complete estimate of values, which, when executed, resulted in cutting down the value of the entire plant ten thousand dollars. This, of course, should be spread over the entire history of the school up to, and including, 1911. As already stated, the year 1912 showed a gain, in operating, of $5,400. The school year which has just closed will show a gain more than sufficient to cover the balance of the ten thousand dollars’ depreciation that appeared in the one large sum.

At present, the Lake Union Conference has no secretary of the Sabbath-school department; consequently, no statistics have been obtained of the work done. However, we have secured the following: There are 425 Sabbath-schools in the Lake Union Conference, with a membership of 10,525. The contributions to missions, during the year 1912, were $27,197,—a little less than one half of the total contributions to missions in the union for that year.

The work of the medical department of the union has not had the attention it deserved since the last General Conference, for want of an active man to devote his time and attention to it. Our sanitariums, three in number, have all enjoyed an excellent degree of patronage each year, and their annual reports reveal the fact that success has attended the work of physicians in these institutions. Many people are rejoicing in the blessing of health restored as the result of their labors, and many more have received material benefit from treatment received. The spiritual atmosphere in these sanitariums is excellent. The Lord has put his blessing upon our sanitariums, burdened, as they are, with heavy liabilities financially. In fact, so heavy is the burden as to render it impossible for them to meet the annual interest and at the same time render very much help to those in need of charitable treatment. Each of these enterprises was undertaken by an individual conference that soon found itself unable to meet the demands for means necessary for its maintenance, and pay the original cost of construction and equipment. It is very evident that relief finally must come by enlarging the sphere of responsibility in nearly every case.

One of the conferences responsible for one of these sanitariums has within its borders the second largest city in North America. The membership of this conference is about twelve hundred, and it is therefore too feeble to properly care for the work of the great city, and give the message to its millions, to say nothing of relieving the sanitarium of its heavy indebtedness. The other conferences of this union having sanitariums are somewhat more fortunately situated, having within their limits a larger membership, and no cities with so vast a population. And yet these conferences experience great difficulty in providing sufficient means to supplement the earnings of the sanitariums in order to meet the interest on their indebtedness, and to make necessary repairs and extensions. Our sanitariums are a valuable aid in carrying forward the work of God in the earth. May the time come when they will be free to do their God-appointed work unhindered by debt.

ALLEN MOON, President.

Division Conference Minutes

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson


First Meeting

In accordance with the action of the General Conference, the delegates present from European union conferences met at 8:30 A. M., May 25, 1913, in the Seminary chapel, Takoma Park, Md.

By request of the delegation, A. G. Daniells occupied the chair. Guy Dail acted as secretary.

Delegates were present from the British, Central European, Danube, East German, Latin, Russian, Scandinavian, and West German union conferences. Most of the members of the General Conference Committee were also present.

It was voted,—

That, in harmony with the recommendation passed by the General Conference, 2:30 P. M., May 22, 1913, we, the representatives of the unions named as forming the original constituency of the proposed European Division Conference, hereby constitute ourselves the European Division Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.

That we adopt the constitution recommended to us by the General Conference [it having first been read, and carefully considered].

That the Siberian Union Mission be accepted into the conference, and F. Ginter seated as a delegate.

That the Levant Union Mission be accepted into the conference.

That L. Krug and wife, of the Syrian Mission, be seated as delegates.

That A. A. Carscallen, of British East Africa, be seated as a delegate.

That D. C. Babcock and wife be accepted as delegates from the West African Mission.

That the union conference presidents of the European Division act as a committee to nominate the standing committees.

This committee nominated the following, their report being accepted:—

On Nominations: H. F. Schuberth, W. B. White, J. F. Huenergardt, J. Sprohge, J. C. Raft.

Resolutions: J. T. Boettcher, O. E. Reinke, Guy Dail, Dr. A. B. Olsen, W. T. Bartlett.

Credentials: W. J. Fitzgerald, A. G. Daniells, J. G. Oblander, L. P. Tieche, W. C. Sisley.

Meeting adjourned to 7:30, even date.

A. G. DANIELLS, Chairman;
GUY DAIL, Secretary.

Second Meeting, May 25, 7:45 P. M.

By vote of the delegation, Allen Moon was asked to act as chairman.

Prayer was offered by J. W. Westphal.

Minutes of previous meeting read, and approved after slight corrections.

The committee on resolutions offered the following report, which was unanimously adopted:—

I. Resolved, That we of the European Division Conference gratefully acknowledge the prospering hand of God upon us, guiding and protecting to this time, and do, as we enter upon a new stage of development and responsibility, consecrate afresh our lives, our substance, and our children, to the finishing of the advent message, earnestly imploring upon all our future labors the divine benediction.

2. Resolved, That we do hereby testify our appreciation of the fostering care bestowed in time past upon the work in Europe by the General Conference and our brethren in the United States, and we, as a Division Conference, invite the same fraternal interest for the future, pledging ourselves to stand by the General Conference and our brethren in loyal cooperation till we all rejoice together in the consummation of the blessed hope.

In adopting the first resolution, the delegation arose, and Brother Geo. B. Thompson offered prayer.

The committee on nominations submitted the following report, which was adopted:—

For president, L. R. Conradi.

Vice-president, J. T. Boettcher.

Secretary, Guy Dail.

Treasurer, Alice Kuessner.

Representative of the educational work, O. Luepke.

Representative of the medical work, Dr. A. B. Olsen.

Representative of the Sabbath-school work, H. Hartkop.

Representative of the young people’s work, E. Arnesen.

Representative of the publishing work, W. C. Sisley.

Executive Committee: Those named above, together with the union conference presidents and union mission field superintendents of the conference, and J. Robert, Chris. Juhl, J. Erzberger, G. Woysch (auditor).

The committee on credentials and licenses offered a report, which was unanimously adopted. [We omit the list of names.]

Meeting was closed with prayer by L. R. Conradi.

ALLEN MOON, Chairman;
GUY DAIL, Secretary.


First Meeting

The first meeting of the delegates from the North American union conferences was held in the Seminary chapel, Takoma Park, Md., at 1:30 P. M. May 26, 1913.

Meeting was called to order by Elder Daniells.

Prayer was offered by Elder M. C. Wilcox.

By request of the delegation, A. G. Daniells acted as chairman, and Guy Dail as secretary.

In this meeting, the delegates of the following union conferences were present: Atlantic, Central, Columbia, Lake, Northern, North Pacific, Pacific, Southeastern, Southern, Southwestern, Eastern, Eastern Canadian, and Western Canadian.

Voted, That, in harmony with the authorization of the General Conference, in session at 10 A. M., May 26, we do hereby organize ourselves into the North American Division Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.

The constitution recommended by the General Conference was then read and adopted, as appears in the BULLETIN, page 145.

The chairman was requested to appoint a committee of fifteen, five of whom should be union conference presidents, five local conference presidents, and five other persons, to nominate the standing committees.

Meeting adjourned.

A. G. DANIELLS, Chairman;
GUY DAIL, Secretary.

Second Meeting

May 26, 6:40 P. M.

The meeting was called to order by Elder Daniells in the large pavilion.

Prayer was offered by Elder Corliss.

Minutes of previous meeting were read.

The chairman named the following as the committee to nominate the standing committee of the conference: W. B. White, M. N. Campbell, C. B. Stephenson, E. T. Russell, Allen Moon, F. M. Burg, H. C. Hartwell, J. W. Christian, J. I. Taylor, O. K. Butler, Dr. Ruble, O. J. Graf, J. B. Blosser, A. J. Clark, L. H. Christian.

The committee was accepted.

The remainder of the hour was devoted to a very careful and thorough consideration of the financial outlook for the support of the work of the North American Division, and of the mission work carried on by the General Conference.

The chairman stated the need of the utmost care in launching this new division, that all branches of the work may receive the financial assistance they demand. He showed that we must plan for no decrease in the funds that have heretofore been flowing into the General Conference treasury, as that would be disastrous to our mission work, as well as to the proper development of the cause of God in the North American Division.

It was suggested that departments that deal mostly with affairs in North America, as the Religious Liberty, North American Negro, and North American Foreign departments, and the Press Bureau, could probably be discontinued in the General Conference, to go with the North American Division Conference, while the publishing, educational, medical, Sabbath School, and Missionary Volunteer departments might continue General Conference departments. He suggested that the assistant secretaries of General Conference departments could perhaps act for a time as secretaries of the corresponding departments in the North American Division, until the Division has time to settle upon its permanent headquarters’ location.

Meeting was adjourned.

A. G. DANIELLS, Chairman;
GUY DAIL, Secretary.

Third Meeting

May 27, 10 A. M.

After the opening of the General Conference a short meeting of the North American Division Conference was called by W. T. Knox, for the presentation of the following report of the committee selected to nominate the standing committees:—

Nominations: C. W. Flaiz, C. F. McVagh, S. E. Wight, F. Griggs, G. F. Watson, H. C. Hartwell, M. N. Campbell, O. A. Olsen, E. K. Slade.

On Plans: E. R. Palmer, Charles Thompson, C. W. Irwin, J. H. Schilling, O. J. Graf, W. A. McCutchen, L. A. Hansen, Meade MacGuire, H. H. Hall, Dr. W. A. Ruble, A. J. Haysmer, M. C. Strachan, E. T. Russell, G. B. Thompson, C. S. Longacre.

On Finance: W. T. Knox, H. A. Morrison, H. W. Cottrell, R. W. Parmele, Allen Moon, W. B. White, I. H. Evans, L. M. Bowen.

On Credentials and Licenses: E. E. Andross, B. G. Wilkinson, C. B. Stephenson, R. A. Underwood, A. T. Robinson.

The report was adopted.

Meeting then adjourned.

W. T. KNOX, Chairman;
W. A. SPICER, Secretary.

Departmental Meetings

W. A. Spicer, C. P. Bollman, C. C. Crisler, T. E. Bowen, H. E. Rogers, J. N. Anderson


Sixth Meeting

The devotional exercise, conducted by J. L. Shaw, of India, was a call for missionaries who have received the heart preparation needed to do the Master’s work as he did it.

H. M. Hiatt, in his paper on “Missionary Work Fundamental, and How to Reach the Masses,” said that the chief requirements in society missionary work are: 1 Organization, 2 leadership, 3 enthusiasm, 4 individual responsibility, 5 simple plans of work pursued, 6 continuous work.

In his paper on “Plans for Educational, Temperance, and Religious Liberty Work,” B. L. House emphasized the importance of our young people being urged to do strong, systematic, continuous work in temperance and religious liberty lines.

The secretaries met in special session in the evening to continue the discussion of the report and the papers of the committee on missionary work. At this time, the following resolutions were discussed and passed:—

Whereas, We need well-prepared literature in convenient form for the instruction of officers of the Missionary Volunteer societies; and,—

Whereas, This department was requested at the General Conference held in 1909 to prepare a manual containing this information; we therefore,—

Recommend (I), That such a manual be published, setting forth the aims and purposes of the Missionary Volunteer work, and containing General Conference recommendations relative to this department, its plans of organization, instruction in methods of missionary work, how to conduct society meetings, and any information that might be helpful to inexperienced leaders and other officers.

Whereas, Our tract work has proved to be a very efficient method in bringing the truth to the people; we, therefore,—

Recommend 2, That all our Missionary Volunteers adopt the King’s Pocket League plan.

We also recommend:—

(a) That the local societies purchase the Missionary Volunteer leaflets for distributions among their members; and,—

(b) That every conference provide its local secretary with the same, to use in missionary correspondence; and,—

(c) Whereas, A large number of our young people are yearly leaving the truth through marrying unbelievers; therefore,—

We urge that each conference place in the hands of every young person the leaflet entitled “Marrying Unbelievers.”

Realizing that the cigarette habit is making destructive inroads upon the youth of this generation, and that it is important that all our people should be encouraged to make a special effort to save them from this course; we, therefore,—

Recommend 3, That the department prepare an anti-cigarette pledge card to be used in an aggressive, continuous campaign.

Seventh Meeting

“What shall we do for our juniors?” was the question which the Missionary Volunteer workers tried to answer in their seventh meeting. The committee on junior work had been studying the problem for months, and rendered a much appreciated report, suggesting name, plan of organization, program topics, etc.

Mrs. Vesta J. Farnsworth, with a paper full of practical suggestions, led out in an interesting and helpful discussion of the report. She said: “But the organization of children into working bands is beset with difficulties. Men and women of warm, loving hearts and wise judgment should plan to organize and direct the active minds and bodies of our intermediate children. These younger members of the Lord’s family must not be frowned down, left unnoticed, and given nothing to do. Many bad girls and boys simply need to be interested, to be employed, and to have some channel provided through which to work out their tireless energy. They must be loved, prayed for, planned for, and thus be made one of the most valuable assets of the church.”

Sister Farnsworth suggested: (a) That our junior organization be known as the Junior Missionary Volunteer Society; (b) that the organization be as simple as possible; (c) that church membership be not required; and (d) that the work be under the supervision of the conference Missionary Volunteer secretary.

The greatest problem before junior workers is that of providing efficient leadership. The discussion of the junior work was continued at a special evening session. The following resolutions were passed:—

Whereas, The spirit of prophecy has said, “The work that lies next to our church-members is to become interested in our youth,” and, “The Lord of heaven is looking on to see who is doing the work he would have done for the youth and children,” we, therefore,—

1. Recommend, (a) That, wherever there is a church-school, the school itself be organized as a Junior Missionary Volunteer Society; (b) That in places where there is no church-school, and where conditions seem favorable, the church and conference Missionary Volunteer secretary cooperate in organizing a Junior Society; (c) That all isolated children be encouraged to join the Conference Missionary Volunteer Society as junior members. (d) That each society have a leader and secretary, and that in the school societies these officers be arranged for by the teacher; while in the church societies the leader be elected in the same manner as the leader of the young people’s society; the selection of the secretary to be under the direction of the leader: (e) That the general supervision of this work be under the direction of the Conference Missionary Volunteer secretary or department.

2. Recommend, (a) That the lessons for the Junior Missionary Volunteers be easy studies in Bible doctrines and up-to-date mission work; (b) And that we request those in charge of the magazine Christian Education to take into consideration the printing of these lessons in the magazine.


Ninth Meeting

When the Sabbath-school workers assembled for this meeting, their eyes rested upon a new and quite elaborate exhibit of devices for interesting the children in Sabbath-school lessons and in children’s meetings. By invitation of the General Conference Sabbath School Department, Mrs. Martha W. Howe, of Portland, Maine, had brought her homemade collection of devices as a help to those who are bearing responsibilities in this line of work.

Mrs. Howe spent about ten minutes in explaining the use of the various devices. She described a “reading room” which she has sometimes provided for the children who attended the children’s meetings held in connection with tent-meetings. She arranged a tent for this purpose, and invited the children to come at stated times, and inspect the pictures, cards, and books which she had prepared. The children’s interest was greatly increased by this method.

Brother R. J. Bryant, of New York, spoke of his impression of first seeing the exhibit, and the wonderful possibilities that opened before his mind as to its use. He spoke of the value of children’s meetings held in connection with tent-meetings, as a means of interesting parents. He considered these devices of great value, on account of their simplicity. Nearly all can be easily made, and with but small expense. He urged every secretary to examine the various cards, pictures, charts, symbols, and diagrams, and plan to make use of the suggestions.

Topic: “Children’s Meetings at Camp-Meeting.” Mrs. J. F. Moser, of Takoma Park, read the first paper. “Every one who attempts to lead a camp-meeting ought to realize that the time in which they have to work is very short. What can we say, in a few short days, to convince the children of their lost condition, to lead them to be born again, and to teach them how to grow up into the fullness of Christ?” The speaker emphasized the following points:—

1. The one who leads the meetings must be thoroughly prepared.

2. The planned series of lessons should not be broken into.

3. Helpers are needed to keep order and to do personal work.

4. The work between meetings is as necessary as the work in the meetings.

5. Give the children something to do between meetings.

6. Order is essential before, during, and after the meeting.

7. “They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.”

Mrs. L. T. Crisler, of Georgia, referred to the statement in Joel, “Gather the children,” and to the example of the Master as he “gathered” the children to him, when on earth. The children

should be welcomed to our camp-meetings, and an attractive place prepared for them. The leader of children’s meetings must be converted—one who loves God and also loves children. Christ should be the center of every lesson. Personal work should not be neglected.

Mrs. Anna D. Brown, of Kentucky, related some personal experiences in children’s meetings, and related the story of the prodigal son, in simple language, and in a manner that would not fail to impress the smallest child.

Tenth Meeting

“Right Use of the Memory-Verse Cards” was presented by Mrs. Martha Howe, of Portland, Maine. The speaker urged that greater care be taken by teachers and parents to teach the children to preserve the memory-verse cards. These cards are an invaluable aid in teaching the children portions of the Word of God. The cards should be ordered in good time, and each child given one each Sabbath. Cards should be sent to absentees. The verses should be reviewed each Sabbath.

Topic: “Institutes and Conventions.” Mrs. Lee Wheeler, of New York City, presented a helpful paper. She had found that one excellent way to help the inexperienced in a convention, was to assign them work to do. By referring them to books and papers dealing with their respective topics, the writers of the papers are developed as they seek for that which will help others. Three or four weeks should be given for preparation.

Mrs. Wheeler also presented a small chart entitled “A Handful of Plans for Sabbath-School Progress.” The palm of the hand bore the inscription, “Daily study of the Sabbath-school lesson, with prayer;” the thumb bore the words, “Sabbath-School Workers’ Training Course;” and the fingers were labeled respectively, “Consecration services,” “All regular contributions to missions,” “Home department,” “Present by letter when absent.” As the hand would be crippled for service if a finger is disabled, so a school is proportionately weakened by the omission of these prominent features.

Mrs. Wilhelmina Knight, of the Northern New England Conference, explained the difference between an “institute” and a “convention.” At an institute instruction is given to Sabbath-school officers and teachers covering the details of their work. The following are suggestive topics: “Methods of Conducting Sabbath-School Work,” “Methods of Teaching,” “Duties of Officers.” At a convention general instruction is given to the Sabbath-school as a body, and every one is invited to discuss the subject under consideration. “How the Sabbath-school May Become a Soul-Winning Agency,” “Relationship of the Sabbath-School to the Church,” “Daily Study of Lesson,” are suitable convention topics. Mrs. Knight exhibited a drawing of a wheel, each spoke of which was named an important feature of the Sabbath-school work. The breaking of a spoke meant the weakness of the wheel.

Mrs. F. A. Washburn, of Springfield, Mo., spoke of the tremendous advantage of convention work in pushing the various lines of work, such as teachers’ meetings, reading course, and our general plans. She thought a secretary should, if possible, visit all schools at least once a year. When this is not possible, correspondence should be carried on most carefully and faithfully.


Fourth Meeting

The meeting opened with an enthusiastic talk on “Home Schools,” by Miss Edith Shepard. In response to the objections that mothers naturally make to the idea of teaching their own children,—that they have no normal training, are not original, or capable,—she shows them our magazine, Christian Education, calling their attention to the work outlined in it, and to our various other school helps. Last fall, the home schools in her conference were carefully organized. The mother-teachers follow the church-school course, keep a daily record, and report weekly. The children are also Junior Missionary Volunteers, and report once a month. Miss Shepard related personal experiences showing how consecration work can be done in such a school.

Mrs. Anna Rambo told of home-school work in New Jersey during the past four years, giving, with interesting detail, the methods and results in certain homes.

In a strong paper on “How to Extend and Improve Our Church-Schools,” Professor Russell emphasized that increased efficiency in the teaching will increase the attendance, increase the demand for schools, and increase the desire of parents to patronize them. The world wants our children, and is willing to pay the price, but are we willing to accept the price? We must gather all the children into Christian schools. To do this, workers and parents must be converted to their importance and necessity, and carry on an educational campaign among all the people. Inspire the people with confidence by increasing the efficiency of the teaching, and the schools will multiply.

With her characteristic clearness and simplicity, Mrs. Flora H. Williams told us what to look for in selecting teachers to place a right mold upon our children. If we have twenty ideal teachers and twenty schools calling for teachers, we must still study the special needs of each school and the fitness of temperament, experience, and strength of each teacher, before placing them.

At the close of the meeting, it was voted to hold extra sessions of the council at 8 A. M. on alternate mornings, beginning Wednesday, May 28.


Tenth Meeting

Enthusiasm ran high in the Publishing Department meeting held at 4:30 Tuesday afternoon. Elder Daniells spoke on the subject, “The Scope and Work of the General Conference Publishing Department,” referring to the sales chart, which was prominently displayed. He enlarged on the following points:—

1. This department stands for the securing of literature adapted to the needs of all classes, ranging from the simplest people in heathen lands to those of the highest intelligence in civilized countries.

2. It must see that proper translations are made so that all nationalities may be reached.

3. It should be on the constant lookout for writers who have real ability in presenting the truth in a strong, attractive manner.

4. While it does not own the great printing houses of the denomination, it should unite them in one common endeavor. The General Conference Committee looks upon the men engaged in these houses as having just as important a part in the work as do the ministers.

5. This department should educate our people until they cannot look upon one of our books without a thrill of satisfaction and desire for service. This should be a great department of service, interesting our people generally in the study and circulation of our literature.

6. We must do more than educate; we must provide a system that will enable our people to sell this literature most successfully and effectively, until the system used becomes world-wide. It is business-like, honest, and successful.

7. Having established this system, we must constantly hold up its advantages, so that it may be adhered to everywhere.

8. I believe this department should not be content with directing and assisting in the sale of subscription books and magazines, but it should foster home missionary endeavor as well. It should use its influence toward putting the rank and file of our people at work in the circulation of periodicals and tracts.

Brother J. A. P. Green told of methods and progress in Mexico. He said that all but three of the cabinet members of the former President Diaz, the president himself, church prelates, and a large number of governors and other men in prominent position, had purchased our books. He told of the success attending their efforts in Merida, Yucatan, and of the experiences they had in recanvassing a territory with “Patriarchs and Prophets” two years later. Five large cases of this book in Spanish were shipped to Yucatan by faith, and the results were beyond their expectations, for only three of those who had purchased the health book two years ago, failed to subscribe for “Patriarchs and Prophets.” A canvass with our periodicals in the same section has just been finished, during which orders amounting to $600 were taken.


Ninth Meeting

In Elder Underwood’s paper on “Divine Healing,” attention was called to the fact that the work of healing is a work of creation. All healing is the working of a divine law; God is the only healer. Satan may be allowed to afflict people, and may at times remove affliction, but he has not the power to heal. It is his studied plan to lead the thoughts of men away from God, to give glory to any one else rather than to God.

Elder Parmele: The disciples were sent out to preach the gospel, and heal the sick. Wonderful cures were wrought. Is the time not here when we must give to God the credit for results from our efforts for the healing of the sick? While making a wise use of rational remedies, we should not forget the divine power of God in the results experienced.

Elder Burden: God wants coworkers. We may be coworkers together with him. We must learn to recognize the fact that the power of God is manifest in the results obtained from a right use of rational remedies.

Dr. Thomason: Our work is comparable to the work of John the Baptist, and we are given great principles of healing, that must be believed and practised. We dare not wait for some great display of His power in the shape of a special miracle, but must realize that God is healing every day in our medical work. I want to have faith in God, and be enabled to offer up daily an acceptable prayer to him, that he will bless in my medical work, and help me to recognize the divine in every case of healing.

Dr. Ruble: We must see even greater results than we now see in our institutions. We must have more of the mighty healing power of God in connection with the treatment of the sick. We get this power on our knees. Medical men of the world have all the skill and ability we have, aside from the power of God, and with this power left out of our work we may well inquire as to our being in advance of the world.

Dr. Kress: On one occasion the Saviour said, “Some one hath touched me.” Virtue had gone out from him. We must be channels through which God’s blessing may flow on to others from the great Physician.


While the various department meetings were in session, at the 4:30 hour, Elder J. E. Fulton spoke in the large tent on the work in the South Seas. He had just received a letter from Elder Parker, reporting the selection of a mission station on the island of Ambrim, in the New Hebrides. It is an island with no Christians on it. Thus a new group has been entered. We have heard of the New Hebrides chiefly through the story of John G. Paton’s life among the wild people of Tana and other islands.

Elder Fulton, who formerly labored in Fiji, told of the work of grace seen in the transformation of lives in this group. Our school work in Fiji has turned out trained workers, now doing good service, their simple faith and burning zeal sending them out to win others to the truth. The South Sea islanders have keen minds, and our missionaries are often surprised to see how strikingly the native worker sets forth the truth to the people.

There are thousands of islands dotted over the south Pacific on which no representative of this message has as yet set foot. The Australasian Union Conference has taken the burden of sending the light to these island fields. The believers are praying for the latter rain in larger measure, in order that the work may be done. They are giving their means and their children to this service, even as our brethren are doing in other lands.


In his remarks regarding the meeting that organized the General Conference, May 21, 1863, Elder Loughborough said that there was but one man now living, aside from himself, who took part in that meeting. (BULLETIN, page 100.) That man was Elder Isaac Sanborn, past ninety years of age. Since Elder Loughborough’s remarks, the conference has learned with sorrow of the death of Elder Sanborn, at his home in St. Thomas, Ontario, on Sabbath, May 24. It was arranged for Elder A. J. Breed, in earlier years an associate of Elder Sanborn in labor, to go to Ontario for the funeral service. From an obituary notice in a St. Thomas paper we take the following facts: He was ordained in August, 1858, by Elders James White and W. S. Ingraham. He traveled and labored in nineteen states of the Union, and during the past seven years in the Province of Ontario. Elder Sanborn is survived by one sister, residing in the State of Iowa, and his widow, to whom he was married in December, 1895, in the State of Wisconsin.

Elder Sanborn was beloved by all, and his strong faith and confidence in the truth were an inspiration to the end. Our deep sympathy goes out to Sister Sanborn in this bereavement.


May 27, 7:30 P. M.

The speaker, Elder J. W. McCord, of San Francisco, chose as his text Revelation 3:20-22: “Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.”

These verses contain three points of supreme importance; namely, 1 a last-day prophecy; 2 a last-day warning; 3 a last-day promise. As a prophecy of the last days, the passage is in complete harmony with Matthew 24:33 and other scriptures. All about us are evidences showing that we are nearing the end. There is danger, however, that this great event of our Lord’s return may find us unprepared.

This last-day warning is addressed to the last church. Revelation 3:14-22. It contains the straight testimony of the true witness, and is just as great a test to the church as the Sabbath is to those without the church. The same warning is found in 1 John 2:12-18. This message belongs to the last days (verse 18), and is addressed to the fathers, to the young men, and to the children (verses 12-14). The things it warns us against are “the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life.” These are the very things that caused Eve to sin, that brought destruction to the antediluvian world, and death to the cities of the plains. When Jesus came, he was likewise tempted, but he triumphed gloriously through the Word. Thank God, we can do the same.

The passage under consideration is a promise, as well as a prophecy and a warning. It is a promise of infinite possibilities to the redeemed. Jesus said, “When these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads, for your redemption draweth nigh.”

Look up, brethren; for the end is near. Look up, brethren; for soon we shall reap if we faint not. Jesus took our humanity that we might partake of his divine nature, partake of his joy, his peace, his character, his destiny. Brethren, let us sense this prophecy, accept the warning it contains, and share in the boundless possibilities of the promise.


Interest in the children’s meetings held at 8:30 each morning continues to deepen. Mrs. H. W. Carr has the general supervision, with Mrs. E. C. Boger and Miss Gertrude Sims, as leaders of the two divisions. Practical lessons are given, also interesting missionary talks by foreign missionaries. A few moments are spent each day in the study of the Sabbath-school lesson. Consecration services are held, the children responding in a very encouraging way. Some in the older divisions take notes of the talks. The Morning Watch verses are a special feature. A special offering has been made for the Solusi Mission in Africa. About one hundred fifty children attend regularly. Earnest work is being done in behalf of the lambs of the flock.

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