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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    HANDFUL, n. As much as the hand will grasp or contain.

    1. As much as the arms will embrace.NWAD HANDFUL.2

    2. A palm; four inches.NWAD HANDFUL.3

    3. A small quantity or number. A handful of men.NWAD HANDFUL.4

    4. As much as can be done; full employment.NWAD HANDFUL.5

    In America, the phrase is, he has his hands full.NWAD HANDFUL.6

    HANDGALLOP, n. A slow and easy gallop, in which the hand presses the bridle to hinder increase of speed.

    HANDGLASS, n. In gardening, a glass used for placing over, protecting and forwarding various plants, in winter.

    HAND-GRENADE, n. A grenade to be thrown by the hand.

    HANDGUN, n. A gun to be used by the hand.

    HANDICRAFT, n. Manual occupation; work performed by the hand.

    1. A man who obtains his living by manual labor; one skilled in some mechanical art.NWAD HANDICRAFT.2

    HANDICRAFTSMAN, n. A man skilled or employed in manual occupation; a manufacturer.

    HANDILY, adv. [See Handy.] With dexterity or skill; dexterously; adroitly.

    1. With ease or convenience.NWAD HANDILY.2

    HANDINESS, n. The ease of performance derived from practice; dexterity; adroitness.

    HANDIWORK, n. [for hand-work.] Work of the hands; product of manual labor; manufacture.

    1. Work performed by power and wisdom. Psalm 19:1.NWAD HANDIWORK.2

    HANDKERCHIEF, n. [hand and kerchief. See Kerchief.]

    1. A piece of cloth, usually silk or linen, carried about the person for the purpose of cleaning the face or hands, as occasion requires.NWAD HANDKERCHIEF.2

    2. A piece of cloth to be worn about the neck, and sometimes called a neckerchief.NWAD HANDKERCHIEF.3

    HANDLANGUAGE, n. The art of conversing by the hands. [Not in use.]

    HANDLE, v.t. [L. manus.]

    1. To touch; to feel with the hand; to use or hold with the hand.NWAD HANDLE.2

    The bodies we daily handle--hinder the approach of the part of our hands that press them.NWAD HANDLE.3

    2. To manage; to use; to wield.NWAD HANDLE.4

    That fellow handles a bow like a crow-keeper.NWAD HANDLE.5

    3. To make familiar by frequent touching.NWAD HANDLE.6

    The breeders in Flanders--handle their colts six months every year.NWAD HANDLE.7

    4. To treat; to discourse on; to discuss; to use or manage in writing or speaking. The author handled the subject with address. The speaker handled the arguments to the best advantage.NWAD HANDLE.8

    5. To use; to deal with; to practice.NWAD HANDLE.9

    They that handle the law knew me not. Jeremiah 2:8.NWAD HANDLE.10

    6. To treat; to use well or ill.NWAD HANDLE.11

    How wert thou handled?NWAD HANDLE.12

    7. To manage; to practice on; to transact with.NWAD HANDLE.13

    You shall see how I will handle her.NWAD HANDLE.14

    HANDLE, n. [L. ansa.]

    1. That part of a vessel or instrument which is held in the hand when used, as the haft of a sword, the bail of a kettle, etc.NWAD HANDLE.16

    2. That of which use is made; the instrument of effecting a purpose.NWAD HANDLE.17

    HANDLEAD, n. A lead for sounding.

    HANDLED, pp. Touched; treated; managed.

    HANDLESS, a. Without a hand.

    HANDLING, ppr. Touching; feeling; treating; managing.

    HANDMAID, HANDMAIDEN, n. A maid that waits at hand; a female servant or attendant.

    HANDMILL, n. A mill moved by the hand.

    HANDSAILS, n. Sails managed by the hand.

    HANDSAW, n. A saw to be used with the hand.

    HANDSCREW, n. An engine for raising heavy timbers or weights; a jack.

    HANDSEL, n.

    1. The first act of using any thing; the first sale.NWAD HANDSEL.2

    2. An earnest; money for the first sale. [Little used.]NWAD HANDSEL.3

    HANDSEL, v.t. To use or do any thing the first time.

    HANDSOME, a.

    1. Properly, dexterous; ready; convenient.NWAD HANDSOME.2

    For a thief it is so handsome, as it may seem it was first invented for him.NWAD HANDSOME.3

    This sense is either from the original meaning of hand, or from the use of the hand, or rather of the right hand. In this sense the word is still used. We say of a well fought combat and victory, it is a handsome affair, an affair well performed, done with dexterity or skill. [See Handy.]NWAD HANDSOME.4

    2. Moderately beautiful, as the person or other thing; well made; having symmetry of parts; well formed. It expresses less than beautiful or elegant; as a handsome woman or man; she has a handsome person or face. So we say, a handsome house; a handsome type.NWAD HANDSOME.5

    3. Graceful in manner; marked with propriety and ease; as a handsome address.NWAD HANDSOME.6

    4. Ample; large; as handsome fortune.NWAD HANDSOME.7

    5. Neat; correct; moderately elegant; as a handsome style or composition.NWAD HANDSOME.8

    6. Liberal; generous; as a handsome present.NWAD HANDSOME.9

    The applications of this word in popular language are various and somewhat indefinite. In general, when applied to things, it imports that the form is agreeable to the eye, or to just taste; and when applied to manner, it conveys the idea of suitableness or propriety with grace.NWAD HANDSOME.10

    HANDSOME, as a verb, to render neat or beautiful, is not an authorized word.

    HANDSOMELY, adv. Dexterously; cleverly; with skill.

    1. Gracefully; with propriety and ease.NWAD HANDSOMELY.2

    2. Neatly; with due symmetry or proportions; as, a thing is handsomely made or finished.NWAD HANDSOMELY.3

    3. With a degree of beauty; as a room handsomely furnished or ornamented.NWAD HANDSOMELY.4

    4. Amply; generously; liberally.NWAD HANDSOMELY.5

    She is handsomely endowed.NWAD HANDSOMELY.6

    HANDSOMENESS, n. A moderate degree of beauty or elegance; as the handsomeness of the person or of an edifice.

    1. Grace; gracefulness; ease and propriety in manner.NWAD HANDSOMENESS.2

    HANDSPIKE, n. A wooden bar, used with the hand as a lever, for various purposes, as in raising weights, heaving about a windlass, etc.

    HANDSTAFF, n. A javelin; plu. handstaves. Ezekiel 39:9.

    HANDVISE, n. A vise used by hand, or for small work.

    HANDWEAPON, n. Any weapon to be wielded by the hand. Numbers 35:18.

    HANDWRITING, n. The cast or form of writing peculiar to each hand or person.

    1. Any writing.NWAD HANDWRITING.2

    HANDY, a.

    1. Performed by the hand.NWAD HANDY.2

    They came to handy blows.NWAD HANDY.3

    2. Dexterous; ready; adroit; skilled to use the hands with ease in performance; applied to persons. He is handy with the saw or the place. Each is handy in his way.NWAD HANDY.4

    3. Ingenious; performing with skill and readiness.NWAD HANDY.5

    4. Ready to the hand; near. My books are very handy.NWAD HANDY.6

    5. Convenient; suited to the use of the hand.NWAD HANDY.7

    6. Near; that may be used without difficulty or going to a distance. We have a spring or pasture that is handy.NWAD HANDY.8

    HANDYBLOW, n. A blow with the hand; an act of hostility.

    HANDY-DANDY, n. A play in which children change hands and places.

    HANDYGRIPE, n. Seizure by the hand.

    HANDYSTROKE, n. A blow inflicted by the hand.

    HANG, v.t. pret. and pp. hanged or hung.

    1. To suspend; to fasten to some fixed object above, in such a manner as to swing or move; as, to hang a thief. Pharaoh hanged the chief baker. Hence,NWAD HANG.2

    2. To put to death by suspending by the neck.NWAD HANG.3

    Many men would rebel, rather than be ruined; but they would rather not rebel than be hanged.NWAD HANG.4

    3. To place without any solid support or foundation.NWAD HANG.5

    He hangeth the earth upon nothing. Job 26:7.NWAD HANG.6

    4. To fix in such a manner as to be movable; as, to hang a door or grate on hooks or by butts.NWAD HANG.7

    5. To cover or furnish by any thing suspended or fastened to the walls; as, to hang an apartment with curtains or with pictures.NWAD HANG.8

    Hung by the heavens with black--NWAD HANG.9

    And hung thy holy roofs with savage spoils.NWAD HANG.10

    To hang out, to suspend in open view; to display; to exhibit to notice; as, to hang out false colors.NWAD HANG.11

    1. To hang abroad; to suspend in the open air.NWAD HANG.12

    To hang over, to project or cause to project above.NWAD HANG.13

    To hang down, to let fall below the proper situation; to bend down; to decline; as, to hand down the head, and elliptically, to hang the head.NWAD HANG.14

    To hang up, to suspend; to place on something fixed on high.NWAD HANG.15

    1. To suspend; to keep or suffer to remain undecided; as, to hang up a question in debate.NWAD HANG.16

    HANG, v.i. To be suspended; to be sustained by something above, so as to swing or be movable below.

    1. To dangle; to be loose and flowing below.NWAD HANG.18

    2. To bend forward or downward; to lean or incline.NWAD HANG.19

    His neck obliquely o’er his shoulder hung.NWAD HANG.20

    3. To float; to play.NWAD HANG.21

    And fall those sayings from that gentle tongue,NWAD HANG.22

    Where civil speech and soft persuasion hung.NWAD HANG.23

    4. To be supported by something raised above the ground; as a hanging garden on the top of a house.NWAD HANG.24

    5. To depend; to rest on something for support. This question hangs on a single point.NWAD HANG.25

    6. To rest on by embracing; to cling to; as, to hang on the neck of a person.NWAD HANG.26

    Two infants hanging on her neck.NWAD HANG.27

    7. To hover; to impend; with over.NWAD HANG.28

    View the dangers that hang over the country.NWAD HANG.29

    8. To be delayed; to linger.NWAD HANG.30

    A noble stroke he lifted high,NWAD HANG.31

    Which hung not.NWAD HANG.32

    9. To incline; to have a steep declivity; as hanging grounds.NWAD HANG.33

    10. To be executed by the halter.NWAD HANG.34

    Sir Balaam hangs.NWAD HANG.35

    To hang fire, in the military art, is to be slow in communicating, as fire in the pan of a gun to the charge.NWAD HANG.36

    To hang on, to adhere to, often as something troublesome and unwelcome.NWAD HANG.37

    A cheerful temper dissipates the apprehensions which hang on the timorous.NWAD HANG.38

    1. To adhere obstinately; to be importunate.NWAD HANG.39

    2. To rest; to reside; to continue.NWAD HANG.40

    3. To be dependent on.NWAD HANG.41

    How wretchedNWAD HANG.42

    Is that poor man that hangs on princes’ favors!NWAD HANG.43

    4. In seamen’s language, to hold fast without belaying; to pull forcibly.NWAD HANG.44

    To hang in doubt, to be in suspense, or in a state of uncertainty.NWAD HANG.45

    Thy life shall hang in doubt before thee. Deuteronomy 28:66.NWAD HANG.46

    To hang together, to be closely united; to cling.NWAD HANG.47

    In the common cause we are all of a piece; we hang together.NWAD HANG.48

    1. To be just united, so as barely to hold together.NWAD HANG.49

    To hang on or upon, to drag; to be incommodiously jointed.NWAD HANG.50

    Life hangs upon me and becomes a burden.NWAD HANG.51

    To hang to, to adhere closely; to cling.NWAD HANG.52

    HANG, n. A sharp declivity.

    HANGBY, n. A dependent, in contempt.

    HANGED, pp. Suspended; put to death by being suspended by the neck.

    HANGER, n. That by which a thing is suspended.

    1. A short broad sword, incurvated towards the point.NWAD HANGER.2

    2. One that hangs, or causes to be hanged.NWAD HANGER.3

    HANGER-ON, n. One who besets another importunately in soliciting favors.

    1. A dependant; one who eats and drinks without payment.NWAD HANGER-ON.2

    HANGING, ppr. Suspending to something above.

    1. Being suspended; dangling; swinging.NWAD HANGING.2

    2. Foreboding death by the halter.NWAD HANGING.3

    What a hanging face!NWAD HANGING.4

    3. Requiring punishment by the halter; as a hanging matter.NWAD HANGING.5

    HANGING, n. Any kind of drapery hung or fastened to the walls or a room, by way of ornament.

    No purple hangings clothe the palace walls.NWAD HANGING.7

    1. Death by the halter; as hard words or hanging.NWAD HANGING.8

    2. Display; exhibition.NWAD HANGING.9

    HANGING-SLEEVES, n. Strips of the same stuff with the gown, hanging down the back from the shoulders.

    HANGING-SIDE, n. In mining, the overhanging side of an inclined or hading vein.

    HANGMAN, n. One who hangs another; a public executioner; also, a term of reproach.

    HANGNEST, n. The name of certain species of birds, which build nests suspended from the branches of trees, such as the Baltimore oriole or red-bird; also, the nest so suspended.

    HANK, n.

    1. A skein of thread; as much thread as is tied together; a tie.NWAD HANK.2

    2. In ships. a wooden ring fixed to a stay, to confine the stay-sails; used in the place of a grommet.NWAD HANK.3

    3. A rope or withy for fastening a gate.NWAD HANK.4

    HANK, v.t. To form into hanks.

    HANKER, v.i.

    1. To long for with a keen appetite and uneasiness; in a literal sense; as, to hanker for fruit, or after fruit.NWAD HANKER.2

    2. To have a vehement desire of something, accompanied with uneasiness; as, to hanker after the diversions of the town.NWAD HANKER.3

    It is usually followed by after. It is a familiar, but not a low word.NWAD HANKER.4

    HANKERING, ppr. Longing for with keen appetite or ardent desire.

    HANKERING, n. A keen appetite that causes uneasiness till it is gratified; vehement desire to possess or enjoy.

    HANKLE, v.t. [See Hank.] To twist. [Not in use.]

    HANT, a contraction of have not, or has not; as, I ha’nt, he ha’nt, we ha’nt.

    Hanse Towns. Hanse signifies a society; Goth. hansa, a multitude. The Hanse towns in Germany were certain commercial cities which associated for the protection of commerce as early as the twelfth century. To this confederacy acceded certain commercial cities in Holland, England, France, Spain and Italy, until they amounted to seventy two, and for centuries, this confederacy commanded the respect and defied the power of kings. This confederacy at present consists of the cities of Lubeck, Hamburg, and Bremen.NWAD HANT.2

    HANSEATIC, a. Pertaining to the Hanse towns, or to their confederacy.

    HAP, n. [L. capio.]

    1. That which comes suddenly or unexpectedly; chance; fortune; accident; casual event. [See Chance and Casual.]NWAD HAP.2

    Whether art it was or heedless hap.NWAD HAP.3

    Curs’d by good haps, and curs’d be they that buildNWAD HAP.4

    Their hopes on haps.NWAD HAP.5

    2. Misfortune. [But this word is obsolete or obsolescent, except in compounds and derivatives.]NWAD HAP.6

    HAP, v.i. To happen; to befall; to come by chance.

    HAP-HAZARD, n. [This is tautological. See Hazard.]

    Chance; accident.NWAD HAP-HAZARD.2

    We take our principles at hap-hazard on trust.NWAD HAP-HAZARD.3

    HAPLESS, a. Luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy; as hapless youth; hapless maid.

    HAPLY, adv. By chance; perhaps; it may be.

    Lest haply ye be found to fight against God. Acts 5:39.NWAD HAPLY.2

    1. By accident; casually.NWAD HAPLY.3

    HAPPEN, v.i. hap’n.

    1. To come by chance; to come without one’s previous expectation; to fall out.NWAD HAPPEN.2

    There shall no evil happen to the just. Proverbs 12:21.NWAD HAPPEN.3

    2. To come; to befall.NWAD HAPPEN.4

    They talked together of all those things which had happened. Luke 24:14.NWAD HAPPEN.5

    3. To light; to fall or come unexpectedly.NWAD HAPPEN.6

    I have happened on some other accounts relating to mortalities.NWAD HAPPEN.7

    HAPPILY, adv. [See Happy.] By good fortune; fortunately; luckily; with success.

    Preferr’d by conquest, happily o’erthrown.NWAD HAPPILY.2

    1. In a happy state; in a state of felicity.NWAD HAPPILY.3

    He lived happily with his consort.NWAD HAPPILY.4

    2. With address or dexterity; gracefully; in a manner to ensure success.NWAD HAPPILY.5

    Formed by thy converse, happily to steerNWAD HAPPILY.6

    From grave to gay, from lively to severe.NWAD HAPPILY.7

    3. By chance. [See Haply.]NWAD HAPPILY.8

    HAPPINESS, n. [from happy.] The agreeable sensations which spring from the enjoyment of good; that state of a being in which his desires are gratified, by the enjoyment of pleasure without pain; felicity; but happiness usually expresses less than felicity, and felicity less than bliss. Happiness is comparative. To a person distressed with pain, relief from that pain affords happiness; in other cases we give the name happiness to positive pleasure or an excitement of agreeable sensations. Happiness therefore admits of indefinite degrees of increase in enjoyment, or gratification of desires. Perfect happiness, or pleasure unalloyed with pain, is not attainable in this life.

    2. Good luck; good fortune.NWAD HAPPINESS.2

    3. Fortuitous elegance; unstudied grace.NWAD HAPPINESS.3

    For there’s a happiness as well as care.NWAD HAPPINESS.4

    HAPPY, a. [from hap.]

    1. Lucky; fortunate; successful.NWAD HAPPY.2

    Chimists have been more happy in finding experiments, than the causes of them.NWAD HAPPY.3

    So we say, a happy thought; a happy expedient.NWAD HAPPY.4

    2. Being in the enjoyment of agreeable sensations from the possession of good; enjoying pleasure from the gratification of appetites or desires. The pleasurable sensations derived from the gratification of sensual appetites render a person temporarily happy; but he only can be esteemed really and permanently happy, who enjoys peace of mind in the favor of God. To be in any degree happy, we must be free from pain both of body and of mind; to be very happy, we must be in the enjoyment of lively sensations of pleasure, either of body or mind.NWAD HAPPY.5

    Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed. Genesis 30:13.NWAD HAPPY.6

    He found himself happiest, in communicating happiness to others.NWAD HAPPY.7

    3. Prosperous; having secure possession of good.NWAD HAPPY.8

    Happy is that people whose God is Jehovah. Psalm 144:15.NWAD HAPPY.9

    4. That supplies pleasure; that furnishes enjoyment; agreeable; applied to things; as a happy condition.NWAD HAPPY.10

    5. Dexterous; ready; able.NWAD HAPPY.11

    One gentleman is happy at a reply, another excels in a rejoinder.NWAD HAPPY.12

    6. Blessed; enjoying the presence and favor of God, in a future life.NWAD HAPPY.13

    7. Harmonious; living in concord; enjoying the pleasures of friendship; as a happy family.NWAD HAPPY.14

    8. Propitious; favorable.NWAD HAPPY.15

    HARANGUE, n. harang’. har’ang.

    1. A speech addressed to an assembly or an army; a popular oration; a public address. This word seems to imply loudness or declamation, and is therefore appropriated generally to an address made to a popular assembly or to an army, and not to a sermon, or to an argument at the bar of a court, or to a speech in a deliberative council, unless in contempt.NWAD HARANGUE.2

    2. Declamation; a noisy, pompous or irregular address.NWAD HARANGUE.3

    HARANGUE, v.i. harang’. To make an address or speech to a large assembly; to make a noisy speech.

    HARANGUE, v.t. harang’. To address by oration; as, the general harangued the troops.

    HARANGUER, n. harang’er. An orator; one who addresses an assembly or army; a noisy declaimer.

    HARANGUING, ppr. Declaiming; addressing with noisy eloquence.

    HARASS, v.t.

    1. To weary; to fatigue to excess; to tire with bodily labor; as, to harass an army by a long march.NWAD HARASS.2

    2. To weary with importunity, care, or perplexity; to tease; to perplex.NWAD HARASS.3

    Nature oppress’d and harrass’d out with care.NWAD HARASS.4

    3. To waste or desolate.NWAD HARASS.5

    HARASS, n. Waste; disturbance; devastation. [Little used.]

    HARASSED, pp. Wearied; tired; teased.

    HARASSER, n. One who harasses or teases; a spoiler.

    HARASSING, ppr. Tiring; fatiguing; teasing.

    HARBINGER, n. [See Harbor. Harbinger is properly a person who goes to provide harbor or lodgings for those that follow.]

    1. In England, an officer of the king’s household who rides a day’s journey before the court when traveling, to provide lodgings and other accommodations.NWAD HARBINGER.2

    2. A forerunner; a precursor; that which precedes and gives notice of the expected arrival of something else.NWAD HARBINGER.3

    HARBOR, n.

    1. A lodging; a place of entertainment and rest.NWAD HARBOR.2

    For harbor at a thousand doors they knocked.NWAD HARBOR.3

    2. A port or haven for ships; a bay or inlet of the sea, in which ships can moor, and be sheltered from the fury of winds and a heavy sea; any navigable water where ships can ride in safety.NWAD HARBOR.4

    3. An asylum; a shelter; a place of safety from storms or danger.NWAD HARBOR.5

    H`ARBOR, v.t. To shelter; to secure; to secrete; as, to harbor a thief.

    1. To entertain; to permit to lodge, rest or reside; as, to harbor malice or revenge.NWAD HARBOR.7

    Harbor not a thought of revenge.NWAD HARBOR.8

    H`ARBOR, v.i. To lodge or abide for a time; to receive entertainment.

    This night let’s harbor here in York.NWAD HARBOR.10

    1. To take shelter.NWAD HARBOR.11

    HARBORAGE, n. Shelter; entertainment. [Not used.]

    HARBORED, pp. Entertained; sheltered.

    HARBORER, n. One who entertains or shelters another.

    HARBORING, ppr. Entertaining; sheltering.

    HARBORLESS, a. Without a harbor; destitute of shelter or a lodging.

    HARBOR-MASTER, n. An officer who has charge of the mooring of ships, and executes the regulations respecting harbors.

    HARBOROUGH, n. A harbor or lodging. [Not in use.]

    HARBOROUS, a. Hospitable. [Not in use.]

    HARD, a.

    1. Firm; solid; compact; not easily penetrated, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; applied to material bodies, and opposed to soft; as hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple.NWAD HARD.2

    2. Difficult; not easy to the intellect.NWAD HARD.3

    In which are some things hard to be understood. 2 Peter 3:16.NWAD HARD.4

    The hard causes they brought to Moses. Exodus 18:26.NWAD HARD.5

    3. Difficult of accomplishment; not easy to be done or executed. A hard task; a disease hard to cure.NWAD HARD.6

    Is any thing too hard for the Lord? Genesis 18:14.NWAD HARD.7

    4. Full of difficulties or obstacles; not easy to be traveled; as a hard way.NWAD HARD.8

    5. Painful; difficult; distressing.NWAD HARD.9

    Rachel travailed, and she had hard labor. Genesis 35:16.NWAD HARD.10

    6. Laborious; fatiguing; attended with difficulty or pain, or both; as hard work or labor; hard duty; hard service.NWAD HARD.11

    7. Oppressive; rigorous; severe; cruel; as hard bondage; a hard master. Exodus 1:14; Isaiah 14:3.NWAD HARD.12

    8. Unfeeling; insensible; not easily moved by pity; not susceptible of kindness, mercy or other tender affections; as a hard heart.NWAD HARD.13

    9. Severe; harsh; rough; abusive.NWAD HARD.14

    Have you given him any hard words of late?NWAD HARD.15

    10. Unfavorable; unkind; implying blame of another; as hard thoughts.NWAD HARD.16

    11. Severe; rigorous; oppressive. The enemy was compelled to submit to hard terms. So we say, a hard bargain; hard conditions.NWAD HARD.17

    12. Unreasonable; unjust. It is hard to punish a man for speculative opinions. It is a hard case.NWAD HARD.18

    13. Severe; pinching with cold; rigorous; tempestuous; as a hard winter; hard weather.NWAD HARD.19

    14. Powerful; forcible; urging; pressing close on.NWAD HARD.20

    The stag was too hard for the horse.NWAD HARD.21

    The disputant was too hard for his antagonist.NWAD HARD.22

    15. Austere; rough; acid; sour; as liquors.NWAD HARD.23

    The cider is hard.NWAD HARD.24

    16. Harsh; stiff; forced; constrained; unnatural.NWAD HARD.25

    Others--make the figures harder than the marble itself.NWAD HARD.26

    His diction is hard, his figures too bold.NWAD HARD.27

    17. Not plentiful; not prosperous; pressing; distressing; as hard times, when markets are bad, and money of course scarce.NWAD HARD.28

    18. Avaricious; difficult in making bargains; close. Matthew 25:24.NWAD HARD.29

    19. Rough; of coarse features; as a hard face or countenance.NWAD HARD.30

    20. Austere; severe; rigorous.NWAD HARD.31

    21. Rude; unpolished or unintelligible.NWAD HARD.32

    A people of hard language. Ezekiel 3:5-6.NWAD HARD.33

    22. Coarse; unpalatable or scanty; as hard fare.NWAD HARD.34

    H`ARD, adv. Close; near; as in the phrase, hard by. In this phrase, the word retains its original sense of pressed, or pressing.

    [L. pressus.]NWAD HARD.36

    1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; laboriously; earnestly; vehemently; importunately; as, to work hard for a living.NWAD HARD.37

    And pray’d so hard for mercy from the prince.NWAD HARD.38

    2. With difficulty; as, the vehicle moves hard.NWAD HARD.39

    3. Uneasily; vexatiously.NWAD HARD.40

    4. Closely; so as to raise difficulties.NWAD HARD.41

    The question is hard set.NWAD HARD.42

    5. Fast; nimbly; rapidly; vehemently; as, to run hard, that is, with pressure or urgency.NWAD HARD.43

    6. Violently; with great force; tempestuously; as, the wind blows hard, or it blows hard.NWAD HARD.44

    7. With violence; with a copious descent of water; as, it rains hard.NWAD HARD.45

    8. With force; as, to press hard.NWAD HARD.46

    Hard-a-lee, in seamen’s language, an order to put the helm close to the lee side of the ship, to tack or keep her head to the wind; also, that situation of the helm.NWAD HARD.47

    Hard-a-weather, an order to put the helm close to the weather or windward side of the ship; also, that position of the helm.NWAD HARD.48

    Hard-a-port, an order to put the helm close to the larboard side of a ship.NWAD HARD.49

    Hard-a-starboard, an order to put the helm close to the starboard side of a ship.NWAD HARD.50

    HARD-BESETTING, a. Closely besetting or besieging.

    HARDBOUND, a. Costive; fast or tight; as hardbound brains.

    HARDEARNED, a. Earned with toil and difficulty.

    HARDEN, v.t. h`ardn. To make hard or more hard; to make firm or compact; to indurate; as, to harden iron or steel; to harden clay.

    1. To confirm in effrontery; to make impudent; as, to harden the face.NWAD HARDEN.2

    2. To make obstinate, unyielding or refractory; as, to harden the neck. Jeremiah 19:15.NWAD HARDEN.3

    3. To confirm in wickedness, opposition or enmity; to make obdurate.NWAD HARDEN.4

    Why then do ye harden your hearts, as Pharaoh and the Egyptians hardened their hearts? 1 Samuel 6:6.NWAD HARDEN.5

    So God is said to harden the heart, when he withdraws the influences of his spirit from men, and leaves them to pursue their own corrupt inclinations.NWAD HARDEN.6

    4. To make insensible or unfeeling; as, to harden one against impressions of pity or tenderness.NWAD HARDEN.7

    5. To make firm; to endure with constancy.NWAD HARDEN.8

    I would harden myself in sorrow. Job 6:10.NWAD HARDEN.9

    6. To inure; to render firm or less liable to injury, by exposure or use; as, to harden to a climate or to labor.NWAD HARDEN.10

    H`ARDEN, v.i. h`ardn. To become hard or more hard; to acquire solidity or more compactness. Mortar hardens by drying.

    1. To become unfeeling.NWAD HARDEN.12

    2. To become inured.NWAD HARDEN.13

    3. To indurate, as flesh.NWAD HARDEN.14

    HARDENED, pp. Made hard, or more hard or compact; made unfeeling; made obstinate; confirmed in error or vice.

    HARDENER, n. He or that which makes hard, or more firm and compact.

    HARDENING, ppr. Making hard or more compact; making obdurate or unfeeling; confirming; becoming more hard.

    H`ARDENING, n. The giving a greater degree of hardness to bodies than they had before.

    HARDFAVORED, a. Having coarse features; harsh of countenance.

    HARDFAVOREDNESS, n. Coarseness of features.

    HARDFEATURED, a. Having coarse features.

    HARDFISTED, a. Close fisted; covetous.

    HARDFOUGHT, a. Vigorously contested; as a hard-fought battle.

    HARDGOTTEN, a. Obtained with difficulty.

    HARDHANDED, a. Having hard hands, as a laborer.

    HARDHEAD, n. Clash or collision of heads in contest.

    HARDHEARTED, a. Cruel; pitiless; merciless; unfeeling; inhuman; inexorable.

    HARDHEARTEDNESS, n. Want of feeling or tenderness; cruelty; inhumanity.

    HARDIHOOD, n. [See Hardy and Hood.] Boldness, united with firmness and constancy of mind; dauntless bravery; intrepidity.

    It is the society of numbers which gives hardihood to iniquity.NWAD HARDIHOOD.2

    Hardihead and hardiment, in the sense of hardihood, are obsolete.NWAD HARDIHOOD.3

    HARDILY, adv. With great boldness; stoutly.

    1. With hardship; not tenderly.NWAD HARDILY.2


    1. Boldness; firm courage; intrepidity; stoutness; bravery; applied to the mind, it is synonymous with hardihood.NWAD HARDINESS.2

    2. Firmness of body derived from laborious exercises.NWAD HARDINESS.3

    3. Hardship; fatigue.NWAD HARDINESS.4

    4. Excess of confidence; assurance; effrontery.NWAD HARDINESS.5

    HARD-LABORED, a. Wrought with severe labor; elaborate; studies; as a hard-labored poem.

    HARDLY, adv. [See Hard.] With difficulty; with great labor.

    Recovering hardly what he lost before.NWAD HARDLY.2

    1. Scarcely; barely; almost not.NWAD HARDLY.3

    Hardly shall you find any one so bad, but he desires the credit of being thought good.NWAD HARDLY.4

    2. Not quite or wholly. The object is so distant we can hardly see it. The veal is hardly done. The writing is hardly completed.NWAD HARDLY.5

    3. Grudgingly, as an injury.NWAD HARDLY.6

    4. Severely; unfavorably; as, to think hardly of public measures.NWAD HARDLY.7

    5. Rigorously; oppressively. The prisoners were hardly used or treated.NWAD HARDLY.8

    6. Unwelcomely; harshly.NWAD HARDLY.9

    Such information comes very hardly and harshly to a grown man.NWAD HARDLY.10

    7. Coarsely; roughly; not softly.NWAD HARDLY.11

    Heaven was her canopy, bare earth her bed;NWAD HARDLY.12

    So hardly lodged.NWAD HARDLY.13

    HARD-MOUTHED, a. Not sensible to the bit; not easily governed; as a hard-mouthed horse.

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