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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    FRUSTRATED, pp. Defeated; disappointed; rendered vain or null.

    FRUSTRATING, ppr. Defeating; disappointing; making vain or of no effect.

    FRUSTRATION, n. The act of frustrating; disappointment; defeat; as the frustration of one’s attempt or design.

    FRUSTRATIVE, a. Tending to defeat; fallacious.

    FRUSTRATORY, a. That makes void; that vacates or renders null; as a frustatory appeal.

    FRUSTUM, n. [L. See Frustrate.] a piece or part of a solid body separated from the rest. The frustum of a cone, is the part that remains after the top is cut off by a plane parallel to the base; called otherwise a truncated cone.

    FRUTESCENT, a. [L. frutex, a shrub.] In botany, from herbaceous becoming shrubby; as a frutescent stem.

    FRUTEX, n. [L.] In botany, a shrub; a plant having a woody, durable stem, but less than a tree.

    FRUTICANT, a. Full of shoots.

    FRUTICOUS, a. [L. fruiticosus.] Shrubby; as a fruticous stem.

    FRY, v.t. [L. frigo. Gr.]

    To dress with fat by heating or roasting in a pan over a fire; to cook and prepare for eating in a fryingpan; as, to fry meat or vegetables.NWAD FRY.2

    FRY, v.i.

    1. To be heated and agitated; to suffer the action of fire or extreme heat.NWAD FRY.4

    2. To ferment, as in the stomach.NWAD FRY.5

    3. To be agitated; to boil.NWAD FRY.6

    FRY, n.

    1. A swarm or crowd of little fish; so called from their crowding, tumbling and agitation. [L. ferveo.]NWAD FRY.8

    2. A dish of any thing fried.NWAD FRY.9

    3. A kind of sieve. [Not used in America.]NWAD FRY.10

    FRYING, ppr. Dressing in a fryingpan; heating; agitating.

    FRYINGPAN, n. a pan with a long handle, used for frying meat and vegetables.

    FUB, n. a plump boy; a woman. [Not in use.]

    FUB, v.t. to put off; to delay; to cheat. [See Fob.]

    FUCATE, FUCATED, a. [L. fucatus, from fuco, to stain.]

    Painted; disguised with paint; also, disguised with false show.NWAD FUCATE.2

    FUCUS, n. [L. See Feign.]

    1. A paint; a dye; also, false show.NWAD FUCUS.2

    2. plu. fucuses. In botany, a genus of Algae, or seaweed; the sea-wrack, etc.NWAD FUCUS.3

    FUDDER, of lead. [See Fother.]

    FUDDLE, v.t. To make drunk; to intoxicate.

    FUDDLE, v.i. To drink to excess.

    FUDDLED, pp. Drunk; intoxicated.

    FUDDLING, ppr. Intoxicating; drinking to excess.

    FUDGE, a word of contempt.

    FUEL, n. [L. focus.]

    1. Any matter which serves as aliment to fire; that which feeds fire; combustible matter, as wood, coal, peat, etc.NWAD FUEL.2

    2. Any thing that serves to feed or increase flame, heat or excitement.NWAD FUEL.3

    FUEL, v.t.

    1. To feed with combustible matter.NWAD FUEL.5

    Never, alas! the dreadful name, that fuels the infernal flame.NWAD FUEL.6

    2. To store with fuel or firing.NWAD FUEL.7

    FUELED, pp. Fed with combustible matter; stored with firing.

    FUELER, n. He or that which supplies fuel.

    FUELING, ppr. Feeding with fuel; supplying with fuel.

    FUGACIOUS, a. [L. fugax, from fugo, to chase, or fugio, to flee.] Flying or fleeing away; volatile.

    FUGACIOUSNESS, n. The quality of flying away; volatility.

    FUGACITY, n. [L. fugax, supra.]

    1. Volatility; the quality of flying away; as the fugacity of spires.NWAD FUGACITY.2

    2. Uncertainty; instability.NWAD FUGACITY.3

    FUGH, FOH, an exclamation expressing abhorrence.

    FUGITIVE, a. [L. fugitivus, from fugio, to flee. Gr.]

    1. Volatile; apt to flee away; readily wafted by the wind.NWAD FUGITIVE.2

    The more tender and fugitive parts -NWAD FUGITIVE.3

    2. Not tenable; not to be held or detained; readily escaping; as a fugitive idea.NWAD FUGITIVE.4

    3. Unstable; unsteady; fleeting; not fixed or durable.NWAD FUGITIVE.5

    4. Fleeing; running from danger or pursuit.NWAD FUGITIVE.6

    5. Fleeing from duty; eloping; escaping.NWAD FUGITIVE.7

    Can a fugitive daughter enjoy herself, while her parents are in tears?NWAD FUGITIVE.8

    6. Wandering; vagabond; as a fugitive physician.NWAD FUGITIVE.9

    7. In literature, fugitive compositions are such as are short and occasional, written in haste or at intervals, and considered to be fleeting and temporary.NWAD FUGITIVE.10

    FUGITIVE, n.

    1. One who fees from his station or duty; a deserter; one who flees from danger.NWAD FUGITIVE.12

    2. One who has fled or deserted and taken refuge under another power, or one who has fled from punishment.NWAD FUGITIVE.13

    3. One hard to be caught or detained.NWAD FUGITIVE.14

    Or catch that airy fugitive, called wit.NWAD FUGITIVE.15


    1. Volatility; fugacity; an aptness to fly away.NWAD FUGITIVENESS.2

    2. Instability; unsteadiness.NWAD FUGITIVENESS.3

    FUGUE, n. [L. fuga.]

    In music, a chase or succession in the parts; that which expresses the capital thought or sentiment of the piece, in causing it to pass successively and alternately from one part to another.NWAD FUGUE.2

    FUGUIST, n. A musician who composes fugues, or performs them extemporaneously.

    FULCIMENT, n. [L. fulcimentum, from fulcio, to prop.]

    A prop; a fulcrum; that on which a balance or lever rests. [Little used.]NWAD FULCIMENT.2

    FULCRATE, a. [from L. fulcrum, a prop.]

    1. In botany, a fulcrate stem is one whose branches descend to the earth, as in Ficus.NWAD FULCRATE.2

    2. Furnished with fulcres.NWAD FULCRATE.3

    FULCRUM, FULCRE, n. [L.]

    1. A prop or support.NWAD FULCRUM.2

    2. In mechanics, that by which a lever is sustained.NWAD FULCRUM.3

    3. In botany, the part of a plant which serves to support or defend it, or to facilitate some necessary secretion, as a stipule, a bracte, a tendril, a gland, etc.NWAD FULCRUM.4

    FULFILL, v.t. [A tautological compound of full and fill.]

    1. To accomplish; to perform; to complete; to answer in execution or event what has been foretold or promised; as, to fulfill a prophecy or prediction; to fulfill a promise.NWAD FULFILL.2

    2. To accomplish what was intended; to answer a design by execution.NWAD FULFILL.3

    Here nature seems fulfilled in all her ends.NWAD FULFILL.4

    3. To accomplish or perform what was desired; to answer any desire by compliance or gratification.NWAD FULFILL.5

    He will fulfill the desire of them that fear him. Psalm 145:19.NWAD FULFILL.6

    4. To perform what is required; to answer a law by obedience.NWAD FULFILL.7

    If ye fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well. James 2:8.NWAD FULFILL.8

    5. To complete in time.NWAD FULFILL.9

    Fulfill her week. Genesis 29:27.NWAD FULFILL.10

    6. In general, to accomplish; to complete; to carry into effect.NWAD FULFILL.11

    FULFILLED, pp. Accomplished; performed; completed; executed.

    FULFILLER, n. One that fulfills or accomplishes.

    FULFILLING, ppr. Accomplishing; performing; completing.


    1. Accomplishment; completion; as the fulfillment of prophecy.NWAD FULFILLMENT.2

    2. Execution; performance; as the fulfillment of a promise.NWAD FULFILLMENT.3

    FULFRAUGHT, a. [full and fraught.] Full-stored.

    FULGENCY, n. [L. fulgens, from fulgeo, to shine. See Effulgence.] Brightness; splendor; glitter.

    FULGENT, a. Shining; dazzling; exquisitely bright.

    FULGID, a. [L. fulgidus, from fulgeo, to shine.] Shining; glittering; dazzling. [Not in use.]

    FULGOR, n. [L.] Splendor; dazzling brightness. [Little used.]

    FULGURANT, a. Lightening. [Not used.]

    FULGURATE, v.i. To flash as lightning. [Not used.]

    FULGURATION, n. [L. fulguratio, from fulgur, lightning.]

    Lightning; the act of lightening. [Little used or not at all.]NWAD FULGURATION.2

    FULIGINOSITY, n. [L. fuligo, soot, probably from the root of foul.]

    Sootiness; matter deposited by smoke.NWAD FULIGINOSITY.2

    FULIGINOUS, a. [L. fuligineus, fuliginosus, from fuligo, soot.]

    1. Pertaining to soot; sooty; dark; dusky.NWAD FULIGINOUS.2

    2. Pertaining to smoke; resembling smoke; dusky.NWAD FULIGINOUS.3

    FULIGINOUSLY, a. By being sooty.

    FULIMART, [See Foumart.]

    FULL, a.

    1. Replete; having within its limits all that it can contain; as a vessel full of liquor.NWAD FULL.2

    2. Abounding with; having a large quantity or abundance; as a house full of furniture; life is full of cares and perplexities.NWAD FULL.3

    3. Supplied; not vacant.NWAD FULL.4

    Had the throne been full, their meeting would not have been regular.NWAD FULL.5

    4. Plump; fat; as a full body.NWAD FULL.6

    5. Saturated; sated.NWAD FULL.7

    I am full of the burnt offerings of rams. Isaiah 1:11.NWAD FULL.8

    6. Crowded, with regard to the imagination or memory.NWAD FULL.9

    Every one is full of the miracles done by cold baths on decayed and weak constitutions.NWAD FULL.10

    7. Large; entire; not partial; that fills; as a full meal.NWAD FULL.11

    8. Complete; entire; not defective or partial; as the full accomplishment of a prophecy.NWAD FULL.12

    9. Complete; entire; without abatement.NWAD FULL.13

    It came to pass, at the end of two full years, that Pharoah dreamed - Genesis 41:1.NWAD FULL.14

    10. Containing the whole matter; expressing the whole; as a full narration or description.NWAD FULL.15

    11. Strong; not faint or attenuated; loud; clear; distinct; as a full voice or sound.NWAD FULL.16

    12. Mature; perfect; as a person of full age.NWAD FULL.17

    13. Entire; complete; denoting the completion of a sentence; as a full stop or point.NWAD FULL.18

    14. Spread to view in all dimensions; as a head drawn with a full face.NWAD FULL.19

    15. Exhibiting the whole disk or surface illuminated; as the full moon.NWAD FULL.20

    16. Abundant; plenteous; sufficient. We have a full supply of provisions for the year.NWAD FULL.21

    17. Adequate; equal; as a full compensation or reward for labor.NWAD FULL.22

    18. Well fed.NWAD FULL.23

    19. Well supplied or furnished; abounding.NWAD FULL.24

    20. Copious; ample. The speaker or the writer was full upon that point.NWAD FULL.25

    A full band, in music, is when all the voices and instruments are employed.NWAD FULL.26

    A full organ, is when all or most of the stops are out.NWAD FULL.27

    FULL, n.

    1. Complete measure; utmost extent. this instrument answers to the full.NWAD FULL.29

    2. The highest state or degree.NWAD FULL.30

    The swan’s down feather, that stands upon the swell at full of tide -NWAD FULL.31

    3. The whole; the total; in the phrase, at full.NWAD FULL.32

    4. The state of satiety; as fed to the full.NWAD FULL.33

    The full of the moon, is the time when it presents to the spectator its whole face illuminated, as it always does when in opposition to the sun.NWAD FULL.34

    FULL, adv.

    1. Quite; to the same degree; without abatement or diminution.NWAD FULL.36

    The pawn I proffer shall be full as good.NWAD FULL.37

    2. With the whole effect.NWAD FULL.38

    The diapason closing full in man.NWAD FULL.39

    3. Exactly.NWAD FULL.40

    Full in the center of the sacred wood.NWAD FULL.41

    4. Directly; as, he looked him full in the face.NWAD FULL.42

    It is placed before adjectives and adverbs to heighten or strengthen their signification; as full sad.NWAD FULL.43

    Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition. Mark 7:9.NWAD FULL.44

    Full is prefixed to other words, chiefly participles, to express utmost extent or degree.NWAD FULL.45

    FULL-ACORNED, a. Fed to the full with acorns.

    FULL-BLOOMED, a. Having perfect bloom.

    FULL-BLOWN, a.

    1. Fully expanded, as a blossom.NWAD FULL-BLOWN.2

    2. Fully distended with wind.NWAD FULL-BLOWN.3

    FULL-BOTTOM, n. A wig with a large bottom.

    FULL-BOTTOMED, a. Having a large bottom, as a wig.

    FULL-BUTT, adv. Meeting directly and with violence. [Vulgar.]

    FULL-CHARGED, a. Charged to fullness.

    FULL-CRAMMED, a. Crammed to fullness.

    FULL-DRESSED, a. Dressed in form or costume.

    FULL-DRIVE, a. Driving with full speed.

    FULL-EARED, a. Having the ears or heads full of grain.

    FULL-EYED, a. Having large prominent eyes.

    FULL-FACED, a. Having a broad face.

    FULL-FED, a. Fed to fullness; plump with fat.

    FULL-FRAUGHT, a. Laden or stored to fullness.

    FULL-GORGED, a. Over fed; a term of hawking.

    FULL-GROWN, a. Grown to full size.

    FULL-HEARTED, a. Full of courage or confidence.

    FULL-HOT, a.

    1. Heated to the utmost.NWAD FULL-HOT.2

    2. Quite as hot as it ought to be.NWAD FULL-HOT.3

    FULL-LADEN, a. Laden to the full.

    FULL-MANNED, a. Completely furnished with men.

    FULL-MOUTHED, a. Having a full or strong voice.

    FULL-ORBED, a. Having the orb complete or fully illuminated as the moon; like the full moon.

    FULL-SPREAD, a. Extended to the utmost.

    FULL-STOMACHED, a. Having the stomach crammed.

    FULL-STUFFED, a. Filled to the utmost extent.

    FULL-SUMMED, a. Complete in all its parts.


    1. Having complete wings or large strong wings.NWAD FULL-WINGED.2

    2. Ready for flight; eager.NWAD FULL-WINGED.3

    FULL, v.t. [L. fullo. Gr. that is, a crowd, a throng. foul and defile are probably of the same family.]

    To thicken cloth in a mill. This is the primary sense: but in practice, to full is to mill; to make compact; or to scour, cleanse and thicken in a mill.NWAD FULL.2

    FULLAGE, n. Money paid for fulling cloth.

    FULLED, pp. Cleansed; thickened; made dense and firm in a mill.

    FULLER, n. One whose occupation is to full cloth.

    FULLER’S-EARTH, n. A variety of clay, compact, but friable, unctuous to the touch, and of various colors, usually with a shade of green. It is useful in scouring and cleansing cloth, as it imbibes the grease and oil used in preparing wool.

    FULLER’S-THISTLE, FULLER’S-WEED, n. Teasel, a plant of the genus Dipsacus. The burs are used in dressing cloth.

    FULLERY, n. The place or the works where the fulling of cloth is carried on.

    FULLING, ppr. Thickening cloth in a mill; making compact.

    FULLING, n. The art or practice of thickening cloth and making it compact and firm in a mill, at the same time the cloth is cleansed of oily matter.

    FULLINGMILL, n. A mill for fulling cloth by means of pestles or stampers, which beat and press it to a close or compact state and cleanse it.

    FULLNESS, n. [from full.]

    1. The state of being filled, so as to leave no part vacant.NWAD FULLNESS.2

    2. The state of abounding or being in great plenty; abundance.NWAD FULLNESS.3

    3. Completeness; the state of a thing in which nothing is wanted; perfection.NWAD FULLNESS.4

    In thy presence is fullness of joy. Psalm 16:11.NWAD FULLNESS.5

    4. Repletion; satiety; as from intemperance.NWAD FULLNESS.6

    5. Repletion of vessels; as fullness of blood.NWAD FULLNESS.7

    6. Plenty; wealth; affluence.NWAD FULLNESS.8

    7. Struggling perturbation; swelling; as the fullness of the heart.NWAD FULLNESS.9

    8. Largeness; extent.NWAD FULLNESS.10

    There wanted the fullness of a plot, and variety of characters to form it as it ought.NWAD FULLNESS.11

    9. Loudness; force of sound, such as fills the ear.NWAD FULLNESS.12

    FULLSOME, a. Gross; disgusting by plainness, grossness or excess; as fullsome flattery or praise.

    FULLSOMELY, adv. Grossly; with disgusting plainness or excess.

    FULLSOMENESS, n. Offensive grossness, as of praise.

    [These are the senses of this word and the only senses used in New England, as far as my knowledge extends.]NWAD FULLSOMENESS.2

    FULLY, adv.

    1. Completely; entirely; without lack or defect; in a manner to give satisfaction; to the extent desired; as, to be fully persuaded of the truth of a proposition.NWAD FULLY.2

    2. Completely; perfectly. Things partially known in this life will be hereafter fully disclosed.NWAD FULLY.3

    FULMAR, n.

    1. A fowl of the genus Procellaria, or petrel kind, larger than a gull, possessing the singular faculty of spouting from its bill a quantity of pure oil against its adversary. It is an inhabitant of the Hebrides; it feeds on the fat of whales, and when one of them is taken, will perch on it even when alive and pick out pieces of flesh.NWAD FULMAR.2

    2. The foulemart or fulimart. [See Foumart.]NWAD FULMAR.3

    FULMINANT, a. [L. fulminans.] Thundering.

    FULMINATE, v.i. [L. fulmino, from fulmen, thunder, from a root in Bl, which signifies to throw or to burst forth.]

    1. To thunder.NWAD FULMINATE.2

    2. To make a loud sudden noise, or a sudden sharp crack; to detonate; as fulminating gold.NWAD FULMINATE.3

    3. To hurl papal thunder; to issue forth ecclesiastical censures, as the pope.NWAD FULMINATE.4

    FULMINATE, v.t.

    1. To utter or send out, as a denunciation or censure; to send out, as a menace or censure by ecclesiastical authority.NWAD FULMINATE.6

    2. To cause to explode.NWAD FULMINATE.7


    1. Thundering; crackling; exploding; detonating.NWAD FLUMINATING.2

    2. Hurling papal denunciations, menaces or censures.NWAD FLUMINATING.3

    Fulminating powder, a detonating compound of sulphur, carbonate of potash and niter.NWAD FLUMINATING.4


    1. A thundering.NWAD FULMINATION.2

    2. Denunciation of censure or threats, as by papal authority.NWAD FULMINATION.3

    The fulminations from the Vatican were turned into ridicule.NWAD FULMINATION.4

    3. The explosion of certain chimical preparations; detonation.NWAD FULMINATION.5

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