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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    UNDERN, n. The third hour of the day, or nine o’clock. [Not in use.]

    UNDERNEATH, adv. [under and neath. See Nether.]

    Beneath; below; in a lower place.NWAD UNDERNEATH.2

    Or sullen Mole that runneth underneath.NWAD UNDERNEATH.3

    The slate did not lie flat upon it, but left a free passage underneath.NWAD UNDERNEATH.4

    UNDERNEATH, prep. Under; beneath.

    Underneath this stone doth lie. As much beauty as could die.NWAD UNDERNEATH.6

    UNDEROFFICER, n. A subordinate officer.

    UNDEROGATORY, a. Not derogatory.

    UNDERPART, n. A subordinate part.

    UNDERPETTICOAT, n. A petticoat worn under a skirt or another petticoat.

    UNDERPIN, v.t.

    1. To lay stones under the sills of a building, on which it is to rest.NWAD UNDERPIN.2

    2. To support by some solid foundation; or to place something underneath for support.NWAD UNDERPIN.3

    UNDERPINNED, pp. Supported by stones or a foundation.

    UNDERPINNING, ppr. Placing stones under the sills for support.


    1. The act of laying stones under sills.NWAD UNDERPINNING.3

    2. The stones on which a building immediately rests.NWAD UNDERPINNING.4


    1. A series of events in a play, proceeding collaterally with the main story, and subservient to it.NWAD UNDERPLOT.2

    2. A clandestine scheme.NWAD UNDERPLOT.3

    UNDERPRAISE, v.t. s as z. To praise below desert.

    UNDERPRIZE, v.t. To value at less than the worth; to undervalue.

    UNDERPRIZED, pp. Undervalued.

    UNDERPRIZING, ppr. Undervaluing.

    UNDERPROP, v.t. To support; to uphold.

    And underprop the head that bears the crown.NWAD UNDERPROP.2

    UNDERPROPORTIONED, a. Having too little proportion.

    Scanty and underproportioned returns of civility.NWAD UNDERPROPORTIONED.2

    UNDERPULLER, n. An inferior puller. [Not in use.]

    UNDERRATE, v.t. To rate too low; to rate below the value; to undervalue.

    UNDERRATE, n. A price less than the worth; as, to sell a thing at an underrate.

    UNDERRUN, v.t. To pass under in a boat.

    To underrun a tackle, to separate its parts and put them in order.NWAD UNDERRUN.2

    UNDERSATURATED, a. Not fully saturated; a chimical term.

    UNDERSAY, v.t. To say by way of derogation or contradiction. [Not in use.]

    UNDERSECRETARY, n. A secretary subordinate to the principal secretary.

    UNDERSELL, v.t. To sell the same articles at a lower price than another.

    UNDERSELLING, ppr. Selling at a lower price.

    UNDERSERVANT, n. An inferior servant.

    UNDERSET, v.t. To prop; to support.

    UNDERSET, n. A current of water below the surface.

    UNDERSETTER, n. A prop; a pedestal; a support. 1 Kings 7:30.

    UNDERSETTING, ppr. Propping; supporting.

    UNDERSETTING, n. The lower part; the pedestal.

    UNDER-SHERIFF, n. A sheriff’s deputy.

    UNDERSHERIFRY, n. The office of an under-sheriff. [Not in use.]

    UNDERSHOT, a. Moved by water passing under the wheel; opposed to overshot; as an undershot mill or mill-wheel.

    UNDERSHRUB, n. A low shrub, permanent and woody at the base, but the yearly branches decaying.

    UNDERSOIL, n. Soil beneath the surface; subsoil.

    UNDERSONG, n. Chorus; burden of a song.

    Menalcas shall sustain his undersong.NWAD UNDERSONG.2

    UNDERSTAND, v.t. pret. and pp. understood. [under and stand. The sense is to support or hold in the mind.]

    1. To have just and adequate ideas of; to comprehend; to know; as, to understand a problem in Euclid; to understand a proposition or a declaration.NWAD UNDERSTAND.2

    2. To have the same ideas as the person who speaks, or the ideas which a person intends to communicate. I understood the preacher; the court perfectly understand the advocate or his argument.NWAD UNDERSTAND.3

    3. To receive or have the ideas expressed or intended to be conveyed in a writing or book; to know the meaning. It is important that we should understand the sacred oracles.NWAD UNDERSTAND.4

    4. To know the meaning or signs, or of anything intended to convey ideas; as, to understand a nod, a wink, or a motion.NWAD UNDERSTAND.5

    5. To suppose to mean.NWAD UNDERSTAND.6

    The most learned interpreters understood the words of sin, and not of Abel.NWAD UNDERSTAND.7

    6. To know by experience.NWAD UNDERSTAND.8

    7. To know by instinct.NWAD UNDERSTAND.9

    -Amorous intent, well understood.NWAD UNDERSTAND.10

    8. To interpret, at least mentally.NWAD UNDERSTAND.11

    9. To know another’s meaning.NWAD UNDERSTAND.12

    10. To hold in opinion with conviction.NWAD UNDERSTAND.13

    11. To mean without expressing.NWAD UNDERSTAND.14

    War then, war, open or understood must be resolv’d.NWAD UNDERSTAND.15

    12. To know what is not expressed.NWAD UNDERSTAND.16

    I bring them to receive from thee their names, and pay thee fealty with low subjection; understand the same of fish.NWAD UNDERSTAND.17

    13. To learn; to be informed. I understand that congress have passed the bill.NWAD UNDERSTAND.18

    UNDERSTAND, v.i.

    1. To have the use of the intellectual faculties; to be an intelligent and conscious being.NWAD UNDERSTAND.20

    All my soul be imparadis’d in you, in whom alone I understand, and grow, and see.NWAD UNDERSTAND.21

    2. To be informed by another; to learn.NWAD UNDERSTAND.22

    I understood of the evil that Eliashib did. Nehemiah 13:7.NWAD UNDERSTAND.23

    UNDERSTANDABLE, a. That can be understood. [Not much used.]

    UNDERSTANDER, n. One who understands or knows by experience. [Little used.]


    1. Comprehending; apprehending the ideas or sense of another, or of a writing; learning or being informed.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.2

    2. a. Knowing; skillful. He is an understanding man.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.3


    1. The faculty of the human mind by which it apprehends the real state of things presented to it, or by which it receives or comprehends the ideas which others express and intend to communicate. The understanding is called also the intellectual faculty. It is the faculty by means of which we obtain a great part of our knowledge. Luke 24:45; Ephesians 1:18.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.5

    By understanding I mean that faculty whereby we are enabled to apprehend the objects of knowledge, generals or particulars, absent or present, and to judge of their truth or falsehood, good or evil.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.6

    There is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth him understanding. Job 32:8.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.7

    2. Knowledge; exact comprehension.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.8

    Right understanding consists in the perception of the visible or probably agreement or disagreement of ideas.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.9

    3. Intelligence between two or more persons; agreement of minds; union of sentiments. There is a good understanding between the minister and his people.NWAD UNDERSTANDING.10

    UNDERSTANDINGLY, adv. Intelligibly; with full knowledge or comprehension of a question or subject; as, to vote upon a question understandingly; to act or judge understandingly.

    The gospel may be neglected, but it cannot be understandingly disbelieved.NWAD UNDERSTANDINGLY.2

    UNDERSTOOD, pret. and pp. of understand.

    UNDERSTRAPPER, n. A petty fellow; an inferior agent.

    UNDERSTRATUM, n. Subsoil; the bed or layer of earth on which the old or soil rests.

    UNDERSTROKE, v.t. To underline.

    UNDERTAKABLE, a. That may be undertaken. [Not in use.]

    UNDERTAKE, v.t. pret. undertook; pp. undertaken. [under and take.]

    1. To engage in; to enter upon; to take in hand; to begin to perform. When I undertook this work, I had a very inadequate knowledge of the extent of my labors.NWAD UNDERTAKE.2

    2. To covenant or contract to perform or execute. A man undertakes to erect a house, or to make a mile of canal, when he enters into stipulations for that purpose.NWAD UNDERTAKE.3

    3. To attempt; as when a man undertakes what he cannot perform.NWAD UNDERTAKE.4

    4. To assume a character. [Not in use.]NWAD UNDERTAKE.5

    5. To engage with; to attack.NWAD UNDERTAKE.6

    Your lordship should not undertake every companion you offend. [Not in use.]NWAD UNDERTAKE.7

    6. To have the charge of.NWAD UNDERTAKE.8

    - Who undertakes you to your end. [Not in use.]NWAD UNDERTAKE.9

    UNDERTAKE, v.i.

    1. To take upon or assume any business or province.NWAD UNDERTAKE.11

    O Lord, I am oppressed; undertake for me. Isaiah 38:14.NWAD UNDERTAKE.12

    2. To venture; to hazard. They dare not undertake.NWAD UNDERTAKE.13

    3. To promise; to be bound.NWAD UNDERTAKE.14

    I dare undertake they will not lose their labor.NWAD UNDERTAKE.15

    To undertake for, to be bound; to become surety for.NWAD UNDERTAKE.16

    UNDERTAKEN, pp. of undertake. The work was undertaken at his own expense.


    1. One who undertakes; one who engages in any project or business.NWAD UNDERTAKER.2

    2. One who stipulates or covenants to perform any work for another.NWAD UNDERTAKER.3

    3. One who manages funerals.NWAD UNDERTAKER.4

    UNDERTAKING, ppr. Engaging in; taking in hand; beginning to perform; stipulating to execute.

    UNDERTAKING, n. Any business, work or project which a person engages in, or attempts to perform; an enterprise. The canal, or the making of the canal, from the Hudson to lake Erie, a distance of almost four hundred miles, was the greatest undertaking of the kind in modern times. The attempt to find a navigable passage to the Pacific round North America, is a hazardous undertaking, and probably useless to navigation.

    UNDERTENANT, n. The tenant of a tenant; one who holds lands or tenements of a tenant.

    UNDERTIME, n. Undern-tide; the time after dinner, or in the evening. [Not in use.]

    UNDERTOOK, pret. of undertake.

    UNDERTREASURER, n. undertrezh’urer. A subordinate treasurer.

    UNDERVALUATION, n. The act of valuing below the real worth; rate not equal to the worth.

    UNDERVALUE, v.t.

    1. To value, rate or estimate below the real worth.NWAD UNDERVALUE.2

    2. To esteem lightly; to treat as of little worth.NWAD UNDERVALUE.3

    In comparison of the discharge of my duties, I undervalued all designs of authority.NWAD UNDERVALUE.4

    3. To despise; to hold in mean estimation.NWAD UNDERVALUE.5

    I write not this with the least intention to undervalue the other parts of poetry.NWAD UNDERVALUE.6

    UNDERVALUE, n. Low rate or price; a price less than the real worth.

    UNDERVALUED, pp. Estimated at less than the real worth; slighted; despised.

    UNDERVALUER, n. One who esteems lightly.

    UNDERVALUING, ppr. Estimating at less than the real worth; slighting; despising.

    UNDERWENT, pret. of undergo. He underwent severe trials.

    UNDERWOOD, n. Small trees that grow among large trees.

    UNDERWORK, n. Subordinate work; petty affairs.

    UNDERWORK, v.t.

    1. To destroy by clandestine measures.NWAD UNDERWORK.3

    2. To work or labor upon less than is sufficient or proper.NWAD UNDERWORK.4

    3. To work at a less price than others in the like employment; as, one mason may underwork another; a shoemaker cannot underwork a joiner.NWAD UNDERWORK.5

    UNDERWORKER, n. One who underworks; or a subordinate workman.

    UNDERWORKING, ppr. Destroying clandestinely; working at a less price than others in the like employment.

    UNDERWORKMAN, n. A subordinate workman.

    UNDERWRITE, v.t. [See Write.]

    1. To write under something else.NWAD UNDERWRITE.2

    The change I have made, I have here underwritten.NWAD UNDERWRITE.3

    2. To subscribe. We whose names are underwritten, agree to pay the sums expressed against your respective names.NWAD UNDERWRITE.4

    3. To subscribe one’s name for insurance; to set one’s name to a policy of insurance, for the purpose of becoming answerable for loss or damage, for a certain premium per cent. Individuals underwrite policies of insurance, as well as companies.NWAD UNDERWRITE.5

    The broker who procures insurance, ought not, by underwriting the policy, to deprive the parties of his unbiased testimony.NWAD UNDERWRITE.6

    UNDERWRITE, v.i. To practice insuring.

    UNDERWRITER, n. One who insures; an insurer; so called because he underwrites his name to the conditions of the policy.


    1. Writing under something.NWAD UNDERWRITING.2

    2. Subscribing a policy; insuring.NWAD UNDERWRITING.3

    UNDERWRITING, n. The act or practice of insuring ships, goods, houses, etc.

    UNDERWRITTEN, pp. Written under; subscribed.

    UNDESCENDIBLE, a. Not descendible; not capable of descending to heirs.

    UNDESCRIBED, a. Not described.

    UNDESCRIED, a. Not descried; not discovered; not seen.

    UNDESERVED, a. s as z. Not deserved; not merited.

    UNDESERVEDLY, adv. Without desert, either good or evil.

    UNDESERVEDNESS, n. Want of being worthy.

    UNDESERVER, n. One of no merit.


    1. Not deserving; not having merit. God continually supplies the wants of his undeserving creatures.NWAD UNDESERVING.2

    2. Not meriting; with of; as a man undeserving of happiness, or of punishment. [This is rather harsh and unusual.]NWAD UNDESERVING.3

    UNDESERVINGLY, adv. Without meriting any particular advantage or harm.

    UNDESIGNED, a. Not designed; not intended; not proceeding from purpose; as, to do an undesigned injury.

    UNDESIGNEDLY, adv. Without design or intention.

    UNDESIGNEDNESS, n. Freedom from design or set purpose.


    1. Not acting with set purpose.NWAD UNDESIGNING.2

    2. Sincere; upright; artless; having no artful or fraudulent purpose. It is base to practice on undesigning minds.NWAD UNDESIGNING.3

    UNDESIRABLE, a. s as z. Not to be desired; not to be wished; not pleasing.

    UNDESIRED, a. s as z. Not desired, or not solicited.

    UNDESIRING, a. Not desiring; not wishing.

    UNDESPAIRING, a. Not yielding to despair.

    UNDESTROYABLE, a. Indestructible. [Not in use.]

    UNDESTROYED, a. Not destroyed; not wasted; not ruined.

    UNDETECTED, a. Not detected; not discovered; not laid open.

    UNDETERMINABLE, a. That cannot be determined or decided.

    UNDETERMINATE, a. Not determinate; not settled or certain. [But indeterminate is now generally used.]

    UNDETERMINATENESS, n. Uncertainty; unsettled state.

    UNDETERMINATION, n. Indecision; uncertainty of mind. [See Indetermination, which is chiefly used.]


    1. Not determined; not settled; not decided.NWAD UNDETERMINED.2

    2. Not limited; not defined; indeterminate.NWAD UNDETERMINED.3

    UNDETERRED, a. Not deterred; not restrained by fear or obstacles.

    UNDETESTING, a. Not detesting; not abhorring.

    UNDEVELOPED, a. Not opened or unfolded.


    1. Not deviating; not departing from the way, or from a rule, principle or purpose; steady; regular; as an undeviating course of virtue.NWAD UNDEVIATING.2

    2. Not erring; not wandering; not crooked.NWAD UNDEVIATING.3

    UNDEVIATINGLY, adv. Without wandering; steadily; regularly.

    UNDEVOTED, a. Not devoted.

    UNDEVOUT, Not devout; having no devotion.

    UNDEXTROUS, a. Not dextrous; clumsy.

    UNDIAPHANOUS, a. Not transparent; not pellucid.

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