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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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    STRATOGRAPHY — STROKE

    STRATOGRAPHY, n. [Gr., and army; to describe.] Description of armies, or what belongs to an army. [Not in use.]

    STRATUM, n. plu. stratums or strata. The latter is most common. [L., to spread or lay.]

    1. In geology and mineralogy, a layer; any species of earth, sand, coal and the like, arranged in a flat form, distinct from the adjacent matter. The thicker strata are called beds; and these beds are sometimes stratified.NWAD STRATUM.2

    2. A bed or layer artificially made.NWAD STRATUM.3

    STRAUGHT, pp. for stretched.

    STRAW, n. [G., L. See Strew.]

    1. The stalk or stem of certain species of grain, pulse, etc. Chiefly of wheat, rye, oats, barley, buckwheat and peas. When used of single stalks, it admits of a plural, straws. Straws may show which way the wind blows. We say of grain while growing, the straw is large, or it is rusty.NWAD STRAW.2

    2. A mass of the stalks of certain species of grain when cut, and after being thrashed; as a bundle or a load of straw. In this sense, the word admits not the plural number.NWAD STRAW.3

    3. Any thing proverbially worthless. I care not a straw for the play. I will not abate a straw.NWAD STRAW.4

    STRAW, v.t. To spread or scatter. [See Strew and Strow.]

    STRAWBERRY, n. [straw and berry.] A plant and its fruit, of the genus Fragaria. Strawberries are of various kinds, all delicious fruit.

    STRAWBERRY-TREE, n. An evergreen tree of the genus Arbutus; the fruit is of a fleshy substance, like a strawberry.

    STRAW-BUILT, a. [straw and built.] Constructed of straw; as the suburbs of a straw-built citadel.

    STRAW-COLOR, n. The color of dry straw; a beautiful yellowish color.

    STRAW-COLORED, a. Of a light yellow, the color of dry straw.

    STRAW-CUTTER, n. An instrument to cut straw for fodder.

    STRAW-DRAIN, n. A drain filled with straw.

    STRAW-STUFFED, a. Stuffed with straw.

    STRAW-WORM, n. [straw and worm.] A worm bred in straw.

    STRAWY, a.

    1. Made of straw; consisting of straw.NWAD STRAWY.2

    2. Like straw; light.NWAD STRAWY.3

    STRAY, v.i. [The elements of this word are not certainly known. L., G., to wander, to strike; both probably from the root of reach, stretch. See Straggle.]

    1. To wander, as from a direct course; to deviate or go out of the way. We say, to stray from the path or road into the forest or wood.NWAD STRAY.2

    2. To wander from company, or from the proper limits; as, a sheep strays from the flock; a horse strays from an inclosure.NWAD STRAY.3

    3. To rove; to wander from the path of duty or rectitude; to err; to deviate.NWAD STRAY.4

    We have erred and strayed--NWAD STRAY.5

    4. To wander; to rove at large; to play free and unconfined.NWAD STRAY.6

    Lo, the glad gales oer all her beauties stray, breathe on her lips and in her bosom play.NWAD STRAY.7

    5. To wander; to run a serpentine course.NWAD STRAY.8

    Where Thames among the wanton valley strays.NWAD STRAY.9

    STRAY, v.t. To mislead. [Not in use.]
    STRAY, n.

    1. Any domestic animal that has left an inclosure or its proper place and company, and wanders at large or is lost. The laws provide that strays shall be taken up, impounded and advertised.NWAD STRAY.12

    Seeing him wander about, I took him up for a stray.NWAD STRAY.13

    2. The act of wandering. [Little used.]NWAD STRAY.14

    STRAYER, n. A wanderer. [Little used.]

    STRAYING, ppr. Wandering; roving; departing from the direct course, from the proper inclosure, or from the path of duty.

    STREAK, n. [G., a stroke or stripe. L.]

    1. A line or long mark, of a different color from the ground; a stripe.NWAD STREAK.2

    What mean those colord streaks in heaven?NWAD STREAK.3

    2. In a ship, a uniform range of planks on the side or bottom; sometimes pronounced strake.NWAD STREAK.4

    STREAK, v.t.

    1. To form streaks or stripes in; to stripe; to variegate with lines of a different color or of different colors.NWAD STREAK.6

    A mule admirably streaked and dappled with white and black--NWAD STREAK.7

    Now streakd and glowing with the morning red.NWAD STREAK.8

    2. To stretch. [Not elegant.]NWAD STREAK.9

    STREAK, v.i. To run swiftly. [Vulgar in New England.]

    STREAKED, pp. Marked or variegated with stripes of a different color.

    STREAKING, ppr. Making streaks in.

    STREAKY, a. Having stripes; striped; variegated with lines of a different color.

    STREAM, n.

    1. A current of water or other fluid; a liquid substance flowing in a line or course, either on the earth, as a river or brook, or from a vessel or other reservoir or fountain. Hence,NWAD STREAM.2

    2. A river, brook or rivulet.NWAD STREAM.3

    3. A current of water in the ocean; as the gulf stream.NWAD STREAM.4

    4. A current of melted metal or other substance; as a stream of lead or iron flowing from a furnace; a stream of lava from a volcano.NWAD STREAM.5

    5. Any thing issuing from a source and moving with a continued succession of parts; as a stream of words; a stream of sand.NWAD STREAM.6

    A stream of beneficence.NWAD STREAM.7

    6. A continued current of course; as a stream of weather. [Not used.]NWAD STREAM.8

    The stream of his life.NWAD STREAM.9

    7. A current of air or gas, or of light.NWAD STREAM.10

    8. Current; drift; as of opinions or manners. It is difficult to oppose the stream of public opinion.NWAD STREAM.11

    9. Water.NWAD STREAM.12

    STREAM, v.i.

    1. To flow; to move or run in a continuous current. Blood streams from a vein.NWAD STREAM.14

    Beneath the banks where rivers stream.NWAD STREAM.15

    2. To emit; to pour out in abundance. His eyes streamed with tears.NWAD STREAM.16

    3. To issue with continuance, not by fits.NWAD STREAM.17

    From opning skies my streaming glories shine.NWAD STREAM.18

    4. To issue or shoot in streaks; as light streaming from the east.NWAD STREAM.19

    5. To extend; to stretch in a long line; as a flag streaming in the wind.NWAD STREAM.20

    STREAM, v.t. To mark with colors or embroidery in long tracts.

    The heralds mantle is streamed with gold.NWAD STREAM.22

    STREAMER, n. An ensign or flag; a pennon extended or flowing in the wind; a poetic use of the word.

    Brave Rupert from afar appears, whose waving streamers the glad general knows.NWAD STREAMER.2

    STREAMING, ppr.

    1. Flowing; running in a current.NWAD STREAMING.2

    2. Emitting; pouring out in abundance; as streaming eyes.NWAD STREAMING.3

    3. Flowing; floating loosely; as a flag.NWAD STREAMING.4

    STREAMLET, n. A small stream; a rivulet; a rill.

    STREAM-TIN, n. Particles or masses of tin found beneath the surface of alluvial ground.

    STREAMY, a.

    1. Abounding with running water.NWAD STREAMY.2

    However streamy now, adust and dry, denied the goddess water.NWAD STREAMY.3

    2. Flowing with a current or streak.NWAD STREAMY.4

    His nodding helm emits a streamy ray.NWAD STREAMY.5

    STREEK, v.t. To lay out, as a dead body. [Not in use.]

    STREET, n. [L., strewed or spread. See Strew.]

    1. Properly, a paved way or road; but in usage, any way or road in a city, chiefly a main way, in distinction from a lane or alley.NWAD STREET.2

    2. Among the people of New England, any public highway.NWAD STREET.3

    3. Streets, plural, any public way, road or place.NWAD STREET.4

    That there be no complaining in our streets. Psalm 144:14.NWAD STREET.5

    STREET-WALKER, n. [street and walk.] A common prostitute that offers herself to sale in the streets.

    STREET-WARD, n. [street and ward.] Formerly, an officer who had the care of the streets.

    STREIGHT, n. A narrow. [See Strait.]

    STREIGHT, adv. Strictly. [See Strait.]

    STRENE, n. Race; offspring.

    STRENGTH, n. [See Strong.]

    1. That property or quality of an animal body by which it is enabled to move itself or other bodies. We say, a sick man has not strength to walk, or to raise his head or his arm. We say, a man has strength to lift a weight, or to draw it. This quality is called also power and force. But force is also used to denote the effect of strength exerted, or the quantity of motion. Strength in this sense, is positive, or the power of producing positive motion or action, and is opposed to weakness.NWAD STRENGTH.2

    2. Firmness; solidity or toughness; the quality of bodies by which they sustain the application of force without breaking or yielding. Thus we speak of the strength of a bone, the strength of a beam, the strength of a wall, the strength of a rope. In this sense, strength is a passive quality, and is opposed to weakness or frangibility.NWAD STRENGTH.3

    3. Power or vigor of any kind.NWAD STRENGTH.4

    This act shall crush the strength of Satan.NWAD STRENGTH.5

    Strength there must be either of love or war.NWAD STRENGTH.6

    4. Power of resisting attacks; fastness; as the strength of a castle or fort.NWAD STRENGTH.7

    5. Support; that which supports; that which supplies strength; security.NWAD STRENGTH.8

    God is our refuge and strength. Psalm 46:1.NWAD STRENGTH.9

    6. Power of mind; intellectual force; the power of any faculty; as strength of memory; strength of reason; strength of judgment.NWAD STRENGTH.10

    7. Spirit; animation.NWAD STRENGTH.11

    Me thinks I feel new strength within me rise.NWAD STRENGTH.12

    8. Force of writing; vigor; nervous diction. The strength of words, of style, of expression and the like, consists in the full and forcible exhibition of ideas, by which a sensible or deep impression is made on the mind of a hearer or reader. It is distinguished from softness or sweetness. Strength of language enforces an argument, produces conviction, or excites wonder or other strong emotion; softness and sweetness give pleasure.NWAD STRENGTH.13

    And praise the easy vigor of a line, where Denhams strength and Wellers sweetness join.NWAD STRENGTH.14

    9. Vividness; as strength of colors or coloring.NWAD STRENGTH.15

    10. Spirit; the quality of any liquor which has the power of affecting the taste, or of producing sensible effects on other bodies; as the strength of wine or spirit; the strength of an acid.NWAD STRENGTH.16

    11. The virtue or spirit of any vegetable, or of its juices or qualities.NWAD STRENGTH.17

    12. Legal or moral force; validity; the quality of binding, uniting or securing; as the strength of social or legal obligations; the strength of law; the strength of public opinion or custom.NWAD STRENGTH.18

    13. Vigor; natural force; as the strength of natural affection.NWAD STRENGTH.19

    14. That which supports; confidence.NWAD STRENGTH.20

    The allies, after a successful summer, are too apt upon the strength of it to neglect preparation for the ensuing campaign.NWAD STRENGTH.21

    15. Amount of force, military or naval; an army or navy; number of troops or ships well appointed. What is the strength of the enemy by land, or by sea?NWAD STRENGTH.22

    16. Soundness; force; the quality that convinces, persuades or commands assent; as the strength of an argument or of reasoning; the strength of evidence.NWAD STRENGTH.23

    17. Vehemence; force proceeding from motion and proportioned to it; as the strength of wind or a current of water.NWAD STRENGTH.24

    18. Degree of brightness or vividness; as the strength of light.NWAD STRENGTH.25

    19. Fortification; fortress; as an inaccessible strength. [Not in use.]NWAD STRENGTH.26

    20. Support; maintenance of power.NWAD STRENGTH.27

    What they boded would be a mischief to us, you are providing shall be one of our principal strengths. [Not used.]NWAD STRENGTH.28

    STRENGTH, v.t. To strengthen. [Not in use.]

    STRENGTHEN, v.t.

    1. To make strong or stronger; to add strength to, either physical, legal or moral; as, to strengthen a limb; to strengthen an obligation.NWAD STRENGTHEN.2

    2. To confirm; to establish; as, to strengthen authority.NWAD STRENGTHEN.3

    3. To animate; to encourage; to fix in resolution.NWAD STRENGTHEN.4

    Charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him. Deuteronomy 3:28.NWAD STRENGTHEN.5

    4. To cause to increase in power or security.NWAD STRENGTHEN.6

    Let noble warwick, Cobham and the rest, with powerful policy strengthen themselves.NWAD STRENGTHEN.7

    STRENGTHEN, v.i. To grow strong or stronger.

    The disease that shall destroy at length, grows with his growth, and strengthens with his strength.NWAD STRENGTHEN.9

    Grows with his growth, and strengthens with his strength.NWAD STRENGTHEN.10

    STRENGTHENED, pp. Made strong or stronger; confirmed.

    STRENGTHENER, n.

    1. That which increases strength, physical or moral.NWAD STRENGTHENER.2

    2. In medicine, something which, taken into the system, increases the action and energy of the vital powers.NWAD STRENGTHENER.3

    STRENGTHENING, ppr. Increasing strength, physical or moral; confirming; animating.

    STRENGTHLESS, a.

    1. Wanting strength; destitute of power.NWAD STRENGTHLESS.2

    2. Wanting spirit. [Little used.]NWAD STRENGTHLESS.3

    STRENUOUS, a. [L.]

    1. Eagerly pressing or urgent; zealous; ardent; as a strenuous advocate for national rights; a strenuous opposer of African slavery.NWAD STRENUOUS.2

    2. Bold and active; valiant, intrepid and ardent; as a strenuous defender of his country.NWAD STRENUOUS.3

    STRENUOUSLY, adv.

    1. With eager and pressing zeal; ardently.NWAD STRENUOUSLY.2

    2. Boldly; vigorously; actively.NWAD STRENUOUSLY.3

    STRENUOUSNESS, n. Eagerness; earnestness; active zeal; ardor in pursuit of an object, or in opposition to a measure.

    STREPENT, a. [L.] Noisy; loud. [Little used.]

    STREPEROUS, a. [L.] Loud; boisterous. [Little used.]

    STRESS, n.

    1. Force; urgency; pressure; importance; that which bears with most weight; as the stress of a legal question. Consider how much stress is laid on the exercise of charity in the New Testament.NWAD STRESS.2

    This, on which the great stress of the business depends--NWAD STRESS.3

    2. Force or violence; as stress of weather.NWAD STRESS.4

    3. Force; violence; strain.NWAD STRESS.5

    Though the faculties of the mind are improved by exercise, yet they must not be put to a stress beyond their strength.NWAD STRESS.6

    STRESS, v.t. To press; to urge; to distress; to put to difficulties. [Little used.]

    STRETCH, v.t. [L.]

    1. To draw out to greater length; to extend in a line; as, to stretch a cord or a rope.NWAD STRETCH.2

    2. To extend in breadth; as, to stretch cloth.NWAD STRETCH.3

    3. To spread; to expand; as, to stretch the wings.NWAD STRETCH.4

    4. To reach; to extend.NWAD STRETCH.5

    Stretch thine hand to the poor.NWAD STRETCH.6

    5. To spread; to display; as, to stretch forth the heavens.NWAD STRETCH.7

    6. To draw or pull out in length; to strain; as, to stretch a tendon or muscle.NWAD STRETCH.8

    7. To make tense; to strain.NWAD STRETCH.9

    So the stretchd cord the shackled dancer tries.NWAD STRETCH.10

    8. To extend mentally; as, to stretch the mind or thoughts.NWAD STRETCH.11

    9. To exaggerate; to extend too far; as, to stretch the truth; to stretch ones credit.NWAD STRETCH.12

    STRETCH, v.i.

    1. To be extended; to be drawn out in length or in breadth, or both. A wet hempen cord or cloth contracts; in drying, it stretches.NWAD STRETCH.14

    2. To be extended; to spread; as, a lake stretches over a hundred miles of earth. Lake Erie stretches from Niagara nearly to Huron. Hence,NWAD STRETCH.15

    3. To stretch to, is to reach.NWAD STRETCH.16

    4. To be extended or to bear extension without breaking, as elastic substances.NWAD STRETCH.17

    The inner membrane--because it would stretch and yield, remained unbroken.NWAD STRETCH.18

    5. To sally beyond the truth; to exaggerate. A man who is apt to stretch, has less credit than others.NWAD STRETCH.19

    6. In navigation, to sail; to direct a course. It is often understood to signify to sail under a great spread of canvas close hauled. In this it differs from stand, which implies no press of sail. We were standing to the east, when we saw a ship stretching to the southward.NWAD STRETCH.20

    7. To make violent efforts in running.NWAD STRETCH.21

    STRETCH, n.

    1. Extension in length or in breadth; reach; as a great stretch of wings.NWAD STRETCH.23

    2. Effort; struggle; strain.NWAD STRETCH.24

    Those put lawful authority upon the stretch to the abuse of power, under color of prerogative.NWAD STRETCH.25

    3. Force of body; straining.NWAD STRETCH.26

    By stretch of arms the distant shore to gain.NWAD STRETCH.27

    4. Utmost extent of meaning.NWAD STRETCH.28

    Quotations, in their utmost stretch, can signify no more than that Luther lay under severe agonies of mind.NWAD STRETCH.29

    5. Utmost reach of power.NWAD STRETCH.30

    This is the utmost stretch that nature can.NWAD STRETCH.31

    6. In sailing, a tack; the reach or extent of progress on one tack.NWAD STRETCH.32

    7. Course; direction; as the stretch of seams of coal.NWAD STRETCH.33

    STRETCHED, pp. Drawn out in length; extended; exerted to the utmost.

    STRETCHER, n.

    1. He or that which stretches.NWAD STRETCHER.2

    2. A term in bricklaying.NWAD STRETCHER.3

    3. A piece of timber in building.NWAD STRETCHER.4

    4. A narrow piece of plank placed across a boat for the rowers to set their feet against.NWAD STRETCHER.5

    STRETCHING, ppr. Drawing out in length; extending; spreading; exerting force.

    STREW, v.t. [This verb is written straw, strew, or strow; straw is nearly obsolete, and strow is obsolescent. Strew is generally used.]

    1. To scatter; to spread by scattering; always applied to dry substances separable into parts or particles; as, to strew seed in beds; to strew sand on or over a floor; to strew flowers over a grave.NWAD STREW.2

    2. To spread by being scattered over.NWAD STREW.3

    The snow which does the top of Pindus strew.NWAD STREW.4

    Is thine alone the seed that strews the plain?NWAD STREW.5

    3. To scatter loosely.NWAD STREW.6

    And strewd his mangled limbs about the field.NWAD STREW.7

    STREWED, pp.

    1. Scattered; spread by scattering; as sand strewed on paper.NWAD STREWED.2

    2. Covered or sprinkled with something scattered; as a floor strewed with sand.NWAD STREWED.3

    STREWING, ppr. Scattering; spreading over.

    STREWING, n.

    1. The act of scattering or spreading over.NWAD STREWING.3

    2. Any thing fit to be strewed.NWAD STREWING.4

    STREWMENT, n. Any thing scattered in decoration. [Not used.]

    STRIAE, n. plu. [L. See Streak.] In natural history, small channels in the shells of cockles and in other substances.

    STRIATE, STRIATED, a.

    1. Formed with small channels; channeled.NWAD STRIATE.2

    2. In botany, streaked; marked or scored with superficial or very slender lines; marked with fine parallel lines.NWAD STRIATE.3

    Striated fracture, in mineralogy, consists of long narrow separable parts laid on or beside each other.NWAD STRIATE.4

    STRIATURE, n. Disposition of striae.

    STRICK, n. [Gr., L., a screech-owl.] A bird of ill omen. [Not in use.]

    STRICKEN, pp. of strike.

    1. Struck; smitten; as the stricken deer. [See Strike.]NWAD STRICKEN.2

    2. Advanced; worn; far gone.NWAD STRICKEN.3

    Abraham was old and well stricken in age. Genesis 24:1.NWAD STRICKEN.4

    STRICKLE, n. [from strike.]

    1. A strike; an instrument to strike grain to a level with the measure. [In the United States the word strike is used.]NWAD STRICKLE.2

    2. An instrument for whetting sythes.NWAD STRICKLE.3

    STRICT, a. [L. See Strain.]

    1. Strained; drawn close; tight; as a strict embrace; a strict ligature.NWAD STRICT.2

    2. Tense; not relaxed; as a strict or lax fiber.NWAD STRICT.3

    3. Exact; accurate; rigorously nice; as, to keep strict watch. Observe the strictest rules of virtue and decorum.NWAD STRICT.4

    4. Severe; rigorous; governed or governing by exact rules; observing exact rules; as, the father is very strict in observing the sabbath. The master is very strict with his apprentices.NWAD STRICT.5

    5. Rigorous; not mild or indulgent; as strict laws.NWAD STRICT.6

    6. Confined; limited; not with latitude; as, to understand words in a strict sense.NWAD STRICT.7

    STRICTLY, adv.

    1. Closely; tightly.NWAD STRICTLY.2

    2. Exactly; with nice accuracy; as, patriotism strictly so called, is a noble virtue.NWAD STRICTLY.3

    3. Positively. He commanded his son strictly to proceed no further.NWAD STRICTLY.4

    4. Rigorously; severely; without remission or indulgence.NWAD STRICTLY.5

    Examine thyself strictly whether thou didst not best at first.NWAD STRICTLY.6

    STRICTNESS, n.

    1. Closeness; tightness; opposed to laxity.NWAD STRICTNESS.2

    2. Exactness in the observance of rules, laws, rites and the like; rigorous accuracy; nice regularity or precision.NWAD STRICTNESS.3

    I could not grant too much or distrust too little to men that pretended singular piety and religious strictness.NWAD STRICTNESS.4

    3. Rigor; severity.NWAD STRICTNESS.5

    These commissioners proceeded with such strictness and severity as did much obscure the kings mercy.NWAD STRICTNESS.6

    STRICTURE, n. [L. See Strike and Stroke.]

    1. A stroke; a glance; a touch.NWAD STRICTURE.2

    2. A touch of criticism; critical remark; censure.NWAD STRICTURE.3

    I have given myself the liberty of these strictures by way of reflection, on every passage.NWAD STRICTURE.4

    3. A drawing; a spasmodic or other morbid contraction of any passage of the body.NWAD STRICTURE.5

    STRIDE, n. [L.] A long step.

    Her voice theatrically loud, and masculine her stride.NWAD STRIDE.2

    STRIDE, v.i. pret. strid, strode; pp. strid, stridden.

    1. To walk with long steps.NWAD STRIDE.4

    Mars in the middle of the shining shield is gravd, and strides along the field.NWAD STRIDE.5

    2. To straddle.NWAD STRIDE.6

    STRIDE, v.t. To pass over at a step.

    See him stride valleys wide.NWAD STRIDE.8

    STRIDING, ppr. Walking with long steps; passing over at a step.

    STRIDOR, n. [L.] A harsh creaking noise, or a crack.

    STRIDULOUS, a. [L.] Making a small harsh sound or a creaking.

    STRIFE, n. [See Strive.]

    1. Exertion or contention for superiority; contest of emulation, either by intellectual or physical efforts. Strife may be carried on between students or between mechanics.NWAD STRIFE.2

    Thus Gods contended, noble strife, who most should ease the wants of life.NWAD STRIFE.3

    2. Contention in anger or enmity; contest; struggle for victory; quarrel or war.NWAD STRIFE.4

    I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon. Judges 12:2.NWAD STRIFE.5

    These vows thus granted, raisd a strife above betwixt the god of war and queen of love.NWAD STRIFE.6

    3. Opposition; contrariety; contrast.NWAD STRIFE.7

    Artificial strife lives in these touches livelier than life.NWAD STRIFE.8

    4. The agitation produced by different qualities; as the strife of acid and alkali. [Little used.]NWAD STRIFE.9

    STRIFEFUL, a. Contentious; discordant.

    The ape was strifeful and ambitious and the fox guileful and most covetous.NWAD STRIFEFUL.2

    STRIGMENT, n. [L.] Scraping; that which is scraped off. [Not in use.]

    STRIGOUS, a. [L.] In botany, a strigous leaf is one set with stiff lanceolate bristles.

    STRIKE, v.t. pret. struck; pp. struck and stricken; but struck is in the most common use. Strook is wholly obsolete. [G., to pass, move or ramble, to depart, to touch, to stroke, to glide or glance over, to lower or strike, as sails, to curry; L., to sweep together, to spread, as a plaster, to play on a violin, to card, as wool, to strike or whip, as with a rod; a stroke, stripe or lash.]

    1. To touch or hit with some force, either with the hand or an instrument; to give a blow to, either with the open hand, the fist, a stick, club or whip, or with a pointed instrument, or with a ball or an arrow discharged. An arrow struck the shield; a ball strikes a ship between wind and water.NWAD STRIKE.2

    He at Philippi kept his sword een like a dancer, while I struck the lean and wrinkled Cassius.NWAD STRIKE.3

    2. To dash; to throw with a quick motion.NWAD STRIKE.4

    They shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side-posts. Exodus 12:7.NWAD STRIKE.5

    3. To stamp; to impress; to coin; as, to strike coin at the mint; to strike dollars or sovereigns; also, to print; as, to strike five hundred copies of a book.NWAD STRIKE.6

    4. To thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate; as, a tree strikes its root deep.NWAD STRIKE.7

    5. To punish; to afflict; as smite is also used.NWAD STRIKE.8

    To punish the just is not good, nor to strike princes for equity. Proverbs 17:26.NWAD STRIKE.9

    6. To cause to sound; to notify by sound; as, the clock strikes twelve; the drums strike up a march.NWAD STRIKE.10

    7. To run upon; to be stranded. The ship struck at twelve, and remained fast.NWAD STRIKE.11

    8. To pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to penetrate.NWAD STRIKE.12

    Now and then a beam of wit or passion strikes through the obscurity of the poem.NWAD STRIKE.13

    9. To lower a flag or colors in token of respect, or to signify a surrender of the ship to an enemy.NWAD STRIKE.14

    10. To break forth; as, to strike into reputation. [Not in use.]NWAD STRIKE.15

    To strike in, to enter suddenly; also, to recede from the surface, as an eruption; to disappear.NWAD STRIKE.16

    To strike in with, to conform to; to suit itself to; to join with at once.NWAD STRIKE.17

    To strike out, to wander; to make a sudden excursion; as, to strike out into an irregular course of life.NWAD STRIKE.18

    To strike, among workmen in manufactories, in England, is to quit work I a body or by combination, in order to compel their employers to raise their wages.NWAD STRIKE.19

    STRIKE, n.

    1. An instrument with a straight edge for leveling a measure of grain, salt and the like, for scraping off what is above the level of the top.NWAD STRIKE.21

    2. A bushel; four pecks. [Local.]NWAD STRIKE.22

    3. A measure of four bushels or half a quarter. [Local.]NWAD STRIKE.23

    Strike of flax, a handful that may be hackled at once. [Local.]NWAD STRIKE.24

    STRIKE-BLOCK, n. [strike and block.] A plane shorter than a jointer, used for shooting a short joint.

    STRIKER, n.

    1. One that strikes, or that which strikes.NWAD STRIKER.2

    2. In Scripture, a quarrelsome man. Titus 1:7.NWAD STRIKER.3

    STRIKING, ppr.

    1. Hitting with a blow; impressing; imprinting; punishing; lowering, as sails or a mast, etc.NWAD STRIKING.2

    2. a. Affecting with strong emotions; surprising; forcible; impressive; as a striking representation or image.NWAD STRIKING.3

    3. Strong; exact; adapted to make impression; as a striking resemblance of features.NWAD STRIKING.4

    STRIKINGLY, adv. In such a manner as to affect or surprise; forcibly; strongly; impressively.

    STRIKINGNESS, n. The quality of affecting or surprising.

    STRING, n. [G., L., drawing, stretching.]

    1. A small rope, line or cord, or a slender strip of lether or other like substance, used for fastening or tying things.NWAD STRING.2

    2. A ribin.NWAD STRING.3

    Round Ormonds knee thou tyst the mystic string.NWAD STRING.4

    3. A thread on which any thing is filed; and hence, a line of things; as a string of shells or beads.NWAD STRING.5

    4. The chord of a musical instrument, as of a harpsichord, harp or violin; as an instrument of ten strings.NWAD STRING.6

    5. A fiber, as of a plant.NWAD STRING.7

    Duck weed putteth forth a little string into the water, from the bottom.NWAD STRING.8

    6. A nerve or tendon of an animal body.NWAD STRING.9

    The string of his tongue was loosed. Mark 7:35.NWAD STRING.10

    [This is not a technical word.]NWAD STRING.11

    7. The line or cord of a bow.NWAD STRING.12

    He twangs the quivring string.NWAD STRING.13

    8. A series of things connected or following in succession; any concatenation of things; as a string of arguments; a string of propositions.NWAD STRING.14

    9. In ship-building, the highest range of planks in a ships ceiling, or that between the gunwale and the upper edge of the upper deck ports.NWAD STRING.15

    10. The tough substance that unites the two parts of the pericarp of leguminous plants; as the strings of beans.NWAD STRING.16

    To have two strings to the bow, to have two expedients for executing a project or gaining a purpose; to have a double advantage, or to have two views. [In the latter sense, unusual.]NWAD STRING.17

    STRING, v.t. pret. and pp. strung.

    1. To furnish with strings.NWAD STRING.19

    Has not wise nature strung the legs and feet?NWAD STRING.20

    2. To put in tune a stringed instrument.NWAD STRING.21

    For here the muse so oft her harp has strung--NWAD STRING.22

    3. To file; to put on a line; as, to string beads or pearls.NWAD STRING.23

    4. To make tense; to strengthen.NWAD STRING.24

    Toil strung the nerves, and purified the blood.NWAD STRING.25

    5. To deprive of strings; as, to string beans.NWAD STRING.26

    STRINGED, a.

    1. Having strings; as a stringed instrument.NWAD STRINGED.2

    2. Produced by strings; as stringed noise.NWAD STRINGED.3

    STRINGENT, for astringent, binding, is not in use.

    STRINGHALT, n. [string and halt.] A sudden twitching of the hinder leg of a horse, or an involuntary or convulsive motion of the muscles that extend or bend the hough. [This word in some of the United States, is corrupted into springhalt.]

    STRINGING, ppr. Furnishing with strings; putting in tune; filling; making tense; depriving of strings.

    STRINGLESS, a. Having no strings.

    His tongue is now a stringless instrument.NWAD STRINGLESS.2

    STRINGY, a.

    1. Consisting of strings or small threads; fibrous; filamentous; as a stringy root.NWAD STRINGY.2

    2. Ropy; viscid; gluey; that may be drawn into a thread.NWAD STRINGY.3

    STRIP, v.t. [G., to strip, to flay, to stripe or streak, to graze upon, to swerve, ramble or stroll. L.]

    1. To pull or tear off, as a covering; as, to strip the skin from a beast; to strip the bark from a tree; to strip the clothes from a man’s back.NWAD STRIP.2

    2. To deprive of a covering; to skin; to peel; as, to strip a beast of his skin; to strip a tree of its bark; to strip a man of his clothes.NWAD STRIP.3

    3. To deprive; to bereave; to make destitute; as, to strip a man of his possessions.NWAD STRIP.4

    4. To divest; as, to strip one of his rights and privileges. Let us strip this subject of all its adventitious glare.NWAD STRIP.5

    5. To rob; to plunder; as, robbers strip a house.NWAD STRIP.6

    6. To bereave; to deprive; to impoverish; as a man stripped of his fortune.NWAD STRIP.7

    7. To deprive; to make bare by cutting, grazing or other means; as cattle strip the ground of its herbage.NWAD STRIP.8

    8. To pull off husks; to husk; as, to strip maiz, or the ears of maiz.NWAD STRIP.9

    9. To press out the last milk at a milking.NWAD STRIP.10

    10. To unrig; as, to strip a ship.NWAD STRIP.11

    11. To pare off the surface of land in strips, and turn over the strips upon the adjoining surface.NWAD STRIP.12

    To strip off,NWAD STRIP.13

    1. To pull or take off; as, to strip off a covering; to strip off a mask or disguise.NWAD STRIP.14

    2. To cast off. [Not in use.]NWAD STRIP.15

    3. To separate from something connected. [Not in use.]NWAD STRIP.16

    [We may observe the primary sense of this word is to peel or skin, hence to pull off in a long narrow piece; hence stripe.]NWAD STRIP.17

    STRIP, n. [G., a stripe, a streak.]

    1. A narrow piece, comparatively long; as a strip of cloth.NWAD STRIP.19

    2. Waste, in a legal sense; destruction of fences, buildings, timber, etc.NWAD STRIP.20

    STRIPE, n. [See Strip. It is probable that this word is taken from stripping.]

    1. A line or long narrow division of any thing, of a different color from the ground as a stripe of red on a green ground; hence, any linear variation of color.NWAD STRIPE.2

    2. A strip or long narrow piece attached to something of a different color; as a long stripe sewed upon a garment.NWAD STRIPE.3

    3. The weal or long narrow mark discolored by a lash or rod.NWAD STRIPE.4

    4. A stroke made with a lash, whip, rod, strap or scourge.NWAD STRIPE.5

    Forty stripes may he give him, and not exceed. Deuteronomy 25:3.NWAD STRIPE.6

    [A blow with a club is not a stripe.]NWAD STRIPE.7

    5. Affliction; punishment; sufferings.NWAD STRIPE.8

    By his stripes are we healed. Isaiah 53:5.NWAD STRIPE.9

    STRIPE, v.t.

    1. To make stripes; to form with lines of different colors; to variegate with stripes.NWAD STRIPE.11

    2. To stripe; to lash. [Little used.]NWAD STRIPE.12

    STRIPED, pp.

    1. Formed with lines of different colors.NWAD STRIPED.2

    2. a. Having stripes of different colors.NWAD STRIPED.3

    STRIPING, ppr. Forming with stripes.

    STRIPLING, n. [from strip, stripe; primarily a tall slender youth, one that shoots up suddenly.] A youth in the state of adolescence, or just passing from boyhood to manhood; a lad.

    And the king said, inquire thou whose son the stripling is. 1 Samuel 17:56.NWAD STRIPLING.2

    STRIPPED, pp. Pulled or torn off; peeled; skinned; deprived; divested; made naked; impoverished; husked, as maiz.

    STRIPPER, n. One that strips.

    STRIPPING, ppr. Pulling off; peeling; skinning; flaying; depriving; divesting; husking.

    STRIPPINGS, n. The last milk drawn from a cow at a milking.

    STRIVE, v.i. pret. strove; pp. striven. [G. This word coincides in elements with drive, and the primary sense is nearly the same. See Rival.]

    1. To make efforts; to use exertions; to endeavor with earnestness; to labor hard; applicable to exertions of body or mind. A workman strives to perform his task before another; a student strives to excel his fellows in improvement.NWAD STRIVE.2

    Was it for this that his ambition strove to equal Cesar first, and after Jove?NWAD STRIVE.3

    Strive with me in your prayers to God for me. Romans 15:30.NWAD STRIVE.4

    Strive to enter in at the strait gate. Luke 13:24.NWAD STRIVE.5

    2. To contend; to contest; to struggle in opposition to another; to be in contention or dispute; followed by against or with before the person or thing opposed; as, strive against temptation; strive for the truth.NWAD STRIVE.6

    My spirit shall not always strive with man. Genesis 6:3.NWAD STRIVE.7

    3. To oppose by contrariety of qualities.NWAD STRIVE.8

    Now private pity strove with public hate, reason with rage, and eloquence with fate.NWAD STRIVE.9

    4. To vie; to be comparable to; to emulate; to contend in excellence.NWAD STRIVE.10

    Not that sweet grove of Daphne by Orontes, and the inspird Castalian spring, might with this paradise of Eden strive.NWAD STRIVE.11

    STRIVER, n. One that strives or contends; one who makes efforts of body or mind.

    STRIVING, ppr. Making efforts; exerting the power of body or mind with earnestness; contending.

    STRIVING, n. The act of making efforts; contest; contention.

    Avoid foolish questions and genealogies and contentions, and strivings about the law. Titus 3:9.NWAD STRIVING.3

    STRIVINGLY, adv. With earnest efforts; with struggles.

    STROBIL, n. [L.] In botany, a pericarp formed from an ament by the hardening of the scales. It is made up of scales that are imbricate, from an ament contracted or squeezed together in this states of maturity, as the cone of the pine.

    STROBILIFORM, a. [L., supra.] Shaped like a strobil, as a spike.

    STROCAL, STROKAL, n. An instrument used by glass-makers to empty the metal from one pot to another.

    STROKE, STROOK, for struck.

    STROKE, n. [from strike.]

    1. A blow; the striking of one body against another; applicable to a club or to any heavy body, or to a rod, whip or lash. A piece of timber falling may kill a man by its stroke; a man when whipped, can hardly fail to flinch or wince at every stroke.NWAD STROKE.3

    Th oars were silver, which to the time of flutes kept stroke--NWAD STROKE.4

    2. A hostile blow or attack.NWAD STROKE.5

    He entered and won the whole kingdom of Naples without striking a stroke.NWAD STROKE.6

    3. A sudden attack of disease or affliction; calamity.NWAD STROKE.7

    At this one stroke the man lookd dead in law.NWAD STROKE.8

    4. Fatal attack; as the stroke of death.NWAD STROKE.9

    5. The sound of the clock.NWAD STROKE.10

    What is’t o’clock? Upon the stroke of four.NWAD STROKE.11

    6. The touch of a pencil.NWAD STROKE.12

    Oh, lasting as those colors may they shine, free as thy stroke, yet faultless as thy line.NWAD STROKE.13

    Some parts of my work have been brightened by the strokes of your lordshipss pencil.NWAD STROKE.14

    7. A touch; a masterly effort; as the boldest strokes of poetry.NWAD STROKE.15

    He will give one of the finishing strokes to it.NWAD STROKE.16

    8. An effort suddenly or unexpectedly produced.NWAD STROKE.17

    9. Power; efficacy.NWAD STROKE.18

    He has a great stroke with the reader, when he condemns any of my poems, to make the world have a better opinion of them.NWAD STROKE.19

    [I believe this sense is obsolete.]NWAD STROKE.20

    10. A dash in writing or printing; a line; a touch of the pen; as a hair stroke.NWAD STROKE.21

    STROKE, v.t. [See Strike and Strict.]

    1. To rub gently with the hand by way of expressing kindness or tenderness; to soothe.NWAD STROKE.23

    He dried the falling drops, and yet more kind, he strokd her cheeks--NWAD STROKE.24

    2. To rub gently in one direction.NWAD STROKE.25

    3. To make smooth.NWAD STROKE.26

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