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    habit(s) — humors


    Repeated action that results in a disposition. Ellen G. White cautioned against resisting the *Holy Spirit when God convicts the heart. Gradually, through repeated resistance, “the conviction of duty wears away, and known transgression of God’s commandments becomes habit. . . . The heart is hardened, the conscience seared” (COL 279). See also Character.EGWD habit(s).2


    Boldness and daring. Ellen G. White described the people at the end of time who oppose God’s followers immediately before the *Second Advent, as those who are absorbed in “infidel ha dihood” (GC 603).EGWD hardihood.2

    Haskell, Stephen Nelson (1833—1922)

    Adventist minister who was an Adventist Christian until he accepted the seventh-day *Sabbath in 1853. Ordained in 1870, he served in a variety of administrative and missionary posts. He was a close friend and confidant of Ellen G. White. In his later life, he proposed *marriage to her, but she politely declined and introduced him to Hetty Hurd, who became his second wife.EGWD Haskell, Stephen Nelson.2

    Healdsburg College

    A coeducational boarding school operated in Healdsburg, California, from 1882 to 1908. Ellen White was actively involved in the founding of the college, which eventually moved to a rural location and was renamed Pacific union College.EGWD Healdsburg College.2

    health reform

    Adherence to a healthy lifestyle that leads to the restoration of the whole person and forms a branch “of the great work which is to fit a people for the coming of the Lord” (CT 9). Ellen G. White believed that natural law was just as important as God’s law, particularly the Ten Commandments. “Health is a great treasure” (3T 150). Christians who “violate the laws of their being . . . must pay the penalty by suffering disease” (2T 536). Health “is the reward of obedience to the laws of God” (DA 824). Conversely, “disease is an effo t of nature to free the system from conditions that result from a violation of the laws of health” (MH 127). “Pure air, sunlight, abstemiousness, rest, exercise, proper diet, the use of water, trust in divine power—these are the true remedies” (MH 127). Christians therefore have a sacred responsibility to follow health reform because “heaven is all health” (3T 172).EGWD health reform.2

    Health Reform Institute

    An Adventist medical institution founded in Battle Creek, Michigan, in 1866 as the Western Health Reform Institute. The word Western was quickly dropped after its opening as the western frontier in the United States continued to expand. The Health Reform In-stitute was the forerunner of the *Battle Creek Sanitarium.EGWD Health Reform Institute.2

    Henry, Sarepta Myrenda (Irish) (1839—1900)

    A leader in the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, she converted to the Seventh-day Adventist Church while she was a patient at the *Battle Creek Sanitarium. She developed a women’s and family ministry in the Seventh-day Adventist Church.EGWD Henry, Sarepta Myrenda (Irish).2

    Hewitt, David (1805—1878)

    A tinsmith and peddler from Battle Creek, Michigan, who accepted the seventh-day *Sabbath as presented by *Joseph Bates in 1852 after Bates inquired about who was the “most honest man in town” (6BIO 438). During a meeting held on October 1, 1860, Hewitt moved that the *church’s name should be Seventh- day Adventist.EGWD Hewitt, David.2

    Himes, Joshua Vaughan (1805—1895)

    Millerite minister and publisher. At the age of eighteen, he joined the Christian Connexion church in New Bedford, Massachusetts, and was licensed as an exhorter. In 1825, he was ordained to the ministry. He served in a variety of districts until he met *William Miller and asked him to preach at the Chardon Street Chapel in Boston. Convinced of the *Second Advent, Himes devoted his energies to sharing the message. He published and edited the first Millerite serial publication—the Signs of the Times— organized *camp meetings, published thousands of copies of books and pamphlets, and was a close friend and confidan of Miller. After the *Great Disappointment, he led out in the pivotal Albany Conference that rejected the seventh-day *Sabbath and the manifestation of the *gift of prophecy. In 1863, he accepted conditional immortality and joined the Advent Christian Church but later left the movement after a power struggle with *Miles Grant. In his later years, he served as an itinerant priest for the Episcopal denomination in the Dakota Territory.EGWD Himes, Joshua Vaughan.2


    Also: holiness A divine attribute that signifies the purity and majesty of God, both in His triune essence and in His actions toward creation. The holiness of any part of creation is de-pendent upon its unique relation to the Holy God. By *graceEGWD holy.2

    holy flesh movement

    Term used to describe a holiness *revival centered in Indiana from 1899 to 1900 that contained charismatic experiences. Local leaders expounded on the theological ideas of *A. F. Ballenger that emphasized sinless perfection. Ellen G. White warned against such *fanaticism.EGWD holy flesh movement.2

    Holy Spirit

    A divine Member of the *Godhead, which also includes God the Father and the Son, Jesus Christ. The work of the Holy Spirit is to convict people of sin (MB 7). Ellen G. White also described the gift of the Holy Spirit as “the greatest of all gifts” (MB 132). See also Godhead.EGWD Holy Spirit.2

    home circle

    Also: influence Ellen G. White described the home circle or home influence as the sacred environs of the *family. The parents are spiritual leaders who should ensure that family worship occurs every morning and evening. Everyone in the family has a *duty to assist with chores, and in particular, husbands should do whatever they can to help lighten the cares of the wife or mother. These home duties “lie at the very foundation of society” (4T 522).EGWD home circle.2


    During the nineteenth century, hothouses, or greenhouses, began to become more common in the United States. Ellen G. White compared Christians who do not exercise their *faith to spindly plants in a hothouse (5T 183).EGWD hothouse.2

    Hull, Moses (1836—1907)

    Adventist minister who joined the fledgling Sabbatarian Adventist movement in 1857 but defected to *spiritualism in 1863.EGWD Hull, Moses.2

    human sympathy

    The ability of people to show that they care for someone else. “When human sympathy is blended with love and benevolence, and sanctified by the Spirit of Jesus, it is an element which can be productive of great good” (4T 56).EGWD human sympathy.2

    human will

    Ellen White believed like *John Wesley that after man’s fall into sin the human will was, by the prevenient grace of God, capable of responding to God. Prevenient grace is God’s universal work of grace extended to all humanity to draw them to Him. This universal work of the Holy Spirit prepares the hearts of men and women to accept God’s offer of salvation while at the same time never forcing them. They are free to reject the offer of salvation. “What you need to understand” she wrote, “is the true force of the will. This is the governing power in the nature of man, the power of decision, or of choice. Everything depends on the right action of the will. The power of choice God has given to men; it is theirs to exercise” (SC 48). In teaching this, Ellen White departed from *John Calvin’s understanding of irresistible grace (DA 466).EGWD human will.2

    human works

    See works, human.EGWD human works.2


    Most often used in reference to moisture or bodily I fluids; or a skin disease or cutaneous eruption, or to a disposition, turn of mind, or *temper, since in antebellum America people viewed the mind as dependent upon bodily fluids. Ellen G. White, for example, connected the consumption of “flesh-meat ” as bringing about through the blood “cancerous and scrofulous humors” (CE 176).EGWD humors.2

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