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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    LURE, n.

    1. Something held out to call a hawk; hence,NWAD LURE.2

    2. Any enticement; that which invites by the prospect of advantage or pleasure; as the lures of beauty or of gain.NWAD LURE.3

    LURE, v.i. To call hawks.

    Standing by one that lured loud and shrill.NWAD LURE.5

    LURE, v.t. To entice; to attract; to invite by any thing that promises pleasure or advantage.

    Lured on by the pleasure of the bait.NWAD LURE.7

    And various science lures the learned eye.NWAD LURE.8

    LURED, pp. Enticed; attracted; invited by the hope of pleasure or advantage.

    LURID, a. [L. luridus.] Gloomy; dismal.

    LURING, ppr. Enticing; calling.

    LURK, v.i.

    1. To lie hid; to lie in wait.NWAD LURK.2

    Let us lay wait for blood; let us lurk privily for the innocent. Proverbs 1:11.NWAD LURK.3

    2. To lie concealed or unperceived. See that no selfish motive lurks in the heart.NWAD LURK.4

    See the lurking gold upon the fatal tree.NWAD LURK.5

    3. To retire from public observation; to keep out of sight.NWAD LURK.6

    The defendant lurks and wanders about in Berks.NWAD LURK.7

    LURKER, n. One that lurks or keeps out of sight.

    LURKING, ppr. Lying concealed; keeping out of sight.

    LURKING-PLACE, n. A place in which one lies concealed; a secret place; a hiding place; a den. 1 Samuel 23:23.

    LUSCIOUS, a. [I know not the origin and affinities of this word.]

    1. Sweet or rich so as to cloy or nauseate; sweet to excess; as luscious food.NWAD LUSCIOUS.2

    2. Very sweet; delicious; grateful to the taste.NWAD LUSCIOUS.3

    And raisins keep their luscious native taste.NWAD LUSCIOUS.4

    3. Pleasing; delightful.NWAD LUSCIOUS.5

    He will bait him in with the luscious proposal of some gainful purchase.NWAD LUSCIOUS.6

    4. Fullsome; as luscious flattery.NWAD LUSCIOUS.7

    5. Smutty; obscene. [Unusual.]NWAD LUSCIOUS.8

    LUSCIOUSLY, adv.

    1. With sweetness or richness that cloys or nauseates.NWAD LUSCIOUSLY.2

    2. Obscenely.NWAD LUSCIOUSLY.3

    LUSCIOUSNESS, n. Immoderate richness or sweetness that cloys or offends.

    LUSERN, n. A lynx.

    LUSH, a. Of a dark, keep, full color.

    How lush and lusty the grass looks; how green! Obs.NWAD LUSH.2

    LUSK, a. Lazy; slothful. [Not in use.]

    LUSK, n. A lazy fellow; a lubber. [Not in use.]

    LUSKISH, a. Inclined to be lazy.

    LUSKISHLY, adv. Lazily.

    LUSKISHNESS, n. Disposition to indolence; laziness. Obs.

    LUSORIOUS, a. [L. lusorius, from ludo, lusi, to sport.]

    Used in play; sportive. [Little used.]NWAD LUSORIOUS.2

    LUSORY, a. [L. lusorius, as above.] Used in play; playful; as lusory methods of instructing children.

    LUST, n.

    1. Longing desire; eagerness to possess or enjoy; as the lust of gain.NWAD LUST.2

    My lust shall be satisfied upon them. Exodus 15:9.NWAD LUST.3

    2. Concupiscence; carnal appetite; unlawful desire of carnal pleasure. Romans 1:27; 2 Peter 2:10.NWAD LUST.4

    3. Evil propensity; depraved affections and desires. James 1:14-15; Psalm 81:12.NWAD LUST.5

    4. Vigor; active power. [Not used.]NWAD LUST.6

    LUST, v.i.

    1. To desire eagerly; to long; with after.NWAD LUST.8

    Thou mayest kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after. Deuteronomy 12:15.NWAD LUST.9

    2. To have carnal desire; to desire eagerly the gratification of carnal appetite.NWAD LUST.10

    Lust not after her beauty in thy heart. Proverbs 6:25.NWAD LUST.11

    Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. Matthew 5:28.NWAD LUST.12

    3. To have irregular or inordinate desires.NWAD LUST.13

    The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy. James 4:5.NWAD LUST.14

    Lust not after evil things as they also lusted. 1 Corinthians 10:6.NWAD LUST.15

    4. To list; to like.NWAD LUST.16

    LUSTFUL, a.

    1. Having lust, or eager desire of carnal gratification; libidinous; as an intemperate and lustful man.NWAD LUSTFUL.2

    2. Provoking to sensuality; inciting to lust or exciting carnal desire.NWAD LUSTFUL.3

    Thence his lustful orgies he enlarged.NWAD LUSTFUL.4

    3. Vigorous; robust; stout.NWAD LUSTFUL.5

    LUSTFULLY, ad. With concupiscence or carnal desire.

    LUSTFULNESS, n. The state of having carnal desires; libidinousness.

    LUSTIHOOD, n. [lusty and hood.] Vigor of body. Obs.

    LUSTILY, adv. With vigor of body; stoutly; with vigorous exertion.

    I determine to fight lustily for him.NWAD LUSTILY.2

    LUSTINESS, n. Vigor of body; stoutness; strength; robustness; sturdiness.

    Cappadocian slaves were famous for their lustiness.NWAD LUSTINESS.2

    LUSTING, ppr. Having eager desire; having carnal appetite.

    LUSTING, n. Eager desire; inordinate desire; desire of carnal gratification.

    LUSTLESS, a.

    1. Listless; not willing. Obs.NWAD LUSTLESS.2

    2. Not vigorous.NWAD LUSTLESS.3

    LUSTRAL, a. [L. lustralis, from lustro, to purify.]

    1. Used in purification; as lustral water; lustral waves.NWAD LUSTRAL.2

    2. Pertaining to purification; as lustral days.NWAD LUSTRAL.3

    LUSTRATE, v.t. [L. lustro, to cleanse. See Luster.]

    1. To make clear or pure; to purify. [See Illustrate.]NWAD LUSTRATE.2

    2. To view; to survey.NWAD LUSTRATE.3


    1. The act or operation of making clear or pure; a cleansing or purifying by water.NWAD LUSTRATION.2

    And holy water for lustration bring.NWAD LUSTRATION.3

    2. In antiquity, the sacrifices or ceremonies by which cities, fields, armies or people defiled by crimes, were purified.NWAD LUSTRATION.4

    LUSTER, n. [L. lustrum, lustro to purify.]

    1. Brightness; splendor; gloss; as the luster of the sun or stars; the luster of silk.NWAD LUSTER.2

    The sun’s mild luster warms the vital air.NWAD LUSTER.3

    2. The splendor of birth, of deeds or of fame; renown; distinction.NWAD LUSTER.4

    His ancestors continued about four hundred years, rather without obscurity than with any great share of luster.NWAD LUSTER.5

    3. A sconce with lights; a branched candlestick of glass.NWAD LUSTER.6

    4. The space of five years. [L. lustrum.]NWAD LUSTER.7

    LUSTRICAL, a. Pertaining to purification.

    LUSTRING, n. A species of glossy silk cloth. [Corruptly written and pronounced lutestring.]

    LUSTROUS, a. Bright; shining; luminous.

    Good sparks and lustrous.NWAD LUSTROUS.2

    LUSTRUM, n. In ancient Rome, the space of five years.

    LUST-STAINED, a. Defiled by lust.

    LUSTWORT, n. [lust and wort.] A plant of the genus Drosera.

    LUSTY, a. [from lust.]

    1. Stout; vigorous; robust; healthful; able of body. this is the correct sense of the word, comprehending full health and strength; as a lusty youth. But it is now used in the sense of,NWAD LUSTY.2

    2. Bulky; large; of great size. This sense does not always include that of vigor.NWAD LUSTY.3

    3. Handsome; pleasant; saucy. Obs.NWAD LUSTY.4

    4. Copious; plentiful; as a lusty draught.NWAD LUSTY.5

    5. Pregnant; a colloquial use.NWAD LUSTY.6

    LUTANIST, n. [from lute.] A person that plays on the lute.

    A celebrated lutanist was playing to a large company.NWAD LUTANIST.2

    LUTARIOUS, a. [L. lutarius, from lutum, mud.]

    1. Pertaining to mud; living in mud.NWAD LUTARIOUS.2

    2. Of the color of mud.NWAD LUTARIOUS.3

    LUTATION, n. [See Lute.] The act or method of luting vessels.

    LUTE, n. [L. laudo.]

    An instrument of music with strings. It consists of four parts, viz; the table, the body or belly which has nine or ten sides, the neck, which has nine or ten stops or divisions marked with strings, and the head or cross. In the middle of the table there is a passage for the sound. There is also a bridge to which the strings are fastened. The strings are struck with the right hand, and with the left the stops are pressed.NWAD LUTE.2

    LUTE, LUTING, n. [L. lutum, mud, clay.] Among chimists, a composition of clay or other tenacious substance used for stopping the juncture of vessels so closely as to prevent the escape or entrance of air.

    LUTE, v.t. To close or coat with lute.

    LUTE-CASE, n. A case for a lute.

    LUTED, pp. Closed with lute.

    LUTENIST, n. A performer on the lute.

    LUTER, LUTIST, n. One who plays on a lute.

    LUTE-STRING, n. The string of a lute.

    LUTHERAN, a. Pertaining to Luther, the reformer; as the Lutheran church.

    LUTHERAN, n. A disciple or follower of Luther; one who adheres to the doctrines of Luther.

    LUTHERANISM, n. The doctrines of religion as taught by Luther.

    LUTHERN, n. In architecture, a kind of window over the cornice, in the roof of a building, to admit light into the upper story.

    LUTING, ppr. Closing with lute.

    LUTULENT, a. [L. lutulentus, from lutum, mud.] Muddy; turbid; thick.

    LUXATE, v.t. [L. luxo, laxo, laxus.]

    To displace, or remove from its proper place, as a joint; to put out of joint; to dislocate. Lux, in a like sense, is, I believe, now used.NWAD LUXATE.2

    LUXATED, pp. Put out of joint; dislocated.

    LUXATING, ppr. Removing or forcing out of its place, as a joint; dislocating.

    LUXATION, n.

    1. That act of moving or forcing a joint from its proper place or articulation; or the state of being thus put out of joint.NWAD LUXATION.2

    2. A dislocation; that which is dislocated.NWAD LUXATION.3

    LUXE, n. Luxury. [Not used.]

    LUXURIANCE, LUXURIANCY, n. [L. luxurians, luxurio, to grow rank, or to wanton.]

    1. Rank growth; strong, vigorous growth; exuberance.NWAD LUXURIANCE.2

    Flowers grow up in the garden with the greatest luxuriancy and profusion.NWAD LUXURIANCE.3

    2. Excessive or superfluous growth.NWAD LUXURIANCE.4

    A fungus prevents healing only by its luxuriancy.NWAD LUXURIANCE.5


    1. Exuberant in growth; abundant; as a luxuriant growth of grass.NWAD LUXURIANT.2

    2. Exuberant in plenty; superfluous in abundance.NWAD LUXURIANT.3

    Prune the luxuriant, the uncouth refine.NWAD LUXURIANT.4

    3. A luxuriant flower multiplies the covers of the fructification so as to destroy the essential parts.NWAD LUXURIANT.5

    LUXURIANTLY, adv. With exuberant growth.

    LUXURIATE, v.i. To grow exuberantly, or to grow to superfluous abundance.

    LUXURIATION, n. The process of growing exuberantly, or beyond the natural growth.

    LUXURIOUS, a. [L. luxuriosus, from luxo, to loosen; luxor, to riot.]

    1. Voluptuous; indulging freely or excessively in the pleasures of the table, the gratification of appetite, or in rich and expensive dress and equipage; as a luxurious life; luxurious cities.NWAD LUXURIOUS.2

    2. Administering to luxury; contributing to free or extravagant indulgence in diet, dress and equipage; as luxurious wealth.NWAD LUXURIOUS.3

    3. Furnished with luxuries; as a luxurious table.NWAD LUXURIOUS.4

    4. Softening by pleasure, or free indulgence in luxury; as luxurious ease.NWAD LUXURIOUS.5

    5. Lustful; libidinous; given to the gratification of lust; as a luxurious bed.NWAD LUXURIOUS.6

    6. Luxuriant; exuberant.NWAD LUXURIOUS.7

    The work under our labor growsNWAD LUXURIOUS.8

    Luxurious by restraint. [Not used.]NWAD LUXURIOUS.9

    LUXURIOUSLY, adv. In abundance of rich diet, dress or equipage; deliciously; voluptuously.

    LUXURIST, n. One given to luxury.

    LUXURY, n. [L. luxuria, from luxo, to loosen.]

    1. A free or extravagant indulgence in the pleasures of the table, as in rich and expensive diet, or delicious food and liquors; voluptuousness in the gratification of appetite; or the free indulgence in costly dress and equipage.NWAD LUXURY.2

    Riches expose a man to pride and luxury.NWAD LUXURY.3

    2. That which gratifies a nice and fastidious appetite; a dainty; any delicious food or drink. The canvas-back duck is a luxury for an epicure.NWAD LUXURY.4

    3. Any thing delightful to the senses.NWAD LUXURY.5

    He cut the side of a rock for a garden, and by laying on it earth, furnished a king of luxury for a hermit.NWAD LUXURY.6

    4. Lust; lewd desire. [Not now used.]NWAD LUXURY.7

    5. Luxuriance; exuberance of growth. [Not now used.]NWAD LUXURY.8

    LY, a termination of adjectives, is a contraction of Sax. lie, G. lich, D. lyk, Dan. lige, Sw. lik, Eng. like; as in lovely, manly, that is, love-like, man-like. As the termination of names, ly signifies field or plain, Sax. leag, Eng. lay, lea or ley, L. locus.

    LYAM, n. A leash for holding a hound.

    LYCANTHROPY, n. [Gr. a wolf, and man.]

    A kind of erratic melancholy.NWAD LYCANTHROPY.2

    LYCOSTOM, n. A Baltic fish resembling a herring.

    LYDIAN, a. [from Lydia.]

    Noting a kind of soft slow music anciently in vogue.NWAD LYDIAN.2

    Lydian stone, flinty slate.NWAD LYDIAN.3

    LYE, n. [L. lix, whence lixivium; Ant. L. lixa, whence Lugdunum, Leyden, Lyons, that is Water-town.]

    Water impregnated with alkaline salt imbibed from the ashes of wood.NWAD LYE.2

    LYE, n. A falsehod. [See Lie.]

    LYING, ppr. of lie. Being prostrate. [See Lie.]

    LYING, ppr. of lie. Telling falsehood.

    Lying in, being in childbirth.NWAD LYING.3

    1. n. The act of bearing a child.NWAD LYING.4

    LYMNITE, n. A kind of freshwater snail, found fossil.

    LYMPH, n. [L. lympha.] Water, or a colorless fluid in animal bodies, separated from the blood and contained in certain vessels called lymphatics.

    LYMPHATE, LYMPHATED, a. Frightened into madness; raving.

    LYMPHATIC, a. Pertaining to lymph.

    1. Enthusiastic. [Not used.]NWAD LYMPHATIC.2

    LYMPHATIC, n. A vessel of animal bodies which contains or conveys lymph.

    The lymphatics seem to perform the whole business of absorption.NWAD LYMPHATIC.4

    1. A mad enthusiast; a lunatic. [Not used.]NWAD LYMPHATIC.5

    LYMPHEDUCT, n. [L. lympha, lymph, and ductus, a duct.]

    A vessel of animal bodies which conveys the lymph.NWAD LYMPHEDUCT.2

    LYMPHOGRAPHY, n. [L. lympha, lymph; Gr. to describe.]

    A description of the lymphatic vessels, their origin and uses.NWAD LYMPHOGRAPHY.2

    LYNX, n. [L. lynx.] A quadruped of the genus Felis, resembling the common cat, but his ears are longer and his tail shorter. His hair is streaked with yellow, white and black colors. His air is sprightly; he howls like the wolf, and walks and leaps like a cat. This animal is celebrated for the sharpness of his sight.

    LYRATE, LYRATED, a. [from lyre.] In botany, divided transversely into several jags, the lower ones smaller and more remote from each other than the upper ones; as a lyrate leaf.

    LYRE, n. [L. lyra.] A stringed instrument of music, a kind of harp much used by the ancients.

    LYRIC, LYRICAL, a. [L. lyricus.] Pertaining to a lyre or harp. Lyric poetry is such as is sung to the harp or lyre. This was much cultivated by the ancients, among whom Anacreon, Alcoeus, Stesichorus, Sappho and Horace are distinguished as lyric poets.

    LYRIC, n. A composer of lyric poems.

    LYRICISM, n. A lyric composition.

    LYRIST, n. A musician who plays on the harp or lyre.

    LYS, n. A chinese measure of length, equal to 533 yards.

    LYTERIAN, a. [Gr. to loosen.] In medical science, terminating a disease; indicating the solution of a disease.

    LYTHRODE, n. A mineral found in Norway; its color, an aurora-red, passing into brownish red or brown. It appears to be allied to elaolite, or fettstein.

    Lythrode is probably a variety of fettstein.NWAD LYTHRODE.2

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