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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    NEOLOGICAL, a. Pertaining to neology; employing new words.

    NEOLOGISM, n. A new word or expression.

    NEOLOGIST, n. One who introduces new words into a language. Lavoisier has been a successful neologist.

    NEOLOGY, n. The introduction of a new word or of new words into a language. The present nomenclature of chimistry is a remarkable instance of neology.

    NEONOMIAN, n. One who advocates new laws, or desires Gods law to be altered.

    NEOPHYTE, n.

    1. A new convert or proselyte; a name given by the early Christians to such heathens as had recently embraced the Christian faith, and were considered as regenerated by baptism.NWAD NEOPHYTE.2

    2. A novice; one newly admitted to the order of priest.NWAD NEOPHYTE.3

    3. A tyro; a beginner in learning.NWAD NEOPHYTE.4

    NEOTERIC, a. [Gr. Young, from new] New; recent in origin; modern.

    NEOTERICAL, a. [Gr. Young, from new] New; recent in origin; modern.

    NEOTERIC, n. One of modern times.

    NEP, n. A plant of the genus Nepeta; catmint.

    NEPENTHE, n. [Gr. not, and grief.] A drug or medicine that drives away pain and grief. [Little used.]

    NEPHELIN, n. [Gr. A cloud] A mineral found mixed with other substances, primitive or volcanic, in small masses or veins, granolamellar and in hexahedral crystals. It is white or yellow.

    NEPHELINE, n. [Gr. A cloud] A mineral found mixed with other substances, primitive or volcanic, in small masses or veins, granolamellar and in hexahedral crystals. It is white or yellow.

    NEPHEW, n.

    1. The son of a brother or sister.NWAD NEPHEW.2

    2. A grandson; also a descendant. [Not much used.]NWAD NEPHEW.3

    NEPHRITE, n. A mineral, a subspecies of jade, of a leek green color, massive and in rolled pieces. It occurs in granite and gnesis, and is remarkable for its hardness and tenacity. It was formerly worn as a remedy for diseases of the kidneys, but is now cut into handles of sabers and daggers.

    NEPHRITIC, a. [Gr. From the kidneys.]

    1. Pertaining to the kidneys or organs of urine; as a nephritic disease.NWAD NEPHRITIC.2

    2. Affected with the stone or gravel; as a nephritic patient.NWAD NEPHRITIC.3

    3. Relieving or curing the stone or gravel, or disorders of the kidneys in general; as a nephritic medicine.NWAD NEPHRITIC.4

    Nephritic stone, a stone of the silicious kind, called jade.NWAD NEPHRITIC.5

    Nephritic wood, a species of compact wood of a fine grain, brought from New Spain, which gives a blue color to spirit of wine and to water; which color is changed to yellow by acids, and again to blue by alkalies.NWAD NEPHRITIC.6

    NEPHRITICAL, a. [Gr. From the kidneys.]

    1. Pertaining to the kidneys or organs of urine; as a nephritic disease.NWAD NEPHRITICAL.2

    2. Affected with the stone or gravel; as a nephritic patient.NWAD NEPHRITICAL.3

    . Relieving or curing the stone or gravel, or disorders of the kidneys in general; as a nephritic medicine.NWAD NEPHRITICAL.4

    Nephritic stone, a stone of the silicious kind, called jade.NWAD NEPHRITICAL.5

    Nephritic wood, a species of compact wood of a fine grain, brought from New Spain, which gives a blue color to spirit of wine and to water; which color is changed to yellow by acids, and again to blue by alkalies.NWAD NEPHRITICAL.6

    NEPHRITIC, n. A medicine adapted to relieve or cure the diseases of the kidneys, particularly the gravel or stone in the bladder.

    NEPHRITIS, n. In medicine, an inflammation of the kidneys.

    NEPHROTOMY, n. [Gr. A kidney, to cut] In surgery, the operation of extracting a stone from the kidney.

    NEPOTISM, n. [from nephew]

    1. Fondness for nephews.NWAD NEPOTISM.2

    2. Undue attachment to relations; favoritism shown to nephews and other relations.NWAD NEPOTISM.3

    NEPTUNIAN, a. [the fabled deity of the ocean.]

    1. Pertaining to the ocean or sea.NWAD NEPTUNIAN.2

    2. Formed by water or aqueous solution; as Neptunian rocks.NWAD NEPTUNIAN.3

    NEPTUNIAN, n. One who adopts the theory that the whole earth was once covered with water, or rather that the substances of the globe were formed from aqueous solution; opposed to the Plutonic theory.

    NEPTUNIST, n. One who adopts the theory that the whole earth was once covered with water, or rather that the substances of the globe were formed from aqueous solution; opposed to the Plutonic theory.

    NEREID, n. In mythology, a sea nymph. In ancient monuments, the Nereids are represented as riding on sea horses, sometimes with the human form entire, and sometimes with the tail of a fish. They were the daughters of Nereus, and constantly attended Neptune.

    NERFLING, n. A fresh water fish of Germany, of the lether-mouthed kind, and apparently a variety of rudd.

    NERITE, n. A genus of univalvular shells.

    NERITITE, n. A petrified shell of the genus Nerita.

    NERVE, n.

    1. An organ of sensation and motion in animals. The nerves are prolongations of the medullary substance of the brain, which ramify and extend to every part of the body.NWAD NERVE.2

    2. A sinew or tendon.NWAD NERVE.3

    3. Strength; firmness of body; as a man of nerve.NWAD NERVE.4

    4. Fortitude; firmness of mind; courage.NWAD NERVE.5

    5. Strength; force; authority; as the nerves of discipline.NWAD NERVE.6

    NERVE, v.t. To give strength or vigor; to arm with force; as, fear nerved his arm.

    NERVED, pp.

    1. Armed with strength.NWAD NERVED.2

    2. In botany, having vessels simple and unbranched, extending from the base towards the tip; as a nerved leaf.NWAD NERVED.3

    NERVELESS, a. Destitute of strength; weak.

    NERVINE, a. That has the quality of relieving in disorders of the nerves.

    NERVINE, n. A medicine that affords relief from disorders of the nerves.

    NERVOUS, a.

    1. Strong; vigorous; as a nervous arm.NWAD NERVOUS.2

    2. Pertaining to the nerves; seated in or affecting the nerves; as a nervous disease or fever.NWAD NERVOUS.3

    3. Having the nerves affected; hypochondriac; a colloquial use of the word.NWAD NERVOUS.4

    4. Possessing or manifesting vigor of mind; characterized by strength in sentiment or style; as a nervous historian.NWAD NERVOUS.5

    NERVOUS, a. In botany [See Nerved, No. 2]

    NERVOSE, a. In botany [See Nerved, No. 2]

    NERVOUSLY, adv. With strength or vigor.


    1. Strength; force; vigor.NWAD NERVOUSNESS.2

    2. The state of being composed of nerves.NWAD NERVOUSNESS.3

    NERVY, a. Strong; vigorous.

    NESCIENCE, n. Want of knowledge; ignorance.

    NESH, a. Soft; tender; nice. [Not used.]

    NESS, a termination of appellatives, denotes state or quality, as in goodness, greatness.

    NEST, n.

    1. The place or bed formed or used by a bird for incubation or the mansion of her young, until they are able to fly. The word is used also for the bed in which certain insects deposit their eggs.NWAD NEST.2

    2. Any place where irrational animals are produced.NWAD NEST.3

    3. An abode; a place of residence; a receptacle of numbers, or the collection itself; usually in an ill sense; as a nest of rogues.NWAD NEST.4

    4. A warm close place of abode; generally in contempt.NWAD NEST.5

    5. A number of boxes, cases or the like, inserted in each other.NWAD NEST.6

    NEST, v.i. To build and occupy a nest.

    The king of birds nested with its leaves.NWAD NEST.8

    NESTEGG, n. An egg left in the nest to prevent the hen from forsaking it.

    NESTLE, v.i.

    1. To settle; to harbor; to lie close and snug, as a bird in her nest.NWAD NESTLE.2

    The king-fisher nestles in hollow banks.NWAD NESTLE.3

    Their purpose was to fortify in some strong place of the wild country, and their nestle till succors came.NWAD NESTLE.4

    2. To move about in ones seat, like a bird when forming her nest; as, a child nestles.NWAD NESTLE.5

    NESTLE, v.t.

    1. To house, as in a nest.NWAD NESTLE.7

    2. To cherish, as a bird her young.NWAD NESTLE.8

    NESTLING, n.

    1. A young bird in the nest, or just taken from the nest.NWAD NESTLING.2

    2. A nest.NWAD NESTLING.3

    NESTLING, a. Newly hatched; being yet in the nest.

    NESTORIAN, n. A follower of Nestorius, a heretic of the fifth century, who taught that Christ was divided into two persons.

    NET, n.

    1. An instrument for catching fish and fowls, or wild beasts, formed with twine or thread interwoven with meshes.NWAD NET.2

    2. A cunning device; a snare. Micah 7:2.NWAD NET.3

    3. Inextricable difficulty. Job 18:8.NWAD NET.4

    4. Severe afflictions. Job 19:6.NWAD NET.5

    NET, v.t. To make a net or net-work; to knot.

    NET, a. [See Neat.]

    1. Neat; pure; unadulterated.NWAD NET.8

    2. Being without flaw or spot.NWAD NET.9

    3. Being beyond all charges or outlay; as net profits.NWAD NET.10

    4. Being clear of all tare and tret, or all deductions; as net weight. It is sometimes written nett, but improperly. Net is properly a mercantile appropriation of neat.NWAD NET.11

    NET, v.t. To produce clear profit.

    NETHER, a. [This word is of the comparative degree; the positive occurs only in composition, as in beneath. It is used only in implied comparison, as in the nether part, the nether millstone; but we never say, one part is nether than another. It is not much used.]

    1. Lower; lying or being beneath or in the lower part; opposed to upper; as the nether millstone.NWAD NETHER.2

    Distorted all my nether shape thus grew transformd.NWAD NETHER.3

    2. In a lower place.NWAD NETHER.4

    Twixt upper, nether and surrounding fires.NWAD NETHER.5

    3. Belonging to the regions below.NWAD NETHER.6

    NETHERMOST, a. Lowest; as the nethermost hell; the nethermost abyss.

    NETTING, n.

    1. A piece of network.NWAD NETTING.2

    2. A complication of ropes fastened across each other, to be stretched along the upper part of a ships quarter to contain hammocks. Netting is also employed to hammocks. Netting is also employed to hold the fore and main-top-mast sails when stowed. Netting is also extended along a ships gunwale in engagements, to prevent the enemy from boarding.NWAD NETTING.3

    NETTLE, n. A plant of the genus Urtica, whose prickles fret the skin and occasion very painful sensations.

    And near the noisome nettle blooms the rose.NWAD NETTLE.2

    NETTLE, v.t. To fret or sting; to irritate or vex; to excite sensations of displeasure or uneasiness, not amounting to wrath or violent anger.

    The princes were nettled at the scandal of this affront.NWAD NETTLE.4

    NETTLED, pp. Fretted; irritated.

    NETTLER, n. One that provokes, stings or irritates.

    NETTLE-TREE, n. A tree of the genus Celtis whose leaves are deeply serrated, and end in a sharp point.

    NETTLING, ppr. Irritating; vexing.

    NET-WORK, n. A complication of threads, twine or cords united at certain distances, forming meshes, interstices or open space between the knots or intersections; reticulated or decussated work.

    NEUROLOGICAL, a. [See Neurology.] Pertaining to neurolgy, or to a description of the nerves of animals.

    NEUROLOGIST, n. One who describes the nerves of animals.

    NEUROLOGY, n. [Gr. A nerve, and discourse.] A description of the nerves of animal bodies, or the doctrine of the nerves.

    NEUROPTER, n. [Gr., a nerve, and a wing.] The neuropters are an order of insects having four membranous, transparent, naked wings, reticulated with veins.

    NEUROPTERA, n. [Gr., a nerve, and a wing.] The neuropters are an order of insects having four membranous, transparent, naked wings, reticulated with veins.

    NEUROPTERAL, a. Belonging to the order of neuropters.

    NEUROSPAST, n. [Gr. To draw with strings.] A puppet; a little figure put in motion.

    NEUROTIC, a. [Gr. A nerve.] Useful in disorders of the nerves.

    NEUROTIC, n. A medicine useful in the disorders of the nerves.

    NEUROTOMICAL, a. [See Neurotomy.] Pertaining to the anatomy or dissection of the nerves.

    NEUROTOMIST, n. One who dissects the nerves.

    NEUROTOMY, n. [Gr. A nerve, and to cut.]

    1. The dissection of a nerve.NWAD NEUROTOMY.2

    2. The art or practice of dissecting the nerves.NWAD NEUROTOMY.3

    NEUTER, a. [L. not either.]

    1. Not adhering to either party; taking no part with either side, either when persons are contending, or questions are discussed. It may be synonymous with indifferent, or it may not. The United States remained neuter during the French Revolution, but very few of the people were indifferent as to the success of the parties engaged. A man may be neuter from feeling, and he is then indifferent; but he may be neuter in fact, when he is not in feeling or principle. A judge should be perfectly neuter in feeling, that he may decide with impartiality.NWAD NEUTER.2

    2. In grammar, of neither gender; an epithet given to nouns that are neither masculine nor feminine; primarily to nouns which express neither sex.NWAD NEUTER.3

    NEUTER, n.

    1. A person that takes no part in a contest between two or more individuals or nations; a person who is either indifferent to the cause, or forbears to interfere.NWAD NEUTER.5

    2. A animal of neither sex, or incapable of propagation. The working bees are neuters.NWAD NEUTER.6

    Neuter verb, in grammar, a verb which expresses an action or state limited to the subject, and which is not followed by an object; as, I go; I sit; I am; I run; I walk. It is better denominated intransitive.NWAD NEUTER.7

    NEUTRAL, a. [L. From neuter.]

    1. Not engaged on either side; not taking an active part with either of contending parties. It is policy for a nation to be neutral when other nations are at war. Belligerents often obtain supplies from neutral states.NWAD NEUTRAL.2

    2. Indifferent; having no bias in favor of either side or party.NWAD NEUTRAL.3

    3. Indifferent; neither very good nor bad.NWAD NEUTRAL.4

    Some things good, and some things ill do seem, And neutral some in her fantastic eye.NWAD NEUTRAL.5

    Neutral salt, in chimistry, a salt or body composed of two primitive saline substances in combination, and possessing the character neither of an acid or alkaline salt; or a combination of an acid with any substance which destroys its acidity; any salt saturated with an alkali, an earth or a metal. But it is more usual to denominate neutral, a salt which is united with an alkaline substance, and to cal the others earthy or metallic.NWAD NEUTRAL.6

    NEUTRAL, n. A person or nation that takes no part in a contest between others.

    The neutral, as far as his commerce extends, becomes a party in the war.NWAD NEUTRAL.8

    NEUTRALIST, n. A neutral. [Little used.]


    1. The state of being unengaged in disputes or contests between others; the state of taking no part on either side. States often arm to maintain their neutrality.NWAD NEUTRALITY.2

    2. A state of indifference in feeling or principle.NWAD NEUTRALITY.3

    3. Indifference in quality; a state neither very good nor evil. [Little used.]NWAD NEUTRALITY.4

    4. A combination of neutral powers or states; as the armed neutrality.NWAD NEUTRALITY.5

    NEUTRALIZATION, n. [from neutralize.]

    1. The act of neutralizing or destroying the peculiar properties of a body by combination with another body or substance.NWAD NEUTRALIZATION.2

    2. The act of reducing to a state of indifference or neutrality.NWAD NEUTRALIZATION.3

    NEUTRALIZE, v.t.

    1. To render neutral; to reduce to a state of indifference between different parties or opinions.NWAD NEUTRALIZE.2

    2. In chimistry, to destroy or render inert or imperceptible the peculiar properties of a body by combining it with a different substance. Thus to neutralize acids and alkalies, is to combine them in such proportions that the compound will no exhibit the qualities of either. This is called a neutral salt.NWAD NEUTRALIZE.3

    3. To destroy the peculiar properties or opposite dispositions of parties or other things, or reduce them to a state of indifference or inactivity; as, to neutralize parties in government; to neutralize opposition.NWAD NEUTRALIZE.4

    The benefits of universities- neutralized by moral evils.NWAD NEUTRALIZE.5

    A cloud of counter citations that neutralize each other.NWAD NEUTRALIZE.6

    NEUTRALIZED, pp. Reduced to neutrality or indifference.

    NEUTRALIZER, n. That which neutralizes; that which destroys, disguises or renders inert the peculiar properties of a body. The base of a salt is its neutralizer.

    NEUTRALIZING, ppr. Destroying or rendering inert the peculiar properties of a substance; reducing to indifference or inactivity.

    NEUTRALLY, adv. Without taking part with either side; indifferently.

    NEVER, adv.

    1. Not ever; not at any time; at no time. It refers to the past or the future. This man was never at Calcutta; he will never be there.NWAD NEVER.2

    2. It has a particular use in the following sentences.NWAD NEVER.3

    Ask me never so much dower and gift. Genesis 34:12.NWAD NEVER.4

    Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely. Psalm 58:5.NWAD NEVER.5

    A fear of battery-though never so well grounded, is no duress.NWAD NEVER.6

    This is a genuine English use of never, found in our Saxon authors, and it ought to be retained. Ask me so much dower as never was done; that is, dower to any extent. The practice of using ever in such phrases, is corrupt. It not only destroys the force but the propriety of the phrase.NWAD NEVER.7

    3. In no degree; not.NWAD NEVER.8

    Whoever has a friend to guide him, may carry his eyes in another man’s head and yet see never the worse.NWAD NEVER.9

    4. It is used for not. He answered him never a word; that is, not ever. This use is not common.NWAD NEVER.10

    5. It is much used in composition; as in never-ending, never-failing, never-dying, never-ceasing, never-fading; but in all such compounds, never retains its true meaning.NWAD NEVER.11

    NEVERTHELESS, adv. Not the less; notwithstanding; that is, in opposition to any thing, or without regarding it. It rained, nevertheless, we proceeded on our journey; we did not the less proceed on our journey; we proceeded in opposition to the rain, without regarding it, or without being prevented.

    NEW, a.

    1. Lately made, invented, produced or come into being; that has existed a short time only; recent in origin; novel; opposed to old, and used of things; as a new coat; a new house; a new book; a new fashion; a new theory; the new chimistry; a new discovery.NWAD NEW.2

    2. Lately introduced to our knowledge; not before known; recently discovered; as a new metal; a new species of animals or plants found in foreign countries; the new continent.NWAD NEW.3

    3. Modern; not ancient.NWAD NEW.4

    4. Recently produced by change; as a new life.NWAD NEW.5

    Put on the new man. Ephesians 4:24.NWAD NEW.6

    5. Not habituated; not familiar; unaccustomed.NWAD NEW.7

    Heretics and such as instill their poison into new minds.NWAD NEW.8

    New to the plough, unpracticed in the trace.NWAD NEW.9

    6. Renovated; repaired so as to recover the first state.NWAD NEW.10

    Men, after long emaciating diets, wax plump, fat and almost new.NWAD NEW.11

    7. Fresh after any event.NWAD NEW.12

    New from her sickness to that northern air.NWAD NEW.13

    8. Not of ancient extraction or a family of ancient distinction.NWAD NEW.14

    By superior capacity and extensive knowledge, a new man often mounts to favor.NWAD NEW.15

    9. Not before used; strange; unknown.NWAD NEW.16

    They shall speak with new tongues. Mark 16:17.NWAD NEW.17

    10. Recently commenced; as the new year.NWAD NEW.18

    11. Having passed the change or conjunction with the sun; as the new moon.NWAD NEW.19

    12. Not cleared and cultivated, or lately cleared; as new land.NWAD NEW.20

    13. That has lately appeared for the first time; as a new star.NWAD NEW.21

    New is much used in composition to qualify other words, and always bears its true sense of late, recent, novel, fresh; as in new-born, new-made, new-grown, new-formed, new-found. In this use, new may be considered as adverbial, or as a part of the compound.NWAD NEW.22

    NEW, v.t. To make new. [Not used.]

    NEWEL, n. In architecture, the upright post about which are formed winding stairs, or a cylinder of stone formed by the end of the steps of the winding stairs.

    2. Novelty. [Not used.]NWAD NEWEL.2

    NEW-FANGLED, a. [new and fangle.] New made; formed with the affectation of novelty; in contempt.

    New-fangled devices.NWAD NEW-FANGLED.2

    NEW-FANGLEDNESS, n. Vain or affected fashion or form.

    NEW-FASHIONED, a. Made in a new form, or lately come into fashion.

    NEWING, n. Yeast or barm.

    NEWISH, a. Somewhat new; nearly new.

    NEWLY, adv.

    1. Lately; freshly; recently.NWAD NEWLY.2

    He rubbd it oer with newly gathered mint.NWAD NEWLY.3

    2. With a new form, different from the former.NWAD NEWLY.4

    And the refined mind doth newly fashion Into a fairer form.NWAD NEWLY.5

    3. In a manner not existing before.NWAD NEWLY.6

    NEW-MODEL, v.t. To give a new form to.

    NEW-MODELED, a. Formed after a new model.

    NEW-MODELING, ppr. Giving a new form to.

    NEWNESS, n.

    1. Lateness of origin; recentness; state of being lately invented or produced; as the newness of a dress; the newness of a system.NWAD NEWNESS.2

    2. Novelty; the state of being first known or introduced. The newness of the scene was very gratifying.NWAD NEWNESS.3

    3. Innovation; recent change.NWAD NEWNESS.4

    And happy newness that intends old right.NWAD NEWNESS.5

    4. Want of practice or familiarity.NWAD NEWNESS.6

    His newness shamed most of the others long exercise.NWAD NEWNESS.7

    5. Different state or qualities introduced by change or regeneration.NWAD NEWNESS.8

    Even so we also should walk in newness of life. Romans 6:4.NWAD NEWNESS.9

    NEWS, n. [From new; This word has a plural form, but is almost always united with a verb in the singular.]

    1. Recent account; fresh information of something that has lately taken place at a distance, or of something before unknown; tidings. We have news from Constantinople. News has just arrived. This news is favorable.NWAD NEWS.2

    Evil news rides fast, while good news baits.NWAD NEWS.3

    It is no news for the weak and poor to be a prey to the strong and rich.NWAD NEWS.4

    2. A newspaper.NWAD NEWS.5

    NEWS-MONGER, n. One that deals in news; one who employs much time in hearing and telling news.

    NEWSPAPER, n. A sheet of paper printed and distributed for conveying news; a public print that circulates news, advertisements, proceedings of legislative bodies, public documents and the like.

    NEWT, n. A small lizard; an eft.

    NEWTONIAN, a. Pertaining to Sir Isaac Newton, or formed or discovered by him; as the Newtonian philosophy or system.

    NEWTONIAN, n. A follower of Newton in philosophy.

    NEW-YEAR’S GIFT, n. A present made on the first day of the year.

    NEXT, a.

    1. Nearest in place; that has no object intervening between it and some other; immediately preceding, or preceding in order. We say, the next person before or after another.NWAD NEXT.2

    Her princely guest was next her side, in order sat the rest.NWAD NEXT.3

    2. Nearest in time; as the next day or hour; the next day before or after Easter.NWAD NEXT.4

    3. Nearest in degree, quality, rank, right or relation; as, one man is next to another in excellence; one is next in kindred; one is next in rank or dignity. Assign the property to nim who has the next claim.NWAD NEXT.5

    NEXT, adv. At the time or turn nearest or immediately succeeding. It is not material who follows next.

    NIAS, for an eyas, a young hawk.

    NIB, n.

    1. The bill or beak of a fowl.NWAD NIB.2

    2. The point of any thing, particularly of a pen.NWAD NIB.3

    NIBBED, a. Having a nib or point.

    NIBBLE, v.t. [from nib.]

    1. To bite by little at a time; to eat slowly or in small bits. So sheep are said to nibble the grass.NWAD NIBBLE.2

    2. To bite, as a fish does the bait; to carp at; just to catch by biting.NWAD NIBBLE.3

    NIBBLE, v.i.

    1. To bite at; as, fishes nibble at the bait.NWAD NIBBLE.5

    2. To carp at; to find fault; to censure little faults.NWAD NIBBLE.6

    Instead of returning a full answer to my book, he manifestly nibbles at a single passage.NWAD NIBBLE.7

    NIBBLE, n. A little bite, or seizing to bite.

    NIBBLER, n. One that bites a little at a time; a carper.

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