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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    CHARIOTED, pp. Borne in a chariot.

    CHARIOTEER, n. The person who drives or conducts a chariot. It is used in speaking of military chariots and those in the ancient games, but not of modern drivers.

    CHARIOT-MAN, n. The driver of a chariot. 2 Chronicles 18:33.

    CHARIOT-RACE, n. A race with chariots; a sport in which chariots were driven in contest for a prize.


    1. Benevolent and kind; as a charitable disposition.NWAD CHARITABLE.2

    2. Liberal in benefactions to the poor, and in relieving them in distress; as a charitable man.NWAD CHARITABLE.3

    3. Pertaining to charity; springing from charity, or intended for charity; benevolent; as a charitable institution, or society; a charitable purpose.NWAD CHARITABLE.4

    4. Formed on charitable principles; favorable; dictated by kindness; as a charitable construction of words or actions.NWAD CHARITABLE.5


    1. The disposition to be charitable; or the exercise of charity.NWAD CHARITABLENESS.2

    2. Liberality to the poor.NWAD CHARITABLENESS.3

    CHARITABLY, adv. Kindly; liberally; benevolently; with a disposition to help the poor; favorably.

    CHARITY, n.

    1. In a general sense, love, benevolence, good will; that disposition of heart which inclines men to think favorably of their fellow men to think favorably of their fellow men, and to do them good. In a theological sense, it includes supreme love to God, and universal good will to men. 1 Corinthians 8:1; Colossians 3:14; 1 Timothy 1:5.NWAD CHARITY.2

    2. In a more particular sense, love, kindness, affection, tenderness, springing from natural relations; as the charities of father, son and brother.NWAD CHARITY.3

    3. Liberality to the poor, consisting in almsgiving or benefactions, or in gratuitous services to relieve them in distress.NWAD CHARITY.4

    4. Alms; whatever is bestowed gratuitously on the poor for their relief.NWAD CHARITY.5

    5. Liberality in gifts and services to promote public objects of utility, as to found and support bible societies, missionary societies, and others.NWAD CHARITY.6

    6. Candor; liberality in judging of men and their actions; a disposition which inclines men to think and judge favorably, and to put the best construction on words and actions which the case will admit. The highest exercise of charity, is charity towards the uncharitable.NWAD CHARITY.7

    7. Any act of kindness, or benevolence; as the charities of life.NWAD CHARITY.8

    8. A charitable institution. Charity-school, is a school maintained by voluntary contributions for educating poor children.NWAD CHARITY.9

    CHARK, v.t. To burn to a coal; to char.

    CHARLATAN, n. One who prates much in his own favor, and makes unwarrantable pretensions to skill; a quack; an empiric; a mountebank.

    CHARLATANICAL, a. Quackish; making undue pretensions to skill; ignorant.

    CHARLATANRY, n. Undue pretensions to skill; quackery; wheedling; deception by fair words.

    CHARLES’S-WAIN, n. In astronomy, seven stars in the constellation called Ursa Major, or the Great Bear.

    CHARLOCK, n. The English name of the Raphanus raphanistrum and Sinapis arvensis, very pernicious weeds among grain. One kind has yellow flowers; another, white, with jointed pods.

    CHARM, n.

    1. Words, characters or other things imagined to possess some occult or unintelligible power; hence, a magic power or spell, by which with the supposed assistance of the devil, witches and sorcerers have been supposed to do wonderful things. Spell; enchantment. Hence,NWAD CHARM.2

    2. That which has power to subdue opposition, and gain the affections; that which can please irresistible; that which delights and attracts the heart; generally in the plural.NWAD CHARM.3

    The smiles of nature and the charms of art.NWAD CHARM.4

    Good humor only teaches charms to last.NWAD CHARM.5

    CHARM, v.t.

    1. To subdue or control by incantation or secret influence.NWAD CHARM.7

    I will send serpents among you - which will not be charmed. Jeremiah 8:17.NWAD CHARM.8

    2. To subdue by secret power, especially by that which pleases and delights the mind; to allay, or appease.NWAD CHARM.9

    Music the fiercest grief can charm.NWAD CHARM.10

    3. To give exquisite pleasure to the mind or senses; to delight.NWAD CHARM.11

    We were charmed with the conversation.NWAD CHARM.12

    The aerial songster charms us with her melodious notes.NWAD CHARM.13

    4. To fortify with charms against evil.NWAD CHARM.14

    I have a charmed life, which must not yield.NWAD CHARM.15

    5. To make powerful by charms.NWAD CHARM.16

    6. To summon by incantation.NWAD CHARM.17

    7. To temper agreeably.NWAD CHARM.18

    CHARM, v.i. To sound harmonically.

    CHARMA, n. A fish resembling the sea-wolf.

    CHARMED, pp. Subdued by charms; delighted; enchanted.

    CHARMER, n.

    1. One that charms, or has power to charm; one that uses or has the power of enchantment. Deuteronomy 18:11.NWAD CHARMER.2

    2. One who delights and attracts the affections.NWAD CHARMER.3

    CHARMERESS, n. An enchantress.

    CHARMFUL, a. Abounding with charms.

    CHARMING, ppr.

    1. Using charms; enchanting.NWAD CHARMING.2

    2. a. Pleasing n the highest degree; delighting.NWAD CHARMING.3

    Music is but an elegant and charming species of elocution.NWAD CHARMING.4

    CHARMINGLY, adv. Delightfully; in a manner to charm, or to give delight.

    She smiled very charmingly.NWAD CHARMINGLY.2

    CHARMINGNESS, n. The power to please.

    CHARMLESS, a. Destitute of charms.

    CHARNEL, a. Containing flesh or carcasses.

    CHARNEL-HOUSE, n. A place under or near churches, where the bones of the dead are reposited. Anciently, a kind of portico or gallery, in or near a church-yard, over which the bones of the dead were laid, after the flesh was consumed.

    CHARON, n. In fabulous history, the son of Erebus and Nox, whose office was to ferry the souls of the deceased over the waters of Acheron and Styx, for a piece of money.

    CHARR, n. A fish, a species of Salmo.

    CHARRING, ppr. Reducing to coal; depriving of volatile matter.

    CHARRY, a. [See Char.] Pertaining to charcoal; like charcoal, or partaking of its qualities.

    CHART, n. A hydrographical or marine map; a draught or projection of some part of the earths superficies on paper, with the coasts, isles, rocks, banks, channels or entrances into harbors, rivers, and bays, the points of compass, soundings or depth of water, etc., to regulate the courses of ships in their voyages. The term chart is applied to a marine map; map is applied to a draught of some portion of land.

    A plan chart is a representation of some part of the superficies of the globe, in which the meridians are supposed parallel to each other, the parallels of latitude at equal distances, and of course the degrees of latitude and longitude are every where equal to each other.NWAD CHART.2

    Mercators chart, is one on which the meridians are straight lines, parallel and equidistant; the parallels are straight lines and parallel to each other, but the distance between them increases from the equinoctial towards either pole, in the ratio of the secant of the latitude to the radius.NWAD CHART.3

    Globular chart, is a meridional projection in which the distance of the eye from the plane of the meridian, on which the projection is made, is supposed to be equal to the sine of the angle of forty-five degrees.NWAD CHART.4

    Selenographic charts, represent the spots and appearances of the moon.NWAD CHART.5

    Topographic charts, are draughts of particular places, or small parts of the earth.NWAD CHART.6

    CHARTER, n.

    1. A written instrument, executed with usual forms, given as evidence of a grant, contract, or whatever is done between man and man. In its more usual sense, it is the instrument of a grant conferring powers, rights and privileges, either from a king or other wovereign power, or from a private person, as a charter of exemption, that no person shall be empannelled on a jury, a charter of pardon, etc. The charters under which most of the colonies in America were settled, were given by the king of England, and incorporated certain persons, with powers to hold the lands granted, to establish a government, and make laws for their own regulation. These were called charter-governments.NWAD CHARTER.2

    2. Any instrument, executed with form and solemnity, bestowing rights or privileges.NWAD CHARTER.3

    3. Privilege; immunity; exemption.NWAD CHARTER.4

    My mother, Who has a charter to extol her blood, When she does praise me, grieves me.NWAD CHARTER.5

    CHARTER, v.t.

    1. To hire or to let a ship by charter. [See Charter-party.]NWAD CHARTER.7

    2. To establish by charter.NWAD CHARTER.8

    CHARTER-LAND, n. Land held by charter, or in soccage.

    CHARTER-PARTY, n. In commerce, an agreement respecting the hire of a vessel and the freight. This is to be signed by the proprietor or master of the ship and by the merchant who hires or freights it. It must contain the name and burden of the vessel, the names of the master and freighter, the price or rate of the freight, the time of loading and unloading, and other stipulated conditions.

    CHARTERED, pp.

    1. Hired or let, as a ship.NWAD CHARTERED.2

    2. Invested with privileges by charter; privileged.NWAD CHARTERED.3

    3. Granted by charter; as chartered rights; chartered power.NWAD CHARTERED.4

    CHARTERING, ppr.

    1. Giving a charter; establishing by charter.NWAD CHARTERING.2

    2. Hiring or letting by charter.NWAD CHARTERING.3

    CHARTLESS, a. Without a chart; of which no chart has been made; not delineated on paper; as the charless main.

    CHARTULARY, n. An officer in the ancient Latin church, who had the care of charters and other papers of a public nature. Blackstone uses this word for a record or register, as of a monastery.

    CHARY, a. [Sax. Cearig. See Care.] Careful; wary; frugal.

    CHASABLE, a. That may be chased; fit for the chase.

    CHASE, v.t.

    1. Literally to drive, urge, press forward with vehemence; hence, to pursue for the purpose of taking, as game; to hunt.NWAD CHASE.2

    2. To purse, or drive, as a defeated or flying enemy. Leviticus 26:7; Deuteronomy 32:30.NWAD CHASE.3

    3. To follow or pursue, as an object of desire; to pursue for the purpose of taking; as, to chase a ship.NWAD CHASE.4

    4. To drive; to pursue.NWAD CHASE.5

    Chased by their brothers endless malice.NWAD CHASE.6

    To chase away, is to compel to depart; to disperse.NWAD CHASE.7

    To chase metals. [See Enchase.]NWAD CHASE.8

    CHASE, n.

    1. Vehement pursuit; a running or driving after; as game, in hunting; a flying enemy, in war; a ship a sea, etc.NWAD CHASE.10

    2. Pursuit with an ardent desire to obtain, as pleasure, profit, fame, etc.; earnest seeking.NWAD CHASE.11

    3. That which may be chased; that which is usually taken by chase; as beasts of chase.NWAD CHASE.12

    4. That which is pursued or hunted; as, seek some other chase. So at sea, a ship chased is called the chase.NWAD CHASE.13

    5. In law, a driving of cattle to or from a place.NWAD CHASE.14

    6. An open ground, or place of retreat for deer and other wild beasts; differing from a forest, which is not private property and is invested with privileges, and from a park which is inclosed. A chase is private property, and well stored with wild beasts or game.NWAD CHASE.15

    7. An iron frame used by printers to confine types, when set in columns.NWAD CHASE.16

    8. Chase of a gun, is the whole length of the bore.NWAD CHASE.17

    9. A term in the game of tennis.NWAD CHASE.18

    Chase guns, in a ship of war, guns used in chasing an enemy or in defending a ship when chased. These have their ports at the head or stern. A gun at the head is called a bow-chase; at the stern, a stern-chase.NWAD CHASE.19

    CHASED, pp. Pursed; sought ardently; driven.

    CHASER, n.

    1. One who chases; a pursuer; a driver; a hunter.NWAD CHASER.2

    2. An enchaser. [See Enchase.]NWAD CHASER.3

    CHASIDEANS, [See Assideans.]

    CHASING, ppr. Pursuing; driving; hunting.

    CHASM, n.

    1. A cleft; a fissure; a gap; properly, an opening made by disrupture, as a beach in the earth or a rock.NWAD CHASM.2

    2. A void space; a vacuity.NWAD CHASM.3

    Between the two propositions, that the gospel is true and that it is false, what a fearful chasm! The unsettled reason hovers over it in dismay.NWAD CHASM.4

    CHASMED, a. Having gaps or a chasm.

    CHASSELAS, n. A sort of grape.

    CHASTE, a.

    1. Pure from all unlawful commerce of sexes. Applied to persons before marriage, it signifies pure from all sexual commerce, undefiled; applied to married persons, true to the marriage bed.NWAD CHASTE.2

    2. Free from obscenity.NWAD CHASTE.3

    While they behold your chaste conversation. 1 Peter 3:2.NWAD CHASTE.4

    3. In language, pure; genuine; uncorrupt; free from barbarous words and phrases, and from quaint, affected, extravagant expressions.NWAD CHASTE.5

    CHASTE-EYED, a. Having modest eyes.

    CHASTE-TREE, n. The agnus castus, or vitex; a tree that grows to the highth of eight or ten feet, producing spikes of flowers at the end of every strong shoot in autumn.

    CHASTELY, adv. In a chaste manner; without unlawful commerce of sexes; without obscenity; purely; without barbarisms or unnatural phrases.

    CHASTEN, v.t.

    1. To correct by punishment; to punish; to inflict pain for the purpose of reclaiming an offender; as, to chasten a son with a rod.NWAD CHASTEN.2

    I will chasten him with the rod of men. 2 Samuel 7:14.NWAD CHASTEN.3

    2. To afflict by other means.NWAD CHASTEN.4

    As many as I love I rebuke and chasten. Revelation 3:19.NWAD CHASTEN.5

    3. To purify from errors or faults.NWAD CHASTEN.6

    CHASTENED, pp. Corrected; punished; afflicted for correction.

    CHASTENER, n. One who punishes, for the purpose of correction.

    CHASTENESS, n. Chastity; purity.

    CHASTENING, ppr. Correcting; afflicting for correction.

    CHASTENING, n. Correction; punishment for the purpose of reclaiming.

    No chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous but grievous. Hebrews 12:11.NWAD CHASTENING.3

    CHASTISABLE, a. Deserving of chastisement.

    CHASTISE, v.t.

    1. To correct by punishing; to punish; to inflict pain by stripes, or in other manner, for the purpose of punishing an offender and recalling him to his duty.NWAD CHASTISE.2

    I will chastise you seven times for your sins. Leviticus 26:28.NWAD CHASTISE.3

    2. To reduce to order or obedience; to restrain; to awe; to repress.NWAD CHASTISE.4

    The gay social sense, By decency chastisd.NWAD CHASTISE.5

    3. To correct; to purify by expunging faults; as, to chastise a poem.NWAD CHASTISE.6

    CHASTISED, pp. Punished; corrected.

    CHASTISEMENT, n. Correction; punishment; pain inflicted for punishment and correction, either by stripes or otherwise.

    Shall I so much dishonour my fair stars, On equal terms to give him chastisement.NWAD CHASTISEMENT.2

    I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more. Job 34:31.NWAD CHASTISEMENT.3

    The chastisement of our peace, in Scripture, was the pain which Christ suffered to purchase our peace and reconciliation to God. Isaiah 53:5.NWAD CHASTISEMENT.4

    CHASTISER, n. One who chastises; a punisher; a corrector.

    CHASTISING, ppr. Punishing for correction; correcting.

    CHASTITY, n.

    1. Purity of the body; freedom from all unlawful commerce of sexes. Before marriage, purity from all commerce of sexes; after marriage, fidelity to the marriage bed.NWAD CHASTITY.2

    2. Freedom from obscenity, as in language or conversation.NWAD CHASTITY.3

    3. Freedom from bad mixture; purity in words and phrases.NWAD CHASTITY.4

    4. Purity; unadulterated state; as the chastity of the gospel.NWAD CHASTITY.5

    CHAT, v.i.

    1. To talk in a familiar manner; to talk without form or ceremony.NWAD CHAT.2

    2. To talk idly; to prate.NWAD CHAT.3

    CHAT, v.t. To talk of.

    CHAT, n. Free, familiar talk; idle talk; prate.

    CHAT, n. A twig, or little stick. [See Chit.]

    CHATEAU, n. A castle; a seat in the country.

    CHATELET, n. A little castle.

    CHATELLANY, n. The lordship or jurisdiction of a castellan, or governor of a castle. [See Castellany.]

    CHATOYANT, a. A hard stone, a little transparent, which being cut smooth presents on its surface and in the interior, an undulating or wavy light. It is of a yellowish gray color or verging to an olive green. It rarely exceeds the size of a filbert.

    CHATOYMENT, n. Changeable colors, or changeableness of color, in a mineral; play of colors.

    CHATTEL, n. chatl. [See Cattle.] Primarily, any article of movable goods. In modern usage, the word chattels comprehends all goods, movable or immovable, except such as have the nature of freehold. Chattels are real or personal. Chattels real, are such as concern or savor of the realty, as a term for years of land, ward-ships in chivalry, the next presentation to a church, estates by statute merchant, elegit and the like. Chattels personal, are things movable, as animals, furniture of a house, jewels, corn, etc.

    CHATTER, v.i. [See Chat.]

    1. To utter sounds rapidly and indistinctly, as a magpie, or a monkey.NWAD CHATTER.2

    2. To make a noise by collision of the teeth. We say, the teeth chatter, when one is chilly and shivering.NWAD CHATTER.3

    3. To talk idly, carelessly or rapidly; to jabber.NWAD CHATTER.4

    CHATTER, n. Sounds like those of a pie or monkey; idle talk.

    CHATTER-BOX, n. One that talks incessantly.

    CHATTERER, n. A prater; an idle talker.

    CHATTERING, ppr. Uttering rapid, indistinct sounds, as birds; talking idly; moving rapidly and clashing, as the teeth.

    CHATTERING, n. Rapid, inarticulate sounds, as of birds; idle talk; rapid striking of the teeth, as in chilliness.

    CHATTING, ppr. Talking familiarly.

    CHATTY, a. Given to free conversation; talkative.

    CHATWOOD, n. Little sticks; fuel.

    CHAUMONTELLE, n. A sort of pear.

    CHAUN, n. A gap.

    CHAUN, v.i. To open; to yawn.

    CHAVENDER, CHEVEN, n. The chub, a fish.

    CHAW, v.t.

    1. To grind with the teeth; to masticate, as food in eating; to ruminate, or to chew as the cud.NWAD CHAW.2

    2. To ruminate in thought; to revolve and consider.NWAD CHAW.3

    CHAW, n.

    1. The jaw. Ezekiel 29:4. But in modern editions of the Bible it is printed jaw.NWAD CHAW.5

    2. In vulgar language, a cud; as much as is put in the mouth at once.NWAD CHAW.6

    CHAWDRON, n. Entrails.

    CHAY, n. Chaya-root; the root of the Oldenlandia umbellata, used in dyeing red.

    CHEAP, a.

    1. Bearing a low price, in market; that may be purchased at a low price; that is, at a price as low or lower than the usual price of the article or commodity, or at a price less than the real value. The sense is always comparative; for a price deemed cheap at one time is considered dear at another.NWAD CHEAP.2

    It is a principle which the progress of political science has clearly established; a principle that illustrates at once the wisdom of the creator and the blindness of human cupidity, that it is cheaper to hire the labor of freemen than to compel the labor of slaves.NWAD CHEAP.3

    2. Being of small value; common; not respected; as cheap beauty.NWAD CHEAP.4

    Make not yourself cheap in the eyes of the world.NWAD CHEAP.5

    CHEAP, n. Bargain; purchase; as in the phrases, good cheap, better cheap; the original phrases from which we have cheap.

    CHEAPEN, v.t.

    1. To attempt to buy; to ask the price of a commodity; to chaffer.NWAD CHEAPEN.2

    To shops in crowds the daggled females fly,NWAD CHEAPEN.3

    Pretend to cheapen goods, but nothing buy.NWAD CHEAPEN.4

    2. To lessen value.NWAD CHEAPEN.5

    CHEAPENER, n. One who cheapens or bargains.

    CHEAPLY, adv. At a small price; at a low rate.

    CHEAPNESS, n. Lowness in price, considering the usual price, or real value.

    CHEAR, [See Cheer.]

    CHEAT, v.t.

    1. To deceive and defraud in a bargain; to deceive for the purpose of gain in selling. Its proper application is to commerce, in which a person uses some arts, or misrepresentations, or withholds some facts, by which he deceives the purchaser.NWAD CHEAT.2

    2. To deceive by any artifice, trick or device, with a view to gain an advantage contrary to common honesty; as, to cheat a person at cards.NWAD CHEAT.3

    3. To impose on; to trick. It is followed by of or out of, and colloquially by into, as to cheat a child into a belief that a medicine is palatable.NWAD CHEAT.4

    CHEAT, n.

    1. A fraud committed by deception; a trick; imposition; imposture.NWAD CHEAT.6

    2. A person who cheats; one guilty of fraud by deceitful practices.NWAD CHEAT.7

    CHEATABLENESS, n. Liability to be cheated.

    CHEAT-BREAD, n. Fine bread purchased, or not made in the family.

    CHEATED, ppr. Defrauded by deception.

    CHEATER, n. One who practices a fraud in commerce.

    CHEATING, ppr. Defrauding by deception; imposing on.

    CHEATING, n. The act of defrauding by deceitful arts.

    CHECK, v.t.

    1. To stop; to restrain; to hinder; to curb. It signifies to put an entire stop to motion, or to restrain its violence, and cause an abatement; to moderate.NWAD CHECK.2

    2. To rebuke; to chide or reprove.NWAD CHECK.3

    3. To compare any paper with its counterpart or with a cipher, with a view to ascertain its authenticity; to compare corresponding papers; to control by a counter-register.NWAD CHECK.4

    4. In seamenship, to ease of a little of a rope, which is too stiffly extended; also, to stopper the cable.NWAD CHECK.5

    CHECK, v.i.

    1. To stop; to make a stop; with at.NWAD CHECK.7

    The mid checks at any vigorous undertaking.NWAD CHECK.8

    2. To clash or interfere.NWAD CHECK.9

    I love to check with business.NWAD CHECK.10

    3. To strike with repression.NWAD CHECK.11

    CHECK, n.

    1. A stop; hindrance; rebuff; sudden restraint, or continued restraint; curb; control; government.NWAD CHECK.13

    2. That which stops or restrains, as reproof, reprimand, rebuke, slight or disgust, fear, apprehension, a person; any stop or obstruction.NWAD CHECK.14

    3. In falconry, when a hawk forsakes her proper game, to follow rooks, pies, or other fowls, that cross her in her flight.NWAD CHECK.15

    4. The correspondent cipher of a bank note; a corresponding indenture; any counter-register.NWAD CHECK.16

    5. A term in chess, when one party obliges the other either to move or guard his king.NWAD CHECK.17

    6. An order for money, drawn on a banker or on the cashier of a bank, payable to the bearer.NWAD CHECK.18

    This is a sense derived from that in definition 4.NWAD CHECK.19

    7. In popular use, checkered cloth; check, for checkered.NWAD CHECK.20

    Check or check-roll, a roll or book containing the names of persons who are attendants and in the pay of a king or great personage, as domestic servants.NWAD CHECK.21

    Clerk of the check, in the British Kings household, has the check and control of the yeomen of the guard, and all the ushers belonging to the royal family, the care of the watch, etc.NWAD CHECK.22

    Clerk of the check, in the British Royal Dock-Yards, is an officer who keeps a register of all the men employed on board his majestys ships and vessels, and of all the artificers in the service of the navy, at the port where he is settled.NWAD CHECK.23

    CHECKED, CHECKT, pp. Stopped; restrained; repressed; curbed; moderated; controlled; reprimanded.

    CHECKER, v.t.

    1. To variegate with cross lines; to form into little squares, like a chess board, by lines or stripes of different colors. Hence,NWAD CHECKER.2

    2. To diversify; to variegate with different qualities, scenes, or events.NWAD CHECKER.3

    Our minds are, as it were, checkered with truth and falsehood.NWAD CHECKER.4

    CHECKER, n.

    1. One who checks or restrains; a rebuker.NWAD CHECKER.6

    2. A chess-board.NWAD CHECKER.7

    CHECKER, CHECKER-WORK, n. Work varied alternately as to its colors or materials; work consisting of cross lines.

    CHECKERS, n. plu. A common game on a checkered board.

    CHECKING, ppr. Stopping; curbing; restraining; moderating; controlling; rebuking.

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