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    August 16, 1843

    Vol. V.—No. 24. Boston, Whole No. 120

    Joshua V. Himes


    Terms.—$1,00 per Vol. (24 Nos.) in advance Office No. 14 Devonshire Street, Boston.HST August 16, 1843, page 185.1

    Dr. Jarvis.—No. 4


    The Chronology of the Bible

    That the coming of Christ would be at the end of six thousand years from creation, has been the belief of those who look for the pre-millennial advent, ever since the days of the primitive church. And such a tradition is also traceable before the Christian era, among the Jewish writers, who expected, then would be fulfilled those great and glorious promises, given in the Old Testament.HST August 16, 1843, page 185.2

    For such a belief, we have no direct and positive proof in the word of God, but there are many passages from which it might be inferred. That one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, taken in connection with the six days of creation—a type of the world’s continuance, and the fact, that a period of one thousand years is to intervene between the first and second resurrections, may be considered as an instance of this nature. While therefore we do not rely upon the age of the world as any proof of Christ’s immediate advent, yet if it can be shown from the most authentic source, that we must be near the end of the six thousand years, it may be regarded as strong collateral evidence in favor of the nearness of that event. We do not for one moment presume to say that we can prove this world is to a year, just six thousand years old, as some portions of history are so obscure that we can only approximate to a correct chronology. We shall, therefore, only endeavor to show from the Bible and other sources, that no man can disprove that we are at, or near the very end of six thousand years from creation; and that the evidence is sufficiently conclusive for us to expect its completion in the end of all the prophetic periods, about the year 1843.HST August 16, 1843, page 185.3

    Dr. Jarvis justly remarks, page 49, that “If it were not for God’s revelation, the past, beyond a comparatively small circle, would be almost as dark as the future. The books of the Old Testament afford us the only light by which we can eradicate the gloom.” We shall therefore attempt to follow the Bible, and that alone, as far as it informs us; and what is remarkable, the Bible gives us an almost unbroken chain of chronology till within a few centuries of as to the Christian era, and where the Bible fails us, the united testimony of different and independent chronologists, is so harmonious, that there is but little dispute as to the chronology of that period. Where alone there is any dispute, we have the Bible for our guide.HST August 16, 1843, page 185.4

    It has been objected to the chronology of the Bible, that the Egyptians, Chinese, and other oriential nations, trace the history of their respective countries far beyond the era assigned by us for the creation. But it has been shown by able writers, that these supposed early periods of history are regarded by those respective nations as merely fabulous, and traditionary; and that the authentic history of no nation reaches back as far as the era we assign for the flood. The historic period of the Chinese begins only B. C. 2356 years—that of the Romans, which Varro calls the Mythic, B. C. 2353 years, and that of Egypt, B. C. 2338; all of which fall about 150 years short of the flood. All profane history beyond that is professedly fabulous.HST August 16, 1843, page 185.5

    We will now begin with the creation, and present the evidence which the Bible gives us of the age of the world, according to the literal reading of the present Hebrew Bible. And in no case shall we deviate from it, unless preferring the sum of the years occupied by the Judges, as obtained by footing the several items given by the text, to the sum total in 1 Kings 6:1, should be so considered.HST August 16, 1843, page 185.6



    Genesis 5:3—“Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness after his image, and called his name Seth.” 130 A. M.
    130 ” 6—“And Seth lived 105 years, and begat Enos.” 105 235 ” 9—“And Enos lived 90 years, and begat Cainan.” 90 325 ” 12—“And Cainan lived 70 years, and begat Mahalaleel.” 70 396 ” 15—“And Mahalaleel lived 65 years, and begat Jared.” 65 460 ” 18—“And Jared lived 162 years, and he begat Enoch.” 162 622 ” 21—“And Enoch lived 65 years, and begat Methuselah.” 65 687 ” 25—“And Methuselah lived 187 years, and begat Lamech.” 187 874 ” 28—“And Lamech lived 182 years, and begat a son, and he called his name Noah.” 182 1056 7:6—“And Noah was 600 years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth.” 8:13, “And it came to pass in the 600 and 1st year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth:” 600 1656 11:10—“Shem was 100 years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood.” 2 1658 ” 12—“And Arphaxad lived 35 years, and begat Salah.” 35 1693 ” 14—“And Salah lived 30 years, and begat Eber.” 30 1723 ” 16—“And Eber lived 34 years, and begat Peleg.” 34 1757 ” 18—“And Peleg lived 30 years, and begat Reu.” 30 1787 ” 29—“And Reu lived 32 years, and begat Serug.” 32 1819 ” 22—“And Serug lived 30 years, and begat Nahor.” 30 1849 ” 24—“And Nahor lived 29 years, and begat Terah.” 29 1878 ” 32—“And the days of Terah were 205 years; and Terah died in Haran.” 205 2083 Acts 7:4—Stephen says of Abraham, “And from thence when his father was dead, he removed him into this land wherein ye now dwell.” The Exode must therefore have begun with Terah’s death. Exodus 12:40, 41, “Now the sojourning of the children of Israel was 430 years. And it came to pass at the end of 430 years, even the self same day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.” This agrees with St. Paul, Galatians 3:17. 430 2513 Joshua 5:6—“The children of Israel walked 40 years in the wilderness” 40 2553 Note. To this period the Bible has given us a connected unbroken chain of Chronology; but here we have a break in the chain, which the Bible does not supply—viz. the length of the reign of Joshua, and the continuance of the elders and anarchy. Josephus says, that of the former was 25 years; and that of the latter, 18 years. The question then is, does Josephus give us a probable length of time for these periods? In support of this, the Bible gives us the following evidence. Exodus 33:11, “And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp; but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle.” Joshua could not have been more than 45 at this time, and been considered a young man. This would make him six years older than Caleb, see Joshua 14:7. Then 40 years in the wilderness would make him 85 at the death of Moses, when he entered Canaan. Joshua 24:29, “And it came to pass that after these things, that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, being 110 years old.” This would make his reign 25 years. Dr. Jarvis assigns the same time to him. 25 2578 For the elders and anarchy. Mr. Miller gives 18 years on the authority of Josephus. This interregnum continued till the death of all the elders who outlived Joshua. Judges 2:7, 8, 10, “And the people served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the Lord, that he did for Israel. And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, being a hundred and ten years old.” “And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the Lord nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.” As all who entered the wilderness over 20 years except Joshua and Caleb, died in the wilderness; and as Joshua could not have been less than 45 when he entered, he must have been at least 25 years older than any of the elders who came out of the wilderness. 18 years is, therefore, a reasonable time for this period. But as Dr. Jarvis assigns 16 years, and as we wish to differ from him only when the Bible compels us, we shall call it the same. 16 2594 Thus far we have not varied from the chronology of Dr. Jarvis. But now we have a period extending to the reign of Saul, which is covered by the chronology of the Bible; and all the light which can be thrown upon it, must be obtained from the Bible. There is a discrepancy here, between the sum of the years occupied by the Judges, as obtained by footing the several items given by the text, which will be seen below, and the sum total in 1 Kings 6:1, which gives 480 years from Egypt to the building of the temple in the fourth year of Solomon. This would give but 311 years from Joshua, till the time of Samuel, which Paul says was about 450 years. Acts 13:20—“And after that, he gave unto them judges, about the space of 450 years, until Samuel the prophet.” Paul accords with Josephus, and also with the sum of the items in the text of Judges, which with the elders is 446 years. There must, therefore, be some error in the text of the Judges, or in the text of Kings. The latter would seem the most likely, as there the mistake would be all in one passage; while an error in the text of the Judges must occur in many places, as there is no one period of the length of the discrepancy. We know not that there are any different readings of the texts in the Judges; while of the text in Kings, the Jews in China, who separated from their brethren in the first century of the Christian era, read 592 years. Jahn’s Hebrew Commentary. To reconcile the length of the Judges with the text in Kings, the only plausible method has been to

    suppose some of the Judges were contemporaneous; but this is opposed to the language of Scripture, which describes one judge as being after another. a. m. Judges 3:7, 8,—“And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord.” “Therefore the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of the king of Mesopotamia; and the children of Israel served Chushan-rishathaim 8 years.” 8 2602 Judges 3:9, 11—And when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord, the Lord raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz.” “And the land had rest 40 years.” 40 2642 Judges 3:12, 14—“And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord strengthened Eglon king of Moab against Israel.” “So the children of Israel served Eglon, the king of Moab, 18 years.” 18 2660 Judges 3:15, 30—“But when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord, the Lord raised them up a deliverer, Ehud, the son of Gera.” “So the land had rest 80 years.” 80 2740 Judges 4:1-3—“And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord, when Ehud was dead. And the Lord sold them into the hand of Jabin, king of Canaan.” “And 20 years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.” 20 2760 Judges 4:4, 14, 23—“And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.” “And Deborah said unot Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the Lord hath delivered Sisera into thine hand.” “So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan.” v. 31, “And the land had rest 40 years.” 40 2800 Judges 6:1—“And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord: and the Lord delivered them into the hand of Midian 7 years.” 7 2807 Judges 6:14—The Lord appeared unto Gideon,” and said, Go, in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites.” 8:28, “Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel. And the country was in quietness 40 years in the days of Gideon.” 40 2847 Judges 8:33; 9:6, 22, 54—“And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and went a whoring after Baalim.” “And all the men of Shechem gathed together, and all the house of Milo, and went, and made Abimelech king.” “When Abimelech had reigned three years over Israel, then God sent an evil spirit between Abiraelech and the men of Shechem.” “And he died.” 3 2850 Judges 10:1, 2—“And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel, Tola.” “And he judged Israel 23 years, and died.” 23 2873 Judges 10:3, 5—“And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel 22 years.” “And Jair died.” 22 2895 Judges 10:6, 7, 8—“And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord.” “And he sold them into the hands of the Philistines.” “They vexed and oppressed the children of Israel 18 years.” 18 2913 Note. Here the Lord raised up Jepthah, who to the demand of the children of Ammon, that he should restore the land to them that Israel took from them when they came out of Egypt, replied, 11:26, “While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns and Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that be along by the coasts of Arnon, 300 years, why therefore did ye not recover them within that time?” This would imply that Israel had been firmly settled before that time. To the beginning of the captivity out of which they were just delivered, from the elders and anarchy was 301 years, according to this chronology. Judges 11:32—“So Jepthah passed over unto the children of Araraon to fight againgt them; and the Lord delivered them into his hand.” 12:7—“And Jepthah judged Israel 6 years.” 6 2916 Judges 12:8, 9—“And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem, judged Israel.” “And he judged Israel 7 years.” 7 2926 Judges 12:11—“And after him Elon, a Zebulonite, judged IsIsrael; and he judged Israel 10 years.” 10 2936 Judges 12:13, 14—“And after him Abdon” “judged Israel,” “and he judged Israel 8 years.” 8 2944 Judges 13:1—“And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord; and the Lord delivered them into the hands of the Philistines 40 years.” During this captivity Sampson judged Israel 20 years, 16:31. 40 2984 From the first captivity we have had an unbroken chain of chronology, to the death of Sampson. How long Israel served the Philistines after Sampson’s death before their 40 years’ servitude ended, we are not informed; but that this servitude did end before Eli arose to judge Israel, we learn from Judges 21:24, 25, alter they had slaughtered the children of Benjamin, we read, that “The children of Israel departed thence at that time every man to his tribe, and to his family, and they went out from thence every man to his inheritance. In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” After this we read, 1 Samuel 4:10, 11, 18, that “the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent, and there was a very great slaughter.” “And the ark of God was taken.” When Eli heard this, “he fell from off his seat backward, by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man and heavy. And he had judged Israel 40 years.” 40 3024 Judges 7:2—“And it came to pass while the ark abode in Kirjath-jearam, that the time was long; for it was 20 years.” 20 3044 Judges 7:15—“And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his lite.” How long he judged Israel after the ark was restored, we are not informed; but as he lived to be old, and could not have been more than 38 when Eli died, it is reasonable to suppose that he judged Israel after the ark was restored, before Saul was made king; but as we have no certain evidence, we shall add no additional time. Acts 13:21—“And afterwards they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis,” “by the space of forty years.” 40 3084 2 Samuel 5:4, 5—“David was 30 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 40 years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah 7 years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned 33 years over all Israel and Judah.” See 1 Kings 2:10, 11. 40 3124 1 Kings 2:12—“Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father.” 2 Chronicles 9:30, “Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel, 40 years.” 40 3164 2 Chronicles 9:31—“And Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.” 12:13, “Rehoboam was 41 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 17 years in Jerusalem.” 17 3181 2 Chronicles 12:16—“And Abijah his son reigned in his stead.” 13:2, “He reigned 3 years in Jerusalem.” 3 3184 1 Kings 15:8, 10—“And Abijam (Abijah) slept with his fathers;” “and Asa his son reigned in his stead.” “And 41 years reigned he in Jerusalem.” 41 3225 1 Kings 15:24—“And Asa slept with his fathers.” “And Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead.” 22:42, “Jehoshaphat was 35 years old when be began to reign; and he reigned 25 years in Jerusalem.” 25 3250 2 Kings 8:16, 17—“And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, began to reign.” “And he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.’ Note. As Jehoram began to reign while his father was still king of Judah, if we give the whole of the 25 years of Jehoshaphats reign, we must give the reign of Jehoram only from the death of his father. We find by 2 Kings 3:1, that “Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria, in the 18th year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned 12 years.” Jehoshaphat must therefore have lived to the 8th year of Joram of Israel; and as Jehoram of Judah began to reign while his father was king, in the 5th year of Joram of Israel, he must have reigned 3 years with his father, and 5 alone. Dr. Jarvis gives 8 years for this period. 5 3355 2 Kings 8:24, 25, 26—“And Joram slept with his fathers;” “and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead. In the 12th year of Joram, the son of Ahab king of Israel, did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign; 22 years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem.” 1 3256 2 Kings 11:1, 2, 3, 20—“And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that he was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.” “Joash the son of Ahaziah” was “hid in the house of the Lord 6 years. And Athaliah did reign over the land,” “And they slew Athaliah with the sword.” 6 3262 2 Kings 12:1—“In the 7th year of Jehu, Jehoash began to reign; and 40 years reigned he in Jerusalem,“ 40 3302 2 Kings 12:20, 21—“And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash” (Jehoash.) “And Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.” 14:1, 2—“In the 2nd year of Joash son of Jeboahaz king of Israel, reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah;” “and reigned 29 years in Jerusalem.” 29 3331 Note. Here we find an interregnum after the death of Amaziah of 11 years. It is thus shown. Jehoash king of Israel reigned 16 years. (2 Kings 13:10.) Amaziah of Judah began to reign in the second year of Joash, and reigned 29 years, (2 Kings 14:1, 2,) or 15 years after the death of Jehoash, (2 Kings 14:17.) Jehoash of Israel was succeeded by Jeroboam, who was contemporary with Amaziah 15 years; so that Amaziah was slain in the 16th year of Jeroboam; and was subsequently succeeded by his son.” 2 Kings 15:1, “In the 27th year of Jeroboam king of Israel, began Azariah son of Amaziah, king of Judah, to reign.” From the 16th year of Jeroboam, when Amaziah died, to the 27th year when Azariah began to reign, was 11 years of interregnum. In this, Archbishop Usher and Dr. Hales, and also Dr. Jarvis, concur. 11 3342 2 Kings 15:2—” Sixteen years old was he (Azariah) when he began to reign, and he reigned 52 years in Jerusalem.” 52 3394 2 Kings 15:7—“So azariah slept with his fathers;” “and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.” 33 v. “And he reigned 16 years in Jerusalem.” 16 3410

    2 Kings 15:38—“And Jotham slept with his fathers;” “anp Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.” 16:2, “Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign; and reigned 16 years in Jerusalem.” 16 a. m.
    3426 2 Kings 16:20—“And Ahaz slept with his fathers; “and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.” 18:2, “And he reigned 29 years in Jerusalem.” 29 3455 2 Kings 20:21—“And Hezekiah slept with his fathers: and Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.” 2 Kings 21:9-12 “And Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than did the nations whom the Lord destroyed before the children of Israel. And the Lord spake by his servants the prophets, saying, because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, which were before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols: Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Behold I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle. And I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down. And they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies;” 2 Chronicles 33:11, “Wherefore the Lord brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters and carried him to Babylon.” This was B. C. 677, and from this time they never recovered their independence. Here began the seven times or 2520 years that the power of the holy people was to be scattered, 21:1—“Manasseh was 12 years old when he began to reign, and reigned 55 years in Jerusalem.” 55 3510 2 Kings 21:18, 19—And Manasseh slept with his fathers;” “And Amon his son reigned in his stead.” “And he reigned two years in Jerusalem.” 2 3512 2 Kings 21:23, 26—“And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and slew the king in his own house.” “And Josiah his son reigned in his stead.” 22:1—“And he reigned 31 years in Jerusalem.” 31 3543 2 Kings 23:30, 31, 34, 36—“And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father’s stead.” “And he reigned 3 months in Jerusalem.” “And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah, king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim.” “And he reigned 11 years in Jerusalem.” 11 3554 2 Kings 24:6, 8—“So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead,” “and he reigned in Jerusalem 3 months.” 10—12,14 “And at that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged. And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants did besiege it. And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.” “And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the mighty men of valor, even 10,000 captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths; none remained save the poorer people of the land.” Note. Here then began the 70 years captivity predicted in Jeremiah 25:9-11, “Behold, I will end and take all the families of the north, saith the Lord, and Nebudchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and a hissing, and perpetual desolations. Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle. And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon 70 years.” This is a period covered by the sure word of prophecy, which thus marks its commencement. The close of this period is also marked in the prophecy, Jeremiah 25:12, “And it shall come to pass, when 70 years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation saith the Lord, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.’ This is shown by Daniel to have been literally fulfilled. Daniel 5:1, 4, 5, 30, 31, “Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone. In the same hour came forth fingers of a man’s hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote. In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain. And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about three-score and two years old.” These 70 years must therefore have ended with the death of Belshazzar, and the subversion of the Chaldean empire, in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia. 70 3624 It is supposed that in the attack upon Babylon, when Darius, the uncle and father-in-law of Cyrus, took the kingdom, that Cyrus commanded and acted for his uncle; and that Darius was associated with Cyrus in the government at Babylon during 2 years to his death. This is also the view of Dr. Jarvis. Consequently the first of Cyrus began with the death of Belshazzar, which harmonizes Ptolemy with Daniel; and also Daniel 5:31, with 2 Chronicles 36:22, 23, “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus kiug of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the Lord God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The Lord his God be with him, and let him so up.” We have thus brought down the chronology of the world to the end of the 70 years captivity, which is as far as the chronology of the Bible gives us any clue to the time. But what is remarkable, where the chronology of the Bible fails us, we have no less than three distinct and independent chronologies, of as many different nations, all agreeing. The end of the 70 years captivity, according to Dr. Jarvis, was in the year B. C. 537—the first year of the sole reign of Cyrus or 536 years before the Christian era. 536 4160 From the Christian era to the end of the current year, is 1843 6003

    Thus far we have followed the chronology of the Hebrew text; and for every period where that has failed us, we have taken the chronology as given by Dr. Jarvis; and such is the result. Our object has not been to prove this earth just 6000 years old, but only to show from the best evidence, that it cannot vary far from it; and that we may live continually in expectation of the consummation of that period. It will be seen that we have made no allowance for the odd days, or months, that some of the periods may have varied from even years, when they are given in round numbers. The sum of these might reduce the 6003 to 6000. We feel more satisfied with this result, than we should if it gave no time with which to make up such a deficiency.HST August 16, 1843, page 187.1

    We have before us the Chronology of an Episcopal clergyman; the Rev. A. B. Chapin, A. M. Mem. Conn. Acad. Arts and Sci.; Mem. Yale Nat. His. Soc.; and Minister St. James Church, New Haven, Ct. It was first published in the Quart. Christ. Spect. Nov. 1838, before Mr. M’s. Chronology appeared; and in every instance where we have varied from the chronology of Dr. J, and taken that of the Heb. text, with the exception of the reign of Jehoram, it agrees with the chronology here given. From the 7th year of Artaxerxes Longimanus, to the Christian era, Mr. Chapin makes 2 years less than Dr. J. has given, and in our view is correct. This, making no allowance for odd days or months, would make the chronology of the world 6001 years; and brings the 7th year of Artaxerxes Longimanus, in the year B. C. 457, where we commence the 2300 days and 70 weeks of Daniel. After the 70 years captivity commenced, Nebuchadnezzar made Mataniah his father’s brother, king, and changed his name to Zedekiah, who reigned 11 years in Jerusalem, during the 70 years captivity, doing evil in the sight of the Lord. “For through the anger of the Lord, it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.” 2 Kings 24:17-20, and also compare 2 Chronicles 36:14-17, 19-21, “Moreover, all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the Lord which he had hallowed in Jerusalem. And the Lord God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling-place: but they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the Lord arose against his people, till there was no remedy. Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age; he gave them all into his hand. And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof. And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia; to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her Sabbaths; for as long as she lay desolate she kept Sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.”HST August 16, 1843, page 187.2

    Some date the 70 years from the destruction of the temple to the time it was rebuilt. The prophecy, however, seems to indicate that the first captivity is the time from which to date it. But the 70 years are fulfilled in either case.HST August 16, 1843, page 187.3

    The above evidence drawn from the word of God, in connection with those chronological periods respecting which there is no dispute, is conclusive evidence, we believe, that the vision will not necessarily be longer delayed, for the prophetic periods harmoniously to terminate in the fulness of times, at the expiration of six thousand years from creation.HST August 16, 1843, page 187.4

    According to Dr. Jarvis, the commencement of the first servitude was from creation 2594 According to Mr. Chapin, this was before the Christian Era, 1563 Since the Christian Era, is 1843 This makes the sum total from creation, 6000

    “Be ye wise as serpents, and as harmless as doves.”HST August 16, 1843, page 187.5


    J. V. Himes, J. Litch, and S. Bliss, Editors

    “The Lord is at Hand.”
    BOSTON, AUGUST 16, 1843.

    “If I am only ready.”—How often do we hear the syren song, “If I am only ready, it matters not when the Lord may come.” The minister and people, the professor and non-professor, all classes and grades, have learned to sing it, and thousands have lulled their souls to sleep in carnal ease, by this device of the enemy.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.1

    It is at first a seeming truth that all that is necessary, is to be only ready; yet such a song was never sung in heaven. It was never dictated by love for the appearing of the Savior. Nor is it in the least offensive to Satan’s ears. There is no safety in desiring to be only ready; and the very expression implies that those who file such a plea, are only desirous of being themselves saved; and care nothing for the glory of God. It denotes that such desire only so much religion as will enable them to die safely; and have no wish for any religion to live with, to solace their drooping spirits, and fill them with love to Jesus. Those who make such a plea, therefore, run a fearful risk; for it is only made to satisfy their conscience, and still the gentle admonitions of the friendly monitor, which stands sentry at the gate way of the soul. It is virtually saying, I am ready, and that is enough for me, I only want to be ready. Now such can only be a mock religion. True religion burns in the soul; it kindles within us a sacred flame of holy love, and fills the heart with desires to know more of God. The eye of such is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear with hearing from the word of God. Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? is the enquiry of such hearts: and show me thy way, write thy law in the inmost recesses of my soul, enable me to do thy will in all things, and perfect me in the knowledge of the truth, are the desires of those who truly love the Lord.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.2

    Such a plea indicates hatred to Christ. Those who are not for Christ, are against him. If Christ is indeed precious to our souls, the chiefest of ten thousand and altogether lovely: if he is the dearest object of our hearts; we should ardently desire his coming, and we should earnestly inquire, “How long, O Lord our Savior, wilt thou remain away?” But if we have no eye fixed upon the second appearing of Christ; if no thrill of joy, and pleasing hope is felt within us, at the thought that the Lord God, the great Jehovah, the Kings of Kings, and Lord of Lords is soon to honor this humble globe with a personal visit, we have cause to fear that we are not willing subjects of the Prince of peace; and that we are only slothful servants who have hid our talent in the earth: if we are only such, at his coming he will take from us even that we have. Such have reason to fear that they have only oil enough for their lamps to have gone out when the Lord shall come. And it may be that they will only fail of entering the kingdom, having approached to its very threshhold. Any who fear of having too much righteousness, will be likely to possess too little.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.3

    Those who refuse to examine the word of God respecting the approaching Advent, because they need be only ready, are in danger of loosing their own souls. They may find themselves in the condition of those who, when God speaks, do not hear: and what is the consequence. “Thus saith the Lord.” Isaiah 66:4. “I also will choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear; but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose that in which I delighted not.”HST August 16, 1843, page 188.4

    It is a fearful thing not to hear when the Lord speaks; or to hear only a part of what he says. He wants no inattentive hearers. When he speaks it becomes us to attentively listen; and cheerfully to perform all his requirements. To do this we must search the scriptures; and if they make us wise unto salvation, we shall be something more than only ready.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.5

    It is blessed to wait for the Lord.—Hear his precious promise; for the Lord hath spoken it, Isaiah 25:9. “And it shall be said in that day, Lo this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the Lord, We have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.”HST August 16, 1843, page 188.6

    In what day will that be said? Isaiah says it shall be said in that day when the Lord shall “swallow up death in victory.” And the Lord God will wipe away tears from all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall be taken away from off all the earth: for the Lord hath spoken it. “In that day,” saith Isaiah, “shall this song be sung in the Land of Judah.” Isaiah 26:1-9. “We have a strong city; salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks. Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in. Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee. Trust ye in the Lord forever: for in the Lord JEHOVAH is everlasting strength: For he bringeth down them that dwell on high; the lofty city, he layeth it low; he layeth it low, even to the ground; he bringeth it even to the dust. The foot shall tread it down, even the feet of the poor, and the steps of the needy. The way of the just is uprightness: thou most upright, dost weigh the path of the just. Yea, in the way of thy judgments O Lord, have we waited for thee; the desire of our soul is to thy name, and to the remembrance of thee. With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness. For behold the Lord cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.”HST August 16, 1843, page 188.7

    St. Paul shows that the same day is when in our resurrection bodies the righteous will inherit the kingdom of God, 1 Corinthians 15:50-55. “Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?”HST August 16, 1843, page 188.8

    If then by waiting we shall be permitted to enter those blessed abodes, and to unite in the song of the righteous, which shall then be sung in the land of Judah, it will be indeed blessed to wait while the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.9

    “We generally believe firmly in the personal coming of Christ, but know not when. The theory taught by Mr. Miller, says he will come in the year 1843—not before nor after.”—Shaw of the Chris. Herald.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.10

    Will any one point out the passage where Mr. Miller ever taught that the Lord could not come before 1843? or after 1843? Has not the title page of all his lectures said about the year 1843? In all his preaching has he not always said that he might come before 1843? And while he has ever given it as his opinion that the coming of the Lord would not be delayed beyond 1843, has he not always taught that if there is an error as to the particular year, which has not been shown, that it must be about this time, and is to be continually expected till he comes?HST August 16, 1843, page 188.11

    Any one who will assert to the contrary, must be very ignorant of what Mr. Miller teaches, or intend designedly to impose upon the credulity of the public.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.12

    We are looking with confident anticipations for the coming of the Lord this year. But we say to all, both friends and foes, that if the vision tarry beyond this year, which we do not expect, we shall wait for it. We have no intention of giving up the ship just as we begin to see the lights of our desired haven; nor having put our hand to the plough, to look back, when by the leafing out of the fig tree, we know that summer is nigh.HST August 16, 1843, page 188.13

    Are there few that be saved?—Isaiah 17:6, 7.—“Yet gleaning-grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive-tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the Lord God of Israel. At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel.” 24:6, 13.—“Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left. When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleaning-grapes when the vintage is done.” Luke 13:24-30.—“Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. When once the Master of the house is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye are: then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me all ye workers of iniquity. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, aud Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God. And behold, there are last, which shall be first; and there are first, which shall be last.” Matthew 7:13, 14.—“Enter ye in at the strait gate; for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be that go in thereat: Because, strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.”HST August 16, 1843, page 188.14

    The end of the Volume


    With this paper we close the 5th volume of the Signs of the Times. To those who have journeyed with us thus far through evil report and good report, we return our sincere thanks. Their smiles have served to cheer us, and their kind favors have enlightened our path-way amid our weekly toils. It has been our aim to spread such matter before our readers as would interest and profit those who are patiently waiting for the Lord; and the tokens of approval which we have received from so many of our readers has enabled us to feel that our labors have not been spent in vain. May the best of Gods blessings rest upon all who love the Lord’s appearing.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.1

    We are yet on the shores of time, and while the Lord may tarry, it becomes us to occupy till he come. We shall therefore next week commence the 6th vol. of the “Signs of the Times” to publish it so long as the Lord may direct. If our friends will make an effort to send us paying subscribers, and the amount of their subscriptions, they will confer a great favor. There is yet a large amount due from subscribers for past volumes, the receipt of which would materially aid us, and enable us to pay our weekly bills, which must be met. Will our friends look to this.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.2

    We are requested to notice that there will be a Christian campmeeting near Myrick’s depot, where the Advent Meeting was held last fall, commencing Sept. 4th.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.3

    Bro. Hutchinson writes us from Montreal, that he is publishing the “Voice of Elijah” on his own expense, and that it is doing great good. He says, tell the old country people about Boston to send me some of their spare dollars.”HST August 16, 1843, page 189.4

    Gullibility. We percieve by the last Olive Branch that its editors have swallowed the story of Nebuchadnezzar’s eating grass 2520 years, which has been the rounds of all the other scoffing and semi-infidel prints in the land. Drowning meu will catch at straws, and the Olive Branch is satisfied with the smallest arguments (?) against the coming of Christ. Why should they so fear his coming if they are his? Let their consciences answer.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.5

    A sister writes that in answer to prayer, that God would assure her of the truth of Christ’s coming in 1843, she opened to Isaiah 21:16. “For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of a hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail.”HST August 16, 1843, page 189.6

    She did not regard that as alluding to the end, yet Providence seemed to direct her to that verse in answer to her prayer, as if the time there given, was now applicable to the end. To her sisters, she says, “Tremble, ye women that are at ease, there is a work for you to do; enter into the vineyard and work. I say to the daughters of Jerusalem, be faithful. I feel as if I wished well to my brethren and sisters in Christ; let us endure a little longer and we shall receive the prize.”HST August 16, 1843, page 189.7

    The remarks of a correspondent from Londonderry, N. H. respecting the Adventists of that place being only applicable to that place, had better be the subject of prayerful and affectionate discussion with them, than to be addressed through the Signs of the Times, as it would not be applicable to other readers.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.8

    The Cause in Nova Scotia. Brother Martin has established a paper in that province, called the “Herald of Truth,” which will be published weekly as long as donations will sustain it. We think his labors may be very useful there. May God sustain him.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.9

    A call from London


    Dear Brother Himes:—I feel great pleasure in communicating my thoughts and feelings on the subject of our Lord’s Second Advent, to the brethren and sisters in America, (who may see this) who love his appearing.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.10

    Since brother Winter’s return from America, I have delightfully contemplated the subject of the Second Advent in 1843. Some time previous to this, my mind had been depressed, when looking at the awful state of apostacy, into which the Churches are fallen; and have thought the sin of the world, and the church would call down the judgments of God upon them. My mind was confused on the subject of the millennium, and of the Jews’ return, (the general topics of our opponents.) I have been in great straights of mind, not having the proper key to unlock the truth, and therefore could not get at it.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.11

    I thank God I ever saw any of the productions of the American press on the subject of the coming Glory, and the time when to expect that glory. My soul is in a much better state since I have heard of this blessed truth; and believe that the Lord is soon coming to set us free. As Mrs. Winter is my sister, his own house was their first Port on their return. When they began to tell us of these things, my eyes were soon opened to see the errors we had imbibed concerning the truth of God. I eagerly grasped at every word; praise God, it was a great relief to my mind, to know deliverance was nigh; the Bible appeared like a new revelation from God, and the more we search, the better and clearer it appears.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.12

    My husband believes it, and loves the appearing of the Lord Jesus; O what a glorions hope is ours!HST August 16, 1843, page 189.13

    The cause here is not quite as promising, as when brother Winter wrote. At that time one brother came forward with money for the cause, and we hoped to raise a fund to continue printing. We are in some measure disappointed, as those who would help us, have it not in their power, and many who had their minds aroused, have been put down by the preachers, who have tried to undermine the truth. The greatest opponents among them are the Wesleyans, (to whom we belong;) and most of the people are influenced by them. We labor under great disadvantage, for want of help; as we cannot meet our demands for printing. We have a good number of books on hand, and have not the means of publishing, or making a general depot, as the cause requires. Many are unwilling to buy, until they have their hearts affected. We feel the want of some one or more that can do justice to the subject, by delivering lectures, that the people may have their judgments convinced, and their souls brought nearer to God, that the Lord may have some of their money for the spread of his truth. We cannot do more in this way, until the Lord send us help.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.14

    We want Lecturers; we want the use of a press; we want money. There are many in this city who are reading the books; as we lend and give, but few sell. Many believe a part of the truth; most of them are afraid to believe it. Many are anxious to hear lectures on this subject; and there is every prospect of their being attended with great good. I have stated these particulars that you may see the position in which we stand, and our need of help. Dear brethren in the blessed hope, for the honor of God and of his blessed and solemn truths contained in his word, do come and help us. We have been praying for God to raise up laborers, or send us help from America, and we joyfully received the news we had from the Boston Conferance of efficient lecturers coming over. We began to think the Lord was about to answer our prayers; but as we have not heard from, or seen them, we are afraid they do not intend to come, and which has induced me to write, begging you will loose no time, nor let anything prevent their coming. I hope the agitation in Ireland will not prevent. The friends here do not think it will: as there is room in other parts to work. Do send help immediately, if possible. Our case is urgent. Time is short, souls are ripening for destruction; and the truth is hid in a corner. The world and the church are scoffing; and looking upon us as fools, and madmen. Thank God we have the truth on our side; and it will soon be proved who are the most foolish. Brother Winter and another brother are still travelling about the country on foot, and visiting the towns and villages. They speak in the open air. On some occasions, when proper notice is given, they have a good number to hear. He says he has had better congregations lately, than he has had before, since he left America. The Lord has been with them, and blessed their labors. Brother Paul was with us a few weeks, and preached in the streets of London. He is now in Dublin, sounding the midnight cry. Brother Winter received some copies of the Signs of the Times, with which he was much interested. We shall be glad to hear from the brethren, and hope you will let us know whether or not you can possibly send us any of your good lecturers; if they come we will do our best to accommodate them with a house. As we move in an humble sphere of life, we hope they will excuse our not having the best of accommodations. Yours in the blessed hope of the first resurrection and speedy coming of the Lord with his holy angels. Elizabeth Lloyd.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.15

    21 Parker’s Terrace, Necengor Road, Bormandsey, London. July 11th, 1843.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.16

    Letter from W. H. Ireland


    I have returned from a tour east, a few days ago, as far as the Aroostook river, about 150 miles, where I have been giving lectures, and preaching on the doctrine of the second advent of our blessed Lord and Savior; I found some opposition, but nothing as I expected, knowing their chance for information on this subject was small. They have received all the lying, tattling and scoffing that has gone the rounds in the political papers as truth; but my time will not be lost, for I found people mostly willing to hear on the subject with candor. I baptized quite a number while I was gone, and gave the hand of fellowship to all, but one, who belonged to the Congregational Church; so you see we are not so bigoted, but we can baptize persons belonging to any order if required, and let them remain in their own churches. It was a glorious season to meet those dear brethren who enjoy but little preaching, to see how high they prize the word of truth; the children are crying for bread, and none to break it to them. True, a man can’t get five dollars per day for preaching, as they can in many places farther west, but the crown of glory that awaits all those that follow Christ stimulates my soul as I travel through the wilderness. With what joy they receive you into their little neat cottages after you have traveled miles on foot. There is but little reformation through this region now. O! can it be that sinners are hardening for the day of ruin. All I can say is, Lord have mercy.HST August 16, 1843, page 189.17

    William H. Ireland.
    Newport, July 31st, 1843.

    Hope unto the End


    It is feared that St. John’s description of the Laodicean church, agrees perfectly with the psesent state of the professed church, by those who speak not in the word which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth, which searcheth the deep things of God, and shows us things to come. “O fools and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken; how can ye believe who receive honor one of another, and seek not the honor which cometh from God; and ye have not his word abiding in you, for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not; ye therefore hear them not because ye are not of God. Wherefore as this people draw near the Lord with their mouth, and with their lips do honor me, but have removed their heart for from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of man; therefore I will proceed to do a marvelous work, and a wonder, for the wisdom of; their wise men shall perish! Jesus said to the chief priests and elders, that the publicans and harlots go into the kingdom of God before you. Whosoever is ashamed of Christ and his words in this sinful and adulterous generation, of him also will the Son of Man be ashamed when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but turn their ears away from the truth unto fables putting far off the evil day. They take not example from the gospel writers, making mention of Christ’s second coming as the most glorious event, to which they look forward with joy. We feel more confident that our eyes will soon behold the promised land, than Columbus did when the land-birds flew around his ship, and green bushes and other signs were floating by. The signs which were to precede the coming of the Savior have been seen: and the great day is near even at the doors, and we may know it, as plain as that summer is nigh, when the trees put forth leaves. The prophetical days are so near their close that we daily live in hope of beholding the glory of God; expecting “to receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away, when the chief shepherd shall appear.”HST August 16, 1843, page 189.18

    Find the truth, forsake all for Christ, follow him as the word and spirit directs, ask for what you desire, speak often one to another, read the experience and views of those whose undsrstandings have been opened to understand the scriptures, and dwell in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh but after the spirit.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.1

    Many have gone forth bearing precious seed, and doubtless they will come again bringing their sheaves with them. And the Lord is able to keep us from falling away, if we abide in the vine. Every branch in Christ that beareth not fruit he taketh away, and every branch that beareth fruit he purgeth it that it may bring forth more fruit. Let us hold fast whereunto we have attained, knowing that he is faithful who has promised, and rejoice that our redemption draweth nigh, when all that overcome will inherit all things, and sit with Christ in his throne “even as he overcome and is set down with his Father on his throne.”HST August 16, 1843, page 190.2

    J. E. H.

    Appeal to the Doubting


    You have perhaps examined the Second Advent doctrine, and are now uncertain or unsettled in your minds whether we are truly living on the verge of time. You have heard the sound of the “Midnight Cry” and have been warned to go out and meet the Bridegroom. You have searched the word of the Lord and found much evidence that we are living in “the last days.” You have looked abroad upon, the world and viewed it lying in wickedness, and ripe for destruction. You have heard the voice of the scoffer asking with a sneer “where is the promise of Christ’s coming,” and seen the cold professor trying to calm the fears of those who are convicted of the truth, with the cry of peace and safety. And probably you have discovered that the professed church has in a great measure apostatized from the pure apostolic church of Christ, and sunk to a lukewarm and cold state. And you have also seen what mighty attempts many of the professed followers of the lowly Savior have made to overthrow the Advent doctrine and theory, and that they have failed to do the work, and the foundation yet remains unshaken. But after all, you still shrink from entering boldly into the work, and belief of the doctrine. Why is this. Is it because the rulers and chief priests, the pharisees and hypocrites, the worldly minded and cold professors, and a sleepy church are bitterly opposed to the coming of the Son of Man. Is it because you have heard some evil servants teach that the “Lord delayeth his coming” and put far away the evil day, and their reasoning has seemed to you to be correct, and thus Satan has caught away much of the truth, and good seed sown in your heart. Or is it because the advocates of this doctrine are few in number compared to the great multitude of opposers and unbelievers, and they are persecuted and scoffed at by the world and you, are ashamed to unite with them! Are these your reasons and objections? Then you have not much of the love and spirit of the meek and lowly Christ who was himself at the head of a little despised set of Advent believers who were all “looking for the blessed hope” and glorious appearing of the Lord after his ascension. And unless you get ready and go out to meet the Bridegroom you never can “have part in the first resurrection.” But perhaps you have gone out to meet the Bridegroom, and been very strong in the belief that he would appear at some particular time, and that time has past, and now you are almost weary of waiting and watching, and are undetermined whether to give up the faith and go back to the world, or to stay with the little band who are looking for the appearing of Christ. To you I now appeal. One thing you know. That is, that the Adventists are a holy happy people. The doctrine is of God, and man has not and cannot overthrow it! And again, you know that the opposers are not filled with the Holy Ghost, and that their example and precept are loved by all the ungodly; by the deist and infidel, the thief and the robber, the drunkard and the murderer, the scoffer and the cold professor. Will you then, will you go back to “the city of destruction” to dwell with such a band of evil spirits. Will you leave the Advent, desert the Christian army when Christ is at the head, and “give up the faith” and your bright hopes of immediate victory, and go back and join with the world. If you should, what would be your reward. Surely not the reward of the saints, for that is reaped by those who never faint. Then what is it. A portion in hell. A part “in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone.” “For he that putteth his hand to the plough and looketh back, is not fit for the kingdom of God.” Then be entreated to tarry upon the watch tower. I beseech you in Christ’s stead to hold fast the profession of your faith without wavering, for the prize, the crown, the New Jerusalem, the new heaven and new earth, all, all, will soon be in view. Amen. “Even so come Lord Jesus.” H.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.3

    My Dear Brother Himes.—The subject of Christ’s coming is most cheerful to my soul, and ought deeply to interest every son and daughter of Adam. When I meditate on this heart cheering subject, my soul is enraptured with joy. After a few more trials and afflictions in this life, to behold my lovely Savior, that dear Lamb of God who died to redeem my soul, that through his death and sufferings I might obtain eternal life. Should I not love his appearing, and long to be like him; to be freed from this mortal state, and be forever with my glorious Redeemer? Yes, my heart says Amen, come Lord Jesus, come quickly. But O, my heart’s desire is that I may be endowed with wisdom from God, and meekness to endure, and patience to wait till my change come. I am firm in the belief the signs of the times indicate the speedy coming of Christ, and what we do must be done quickly. Since I experienced the grace of God in my soul, I have frequented my closet daily, and enjoyed a degree of religion; but I never enjoyed such continual openings of heaven and glory, as I have since I embraced the doctrine of the Second Advent of our Lord and Savior near. I have not had the privilege of hearing many lectures on this subject, nor have I placed confidence in man; trusting alone in the arm of God I commenced reading my bible with a prayerful heart, that I might be enlightened in the knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus, assured the Holy Spirit would aid me to distinguish good from evil, and truth from error. When I received the evidence of the Second Advent by a strong faith, and confessed with my mouth what I beleived in my heart, I experienced what I never felt before. My soul filled to overflowing with love and joy, unspeakable and run of glory. Notwithstanding the peace of mind that I enjoy, my heart is truly pained when I realize the awful judgments which are about to be poured out upon those who know not God, and obey not the gospel; and especially to hear those who profess to teach the way of God in truth, crying, peace and safety, when sudden destruction awaiteth them. I have not a doubt that God is now warning the people of the destruction of the world by fire; it appears to me at times, that had I the voice of a trumpet, I would sound the midnight cry to the ends of the earth. Truly, I bless God, my soul ever embraced this bible doctrine; it has led me to make an entire consecration of myself and all, upon God’s altar, and render obedience to his holy will, by his attractive and animating power I feel truly grateful that I live in the days of the sounding of the midnight cry, when my Savior is soon to be revealed, to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe. I am daily confirmed in the faith of the coming of the Savior, when we shall meet with all the blood-washed throng who shall encircle the throne, and spend a happy eternity in praising God in the New Jerusalem. Yours in the blessed hope and daily expectation of the coming of the Lord.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.4

    S. W. MurrayHST August 16, 1843, page 190.5

    Farher Mathew, the apostle of Temperance, who has, from his private resources, distributed gratuitously several thousand copies of the Douay (Catholic) Bible, has now in the press a new edition of the sacred volume, to be issued in twelve monthly sixpenny numbers.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.6


    No Authorcode

    BOSTON, AUG. 16, 1843.

    The Tent Meeting in Buffalo


    Commenced the 5th of August under the most pleasant and encouraging circumstances. The Tent is located in an enclosure connected with a large and beautiful park. The Tent is seated for about 1500, and with the alteration now holds 3500 persons. In connection with this, we have prepared tents in the Park, only a few steps from the Tent, to accommodate a large congregation. Here we hold meetings when the wind is high, or when it is very warm. So we find ourselves accommodated in all respects as to location, with the best place in the country. We are protected also from all beershops and stands, which have been such nuisances to us elsewhere.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.7

    It was supposed that Society in Buffalo, being of a mixed character, and unfavorable to our views, would make it difficult for us to sustain a meeting with the order or success desired. But our meetings have been held three days without the least confusion or annoyance. On the Sabbath we had a large crowd of the citizens of the city and vicinity; and of all places I have yet visited with the tent, I must say we were never treated with greater respect, or had better order among the multitude, than in this place. We doubt not it will continue so through the meeting.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.8

    Bro. Fitch is with us, and thus far has done most of the lecturing. He has had a good hearing on several very important points, relating to the manner and time of the advent. The impression made has been favorable, and very powerful. The whole city is aroused. The people are anxious for light. We have distributed publications by the thousand, and they are being read in every part of the city.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.9

    We had but few here to help us at all in the commencement. Friends are now coming in, and we doubt not we shall receive some aid in the enterprise. Thus far we have received nothing, though it is the most expensive campaign that we have ever had. The work is the Lord’s, and he will not suffer it to sink. Bro. Storrs is now in Rochester, and will be with us to follow Bro. Fitch on Thursday next. J. V. Himes.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.10

    Cottage Garden, Aug. 7, 1843.

    Middletown Campmeeting


    Bro. Bliss,—We have just closed a camp-meeting in this place, at which Bro. Litch, Jacobs, Brown, and Caldwell, have been present. It was in a beautiful grove, freely given and fitted up by a wealthy young farmer, who is not a professor of religion. He boarded all the preachers, and many others, free of charge, during the whole meeting. It commenced on Friday, July 28. On the Sabbath the attendance was very large, but the afternoon lectures were prevented by the rain, and the attendance during the week was not so large. Several ministers heard patiently, and acknowledged the force of the arguments. Friday afternoon and evening, Bro. Litch gave a most clear and convincing lecture on the 11th of Daniel. In the evening a preacher arose and said he had listened attentively through the week, and had prepared notes from which he intended to preach to his people on the inconsistencies of Millerism. “But,” he added with strong emphasis, “that sermon I shall never preach.” He acknowledged the consistency and clearness of the argument and said he did not see any reason for expecting that time would continue beyond the period embraced in our belief. The great eagerness of the people for Bibles, was a very cheering illustration of the effect of the Lectures. Two lots were sold, and we sent to Philadelphia for a bundle of two dozen more, of which 15 were sold in a few hours. The effect of Bro. Hale’s visit to this place last winter, was excellent. There is still a good company of believers who stand firm, and by their good lives put their opponents to shame; but the opposition of a worldly church has caused the faith and love of some to wax weak and cold, many were cheered and refreshed, of which I should like to name instances, but have not room.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.11

    In haste, your brother in the blessed hope,
    N. Southard.




    There will be an advent campmeeting, if time continues, in Exeter, Maine, about 20 miles from Bangor, near the road leading from Bangor to Dexter, on the same ground where it was held last Sept, to commence Wednesday, Sept, 13th, tents erected on the 12th, to continue a week or more; all those who wish to enjoy the privilege of a second advent campmeeting, are requested to come and bring their tents, or come prepared to erect them on the ground: those who cannot bring tents, can be provided for on the ground at the rate of $1,42 per week, or 1 shilling per meal; some of our efficient lecturers of the west are earnestly solicited to attend, and ministers and brethren in general, brother T. M. Preble is requested to attend. Christian Herald please copy.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.12

    Committee. Moses Ames, William H. Ireland, Zenas Chamberlain, Thomas Stevens, Lemuel Smith.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.13

    Exeter, July 31st, 1843.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.14



    At North Springfield, Vt. will commence Tuesday, Sept. 5, in a beautiful grove a short distance from the Post Office. Br. Timothy Cole, of Lowell, will attend, and Br. Miller is requested to. As no other meeting of the kind may be hold near this until our Lord shall come, we hope all the friends of the cause will attend, with tents. For Com. I.H.Shipman.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.15



    In New Salem, Mass. on land owned by Ebenezer Macomber, to commence on Thursday, Aug. 24, if time continues. May the Lord direct Bro. Preble and other efficient lecturers to come.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.16

    For Committee, G. S. Macomber.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.17



    The committee have decided, the Lord willing, and time continues, to commence a campmeeting in Tuftonborough, N. H., Melvin Village, on Tuesday, Sept. 12th. We hope all the friends of our coming Lord in that vicinity will make their calculations to attend. It is on the shore of Lake Winepiseogee, so that all on the opposite shores can be conveyed by water. There is convenient land conveyance, as it is on the stage road from Dover to Sandwich. Good provisions can be had at reasonaable rates by those who do not bring their tents.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.18

    Per order of the committeee.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.19

    Notice. The friends and brethren who are favorable to a Second Advent Campmeeting in the vicinity of Portsmouth, Exeter, and New Market, N. H. are requested to meet at the Christian Meeting House in Exeter, on Wednesday, Aug. 23rd, to select a location, choose a committee, and make other arrangements necessary for a meeting in the latter part of September. If time continue, and the Lord will, we hope there will be a general rally of all the friends interested. We here take the liberty to state that there is no probability that the large tent will come into New England this season; if we have a general rally of friends in that vicinity it must be in campmeeting. For com. T. COLE.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.20



    Will be held, the Lord will, in the “Tent” or grove at Ballston Springs, N Y. to commence Aug. 25th, and continue about ten days. Several efficient speakers are expected. J. Marsh.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.21

    Letters received to Aug. 12


    Note.—Post Masters are authorized to send money for publications gratuitously; also to order and stop papers. Subscriber’s names, with the State and Post Office, should be distinctly given, when papers are ordered or discontinued.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.22

    from post-masters


    Gorham Me; Braintree Vt, all right; Taftsville Vt 2; Norwalk O, 1; Corinth Vt; Fairhaven Ms 22,50; Carlisle Ms 50 cts; Acton Corner Me; Richmond Vt 1; Fitchburg, Ms; Sandy Hill NY 1; Brocket’s Briah 2; Ballston N Y 1; Richmond, Me; N Prospect, W Boylston; Bristol RI 1; N Dighton Ms 2; Essex Vt 2;Hartford Ct 1; N Hadley; Minot Me; Coventry RI 3; Duxbury Ms 1; No Granville 3; Holden 1; Sharon Vt 1; Colchester Vt 2; E Chester NH 2; Charlotte, NC 2,10; Openheime NY 2; Bangor Me 2; N Newport Me 2; Garland Me 1; Sherburne Ms 1; E Medway 1; Gloversville NY 1; Pittsford Vt 8, all correct; Haverhill N H; N Fenisburg Vt 1; Cornishville Me; N Bridgwater, Ms 1; Farmington Me, Contocookville NH 1; E Bethel Vt 1; S Westerlo, NY; Hampstead N H; Amoskeag N H 1; Thompsonville Ct 2; Hills Corner Me 1; Underhill N H 3; Preston NY 1; Kennebunk Me 1; Parish N Y 1; Richfield Springs NY 1; Clyde NY 2; Fort Ann NY 5; Fairfield Vt 2; Taftsville Vt; Mattapoisette Ms 2; N Dighton Ms 1.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.23



    W Willmot; H; J V B Larrabee; T L Tulluck; J V Himes; L D Fleming; S O Cooke; J Marsh; S B Chittenden; S W Murry; J Sanborn; W Willmot 6; Moses Greenwood; Geo P Martin; Martha Whitcomb; T L Tulluck; John J Dudmun; M J Clark; S B Woodard (10 cts postage to stop paper, should have sent by the P Master;) G B & A J Batchelder Paid to No 7 Vol 6; S Dodge; B F Carter 1; T L Tulluck; A P Nichols (we have made it right to end of Vol. 5;) N Southard; G S Macomber; Joseph Walton; J V Himes; O W Hazen; I H Shipman 5; J Walton; P S Miles 10, per rec’t; Wise & Co; J C Forbush; H A Chittenden; Ezra H Sawtell 2; H Frisbee 2; A E Smith 1.HST August 16, 1843, page 190.24

    Bundles Sent


    W Wilmot St Mary’s NB; J V Himes, 9 Spruce St. N York 2 bundles;HST August 16, 1843, page 190.25


    No Authorcode

    A Rebuke 4 Abomination of Desolation 6 An Appeal to all 11 A strange Notion 54 As it was in Sodom 66 An Omission 71 An Enquiry 76 A Fact for the Cause 96 A Correction 104 Anniversary Week 108 A Great Mistake 124 Artaxerxes Longimanus—The Dec. in 7th of, 140 Answer to the Enquiries of H 140 Appeal for the Midnight Cry 151 An Extract 152 An Illustrative anecdote 157 An Inch of Time 160 A Millerite before his bishop 175 Boston—Lectures in 12 Brother Litch at Washington 13 Boston Recorder—cause of—Rebuked 17 Both sides of the Question 31 Boston Advent Conference 107 Boston Tabernacle 119 Boylston Camp meeting at 157 Babylons Fall—The Sanctuary cleansed 165 Buffalo—Great Tent meeting in Ohio 175 Cesar circulating Sec. Ad. Pub. 21 Comet 21, 28 Canada—the cause in 40 Confession—C. French 64 Clerical Scoffing 76 Cochranism 84 Cities of the Plain—destruction of 113 Conversion of the World 116 Christian Union. 116 Campmeeting at Athol 120 Chronology 123 Cox, F. G.—Experience of 130 Christian Courtesy 132, 141 Campmeeting, Committee—Doings of 144


    No Authorcode

    Millennial Glory 22 Our Journey Home 55 To Prof. Stuart, etc. 7 The Last Day 22 The Prospect 55 The Bible 69 The Cross and Crown 91 The rest and the hope, and the home of the Christian Laborer 135 The end of the volume 189 Tent Meeting in Buffalo, 190

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