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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    PARTICULATE, to mention, is not in use.

    PARTING, ppr. [from part.] Dividing; separating; breaking in pieces.

    1. a. Given at separation; as a parting kiss or look.NWAD PARTING.2

    2. Departing; declining; as the parting day.NWAD PARTING.3

    P`ARTING, n. Division; separation. Ezekiel 21:21.

    1. In chimistry, an operation by which gold and silver are separated from each other by different menstruums.NWAD PARTING.5

    2. In seamen’s language, the breaking of a cable by violence.NWAD PARTING.6

    PARTISAN, n. s as z.

    1. An adherent to a party or faction.NWAD PARTISAN.2

    2. In war, the commander of a party or detachment of troops, sent on a special enterprise hence,NWAD PARTISAN.3

    3. By way of distinction, a person able in commanding a party, or dexterous in obtaining intelligence, intercepting convoys or otherwise annoying an enemy.NWAD PARTISAN.4

    4. A commander’s leading staff.NWAD PARTISAN.5

    5. A kind of halbert.NWAD PARTISAN.6

    PARTITE, a. [L. partitus, from partio, to divide. See Part.]

    In botany, divided. A partite leaf is a simple leaf separated down to the base.NWAD PARTITE.2

    PARTITION, n. [L. partitio, from partio, to divide.]

    1. The act of dividing, or state of being divided.NWAD PARTITION.2

    2. Division; separation; distinction.NWAD PARTITION.3

    And good from bad find no partition.NWAD PARTITION.4

    3. Separate part; as lodged in a small partition.NWAD PARTITION.5

    4. That by which different parts are separated; as a partition of wood or stone in a building.NWAD PARTITION.6

    5. Part where separation is made.NWAD PARTITION.7

    No sight could passNWAD PARTITION.8

    Betwixt the nice partitions of the grass.NWAD PARTITION.9

    6. Division of an estate into severalty, which is done by deed of partition.NWAD PARTITION.10

    PARTITION, v.t. To divide into distinct parts; as, to partition the floor of a house.

    1. To divide into shares; as, to partition an estate.NWAD PARTITION.12

    PARTITIVE, a. In grammar, distributive; as a noun partitive.

    PARTITIVELY, adv. In a partitive manner; distributively.

    PARTLET, n. [from part.] A ruff; a band or collar for the neck.

    1. A hen.NWAD PARTLET.2

    PARTLY, adv. In part; in some measure or degree; not wholly.

    PARTNER, n. [from part.] One who partakes or shares with another; a partaker; an associate; as, she is partner of my life, of my joys, of my griefs.

    Those of the race of Shem were no partners in the unbelieving work of the tower.NWAD PARTNER.2

    1. An associate in any business or occupation; a joint owner of stock or capital, employed in commerce, manufactures or other business. Men are sometimes partners in a single voyage or adventure, sometimes in a firm or standing company.NWAD PARTNER.3

    2. One who dances with another, either male or female, as in a contra dance.NWAD PARTNER.4

    3. A husband or wife.NWAD PARTNER.5

    P`ARTNER, v.t. To join; to associate with a partner. [Little used.]

    Partners, in a ship, pieces of plank nailed round the scuttles in a deck where the masts are placed; also, the scuttles themselves.NWAD PARTNER.7

    PARTNERSHIP, n. The association of two or more persons for the purpose of undertaking and prosecuting any business, particularly trade or manufactures, at their joint expense. In this case, the connection is formed by contract; each partner furnishing a part of the capital stock and being entitled to a proportional share of profit, or subject to a proportional share of loss; or one or more of the partners may furnish money or stock, and the other or others contribute their services. The duration of the partnership may be limited by the contract, or it may be left indefinite, subject to be dissolved by mutual agreement. A partnership or association of this kind is a standing or permanent company, and is denominated a firm or house. We say, A and B entered into partnership for the importation and sale of goods, or for manufacturing cotton or glass.

    Partnerships may be and usually are associations of private persons, not incorporated. In other cases, the company is incorporated. Banking companies in the United States are usually incorporated, and are essentially partnerships, but do not bear that name. Manufacturing companies are also frequently incorporated.NWAD PARTNERSHIP.2

    1. Joint interest or property.NWAD PARTNERSHIP.3

    PARTOOK, pret. of partake.

    PARTRIDGE, n. [L. perdix.] A wild fowl of the genus Tatrao. Latham arranges the partridge and quail in a genus under the name of Perdix, and assigns the grous to the genus Tetrao. The partridge is esteemed a great delicacy at the table.

    The term partridge is applied in Pennsylvania to the bird called quail in New England, a peculiar species of Perdix; in New England it is applied to the ruffed grous, a species of Tetrao.NWAD PARTRIDGE.2

    PARTURIATE, v.i. [L. parturio, from partus, birth, from pario, to bear.] To bring forth young. [Little used.]

    PARTURIENT, a. [L. parturiens.] Bringing forth or about to bring forth young.

    PARTURITION, n. [L. parturio.] The act of bringing forth or being delivered of young.

    PARTY, n. [L. pars. See Part.]

    1. A number of persons united in opinion or design, in opposition to others in the community. It differs from faction, in implying a less dishonorable association, or more justifiable designs. Parties exist in all governments; and free governments are the hot-beds of party. Formerly, the political parties in England were called whigs and tories.NWAD PARTY.2

    2. One of two litigants; the plaintiff or defendant in a lawsuit.NWAD PARTY.3

    The cause of both parties shall come before the judges. Exodus 22:9.NWAD PARTY.4

    3. One concerned or interested in an affair. This man was not a party to the trespass or affray. He is not a party to the contract or agreement.NWAD PARTY.5

    4. Side; persons engaged against each other.NWAD PARTY.6

    The peace both parties want, is like to last.NWAD PARTY.7

    Small parties make up in diligence what they want in numbers.NWAD PARTY.8

    5. Cause; side.NWAD PARTY.9

    Aegle came in to make their party good.NWAD PARTY.10

    6. A select company invited to an entertainment; as a dining party, a tea party, an evening party.NWAD PARTY.11

    7. A single person distinct from or opposed to another.NWAD PARTY.12

    If the jury found that the party slain was of English race, it had been adjudged felony,NWAD PARTY.13

    8. In military affairs, a detachment or small number of troops sent on a particular duty, as to intercept the enemy’s convoy, to reconnoiter, to seek forage, to flank the enemy, etc. is used to qualify other words and may be considered either as part of a compound word, or as an adjective; as party man, party rage, party disputes, etc.NWAD PARTY.14

    PARTY-COLORED, a. Having divers colors; as a party-colored plume; a party-colored flower.

    PARTY-JURY, n. A jury consisting of half natives and half foreigners.

    PARTY-MAN, n. One of a party; usually, a factious man; a man of violent party principles; an abettor of a party.

    PARTY-SPIRIT, n. The spirit that supports a party.

    PARTY-WALL, n. A wall that separates one house from the next.

    PARU, n. A singular American fish.

    PARVIS, n. A church or church porch. [Not used.]

    PARVITUDE, PARVITY, n. Littleness. [Not used.]

    PAS, n. Right of going foremost; precedence. [Not used.]

    PASCH, n. [See Paschal.] The passover; the feast of Easter. [Not used.]

    PASCHAL, a. [L. pascha.] Pertaining to the passover, or to Easter.

    PASCH-EGG, n. An egg stained and presented to young persons, about the time of Easter. [Local.]

    PASH, n. [L. facies, face.] A face. [Not used.]

    1. A blow. [Not used.]NWAD PASH.2

    PASH, v.t. To strike; to strike down. [Not used.]

    PASHAW, n. In the Turkish dominions, a viceroy, governor or commander; a bashaw.

    PASHAWLIC, n. The jurisdiction of a pashaw.

    PASIGRAPHY, n. [Gr. all, and writing.] A system of universal writing, or a manner of writing that may be understood and used by all nations.

    PASQUE-FLOWER, n. pask’-flower. A flower, a species of anemone.

    PASQUIL, PASQUIN, n. A mutilated statue at Rome, in a corner of the palace of Ursini, so called from a cobbler of that name who was remarkable for his sneers and gibes. On this statue it has been customary to paste satiric papers. Hence, a lampoon.

    PASQUIL, PASQUIN, PASQUINADE, v.t. To lampoon; to satirize.

    PASQUILER, n. A lampooner.

    PASQUINADE, n. A lampoon or satirical writing.

    PASS, v.i. [Eng. pat, and as a noun, a pass, a defile, an ambling, pace; passen, to be fit, to suit; L. patior, whence passion, to suffer, and peto, competo, in the sense of fit; Gr. to walk or step, to suffer; The word pass coincides with L. passus, a step, and this is from pando, L. passus, a step, and this is from pando, to extend; n being casual, the original word was pado.]

    1. To move, in almost any manner; to go; to proceed from one place to another. A man may pass on foot, on horseback or in a carriage; a bird and a meteor pass through the air; a ship passes on or through the water; light passes from the sun to the planets; it passes from the sun to the earth in about eight minutes.NWAD PASS.2

    2. To move from one state to another; to alter or change, or to be changed in condition; as, to pass from health to sickness; to pass from just to unjust.NWAD PASS.3

    3. To vanish; to disappear; to be lost. In this sense, we usually say, to pass away.NWAD PASS.4

    Beauty is a charm, but soon the charm will pass.NWAD PASS.5

    4. To be spent; to go on or away progressively.NWAD PASS.6

    The time when the thing existed, is the idea of that space of duration which passed between some fixed period and the being of that thing.NWAD PASS.7

    5. To die; to depart from life. [Little used.]NWAD PASS.8

    6. To be in any state; to undergo; with under; as, to pass under the rod.NWAD PASS.9

    7. To be enacted; to receive the sanction of a legislative house or body by a majority of votes.NWAD PASS.10

    Neither of these bills has yet passed the house of commons.NWAD PASS.11

    8. To be current; to gain reception or to be generally received. Bank bills pass as a substitute for coin.NWAD PASS.12

    False eloquence passeth only where true is not understood.NWAD PASS.13

    9. To be regarded; to be received in opinion or estimation.NWAD PASS.14

    This will not pass for a fault in him, till it is proved to be one in us.NWAD PASS.15

    10. To occur; to be present; to take place; as, to notice what passes in the mind.NWAD PASS.16

    11. To be done.NWAD PASS.17

    Provided no indirect act pass upon our prayers to defile them.NWAD PASS.18

    12. To determine; to give judgment or sentence.NWAD PASS.19

    Though well we may not pass upon his life.NWAD PASS.20

    13. To thrust; to make a push in fencing or fighting.NWAD PASS.21

    14. To omit; to suffer to go unheeded or neglected. We saw the act, but let it pass.NWAD PASS.22

    15. To move through any duct or opening; as, substances in the stomach that will not pass, not be converted into ailment.NWAD PASS.23

    16. To percolate; to be secreted; as juices that pass from the glands into the mouth.NWAD PASS.24

    17. To be in a tolerable state.NWAD PASS.25

    A middling sort of man was left well enough by his father to pass, but he could never think he had enough, so long as any had more.NWAD PASS.26

    18. To be transferred from one owner to another. The land article passed by livery and seizin.NWAD PASS.27

    19. To go beyond bounds. For this we generally use surpass.NWAD PASS.28

    20. To run or extend; as a line or other thing. The north limit of Massachusetts passes three miles north of the Merrimac.NWAD PASS.29

    To come to pass, to happen; to arrive; to come; to be; to exist; a phrase much used in the Scriptures.NWAD PASS.30

    To pass away, to move from sight; to vanish.NWAD PASS.31

    1. To be spent; to be lost.NWAD PASS.32

    A good part of their lives passes away without thinking.NWAD PASS.33

    To pass by, to move near and beyond. He passed by as we stood in the road.NWAD PASS.34

    To pass on, to proceed.NWAD PASS.35

    To pass over, to go or move from side to side; to cross; as, to pass over to the other side.NWAD PASS.36

    To pass into, to unite and blend, as two substances or colors, in such a manner that it is impossible to tell where one ends and the other begins.NWAD PASS.37

    PASS, v.t. To go beyond. The sun has passed the age of frivolousness.

    1. To go through or over; as, to pass a river.NWAD PASS.39

    2. To spend; to live through; as, to pass time; to pass the night in revelry, and the day in sleep.NWAD PASS.40

    3. To cause to move; to send; as, to pass the bottle from one guest to another; to pass a pauper from one town to another; to pass a rope round a yard; to pass the blood from the right to the left ventricle of the heart.NWAD PASS.41

    4. To cause to move hastily.NWAD PASS.42

    I had only time to pass my eye over the medals, which are in great number.NWAD PASS.43

    5. To transfer from one owner to another; to sell or assign; as, to pass land from A to B by deed; to pass a note or bill.NWAD PASS.44

    6. To strain; to cause to percolate; as, to pass wine through a filter.NWAD PASS.45

    7. To utter; to pronounce; as, to pass compliments; to pass sentence or judgment; to pass censure on another’s works.NWAD PASS.46

    8. To procure or cause to go.NWAD PASS.47

    Waller passed over five thousand horse and foot by Newbridge.NWAD PASS.48

    9. To put an end to.NWAD PASS.49

    This nightNWAD PASS.50

    We’ll pass the business privately and well.NWAD PASS.51

    10. To omit; to neglect either to do or to mention.NWAD PASS.52

    I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array.NWAD PASS.53

    11. To transcend; to transgress or go beyond; as, to pass the bounds of moderation.NWAD PASS.54

    12. To admit; to allow; to approve and receive as valid or just; as, to pass an account at the war-office.NWAD PASS.55

    13. To approve or sanction by a constitutional or legal majority of votes; as, the house of representatives passed the bill. Hence,NWAD PASS.56

    14. To enact; to carry through all the forms necessary to give validity; as, the legislature passed the bill into a law.NWAD PASS.57

    15. To impose fraudulently; as, she passed the child on her husband for a boy.NWAD PASS.58

    16. To practice artfully; to cause to succeed; as, to pass a trick on one.NWAD PASS.59

    17. To surpass; to excel; to exceed.NWAD PASS.60

    18. To thrust; to make a push in fencing.NWAD PASS.61

    To see thee fight, to see thee pass thy puncto.NWAD PASS.62

    To pass away, to spend; to waste; as, to pass away the flower of like in idleness.NWAD PASS.63

    To pass by, to pass near and beyond.NWAD PASS.64

    1. To overlook; to excuse; to forgive; not to censure or punish; as, to pass by a crime or fault.NWAD PASS.65

    2. To neglect; to disregard.NWAD PASS.66

    Certain passages of Scripture we cannot pass by without injury to truth.NWAD PASS.67

    To pass over, to move from side to side; to cross; as, to pass over a river or mountain.NWAD PASS.68

    1. To omit; to overlook or disregard. He passed over one charge without a reply.NWAD PASS.69

    PASS, n. A narrow passage, entrance or avenue; a narrow or difficult place of entrance and exit; as a pass between mountains.

    1. A passage; a road.NWAD PASS.71

    2. Permission to pass, to go or to come; a license to pass; a passport.NWAD PASS.72

    A gentleman had a pass to go beyond the seas.NWAD PASS.73

    A ship sailing under the flag and pass of an enemy.NWAD PASS.74

    3. An order for sending vagrants or impotent persons to their place of abode.NWAD PASS.75

    4. In fencing and fighting, a thrust; a push; attempt to stab or strike; as, to make a pass at an antagonist.NWAD PASS.76

    5. State; condition or extreme case; extremity.NWAD PASS.77

    To what a pass are our minds brought.NWAD PASS.78

    Matters have been brought to this pass--NWAD PASS.79

    PASS-PAROLE, n. [pass and parole.] In military affairs, a command given at the head of an army and communicated by word of mouth to the rear.

    PASSABLE, a. That may be passed, traveled or navigated. The roads are not passable. The stream is passable in boats.

    1. That may be penetrated; as a substance passable by a fluid.NWAD PASSABLE.2

    2. Current; receivable; that may be or is transferred from hand to hand; as bills passable in lieu of coin. False coin is not passable.NWAD PASSABLE.3

    3. Popular; well received.NWAD PASSABLE.4

    4. Supportable. [This should be passible.]NWAD PASSABLE.5

    PASSABLY, adv. Tolerably. [See Passibly.]

    PASSADE, PASSADO, n. A push or thrust.

    PASSADE, n. In the menage, a turn or course of a horse backwards or forwards on the same spot of ground.

    PASSAGE, n.

    1. The act of passing or moving by land or water, or through the air or other substance; as the passage of a man or a carriage; the passage of a ship or a fowl; the passage of light or a meteor; the passage of fluids through the pores of the body, or from the glands. Clouds intercept the passage of solar rays.NWAD PASSAGE.2

    2. The time of passing from one place to another. What passage had you? We had a passage of twenty five days to Havre de Grace, and of thirty eight days from England.NWAD PASSAGE.3

    3. Road; way; avenue; a place where men or things may pass or be conveyed.NWAD PASSAGE.4

    And with his pointed dart,NWAD PASSAGE.5

    Explores the nearest passage to this heart.NWAD PASSAGE.6

    4. Entrance or exit.NWAD PASSAGE.7

    What! are my doors opposed against my passage?NWAD PASSAGE.8

    5. Right of passing; as, to engage a passage on board a ship bound to India.NWAD PASSAGE.9

    6. Occurrence; event; incident; that which happens; as a remarkable passage in the life of Newton. [See the Spanish verb, supra. This sense is obsolescent.]NWAD PASSAGE.10

    7. A passing away; decay. [Little used.]NWAD PASSAGE.11

    8. Intellectual admittance; mental reception.NWAD PASSAGE.12

    Among whom I expect this treatise will have a fairer passage than among those deeply imbued with other principles.NWAD PASSAGE.13

    9. Manner of being conducted; management.NWAD PASSAGE.14

    On consideration of the conduct and passage of affairs in former times--NWAD PASSAGE.15

    10. Part of a book or writing; a single clause, place or part of indefinite extent.NWAD PASSAGE.16

    How commentators each dark passage shun.NWAD PASSAGE.17

    11. Enactment; the act of carrying through all the regular forms necessary to give validity; as the passage of a law, or of a bill into a law, by a legislative body.NWAD PASSAGE.18

    Bird of passage, a fowl that passes at certain seasons from one climate to another, as in autumn to the south to avoid the winter’s cold, and in spring to the north for breeding. Hence the phrase is sometimes applied to a man who has no fixed residence.NWAD PASSAGE.19

    PASSAGER, n. A traveler or voyager; one who passes or journeys on foot, in a vehicle, or in a ship or boat. This word is usually written corruptly passenger, and the first vowel is often short.

    PASSED, PAST, pp. Gone by; done; accomplished; ended.

    1. Enacted; having received all the formalities necessary to constitute a law.NWAD PASSED.2

    PASSENGER, n. One who is traveling, as in a public coach, or in a ship, or on foot. This is the usual, though corrupt orthography.

    Passenger falcon, a kind of migratory hawk.NWAD PASSENGER.2

    PASSER, n. One that passes; a passenger.

    PASSERINE, a. [L. passer, a sparrow.] Pertaining to sparrows, or to the order of birds to which sparrows belong, the Passeres.

    PASSIBILITY, n. The quality or capacity of receiving impressions from external agents; aptness to feel or suffer.

    PASSIBLE, a. Susceptible of feeling or of impressions from external agents.

    Apollinarius held even Deity to be passible.NWAD PASSIBLE.2

    PASSIBLENESS, the same as passibility.

    PASSING, ppr. Moving; proceeding.

    1. a. Exceeding; surpassing; eminent.NWAD PASSING.2

    2. Adverbially used to enforce or enhance the meaning of another word; exceedingly; as passing fair; passing strange.NWAD PASSING.3

    PASSING-BELL, n. The bell that rings at the hour of death to obtain prayers for the passing soul. It is also used for the bell that rings immediately after death.

    PASSINGLY, adv. Exceedingly.

    PASSING-NOTE, n. In music, a note introduced between two others for the purpose of softening a distance or melodizing a passage.

    PASSION, n. [L. passio, from patior, to suffer.]

    1. The impression or effect of an external agent upon a body; that which is suffered or received.NWAD PASSION.2

    A body at rest affords us no idea of any active power to move, and when set in motion, it is rather a passion than an action in it.NWAD PASSION.3

    2. Susceptibility of impressions from external agents.NWAD PASSION.4

    The differences of moldable and not moldable, etc., and many other passions of matter, are plebeian notions. [Little used.]NWAD PASSION.5

    3. Suffering; emphatically, the last suffering of the Savior.NWAD PASSION.6

    To whom also he showed himself alive after his passion, by many infallible proofs. Acts 1:3.NWAD PASSION.7

    4. The feeling of the mind, or the sensible effect of impression; excitement, perturbation or agitation of mind; as desire, fear, hope, joy, grief, love, hatred. The eloquence of the orator is employed to move the passions.NWAD PASSION.8

    5. Violent agitation or excitement of mind, particularly such as is occasioned by an offense, injury or insult; hence, violent anger.NWAD PASSION.9

    6. Zeal; ardor; vehement desire.NWAD PASSION.10

    When statesmen are ruled by faction and interest, they can have no passion for the glory of their country.NWAD PASSION.11

    7. Love.NWAD PASSION.12

    He owned his passion for Amestris.NWAD PASSION.13

    8. Eager desire; as a violent passion for fine clothes.NWAD PASSION.14

    PASSION, v.i. To be extremely agitated. [Not used.]

    PASSION-FLOWER, n. A flower and plant of the genus Passiflora.

    PASSION-WEEK, n. The week immediately preceding the festival of Easter; so called because in that week our Savior’s passion and death took place.

    PASSIONARY, n. A book in which are described the sufferings of saints and martyrs.


    1. Easily moved to anger; easily excited or agitated by injury or insult; applied to persons.NWAD PASSIONATE.2

    Homer’s Achilles is haughty and passionate.NWAD PASSIONATE.3

    2. Highly excited; vehement; warm; applied to things; as passionate affection; passionate desire; passionate concern.NWAD PASSIONATE.4

    3. Expressing strong emotion; animated; as passionate eloquence.NWAD PASSIONATE.5

    PASSIONATE, v.t. To affect with passion; to express passionately. [Not used.]

    PASSIONATELY, adv. With passion; with strong feeling; ardently; vehemently; as, to covet any thing passionately; to be passionately fond.

    1. Angrily; with vehement resentment; as, to speak passionately.NWAD PASSIONATELY.2

    PASSIONATENESS, n. State of being subject to passion or anger.

    1. Vehemence of mind.NWAD PASSIONATENESS.2

    PASSIONED, a. Disordered; violently affected.

    1. Expressing passion.NWAD PASSIONED.2

    PASSIONLESS, a. Not easily excited to anger; of a calm temper.

    1. Void of passion.NWAD PASSIONLESS.2

    PASSIVE, a. [L. passivus, from passus, patior, to suffer.]

    1. Suffering; not acting, receiving or capable of receiving impressions from external agents. We were passive spectators, not actors in the scene.NWAD PASSIVE.2

    The mind is wholly passive in the reception of all its simple ideas.NWAD PASSIVE.3

    God is not in any respect passive.NWAD PASSIVE.4

    2. Unresisting; not opposing; receiving or suffering without resistance; as passive obedience; passive submission to the laws.NWAD PASSIVE.5

    Passive verb, in grammar, is a verb which expresses passion, or the effect of an action of some agent; as in L. doceor, I am taught; in English, she is loved and admired by her friends; he is assailed by slander.NWAD PASSIVE.6

    Passive obedience, as used by writers on government, denotes not only quiet unresting submission to power, but implies the denial of the right of resistance, or the recognition of the duty to submit in all cases to the existing government.NWAD PASSIVE.7

    Passive prayer, among mystic divines, is suspension of the activity of the soul or intellectual faculties, the soul remaining quiet and yielding only to the impulses of grace.NWAD PASSIVE.8

    Passive commerce, trade in which the productions of a country are carried by foreigners in their own bottoms. [See Active commerce.]NWAD PASSIVE.9

    PASSIVELY, adv. With a passive nature or temper; with a temper disposed to submit to the acts of external agents, without resistance.

    1. Without agency.NWAD PASSIVELY.2

    2. According to the form of the passive verb.NWAD PASSIVELY.3

    PASSIVENESS, n. Quality of receiving impressions from external agents or causes; as the passiveness of matter.

    1. Passibility; capacity of suffering.NWAD PASSIVENESS.2

    We shall lose our passiveness with our being.NWAD PASSIVENESS.3

    2. Patience; calmness; unresisting submission.NWAD PASSIVENESS.4

    PASSIVITY, n. Passiveness, which see. [Little used.]

    1. The tendency of a body to persevere in a given state, either of motion or rest, till disturbed by another body.NWAD PASSIVITY.2

    PASSLESS, a. Having no passage.

    PASSOVER, n. [pass and over.] A feast of the Jews, instituted to commemorate the providential escape of the Hebrews, in Egypt, when God smiting the first-born of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites, which were marked with the blood of the paschal lamb.

    1. The sacrifice offered at the feast of the passover.NWAD PASSOVER.2

    PASSPORT, n.

    1. A written license from a king or other proper authority, granting permission or safe conduct for one to pass through his territories, or to pass from one country to another, or to navigate a particular sea without hindrance or molestation.NWAD PASSPORT.2

    2. A license for importing or exporting contraband goods or movables without paying the usual duties.NWAD PASSPORT.3

    3. That which enables one to pass with safety or certainty.NWAD PASSPORT.4

    His passport is his innocence and grace.NWAD PASSPORT.5

    PASSY-MEASURE, n. An old stately kind of dance; a cinque-pace.

    PAST, pp. of pass. Gone by or beyond; not present; not future.

    1. Spent; ended; accomplished.NWAD PAST.2

    PAST, n. Elliptically, past time; as indemnity for the past.

    PAST, prep. Beyond in time. Hebrews 11:11.

    1. Having lost; not possessing; as, he was past sense of feeling.NWAD PAST.5

    2. Beyond; out of reach of; as, he was past cure or help.NWAD PAST.6

    Love, when once past government, is consequently past shame.NWAD PAST.7

    3. Beyond; further than; as past the boundary.NWAD PAST.8

    4. Above; more than.NWAD PAST.9

    The northern Irish Scots have bows not past three quarters of a yard long. [Not now used.]NWAD PAST.10

    5. After; beyond in time. The company assembled at half past seven, that is, at half an hour after seven.NWAD PAST.11

    PASTE, n. [L. pistus, or Gr. to sprinkle, or some root which signifies to mix and knead.]

    1. A soft composition of substances, as flour moistened with water or milk and kneaded, or any kind of earth moistened and formed to the consistence of dough. Paste made of flour is used in cookery; paste made of flour or earth, is used in various arts and manufactures, as a cement.NWAD PASTE.2

    2. An artificial mixture in imitation of precious stones or gems, used in the glass trade.NWAD PASTE.3

    3. In mineralogy, the mineral substance in which other minerals are imbedded.NWAD PASTE.4

    PASTE, v.t. To unite or cement with paste; to fasten with paste.

    PASTEBOARD, n. A species of thick paper formed of several single sheets pasted one upon another, or by macerating paper and casting it in molds, etc. It is used for the covering of books, for bonnets, etc.

    PASTEL, n. A plant, the woad, of the genus Isatis.

    1. A coloring substance.NWAD PASTEL.2

    PASTERN, n. The part of a horse’s leg between the joint next the foot and the coronet of the hoof.

    1. The human leg; in contempt.NWAD PASTERN.2

    PASTERN-JOINT, n. The joint in a horse’s leg next the foot.

    PASTICCIO, n. A medley; an olio.

    PASTIL, n. [L. pastillus.]

    1. A roll of paste, or a kind of paste made of different colors ground with gum-water in order to make crayons.NWAD PASTIL.2

    2. In pharmacy, a dry composition of sweet smelling resins, aromatic woods, etc. burnt to clear and scent the air of a room.NWAD PASTIL.3

    PASTIME, n. [pass and time.] Sport; amusement; diversion; that which amuses and serves to make time pass agreeably.

    P`ASTIME, v.i. To sport; to use diversion. [Little used.]

    PASTOR, n. [L. from pasco, pastum, to feed.]

    1. A shepherd; one that has the care of flocks and herds.NWAD PASTOR.2

    2. A minister of the gospel who has the charge of a church and congregation, whose duty is to watch over the people of his charge, and instruct them in the sacred doctrines of the christian religion.NWAD PASTOR.3

    PASTORAL, a. [L. pastoralis.] Pertaining to shepherds; as a pastoral life; pastoral manners.

    1. Descriptive of the life of shepherds; as a pastoral poem.NWAD PASTORAL.2

    2. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church; as pastoral care or duties; a pastoral letter.NWAD PASTORAL.3

    Piety is the life and soul of pastoral fidelity.NWAD PASTORAL.4

    P`ASTORAL, n. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds, or a poem in imitation of the action of a shepherd, and in which the speakers take upon themselves the character of shepherds; an idyl; a bucolic.

    A pastoral is a poem in which any action or passion is represented by its effects on a country life.NWAD PASTORAL.6

    PASTORATE, n. The office, state or jurisdiction of a spiritual pastor.

    PASTORLIKE, PASTORLY, a. Becoming a pastor.

    PASTORSHIP, n. The office or rank of pastor.

    PASTRY, n. [from paste.] Things in general which are made of paste, or of which paste constitutes a principal ingredient, as pies, tarts, cake and the like.

    1. The place where pastry is made.NWAD PASTRY.2

    PASTRY-COOK, n. One whose occupation is to make and sell articles made of paste.

    PASTURABLE, a. [from pasture.] Fit for pasture.


    1. The business of feeding or grazing cattle.NWAD PASTURAGE.2

    2. Grazing ground; land appropriated to grazing.NWAD PASTURAGE.3

    3. Grass for feed.NWAD PASTURAGE.4

    PASTURE, n. [L. pasco, pastum, to feed.]

    1. Grass for the food of cattle; the food of cattle taken by grazing.NWAD PASTURE.2

    2. Ground covered with grass appropriated for the food or cattle. The farmer has a hundred acres of pasture. It is sometimes called pasture-land.NWAD PASTURE.3

    3. Human culture; education. [Not used.]NWAD PASTURE.4

    Common of pasture, is the right of feeding cattle on another’s ground.NWAD PASTURE.5

    P`ASTURE, v.t. To feed on grass or to supply grass for food. We apply the word to persons, as the farmer pastures fifty oxen; or to ground, as the land will pasture fifty oxen.

    P`ASTURE, v.i. To graze; to take food by eating grass from the ground.

    PASTY, a. Like paste; of the consistence of paste.

    PASTY, n. [from paste.] A pie made of paste and baked without a dish.

    PAT, a. Fit; convenient; exactly suitable either as to time or place. [Not an elegant word, but admissible in burlesque.]

    PAT, adv. Fitly; conveniently.

    PAT, n. A light quick blow or stroke with the fingers or hand.

    PAT, v.t. To strike gently with the fingers or hand; to tap.

    Gay pats my shoulder and you vanish quite.NWAD PAT.5

    PATACA, PATACOON, n. A Spanish coin of the value of 4s. 8d. sterling, or about $1.04 cents.

    PATACHE, n. A tender or small vessel employed in conveying men or orders from one ship or place to another.

    PATAVINITY, n. The use of local words, or the peculiar style or diction of Livy, the Roman historian; so denominated from Patavium or Padua, the place of his nativity.

    PATCH, n.

    1. A piece of cloth sewed on a garment to repair it.NWAD PATCH.2

    2. A small piece of any thing used to repair a breach.NWAD PATCH.3

    3. A small piece of silk used to cover a defect on the face, or to add a charm.NWAD PATCH.4

    4. A piece inserted in mosaic or variegated work.NWAD PATCH.5

    5. A small piece of ground, or a small detached piece.NWAD PATCH.6

    6. A paltry fellow. This use is sometimes heard in vulgar language; as a cross-patch.NWAD PATCH.7

    PATCH, v.t. To mend by sewing on a piece or pieces; as, to patch a coat.

    1. To adorn with a patch or with patches.NWAD PATCH.9

    In the middle boxes were several ladies who patched both sides of their faces.NWAD PATCH.10

    2. To mend with pieces; to repair clumsily.NWAD PATCH.11

    3. To repair with pieces fastened on; as, to patch the roof of a house.NWAD PATCH.12

    4. To make up of pieces and shreds.NWAD PATCH.13

    5. To dress in a party-colored coat.NWAD PATCH.14

    6. To make suddenly or hastily; to make without regard to forms; as, to patch up a peace.NWAD PATCH.15

    PATCHED, pp. Mended with a patch or patches; mended clumsily.

    PATCHER, n. One that patches or botches.

    PATCHERY, n. Bungling work; botchery; forgery.

    PATCHING, ppr. Mending with a piece or pieces; botching.

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