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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    IMMODERATION, n. Excess; want of moderation.

    IMMODEST, a. [L. immodestus; in and modestus, modest. See the latter.]

    1. Literally, not limited to due bounds. Hence, in a general sense, immoderate; exorbitant, unreasonable; arrogant.NWAD IMMODEST.2

    2. Appropriately, wanting in the reserve or restraint which decency requires; wanting in decency and delicacy. It is immodest in decency and delicacy. It is immodest to treat superiors with the familiarity that is customary among equals.NWAD IMMODEST.3

    3. Wanting in chastity; unchaste; lewd; as an immodest female.NWAD IMMODEST.4

    4. Impure; indelicate; as an immodest thought.NWAD IMMODEST.5

    5. Obscene; as an immodest word.NWAD IMMODEST.6

    IMMODESTLY, adv. Without due reserve; indecently; unchastely; obscenely.

    IMMODESTY, n. [L. immodestia.] Want of modesty; indecency; unchastity.

    1. Want of delicacy or decent reserve.NWAD IMMODESTY.2

    IMMOLATE, v.t. [L. immolo, to sacrifice; in and mola, meal sprinkled with salt, which was thrown on the head of the victim.]

    1. To sacrifice; to kill, as a victim offered in sacrifice.NWAD IMMOLATE.2

    2. To offer in sacrifice.NWAD IMMOLATE.3

    Now immolate the tongues and mix the wine.NWAD IMMOLATE.4

    IMMOLATED, pp. Sacrificed; offered in sacrifice.

    From the same altar on which the small states shall be immolated, will rise the smoke of sacrificed liberty, and despotism must be the dreadful successor.NWAD IMMOLATED.2

    IMMOLATING, ppr. Sacrificing; offering, as a victim.

    IMMOLATION, n. The act of sacrificing.

    1. A sacrifice offered.NWAD IMMOLATION.2

    IMMOLATOR, n. One who offers in sacrifice.

    IMMOMENT, a. Trifling.

    IMMOMENTOUS, a. Unimportant.

    IMMORAL, a. [in and moral.] Inconsistent with moral rectitude; contrary to the moral or divine law; wicked; unjust; dishonest; vicious. Every action is immoral which contravenes any divine precept, or which is contrary to the duties which men owe to each other.

    1. Wicked or unjust in practice; vicious; dishonest; as an immoral man. Every man who violates a divine law or a social duty, is immoral but we particularly apply the term to a person who habitually violates the laws.NWAD IMMORAL.2

    IMMORALITY, n. Any act or practice which contravenes the divine commands or the social duties. Injustice, dishonesty, fraud, slander, profaneness, gaming, intemperance, lewdness, are immoralities. All crimes are immoralities; but crime expresses more than immorality.

    IMMORALLY, adv. Wickedly; viciously; in violation of law or duty.

    IMMORIGEROUS, a. [Low L. immoriger.] Rude; uncivil.

    IMMORIGEROUSNESS, n. Rudeness; disobedience.

    IMMORTAL, a. [L. immortalis. See Mortal.]

    1. Having no principle of alteration or corruption; exempt from death; having life or being that shall never end; as an immortal soul.NWAD IMMORTAL.2

    To the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory forever. 1 Timothy 1:17.NWAD IMMORTAL.3

    2. Never ending; everlasting; continual.NWAD IMMORTAL.4


    Immortal longings in me.NWAD IMMORTAL.6

    3. Perpetual; having unlimited existence.NWAD IMMORTAL.7

    A corporation is called an immortal being.NWAD IMMORTAL.8

    4. Destined to live in all the ages of this world; imperishable; as immortal fame.NWAD IMMORTAL.9

    So Homer is called the immortal bard.NWAD IMMORTAL.10

    IMMORTALITY, n. The quality of never ceasing to live or exist; exemption from death and annihilation; life destined to endure without end; as the immortality of the human soul.

    --Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. 2 Timothy 1:10.NWAD IMMORTALITY.2

    1. Exemption from oblivion.NWAD IMMORTALITY.3

    2. Perpetuity; existence not limited; as the immortality of a corporation.NWAD IMMORTALITY.4

    IMMORTALIZATION, n. The act of immortalizing.


    1. To render immortal; to make perpetual; to cause to live or exist while the world shall endure. The Iliad has immortalized the name of Homer.NWAD IMMORTALIZE.2

    Alexander had no Homer to immortalize his guilty name.NWAD IMMORTALIZE.3

    2. To exempt from oblivion; to make perpetual.NWAD IMMORTALIZE.4

    IMMORTALIZE, v.i. To become immortal. [Not in use.]

    IMMORTALIZED, pp. Rendered immortal or perpetual.

    IMMORTALIZING, ppr. Making immortal or perpetual.

    IMMORTALLY, adv. With endless existence; with exemption from death.

    IMMORTIFICATION, n. [in and mortification.] Want of subjection of the passions.

    IMMOVABILITY, n. Steadfastness that cannot be moved or shaken.

    IMMOVABLE, a. [in and movable.] That cannot be moved from its place; as an immovable foundation.

    1. Not to be moved from a purpose; steadfast; fixed; that cannot be induced to change or alter; as a man who remains immovable.NWAD IMMOVABLE.2

    2. That cannot be altered or shaken; unalterable; unchangeable; as an immovable purpose or resolution.NWAD IMMOVABLE.3

    3. That cannot be affected or moved; not impressible; not susceptible of compassion or tender feelings; unfeeling.NWAD IMMOVABLE.4

    4. Fixed; not liable to be removed; permanent in place; as immovable estate.NWAD IMMOVABLE.5

    5. Not to be shaken or agitated.NWAD IMMOVABLE.6

    IMMOVABLENESS, n. The quality of being immovable.

    IMMOVABLY, adv. In a manner not to be moved from its place or purpose; or in a manner not to be shaken; unalterably; unchangeably. Immovably firm to their duty; immovably fixed or established.

    IMMUND, a. [L. immundus.] Unclean.

    IMMUNDICITY, n. Uncleanness.

    IMMUNITY, n. [L. immuinitas, from immunis, free, exempt; in and munus, charge, office, duty.]

    1. Freedom or exemption from obligation. To be exempted from observing the rites or duties of the church, is an immunity.NWAD IMMUNITY.2

    2. Exemption from any charge, duty, office, tax or imposition; a particular privilege; as the immunities of the free cities of Germany; the immunities of the clergy.NWAD IMMUNITY.3

    3. Freedom; as an immunity from error.NWAD IMMUNITY.4

    IMMURE, v.t. [L. in and murus, a wall.]

    1. To inclose within walls; to shut up; to confine; as, to immure nuns in cloisters.NWAD IMMURE.2

    The student immures himself voluntarily.NWAD IMMURE.3

    2. To wall; to surround with walls.NWAD IMMURE.4

    Lysimachus immured it with a wall. [Not usual.]NWAD IMMURE.5

    3. To imprison.NWAD IMMURE.6

    IMMURE, n. A wall. [Not used.]

    IMMURED, pp. Confined within walls.

    IMMUSICAL, a. [in and musical.] Not musical; inharmonious; not accordant; harsh.

    IMMUTABILITY, n. [L. immutabilitas; in and mutabilis, mutable, from muto, to change.]

    Unchangeableness; the quality that renders change or alteration impossible; invariableness. Immutability is an attribute of God.NWAD IMMUTABILITY.2

    IMMUTABLE, a. [L. immutabilis; in and mutabilis.] invariable; unalterable; not capable or susceptible of change.

    That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have strong consolation. Hebrews 6:18.NWAD IMMUTABLE.2

    IMMUTABLENESS, n. Unchangeableness; immutability.

    IMMUTABLY, adv. Unchangeably; unalterably; invariably; in a manner that admits of no change.

    IMMUTATE, a. [L. immutatus.] Unchanged.

    IMMUTATION, n. [L. immutatio.] Change; alteration.

    IMP, n.

    1. A son; offspring; progeny.NWAD IMP.2

    The tender imp was weaned.NWAD IMP.3

    A lad of life, an imp of fame.NWAD IMP.4

    2. A subaltern or puny devil.NWAD IMP.5

    IMP, v.t.

    1. To graft.NWAD IMP.7

    2. To lengthen; to extend or enlarge by something inserted or added; a term originally used by falconers, who repair a hawk’s wing by adding feathers.NWAD IMP.8

    Imp out our drooping country’s broken wings.NWAD IMP.9

    --The false north displaysNWAD IMP.10

    Her broken league to imp her serpent wings.NWAD IMP.11

    This verb is, I believe, used only in poetry.NWAD IMP.12

    IMPACABLE, a. [L. in and paco, to appease.]

    Not to be appeased or quieted.NWAD IMPACABLE.2

    IMPACT, v.t. [L. impactus, from impingo; in and pango, to drive.]

    To drive close; to press or drive firmly together.NWAD IMPACT.2

    IMPACT, n. Touch; impression.

    IMPACTED, pp. Driven hard; made close by driving.

    IMPAINT, v.t. To paint; to adorn with colors.

    IMPAIR, v.t. [L. pejor.]

    1. To make worse; to diminish in quantity, value or excellence. An estate is impaired by extravagance or neglect. The profligate impairs his estate and his reputation.NWAD IMPAIR.2

    Imprudence impairs a man’s usefulness.NWAD IMPAIR.3

    2. To weaken; to enfeeble. The constitution is impaired by intemperance, by infirmity and by age. The force of evidence may be impaired by the suspicion of interest in the witness.NWAD IMPAIR.4

    IMPAIR, v.i. To be lessened or worn out. [Little used.]

    IMPAIR, a. [L. impar, unequal.] In crystallography, when a different number of faces is presented by the prism, and by each summit; but the three numbers follow no law of progression.

    IMPAIRMENT, IMPAIR, n. Diminution; decrease; injury. [Not used.]

    IMPAIRED, pp. Diminished; injured; weakened.

    IMPAIRER, n. He or that which impairs.

    IMPAIRING, ppr. Making worse; lessening; injuring; enfeebling.

    IMPALATABLE, a. Unpalatable. [Little used.]

    IMPALE, v.t. [L. in and palus, a pole, a stake.]

    1. To fix on a stake; to put to death by fixing on an upright sharp stake. [See Empale.]NWAD IMPALE.2

    2. To inclose with stakes, posts or palisades.NWAD IMPALE.3

    3. In heraldry, to join two coats of arms pale-wise.NWAD IMPALE.4

    IMPALLID, v.t. To make pallid or pale. [Not in use.]

    IMPALM, v.t. imp`am. [L. in and palma, the hand.]

    To grasp; to take in the hand.NWAD IMPALM.2

    IMPALPABILITY, n. The quality of not being palpable, or perceptible by the touch.

    IMPALPABLE, a. [L. in and palpo, to feel. See Palpable.]

    Not to be felt; that cannot be perceived by the touch; as an impalpable powder, whose parts are so minute that they cannot be distinguished by the senses, particularly by feeling.NWAD IMPALPABLE.2

    1. Not coarse or gross.NWAD IMPALPABLE.3

    IMPALSY, v.t. s as z. [in and palsy.] To strike with palsy; to paralyze; to deaden.

    IMPANATE, a. [L. in and panis, bread.] Embodied in bread.

    IMPANATE, v.t. To embody with bread.

    IMPANATION, n. The supposed substantial presence of the body and blood of Christ, with the substance of the bread and wine, after consecration, in the eucharist; a tenet of the Lutheran church; otherwise called consubstantiation.

    IMPANNEL, v.t. [in and pannel.] To write or enter the names of a jury in a list or on a piece of parchment, called a pannel; to form, complete or enroll a list of jurors in a court of justice.

    IMPANNELED, pp. Having the names entered in a pannel; formed, as a jury.

    IMPANNELING, ppr. Writing the names of a pannel; forming, as a jury.

    IMPARADISE, v.t. To put in a place of felicity; to make happy.

    IMPARADISED, pp. Placed in a condition resembling that of paradise; made happy.

    IMPARADISING, ppr. Making very happy.

    IMPARALLELED, a. Unparalleled. [Not used.]

    IMPARASYLLABIC, a. [L. in, par, and syllaba.]

    Not consisting of an equal number of syllables. An imparasyllabic noun is one which has not the same number of syllables in all the cases; as lapis, lapidis; mens, mentis.NWAD IMPARASYLLABIC.2

    IMPARDONABLE, a. Unpardonable.

    IMPARITY, n. [in and parity; L. par, equal.]

    1. Inequality; disproportion.NWAD IMPARITY.2

    2. Oddness; indivisibility into equal parts.NWAD IMPARITY.3

    3. Difference of degree, rank or excellence.NWAD IMPARITY.4

    IMPARK, v.t. [in and park.] To inclose for a park; to make a park by inclosure; to sever from a common.

    IMPARL, v.i. To hold mutual discourse; appropriately, in law, to have license to settle a lawsuit amicably; to have delay for mutual adjustment.

    IMPARLANCE, n. Properly, leave for mutual discourse; appropriately, in law, the license or privilege of a defendant, granted on motion, to have delay of trial, to see if he can settle the matter amicably by talking with the plaintiff, and thus to determine what answer he shall make to the plaintiff’s action. Hence,

    1. The continuance of a cause till another day, or from day to day.NWAD IMPARLANCE.2

    IMPARSONEE, a. A parson imparsonee, is a parson presented, instituted and inducted into a rectory, and in full possession.

    IMPART, v.t. [L. impertior; in and partio, to divide; from pars, a part.]

    1. To give, grant or communicate; to bestow on another a share or portion of something; as, to impart a portion of provisions to the poor.NWAD IMPART.2

    2. To grant; to give; to confer; as, to impart honor or favor.NWAD IMPART.3

    3. To communicate the knowledge of something; to make known; to show by words or tokens.NWAD IMPART.4

    Gentle lady,NWAD IMPART.5

    When first I did impart my love to you--NWAD IMPART.6

    IMPARTANCE, n. Communication of a share; grant.

    IMPARTATION, n. The act of imparting or conferring. [Not much used.]

    IMPARTED, pp. Communicated; granted; conferred.

    IMPARTIAL, a. [in and partial, from part, L. pars.]

    1. Not partial; not biased in favor of one party more than another; indifferent; unprejudiced; disinterested; as an impartial judge or arbitrator.NWAD IMPARTIAL.2

    2. Not favoring one party more than another; equitable; just; as an impartial judgment or decision; an impartial opinion.NWAD IMPARTIAL.3

    IMPARTIALIST, n. One who is impartial. [Little used.]

    IMPARTIALITY, n. imparshal’ity. Indifference of opinion or judgment; freedom from bias in favor of one side or party more than another; disinterestedness.

    Impartiality is indispensable to an upright judge.NWAD IMPARTIALITY.2

    1. Equitableness; justice; as the impartiality of a decision.NWAD IMPARTIALITY.3

    IMPARTIALLY, adv. Without bias of judgment; without prejudice; without inclination to favor one party or side more than another; equitably; justly.

    IMPARTIBILITY, n. The quality of not being subject to partition.

    1. The quality of being capable of being communicated.NWAD IMPARTIBILITY.2


    1. Not partible or subject to partition; as an impartible estate.NWAD IMPARTIBLE.2

    2. [from impart.] That may be imparted, conferred, bestowed or communicated.NWAD IMPARTIBLE.3

    IMPARTING, ppr. Communicating; granting; bestowing.

    IMPARTMENT, n. The act of imparting; the communication of knowledge; disclosure.

    IMPASSABLE, a. [in and passable. See Pass.]

    That cannot be passed; not admitting a passage; as an impassable road, mountain or gulf.NWAD IMPASSABLE.2

    IMPASSABLENESS, n. The state of being impassable.

    IMPASSABLY, adv. In a manner or degree that prevents passing, or the power of passing.

    IMPASSIBILITY, IMPASSIBLENESS, n. [from impassible.]

    Exemption from pain or suffering; insusceptibility of injury from external things.NWAD IMPASSIBILITY.2

    IMPASSIBLE, a. [L. impassibilis, from passus, patior, to suffer.]

    Incapable of pain, passion or suffering; that cannot be affected with pain or uneasiness. Whatever is destitute of sensation is impassible.NWAD IMPASSIBLE.2

    Though naked and impassible, depart.NWAD IMPASSIBLE.3

    IMPASSION, v.t. [in and passion.] To move or affect strongly with passion.

    IMPASSIONATE, v.t. To affect powerfully.

    IMPASSIONATE, a. Strongly affected.

    1. Without passion or feeling.NWAD IMPASSIONATE.3

    IMPASSIONED, a. Actuated or agitated by passion.

    The tempter all impassioned, thus began.NWAD IMPASSIONED.2

    1. Animated; excited; having the feelings warmed; as an impassioned orator.NWAD IMPASSIONED.3

    2. Animated; expressive of passion or ardor; as an impassioned discourse.NWAD IMPASSIONED.4

    IMPASSIVE, a. [L. in and passus, patior, to suffer.]

    Not susceptible of pain or suffering; as the impassive air; impassive ice.NWAD IMPASSIVE.2

    IMPASSIVELY, adv. Without sensibility to pain or suffering.

    IMPASSIVENESS, n. The state of being insusceptible of pain.

    IMPASSIVITY, n. The quality of being insusceptible of feeling, pain or suffering.

    IMPASTATION, n. [in and paste.] The mixtion of various materials of different colors and consistences, baked or united by a cement, and hardened by the air or by fire.

    IMPASTE, v.t.

    1. To knead; to make into paste.NWAD IMPASTE.2

    2. In painting, to lay on colors thick and bold.NWAD IMPASTE.3

    IMPASTED, a. Concreted, as into paste.

    1. Pasted over; covered with paste, or with thick paint.NWAD IMPASTED.2

    IMPATIBLE, a. [L. impatibilis.] Intolerable; that cannot be borne.

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