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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    1. Supplication; entreaty.NWAD OBTESTATION.2

    2. Solemn injunction.NWAD OBTESTATION.3

    OBTESTING, ppr. Beseeching; supplicating.

    OBTRECTATION, n. [L. obtrectatio, from obtrecto; ob and tracto.]

    Slander; detraction; calumny. [Little used.]NWAD OBTRECTATION.2

    OBTRUDE, v.t. [L. obltrudo; ob and trudo, Eng. to thrust.]

    1. To thrust in or on; to throw, crowd or thrust into any place or state by force or imposition, or without solicitation. Men obtrude their vain speculations upon the world.NWAD OBTRUDE.2

    A cause of common error is the credulity of men, that is, an easy assent to what is obtruded.NWAD OBTRUDE.3

    The objects of our senses obtrude their particular ideas upon our minds, whether we will or not.NWAD OBTRUDE.4

    2. To offer with unreasonable importunity; to urge upon against the will.NWAD OBTRUDE.5

    Why shouldst thou then obtrude this diligence in vain, where no acceptance it can find?NWAD OBTRUDE.6

    To obtrude one’s self, to enter a place where one is not desired; to thrust one’s self in uninvited, or against the will of the company.NWAD OBTRUDE.7

    OBTRUDE, v.i.

    1. To enter when not invited.NWAD OBTRUDE.9

    2. To thrust or be thrust upon.NWAD OBTRUDE.10

    OBTRUDED, pp. Thrust in by force or unsolicited.

    OBTRUDER, n. One who obtrudes.

    OBTRUDING, ppr. Thrusting in or on; entering uninvited.

    OBTRUNCATE, v.t. [L. obtrunco; ob and trunco, to cut off.]

    To deprive of a limb; to lop. [Little used.]NWAD OBTRUNCATE.2

    OBTRUNCATION, n. The act of lopping or cutting off. [Little used.]

    OBTRUSION, n. s as z. [L. obtrudo, obtrusus.]

    The act of obtruding; a thrusting upon others by force or unsolicited; as the obtrusion of crude opinions on the world.NWAD OBTRUSION.2

    OBTRUSIVE, a. Disposed to obtrude any thing upon others; inclined to intrude or thrust one’s self among others, or to enter uninvited.

    Not obvious, not obtrusive, but retired, the more desirable.NWAD OBTRUSIVE.2

    OBTRUSIVELY, adv. By way of obtrusion or thrusting upon others, or entering unsolicited.

    OBTUND, v.t. [L. obtundo; ob and tundo, to beat.]

    To dull; to blunt; to quell; to deaden; to reduce the edge, pungency or violent action of any thing; as, to obtund the acrimony of the gall.NWAD OBTUND.2

    OBTURATION, n. [L. obturatus, from obturo, to stop up.]

    The act of stopping by spreading over or covering.NWAD OBTURATION.2

    OBTURATOR, n. In anatomy, the obturators are muscles which rise from the outer and inner side of the pelvis around foramen thyroideum, and are rotators of the thigh.

    OBTUSANGULAR, a. [obtuse and angular.]

    Having angles that are obtuse, or larger than right angles.NWAD OBTUSANGULAR.2

    OBTUSE, a. [L. obtusus, from obtundo, to beat against.]

    1. Blunt; not pointed or acute. Applied to angles, it denotes one that is larger than a right angle, or more than ninety degrees.NWAD OBTUSE.2

    2. Dull; not having acute sensibility; as obtuse senses.NWAD OBTUSE.3

    3. Not sharp or shrill; dull; obscure; as obtuse sound.NWAD OBTUSE.4

    OBTUSELY, adv.

    1. Without a sharp point.NWAD OBTUSELY.2

    2. Dully; stupidly.NWAD OBTUSELY.3


    1. Bluntness; as the obtuseness of an edge or a point.NWAD OBTUSENESS.2

    2. Dullness; want of quick sensibility; as the obtuseness of the senses.NWAD OBTUSENESS.3

    3. Dullness of sound.NWAD OBTUSENESS.4

    OBTUSION, n. s as z.

    1. The act of making blunt.NWAD OBTUSION.2

    2. The state of being dulled or blunted; as the obtusion of the senses.NWAD OBTUSION.3

    OBUMBRATE, v.t. [L. obumbro; ob and umbra, a shade.]

    To shade; to darken; to cloud. [Little used.]NWAD OBUMBRATE.2

    OBUMBRATION, n. The act of darkening or obscuring.

    OBVENTION, n. [L. obvenio, ob and venio, to come.]

    Something occasional; that which happens not regularly, but incidentally. [Not used.]NWAD OBVENTION.2

    OBVERSANT, a. [L. obversans, obversor; ob and versor, to turn.]

    Conversant; familiar. [Not used.]NWAD OBVERSANT.2

    OBVERSE, a. obvers’. In botany, having the base narrower than the top; as a leaf.

    OBVERSE, n. The face of a coin; opposed to reverse.

    OBVERT, v.t. [L. obverto; ob and verto, to turn.] To turn towards.

    OBVERTED, pp. Turned towards.

    OBVERTING, ppr. Turning towards.

    OBVIATE, v.t. [L. obvius; ob and via, way.]

    Properly, to meet in the way; to oppose; hence, to prevent by interception, or to remove at the beginning or in the outset; hence in present usage, to remove in general, as difficulties or objections; to clear the way of obstacles in reasoning, deliberating or planning.NWAD OBVIATE.2

    To lay down every thing in its full light, so as to obviate all exceptions.NWAD OBVIATE.3

    OBVIATED, pp. Removed, as objections or difficulties.

    OBVIATING, ppr. Removing, as objections in reasoning or planning.

    OBVIOUS, a. [L. obvus. See the Verb.]

    1. Meeting; opposed in front.NWAD OBVIOUS.2

    I to the evil turn my obvious breast. [Not now used.]NWAD OBVIOUS.3

    2. Open; exposed. [Little used.]NWAD OBVIOUS.4

    3. Plain; evident; easily discovered, seen or understood; readily perceived by the eye or the intellect. We say, a phenomenon obvious to the sight, or a truth obvious to the mind.NWAD OBVIOUS.5

    OBVIOUSLY, adv.

    1. Evidently; plainly; apparently; manifestly. Men do not always pursue what is obviously their interest.NWAD OBVIOUSLY.2

    2. Naturally.NWAD OBVIOUSLY.3

    3. Easily to be found.NWAD OBVIOUSLY.4

    OBVIOUSNESS, n. State of being plain or evident to the eye or the mind.

    OBVOLUTE, OBVOLUTED, a. [L. obvolutus, obvolvo; ob and volvo, to roll.] In botany, obvolute foliation is when the margins of the leaves alternately embrace the straight margin of the opposite leaf.

    OCCASION, n. s as z. [L. occasio, from oceido, to fall; ob and cado.]

    1. Properly, a falling, happening or coming to; an occurrence, casualty, incident; something distinct from the ordinary course or regular orders of things.NWAD OCCASION.2

    2. Opportunity; convenience; favorable time, season or circumstances.NWAD OCCASION.3

    I’ll take th’ occasion which he give to bring him to his death.NWAD OCCASION.4

    Use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh. Galatians 5:13.NWAD OCCASION.5

    Sin taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me. Romans 7:11.NWAD OCCASION.6

    3. Accidental cause; incident, event or fact giving rise to something else. What was the occasion of this custom?NWAD OCCASION.7

    Her beauty was the occasion of the war.NWAD OCCASION.8

    4. Incidental need; casual exigency; opportunity accompanied with need or demand. So we say, we have occasion for all our resources. We have frequent occasions for assisting each other.NWAD OCCASION.9

    The ancient canons were well fitted for the occasion of the church in its purer ages.NWAD OCCASION.10

    My occasions have found time to use them toward a supply of money.NWAD OCCASION.11

    OCCASION, v.t.

    1. To cause incidentally; to cause; to produce. The expectation of war occasions a depression in the price of stocks. Consumptions are often occasioned by colds. Indigestion occasions pain in the head. Heat occasions lassitude.NWAD OCCASION.13

    2. To influence; to cause.NWAD OCCASION.14

    If we inquire what it is that occasions men to make several combinations of simple ideas into distinct modes -NWAD OCCASION.15

    OCCASIONABLE, a. s as z. That may be caused or occasioned. [Little used.]

    OCCASIONAL, a. s as z.

    1. Incidental; casual; occurring at times, but not regular or systematic; made or happening as opportunity requires or admits. We make occasional remarks on the events of the age.NWAD OCCASIONAL.2

    2. Produced by accident; as the occasional origin of a thing.NWAD OCCASIONAL.3

    3. Produced or made on some special event; as an occasional discourse.NWAD OCCASIONAL.4

    OCCASIONALLY, adv. s as z. According to incidental exigence; at times, as convenience requires or opportunity offers; not regularly. He was occasionally present at our meetings. We have occasionally lent our aid.

    OCCASIONED, pp. s as z. Caused incidentally; caused; produced.

    OCCASIONER, n. s as z. One that causes or produces, either incidentally or otherwise.

    He was the occasioner of loss to his neighbor.NWAD OCCASIONER.2

    OCCASIONING, ppr. s as z. Causing incidentally or otherwise.

    OCCASIVE, a. Falling; descending; western; pertaining to the setting sun.

    Amplitude is ortive or occasive.NWAD OCCASIVE.2

    OCCECATION, n. [L. occaecatio; ob and caeco, to blind.]

    The act of making blind. [Little used.]NWAD OCCECATION.2

    OCCIDENT, n. [L. occidens, occido, to fall; ob and cade.]

    The west; the western quarter of the hemisphere; so called from the decline or fall of the sun.NWAD OCCIDENT.2

    OCCIDENTAL, a. [L. occidentalis.] Western; opposed to oriental; pertaining to the western quarter of the hemisphere, or to some part of the earth westward of the speaker or spectator; as occidental climates; occidental pearl; occidental gold.

    OCCIDUOUS, a. [L. occido, occiduus.] Western. [Little used.]

    OCCIPITAL, a. [from L. occiput, the back part of the heat; ob and caput.]

    Pertaining to the back part of the head, or to the occiput.NWAD OCCIPITAL.2

    OCCIPUT, n. [L. ob and caput, head.] The hinder part of the head, or that part of the skull which forms the hind part of the head.

    OCCISION, n. s as z. [L. occisio, from occido, to kill; ob and caedo.]

    A killing; the act of killing. [Not used.]NWAD OCCISION.2

    OCCLUDE, v.t. [L. occludo; ob and cludo, claudo, to shut.]

    To shut up; to close. [Little used.]NWAD OCCLUDE.2

    OCCLUSE, a. [L. occlusus.] Shut; closed. [Little used.]

    OCCLUSION, n. s as z. [L. occlusio.] a shutting up; a closing.

    [This is an elegant word, though little used.]NWAD OCCLUSION.2

    OCCULT, a. [L. occultus, occulo; ob and celo, to conceal.]

    Hidden from the eye or understanding; invisible; secret; unknown; undiscovered; undetected; as the occult qualities of matter.NWAD OCCULT.2

    The occult sciences are magic, necromancy, etc.NWAD OCCULT.3

    Occult lines, in geometry, are such as are drawn with the compasses or a pencil, and are scarcely visible.NWAD OCCULT.4

    OCCULTATION, n. [L. occultatio.]

    1. a hiding; also, the time a star or planet is hid from our sight, when eclipsed by the interposition of the body of a planet.NWAD OCCULTATION.2

    2. In astronomy, the hiding of a star or planet from our sight, by passing behind some other of the heavenly bodies.NWAD OCCULTATION.3

    OCCULTED, a. Hid; secret. [Not used.]

    OCCULTNESS, n. the state of being concealed from view; secretness.

    OCCUPANCY, n. [L. occupo, to take or seize; ob and capio, to seize.]

    1. The act of taking possession.NWAD OCCUPANCY.2

    2. In law, the taking possession of a thing not belonging to any person. the person who first takes possession of land is said to have or hold it by right of occupancy.NWAD OCCUPANCY.3

    Occupancy gave the original right to the property in the substance of the earth itself.NWAD OCCUPANCY.4

    OCCUPANT, n.

    1. He that occupies or takes possession; he that has possession.NWAD OCCUPANT.2

    2. In law, one that first takes possession of that which has no legal owner. The right of property, either in wild beasts and fowls, or in land belonging to no person, vests in the first occupant. The property in these cases follows the possession.NWAD OCCUPANT.3

    OCCUPATE, v.t. [L. occupo.] To hold; to possess; to take up. [Not used.]

    OCCUPATION, n. [L. occupatio.]

    1. The act of taking possession.NWAD OCCUPATION.2

    2. Possession; a holding or keeping; tenure; use; as lands in the occupation of AB.NWAD OCCUPATION.3

    3. That which engages the time and attention; employment; business. He devotes to study all the time that his other occupations will permit.NWAD OCCUPATION.4

    4. The principal business of one’s life; vocation; calling; trade; the business which a man follows to procure a living or obtain wealth. Agriculture, manufactures and commerce furnish the most general occupations of life. Painting, statuary, music, are agreeable occupations. Men not engaged in some useful occupation commonly fall into vicious courses.NWAD OCCUPATION.5

    OCCUPIER, n.

    1. One that occupies or takes possession.NWAD OCCUPIER.2

    2. One who holds possession.NWAD OCCUPIER.3

    3. One who follows an employment. Ezekiel 27:27.NWAD OCCUPIER.4

    OCCUPY, v.t. [L. occupo; ob and capio, to seize or take.]

    1. To take possession. The person who first occupies land which has no owner, has the right of property.NWAD OCCUPY.2

    2. To keep in possession; to possess; to hold or keep for use. The tenant occupies a farm under a lease of twenty one years. A lodger occupies an apartment; a man occupies the chair in which he sits.NWAD OCCUPY.3

    3. To take up; to possess; to cover or fill. The camp occupies five acres of ground. Air may be so rarefied as to occupy a vast space. The writing occupies a sheet of paper, or it occupies five lines only.NWAD OCCUPY.4

    4. To employ; to use.NWAD OCCUPY.5

    The archbishop may have occasion to occupy more chaplains than six.NWAD OCCUPY.6

    5. To employ; to busy one’s self. Every man should be occupied, or should occupy himself, in some useful labor.NWAD OCCUPY.7

    6. To follow, as business.NWAD OCCUPY.8

    All the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise. Ezekiel 27:9.NWAD OCCUPY.9

    7. To use; to expend.NWAD OCCUPY.10

    All the gold that was occupied for the work - Exodus 38:24. [Not now in use.]NWAD OCCUPY.11

    OCCUPY, v.i. To follow business; to negotiate.

    Occupy till I come. Luke 19:13.NWAD OCCUPY.13

    OCCUPYING, ppr. Taking or keeping possession; employing.

    OCCUR, v.i. [L. occurro; ob and curro, to run.]

    1. Primarily, to meet; to strike against; to clash; and so used by Bentley, but this application is obsolete.NWAD OCCUR.2

    2. To meet or come to the mind; to be presented to the mind, imagination or memory. We say, no better plan occurs to me or to my mind; it does not occur to my recollection; the thought did not occur to me.NWAD OCCUR.3

    There doth not occur to me any use of this experiment for profit.NWAD OCCUR.4

    3. To appear; to meet the eye; to be found here and there. This word occurs in twenty places in the Scriptures; the other word does not occur in a single place; it does not occur in the sense suggested.NWAD OCCUR.5

    4. To oppose; to obviate. [Not used.]NWAD OCCUR.6


    1. Literally, a coming or happening; hence, any incident or accidental event; that which happens without being designed or expected; any single event. We speak of an unusual occurrence, or of the ordinary occurrences of life.NWAD OCCURRENCE.2

    2. Occasional presentation.NWAD OCCURRENCE.3

    Voyages detain the mind by the perpetual occurrence and expectation of something new.NWAD OCCURRENCE.4

    OCCURRENT, n. Incident; any thing that happens. Obs.

    OCCURSION, n. [L. occursio, from occurro, to meet.] A meeting of bodies; a clash.

    OCEAN, n. o’shun. [L. oceanus; Gr.; Heb. to encompass, whence a circle. This is probably an error. The word seems to have for its origin greatness or extent.]

    1. The vast body of water which covers more than three fifths of the surface of the globe, called also the sea, or great sea. It is customary to speak of the ocean as if divided into three parts, the Atlantic ocean, the Pacific ocean, and the Indian ocean; but the ocean is one mass or body, partially separated by the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa on one side, and by America on the other.NWAD OCEAN.2

    2. An immense expanse; as the boundless ocean of eternity; oceans of duration and space.NWAD OCEAN.3

    OCEAN, a. o’shun. Pertaining to the main or great sea; as the ocean wave; ocean stream.

    OCEANIC, a. oshean’ic. Pertaining to the ocean.

    OCELLATED, a. [L. ocellatus, from ocellus, a little eye.]

    1. Resembling an eye.NWAD OCELLATED.2

    2. Formed with the figues of little eyes.NWAD OCELLATED.3

    OCELOT, n. the Mexican panther.

    OCHER, n. [L. ochra; Gr. from pale.]

    A variety of clay deeply colored by the oxyd of iron. Its most common colors are red, yellow and brown. It is used as a pigment.NWAD OCHER.2

    OCHEROUS, a.

    1. Consisting of ocher; as ocherous matter.NWAD OCHEROUS.2

    2. Resembling ocher; as an ocherous color.NWAD OCHEROUS.3

    OCHIMY, n. [corrupted from alchimy.] A mixed base metal.

    OCHLOCRACY, n. [Gr. the people or a multitude, and to govern.]

    A form of government in which the multitude or common people rule.NWAD OCHLOCRACY.2

    OCHREY, a. Partaking of ocher. [Not used.]

    OCHROITS, n. Cerite.

    OCRA, n. A viscous vegetable substance in the West Indies, used in soups, etc.

    It is obtained by boiling the green pods of the Hibiscus esculentus. also, the name of the plant itself.NWAD OCRA.2

    OCTACHORD, n. an instrument or system of eight sounds.

    OCTAGON, n. [Gr. eight and angle.]

    1. In geometry, a figure of eight sides and eight angles. When the sides and angles are equal, it is a regular octagon which may be inscribed in a circle.NWAD OCTAGON.2

    2. In fortification, a place with eight bastions.NWAD OCTAGON.3

    OCTAGONAL, a. Having eight sides and eight angles.

    OCTAHEDRAL, a. [See Octahedron.] Having eight equal sides.

    OCTAHEDRITE, n. Pyramidical ore of titanium.

    OCTAHEDRON, n. [Gr. eight and a base.]

    In geometry, a solid contained by eight equal and equilateral triangles. it is one of the five regular bodies.NWAD OCTAHEDRON.2

    OCTANDER, n. [Gr. eight, and a male.] In botany, a plant having eight stamens.

    OCTANDRIAN, n. Having eight stamens.

    OCTANGULAR, a. [L. octo, eight, and angular.] Having eight angles.

    OCTANT, n. [L. octans, an eighth part, from octo, eight.]

    In astronomy, that aspect of two planets in which they are distant from each other the eighth part of a circle or 45 degrees.NWAD OCTANT.2

    OCTAVE, a. [infra.] Denoting eight.

    OCTAVE, n. [L. octavus, eighth.]

    1. The eighth day after a festival.NWAD OCTAVE.3

    2. Eight days together after a festival.NWAD OCTAVE.4

    3. In music, an eighth, or an interval of seven degrees or twelve semitones. The octave is the most perfect of the chords, consisting of six full tones and two semitones major. It contains the whole diatonic scale.NWAD OCTAVE.5

    OCTAVO, n. [L. octavus, eighth.] A book in which a sheet is folded into eight leaves. The word is used as a noun or an adjective. We say, an octavo, or an octavo volume. The true phrase is, a book in octavo.

    OCTENNIAL, a. [L. octo, eight, and annus, year.]

    1. Happening every eighth year.NWAD OCTENNIAL.2

    2. Lasting eight years.NWAD OCTENNIAL.3

    OCTILE, n. The same as octant, supra.

    OCTOBER, n. [L. from octo, eighth; the eighth month of the primitive Roman year which began in march.]

    The tenth month of the year in our calendar, which follows that of Numa and Julius Caesar.NWAD OCTOBER.2

    OCTODECIMAL, a. [L. octo, eight, and decem, ten.]

    In crystallography, designating a crystal whose prisms, or the middle part, has eight faces, and the two summits together ten faces.NWAD OCTODECIMAL.2

    OCTODENTATE, a. [L. octo, eight, and dentatus, toothed.] Having eight teeth.

    OCTOFID, a. [L. octo, eight, and findo, to cleave.]

    In botany, cleft or separated into eight segments; as a calyx.NWAD OCTOFID.2

    OCTOGENARY, a. [L. octogenarius, from octogeni, eighty.] Of eighty years of age.

    OCTOGENARY, n. A person eighty years of age.

    OCTOLOCULAR, a. [L. octo, eight, and locus, place.] In botany, having eight cells for seeds.

    OCTONARY, a. [L. octonarius.] Belonging to the number eight.

    OCTONOCULAR, a. [L. octo, eight, and oculus, eye.] Having eight eyes.

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