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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    RUEING, n. Lamentation.

    RUELLE, n. ruel’.

    A circle; a private circle or assembly at a private house. [Not in use.]NWAD RUELLE.2

    RUFESCENT, a. [L. rufesco, to grow red.] Reddish; tinged with red.

    RUFF, n.

    1. A piece of plaited linen worn by females around the neck.NWAD RUFF.2

    2. Something puckered or plaited.NWAD RUFF.3

    3. A small fish, a species of Perca.NWAD RUFF.4

    4. A bird of the genus Tringa, with a tuft of feathers around the neck of the male, whence the name. The female is called reeve.NWAD RUFF.5

    5. A state of roughness. Obs.NWAD RUFF.6

    6. Pride; elevation; as princes in the ruff of all their glory.NWAD RUFF.7

    7. A particular species of pigeon.NWAD RUFF.8

    8. At cards, the act of winning the trick by trumping the cards of another suit.NWAD RUFF.9

    RUFF, v.t.

    1. To ruffle; to disorder.NWAD RUFF.11

    2. To trump any other suit of cards at whist.NWAD RUFF.12

    RUFFIAN, n.

    A boisterous, brutal fellow; a fellow ready for any desperate crime; a robber; a cut-throat; a murderer.NWAD RUFFIAN.2

    RUFFIAN, a. Brutal; savagely boisterous; as ruffian rage.

    RUFFIAN, v.i. To play the ruffian; to rage; to raise tumult.

    RUFFIAN-LIKE, a. Like a ruffian; bold in crimes; violent; licentious.

    RUFFLE, v.t.

    1. Properly, to wrinkle; to draw or contract into wrinkles, open plaits or folds.NWAD RUFFLE.2

    2. To disorder by disturbing a smooth surface; to make uneven by agitation; as, to ruffle the sea or a lake.NWAD RUFFLE.3

    She smooth’d the ruffl’d seas.NWAD RUFFLE.4

    3. To discompose by disturbing a calm state of; to agitate; to disturb; as, to ruffle the mind; to ruffle the passions or the temper. It expresses less than fret and vex.NWAD RUFFLE.5

    4. To throw into disorder or confusion.NWAD RUFFLE.6

    Where best he might the ruffl’d foe invest.NWAD RUFFLE.7

    5. To throw together in a disorderly manner.NWAD RUFFLE.8

    I ruffl’d up fall’n leaves in heap. [Unusual.]NWAD RUFFLE.9

    6. To furnish with ruffles; as, to ruffle a shirt.NWAD RUFFLE.10

    RUFFLE, v.i.

    1. To grow rough or turbulent; as, the winds ruffle.NWAD RUFFLE.12

    2. To play loosely; to flutter.NWAD RUFFLE.13

    On his right shoulder his thick mane reclin’d, ruffles at speed and dances in the wind.NWAD RUFFLE.14

    3. To be rough; to jar; to be contention.NWAD RUFFLE.15

    They would ruffle with jurors. Obs.NWAD RUFFLE.16

    RUFFLE, n.

    1. A strip of plaited cambric or other fine cloth attached to some border of a garment, as to the wristband or bosom. That at the bosom is sometimes called by the English, a frill.NWAD RUFFLE.18

    2. Disturbance; agitation; commotion; as, to put the mind or temper in a ruffle.NWAD RUFFLE.19

    RUFFLE, RUFF, n. A particular beat or roll of the drum, used on certain occasions in military affairs, as a mark of respect. Lieutenant Generals have three ruffles, as they pass by the regiment, guard, etc. Major generals have two, brigadiers one, etc.

    RUFFLE, RUFF, v.t. To beat the ruff or roll of the drum.

    RUFFLED, pp. Disturbed; agitated; furnished with ruffles.

    RUFFLER, n. A bully; a swaggerer. [Not in use.]

    RUFFLING, ppr. Disturbing; agitating; furnishing with ruffles.

    RUFFLING, n. Commotion; disturbance; agitation.

    RUFFLING, RUFFING, ppr. Beating a roll of the drum.

    RUFFLING, RUFFING, n. A particular beat or roll of the drum, used on certain occasions as a mark of respect.

    RUFOUS, a. [L. rufus, rubeo.]

    Reddish; of a reddish color, or rather of a yellowish red.NWAD RUFOUS.2

    RUFTER-HOOD, n. In falconry, a hood to be worn by a hawk when she is first drawn.

    RUG, n. [This belongs to the great family of rough, L. ruga, raucus.]

    1. A coarse nappy woolen cloth used for a bed cover, and in modern times particularly, for covering the carpet before a fire-place. This name was formerly given to a coarse kind of frieze used for winter garments, and it may be that the poor in some countries still wear it. But in America, I believe the name is applied only to a bed cover for ordinary beds, and to a covering before a fire-place.NWAD RUG.2

    2. A rough, woolly or shaggy dog.NWAD RUG.3

    RUGGED, a. [from the root of rug, rough, which see.]

    1. Rough; full of asperities on the surface; broken into sharp or irregular points or crags, or otherwise uneven; as a rugged mountain; a rugged road.NWAD RUGGED.2

    2. Uneven; not neat or regular.NWAD RUGGED.3

    His well proportion’d beard made rough and rugged.NWAD RUGGED.4

    3. Rough in temper; harsh; hard; crabbed; austere.NWAD RUGGED.5

    4. Stormy; turbulent; tempestuous; as rugged weather; a rugged season.NWAD RUGGED.6

    5. Rough to the ear; harsh; grating; as a rugged verse in poetry; rugged prose.NWAD RUGGED.7

    6. Sour; surly; frowning; wrinkled; as rugged looks.NWAD RUGGED.8

    7. Violent; rude; boisterous.NWAD RUGGED.9

    8. Rough; shaggy; as a rugged bear.NWAD RUGGED.10

    9. In botany, scabrous; rough with tubercles or stiff points; as a leaf or stem.NWAD RUGGED.11

    RUGGEDLY, adv. In a rough or rugged manner.


    1. The quality or state of being rugged; roughness; asperity of surface; as the ruggedness of land or of roads.NWAD RUGGEDNESS.2

    2. Roughness of temper; harshness; surliness.NWAD RUGGEDNESS.3

    3. Coarseness; rudeness of manners.NWAD RUGGEDNESS.4

    4. Storminess; boisterousness; as of a season.NWAD RUGGEDNESS.5

    RUGGOWNED, a. Wearing a coarse gown or rug.

    RUGIN, n. A nappy cloth. [Not used.]

    RUGINE, n. A surgeon’s rasp.

    RUGOSE, RUGOUS, a. [L. rugosus, from ruga, a wrinkle.]

    1. Wrinkled; full of wrinkles.NWAD RUGOSE.2

    2. In botany rugose leaf is when the veins are more contracted than the disk, so that the latter rises into little inequalities, as in sage, primrose, cowslip. etc.NWAD RUGOSE.3

    RUGOSITY, n. A state of being wrinkled. [Little used.]

    RUIN, n. [L. ruo, to fall, to rush down.]

    1. Destruction; fall; overthrow; defeat; that change of any thing which destroys it, or entirely defeats its object, or unfits it for use; as the ruin of a house; the ruin of a ship or an army; the ruin of a constitution of government; the ruin of health; the ruin of commerce; the ruin of public or private happiness; the ruin of a project.NWAD RUIN.2

    2. Mischief; bane; that which destroys.NWAD RUIN.3

    The errors of young men are the ruin of business.NWAD RUIN.4

    3. Ruin, more generally ruins, the remains of a decayed or demolished city, house, fortress, or any work of art or other thing; as the ruins of Balbec, Palmyra or Persepolis; the ruins of a wall; a castle in ruins.NWAD RUIN.5

    The labor of a day will not build up a virtuous habit on the ruins of an old and vicious character.NWAD RUIN.6

    4. The decayed or enfeebled remains of a natural object; as, the venerable old man presents a great mind in ruins.NWAD RUIN.7

    5. The cause of destruction.NWAD RUIN.8

    They were the ruin of him and of all Israel. 2 Chronicles 28:23.NWAD RUIN.9

    RUIN, v.t.

    1. To demolish; to pull down, burn, or otherwise destroy; as, to ruin a city or an edifice.NWAD RUIN.11

    2. To subvert; to destroy; as, to ruin a state or government.NWAD RUIN.12

    3. To destroy; to bring to an end; as, to ruin commerce or manufactures.NWAD RUIN.13

    4. To destroy in any manner; as, to ruin health or happiness; to ruin reputation.NWAD RUIN.14

    5. To counteract; to defeat; as, to ruin a plan or project.NWAD RUIN.15

    6. To deprive of felicity or fortune.NWAD RUIN.16

    By thee rais’d I ruin all my foes.NWAD RUIN.17

    Grace with a nod, and ruin with a frown.NWAD RUIN.18

    7. To impoverish; as, to be ruined by speculation.NWAD RUIN.19

    The eyes of other people are the eyes that ruin us.NWAD RUIN.20

    8. To bring to everlasting misery; as, to ruin the soul.NWAD RUIN.21

    RUIN, v.i.

    1. To fall into ruins.NWAD RUIN.23

    2. To run to ruin; to fall into decay or be dilapidated.NWAD RUIN.24

    Though he his house of polish’d marble build, yet shall it ruin like the moth’s frail cell.NWAD RUIN.25

    3. To be reduced; to be brought to poverty or misery.NWAD RUIN.26

    If we are idle, and disturb the industrious in their business, we shall ruin the faster.NWAD RUIN.27

    [Note. This intransitive use of the verb is now unusual.]NWAD RUIN.28

    RUINATE, v.t. To demolish; to subvert; to destroy; to reduce to poverty. [This word is ill formed and happily is become obsolete.]

    RUINATION, n. Subversion; overthrow; demolition. [Inelegant and obsolete.]

    RUINED, pp. Demolished; destroyed; subverted; reduced to poverty; undone.

    RUINER, n. One that ruins or destroys.

    RUINIFORM, a. [L. ruina and form.] Having the appearance of ruins, or the ruins of houses. Certain minerals are said to be ruiniform.

    RUINING, ppr. Demolishing; subverting; destroying; reducing to poverty; bringing to endless misery.

    RUINOUS, a. [L. ruinosus.]

    1. Fallen to ruin; entirely decayed; demolished; dilapidated; as an edifice, bridge or wall in a ruinous state.NWAD RUINOUS.2

    2. Destructive; baneful; pernicious; bringing or tending to bring certain ruin. Who can describe the ruinous practice of intemperance?NWAD RUINOUS.3

    3. Composed of ruins; consisting in ruins; as a ruinous heap. Isaiah 17:1.NWAD RUINOUS.4

    RUINOUSLY, adv. In a ruinous manner; destructively.

    RUINOUSNESS, n. A ruinous state or quality.

    RULE, n. [L. regula, from rego, to govern, that is, to stretch, strain or make straight.]

    1. Government; sway; empire; control; supreme command or authority.NWAD RULE.2

    A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame. Proverbs 17:2.NWAD RULE.3

    And his stern rule the groaning land obey’d.NWAD RULE.4

    2. That which is established as a principle, standard or directory; that by which any thing is to be adjusted or regulated, or to which it is to be conformed; that which is settled by authority or custom for guidance and direction. Thus a statute or law is a rule of civil conduct; a canon is a rule of ecclesiastical government; the precept or command of a father is a rule of action or obedience to children; precedents in law are rules of decision to judges; maxims and customs furnish rules for regulating our social opinions and manners. The laws of God are rules for directing us in life, paramount to all others.NWAD RULE.5

    A rule which you do not apply, is no rule at all.NWAD RULE.6

    3. An instrument by which lines are drawn.NWAD RULE.7

    Judicious artist will use his eye, but he will trust only to his rule.NWAD RULE.8

    4. Established mode or course of proceeding prescribed in private life. Every man should have some fixed rules for managing his own affairs.NWAD RULE.9

    5. In literature, a maxim, canon or precept to be observed in any art or science.NWAD RULE.10

    6. In monasteries, corporations or societies, a law or regulation to be observed by the society and its particular members.NWAD RULE.11

    7. In courts, rules are the determinations and orders of court, to be observed by its officers in conducting the business of the court.NWAD RULE.12

    8. In arithmetic and algebra, a determinate mode prescribed for performing any operation and producing a certain result.NWAD RULE.13

    9. In grammar, an establish form of construction in a particular class of words; or the expression of that form in words. Thus it is a rule in English, that s or es, added to a noun in the singular number, forms the plural of that noun; but man forms its plural men, and is an exception to the rule.NWAD RULE.14

    Rule of three, is that rule of arithmetic which directs, when three terms are given, how to find a fourth, which shall have the same ratio to the third term, as the second has to the first.NWAD RULE.15

    RULE, v.t.

    1. To govern; to control the will and actions of others, either by arbitrary power and authority, or by established laws. The emperors of the east rule their subjects without the restraints of a constitution. In limited governments, men are ruled by known laws.NWAD RULE.17

    If a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God? 1 Timothy 3:5.NWAD RULE.18

    2. To govern the movements of things; to conduct; to manage; to control. That God rules the world he has created, is a fundamental article of belief.NWAD RULE.19

    3. To manage; to conduct, in almost any manner.NWAD RULE.20

    4. To settle as by a rule.NWAD RULE.21

    That’s a ruled case with the schoolmen.NWAD RULE.22

    5. To mark with lines by a ruler; as, to rule a blank book.NWAD RULE.23

    6. To establish by decree or decision; to determine; as a court.NWAD RULE.24

    RULE, v.i. To have power or command; to exercise supreme authority.

    By me princes rule. Proverbs 8:16.NWAD RULE.26

    It is often followed by over.NWAD RULE.27

    They shall rule over their oppressors. Isaiah 14:2.NWAD RULE.28

    We subdue and rule over all other creatures.NWAD RULE.29

    RULED, pp. Governed; controlled; conducted; managed; established by decision.

    RULER, n.

    1. One that governs, whether emperor, king, pope or governor; any one that exercises supreme power over others.NWAD RULER.2

    2. One that makes or executes laws in a limited or free government. Thus legislators and magistrates are called rulers.NWAD RULER.3

    3. A rule; an instrument of wood or metal with straight edges or sides, by which lines are drawn on paper, parchment or other substance. When a ruler has the lines of chords, tangents, sines, etc. it is called a plane scale.NWAD RULER.4

    RULING, ppr.

    1. Governing; controlling the will and actions of intelligent beings, or the movements of other physical bodies.NWAD RULING.2

    2. Marking by a ruler.NWAD RULING.3

    3. Deciding; determining.NWAD RULING.4

    4. a. Predominant; chief; controlling; as a ruling passion.NWAD RULING.5

    RULY, a. [from rule.] Orderly; easily restrained. [Not in use.] [See Unruly.]

    RUM, n.

    1. Spirit distilled from cane juice; or the scummings of the juice from the boiling house, or from the treacle or molasses which drains from sugar, or from dunder, the lees of former distillations.NWAD RUM.2

    In the United States, rum is distilled from molasses only.NWAD RUM.3

    2. A low cant word for a country parson.NWAD RUM.4

    RUM, a. Old fashioned; queer. [Not in use.]

    RUMBLE, v.i. [Heb., Gr., L. fremo.]

    To make a low, heavy, continued sound; as thunder rumbles at a distance, but when near, its sound is sharp and rattling. A heavy carriage rumbles on the pavement.NWAD RUMBLE.2

    RUMBLER, n. The person or thing that rumbles.

    RUMBLING, ppr. Making a low, heavy continued sound; as rumbling thunder. A rumbling noise is a low, heavy, continued noise.

    RUMBLING, n. A low, heavy, continued sound. Jeremiah 47:3.

    RUMBUD, n. A grog blossom; the popular name of a redness occasioned by the detestable practice of excessive drinking. rumbuds usually appear first on the nose, and gradually extend over the face.

    RUMINANT, a. [L. rumino.] Chewing the cud; having the property of chewing again what has been swallowed; as ruminant animals.

    RUMINANT, n. An animal that chews the cud. Ruminants are four footed, hairy and viviparous.

    RUMINATE, v.i. [L. rumino, from rumen, the cud.]

    1. To chew the cud; to chew again what has been slightly chewed and swallowed. Oxen, sheep, deer, goats, camels, hares and squirrels ruminate in fact; other animals, as moles, bees, crickets, beetles, crabs, etc. only appear to ruminate.NWAD RUMINATE.2

    The only animals endowed with the genuine faculty of rumination, are the Ruminantia, or cloven-hoofed quadrupeds, but the hare, although its stomach is differently organized, is an occasional and partial ruminant.NWAD RUMINATE.3

    2. To muse; to meditate; to think again and again; to ponder. It is natural to ruminate on misfortunes.NWAD RUMINATE.4

    He practices a slow meditation, and ruminates on the subject.NWAD RUMINATE.5

    RUMINATE, v.t.

    1. To chew over again.NWAD RUMINATE.7

    2. To muse on; to meditate over and over again.NWAD RUMINATE.8

    Mad with desire, she ruminates her sin.NWAD RUMINATE.9

    RUMINATED, pp. Chewed again; mused on.

    RUMINATING, ppr. Chewing the cud; musing.

    RUMINATION, n. [L. ruminatio.]

    1. The act of chewing the cud.NWAD RUMINATION.2

    2. The power or property of chewing the cud.NWAD RUMINATION.3

    Rumination is given to animals, to enable them at once to lay up a great store of food, and afterwards to chew it.NWAD RUMINATION.4

    3. A musing or continued thinking on a subject; deliberate meditation or reflection.NWAD RUMINATION.5

    Retiring full of rumination sad.NWAD RUMINATION.6

    RUMINATOR, n. One that ruminates or muses on any subject; one that pauses to deliberate and consider.

    RUMMAGE, n. A searching carefully by looking into every corner and by tumbling over things.

    RUMMAGE, v.t. [L. rimor.]

    To search narrowly by looking into every corner and turning over or removing goods or other things.NWAD RUMMAGE.3

    Our greedy seamen rummage every hold.NWAD RUMMAGE.4

    RUMMAGE, v.i. To search a place narrowly by looking among things.

    I have often rummaged for old books in Little-Britain and Duck-Lane.NWAD RUMMAGE.6

    RUMMAGED, pp. Searched in every corner.

    RUMMAGING, ppr. Searching in every corner.

    RUMMER, n.

    A glass or drinking cup. [Not in use.]NWAD RUMMER.2

    RUMOR, n. [L.]

    1. Flying or popular report; a current story passing from one person to another without any known authority for the truth of it.NWAD RUMOR.2

    Rumor next and chance and tumult and confusion all embroil’d.NWAD RUMOR.3

    When ye shall hear of wars and rumors of wars, be ye not troubled. Mark 13:7.NWAD RUMOR.4

    2. Report of a fact; a story well authorized.NWAD RUMOR.5

    This rumor of him went forth throughout all Judea. Luke 7:17.NWAD RUMOR.6

    3. Fame; reported celebrity.NWAD RUMOR.7

    Great is the rumor of this dreadful knight.NWAD RUMOR.8

    RUMOR, v.t. To report; to tell or circulate a report.

    ‘Twas rumor’d my father ‘scap’d from out the citadel.NWAD RUMOR.10

    RUMORED, pp. Told among the people; reported.

    RUMORER, n. A reporter; a teller of news.

    RUMORING, ppr. Reporting; telling news.

    RUMP, n.

    1. The end of the back bone of an animal with the parts adjacent. Among the Jews, the rump was esteemed the most delicate part of the animal.NWAD RUMP.2

    2. The buttocks.NWAD RUMP.3

    RUMPLE, v.t.

    To wrinkle; to make uneven; to form into irregular inequalities; as, to rumple and apron or a cravat.NWAD RUMPLE.2

    RUMPLE, n. A fold or plait.

    RUMPLED, pp. Formed into irregular wrinkles or folds.

    RUMPLESS, a. Destitute of a tail; as a rumpless fowl.

    RUMPLING, ppr. Making uneven.

    RUN, v.i. pret. ran or run; pp. run.

    1. To move or pass in almost any manner, as on the feet or on wheels. Men and other animals run on their feet; carriages run on wheels, and wheels run on their axle-trees.NWAD RUN.2

    2. To move or pass on the feet with celerity or rapidity, by leaps or long quick steps; as, men and quadrupeds run when in haste.NWAD RUN.3

    3. To use the legs in moving; to step; as, children run alone or run about.NWAD RUN.4

    4. To move in a hurry.NWAD RUN.5

    The priest and people run about.NWAD RUN.6

    5. To proceed along the surface; to extend; to spread; as, the fire runs over a field or forest.NWAD RUN.7

    The fire ran along upon the ground. Exodus 9:23.NWAD RUN.8

    6. To rush with violence; as, a ship runs against a rock; or one ship runs against another.NWAD RUN.9

    7. To move or pass on the water; to sail; as, ships run regularly between New York and Liverpool. Before a storm, run into a harbor, or under the lee of the land. The ship has run ten knots an hour.NWAD RUN.10

    8. To contend in a race; as, men or horses run for a prize.NWAD RUN.11

    9. To flee for escape. When General Wolfe was dying, an officer standing by him exclaimed, see how they run. Who run? said the dying hero. The enemy, said the officer. Then I die happy, said the general.NWAD RUN.12

    10. To depart privately; to steal away.NWAD RUN.13

    My conscience will serve me to run from this Jew, my master.NWAD RUN.14

    11. To flow in any manner, slowly or rapidly; to move or pass; as a fluid. Rivers run to the ocean or to lakes. The Connecticut runs on sand, and its water is remarkably pure. The tide runs two or three miles an hour. Tears run down the cheeks.NWAD RUN.15

    12. To emit; to let flow.NWAD RUN.16

    I command that the conduit run nothing but claret.NWAD RUN.17

    Rivers run potable gold.NWAD RUN.18

    But this form of expression is elliptical, with being omitted; “rivers run with potable gold.”NWAD RUN.19

    13. To be liquid or fluid.NWAD RUN.20

    As wax dissolves, as ice begin to run -NWAD RUN.21

    14. To be fusible; to melt.NWAD RUN.22

    Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.NWAD RUN.23

    15. To fuse; to melt.NWAD RUN.24

    Your iron must not burn in the fire, that is, run or melt, for then it will be brittle.NWAD RUN.25

    16. To turn; as, a wheel runs on an axis or on a pivot.NWAD RUN.26

    17. To pass; to proceed; as, to run through a course of business; to run through life; to run in a circle or a line; to run through all degrees of promotion.NWAD RUN.27

    18. To flow, as words, language or periods. The lines run smoothly.NWAD RUN.28

    19. To pass, as time.NWAD RUN.29

    As fast as our time runs, we should be glad in most part of our lives that it ran much faster.NWAD RUN.30

    20. To have a legal course; to be attached to; to have legal effect.NWAD RUN.31

    Customs run only upon our goods imported or exported, and that but once for all; whereas interest runs as well upon our ships as goods, and must be yearly paid.NWAD RUN.32

    21. To have a course or direction.NWAD RUN.33

    Where the generally allowed practice runs counter to it.NWAD RUN.34

    Little is the wisdom, where the flight so runs against all reason.NWAD RUN.35

    22. To pass in thought, speech or practice; as, to run through a series of arguments; to run from one topic to another.NWAD RUN.36

    Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set of precepts foreign to his subject.NWAD RUN.37

    23. To be mentioned cursorily or in few words.NWAD RUN.38

    The whole runs on short, like articles in an account.NWAD RUN.39

    24. To have a continued tenor or course. The conversation ran on the affairs of the Greeks.NWAD RUN.40

    The king’s ordinary style runneth, “our sovereign lord the king.”NWAD RUN.41

    25. To be in motion; to speak incessantly. Her tongue runs continually.NWAD RUN.42

    26. To be busied; to dwell.NWAD RUN.43

    When we desire any thing, our minds run wholly on the good circumstances of it; when it is obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.NWAD RUN.44

    27. To be popularly known.NWAD RUN.45

    Men gave then their own names, by which they run a great while in Rome.NWAD RUN.46

    28. To be received; to have reception, success or continuance. The pamphlet runs well among a certain class of people.NWAD RUN.47

    29. To proceed in succession.NWAD RUN.48

    She saw with joy the line immortal run, each sire impress’d and glaring in his son.NWAD RUN.49

    30. To pass from one state or condition to another; as, to run into confusion or error; to run distracted.NWAD RUN.50

    31. To proceed in a train of conduct.NWAD RUN.51

    You should run a certain course.NWAD RUN.52

    32. To be in force.NWAD RUN.53

    The owner hath incurred the forfeiture of eight years profits of his lands, before he cometh to the knowledge of the process that runneth against him.NWAD RUN.54

    33. To be generally received.NWAD RUN.55

    He was not ignorant what report run of himself.NWAD RUN.56

    34. To be carried; to extend; to rise; as, debates run high.NWAD RUN.57

    In popish countries, the power of the clergy runs higher.NWAD RUN.58

    35. To have a track or course.NWAD RUN.59

    Searching the ulcer with my probe, the sinus run up above the orifice.NWAD RUN.60

    36. To extend; to lie in continued length. Veins of silver run in different directions.NWAD RUN.61

    37. To have a certain direction. The line runs east and west.NWAD RUN.62

    38. To pass in an orbit of any figure. The planets run their periodical courses. The comets do not run lawless through the regions of space.NWAD RUN.63

    39. To tend in growth or progress. Pride is apt to run into a contempt of others.NWAD RUN.64

    40. To grow exuberantly. Young persons of 10 or 12 years old, soon run up to men and women.NWAD RUN.65

    If the richness of the ground cause turnips to run to leaves, treading down the leaves will help their rooting.NWAD RUN.66

    41. To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs.NWAD RUN.67

    42. To reach; to extend to the remembrance of; as time out of mind, the memory of which runneth not to the contrary.NWAD RUN.68

    43. To continue in time, before it becomes due and payable; as, a note runs thirty days; a note of six months has ninety days to run.NWAD RUN.69

    44. To continue in effect, force or operation.NWAD RUN.70

    The statute may be prevented from running - by the act of the creditor.NWAD RUN.71

    45. To press with numerous demands of payment; as, to run upon a bank.NWAD RUN.72

    46. To pass or fall into fault, vice or misfortune; as, to run into vice; to run into evil practices; to run into debt; to run into mistakes.NWAD RUN.73

    47. To fall or pass by gradual changes; to make a transition; as, colors run one into another.NWAD RUN.74

    48. To have a general tendency.NWAD RUN.75

    Temperate climates run into moderate governments.NWAD RUN.76

    49. To proceed as on a ground or principle. Obs.NWAD RUN.77

    50. To pass or proceed in conduct or management.NWAD RUN.78

    Tarquin, running into all the methods of tyranny, after a cruel reign was expelled.NWAD RUN.79

    51. To creep; to move by creeping or crawling; as, serpents run on the ground.NWAD RUN.80

    52. To slide; as, a sled or sleigh runs on the snow.NWAD RUN.81

    53. To dart; to shoot; as a meteor in the sky.NWAD RUN.82

    54. To fly; to move in the air; as, the clouds run from N.E. to S.W.NWAD RUN.83

    55. In Scripture, to pursue or practice the duties of religion.NWAD RUN.84

    Ye did run well; who did hinder you? Galatians 5:7.NWAD RUN.85

    56. In elections, to have interest or favor; to be supported by votes. The candidate will not run, or he will run well.NWAD RUN.86

    1. To run after, to pursue or follow.NWAD RUN.87

    2. To search for; to endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes.NWAD RUN.88

    To run at, to attack with the horns, as a bull.NWAD RUN.89

    To run away, to flee; to escape.NWAD RUN.90

    1. To run away with, to hurry without deliberation.NWAD RUN.91

    2. To convey away; or to assist in escape or elopement.NWAD RUN.92

    To run in, to enter; to step in.NWAD RUN.93

    To run into, to enter; as, to run into danger.NWAD RUN.94

    To run in trust, to run in debt; to get credit. [Not in use.]NWAD RUN.95

    1. To run in with, to close; to comply; to agree with. [Unusual.]NWAD RUN.96

    2. To make towards; to near; to sail close to; as, to run in with the land; a seaman’s phrase.NWAD RUN.97

    To run down a coast, to sail along it.NWAD RUN.98

    1. To run on, to be continued. Their accounts had run on for a year or two without a settlement.NWAD RUN.99

    2. To talk incessantly.NWAD RUN.100

    3. To continue a course.NWAD RUN.101

    4. To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with sarcasms; to bear hard on.NWAD RUN.102

    To run over, to overflow; as, a cup runs over; or the liquor runs over.NWAD RUN.103

    1. To run out, to come to an end; to expire; as, a lease runs out at Michaelmas.NWAD RUN.104

    2. To spread exuberantly; as, insectile animals run out into legs.NWAD RUN.105

    3. To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful digressions. He runs out in praise of Milton.NWAD RUN.106

    4. To be wasted or exhausted; as, an estate managed without economy, will soon run out.NWAD RUN.107

    5. To become poor by extravagance.NWAD RUN.108

    And had her stock been less, no doubt she must have long ago run out.NWAD RUN.109

    To run up, to rise; to swell; to amount. Accounts of goods credited run up very fast.NWAD RUN.110

    RUN, v.t.

    1. To drive or push; in a general sense. Hence to run a sword through the body, is to stab or pierce it.NWAD RUN.112

    2. To drive; to force.NWAD RUN.113

    A talkative person runs himself upon great inconveniences, by blabbing out his own or others’ secrets.NWAD RUN.114

    Others accustomed to retired speculations, run natural philosophy into metaphysical notions.NWAD RUN.115

    3. To cause to be driven.NWAD RUN.116

    They ran the ship aground. Acts 27:41.NWAD RUN.117

    4. To melt; to fuse.NWAD RUN.118

    The purest gold must be run and washed.NWAD RUN.119

    5. To incur; to encounter; to run the risk or hazard of losing one’s property. To run the danger, is a phrase not now in use.NWAD RUN.120

    6. To venture; to hazard.NWAD RUN.121

    He would himself be in the Highlands to receive them, and run his fortune with them.NWAD RUN.122

    7. To smuggle; to import or export without paying the duties required by law; as, to run goods.NWAD RUN.123

    8. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation; as, to run the world back to its first original.NWAD RUN.124

    I would gladly understand the formation of a soul, and run it up to its punctum saliens.NWAD RUN.125

    9. To push; to thrust; as, to run the hand into the pocket or the bosom; to run a nail into the foot.NWAD RUN.126

    10. To ascertain and mark by metes and bounds; as, to run a line between towns or states.NWAD RUN.127

    11. To cause to ply; to maintain in running or passing; as, to run a stage coach from London to Bristol; to run a line of packets from New Haven to New York.NWAD RUN.128

    12. To cause to pass; as, to run a rope through a block.NWAD RUN.129

    13. To found; to shape, form or make in a mold; to cast; as, to run buttons or balls.NWAD RUN.130

    1. To run down, in hunting, to chase to weariness; as, to run down a stag.NWAD RUN.131

    2. In navigation, to run down a vessel, is to run against her, end on, and sink her.NWAD RUN.132

    3. To crush; to overthrow; to overbear.NWAD RUN.133

    Religion is run down by the license of these times.NWAD RUN.134

    1. To run hard, to press with jokes, sarcasm or ridicule.NWAD RUN.135

    2. To urge or press importunately.NWAD RUN.136

    1. To run over, to recount in a cursory manner; to narrate hastily; as, to run over the particulars of a story.NWAD RUN.137

    2. To consider cursorily.NWAD RUN.138

    3. To pass the eye over hastily.NWAD RUN.139

    1. To run out, to thrust or push out; to extend.NWAD RUN.140

    2. To waste; to exhaust; as, to run out an estate.NWAD RUN.141

    To run through, to expend; to waste; as, to run through an estate.NWAD RUN.142

    1. To run up, to increase; to enlarge by additions. A man who takes goods on credit, is apt to run up his account to a large sum before he is aware of it.NWAD RUN.143

    2. To thrust up, as any thing long and slender.NWAD RUN.144

    RUN, n.

    1. The act of running.NWAD RUN.146

    2. Course; motion; as the run of humor.NWAD RUN.147

    3. Flow; as a run of verses to please the ear.NWAD RUN.148

    4. Course; process; continued series; as the run of events.NWAD RUN.149

    5. Way; will; uncontrolled course.NWAD RUN.150

    Our family must have their run.NWAD RUN.151

    6. General reception; continued success.NWAD RUN.152

    It is impossible for detached papers to have a general run or long continuance, if not diversified with humor.NWAD RUN.153

    7. Modish or popular clamor; as a violent run against university education.NWAD RUN.154

    8. A general or uncommon pressure on a bank or treasury for payment of its notes.NWAD RUN.155

    9. The aftmost part of a ship’s bottom.NWAD RUN.156

    10. The distance sailed by a ship; as, we had a good run.NWAD RUN.157

    11. A voyage; also, an agreement among sailors to work a passage from one place to another.NWAD RUN.158

    12. A pair of mill-stones. A mill has two, four or six runs of stones.NWAD RUN.159

    13. Prevalence; as, a disease, opinion or fashion has its run.NWAD RUN.160

    14. In the middle and southern states of America, a small stream; a brook.NWAD RUN.161

    In the long run, [at the long run, not so generally used,] signifies the whole process or course of things taken together; in the final result; in the conclusion or end.NWAD RUN.162

    The run of mankind, the generality of people.NWAD RUN.163

    RUNAGATE, n. A fugitive; an apostate; a rebel; a vagabond.

    RUNAWAY, n. [run and away.] One that flies from danger or restraint; one that deserts lawful service; a fugitive.

    RUNCATION, n. [L. runcatio.] A weeding. [Not in use.]

    RUNCINATE, a. [L. runcina, a saw.] In botany, a runcinate leaf is a sort of pinnatifid leaf, with the lobes convex before and straight behind, like the teeth of a double saw, as in the dandelion.

    Lion toothed; cut into several transverse acute segments, pointing backwards.NWAD RUNCINATE.2

    RUNDLE, n. [from round.]

    1. A round; a step of a ladder.NWAD RUNDLE.2

    2. Something put round an axis; a peritrochium; as a cylinder with a rundle about it.NWAD RUNDLE.3

    RUNDLET, RUNLET, n. [from round.] A small barrel of no certain dimensions. It may contain from 3 to 20 gallons.

    RUNE, n. [See Runic.] The runic letter or character.

    RUNER, n. A bard or learned man among the ancient Goths. [See Runic.]

    RUNES, n. plu. Gothic poetry or rhymes.

    RUNG, pret. and pp. of ring.

    RUNG, n. A floor timber in a ship, whence the end is called a rung-head; more properly a floor-head.

    RUNIC, a.

    An epithet applied to the language and letters of the ancient Goths.NWAD RUNIC.2

    RUNNEL, n. [from run.] A rivulet or small brook. [Not in use.]

    RUNNER, n. [from run.]

    1. One that runs; that which runs.NWAD RUNNER.2

    2. A racer.NWAD RUNNER.3

    3. A messenger.NWAD RUNNER.4

    4. A shooting sprig.NWAD RUNNER.5

    In every root there will be one runner, with little buds on it.NWAD RUNNER.6

    5. One of the stones of a mill.NWAD RUNNER.7

    6. A bird.NWAD RUNNER.8

    7. A thick rope used to increase the mechanical power of a tackle.NWAD RUNNER.9

    RUNNET, n.

    The concreted milk found in the stomachs of calves or other sucking quadrupeds. The same name is given to a liquor prepared by steeping the inner membrane of a calf’s stomach in water, and to the membrane itself. This is used for coagulating milk, or converting it into curd in the making of cheese.NWAD RUNNET.2

    RUNNING, ppr.

    1. Moving or going with rapidity; flowing.NWAD RUNNING.2

    2. a. Kept for the race; as a running horse.NWAD RUNNING.3

    3. In succession; without any intervening day, year, etc.; as, to visit two days running; to sow land two years running.NWAD RUNNING.4

    4. Discharging pus or other matter; as a running sore.NWAD RUNNING.5

    RUNNING, n.

    1. The act of running, or passing with speed.NWAD RUNNING.7

    2. That which runs or flows; as the first running of a still or of cider at the mill.NWAD RUNNING.8

    3. The discharge of an ulcer or other sore.NWAD RUNNING.9

    RUNNING-FIGHT, n. A battle in which one party flees and the other pursues, but the party fleeing keeps up the contest.

    RUNNING-RIGGING, n. That part of a ship’s rigging or ropes which passes through blocks, etc.; in distinction from standing-rigging.

    RUNNING-TITLE, n. In printing, the title of a book that is continued from page to page on the upper margin.

    RUNNION, n. A paltry scurvy wretch.

    RUNT, n. [See Runnet.]

    Any animal small below the natural or usual size of the species.NWAD RUNT.2

    Of tame pigeons, are croppers, carriers and runts.NWAD RUNT.3

    RUPEE, n.

    A silver coin of the East Indies, of the value of 2s. 4d. or 2s. 6d. sterling; about 52 or 56 cents.NWAD RUPEE.2

    RUPTION, n. [L. ruptio, rumpo, to break.] Breach; a break or bursting open.

    RUPTURE, n. [L. ruptus, rumpo, to break.]

    1. The act of breaking or bursting; the state of being broken or violently parted; as the rupture of the skin; the rupture of a vessel or fiber.NWAD RUPTURE.2

    2. Hernia; a preternatural protrusion of the contents of the abdomen.NWAD RUPTURE.3

    3. Breach of peace or concord, either between individuals or nations; between nations, open hostility or war. We say, the parties or nations have come to an open rupture.NWAD RUPTURE.4

    He knew that policy would disincline Napoleon from a rupture with his family.NWAD RUPTURE.5

    RUPTURE, v.t. To break; to burst; to part by violence; as, to rupture a blood vessel.

    RUPTURE, v.i. To suffer a breach of disruption.

    RUPTURED, pp. Broken; burst.

    RUPTURE-WORT, n. A plant of the genus Herniaria, and another of the genus Linum.

    RUPTURING, ppr. Breaking; bursting.

    RURAL, a. [L. ruralis, from rus, the country.]

    Pertaining to the country, as distinguished from a city or town; suiting the country, or resembling it; as rural scenes; a rural prospect; a rural situation; rural music.NWAD RURAL.2

    RURALIST, n. One that leads a rural life.

    RURALLY, adv. As in the country.

    RURALNESS, n. The quality of being rural.

    RURICOLIST, n. [L. ruricola; rus, the country, and colo, to inhabit.]

    An inhabitant of the country. [Not in use.]NWAD RURICOLIST.2

    RURIGENOUS, a. [L. rus, the country, and gignor, to be born.]

    Born in the country. [Not in use.]NWAD RURIGENOUS.2

    RUSE, n. Artifice; trick; stratagem; wile; fraud; deceit. [Not English.]

    RUSH, n. [Heb. usually rendered sea-weed, and applied to the Arabic gulf, Deuteronomy 1:1; Numbers 21:14. This correspondence deserves notice, as illustrating certain passages in the Scriptures.]

    1. A plant of the genus Juncus of many species. The pith of the rush is used in some places for wicks to lamps and rush lights.NWAD RUSH.2

    2. Any thing proverbially worthless or of trivial value.NWAD RUSH.3

    John Bull’s friendship is not worth a rush.NWAD RUSH.4

    RUSH, v.i.

    1. To move or drive forward with impetuosity, violence and tumultuous rapidity; as, armies rush to battle; waters rush down a precipice; winds rush through the forest. We ought never to rush into company, much less into a religious assembly.NWAD RUSH.6

    2. To enter with undue eagerness, or without due deliberation and preparation; as, to rush into business or speculation; to rush into the ministry.NWAD RUSH.7

    RUSH, v.t. To push forward with violence. [Not used.]

    RUSH, n. A driving forward with eagerness and haste; a violent motion or course; as a rush of troops; a rush of winds.

    RUSH-CANDLE, n. A small blinking taper made by stripping a rush, except one small strip of the bark which holds the pith together, and dipping it in tallow.

    RUSHED, a. Abounding with rushes.

    RUSHER, n.

    1. One who rushes forward.NWAD RUSHER.2

    2. One who formerly strewed rushes on the floor at dances.NWAD RUSHER.3

    RUSHINESS, n. [from rushy.] The state of abounding with rushes.

    RUSHING, ppr. Moving forward with impetuosity.

    RUSHING, n. A violent driving of any thing; rapid or tumultuous course. Isaiah 17:12-13.

    RUSH-LIGHT, n.

    1. The light of a rush-candle; a small feeble light.NWAD RUSH-LIGHT.2

    2. A rush-candle.NWAD RUSH-LIGHT.3

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