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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    STICHOMETRY, n. [Gr., a verse; measure.] A catalogue of the books of Scriptures, with the number of verses which each book contains.

    STICH-WORT, STITCH-WORT, n. A plant of the genus Stellaria.

    STICK, n. [G. This word is connected with the verb to stick, with stock, stack, and other words having the like elements. The primary sense of the root is to thrust, to shoot, and to set.]

    1. The small shoot or branch of a tree or shrub, cut off; a rod; also, a staff; as, to strike one with a stick.NWAD STICK.2

    2. Any stem of a tree, of any size, cut for fuel or timber. It is applied in America to any long and slender piece of timber, round or square, from the smallest size to the largest, used in the frames of buildings; as a stick of timber for a post, a beam or a rafter.NWAD STICK.3

    3. Many instruments, long and slender, are called sticks; as the composing stick of printers.NWAD STICK.4

    4. A thrust with a pointed instrument that penetrates a body; a stab.NWAD STICK.5

    Stick of eels, the number of twenty five eels. A bind contains ten sticks.NWAD STICK.6

    STICK, v.t. pret. and pp. stuck. [G., to sting or prick, to stick, to adhere.]

    1. To pierce; to stab; to cause to enter, as a pointed instrument; hence, to kill by piercing; as, to stick a beast in slaughter. [A common use of the word.]NWAD STICK.8

    2. To thrust in; to fasten or cause to remain by piercing; as, to stick a pin on the sleeve.NWAD STICK.9

    3. To fasten; to attach by causing to adhere to the surface; as, to stick on a patch or plaster; to stick on a thing with paste or glue.NWAD STICK.10

    4. To set; to fix in; as, to stick card teeth.NWAD STICK.11

    5. To set with something pointed; as, to stick cards.NWAD STICK.12

    6. To fix on a pointed instrument; as, to stick an apple on a fork.NWAD STICK.13

    STICK, v.i.

    1. To adhere; to hold to by cleaving to the surface, as by tenacity or attraction; as, glue sticks to the fingers; paste sticks to the wall, and causes paper to stick.NWAD STICK.15

    I will cause the fish of thy rivers to stick to thy scales. Ezekiel 29:4.NWAD STICK.16

    2. To be united; to be inseparable; to cling fast to, as something reproachful.NWAD STICK.17

    If on your fame our sex a blot has thrown, twill ever stick, through malice of your own.NWAD STICK.18

    3. To rest with the memory; to abide.NWAD STICK.19

    4. To stop; to be impeded by adhesion or obstruction; as, the carriage sticks in the mire.NWAD STICK.20

    5. To stop; to be arrested in a course.NWAD STICK.21

    My faltering tongue sticks at the sound.NWAD STICK.22

    6. To stop; to hesitate. He sticks at no difficulty; he sticks at the commission of no crime; he sticks at nothing.NWAD STICK.23

    7. To adhere; to remain; to resist efforts to remove.NWAD STICK.24

    I had most need of blessing, and amen stuck in my throat.NWAD STICK.25

    8. To cause difficulties or scruples; to cause to hesitate.NWAD STICK.26

    This is the difficulty that sticks with the most reasonable--NWAD STICK.27

    9. To be stopped or hindered from proceeding; as, a bill passed the senate, but stuck in the house of representatives.NWAD STICK.28

    They never doubted the commons; but heard all stuck in the lords house.NWAD STICK.29

    10. To be embarrassed or puzzled.NWAD STICK.30

    They will stick long at part of a demonstration, for want of perceiving the connection between two ideals.NWAD STICK.31

    11. To adhere closely in friendship and affection.NWAD STICK.32

    There is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother. Proverbs 18:24.NWAD STICK.33

    To stick to, to adhere closely; to be constant; to be firm; to be persevering; as, to stick to a party or cause.NWAD STICK.34

    The advantage will be on our side, if we stick to its essentials.NWAD STICK.35

    To stick by,NWAD STICK.36

    1. To adhere closely; to be constant; to be firm in supporting.NWAD STICK.37

    We are your only friends; stick by us, and we will stick by you.NWAD STICK.38

    2. To be troublesome by adhering.NWAD STICK.39

    I am satisfied to trifle away my time, rather than let it stick by me.NWAD STICK.40

    To stick upon, to dwell upon; not to forsake.NWAD STICK.41

    If the matter be knotty, the mind must stop and buckle to it, and stick upon it with labor and thought. [Not elegant.]NWAD STICK.42

    To stick out, to project; to be prominent.NWAD STICK.43

    His bones that were not seen, stick out. Job 33:21.NWAD STICK.44

    STICKINESS, n. [from stick.] The quality of a thing which makes it adhere to a plane surface; adhesiveness; viscousness; glutinousness; tenacity; as the tenacity of glue or paste.

    STICKLE, v.i. [from the practice of prize-fighters, who placed seconds with staves or sticks to interpose occasionally.]

    1. To take part with one side or other.NWAD STICKLE.2

    Fortune, as she wont, turnd fickle, and for the foe began to stickle.NWAD STICKLE.3

    2. To contend; to contest; to altercate. Let the parties stickle each for his favority doctrine.NWAD STICKLE.4

    3. To trim; to play fast and loose; to pass from one side to the other.NWAD STICKLE.5

    STICKLE, v.t. To arbitrate. [Not in use.]

    STICKLE-BACK, n. A small fish of the genus Gasterosteus, of several species. The common species seldom grows to the length of two inches.

    STICKLER, n.

    1. A sidesman to fencers; a second to a duelist; one who stands to a judge a combat.NWAD STICKLER.2

    Basilius the judge, appointed sticklers and trumpets whom the others should obey.NWAD STICKLER.3

    2. An obstinate contender about any thing; as a stickler for the church of for liberty.NWAD STICKLER.4

    The tory or high church clergy were the greatest sticklers against the exorbitant proceedings of king James.NWAD STICKLER.5

    3. Formerly, an officer who cut wood for the priory of Ederose, within the kings parks of Clarendon.NWAD STICKLER.6

    STICKLING, ppr. Trimming; contending obstinately or eagerly.

    STICKY, a. Having the quality of adhering to a surface; adhesive; gluey; viscous; viscid; glutinous; tenacious. Gums and resins are sticky substances.

    STIDDY, n. An anvil; also, a smiths shop. [Not in use or local.]

    STIFF, a. [Gr.]

    1. Not easily bent; not flexible or pliant; not flaccid; rigid; applicable to any substance; as stiff wood; stiff paper; cloth stiff with starch; a limb stiff with frost.NWAD STIFF.2

    They, rising on stiff pinions, tower the mid aerial sky.NWAD STIFF.3

    2. Not liquid or fluid; thick and tenacious; inspissated; not soft nor hard. Thus melted metals grow stiff as they cool; they are stiff before they are hard. The paste is too stiff, or not stiff enough.NWAD STIFF.4

    3. Strong; violent; impetuous in motion; as in seamens language, a stiff gale or breeze.NWAD STIFF.5

    4. Hardy; stubborn; not easily subdued.NWAD STIFF.6

    How stiff is my vile sense!NWAD STIFF.7

    5. Obstinate; pertinacious; firm in perseverance or resistance.NWAD STIFF.8

    It is a shame to stand stiff in a foolish argument.NWAD STIFF.9

    A war ensues; the Cretans own their cause, stiff to defend their hospitable laws.NWAD STIFF.10

    6. Harsh; formal; constrained; not natural and easy; as a stiff formal style.NWAD STIFF.11

    7. Formal in manner; constrained; affected; starched; not easy or natural; as stiff behavior.NWAD STIFF.12

    The French are open, familiar and talkative; the Italians stiff, ceremonious and reserved.NWAD STIFF.13

    8. Strongly maintained, or asserted with good evidence.NWAD STIFF.14

    This is stiff news.NWAD STIFF.15

    9. In seamens language, a stiff vessel is one that will bear sufficient sail without danger of oversetting.NWAD STIFF.16

    STIFFEN, v.t.

    1. To make stiff; to make less pliant or flexible; as, to stiffen cloth with starch.NWAD STIFFEN.2

    He stiffened his neck and hardened his heart from turning to the Lord God of Israel. 2 Chronicles 36:13.NWAD STIFFEN.3

    Stiffen the sinews; summon up the blood.NWAD STIFFEN.4

    2. To make torpid; as stiffening grief.NWAD STIFFEN.5

    3. To inspissate; to make more thick or viscous; as, to stiffen paste.NWAD STIFFEN.6

    STIFFEN, v.i.

    1. To become stiff; to become more rigid or less flexible.NWAD STIFFEN.8

    --Like bristles rose my stiffning hair.NWAD STIFFEN.9

    2. To become more thick, or less soft; to be inspissated; to approach to hardness; as, melted substances stiffen as they cool.NWAD STIFFEN.10

    The tender soil then stiffning by degrees--NWAD STIFFEN.11

    3. To become less susceptible of impression; to become less susceptible of impression; to become less tender or yielding; to grow more obstinate.NWAD STIFFEN.12

    Some souls, we see, grow hard and stiffen with adversity.NWAD STIFFEN.13

    STIFFENING, ppr. Making or becoming less pliable, or more thick, or more obstinate.

    STIFFENING, n. Something that is used to make a substance more stiff or less soft.

    STIFF-HEARTED, a. [stiff and heart.] Obstinate; stubborn; contumacious.

    They are impudent children and stiff-hearted. Ezekiel 2:4.NWAD STIFF-HEARTED.2

    STIFFLY, adv.

    1. Firmly; strongly; as the boughs of a tree stiffly upheld.NWAD STIFFLY.2

    2. Rigidly; obstinately; with stubbornness. The doctrine of the infallibility of the church of Rome is stiffly maintained by its adherents.NWAD STIFFLY.3

    STIFF-NECKED, a. [stiff and neck.] Stubborn; inflexibly obstinate; contumacious; as a stiff-necked people; stiff-necked pride.


    1. Rigidness; want of pliableness or flexibility; the firm texture or state of a substance which renders it difficult to bend it; as the stiffness or iron or wood; the stiffness of a frozen limb.NWAD STIFFNESS.2

    2. Thickness; spissitude; a state between softness and hardness; as the stiffness of sirup, paste, size or starch.NWAD STIFFNESS.3

    3. Torpidness; inaptitude to motion.NWAD STIFFNESS.4

    An icy stiffness benumbs my blood.NWAD STIFFNESS.5

    4. Tension; as the stiffness of a cord.NWAD STIFFNESS.6

    5. Obstinacy; stubbornness; contumaciousness.NWAD STIFFNESS.7

    The vices of old age have the stiffness of it too.NWAD STIFFNESS.8

    Stiffness of mind is not from adherence to truth, but submission to prejudice.NWAD STIFFNESS.9

    6. Formality of manner; constraint; affected precision.NWAD STIFFNESS.10

    All this religion sat easily upon him, without stiffness and constraint.NWAD STIFFNESS.11

    7. Rigorousness; harshness.NWAD STIFFNESS.12

    But speak no word to her of these sad plights, which her too constant stiffness doth constrain.NWAD STIFFNESS.13

    8. Affected or constrained manner of expression or writing; want of natural simplicity and ease; as stiffness of style.NWAD STIFFNESS.14

    STIFLE, v.t. [L., stiff and stop. Gr.]

    1. To suffocate; to stop the breath or action of the lungs by crowding something into the windpipe, or by infusing a substance into the lungs, or by other means; to choke; as, to stifle one with smoke or dust.NWAD STIFLE.2

    2. To stop; as, to stifle the breath; to stifle respiration.NWAD STIFLE.3

    3. To oppress; to stop the breath temporarily; as, to stifle one with kisses; to be stifled in a close room or with bad air.NWAD STIFLE.4

    4. To extinguish; to deaden; to quench; as, to stifle flame; to stifle a fire by smoke or by ashes.NWAD STIFLE.5

    5. To suppress; to hinder from transpiring or spreading; as, to stifle a report.NWAD STIFLE.6

    6. To extinguish; to check or restrain and destroy; to suppress; as, to stifle a civil war in its birth.NWAD STIFLE.7

    7. To suppress or repress; to conceal; to withhold from escaping or manifestation; as, to stifle passion; to stifle grief; to stifle resentment.NWAD STIFLE.8

    8. To suppress; to destroy; as, to stifle convictions.NWAD STIFLE.9

    STIFLE, n.

    1. The joint of a horse next to the buttock, and corresponding to the knee in man; called also the stifle joint.NWAD STIFLE.11

    2. A disease in the knee-pan of a horse or other animal.NWAD STIFLE.12

    STIGMA, n. [L., Gr., to prick or stick.]

    1. A brand; a mark made with a burning iron.NWAD STIGMA.2

    2. Any mark of infamy; any reproachful conduct which stains the purity or darkens the luster of reputation.NWAD STIGMA.3

    3. In botany, the top of the pistil, which is moist and pubescent to detain and burst the pollen or prolific powder.NWAD STIGMA.4

    STIGMATA, n. plu. The apertures in the bodies of insects, communicating with the trachea or air-vessels.


    1. Marked with a stigma, or with something reproachful to character.NWAD STIGMATIC.2

    2. Impressing with infamy or reproach.NWAD STIGMATIC.3


    1. A notorious profligate, or criminal who has been branded. [Little used.]NWAD STIGMATIC.5

    2. One who bears about him the marks of infamy or punishment. [Little used.]NWAD STIGMATIC.6

    3. One on whom nature has set a mark of deformity. [Little used.]NWAD STIGMATIC.7

    STIGMATICALLY, adv. With a mark of infamy or deformity.

    STIGMATIZE, v.t.

    1. To mark with a brand; in a literal sense; as, the ancients stigmatized their slaves and soldiers.NWAD STIGMATIZE.2

    2. To set a mark of disgrace on; to disgrace with some not of reproach or infamy.NWAD STIGMATIZE.3

    To find virtue extolled and vice stigmatized--NWAD STIGMATIZE.4

    Sour enthusiasts affect to stigmatize the finest and most elegant authors, ancient and modern, as dangerous to religion.NWAD STIGMATIZE.5

    STIGMATIZED, pp. Marked with disgrace.

    STIGMATIZING, ppr. Branding with infamy.

    STILAR, a. [from stile.] Pertaining to the stile of a dial.

    Draw a line for the stiler line.NWAD STILAR.2

    STILBITE, n. [Gr., to shine.] A mineral of a shining pearly luster, of a white color, or white shaded with gray, yellow or red. It has been associated with zeolite, and called foliated zeolite, and radiated zeolite. Werner and the French mineralogists divide zeolite into two kinds, mesotype and stilbite; the latter is distinguished by its lamellar structure.

    STILE, n. [This is another spelling of style. See Style and Still.] A pin set on the face of a dial to form a shadow.

    Erect the stile perpendicularly over the substilar line, so as to make an angle with the dial-plane equal to the elevation of the pole of your place.NWAD STILE.2

    STILE, n. [G. See Stair.] A step or set of steps for ascending and descending, in passing a fence or wall.

    STILETTO, n. [See Style.] A small dagger with a round pointed blade.

    STILL, v.t. [G., to put, set, place, Gr., to send, and with style, stool, stall.]

    1. To stop, as motion or agitation; to check or restrain; to make quiet; as, to still the raging sea.NWAD STILL.2

    2. T stop, as noise; to silence.NWAD STILL.3

    With his name the mothers still their babes.NWAD STILL.4

    3. To appease; to calm; to quiet; as tumult, agitation or excitement; as, to still the passions.NWAD STILL.5

    STILL, a.

    1. Silent; uttering no sound; applicable to animals or to things. The company or the man is still; the air is still; the sea is still.NWAD STILL.7

    2. Quiet; calm; not disturbed by noise; as a still evening.NWAD STILL.8

    3. Motionless; as, to stand still; to lie or sit still.NWAD STILL.9

    4. Quiet; calm; not agitated; as a still atmosphere.NWAD STILL.10

    STILL, n. Calm; silence; freedom from noise; as the still of midnight. [A poetic word.]

    STILL, adv.

    1. To this time; till now.NWAD STILL.13

    It hath been anciently reported, and is still received. [Still here denotes this time; set or fixed.]NWAD STILL.14

    2. Nevertheless; notwithstanding.NWAD STILL.15

    The desire of fame betrays an ambitious man into indecencies that lessen his reputation; he is still afraid lest any of his actions should be thrown away in private.NWAD STILL.16

    [Still here signifies set, given, and refers to the whole of the first clause of the sentence. The desire of fame betrays an ambitious man into indecencies that lessen his reputation; that fact being given or set, or notwithstanding, he is afraid, etc.]NWAD STILL.17

    3. It precedes or accompanies words denoting increase of degree.NWAD STILL.18

    The moral perfections of the Deity, the more attentively we consider them, the more perfectly still shall we know them.NWAD STILL.19

    [This is not correct.]NWAD STILL.20

    4. Always; ever; continually.NWAD STILL.21

    Trade begets trade, and people go much where many people have already gone; so men run still to a crowd in the streets, though only to see.NWAD STILL.22

    The fewer still you name, you wound the more.NWAD STILL.23

    5. After that; after what is stated.NWAD STILL.24

    In the primitive church, such as by fear were compelled to sacrifice to strange gods, after repented, and kept still the office of preaching the gospel.NWAD STILL.25

    6. In continuation.NWAD STILL.26

    And, like the watchful minutes to the hour, still and anon cheerd up the heavy time.NWAD STILL.27

    STILL, n. [L., to drop. See Distill.] A vessel, boiler or copper used in the distillation of liquors; as vapor ascending of the still. The word is used in a more general sense for the vessel and apparatus. A still house is also called a still.

    STILL, v.t. [L.] To expel spirit from liquor by heat and condense it in a refrigeratory; to distill. [See Distill.]

    STILL, v.i. To drop. [Not in use. See Distill.]

    STILLATITIOUS, a. [L.] Falling in drops; drawn by a still.


    1. An alembic; a vessel for distillation. [Little used or not at all.]NWAD STILLATORY.2

    2. A laboratory; a place or room in which distillation is performed. [Little used.]NWAD STILLATORY.3

    STILL-BORN, a. [still and born.]

    1. Dead at the birth; as a still-born child.NWAD STILL-BORN.2

    2. Abortive; as a still-born poem.NWAD STILL-BORN.3

    STILL-BURN, v.t. [still and burn.] To burn in the process of distillation; as, to still-burn brandy.

    STILLED, pp. [See Still, the verb.] Calmed; appeased; quieted; silenced.

    STILLER, n. One who stills or quiets.

    STILLICIDE, n. [L., a drop, to fall.] A continual falling or succession of drops. [Not much used.]

    STILLICIDIOUS, a. Falling in drops.

    STILLING, ppr. Calming; silencing; quieting.

    STILLING, n.

    1. The act of calming, silencing or quieting.NWAD STILLING.3

    2. A stand for casks. [Not used in America.]NWAD STILLING.4

    STILL-LIFE, n. [still and life.]

    1. Things that have only vegetable life.NWAD STILL-LIFE.2

    2. Dead animals, or paintings representing the dead.NWAD STILL-LIFE.3


    1. Freedom from noise or motion; calmness; quiet; silence; as the stillness of the night, the air or the sea.NWAD STILLNESS.2

    2. Freedom from agitation or excitement; as the stillness of the passions.NWAD STILLNESS.3

    3. Habitual silence; taciturnity.NWAD STILLNESS.4

    The gravity and stillness of your youth, the world hath noted.NWAD STILLNESS.5

    STILL-STAND, n. Absence of motion. [Little used.]

    STILLY, adv.

    1. Silently; without noise.NWAD STILLY.2

    2. Calmly; quietly; without tumult.NWAD STILLY.3

    STILPNOSIDERITE, n. [Gr., shining, and siderite.] A mineral of a brownish black color, massive, in curving concretions, splendent and resinous.

    STILT, n. [G.] A stilt is a piece of wood with a shoulder, to support the foot in walking. Boys sometimes use stilts for raising their feet above the mud in walking, but they are rarely seen.

    Men must not walk upon stilts.NWAD STILT.2

    STILT, v.t.

    1. To raise on stilts; to elevate.NWAD STILT.4

    2. To raise by unnatural means.NWAD STILT.5

    STIMULANT, a. [L.] Increasing or exciting action, particularly the action of the organs of an animal body; stimulating.

    STIMULANT, n. A medicine that excites and increases the action of the moving fibers or organs of an animal body.

    STIMULATE, v.t. [L., to prick, to goad, to excite; a goad.] Literally, to prick or goad. Hence,

    1. To excite, rouse or animate to action or more vigorous exertion by some pungent motive or by persuasion; as, to stimulate one by the hope of reward, or by the prospect of glory.NWAD STIMULATE.2

    2. In medicine, to excite or increase the action of the moving fibers or organs of an animal body; as, to stimulate a torpid limb; or to stimulate the stomach and bowels.NWAD STIMULATE.3

    STIMULATED, pp. Goaded; roused or excited to action or more vigorous exertion.

    STIMULATING, ppr. Goading; exciting to action or more vigorous exertion.


    1. The act of goading or exciting.NWAD STIMULATION.2

    2. Excitement; the increased action of the moving fibers or organs in animal bodies.NWAD STIMULATION.3

    STIMULATIVE, a. Having the quality of exciting action in the animal system.

    STIMULATIVE, n. That which stimulates; that which rouses into more vigorous action; that which excites.

    STIMULATOR, n. One that stimulates.

    STIMULUS, n. [L. This word may be formed on the root of stem, a shoot.] Literally, a goad; hence, something that rouses from languor; that which excites or increases action in the animal system, as a stimulus in medicine; or that which rouses the mind or spirits; as, the hope of gain is a powerful stimulus to labor and action.

    STING, v.t. pret. and pp. stung. Stang is obsolete. [G., to stick, to sting. We see that sting, is stick altered in orthography and pronunciation.]

    1. To pierce with the sharp pointed instrument with which certain animals are furnished, such as bees, wasps, scorpions and the like. Bees will seldom sting persons, unless they are first provoked.NWAD STING.2

    2. To pain acutely; as, the conscience is stung with remorse.NWAD STING.3

    Slander stings the brave.NWAD STING.4

    STING, n.

    1. A sharp pointed weapon or instrument which certain animals are armed by nature for their defense, and which they thrust from the hinder part of the body to pierce any animal that annoys or provokes them. In most instances, this instrument is a tube, through which a poisonous matter is discharged, which inflames the flesh, and in some instances proves fatal to life.NWAD STING.6

    2. The thrust of a sting into the flesh. The sting of most insects produces acute pain.NWAD STING.7

    3. Any thing that gives acute pain. Thus we speak of the stings of remorse; the stings of reproach.NWAD STING.8

    4. The point in the last verse; as the sting of an epigram.NWAD STING.9

    5. That which gives the principal pain, or constitutes the principal terror.NWAD STING.10

    The sting of death is sin. 1 Corinthians 15:56.NWAD STING.11

    STINGER, n. That which stings, vexes or gives acute pain.

    STINGILY, adv. [from stingy.] With mean covetousness; in a niggardly manner.

    STINGINESS, n. [from stingy.] Extreme avarice; mean covetousness; niggardliness.

    STINGLESS, a. [from sting.] Having no sting.

    STINGO, n. [from the sharpness of the taste.] Old beer. [A cant word.]

    STINGY, a. [from straitness.]

    1. Extremely close and covetous; meanly avaricious; niggardly; narrow hearted; as a stingy churl. [A word in popular use, but low and not admissible into elegant writing.]NWAD STINGY.2

    STINK, v.i. pret. stand or stunk. To emit a strong offensive smell.

    STINK, n. A strong offensive smell.

    STINKARD, n. A mean paltry fellow.

    STINKER, n. Something intended to offend by the smell.

    STINKING, ppr. Emitting a strong offensive smell.

    STINKINGLY, adv. With an offensive smell.

    STINKPOT, n. An artificial composition offensive to the smell.

    STINKSTONE, n. Swinestone, a variety of compact lucullite; a subspecies of limestone.

    STINT, v.t. [Gr., narrow.]

    1. To restrain within certain limits; to bound; to confine; to limit; as, to stint the body in growth; to stint the mind in knowledge; to stint a person in his meals.NWAD STINT.2

    Nature wisely stints our appetite.NWAD STINT.3

    2. To assign a certain task in labor, which being performed, the person is excused from further labor for the day, or for a certain time; a common popular use of the word in America.NWAD STINT.4

    STINT, n. A small bird, the Tringa cinctus.

    STINT, n.

    1. Limit; bound; restraint.NWAD STINT.7

    2. Quantity assigned; proportion allotted. The workmen have their stint.NWAD STINT.8

    Our stint of woe is common.NWAD STINT.9

    STINTANCE, n. Restraint; stoppage. [Not used or local.]

    STINTED, pp. Restrained to a certain limit or quantity; limited.

    STINTER, n. He or that which stints.

    STINTING, ppr. Restraining within certain limits; assigning a certain quantity to; limiting.

    STIPE, n. [L.; Gr., a stake.] In botany, the base of a frond; or a species of stem passing into leaves, or not distinct from the leaf. The stem of a fungus is also called stipe. The word is also used for the filament or slender stalk which supports the pappus or down, and connects it with the seed.

    STIPEL, n. [See Stipula.] In botany, a little appendix situated at the base of the follicles.

    STIPEND, n. [L., a piece of money; to pay.] Settled pay or compensation for services, whether daily or monthly wages; or an annual salary.

    STIPEND, v.t. To pay by settled wages.

    STIPENDIARY, a. [L.] Receiving wages or salary; performing services for a stated price or compensation.

    His great stipendiary prelates came with troops of evil appointed horsemen not half full.NWAD STIPENDIARY.2

    STIPENDIARY, n. [supra.] One who performs services for a settled compensation, either by the day, month or year.

    If thou art become a tyrants vile stipendiary--NWAD STIPENDIARY.4

    STIPITATE, a. [See Stipe.] In botany, supported by a stipe; elevated on a stipe; as pappus or down.

    STIPPLE, v.t. To engrave by means of dots, in distinction from engraving in lines.

    STIPPLED, pp. Engraved with dots.

    STIPPLING, ppr. Engraving with dots.

    STIPPLING, n. A mode of engraving on copper by means of dots.

    STIPTIC. [See Styptic.]

    STIPULA, STIPULE, n. [L., a straw or stubble.] In botany, a scale at the base of nascent petioles or peduncles. Stipules are in pairs or solitary; they are lateral, extrafoliaceous, intrafoliaceous, etc. A leafy appendage to the proper leaves or to their footstalks; commonly situated at the base of the latter, in pairs.

    STIPULACEOUS, STIPULAR, a. [L. See Stipula.]

    1. Formed of stipules or scales; as a stipular bud.NWAD STIPULACEOUS.2

    2. Growing on stipules, or close to them; as stipular glands.NWAD STIPULACEOUS.3

    STIPULATE, v.i. [L., to crowd; whence the sense of agreement, binding, making fast.]

    1. To make an agreement or covenant with any person or company to do or forbear any thing; to contract; to settle terms; as, certain princes stipulated to assist each other in resisting the armies of France. Great Britain and the United States stipulate to oppose and restrain the African slave trade. A has stipulated to build a bridge within a given time. B has stipulated not to annoy or interdict our trade.NWAD STIPULATE.2

    2. To bargain. A has stipulated to deliver me his horse for fifty guineas.NWAD STIPULATE.3

    STIPULATE, a. [from stipual.] Having stipules on it; as a stipulate stalk.

    STIPULATED, pp. Agreed; contracted; covenanted. It was stipulated that Great Britain should retain Gibraltar.

    STIPULATING, ppr. Agreeing; contracting; bargaining.

    STIPULATION, n. [L.]

    1. The act of agreeing and covenanting; a contracting or bargaining.NWAD STIPULATION.2

    2. An agreement or covenant made by one person with another for the performance or forbearance of some act; a contract or bargain; as the stipulations of the allied powers to furnish each his contingent of troops.NWAD STIPULATION.3

    3. In botany, the situation and structure of the stipules.NWAD STIPULATION.4

    STIPULATOR, n. One who stipulates, contracts or covenants.

    STIPULE. [See Stipula.]

    STIR, v.t. stur. [G., to stir, to disturb.]

    1. To move; to change place in any manner.NWAD STIR.2

    My foot I had never yet in five days been able to stir.NWAD STIR.3

    2. To agitate; to bring into debate.NWAD STIR.4

    Stir on the questions of jurisdiction.NWAD STIR.5

    3. To incite to action; to instigate; to prompt.NWAD STIR.6

    An Ate stirring him to blood and strife.NWAD STIR.7

    4. To excite; to raise; to put into motion.NWAD STIR.8

    And for her sake some mutiny will stir.NWAD STIR.9

    To stir up,NWAD STIR.10

    1. To incite; to animate; to instigate by inflaming passions; as, to stir up a nation to rebellion.NWAD STIR.11

    The words of Judas were good and able to stir them up to valor. 2 Maccabees 15:17.NWAD STIR.12

    2. To excite; to put into action; to begin; as, to stir up a mutiny or insurrection; to stir up strife.NWAD STIR.13

    3. To quicken; to enliven; to make more lively or vigorous; as, to stir up the mind.NWAD STIR.14

    4. To disturb; as, to stir up the sediment of liquor.NWAD STIR.15

    STIR, v.i. stur.

    1. To move ones self. He is not able to stir.NWAD STIR.17

    2. To go or be carried in any manner. He is not able to stir from home, or to stir abroad.NWAD STIR.18

    3. To be in motion; not to be still. He is continually stirring.NWAD STIR.19

    4. To become the object of notice or conversation.NWAD STIR.20

    They fancy they have a right to talk freely upon every thing that stirs or appears.NWAD STIR.21

    5. To rise in the morning. [Colloquial.]NWAD STIR.22

    STIR, n.

    1. Agitation; tumult; bustle; noise or various movements.NWAD STIR.24

    Why all these words, this clamor and this stir?NWAD STIR.25

    Consider, after so much stir about the genus and species, how few words ave yet settled definitions.NWAD STIR.26

    2. Public disturbance or commotion; tumultuous disorder; seditious uproar.NWAD STIR.27

    Being advertised of some stir raised by his unnatural sons in England, he departed from Ireland without a blow.NWAD STIR.28

    3. Agitation of thoughts; conflicting passions.NWAD STIR.29

    STIRIATED, a. [L., an icicle.] Adorned with pendants like icicles.

    STIRIOUS, a. [supra.] Resembling icicles. [Not much used.]

    STIRK, n. A young ox or heifer. [Local.]

    STIRP, n. sturp. [L.] Stock; race; family. [Not English.]

    STIRRED, pp. Moved; agitated; put in action.

    STIRRER, n.

    1. One who is in motion.NWAD STIRRER.2

    2. One who puts in motion.NWAD STIRRER.3

    3. A riser in the morning.NWAD STIRRER.4

    4. An inciter or exciter; an instigator.NWAD STIRRER.5

    5. A stirrer up, an exciter; an instigator.NWAD STIRRER.6

    STIRRING, ppr. Moving; agitating; putting in motion.

    STIRRING, n. [supra.] The act of moving or putting in motion.

    STIRRUP, n. sturup. [G., step-bow or mounting-bow. The first stirrups appear to have been ropes.] A kind of ring or bending piece of metal, horizontal on one side for receiving the foot of the rider, and attached to a strap which is fastened to the saddle; used to assist persons in mounting a horse, and to enable them to sit steadily in riding, as well as to relieve them by supporting a part of the weight of the body.

    STIRRUP-LETHER, n. A strap that supports a stirrup.

    STITCH, v.t. [G. This is another form of stick.]

    1. To sew in a particular manner; to sew slightly or loosely; as, to stitch a collar or wristband; to stitch the leaves of a book and form a pamphlet.NWAD STITCH.2

    2. To form land into ridges. [N. England.]NWAD STITCH.3

    To stitch up, to mend or unite with a needle and thread; as, to stitch up a rent; to stitch up an artery.NWAD STITCH.4

    STITCH, v.i. To practice stitching.

    STITCH, n.

    1. A single pass of a needle in sewing.NWAD STITCH.7

    2. A single turn of the thread round a needle in knitting; a link of yarn; as, to let down a stitch; to take up a stitch.NWAD STITCH.8

    3. A land; the space between two double furrows in plowed ground.NWAD STITCH.9

    4. A local spasmodic pain; an acute lancing pain, like the piercing of a needle; as a stitch in the side.NWAD STITCH.10

    STITCHED, pp. Sewed slightly.

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