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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary

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    UPTRAIN — UTTERMOST

    UPTRAIN, v.t. [up and train.] To train up; to educate. [Not in use.]

    UPTURN, v.t. [up and turn.] To turn up; to throw up; as, to upturn the ground in plowing.

    UPWARD, a. [up and ward, L. versus.]

    Directed to a higher place; as with upward eye; with upward speed.NWAD UPWARD.2

    UPWARD, n. The top. [Not in use.]
    UPWARD, UP’WARDS, adv.

    1. Toward a higher place; opposed to downward.NWAD UPWARD.5

    Upward I lift my eye.NWAD UPWARD.6

    2. Toward heaven and God.NWAD UPWARD.7

    Looking inward, we are struck dumb; looking upward, we speak and prevail.NWAD UPWARD.8

    3. With respect to the higher part.NWAD UPWARD.9

    Upward man, downward fish.NWAD UPWARD.10

    4. More than, indefinitely. Upwards of ten years have elapsed; upwards of a hundred men were present.NWAD UPWARD.11

    5. Toward the source. Trace the stream upwards.NWAD UPWARD.12

    And trace the muses upwards to their spring.NWAD UPWARD.13

    UPWHIRL, v.i. upwhurl’. [up and whirl.] To rise upwards in a whirl; to whirl upwards.

    UPWHIRL, v.t. To raise upwards in a whirling direction.

    UPWIND, v.t. [up and wind.] To wind up.

    URAN-GLIMMER, n. An ore of uranium; uran-mica; chalcolite.

    URANITE, n. An ore or phosphate of uranium, called also uran-glimmer, and uran-mica. It is of a lemon yellow gold color, or yellowish brown, sometimes of an apple green or emerald color. It occurs crystallized in rectangular prisms, in imperfect octahedrons, etc. Its structure is lamellar, and it yields to the knife.

    Uranite is found in primitive earths, in three states, crystallized, compact, and pulverulent.NWAD URANITE.2

    URANITIC, a. Pertaining to uranite, or resembling it.

    URANIUM, n. [Gr. heaven, or a planet so called.]

    A metal discovered in 1789 by Klaproth, in the mineral called pechblend. It is occasionally found native in uran-ocher and uran-mica; but more generally it is obtained from pechblend, in which it exists with iron, copper, lead, and sometimes with arsenic, cobalt and zink.NWAD URANIUM.2

    URAN-OCHER, n. Pechblend, an ore of uranium, containing the metal in an oxydized state. It is brown, grayish, black, and brownish black; occurring massive globular, reniform, disseminated, and pulverulent.

    URANOLOGY, n. [Gr. heaven and discourse.]

    A discourse or treatise on the heavens.NWAD URANOLOGY.2

    URBANE, a. [L. urbanus, from urbs, a city.] Civil; courteous in manners; polite.

    URBANITY, n. [L. urbanitas, from urbs, a city.]

    1. That civility or courtesy of manners which is acquired by associating with well bred people; politeness; polished manners.NWAD URBANITY.2

    2. Facetiousness.NWAD URBANITY.3

    URBANIZE, v.t. To render civil and courteous; to polish.

    URCEOLATE, a. [L. urceolus, urceus, a pitcher.]

    In botany, shaped like a pitcher; swelling out like a pitcher; as a calyx or corol.NWAD URCEOLATE.2

    URCHIN, n.

    1. A name given to the hedgehog.NWAD URCHIN.2

    2. A name of slight anger given to a child; as, the little urchin cried.NWAD URCHIN.3

    URE, n. Use; practice. [Obsolete, but retained in inure.]

    UREA, n. A substance obtained from urine.

    URETER, n. [Gr. See Urine.]

    A tube conveying the urine from the kidney to the bladder. There are two ureters, one on each side.NWAD URETER.2

    URETHRA, n. [Gr. See Urine.]

    The canal by which the urine is conducted from the bladder and discharged.NWAD URETHRA.2

    URGE, v.t. [L. urgeo. This belongs probably to the family of Gr. and L. arceo.]

    1. To press; to push; to drive; to impel; to apply force to, in almost any manner.NWAD URGE.2

    And great Achilles urge the Trojan fate.NWAD URGE.3

    2. To press the mind or will; to press by motives, arguments, persuasion or importunity.NWAD URGE.4

    My broth did urge me in his act.NWAD URGE.5

    3. To provoke; to exasperate.NWAD URGE.6

    Urge not my father’s anger.NWAD URGE.7

    4. To follow close; to impel.NWAD URGE.8

    Heir urges heir, like wave impelling wave.NWAD URGE.9

    5. To labor vehemently; to press with eagerness.NWAD URGE.10

    Through the thick deserts headlong urg’d his flight.NWAD URGE.11

    6. To press; as, to urge an argument; to urge a petition; to urge the necessity of a case.NWAD URGE.12

    7. To importune; to solicit earnestly. He urged his son to withdraw.NWAD URGE.13

    8. To apply forcibly; as, to urge an ore with intense heat.NWAD URGE.14

    URGE, v.i. To press forward; as, he strives to urge upward.

    URGED, pp. Pressed; impelled; importuned.

    URGENCY, n.

    1. Pressure; importunity; earnest solicitation; as the urgency of a request.NWAD URGENCY.2

    2. Pressure of necessity; as the urgency of want or distress; the urgency of the occasion.NWAD URGENCY.3

    URGENT, a.

    1. Pressing with importunity. Exodus 12:33.NWAD URGENT.2

    2. Pressing with necessity; violent; vehement; as an urgent case or occasion.NWAD URGENT.3

    URGENTLY, adv. With pressing importunity; violently; vehemently; forcibly.

    URGER, n. One who urges; one who importunes.

    URGE-WONDER, n. A sort of grain.

    URGING, ppr.

    1. Pressing; driving; impelling.NWAD URGING.2

    2. a. Pressing with solicitations; importunate.NWAD URGING.3

    URIC, a. In chimistry, the uric acid, called also lithic acid, is obtained from urinary calculi.

    URIM, n. [Heb.] The Urim and Thummim, among the Israelites, signify lights and perfections. These were a kind of ornament belonging to the habit of the high priest, in virtue of which he gave oracular answers to the people; but what they were has not been satisfactorily ascertained.

    URINAL, n. [L. urinalis, from urina, urine.]

    1. A bottle in which urine is kept for inspection.NWAD URINAL.2

    2. A vessel for containing urine.NWAD URINAL.3

    3. In chimistry, an oblong glass vessel, used in making solutions.NWAD URINAL.4

    URINARY, a. [from urine.] Pertaining to urine; as the urinary bladder; urinary calculi; urinary abscesses.

    URINARY, URINARIUM, n. In agriculture, a reservoir or place for the reception of urine, etc. for manure.

    URINATIVE, a. Provoking urine.

    URINATOR, n. [L. from urino, to dive.] A diver; one who plunges and sinks in water in search of something, as for pearls.

    URINE, n. [L. urina; Gr.]

    An animal fluid or liquor secreted by the kidneys, whence it is conveyed into the bladder by the ureters, and through the urethra discharged. The urine of beasts is sometimes called stale.NWAD URINE.2

    URINE, v.i. [supra.] To discharge urine.

    URINOUS, a. Pertaining to urine, or partaking of its qualities.

    URN, n. [L. urna.]

    1. A kind of vase of a roundish form, largest in the middle; used as an ornament.NWAD URN.2

    2. A vessel for water.NWAD URN.3

    3. A vessel in which the ashes of the dead were formerly kept.NWAD URN.4

    4. A Roman measure for liquids, containing about three gallons and a half, wine measure. It was half the amphora, and four times the congius.NWAD URN.5

    UROSCOPY, n. [Gr.] Inspection of urine.

    URRY, n. A sort of blue or black clay, lying near a vein of coal.

    URSA, n. [L.] The bear, a constellation, the greater and lesser bear, near the north pole.

    URSIFORM, a. [L. ursa, bear, and form.] In the shape of a bear.

    URSINE, a. [L. ursinus.] Pertaining to or resembling a bear.

    URSULINE, a. Denoting an order of nuns who observe the rule of St. Austin; so called from their institutress, St. Ursula.

    URUS, URE, n. [L. urus.] The wild bull.

    US, pron. objective case of we.

    Give us this day our daily bread.NWAD US.2

    USAGE, n. s as z. [See Use.]

    1. Treatment; an action or series of actions performed by one person towards another, or which directly affect him; as good usage; ill usage; hard usage. Gentle usage will often effect what harsh usage will not. The elephant may be governed by mild usage.NWAD USAGE.2

    2. Use, or long continued use; custom; practice. Uninterrupted usage for a long time, or immemorial usage constitutes prescription. Custom is a local usage; prescription is a personal usage. In language, usage is the foundation of all rules.NWAD USAGE.3

    Of things once received and confirmed by use, long usage is a law sufficient.NWAD USAGE.4

    3. Manners; behavior. Obs.NWAD USAGE.5

    USAGER, n. s as z. One who has the use of any thing in trust for another. [Not in use.]

    USANCE, n. s as z.

    1. Use; proper employment.NWAD USANCE.2

    2. Usury; interest paid for money.NWAD USANCE.3

    3. In commerce, a determinate time fixed for the payment of bills of exchange, reckoned either from the day of their date, or the day of their acceptance. It is thus called because this time is settled by usage, or the custom of places on which the bills are drawn. In France, the usance for bills drawn from Spain and Portugal, is sixty days. At London, the usance for bills drawn from Holland, Germany or France is one month. The usance is very different in different countries and cities.NWAD USANCE.4

    USE, n. [L. urus.]

    1. The act of handling or employing in any manner, and for any purpose, but especially for a profitable purpose; as the use of a pen in writing; the use of books in study; the use of a spade in digging. Use is of two kinds; that which employs a thing, without destroying it or its form, as the use of a book or of a farm; or it is the employment of a thing which destroys or wastes it, as the use of bread for provision; the use of water for turning a mill.NWAD USE.2

    2. Employment; application of any thing to a purpose, good or bad. It is our duty to make a faithful use of our opportunities and advantages for improvement.NWAD USE.3

    Books can never teach the use of books.NWAD USE.4

    3. Usefulness; utility; advantage; production of benefit. the value of a thing is to be estimated by its use. His friendship has been of use to me.NWAD USE.5

    Tis use alone that sanctifies expense.NWAD USE.6

    4. Need of employment, or occasion to employ. I have no further use for this book.NWAD USE.7

    5. Power of receiving advantage. [Usual.]NWAD USE.8

    6. Continued practice or employment.NWAD USE.9

    Sweetness, truth, and every grace, which time and use are wont to teach.NWAD USE.10

    7. Custom; common occurrence.NWAD USE.11

    O Cesar, these things are beyond all use. [Usual.]NWAD USE.12

    8. Interest; the premium paid for the possession and employment of borrowed money.NWAD USE.13

    9. In law, the benefit or profit of lands and tenements. use imports a trust and confidence reposed in a man for the holding of lands. He to whose use or benefit the trust is intended, shall enjoy the profits. An estate is granted and limited to A for the use of B.NWAD USE.14

    Cestuy que use, in law, the person who has the use of lands and tenements.NWAD USE.15

    Contingent use, in law. A contingent or springing use, is where the use is suspended on a future event.NWAD USE.16

    Resulting use, is one which, being limited by the deed, expires or cannot vest, and results or returns to him who raised it, after such expiration.NWAD USE.17

    Secondary or shifting use, is that which though executed, may change from one to another by circumstances.NWAD USE.18

    1. In use, in employment; as, the book is now in use.NWAD USE.19

    2. In customary practice or observance. Such words, rites and ceremonies, have long been in use.NWAD USE.20

    USE, v.t. s as z. [L. uter, usus; Gr.]

    1. To employ; to handle, hold, occupy or move for some purpose; as, to use a plow; to use a chair; to use a book; to use time. Most men use the right hand with more convenience than the left, and hence its name, right.NWAD USE.22

    2. To waste, consume or exhaust by employment; as, to use flour for food; to use beer for drink; to use water for irrigation, or for turning the wheel of a mill.NWAD USE.23

    3. To accustom; to habituate; to render familiar by practice; as men used to cold and hunger; soldiers used to hardships and danger.NWAD USE.24

    4. To treat; as, to use one well or ill; to use people with kindness and civility; to use a beast with cruelty.NWAD USE.25

    Cato has us’d me ill.NWAD USE.26

    5. To practice customarily.NWAD USE.27

    Use hospitality one to another. 1 Peter 4:9.NWAD USE.28

    To use one’s self, to behave. Obs.NWAD USE.29

    USE, v.i. s as z.

    1. To be accustomed; to practice customarily.NWAD USE.31

    They use to place him that shall be their captain on a stone.NWAD USE.32

    2. To be wont.NWAD USE.33

    Fears use to be represented in an imaginary fashion.NWAD USE.34

    3. To frequent; to inhabit.NWAD USE.35

    Where never foot did use.NWAD USE.36

    USED, pp. s as z. Employed; occupied; treated.

    USEFUL, a. Producing or having power to produce good; beneficial; profitable; helpful towards advancing any purpose; as vessels and instruments useful in a family; books useful for improvement; useful knowledge; useful arts.

    USEFULLY, adv. In such a manner as to produce or advance some end; as instruments or time usefully employed.

    USEFULNESS, n. Conduciveness to some end, properly to some valuable end; as the usefulness of canal navigation; the usefulness of machinery in manufactures.

    USELESS, a. Having no use; unserviceable; producing no good end; answering no valuable purpose; not advancing the end proposed; as a useless garment; useless pity.

    USELESSLY, adv. In a useless manner; without profit or advantage.

    USELESSNESS, n. Unserviceableness; unfitness for any valuable purpose, or for the purpose intended; as the uselessness of pleasure.

    USER, n. s as z. One who uses, treats or occupies.

    USHER, n.

    1. Properly, an officer or servant who has the care of the door of a court, hall, chamber or the like; hence, an officer whose business is to introduce strangers, or to walk before a person of rank. In the king’s household there are four gentlemen-ushers of the privy chamber. There is also an usher of the exchequer, who attends the barons, sheriffs, juries, etc.NWAD USHER.2

    2. An under-teacher or assistant to the preceptor of a school.NWAD USHER.3

    USHER, v.t. To introduce, as a forerunner or harbinger; to forerun.

    The stars that usher evening, rose.NWAD USHER.5

    The Examiner was ushered into the world by a letter, setting forth the great genius of the author.NWAD USHER.6

    USHERED, pp. Introduced.

    USHERING, ppr. Introducing, as a forerunner.

    USQUEBAUGH, n.

    A compound distilled spirit. From this word, by corruption, we have whiskey.NWAD USQUEBAUGH.2

    USTION, n. [L. ustio, from uro, ustus, to burn.]

    The act of burning; the state of being burnt.NWAD USTION.2

    USTORIOUS, a. [supra.] Having the quality of burning.

    USTULATION, n. [L. ustulatus.]

    1. The act of burning or searing.NWAD USTULATION.2

    2. In metallurgy, ustulation is the operation of expelling one substance from another by heat, as sulphur and arsenic from ores, in a muffle.NWAD USTULATION.3

    3. In pharmacy, the roasting or drying of moist substances so as to prepare them for pulverizing; also, the burning of wine.NWAD USTULATION.4

    USUAL, a. s as z. Customary; common; frequent; such as occurs in ordinary practice, or in the ordinary course of events. Rainy weather is not usual in this climate.

    Consultation with oracles was formerly a thing very usual.NWAD USUAL.2

    USUALLY, adv. s as z. Commonly; customarily; ordinarily. Men usually find some excuse for their vices. It is usually as cold in North America in the fortieth degree of latitude, as it is in the west of Europe in the fiftieth.

    USUALNESS, n. s as z. Commonness; frequency.

    USUCAPTION, n. [L. usus, use, and capio, to take.]

    In the civil law, the same as prescription in the common law; the acquisition of the title or right to property by the uninterrupted and undisputed possession of it for a certain term prescribed by law.NWAD USUCAPTION.2

    USUFRUCT, n. [L. usus, use, and fructus, fruit.]

    The temporary use and enjoyment of lands or tenements; or the right of receiving the fruits and profits of lands or other thing, without having the right to alienate or change the property.NWAD USUFRUCT.2

    USUFRUCTUARY, n. A person who has the use and enjoyment of property for a time, without having the title or property.

    USURE, v.i. s as z. To practice usury. [Not in use.]

    USURER, n. s as z. [See Usury.]

    1. Formerly, a person who lent money and took interest for it.NWAD USURER.2

    2. In present usage, one who lends money at a rate of interest beyond the rate established by law.NWAD USURER.3

    USURIOUS, a. s as z.

    1. Practicing usury; taking exorbitant interest for the use of money; as a usurious person.NWAD USURIOUS.2

    2. Partaking of usury; containing usury; as a usurious contract, which by statute is void.NWAD USURIOUS.3

    USURIOUSLY, adv. In a usurious manner.

    USURIOUSNESS, n. The state or quality of being usurious.

    USURP, v.t. s as z. [L. usurpo.]

    To seize and hold in possession by force or without right; as, to usurp a throne; to usurp the prerogatives of the crown; to usurp power. To usurp the right of a patron, is to oust or dispossess him.NWAD USURP.2

    Vice sometimes usurps the place of virtue.NWAD USURP.3

    [Usurp is not applied to common dispossession of private property.]NWAD USURP.4

    USURPATION, n. [supra.] The act of seizing or occupying and enjoying the property of another, without right; as the usurpation of a throne; the usurpation of the supreme power. Usurpation, in a peculiar sense, denotes the absolute ouster and dispossession of the patron of a church, by presenting a clerk to a vacant benefice, who is thereupon admitted and instituted.

    USURPED, pp. Seized or occupied and enjoyed by violence, or without right.

    USURPER, n. One who seizes or occupies the property of another without right; as the usurper of a throne, of power, or of the rights of a patron.

    USURPING, ppr. Seizing or occupying the power or property of another without right.

    The worst of tyrants, an usurping crowd.NWAD USURPING.2

    USURPINGLY, adv. By usurpation; without just right or claim.

    USURY, n. s as z. [L. usura, from utor, to use.]

    1. Formerly, interest; or a premium paid or stipulated to be paid for the use of money.NWAD USURY.2

    [Usury formerly denoted any legal interest, but in this sense, the word is no longer in use.]NWAD USURY.3

    2. In present usage, illegal interest; a premium or compensation paid or stipulated to be paid for the use of money borrowed or retained, beyond the rate of interest established by law.NWAD USURY.4

    3. The practice of taking interest. Obs.NWAD USURY.5

    UTENSIL, n. [This seems to be formed on the participle of the L. utor.]

    An instrument; that which is used; particularly, an instrument or vessel used in a kitchen, or in domestic and farming business.NWAD UTENSIL.2

    UTERINE, a. [L. uterinus, from uterus.]

    Pertaining to the womb. Uterine brother or sister, is one born of the same mother, but by a different father.NWAD UTERINE.2

    UTERO-GESTATION, n. Gestation in the womb from conception to birth.

    UTERUS, n. [L.] The womb.

    UTILITY, n. [L. utilas, from utor, to use.]

    Usefulness; production of good; profitableness to some valuable end; as the utility of manures upon land; the utility of the sciences; the utility of medicines.NWAD UTILITY.2

    UTILIZE, v.t. To gain; to acquire. [Rare.]

    UTIS, n. Bustle; stir. [Not in use.]

    UTMOST, a.

    1. Extreme; being at the furthest point or extremity; as the utmost limit of North America; the utmost limits of the land; the utmost extent of human knowledge.NWAD UTMOST.2

    2. Being in the greatest or highest degree; as the utmost assiduity; the utmost harmony; the utmost misery or happiness; the utmost peril.NWAD UTMOST.3

    UTMOST, n. The most that can be; the greatest power, degree or effort. He has done his utmost. Try your utmost.

    I will be free even to the utmost as I please in words.NWAD UTMOST.5

    UTOPIAN, a. [from More’s Utopia.] Ideal; chimerical; fanciful; not well founded.

    UTRICLE, a. [L. utriculus, a little bag or bottle.]

    1. A little bag or bladder; a little cell; a reservoir in plants to receive the sap.NWAD UTRICLE.2

    2. A capsule of one cell, and containing a solitary seed, often very thin and semitransparent, constantly destitute of valves, and falling with the seed.NWAD UTRICLE.3

    UTRICULAR, a. Containing utricles; furnished with glandular vessels like small bags; as plants.

    UTTER, a.

    1. Situated on the outside or remote from the center.NWAD UTTER.2

    2. Placed or being beyond any compass; out of any place; as the utter deep.NWAD UTTER.3

    3. Extreme; excessive; utmost; as utter darkness.NWAD UTTER.4

    4. Complete; total; final; as utter ruin.NWAD UTTER.5

    5. Peremptory; absolute; as an utter refusal or denial.NWAD UTTER.6

    6. Perfect; mere; quite; as utter strangers.NWAD UTTER.7

    UTTER, v.t.

    1. To speak; to pronounce; to express; as, to utter words; to utter sounds.NWAD UTTER.9

    2. To disclose; to discover; to divulge; to publish. He never utters a syllable of what I suppose to be intended as a secret.NWAD UTTER.10

    3. To sell; to vend; as, to utter wares. [This is obsolete, unless in the law style.]NWAD UTTER.11

    4. To put or send into circulation; to put off, as currency, or cause to pass in commerce; as, to utter coin or notes. A man utters a false note, who gives it in payment, knowing it to be false.NWAD UTTER.12

    UTTERABLE, a. That may be uttered, pronounced or expressed.

    UTTERANCE, n.

    1. The act of uttering words; pronunciation; manner of speaking; as a good or bad utterance.NWAD UTTERANCE.2

    They began to speak with other tongues, as the spirit gave them utterance. Acts 2:4.NWAD UTTERANCE.3

    2. Emission from the mouth; vocal expression; as the utterance of sounds.NWAD UTTERANCE.4

    3. Extremity; furthest part. [Not in use.]NWAD UTTERANCE.5

    UTTERED, pp. Spoken; pronounced; disclosed; published; put into circulation.

    UTTERER, n.

    1. One who utters; one who pronounces.NWAD UTTERER.2

    2. One who divulges or discloses.NWAD UTTERER.3

    3. One who puts into circulation.NWAD UTTERER.4

    4. A seller; a vender.NWAD UTTERER.5

    UTTERING, ppr. Pronouncing; disclosing; putting into circulation; selling.

    UTTERLY, adv. To the full extent; fully; perfectly; totally; as utterly tired; utterly debased; utterly lost to all sense of shame; It is utterly vain; utterly out of my power.

    UTTERMOST, a. [utter and most.] Extreme; being in the furthest, greatest or highest degree; as the uttermost extent or end; the uttermost distress.

    UTTERMOST, n. The greatest. the uttermost we can do is to be patient.

    To the uttermost, in the most extensive degree; fully. Hebrews 7:25.NWAD UTTERMOST.3

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