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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    FODDERED, pp. Fed with dry food, or cut grass, etc.; as, to fodder cows.

    FODDERER, n. He who fodders cattle.

    FODDERING, ppr. Feeding with dry food, etc.

    FODIENT, a. [L. fodio, to dig.] Digging; throwing up with a spade. [Little used.]

    FOE, n. fo. [See Fiend.]

    1. An enemy; one who entertains personal enmity, hatred, grudge or malice against another.NWAD FOE.2

    A man’s foes shall be they of his own household. Matthew 10:36.NWAD FOE.3

    2. An enemy in war; one of a nation at war with another, whether he entertains enmity against the opposing nation or not; an adversary.NWAD FOE.4

    Either three years famine, or three months to be destroyed before they foes. 1 Chronicles 21:12.NWAD FOE.5

    3. Foe, like enemy, in the singular, is used to denote an opposing army, or nation at war.NWAD FOE.6

    4. An opponent; an enemy; one who opposes any thing in principle; an ill-wisher; as a foe to religion; a foe to virtue; a foe to the measures of the administration.NWAD FOE.7

    FOE, v.t. To treat as an enemy. Obs.

    FOEHOOD, n. Enmity. [Not in use.]

    FOELIKE, a. Like an enemy.

    FOEMAN, n. An enemy in war. Obs.

    FOETUS. [See Fetus.]

    FOG, n.

    1. A dense watery vapor, exhaled from the earth, or from rivers and lakes, or generated in the atmosphere near the earth. it differs from mist, which is rain in very small drops.NWAD FOG.2

    2. A cloud of dust or smoke.NWAD FOG.3

    FOG, n.

    After-grass; a second growth of grass; but it signifies also long grass that remains on land.NWAD FOG.5

    Dead grass, remaining on land during winter, is called in New England, the old tore.NWAD FOG.6

    FOGBANK, n. At sea, an appearance in hazy weather sometimes resembling land at a distance, but which vanishes as it is approached.

    FOGGAGE, n. Rank grass not consumed or mowed in summer.

    FOGGINESS, n. [from foggy.] The state of being foggy; a state of the air filled with watery exhalations.

    FOGGY, a. [from fog.]

    1. Filled or abounding with fog or watery exhalations; as a foggy atmosphere; a foggy morning.NWAD FOGGY.2

    2. Cloudy; misty; damp with humid vapors.NWAD FOGGY.3

    3. Producing frequent fogs; as a foggy climate.NWAD FOGGY.4

    4. Dull; stupid; clouded in understanding.NWAD FOGGY.5

    FOH, an exclamation of abhorrence or contempt, the same as poh and fy.

    FOIBLE, a. Weak. [Not used.]

    FOIBLE, n. [See Feeble.] A particular moral weakness; a failing. When we speak of a man’s foible, in the singular, which is also called his weak side, we refer to a predominant failing. We use also the plural, foibles, to denote moral failings or defects. It is wise in every man to know his own foibles.

    FOIL, v.t.

    1. To frustrate; to defeat; to render vain or nugatory, as an effort or attempt. The enemy attempted to pass the river, but was foiled. He foiled his adversaries.NWAD FOIL.2

    And by a mortal man at length am foiled.NWAD FOIL.3

    2. To blunt; to dull.NWAD FOIL.4

    When light wing’d toys of feathered cupid foil -NWAD FOIL.5

    3. To defeat; to interrupt, or to render imperceptible; as, to foil the scent in a chase.NWAD FOIL.6

    FOIL, n. Defeat; frustration; the failure of success when on the point of being secured; miscarriage.

    Death never won a stake with greater toil, nor e’er was fate to near a foil.NWAD FOIL.8

    FOIL, n. A blunt sword, or one that has a button at the end covered with leather; used in fencing.

    Isocrates contended with a foil, against Demosthenes with a sword.NWAD FOIL.10

    FOIL, n. [L. folium. Gr.]

    1. A leaf or thin plate of metal used in gilding.NWAD FOIL.12

    2. Among jewelers, a thin leaf of metal placed under precious stones, to make them appear transparent, and to give them a particular color, as the stone appears to be of the color of the foil. Hence,NWAD FOIL.13

    3. Any thing of another color, or of different qualities, which serves to adorn, or set off another thing to advantage.NWAD FOIL.14

    Hector has a foil to set him off.NWAD FOIL.15

    4. A thin coat of tin, with quicksilver, laid on the back of a locking glass, to cause reflection.NWAD FOIL.16

    FOILED, pp. Frustrated; defeated.

    FOILER, n. One who frustrates another, and gains an advantage himself.

    FOILING, ppr. Defeating; frustrating; disappointing of success.

    FOILING, n. Among hunters, the slight mark of a passing deer on the grass.

    FOIN, v.t. [L. pungo. The sense is to push, thrust, shoot.]

    1. To push in fencing.NWAD FOIN.2

    2. To prick; to sting. [Not in use.]NWAD FOIN.3

    FOIN, n. A push; a thrust.

    FOINING, ppr. Pushing; thrusting.

    FOININGLY, adv. In a pushing manner.

    FOISON, n. [L. fusio.] Plenty; abundance. [Not used.]

    FOIST, v.t.

    To insert surreptitiously, wrongfully, or without warrant.NWAD FOIST.2

    Lest negligence or partiality might admit or foist in abuses and corruption.NWAD FOIST.3

    FOIST, n. A light and fast sailing ship. Obs.

    FOISTED, pp. Inserted wrongfully.

    FOISTER, n. One who inserts without authority.

    FOISTIED, a. Mustied. [See Fusty.]

    FOISTINESS, n. Fustiness, which see.

    FOISTING, ppr. Inserting surreptitiously or without authority.

    FOISTY, a. Fusty, which see.

    FOLD, n. [See the verb, to fold.]

    1. A pen or inclosure for sheep; a place where a flock of sheep is kept, whether in the field or under shelter.NWAD FOLD.2

    2. A flock of sheep. Hence in a scriptural sense, the church, the flock of the Shepherd of Israel.NWAD FOLD.3

    Other sheep I have, which are not of this fold. John 10:16.NWAD FOLD.4

    3. A limit. [Not in use.]NWAD FOLD.5

    FOLD, n.

    1. The doubling of any flexible substance, as cloth; complication; a plait; one part turned or bent and laid on another; as a fold of linen.NWAD FOLD.7

    2. In composition, the same quantity added; as two fold, four fold, ten fold, that is, twice as much, four times as much, ten times as much.NWAD FOLD.8

    FOLD, v.t. [Heb. The primary sense is to fall, or to lay, to set, throw or press together.]

    1. To double; to lap or lay in plaits; as, to fold a piece of cloth.NWAD FOLD.10

    2. To double and insert one part in another; as, to fold a letter.NWAD FOLD.11

    3. To double or lay together, as the arms. He folds his arms in despair.NWAD FOLD.12

    4. To confine sheep in a fold.NWAD FOLD.13

    FOLD, v.i. To close over another of the same kind; as, the leaves of the door fold.

    FOLDAGE, n. The right of folding sheep.

    FOLDED, pp. Doubled; laid in plaits; complicated; kept in a fold.

    FOLDER, n.

    1. An instrument used in folding paper.NWAD FOLDER.2

    2. One that folds.NWAD FOLDER.3

    FOLDING, ppr.

    1. Doubling; laying in plaits; keeping in a fold.NWAD FOLDING.2

    2. a. Doubling; that may close over another, or that consists of leaves which may close one over another; as a folding door.NWAD FOLDING.3

    FOLDING, n.

    1. A fold; a doubling.NWAD FOLDING.5

    2. Among farmers, the keeping of sheep in inclosures on arable land, etc.NWAD FOLDING.6

    FOLIACEOUS, a. [L. foliaceus, from folium, a leaf. See Foil.]

    1. Leafy; having leaves intermixed with flowers; as a foliaceous spike. Foliaceous glands are those situated on leaves.NWAD FOLIACEOUS.2

    2. Consisting of leaves or thin lamins; having the form of a leaf or plate; as foliaceous spar.NWAD FOLIACEOUS.3

    FOLIAGE, n. [L. folium, a leaf. See Foil.]

    1. Leaves in general; as a tree of beautiful foliage.NWAD FOLIAGE.2

    2. A cluster of leaves, flowers and branches; particularly, the representation of leaves, flowers and branches, in architecture, intended to ornament and enrich capitals, friezes, pediments, etc.NWAD FOLIAGE.3

    FOLIAGE, v.t. To work or to form into the representation of leaves.

    FOLIAGED, a. Furnished with foliage.

    FOLIATE, v.t. [L. foliatus, from folium, a leaf. Gr.]

    1. To beat into a leaf, or thin plate or lamin.NWAD FOLIATE.2

    2. To spread over with a thin coat of tin and quicksilver, etc.; as, to foliate a looking-glass.NWAD FOLIATE.3

    FOLIATE, a. In botany, leafy; furnished with leaves; as a foliate stalk.

    FOLIATED, pp.

    1. Spread or covered with a thin plate or foil.NWAD FOLIATED.2

    2. In mineralogy, consisting of plates; resembling or in the form of a plate; lamellar; as a foliated fracture.NWAD FOLIATED.3

    Minerals that consist of grains, and are at the same time foliated, are called granularly foliated.NWAD FOLIATED.4

    FOLIATING, ppr. Covering with a leaf or foil.

    FOLIATION, n. [L. foliatio.]

    1. In botany, the leafing of plants; vernation; the disposition of the nascent leaves within the bud.NWAD FOLIATION.2

    2. The act of beating a metal into a thin plate, leaf or foilNWAD FOLIATION.3

    3. The act or operation of spreading foil over the back side of a mirror or looking-glass.NWAD FOLIATION.4

    FOLIATURE, n. The state of being beaten into foil.

    FOLIER, n. Goldsmith’s foil.

    FOLIFEROUS, a. [L. folium, leaf, and fero, to bear.] Producing leaves.

    FOLIO, n. [L. folium, a leaf, in folio.]

    1. A book of the largest size, formed by once doubling a sheet of paper.NWAD FOLIO.2

    2. Among merchants, a page, or rather both the right and left hand pages of an account book, expressed by the same figure.NWAD FOLIO.3

    FOLIOLE, n. [from L. folium, a leaf.] A leaflet; one of the single leaves, which together constitute a compound leaf.

    FOLIOMORT, a. [L. folium mortuum.] Of a dark yellow color, or that of a faded leaf; filemot.

    FOLIOUS, a.

    1. Leafy; thin; unsubstantial.NWAD FOLIOUS.2

    2. In botany, having leaves intermixed with the flowers.NWAD FOLIOUS.3

    FOLK, n. foke. [L. vulgus. The sense is a crowd, from collecting or pressing, not from following, but from the same root, as to follow is to press toward. Gr. Originally and properly it had no plural, being a collective noun; but in modern use, in America, it has lost its singular number, and we hear it only in the plural. It is a colloquial word, not admissible into elegant style.]

    1. People in general, or any part of them without distinction. What do folks say respecting the war? Men love to talk about the affairs of other folks.NWAD FOLK.2

    2. Certain people, discriminated from others; as old folks, and young folks. Children sometimes call their parents, the old folks. So we say sick folks; poor folks; proud folks.NWAD FOLK.3

    3. In scripture, the singular number is used; as a few sick folk; impotent folk. Mark 6:5; John 5:3.NWAD FOLK.4

    4. Animals.NWAD FOLK.5

    The coneys are but a feeble folk. Proverbs 30:26.NWAD FOLK.6

    FOLKLAND, n. In English law, copyhold land; land held by the common people, at the will of the lord.

    FOLKMOTE, n.

    An assembly of the people, or of bishops, thanes, aldermen and freemen, to consult respecting public affairs; an annual convention of the people, answering in some measure, to a modern parliament; a word used in England before the Norman conquest, after which, the national Council was called a parliament.NWAD FOLKMOTE.2

    But some authors allege that the folkmote was an inferior meeting or court.NWAD FOLKMOTE.3

    FOLLICLE, n. [L. folliculus, from follis, a bag or bellows.]

    1. In botany, a univalvular pericarp; a seed vessel opening on one side longitudinally, and having the seeds loose in it.NWAD FOLLICLE.2

    2. An air bag; a vessel distended with air; as at the root in Utricularia, and on the leaves in Aldrovanda.NWAD FOLLICLE.3

    3. A little bag, in animal bodies; a gland; a folding; a cavity.NWAD FOLLICLE.4

    FOLLICULOUS, a. Having or producing follicles.

    FOLLIFUL, a. Full of folly. [Not used.]

    FOLLOW, v.t.

    1. To go after or behind; to walk, ride or move behind, but in the same direction. Soldiers will usually follow a brave officer.NWAD FOLLOW.2

    2. To pursue; to chase; as an enemy, or as game.NWAD FOLLOW.3

    3. To accompany; to attend in a journey.NWAD FOLLOW.4

    And Rebekah arose, and her damsels, and they rode on the camels, and followed the man. Genesis 24:61.NWAD FOLLOW.5

    4. To accompany; to be of the same company; to attend, for any purpose. Luke 5:27, 28.NWAD FOLLOW.6

    5. To succeed in order of time; to come after; as a storm is followed by a calm.NWAD FOLLOW.7

    Signs following signs lead on the mighty year.NWAD FOLLOW.8

    6. To be consequential; to result from, as effect from a cause. Intemperance is often followed by disease or poverty, or by both.NWAD FOLLOW.9

    7. To result from, as an inference or deduction. It follows from these facts that the accused is guilty.NWAD FOLLOW.10

    8. To pursue with the eye; to keep the eyes fixed on a moving body. He followed or his eyes followed the ship, till it was beyond sight.NWAD FOLLOW.11

    He followed with his eyes the fleeting shade.NWAD FOLLOW.12

    9. To imitate; to copy; as, to follow a pattern or model; to follow fashion.NWAD FOLLOW.13

    10. To embrace; to adopt and maintain; to have or entertain like opinions; to think or believe like another; as, to follow the opinions and tenets of a philsophic sect; to follow Plato.NWAD FOLLOW.14

    11. To obey; to observe; to practice; to act in conformity to. It is our duty to follow the commands of Christ. Good soldiers follow the orders of their general; good servants follow the directions of their master.NWAD FOLLOW.15

    12. To pursue as an object of desire; to endeavor to obtain.NWAD FOLLOW.16

    Follow peace with all men. Hebrews 12:14.NWAD FOLLOW.17

    13. To use; to practice; to make the chief business; as, to follow the trade of a carpenter; to follow the profession of law.NWAD FOLLOW.18

    14. To adhere to; to side with.NWAD FOLLOW.19

    The house of Judah followed David. 2 Samuel 2:10.NWAD FOLLOW.20

    15. To adhere to; to honor; to worship; to serve.NWAD FOLLOW.21

    If the Lord be God, follow him. 1 Kings 18:21.NWAD FOLLOW.22

    16. To be led or guided by.NWAD FOLLOW.23

    Wo to the foolish prophets, who follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing. Ezekiel 13:3.NWAD FOLLOW.24

    17. To move on in the same course or direction; to be guided by; as, to follow a track or course.NWAD FOLLOW.25

    FOLLOW, v.i.

    1. To come after another.NWAD FOLLOW.27

    The famine - shall follow close after you. Jeremiah 42:16.NWAD FOLLOW.28

    2. To attend; to accompany.NWAD FOLLOW.29

    3. To be posterior in time; as following ages.NWAD FOLLOW.30

    4. To be consequential, as effect to cause. From such measures, great mischiefs must follow.NWAD FOLLOW.31

    5. To result, as an inference. The facts may be admitted, but the inference drawn from them does not follow.NWAD FOLLOW.32

    To follow on, to continue pursuit or endeavor; to persevere.NWAD FOLLOW.33

    Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord. Hosea 6:3.NWAD FOLLOW.34

    FOLLOWED, pp. Pursued; succeeded; accompanied; attended; imitated; obeyed; observed; practiced; adhered to.

    FOLLOWER, n.

    1. One who comes, goes or moves after another, in the same course.NWAD FOLLOWER.2

    2. One that takes another as his guide in doctrines, opinions or example; one who receives the opinions, and imitates the example of another; an adherent; an imitator.NWAD FOLLOWER.3

    That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who, through faith and patience, inherit the promises. Hebrews 6:12.NWAD FOLLOWER.4

    3. One who obeys, worships and honors.NWAD FOLLOWER.5

    Be ye followers of God, as dear children. Ephesians 5:1.NWAD FOLLOWER.6

    4. An adherent; a disciple; one who embraces the same system; as a follower of Plato.NWAD FOLLOWER.7

    5. An attendant; a companion; an associate or a dependent. The warrior distributed the plunder among his followers.NWAD FOLLOWER.8

    No follower, but a friend.NWAD FOLLOWER.9

    6. One under the command of another.NWAD FOLLOWER.10

    7. One of the same faction or party.NWAD FOLLOWER.11

    FOLLOWING, ppr. Coming or going after or behind; pursuing; attending; imitating; succeeding in time; resulting from as an effect or an inference; adhering to; obeying, observing; using, practicing; proceeding in the same course.

    FOLLY, n. [See Fool.]

    1. Weakness of intellect; imbecility of mind. want of understanding.NWAD FOLLY.2

    A fool layeth open his folly. Proverbs 13:16.NWAD FOLLY.3

    2. A weak or absurd act not highly criminal; an act which is inconsistent with the dictates of reason, or with the ordinary rules of prudence. In this sense it may be used in the singular, but is generally in the plural. Hence we speak of the follies of youth.NWAD FOLLY.4

    3. An absurd act which is highly sinful; any conduct contrary to the laws of God or man; sin; scandalous crimes; that which violates moral precepts and dishonors the offender. Shechem wrought folly in Israel. Achan wrought folly in Israel. Genesis 34:7; Joshua 7:15.NWAD FOLLY.5

    4. Criminal weakness; depravity of mind.NWAD FOLLY.6

    FOMAHANT, n. A star of the first magnitude, in the constellation Aquarius.

    FOMENT, v.t. [L. fomento, from foveo, to warm.]

    1. To apply warm lotions to; to bathe with warm medicated liquors, or with flannel dipped in warm water.NWAD FOMENT.2

    2. To cherish with heat; to encourage growth. [Not usual.]NWAD FOMENT.3

    3. To encourage; to abet; to cherish and promote by excitements; in a bad sense; as, to foment ill humors.NWAD FOMENT.4

    So we say, to foment troubles or disturbances; to foment intestine broils.NWAD FOMENT.5


    1. The act of applying warm liquors to a part of the body, by means of flannels dipped in hot water or medicated decoctions, for the purpose of easing pain, by relaxing the skin, or of discussing tumors.NWAD FOMENTATION.2

    2. The lotion applied, or to be applied to a diseased part.NWAD FOMENTATION.3

    3. Excitation; instigation, encouragement.NWAD FOMENTATION.4

    FOMENTED, pp. Bathed with warm lotions; encouraged.

    FOMENTER, n. One who foments; one who encourages or instigates; as a fomenter of sedition.

    FOMENTING, ppr.

    1. Applying warm lotions.NWAD FOMENTING.2

    2. Encouraging; abetting; promoting.NWAD FOMENTING.3

    FON, n. A fool; an idiot. Obs.

    FOND, a.

    1. Foolish; silly; weak; indiscreet; imprudent;NWAD FOND.2

    Grant I may never prove so fondNWAD FOND.3

    To trust man on his oath or bond.NWAD FOND.4

    Fond thoughts may fall into some idle brain.NWAD FOND.5

    2. Foolishly tender and loving; doting; weakly indulgent; as a fond mother or wife.NWAD FOND.6

    3. Much pleased; loving ardently; delighted with. A child is fond of play; a gentleman is fond of his sports, or of his country seat. In present usage, fond does not always imply weakness or folly.NWAD FOND.7

    4. Relishing highly. The epicure is fond of high seasoned food. Multitudes of men are too fond of strong drink.NWAD FOND.8

    5. Trifling; valued by folly. [Little used.]NWAD FOND.9

    FOND, v.t. To treat with great indulgence or tenderness; to caress; to cocker.

    The Tyrian hugs and fonds thee on her breast.NWAD FOND.11

    Fond is thus used by the poets only. We now use fondle.NWAD FOND.12

    FOND, v.i. To be fond of; to be in love with; to dote on. [Little used.]

    FONDLE, v.t. To treat with tenderness; to caress; as, a nurse fondles a child.

    FONDLED, pp. Treated with affection; caressed.

    FONDLER, n. One who fondles.

    FONDLING, ppr. Caressing; treating with tenderness.

    FONDLING, n. A person or thing fondled or caressed.

    FONDLY, adv.

    1. Foolishly; weakly; imprudently; with indiscreet affection.NWAD FONDLY.2

    Fondly we think we merit honor then,NWAD FONDLY.3

    When we but praise ourselves in other men.NWAD FONDLY.4

    2. With great or extreme affection. We fondly embrace those who are dear to us.NWAD FONDLY.5

    FONDNESS, n.

    1. Foolishness; weakness; want of sense or judgment. Obs.NWAD FONDNESS.2

    2. Foolish tenderness.NWAD FONDNESS.3

    3. Tender passion; warm affection.NWAD FONDNESS.4

    Her fondness for a certain earl began when I was but a girl.NWAD FONDNESS.5

    4. Strong inclination or propensity; as a fondness for vice or sin.NWAD FONDNESS.6

    5. Strong appetite or relish; as fondness for ardent spirit, or for a particular kind of food.NWAD FONDNESS.7

    [It is now used chiefly in the three latter senses.]NWAD FONDNESS.8

    FONT, n. [L. fundo, to pour out.]

    A large basin or stone vessel in which water is contained for baptizing children or other persons in the church.NWAD FONT.2

    FONT, n. [L. fundo, to pour out.]

    A complete assortment of printing types of one size, including a due proportion of all the letters in the alphabet, large and small, points, accents, and whatever else is necessary for printing with that letter.NWAD FONT.4

    FONTAL, a. Pertaining to a fount, fountain, source or origin.

    FONTANEL, n.

    1. An issue for the discharge of humors from the body.NWAD FONTANEL.2

    2. A vacancy in the infant cranium, between the frontal and parietal bones, and also between the parietal and occipital, at the two extremities of the sagittal suture.NWAD FONTANEL.3

    FONTANGE, n. fontanj’.

    A knot of ribbons on the top of a head-dress.NWAD FONTANGE.2

    FOOD, n. [See Feed.]

    1. In a general sense, whatever is eaten by animals for nourishment, and whatever supplies nutriment to plants.NWAD FOOD.2

    2. Meat; aliment; flesh or vegetables eaten for sustaining human life; victuals; provisions; whatever is or may be eaten for nourishment.NWAD FOOD.3

    Feed me with food convenient for me. Proverbs 30:8.NWAD FOOD.4

    3. Whatever supplies nourishment and growth to plants, as water, carbonic acid gas, etc. Manuring substances furnish plants with food.NWAD FOOD.5

    4. Something that sustains, nourishes and augments. Flattery is the food of vanity.NWAD FOOD.6

    FOOD, v.t. To feed. [Not in use.]

    FOODFUL, a. Supplying food; full of food.

    FOODLESS, a. Without food; destitute of provisions; barren.

    FOODY, a. Eatable; fit for food. [Not used.]

    FOOL, n. [Heb.]

    1. One who is destitute of reason, or the common powers of understanding; an idiot. Some persons are born fools, and are called natural fools; others may become fools by some injury done to the brain.NWAD FOOL.2

    2. In common language, a person who is somewhat deficient in intellect, but not an idiot; or a person who acts absurdly; one who does not exercise his reason; one who pursues a course contrary to the dictates of wisdom.NWAD FOOL.3

    Experience keeps a dear school, but fools will learn in no other.NWAD FOOL.4

    3. In scripture, fool is often used for a wicked or depraved person; one who acts contrary to sound wisdom in his moral deportment; one who follows his own inclinations, who prefers trifling and temporary pleasures to the service of God and eternal happiness.NWAD FOOL.5

    The fool hath said in his heart, there is no God. Psalm 14:1.NWAD FOOL.6

    4. A weak christian; a godly person who has much remaining sin and unbelief.NWAD FOOL.7

    O fools, and slow of heart to believe all the prophets have written. Luke 24:25.NWAD FOOL.8

    Also, one who is accounted or called a food by ungodly men. 1 Corinthians 4:10.NWAD FOOL.9

    5. A term of indignity and reproach.NWAD FOOL.10

    To be thought knowing, you must first put the fool upon all mankind.NWAD FOOL.11

    6. One who counterfeits folly; a buffoon; as a king’s fool.NWAD FOOL.12

    I scorn, although their drudge, to be their fool or jester.NWAD FOOL.13

    1. To play the fool, to act the buffoon; to jest; to make sport.NWAD FOOL.14

    2. To act like one void of understanding.NWAD FOOL.15

    To put the fool on, to impose on; to delude.NWAD FOOL.16

    To make a fool of, to frustrate; to defeat; to disappoint.NWAD FOOL.17

    FOOL, v.i. To trifle; to toy; to spend time in idleness, sport or mirth.

    Is this a time for fooling?NWAD FOOL.19

    FOOL, v.t.

    1. To treat with contempt; to disappoint; to defeat; to frustrate; to deceive; to impose on.NWAD FOOL.21

    When I consider life, ‘tis all a cheat; for fooled with hope, men favor the deceit.NWAD FOOL.22

    2. To infatuate; to make foolish.NWAD FOOL.23

    3. To cheat; as, to fool one out of his money.NWAD FOOL.24

    1. To fool away, to spend in trifles, idleness, folly, or without advantage; as, to fool away time.NWAD FOOL.25

    2. To spend for things of no value or use; to expend improvidently; as, to fool away money.NWAD FOOL.26

    FOOL, n. A liquid made of gooseberries scalded and pounded, with cream.

    FOOLBORN, a. Foolish from the birth.

    FOOLED, pp. Disappointed; defeated; deceived; imposed on.

    FOOLERY, n.

    1. The practice of folly; habitual folly; attention to trifles.NWAD FOOLERY.2

    2. An act of folly or weakness.NWAD FOOLERY.3

    3. Object of folly.NWAD FOOLERY.4

    FOOLHAPPY, a. Lucky without judgment or contrivance.

    FOOLHARDINESS, n. Courage without sense or judgment; mad rashness.

    FOOLHARDISE, n. Foolhardiness. [Not in use.]

    FOOLHARDY, a. [fool and hardy.] Daring without judgment; madly rash and adventurous; foolishly bold.

    FOOLING, ppr. Defeating; disappointing; deceiving.

    FOOLISH, a.

    1. Void of understanding or sound judgment; weak in intellect; applied to general character.NWAD FOOLISH.2

    2. Unwise; imprudent; acting without judgment or discretion in particular things.NWAD FOOLISH.3

    3. Proceeding from folly, or marked with folly; silly; vain; trifling.NWAD FOOLISH.4

    But foolish questions avoid. 2 Timothy 2:23.NWAD FOOLISH.5

    4. Ridiculous; despicable.NWAD FOOLISH.6

    A foolish figure he must make.NWAD FOOLISH.7

    5. In scripture, wicked; sinful; acting without regard to the divine law and glory, or to one’s own eternal happiness.NWAD FOOLISH.8

    O foolish Galatians - Galatians 3:1.NWAD FOOLISH.9

    6. Proceeding from depravity; sinful; as foolish lusts. 1 Timothy 6:9.NWAD FOOLISH.10

    FOOLISHLY, adv.

    1. Weakly; without understanding or judgment; unwisely; indiscreetly.NWAD FOOLISHLY.2

    2. Wickedly; sinfully.NWAD FOOLISHLY.3

    I have done very foolishly. 2 Samuel 24:10.NWAD FOOLISHLY.4


    1. Folly; want of understanding.NWAD FOOLISHNESS.2

    2. Foolish practice; want of wisdom or good judgment.NWAD FOOLISHNESS.3

    3. In a scriptural sense, absurdity; folly.NWAD FOOLISHNESS.4

    The preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness. 1 Corinthians 1:18.NWAD FOOLISHNESS.5

    FOOLSCAP, n. [L. scapus, or folio and shape.] A kind of paper of small size.

    FOOL’S-PARSLEY, n. A plant, of the genus Aethusa.

    FOOLSTONES, n. A plant, the Orchis.

    FOOLTRAP, n. A trap to catch fools; as a fly trap.

    FOOT, n. plu. feet. [L. pes, pedis. Probably this word is allied to the Gr. to walk, to tread. Eng. verb, to tread.]

    1. In animal bodies, the lower extremity of the leg; the part of the leg which treads the earth in standing or walking, and by which the animal is sustained and enabled to step.NWAD FOOT.2

    2. That which bears some resemblance to an animal’s foot in shape or office; the lower end of any thing that supports a body; as the foot of a table.NWAD FOOT.3

    3. The lower part; the base; as the foot of a column or of a mountain.NWAD FOOT.4

    4. The lower part; the bottom; as the foot of an account; the foot of a sail.NWAD FOOT.5

    5. Foundation; condition; state. We are not on the same foot with our fellow citizens. In this sense, it is more common, in America, to use footing; and in this sense the plural is not used.NWAD FOOT.6

    6. Plan of establishment; fundamental principles. Our constitution may hereafter be placed on a better foot.NWAD FOOT.7

    [In this sense the plural is not used.]NWAD FOOT.8

    7. In military language, soldiers who march and fight on foot; infantry, as distinguished from cavalry.NWAD FOOT.9

    [In this sense the plural is not used.]NWAD FOOT.10

    8. A measure consisting of twelve inches; supposed to be taken from the length of a man’s foot. Geometricians divide the foot into 10 digits, and the digit into 10 lines.NWAD FOOT.11

    9. In poetry, a certain number of syllables, constituting part of a verse; as the iambus, the dactyl, and the spondee.NWAD FOOT.12

    10. Step; pace.NWAD FOOT.13

    11. Level; par. Obs.NWAD FOOT.14

    12. The part of a stocking or boot which receives the foot.NWAD FOOT.15

    By foot, or rather, on foot, by walking, as to go or pass on foot; or by fording, as to pass a stream on foot. See the next definition.NWAD FOOT.16

    To set on foot, to originate; to begin; to put in motion; as, to set on foot a subscription. Hence, to be on foot, is to be in motion, action or process of execution.NWAD FOOT.17

    FOOT, v.i.

    1. To dance; to tread to measure or music; to skip.NWAD FOOT.19

    2. To walk; opposed to ride or fly. In this sense, the word is commonly followed by it.NWAD FOOT.20

    If you are for a merry jaunt, I’ll try, for once, who can foot it farthest.NWAD FOOT.21

    FOOT, v.t.

    1. To kick; to strike with the foot; to spurn.NWAD FOOT.23

    2. To settle; to begin to fix. [Little used.]NWAD FOOT.24

    3. To tread; as, to foot the green.NWAD FOOT.25

    4. To add the numbers in a column, and set the sum at the foot; as, to foot an account.NWAD FOOT.26

    5. To seize and hold with the foot. [Not used.]NWAD FOOT.27

    6. To add or make a foot; as, to foot a stocking or boot.NWAD FOOT.28

    FOOTBALL, n.

    1. A ball consisting of an inflated bladder, cased in leather, to be driven by the foot.NWAD FOOTBALL.2

    2. The sport or practice of kicking the football.NWAD FOOTBALL.3

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