Civil Government and Religion- Contents
- CHAPTER I. - CHRISTIANITY AND THE ROMAN EMPIRE
- CHAPTER II. - WHAT IS DUE TO GOD, AND WHAT TO CESAR?
- CHAPTER III. - THE POWERS THAT BE
- CHAPTER V. - RELIGIOUS LEGISLATION
- FIRST CASE Eld. J. W. Scoles.
- SECOND CASE Allen Meeks, Star of the West, Ark.
- THIRD CASE Joe McCoy, Magnet Cove, Ark.
- FOURTH CASE J. L. Shockey, Malvern, Ark.
- FIFTH CASE James M. Pool.
- SIXTH CASE James A. Armstrong, Springdale, Ark.
- SEVENTH CASE William L. Gentry.
- EIGHTH CASE Ples. A. Pannell, Star of the West, Ark.
- NINTH CASE J. L. James, Star of the West, Ark.
- TENTH CASE Mr. Allen Meeks, the second time.
- ELEVENTH CASE John A. Meeks, Star of the West, Ark.
- TWELFTH CASE John Neusck, Magnet Cove, Ark.
- THIRTEENTH CASE F. N. Elmore, Springdale, Ark.
- FOURTEENTH CASE William H. Fritz, Hindsville, Madison Co., Ark.
- FIFTEENTH CASE Z. Swearingen.
- SIXTEENTH CASE I. L. Benson.
- SEVENTEENTH CASE James A. Armstrong, the second time.
- EIGHTEENTH CASE J. L. Munson, Star of the West, Ark.
- NINETEENTH CASE James M. Pool, the second time.
- TWENTIETH CASE J. L. Shockey, the second time.
- TWENTY-FIRST CASE. Alexander Holt, Magnet Cove, Ark.
- CONGRESSIONAL REPORT—TRANSPORTATION OF THE MAIL ON THE SABBATH
- APPENDIX A
- Weighted Relevancy
- Content Sequence
- Earliest First
- Latest First
SEVENTEENTH CASE James A. Armstrong, the second time.
On the 9th of July, 1886, Mr. Armstrong was arrested the second time, by A. M. Dritt, marshal of Springdale, for working on Sunday, June 27, and taken before the mayor, S. L. Staples. When brought before the mayor, Mr. Armstrong called for the affidavit on which the writ was issued. The mayor stated that he himself had seen Mr. Armstrong at work in his garden on Sunday, and that Mr. A. J. Vaughn had called his attention to Armstrong while he was at work, and had said: “Now, see that you do your duty.” This made an affidavit unnecessary. The case was tried while tried before the mayor, acting as Justice of the Peace. A. T. Vaughn was the first witness.CGRSL 134.4
Having failed to prove anything from the while witnesses regularly summoned, the case was “rested” while the marshal was sent out to find somebody else. He brought in Gideon Bowman, who was then questioned as follows:—CGRSL 135.9
“It seems, Mr. Wood, that you are trying to make it appear that Mr. Armstrong was only digging a mess of potatoes for his dinner. If that is so, and he was doing a work of comfort, necessity, or charity, he can prove it.”CGRSL 136.19
W.—”If your honor please, Mr. Armstrong is not here to prove a negative. The law allows him to do such work as is of necessity, comfort, or charity; and until it is clearly proven that he has violated this law, which thus far has not been proven, it is unnecessary for him to offer proof. A man stands innocent until he is proven guilty.”CGRSL 136.20
W.—”Sir, I have no desire to pump anything but truth from you, and only wish to know the facts in this case. Was it about one or two o’clock in the afternoon, or about four or five? Please tell us about the time of day.”CGRSL 137.18
This closed the testimony in the case. Mr. Armstrong was declared guilty, and fine one dollar and costs, the whole amounting to $4.65. In default of the payment of his fine, the mayor, acting as Justice of the Peace, told him he would send him to the country jail, and allow him a dollar a day until the fine and costs were paid.CGRSL 137.20
The marshal went at once to the livery-stable to get a rig, and within four hours from the time of his arrest, Mr. Armstrong, in charge of the marshal, was on his way to jail at Fayetteville. He was locked up with another prisoner, with nothing but a little straw, and a dirty blanket about thirty inches wide, for a bed for both. The next night, he was allowed to lie in the corridor on the brick floor, with his alpaca coat for a bed, and his Bible for a pillow. The third night, a friend in town furnished him a quilt and a pillow. On the fourth night, his friend brought him another quilt, and thus he was made quite comfortable. On the fifth day, at noon, he was released.CGRSL 138.1
When Mr. Armstrong returned to Springdale, the mayor notified him that his fine and costs were the satisfied, and that unless they were paid in ten day not execution would be issued, and his property days, an execution would be issued, and his property sold. Mr. Armstrong filed an appeal to the Circuit Court, and the appeal was sustained, and he was released from further penalty.CGRSL 138.2