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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    PURSE-PRIDE, n. Pride of money; insolence proceeding from the possession of wealth.

    PURSE-PROUD, a. Proud of wealth; puffed up with the possession of money or riches.

    PURSER, n. In the navy, an officer who has charge of the provisions of a ship of war, and attends to their preservation and distribution among the officers and crew.

    PURSINESS, a mistake for pussiness. [See Pussy.]

    PURSLAIN, n. [The Latin is portulaca. See Leek.]

    A plant of the genus Portulaca. The sea purslain is of the genus Atriplex. The tree sea purslain is the Atriplex halimus. [See Purslain tree.] The water purslain is of the genus Peplis.NWAD PURSLAIN.2

    PURSLAIN-TREE, n. [L. halimus.] A shrub proper for hedges.

    PURSUABLE, a. [from pursue.]

    That may be pursued, followed of prosecuted.NWAD PURSUABLE.2

    PURSUANCE, a. [from pursue.] A following; prosecution, process or continued exertion to reach or accomplish something; as in pursuance of the main design.

    1. Consequence; as in pursuance of an order from the commander in chief.NWAD PURSUANCE.2

    PURSUANT, a. [from pursue] Done in consequence or prosecution of any thing; hence, agreeable; conformable. Pursuant to a former resolution the house proceeded to appoint the standing committees. This measure was adopted pursuant to a former order.

    PURSUE, v.t. [L. sequor; prosequor, or persequor. See Seek.]

    1. To follow; to go or proceed after or in a like direction. The captain pursued the same course as former navigators have taken. A subsequent legislature pursued the course of their predecessors.NWAD PURSUE.2

    2. To take and proceed in, without following another. Captain Cook pursued a new and unexplored course. New circumstances often compel us to pursue new expedients and untried course. What course shall we pursue?NWAD PURSUE.3

    3. To follow with a view to overtake; to follow with haste; to chase; as, to pursue a hare; to pursue an enemy.NWAD PURSUE.4

    4. To seek; to use measures to obtain; as, to pursue a remedy at law.NWAD PURSUE.5

    5. To prosecute; to continue. A stream proceeds from a lake and pursues a southerly course to the ocean.NWAD PURSUE.6

    He that pursueth evil, pursueth it to his own death. Proverbs 11:19.NWAD PURSUE.7

    6. To follow as an example; to imitate.NWAD PURSUE.8

    The fame of ancient matrons you pursue.NWAD PURSUE.9

    7. To endeavor to attain to; to strive to reach or gain.NWAD PURSUE.10

    We happiness pursue; we fly from pain.NWAD PURSUE.11

    8. To follow with enmity; to persecute.NWAD PURSUE.12

    This verb is frequently followed by after. Genesis 35:5.NWAD PURSUE.13

    PURSUE, v.i. To go on; to proceed; to continue; a Gallicism.

    I have, pursues Carneades, wondered chimists should not consider--NWAD PURSUE.15

    PURSUED, pp. Followed; chased; prosecuted; continued.

    PURSUER, n. One that follows; one that chases; one that follows in haste with a view to overtake.

    PURSUING, ppr. Following; chasing; hastening after to overtake; prosecuting; proceeding in; continuing.

    PURSUIT, n. The act of following with a view to overtake; a following with haste, either for sport or in hostility; as the pursuit of game; the pursuit of an enemy.

    1. A following with a view to reach, accomplish or obtain; endeavor to attain to or gain; as the pursuit of knowledge; the pursuit of happiness or pleasure; the pursuit of power, of honor, of distinction, of a phantom.NWAD PURSUIT.2

    2. Proceeding; course of business or occupation; continued employment with a view to some end; as mercantile pursuits; literary pursuits.NWAD PURSUIT.3

    3. Prosecution; continuance of endeavor.NWAD PURSUIT.4

    PURSUIVANT, n. A state messenger; an attendant on the heralds.

    PURSY, a corrupt orthography. [See Pussy.]

    PURTENANCE, n. [from the L. pertinens, pertineo. See Appurtenance.] Appurtenance; but applied to the pluck of an animal, Exodus 12:9.

    PURULENCE, PURULENCY, n. [L. purulentus, from pus, puris, matter.]

    The generation of pus or matter; pus.NWAD PURULENCE.2

    PURULENT, a. Consisting of pus or matter; partaking of the nature of pus.

    PURVEY, v.t. [L. provideo.]

    1. To provide; to provide with conveniences.NWAD PURVEY.2

    2. To procure.NWAD PURVEY.3

    PURVEY, v.i. To purchase provisions; to provide.

    PURVEYANCE, n. Procurement of provisions or victuals.

    1. Provision; victuals provided.NWAD PURVEYANCE.2

    2. In English laws, the royal prerogative or right of pre-emption, by which the king was authorized to buy provision and necessaries for the use of his household at an apprized value, in preference to all his subjects, and even without the consent of the owner; also, the right of impressing horses and carriages, etc.; a right abolished by Stat. 12. Charles II. 24.NWAD PURVEYANCE.3

    PURVEYOR, n. One who provides victuals, or whose business is to make provision for the table; a victualer.

    1. An officer who formerly provided or exacted provision for the king’s household.NWAD PURVEYOR.2

    2. One who provides the means of gratifying lust; a procurer; a pimp; a bawd.NWAD PURVEYOR.3

    PURVIEW, n.

    1. Primarily, a condition or proviso; but in this sense not used.NWAD PURVIEW.2

    2. The body of a statute, or that part which begins with “Be it enacted,” as distinguished form the preamble.NWAD PURVIEW.3

    3. In modern usage, the limit or scope of a statute; the whole extend of its intention or provisions.NWAD PURVIEW.4

    4. Superintendence.NWAD PURVIEW.5

    The federal power--is confined to objects of a general nature, more within the purview of the United States, than of any particular one. [Unusual.]NWAD PURVIEW.6

    5. Limit or sphere intended; scope; extent.NWAD PURVIEW.7

    In determining the extent of information required in the exercise of a particular authority, recourse must be had to the objects within the purview of that authority.NWAD PURVIEW.8

    PUS, n. [L.] The white or yellowish matter generated in ulcers and wounds in the process of healing.

    PUSH, v.t.

    1. To press against with force; to drive or impel by pressure; or to endeavor to drive by steady pressure, without striking; opposed to draw. We push a thing forward by force applied behind it; we draw by applying force before it. We may push without moving the object.NWAD PUSH.2

    2. To butt; to strike with the end of the horns; to thrust the points of horns against.NWAD PUSH.3

    If the ox shall push a man-servant or maid-servant--he shall be stones. Exodus 21:32.NWAD PUSH.4

    3. To press or urge forward; as, to push an objection too far.NWAD PUSH.5

    He forewarns his careNWAD PUSH.6

    With rules to push his fortune or to bear.NWAD PUSH.7

    4. To urge; to drive.NWAD PUSH.8

    Ambition pushes the soul to such actions as are apt to procure honor to the actor.NWAD PUSH.9

    5. To enforce; to press; to drive to a conclusion.NWAD PUSH.10

    We are pushed for an answer.NWAD PUSH.11

    6. To importune; to press with solicitation; to tease.NWAD PUSH.12

    To push down, to overthrow by pushing or impulse.NWAD PUSH.13

    PUSH, v.i. To make a thrust; as, to push with the horns or with a sword.

    1. To make an effort.NWAD PUSH.15

    At lengthNWAD PUSH.16

    Both sides resolv’d to push, we tried our strength.NWAD PUSH.17

    2. To make an attack.NWAD PUSH.18

    The king of the south shall push at him. Daniel 11:40.NWAD PUSH.19

    3. To burst out.NWAD PUSH.20

    To push on, to drive or urge forward; to hasten. Push on, brave men.NWAD PUSH.21

    PUSH, n. A thrust with a pointed instrument, or with the end of a thing.

    1. Any pressure, impulse or force applied; as, to give the ball the first push.NWAD PUSH.23

    2. An assault or attack.NWAD PUSH.24

    3. A forcible onset; a vigorous effort.NWAD PUSH.25

    4. Exigence; trial; extremity.NWAD PUSH.26

    When it comes to the push, it is no more than talk.NWAD PUSH.27

    5. A sudden emergence.NWAD PUSH.28

    6. A little swelling or pustule; a wheal; a pimple; an eruption.NWAD PUSH.29

    PUSHED, pp. Pressed; urged; driven.

    PUSHER, n. One that drives forward.

    PUSHING, ppr. Pressing; driving; urging forward.

    1. a. Pressing forward in business; enterprising; driving; vigorous.NWAD PUSHING.2

    PUSHPIN, n. A child’s play in which pins are pushed alternately.

    PUSILLANIMITY, n. [L. pusillanimitas; pusillus, small, weak, and animus, courage.] Want of that firmness and strength of mind which constitutes courage or fortitude; weakness of spirit; cowardliness; that feebleness of mind which shrinks from trifling or imaginary dangers.

    It is obvious to distinguish between an act of pusillanimity and an act of great modesty or humility.NWAD PUSILLANIMITY.2


    1. Destitute of that strength and firmness of mind which constitute courage, bravery and fortitude; being of weak courage; mean spirited; cowardly; applied to persons; as a pusillanimous prince.NWAD PUSILLANIMOUS.2

    2. Proceeding from weakness of mind or want of courage; feeble; as pusillanimous counsels.NWAD PUSILLANIMOUS.3

    PUSILLANIMOUSLY, adv. With want of courage.

    PUSILLANIMOUSNESS, n. Pusillanimity; want of courage.

    PUSS, n.

    1. The fondling name of a cat.NWAD PUSS.2

    2. The sportsman’s name for a hare.NWAD PUSS.3

    PUSSINESS, n. [from pussy.] A state of being swelled or bloated; inflation; hence, shortness of breath.

    PUSSY, a. Properly, inflated, swelled; hence, fat, short and thick; and as persons of this make labor in respiration, the word is used for short breathed.

    PUSTULATE, v.t. [L. pustulatus. See Pustule.]

    To form into pustules or blisters.NWAD PUSTULATE.2

    PUSTULE, n. pus’l or pus’tul; the former is the usual pronunciation in America. [L. pustula; from the root of push.]

    A pimple or wheal; a small push or eruption on the skin.NWAD PUSTULE.2

    PUSTULOUS, a. [L. pustulosus.] Full of pustules or pimples.

    PUT, v.t. pret. and pp. put. [Gr. a germ, shoot or twig. We find the same word in the L. puto, to prune, that is, to thrust off, also to think or consider, that is, to set in the mind, as we use suppose, L. supono. But we see the English sense more distinctly in the compounds, imputo, to impute, that is, to put to or on; computo, to compute, to put together. The L. posui, from pono, is probably a dialectical orthography of the same root.]

    1. To set, lay or place; in a general sense. Thus we say, to put the hand to the face; to put a book on the shelf; to put a horse in the stable; to put fire to the fuel; to put clothes on the body. God planted a garden and there he put Adam.NWAD PUT.2

    2. Put is applicable to state or condition, as well as to place. Put him in a condition to help himself. Put the fortress in a state of defense. The apostles were put in trust with the gospel. We are often put in jeopardy by our own ignorance or rashness. We do not always put the best men in office.NWAD PUT.3

    3. To repose.NWAD PUT.4

    How wilt thou--put thy trust on Egypt for chariots? 2 Kings 18:24.NWAD PUT.5

    4. To push into action.NWAD PUT.6

    Thank him who puts me, loth, to this revenge.NWAD PUT.7

    5. To apply; to set to employment.NWAD PUT.8

    No man having put his hand to the plow, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God. Luke 9:62.NWAD PUT.9

    6. To throw or introduce suddenly. He had no time to put in a word.NWAD PUT.10

    7. To consign to letters.NWAD PUT.11

    He made a proclamation--and put it also in writing. 2 Chronicles 36:22.NWAD PUT.12

    8. To oblige; to require.NWAD PUT.13

    We are put to prove things which can hardly be made plainer.NWAD PUT.14

    9. To incite; to instigate; to urge by influence. The appearance of a formidable enemy put the king on making vigorous preparations for defense.NWAD PUT.15

    This put me upon observing the thickness of the glass.NWAD PUT.16

    These wretches put us upon all mischief, to feed their lusts and extravagances.NWAD PUT.17

    10. To propose; as, to put a question to the witness; to put a case in point.NWAD PUT.18

    11. To reach to another. Habakkuk 2:15.NWAD PUT.19

    12. To bring into a state of mind or temper.NWAD PUT.20

    Solyman, to put the Rhodians out of all suspicion of invasion--NWAD PUT.21

    13. To offer; to advance.NWAD PUT.22

    I am ashamed to put a loose indigested play upon the public--NWAD PUT.23

    14. To cause.NWAD PUT.24

    The natural constitutions of men put a wide difference between them.NWAD PUT.25

    To put about, to turn, to change the course; to gibe ship.NWAD PUT.26

    To put by, to turn away; to divert.NWAD PUT.27

    The design of the evil one is to put thee by from thy spiritual employment.NWAD PUT.28

    A fright hath put by an ague fit.NWAD PUT.29

    1. To thrust aside.NWAD PUT.30

    Jonathan had died for being so,NWAD PUT.31

    Had not just God put by th’ unnatural blow.NWAD PUT.32

    To put down, to baffle; to repress; to crush; as, to put down a party.NWAD PUT.33

    1. To degrade; to deprive of authority, power or place.NWAD PUT.34

    2. To bring into disuse.NWAD PUT.35

    Sugar hath put down the use of honey.NWAD PUT.36

    3. To confute; to silence.NWAD PUT.37

    Mark now how a plain tale shall put you down.NWAD PUT.38

    To put forth, to propose; to offer to notice.NWAD PUT.39

    Sampson said, I will now put forth a riddle to you. Judges 14:12.NWAD PUT.40

    1. To extend; to reach; as, to put forth the hand.NWAD PUT.41

    2. To shoot out; to send out, as a sprout; as, to put forth leaves.NWAD PUT.42

    3. To exert; to bring into action; as, to put forth strength.NWAD PUT.43

    4. To publish, as a book.NWAD PUT.44

    To put in, to introduce among others; as, to put in a word while others are discoursing.NWAD PUT.45

    1. To insert; as, to put in a passage or clause; to put in a cion.NWAD PUT.46

    2. To conduct into a harbor.NWAD PUT.47

    To put in fear, to affright; to make fearful.NWAD PUT.48

    To put in mind, to remind; to call to remembrance.NWAD PUT.49

    To put in practice, to use; to exercise; as, to put in practice the maxims of the wise man.NWAD PUT.50

    To put into another’s hands, to trust; to commit to the care of.NWAD PUT.51

    To put off, to divest; to lay aside; as, to put off a robe; to put off mortality or the mortal body; to put off haughty airs.NWAD PUT.52

    1. To turn aside from a purpose or demand; to defeat or delay by artifice.NWAD PUT.53

    I hoped for a demonstration, but Themistices hopes to put me off with a harangue.NWAD PUT.54

    This is n unreasonable demand, and we might put him off with this answer.NWAD PUT.55

    2. To delay; to defer; to postpone. How generally do men put off the care of their salvation to future opportunities!NWAD PUT.56

    3. To pass fallaciously; to cause to be circulated or received; as, to put off upon the world some plausible reports or ingenious theory.NWAD PUT.57

    4. To discard.NWAD PUT.58

    The clothiers all put offNWAD PUT.59

    The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers--NWAD PUT.60

    5. To recommend; to vend; to obtrude.NWAD PUT.61

    6. To vend; to sell.NWAD PUT.62

    7. To pass into other hands; as, to put off a counterfeit coin or note.NWAD PUT.63

    8. To push from land; as, to put off the boat.NWAD PUT.64

    To put on or upon, to impute; to charge; as, to put one’s own crime or blame on another.NWAD PUT.65

    1. To invest with, as clothes or covering; as, to put on a cloke.NWAD PUT.66

    2. To assume; as, to put on a grave countenance; to put on a counterfeit appearance.NWAD PUT.67

    Mercury--put on the shape of a man.NWAD PUT.68

    3. To forward; to promote.NWAD PUT.69

    This came handsomely to put on the peace.NWAD PUT.70

    4. To impose; to inflict.NWAD PUT.71

    That which thou puttest on me, I will bear. 2 Kings 18:14.NWAD PUT.72

    To be put upon, to be imposed on; to be deceived; used chiefly in the passive form.NWAD PUT.73

    To put over, to refer; to send.NWAD PUT.74

    For the certain knowledge of that truth,NWAD PUT.75

    I put you o’er to heaven and to my mother.NWAD PUT.76

    1. To defer; to postpone. The court put over the cause to the next term.NWAD PUT.77

    To put out, to place at interest; to lend at use. Money put out at compound interest, nearly doubles in eleven years.NWAD PUT.78

    1. To extinguish; as, to put out a candle, lamp or fire; to put out the remains of affection.NWAD PUT.79

    2. To send; to emit; to shoot; as a bud or sprout; as, to put out leaves.NWAD PUT.80

    3. To extend; to reach out; to protrude; as, to put out the hand.NWAD PUT.81

    4. To drive out; to expel; to dismiss.NWAD PUT.82

    When I am put out of the stewardship. Luke 16:4.NWAD PUT.83

    5. To publish; to make public; as, to put out a pamphlet. [Not vulgar.]NWAD PUT.84

    6. To confuse; to disconcert; to interrupt; as, to put one out in reading or speaking.NWAD PUT.85

    To put out the eyes, to destroy the power of sight; to render blind.NWAD PUT.86

    To put to, to add; to unite; as, to put one sum to another.NWAD PUT.87

    1. To refer to; to expose; as, to put the fate of the army or nation to a battle; to put the safety of the state to hazard.NWAD PUT.88

    2. To punish by; to distress by; as, to put a man to the rack or torture.NWAD PUT.89

    To put to it, to distress; to press hard; to perplex; to give difficulty to.NWAD PUT.90

    O gentle lady, do not put me to ‘t.NWAD PUT.91

    To be put to it, in the passive form, to have difficulty.NWAD PUT.92

    I shall be hard put to it to bring myself off.NWAD PUT.93

    To put the hand to, to apply; to take hold; to begin; to undertake; as, to put the hand to the plow. See Deuteronomy 12:7.NWAD PUT.94

    1. To take by theft or wrong; to embezzle.NWAD PUT.95

    Then shall an oath of the Lord be between them both, that he hath not put his hand to his neighbor’s goods. Exodus 22:11.NWAD PUT.96

    To put to the sword, to kill; to slay.NWAD PUT.97

    To put to death, to kill.NWAD PUT.98

    To put to a stand, to stop; to arrest by obstacles or difficulties.NWAD PUT.99

    To put to trial, or on trial, to bring before a court and jury for examination and decision.NWAD PUT.100

    1. To bring to a test; to try.NWAD PUT.101

    To put together, to unite in a sum, mass or compound; to add; as, to put two sums together; put together the ingredients.NWAD PUT.102

    1. To unite; to connect. Put the two chains together.NWAD PUT.103

    2. To place in company or in one society.NWAD PUT.104

    To put trust in, to confide in; to repose confidence in.NWAD PUT.105

    To put up, to pass unavenged; to overlook; not to punish or resent; as, to put up injuries; to put up indignities.NWAD PUT.106

    Such national injuries are not to be put up, but when the offender is below resentment.NWAD PUT.107

    [I have never heard this phrase used in America. We always say, to put up with; we cannot put up with such injuries.]NWAD PUT.108

    1. To send forth or shoot up, as plants; as, to put up mushrooms.NWAD PUT.109

    2. To expose; to offer publicly; as, to put up goods to sale or auction.NWAD PUT.110

    3. To start from a cover.NWAD PUT.111

    4. To hoard.NWAD PUT.112

    Himself never put up any of the rent.NWAD PUT.113

    5. To reposit for preservation; as, to put up apples for winter.NWAD PUT.114

    6. To pack; to reposit in casks with salt for preservation; as, to put up pork, beef or fish.NWAD PUT.115

    7. To hide or lay aside. Put up that letter.NWAD PUT.116

    8. To put in a trunk or box; to pack; as, to put up clothing for a journey.NWAD PUT.117

    PUT, v.i. To go or move; as, when the air first puts up.

    1. To steer.NWAD PUT.119

    His fury thus appeas’d, he puts to land.NWAD PUT.120

    2. To shoot; to germinate.NWAD PUT.121

    The sap puts downward.NWAD PUT.122

    To put forth, to shoot; to bud; to germinate.NWAD PUT.123

    Take earth from under walls where nettles put forth.NWAD PUT.124

    1. To leave a port or haven.NWAD PUT.125

    To put in, to enter a harbor; to sail into port.NWAD PUT.126

    1. To offer a claim. A puts in for a share of profits.NWAD PUT.127

    To put in for, to offer one’s self; to stand as a candidate for.NWAD PUT.128

    To put off, to leave land.NWAD PUT.129

    To put on, to urge motion; to drive vehemently.NWAD PUT.130

    To put over, to sail over or across.NWAD PUT.131

    To put to sea, to set sail; to begin a voyage; to advance into the ocean.NWAD PUT.132

    To put up, to take lodgings; to lodge. We put up at the Golden Ball.NWAD PUT.133

    1. To offer one’s self as a candidate.NWAD PUT.134

    To put up to, to advance to. [Little used.]NWAD PUT.135

    To put up with, to overlook or suffer without recompense, punishment or resentment; as, to put up with an injury or affront.NWAD PUT.136

    1. To take without opposition or dissatisfaction; as, to put up with bad fare.NWAD PUT.137

    This verb, in all its uses, retains its primary sense, to set, throw, thrust, send, etc.; but its signification is modified in a great variety of ways, by other words standing in connection with it.NWAD PUT.138

    PUT, n. An action of distress; as a forced put.

    1. A game at cards.NWAD PUT.140

    PUT, n. A rustic; a clown.

    PUT, n. A strumpet; a prostitute.

    Put case, for put the case, suppose the case to be so; a vulgar or at least inelegant phrase.NWAD PUT.143

    PUTAGE, n. [See Put, a prostitute.] In law, prostitution or fornication on the part of a female.

    PUTANISM, n. Customary lewdness or prostitution of a female.

    PUTATIVE, a. [L. puto, to suppose.] Supposed; reputed; commonly thought or deemed; as the putative father of a child.

    PUTID, a. [L. putidus, from puteo, to have an ill smell.]

    Mean; base; worthless.NWAD PUTID.2

    PUTIDNESS, n. Meanness; vileness.

    PUTLOG, n. A short piece of timber used in scaffolds.

    PUT-OFF, n. An excuse; a shift for evasion or delay.

    PUTREDINOUS, a. [from L. putredo, from putreo, putris.]

    Proceeding from putrefaction, or partaking of the putrefactive process; having an offensive smell.NWAD PUTREDINOUS.2

    PUTREFACTION, n. [L. putrefactio; putris; putrid, and facio, to make.] A natural process by which animal and vegetable bodies are disorganized and dissolved, or reduced to their original separate elements. Putrefaction is greatly accelerated by heat and moisture.

    PUTREFACTIVE, a. Pertaining to putrefaction; as the putrefactive smell or process.

    1. Tending to promote putrefaction; causing putrefaction.NWAD PUTREFACTIVE.2

    PUTREFIED, pp. Dissolved; rotten.

    PUTREFY, v.t. [L. putrefacio; putris, putrid, and facio, to make.]

    1. To cause to dissolve; to disorganize and reduce to the simple constituent elements, as animal or vegetable bodies; to cause to rot. Heat and moisture soon putrefy dead flesh or vegetables.NWAD PUTREFY.2

    2. To corrupt; to make foul; as, to putrefy the air. [Little used.]NWAD PUTREFY.3

    3. To make morbid, carious or gangrenous; as, to putrefy an ulcer or wound.NWAD PUTREFY.4

    PUTREFY, v.i. To dissolve and return to the original distinct elements, as animal and vegetable substances deprived of the living principle; to rot.

    PUTRESCENCE, n. [from L. putrescens, putresco.]

    The state of dissolving, as an animal or vegetable substance; a putrid state.NWAD PUTRESCENCE.2

    PUTRESCENT, a. Becoming putrid; passing from an organized state into the constituent elements.

    1. Pertaining to the process of putrefaction; as a putrescent smell.NWAD PUTRESCENT.2

    PUTRESCIBLE, a. That may be putrefied; liable to become putrid; as putrescible substances.

    PUTRID, a. [L. putridus, from putris, putreo.]

    1. In a state of dissolution or disorganization, as animal and vegetable bodies; corrupt; rotten; as putrid flesh. Indicating a state of dissolution; tending to disorganize the substances composing the body; malignant; as a putrid fever.NWAD PUTRID.2

    2. Proceeding from putrefaction or pertaining to it; as a putrid scent.NWAD PUTRID.3

    PUTRIDNESS, PUTRIDITY, n. The state of being putrid; corruption.

    PUTRY, a. Rotten. [Not used.]

    PUTTER, n. [from put.] One who puts or places.

    PUTTER-ON, n. An inciter or instigator.

    PUTTING, ppr. [from put.] Setting; placing; laying.

    PUTTING-STONE, n. In Scotland, a stone laid at the gates of great houses for trials of strength.

    PUTTOC, n. A kite. shrouds, probably a mistake for futtoc-shrouds.

    PUTTY, n. A kind of paste or cement compounded of whiting and linseed oil, beaten or kneaded to the consistence of dough; used in fastening glass in sashes and in stopping crevices.

    1. A powder of calcined tin, used in polishing glass and steel.NWAD PUTTY.2

    PUZZLE, v.t. [from the root of pose, which see.]

    1. To perplex; to embarrass; to put to a stand; to gravel.NWAD PUZZLE.2

    A shrewd disputant in those points, is dexterous in puzzling others.NWAD PUZZLE.3

    He is perpetually puzzled and perplexed amidst his own blunders.NWAD PUZZLE.4

    2. To make intricate; to entangle.NWAD PUZZLE.5

    The ways of heaven are dark and intricate,NWAD PUZZLE.6

    Puzzl’d in mazes and perplex’d with error.NWAD PUZZLE.7

    PUZZLE, v.i. To be bewildered; to be awkward.

    PUZZLE, n. Perplexity; embarrassment.

    PUZZLED, pp. Perplexed; intricate; put to a stand.

    PUZZLE-HEADED, a. Having the head full of confused notions.

    PUZZLER, n. One that perplexes.

    PUZZLING, ppr. Perplexing; embarrassing; bewildering.

    PUZZOLAN, PUZZOLANA, n. A loose porous volcanic substance or stone.

    PYCNITE, n. [Gr. compact.] A mineral, the shorlite of Kirwan, or shorlous topaz of Jameson. It usually appears in long irregular prisms or cylinders, longitudinally striated, and united in bundles.

    PYCNOSTYLE, n. [Gr. thick, and column.] In ancient architecture, a building where the columns stand very close to each other; only one diameter and a half of the column being allowed to each intercolumniation.

    PYE, n. [probably a contracted word, and the same as pie, a mass.]

    A confused mass; the state of printing types when the sorts are mixed.NWAD PYE.2

    PYE, n. A bird. [See Pie.]

    PYGARG, PYGARGUS, n. [Gr.] A fowl of the genus Falco, the female of the hen harrier.

    PYGMEAN, a. Pertaining to a pygmy or dwarf; very small; dwarfish.

    PYGMY, n. [L. pygmoeus; Gr. the fist; as big as the fist.]

    A dwarf; a person not exceeding a cubit in highth. This appellation was given by the ancients to a fabulous race of beings inhabiting Thrace, who waged war with the cranes and were destroyed.NWAD PYGMY.2

    PYLAGORE, n. [Gr.] In ancient Greece, a delegate or representative of a city, sent to the Amphictyonic council.

    PYLORIC, a. Pertaining to the pylorus; as the pyloric artery.

    PYLORUS, n. [Gr. a gate.] The lower and right orifice of the stomach.

    PYRACANTH, n. [Gr. fiery thorn.] A plant; a kind of thorn of the genus Mespilus.

    PYRALLOLITE, n. [Gr. fire, and alluding to its changes of color before the blowpipe.] A new mineral found in Finland, massive and in crystals, friable and yielding to the knife. Its color is greenish.

    PYRAMID, n. [L. pyramis. The origin and composition of this word are not ascertained. It is supposed that the Gr. fire, forms one of its component parts.] A solid body standing on a triangular, square or polygonal base, and terminating in a point at the top; or in geometry, a solid figure consisting of several triangles, whose bases are all in the same plane, and which have one common vertex.

    The pyramids of Egypt may have been erected to the sun, during the prevalence of Sabianism.NWAD PYRAMID.2

    A pyramid is formed by the meeting of three or more planes at a point termed the apex.NWAD PYRAMID.3

    PYRAMIDAL, a. Pyramidical.

    PYRAMIDICAL, a. Having the form of a pyramid.

    The particles of earth being cubical, those of fire, pyramidical.NWAD PYRAMIDICAL.2

    A pyramidical rock.NWAD PYRAMIDICAL.3

    PYRAMIDICALLY, adv. In the form of a pyramid.

    PYRAMIDOID, PYRAMOID, n. [pyramid and Gr. form.] A solid figure, formed by the rotation of a semi-parabola about its base or greatest ordinate.

    PYRAMIS, n. [L.] A pyramid.

    PYRE, n. [L. pyra.] A funeral pile; a pile to be burnt.

    PYRENITE, n. A mineral of a grayish black color, found in the Pyrenees, and considered as a variety of garnet. It occurs in minute rhombic dodecahedrons.

    PYRETOLOGY, n. [Gr. fever, from fire, and discourse.]

    A discourse or treatise on fevers, or the doctrine of fevers.NWAD PYRETOLOGY.2

    PYRGOM, n. A mineral, called also fassaite.

    PYRIFORM, a. [L., a pear, and form.] Having the form of a pear.

    PYRITACEOUS, a. Pertaining to pyrite. [See Pyritic.]

    PYRITE, n. plu. pyrites. [Gr., fire.] Fire-stone; a genus of inflammable substances composed of sulphur and iron or other metal; a sulphuret of iron or other metal.

    Hence sable coal his massy couch extends, and stars of gold the sparkling pyrite blends.NWAD PYRITE.2

    [I have anglicized this word, according to Darwin and the French mineralogists; making pyrites a regular plural.]NWAD PYRITE.3

    PYRITIC, PYRITICAL, PYRITOUS, a. Pertaining to pyrite; consisting of or resembling pyrite.

    PYRITIFEROUS, a. [pyrite and L., to produce.] Containing or producing pyrite.

    PYRITIZE, v.t. To convert into pyrite.

    PYRITOLOGY, n. [pyrite and Gr., discourse.] A discourse or treatise on pyrites.

    PYROGOM, n. A variety of diopside.

    PYROLATRY, n. [Gr., fire; worship.] The worship of fire.

    PYROLIGNEOUS, PYROLIGNIC, PYROLIGNOUS, a. [Gr., fire; L., wood.] Generated or procured by the distillation of wood; a term applied to the acid obtained by the distillation of wood.

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