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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    INTER, a Latin preposition, signifying among or between; used as a prefix.

    INTER, v.t. [L. terra, the earth.]

    1. To bury; to deposit and cover in the earth; as, to inter a dead animal body.NWAD INTER.3

    2. To cover with earth.NWAD INTER.4

    But it is used almost exclusively to denote the depositing and covering of dead animal bodies.NWAD INTER.5

    INTERACT, n. [inter and act.] Intermediate employment or time; a short piece between others.

    INTERAMNIAN, a. [L. inter and amnis, river.]

    Situated between rivers.NWAD INTERAMNIAN.2

    INTERANIMATE, v.t. To animate mutually. [Little used.]

    INTERBASTATION, n. Patch-work. [Not in use.]

    INTERCALAR, INTERCALARY, a. [L. intercalarius; inter and calo, to call or proclaim.] Inserted; an epithet given to the odd day inserted in leap year. The twenty ninth of February in leap year is called the intercalary day. We read in Livy of an intercalary month.

    INTERCALATE, v.t. [L. intercalo; inter and calo, to call.]

    To insert an extraordinary day or other portion of time.NWAD INTERCALATE.2

    INTERCALATED, pp. Inserted.

    INTERCALATING, ppr. Inserting.

    INTERCALATION, n. [L. intercalatio.] The insertion of an odd or extraordinary day in the calendar, as the 29th of February in leap year.

    INTERCEDE, v.i. [L. intercedo; inter and cedo; literally, to move or pass between.]

    1. To pass between.NWAD INTERCEDE.2

    He supposes that a vast period interceded between that origination and the age in which he lived.NWAD INTERCEDE.3

    2. To mediate; to interpose; to make intercession; to act between parties with a view to reconcile those who differ or contend; usually followed by with.NWAD INTERCEDE.4

    3. To please in favor of one.NWAD INTERCEDE.5

    INTERCEDENT, a. Passing between; mediating; pleading for.

    INTERCEDER, n. One who intercedes or interposes between parties, to effect a reconciliation; a mediator; an intercessor.

    INTERCEDING, ppr. Mediating; pleading.

    INTERCEPT, v.t. [L. interceptus, intercipio, to stop; inter and capio, to take.]

    1. To take or seize on by the way; to stop on its passage; as, to intercept a letter. The prince was intercepted at Rome. The convoy was intercepted by a detachment of the enemy.NWAD INTERCEPT.2

    2. To obstruct; to stop in progress; as, to intercept rays of light; to intercept the current of a river, or a course of proceedings.NWAD INTERCEPT.3

    3. To stop, as a course or passing; as, to intercept a course.NWAD INTERCEPT.4

    4. To interrupt communication with, or progress towards.NWAD INTERCEPT.5

    While storms vindictive intercept the shore.NWAD INTERCEPT.6

    5. To take, include or comprehend between.NWAD INTERCEPT.7

    Right ascension is an arch of the equator, reckoning towards the east, intercepted between the beginning of Aries, and the point of the equator which rises at the same time with the sun or star in a right sphere.NWAD INTERCEPT.8

    INTERCEPTED, pp. Taken on the way; seized in progress; stopped.

    INTERCEPTER, n. One who intercepts.

    INTERCEPTING, ppr. Seizing on its passage; hindering from proceeding; comprehending between.

    INTERCEPTION, n. The act of seizing something on its passage; a stopping; obstruction of a course or proceeding; hinderance.

    INTERCESSION, n. [L. intercessio, from intercedo. See Intercede.]

    The act of interceding; mediation; interposition between parties at variance, with a view to reconciliation; prayer or solicitation to one party in favor of another, sometimes against another.NWAD INTERCESSION.2

    Your intercession now is needless grown;NWAD INTERCESSION.3

    Retire and let me speak with her alone.NWAD INTERCESSION.4

    He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. Isaiah 53:12.NWAD INTERCESSION.5

    INTERCESSOR, n. [L. See Intercede.]

    1. A mediator; one who interposes between parties at variance, with a view to reconcile them; one who pleads in behalf of another.NWAD INTERCESSOR.2

    2. A bishop who, during a vacancy of the see, administers the bishopric till a successor is elected.NWAD INTERCESSOR.3

    INTERCESSORY, a. Containing intercession; interceding.

    INTERCHAIN, v.t. [inter and chain.] To chain; to link together.

    INTERCHAINED, pp. Chained together.

    INTERCHAINING, ppr. Chaining or fastening together.

    INTERCHANGE, v.t. [inter and change.]

    1. To put each in the place of the other; to give and take mutually; to exchange; to reciprocate; as, to interchange places; to interchange cares or duties.NWAD INTERCHANGE.2

    I shall interchangeNWAD INTERCHANGE.3

    My waned state of Henry’s regal crown.NWAD INTERCHANGE.4

    2. To succeed alternately.NWAD INTERCHANGE.5

    INTERCHANGE, n. Mutual change, each giving and receiving; exchange; permutation of commodities; barter; as the interchange of commodities between New York and Liverpool.

    1. Alternate succession; as the interchange of light and darkness.NWAD INTERCHANGE.7

    Sweet interchangeNWAD INTERCHANGE.8

    Of hill and valley, rivers, woods and plains.NWAD INTERCHANGE.9

    2. A mutual giving and receiving; reciprocation; as an interchange of civilities or kind offices.NWAD INTERCHANGE.10

    INTERCHANGEABLE, a. That may be interchanged; that may be given and taken mutually.

    1. Following each other in alternate succession; as the four interchangeable seasons.NWAD INTERCHANGEABLE.2

    INTERCHANGEABLENESS, n. The state of being interchangeable.

    INTERCHANGEABLY, adv. Alternately; by reciprocation; in a manner by which each gives and received.

    INTERCHANAGED, pp. Mutually exchanged; reciprocated.

    INTERCHANGEMENT, n. Exchange; mutual transfer. [Little used.]

    INTERCHANGING, ppr. Mutually giving and receiving; taking each other’s place successively; reciprocating.

    INTERCIDENT, a. [L. intercido.] Falling or coming between.

    INTERCIPIENT, a. [L. intercipiens. See Intercept.]

    Intercepting; seizing by the way; stopping.NWAD INTERCIPIENT.2

    INTERCIPIENT, n. He or that which intercepts or stops on the passage.

    INTERCISION, n. s as z. [L. intercido; inter and coedo, to cut.]

    Interruption. [Little used.]NWAD INTERCISION.2

    INTERCLUDE, v.t. [L. intercludo; inter and cludo, to shut.]

    1. To shut from a place or course by something intervening; to intercept.NWAD INTERCLUDE.2

    2. To cut off; to interrupt.NWAD INTERCLUDE.3

    INTERCLUDED, pp. Intercepted; interrupted.

    INTERCLUDING, ppr. Interrupting.

    INTERCLUSION, n. s as z. Interception; a stopping.

    INTERCOLUMNIATION, n. [L. inter and columna, a column.]

    In architecture, the space between two columns. By the rules of the art, this should be in proportion to the highth and bulk of the columns.NWAD INTERCOLUMNIATION.2

    INTERCOMMON, v.i. [inter and common.]

    1. To feet at the same table.NWAD INTERCOMMON.2

    2. To graze cattle in a common pasture; to use a common with others, or to possess or enjoy the right of feeding in common.NWAD INTERCOMMON.3

    Common because of vicinage, is where the inhabitants of two townships contiguous to each other, have usually intercommoned with one another.NWAD INTERCOMMON.4

    INTERCOMMONING, ppr. Feeding at the same table, or using a common pasture; enjoying a common field with others.

    INTERCOMMUNICATE, v.i. [inter and communicate.]

    To communicate mutually; to hold mutual communication.NWAD INTERCOMMUNICATE.2

    INTERCOMMUNICATION, n. Reciprocal communication.

    INTERCOMMUNION, n. [inter and communion.]

    Mutual communion; as an intercommunion of deities.NWAD INTERCOMMUNION.2

    INTERCOMMUNITY, n. [inter and community.] A mutual communication or community; mutual freedom or exercise of religion; as the intercommunity of pagan theology.

    INTERCOSTAL, a. [L. inter, between, and costa, a rib.]

    Placed or lying between the ribs; as an intercostal muscle, artery or vein.NWAD INTERCOSTAL.2

    INTERCOSTAL, n. A part lying between the ribs.

    INTERCOURSE, n. [L. intercursus, intercurro; inter and curro, to run.] Literally, a running or passing between. Hence,

    1. Communication; commerce; connection by reciprocal dealings between persons or nations, either in common affairs and civilities, in trade, or correspondence by letters. We have an intercourse with neighbors and friends in mutual visits and in social concerns; nations and individuals have intercourse with foreign nations or individuals by an interchange of commodities, by purchase and sale, by treaties, contracts, etc.NWAD INTERCOURSE.2

    2. Silent communication or exchange.NWAD INTERCOURSE.3

    This sweet intercourseNWAD INTERCOURSE.4

    Of looks and smiles.NWAD INTERCOURSE.5

    INTERCUR, v.i. [L. intercurro.]

    To intervene; to come in and the mean time.NWAD INTERCUR.2

    INTERCURRENCE, n. [L. intercurrens, intercurro.]

    A passing or running between.NWAD INTERCURRENCE.2

    INTERCURRENT, a. [L. intercurrens.]

    1. Running between or among.NWAD INTERCURRENT.2

    2. Occurring; intervening.NWAD INTERCURRENT.3

    INTERCUTANEOUS, a. [L. inter and cutis, the skin.]

    Being within or under the skin.NWAD INTERCUTANEOUS.2

    INTERDEAL, n. [inter and deal.] Mutual dealing; traffick.

    INTERDICT, v.t. [L. interdico, interdictum; inter and dico, to speak.]

    1. To forbid; to prohibit. An act of congress interdicted the sailing of vessels from our ports. Our intercourse with foreign nations was interdicted.NWAD INTERDICT.2

    2. To forbid communion; to cut off from the enjoyment of communion with a church.NWAD INTERDICT.3

    An archbishop may not only excommunicate and interdict his suffragans, but his vicar-general may do the same.NWAD INTERDICT.4

    INTERDICT, n. [L. interdictum.] Prohibition; a prohibiting order or decree.

    1. A papal prohibition by which the clergy are restrained from performing divine service; a species of ecclesiastical censure. The pope has sometimes laid a whole kingdom under an interdict.NWAD INTERDICT.6

    2. A papal prohibition by which persons are restrained from attending divine service, or prevented from enjoying some privilege.NWAD INTERDICT.7

    INTERDICTED, pp. Forbid; prohibited.

    INTERDICTING, ppr. Forbidding; prohibiting; cutting off from the enjoyment of some privilege.

    INTERDICTION, n. [L. interdictio.] The act of interdicting; prohibition; prohibiting decree; curse.

    INTERDICTIVE, a. Having power to prohibit.

    INTERDICTORY, a. Serving to prohibit.

    INTEREQUINOCTIAL, a. [inter and equinox.] Coming between the vernal and autumnal equinoxes.

    Spring and autumn I have denominated equinoctial periods. Summer and winter I have called interequinoctial intervals.NWAD INTEREQUINOCTIAL.2

    INTERESS, for interest, is obsolete.

    INTEREST, v.t. [L. inter and esse.]

    1. To concern; to affect; to excite emotion or passion, usually in favor, but sometimes against a person or thing. A narration of suffering interests us in favor of the sufferer. We are interested in the story or in the fate of the sufferer. We are interested to know the result, issue or event of an enterprise. It is followed by in or for. We are interested in the narration, but for the sufferer.NWAD INTEREST.2

    2. To give a share in. Christ, by his atonement, has interested believers in the blessings of the covenant of grace.NWAD INTEREST.3

    3. To have a share.NWAD INTEREST.4

    We are not all interested in the public funds, but we are all interested in the happiness of a free government.NWAD INTEREST.5

    4. To engage; as, to interest one in our favor.NWAD INTEREST.6

    To interest one’s self, is to take a share or concern in.NWAD INTEREST.7

    INTEREST, n. Concern; advantage; good; as private interest; public interest.

    Divisions hinder the common interest and public good.NWAD INTEREST.9

    1. Influence over others. They had now lost their interest at court.NWAD INTEREST.10

    He knew his interest sufficient to procure the office.NWAD INTEREST.11

    2. Share; portion; part; participation in value. He has parted with his interest in the stocks. He has an interest in a manufactory of cotton goods.NWAD INTEREST.12

    3. Regard to private profit.NWAD INTEREST.13

    ‘Tis interest calls off all her sneaking train.NWAD INTEREST.14

    4. Premium paid for the use of money; the profit per cent derived from money lent, or property used by another person, or from debts remaining unpaid. Commercial states have a legal rate of interest. Debts on book bear an interest after the expiration of the credit. Courts allow interest in many cases where it is not stipulated. A higher rate of interest than that which the law allows, is called usury.NWAD INTEREST.15

    Simple interest is that which arises from the principal sum only.NWAD INTEREST.16

    Compound interest is that which arises from the principal with the interest added; interest on interest.NWAD INTEREST.17

    5. Any surplus advantage.NWAD INTEREST.18

    With all speed, you shall have your desire with interest.NWAD INTEREST.19

    INTERESTED, pp. Made a sharer; as one interested in the funds.

    1. Affected; moved; having the passions excited; as one interested by a story.NWAD INTERESTED.2

    2. Having an interest; concerned in a cause or in consequences; liable to be affected; as an interested witness.NWAD INTERESTED.3

    INTERESTING, ppr. Giving a share or concern; as by interesting one in a voyage, or in a banking company.

    1. Engaging the affections; as by interesting a person in one’s favor.NWAD INTERESTING.2

    2. Engaging the attention or curiosity; exciting emotions or passions; as an interesting story.NWAD INTERESTING.3

    INTERFERE, v.i. [L. inter and fero, to bear, or ferio, to strike.]

    1. To interpose; to intermeddle; to enter into or take a part in the concerns of others. It is prudence not to interfere in party disputes, but from necessity.NWAD INTERFERE.2

    2. To clash; to come in collision; to be in opposition. The claims of two nations may interfere.NWAD INTERFERE.3

    3. A horse is said to interfere, when one hoof or shoe strikes against the fetlock of the opposite leg, and breaks the skin or injures the flesh.NWAD INTERFERE.4

    INTERFERENCE, n. Interposition; an intermeddling; mediation.

    1. A clashing or collision.NWAD INTERFERENCE.2

    2. A striking of one foot against the other.NWAD INTERFERENCE.3

    INTERFERING, ppr. Interposing; meddling.

    1. Clashing; coming in collision.NWAD INTERFERING.2

    2. Striking one foot against the fetlock of the opposite leg.NWAD INTERFERING.3

    INTERFERING, n. Interference.

    INTERFLUENT, INTERFLUOUS, a. [L. interfluo; inter and fluo, to flow.]

    Flowing between.NWAD INTERFLUENT.2

    INTERFOLIACEOUS, a. [L. inter and folium, a leaf.]

    Being between opposite leaves, but placed alternately with them; as interfoliaceous flowers or peduncles.NWAD INTERFOLIACEOUS.2

    INTERFULGENT, a. [L. inter and fulgens, shining.]

    Shining between.NWAD INTERFULGENT.2

    INTERFUSED, a. s as z. [L. interfusus; inter and fundo, to pour.]

    Poured or spread between.NWAD INTERFUSED.2

    The ambient air, wide interfused,NWAD INTERFUSED.3

    Embracing round this florid earth.NWAD INTERFUSED.4

    INTERIM, n. [L.] The mean time; time intervening.

    INTERIOR, a. [L. comp. formed from inter or intra, in or within.]

    1. Internal; being within any limits, inclosure or substance; inner; opposed to exterior or superficial; as the interior apartments of a house; the interior ornaments; the interior surface of a hollow ball, the interior parts of the earth.NWAD INTERIOR.2

    2. Inland; remote from the limits, frontier or shore; as the interior parts of a country, state or kingdom.NWAD INTERIOR.3

    INTERIOR, n. The internal part of a thing; the inside.

    1. The inland part of a country, state or kingdom.NWAD INTERIOR.5

    INTERJACENCY, n. [L. interjacens; inter and jacens, lying.]

    1. A lying between; a being between; intervention; as the interjacency of the Tweed between England and Scotland.NWAD INTERJACENCY.2

    2. That which lies between. [Little used.]NWAD INTERJACENCY.3

    INTERJACENT, a. [L. interjacens, supra.] Lying or being between; intervening; as interjacent isles.

    INTERJECT, v.t. [L. interjicio; inter and jacio, to throw.]

    To throw between; to throw in between other things; to insert.NWAD INTERJECT.2

    A circumstance--may be interjected even between a relative word and that to which it relates.NWAD INTERJECT.3

    INTERJECTED, pp. Thrown in or inserted between.

    INTERJECTING, ppr. Throwing or inserting between.

    INTERJECTION, n. The act of throwing between.

    1. A word in speaking or writing, thrown in between words connected in construction, to express some emotion or passion.NWAD INTERJECTION.2

    “These were delightful days, but, alas, they are no more.” [See Exclamation.]NWAD INTERJECTION.3

    INTERJECTIONAL, a. Thrown in between other words or phrases; as an interjectional remark.

    INTERJOIN, v.t. [inter and join.] To join mutually; to intermarry. [Little used.]

    INTERKNOWLEDGE, n. [inter and knowledge.]

    Mutual knowledge. [Little used.]NWAD INTERKNOWLEDGE.2

    INTERLACE, v.t. To intermix; to put or insert one thing with another.

    They interlaced some errors.NWAD INTERLACE.2

    The epic way is every where interlaced with dialogue.NWAD INTERLACE.3

    INTERLACED, pp. Intermixed; inserted between other things.

    INTERLACING, ppr. Intermixing; inserting between.

    INTERLAPSE, n. interlaps’. [inter and lapse.]

    The lapse or flow of time between two events.NWAD INTERLAPSE.2

    INTERLARD, v.t.

    1. Primarily, to mix fat with lean; hence, to interpose; to insert between.NWAD INTERLARD.2

    2. To mix; to diversify by mixture.NWAD INTERLARD.3

    INTERLARDED, pp. Interposed; inserted between; mixed.

    INTERLARDING, ppr. Inserting between; intermixing.

    INTERLEAF, n. [See Leaf.] A leaf inserted between other leaves; a blank leaf inserted.

    INTERLEAVE, v.t. [inter and leaf.] To insert a leaf; to insert a blank leaf or blank leaves in a book, between other leaves.

    INTERLEAVED, pp. Inserted between leaves, or having blank leaves inserted between other leaves.

    INTERLEAVING, ppr. Inserting blank leaves between other leaves.

    INTERLINE, v.t. [inter and line.] To write in alternate lines; as, to interline Latin and English.

    1. To write between lines already written or printed, for the purpose of adding to or correcting what is written.NWAD INTERLINE.2

    INTERLINEAR, INTERLINEARY, a. [inter and linear.] Written between lines before written or printed.

    INTERLINEARY, n. A book having insertions between the leaves.

    INTERLINEATION, n. [inter and lineation.]

    1. The act of inserting words or lines between lines before written or printed.NWAD INTERLINEATION.2

    2. The words, passage or line inserted between lines before written or printed.NWAD INTERLINEATION.3

    INTERLINED, pp. Written between lines; as an interlined word.

    1. Containing a line or lines written between lines; as an interlined manuscript.NWAD INTERLINED.2

    INTERLINING, ppr. Writing between lines already written or printed.

    INTERLINING, n. Correction or alteration by writing between the lines.

    INTERLINK, v.t. [inter and link.] To connect by uniting links; to join one chain to another.

    INTERLINKED, pp. Connected by union of links; joined.

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