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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    SMILE, v.i.

    1. To contract the features of the face in such a manner as to express pleasure, moderate joy, or love and kindness; the contrary to frown. The smiling infant in his hand shall take the crested basilisk and speckled snake. She smil’d to see the doughty hero slain.NWAD SMILE.2

    2. To express slight contempt by a smiling liik, implying sarcasm or pity; to sneer. ‘Twas what I said to Craggs and Child, who prais’d my modesty, and smil’d.NWAD SMILE.3

    3. To look gay and joyous; or to have an appearance to excite joy; as smiling spring; smiling plenty. The desert smil’d, and paradise was open’d in the wild.NWAD SMILE.4

    4. To be propitious or favorable; to favor; to countenance. May heaven smile on out labors.NWAD SMILE.5

    SMILE, v.t. To awe with a contemptuous smile.

    SMILE, n,

    1. A peculiar contraction of the features of the face, which naturally expresses pleasure, moderate joy, approbation or kindness; opposed to frown. Sweet intercourse of looks and smiles.NWAD SMILE.8

    2. Gay or joyous appearance; as the smiles of spring.NWAD SMILE.9

    3. Favor; countenance; propitiousness; as the smiles of providence.NWAD SMILE.10

    A smile of contempt, a look resembling that of pleasure, but usually or often it can be distinguished by an accompanying archness, or some glance intended to be understood.NWAD SMILE.11

    SMILER, n. One who smiles.

    SMILING, ppr. Having a smile on the countenance; looking joyous or gay; looking propitious.

    SMILINGLY, adv. With a look of pleasure.

    SMILT, for smelt. [Not in use.]

    SMIRCH, v.t. smerch. [from murk, murky.] To cloud; to dusk; to soil; as, to smirch the face. [Low.]

    SMIRK, v.i. smerch. To look affectedly soft or kind. [See Smerk.]

    SMIT, sometimes used for smitten. [See Smite.]

    SMITE, v.t. pret. smote; pp. smitten, smil. [This verb is the L. mitto.]

    1. To strike; to throw, drive or force against, as the fist or hand, a stone or a weapon; to reach with a blow or a weapon; as, to smite one with the fist; to smite with a rod or with a stone. Whoever shall smite thee on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. Matthew 5:39.NWAD SMITE.2

    2. To kill; to destroy the life of by beating or by weapons of any kind; as, to smite one with the sword, or with an arrow or other engine. David smote Goliath with a sling and a stone. The Philistines were often smitten with great slaughter. [This word, like slay, usually or always signification, that of beating, striking, the primitive mode of killing. We never apply it to the destruction of life by poison, by accident or by legal execution.]NWAD SMITE.3

    3. To blast; to destroy life; as by a stroke or by something sent. The flax and the barley were smitten. Exodus 9:31.NWAD SMITE.4

    4. To afflict; to chasten; to punish. Let us not mistake God’s goodness, nor imagine, because he smites us, that we are forsaken by him.NWAD SMITE.5

    5. To strike or affect with passion. See what the charms that smite the simple heart. Smit with the love of sister arts we came.NWAD SMITE.6

    To smite with the tongue, to reproach or upbraid. Jeremiah 18:18.NWAD SMITE.7

    SMITE, v.i. To strike; to collide. The heart melteth and the kness smite together. Nahum 2:10.

    SMITE, n. A blow.

    SMITER, n. One who smites or strikes. I gave my back to the smiters. Isaiah 50:6.

    SMITH, n.

    1. Literally, the striker, the beater; hence, one who forges with the hammer; one who works in metals; as an iron-smith; gold-smith; silver-smith, etc. Nor yet the smith hath learn’d to form a sword.NWAD SMITH.2

    2. He that makes or effects any thing.NWAD SMITH.3

    Hence the name Smith, which, from the number of workmen employed in working metals in early ages, is supposed to be more common than any other.NWAD SMITH.4

    SMITH, v.t. To beat into shape; to forge. [Not in use.]

    SMITHCRAFT, n. [smith and craft.] The art of occupation of a smith. [Little used.]

    SMITHERY, n.

    1. The worshop of a smith.NWAD SMITHERY.2

    2. Work done by a smith.NWAD SMITHERY.3

    SMITHING, n. The act or art of working a mass of iron into the intended shape.

    SMITHY, n. The shop of a smith. [I believe never used.]

    SMITT, n. The finest of the clayey ore made up into balls, used for marking sheep.

    SMITTEN, pp. of smite, smit’n.

    1. Struck; killed.NWAD SMITTEN.2

    2. Affected with some passion; excited by beauty or someting impressive.NWAD SMITTEN.3

    SMITTLE, v.t. [from smite.] To infect.

    SMOCK, n.

    1. A shift; a chemise; a woman’s under garment.NWAD SMOCK.2

    2. In composition, it is used for female, or what relates to women; as smock-treason.NWAD SMOCK.3

    SMOCK-FACED, a. [smock and face.] Pace faced; maidenly; having a feminine countenance or complexion.

    SMOCK-FROCK, n. [smock and frock.] A gaberdine.

    SMOCKLESS, n. Wanting a smock.

    SMOKE, n.

    1. The exhalation, visble vapor or substance that escapes or is expelled in combustion from the substance burning. It is paricularly applied to the volatile matter expelled from vegetable matter, or wood coal, peat, etc. The matter expelled from metallic substances is more generally called fume, fumes.NWAD SMOKE.2

    2. Vapor; water exhalations.NWAD SMOKE.3

    SMOKE, v.i.

    1. To emit smoke; to throw off volatile matter in the form of vapor or exhalation. Wood and other fuel smokes when burning; amd smokes most when there is the least flame.NWAD SMOKE.5

    2. To burn; to be kindled; to rage; in Scripture. The anger of the Lord and his jealousy shall smoke against that man. Deuteronomy 29:20.NWAD SMOKE.6

    3. To raise a dust or smoke by rapid motion. Proud of his steeds, be smokes along the field.NWAD SMOKE.7

    4. To smell or hunt out; to suspect. I began to smoke that they were a parcel of mummers. [Little used.]NWAD SMOKE.8

    5. To use tobacco in a pipe or cigar, by kindling the tobacco, drawing the smoke into the mouth and puffing it out.NWAD SMOKE.9

    6. TO suffer; to be punished. Some of you shall smoke for it in Rome.NWAD SMOKE.10

    SMOKE, v.t.

    1. To apply smoke to; to hang in smoke; to scent, medicate or dry by smoke; as, to smoke infected clothing; to smoke beef or hams for preservation.NWAD SMOKE.12

    2. To smell out; to find out. He was first smoked by the old lord Lafeer. [Now little used.]NWAD SMOKE.13

    3. TO sneer at; to ridicule to the face.NWAD SMOKE.14

    SMOKED, pp. Cured, cleansed or dried in smoke.

    SMOKEDRY, v.t. To dry by smoke.

    SMOKE-JACK, n. An engine for turning a spit by means of a fly or wheel turned by the current of ascending air in a chimney.

    SMOKELESS, a. Having no smoke; as smokeless towers.

    SMOKER, a.

    1. One that dries by smoke.NWAD SMOKER.2

    2. One that used tobacco by burning it in a pipe or in the form of a cigar.NWAD SMOKER.3

    SMOKING, ppr.

    1. Emitting smoke, as fuel, etc.NWAD SMOKING.2

    2. Applying smoke for cleansing, drying, etc.NWAD SMOKING.3

    3. Using tobacco in a pipe or cigar.NWAD SMOKING.4

    SMOKING, n.

    1. The act of emitting smoke.NWAD SMOKING.6

    2. The act of applying smoke to.NWAD SMOKING.7

    3. The act or practice of using tobacco by burning it in a pipe or cigar.NWAD SMOKING.8

    SMOKY, a.

    1. Emitting smoke; fumid; as smoky fires.NWAD SMOKY.2

    2. Having the appearance or nature of smoke; as a smoky fog.NWAD SMOKY.3

    3. Filled with smoke, or with a vapor resembling it; thick. New England in autumn frequently has a smoky atmosphere.NWAD SMOKY.4

    4. Subject to be filled with smoke from the chimneys or fire-places; as a smoky house.NWAD SMOKY.5

    5. Tarnished with smoke; noisome with smoke; as smoky rafters; smoky cells.NWAD SMOKY.6

    SMOLDERING, the more correct orthography of smouldering, which see.

    SMOOR, SMORE, v.t. To suffocate or smother. [Not in use.]

    SMOOTH, a. [L. mitis.]

    1. Having an even surface, or a surface so even that no roughness or points are perceptible to the touch; not rough; as smooth glass; smooth porcelain. The out lines must be smooth, imperceptible to the touch.NWAD SMOOTH.2

    2. To free from obstruction; to make easy. Thou, Abelard, the last sad office pay, And smooth my passage to the realms of day.NWAD SMOOTH.3

    3. To free from harshness; to make flowing. In their motions harmony divine so smooths her charming tones.NWAD SMOOTH.4

    4. To palliate; to soften; as, to smooth a fault.NWAD SMOOTH.5

    5. To calm; to mollify; to allay. Each perturbation smooth’d with outward calm.NWAD SMOOTH.6

    6. To ease. The difficulty smoothed.NWAD SMOOTH.7

    7. To flatter; to soften with blandishments. Because I cannot flatter and look fair, smile in men’s faces, smooth, deceive and coy.NWAD SMOOTH.8

    SMOOTHED, pp. Made smooth.

    SMOOTHEN, for smooth, is used by mechanics; though not, I believe, in the U. States.

    SMOOTH-FACED, a. Having a mild, soft look; as smooth-faced wooers.

    SMOOTHLY, adv,

    1. Evenly; not roughly or harshly.NWAD SMOOTHLY.2

    2. With even flow or motion; as, to flow or glide smoothly.NWAD SMOOTHLY.3

    3. Without obstruction or difficulty; readily; easily.NWAD SMOOTHLY.4

    4. With soft, bland, insinuating language.NWAD SMOOTHLY.5


    1. Evenness of suface; freedom from roughness or asperity; as the smoothness of a floor or wall; smoothness of the skin; smoothness of the water.NWAD SMOOTHNESS.2

    2. Softness or mildness to the palate; as the smoothness of wine.NWAD SMOOTHNESS.3

    3. Softness and sweetness of numbers; easy flow of words. Virgil, though smooth where smoothness is required, is far from affecting it.NWAD SMOOTHNESS.4

    4. Mildness or gentleness of speech; blandness of address.NWAD SMOOTHNESS.5

    SMOTE, pret. of smite.

    SMOTHER, v.t. [allied perhaps to smoke.]

    1. To suffocate of extinguish life by causing smoke or dust to enter the lungs; to stifle.NWAD SMOTHER.2

    2. To suffocate or extinguish by closely covering, and be the exclustion of air; as, to smother a child in bed.NWAD SMOTHER.3

    3. To suppress; to stifle; as, to smother the light of the understanding.NWAD SMOTHER.4

    SMOTHER, n.

    1. Smoke; thick dust.NWAD SMOTHER.6

    2. A state of suppression. [Not in use.]NWAD SMOTHER.7

    SMOUCH, v.t. To salute. [Not in use.]

    SMOULDERING, SMOULDRY, a. [a word formed from mold, molder. and therefore it ought to be written smoldering.] Burning and smoking without vent.

    SMUG, a. Nice; neat; affectedly nice in dress. [Not in use.]

    SMUG, v.t. To make spruce; to dress with affected neatness. [Not in use.]

    SMUGGLE, v.t. [We probably have the root mug, in hugger mugger.]

    1. To import or export secretly goods which are forbidden by the goverment to be imported or exported; or secretly to import or export dutiable goods without paying the duties imposed by law; to run.NWAD SMUGGLE.2

    2. To convey clandestinely.NWAD SMUGGLE.3

    SMUGGLED, pp. Imported or exported clandestinely and contrary to law.

    SMUGGLER, n.

    1. One that imports or exports goods privately and contrary to law, either contraband goods or dutiable goods, without paying the customs.NWAD SMUGGLER.2

    2. A vessel employed in running goods.NWAD SMUGGLER.3

    SMUGGLING, ppr. Importing or exporting goods contrary to law.

    SMUGGLING, n. The offense of importing or exporting prohibited goods. or other goods without paying the customs.

    SMUGLY, adv. Neatly; sprucely. [Not in use.]

    SMUGNESS, n. Neatness; spruceness without elegance. [Not in use.]

    SMUT, n.

    1. A spot made with soot or coal; or the foul matter itself.NWAD SMUT.2

    2. A foul black substance which forms on corn. Sometimes the whole ear is blasted and converted into smut. This is often the fact with maiz. Smut lessens the value of wheat.NWAD SMUT.3

    3. Obscene language.NWAD SMUT.4

    SMUT, v.i. To gather smut; tobe converted into smut.

    SMUTCH, v.t. [from smoke.] To blacken with smoke, soot or coal.

    [Note. We have a common word in New England, pronouced smooch, which I take to be smutch. It signifies to foul or blacken with something produced by combustion or other like substance.]NWAD SMUTCH.2

    SMUTTILY, adv.

    1. Blackly; smokily; foully.NWAD SMUTTILY.2

    2. With obscene laguage.NWAD SMUTTILY.3

    SMUTTY, a.

    1. Soiled from smut, coal, soot or the like.NWAD SMUTTY.2

    2. Tainted with mildew; as smutty corn.NWAD SMUTTY.3

    3. Obscene; not modest or pure; as smutty language.NWAD SMUTTY.4

    SNACK, n. [Qu. from the root of snatch.]

    1. A share. It is now chiefly or wholly used in the phrase, to go snacks with one, that is, to have a share.NWAD SNACK.2

    2. A slight hasty repast.NWAD SNACK.3

    SNACKET, SNECKET, n. The hasp of a casement.

    SNACOT, n. A fish. [L. acus.]

    SNAFFLE, n. A bridle consisting of a slender bit-mouth, without branches.

    SNAFFLE, v.t. To bridle; to hold or manage with a bridle.

    SNAG, n.

    1. A short branch, or a sharp or rough branch; a shoot; a knot. The coat of arms now on a naked snag in triumph borne.NWAD SNAG.2

    2. A tooth, in contempt; or a tooth projecting beyond the rest.NWAD SNAG.3

    SNAGGED, SNAGGY, a. Full of snags; full of short rough branches or sharp points; abounding with knots; as a snaggy tree; a snaggy stick; a snaggy oak.

    SNAIL, n.

    1. A slimy slow creeping animal, of the genus Helix, and order of Mollusca. The eyes of this insect are in the horns, one at the end of each, which it can retract at pleasure.NWAD SNAIL.2

    2. A drone; a slow moving person.NWAD SNAIL.3

    SNAIL-CLAVER, SNAIL-TREFOIL, n. A plant of the genus Medicago.

    SNAIL-FLOWER, n. A plant of the genus Phaseolus.

    SNAIL-LIKE, a. Resembling a snail; moving very slowly.

    SNAIL-LIKE, adv. In the manner of a snail; slowly.

    SNAKE, n. A serpent of the oviparous kind, distinguished from a viper, says Johnson. But in America, the common and general name of serpents, and so the word is used by the poets.

    SNAKE, v.t. In seamen’s language, to wind a small rope round a large one spirally, the small ropes lying in the spaces between the strands of the large one. This is called also worming.

    SNAKEROOT, n. [snake and root.] A plant, a species of birth-wort, growing in North Am merica the Aristolochia serpentaria.

    SNAKESHEAD IRIS, n. A plant with a lily shaped flower, or one leaf, shaped like an iris; the hermodactyl, or Iris tuberosa.

    SNAKEWEED, n. [snake and weed.] A plant, bistort, of the genus Polygonum.

    SNAKEWOOD, n. [snake and wood.] The smaller branches of a tree, growing in the isle of Timor and other parts of the east, having a bitter taste, and supposed to be a certain remedy for the bite of the hooded serpent. It is the wood of the Slrychnos colubrina.

    SNAKING, ppr. WInding small ropes spirally round a large one.

    SNAKY, a.

    1. Pertaining to a snake or to snakes; resembling a snake; serpentine; winding.NWAD SNAKY.2

    2. Sly; cunning; insinuating; deceitful. So to the coast of Jordan he directs his easy steps, girded with snaky wiles.NWAD SNAKY.3

    3. Having serpents; as a snaky rod or want. That sanky headed gorgon shield.NWAD SNAKY.4

    SNAP, v.t.

    1. To break at once; to break short; as substances that are brittle. Breaks the doors open, smaps the locks.NWAD SNAP.2

    2. To strike with a sharp sound.NWAD SNAP.3

    3. To bite or seize suddenly with the teeth.NWAD SNAP.4

    4. To break upon suddenly with sharp angry words.NWAD SNAP.5

    5. To crack; as, to snap a whip.NWAD SNAP.6

    To snap off.NWAD SNAP.7

    1. To break suddenly.NWAD SNAP.8

    2. To bite off suddenly.NWAD SNAP.9

    To snap one up, or to snap one up short, to treat with sharp words.NWAD SNAP.10

    SNAP, v.i.

    1. To break short; to part asunder suddenly; as, a mast or spar snaps; a needle snaps. If steel is too hard, that is, too brittle, with the least bending, it will snap.NWAD SNAP.12

    2. To make an effort to bite; to aim to seize with the teeth; as, a dog snaps at a passenger; a fish snaps at the bait.NWAD SNAP.13

    3. To utter sharp, harsh, angry words.NWAD SNAP.14

    SNAP, n.

    1. A sudden breaking or rupture of any substance.NWAD SNAP.16

    2. A sudden eager bite; a sudden seizing or effort to seize with the teeth.NWAD SNAP.17

    3. A crack of a whip.NWAD SNAP.18

    4. A greedly fellow.NWAD SNAP.19

    5. A catch; a theft.NWAD SNAP.20


    1. A plant, calf’s snout, of the genus Antirrhinum, and another of the genus Ruellia, and one of the genus Barleria.NWAD SNAP-DRAGON.2

    2. A play in which raisins are snatched from burning brandy and put into the mouth.NWAD SNAP-DRAGON.3

    3. The thing eaten at snap-dragon.NWAD SNAP-DRAGON.4

    SNAPPED, pp. Broken abruptly; seized or bitten suddenly; cracked, as a whip.

    SNAPPER, n. One that snaps.

    SNAPPISH, a.

    1. Eager to bite; apt to snap; as a snappish cur.NWAD SNAPPISH.2

    2. Peevish; sharp in reply; apt to speak angrily or tartly.NWAD SNAPPISH.3

    SNAPPISHLY, adv. Peevishly; angrily; tartly.

    SNAPPISHNESS, n. The quality of being snappish; peeevishness; tartness.

    SNAPSACK, n. A knapsack. [Vulgar.]

    SNAR, v.i. To snarl. [Not in use.]

    SNARE, n.

    1. An instrument for catching animals, particularly fowls, by the leg. It consists of a cord or string with slip-knots, in which the leg is entangled. A snare is not a net.NWAD SNARE.2

    2. Any thing by which one is entangled and brought into troble. 1 Corinthians 7:35. A fool’s lip are the snare of his soul. Proverbs 18:7.NWAD SNARE.3

    SNARE, v.t. To catch with a snare; to ensnare; to entangle; to bring into unexpected evil, perplexity or danger. The wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Psalm 9:16.

    SNARED, pp. Entangled; unexpectedly involved in difficulty.

    SNARER, n. One who lays snares or entangles.

    SNARING, ppr. Entangling; ensnaring.

    SNARL, v.i. [This word seems to be allied to gnarl, and to proceed from some root signifyingto twist, bind, or fasten, or to involve, entangle, and thus to be allied to snare.]

    1. To growl, as an angry or surly dog; to gnarl; to utter grumbling sounds; but it expresses more violence than grumble. That I should snarl and bit and play the dog.NWAD SNARL.2

    2. To speak roughly; to talk in rude murmuring terms. It is malicious and unmanly to snarl at the little lapses of a pen, from with Virgil himself stands not exempted.NWAD SNARL.3

    SNARL, v.t.

    1. To entangle; to complicate; to involve in knots; as, to snarl the hair; to snarl a skain of thread. [This word is in universal popular use in New England.]NWAD SNARL.5

    2. To embarrass.NWAD SNARL.6

    SNARL, n. Entanglement; a knot or complication of hair, thread, etc., which it is difficult to disentangle.

    SNARLER, n. One who snarls; a surly growling animal; a grumbling quarrelsime fellow.

    SNARLING, ppr.

    1. Growling; grumblling angrily.NWAD SNARLING.2

    2. Entangling.NWAD SNARLING.3

    SNARY, a. [from snare.] Entangling; insidious. Spiders in the vault their snary webs have spread.

    SNAST, n. The snuff of a candle. [Not in use.]

    SNATCH, v.t. pret. and pp. snatched or snacht.

    1. To seize hastily or abruptly. When half our knowledge we must snatch, not take.NWAD SNATCH.2

    2. To seize without permission or ceremony; as, to snatch a kiss.NWAD SNATCH.3

    3. To seize and transport away; as, snatch me to heaven.NWAD SNATCH.4

    SNATCH, v.i. To catch at; to attempt to seize suddenly. Nay, the ladies too will be snatching. He shall snatch on the right hand, and be hungry. Isaiah 9:20.

    SNATCH, n.

    1. A hasty catch or seizing.NWAD SNATCH.7

    2. A catching at or attempt to seize suddenly.NWAD SNATCH.8

    3. A short fit of vigorous action; as a snatch as weeding after a shower.NWAD SNATCH.9

    4. A broken or interrupted action; a short fit or turn. They move by fits and snatches. We have often little snatches of sunshine.NWAD SNATCH.10

    5. A shuffling answer. [Little used.]NWAD SNATCH.11

    SNATCH-BLOCK, n. A particular kind of block used in ships, having an opening in one side to receive the bight of a rope.

    SNATCHED, pp. Seized suddenly and violently.

    SNATCHER, n. One that snatches or takes abruptly.

    SNATCHING, ppr. Seized hastily or abruptly; catching at.

    SNATCHINGLY, adv. By snatching; hastily; abruptly.

    SNATH, n. The handle of a sythe.

    SNATHE, v.t. To lop; to prune. [Not in use.]

    SNATTOCK, n. [supra.] A chip; a slice. [Not in use.]

    SNEAK, v.i. [See Snake.]

    1. To creep or steal away privately; to withdraw meanly, as a person afraid or ashamed to be seen; as, to sneak away from company; to sneak into a corner or behind a screen. You skulk’d behind the fence, and sneak’d away.NWAD SNEAK.2

    2. To speak roughly; to talk in rude murmuring terms. It is malicious and unmanly to snarly at the little lapses of a pen, from which Virgil himself stands not exempted.NWAD SNEAK.3

    SNEAK, v.t. To hide. [Not in use.]

    SNEAK, n. A mean fellow.

    SNEAKER, n. A small vessel of drink.

    SNEAKING, ppr.

    1. Creeping away slily; stealing away.NWAD SNEAKING.2

    2. a. Mean; servile; crouching.NWAD SNEAKING.3

    3. Meanly parsimonious; covetous; niggardly.NWAD SNEAKING.4

    SNEAKINGLY, adv. In a sneaking manner; meanly.

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