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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    MANIPULATION, n. [L. manipulus, supra.] In general, work by hand; manual operation; as in mining, the manner of digging ore; in chimistry, the operation of preparing substances for experiments; in pharmacy, the preparation of drugs.

    MANKILLER, n. [man and kill.] One who slays a man.

    MANKILLING, a. Used to kill men.

    MANKIND, n. [man and kind. This word admits the accent either on the first or second syllable; the distinction of accent being inconsiderable.]

    1. The race or species of human beings.NWAD MANKIND.2

    The proper study of mankind is man.NWAD MANKIND.3

    2. A male, or the males of the human race.NWAD MANKIND.4

    Thou shalt not lie with mankind as with womankind. Leviticus 18:22.NWAD MANKIND.5

    MANKIND, a. Resembling man in form, not woman.

    MANLESS, a. [man and less.] Destitute of men; not manned; as a boat. [Little used.]

    MANLIKE, a. Having the proper qualities of a man.

    1. Of man’s nature.NWAD MANLIKE.2

    MANLINESS, n. [from manly.] The qualities of a man; dignity; bravery; boldness.

    MANLING, n. A little man.

    MANLY, a. [man and like.] Manlike; becoming a man; firm; brave; undaunted.

    Serene and manly, hardened to sustainNWAD MANLY.2

    The load of life--NWAD MANLY.3

    1. Dignified; noble; stately.NWAD MANLY.4

    He moves with manly grace.NWAD MANLY.5

    2. Pertaining to the adult age of man; as a manly voice.NWAD MANLY.6

    3. Not boyish or womanish; as a manly stride.NWAD MANLY.7

    MANNA, n.

    1. A substance miraculously furnished as food for the Israelites in their journey through the wilderness of Arabia. Exodus 16:4-36.NWAD MANNA.2

    Josephus, Ant. B. 3.1. considers the Hebrew word man, to signify what. In conformity with this idea, the seventy translate the passage, Exodus 16:15. what is this? which rendering seems to accord with the following words, for they knew not what it was. And in the Encyclopedia, the translators are charged with making Moses fall into a plain contradiction. Art. Manna. But Christ and his apostles confirm the common version: “Not as your fathers ate manna, and are dead.” John 6:58; Hebrews 9:4. And we have other evidence, that the present version is correct; for in the same chapter, Moses directed Aaron to “take a pot and put a homer full of manna therein.” Now it would be strange language to say, put an homer full of what, or what is it. So also verse Exodus 16:35. “The children of Israel ate manna forty years, etc.” In both verses, the Hebrew word is the same as in verse Exodus 16:15.NWAD MANNA.3

    2. In the materia medica, the juice of a certain tree of the ash-kind, the Fraxinus ornus, or flowering ash a native of Sicily, Calabria, and other parts of the south of Europe. It is either naturally concreted, or exsiccated and purified by art. The best manna is in oblong pieces or flakes of a whitish or pale yellow color, light, friable, and somewhat transparent. It is a mild laxative.NWAD MANNA.4

    MANNER, n. [L. manus, the hand.]

    1. Form; method; way of performing or executing.NWAD MANNER.2

    Find thou the manner, and the means prepare.NWAD MANNER.3

    2. Custom; habitual practice.NWAD MANNER.4

    Show them the manner of the king that shall reign over them. This will be the manner of the king. 1 Samuel 8:9, 11.NWAD MANNER.5

    Paul, as his manner was-- Acts 17:2.NWAD MANNER.6

    3. Sort; kind.NWAD MANNER.7

    Ye tithe mint and rue, and all manner of herbs. Luke 11:42.NWAD MANNER.8

    They shall say all manner of evil against you falsely-- Matthew 5:11.NWAD MANNER.9

    In this application, manner has the sense of a plural word; all sorts or kinds.NWAD MANNER.10

    4. Certain degree or measure. It is in a manner done already.NWAD MANNER.11

    The bread is in a manner common. 1 Samuel 21:5.NWAD MANNER.12

    This use may also be sometimes defined by sort or fashion; as we say, a thing is done after a sort or fashion, that is, not well, fully or perfectly.NWAD MANNER.13

    Augustinus does in a manner confess the charge.NWAD MANNER.14

    5. Mien; cast of look; mode.NWAD MANNER.15

    Air and manner are more expressive than words.NWAD MANNER.16

    6. Peculiar way or carriage; distinct mode.NWAD MANNER.17

    It can hardly be imagined how great a difference was in the humor, disposition and manner of the army under Essex and that under Waller.NWAD MANNER.18

    A man’s company may be known by his manner of expressing himself.NWAD MANNER.19

    7. Way; mode; of things.NWAD MANNER.20

    The temptations of prosperity insinuate themselves after a gentle, but very powerful manner.NWAD MANNER.21

    8. Way of service or worship.NWAD MANNER.22

    The nations which thou hast removed and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the god of the land-- 2 Kings 17:26.NWAD MANNER.23

    9. In painting, the particular habit of a painter in managing colors, lights and shades.NWAD MANNER.24

    MANNER, v.t. To instruct in manners.

    MANNERISM, n. Adherence to the same manner; uniformity of manner.

    MANNERIST, n. An artist who performs his work in one unvaried manner.

    MANNERLINESS, n. The quality of being civil and respectful in behavior; civility; complaisance.

    MANNERLY, a. Decent in external deportment; civil; respectful; complaisant; not rude or vulgar.

    What thou think’st meet and is most mannerly.NWAD MANNERLY.2

    MANNERLY, adv. With civility; respectfully; without rudeness.

    MANNERS, n. plu. Deportment; carriage; behavior; conduct; course of life; in a moral sense.

    Evil communications corrupt good manners. 1 Corinthians 15:33.NWAD MANNERS.2

    1. Ceremonious behavior; civility; decent and respectful deportment.NWAD MANNERS.3

    Shall we, in our applications to the great God, take that to be religion, which the common reason of mankind will not allow to be manners?NWAD MANNERS.4

    2. A bow or courtesy; as, make your manners; a popular use of the word.NWAD MANNERS.5

    MANNISH, a. [from man.] Having the appearance of a man; bold; masculine; as a mannish countenance.

    A woman impudent and mannish grown.NWAD MANNISH.2

    MANOMETER, n. [Gr. measure.] An instrument to measure or show the alterations in the rarity or density of the air.

    MANOMETRICAL, a. Pertaining to the manometer; made by the manometer.

    MANOR, n. [L. maneo, to abide.] The land belonging to a lord or nobleman, or so much land as a lord or great personage formerly kept in his own hands for the use and subsistence of his family. In these days, a manor rather signifies the jurisdiction and royalty incorporeal, than the land or site; for a man may have a manor in gross, as the law terms it, that is, the right and interest of a court-baron, with the perquisites thereto belonging.

    MANOR-HOUSE, MANOR-SEAT, n. The house belonging to a manor.

    MANORIAL, MANERIAL, a. Pertaining to a manor.

    They have no civil liberty; their children belong not to them, but to their manorial lord.NWAD MANORIAL.2

    MANPLEASER, n. [man and pleaser.] One who pleases men, or one who takes uncommon pains to gain the favor of men.

    MANQUELLER, n. [man and quell.]

    A mankiller; a manslayer; a murderer. [Not used.]NWAD MANQUELLER.2

    MANSE, n. mans. [L. mansio, from maneo, to abide.]

    1. A house or habitation; particularly, a parsonage house. A capital manse is the manor-house or lord’s court.NWAD MANSE.2

    2. A farm.NWAD MANSE.3

    MANSERVANT, n. A male servant.

    MANSION, n. [L. mansio, from maneo, to dwell.]

    1. Any place of residence; a house; a habitation.NWAD MANSION.2

    Thy mansion wants thee, Adam, rise.NWAD MANSION.3

    In my Father’s house are many mansions. John 14:2.NWAD MANSION.4

    2. The house of the lord of a manor.NWAD MANSION.5

    3. Residence; above.NWAD MANSION.6

    These poets near our princes sleep,NWAD MANSION.7

    And in one grave their mansions keep.NWAD MANSION.8

    MANSION, v.i. To dwell; to reside.

    MANSIONARY, a. Resident; residentiary; as mansionary canons.

    MANSION-HOUSE, n. The house in which one resides; an inhabited house.

    MANSIONRY, n. A place of residence. [Not used.]

    MANSLAUGHTER, n. [man and slaughter. See Slay.]

    1. In a general sense, the killing of a man or of men; destruction of the human species; murder.NWAD MANSLAUGHTER.2

    2. In law, the unlawful killing of a man without malice, express or implied. This may be voluntary, upon a sudden heat or excitement of anger; or involuntary, but in the commission of some unlawful act. Manslaughter differs from murder in not proceeding from malice prepense or deliberate, which is essential to constitute murder. It differs from homicide excusable, being done in consequence of some unlawful act, whereas excusable homicide happens in consequence of misadventure.NWAD MANSLAUGHTER.3

    MANSLAYER, n. One that has slain a human being. The Israelites had cities of refuge for manslayers.

    MANSTEALER, n. One who steals and sells men.

    MANSTEALING, n. The act of stealing a human being.

    MANSUETE, a. [L. mansuetus.] Tame; gentle; not wild or ferocious. [Little used.]

    MANSUETUDE, n. [L. mansuetudo.] Tameness; mildness; gentleness.

    MANTA, n. A flat fish that is very troublesome to pearlfishers.

    MANTEL. [See Mantle.]

    MANTELET, MANTLET, n. [dim. of mantle.] A small cloke worn by women.

    1. In fortification, a kind of movable parapet or penthouse, made of planks, nailed one over another to the highth of almost six feet, cased with tin and set on wheels. In a siege, this is driven before pioneers, to protect them from the enemy’s small shot.NWAD MANTELET.2

    MANTIGER, n. rather mantichor, or manticor [L. manticora, mantichora.] A large monkey or baboon.

    MANTLE, n. [Gr. a cloke.]

    1. A kind of cloke or loose garment to be worn over other garments.NWAD MANTLE.2

    The herald and children are clothed with mantles of satin.NWAD MANTLE.3

    2. A cover.NWAD MANTLE.4

    Well covered with the night’s black mantle.NWAD MANTLE.5

    3. A cover; that which conceals; as the mantle of charity.NWAD MANTLE.6

    MANTLE, v.t. To cloke; to cover; to disguise.

    So the rising sensesNWAD MANTLE.8

    Begin to chase th’ignorant fumes, that mantleNWAD MANTLE.9

    Their clearer reason.NWAD MANTLE.10

    MANTLE, v.i. To expand; to spread.

    The swan with arched neckNWAD MANTLE.12

    Between her white wings mantling, rowsNWAD MANTLE.13

    Her state with oary feet.NWAD MANTLE.14

    1. To joy; to revel.NWAD MANTLE.15

    My frail fancy, fed with full delights,NWAD MANTLE.16

    Doth bathe in bliss, and mantleth most at ease.NWAD MANTLE.17

    2. To be expanded; to be spread or extended.NWAD MANTLE.18

    He gave the mantling vine to grow,NWAD MANTLE.19

    A trophy to his love.NWAD MANTLE.20

    3. To gather over and form a cover; to collect on the surface, as a covering.NWAD MANTLE.21

    There is a sort of men, whose visagesNWAD MANTLE.22

    Do cream and mantle like a standing pond.NWAD MANTLE.23

    And the brain dances to the mantling bowl.NWAD MANTLE.24

    4. To rush to the face and cover it with a crimson color.NWAD MANTLE.25

    When mantling bloodNWAD MANTLE.26

    Flow’d in his lovely cheeks.NWAD MANTLE.27

    [Fermentation cannot be deduced from mangling, otherwise than as a secondary sense.]NWAD MANTLE.28

    MANTLE, MANTLE-TREE, n. The piece of timber or stone in front of a chimney, over the fire-place, resting on the jambs.

    [This word, according to Johnson, signifies the work over the fire-place, which we call a mantle-piece.]NWAD MANTLE.30

    MANTLE-PIECE, MANTLE-SHELF, n. The work over a fire-place, in front of the chimney.

    MANTLING, n. In heraldry, the representation of a mantle, or the drapery of a coat of arms.

    MANTO, n. A robe; a cloke.

    MANTOLOGY, n. [Gr. divination, and discourse.] The act or art of divination or prophesying. [Little used.]

    MANTUA, n. A lady’s gown.

    MANTUA-MAKER, n. One who makes gowns for ladies.

    MANUAL, a. [L. manualis, from manus, the hand.]

    1. Performed by the hand; as manual labor or operation.NWAD MANUAL.2

    2. Used or made by the hand; as a deed under the king’s sign manual.NWAD MANUAL.3

    MANUAL, n. A small book, such as may be carried in the hand, or conveniently handled; as a manual of laws.

    1. The service book of the Romish church.NWAD MANUAL.5

    Manual exercise, in the military art, the exercise by which soldiers are taught the use of their muskets and other arms.NWAD MANUAL.6

    MANUARY, a. Done by the hand. [Not used.]

    MANUBIAL, a. [L. manubialis, from manubioe, spoils.]

    Belonging to spoils; taken in war. [Little used.]NWAD MANUBIAL.2

    MANUDUCTION, n. [L. manus, hand, and ductio, a leading.]

    Guidance by the hand.NWAD MANUDUCTION.2

    MANUDUCTOR, n. [L. manus, hand, and ductor, a leader.]

    An officer in the ancient church, who gave the signal for the choir to sing, who beat time and regulated the music.NWAD MANUDUCTOR.2

    MANUFACTORY, n. [See Manufacture.]

    A house or place where goods are manufactured.NWAD MANUFACTORY.2

    MANUFACTURAL, a. Pertaining or relating to manufactures.

    MANUFACTURE, n. [L. manus, hand, and facio, to make.]

    1. The operation of making cloth, wares, utensils, paper, books, and whatever is used by man; the operation of reducing raw materials of any kind into a form suitable for use, by the hands, by art or machinery.NWAD MANUFACTURE.2

    2. Any thing made from raw materials by the hand, by machinery, or by art; as cloths, iron utensils, shoes, cabinet work, sadlery, and the like.NWAD MANUFACTURE.3

    MANUFACTURE, v.t. To make or fabricate from raw materials, by the hand, by art or machinery, and work into forms convenient for use; as, to manufacture cloth, nails, or glass.

    1. To work raw materials into suitable forms for use; as, to manufacture wool, cotton, silk or iron.NWAD MANUFACTURE.5

    MANUFACTURE, v.i. To be occupied in manufactures.

    MANUFACTURED, pp. Made form raw materials into forms for use.

    MANUFACTURER, n. One who works raw materials into wares suitable for use.

    1. One who employs workmen for manufacturing; the owner of a manufactory.NWAD MANUFACTURER.2

    MANUFACTURING, ppr. Making goods and wares from raw materials.

    MANUMISE, for manumit, not used.

    MANUMISSION, n. [L. manumissio. See Manumit.]

    The act of liberating a slave from bondage, and giving him freedom.NWAD MANUMISSION.2

    MANUMIT, v.t. [L. manumitto; manus, hand, and mitto, to send.]

    To release from slavery; to liberate from personal bondage or servitude; to free, as a slave.NWAD MANUMIT.2

    MANUMITTED, pp. Released from slavery.

    MANUMITTING, ppr. Liberating from personal bondage.

    MANURABLE, a. [from manure.] That may be cultivated. This, though the original sense, is rarely or never used. The present sense of manure, would give the following signification.

    1. That may be manured, or enriched by manure.NWAD MANURABLE.2

    MANURAGE, n. Cultivation. [Not used.]

    MANURANCE, n. Cultivation. [Not used.]

    MANURE, v.t. [L. manus, hand, and ouvrer, to work, L. operor.]

    1. To cultivate by manual labor; to till.NWAD MANURE.2

    [In this sense not now used.]NWAD MANURE.3

    2. To apply to land any fertilizing matter, as dung, compost, ashes, lime, fish, or any vegetable or animal substance.NWAD MANURE.4

    3. To fertilize; to enrich with nutritive substances.NWAD MANURE.5

    The corps of half her senateNWAD MANURE.6

    Manure the fields of Thessaly.NWAD MANURE.7

    MANURE, n. Any matter which fertilizes land, as the contents of stables and barnyards, marl, ashes, fish, salt, and every kind of animal and vegetable substance applied to land, or capable of furnishing nutriment to plants.

    MANURED, pp. Dressed or overspread with a fertilizing substance.

    MANUREMENT, n. Cultivation; improvement. [Little used.]

    MANURER, n. One that manures land.

    MANURING, ppr. Dressing or overspreading land with manure; fertilizing.

    MANURING, n. A dressing or spread of manure on land.

    MANUSCRIPT, n. [L. manu scriptum, written with the hand.]

    A book or paper written with the hand or pen.NWAD MANUSCRIPT.2

    MANUSCRIPT, a. Written with the hand; not printed.

    MANUTENENCY, n. Maintenance. [Not in use.]

    MANY, a. men’ny.

    1. Numerous; comprising a great number of individuals.NWAD MANY.2

    Thou shalt be a father of many nations. Genesis 17:4.NWAD MANY.3

    Not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called. 1 Corinthians 1:26.NWAD MANY.4

    Many are the afflictions of the righteous. Psalm 34:19.NWAD MANY.5

    It is often preceded by as or so, and followed by so, indicating an equal number.NWAD MANY.6

    As many books as you take, so many shall be charged to your account.NWAD MANY.7

    So many laws argue so many sins.NWAD MANY.8

    It is followed by as.NWAD MANY.9

    As many as were willing-hearted brought bracelets. Exodus 35:22.NWAD MANY.10

    It precedes an or a, before a noun in the singular number.NWAD MANY.11

    Full many a gem of purest ray serene.NWAD MANY.12

    2. In low language, preceded by too, it denotes powerful or much; as, they are too many for us.NWAD MANY.13

    MANY, n. men’ny. A multitude; a great number of individuals; the people.

    O thou fond many.NWAD MANY.15

    The vulgar and the many are fit only to be led or driven.NWAD MANY.16

    MANY, n. men’ny. A retinue of servants; household.

    MANY-CLEFT, a. Multifid; having many fissures.

    MANY-COLORED, a. Having many colors or hues.

    MANY-CORNERED, a. Having many corners, or more than twelve; polygonal.

    MANY-FLOWERED, a. Having many flowers.

    MANY-HEADED, a. Having many heads; as a many-headed monster; many-headed tyranny.

    MANY-LANGUAGED, a. Having many languages.

    MANY-LEAVED, a. Polyphyllous; having many leaves.

    MANY-MASTERED, a. Having many masters.

    MANY-PARTED, a. Multipartite; divided into several parts; as a corol.

    MANY-PEOPLED, a. Having a numerous population.

    MANY-PETALED, a. Having many petals.

    MANY-TWINKLING, a. Variously twinkling or gleaming.

    MANY-VALVED, a. Multivalvular; having many valves.

    MAP, n. [L. mappa, a cloth or towel, a Punic word.] A representation of the surface of the earth or of any part of it, drawn on paper or other material, exhibiting the lines of latitude and longitude, and the positions of countries, kingdoms, states, mountains, rivers, etc. A map of the earth, or of a large portion of it, comprehends a representation of land and water; but a representation of a continent or any portion of land only, is properly a map, and a representation of the ocean only or any portion of it, is called a chart. We say, a map of England, of France, of Europe; but a chart of the Atlantic, of the Pacific, etc.

    MAP, v.t. To draw or delineate, as the figure of any portion of land.

    MAPLE, MAPLE-TREE, n. A tree of the genus Acer, of several species. Of the sap of the rock maple, sugar is made in America, in great quantities, by evaporation.

    MAPLE-SUGAR, n. Sugar obtained by evaporation from the juice of the rock maple.

    MAPPERY, n. [from map.] The art of planning and designing maps.

    MAR, v.t. [L. marceo.]

    1. To injure by cutting off a part, or by wounding and making defective; as, to mar a tree by incision.NWAD MAR.2

    I pray you, mar no more trees by writing songs in their barks.NWAD MAR.3

    Neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard. Leviticus 19:27.NWAD MAR.4

    2. To injure; to hurt; to impair the strength or purity of.NWAD MAR.5

    When brewers mar their malt with water.NWAD MAR.6

    3. To injure; to diminish; to interrupt.NWAD MAR.7

    But mirth is marred, and the good cheer is lost.NWAD MAR.8

    4. To injure; to deform; to disfigure.NWAD MAR.9

    Ire, envy and despairNWAD MAR.10

    Marr’d all his borrow’d visage.NWAD MAR.11

    His visage was so marred more than any man. Isaiah 52:14.NWAD MAR.12

    Moral evil alone mars the intellectual works of God.NWAD MAR.13

    [This word is not obsolete in America.]NWAD MAR.14

    MAR, in nightmar. [See Nightmar.]

    MAR, n. An injury.

    1. A lake. [See Mere.]NWAD MAR.17

    MARACAN, n. A species of parrot in Brazil.

    MARACOCK, n. A plant of the genus Passiflora.

    MARANATHA, n. The Lord comes or has come; a word used by the apostle Paul in expressing a curse. This word was used in anathematizing persons for great crimes; as much as to say, “may the Lord come quickly to take vengeance on thee for thy crimes.”

    MARANON, n. The proper name of a river in South America, the largest in the world; most absurdly called Amazon.

    MARASMUS, n. [Gr. to cause to pine or waste away.]

    Atrophy; a wasting of flesh without fever or apparent disease; a kind of consumption.NWAD MARASMUS.2

    MARAUD, v.i. [Heb. to rebel; L. cursus, curro.]

    To rove in quest of plunder; to make an excursion for booty; to plunder.NWAD MARAUD.2

    MARAUDER, n. A rover in quest of booty or plunder; a plunderer; usually applied to small parties of soldiers.

    MARAUDING, ppr. Roving in search of plunder.

    MARAUDING, n. A roving for plunder; a plundering by invaders.

    MARAVEDI, n. A small copper coin of Spain, equal to three mills American money, less than a farthing sterling.

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