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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    SHORTSIGHTED, a. [short and sight.]

    1. Not able to see far; having limited vision; in a literal sense.NWAD SHORTSIGHTED.2

    2. Not able to look far into futurity; not able to understand things deep or remite; of limited intellect.NWAD SHORTSIGHTED.3


    1. A defect in vision, consisting in the inability to see things at a distance, or at the distance to which ssight normally extends. Short-sightedness is owing to the too great convexity of the crystaline humor of the eye, by which the rays of light are brought to a focus too soon, that is, before they reach the retina.NWAD SHORT-SIGHTEDNESS.2

    2. Defected or limited intellectual sight; inabilaty to see far into futurity or into things deep or abstruse.NWAD SHORT-SIGHTEDNESS.3

    SHORT-WAISTED, a. [short and waist.] Having a short waist or body.

    SHORT-WINDED, a. [short and wind.] Affected with shortness of breath; having a quick respiration; as asthmatic persons.

    SHORT-WINGED, a. [short and wing.] Having short wings; as a short-winged hawk.

    SHORT-WITTED, a. Having little wit; not wise; of scanty intellect or judgement.

    SHORY, a. [from shore.] Lying near th eshore or coast. [Little used.]

    SHOT, pret. and pp. of shoot.

    SHOT, n.

    1. The act of shooting; discharge of a missile weapon.NWAD SHOT.3

    He caused twenty shot of his greatest cannon to be made at the king’s army. Clarendon.NWAD SHOT.4

    [Note. The plural shots, may be used, but shot is generally used in both numbers.]NWAD SHOT.5

    2. A missile weapon, particularly a ball or bullet. Shot is properly what is discharged from fire-arms or cannons by the force of gunpowder. Shot used in war is of various kinds; as, roundshot or balls; those for cannon make of iron, those for muskets and pistols, of lead. Secondly, double headed shot or bar shot, consisting of a bar with a round head at each end. Thirdly, chain-shot, consisting of to balls chained together. Fourthly, grape-shot, consisting of a number of balls bound together with a cord in canvas on an iron bottom. Fifthly, case shot or canister shot, consisting of a great number of small bullets in a cylindrical tin box. Sixthly, langrel or langrage, which consists of pieces of iron of any kind or shape. Small shot, denotes musket balls.NWAD SHOT.6

    3. Small globular masses of lead, used for killing fowls and other small animals. These are not called balls or bullets.NWAD SHOT.7

    4. The flight of a missile weapon, or the distance which it passes from the engine; as a cannon shot; a musket shot; a pistol shot; a bow shot.NWAD SHOT.8

    5. A reckoning; charge or proportional share of expense. [See Scot.]NWAD SHOT.9

    Shot of a cable, in seaman’s language, the splicing of two cables together; or the whole length of two cables thus united. A ship will ride easier with one shot of cable thus lengthened, than with three short cables.NWAD SHOT.10

    SHOTE, n.

    1. A fish resembling the trout.NWAD SHOTE.2

    2. A young hog. [See Shoot.]NWAD SHOTE.3

    SHOT-FREE, a. [shot and free.]

    1. Free from charge; exempted from any share of expense; scot-free.NWAD SHOT-FREE.2

    2. Not to be injured by shot. [Not used.]NWAD SHOT-FREE.3

    3. Unpunished. [Not used.]NWAD SHOT-FREE.4

    SHOTTEN, a. shot’n. [from shoot.]

    1. Having ejected the spawn; as a shotten herring.NWAD SHOTTEN.2

    2. Shooting into angles.NWAD SHOTTEN.3

    3. Shot out of its socket; dislocated; as a bone.NWAD SHOTTEN.4

    SHOUGH, n. shok. A kind of shaggy dog. [Not in use. See Shock.]

    SHOULD. shood. The preterit of shall, but now used as an auxiliary verb, either in the past time or conditional present. “He should have paid the debt at the time the note became due.” Should here denotes past time. “I should ride to town this day if the weather would permit.” Here should expresses present or future time conditionally. In the second and third persons, it denotes obligation or duty, as in the first example above.

    1. I should go. When should in this person is uttered without emphasis, it declares simply that an event would take place, on some condition or under circumstances.NWAD SHOULD.2

    But when expressed with emphasis, should in this person denotes obligation, duty or determination.NWAD SHOULD.3

    2. Thou shouldst go.NWAD SHOULD.4

    You should Without emphasis, should, in the second person, is nearly equivalent to ought; you ought to go, it is your duty, you are bound to go. [See Shall.]NWAD SHOULD.5

    With emphasis, should expresses determination in th espeaker conditionally to compel the person to act. “If I had the care of you, you should go, whether willing or not.”NWAD SHOULD.6

    3. He should go. should, in the third person, has the same force as in the second.NWAD SHOULD.7

    4. If I should, if you should, if he should, etc. denote a figure contingent event.NWAD SHOULD.8

    5. After should, the principal verb is sometimes omitted, without obscuring the sense.NWAD SHOULD.9

    So subjects love just kings, or so they should. Ktyden.NWAD SHOULD.10

    That is, so they should love them.NWAD SHOULD.11

    6. should be, ought to be; a proverbial phrase, conveying some censure, contempt or irony. Things are not as they should be.NWAD SHOULD.12

    The biys think their mother no better than they should be. Addison.NWAD SHOULD.13

    7. “We think it strange that stones should fall from the aerial regions.” In this use, should implies that stones do fall. In all similar phrases, should implies the actual existence of the fact, without a condition of supposition.NWAD SHOULD.14

    SHOULDER, n.

    1. The joint by which the arm of a human being or the fore leg of a quadruped is connected with the body; or in man, the projection formed by the bones called scapula or shoulder blades, which extend from the basis of the neck in a horizontal direction.NWAD SHOULDER.2

    2. The upper joint of the fore leg of an animal cut for th emarket; as a shoulder of mutton.NWAD SHOULDER.3

    3. Shoulders, in the plural, the upper part of the back.NWAD SHOULDER.4

    Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair. Dryden.NWAD SHOULDER.5

    4. Figuratively, support; sustaining power; or that which elevates and sustains.NWAD SHOULDER.6

    For on thy shoulders do I build my seat. Shak.NWAD SHOULDER.7

    5. Among artificers, something like the human shoulder; a horizontal or rectangular projection from the body of a thing.NWAD SHOULDER.8

    SHOULDER, v.t.

    1. To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence.NWAD SHOULDER.10

    Around her numberless the rabble flow’d,NWAD SHOULDER.11

    Should’ring each other, crowding for a view. Rowe.NWAD SHOULDER.12

    As they the earth would shoulder from her seat. Spenser.NWAD SHOULDER.13

    2. To take upon the shoulder; as, to shoulder a basket.NWAD SHOULDER.14

    SHOULDER-BELT, n. [shoulder and belt.] A belt that passes across the shoulder.

    SHOULDER-BLADE, n. [shoulder and blade.] The bone of the shoulder, or blade bone, broad and triangular, covering the hind part of the ribs; called by anatomists scapula and omoplata.

    SHOULDER-CLAPPER, n. [shoulder and clap.] One that claps another on the shoulder, or that uses great familiarity. [Not in use.]

    SHOULDER-KNOT, n. [shoulder and knot.] An ornamental knot of ribin or lace worn on the shoulder; an epaulet.

    SHOULDER-SHOTTEN, a. [shoulder and shot.] Strained in the shoulder, as a horse.

    SHOULDER-SLIP, n. [shoulder and slip.] Dislocation of the shoulder or of the humerus.

    SHOUT, v.i. To utter a sudden and loud outcry, usually in joy, triumph or exultation, or to animate soldiers in an onset.

    It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery. Exodus 32:18.NWAD SHOUT.2

    When ye hear th esound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout. Joshua 6:5.NWAD SHOUT.3

    SHOUT, n. A loud burst of voice or voices; a vehement and sudden outcry, particularly of a multitude of men, expressing joy, triumph, exultation or animated courage. It is sometimes intended in derision.

    The Rhodians seeing an enemy turn their backs, gave a great shout in derision. Knolles.NWAD SHOUT.5

    SHOUT, v.t. To treat with shouts or clamor.

    SHOUTER, n. One that shouts.

    SHOUTING, ppr. Uttering a sudden and loud outcry in joy or exultation.

    SHOUTING, n. The act of shouting; a loud outcry expressive of joy or animation.

    SHOVE, v.t.

    1. To push; to propel; to drive along by the direct application of strength without impulse; particularly, to push a body by sliding or causing it to move along the surface of another body, either by the hand or by an instrument; as, the shove a bottle along a table; to shove a table along the floor; to shove a boat along the water.NWAD SHOVE.2

    And shove away the worthy bidden guest. Milton.NWAD SHOVE.3

    Shoving back this earth on which I sit. Dryden.NWAD SHOVE.4

    2. To push; to press against.NWAD SHOVE.5

    He used to shove an elbow his fellow servants to get near his mistress Arbuthnot.NWAD SHOVE.6

    To shove away, to push to a distance; to thrust off.NWAD SHOVE.7

    To shove by, to push away; to delay, or to reject; as, to shove by the hearing of a cause; or to shove by justice. [Not elegant.]NWAD SHOVE.8

    To shove off, to thrust or push away.NWAD SHOVE.9

    To shove down, to overthrow by pushing.NWAD SHOVE.10

    SHOVE, v.i.

    1. To push or drive forward; to urge a course.NWAD SHOVE.12

    2. To push off; to move in a boat or with a pole; as, he shoved from shore.NWAD SHOVE.13

    To shove off, to move from shore by pushing with poles or oars.NWAD SHOVE.14

    SHOVE, n. The act of pushing or pressing against by strength, without a sudden impulse.

    SHOVED, pp. Pushed; propelled.

    SHOVEL, n. shov’l. An instrument consisting of a broad scoop or hollow blade with a handle; used por throwing earth or other loole substances.

    SHOVEL, v.t.

    1. To take up and throw with a shovel; as, to shovel earth into a heap or into a cart, or out of a pit.NWAD SHOVEL.3

    2. To gather in great quantities.NWAD SHOVEL.4

    SHOVEL-BOARD, n. A board on which they play by sliding metal pieces at a mark.

    SHOVELED, pp. Thrown with a shovel.

    SHOVELER, n. [from shovel.] A fowl of the genus Anas or duck kind.

    SHOVELING, ppr. Throwing with a shovel.

    SHOW, v.t. pret. SHOWED; pp. shown. It is sometimes written shew, shewed, shewn. [If the radical letter lost was a labial, show coincides with the Gr.]

    1. To exhibit or present to the view of others.NWAD SHOW.2

    Go thy way, show thyself to the priest. Matthew 8:4.NWAD SHOW.3

    2. To afford to the eye or to notice; to contain in a visible form.NWAD SHOW.4

    Nor want we skill o rart, from whence to raiseNWAD SHOW.5

    Magnificence; and what can heaven show more? Milton.NWAD SHOW.6

    3. To make or enable to see.NWAD SHOW.7

    4. To make or enable to perceive.NWAD SHOW.8

    5. To make to know; to cause to understand; to make known; to teach or inform.NWAD SHOW.9

    Know, I am sentNWAD SHOW.10

    To show thee what shall come in future days. Milton.NWAD SHOW.11

    6. To prove; to manifest.NWAD SHOW.12

    I’ll show my duty by my timely care. Dryden.NWAD SHOW.13

    7. T oinform; to teach; with of.NWAD SHOW.14

    The time cometh when I shall no more speak to you in proverbs, but I shall show you plainly of the Father. John 16:25.NWAD SHOW.15

    8. To point out, as a guide.NWAD SHOW.16

    Thou shalt show them the way in which they must walk. Exodus 18:20.NWAD SHOW.17

    9. To bestow; to confer; to afford; as, to show favor or mercy on any person.NWAD SHOW.18

    10. To prove by evidence, testimony or authentic registers or documents.NWAD SHOW.19

    They could not show their father’s house. Ezra 2:59.NWAD SHOW.20

    11. To disclose; to make known.NWAD SHOW.21

    I durst not show mine opinion. Job 32:6.NWAD SHOW.22

    12. To discover; to explain; as, to show a dream or interpretation.NWAD SHOW.23

    To show forth, to manifest; to publish; to proclaim.NWAD SHOW.24

    SHOW, v.i.

    1. To appear; to look; to be in appearance.NWAD SHOW.26

    Just such she shows before a rising storm. Dryden.NWAD SHOW.27

    2. To have appearance; to become or suit well or ill.NWAD SHOW.28

    My lord of York, it better show’d with you. Obs. Shak.NWAD SHOW.29

    SHOW, n.

    1. Superficial appearance; not reality.NWAD SHOW.31

    Mild heav’nNWAD SHOW.32

    Disapproves that care, though wise in show. Milton.NWAD SHOW.33

    2. A spectacle; something offered to view for money.NWAD SHOW.34

    3. Ostentatious display or parade.NWAD SHOW.35

    I envy none their pageantry and show. Young.NWAD SHOW.36

    4. Appearance as an object of notice.NWAD SHOW.37

    The city itself makes the noblest showof any in the world. Addison.NWAD SHOW.38

    5. Public appearance, in distinction of concealment; as an open show.NWAD SHOW.39

    6. Semblance; likeness.NWAD SHOW.40

    In show plebeian angel militant. Milton.NWAD SHOW.41

    7. Seciousness; plausibility.NWAD SHOW.42

    But a short exile must for show precede. Dryden.NWAD SHOW.43

    8. External appearance.NWAD SHOW.44

    And forc’d, at least in show, to prize it more. Dryden.NWAD SHOW.45

    9. Exhibition in view; as a show o fcattle, or cattle-show.NWAD SHOW.46

    10. Pomp; magnificent spectacle.NWAD SHOW.47

    As for triumphs, masks, feasts, and such shows- Bacon.NWAD SHOW.48

    11. A phantom; as a fairy show.NWAD SHOW.49

    12. Representative action; as a dumb show.NWAD SHOW.50

    13. External appearance; hypocritical pretense.NWAD SHOW.51

    Who devour widows’ houses, and for a show make long prayers. Luke 20:47.NWAD SHOW.52

    SHOW-BREAD, SHEW-BREAD, n. [show and bread.] Among the Jews, bread of exhibition; the loaves of bread which the priest of the week placed before the Lord, on the golden table in the sanctuary. They were shaped like a brick, were ten palms long and five wide, weighing about eight pounds each. They were made of fine flour unleavened, and changed every sabbath. The loaves were twelve in number, and represented the twelve tribes of Israel. They were to be eaten by the priest only.

    SHOWER, n. One who shows or exhibits.

    SHOWER, n. [Qu. Heb. Ch. Ar. to be rough, to shudder.]

    1. A fall of rain or hail, a sort of duration. It may be applied to like a fall of snow, but this seldon occurs. It is applied to a fall of rain or hail of short continuance, or of more or less violence, but never to a storm of long continuance.NWAD SHOWER.3

    2. A fall of thing from the air in thick succession; as a shower of darts or arrows; a shower of stones.NWAD SHOWER.4

    3. A copious supply bestowed; liberal distribution; as a great shower of gifts.NWAD SHOWER.5

    SHOWER, v.t.

    1. To water with a shower; to wet copiously with rain; as, to shower the earth.NWAD SHOWER.7

    2. To bestow liberally; to distribute or scatter in abundance.NWAD SHOWER.8

    Cesar’s favor,NWAD SHOWER.9

    That show’rs down greatness on his friends. Addison.NWAD SHOWER.10

    3. To be wet with falling water, as in the shower-bath.NWAD SHOWER.11

    SHOWER, v.i. To rain with showers.

    SHOWERED, pp. Wet with a shower; watered abundantly; bestowed or distributed liberally.

    SHOWERLESS, a. Without showers.

    SHOWERY, a. Raining in showers; abounding with frequent falls of rain.

    SHOWILY, adv. In a showy manner; pompously; with parade.

    SHOWINESS, n. State of being showy; pompousness; great parade.

    SHOWISH, a.

    1. Splendid; gaudy. [Little used.]NWAD SHOWISH.2

    2. Ostentatious.NWAD SHOWISH.3

    SHOWN, pp. of show. Exhibited; manifested; proved.

    SHOWY, a.

    1. Splendid; gay; gaudy; making a great show; fine.NWAD SHOWY.2

    2. Ostentatious.NWAD SHOWY.3

    SHRAG, v.t. To lop. [Not in use.]

    SHRAG, n. A twig of a tree cut off. [Not in use.]

    SHRAGGER, n. One that lops; one that trims trees. [Not in use.]

    SHRANK, pret. of shrink, nearly obsolete.

    SHRAP, SHRAPE, n. A place baited with chaff to invite birds. [Not in use.]

    SHRED, v.t. pret. and pp. shred. To cut into small pieces, particularly marrow and long pieces, as of cloth or lether. It differs from mince, which signifies to chop into pieces fine and short.

    SHRED, n.

    1. A long narrow piece cut off; as shreds of cloth.NWAD SHRED.3

    2. A fragment; a piece; as shreds of wit.NWAD SHRED.4

    SHREDDING, ppr. Cutting into shreds.

    SHREDDING, That which is cut off; a piece.

    SHREW, n.

    1. A peevish, brawling, turbulent, vexatious woman. It appears to have originally been applied to males as well as females; but is now restricted to the latter.NWAD SHREW.2

    The man had got a shrew for his wife, and there could be no quiet in the house with her. L’Estrange.NWAD SHREW.3

    2. A shrew-mouse.NWAD SHREW.4

    SHREW, v.t. To beshrew; to curse. Obs.

    SHREWD, a.

    1. Having the qualities of a shrew; vexatious; troublesome; mischievous. Obs.NWAD SHREWD.2

    2. Sly; cunning; arch; subtil; artful; astute; as a shrewd man.NWAD SHREWD.3

    3. Sagacious; of nice discernment; as a shrewd observer of men.NWAD SHREWD.4

    4. Proceeding from cunning or sagacity, or containing it; as a shrewd saying; a shrewd conjecture.NWAD SHREWD.5

    5. Painful; vexatious; troublesome.NWAD SHREWD.6

    Every of this numberNWAD SHREWD.7

    That have endured shrewd nights and days with us. Obs. Shak.NWAD SHREWD.8

    No enemy is so despicable but he may do one a shrewd turn. Obs. L’Estrange.NWAD SHREWD.9

    SHREWDLY, adv. Mischievously; destructively.

    This practice hath most shrewdly passed upon thee. Obs. Shak.NWAD SHREWDLY.2

    2. Vexatiously; used of slight mischief.NWAD SHREWDLY.3

    The obstinate and schismatical are like to think themselves shrewdly hurt by being cut from that body they chos not to be of. Obs. South.NWAD SHREWDLY.4

    Yet seem’d she not to winch, though shrewdly pained. Obs. Dryden.NWAD SHREWDLY.5

    3. Archly; sagaciously; with good guess; as, I shrewdly suspect; he shrewdly observed.NWAD SHREWDLY.6


    1. Sly cunning; archness.NWAD SHREWDNESS.2

    The neighbors round admire his shrewdness. Swift.NWAD SHREWDNESS.3

    2. Sagaciousness; sagacity; the quality of nice discernment.NWAD SHREWDNESS.4

    3. Mischievousness; vexatiouness. [Not in use.]NWAD SHREWDNESS.5

    SHREWISH, a. Having the qualities of a shrew; forward; peevish; petulantly clamorous.

    My wife is shrewish when I keep not hours. Shak.NWAD SHREWISH.2

    SHREWISHLY, adv. Peevishly; clamorously; turbulently.

    He speaks very shrewishly. Shak.NWAD SHREWISHLY.2

    SHREWISHNESS, n. The qualities of a shrew; forwardness; petulance; turbulent clamorousness.

    I have no gift in shrewishness. Shak.NWAD SHREWISHNESS.2

    SHREW-MOUSE, n. A small animal resembling a mouse, but belong to the genus Sorex; an animal that burrows in the ground, feeding on corn, insects, etc. It is a harmless animal.

    SHRIEK, v.i. [L. ruga, wrinkled, rugo, to bray.] To utter a sharp shrill cry; to scream; as in sudden fright, in horror or anguish.

    At this she shriek’d aloud. Dryden.NWAD SHRIEK.2

    It was the owl that shriek’d. Shak.NWAD SHRIEK.3

    SHRIEK, n. A sharp shrill outcry or scream, such as is produced by sudden anger or extreme anguish.

    Shrieks, clamors, murmurs fill the frighted town. Dryden.NWAD SHRIEK.5

    SHRIEKING, ppr. Crying out with a shrill voice.

    SHRIEVAL, a. Pertaining to a sherif. [Not in use.]

    SHRIEVALTY, n. [from sherif.] Sherifalty; the office of a sherif.

    It was ordained by 28 Ed. 1. that the people shall have election of sherif in every shire, where the shrievalty is not of inheritance. Blackstone.NWAD SHRIEVALTY.2

    SHRIEVE, n. Sherif. [Not in use.]

    SHRIFT, n. Confession made to a priest. Obs.

    SHRIGHT, for shrieked.

    SHRIGHT, n. A shriek. [Not in use.]

    SHRIKE, n. [See Shriek.] The butcher-bird; a genus of birds called Lanius, of several species.

    SHRILL, a. [L. grillus.]

    1. Sharp; acute; piercing; as sound; as a shrill voice; shrill echoes.NWAD SHRILL.2

    2. Uttering an acute sound; as the cock’s shrill sounding throat; a shrill trumpet.NWAD SHRILL.3

    [NOTE. A shrill may be tremulous of trilling; but this circumstance is not essential it, although it seems to be of the root of trill.]NWAD SHRILL.4

    SHRILL, v.i. To utter an acute piercing sound.

    Break we out pipes that shrill’d as loud as lark. Spenser.NWAD SHRILL.6

    SHRILL, v.t. To cause to make a shrill sound.

    SHRILLNESS, n. Acuteness of sound; sharpness or fineness of voice.

    SHRILLY, adv. Acutely, as sound; with a sharp sound or voice.

    SHRIMP, v.t. To contract. [Not in use.]

    SHRIMP, n. [supra.]

    1. A crustaceous animal of the genus Cancer. It has long slender feelers, claws with a single, hooked fang, and three pair of legs. It is esteemed delicious food.NWAD SHRIMP.3

    2. A little wrinkled man; a dwarf; in contempt.NWAD SHRIMP.4

    SHRINE, n. [L. scrinium.] A case or box; particularly applied to a case in which sacred things are deposited. Hence we hear much of shrines for relics.

    Come, offer at my shrine, and I will help thee. Shak.NWAD SHRINE.2

    SHRINK, v.i. pret. and pp. shrunk. the old pret. shrank and pp. shrunken are nearly obsolete.

    To contract spontaneously; to draw or be drawn into less length, breadth or compass by an inherent power; as, woolen cloth shrinks in hot water; a flaxen of hempen line shrinks in a humid atmosphere. Many substances shrink by drying.NWAD SHRINK.2

    2. To shrivel; to become wrinkled by contraction; as th eskin.NWAD SHRINK.3

    3. To withdraw or retire, as from danger; to decline action from fear. A brave man never shrinks from danger; a good man does not shrink from duty.NWAD SHRINK.4

    4. To recoil, as in fear, horror or distress. My mind shrinks from the recital of our woes.NWAD SHRINK.5

    What happier natures shrink at with affright,NWAD SHRINK.6

    The hard inhabitant contends is right. Pope.NWAD SHRINK.7

    5. To express fear, horror or pain by shrugging or contracting the body.NWAD SHRINK.8

    SHRINK, v.t. to cause to contract; as, to shrink by immersing it in boiling water.

    O mighty Cesar, dost thou lie so low!NWAD SHRINK.10

    Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils,NWAD SHRINK.11

    Shrunk to this little measure! Shak.NWAD SHRINK.12

    SHRINK, n.

    1. Contraction; a spontaneous drawing into less compass; corrugation.NWAD SHRINK.14

    2. Contraction; a withdrawing from fear or horror.NWAD SHRINK.15

    SHRINKAGE, n. A shrinking or contraction into a less compass. Make an allowance for the shrinkage of grain in drying.

    SHRINKER, n. One that shrinks; one that withdraws from danger.

    SHRINKING, ppr. Contracting; drawing together; withdrawing from danger; declining to act from fear; causing to contract.

    SHRIVALTY. [See Shrievalty.]

    SHRIVE, v.t. To hear or receive the confession of; to administer confession; as a priest.

    He shrives this woman. Obs. Shak.NWAD SHRIVE.2

    SHRIVEL, v.i. shriv’l. [from the root of rivel.] To comtract; to draw or be drawn into wrinkles; to shrink and form corrugations; as, a leaf shrivels in the hot sun; the skin shrivels with age.

    SHRIVEL, v.t. To contract into wrinkles; to cause to shrink into corrugations. A scorching sun shrivels the blades of corn.

    Snd shrivel’d herbs on withering stems decay. Dryden.NWAD SHRIVEL.3

    SHRIVELED, pp. Contracted into wrinkles.

    SHRIVELING, ppr. Contracting into wrinkles.

    SHRIVER, n. [from shrive.] A confessor. Obs.

    SHRIVING, n. Shrift; confession taken. Obs.

    SHROUD, n.

    1. A shelter; a cover; that which covers, conceals or protects.NWAD SHROUD.2

    Swaddled, as new born, in sable shrouds. Sandys.NWAD SHROUD.3

    2. The dress of the dead; a winding sheet.NWAD SHROUD.4

    3. Shroud or shrouds of a ship, a range of large ropes extending from the head of a mast to the right and left sides of the ship, to support the mast; as the main shrouds; fore shrouds; mizen shrouds. There are also futtock shrouds, bowsprit shrouds, etc.NWAD SHROUD.5

    4. A branch of a tree. [Not proper.]NWAD SHROUD.6

    SHROUD, v.t.

    1. To cover; to shelter from danger or annoyance.NWAD SHROUD.8

    Under your beams I will me safely shroud. Spenser.NWAD SHROUD.9

    One of these trees with all its young ones, may shroud four hundred horsemen. Raleigh.NWAD SHROUD.10

    2. To dress for the grave; to cover; as a dead body.NWAD SHROUD.11

    The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrouded in several folds of linen besmeared with gums. Bacon.NWAD SHROUD.12

    3. To cover; to conceal to hide; as, to be shrouded in darkness.NWAD SHROUD.13

    -Some tempest rise,NWAD SHROUD.14

    And blow out all the stars that light the skies,NWAD SHROUD.15

    To shroud my name. Dryden.NWAD SHROUD.16

    4. To defend; to protect by hiding.NWAD SHROUD.17

    So Venus from prevailing Greeks did shroudNWAD SHROUD.18

    The hope of Rome, and saved him in a cloud. Waller.NWAD SHROUD.19

    5. To overwhelm; as, to be shrouded in despair.NWAD SHROUD.20

    6. To lop the branches of a tree. [Unusual or improper.]NWAD SHROUD.21

    SHROUD, v.i. To take shelter or harbor.

    If your stray attendants be yet lodg’dNWAD SHROUD.23

    Or shroud within these limits- Milton.NWAD SHROUD.24

    SHROUDED, pp. Dressed; covered; concealed; sheltered; overwhelmed.

    SHROUDING, ppr. Dressing; covering; cocealing; sheltering; overwhelming.

    SHROUDY, a. Affording shelter.

    SHROVE, v.i. To join in the festivities of Shrove-tide. [Obs.]

    SHROVE-TIDE, n. [from shrove, pret. of shrive, to take a confession. See Tide and Shrove.]

    SHROVE-TUESDAY, Tuesday. Confession-time; confession-Teusday; the Tuesday after Quinquagesima Sunday; or the day immediately preceding the first of Lent, or Ash Wednesday; on which day, all the people of England when of the Catholic religion, were obliged to confess their sins one by one to their parish priests; after which they dined on pancakes or fritters. The latter ppractice still continues. The bell rung on this day is called pancake-bell.

    SHROVING, n. The festivity of Shrove-tide.

    SHRUB, n. A low dwarf tree; a woody plant of a size less than a tree; or more strictly, a plant with several permanent woody stems, dividing from the bottom, more slender and lower than trees.

    Gooseberries and currants are shrubs; oaks and cherries are trees. Locke.NWAD SHRUB.2

    SHRUB, n. [L. sorbeo.] A liquor composed of acid and sugar, with spirir to preserve it; usually the acid of lemons.

    SHRUB, v.t. To clear of shrubs.


    1. Shrubs in general.NWAD SHRUBBERY.2

    2. A plantation of shrubs.NWAD SHRUBBERY.3

    SHRUBBY, a.

    1. Full of shrubs; as a shrubby plain.NWAD SHRUBBY.2

    2. Resembling a shrub; as plants shrubby and curled.NWAD SHRUBBY.3

    3. Consisting of shrubs or brush; as shrubby browze.NWAD SHRUBBY.4

    4. A shrubby plant is perennial, with several woody stems.NWAD SHRUBBY.5

    SHRUFF, n. Dross; recrement of metals. [Not in use.]

    SHRUG, v.i. To raise or draw up the shoulders, as in expressing horror or dissatisfaction.

    They grin, they shrug,NWAD SHRUG.2

    They bow, they snarl, they scratch, they hug. Swift.NWAD SHRUG.3

    SHRUG, n. A drawing up of the shoulders; a motion usually expressing dislike.

    The Spaniards talk in dialoguesNWAD SHRUG.5

    Of heads and shoulders, nods and shrugs. Hudibras.NWAD SHRUG.6

    SHRUGGING, ppr. Drawing up, as the shoulders.

    SHRUNK, pret. and pp. of shrink.

    SHRUNKEN, pp. of shrink. [Nearly obsolete.]

    SHUDDER, v.i. [This word contains the same elements as the L. quatio.] To quake; to tremble or shake with fear, horror or aversion; to shiver.

    I love-alas! I shudder at the name. Smith.NWAD SHUDDER.2

    SHUDDER, n. A tremor; a shaking with fear or horror.

    SHUDDERING, ppr. Trembling or shaking with fear or horror; quaking.

    SHUFFLE, v.t.

    1. Properly, to shove one way and the other; to push from one to another; as, to shuffle money from hand to hand.NWAD SHUFFLE.2

    2. To mix by pushing or shoving; to confuse; to throw into disorder; especially, to change the relatibe positions of cards in the pack.NWAD SHUFFLE.3

    A man may shuffle cards or rattle dice from noon to midnight, without tracing a new idea in his head. Rambler.NWAD SHUFFLE.4

    3. To remove or introduce by artificial confusion.NWAD SHUFFLE.5

    It was contrived by your enemies, and shuffled into the papers that were seized. Dryden.NWAD SHUFFLE.6

    To shuffle off, to push off; to rid one’s self of. When you lay blame to a child, he will attempt to shuffle it off.NWAD SHUFFLE.7

    To shuffle up, to throw together in haste; to make up or form in confusion or with fraudulent disorder; as, he shuffled up a peace.NWAD SHUFFLE.8

    SHUFFLE, v.i.

    1. To change the relative position of cards in a pack by little shoves; as, to shuffle and cut.NWAD SHUFFLE.10

    2. To change the position; to shift ground; to prevaricate; to evade fair questions; to pratice shifts to elude detection.NWAD SHUFFLE.11

    Hiding my honor in my necessity, I am fain to shuffle. Shak.NWAD SHUFFLE.12

    3. To struggle; to shift.NWAD SHUFFLE.13

    Your life, good master,NWAD SHUFFLE.14

    Must shuffle for itself. Shak.NWAD SHUFFLE.15

    4. To move with an irregular gait; as a shuffling nag.NWAD SHUFFLE.16

    5. To shove the feet; to scrape the floor in dancing. [Vulgar.]NWAD SHUFFLE.17

    SHUFFLE, n.

    1. A shoving, pughing or jostling; the act of mixing and throwing into confusion by change of places.NWAD SHUFFLE.19

    The unguided agitation and rude shuffles of matter. Bentley.NWAD SHUFFLE.20

    2. An evasion; a trick; an artifice.NWAD SHUFFLE.21

    SHUFFLE-BOARD, the old spelling of shovel-board.

    SHUFFLE-CAP, n. a play performed by shaking money in a hat or cap.

    SHUFFLED, pp. Moved by little shoves; mixed.

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