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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    DEJECTLY, adv. In a downcast manner.

    DEJECTORY, a. Having power or tending to cast down, or to promote evacuations by stool.

    DEJECTURE, n. That which is ejected; excrements.

    DELACRYMATION, n. [L. A weeping.] A preternatural discharge of watery humors from the eyes; waterishness of the eyes.

    DELACTATION, n. A weaning.

    DELAPSATION, n. A falling down.

    DELAPSE, v.i. [L. To slide.] To fall or slide down.

    DELAPSION, n. A falling down of the uterus, anus, etc.

    DELAPSED, pp. Fallen down.

    DELATE, v.t. [L. To bear.]

    1. To carry; to convey.NWAD DELATE.2

    2. To accuse; to inform against; that is, to bear a charge against.NWAD DELATE.3

    DELATION, n.

    1. Carriage; conveyance; as the delation of sound.NWAD DELATION.2

    2. To accuse; to inform against; that is, to bear a charge against.NWAD DELATION.3

    DELATOR, n. An accuser; an informer.

    DELAY, v.t.

    1. To prolong the time of acting, or proceeding; to put off; to defer.NWAD DELAY.2

    My lord delayeth his coming. Matthew 24:48.NWAD DELAY.3

    2. To retard; to stop, detain or hinder for a time; to restrain motion, or render it slow; as, the mail is delated by bad roads.NWAD DELAY.4

    Thyrsis, whose artful strains have oft delayedNWAD DELAY.5

    The huddling brook to hear his madrigal.NWAD DELAY.6

    3. To allay.NWAD DELAY.7

    DELAY, v.i. To linger; to move slow; or to stop for a time.

    There are certain bounds to the quickness and slowness of the succession of ideas, beyond which they can neither delay nor hasten.NWAD DELAY.9

    DELAY, n.

    1. A lingering; stay; stop.NWAD DELAY.11

    2. A putting off or deferring; procrastination; as, the delay of trial is not to be imputed to the plaintiff.NWAD DELAY.12

    3. Hinderance for a time.NWAD DELAY.13

    DELAYED, pp. Deferred; detained; hindered for a time; retarded.

    DELAYER, n. One who defers; one who lingers.

    DELAYING, ppr. Putting off; deferring; procrastinating; retarding; detaining.

    DELAYMENT, n. Hinderance.

    DELE, v.t. Blot out; erase.

    DELEBLE, a. That can be blotted out.

    DELACTABLE, a. [L. To delight.] Delightful; highly pleasing; that gives great joy or pleasure; as a delectable garden.

    DELECTABLENESS, n. Delightfulness.

    DELECTABLY, adv. Delightfully.

    DELECTATION, n. Great pleasure; delight.

    DELEGACY, n. A number of persons delegated.

    DELEGATE, v.t. [L. To send.]

    1. To send away; appropriately, to send on an embassy; to send with power to transact business, as a representative. The President delegated three commissioners to the court of St. Cloud.NWAD DELEGATE.2

    2. To entrust; to commit; to deliver to anothers care and exercise; as, to delegate authority or power to an envoy, representative or judge.NWAD DELEGATE.3

    DELEGATE, n.

    1. A person appointed and sent by another with powers to transact business as his representative; a deputy; a commissioner; a vicar. In the United States, a person elected or appointed to represent a state or a district, in the Congress, or in a Convention for forming or altering a constitution.NWAD DELEGATE.5

    2. In Great Britain, a commissioner appointed by the king, under the great seal, to hear and determine appeals from the ecclesiastical court. Hence the Court of Delegates is the great court of appeal in all ecclesiastical causes. It is used also for the court of appeals from that of the admiralty.NWAD DELEGATE.6

    3. A layman appointed to attend an ecclesiastical council.NWAD DELEGATE.7

    DELEGATE, a. Deputed; sent to act for or represent another; as a delegate judge.

    DELEGATED, pp. Deputed; sent with a trust or commission to act for another; appointed a judge; committed, as authority.

    DELEGATING, ppr. Deputing; sending with a commission to act for another; appointing; committing; entrusting.


    1. A sending away; the act of putting in commission, or investing with authority to act for another; the appointment of a delegate.NWAD DELEGATION.2

    The duties of religion cannot be performed by delegation.NWAD DELEGATION.3

    2. Th persons deputed to act for another, or for others. Thus, the representatives of Massachusetts in Congress are called the delegation, or whole delegation.NWAD DELEGATION.4

    3. In the civil law, the assignment of a debt to another, as when a debtor appoints his debtor to answer to the creditor in his place.NWAD DELEGATION.5

    DELETE, v.t. To blot out.

    DELETERIOUS, a. [L. To blot out or destroy.]

    1. Having the quality of destroying, or extinguishing life; destructive; poisonous; as a deleterious plant or quality.NWAD DELETERIOUS.2

    2. Injurious; pernicious.NWAD DELETERIOUS.3

    DELETERY, a. Destructive; poisonous.

    DELETION, n. [L. To blot out.]

    1. The act of blotting out or erasing.NWAD DELETION.2

    2. Destruction.NWAD DELETION.3

    DELETORY, n. That which blots out.

    DELF, n.

    1. A mine; a quarry; a pit dug.NWAD DELF.2

    2. Earthern ware, covered with enamel or white glazing in imitation of China ware or porcelain, made at Delft in Holland; properly, Delft-ware.NWAD DELF.3

    DELIBATE, v.t. [L. To taste.] To taste; to take a sip.

    DELIBATION, n. A taste; an essay.

    DELIBERATE, v.i. [L. To weigh.] To weigh in the mind; to consider and examine the reasons for and against a measure; to estimate the weight or force of arguments, or the probable consequences of a measure, in order to a choice or decision; to pause and consider. A wise prince will deliberate before he wages war.

    The woman that deliberates is lost.NWAD DELIBERATE.2

    DELIBERATE, v.t. To balance in the mind; to weigh; to consider.


    1. Weighing facts and arguments with a view to a choice or decision; carefully considering the probable consequences of a step; circumspect; slow in determining; applies to persons; as a deliberate judge or counselor.NWAD DELIBERATE.5

    2. Formed with deliberation; well advised or considered; not sudden or rash; as a deliberate opinion; a deliberate measure, or result.NWAD DELIBERATE.6

    3. Slow; as a deliberate death or echo.NWAD DELIBERATE.7

    DELIBERATELY, adv. With careful consideration, or deliberation; circumspectly; not hastily or rashly; slowly. This purpose was deliberately formed.

    DELIBERATENESS, n. Calm consideration; circumspection; due attention to the arguments for and against a measure; caution.


    1. The act of deliberating; the act of weighing and examining the reasons for and against a choice or measure; consideration. We say, a measure has been taken with deliberation.NWAD DELIBERATION.2

    2. Mutual discussion and examination of the reasons for and against a measure; as the deliberations of a legislative body or council.NWAD DELIBERATION.3


    1. Pertaining to deliberation; proceeding or acting by deliberation, or by mutual discussion and examination; as, the legislature is a deliberative body.NWAD DELIBERATIVE.2

    2. Having a right or power to deliberate or discuss.NWAD DELIBERATIVE.3

    In councils, the bishops have a deliberative voice.NWAD DELIBERATIVE.4

    3. Apt or disposed to consider.NWAD DELIBERATIVE.5

    DELIBERATIVE, n. A discourse in which a question is discussed or weighed and examined. A kind of rhetoric employed in proving a thing and convincing others of its truth, in order to persuade them to adopt it.

    DELIBERATIVELY, adv. By deliberation.

    DELICACY, n. In a general sense, that which delights or pleases. Hence,

    1. Fineness of texture; smoothness; softness; tenderness; as the delicacy of the skin; and nearly in the same sense, applicable to food; as the delicacy of flesh, meat or vegetables. Hence,NWAD DELICACY.2

    2. Daintiness; pleasantness to the taste.NWAD DELICACY.3

    3. Elegant or feminine beauty; as delicacy of form.NWAD DELICACY.4

    4. Nicety; minute accuracy; as the delicacy of coloring in painting.NWAD DELICACY.5

    5. Neatness in dress; elegance proceeding from a nice selection and adjustment of the several parts of dress.NWAD DELICACY.6

    6. Softness of manners; civility or politemess proceeding from a nice observance of propriety, and a desire to please; as delicacy of behavior.NWAD DELICACY.7

    7. Indulgence; gentle treatment; as delicacy of education.NWAD DELICACY.8

    8. Tenderness; scrupulousness; the quality manifested in nice attention to right, and care to avoid wrong, or offense.NWAD DELICACY.9

    9. Acute or nice perception of what is pleasing to the sense of tasting; hence figuratively, a nice perception of beauty and deformity, or the faculty of such nice perception.NWAD DELICACY.10

    Delicacy of taste tends to invigorate the social affections, and moderate those that are selfish.NWAD DELICACY.11

    10. That which delights the senses, particularly the taste; applied to eatables; as, the peach is a great delicacy.NWAD DELICACY.12

    11. Tenderness of constitution; weakness; that quality or state of the animal body which renders it very impressible to injury; as delicacy of constitution or frame.NWAD DELICACY.13

    12. Smallness; fineness; slenderness; tenuity; as the delicacy of a thread, or fiber.NWAD DELICACY.14

    13. Tenderness; nice susceptibility of impression; as delicacy of feeling.NWAD DELICACY.15

    DELICATE, a. [L. Connected with delight; to delight.]

    1. Of a fine texture; fine; soft; smooth; clear, or fair; as a delicate skin.NWAD DELICATE.2

    2. Nice; pleasing to the taste; of an agreeable flavor; as delicate food; a delicate dish.NWAD DELICATE.3

    3. Nice in perception of what is agreeable; dainty; as a delicate taste; and figuratively, nice and discriminating in beauty and deformity.NWAD DELICATE.4

    4. Nice; accurate; fine; soft to the eye; as a delicate color.NWAD DELICATE.5

    5. Nice in forms; regulated by minute observance of propriety, or by condescension and attention to the wishes and feelings of others; as delicate behavior or manners; a delicate address.NWAD DELICATE.6

    6. Pleasing to the senses; as a delicate flavor.NWAD DELICATE.7

    7. Fine; slender; minute; as a delicate thread.NWAD DELICATE.8

    8. That cannot be handled without injury or danger; that must be touched with care; as a delicate point or topic; a delicate question.NWAD DELICATE.9

    9. Composed of fine threads, or nicely interwoven; as a delicate texture; hence, soft and smooth to the touch; as delicate silk.NWAD DELICATE.10

    10. Tender; effeminate; not able to endure hardship; very impressible to injury; as a delicate frame or constitution.NWAD DELICATE.11

    11. Feeble; not sound or robust; as delicate health.NWAD DELICATE.12

    DELICATE, n. Any thing nice; a nicety.

    DELICATELY, adv.

    1. In a delicate manner; with nice regard to propriety and the feelings of others.NWAD DELICATELY.2

    2. Daintily; luxuriously.NWAD DELICATELY.3

    They that live delicately are in kings courts. Luke 7:25.NWAD DELICATELY.4

    3. With soft elegance; as an expression delicately turned.NWAD DELICATELY.5

    4. Tenderly; with indulgence in ease, elegance and luxury. Proverbs 29:21.NWAD DELICATELY.6

    DELICATENESS, n. The state of being delicate; tenderness; softness; effeminacy. Deuteronomy 28:56.


    1. Highly pleasing to the taste; most sweet or grateful to the senses; affording exquisite pleasure; as a delicious viand; delicious fruit or wine.NWAD DELICIOUS.2

    2. Most pleasing to the mind; very grateful; yielding exquisite delight; as, this poem affords a delicious entertainment.NWAD DELICIOUS.3

    DELICIOUSLY, adv. In a delicious manner; in a manner to please the taste or gratify the mind; sweetly; pleasantly; delightfully; as, to feed deliciously; to be deliciously entertained.


    1. The quality of being delicious, or very grateful to the taste or mind; as the deliciousness of a repast.NWAD DELICIOUSNESS.2

    2. Delight; great pleasure.NWAD DELICIOUSNESS.3

    DELIGATION, n. [L. To bind.] In surgery, a binding up; a bandaging.

    DELIGHT, n.

    1. A high degree of pleasure, or satisfaction of mind; joy.NWAD DELIGHT.2

    His delight is in the law of the Lord. Psalm 1:2.NWAD DELIGHT.3

    2. That which gives great pleasure; that which affords delight.NWAD DELIGHT.4

    Titus was the delight of human kind.NWAD DELIGHT.5

    I was daily his delight. Proverbs 8:30.NWAD DELIGHT.6

    Delight is a more permanent pleasure than joy, and not dependent on sudden excitement.NWAD DELIGHT.7

    DELIGHT, v.t.

    1. To affect with great pleasure; to please highly; to give or afford high satisfaction or joy; as, a beautiful landscape delights the eye; harmony delights the ear; the good conduct of children, and especially their piety, delights their parents.NWAD DELIGHT.9

    I will delight myself in thy statutes. Psalm 119:16.NWAD DELIGHT.10

    2. To receive great pleasure in.NWAD DELIGHT.11

    I delight to do thy will. Psalm 40:8.NWAD DELIGHT.12

    DELIGHT, v.i. To have or take great pleasure; to be greatly pleased or rejoiced; followed by in.

    I delight in the law of God after the inward man. Romans 7:22.NWAD DELIGHT.14

    DELIGHTED, pp.

    1. Greatly pleased; rejoiced; followed by with.NWAD DELIGHTED.2

    That ye may be delighted with the abundance of her glory. Isaiah 66:11.NWAD DELIGHTED.3

    2. a. Full of delight.NWAD DELIGHTED.4

    DELIGHTER, n. One who takes delight.

    DELIGHTFUL, a. Highly pleasing; affording great pleasure and satisfaction; as a delightful thought; a delightful prospect.


    1. In a manner to receive great pleasure; very agreeable; as, we were delightfully employed, or entertained.NWAD DELIGHTFULLY.2

    2. In a delightful manner; charmingly; in a manner to afford great pleasure; as, the lady sings and plays delightfully.NWAD DELIGHTFULLY.3


    1. The quality of being delightful, or of affording great pleasure; as the delightfulness of a prospect, or of scenery.NWAD DELIGHTFULNESS.2

    2. Great pleasure; delight.NWAD DELIGHTFULNESS.3

    DELIGHTLESS, a. Affording no pleasure or delight.

    DELIGHTSOME, a. Very pleasing; delightful.

    DELIGHTSOMELY, adv. Very pleasantly; in a delightful manner.

    DELIGHTSOMENESS, n. Delightfulness; pleasantness in a high degree.

    DELINEAMENT, n. Representation by delineation.

    DELINEATE, v.t. [L. A line.]

    1. To draw the lines which exhibit the form of a thing; to mark out with lines; to make a draught; to sketch or design; as, to delineate the form of the earth, or a diagram.NWAD DELINEATE.2

    2. To paint; to represent in picture; to draw a likeness of; as, to delineate Nestor like Adonis, or time with Absaloms head.NWAD DELINEATE.3

    3. Figuratively, to describe; to represent to the mind or understanding; to exhibit a likeness in words; as, to delineate the character of Newton, or the virtue of Aristides.NWAD DELINEATE.4

    DELINEATED, pp. Drawn; marked with lines exhibiting the form or figure; sketched; designed; painted; described.

    DELINEATING, ppr. Drawing the form; sketching; painting; describing.


    1. First draught of a thing; outline; representation of a form or figure by lines; sketch; design.NWAD DELINEATION.2

    2. Representation in words; description; as the delineation of a character.NWAD DELINEATION.3

    DELINEATURE, n. Delineation.

    DELINIMENT, n. Mitigation.

    DELINQUENCY, n. [L. To fail or omit duty; to leave.] Failure or omission of duty; a fault; a misdeed; and positively, an offense; a crime. It is particularly, but not exclusively applied to neglect of duty in officers of public trust.

    DELINQUENT, a. Failing in duty; offending by neglect of duty.

    DELINQUENT, n. One who fails to perform his duty, particularly a public officer who neglects his duty; an offender; one who commits a fault or crime.

    A delinquent ought to be cited in the place or jurisdiction where the delinquency was committed.NWAD DELINQUENT.3

    DELIQUATE, v.t. or i. [L. To melt.] To melt or be dissolved.

    DELIQUATION, n. A melting.

    DELIQUESCE, v.i. [L. To melt; to melt or become soft.] To melt gradually and become liquid by attracting and absorbing moisture from the air; as certain salts, acids and alkalies.

    DELIQUESCENCE, n. Spontaneous liquefaction in the air; a gradual melting or becoming liquid by absorption of water from the atmosphere.

    DELIQUESCENT, a. Liquefying in the air; capable of attracting moisture from the atmosphere and becoming liquid; as deliquescent salts.

    DELIQUIATE, v.i. To melt and become liquid by imbibing water from the air.

    DELIQUIATION, n. A melting by attracting water from the air.


    1. In chimistry, a melting or dissolution in the air, or in a moist place.NWAD DELIQUIUM.2

    2. A liquid state; as, a salt falls into a deliquium.NWAD DELIQUIUM.3

    3. In medicine, a swooning or fainting; called also syncope.NWAD DELIQUIUM.4

    DELIRAMENT, n. A wandering of the mind; foolish fancy.

    DELIRIOUS, a. Roving in mind; light-headed; disordered in intellect; having ideas that are wild, irregular and unconnected.

    DELIRIOUSNESS, n. The state of being delirious; delirium.

    DELIRIUM, n. [L. To wander in mind, to rave; to make balks in plowing, that is, to err, wander, miss.]

    A state in which the ideas of a person are wild, irregular and unconnected, or do not correspond with the truth or with external objects; a roving or wandering of the mind; disorder of the intellect. Fevers often produce delirium.NWAD DELIRIUM.2

    An alienation of mind connected with fever.NWAD DELIRIUM.3

    Symptomatic derangement, or that which is dependent on some other disease, in distinction from idiopathic derrangement or mania.NWAD DELIRIUM.4

    DELITESCENCE, n. Retirement; obscurity.

    DELIVER, v.t. [L. Free, disengaged; to free, to peel.]

    1. To free; to release, as from restraint; to set at liberty; as, to deliver one from captivity.NWAD DELIVER.2

    2. To rescue, or save.NWAD DELIVER.3

    Deliver me, O my God, from the hand of the wicked. Psalm 71:4.NWAD DELIVER.4

    3. To give, or transfer; to put into anothers hand or power; to commit; to pass from one to another.NWAD DELIVER.5

    Thou shalt deliver Pharoahs cup into his hand. Genesis 40:11.NWAD DELIVER.6

    So we say, to deliver goods to a carrier; to deliver a letter; to deliver possession of an estate.NWAD DELIVER.7

    4. To surrender; to yield; to give up; to resign; as, to deliver a fortress to an enemy. It is often followed by up; as, to deliver up the city; to deliver up stolen goods.NWAD DELIVER.8

    Th exalted mindNWAD DELIVER.9

    All sense of woe delivers to the wind.NWAD DELIVER.10

    5. To disbuden of a child.NWAD DELIVER.11

    6. To utter; to pronounce; to speak; to send forth in words; as, to deliver a sermon, an address, or an oration.NWAD DELIVER.12

    7. To exert in motion.NWAD DELIVER.13

    To deliver to the wind, to cast away; to reject.NWAD DELIVER.14

    To deliver over, to transfer; to give or pass from one to another; as, to deliver over goods to another.NWAD DELIVER.15

    2. To surrender or resign; to put into anothers power; to commit to the discretion of; to abandon to.NWAD DELIVER.16

    Deliver me not over to the will of my enemies. Psalm 27:12.NWAD DELIVER.17

    To deliver up, to give up; to surrender.NWAD DELIVER.18

    DELIVER, a. Free; nimble.

    DELIVERABLE, a. That may be or is to be delivered.

    A bill of lading may state that the goods are deliverable to a particular person therein named.NWAD DELIVERABLE.2


    1. Release from captivity, slavery, oppression, or any restraint.NWAD DELIVERANCE.2

    He hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives. Luke 4:18.NWAD DELIVERANCE.3

    2. Rescue from danger or any evil.NWAD DELIVERANCE.4

    God sent me to save your lives by a great deliverance. Genesis 45:7.NWAD DELIVERANCE.5

    3. The act of bringing forth children.NWAD DELIVERANCE.6

    4. The act of giving or transferring from one to another.NWAD DELIVERANCE.7

    5. The act of speaking or pronouncing; utterance. [In the three last senses, delivery is now used.]NWAD DELIVERANCE.8

    6. Acquittal of a prisoner, by the verdict of a jury. God send you a good deliverance.NWAD DELIVERANCE.9

    DELIVERED, pp. Freed; released; transferred or transmitted; passed from one to another; committed; yielded; surrendered; rescued; uttered; pronounced.


    1. One who delivers; one who releases or rescues; a preserver.NWAD DELIVERER.2

    The Lord raised up a deliverer to Israel. Judges 3:9.NWAD DELIVERER.3

    2. One who relates, or communicates.NWAD DELIVERER.4

    DELIVERING, ppr. Releasing; setting free; rescuing; saving; surrendering; giving over; yielding; resigning.

    DELIVERY, n.

    1. The act of delivering.NWAD DELIVERY.2

    2. Release; rescue; as from slavery, restraint, oppression or danger.NWAD DELIVERY.3

    3. Surrender; a giving up.NWAD DELIVERY.4

    4. A giving or passing from one to another; as the delivery of goods, or of a deed.NWAD DELIVERY.5

    5. Utterance; pronunciation; or manner of speaking. He has a good delivery. I was charmed with his graceful delivery.NWAD DELIVERY.6

    6. Childbirth. Isaiah 26:17.NWAD DELIVERY.7

    7. Free motion or use of the limbs.NWAD DELIVERY.8

    DELL, n. A pit, or a hollow place; a cavity or narrow opening.

    DELPH, [See Delf. No. 2.]

    DELPHIA or DELPHINIA, n. A vegetable alkali lately discovered in the Delphinium staphysagria. It is crystaline when wet, but it becomes opake when exposed to air. Its taste is bitter and acrid. When heated it melts, but on cooling becomes hard and brittle like resin.

    DELPHIAN or DELPHIC, a. Relating to Delphi, and to the celebrated oracle of that place.

    DELPHINE, a.

    1. Pertaining to the dolphin, a genus of fishes.NWAD DELPHINE.2

    2. Pertaining to the dauphin of France; as the delphine edition of the classics.NWAD DELPHINE.3

    DELPHINITE, n. A mineral called also pistacite and epidote.

    DELTOID, n.

    1. Triangular; an epithet applied to a muscle of the shoulder which moves the arm forwards, upwards and backwards.NWAD DELTOID.2

    2. In botany, shaped somewhat like a delta or rhomb, having four angles, of which the lateral ones are less distant from the base than the others; as a deltoid leaf.NWAD DELTOID.3

    Trowel-shaped, having three angles, of which the terminal one is much further from the base than the lateral ones.NWAD DELTOID.4

    DELUDABLE, a. That may be deluded or deceived; liable to be imposed on.

    DELUDE, v.t.

    1. To deceive; to impose on; to lead from truth or into error; to mislead the mind or judgement; to beguile. Cheat is generally applied to deception in bargains; delude, to deception in opinion. An artful man deludes his followers. We are often deluded by false appearances.NWAD DELUDE.2

    2. To frustrate or disappoint.NWAD DELUDE.3

    DELUDED, pp. Deceived; misled; led into error.

    DELUDER, n. One who deceives; a deceiver; an imposter; one who holds out false pretenses.

    DELUDING, ppr. Deceiving; leading astray; misleading the opinion or judgment.

    DELUDING, n. The act of deceiving; falsehood.

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