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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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    SERGEANTSHIP — SEVENTEEN

    SERGEANTSHIP, n. s’argentship. The office of a sergeant.

    SERGE-MAKER, n. A manufacturer of serges.

    SERICEOUS, a. [L. sericus, from sericum, silk.] Pertaining to silk; consisting of silk; silky. In botany, covered with very soft hairs pressed close to the surface; as a sericeous leaf.

    SERIES, n. [L. this word probably belongs to the Shemetic, the primary sense of which is to stretch or strain.]

    1. A continued succession in the things of the same order, and bearing the same relation to each other; as a series of kings; a series of successors.NWAD SERIES.2

    2. Sequence; order; course; succession of things; as a series of calamitous events.NWAD SERIES.3

    3. In natural history, an order or subdivision of some class of natural bodies.NWAD SERIES.4

    4. In arithmetic and algebra, a number of terms in succession, increasing or diminishing in a certain ratio; as arithmetical series and geometrical series. [See Progression.]NWAD SERIES.5

    SERIN, n. A songbird of Italy and Germany.

    SERIOUS, a. [L. serius.]

    1. Grave in manner or disposition; solemn; not light, gay or volatile; as a serious man; a serious habit or disposition.NWAD SERIOUS.2

    2. Really intending what is said; being in earnest; not jesting or making false pretense. Are you serious, or in jest?NWAD SERIOUS.3

    3. Important; weighty; not trifling.NWAD SERIOUS.4

    The holy Sciptures bring to your ears the most serious things in the world. Young.NWAD SERIOUS.5

    4. Particularlyattentive to religioul concerns or one’s own religious state.NWAD SERIOUS.6

    SERIOUSLY, adv. Gravely; solemnly; in earnest; without levity. One of the first duties of a rational being is to inquire seriously why he was created, and what he is to do to answer the purpose of his cretion.

    SERIOUSNESS, n.

    1. Gravity of manner or of mind; solemnity. He spoke with great serioulness, or with an air of seriousness.NWAD SERIOUSNESS.2

    2. Earnest attention, particularly to religious concernsNWAD SERIOUSNESS.3

    That spirit of religion and seriousness vanished all at once. Atterbury.NWAD SERIOUSNESS.4

    SERMOCINATION, n. Speech-making. [Not used.]

    SERMOCINATOR, n. One that makes sermons or speeches. [Not in use.]

    SERMON, n.

    1. A discourse delivered in public by a licensed clergymen for the purpose of religious instruction, and usually grounded on some text or passage of Scripture. Sermons are extemporary addresses or written discourses.NWAD SERMON.2

    His preaching much, but more his practice wrought,NWAD SERMON.3

    A living sermon of the truths he taught. Dryden.NWAD SERMON.4

    2. A printed discourse.NWAD SERMON.5

    SERMON, v.t.

    1. To discourse as in a sermon. [Little used.]NWAD SERMON.7

    2. To tutor; to lesson; to teach. [Little used.]NWAD SERMON.8

    SERMON, v.i. To compose or deliver a sermon. [Little used.]

    SERMONING, n. Discourse; instruction; advice. [Not in use.]

    SERMONIZE, v.i.

    1. To preach.NWAD SERMONIZE.2

    2. To inculate rigid rules.NWAD SERMONIZE.3

    3. To make sermons; to compose or write a sermons or sermons. [This is the sense in which the verb is generally used in the U. States.]NWAD SERMONIZE.4

    SERMONIZER, n. One that composes sermons.

    SERMONIZING, ppr. Preaching; inculating rigid precepts; composing sermons.

    SERMOUNTAIN, n. A plant of the genus Laserpitium; laserwort; seseli.

    SEROON, n.

    1. A seroon of almonds is the quantity of two hudred pounds; of anise seed, three to four hundred weight; of Caltile soap, from two hundred and a half to three hundred and three quarters.NWAD SEROON.2

    2. A bale or package.NWAD SEROON.3

    SEROSITY, In medicine, the watery part of the blood.

    SEROTINE, n. A species of bat.

    SEROUS, a.

    1. Thin; watery; like whey; used of that part of the blood which separates in coagulation from the grumous or red part.NWAD SEROUS.2

    2. Pertaining to serum.NWAD SEROUS.3

    SERPENT, n. [L. serpens, creeping; serpo, to creep.]

    1. An animal of the order of Serpentes, [creepers, crawlers,] Of the class of Amphibia. Serpents are amphibious animals, breathing through the mouth bymeans of lungs only; having tapering bodies, without a distinct neck; the jaws not articulated, but dilatable, and withour feet, fins or ears. Serpents move along the earth by a winding motion, and with the head elevated. Some species of them are viviparous, or rather ovi-viviparous; others are oviparous; and several species are venomous.NWAD SERPENT.2

    2. In astronomy, a constellation of the northern hemisphere, containing, according to the British catalogue, sixty-four stars.NWAD SERPENT.3

    3. An instrument of music, serving as a base to the cornet or small shawm, to sustain a chorus of singers in a large edifice. It is so called for its folds or wreaths.NWAD SERPENT.4

    4. Figuratively, a subtil or malicious person.NWAD SERPENT.5

    5. In mythology, a symbol of the sun.NWAD SERPENT.6

    Serpent stones or snake stones, are fossil shells of different sizes, found in strata of stones and clays.NWAD SERPENT.7

    SERPENT-CUCUMBER, n. A plant of the genus Trichosanthes.

    SERPENT-EATER, n. A fowl of Africa that devours serpents.

    SERPENT-FISH, n. A fish of the genus Taenia, resembling a snake, but of a red color.

    SERPENT’S-TONGUE, n. A plant of the genus Ophioglossum.

    SERPENTARIA, n. A plant, called also snake root; a species of Aristolochia.

    SERPENTARIUS, n. A constellation in the northern hemisphere, containing seventy-four stars.

    SERPENTINE, a. [L. serpentinus, from serpens.]

    1. Resembling a serpent; usually, winding and turing one way and the other, like a moving serpent; anfractuous; as a serpentine road or course.NWAD SERPENTINE.2

    2. Spiral; twisted; as a serpentine worm of a still.NWAD SERPENTINE.3

    3. Like a serpent; having the color or properties of a serpent.NWAD SERPENTINE.4

    Serpentine tongue, in the manege. A horse is said to have a serpentine tongue, when he is constantly moving it, and sometimes passing it over the bit.NWAD SERPENTINE.5

    Serpentine verse, a verse which begins and ends with the same word.NWAD SERPENTINE.6

    SERPRNTINE, n. A species of talck or magnesian stone, usually of an obscure green color,

    SERPENTINE-STONE, either shades and spots resembling a serpent’s skin. Serpentine is often nearly allied to the harder varieties of steatite and potstone. It prisents two varieties, precious serpentine, and common serpentine.

    SERPENTIZE, v.t. To wind; to turn or bend, first in one direction and then in opposite; to meander

    The road serpentized through a tall shrubbery. Barrow, Trav. in Africa.NWAD SERPENTIZE.2

    SERPET, n. A basket. [Not in use.]

    SERPIGINOUS, a. [L. from serpo, to creep.] A kind of herpes or tetter; called in popular language, a ringworm.

    SERPULITE, n. Petrified shells or fossil remains of the genus Serpula.

    SERR, v.t. To crowd, press or drive together. [Not in use.]

    SERRATE, [L. serratus, from serro, to saw; serra, a saw.] Jagged; notched; indented on the

    SERRATED, edge, like a saw. In botany, having sharp notches about the edge, pointing towards the extremity; as a serrate leaf.

    When a serrate leaf has small serrature upon the large ones, it is said to by doubly serrate, as in the elm. We say also, a serrate calyx, corol or stipule.NWAD SERRATED.2

    A serrate-ciliate leaf, is one having fine hairs, like the eye lashes, on the serreatures.NWAD SERRATED.3

    A serrature-toothed leaf, has the serratures toothed.NWAD SERRATED.4

    A serrulate leaf, is one finely serrate, with very small notches or teeth.NWAD SERRATED.5

    SERRATION, n. Formation in the shape of a saw.

    SERRATURE, n. An indenting or indenture in the edge of any thing, like those of a saw.

    SERROUS, a. Like the teeth of a saw; irregular. [Little used.]

    SERRULATE, a. Finely serrate; having very minute teeth or notches.

    SERRY, v.t. To crowd; to press together. [Not in use.]

    SERUM, n. [L.]

    1. The thin transparent part of the blood.NWAD SERUM.2

    2. The thin part of milk; whey.NWAD SERUM.3

    SERVAL, n. An animal of the feline genus, resembling the lynx in form and size, and the panther in spots; a native of Malabar.

    SERVANT, [L. servans, from servo, to keep or hold; properly one that waits, that is, stops, holds, attends, or one that is bound.]

    1. A person, male or female, that attends another for the pupose of performing menial offices for him, ot who is employed by another for such offices or for other labor, and is subject to his command. The word is correlative to master. Servant differs from slave, as the servant’s subjection to a master is voluntary, the slave’s is not. Every slave is a servant, but every servant is not a slave.NWAD SERVANT.2

    Servants are of various kinds; as household or domestic servants, menial servants; laborers, who are hired by the day, week or other term, and do not reside with their employers, ot if they board in the same house, are employed abroad and not in the domestic services; apprentices, who are bound for a term of years to serve a master, for the purpose of learning his trade or occupation.NWAD SERVANT.3

    In a legal sense, stewards, factors, bailifs and other agents, are servants for the time they are employed in such character, as they act in subordination to others.NWAD SERVANT.4

    2. One in a state of subjection.NWAD SERVANT.5

    3. In Scripture, a slave; a bondman; one purchased for money, and who was compelled to serve till the year of jubilee; also, one purchased for a term of years.NWAD SERVANT.6

    4. The subject of a king; as the servents of David or of Saul.NWAD SERVANT.7

    The Syrians became servants to David. 2 Samuel 8:6.NWAD SERVANT.8

    5. A person who voluntarily serves another or acts as his minister; as joshua was the servant of Moses, and the apostles the apostles the servants of Christ. So Christ himself is called a servant, Isaiah 42:1. Moses is called the servant of the Lord, Deuteronomy 34:5.NWAD SERVANT.9

    6. A person employed or used as an unstrument in accomplishing God’s purposes of mercy or wrath. So Nebuchadnezzar is called the servant of God. Jeremiah 25:9.NWAD SERVANT.10

    7. One who yields obedience to another. The saints are called servants of God, or of righteousness; and the wicked are called the servants of sin.NWAD SERVANT.11

    8. That which yields obedience, or acts on subordination as an instrument.NWAD SERVANT.12

    9. One that makes painful sacrifices in compliance with the weakness or wants of others.NWAD SERVANT.13

    10. A person of base condition or ignoble spirit.NWAD SERVANT.14

    11. A word of civilith. I am, sir, your humble or obedient servant.NWAD SERVANT.15

    Our betters tell us they are our humble servants, but understand us to be their slaves. Swift.NWAD SERVANT.16

    Servant of servants, one debased to the lowest condition of servitude.NWAD SERVANT.17

    SERVANT, v.t. To subject. [Not in use.]

    SERVE, v.t. serv. [L. servio. This verb is supposed to be from the noun servus, a servant or slave, and this from servo, to keep.]

    1. To work for; to bestow the labor of boky and mind in the employment of another.NWAD SERVE.2

    Jacob loved Rachel and said, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy youngest daughters. Genesis 29:18.NWAD SERVE.3

    No man can serve two masters. Matthew 6:24.NWAD SERVE.4

    2. To act as the minister of; to perform official duties to; as, a minister serves his prince.NWAD SERVE.5

    Had I served God as diligently as I have served the king, he would not have given me over in my gray hairs. Cardinal Woolsey.NWAD SERVE.6

    3. To attend at command; to wait on.NWAD SERVE.7

    A goddess among gods, ador’d and serv’dNWAD SERVE.8

    By anbels numberless, thy daily train. Milton.NWAD SERVE.9

    4. To obey servilely or meanly. be not to wealth a servant.NWAD SERVE.10

    5. To supply with food; as, to be served in plate.NWAD SERVE.11

    6. To be subservient or subordinate to.NWAD SERVE.12

    Bodies bright and greater should not serveNWAD SERVE.13

    The less not bright. Milton.NWAD SERVE.14

    7. To perform the duties required in; as, the curate served two churches.NWAD SERVE.15

    8. To obey; to perform duties in the employment of; as, to serve the king or the country in the army or navy.NWAD SERVE.16

    9. To be sufficient, or to promote; as, to serve one’s turn, end or purpose.NWAD SERVE.17

    10. To help by good offices; as, to serve one’s country.NWAD SERVE.18

    11. To comply with; to submit to.NWAD SERVE.19

    They think herein we serve the time, because thereby we either hold or seek preferment. Hooker.NWAD SERVE.20

    12. To be sufficient for; to satisfy; to content.NWAD SERVE.21

    One half pint bottle serves them both to dine,NWAD SERVE.22

    And is at once their vinegar and wine. Pope.NWAD SERVE.23

    13. To be in the place of any thing to one. A sofa serves the Turks for a seat and a couch.NWAD SERVE.24

    14. To treat; to requite; as, he served me ungratefully; he served me very ill; We say also, he served me a trick, that is he deceived me, or practiced an artifice on me.NWAD SERVE.25

    15. In Scripture and theology, to obey and worship; to act in conformity to the law of a superior, and treat him with due reverence.NWAD SERVE.26

    Fear the Lord and serve him in sincerity and truth. As for me and my house, we will serve the lord. Joshua 24:15.NWAD SERVE.27

    16. In a bad sense, to obey; to yeild compliance or act according to.NWAD SERVE.28

    Serving divers lusts and treasures. Titus 3:3.NWAD SERVE.29

    17. To worship; to render homage to; as, to serve idols or false gods.NWAD SERVE.30

    18. To be a slave to; to be in bondage to.NWAD SERVE.31

    19. To serve one’s self of, to use; to make use of; a Gallicism, [se sevir de.]NWAD SERVE.32

    I will serve myself of this concession. Chillingworh.NWAD SERVE.33

    20. To use; to manage; to apply. The guns are well served.NWAD SERVE.34

    21. In seamen’s language, to wind something round a rope to prevent friction.NWAD SERVE.35

    To serve up, to prepare and present in a dish; as, to serve up a sirloin of beef in plate; figuratively, to prepare.NWAD SERVE.36

    To serve in, as used by Shakespeare, for to bring in, as meat by an attendant, I have never to be used in America.NWAD SERVE.37

    To serve out, to distribute in portions; as, to serve out provisions to soldiers.NWAD SERVE.38

    To serve a writ, to read it to the defendant; or to leave an attested copy at his usual place of abode.NWAD SERVE.39

    To serve an attachment, or writ of attachment, to levy it on the or goods by seizure; or to seize.NWAD SERVE.40

    To serve an execution, to levy it on lands, goods or person by seizure or taking possession.NWAD SERVE.41

    To serve a warrant, to read it, and to seize the person against whom it is issued.NWAD SERVE.42

    In general, to serve a process, is to read it so as to give due notice to the party concerned, or to leave an attested copy with him or his attorney, or at his usual place of abode.NWAD SERVE.43

    To serve an office, to discharge a public duty. [This phrase, I believe, is not used in America. We say, a man serves in an office, that is, serves the public in an office.]NWAD SERVE.44

    SERVE, v.i. serv.

    1. To be a servant or slave.NWAD SERVE.46

    The Lord shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve. Isaiah 14:3.NWAD SERVE.47

    2. To be employed in labor or or other business for another.NWAD SERVE.48

    3. To be in subjection.NWAD SERVE.49

    4. To wait; to attend; to perform domestic offices to another.NWAD SERVE.50

    5. To perform duties, as in the army, navy or in any office. An officer serves five years in India, or under a particular commander. The late scretary of the colony, and afterwards state, of Connecticut, was annually appointed, and served in the office sixty years.NWAD SERVE.51

    6. To answer; to accomplish the end.NWAD SERVE.52

    She feared that all would not serve. Sidney.NWAD SERVE.53

    7. To be sufficient for a purpose.NWAD SERVE.54

    This little brand will serve to light your fire. Dryden.NWAD SERVE.55

    8. To suit; to be convenient. Take this, and use it as occasion serves.NWAD SERVE.56

    9. To conduce; to be of use.NWAD SERVE.57

    Our victory only served to lead us on to other visionary prospects. Swift.NWAD SERVE.58

    10. To officiate or minister; to do the honors of; as, to serve at a public dinner.NWAD SERVE.59

    SERVED, pp. Attended; waited on; worshiped; levied.

    SERVICE, n. [From L. servitium.]

    1. In a general sense, labor of body or of body and mind, performed at the command of a superior, or the pursuance of duty, or for the benefit of another. Service is voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary service is that of hired servants, or of contract, or of persons who spontaneously perform something for another’s benefit. Involuntary service is that of slaves, who work by compulsion.NWAD SERVICE.2

    2. The business of a servant; menial office.NWAD SERVICE.3

    3. Attendance of a servant.NWAD SERVICE.4

    4. Place of a servant; actual employment of a servant; as, to be out of service.NWAD SERVICE.5

    5. Any thing done by way of duty to a superior.NWAD SERVICE.6

    This poem was the last piece of service I did for my master king Charles. Dryden.NWAD SERVICE.7

    6. Attendance on a superior.NWAD SERVICE.8

    Madam, I entreat true peace of you,NWAD SERVICE.9

    Which I will purchase with my duteous service. Shak.NWAD SERVICE.10

    7. Profession of respect uttered or sent.NWAD SERVICE.11

    Pray do my service to his majesty. Shak.NWAD SERVICE.12

    8. Actual duty; that which is required to be done in an office; as, to perform the services of a clerk, a sherif or judge.NWAD SERVICE.13

    9. That which God requires of man; worship; obedience.NWAD SERVICE.14

    God requires no man’s service upon hard and unreasonable terms. Tillotson.NWAD SERVICE.15

    10. Employment; business; office; as, to qualify a man for public service.NWAD SERVICE.16

    11. Use; purpose. The guns are not fit for public service.NWAD SERVICE.17

    12. Military duty by land or sea; as a military or naval service.NWAD SERVICE.18

    13. A military achievment.NWAD SERVICE.19

    14. Useful office; advantage conferred; that which promotes interest or happiness. Medicine often does no service to the sick; calumny is sometimes of service to an author.NWAD SERVICE.20

    15. Favor.NWAD SERVICE.21

    To thee a woman’s services are due. Shak.NWAD SERVICE.22

    16. The duty which a tenant owes to his lord for his fee. Personal service consists in homage and fealty, etc.NWAD SERVICE.23

    17. Public worship or office of devotion. Divine service was interrupted.NWAD SERVICE.24

    18. A musical church composition consisting of choruses, trios, duets, solos, etc.NWAD SERVICE.25

    19. The official duties of a minister of the gospel, as in church, at a funeral, marriage, etc.NWAD SERVICE.26

    20. Courses; order of dishes at table.NWAD SERVICE.27

    There was no extraordinary service seen on the board. Hakewill.NWAD SERVICE.28

    21. In seamen’s language, the material used for serving a rope, as spun yarn, small lines, etc.NWAD SERVICE.29

    22. A tree and its fruit, of the genus Sorbus. The wild service is of the genus Crataegus.NWAD SERVICE.30

    Service of a writ, process, etc. the reading of it to the person to whom notice is intended to be given, or the leaving of an attested copy with the person or his attorney, or at his usual place of abode.NWAD SERVICE.31

    Service of an attachment, the seizing of the person or goods according to the direction.NWAD SERVICE.32

    The service of an execution, the sevying of it upon the goods, estate or person of the defendant.NWAD SERVICE.33

    SERVICEABLE, a.

    1. That does service; that promotes happiness, interest, advantage or any good; useful; beneficial; advantageous. Rulers may be very serviceable to religion by their example. The attentions of my friends were very serviceable to me when abroad. Rain and manure are serviceable to land.NWAD SERVICEABLE.2

    2. Active; diligent; officious.NWAD SERVICEABLE.3

    I know thee well, a serviceable villain. Shak. [Unusual.]NWAD SERVICEABLE.4

    SERVICEABLENESS, n.

    1. Usefulness of promoting good of any kind; beneficialness.NWAD SERVICEABLENESS.2

    All action being for some end, its aptness to be commanded or forbidden must be founded upon its serviceableness or disserviceableness to some end. Norris.NWAD SERVICEABLENESS.3

    2. Officiousness; readiness to do service.NWAD SERVICEABLENESS.4

    SERVIENT, a. [L. serviens.] Subordinate. [Not in use.]

    SERVILE, a. [L. servilis, from servio, to serve.]

    1. Such as pertains to a servant or slave; slavish; mean; such as proceeds from dependence; as servile fear; servile obedience.NWAD SERVILE.2

    2. Held in subjection; dependent.NWAD SERVILE.3

    Ev’n fortune rules no more a servile land. Pope.NWAD SERVILE.4

    3. Cringing; fawning; meanly submissive; as servile flattery.NWAD SERVILE.5

    She must bend the servile knee. Thomson.NWAD SERVILE.6

    SERVILELY, adv.

    1. Meanly; slavishly; with base submission or obsequiousness.NWAD SERVILELY.2

    2. With base deference to another; as, to copy servilely; to adopt opinions servilely.NWAD SERVILELY.3

    SERVILENESS, SERVILITY, n.

    1. Slavery; the condition of a slave or bondman.NWAD SERVILENESS.2

    To be a queen in bondage is more vileNWAD SERVILENESS.3

    Than is a slave in base servility. Shak.NWAD SERVILENESS.4

    2. Mean submission; baseness; slavishness.NWAD SERVILENESS.5

    3. Mean obsequiousness; slavish deference; as the common servility to custom; to copy manners or opinions with servility.NWAD SERVILENESS.6

    SERVING, ppr. Working for; acting in subordination to; yielding obedience to; worshiping; also, performing duties; as serving in the army.

    SERVING-MAID, n. A female servant; a menial.

    SERVING-MAN, n. A male servant; a menial.

    SERVITOR, n. [From L. servio, to serve.]

    1. A servant; an attendant.NWAD SERVITOR.2

    2. One that acts under another; a follower or adherent.NWAD SERVITOR.3

    3. One that professes duty and obedience.NWAD SERVITOR.4

    4. In the university of Oxford, a student who attends on another for his maintenance and learning; such as is called in Cambridge, a sizer.NWAD SERVITOR.5

    SERVITORSHIP, n. The office of a servitor.

    SERVITUDE, n. [L. servitudo or servitus. See Serve.]

    1. The condition of a slave; the state of involuntary subjection to a master; slavery; bondage. Such is the state of slaves in America. A large portion of the human race is in servitude.NWAD SERVITUDE.2

    2. The state of a servant. [Less common and less proper.]NWAD SERVITUDE.3

    3. The condition of a conquered country.NWAD SERVITUDE.4

    4. A state of slavish dependence. Some persons may be in love with splendid servitude.NWAD SERVITUDE.5

    5. Servants, collectively. [Not in use.]NWAD SERVITUDE.6

    SESAME, n. [L. sesama.] Oily grain; a genus of annual herbaceous plants, from the

    SESAMUM, seeds of which an oil is expressed. One species of it is cultivated in Carolina, and the blacks use the seed for food. It is called there bene.

    SESBAN, n. A plant; a species of AEschynomene or Bastard sensitive plant.

    SESELI, n. [L. Gr. seselis.] A genus of plants; meadow saxifrage; hartwort.

    SESQUILTER, a. [L. from sesqui, half as much more, and alter, other.]

    SESQUILTERAL, a.

    1. In geometry, designating a ratio where one quantity or number contains another once, and half as much more; as 9 contains 6 and its half.NWAD SESQUILTERAL.2

    2. A sesquialteral floret, is when large fertile floret is accompanied with a small abortive one.NWAD SESQUILTERAL.3

    SESQUIDUPLICATE, a. [L. sesqui, supra, and duplicatis, double.] Designating the ratio of two and a half to one, or where the greater term contains the lesser twice and a half, as that of 50 to 20.

    SESQIPEDAL, a. [L. sesqui, one and a half, and pedalis, from pes, a foot.]

    SESQUIPEDALIAN, Containing a foot and a half; as a sesquipedalian pigmy.

    Addison uses sesquipedal as a noun.NWAD SESQUIPEDALIAN.2

    SESQUIPLICATE, a. [L. sesqui, one and a half, and plicatus, plico, to fold.] Designating the ratio of one and a half to one; as the sesquiplicate proportion of the periodical times of the planets.

    SESQUITERTIAN, a. [L. sesqui, one and a half, and tertius, third.] Designating the

    SESQUITERTIONAL, ratio of one and one third.

    SESQUITONE, n. In music, a minor third, or interval of three semitones.

    SESS, n. [L. sessio.] A tax. [Little used or not at all. See Assessment.]

    SESSILE, a. [L. sessilis. See Set.] In botany, sitting on the stem. A sessile leaf issues directly from the stem or branch, without petiole or footstalk. A sessile flower has no peduncle. Sessile pappus or down has no stipe, but is placed immediately on the seed.

    SESSION, n. [L. sessio, from sedeo. See Set.]

    1. A sitting or being placed; as the ascension of Christ and his session at the right hand of God.NWAD SESSION.2

    2. The actual sitting of a court, council, legislature, etc.; or the actual assembly of the members of these o rany similar body for the transaction of business. Thus we say, the court is now in session, meaning that the members are assembled for business.NWAD SESSION.3

    3. The time, space or term during which a court, council, legislature and the like, meet for daily business; or the space of time between the first meeting and the prorogation of adjournment. Thus a session of parliament is opened with a speech from the throne, and closed by prorogation. The session of a judicial court is called a term. Thus a court may have two sessions or four sessions annually. The supreme court of the United States has one anual session. The legislatures of most of the states have one anual session only; some have more. The congress of the United States has one only.NWAD SESSION.4

    4. Sessions, in some of the states, is particularly used for a court of justices, held for granting licenses to innkeepers or taverners, for laying out new highways or altering old ones and the like.NWAD SESSION.5

    Quarter sessions, in England, is a court held once in every quarter, by two justices of the peace, one of whom is of the quorum, for the trial of small felonies and misdemeanors.NWAD SESSION.6

    Sessions of the peace, a court consisting of justices of the peace, held in each county for inquiring into trespasses, larcenies, forestalling, etc. and in general, for the conversation of the peace.NWAD SESSION.7

    SESS-POOL, n. [sess and pool] A cavity sunk into the earth to receive and retain the sediment of water conveyed in drains. Sess-pools should be placed at proper distances in all drains, and particularly should one be placed at the entrance.

    SESTERCE, n. [L. sestertius.] A Roman coin or denomination of money, in value the fourth part of a denarius, and originally containing two asses and a half, about two pence sterling or four cents. The sestertium, that is, sestertium pondus, was two pounds and a half, or two hundred and fifty denarii; about seven pounds sterling, or thirty one dollars. One qualification of a Roman knight was the possession of estate of the value of four hundred thousand sesterces; that of a senator was double this sum.

    Authors mention a copper sesterce, of the value of one third of a penny sterling.NWAD SESTERCE.2

    Sesterce was also used by the ancients for a thing two holes and a half; the as being taken for the integer.NWAD SESTERCE.3

    SET, v.t. pret. and pp. set. [L. sedo; to compose, as a book, to dispose or put in order, to establish, found or institute, to possess, to cease; L. sedo, sedeo and sido, coinciding with sit, but all of one family. From the Norman orthography of this word, we have assess, assise. See Assess. Heb. Ch. to set, to place.]

    1. To put or place; to fix or cause to rest in a standing posture. We set a house on a wass of stone; we set a book on a shelf. In this use, set differs from lay; we set a thing on its end or basis; we lay it on its side.NWAD SET.2

    2. To put or place in its proper or natural posture. We set a chest or trunk on its bottom, not its end; we set a bedstead or a table on its feet or laeg.NWAD SET.3

    3. To put, place or fix in any situation. God set the sun, moon and stars in the firmament.NWAD SET.4

    I do set my bow in the cloud. Genesis 9:13.NWAD SET.5

    4. To put into any condition or state.NWAD SET.6

    The Lord the God will set thee on high. Deuteronomy 28:1.NWAD SET.7

    I am come to set a man at variance against his father. Matthew 10:35.NWAD SET.8

    So we say, to set in order, to set at ease, to set to work, or at work.NWAD SET.9

    5. To put; to fix; to attach to.NWAD SET.10

    The Lord set a mark upon Cain. Genesis 4:15.NWAD SET.11

    So we say, to set a label on a vial or a bale.NWAD SET.12

    6. To fix; to render motionless; as, the eyes are set, the jaws are set.NWAD SET.13

    7. To put or fix, as a price. We set a price on a house, farm or horse.NWAD SET.14

    8. To fix; to state by some rule.NWAD SET.15

    The gentleman spoke with a set gesture and countenance. Carew.NWAD SET.16

    The town of Berne has handsome fountains planted and set distances from one end of the street to the other. Addison.NWAD SET.17

    9. To regulate or adjust; as, to set a timepiece by the sun.NWAD SET.18

    He sets judgement by his passion. Prior.NWAD SET.19

    10. To fit to music; to adapt with notes; as, to set the words of a psalm to music.NWAD SET.20

    Set thy own songs, and sing them to they lute. Dryden.NWAD SET.21

    11. To pitch; to begin to sing in public.NWAD SET.22

    He set the hundredth psalm. Spectator.NWAD SET.23

    12. To plant, as a shrub, tree or vegetable.NWAD SET.24

    13. To variegate, intersperse or adorn with something fixed; to stud; as, to set any thing with diamonds or pearls.NWAD SET.25

    High on their heads, with jewels richly set, Each lady wore a radiant coronet. Dryden.NWAD SET.26

    14. To return to its proper place or state; to replace; to reduce from dislocated or fractured state; as, to set a bone or a leg.NWAD SET.27

    15. To fix; to place; as the heart or affections.NWAD SET.28

    Set your affections on things above. Colossians 3:2.NWAD SET.29

    -Minds altogether set on trade and profit. Addison.NWAD SET.30

    16. To fix firmly; to predetermine.NWAD SET.31

    The heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil. Ecclesiastes 8:11.NWAD SET.32

    Hence we say, a thing is done of set purpose; a man is set, that is, firm or obstinate in his opinion or way.NWAD SET.33

    17. To fix by appointment; to appoint; to assign; as, to set a time for meeting; to set an hour or day.NWAD SET.34

    18. To place or station; to appoint to a particular duty.NWAD SET.35

    Am I a sea or a whale, that thou settest a watch over me.NWAD SET.36

    19. To stake at play. [Little used.]NWAD SET.37

    20. To offer a wager at dice to another. [Little used.]NWAD SET.38

    21. To fix in metal.NWAD SET.39

    And him to rich a jewel to be setNWAD SET.40

    In vulgar metal for a vulgar use. Dryden.NWAD SET.41

    22. To fix; to cause to stop; to obstruct; as, to set a coach in the mire. The wagon or the team was set at the hill. In some of the states, stall is used in a like sense.NWAD SET.42

    23. To embarrass; to perplex.NWAD SET.43

    They are hard set to represent the bill as a grievance. Addison.NWAD SET.44

    24. To put in good order; to fix for use; to bring to a fine edge; as, to set a razor.NWAD SET.45

    25. To loose and extend; to spread; as, to set the sails of a ship.NWAD SET.46

    26. To point out without noise or disturbance; as, a dog sets birds.NWAD SET.47

    27. To oppose.NWAD SET.48

    Will you set your wit to a fool’s? Shak.NWAD SET.49

    28. To prepare with runnet for cheese; as, to set milk.NWAD SET.50

    29. To dim; to darken or extinguish.NWAD SET.51

    Ahijah could not see; for his eyes were set by reason of his age. 1 Kings 14:4.NWAD SET.52

    To set by the compass, among seamen, to observe the bearing or situation of a distant object by the compass.NWAD SET.53

    To set about, to begin, as an action or enterprise; to apply to. He has planned his enterprise, and he will soon setabout it.NWAD SET.54

    To set one’s self against, to place in a state of emnity or opposition.NWAD SET.55

    The king of Babylon set himself against Jerusalem this same day. Ezekiel 24:2.NWAD SET.56

    To set against, to oppose, to set in comparison, or to oppose as an equivalent in exchange; as, to set one thing against another; or to set off one thing against another.NWAD SET.57

    To set aside, to omit for the present; to lay out of the question.NWAD SET.58

    Setting aside all other considerations, I will endeavor to know the truth and yield to that. Tillotson.NWAD SET.59

    2. To reject.NWAD SET.60

    I embrace that of the deluge, and set aside all the rest. Woodward.NWAD SET.61

    3. To annul; to vacate. The court set aside the verdict or the judgement.NWAD SET.62

    To set abroach, to spread.NWAD SET.63

    To set a-going, to cause to begin to move.NWAD SET.64

    To set by, to set apart or on on side; to reject. [In this sense, by is emphatical.]NWAD SET.65

    2. To esteem; to regard; to value. [In this sense, set is pronounced with more emphasis than by.]NWAD SET.66

    To set down, to place upon the ground or floor.NWAD SET.67

    2. To enter in writing; to register.NWAD SET.68

    Some rules were to be set down for the government of the army. Clarendon.NWAD SET.69

    3. To explain or relate in writing.NWAD SET.70

    4. To fix on a resolve. [Little used.]NWAD SET.71

    5. To fix; to establish; to ordain.NWAD SET.72

    This law we may name eternal, being that order which God hath set down with himself for himself to do all things by. Hooker.NWAD SET.73

    To set forth, to manifest; to offer our present to view.NWAD SET.74

    2. To publish; to promulgate; to make appear.NWAD SET.75

    3. To send out; to prepare and send.NWAD SET.76

    The Venetian admiral had a fleet of sixty galleys, set forth by the Venetians. Obs. Knolles.NWAD SET.77

    4. To display; to exhibit; to present to view; to show.NWAD SET.78

    To set forward, to advance; to move on; also, to promote.NWAD SET.79

    To set in, to put in the way to begin.NWAD SET.80

    If you please to assist and set me in, I will recollect myself. Collier.NWAD SET.81

    To set off, to adorn; to decorate; to embellish.NWAD SET.82

    They set off the worst faces with the best airs. Addison.NWAD SET.83

    2. To give a pompus or flattering description of; to eulogize; to recommend; as, to set off a character.NWAD SET.84

    3. To place against as an equivalent; as, to set off one man’s services against another’s.NWAD SET.85

    4. To separate or assign for a particular purpose; as, to set off a portion of an estate.NWAD SET.86

    To set on or upon, to incite; to instigate; to animate to action.NWAD SET.87

    Thou, traitor, hast set on thy wife to this. Shak.NWAD SET.88

    2. To assault or attack; seldom used transitively, but the passive form is often used.NWAD SET.89

    Alphonsus- was set upon by a Turkish pirate and taken. Knolles.NWAD SET.90

    3. To employ, as in a task.NWAD SET.91

    Set on thy wife to observe. Shak.NWAD SET.92

    4. To fix the attention; to determine to any thing withsettled purpose.NWAD SET.93

    It becomes a true lover to have your own heart more set upon her good than your own. Sidney.NWAD SET.94

    To set out, to assign; to allot; as, to set out the share of each proprietor or heir of an estate; to set out the widow’s thirds.NWAD SET.95

    2. To publish. [Not elegant nor common.]NWAD SET.96

    3. To mark by boundaries or distinctions of space.NWAD SET.97

    -Determinate portions of those infinite abysses of space and duration, set out, or supposed to be distinguished from all the rest by known boundaries. Locke.NWAD SET.98

    4. To adorn; to embellish.NWAD SET.99

    An ugly woman in a rich habit, set out with jewels, nothing can become. Dryden.NWAD SET.100

    5. To raise, equip and send forth; to furnish.NWAD SET.101

    The Venetians pretend they could set out, in case of great necessity, thirty men of war. [Not elegant and little used.] Addison.NWAD SET.102

    6. To show; to display; to recommend; to set off.NWAD SET.103

    I could set out that best side of Luther. Atterbury.NWAD SET.104

    7. To show; to prove.NWAD SET.105

    Those very reasons set out how hainous his sin was. [Little used and not elegant.] Atterbury.NWAD SET.106

    8. In law, to recite; to state at large.NWAD SET.107

    To set up, to erect; as, to set up a building; to set up a post, a wall a pillar.NWAD SET.108

    2. To begin a new institution; to institute; to establish; to found; as, to set up a manufactory; to set up a school.NWAD SET.109

    3. To enable to commence a new business; as, to set up a son in trade.NWAD SET.110

    4. To raise; to exalt; to put in power; as, to set up the throne of David over Israel.NWAD SET.111

    5. To place in view; as, to set up a mark.NWAD SET.112

    6. To raise; to utter loudly; as, to set up the voice.NWAD SET.113

    I’ll set up such a note as she shall hear. Dryden.NWAD SET.114

    7. To advance; to propose as truth or for reception; as, to set up a new opinion or doctrine.NWAD SET.115

    8. To raise from depression or to a sufficient fortune. This good fortune quite set him up.NWAD SET.116

    9. In seamen’s language, to extend, as the shrouds, stays, etc.NWAD SET.117

    To set at naught, to undervalue; to contemn; to despise.NWAD SET.118

    Ye have set at naught all my counsel. Proverbs 1:25.NWAD SET.119

    To set in order, to adjust or arrange; to reduce to method.NWAD SET.120

    The rest will I set in order when I come. 1 Corinthians 11:34.NWAD SET.121

    To set eyes on, to see; to behold; or to fix the eyes in looking on.NWAD SET.122

    To set the teeth on edge, to affect the teeth with painful sensation.NWAD SET.123

    To set over, to appoint or constitute supervisor, inspector, ruler or commander.NWAD SET.124

    2. To assign; to transfer; to convey.NWAD SET.125

    To set right, to correct; to put in order.NWAD SET.126

    To set at ease, to quiet; to tranquilize; as, to set the heart at ease.NWAD SET.127

    To set free, to release from confinement, imprisonment or bondage; to liberate; to emancipate.NWAD SET.128

    To set at work, to cause to enter on work or action; or to direct how to enter on work.NWAD SET.129

    To set on fire, to communicate fire to; to inflame; and figuratively, to enkindle the passions; to make rage; to irritate; to fill with disorder.NWAD SET.130

    To set before, to offer; to propose; to present to view.NWAD SET.131

    To set a trap, snare or gin, to place in a situation to catch prey; to spread; figuratively, to lay a plan to deceive and draw into the power of another.NWAD SET.132

    SET, v.i.

    1. To decline; to go down; to pass below the horizin; as, the sun sets; the stars set.NWAD SET.134

    2. To be fixed hard; to be close or firm.NWAD SET.135

    3. To fit music to words.NWAD SET.136

    4. To congeal or concrete.NWAD SET.137

    That fluid in a few minutes begins to set. Boyle.NWAD SET.138

    5. To begin a journey. The king is set from London. [This is obsolete. We now say, to set out.]NWAD SET.139

    6. To plant; as,”to sow dry, and to set wet.”NWAD SET.140

    7. To flow; to have a certain direction in motion; as, the tide sets to the east or north; the current sets westward.NWAD SET.141

    8. To catch birds with a dog that sets them, that is, one that lies down and points them out, and with a large net.NWAD SET.142

    To set one’s self about, to begin; to enter upon; to take the first steps.NWAD SET.143

    To set one’s self, to apply one’s self.NWAD SET.144

    To set about, to fall on; to begin; to take the first steps in a business or enterprise.NWAD SET.145

    To set in, to begin. Winter in New England, usually sets inNWAD SET.146

    2. To become settled in a particular state.NWAD SET.147

    When the weather was set in to be very bad. Addison.NWAD SET.148

    To set forward, to move or march; to begin to march; to advance.NWAD SET.149

    The sons of Aaron and the sons of Merari set forward. Numbers 10:17.NWAD SET.150

    To set on, or upon, to begin a journey or an enterprise.NWAD SET.151

    He that would seriously set upon the search of truth- Locke.NWAD SET.152

    2. To assault; to make an attack.NWAD SET.153

    To set out, to begin a journey or course; as, to set out for London or from London; to set out in business; to set out in life or in the world.NWAD SET.154

    2. To have a beginning.NWAD SET.155

    To set to, to apply one’s self to.NWAD SET.156

    To set up, to begin business or a scheme of life; as, to set up in trade; to set up for one’s self.NWAD SET.157

    2. To profess openly; to make pretensions. He sets up for a man of wit; he sets up to teach morality.NWAD SET.158

    SET, pp.

    1. Placed; put; located; fixed; adjusted; composed; studded or adorned; reduced, as a dislocated or broken bone.NWAD SET.160

    2. a. Regular; uniform; formal; as a set speech or phrase; a set discourse; a set battle.NWAD SET.161

    3. Fixed in opinion; determined; firm; obstinate; as a man set in his opinions or way.NWAD SET.162

    4. Established; prescribed; as set forms of prayer.NWAD SET.163

    SET, n.

    1. A number or collection of things of the same kind and of similar form, which are ordinarily used together; as a set of chairs; a set of tea cups; a set of China or other ware.NWAD SET.165

    2. A number of things fitted to be used together, though different in form; as a set of dining tables.NWAD SET.166

    3. A number of persons customarily or officialy associated, as a set of men, a set of officers; or a number of persons having a simlitude of character, or of things which have some resemblance or relation to each other. Hence our common phrase, a set of opinions.NWAD SET.167

    This falls into different divisions or sets of nations connected under particular religions, etc. Ward’s Law of Nations.NWAD SET.168

    4. A number of particular things that are united in the formation of a whole; as a set of features.NWAD SET.169

    5. A young plant for growth; as sets of white thorn or other shrub.NWAD SET.170

    6. The descent of the sun or other other below the horizon; as the set of the sun.NWAD SET.171

    7. A wager at dice.NWAD SET.172

    That was but civil war, an equal set. Dryden.NWAD SET.173

    8. A game.NWAD SET.174

    We will, in france, play a setNWAD SET.175

    Shall strike his father’s crown into the hazard. Shak.NWAD SET.176

    SETACEOUS, a. [L. seta, a bristle.]

    1. Bristly; set with strong hairs; consisting of strong hairs; as a stiff setaceous tail.NWAD SETACEOUS.2

    2. In botany, bristle-shaped; having the thickness and length of a bristle; as a setaceous seaf or leaflet.NWAD SETACEOUS.3

    Setaceous worm, a name given to a water worm that resembles a horse hair, vulgarly supposed to be an animated hair. But this is a mistake.NWAD SETACEOUS.4

    SET-FOIL. [See Sept-foil.]

    SETIFORM, a. [L. seta, a bristle, and form.] Having the form of a bristle.

    SET-OFF, n. [set and off.] The act of admitting one claim to counterbalance another. In a set-off the defendant acknowledges the justice of the plantif’s demand, but sets up a demand of his own to counter balance it in whole or in part.

    The right of pleading a set-off depends on statute. Blackstone.NWAD SET-OFF.2

    Note: In New England, offset is sometimes used for set-off. But offset has a different sense, and it is desirable that the practice should be uniform, Wherever the English is spoken.NWAD SET-OFF.3

    SETON, n. [L. seta, a bristle.] In surgery, a few horsehairs or small threads, or a twist of silk, drawn through the skin by a large needle, by which a small opening is made and which is continued for the discharge of humors.

    SETOUS, a. [L. setosus, from seta, a bristle.] In botany, bristly; having the surface set with bristles; as a setous seaf or receptacle.

    SETTEE, n. [from set.]

    1. A long seat with a back to it.NWAD SETTEE.2

    A vessel with one deck and a very long sharp prow, carrying two or three masts with lateen sails; used in the Mediterranean.NWAD SETTEE.3

    SETTER, n.

    1. One that sets; as a setter on, or inciter; a setter up; a setter forth, etc.NWAD SETTER.2

    2. A dogs that beats the field and starts birds for sportsmen.NWAD SETTER.3

    3. A man that performs the office of a setting dogor finds persons to be plundered.NWAD SETTER.4

    4. One that adapts words to music in composition.NWAD SETTER.5

    5. Whatever sets off, adorns or recommendws. [Not used.]NWAD SETTER.6

    SETTER-WORT, n. A plant, a species of Helleborus.

    SETTING, ppr. Placing; putting; fixing; studding; appointing; sinking below the horizon, etc.

    SETTING, n.

    1. The act of putting, placing, fixing or establishing.NWAD SETTING.3

    2. The act of sinking below the horizon. The setting of stars is of three kinds, Cosmical, Acronical, and Heliacal. [See these words.]NWAD SETTING.4

    3. The act or manner of taking birds by a setting dog.NWAD SETTING.5

    4. Inclosure; as settings of stones.NWAD SETTING.6

    5. The direction of a current at sea.NWAD SETTING.7

    SETTING-DOG, n. A setter; a dog trained to find and start birds for sportsmen.

    SETTLE, n. [L. sedile. See Set.] A seat or bench; something to sit on.

    SETTLE, v.t. [from set.]

    1. To place in a permanent condition after wandering or fluctuation.NWAD SETTLE.3

    I will settle you after your old estates. Ezekiel 36:11.NWAD SETTLE.4

    2. To fix; to establish; to make permanent in any place.NWAD SETTLE.5

    I will settle him in my house and in my kingdom forever. 1 Chronicles 17:14.NWAD SETTLE.6

    3. To establish in business or way of life; as, to settle a son in trade.NWAD SETTLE.7

    4. To marry; as, to settle a doughter.NWAD SETTLE.8

    5. To establish; to confirm.NWAD SETTLE.9

    Her will alone could settle or revoke. Prior.NWAD SETTLE.10

    6. To determine what is uncertain; to establish; to free from doubt; as, to settle questions or points of law. The supreme court have settled the question.NWAD SETTLE.11

    7. To fix; to establish; to make certain or permanent; as, to settle the succession to the thron in a particular family. So we speak of settled habits and settled opinions.NWAD SETTLE.12

    8. To fix or establish; not to suffer to doubt or waver.NWAD SETTLE.13

    It will settle teh wavering and confirm the doubtful. Swift.NWAD SETTLE.14

    9. To make close or compact.NWAD SETTLE.15

    Cover ant-hills up that the rain may settle the turf before the spring. Mortimer.NWAD SETTLE.16

    10. To cause to subside after being heaved and loosened by frost; or to dry and harden after rain. Thus clear weather settles the roads.NWAD SETTLE.17

    11. To fix or establish by gifr, grant or any legal act; as, to settle a pension on an officer, or an annuity on a child.NWAD SETTLE.18

    12. To fix firmly. Settle your mind on valuable objects.NWAD SETTLE.19

    13. To couse to sink or subside, as extraneous matters in liquors. In fining wine, we add something to settle the lees.NWAD SETTLE.20

    14. To compose; to tranquilize what is disturbed; as, to settle the thoughts or mind when agitated.NWAD SETTLE.21

    15. To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain over a church and sociecty, or parish; as, to settle a minister.NWAD SETTLE.22

    16. To plant with inhabitants; to colonize. The French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New England. Plymouth was settled in 1620. Hartford was settled in 1636. Wethersfield was the first settled town in Connecticut.NWAD SETTLE.23

    17. To adjust; to close by amicable agreement or otherwise; as, to settle a controversy or dispute by agreement; treaty or by force.NWAD SETTLE.24

    18. To adjust; to liquidate; to cause it to sink or appear lower by receding from it.NWAD SETTLE.25

    To settle the land, among seamen, to cause it to sink or appear lower by receding from it.NWAD SETTLE.26

    SETTLE, v.i.

    1. To fall to the bottom of liquor; to subside; to sind and rest on the bottom; as, lees or dregs settle. Slimy particles in water settle and form mud at the bottom of rivers.NWAD SETTLE.28

    This words is used of the extraneous matter of liquors, when it subsides spontaneously. But in chemical operations, when substances mixed or in solution are decomposed, and one component part subsides, it is said to be precipitated. But may also be said to settle.NWAD SETTLE.29

    2. To lose motion or fermentation; to deposit, as feces.NWAD SETTLE.30

    A government on such occasions, is always thick before it settles. Addison.NWAD SETTLE.31

    3. To fix one’s habitation or residence. Belgians had settled on the southern coast of Britian, before the romans invaded the isle.NWAD SETTLE.32

    4. To marry and establaish a domestic state. Where subsistence is easily obtained, children settle at an early period of life.NWAD SETTLE.33

    5. To become fixed after change or fluctuation; as, the wind came about and settled in the west.NWAD SETTLE.34

    6. To become stationary; To quit a rambling or irregular course for a permanent or methodical one.NWAD SETTLE.35

    7. To become fixed or permanent; to take a lasting form or state; as a settled conviction.NWAD SETTLE.36

    Chyle- runs through the intermediate colors till it settles in an intense red. Arbuthnot.NWAD SETTLE.37

    8. To rest; to repose.NWAD SETTLE.38

    When time hath worn out their natural vanity, and taught them discretion, their fondness settles on a proper object. Spectator.NWAD SETTLE.39

    9. To become calm calm; to cease from agitation.NWAD SETTLE.40

    Till the fury of his highness settle,NWAD SETTLE.41

    Come not before him. Shak.NWAD SETTLE.42

    10. To make a jointure for a wife.NWAD SETTLE.43

    He sighs with most success that settles well. Garth.NWAD SETTLE.44

    11. To sink by its weight; and in loose bodies, to become more compact. We say, a wall settles; A house settles upon its foundation; a mass of sand settles and becomes more firm.NWAD SETTLE.45

    12. To sink after being heaved, and to dry; as, roads settle in spring after frost and rain.NWAD SETTLE.46

    13. To be ordained and installed over a parish, church or congregation. AB was invited to settle in the first society of New Haven. ND settled in the ministry when very young.NWAD SETTLE.47

    14. To adjust differences or accounts; to come to an agreement. He has settled with his creditors.NWAD SETTLE.48

    15. To make a jointure for a wife.NWAD SETTLE.49

    SETTLED, pp. Placed; established; determined; composed; adjusted.

    SETTLEDNESS, n. The state of being settled; confirmed state. [Little used.]

    SETTLEMENT, n.

    1. The act of settling, the state of being settled.NWAD SETTLEMENT.2

    2. The falling of the foul of foreign matter of liquors to the bottom; subsidence.NWAD SETTLEMENT.3

    3. The matter that subsides; lees; dregs. [Not used. For this we use settlings.]NWAD SETTLEMENT.4

    4. The act of giving possession by legal sanction.NWAD SETTLEMENT.5

    My flocks, my fields, my woods, my pastures take,NWAD SETTLEMENT.6

    With settlement as good as law can make. Dryden.NWAD SETTLEMENT.7

    5. A jointure granted to a wife, or the act of granting it. We say, the wife has a competent settlement for her maintenance; or she has provision made for her by the settlement of a jointure.NWAD SETTLEMENT.8

    6. The act of taking a domestic state; the act of marrying and going to housekeeping .NWAD SETTLEMENT.9

    7. A becoming stationary, or taking permanent residence after a roving course of life.NWAD SETTLEMENT.10

    8. The act of planting or establishing, as a colony; also, to place, or the colony established; as the British settlements in America or India.NWAD SETTLEMENT.11

    9. Adjustment; liquidation; the ascertainment of just claims, or payment of the balance of a account.NWAD SETTLEMENT.12

    10. Akjustment of differences; pacification; reconcisiation; as the settlement of disputes or controversies.NWAD SETTLEMENT.13

    11. The ordaining or installment of a clergyman over a parish or a congregation.NWAD SETTLEMENT.14

    12. A sum of money or other property granted to a minister on his ordination, exclusive of his salary.NWAD SETTLEMENT.15

    13. Legal residence or establishment of a person in a particular parish or town, which entitles him to maintenance if a pauper, and subjects the parish or town to his support. In England, the poor are supported by the parish where they have a settlement. In New England they are supported by the town. In England, the statutes 12 Richard II. and 19 Henry VII. seem to be the first rudiments of parish settlements. By statute 13 and 14 Ch. II. a legal settlement is declared to be gained by birth, by inhabitancy, by apprenticeship, or by service for forty days. But the gaining of a settlement by so short a residence produced great evils, which were remedied by statute 1 James II.NWAD SETTLEMENT.16

    14. Act of settlement, in British history, the statute of 12 and 13 William III. by which the crowd was limited to his present majesty’s house, or the house of Orange.NWAD SETTLEMENT.17

    SETTLING, ppr. Placing; fixing; establishing; regulating; adjusting; planting or colonizing; subsiding; composing; ordaining or installing; becoming the pastor of a church or parish.

    SETTLING, n.

    1. The act of making a settlement; a planting or coloninzing.NWAD SETTLING.3

    2. The act of subsiding, as lees.NWAD SETTLING.4

    3. The adjustment of differences.NWAD SETTLING.5

    4. Settlings, plu. lees; dregs; sediment.NWAD SETTLING.6

    SETWALL, n. [set and wall.] A plant. The garden setwall is a species of Valeriana.

    SEVEN, a. sev’n [L. septem.] Four and three; one more than six or less than eight. Seven days constitute a week. We read in Scripture of seven years of plenty, and seven years of famine, seven trumpets, seven seals, seven vials, etc.

    SEVENFOLD, a. [seven and fold.] Repeated seven times; doubled seven times; increased to seven times the size or amount; as the sevenfold shield of Ajax; sevenfold rage.

    SEVENFOLD, adv. Seven times as much or often.

    Whoever slayeth Cain, vengence shall be taken on him sevenfold. Genesis 4:15.NWAD SEVENFOLD.3

    SEVENNIGHT, n. [seven and night.] A week; the period of seven days and nights; or the time from one day of the week to the next day of the same denomination preceding or following. Our ancestors numbered the diurnal rebolutions of the earth by nights, as they reckoned the annual revolutions by winters. Sevennight is now contracted into sennight, which see.

    SEVENSCORE, n. [seven and score, twenty notches or marks.] Seven times twenty, that is, a hundred and forty.

    The old countess of Desmond, who lived sevenscore years, dentized twice or thrice. Bacon.NWAD SEVENSCORE.2

    SEVENTEEN, a. [seven-ten.] Seven and ten.

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