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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    UNWILLINGNESS, n. Loathness; disinclination; reluctance.

    UNWIND, v.t. pret. and pp. unwound.

    1. To wind off; to loose or separate what is wound or convolved; as, to unwind thread or a ball.NWAD UNWIND.2

    2. To disentangle.NWAD UNWIND.3

    UNWIND, v.i. To admit evolution.

    UNWIPED, a. Not cleaned by rubbing.

    UNWISE, a. s as z.

    1. Not wise; not choosing the best means for the end; defective in wisdom; as an unwise man; unwise kings.NWAD UNWISE.2

    2. Not dictated by wisdom; not adapted to the end; as unwise measures.NWAD UNWISE.3

    UNWISELY, adv. Not wisely; not prudently; as unwisely rigid; unwisely studious.

    UNWISH, v.t. To wish that which is, not to be. [Not in use.]

    UNWISHED, a. Not wished; not sought; not desired.

    UNWIST, a. Not known. Obs.

    UNWIT, v.t. To deprive of understanding. [Not in use.]

    UNWITHDRAWING, a. Not withdrawing; continually liberal.

    UNWITHERED, a. Not withered or faded.

    UNWITHERING, a. Not liable to wither or fade.

    UNWITHSTOOD, a. Not opposed.

    UNWITNESSED, a. Not witnessed; not attested by witnesses; wanting testimony.

    UNWITTILY, adv. Without wit.

    UNWITTINGLY, adv. Without knowledge or consciousness; ignorantly; as, he has unwittingly injured himself, or his neighbor.

    UNWITTY, a. Not witty; destitute of wit.

    UNWIVED, a. Having no wife. [Not used.]

    UNWOMAN, v.t. To deprive of the qualities of a woman.

    UNWOMANLY, a. Unbecoming a woman.

    UNWONTED, a.

    1. Unaccustomed; unused; not made familiar by practice; as a child unwonted to strangers; sea calves unwonted to fresh water.NWAD UNWONTED.2

    2. Uncommon; unusual; infrequent; rare; as an unwonted meteor; unwonted changes.NWAD UNWONTED.3

    UNWONTEDNESS, n. Uncommonness; rareness.

    UNWOOED, a. Not wooed; not courted.

    UNWORKING, a. Living without labor.

    UNWORMED, a. Not wormed. [Not used.]

    UNWORN, a. Not worn; not impaired.

    UNWORSHIPED, a. Not worshiped; not adored.

    UNWORSHIPING, a. Not worshiping; habitually neglecting the worship of God.

    UNWORTHILY, adv. [See Worthy and Worth.]

    Not according to desert; without due regard to merit; as, to treat a man unworthily.NWAD UNWORTHILY.2

    UNWORTHINESS, n. Want of worth or merit.

    UNWORTHY, a.

    1. Not deserving; followed by of. As sinners, were are utterly unworthy of the divine favor.NWAD UNWORTHY.2

    2. Not deserving; wanting merit. Receive your unworthy son into favor. One great evil of government is that unworthy men are elected or appointed to fill important offices.NWAD UNWORTHY.3

    3. Unbecoming; vile; base; as unworthy usage or treatment.NWAD UNWORTHY.4

    4. Not suitable; inadequate. This opinion is unworthy of its author.NWAD UNWORTHY.5

    UNWOUND, pp. of wind. Wound off; untwisted.


    1. Not wounded; not hurt; not injured in body; as unwounded enemies.NWAD UNWOUNDED.2

    2. Not hurt; not offended; as unwounded ears.NWAD UNWOUNDED.3

    UNWRAP, v.t. To open what is wrapped or folded.

    UNWREATH, v.t. To untwist or untwine.

    UNWRINKLE, v.t. To reduce wrinkles; to smooth.

    UNWRITING, a. Not writing; not assuming the character of an author; as an unwriting citizen.

    UNWRITTEN, a. unrit’n.

    1. Not written; not reduced to writing; verbal.NWAD UNWRITTEN.2

    2. Blank; containing no writing.NWAD UNWRITTEN.3

    Unwritten doctrines, in religion, are such as have been handed down by word of mouth; oral or traditional doctrines.NWAD UNWRITTEN.4

    Unwritten laws, are such as have been delivered down by tradition or in songs. Such were the laws of the early nations of Europe.NWAD UNWRITTEN.5

    The unwritten laws of England and of the United States, called common law, are such as have not the authority of statutes, not having originated from any legislative act, or originating from some act not now extant. These laws are now contained in the reports of judicial decisions.NWAD UNWRITTEN.6

    UNWROUGHT, a. unraut’. Not labored; not manufactured; not reduced to due form.

    UNWRUNG, a. unrung’. Not pinched.

    UNYIELDED, a. Not yielded; not conceded; not given up.


    1. Not yielding to force or persuasion; unbending; unpliant; stiff; firm; obstinate.NWAD UNYIELDING.2

    2. Not giving place.NWAD UNYIELDING.3

    UNYOKE, v.t.

    1. To loose from a yoke; to free from a yoke.NWAD UNYOKE.2

    Unyoke the steers.NWAD UNYOKE.3

    2. To part; to disjoin.NWAD UNYOKE.4

    UNYOKED, pp.

    1. Freed from the yoke.NWAD UNYOKED.2

    2. a. Not having worn the yoke.NWAD UNYOKED.3

    3. Licentious; unrestrained.NWAD UNYOKED.4

    UNYOKING, ppr. Freeing from the yoke.

    UNZONED, a. Not bound with a girdle; as an unzoned bosom.

    UP, adv.

    1. Aloft; on highNWAD UP.2

    But up or down -NWAD UP.3

    2. Out of bed. He is not up.NWAD UP.4

    3. Having risen from a seat.NWAD UP.5

    Sir Roger was up.NWAD UP.6

    4. From a state of concealment or discumbiture.NWAD UP.7

    5. In a state of being built.NWAD UP.8

    Up with my tent.NWAD UP.9

    6. Above the horizon. The sun is up.NWAD UP.10

    7. To a state of excitement. He was wrought up to a rage.NWAD UP.11

    8. To a state of advance or proficiency.NWAD UP.12

    - Till we have wrought ourselves up to this degree of christian indifference.NWAD UP.13

    9. In a state of elevation or exaltation.NWAD UP.14

    Those that were up, kept others low.NWAD UP.15

    10. In a state of climbing or ascending. We went up to the city or town.NWAD UP.16

    11. In a state of insurrection.NWAD UP.17

    The gentle archbishop of York is up.NWAD UP.18

    My soul is up in arms.NWAD UP.19

    12. In a state of being increased or raised. The river is up; the flood is up.NWAD UP.20

    13. In a state of approaching; as up comes a fox.NWAD UP.21

    14. In order. He drew up his regiment.NWAD UP.22

    15. From younger to elder years; as from his youth up.NWAD UP.23

    1. Up and down, from one place to another; here and there.NWAD UP.24

    2. From one state or position to another; backwards and forwards.NWAD UP.25

    1. Up to, to an equal highth with; as up to the chin in water.NWAD UP.26

    2. To a degree or point adequate. Live up to the principles professed.NWAD UP.27

    Up with, raise; life; as, up with the fist; up with the timber.NWAD UP.28

    Up is much used to modify the actions expressed by verbs. It is very often useful and necessary; very often useless.NWAD UP.29

    To bear up, to sustain.NWAD UP.30

    To go up, to ascend.NWAD UP.31

    To lift up, to raise.NWAD UP.32

    To get up, to rise from bed or a seat.NWAD UP.33

    To bind up, to bind together.NWAD UP.34

    To blow up, to inflate; to distend; to inflame.NWAD UP.35

    To grow up, to grow to maturity.NWAD UP.36

    Up stream, from the mouth towards the head of a stream; against the stream; hence up is in a direction towards the head of a stream or river; as up the country.NWAD UP.37

    Up sound, in the direction from the sea; opposed to down sound, that is, in the direction of the ebb tide.NWAD UP.38

    Up is used elliptically for get up, expressing a command or exhortation.NWAD UP.39

    Up, let us be going. Judges 19:28.NWAD UP.40

    UP, prep. From a lower to a higher place. Go up the hill.

    UPBEAR, v.t. pret. upbore; pp. upborne. [up and bear. See Bear.]

    1. To raise aloft; to life; to elevate.NWAD UPBEAR.2

    2. To sustain aloft; to support in an elevated situation.NWAD UPBEAR.3

    Upborne they fly.NWAD UPBEAR.4

    3. To support; to sustain.NWAD UPBEAR.5

    UPBIND, v.t. To bind up.

    UPBLOW, v.t. To blow up. [Not used.]

    UPBRAID, v.t.

    1. To charge with something wrong or disgraceful; to reproach; to cast in the teeth; followed by with or for, before the thing imputed; as, to upbraid a man for his folly or his intemperance.NWAD UPBRAID.2

    Yet do not upbraid us with our distress.NWAD UPBRAID.3

    He upbraided them with their unbelief. Mark 16:14.NWAD UPBRAID.4

    [The use of to and of, after upbraid, as to upbraid a man of his gain by iniquity, to upbraid to a man his evil practices, has been long discontinued.]NWAD UPBRAID.5

    2. To reproach; to chide.NWAD UPBRAID.6

    God who giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not. James 1:5.NWAD UPBRAID.7

    3. To reprove with severity.NWAD UPBRAID.8

    Then he began to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done - Matthew 11:20.NWAD UPBRAID.9

    4. To bring reproach on.NWAD UPBRAID.10

    How much doth thy kindness upbraid my wickedness!NWAD UPBRAID.11

    5. To treat with contempt. Obs.NWAD UPBRAID.12

    UPBRAIDED, pp. Charged with something wrong or disgraceful; reproached; reproved.

    UPBRAIDER, n. One who upbraids or reproves.

    UPBRAIDING, ppr. Accusing; casting in the teeth; reproaching; reproving.


    1. A charging with something wrong or disgraceful; the act of reproaching or reproving.NWAD UPBRAIDING.3

    I have too long borne your blunt upbraidings.NWAD UPBRAIDING.4

    2. The reproaches or accusations of conscience.NWAD UPBRAIDING.5

    UPBRAY, for upbraid, to shame, is not in use.

    UPBROUGHT, a. upbraut’. Brought up; educated. [Not in use.]

    UPCAST, a.

    1. Cast up; a term in bowling.NWAD UPCAST.2

    2. Thrown upwards; as with upcast eyes.NWAD UPCAST.3

    UPCAST, n. In bowling, a cast; a throw.

    UPDRAW, v.t. To draw up. [Not in use.]

    UPGATHER, v.t. To contract. [Not in use.]

    UPGROW, v.i. To grow up. [Not in use.]

    UPHAND, a. Lifted by the hand.

    UPHEAVE, v.t. To heave or lift up.

    UPHELD, pret. and pp. of uphold. Sustained; supported.

    UPHILL, a. Difficult, like the act of ascending a hill; as uphill labor.

    UPHOARD, v.t. To hoard up. [Not used.]

    UPHOLD, v.t. pret. and pp. upheld. [Upholden is obsolete.]

    1. To lift on high; to elevate.NWAD UPHOLD.2

    2. To support; to sustain; to keep from falling or slipping.NWAD UPHOLD.3

    Honor shall uphold the humble in spirit. Proverbs 29:23.NWAD UPHOLD.4

    3. To keep from declension.NWAD UPHOLD.5

    4. To support in any state.NWAD UPHOLD.6

    5. To continue; to maintain.NWAD UPHOLD.7

    6. To keep from being lost.NWAD UPHOLD.8

    Faulconbridge, in spite of spite, along upholds the day.NWAD UPHOLD.9

    7. To continue without failing.NWAD UPHOLD.10

    8. To continue in being.NWAD UPHOLD.11

    UPHOLDER, n.

    1. One that upholds; a supporter; a defender; a sustainer.NWAD UPHOLDER.2

    2. An undertaker; one who provides for funerals.NWAD UPHOLDER.3

    UPHOLSTERER, n. [from up and hold.] One who furnishes houses with beds, curtains and the like.

    UPHOLSTERY, n. Furniture supplied by upholsterers.

    UPLAND, n. [up and land.] High land; ground elevated above the meadows and intervals which lie on the banks of rivers, near the sea, or between hills; land which is generally dry. It is opposed to meadow, march, swamp, interval, etc. Uplands are particularly valuable as affording pasture for sheep.

    UPLAND, a.

    1. Higher in situation; being on upland; as upland inhabitants.NWAD UPLAND.3

    2. Pertaining to uplands; as upland pasturage.NWAD UPLAND.4

    UPLANDISH, a. Pertaining to uplands; dwelling on high lands or mountains.

    UPLAY, v.t. To lay up; to hoard. [Not in use.]

    UPLEAD, v.t. To lead upwards.

    UPLED, pp. Led upwards.

    UPLIFT, v.t. To raise aloft; to raise; to elevate; as, to uplift the arm. It is chiefly used in the participle; as uplifted eyes; uplifted arms.

    UPLIFTED, pp. Raised high; lifted; elevated.

    UPLOOK, v.t. To look up. [Not in use.]

    UPMOST, a. [up and most.] Highest; topmost. [Little used. We generally use uppermost.]

    UPON, prep.

    1. Resting or being on the top or surface; as being upon a hill, or upon a rock; upon a field; upon a table; upon a river; upon the altar; upon the roof. He has his coat upon his back; his hat is upon his head.NWAD UPON.2

    2. In a state of resting or dependence; as upon this condition; he will contract with you upon these terms. Upon our repentance we hope to be forgiven.NWAD UPON.3

    3. Denoting resting, as a burden. Impose upon yourself this task.NWAD UPON.4

    4. In the direction or part of; as upon the right hand.NWAD UPON.5

    5. Relating to. They are now engaged upon the affairs of the bank.NWAD UPON.6

    6. In consideration of; as upon the whole matter.NWAD UPON.7

    7. Near to; as a village upon the Thames.NWAD UPON.8

    8. With, or having received. He came upon an hour’s warning.NWAD UPON.9

    9. On the occasion of; engaged in for the execution of. He sent the officer upon a bold enterprise.NWAD UPON.10

    10. In; during the time of; as upon the seventh day; upon the first of January.NWAD UPON.11

    11. Noting security; as, to borrow money upon lands, or upon mortgage.NWAD UPON.12

    12. Noting approach or attack.NWAD UPON.13

    The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. Judges 16:9.NWAD UPON.14

    13. Noting exposure or incurring some danger or loss. You do this upon pain of death, or upon the penalties of the law.NWAD UPON.15

    14. At the time of; on occasion of. What was their conduct upon this event?NWAD UPON.16

    15. By inference from, or pursuing a certain supposition. Upon his principles, we can have no stable government.NWAD UPON.17

    16. Engaged in. What is he upon?NWAD UPON.18

    17. Having a particular manner. The horse is now upon a hard trot.NWAD UPON.19

    18. Resting or standing, as on a condition. He is put upon his good behavior.NWAD UPON.20

    19. Noting means of subsistence or support. Cattle live upon grass.NWAD UPON.21

    20. Noting dependence for subsistence; as, paupers come upon the parish or town.NWAD UPON.22

    To take upon, to assume.NWAD UPON.23

    To assume upon, in law, to promise; to undertake.NWAD UPON.24

    UPPER, a. [comp. from up.]

    1. Higher in place; as the upper lip; the upper side of a thing. An upper story is a higher one; the upper story is the highest. So the upper deck of a ship.NWAD UPPER.2

    2. Superior in rank or dignity; as the upper house of a legislature.NWAD UPPER.3

    Upper hand, advantage; superiority.NWAD UPPER.4

    Upper-works, in a ship, the parts above water when the ship is properly balanced for a voyage; or that part which is above the main wale.NWAD UPPER.5

    UPPERMOST, a. [superl.; upper and most.]

    1. Highest in place; as the uppermost seats.NWAD UPPERMOST.2

    2. Highest in power or authority.NWAD UPPERMOST.3

    Whatever faction happens to be uppermost -NWAD UPPERMOST.4

    3. Predominant; most powerful.NWAD UPPERMOST.5

    UPRAISE, v.t. s as z. [up and raise.] To raise; to lift up.

    UPREAR, v.t. [up and rear.] To rear up; to raise.

    UPRIGHT, a. upri’te or up’rite. [up and right. This word is marked in books with the accent on the first syllable. But it is frequently pronounced with the accent on the second, and the accent on the first syllable of its derivatives is inadmissible.]

    1. Erect; perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; as an upright tree; an upright post. Among mechanics, plumb.NWAD UPRIGHT.2

    2. Erected; pricked up; shooting directly from the body.NWAD UPRIGHT.3

    All have their ears upright -NWAD UPRIGHT.4

    With chatt’ring teeth and bristling hair upright.NWAD UPRIGHT.5

    3. Honest; just; adhering to rectitude in all social intercourse; not deviating from correct moral principles; as an upright man. Job 1:8.NWAD UPRIGHT.6

    4. Conformable to moral rectitude.NWAD UPRIGHT.7

    Conscience rewards upright conduct with pleasure.NWAD UPRIGHT.8

    UPRIGHT, n.

    1. In architecture, a representation or draught of the front of a building; called also an elevation, or orthography.NWAD UPRIGHT.10

    2. Something standing erect or perpendicular.NWAD UPRIGHT.11

    UPRIGHTLY, adv.

    1. In a direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; in an erect position.NWAD UPRIGHTLY.2

    2. Honestly; with strict observance of rectitude; as, to live uprightly.NWAD UPRIGHTLY.3

    He that walketh uprightly, walketh surely. Proverbs 10:9.NWAD UPRIGHTLY.4


    1. Perpendicular erection.NWAD UPRIGHTNESS.2

    2. Honesty; integrity in principle or practice; conformity to rectitude and justice in social dealings.NWAD UPRIGHTNESS.3

    The truly upright man is inflexible in his uprightness.NWAD UPRIGHTNESS.4

    UPRISE, v.i. s as z. pret uprose; pp. uprisen.

    1. To rise from bed or from a seat.NWAD UPRISE.2

    Uprose the virgin with the morning light.NWAD UPRISE.3

    2. To ascend above the horizon.NWAD UPRISE.4

    Uprose the sun.NWAD UPRISE.5

    3. To ascend, as a hill. Obs.NWAD UPRISE.6

    UPRISE, n. A rising; appearance above the horizon. Obs.

    UPRISING, ppr. Rising; ascending.

    UPRISING, n. The act of rising.

    Thou knowest my down-sitting and mine uprising. Psalm 139:2.NWAD UPRISING.3

    UPROAR, n.

    Great tumult; violent disturbance and noise; bustle and clamor.NWAD UPROAR.2

    The Jews who believed not - set all the city in an uproar. Acts 17:5.NWAD UPROAR.3

    Horror thus prevail’d, and wild uproar.NWAD UPROAR.4

    UPROAR, v.t. To throw into confusion. [Not in use.]

    UPROLL, v.t. [up and roll.] To roll up.

    UPROOT, v.t. [up and root.] To root up; to tear up by the roots; as, to uproot the hills or trees.

    UPROUSE, v.t. uprouz. [up and rouse.] To rouse from sleep; to awake.

    UPSET, v.t. [up and set.] To overturn; to overthrow; to overset; as a carriage.

    UPSHOT, n. [up and shot.] Final issue; conclusion; end; as the upshot of the matter.

    Here is the upshot and result of all.NWAD UPSHOT.2

    Upside down, the upper part undermost. As a phrase, this denotes in confusion; in complete disorder.NWAD UPSHOT.3

    UPSPRING, n. [up and spring.] An upstart. [Not in use.]

    UPSPRING, v.i. To spring up. [Not in use.]

    UPSTAND, v.i. To be erected. [Not used.]

    UPSTART, v.i. [up and start.] To start or spring up suddenly.

    UPSTART, n.

    1. One that suddenly rises from low life to wealth, power or honor.NWAD UPSTART.3

    2. Something that springs up suddenly.NWAD UPSTART.4

    UPSTART, a. Suddenly raised.

    UPSTAY, v.t. [up and stay.] To sustain; to support.

    UPSWARM, v.t. [See Swarm.] To raise in a swarm. [Not in use.]

    UPTAKE, v.t. [up and take.] To take into the hand. [Not in use.]

    UPTEAR, v.t. [up and tear.] To tear up.

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