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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    MILL-TOOTH, n. plu. mill-teeth. A grinder, dens molaris.

    MILLENARIAN, a. Consisting of a thousand years; pertaining to the millenium.

    MILLENARIAN, n. A chiliast; one who believes in the millenium, and that Christ will reign on earth with his saints a thousand years before the end of the world.

    MILLENARY, a. Consisting of a thousand.

    MILLENIAL, a. Pertaining to the millenium, or to a thousand years; as millenial period; millenial happiness.

    MILLENIST, n. One who holds to the millenium. [Not used.]

    MILLENIUM, n. [L. mille, a thousand, and annus, year.]

    A thousand years; a word used to denote the thousand years mentioned in Revelation 20:2-7. during which period Satan shall be bound and restrained from seducing men to sin, and Christ shall reign on earth with his saints.NWAD MILLENIUM.2

    MILLEPED, n. [L. mille, a thousand, and pes, foot.] The wood-louse, an insect having many feet, a species of Oniscus.

    MILLEPORE, n. [L. mille, a thousand, and porus, a pore.]

    A genus of lithophytes or polypiers of various forms, which have the surface perforated with little holes or pores, or even without any apparent perforation.NWAD MILLEPORE.2

    MILLEPORITE, n. Fossil millepores.

    MILLER, n. [from mill.] One whose occupation is to attend a grist-mill.

    1. An insect whose wings appear as if covered with white dust or powder, like a miller’s clothes.NWAD MILLER.2

    MILLER’S-THUMB, n. A small fish found in small streams.

    MILLESIMAL, a. [L. millesimus, from mille, a thousand.]

    Thousandth; consisting of thousandth parts; as millesimal fractions.NWAD MILLESIMAL.2

    MILLET, n. [L. milium.] A plant of the genus Milium, of several species, one of which is cultivated as an esculent grain.

    The Indian millet is of the genus Holcus.NWAD MILLET.2

    MILLIARY, a. [L. milliarium, a milestone.]

    Pertaining to a mile; denoting a mile; as a milliary column.NWAD MILLIARY.2

    MILLIGRAM, n. [L. mille, a thousand, and Gr. a gram.]

    In the system of French weights and measures, the thousandth part of a gram, equal to a cubic millimeter of water.NWAD MILLIGRAM.2

    The milligram is equal to .0154 English grains.NWAD MILLIGRAM.3

    MILLILITER, n. [L. mille, a thousand, and liter.]

    A French measure of capacity containing the thousandth part of a liter or cubic decimeter, equal to .06103 decimals of a cubic inch.NWAD MILLILITER.2

    MILLIMETER, n. [L. mille, a thousand, and metrum, a measure.]

    A French lineal measure containing the thousandth part of a meter; equal to .03937 decimals of an inch. It is the least measure of length.NWAD MILLIMETER.2

    MILLINER, n. [Johnson supposes this word to be Milaner, form Milan, in Italy.] A woman who makes and sells head-dresses, hats or bonnets, etc. for females.

    MILLINERY, n. The articles made or sold by milliners, as head-dresses, hats or bonnets, laces, ribbons and the like.

    MILLION, n. mil’yun. [L. mille, a thousand.]

    1. The number of ten hundred thousand, or a thousand thousand. It is used as a noun or an adjective; as a million of men, or a million men. As a noun, it has a regular plural, millions.NWAD MILLION.2

    2. In common usage, a very great number, indefinitely.NWAD MILLION.3

    There are millions of truths that men are not concerned to know.NWAD MILLION.4

    MILLIONARY, a. Pertaining to millions; consisting of millions; as the millionary chronology of the Pundits.

    MILLIONED, a. Multiplied by millions. [Not used.]

    MILLIONTH, a. The ten hundred thousandth.

    MILLREA, MILLREE, n. A coin of Portugal of the value of $1.24 cents.

    MILT, n.

    1. In anatomy, the spleen, a viscus situated in the left hypochondrium under the diaphragm.NWAD MILT.2

    2. The soft roe of fishes, or the spermatic part of the males.NWAD MILT.3

    MILT, v.t. To impregnate the roe or spawn of the female fish.

    MILTER, n. A male fish.

    MILTWORT, n. A plant of the genus Asplenium.

    MIME, n. A buffoon. [See Mimic.]

    1. A kind of dramatic farce.NWAD MIME.2

    MIME, v.i. To mimic, or play the buffoon. [See Mimic.]

    MIMER, n. A mimic. [See Mimic.]

    MIMESIS, n. [Gr.] In rhetoric, imitation of the voice or gestures of another.

    MIMETIC, a. [Gr.] Apt to imitate; given to aping or mimicry.

    MIMIC, n. One who imitates or mimics; a buffoon who attempts to excite laughter or derision by acting or speaking in the manner of another.

    1. A mean or servile imitator.NWAD MIMIC.2

    Of France the mimic, and of Spain the prey.NWAD MIMIC.3

    MIMICAL, a. [L. mimus, mimicus; Gr. to imitate.]

    1. Imitative; inclined to imitate or to ape; having the practice or habit of imitating.NWAD MIMICAL.2

    Man is of all creatures the most mimical in gestures, speech, etc.NWAD MIMICAL.3

    2. Consisting of imitation; as mimic gestures.NWAD MIMICAL.4

    Mimic implies often something droll or ludicrous, or less dignified than imitative.NWAD MIMICAL.5

    MIMICK, v.t. To imitate or ape for sport; to attempt to excite laughter or derision by acting or speaking like another; to ridicule by imitation.

    --The walk, the words, the gesture, could supply,NWAD MIMICK.2

    The habit mimick, and the mien belie.NWAD MIMICK.3

    MIMICRY, n. Ludicrous imitation for sport or ridicule.

    MIMOGRAPHER, n. [Gr.] A writer of farces.

    MINA, n. [L. mina.] A weight or denomination of money. The mina of the Old Testament was valued at sixty shekels. The Greek or Attic mina, was valued at a hundred drachmas, about f2. 17s. sterling, $10.44 cents.

    MINACIOUS, a. [L. minax, from minor, to threaten.]

    Threatening; menacing.NWAD MINACIOUS.2

    MINACITY, n. [L. minax.] Disposition to threaten. [Little used.]

    MINARET, n. A small spire or steeple, or spire-like ornament in Saracen architecture.

    MINATORY, a. Threatening; menacing.

    MINCE, v.t. mins. [L. minuo, to diminish; L. minor, smaller; minuo, to diminish; Gr. small, slender; to diminish; L. minutus, minute.]

    1. To cut or chop into very small pieces; as, to mince meat.NWAD MINCE.2

    2. To diminish in speaking; to retrench, cut off or omit a part for the purpose of suppressing the truth; to extenuate in representation.NWAD MINCE.3

    I know no way to mince it in love, but to say directly, I love you.NWAD MINCE.4

    Siren, now mince the sin,NWAD MINCE.5

    And mollify damnation with a phrase--NWAD MINCE.6

    If, to mince his meaning, I had either omitted some part of what he said, or taken from the strength of his expression, I certainly had wronged him.NWAD MINCE.7

    These--were forced to mince the matter.NWAD MINCE.8

    3. To speak with affected softness; to clip words; not to utter the full sound.NWAD MINCE.9

    4. To walk with short or diminished steps.NWAD MINCE.10

    MINCE, v.i. To walk with short steps; to walk with affected nicety; to affect delicacy in manner.

    I’ll turn two mincing stepsNWAD MINCE.12

    Into a manly stride.NWAD MINCE.13

    Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, - walking and mincing as they go. Isaiah 3:16.NWAD MINCE.14

    1. To speak softly, or with affected nicety.NWAD MINCE.15

    MINCED, pp. Cut or chopped into very small pieces.

    MINCE-PIE, MINCED-PIE, n. A pie made with minced meat and other ingredients, baked in paste.

    MINCING, ppr. Cutting into small pieces; speaking or walking affectedly.

    MINCINGLY, adv. In small parts; not fully.

    MIND, n. [L. reminiscor; L. mens; Gr. memory, mention, to remember, mind, ardor of mind, vehemence; anger. Mind signifies properly intention, a reaching or inclining forward to an object, from the primary sense of extending, stretching or inclining, or advancing eagerly, pushing or setting forward, whence the Greek sense of the word, in analogy with the Teutonic mod, moed, muth, mind, courage, spirit, mettle. So L. animus, animosus.]

    1. Intention; purpose; design.NWAD MIND.2

    The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination; how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind. Proverbs 21:27.NWAD MIND.3

    2. Inclination; will; desire; a sense much used, but expressing less than settled purpose; as in the common phrases, “I wish to know your mind;” “let me know your mind;” “he had a mind to go;” “he has a partner to his mind.”NWAD MIND.4

    3. Opinion; as, to express one’s mind. We are of one mind.NWAD MIND.5

    4. Memory; remembrance; as, to put one in mind; to call to mind; the fact is out of my mind; time out of mind. From the operations of the intellect in man, this word came to signify.NWAD MIND.6

    5. The intellectual or intelligent power in man; the understanding; the power that conceives, judges or reasons.NWAD MIND.7

    I fear I am not in my perfect mind.NWAD MIND.8

    So we speak of a sound mind, a disordered mind, a weak mind, a strong mind, with reference to the active powers of the understanding; and in a passive sense, it denotes capacity, as when we say, the mind cannot comprehend a subject.NWAD MIND.9

    6. The heart or seat of affection.NWAD MIND.10

    Which were a grief of mind to Isaac and Rebekah. Genesis 26:35.NWAD MIND.11

    7. The will and affection; as readiness of mind. Acts 17:11.NWAD MIND.12

    8. The implanted principle of grace. Romans 7:23.NWAD MIND.13

    MIND, v.t. To attend to; to fix the thoughts on; to regard with attention.

    Cease to request me; let us mind our way.NWAD MIND.15

    Mind not high things. Romans 12:16.NWAD MIND.16

    1. To attend to or regard with submission; to obey. His father told him to desist, but he would not mind him.NWAD MIND.17

    2. To put in mind; to remind.NWAD MIND.18

    3. To intend; to mean.NWAD MIND.19

    MIND, v.i. To be inclined or disposed to incline.

    When one of them mindeth to go into rebellion.NWAD MIND.21

    MINDED, a. Disposed; inclined.

    If men were minded to live virtuously.NWAD MINDED.2

    Joseph was minded to put her away privily. Matthew 1:19.NWAD MINDED.3

    Minded is much used in composition; as high-minded; low-minded; feeble-minded; sober-minded; double-minded.NWAD MINDED.4

    MINDEDNESS, n. Disposition; inclination towards any thing; as heavenly mindedness.

    MINDFILLING, a. Filling the mind.

    MINDFUL, a. Attentive; regarding with care; bearing in mind; heedful; observant.

    I promise to be mindful of your admonitions.NWAD MINDFUL.2

    What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Psalm 8:4.NWAD MINDFUL.3

    MINDFULLY, adv. Attentively; heedfully.

    MINDFULNESS, n. Attention; regard; heedfulness.

    MINDING, ppr. Regarding; heeding.

    MINDING, n. Regard.

    MINDLESS, a. Inattentive; heedless; forgetful; negligent; careless.

    Cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth.NWAD MINDLESS.2

    1. Not endued with mind or intellectual powers; as mindless bodies.NWAD MINDLESS.3

    2. Stupid; unthinking; as a mindless slave.NWAD MINDLESS.4

    MIND-STRICKEN, a. Moved; affected in mind. [Not used.]

    MINE, a. called sometimes a pronominal adj. [L. meus.]

    My; belonging to me. It was formerly used before nouns beginning with vowels. “I kept myself from mine iniquity.” Psalm 18:23. But this use is no longer retained. We now use my before a vowel as well as before an articulation; as my iniquity. In present usage, my always precedes the noun, and mine follows the noun, and usually the verb; as, this is my book; this book is mine; it is called my book; the book is called mine: it is acknowledged to be mine.NWAD MINE.2

    Mine sometimes supplies the place of a noun. Your sword and mine are different in construction.NWAD MINE.3

    MINE, n.

    1. A pit or excavation in the earth, from which metallic ores, mineral substances and other fossil bodies are taken by digging. The pits from which stones only are taken, are called quarries.NWAD MINE.5

    2. In the military art, a subterraneous canal or passage dug under the wall or rampart of a fortification, where a quantity of power may be lodged for blowing up the works.NWAD MINE.6

    3. A rich source of wealth or other good.NWAD MINE.7

    MINE, v.i. To dig a mine or pit in the earth.

    1. To form a subterraneous canal or hole by scratching; to form a burrow or lodge in the earth, as animals; as the mining coney.NWAD MINE.9

    2. To practice secret means in injury.NWAD MINE.10

    MINE, v.t. To sap; to undermine; to dig away or otherwise remove the substratum or foundation; hence, to ruin or destroy by slow degrees or secret means.

    They mined the walls.NWAD MINE.12

    In a metaphorical sense, undermine is generally used.NWAD MINE.13

    MINE-DIGGER, n. One that digs mines.

    MINER, n. One that digs for metals and other fossils.

    1. One who digs canals or passages under the walls of a fort, etc. Armies have sappers and miners.NWAD MINER.2

    MINERAL, n. [Low L. minera, a matrix or vein of metals, whence mineralia; all from mine.]

    A body destitute of organization, and which naturally exists within the earth or at its surface.NWAD MINERAL.2

    Minerals were formerly divided into salts, earths, inflammables and ores; a division which serves for a general distribution, but a more scientific arrangement into classes, orders, genera, species, subspecies and varieties, has been adopted to meet the more precise views of modern mineralogists.NWAD MINERAL.3

    MINERAL, a. Pertaining to minerals; consisting of fossil substances; as the mineral kingdom.

    1. Impregnated with minerals or fossil matter; as mineral waters; a mineral spring.NWAD MINERAL.5

    MINERALIST, n. One versed or employed in minerals.

    MINERALIZATION, n. [See Mineralize.]

    1. The process of forming an ore by combination with another substance; the natural operation of uniting a metallic substance with another.NWAD MINERALIZATION.2

    2. The process of converting into a mineral, as a bone or a plant.NWAD MINERALIZATION.3

    3. The act of impregnating with a mineral, as water.NWAD MINERALIZATION.4

    MINERALIZE, v.t. [from mineral] In mineralogy, to combine with a metal in forming an ore or mineral. Sulphur mineralizes many of the metals.

    1. To convert into a mineral.NWAD MINERALIZE.2

    In these caverns, the bones are not mineralized.NWAD MINERALIZE.3

    2. To impregnate with a mineral substance; as, to mineralize water.NWAD MINERALIZE.4

    MINERALIZED, pp. Deprived of its usual properties by being combined with another substance or formed into an ore; as, metallic substances are mineralized.

    1. Converted into a mineral.NWAD MINERALIZED.2

    2. Impregnated with a mineral.NWAD MINERALIZED.3

    MINERALIZER, n. A substance which mineralizes another or combines with it in an ore, and thus deprives it of its usual and peculiar properties. Sulphur is one of the most common mineralizers.

    MINERALOGICAL, a. [See Mineralogy.] Pertaining to the science of minerals; as a mineralogical table.

    MINERALOGICALLY, adv. In mineralogy.

    MINERALOGIST, n. One who is versed in the science of minerals, or one who treats or discourses of the properties of mineral bodies.

    MINERALOGY, n. [mineral and Gr. discourse.] The science which treats of the properties of mineral substances, and teaches us to characterize, distinguish and class them according to their properties. It comprehends the study or science of all inorganic substances in the earth or on its surface.

    MINGLE, v.t.

    1. To mix; to blend; to unite in one body; as, to mingle liquors of different kinds.NWAD MINGLE.2

    2. To mix or blend without order or promiscuously.NWAD MINGLE.3

    There was fire mingled with hail. Exodus 9:24.NWAD MINGLE.4

    3. To compound; to unite in a mass, as solid substances; as, to mingle flour, sugar and eggs in cookery.NWAD MINGLE.5

    4. To join in mutual intercourse or in society.NWAD MINGLE.6

    The holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands. Ezra 9:2; Psalm 106:35.NWAD MINGLE.7

    5. To contaminate; to render impure; to debase by mixture.NWAD MINGLE.8

    The best of us appear contented with a mingled imperfect virtue.NWAD MINGLE.9

    6. To confuse.NWAD MINGLE.10

    There mingle broils.NWAD MINGLE.11

    MINGLE, v.i. To be mixed; to be united with.

    She, when she saw her sister nymphs, suppressedNWAD MINGLE.13

    Her rising fears, and mingled with the rest.NWAD MINGLE.14

    MINGLE, n. Mixture; medley; promiscuous mass. [Not used.]

    MINGLED, pp. Mixed; united promiscuously.

    MINGLEDLY, adv. Confusedly.

    MINGLER, n. One that mingles.

    MINGLING, ppr. Mixing; uniting without order.

    MINIARD, a. Soft; dainty. [Little used.]

    MINIARDIZE, v.t. To render soft, delicate or dainty.

    MINIATE, v.t. [L. minium, vermillion.] To paint or tinge with vermillion.


    1. A painting in water colors on vellum, ivory or paper, with points or dots; sometimes in oil colors. The term is usually applied to portraits painted on a very small scale.NWAD MINIATURE.2

    2. A picture or representation in a small compass, or less than the reality.NWAD MINIATURE.3

    3. Red letter; rubric distinction.NWAD MINIATURE.4

    MINIKIN, a. Small; diminutive; used in slight contempt.

    MINIKIN, n. A small sort of pins.

    1. A darling; a favorite. [See Minion.]NWAD MINIKIN.3

    MINIM, n.

    1. A little man or being; a dwarf.NWAD MINIM.2

    2. One of a certain reformed order of Franciscans or Minimi.NWAD MINIM.3

    3. A note in music, equal to half a semi-breve or two crotchets.NWAD MINIM.4

    4. A short poetical encomium.NWAD MINIM.5

    5. A small fish.NWAD MINIM.6

    MINIMUM, n. [L.] The least quantity assignable in a given case.

    MINIMUS, n. [L.] A being of the smallest size.

    MINING, ppr. Digging into the earth, as for fossils and minerals; sapping.

    1. a. Designating the business of digging mines; as the mining districts of Siberia.NWAD MINING.2

    MINION, a. [infra.] Fine; trim; dainty. [Not used.]

    MINION, n. min’yon. A favorite; a darling; particularly, the favorite of a prince, on whom he lavishes his favors; one who gains favors by flattery or mean adulation.

    Edward sent an army into Ireland, not for conquest, but to guard the person of his minion, Piers Gaviston.NWAD MINION.3

    The drowsy tyrant by his minions led.NWAD MINION.4

    MINION, n. [L. minor. See Mince.]

    A small kind of printing types.NWAD MINION.6

    MINIONING, n. Kind treatment.

    MINIONLIKE, MINIONLY, adv. Finely; daintily.

    MINIONSHIP, n. State of being a minion.

    MINIOUS, n. [from L. minium.] Of the color of red lead or vermillion.

    MINISH, v.t. [L. minuo, to lessen.]

    To lessen; to diminish. [See Diminish.]NWAD MINISH.2

    MINISTER, n. [L.]

    1. Properly, a chief servant; hence, an agent appointed to transact or manage business under the authority of another; in which sense, it is a word of very extensive application.NWAD MINISTER.2

    Moses rose up and his minister Joshua. Exodus 24:13.NWAD MINISTER.3

    2. One to whom a king or prince entrusts the direction of affairs of state; as minister of state; the prime minister. In modern governments, the secretaries or heads of the several departments or branches of government are the ministers of the chief magistrate.NWAD MINISTER.4

    3. A magistrate; an executive officer.NWAD MINISTER.5

    For he is the minister of God to thee for good. Romans 13:4.NWAD MINISTER.6

    4. A delegate; an embassador; the representative of a sovereign at a foreign court; usually such as is resident at a foreign court, but not restricted to such.NWAD MINISTER.7

    5. One who serves at the altar; one who performs sacerdotal duties; the pastor of a church, duly authorized or licensed to preach the gospel and administer the sacraments. Ephesians 3:7.NWAD MINISTER.8

    6. Christ is called a minister of the sanctuary. Hebrews 8:2.NWAD MINISTER.9

    7. An angel; a messenger of God.NWAD MINISTER.10

    Who maketh his angels spirits, his ministers a flaming fire. Psalm 104:4.NWAD MINISTER.11

    MINISTER, v.t. [L. ministro.] To give; to afford; to supply.

    He that ministereth seed to the sower-- 2 Corinthians 9:10.NWAD MINISTER.13

    That it may minister grace to the hearers. Ephesians 4:29.NWAD MINISTER.14

    MINISTER, v.i. To attend and serve; to perform service in any office, sacred or secular.

    I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest’s office. Exodus 29:44.NWAD MINISTER.16

    1. To afford supplies; to give things needful; to supply the means of relief; to relieve.NWAD MINISTER.17

    When saw we thee hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? Matthew 25:44.NWAD MINISTER.18

    2. To give medicines.NWAD MINISTER.19

    Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased?NWAD MINISTER.20

    In this sense, we commonly use administer.NWAD MINISTER.21

    MINISTERED, pp. Served; afforded; supplied.

    MINISTERIAL, a. Attending for service; attendant; acting at command.

    Enlight’ning spirits and ministerial flames.NWAD MINISTERIAL.2

    1. Acting under superior authority; pertaining to a minister.NWAD MINISTERIAL.3

    For the ministerial offices in court, there must be an eye to them.NWAD MINISTERIAL.4

    2. Pertaining to executive offices, as distinct from judicial. The office and acts of a sheriff are ministerial.NWAD MINISTERIAL.5

    3. Sacerdotal; pertaining to ministers of the gospel; as ministerial garments; ministerial duties.NWAD MINISTERIAL.6

    Genuine ministerial prudence keeps back no important truth, listens to no compromise with sin, connives at no fashionable vice, cringes before no lordly worldling.NWAD MINISTERIAL.7

    4. Pertaining to ministers of state; as ministerial circles; ministerial benches.NWAD MINISTERIAL.8

    MINISTERIALLY, adv. In a ministerial manner or character.

    MINISTERING, ppr. Attending and serving as a subordinate agent; serving under superior authority. Hebrews 1:14.

    1. Affording aid or supplies; administering things needful.NWAD MINISTERING.2

    MINISTERY. [See Ministry.]

    MINISTRAL, a. Pertaining to a minister. [Little used.]

    MINISTRANT, a. Performing service as a minister; attendant on service; acting under command.

    Princedoms and dominations ministrant.NWAD MINISTRANT.2

    MINISTRATION, n. [L. ministratio.] The act of performing service as a subordinate agent; agency; intervention for aid or service.

    --Because their widows were neglected in the daily ministrations. Acts 6:1.NWAD MINISTRATION.2

    1. Office of a minister; service; ecclesiastical function.NWAD MINISTRATION.3

    As soon as the days of his ministration were ended. Luke 1:23.NWAD MINISTRATION.4

    MINISTRESS, n. A female that ministers.

    MINISTRY, n. [L. ministerium.] The office, duties or functions of a subordinate agent of any kind.

    1. Agency; service; aid; interposition; instrumentality.NWAD MINISTRY.2

    He directs the affairs of this world by the ordinary ministry of second causes.NWAD MINISTRY.3

    2. Ecclesiastical function; agency or service of a minister of the gospel or clergyman in the modern church, or of priests, apostles and evangelists in the ancient. Acts 1:25; Romans 12:7; 2 Timothy 4:5; Numbers 4:47.NWAD MINISTRY.4

    3. Time of ministration; duration of the office of a minister, civil or ecclesiastical.NWAD MINISTRY.5

    The war with France was during the ministry of Pitt.NWAD MINISTRY.6

    4. Persons who compose the executive government or the council of a supreme magistrate; the body of ministers of state.NWAD MINISTRY.7

    5. Business; employment.NWAD MINISTRY.8

    He abhorred the wicked ministry of arms.NWAD MINISTRY.9

    MINISTRYSHIP, for ministry, is little used and hardly proper.

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