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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    LICITLY, adv. Lawfully.

    LICITNESS, n. Lawfulness.

    LICK, v.t. [L. lingo; Gr. See Like and Sleek.]

    1. To pass or draw the tongue over the surface; as, a dog licks a wound.NWAD LICK.2

    2. To lap; to take in by the tongue; as, a dog or cat licks milk. 1 Kings 21:19.NWAD LICK.3

    To lick up, to devour; to consume entirely.NWAD LICK.4

    Now shall this company lick up all that are round about us, as an ox licketh up the grass of the field. Numbers 22:4.NWAD LICK.5

    To lick the dust, to be slain; to perish in battle.NWAD LICK.6

    His enemies shall lick the dust. Psalm 72:9.NWAD LICK.7

    LICK, n. In America, a place where beasts of the forest lick for salt, at salt springs.

    LICK, n.

    1. A blow; a stroke. [Not an elegant word.]NWAD LICK.10

    2. A wash; something rubbed on. [Not in use.]NWAD LICK.11

    LICK, v.t. To strike repeatedly for punishment; to flog; to chastise with blows. [Not an elegant word; but probably flog, L. fligo, is from the root of this word.]

    LICKER, n. One that licks.

    LICKERISH, a. [Gr. sweet. The sense of watery, smooth, sweet, are allied; likeness is often connected with smoothness in radical sense, and sleek is probably from the root of lick, like.]

    1. Nice in the choice of food; dainty; as a lickerish palate.NWAD LICKERISH.2

    2. Eager; greedy to swallow; eager to taste or enjoy; having a keen relish.NWAD LICKERISH.3

    3. Dainty; tempting the appetite; as lickerish baits.NWAD LICKERISH.4

    LICKERISHLY, adv. Daintly.

    LICKERISHNESS, n. Niceness of palate; daintiness.

    LICORICE, n. [L. glycyrrhiza; Gr. sweet, and root.]

    A plant of the genus Glycyrrhiza. The root of this plant abounds with a sweet balsamic juice, much used in pectoral compositions.NWAD LICORICE.2

    LICOROUS, LICOROUSNESS, for lickerish, etc. not used.

    LICTOR, n. [L. lick, to strike.] An officer among the Romans, who bore an ax and fasces or rods, as ensigns of his office. The duty of a lictor was to attend the chief magistrates when they appeared in public, to clear the way and cause due respect to be paid to them. A dictator was attended by twenty four lictors, a consul by twelve, and a master of the horse by six. It was also the duty of lictors to apprehend and punish criminals.

    LID, n. [L. claudo, cludo; Gr.; Heb.]

    A cover; that which shuts the opening of a vessel or box; as the lid of a chest or trunk; also, the cover of the eye, the membrane which is drawn over the eyeball of an animal at pleasure, and which is intended for its protection; the eyelid.NWAD LID.2

    LIE, water impregnated with alkaline salt, is written lye, to distinguish it from lie, a falsehood.

    LIE, n.

    1. A criminal falsehood; a falsehood uttered for the purpose of deception; an intentional violation of truth. Fiction, or a false statement or representation, not intended to deceive, mislead or injure, as in fables, parables and the like, is not a lie.NWAD LIE.3

    It is willful deceit that makes a lie. A man may act a lie, as by pointing his finger in a wrong direction, when a traveler inquires of him his road.NWAD LIE.4

    2. A fiction; in a ludicrous sense.NWAD LIE.5

    3. False doctrine. 1 John 2:21, 27.NWAD LIE.6

    4. An idolatrous picture of God, or a false god. Romans 1:25.NWAD LIE.7

    5. That which deceives and disappoints confidence. Micah 1:14.NWAD LIE.8

    To give the lie, to charge with falsehood. A man’s actions may give the lie to his words.NWAD LIE.9

    LIE, v.i.

    1. To utter falsehood with an intention to deceive, or with an immoral design.NWAD LIE.11

    Thou hast not lied to men, but to God. Acts 5:4.NWAD LIE.12

    2. To exhibit a false representation; to say or do that which deceives another, when he has a right to know the truth, or when morality requires a just representation.NWAD LIE.13

    LIE, v.i. pret. lay; pp. lain, [lien, Obs.] [The Gr. word usually signifies to speak, which is to utter or throw out sounds. Hence to lie down is to throw one’s self down, and probably lie and lay are of one family, as are jacio and jacceo, in Latin.]

    1. To be in a horizontal position, or nearly so, and to rest on any thing lengthwise, and not on the end. Thus a person lies on a bed, and a fallen tree on the ground. A cask stands on its end, but lies on its side.NWAD LIE.15

    2. To rest in an inclining posture; to lean; as, to lie on or against a column.NWAD LIE.16

    3. To rest; to press on.NWAD LIE.17

    4. To be reposited in the grave.NWAD LIE.18

    All the kings of the earth, even all of them, lie in glory. Isaiah 14:18.NWAD LIE.19

    5. To rest on a bed or couch; to be prostrate; as, to lie sick.NWAD LIE.20

    My little daughter lieth at the point of death. Mark 5:23.NWAD LIE.21

    6. To be situated. New Haven lies in the forty second degree of north latitude. Ireland lies west of England.NWAD LIE.22

    Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though unequal in circumstances.NWAD LIE.23

    7. To be; to rest; to abide; to remain; often followed by some word denoting a particular condition; as, to lie waste; to lie fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie pining or grieving; to lie under one’s displeasure; to lie at the mercy of a creditor, or at the mercy of the waves.NWAD LIE.24

    8. To consist.NWAD LIE.25

    He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard labor, forgets the early rising of the huntsman.NWAD LIE.26

    9. To be sustainable in law; to be capable of being maintained. An action lies against the tenant for waste.NWAD LIE.27

    An appeal lies in this case.NWAD LIE.28

    To lie at, to tease or importune. [Little used.]NWAD LIE.29

    To lie at the heart, to be fixed as an object of affection or anxious desire.NWAD LIE.30

    1. To lie by, to be reposited, or remaining with. He has the manuscript lying by him.NWAD LIE.31

    2. To rest; to intermit labor. We lay by during the heat of the day.NWAD LIE.32

    To lie in the way, to be an obstacle or impediment. Remove the objections that lie in the way of an amicable adjustment.NWAD LIE.33

    To lie hard or heavy, to press; to oppress; to burden.NWAD LIE.34

    To lie on hand, to be or remain in possession; to remain unsold or undisposed of.NWAD LIE.35

    Great quantities of wine lie on hand, or have lain long on hand.NWAD LIE.36

    To lie on the hands, to remain unoccupied or unemployed; to be tedious. Men are sometimes at a loss to know how to employ the time that lies on their hands.NWAD LIE.37

    To lie on the head, to be imputed.NWAD LIE.38

    What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it lie on my head.NWAD LIE.39

    To lie in wait, to wait for in concealment; to lie in ambush; to watch for an opportunity to attack or seize.NWAD LIE.40

    To lie in one, to be in the power of; to belong to.NWAD LIE.41

    As much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. Romans 12:18.NWAD LIE.42

    To lie down, to lay the body on the ground or other level place; also, to go to rest.NWAD LIE.43

    To lie in, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.NWAD LIE.44

    To lie under, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed by.NWAD LIE.45

    To lie on or upon, to be a matter of obligation or duty. It lies on the plaintiff to maintain his action.NWAD LIE.46

    1. To lie with, to lodge or sleep with; also, to have carnal knowledge of.NWAD LIE.47

    2. To belong to. It lies with you to make amends.NWAD LIE.48

    To lie over, to remain unpaid, after the time when payment is due; as a note in bank.NWAD LIE.49

    To lie to, to be stationary, as a ship.NWAD LIE.50

    LIEF, a. [See Love.] Dear; beloved. Obs.

    LIEF, adv. [supra. This word coincides with love, L. lubet, libet, and the primary sense is to be free, prompt, ready.]

    Gladly; willingly; freely; used in familiar speech, in the phrase, I had as lief go as not. It has been supposed that had in this phrase is a corruption of would. At any rate it is anomalous.NWAD LIEF.3

    LIEGE, a. [L. ligo, to bind; Gr. to bind, to bend; a withe.]

    1. Bound by a feudal tenure; obliged to be faithful and loyal to a superior, as a vassal to his lord; subject; faithful; as a liege man. By liege homage, a vassal was bound to serve his lord against all, without excepting his sovereign; or against all, excepting a former lord to whom he owed like service.NWAD LIEGE.2

    2. Sovereign; as a liege lord. [See the noun.]NWAD LIEGE.3

    LIEGE, n. [supra.]

    1. A vassal holding a fee by which he is bound to perform certain services and duties to his lord.NWAD LIEGE.5

    2. A lord or superior; a sovereign.NWAD LIEGE.6

    [Note. This is a false application of the word, arising probably from transferring the word from the vassal to the lord; the lord of liege men, being called liege lord.]NWAD LIEGE.7

    LIEGE-MAN, n. A vassal; a subject. Obs.

    LIEN, the obsolete participle of lie. [See Lain.]

    LIEN, n. [supra.] A legal claim; as a lien upon land.

    LIENTERIC, a. [from lientery.] Pertaining to a lientery.

    LIENTERY, n. [L.; Gr. smooth, and an intestine.]

    A flux of the bowels, in which the aliments are discharged undigested, and with little alteration either in color or substance.NWAD LIENTERY.2

    LIER, n. [from lie.] One who lies down; one who rests or remains; as a lier in wait or in ambush. Joshua 8:13-14.

    LIEU, n. [L. locus, Eng. ley or lea. See Ley.]

    Place; room; stead. It is used only with in. Let me have gold in lieu of silver. In lieu of fashionable honor, let justice by substituted.NWAD LIEU.2

    LIEUTENANCY, n. luten’ancy. [See Lieutenant.]

    1. The office or commission of a lieutenant.NWAD LIEUTENANCY.2

    2. The body of lieutenants.NWAD LIEUTENANCY.3

    LIEUTENANT, n. luten’ant. [L. tenens, holding.]

    1. An officer who supplies the place of a superior in his absence. Officers of this kind are civil, as the lord-lieutenant of a kingdom or county; or military, as a lieutenant general, a lieutenant colonel.NWAD LIEUTENANT.2

    2. In military affairs, the second commissioned officer in a company of infantry cavalry or artillery.NWAD LIEUTENANT.3

    3. In ships of war, the officer next in rank to the captain.NWAD LIEUTENANT.4

    LIEUTENANTSHIP. [See Lieutenancy.]

    LIEVE, for lief, is vulgar. [See Lief.]

    LIEVRITE, n. A mineral, called also yenite, which see.

    LIFE, n. plu lives. [See Live.]

    1. In a general sense, that state of animals and plants, or of an organized being, in which its natural functions and motions are performed, or in which its organs are capable of performing their functions. A tree is not destitute of life in winter, when the functions of its organs are suspended; nor man during a swoon or syncope; nor strictly birds, quadrupeds or serpents during their torpitude in winter. They are not strictly dead, till the functions of their organs are incapable of being renewed.NWAD LIFE.2

    2. In animals, animation; vitality; and in man, that state of being in which the soul and body are united.NWAD LIFE.3

    He entreated me not to take his life.NWAD LIFE.4

    3. In plants, the state in which they grow or are capable of growth, by means of the circulation of the sap. The life of an oak may be two, three, or four hundred years.NWAD LIFE.5

    4. The present state of existence; the time from birth to death. The life of man seldom exceeds seventy years.NWAD LIFE.6

    If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. 1 Corinthians 15:19.NWAD LIFE.7

    5. Manner of living; conduct; deportment, in regard to morals.NWAD LIFE.8

    I will teach my family to lead good lives.NWAD LIFE.9

    6. Condition; course of living, in regard to happiness and misery. We say, a man’s life has been a series of prosperity, or misfortune.NWAD LIFE.10

    7. Blood, the supposed vehicle of animation.NWAD LIFE.11

    And the warm life came issuing through the wound.NWAD LIFE.12

    8. Animals in general; animal being.NWAD LIFE.13

    Full nature swarms with life.NWAD LIFE.14

    9. System of animal nature.NWAD LIFE.15

    Lives through all life.NWAD LIFE.16

    10. Spirit; animation; briskness; vivacity; resolution.NWAD LIFE.17

    They have no notion of life and fire in fancy and words.NWAD LIFE.18

    11. The living form; real person or state; in opposition to a copy; as, a picture is taken from the life; a description from the life.NWAD LIFE.19

    12. Exact resemblance; with to, before life.NWAD LIFE.20

    His portrait is draw to the life.NWAD LIFE.21

    13. General state of man, or of social manners; as the studies and arts that polish life.NWAD LIFE.22

    14. Condition; rank in society; as high life and low life.NWAD LIFE.23

    15. Common occurrences; course of things; human affairs.NWAD LIFE.24

    But to know that which before us lies in daily life, is the prime wisdom.NWAD LIFE.25

    16. A person; a living being; usually or always, a human being. How many lives were sacrificed during the revolution?NWAD LIFE.26

    17. Narrative of a past life; history of the events of life; biographical narration. Johnson wrote the life of Milton, and the lives of other poets.NWAD LIFE.27

    18. In Scripture, nourishment; support of life.NWAD LIFE.28

    For the tree of the field is man’s life. Deuteronomy 20:19.NWAD LIFE.29

    19. The stomach or appetite.NWAD LIFE.30

    His life abhorreth bread. Job 33:20.NWAD LIFE.31

    20. The enjoyments or blessings of the present life.NWAD LIFE.32

    Having the promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come. 1 Timothy 4:8.NWAD LIFE.33

    21. Supreme felicity.NWAD LIFE.34

    To be spiritually minded is life and peace. Romans 8:6.NWAD LIFE.35

    22. Eternal happiness in heaven. Romans 5:21.NWAD LIFE.36

    23. Restoration to life. Romans 5:18.NWAD LIFE.37

    24. The author and giver of supreme felicity.NWAD LIFE.38

    I am the way, the truth, and the life. John 14:6.NWAD LIFE.39

    25. A quickening, animating and strengthening principle, in a moral sense. John 6:63.NWAD LIFE.40

    26. The state of being in force, or the term for which an instrument has legal operation; as the life of an execution.NWAD LIFE.41

    LIFE-BLOOD, n.

    1. The blood necessary to life; vital blood.NWAD LIFE-BLOOD.2

    2. That which constitutes or gives strength and energy.NWAD LIFE-BLOOD.3

    Money, the life-blood of the nation.NWAD LIFE-BLOOD.4

    LIFE-BLOOD, a. Necessary as blood to life; essential.

    LIFE-ESTATE, n. An estate that continues during the life of the possessor.

    LIFE-EVERLASTING, n. A plant of the genus Gnaphalium.

    LIFE-GIVING, a. Having power to give life; inspiriting; invigorating.

    LIFEGUARD, n. A guard of the life or person; a guard that attends the person of a prince, or other person.

    LIFELESS, a.

    1. Dead; deprived of life; as a lifeless body.NWAD LIFELESS.2

    2. Destitute of life; unanimated; as lifeless matter.NWAD LIFELESS.3

    3. Destitute of power, force, vigor or spirit; dull; heavy; inactive.NWAD LIFELESS.4

    4. Void of spirit; vapid; as liquor.NWAD LIFELESS.5

    5. Torpid.NWAD LIFELESS.6

    6. Wanting physical energy.NWAD LIFELESS.7

    LIFELESSLY, adv. Without vigor; dully; frigidly; heavily.

    LIFELESSNESS, n. Destitution of life, vigor and spirit; inactivity.

    LIFELIKE, a. Like a living person.

    LIFERENT, n. The rent of an estate that continues for life.

    LIFESTRING, n. a nerve or string that is imagined to be essential to life.

    LIFETIME, n. The time that life continues; duration of life.

    LIFEWEARY, a. Tired of life; weary of living.

    LIFT, v.t. [We retain this sense in shoplifter. L. levo, elevo.]

    1. To raise; to elevate; as, to lift the foot or the hand; to lift the head.NWAD LIFT.2

    2. To raise; to elevate mentally.NWAD LIFT.3

    To thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul. Psalm 25:1.NWAD LIFT.4

    3. To raise in fortune.NWAD LIFT.5

    The eye of the Lord lifted up his head from misery.NWAD LIFT.6

    4. To raise in estimation, dignity or rank. His fortune has lifted him into notice, or into office.NWAD LIFT.7

    The Roman virtues lift up mortal man.NWAD LIFT.8

    5. To elate; to cause to swell, as with pride. Up is often used after lift, as a qualifying word; sometimes with effect or emphasis; very often, however, it is useless.NWAD LIFT.9

    6. To bear; to support.NWAD LIFT.10

    7. To steal, that is, to take and carry away. Hence we retain the use of shoplifter, although the verb in this sense is obsolete.NWAD LIFT.11

    8. In Scripture, to crucify.NWAD LIFT.12

    When ye have lifted up the Son of man. John 8:28.NWAD LIFT.13

    1. To lift up the eyes, to look; to fix the eyes on.NWAD LIFT.14

    Lot lifted up his eyes and beheld Jordan. Genesis 13:10.NWAD LIFT.15

    2. To direct the desires to God in prayer. Psalm 121:1.NWAD LIFT.16

    1. To lift up the head, to raise from a low condition; to exalt. Genesis 40:13.NWAD LIFT.17

    2. To rejoice. Luke 21:28.NWAD LIFT.18

    1. To lift up the hand, to swear, or to confirm by oath. Genesis 14:22.NWAD LIFT.19

    2. To raise the hands in prayer. Psalm 28:2.NWAD LIFT.20

    3. To rise in opposition to; to rebel; to assault. 2 Samuel 18:28.NWAD LIFT.21

    4. To injure or oppress. Job 31:21.NWAD LIFT.22

    5. To shake off sloth and engage in duty. Hebrews 12:12.NWAD LIFT.23

    To lift up the face, to look to with confidence, cheerfulness and comfort. Job 22:26.NWAD LIFT.24

    To lift up the heel against, to treat with insolence and contempt.NWAD LIFT.25

    To lift up the horn, to behave arrogantly or scornfully. Psalm 75:4-5.NWAD LIFT.26

    To lift up the feet, to come speedily to one’s relief. Psalm 74:3.NWAD LIFT.27

    To lift up the voice, to cry aloud; to call out, either in grief or joy. Genesis 21:16; Isaiah 24:14.NWAD LIFT.28

    LIFT, v.i.

    1. To try to raise; to exert the strength for the purpose of raising or bearing.NWAD LIFT.30

    The body strained by lifting at a weight too heavy -NWAD LIFT.31

    2. To practice theft. Obs.NWAD LIFT.32

    LIFT, n.

    1. The act of raising; a lifting; as the lift of the feet in walking or running.NWAD LIFT.34

    The goat gives the fox a lift.NWAD LIFT.35

    2. An effort to raise; as, give us a lift. [Popular use.]NWAD LIFT.36

    3. That which is to be raised.NWAD LIFT.37

    4. A dead lift, an ineffectual effort to raise; or the thing which the strength is not sufficient to raise.NWAD LIFT.38

    5. Any thing to be done which exceeds the strength; or a state of inability; as, to help one at a dead lift.NWAD LIFT.39

    6. A rise; a degree of elevation; as the lift of a lock in canals.NWAD LIFT.40

    7. In Scottish, the sky; the atmosphere; the firmament.NWAD LIFT.41

    8. In seamen’s language, a rope descending from the cap and mast-head to the extremity of a yard. Its use is to support the yard, keep it in equilibrio, and raise the end, when occasion requires.NWAD LIFT.42

    LIFTED, pp. Raised; elevated; swelled with pride.

    LIFTER, n. One that lifts or raises.

    LIFTING, ppr. Raising; swelling with pride.

    LIFTING, n. The act of lifting; assistance.

    LIG, v.i. to lie. [See Lie.] Obs.

    LIGAMENT, n. [L. ligamentum, from ligo, to bind, that is, to strain.]

    1. Any thing that ties or unites one thing or part to another.NWAD LIGAMENT.2

    Interwoven is the love of liberty with every ligament of your hearts.NWAD LIGAMENT.3

    2. In anatomy, a strong, compact substance, serving to bind one bone to another. It is a white, solid inelastic, tendinous substance, softer than cartilage, but harder than membrane.NWAD LIGAMENT.4

    3. Bond; chain; that which binds or restrains.NWAD LIGAMENT.5

    LIGAMENTAL, LIGAMENTOUS, a. Composing a ligament; of the nature of a ligament; binding; as a strong ligamentous membrane.

    LIGATION, n. [L. ligatio.] The act of binding, or state of being bound.

    LIGATURE, n. [L. ligatura.]

    1. Any thing that binds; a band or bandage.NWAD LIGATURE.2

    2. The act of binding; as, by a strict ligature of the parts.NWAD LIGATURE.3

    3. Impotence induced by magic.NWAD LIGATURE.4

    4. In music, a band or line connecting notes.NWAD LIGATURE.5

    5. Among printers, a double character, or a type consisting of two letters or characters united; as fl, fi, in English. The old editions of Greek authors abound with ligatures.NWAD LIGATURE.6

    6. The state of being bound.NWAD LIGATURE.7

    7. In medicine, stiffness of a joint.NWAD LIGATURE.8

    8. In surgery, a cord or string for tying the blood vessels, particularly the arteries, to prevent hemorrhage.NWAD LIGATURE.9

    LIGHT, n. lite. [L. lux, light and luceo, to shine. Eng. luck, both in elements and radical sense.]

    1. That ethereal agent or matter which makes objects perceptible to the sense of seeing, but the particles of which are separately invisible. It is now generally believed that light is a fluid, or real matter, existing independent of other substances, with properties peculiar to itself. Its velocity is astonishing, as it passes through a space of nearly twelve millions of miles in a minute. Light, when decomposed, is found to consist of rays differently colored; as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. The sun is the principal source of light in the solar system; but light is also emitted from bodies ignited, or in combustion, and is reflected from enlightened bodies, as the moon. Light is also emitted from certain putrefying substances. It is usually united with heat, but it exists also independent of it.NWAD LIGHT.2

    2. That flood of luminous rays which flows from the sun and constitutes day.NWAD LIGHT.3

    God called the light day, and the darkness he called night. Genesis 1:5.NWAD LIGHT.4

    3. Day; the dawn of day.NWAD LIGHT.5

    The murderer rising with the light, killeth the poor and needy. Job 24:14.NWAD LIGHT.6

    4. Life.NWAD LIGHT.7

    O, spring to light, auspicious babe, be born!NWAD LIGHT.8

    5. Any thing that gives light; as a lamp, candle, taper, lighted tower, star, etc.NWAD LIGHT.9

    Then he called for a light, and sprang in - Acts 16:29.NWAD LIGHT.10

    I have set thee to be a light to the Gentiles. Acts 13:47.NWAD LIGHT.11

    And God made two great lights. Genesis 1:16.NWAD LIGHT.12

    6. The illuminated part of a picture; the part which lies open to the luminary by which the piece is supposed to be enlightened, and is painted in vivid colors; opposed to shade.NWAD LIGHT.13

    7. Illumination of mind; instruction; knowledge.NWAD LIGHT.14

    I opened Ariosto in Italian, and the very first two lines gave me light to all I could desire.NWAD LIGHT.15

    Light, understanding and wisdom - was found in him. Daniel 5:11.NWAD LIGHT.16

    8. Means of knowing. By using such lights as we have, we may arrive at probability, if not at certainty.NWAD LIGHT.17

    9. Open view; a visible state; a state of being seen by the eye, or perceived, understood or known. Further researches will doubtless bring to light many isles yet undiscovered; further experiments will bring to light properties of matter yet unknown.NWAD LIGHT.18

    10. Public view or notice.NWAD LIGHT.19

    Why am I ask’d what next shall see the light?NWAD LIGHT.20

    11. Explanation; illustration; means of understanding. One part of Scripture throws light on another.NWAD LIGHT.21

    12. Point of view; situation to be seen or viewed; a use of the word taken from painting. It is useful to exhibit a subject in a variety of lights. Let every thought be presented in a strong light. In whatever light we view this event, it must be considered an evil.NWAD LIGHT.22

    13. A window; a place that admits light to enter. 1 Kings 7:4.NWAD LIGHT.23

    14. A pane of glass; as a window with twelve lights.NWAD LIGHT.24

    15. In Scripture, God, the source of knowledge.NWAD LIGHT.25

    God is light. 1 John 1:5.NWAD LIGHT.26

    16. Christ.NWAD LIGHT.27

    That was the true light, that lighteth every man that cometh into the world. John 1:9.NWAD LIGHT.28

    17. Joy; comfort; felicity.NWAD LIGHT.29

    Light is sown for the righteous. Psalm 97:11.NWAD LIGHT.30

    18. Saving knowledge.NWAD LIGHT.31

    It is because there is no light in them. Isaiah 8:20.NWAD LIGHT.32

    19. Prosperity; happiness.NWAD LIGHT.33

    Then shall thy light break forth as the morning. Isaiah 58:8.NWAD LIGHT.34

    20. Support; comfort; deliverance. Micah 7:8-9.NWAD LIGHT.35

    21. The gospel. Matthew 4:16.NWAD LIGHT.36

    22. The understanding or judgment. Matthew 6:22-23.NWAD LIGHT.37

    23. The gifts and graces of christians. Matthew 5:14-16.NWAD LIGHT.38

    24. A moral instructor, as John the Baptist. John 5:35.NWAD LIGHT.39

    25. A true christian, a person enlightened. Ephesians 5:8.NWAD LIGHT.40

    26. A good king, the guide of his people. 2 Samuel 21:17.NWAD LIGHT.41

    The light of the countenance, favor; smiles. Psalm 4:6.NWAD LIGHT.42

    To stand in one’s own light, to be the means of preventing good, or frustrating one’s own purposes.NWAD LIGHT.43

    To come to light, to be detected; to be discovered or found.NWAD LIGHT.44

    LIGHT, a. lite.

    1. Bright; clear; not dark or obscure; as, the morning is light; the apartment is light.NWAD LIGHT.46

    2. In colors, white or whitish; as a light color; a light brown; a light complexion.NWAD LIGHT.47

    LIGHT, a. lite.

    1. Having little weight; not tending to the center of gravity with force; not heavy. A feather is light, compared with lead or silver; but a thing is light only comparatively. That which is light to a man, may be heavy to a child. A light burden for a camel, may be insupportable to a horse.NWAD LIGHT.49

    2. Not burdensome; easy to be lifted, borne or carried by physical strength; as a light burden, weight or load.NWAD LIGHT.50

    3. Not oppressive; easy to be suffered or endured; as a light affliction. 2 Corinthians 4:17.NWAD LIGHT.51

    4. Easy to be performed; not difficult; not requiring great strength or exertion. The task is light; the work is light.NWAD LIGHT.52

    5. Easy to be digested; not oppressive to the stomach; as light food. It may signify also, contained little nutriment.NWAD LIGHT.53

    6. Not heavily armed, or armed with light weapons; as light troops; a troop of light horse.NWAD LIGHT.54

    7. Active; swift; nimble.NWAD LIGHT.55

    Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe. 2 Samuel 2:18.NWAD LIGHT.56

    8. Not encumbered; unembarrassed; clear of impediments.NWAD LIGHT.57

    Unmarried men are best masters, but not best subjects; for they are light to run away.NWAD LIGHT.58

    9. Not laden; not deeply laden; not sufficiently ballasted. The ship returned light.NWAD LIGHT.59

    10. Slight; trifling; not important; as a light error.NWAD LIGHT.60

    11. Not dense; not gross; as light vapors; light fumes.NWAD LIGHT.61

    12. Small; inconsiderable; not copious or vehement; as a light rain; a light snow.NWAD LIGHT.62

    13. Not strong; not violent; moderate; as a light wind.NWAD LIGHT.63

    14. Easy to admit influence; inconsiderate; easily influenced by trifling considerations; unsteady; unsettled; volatile; as a light, vain person; a light mind.NWAD LIGHT.64

    There is no greater argument of a light and inconsiderate person, than profanely to scoff at religion.NWAD LIGHT.65

    15. Gay; airy; indulging levity; wanting dignity or solidity; trifling.NWAD LIGHT.66

    Seneca cannot be too heavy, nor Plautus too light.NWAD LIGHT.67

    We may neither be light in prayer, now wrathful in debate.NWAD LIGHT.68

    16. Wanton; unchaste; as a woman of light carriage.NWAD LIGHT.69

    A light wife doth make a heavy husband.NWAD LIGHT.70

    17. Not of legal weight; clipped; diminished; as light coin.NWAD LIGHT.71

    To set light by, to undervalue; to slight; to treat as of no importance; to despise.NWAD LIGHT.72

    To make light of, to treat as of little consequence; to slight; to disregard.NWAD LIGHT.73

    LIGHT, v.t. lite.

    1. To kindle; to inflame; to set fire to; as, to light a candle or lamp; sometimes with up; as, to light up an inextinguishable flame. We often hear lit used for lighted as, he lit a candle; but this is inelegant.NWAD LIGHT.75

    2. To give light to.NWAD LIGHT.76

    Ah hopeless, lasting flames! like those that burn to light the dead -NWAD LIGHT.77

    3. To illuminate; to fill or spread over with light; as, to light a room; to light the streets of a city.NWAD LIGHT.78

    4. To lighten; to ease of a burden. [Not in use. See Lighten.]NWAD LIGHT.79

    LIGHT, v.i. lite.

    1. To fall on; to come to by chance; to happen to find; with on.NWAD LIGHT.81

    A weaker man may sometimes light on notions which had escaped a wiser.NWAD LIGHT.82

    2. To fall on; to strike.NWAD LIGHT.83

    They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. Revelation 7:16.NWAD LIGHT.84

    3. To descend, as from a horse or carriage; with down, off, or from.NWAD LIGHT.85

    He lighten down from his chariot. 2 Kings 5:21.NWAD LIGHT.86

    She lighted off the camel. Genesis 24:64.NWAD LIGHT.87

    To settle; to rest; to stoop from flight. The bee lights on this flower and that.NWAD LIGHT.88

    LIGHT-ARMED, a. Armed with light weapons.

    LIGHT-BEARER, n. A torch-bearer.

    LIGHT-BRAIN, n. An empty headed person.

    LIGHTED, pp. li’ted. Kindled; set on fire; caused to burn. [Lit, for lighted, is inelegant.]

    LIGHTEN, v.i. li’tn. [from light, the fluid.]

    1. To flash; to burst forth or dart, as lightning; to shine with an instantaneous illumination.NWAD LIGHTEN.2

    This dreadful night that thunders, lightens, opens graves, and roars as doth the lion.NWAD LIGHTEN.3

    2. To shine like lightning.NWAD LIGHTEN.4

    3. To fall; to light. Obs.NWAD LIGHTEN.5

    LIGHTEN, v.t. li’tn.

    1. To dissipate darkness; to fill with light; to spread over with light; to illuminate; to enlighten; as, to lighten an apartment with lamps or gas; to lighten the streets.NWAD LIGHTEN.7

    A key of fire ran all along the shore, and lightened all the river with a blaze.NWAD LIGHTEN.8

    2. To illuminate with knowledge; in a moral sense.NWAD LIGHTEN.9

    A light to lighten the Gentiles. Luke 2:32.NWAD LIGHTEN.10

    3. To free from trouble and fill with joy.NWAD LIGHTEN.11

    They looked to him and were lightened. Psalm 34:5.NWAD LIGHTEN.12

    LIGHTEN, v.t. li’tn. [from light, not heavy.]

    1. To make lighter; to reduce in weight; to make less heavy; as, to lighten a ship by unloading; to lighten a load or burden.NWAD LIGHTEN.14

    2. To alleviate; to make less burdensome or afflictive; as, to lighten the cares of life; to lighten the burden of grief.NWAD LIGHTEN.15

    3. To cheer; to exhilarate.NWAD LIGHTEN.16

    He lightens my humor with his merry jest.NWAD LIGHTEN.17

    LIGHTER, n. li’ter.

    1. One that lights; as a lighter of lamps.NWAD LIGHTER.2

    2. A large open flat-bottomed boat, used in loading and unloading ships.NWAD LIGHTER.3

    LIGHTERMAN, n. li’terman. A man who manages a lighter; a boatman.

    LIGHTFINGERED, a. li’tefingered. Dexterous in taking and conveying away; thievish; addicted to petty thefts.

    LIGHTFOOT, li’tefoot,

    LIGHTFOOTED, li’tefooted. a. Nimble in running or dancing; active. [Little used.]

    LIGHTHEADED, a. [See Head.]

    1. Thoughtless; heedless; weak; volatile; unsteady.NWAD LIGHTHEADED.2

    2. Disordered in the head; dizzy; delirious.NWAD LIGHTHEADED.3

    LIGHTHEADEDNESS, n. Disorder of the head; dizziness; deliriousness.

    LIGHTHEARTED, a. Free from grief or anxiety; gay; cheerful; merry.

    LIGHT-HORSE, n. Light armed cavalry.

    LIGHT-HOUSE, n. A pharos; a tower or building erected on a rock or point of land, or on an isle in the sea, with a light or number of lamps on the top, intended to direct seamen in navigating ships at night.

    LIGHTLEGGED, a. Nimble; swift of foot.

    LIGHTLESS, li’teless. Destitute of light; dark.

    LIGHTLY, adv. li’tely.

    1. With little weight; as, to tread lightly; to press lightly.NWAD LIGHTLY.2

    2. Without deep impression.NWAD LIGHTLY.3

    The soft ideas of the cheerful note, lightly received, were easily forgot.NWAD LIGHTLY.4

    3. Easily; readily; without difficulty; of course.NWAD LIGHTLY.5

    4. Without reason, or for reasons of little weight.NWAD LIGHTLY.6

    Flatter not the rich, neither do thou willingly or lightly appear before great personages.NWAD LIGHTLY.7

    5. Without dejection; cheerfully.NWAD LIGHTLY.8

    Bid that welcome which comes to punish us, and we punish it, seeming to bear it lightly.NWAD LIGHTLY.9

    6. Not chastely; wantonly.NWAD LIGHTLY.10

    7. Nimbly; with agility; not heavily or tardily.NWAD LIGHTLY.11

    He led me lightly o’er the stream.NWAD LIGHTLY.12

    8. Gaily; airily; with levity; without heed or care.NWAD LIGHTLY.13

    LIGHTMINDED, a. Unsettled; unsteady; volatile; not considerate.

    He that is hasty to give credit, is lightminded.NWAD LIGHTMINDED.2

    LIGHTNESS, n. li’teness.

    1. Want of weight; levity; the contrary to heaviness; as the lightness of air, compared with water.NWAD LIGHTNESS.2

    2. Inconstancy; unsteadiness; the quality of mind which disposes it to be influenced by trifling considerations.NWAD LIGHTNESS.3

    - Such is the lightness of you common men.NWAD LIGHTNESS.4

    3. Levity; wantonness; lewdness; unchastity.NWAD LIGHTNESS.5

    4. Agility; nimbleness.NWAD LIGHTNESS.6

    LIGHTNING, n. li’tening. [that is, lightening, the participle present of lighten.]

    1. A sudden discharge of electricity from a cloud to the earth, or from the earth to a cloud, or from one cloud to another, that is, from a body positively charged to one negatively charged, producing a vivid flash of light, and usually a loud report, called thunder. Sometimes lightning is a mere instantaneous flash of light without thunder, as heat-lightning, lightning seen by reflection, the flash being beyond the limits of our horizon.NWAD LIGHTNING.2

    2. [from lighten, to diminish weight.] Abatement; alleviation; mitigation.NWAD LIGHTNING.3

    LIGHTROOM, n. In a ship of war, a small apartment, having double glass windows towards the magazine, and containing lights by which the gunner fills cartridges.

    LIGHTS, n. lites. plu. [so called from their lightness.]

    The lungs; the organs of breathing in animals. These organs in man we call lungs; in other animals, lights.NWAD LIGHTS.2

    LIGHTSOME, a. li’tesome.

    1. Luminous; not dark; not obscure.NWAD LIGHTSOME.2

    White walls make rooms more lightsome than black. [Little used.]NWAD LIGHTSOME.3

    The lightsome realms of love.NWAD LIGHTSOME.4

    [In the latter passage, the word is elegant.]NWAD LIGHTSOME.5

    2. Gay; airy; cheering; exhilarating.NWAD LIGHTSOME.6

    That lightsome affection of joy.NWAD LIGHTSOME.7


    1. Luminousness; the quality of being light; opposed to darkness or darksomeness.NWAD LIGHTSOMENESS.2

    2. Cheerfulness; merriment; levity. [This word is little used.]NWAD LIGHTSOMENESS.3

    LIGN-ALOES, n. [L. lignum, wood, and aloes.] Aloes-wood. Numbers 24:6.

    LIGNEOUS, a. [L. ligneus.] Wooden; made of wood; consisting of wood; resembling wood. The harder part of a plant is ligneous.

    LIGNIFICATION, n. The process of becoming or of converting into wood, or the hard substance of a vegetable.

    LIGNIFORM, a. [L. lignum, wood, and form.] Like wood; resembling wood.

    LIGNIFY, v.t. [L. lignum, wood, and facio, to make.] To convert into wood.

    LIGNIFY, v.i. To become wood.

    LIGNITE, n. [L. lignum.] Fossil or bituminous wood, a mineral combustible substance.

    LIGNOUS, a. Ligneous. [Little used.]

    LIGNUM-VITAE, n. [L.] Guaiacum or pockwood, a genus of plants, natives of warm climates. The common Lignumvitae is a native of the warm latitudes of America. If becomes a large tree, having a hard, brownish, brittle bark, and its wood firm, solid, ponderous, very resinous, of a blackish yellow color in the middle, and of a hot aromatic taste. It is of considerable use in medicine and the mechanical arts, being wrought into utensils, wheels, cogs, and various articles of turnery.

    LIGULATE, LIGULATED, a. [L. ligula, a strap.] Like a bandage or strap; as a ligulate flower, a species of compound flower, the florets of which have their corollets flat, spreading out towards the end, with the base only tubular. This is the semi-floscular flower of Tournefort.

    LIGURE, n. A kind of precious stone.

    LIGURITE, n. [from Liguria.] A mineral occurring in oblique rhombic prisms, of an apple green color, occasionally speckled.

    LIKE, a. [L., Heb., Gr. See Lick and Lickerish.]

    1. Equal in quantity, quality or degree; as a territory of like extent with another; men of like excellence.NWAD LIKE.2

    More clergymen were impoverished by the late war, than ever in the like space before.NWAD LIKE.3

    2. Similar; resembling; having resemblance.NWAD LIKE.4

    Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are. James 5:17.NWAD LIKE.5

    Why might not other planets have been created for like uses with the earth, each for its own inhabitants?NWAD LIKE.6

    Like is usually followed by to or unto, but it is often omitted.NWAD LIKE.7

    What city is like unto this great city? Revelation 18:18.NWAD LIKE.8

    I saw three unclean spirits like frogs. Revelation 16:13.NWAD LIKE.9

    Among them all was found none like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. Daniel 1:19.NWAD LIKE.10

    3. Probably; likely, that is, having the resemblance or appearance of an event; giving reason to expect or believe.NWAD LIKE.11

    He is like to die of hunger in the place where he is, for there is no more bread. Jeremiah 38:9.NWAD LIKE.12

    Many were not easy to be governed, not like to conform themselves to strict rules.NWAD LIKE.13

    LIKE, n. [elliptically, for like thing, like event, like person.]

    1. some person or thing resembling another; an equal. The like lmay never happen again.NWAD LIKE.15

    He was a man, take him for all and all, I shall not look upon his like again.NWAD LIKE.16

    2. had like, in the phrase, “he had like to be defeated,” seems to be a corruption; but perhaps like here is used for resemblance or probability, and has the character of a noun. At any rate, as a phrase, it is authorized by good usage.NWAD LIKE.17

    LIKE, adv.

    1. In the same manner.NWAD LIKE.19

    - Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. Matthew 6:29; Luke 12:27.NWAD LIKE.20

    Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him. Psalm 103:13.NWAD LIKE.21

    2. In a manner becoming.NWAD LIKE.22

    Be strong, and quit yourselves like men. 1 Samuel 4:9.NWAD LIKE.23

    3. Likely; probably; as like enough it will.NWAD LIKE.24

    LIKE, v.t. [L. placeo and delecto, with prefixes.]

    1. To be pleased with in a moderate degree; to approve. it expresses less than love and delight. We like a plan or design, when we approve of it as correct or beneficial. We like the character or conduct of a man when it comports with our view of rectitude. We like food that the taste relishes. We like whatever gives us pleasure.NWAD LIKE.26

    He proceeded from looking to liking, and from liking to loving.NWAD LIKE.27

    2. to please; to be agreeable to.NWAD LIKE.28

    This desire being recommended to her majesty, it like her to include the same within one entire lease. Obs.NWAD LIKE.29

    3. To liken. Obs.NWAD LIKE.30

    LIKE, v.i.

    1. To be pleased; to choose.NWAD LIKE.32

    He may go or stay, as he likes.NWAD LIKE.33

    2. To like of, to be pleased. Obs.NWAD LIKE.34

    LIKELIHOOD, n. [likely and hod.]

    1. Probability; verisimilitude; appearance of truth or reality. There is little likelihood that an habitual drunkard will become temperate. There is little likelihood that an old offender will be reformed. Prudence directs us not to undertake a design, when there is little or no likelihood of success.NWAD LIKELIHOOD.2

    2. Appearance; show; resemblance. Obs.NWAD LIKELIHOOD.3

    LIKELINESS, n. [from likely.]

    1. Probability.NWAD LIKELINESS.2

    2. The qualities that please. [See Likely.]NWAD LIKELINESS.3

    LIKELY, a. [that is, like-like.]

    1. Probable; that may be rationally though or believed to have taken place in time past, or to be true now or hereafter; such as is more reasonable than the contrary. A likely story, is one which evidence, or the circumstances of the case render probable, and therefore credible.NWAD LIKELY.2

    2. Such as may be liked; pleasing; as a likely man or woman.NWAD LIKELY.3

    [This use of likely is not obsolete, as Johnson affirms, nor is it vulgar. But the English and their descendants in America differ in the application. The English apply the word to external appearance, and with them, likely is equivalent to handsome, well formed; as a likely man, a likely horse. In America, the word is usually applied to the endowments of the mind, or to pleasing accomplishments. With us, a likely man, is a man of good character and talents, or of good dispositions or accomplishments, that render him pleasing or respectable.]NWAD LIKELY.4

    LIKELY, adv. Probably.

    While man was innocent, he was likely ignorant of nothing important for him to know.NWAD LIKELY.6

    LIKE-MINDED, a. Having a like disposition or purpose. Romans 15:5.

    LIKEN, v.t. li’kn.

    To compare; to represent as resembling or similar.NWAD LIKEN.2

    Whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, that built his house on a rock. Matthew 7:24.NWAD LIKEN.3

    LIKENED, pp. Compared.

    LIKENESS, n.

    1. Resemblance in form; similitude. The picture is a good likeness of the original.NWAD LIKENESS.2

    2. Resemblance; form; external appearance. Guard against an enemy in the likeness of a friend.NWAD LIKENESS.3

    3. One that resembles another; a copy; a counterpart.NWAD LIKENESS.4

    I took you for your likeness, Chloe.NWAD LIKENESS.5

    4. An image, picture or statue, resembling a person or thing. Exodus 20:4.NWAD LIKENESS.6

    LIKENING, ppr. Comparing; representing as similar.

    LIKEWISE, adv. [like and wise.] In like manner; also; moreover; too.

    For he seeth that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others. Psalm 49:10.NWAD LIKEWISE.2

    LIKING, ppr. of like.

    1. Approving; being pleased with.NWAD LIKING.2

    2. a. Plump; full; of a good appearance. Daniel 1:10. Obs.NWAD LIKING.3

    LIKING, n.

    1. A good state of body; healthful appearance; plumpness.NWAD LIKING.5

    Their young ones are in good liking - Job 39:4.NWAD LIKING.6

    2. State of trial. [Not used.]NWAD LIKING.7

    3. Inclination; pleasure; as, this is an amusement to your liking.NWAD LIKING.8

    4. Delight in; pleasure in; with to.NWAD LIKING.9

    He who has no liking to the whole, ought not to censure the parts.NWAD LIKING.10

    LILAC, n. A plant or shrub of the genus syringa, a native of Persia. The common lilac is cultivated for its flowers, which are purple or white.

    LILALITE, n. A species of earth of the argillaceous kind; called also lepidolite, which see.

    LILIACEOUS, a. [L. liliaceus, from lilium, a lily.]

    Pertaining to lilies; lily-like. A liliaceous corol is one that has six regular petals.NWAD LILIACEOUS.2

    LILIED, a. Embellished with lilies.

    By sandy Ladon’s lilied banks.NWAD LILIED.2

    LILL, v.t. [See Loll. But lill is used in New England.]

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