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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    DEOXYDIZED, pp. Deoxydated.

    DEOXYDIZING, ppr. Deoxydating.

    NOTE. Deoxydate and deoxydize are synonymous; but the former is preferable, on account of the length of the word deoxydization.NWAD DEOXYDIZING.2

    DEOXYGENATE, v.t. To deprive of oxygen.

    DEOXYGENATED, v.t. Deprived of oxygen.

    DEOXYGENATING, ppr. Depriving of oxygen.

    DEOXYGENATION, n. The act or operation of depriving of oxygen.

    DEPAINT, v.t. [L. To paint.]

    1. To paint; to picture; to represent in colors, as by painting the resemblance.NWAD DEPAINT.2

    2. To describe in words.NWAD DEPAINT.3

    DEPAINTED, pp. Painted; represented in colors; described.

    DEPAINTER, n. A painter.

    DEPAINTING, ppr. Painting; representing in colors; describing.

    DEPART, v.i.

    1. To go or move from.NWAD DEPART.2

    Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire. Matthew 25:41.NWAD DEPART.3

    It is followed by from, or from is implied before the place left.NWAD DEPART.4

    I will depart to my own land, that is, I will depart from this place to my own land. Numbers 10:30.NWAD DEPART.5

    2. To go from; to leave; to desist, as from a practice. Jehu departed not from the sins of Jeroboam. Jehoshaphat departed not from the way of Asa his father.NWAD DEPART.6

    3. To leave; to deviate from; to forsake; not to adhere to or follow; as, we cannot depart from our rules.NWAD DEPART.7

    I have not departed from thy judgments. Psalm 119:102.NWAD DEPART.8

    4. To desist; to leave; to abandon; as, he would not depart from his purpose, resolution, or demand.NWAD DEPART.9

    5. To be lost; to perish; to vanish; as, his glory has departed.NWAD DEPART.10

    6. To die; to decease; to leave this world.NWAD DEPART.11

    Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word. Luke 2:29.NWAD DEPART.12

    To depart this life is elliptical, from being understood.NWAD DEPART.13

    8. To cease.NWAD DEPART.14

    The prey departeth not. Nahum 3:1.NWAD DEPART.15

    9. To deviate; to vary from.NWAD DEPART.16

    If the plan of the convention be found to depart from republican principles-NWAD DEPART.17

    10. To vary; to deviate from the title or defense in pleading.NWAD DEPART.18

    11. To part with.NWAD DEPART.19

    To depart from God, is to forsake his service and live in sin; to apostatize; to revolt; to desert his government and laws.NWAD DEPART.20

    God departs from men, when he abandons them to their own sinful inclinations, or ceases to bestow on them his favor. Hosea 9:12.NWAD DEPART.21

    DEPART, v.t. To divide or separate; to part.

    DEPART, n.

    1. The act of going away; death.NWAD DEPART.24

    2. Division; separation.NWAD DEPART.25

    DEPARTER, n. One who refines metals by separation.

    DEPARTING, ppr. Going from; leaving; desisting; forsaking; vanishing; dying.

    DEPARTING, n. A going away; separation.


    1. Literally, a separation or division; hence, a separate part, or portion; a division of territory; as the departments of France.NWAD DEPARTMENT.2

    2. A separate allotment or part of business; a distinct province, in which a class of duties are allotted to a particular person; as the department of state, assigned to the secretary of state; the treasury department; the department of war.NWAD DEPARTMENT.3

    3. A separate station; as, the admirals had their respective departments. Nearly in this sense, during war, were used in America, the terms, Northern and Southern departments.NWAD DEPARTMENT.4

    DEPARTMENTAL, a. Pertaining to a department, or division.


    1. The act of going away; a moving from or leaving a place; as a departure from London.NWAD DEPARTURE.2

    2. Death; decease; removal from the present life.NWAD DEPARTURE.3

    The time of my departure is at hand. 2 Timothy 4:6.NWAD DEPARTURE.4

    3. A forsaking; abandonment; as a departure from evil.NWAD DEPARTURE.5

    4. A desisting; as a departure from a purpose.NWAD DEPARTURE.6

    5. Ruin; destruction. Ezekiel 26:18.NWAD DEPARTURE.7

    6. A deviation from the title or defense in pleading.NWAD DEPARTURE.8

    7. In navigation, the distance of two places on the same parallel, counted in miles of the equator.NWAD DEPARTURE.9

    DEPASCENT, a. [L. To feed.] Feeding.

    DEPASTURE, v.t. To eat up; to consume.

    DEPASTURE, v.i. To feed; to graze.

    If a man takes in a horse, or other cattle, to graze and depasture in his grounds, which the law calls agistment-NWAD DEPASTURE.3

    DEPASTURING, ppr. Feeding; grazing; eating up.

    DEPAUPERATE, v.t. [L. To beggar.] To make poor; to impoverish; to deprive of fertility or richness; as, to depauperate the soil or the blood.

    DEPAUPERATED, pp. Impoverished; made poor.

    DEPAUPERATING, ppr. Impoverishing; making poor.

    DEPECTIBLE, a. [L. To comb.] Tough; thick.

    DEPEINCT, v.t. To paint.

    DEPEND, v.i. [L. To hang.]

    1. To hang; to be sustained by being fastened or attached to something above; followed by from.NWAD DEPEND.2

    From the frozen beardNWAD DEPEND.3

    Long icicles depend.NWAD DEPEND.4

    2. To be connected with anything, as the cause of its existence or of its operation and effects; to rely on; to have such connection with any thing as a cause, that without it, the effect would not be produced; followed by on or upon. We depend on God for existence; we depend on air for respiration; vegetation depends on heat and moisture; the infant depends on its parents for support; the peace of society depends on good laws and a faithful administration.NWAD DEPEND.5

    3. To adhere; to hold to; to be retained.NWAD DEPEND.6

    4. To be in suspense; to be undetermined; as, the cause still depends. But the verb is seldom used in this sense. We use the participle; as, the suit is still depending in court.NWAD DEPEND.7

    5. To rely; to rest with confidence; to trust; to confide; to have full confidence or belief, we depend on the word or assurance of our friends. We depend on the arrival of the mail at the usual hour. Depend on it, the knave will deceive us.NWAD DEPEND.8

    To depend on or upon, to rely; to trust in, with confidence.NWAD DEPEND.9

    DEPENDABLE, a. That may be depended on; as dependable friendships.


    1. A state of hanging down from a supporter.NWAD DEPENDENCE.2

    2. Any thing hanging down; a series of things hanging to another.NWAD DEPENDENCE.3

    And made a long dependence from the bough.NWAD DEPENDENCE.4

    3. Concatenation; connection by which one thing is sustained by another, in its place, operations or effects, or is affected by it.NWAD DEPENDENCE.5

    But of this frame the bearings and the ties,NWAD DEPENDENCE.6

    The strong connections, nice dependencies.NWAD DEPENDENCE.7

    4. A state of being at the disposal of another; a state of being subject to the will of an intelligent cause, or to the power and operation of any other cause; inability to sustain itself without the aid of.NWAD DEPENDENCE.8

    We ought to feel our dependence on God for life and support. The child should be sensible of his dependence on his parents. In the natural and moral world, we observe the dependence of one thing on another.NWAD DEPENDENCE.9

    5. Reliance; confidence; trust; a resting on; as, we may have a firm dependence on the promises of God.NWAD DEPENDENCE.10

    6. Accident; that of which the existence presupposes the existence of something else; that which pertains to something else; as modes which are considered as dependencies or affections of substances.NWAD DEPENDENCE.11

    7. That which is attached to, but subordinate to something else; as this earth and its dependencies.NWAD DEPENDENCE.12

    8. A territory remote from the kingdom or state to which it belongs, but subject to its dominion; as distant isles or countries. Great Britain has its dependencies, in Asia, Africa and America.NWAD DEPENDENCE.13


    1. Hanging down; as a dependent leaf.NWAD DEPENDENT.2

    The furs in the tails were dependent.NWAD DEPENDENT.3

    2. Subject to the power of; at the disposal of; not able to exist or sustain itself without the will or power of. Thus, we are dependent on God and his providence; and effect may be dependent on some unknown cause.NWAD DEPENDENT.4

    3. Relying on for support or favor; unable to subsist or to perform any thing, without the aid of.NWAD DEPENDENT.5

    Children are dependent on their parents for food and clothing. The pupil is dependent on his preceptor for instruction.NWAD DEPENDENT.6

    DEPENDENT, n. One who is at the disposal of another; one who is sustained by another, or who relies on another for support or favor; a retainer; as, the prince was followed by a numerous train of dependents.

    DEPENDER, n. One who depends; a dependent.

    DEPENDING, ppr.

    1. Hanging down; relying.NWAD DEPENDING.2

    2. a. Pending; undecided; as a suit or question.NWAD DEPENDING.3

    DEPERDIT, a. That which is lost or destroyed.

    DEPERDITION, n. Loss; destruction.

    DEPHLEGMATE, v.t. [Gr. To burn.] To deprive of superabundant water, as by evaporation or distillation, used of spirit and acids; to clear spirit or acids of aqueous matter; to rectify.

    DEPHLEGMATION, n. The operation of separating water from spirits and acids, by evaporation or repeated distillation; called also concentration, particularly when acids are the subject.

    DEPHLEGMEDNESS, n. A state of being freed from water.

    DEPHLOGISTICATE, v.t. [Gr. Burnt, inflammable.] To deprive of phlogiston, or the supposed principle of inflammability.

    DEPHLOGISTICATED, pp. Deprived of phlogiston. Dephlogisticated air, is an elastic fluid capable of supporting animal life and flame much longer than common air. It is now called oxygen, oxygen gas, or vital air.

    DEPICT, v.t. [L. To paint.]

    1. To paint; to portray; to form a likeness in colors; as, to depict a lion on a shield.NWAD DEPICT.2

    2. To describe; to represent in words; as, the poet depicts the virtues of his hero in glowing language.NWAD DEPICT.3

    DEPICTED, pp. Painted; represented in colors; described.

    DEPICTING, ppr. Painting; representing in colors, or in words.

    DEPICTURE, v.t. To paint; to picture; to represent in colors.

    DEPILATE, v.t. [L. Hair.] To strip of hair.

    DEPILATION, n. The act of pulling off the hair.

    DEPILATORY, a. Having the quality or power to take off hair and make bald.

    DEPILATORY, n. Any application which is used to take off the hair of an animal body; such as lime and orpiment.

    DEPILOUS, a. Without hair.

    DEPLANTATION, n. The act of taking up plants from beds.

    DEPLETION, n. [L. To fill.] The act of emptying; particularly, in the medical art, the act of diminishing the quantity of blood in the vessels by venesection; bloodletting.


    1. That may be deplored or lamented; lamentable; that demands or causes lamentation; hence, sad; calamitous; grievous; miserable; wretched; as, the evils of life are deplorable; the Pagan world is in a deplorable condition.NWAD DEPLORABLE.2

    Deplorate, in a like sense, is not used.NWAD DEPLORABLE.3

    2. In popular use, low; contemptible; pitiable; as deplorable stupidity.NWAD DEPLORABLE.4

    DEPLORABLENESS, n. The state of being deplorable; misery; wretchedness; a miserable state.

    DEPLORABLY, adv. In a manner to be deplored; lamentably; miserable; as, manners are deplorably corrupt.

    DEPLORATION, n. The act of lamenting. In music, a dirge or mournful strain.

    DEPLORE, v.t. [L. To howl; to wail.] To lament; to bewail; to mourn; to feel or express deep and poignant grief for. We deplored the death of Washington.

    DEPLORED, pp. Lamented; bewailed; deeply regretted.

    DEPLOREDLY, adv. Lamentably.

    DEPLORER, n. One who deplores, or deeply laments; a deep mourner.

    DEPLORING, ppr. Bewailing; deeply lamenting.

    DEPLOY, v.t. To display; to open; to extend; a military term.

    DEPLOY, v.i. To open; to extend; to form a more extended front or line.

    DEPLOYING, ppr. Opening; extending; displaying.


    1. The stripping or falling off of plumes or feathers.NWAD DEPLUMATION.2

    2. A tumor of the eye-lids with loss of hair.NWAD DEPLUMATION.3

    DEPLUME, v.t. [L. A feather.] To strip or pluck off feathers; to deprive of plumage.

    DEPLUMED, pp. Stripped of feathers or plumes.

    DEPLUMING, ppr. Stripping off plumes or feathers.

    DEPOLARIZE, v.t. To deprive of polarity.

    DEPONE, v.t. To lay down as a pledge; to wage.

    DEPONENT, a.

    1. Laying down.NWAD DEPONENT.2

    2. A deponent verb, in the Latin Grammar, is a verb which has a passive termination, with an active signification, and wants one of the passive participles; as, loquor, to speak.NWAD DEPONENT.3

    DEPONENT, v.t.

    1. One who deposes, or gives a deposition under oath; one who gives written testimony to be used as evidence in a court of justice. With us in New England, this word is never used, I believe, for a witness who gives oral testimony in court. In England, a deponent is one who gives answers under oath to interrogatories exhibited in chancery.NWAD DEPONENT.5

    2. A deponent verb.NWAD DEPONENT.6

    DEPOPULATE, v.t. [L. To ravage or lay waste.] To dispeople; to unpeople; to deprive of inhabitants, whether by death, or by expulsion. It is not synonymous with laying waste or destroying, being limited to the loss of inhabitants; as, an army or a famine may depopulate a country. It rarely expresses an entire loss of inhabitants, but often a great diminution of their numbers. The deluge nearly depopulated the earth.

    DEPOPULATE, v.i. To become dispeopled.

    DEPOPULATED, pp. Dispeopled; deprived of inhabitants.

    DEPOPULATING, ppr. Dispeopling; depriving of inhabitants.

    DEPOPULATION, n. The act of dispeopling; destruction or expulsion of inhabitants.

    DEPOPULATOR, n. One who depopulates; one who destroys or expels the inhabitants of a city, town or country; a dispeopler.

    DEPORT, v.t. [L. To carry.]

    1. With the reciprocal pronoun, to carry; to demean; to behave.NWAD DEPORT.2

    Let an embassador deport himself in the most graceful manner before a prince.NWAD DEPORT.3

    2. To transport; to carry away, or from one country to another.NWAD DEPORT.4

    He told us, he had been deported to Spain, with a hundred others like himself.NWAD DEPORT.5

    DEPORT, n. Behavior; carriage; demeanor; deportment; as goddess-like deport.

    DEPORTATION, n. Transportation; a carrying away; a removal from one country to another, or to a distant place; exile; banishment.

    DEPORTED, pp. Carried away; transported; banished.

    DEPORTING, ppr. Carrying away; removing to a distant place or country; transporting; banishing.

    DEPORTMENT, n. Carriage; manner of acting in relation to the duties of life; behavior; demeanor; conduct; management.

    DEPOSABLE, a. That may be deposed, or deprived of office.

    DEPOSAL, n. The act of deposing, or divesting of office.

    DEPOSE, v.t. [L. To lay or put.]

    1. To lay down; to throw; to let fall; as, the flood deposed fine particles of earth on the bank of the river. In this sense, we now use deposit.NWAD DEPOSE.2

    2. To reduce from a throne or other high station; to dethrone; to degrade; to devest of office; as, to depose a king or a pope.NWAD DEPOSE.3

    3. To give testimony on oath, especially to give testimony which is committed to writing; to give answers to interrogatories, intended as evidence in a court.NWAD DEPOSE.4

    4. To lay aside.NWAD DEPOSE.5

    5. To take away; to strip; to divest.NWAD DEPOSE.6

    6. To examine on oath.NWAD DEPOSE.7

    DEPOSE, v.i. To bear witness.

    DEPOSED, pp. Dethroned; degraded; testified.

    DEPOSER, n. One who deposes or degrades from office.

    DEPOSING, ppr. Dethroning; degrading; bearing witness.

    DEPOSING, n. The act of dethroning.

    DEPOSIT, v.t.

    1. To lay down; to lay; to throw down. A crocodile deposits her eggs in the sand. A bird deposits eggs in a nest. An inundation deposits particles of earth on a meadow.NWAD DEPOSIT.2

    2. To lay up; to lay in a place for preservation. We deposit the produce of the earth in barns, cellars of storehouses. We deposit goods in a warehouse, and books in a library.NWAD DEPOSIT.3

    3. To lodge in the hands of a person for safe-keeping or other purpose; to commit to the care of; to entrust; to commit to one as a pledge. We say, the bond is deposited in the hands of an attorney; money is deposited as a pledge, or security.NWAD DEPOSIT.4

    4. To lay aside.NWAD DEPOSIT.5

    DEPOSIT, n.

    1. That which is laid or thrown down; any matter laid or thrown down, or lodged.NWAD DEPOSIT.7

    The deposit already formed affording to the succeeding portions of the charged fluid, a basis.NWAD DEPOSIT.8

    2. Any thing entrusted to the care of another; a pledge; a pawn; a thing given as security, or for preservation; as, these papers are committed to you as a sacred deposit; he has a deposit of money in his hands.NWAD DEPOSIT.9

    3. A place where things are deposited; a depository.NWAD DEPOSIT.10

    4. A city or town where goods are lodged for safe-keeping or for reshipment.NWAD DEPOSIT.11

    In deposit, in a state of pledge, or for safe keeping.NWAD DEPOSIT.12


    1. A person with whom any thing is left or lodged in trust; one to whom a thing is committed for safe keeping, or to be used for the benefit of the owner; a trustee; a guardian. The Jews were the depositaries of the sacred writings.NWAD DEPOSITARY.2

    2. In law, one to whom goods are bailed to be kept for the bailor without a recompense.NWAD DEPOSITARY.3

    DEPOSITING, ppr. Laying down; pledging; repositing.


    1. The act of laying or throwing down; as, soil is formed by the deposition of fine particles, during a flood.NWAD DEPOSITION.2

    2. That which is thrown down; that which is lodged; as, banks are sometimes depositions of alluvial matter.NWAD DEPOSITION.3

    3. The act of giving testimony under oath.NWAD DEPOSITION.4

    4. The attested written testimony of a witness; an affidavit.NWAD DEPOSITION.5

    5. The act of dethroning a king, or the degrading of a person from an office or station; a divesting of sovereignty, or of office and dignity; a depriving of clerical orders. A deposition differs from abdication; an abdication being voluntary, and a deposition, compulsory.NWAD DEPOSITION.6

    DEPOSITORY, n. A place where any thing is lodged for safe-keeping. A warehouse is a depository for goods; a clerks office, for records.

    DEPOSITUM, n. A deposit.

    DEPOT. [A french word. See Deposit.]


    1. The act of making bad or worse; the act of corrupting.NWAD DEPRAVATION.2

    2. The state of being made bad or worse; degeneracy; a state in which good qualities are lost, or impaired. We speak of the depravation of morals, manners or goverment; of the heart or mind; of nature, taste, etc.NWAD DEPRAVATION.3

    3. Censure; defamation.NWAD DEPRAVATION.4

    DEPRAVE, v.t. [L. Crooked, perverse, wicked.]

    1. To make bad or worse; to impair good qualities; to make bad qualities worse; to vitiate; to corrupt; as, to deprave manners, morals, government, laws; to deprave the heart, mind, will, understanding, taste, principles, etc.NWAD DEPRAVE.2

    2. To defame; to vilify.NWAD DEPRAVE.3

    DEPRAVED, pp.

    1. Made bad or worse; vitiated; tainted; corrupted.NWAD DEPRAVED.2

    2. a. Corrupt; wicked; destitute of holiness or good principles.NWAD DEPRAVED.3

    DEPRAVEDLY, adv. In a corrupt manner.

    DEPRAVEDNESS, n. Corruption; taint; a vitiated state.

    DEPRAVEMENT, n. A vitiated state.

    DEPRAVER, n. A corrupted; he who citiates; a vilifier.

    DEPRAVING, n. A traducing.


    1. Corruption; a vitiated state; as the depravity of manners and morals.NWAD DEPRAVITY.2

    2. A vitiated state of the heart; wickedness; corruption of moral principles; destitution of holiness or good principles.NWAD DEPRAVITY.3

    DEPRECATE, v.t. [L. To pray.]

    1. To pray against; to pray or intreat that a present evil may be removed, or an expected one averted.NWAD DEPRECATE.2

    The judgments we would deprecate are not removed.NWAD DEPRECATE.3

    We should all deprecate the return of war.NWAD DEPRECATE.4

    2. More generally, to regret; to have or to express deep sorrow at a present evil, or at one that may occur. This word is seldom used to express actual prayer; but it expresses deep regret that an evil exists or may exist, which implies a strong desire that it may be removed or averted.NWAD DEPRECATE.5

    3. To implore mercy of.NWAD DEPRECATE.6

    DEPRECATED, pp. Prayed against; deeply regretted.

    DEPRECATING, ppr. Praying against; regretting.


    1. A praying against; a praying that an evil may be removed or prevented.NWAD DEPRECATION.2

    2. Intreaty; petitioning; an excusing; a begging pardon for.NWAD DEPRECATION.3

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