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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    OVERRATE, v.t. To rate at too much; to estimate at a value or amount beyond the truth.

    OVERREACH, v.t.

    1. To reach beyond in any direction; to rise above; to extend beyond.NWAD OVERREACH.2

    2. To deceive by cunning, artifice or sagacity; to cheat.NWAD OVERREACH.3

    OVERREACH, v.i. Applied to horses, to strike the toe of the hind foot against the heel or shoe of the fore foot.

    OVERREACH, n. The act of striking the heel of the fore foot with the toe of the hind foot.

    OVERREACHER, n. One that overreaches; one that deceives.

    OVERREACHING, n. The act of deceiving; a reaching too far.

    OVERREAD, v.t. To read over; to peruse. [Not used.]

    OVERRED, v.t. To smear with a red color. [Not used.]

    OVERRIDE, v.t.

    1. To ride over. [Not used.]NWAD OVERRIDE.2

    2. To ride too much; to ride beyond the strength of the horse.NWAD OVERRIDE.3

    OVERRID, OVERRIDDEN, pp. Rid to excess.

    OVERRIPEN, v.t. To make too ripe.

    OVERROAST, v.t. To roast too much.

    OVERRULE, v.t.

    1. To influence or control by predominant power; to subject to superior authority. The law must overrule all private opinions of right and wrong.NWAD OVERRULE.2

    His passion and animosity overruled his conscience.NWAD OVERRULE.3

    2. To govern with high authority.NWAD OVERRULE.4

    3. In law, to supersede or reject; as, the plea was overruled by the court.NWAD OVERRULE.5

    OVERRULER, n. One who controls, directs or governs.


    1. Controlling; subjecting to authority.NWAD OVERRULING.2

    2. a. Exerting superior and controlling power; as an overruling Providence.NWAD OVERRULING.3

    OVERRUN, v.t.

    1. To run or spread over; to grow over; to cover all over. The sluggard’s farm is overrun with weeds. Some plants unchecked will soon overrun a field. The Canada thistle is overrunning the northern parts of New England, as it has overrun Normandy.NWAD OVERRUN.2

    2. To march or rove over; to harass by hostile incursions; to ravage. The south of Europe was formerly overrun by the Goths, Vandals and other barbarians.NWAD OVERRUN.3

    3. To outrun; to run faster than another and leave him behind.NWAD OVERRUN.4

    Ahimaaz ran by the way of the plain, and overran Cushi. 2 Samuel 18:23.NWAD OVERRUN.5

    4. To overspread with numbers. Were it not for the ibis, it has been supposed Egypt would be overrun with crocodiles.NWAD OVERRUN.6

    5. To injure by treading down.NWAD OVERRUN.7

    6. Among printers, to change the disposition of types and carry those of one line into another, either in correction, or in the contraction or extension of columns.NWAD OVERRUN.8

    OVERRUN, v.i. To overflow; to run over.

    OVERRUNNER, n. One that overruns.

    OVERRUNNING, ppr. Spreading over; ravaging; changing the disposition of types.

    OVERSATURATE, v.t. To saturate to excess.

    OVERSATURATED, pp. More than saturated.

    OVERSATURATING, ppr. Saturating to excess.

    OVERSCRUPULOUS, a. Scrupulous to excess.

    OVERSEA, a. Foreign; from beyond sea.

    OVERSEE, v.t.

    1. To superintend; to overlook, implying care.NWAD OVERSEE.2

    2. To pass unheeded; to omit; to neglect. [Not used.]NWAD OVERSEE.3

    OVERSEEN, pp.

    1. Superintended.NWAD OVERSEEN.2

    2. Mistaken; deceived. [Not used.]NWAD OVERSEEN.3

    OVERSEER, n.

    1. One who overlooks; a superintendent; a supervisor.NWAD OVERSEER.2

    2. An officer who has the care of the poor or of an idiot, etc.NWAD OVERSEER.3

    OVERSET, v.t.

    1. To turn from the proper position or basis; to turn upon the side, or to turn bottom upwards; as, to overset a coach, a ship or a building.NWAD OVERSET.2

    2. To subvert; to overthrow; as, to overset the constitution of a state; to overset a scheme of policy.NWAD OVERSET.3

    3. To throw off the proper foundation.NWAD OVERSET.4

    OVERSET, v.i. To turn or be turned over; to turn or fall off the basis or bottom. A crank vessel is liable to overset.

    OVERSHADE, v.t. To cover with shade; to cover with any thing that causes darkness; to render dark or gloomy.

    OVERSHADOW, v.t.

    1. To throw a shadow over; to overshade.NWAD OVERSHADOW.2

    2. To shelter; to protect; to cover with protecting influence.NWAD OVERSHADOW.3

    OVERSHADOWER, n. One that throws a shade over any thing.

    OVERSHADOWING, ppr. Throwing a shade over; protecting.

    OVERSHOOT, v.t.

    1. To shoot beyond the mark.NWAD OVERSHOOT.2

    2. To pass swiftly over.NWAD OVERSHOOT.3

    To overshoot one’s self, to venture too far; to assert too much.NWAD OVERSHOOT.4

    OVERSHOOT, v.i. To fly beyond the mark.

    OVERSHOT, pp. Shot beyond.

    OVERSHOT, a. An overshot wheel is one that receives the water, shot over the top, on the descent. An overshot wheel is moved by less water than an undershot wheel.


    1. Superintendence; watchful care. 1 Peter 5:2.NWAD OVERSIGHT.2

    2. Mistake; an overlooking; omission; error.NWAD OVERSIGHT.3

    OVERSIZE, v.t.

    1. To surpass in bulk or size. [Not much used.]NWAD OVERSIZE.2

    2. To cover with viscid matter.NWAD OVERSIZE.3

    OVERSKIP, v.t.

    1. To skip or leap over; to pass by leaping.NWAD OVERSKIP.2

    2. To pass over.NWAD OVERSKIP.3

    3. To escape.NWAD OVERSKIP.4

    OVERSLEEP, v.t. To sleep too long; as, to oversleep the usual hour of rising.

    OVERSLIP, v.t. To slip or pass without notice; to pass undone, unnoticed or unused; to omit; to neglect; as, to overslip time or opportunity.

    OVERSLOW, v.t. To render slow; to check; to curb. [Not used.]

    OVERSNOW, v.t. To cover with snow. [Not much used.]

    OVERSOLD, pp. Sold at too high a price.

    OVERSOON, adv. Too soon.

    OVERSORROW, v.t. To grieve or afflict to excess.

    OVERSPAN, v.t. To reach or extend over.

    OVERSPEAK, v.t. To speak too much; to use too many words.

    OVERSPENT, pp. [See Spend.] Harassed or fatigued to an extreme degree.

    OVERSPREAD, v.t. overspred’.

    1. To spread over; to cover over. The deluge overspread the earth.NWAD OVERSPREAD.2

    2. To scatter over.NWAD OVERSPREAD.3

    OVERSPREAD, v.i. overspred’. To be spread or scattered over; as, weeds overspread the ground.

    OVERSTAND, v.t. To stand too much on price or conditions; to lose a sale by holding the price too high.

    OVERSTARE, v.t. To stare wildly. [Not used.]

    OVERSTEP, v.t. To step over or beyond; to exceed.

    OVERSTOCK, n. Superabundance; more than is sufficient.

    OVERSTOCK, v.t.

    1. To fill too full; to crowd; to supply with more than is wanted. The world may be overstocked with inhabitants. The market is often overstocked with goods.NWAD OVERSTOCK.3

    2. To furnish with more cattle than are wanted; as, to overstock a farm.NWAD OVERSTOCK.4

    3. To supply with more seed than is wanted; as, to overstock land with clover.NWAD OVERSTOCK.5

    OVERSTORE, v.t. To store with too much; to supply or fill with superabundance.

    OVERSTRAIN, v.i. To strain to excess; to make too violent efforts.

    OVERSTRAIN, v.t. To stretch too far.

    OVERSTREW, OVERSTROW, v.t. To spread or scatter over.

    OVERSTRIKE, v.t. To strike beyond.

    OVERSTROWN, pp. Spread or scattered over.

    OVERSUPPLY, v.t. To furnish more than is sufficient.

    OVERSWAY, v.t. To overrule; to bear down; to control.

    OVERSWELL, v.t. To swell or rise above; to overflow.

    OVERT, a. [L. aperio.]

    Open to view; public; apparent; as overt virtues; an overt essay. But the word is now used chiefly in law. Thus an overt act of treason is distinguished from secret design or intention not carried into effect, and even from words spoken. A market overt, is a place where goods are publicly exposed to sale. A pound over, is one open overhead, as distinguished from a pound covert or close.NWAD OVERT.2

    OVERTAKE, v.t.

    1. To come up with in a course, pursuit, progress or motion; to catch.NWAD OVERTAKE.2

    The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake. Exodus 15:9.NWAD OVERTAKE.3

    2. To come upon; to fall on afterwards. Vengeance shall overtake the wicked.NWAD OVERTAKE.4

    3. To take by surprise.NWAD OVERTAKE.5

    Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye who are spiritual, restore such one in the spirit of meekness. Galatians 6:1.NWAD OVERTAKE.6

    OVERTASK, v.t. To impose too heavy a task or injunction on.

    OVERTAX, v.t. To tax too heavily.

    OVERTHROW, v.t. [See Throw.]

    1. To turn upside down.NWAD OVERTHROW.2

    His wife overthrew the table.NWAD OVERTHROW.3

    2. To throw down.NWAD OVERTHROW.4

    3. To ruin; to demolish.NWAD OVERTHROW.5

    When the walls of Thebes he overthrew.NWAD OVERTHROW.6

    4. To defeat; to conquer; to vanquish; as, to overthrow an army or an enemy.NWAD OVERTHROW.7

    5. To subvert; to destroy; as, to overthrow the constitution or state; to overthrow religion.NWAD OVERTHROW.8


    1. The state of being overturned or turned off the basis.NWAD OVERTHROW.10

    2. Ruin; destruction; as the overthrow of the state.NWAD OVERTHROW.11

    3. Defeat; discomfiture; as the overthrow of enemies.NWAD OVERTHROW.12

    4. Degradation.NWAD OVERTHROW.13

    OVERTHROWER, n. One that overthrows, defeats or destroys.


    1. Opposite; being over the way or street.NWAD OVERTHWART.2

    2. Crossing at right angles.NWAD OVERTHWART.3

    3. Cross; perverse; adverse; contradictions.NWAD OVERTHWART.4

    OVERTHWART, prep. Across; from side to side.


    1. Across; transversely.NWAD OVERTHWARTLY.2

    2. Perversely.NWAD OVERTHWARTLY.3


    1. The state of being athwart or lying across.NWAD OVERTHWARTNESS.2

    2. Perverseness; pervicacity.NWAD OVERTHWARTNESS.3

    OVERTIRE, v.t. To tire to excess; to subdue by fatigue.

    OVERTITLE, v.t. To give too high a title to.

    OVERTLY, adv. Openly; in open view; publicly.

    OVERTOOK, pret. of overtake.

    OVERTOP, v.t.

    1. To rise above the top.NWAD OVERTOP.2

    2. To excel; to surpass.NWAD OVERTOP.3

    3. To obscure; to make of less importance by superior excellence.NWAD OVERTOP.4

    OVERTOWER, v.t. To soar too high.

    OVERTRIP, v.t. To trip over; to walk nimbly over.

    OVERTRUST, v.t. To trust with too much confidence.

    OVERTURE, n.

    1. Opening; disclosure; discovery. [In this literal sense, little used.]NWAD OVERTURE.2

    2. Proposal; something offered for consideration, acceptance or rejection. The prince made overtures of peace, which were accepted.NWAD OVERTURE.3

    3. The opening piece, prelude or symphony of some public act, ceremony or entertainment. The overture in theatrical entertainments, is a piece of music usually ending in a fugue. The overture of a jubilee is a general procession, etc.NWAD OVERTURE.4

    OVERTURN, v.t.

    1. To overset; to turn or throw from a basis or foundation; as, to overturn a carriage or a building.NWAD OVERTURN.2

    2. To subvert; to ruin; to destroy.NWAD OVERTURN.3

    3. To overpower; to conquer.NWAD OVERTURN.4

    OVERTURN, n. State of being overturned or subverted; overthrow.

    OVERTURNABLE, a. That may be overturned. [Not much used.]

    OVERTURNED, pp. Overset; overthrown.

    OVERTURNER, n. One that overturns or subverts.

    OVERTURNING, ppr. Oversetting; overthrowing; subverting.

    OVERTURNING, n. An oversetting; subversion; change; revolution.

    OVERVALUE, v.t. To rate at too high a price.

    OVERVAIL, OVERVEIL, v.t. To cover; to spread over.

    OVERVOTE, v.t. To outvote; to outnumber in votes given.

    OVERWATCH, v.t. To watch to excess; to subdue by long want of rest.

    OVERWATCHED, a. Tired by too much watching.

    OVERWEAK, a. Too weak; too feeble.

    OVERWEARY, v.t. To subdue with fatigue.

    OVERWEATHER, v.t. overweth’er. [See Weather.] To bruise or batter by violence of weather.

    OVERWEEN, v.i. [ween is obsolete, except in composition. See the word.]

    1. To think too highly; to think arrogantly or conceitedly.NWAD OVERWEEN.2

    2. To reach beyond the truth in thought; to think too favorably.NWAD OVERWEEN.3


    1. Thinking too highly or conceitedly.NWAD OVERWEENING.2

    2. a. That thinks too highly, particularly of one’s self; conceited; vain; as overweening pride; an overweening brain.NWAD OVERWEENING.3

    OVERWEENINGLY, adv. With too much vanity or conceit.

    OVERWEIGH, v.t. To exceed in weight; to cause to preponderate; to outweigh; to overbalance.

    OVERWEIGHT, n. Greater weight; preponderance.

    OVERWHELM, v.t.

    1. To overspread or crush beneath something violent and weighty, that covers or encompasses the whole; as, to overwhelm with waves.NWAD OVERWHELM.2

    2. To immerse and bear down; in a figurative sense; as, to be overwhelmed with cares, afflictions or business.NWAD OVERWHELM.3

    3. To overlook gloomily.NWAD OVERWHELM.4

    4. To put over. [Not used.]NWAD OVERWHELM.5

    OVERWHELM, n. The act of overwhelming.

    OVERWHELMING, ppr. Crushing with weight or numbers.

    OVERWHELMINGLY, adv. In a manner to overwhelm.

    OVERWING, v.t. To outflank; to extend beyond the wing of an army.

    OVERWISE, a. s as z. Wise to affectation.

    OVERWISENESS, n. Pretended or affected wisdom.

    OVERWORD, v.t. To say too much.

    OVERWORK, v.t. To work beyond the strength; to cause to labor too much; to tire.

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