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Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary - Contents
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    PRODITORIOUS, a. Treacherous; perfidious; traitorous. [Not in use.]

    1. Apt to make discoveries or disclosures. [Not in use.]NWAD PRODITORIOUS.2

    PRODITORY, a. Treacherous; perfidious.

    PRODROME, n. [Gr. to run.] A forerunner. [Not in use.]

    PRODUCE, v.t. [L. produco; pro and duco, to lead or draw.]

    1. To bring forward; to bring or offer to view or notice; as, to produce a witness or evidence in court.NWAD PRODUCE.2

    Produce your cause. Isaiah 41:21.NWAD PRODUCE.3

    2. To exhibit to the public.NWAD PRODUCE.4

    Your parents did not produce you much into the world.NWAD PRODUCE.5

    3. To bring forth; to bear; as plants or the soil. Trees produce fruit; the earth produces trees and grass; wheat produces an abundance of food.NWAD PRODUCE.6

    4. To bear; to generate and bring forth; as young. The seas produce fish in abundance.NWAD PRODUCE.7

    They--NWAD PRODUCE.8

    Produce prodigious births of body or mind.NWAD PRODUCE.9

    5. To cause; to effect; to bring into existence. Small causes sometimes produce great effects. The clouds produce rain. The painter produces a picture or a landscape. The sculptor produces a statue. Vice produces misery.NWAD PRODUCE.10

    6. To raise; to bring into being. The farmer produces grain enough for his family.NWAD PRODUCE.11

    7. To make; to bring into being or form. The manufacturer produces excellent wares.NWAD PRODUCE.12

    8. To yield or furnish. Money produces interest; capital produces profit. The commerce of the country produces a revenue to government.NWAD PRODUCE.13

    9. In general, to bring into existence or into view.NWAD PRODUCE.14

    10. To draw out in length; to extend; as a line produced from A to B.NWAD PRODUCE.15

    PRODUCE, n. That which is produced, brought forth or yielded; product; as the produce of a farm; the produce of trees; the produce of a country; the produce of a manufacture; the produce of the sea; the produce of a tax; the produce of a mine. But when we speak of something formed by an individual artisan or genius, we call it a production.

    PRODUCED, pp. Brought into life, being or view; yielded.

    PRODUCEMENT, n. Production. [Not used.]

    PRODUCENT, n. One that exhibits or offers to view or notice. [Not much used.]

    PRODUCER, n. One that generates; one that produces.

    PRODUCIBILITY, n. The power or producing. [Not used.]


    1. That may be brought into being; that may be generated or made; as producible salts.NWAD PRODUCIBLE.2

    2. That may be brought into view or notice; that may be exhibited.NWAD PRODUCIBLE.3

    PRODUCIBLENESS, n. The state or quality of being producible; as the producibleness of salts.

    PRODUCING, ppr. Generating; bringing into existence or notice.

    PRODUCT, n. [L. productus, from produco.]

    1. That which is produced by nature, as fruits, grain, metals; as the product of land; the products of the season.NWAD PRODUCT.2

    2. That which is formed or produced by labor or by mental application; as the products of manufacturers, of commerce or of art; the products of great and wise men. In the latter sense, production is now generally used.NWAD PRODUCT.3

    In general, products comprehends whatever is produced or made; as when we speak of the products of a country exported.NWAD PRODUCT.4

    The product of the impost and excise.NWAD PRODUCT.5

    3. Effect; result; something consequential.NWAD PRODUCT.6

    These are the productNWAD PRODUCT.7

    Of those ill mated marriages.NWAD PRODUCT.8

    4. In arithmetic, the amount of two or more numbers multiplied. Thus 5x7=35, the product. Product results from multiplication, as sum does from addition.NWAD PRODUCT.9

    5. In geometry, the factum of two or more lines.NWAD PRODUCT.10

    PRODUCTILE, a. That may be extended in length.

    PRODUCTION, n. [L. productio.]

    1. The act or process of producing, bringing forth or exhibiting to view.NWAD PRODUCTION.2

    2. That which is produced or made; as the productions of the earth, comprehending all vegetables and fruits; the productions of art, as manufactures of every kind, paintings, sculpture, etc.; the productions of intellect or genius, as poems and prose compositions.NWAD PRODUCTION.3


    1. Having the power of producing; as, productive labor is that which increases the number or amount of products; opposed to unproductive labor. The labor of the farmer and mechanic is productive; the labor of officers and professional men is unproductive to the state. A tree which bears fruit, and the land which bears grass or grain, is productive.NWAD PRODUCTIVE.2

    2. Fertile; producing good crops. We often denote by this word that land or plants yield large products.NWAD PRODUCTIVE.3

    3. Producing; bringing into being; causing to exist; efficient; as an age productive of great men; a spirit productive of heroic achievements.NWAD PRODUCTIVE.4

    This is turning nobility into a principle of virtue, and making it productive of merit.NWAD PRODUCTIVE.5

    And kindle with thy own productive fire.NWAD PRODUCTIVE.6

    PRODUCTIVENESS, n. The quality of being productive; as the productiveness of land or labor.

    PROEM, n. [L. proemium; Gr. before, and way.] Preface; introduction; preliminary observations to a book or writing.

    PROEM, v.t. To preface. [Not used.]

    PROEMIAL, a. Introductory; prefatory; preliminary.

    PROEMPTOSIS, n. [Gr. to fall before.] In chronology, the lunar equation or addition of a day, necessary to prevent the new moon from happening a day too soon.

    PROFANATION, n. [L. profano. See Profane.]

    1. The act of violating sacred things, or of treating them with contempt or irreverence; as the profanation of the sabbath by sports, amusements or unnecessary labor; the profanation of a sanctuary; the profanation of the name of God by swearing, jesting, etc.NWAD PROFANATION.2

    2. The act of treating with abuse or disrespect.NWAD PROFANATION.3

    ‘Twere profanation of our joysNWAD PROFANATION.4

    To tell the laity our love.NWAD PROFANATION.5

    PROFANE, a. [L. profanus; pro and fanum, a temple.]

    1. Irreverent to any thing sacred; applied to persons. A man is profane when he takes the name of God in vain, or treats sacred things with abuse and irreverence.NWAD PROFANE.2

    2. Irreverent; proceeding from a contempt of sacred things, or implying it; as profane words or language; profane swearing.NWAD PROFANE.3

    3. Not sacred; secular; relating to secular things; as profane history.NWAD PROFANE.4

    4. Polluted; not pure.NWAD PROFANE.5

    Nothing is profane that serveth to holy things.NWAD PROFANE.6

    5. Not purified or holy; allowed for common use; as a profane place. Ezekiel 42:20; Ezekiel 48:15.NWAD PROFANE.7

    6. Obscene; heathenish; tending to bring reproach on religion; as profane fables. 1 Timothy 4:7.NWAD PROFANE.8

    Profane is used chiefly in Scripture in opposition to holy, or qualified ceremonially for sacred services.NWAD PROFANE.9

    PROFANE, v.t. To violate any thing sacred, or treat it with abuse, irreverence, obloquy or contempt; as, to profane the name of God; to profane the sabbath; to profane the Scriptures or the ordinances of God.

    1. To pollute; to defile; to apply to temporal uses; to use as base or common. Ezekiel 24:21.NWAD PROFANE.11

    2. To violate. Malachi 2:10-11.NWAD PROFANE.12

    3. To pollute; to debase. Leviticus 21:4.NWAD PROFANE.13

    4. To put to a wrong use.NWAD PROFANE.14

    PROFANED, pp. Violated; treated with irreverence or abuse; applied to common uses; polluted.

    PROFANELY, adv. With irreverence to sacred things or names.

    The character of God profanely impeached.NWAD PROFANELY.2

    1. With abuse or contempt for any thing venerable.NWAD PROFANELY.3

    That proud scholar--speaks of Homer too profanely.NWAD PROFANELY.4

    PROFANENESS, n. Irreverence of sacred things; particularly, the use of language which implies irreverence towards God; the taking of God’s name in vain.

    Profaneness in men is vulgar and odious; in females, is shocking and detestable.NWAD PROFANENESS.2

    PROFANER, n. One who by words or actions, treats sacred things with irreverence; one who uses profane language.

    1. A polluter; a defiler; as a profaner of the temple.NWAD PROFANER.2

    PROFANING, ppr. Violating; treating with irreverence; polluting.

    PROFANITY, n. Profaneness, which see.

    In a revel of debauchery, amid the brisk interchange of profanity and folly, religion might appear a dumb, unsocial intruder.NWAD PROFANITY.2

    PROFECTION, n. [L. profectio.] A going forward; advance; progression. [Not in use.]

    PROFERT, n. [L. 3d. person of profero.] In law, the exhibition of a record or paper in open court.

    PROFESS, v.t. [L. professus, profiteor; pro and fateor.]

    1. To make open declaration of; to avow or acknowledge.NWAD PROFESS.2

    Let no man who professes himself a christian, keep so heathenish a family as not to see God by daily worshipped in it.NWAD PROFESS.3

    They profess that they know God, but in works they deny him. Titus 1:16.NWAD PROFESS.4

    2. To declare in strong terms.NWAD PROFESS.5

    Then will I profess to them, I never knew you. Matthew 7:23.NWAD PROFESS.6

    3. To make a show of any sentiments by loud declaration.NWAD PROFESS.7

    To your professing bosoms I commit him.NWAD PROFESS.8

    4. To declare publicly one’s skill in any art or science, for inviting employment; as, to profess one’s self a physician; he professes surgery.NWAD PROFESS.9

    PROFESS, v.i. To declare friendship. [Not in use.]

    PROFESSED, PROFEST, pp. Openly declared, avowed or acknowledged; as a professed foe; a professed tyrant; a professed christian; a professed atheist.

    PROFESSEDLY, adv. By profession; by open declaration or avowal.

    I could not grant too much to men--professedly my subjects.NWAD PROFESSEDLY.2

    England I traveled over, professedly searching all places as I passed along.NWAD PROFESSEDLY.3

    PROFESSING, ppr. Openly declaring; avowing; acknowledging.

    PROFESSION, n. [L. professio.]

    1. Open declaration; public avowal or acknowledgment of one’s sentiments or belief; as professions of friendship or sincerity; a profession of faith or religion.NWAD PROFESSION.2

    The professions of princes, when a crown is the bait, are a slender security.NWAD PROFESSION.3

    The Indians quickly perceive the coincidence or the contradiction between professions and conduct, and their confidence or distrust follows of course.NWAD PROFESSION.4

    2. The business which one professes to understand and to follow for subsistence; calling; vocation; employment; as the learned professions. We speak of the profession of a clergyman, of a lawyer, and of a physician or surgeon; the profession of lecturer on chimistry or mineralogy. But the word is not applied to an occupation merely mechanical.NWAD PROFESSION.5

    3. The collective body of persons engaged in a calling. We speak of practices honorable or disgraceful to a profession.NWAD PROFESSION.6

    4. Among the Romanists, the entering into a religious order, by which a person offers himself to God by a vow of inviolable obedience, chastity and poverty.NWAD PROFESSION.7

    PROFESSIONAL, a. Pertaining to a profession or to a calling; as professional studies, pursuits, duties, engagements; professional character or skill.

    PROFESSIONALLY, adv. By profession or declaration. He is professionally a friend to religion.

    1. By calling; as one employed professionally.NWAD PROFESSIONALLY.2

    PROFESSOR, n. [L.] One who makes open declaration of his sentiments or opinions; particularly, one who makes a public avowal of his belief in the Scriptures and his faith in Christ, and thus unites himself to the visible church.

    1. One that publicly teaches any science or branch of learning; particularly, an officer in a university, college or other seminary, whose business is to read lectures or instruct students in a particular branch of learning; as a professor of theology or mathematics.NWAD PROFESSOR.2

    PROFESSORIAL, a. [L. professorius.] Pertaining to a professor; as the professorial chair.

    PROFESSORSHIP, n. The office of a professor or public teacher of the sciences.

    PROFESSORY, a. Pertaining to a professor.

    PROFFER, v.t. [L. profero; pro and fero, to bear.]

    1. To offer for acceptance; as, to proffer a gift; to proffer services; to proffer friendship.NWAD PROFFER.2

    2. To essay or attempt of one’s own accord.NWAD PROFFER.3


    So hardy as to proffer or acceptNWAD PROFFER.5

    Alone the dreadful voyage.NWAD PROFFER.6

    PROFFER, n. An offer made; something proposed for acceptance by another; as proffers of peace or friendship.

    He made a proffer to lay down his commission of command in the army.NWAD PROFFER.8

    1. Essay; attempt.NWAD PROFFER.9

    PROFFERED, pp. Offered for acceptance.

    PROFFERER, n. One who offers any thing for acceptance.

    PROFFERING, ppr. Offering for acceptance.

    PROFICIENCE, PROFICIENCY, n. [from L. proficiens, from proficio, to advance forward; pro and facio, to make.] Advance in the acquisition of any art, science or knowledge; improvement; progression in knowledge. Students are examined that they may manifest their proficiency in their studies or in knowledge.

    PROFICIENT, n. One who has made considerable advances in any business, art, science or branch of learning; as a proficient in a trade or occupation; a proficient in mathematics, in anatomy, in music, etc.

    PROFICUOUS, a. [L. proficuus, proficio, supra.]

    Profitable; advantageous; useful. [Little used.]NWAD PROFICUOUS.2

    PROFILE, n. pro’fil. [L. filum, a thread or line.]

    1. Primarily, an outline of contour; hence, in sculpture and painting, a head or portrait represented sidewise or in a side view; the side face or half face; as, to draw or appear in profile; the profile of Pope or Addison.NWAD PROFILE.2

    2. In architecture, the contour or outline of a figure, building or member; also, the draught of a building, representing it as if cut down perpendicularly from the roof to the foundation.NWAD PROFILE.3

    PROFILE, v.t. To draw the outline of a head sidewise; to draw in profile; as a building.

    PROFILED, pp. Drawn so as to present a side view.

    PROFILING, ppr. Drawing a portrait so as to represent a side view; drawing an outline.

    PROFIT, n. [L. profectus, proficio, to profit, literally to proceed forward, to advance; pro and facio. The primary sense of facio is to urge or drive.]

    1. In commerce, the advance in the price of goods sold beyond the cost of purchase. Net profit is the gain made by selling goods at an advanced price or a price beyond what they had cost the seller, and beyond all costs and charges. The profit of the farmer and the manufacturer is the gain made by the sale of produce or manufactures, after deducting the value of the labor, materials, rents and all expenses, together with the interest of the capital employed, whether land, machinery, buildings, instruments or money.NWAD PROFIT.2

    Let no man anticipate uncertain profits.NWAD PROFIT.3

    2. Any gain or pecuniary advantage; as an office of profit or honor.NWAD PROFIT.4

    3. Any advantage; any accession of good from labor or exertion; an extensive signification, comprehending the acquisition of any thing valuable, corporeal or intellectual, temporal or spiritual. A person may derive profit from exercise, amusements, reading, study, meditation, social intercourse, religious instruction, etc. Every improvement or advance in knowledge is profit to a wise man.NWAD PROFIT.5

    PROFIT, v.t.

    1. To benefit; to advantage; applied to one’s self, to derive some pecuniary interest or some accession of good from any thing; as, to profit one’s self by a commercial undertaking, or by reading or instruction. In this sense, the verb is generally used intransitively. Applied to others, to communicate good to; to advance the interest of.NWAD PROFIT.7

    Brethren, if I come to you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you? 1 Corinthians 14:6.NWAD PROFIT.8

    Whereto might the strength of their hands profit me? Job 30:2.NWAD PROFIT.9

    2. To improve; to advance.NWAD PROFIT.10

    It is a great means of profiting yourself, to copy diligently excellent pieces and beautiful designs.NWAD PROFIT.11

    PROFIT, v.i. To gain advantage in percuniary interest; as, to profit by trade or manufactures.

    1. To make improvement; to improve; to grow wiser or better; to advance in any thing useful; as, to profit by reading or by experience.NWAD PROFIT.13

    She has profited by your counsel.NWAD PROFIT.14

    2. To be of use or advantage; to bring good to.NWAD PROFIT.15

    Riches profit not in the day of wrath. Proverbs 11:4.NWAD PROFIT.16

    PROFITABLE, a. Yielding or bringing profit or gain; gainful; lucrative; as a profitable trade; profitable business; a profitable study or profession.

    1. Useful; advantageous.NWAD PROFITABLE.2

    What was so profitable to the empire, became fatal to the emperor.NWAD PROFITABLE.3

    PROFITABLENESS, n. Gainfulness; as the profitableness of trade.

    1. Usefulness; advantageousness.NWAD PROFITABLENESS.2

    PROFITABLY, adv. With gain; gainfully. Our ships are profitably employed.

    1. Usefully; advantageously; with improvement. Our time may be profitably occupied in reading.NWAD PROFITABLY.2

    PROFITED, pp. Benefited; advanced in interest or happiness; improved.

    What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world and lose his own soul? Matthew 16:26.NWAD PROFITED.2

    PROFITING, ppr. Gaining interest or advantage; improving.

    PROFITING, n. Gain; advantage; improvement.

    That thy profiting may appear to all. 1 Timothy 4:15.NWAD PROFITING.3

    PROFITLESS, a. Void of profit, gain or advantage.

    PROFLIGACY, n. [See Profligate.] A profligate or very vicious course of life; a state of being abandoned in moral principle and in vice.

    PROFLIGATE, a. [L. profligatus, profligo, to rout, to ruin; pro and fligo, to drive or dash. The word then signifies dashed, broken or ruined in morals. See Flog and Afflict.]

    Abandoned to vice; lost to principle, virtue or decency; extremely vicious; shameless in wickedness; as a profligate man or wretch.NWAD PROFLIGATE.2

    Next age will seeNWAD PROFLIGATE.3

    A race more profligate than we.NWAD PROFLIGATE.4

    Made prostitute and profligate the muse,NWAD PROFLIGATE.5

    Debas’d to each obscene and impious use.NWAD PROFLIGATE.6

    PROFLIGATE, n. An abandoned man; a wretch who has lost all regard to good principles, virtue or decency.

    How could such a profligate as Antony, or a boy of eighteen like Octavius, ever dare to dream of giving law to such an empire?NWAD PROFLIGATE.8

    PROFLIGATE, v.t. To drive away; a Latin signification. [Not used.]

    1. To overcome. [Not used.]NWAD PROFLIGATE.10

    PROFLIGATELY, adv. Without principle or shame.

    1. In a course of extreme viciousness; as, to spend life profligately.NWAD PROFLIGATELY.2

    PROFLIGATENESS, n. The quality or state of being lost to virtue and decency.

    1. An abandoned course of life; extreme viciousness; profligacy.NWAD PROFLIGATENESS.2

    PROFLIGATION, n. Defeat; rout. [Not used.]

    PROFLUENCE, n. [L. profluens, profluo; pro and fluo, to flow.]

    A progress or course. [Not used.]NWAD PROFLUENCE.2

    PROFLUENT, a. Flowing forward; as a profluent stream.

    PROFOUND, a. [L. profundus; pro and fundus, bottom. See Found.]

    1. Deep; descending or being far below the surface, or far below the adjacent places; as a gulf profound.NWAD PROFOUND.2

    2. Intellectually deep; that enters deeply into subjects; not superficial or obvious to the mind; as a profound investigation; profound reasoning; a profound treatise.NWAD PROFOUND.3

    3. Humble; very lowly; submissive; as a profound reverence for the Supreme Being.NWAD PROFOUND.4

    4. Penetrating deeply into science or any branch of learning; as a profound scholar; a profound mathematician; a profound historian.NWAD PROFOUND.5

    5. Deep in skill or contrivance.NWAD PROFOUND.6

    The revolters are profound to make slaughter. Hosea 5:2.NWAD PROFOUND.7

    6. Having hidden qualities.NWAD PROFOUND.8

    Upon the corner of the moonNWAD PROFOUND.9

    There hangs a vap’rous drop profound.NWAD PROFOUND.10

    PROFOUND, n. The deep; the sea; the ocean; as the vast profound.

    1. The abyss.NWAD PROFOUND.12

    I travel this profound.NWAD PROFOUND.13

    PROFOUND, v.i. To dive; to penetrate. [Not in use.]

    PROFOUNDLY, adv. Deeply; with deep concern.

    Why sigh you so profoundly?NWAD PROFOUNDLY.2

    1. With deep penetration into science or learning; with deep knowledge or insight; as profoundly wise; profoundly skilled in music or painting.NWAD PROFOUNDLY.3

    PROFOUNDNESS, n. Depth of place.

    1. Depth of knowledge or of science.NWAD PROFOUNDNESS.2

    PROFUNDITY, n. [L. profundus.] Depth of place, knowledge or of science.

    PROFUSE, a. [L. profusus, profundo, to pour out; pro and fundo.]

    1. Lavish; liberal to excess; prodigal; as a profuse government; a profuse administration. Henry the eighth, a profuse king, dissipated the treasures which the parsimony of his father had amassed. A man’s friends are generally too profuse of praise, and his enemies too sparing.NWAD PROFUSE.2

    2. Extravagant; lavish; as profuse expenditures.NWAD PROFUSE.3

    3. Overabounding; exuberant.NWAD PROFUSE.4

    On a green shady bank, profuse of flowers--NWAD PROFUSE.5

    O liberty! thou goddess heavenly bright,NWAD PROFUSE.6

    Profuse of bliss--NWAD PROFUSE.7

    Profuse ornament in painting, architecture or gardening, as well as in dress or in language, shows a mean or corrupted taste.NWAD PROFUSE.8

    PROFUSE, v.t. s as z. To pour out. [Little used.]

    1. To squander. [Little used.]NWAD PROFUSE.10

    PROFUSELY, adv. Lavishly; prodigally; as an income profusely expended.

    1. With exuberance; with rich abundance. The earth is profusely adorned with flowers; ornaments may be too profusely scattered over a building.NWAD PROFUSELY.2

    PROFUSENESS, n. Lavishness; prodigality; extravagant expenditures.

    Hospitality sometimes degenerates into profuseness.NWAD PROFUSENESS.2

    1. Great abundance; profusion; as profuseness of ornaments.NWAD PROFUSENESS.3

    PROFUSION, n. s as z. [L. profusio.]

    1. Lavishness; prodigality; extravagance of expenditures; as, to waste an estate by profusion.NWAD PROFUSION.2

    What meant thy pompous progress through the empire,NWAD PROFUSION.3

    Thy vast profusion to the factious nobles?NWAD PROFUSION.4

    2. Lavish effusion.NWAD PROFUSION.5

    He was desirous to avoid not only profusion, but the least effusion of christian blood.NWAD PROFUSION.6

    3. Rich abundance; exuberant plenty. The table contained a profusion of dainties. Our country has a profusion of food for man and beast.NWAD PROFUSION.7

    The raptur’d eyeNWAD PROFUSION.8

    The fair profusion, yellow autumn, spies.NWAD PROFUSION.9

    PROG, v.i. [L. proco, procor.]

    1. To shift meanly for provisions; to wander about and seek provisions where they are to be found; to live by beggarly tricks. [A low word.]NWAD PROG.2

    You are the lion; I have been endeavoring to prog for you.NWAD PROG.3

    PROG, n. Victuals or provisions sought by begging or found by wandering about.

    1. Victuals of any kind. [A low word.]NWAD PROG.5

    PROG, n. One that seeks his victuals by wandering and begging.

    PROGENERATE, v.t. [L. progenero.] To beget. [Not in use.]

    PROGENERATION, n. The act of begetting; propagation. [Not used.]

    PROGENITOR, n. [L. from progigno; pro and gigno, to beget.]

    An ancestor in the direct line; a forefather.NWAD PROGENITOR.2

    Adam was the progenitor of the human race.NWAD PROGENITOR.3

    PROGENITURE, n. A begetting or birth. [Little used.]

    PROGENY, n. [L. progenies, from progignor.] Offspring; race; children; descendants of the human kind, or offspring of other animals; as the progeny of a king; the progeny of Adam; the progeny of beasts or fowls; a word of general application.

    PROGNOSIS, n. [Gr. to know before.] In medicine, the art of foretelling the event of a disease; the judgment of the event of a disease by particular symptoms.

    PROGNOSTIC, a. Foreshowing; indicating something future by signs or symptoms; as the prognostic symptoms of a disease; prognostic signs.

    PROGNOSTIC, n. In medicine, the judgment formed concerning the event of a disease by means of the symptoms.

    1. Something which foreshows; a sign by which a future event may be known or foretold.NWAD PROGNOSTIC.3

    In medicine, a sign or symptom indicating the event of a disease. The appearance of the tongue--is of considerable importance as a prognostic.NWAD PROGNOSTIC.4

    1. A foretelling; prediction.NWAD PROGNOSTIC.5

    PROGNOSTICABLE, a. That may be foreknown or foretold.

    PROGNOSTICATE, v.t. [from prognostic.]

    1. To foreshow; to indicate a future event by present signs. A clear sky at sunset prognosticates a fair day.NWAD PROGNOSTICATE.2

    2. To foretell by means of present signs; to predict.NWAD PROGNOSTICATE.3

    I neither will nor can prognosticateNWAD PROGNOSTICATE.4

    To the young gaping heir his father’s fate.NWAD PROGNOSTICATE.5

    PROGNOSTICATED, pp. Foreshown; foretold.

    PROGNOSTICATING, ppr. Foreshowing; foretelling.

    PROGNOSTICATION, n. The act of foreshowing a future event by present signs.

    1. The act of foretelling an event by present signs.NWAD PROGNOSTICATION.2

    2. A foretoken; previous sign.NWAD PROGNOSTICATION.3

    PROGNOSTICATOR, n. A foreknower or foreteller of a future event by present signs.

    PROGRAMMA, n. [Gr. to write previously; to write.]

    1. Anciently, a letter sealed with the king’s seal.NWAD PROGRAMMA.2

    2. In a university, a billet or advertisement to invite persons to an oration.NWAD PROGRAMMA.3

    3. A proclamation or edict posted in a public place.NWAD PROGRAMMA.4

    4. That which is written before something else; a preface.NWAD PROGRAMMA.5

    PROGRESS, n. [L. progressus, progedior; pro and gradior, to step or go. See Grade and Degree.]

    1. A moving or going forward; a proceeding onward. A man makes a slow progress or a rapid progress on a journey; a ship makes slow progress against the tide. He watched the progress of the army on its march, or the progress of a star or comet.NWAD PROGRESS.2

    2. A moving forward in growth; increase; as the progress of a plant or animal.NWAD PROGRESS.3

    3. Advance in business of any kind; as the progress of a negotiation; the progress of arts.NWAD PROGRESS.4

    4. Advance in knowledge; intellectual or moral improvement; proficiency. The student is commended for this progress in learning; the christian for his progress in virtue and piety.NWAD PROGRESS.5

    5. Removal; passage from place to place.NWAD PROGRESS.6

    From Egypt arts their progress made to Greece.NWAD PROGRESS.7

    6. A journey of state; a circuit.NWAD PROGRESS.8

    PROGRESS, v.i. To move forward in space; to pass; to proceed.

    Let me wipe off this honorable dewNWAD PROGRESS.10

    That silverly doth progress on thy cheeks.NWAD PROGRESS.11

    --Although the popular blastNWAD PROGRESS.12

    Hath rear’d thy name up to bestride a cloud,NWAD PROGRESS.13

    Or progress in the chariot of the sun.NWAD PROGRESS.14

    1. To proceed; to continue onward in course.NWAD PROGRESS.15

    After the war had progressed for some time.NWAD PROGRESS.16

    2. To advance; to make improvement.NWAD PROGRESS.17

    PROGRESSION, n. [L. progressio, progredior.]

    1. The act of moving forward; a proceeding in a course; motion onwards.NWAD PROGRESSION.2

    2. Intellectual advance; as the progression of thought.NWAD PROGRESSION.3

    3. Course; passage.NWAD PROGRESSION.4

    4. In mathematics, regular or proportional advance in increase or decrease of numbers; continued proportion, arithmetical or geometrical. Continued arithmetical proportion, is when the terms increase or decrease by equal differences. Thus, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10. 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, by the difference 2.NWAD PROGRESSION.5

    Geometrical proportion or progression, is when the terms increase or decrease by equal ratios. Thus, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64. 64, 32, 16, 8, 4, 2, by a continual multiplication or division by 2.NWAD PROGRESSION.6

    PROGRESSIONAL, a. That advances; that is in a state of advance.

    PROGRESSIVE, a. Moving forward; proceeding onward; advancing; as progressive motion or course; opposed to retrograde.

    1. Improving. The arts are in a progressive state.NWAD PROGRESSIVE.2

    PROGRESSIVELY, adv. By motion onward; by regular advances.

    PROGRESSIVENESS, n. The state of moving forward; an advancing; state of improvement; as the progressiveness of science, arts or taste.

    PROHIBIT, v.t. [L. prohibeo; pro and habeo, to hold.]

    1. To forbid; to interdict by authority; applicable to persons or things, but implying authority or right. God prohibited Adam to eat of the fruit of a certain tree. The moral law prohibits what is wrong and commands what is right. We prohibit a person to do a thing, and we prohibit the thing to be done.NWAD PROHIBIT.2

    2. To hinder; to debar; to prevent; to preclude.NWAD PROHIBIT.3

    Gates of burning adamant,NWAD PROHIBIT.4

    Barr’d over us, prohibit all egress.NWAD PROHIBIT.5

    PROHIBITED, pp. Forbid; interdicted; hindered.

    PROHIBITER, n. One who prohibits or forbids; a forbidder; an interdicter.

    PROHIBITING, ppr. Forbidding; interdicting; debarring.

    PROHIBITION, n. [L. prohibitio.]

    1. The act of forbidding or interdicting; a declaration to hinder some action; interdict.NWAD PROHIBITION.2

    The law of God in the ten commandments consists mostly of prohibitions; “thou shalt not do such a thing.”NWAD PROHIBITION.3

    2. In law, a writ of prohibition, is a writ issuing from a superior tribunal, directed to the judges of an inferior court, commanding them to cease from the prosecution of a suit. By ellipsis, prohibition is used for the writ itself.NWAD PROHIBITION.4

    PROHIBITIVE, PROHIBITORY, a. Forbidding; implying prohibition.

    PROIN, v.t. To lop; to trim; to prune. [See Prune.]

    PROIN, v.i. To be employed in pruning.

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