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    Radical Reformation — Rowen, Margaret Matilda (Wright)

    Radical Reformation

    A series of “radical” Reformers urged that the *Protestant Reformation under *Martin Luther, *John Calvin, and others had not gone far enough to instill the purity of the New Testament *church. They emphasized the need, for example, to avoid infant *baptism and that only adult believers who were converted should be fully baptized by immersion. Some radical Reformers called for the observance of the seventh-day *Sabbath. Later descendants of the Radical Reformation contributed to the nineteenth-century restorationist movement that infl - enced early Sabbatarian Adventist theology.EGWD Radical Reformation.2


    See Rochester rapping.EGWD rapping.2


    Morally correct behavior or thinking; *righteous- ness. Ellen G. White used it most often in such phrases as “path of rectitude” or “inward rectitude.” “Rectitude in all things is essential to the welfare of the soul” (YI Sept. 12, 1901).EGWD rectitude.2


    The idea of saving or being saved. Ellen G. White used it most often in such phrases as “redeem the past” or “redeem the time” (2T 155, 176, 562, 620).EGWD redeem.2

    redemptive history

    Early Adventists believed in a historicist approach to worldly history, including Bible prophecy—God interacts with humanity and is actively involved in human history. The ultimate purpose of these interactions is the restoration of humanity. Therefore all human history is the story of redemptive history or the *great controversy conflict between Christ and Satan. The grand conclusion is the restoration of fallen humanity with the final eradication of sinEGWD redemptive history.2


    See progress.EGWD reform.2

    Reformation, Protestant

    See Protestant.EGWD Reformation.2

    reform dress

    A style of *dress reform popular during the late 1860s and early 1870s. This pattern was a helpful start to replace tight corsets, hooped skirts, and long dresses that got dirt and dung on them from the muddy streets (2SM 473—479). The dress was loose fitting, allowing free movement to breathe and the blood to circulate. Eventually, fashion changed in favor of garments that Adventist women could wear without compromising principle. Later in life Ellen G. White rebuked some women who advocated a return to this specific style of clothingEGWD reform dress.2

    religious exercises

    A general term to describe a religious meeting.EGWD religious exercises.2

    remnant people

    Ellen White used the term remnant in a theological way to describe those who were faithful to GodEGWD remnant people.2


    Another term for *revival (DA 406).EGWD renovation.2


    Repentance is the turning away from sin that leads to a change of heart, described as *conversion. “Repentance is turning from self to Christ,” commented Ellen G. White (MB 87). Repentance entails a deep mourning over sin. The *Bible states that it is “the goodness of God” that ultimately leads a person to repentance (Romans 2:4).EGWD repentance..2

    reproof(s) (also faithful reproof)

    Ellen G. White urged the biblical example of reproof that should begin with “mild measures,” followed by more stern measures to warn others about *character defects (4T 517).EGWD reproof(s) (also faithful reproof).2

    revelation and inspiration

    Revelation is the idea that GodEGWD revelation and inspiration.2

    Review and Herald

    The main publication of Sabbatarian Adventists; it was combined from the Present Truth and *Advent Review in 1850. The name of the publication went through several different forms, but they all included the main title Review and Herald.EGWD Review and Herald.2


    A revival implies an earlier period of renewal. Miller- ite Adventists were a part of the Second Great Awakening—a series of religious revivals across America, particularly from the 1820s up through the early 1840s. Later, Seventh-day Adventists experienced several significant revivals: most notably the 1867 revival in Washington, New Hampshire, and the 1873 revival in Battle Creek, Michigan. At the *General Conference Session of 1888, Ellen G. White praised the revival message of *E. J. Waggoner and *A. T.EGWD revival.2


    She believed that their revival message was the beginning of the *latter rain and loud cry that would help toEGWD Jones.2

    rich repast

    A feast (MH 47), either physically or spiritually.EGWD rich repast.2


    A theological term for right doing. Ellen G. White stated, “The essence of all righteousness is loyalty to our Redeemer” (COL 97). She distinguished between “imputed” righteousness (justification) and “imparted” righteousness (*sanctification). “The first is our title to heaven, the second is our fitness for heaven” (RH June 4, 1895).EGWD righteousness.2

    righteousness by faith

    The concept that people are saved by *faith in Jesus Christ as their Savior as opposed to earning salvation through works. Ellen G. White strongly affirmed the role of *Martin Luther and the *Protestant Reformation with their emphasis upon righteousness by faith. During her lifetime, she saw the *church move toward legalism. The church had become as “dry as the hills of Gilboa” spiritually (RH Mar. 11, 1890). She strongly supported the emphasis upon Christ and His righteousness as taught by *A. T. Jones and *E. J. Waggoner at the *General Conference Session of 1888.EGWD righteousness by faith.2


    A tiny flow of water that often leads to a small stream (Ed 116).EGWD rill.2

    “Rivulet Society”

    In the nineteenth century, “Rivulet Societies” were organized to help raise funds for the translationEGWD Rivulet Society.2

    Robinson, Asa Theon (1850—1949)

    Minister and administrator. In 1876, he married Loretta Farnsworth (1857—1933), and in 1882, they became colporteurs. Asa was ordained in 1886, and the Robinsons went to South Africa in 1891 and to Australia after 1898. In 1903, they returned to the United States, where Asa served in a variety of administrative posts.EGWD Robinson, Asa The on.2

    Rochester rapping

    A series of “rappings,” or noises, that the Fox sisters—Leah (1831-1890), Margaret (1833-1893), and Kate (also called Catherine) (1837-1892)—claimed to experience in their home at Hydesville, east of Rochester,EGWD Rochester rapping.2

    New York

    The two younger sisters used these rappings to convince their older sister that they were communicating with spirits. Ellen G. White considered this “mysterious rapping” as “not the result of human trickery or cunning, but was the direct work of evil angels, who thus introduced one of the most successful of soul-destroying delusions” (GC 553). Later on, the Fox sisters admitted that they made up the whole thing.EGWD New York.2


    Of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church, which Ellen G. White believed represented a false system of worship. “The great error of the Romish Church,” she counseled, “is found in the fact that the Bible is interpreted in the light of the opinions of the ‘fathers.’ Their opinions are regarded as infallible, and the dignitaries of the church assume that it is their prerogative to make others believe as they do, and to use force to compel the conscience” (FE 308). See also popish.EGWD Romish.2

    Rowen, Margaret Matilda (Wright) (1881—1955)

    Adventist convert (1912) who claimed to have the prophetic gift. She claimed her first vision occurred on June 22, 1916, less than a year after Ellen G. White’s death. After an investigation, church leaders urged caution. On November 15, 1919, she was disfellowshiped from the South Side Seventh- day Adventist Church in Los Angeles, California. She announced in November 1923 that the close of *probation would occur on February 6, 1924, and that Christ would come on February 6, 1925. Her sensational announcement made newspaper headlines. Later she was caught up in a lurid murder trial, incarcerated in San Quentin State Prison, released on good behavior after a year, fled while on parole, and disappeared from public life. She sought refuge in Florida and later returned to California, where she used her maiden name and attracted a small following.EGWD Rowen, Margaret Matilda (Wright).2

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